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Rainscapes Plants for Rain Gardens

rainscapes.org
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Botanical Name

Common Name

Bloom

Color

Sun Type

Soils

Height

Spacing Comments

Aquiligea canadensis

Wild columbine

June-Aug

Amsonia hubrechtii Asclepias incarnata Asclepias syriaca Asclepias tuberosa Aster novae angliae Aster divaricatus Baptisia australis

Blue-Star Flower Swamp Milkweed Common Milkweed Butterfly weed

May-June June-Aug May-Aug may-june

New England Aster Aug-Oct White Wood Aster False Blue Indigo Jul-Oct may-june

red and Sand, Loam, Clay, yellow Sun-Shade moist-dry blue flowers, yellow fall Sun-Pt color Shade Sand, Loam, Clay, pink Sun-Shade Dry-wet pale purple Sun Moist Sand, Loam, Clay, orange Sun Dry-med Sand, Loam, Clay, purple Sun-Shade Med-wet pt Shadewhite sh dry-med wet blue, purple Sun-Shade sand, loam Sand, Loam, Clay, Sun-Shade Dry-med Sand, Loam, Clay, Sun-Shade Dry-med

2'

1'

2'

18"

deer resistant 3' tall, fine texture, blue summer flowers, yellow fall color, needs part sun deer resistant deer resistant deer resistant deer resistant spreads freely

2'-4' 2' 3.5-6.5' 2' 1-3' 2'-6' 0.5-3' 3-5' 1-2' 2'-3' 1-2' 1-2'

Chelone glabra/obliqua

Turtlehead

aug-oct

white/pink

1-4'

Chelone lyonii

Pink Turtlehead

aug-oct mar-jun jun-oct

white/pink yellow yellow

1-4'

deer resistant host plant to Baltimore Checkerspot butterfly, MD 12-18" state insect host plant to Baltimore Checkerspot butterfly, MD 12-18" state insect evergreen ground cover fine texture, deer resistant

Chrysogonum virginianum green and gold Threadleaf Coreopsis Coreopsis verticillata

Sun- Shade dry-med wet; loam 0.5-1' Sun, PS dry-med wet, loam 1-3.5'

1' 1-2'

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easy/ reliable

Botanical Name

Common Name

Bloom

Color

Sun Type

Soils

Height

Spacing Comments

Echinacea purpurea 'Kim's Dwarf Purple Knee-Hi' Coneflower May-Aug Echinacea purpurea Magnus Purple Coneflower May-Aug ' Magnus' Echinacea purpurea Razzmatazz Purple 'Razzmatazz' Coneflower June-Aug Eupatorium coelestinum Eupatorium dubium Eupatorium fistolosum Eupatorium perfoliatum Eupatorium purpureum Geranium maculatum Helenium autumnale Helianthus angustifolius Hibiscus moscheutos Iris cristata Iris fulva Liatris spicata Lilium superbum Mistflower Coastal Joe-pye Weed ('Little Joe' ) Common Joe-pye weed Boneset Sweet Joe-pye weed Wild Geranium Sneezeweed Swamp Sunflower Marsh Mallow Dwarf Crested Iris Copper Iris blazingstar Turk's Cap Lily May June Jul-Aug July-Aug Jul-Oct

pink dark pink dark Pink Double blue-purple

Sun Sun Sun pt Shadesh

dry dry-moist dry dry to wet; clay, loam moist moist-dry Sand, Loam, Clay, med-wet Sand, Loam, Clay, moist dry-med, loam med. wet, clay, loam, sand moist

15" 24" 24" 1-3.5' 3-4' 1.5-6' 3-4' 5-6' 1-2' 1.5-6'

12" 15" 15" 1-2' 2' 2' 1-2' 1-2' 1-2' 1-2'

butterfly attractor, deer resistant butterfly attractor, deer resistant butterfly attractor, deer resistant

pink, dk pink Sun, PS jul-sep Jul-Oct July-Sept Apr-Jul Jul-Nov Aug-Oct pink white pink-dk pink pink yellow yellow pink early spring flowers colored flowers purple Orange Sun Sun-pt Shade Sun-pt Shade Sun-pt shade sun-pt shade Sun Sun

deer resistant deer resistant deer resistant

1.5-5.5' 2-3' 2' 8"

wet-dry 3' gravelly well drained Partial Sun moist soils 8-10" Sun Sun-pt shade Sun-pt shade Dry-wet clay, loam, sand dry-moist

18-24" 8" 1-6.5' 6' 1-2' 12"

Edger One of the Louisiana Iris parents deer resistant deer resistant don't mulch Place at entry points into the rain garden, hummingbird attractor

Lobelia cardinalis Lobelia siphilitica Mertensia virginica

Cardinal flower Great Blue Lobelia Virginia Bluebells

July-Oct July-Sept Mar-Jun

red blue blue

Sand, Loam, Clay, med-wet 2'-4' Sand, Loam, Clay, Sun-Shade med-wet 2'-3' pt-shade to shade med-wet;clay, loam 1-2.5'

Sun-pt Shade

1'-2' 1'-2' 1'

deer resistant

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easy/ reliable

Botanical Name

Common Name

Bloom

Color

Sun Type

Soils

Height

Spacing Comments

Mimulus ringens Monarda didyma Monarda fistulosa Penstemon digitalis Phlox divaricata Phlox stolonifera Phlox paniculata

Monkeyflower Bee Balm Wild Bergamot Beardtongue Wild Blue Phlox Creeping Phlox Summer phlox

Jun-Oct June-sept Jul-Aug Jun-Aug Apr-May Apr-Jun Jul-Oct

blue pink pink, purple white blue varied deep pink to white

Sun-pt Shade full Sun-pt Shade Sun-pt Shade Sun-pt Shade pt Shadesh PS-Shade sun-pt shade

moist, loamy Sand, Loam, Clay, Med-wet Moist-Dry dry-med wet; clay, loam, sand moist moist-dry moist

1-3'

1'

DELICATE deer resistant deer resistant deer resistant deer resistant deer resistant cultivars are shorter deer resistant, plant in driest parts of rain garden deer resistant

12-18" 1' 1.5-5' 2-5' 1.5' .5-1.5' 1-2' 1-2' 1' 1'

1.5'-6.5' 1'

Phlox subulata Physostegia virginiana Rudbeckia fulgida Rudbeckia hirta Rudbeckia laciniata

Moss Phlox Obedient Plant

Apr-Jun aug-sep

Orange Coneflower jul-oct Black-eyed Susan Jun-Oct Green-headed Coneflower jul-sep

Sun Sun Sun-pt yellow-orange Shade Sun, PS yellow Sun-pt yellow Shade

varied pink, purple

Dry* moist-dry med wet Dry-Moist moist

.5' 3' 1.5' 2-3

.5' 2' 1-2' 2'

Scenecio aureus Sisyrinchium graminoides Solidago nemoralis Solidago rugosa Solidago sphacelata Solidago ulmifolia

Sneezeweed Blue-eyed Grass Gray Goldenrod Wrinkle-leaf Goldenrod

May-June Apr-Jun Jul-Nov Aug-Nov AugustSept

Yellow blue yellow yellow yellow yellow

Elm leaf Goldenrod Aug-Sept

Sun-Shade Sun-pt Shade Sun-pt Shade Sun-pt shade Sun-pt shade Sunpt.shade

moist-dry moist-dry Med-Dry med-wet, loam, sand

1.5-9' 2' 15" flowers, 8" tall plant 0.5-1.5' .5-1' 0.5-3' 1-6.5' 18" 1-2' 1-2'

Evergreen heart shaped groundcover with

deer resistant deer resistant Golden Fleece'

med-dry

18"

18"

Wildlife plant

Tiarella cordifolia

Foamflower

May

White

pt shadeshade

med-dry

12" flower, 6" plant 8"

Groundcover

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easy/ reliable

Botanical Name

Common Name

Bloom

Color

Sun Type

Soils

Height

Spacing Comments

Tradescantia virginiana Veronicastrum virginicum

Spiderwort Culver's Root

Viola labridorica FERNS Dennstaedtia punctilobula Onoclea sensibilis Osmunda cinnamonea Osmunda regalis

Labrador Violet

June, reblooms if cut back after first flowering blue summer flowers white purplish foliage and June violet flowers

Sun-pt shade Sun Sun-pt shade

med-wet, clay, loam, sand Sand, Loam, meddry

1-5.5' 4-6'

1-2' 2-3'

Long blooming perennial , many cultivars

Sandy, med-dry

4"

6"

groundcover

Hay-scented Fern Sensitive Fern Cinnamon Fern Royal Fern

Sun-PS Shade Sun-Shade Sun-Shade PS-Shade Sun-PS deciduous Sun-PS

Dry-moist wet-moist wet-moist wet-moist moist dry to wet dry-wet

1-3' 1-3.5' 2.5' 2-6' .5-2' 1.5-6' 24-36"

spreads readily deer resistant deer resistant evergreen

Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas Fern Bracken Fern Pteridium aquilinum Thelypteris noveboracensis New York Fern GRASSES Andropogon gerardi Andropogon virginicus Carex stricata Carex pennsylvanica Chasmanthium latifolium

spreading

Big Bluestem Broomsedge Tussock Sedge Pennsylvania Sedge River Oats

aug-oct aug-nov may-aug

Sun, PS Sun, PS Sun, PS Shade-PS

Dry-Moist-Wet Dry Moist-Wet

3-8' 1-3' 1-3' 6"

deer resistant aggressive; thin as needed also used as shade lawn replacement deer resistant, spreads freely may not come back in hard winter; only plant in spring deer resistant, cultivars shorter ('Shenandoah') deer resistant

jul-sep

Moist-Wet 6-8" dry-med, clay, loam, Sun-Shade sand 2-5' pink efflorescence s Sun Dry, well drained moist Sand, Loam, Clay, Sun-Shade Med-wet Sun-pt Shade dry

Muehlenberia capillaris Panicum virgatum Schizachyrium scoparium Shrubs

Pink Muhly Grass Switchgrass Little Bluestem

Aug-Sept jul-aug Aug-Oct

24" 2'-3' 4'

24" 1'

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easy/ reliable

Botanical Name

Common Name

Bloom

Color

Sun Type

Soils

Height

Spacing Comments

Aronia arbutifolia (Photinia pyrifolia) Red chokeberry

Mar-May

white Maroon flowers yellow fall color

sun-ps

dry to wet dry to wet

1.5'-13' 3' 3-8' 3'

red berries, upright/narrow, favorite (unless 'Athens' cultivar yellow), fragrant flowers when in full sun great wildlife Pink Flowers, upright, dwarf, yellow fall color

Calycanthus floridus

Sweetshrub

June July-Aug

white pink

sun-PS

moist-wet

3-10'

4'

Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush Ruby Spice Summersweet, Pink dwarf Sweet Pepperbush Alternate-leaf Dogwood Silky dogwood gray dogwood Redosier Dogwood Black Huckleberry

Clethra alnifolia 'Ruby Spice' Cornus alternifolia Cornus amomum Cornus racemosa Cornus sericea Gaylussacia baccata Ilex verticillata

Spring white white May-Jun May-Jun white flowers May-June May-July white white white white white PS dry-moist 6-12' 6-12' red fall color, understory shrub red branches in winter red branches in winter Red winter twig

sun-PS moist-wet Sun-shade dry-moist

sun-pt shade full sun-pt shade

dry- moist dry-wet

2-3' 6-12' females w/red berries in winter; deciduous - may abort fruit in dry summers; choose appropriate MaleFemale pairing females w/black berries; Densa is a compact/ dwarf form Spicebush Butterfly plant, deer resistant Fine-medium texture, evergreen, shears well Fine texture, evergreen, shears well, wildlife plant purple fruit-wildlife

Winterberry Ilex glabra 'Densa' Inkberry yellow Lindera benzoin Myrica cerifera ' Nana' Myrica pensylvanica Sambucus canadensis Spicebush Dwarf Wax Myrtle Northern Bayberry Common elderberry Jun-July late Spring shade-pt moist-dry shade Sun-shade moist-dry well drained Sun-shade moist-dry well drained sun-shade dry to wet 6-10' 3' 3' 6' 4' 6-12' May-Jun white sun-shade dry-moist 6-10'

white

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easy/ reliable

Botanical Name

Common Name

Bloom

Color

Sun Type

Soils

Height

Spacing Comments

white Viburnum acerifolium Viburnum dentatum Viburnum prunifolium Mapleleaf viburnum May April-May Arrowood Apr-May Blackhaw white white

pt shade

dry 3-6.5' 20'

Sun-pt shad dry to moist sun-pt shadedry to moist

Mauvey fall color, maple shaped leaves, dk purple fruit-wildlife purple fruit-wildlife

Trees Amelanchier canadensis Betula nigra 'Little King' Cercis canadensis Serviceberry; shadbush Little King River Birch Redbud May-July white PS to shade moist-wet 15-25' 15-20' April-May pink White sun-PS dry 20-35' yellow fall color, gray winter bark; females make olive like drupes yellow fall leaf color females w/red berries in winter Dwarf River birch; also called 'Fox Valley'

Chionanthus virginicus Hamamelis virginiana

Fringetree Witch hazel American Holly

May Sep-Dec

small yellow fragrant white

full sun-PS dry to moist sun-PS dry-moist

15-30' 65'

Ilex opaca tall and/or 'floppy'

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