ResuIt and Discussion

Ìn this field trip, we visited Paya Ìndah Wetland which located at Dengkil and it
covered an area of 450 hectares. Work on the wetland started in 2001 and was
managed by the Malaysian Wetlands Foundation which acts as the promoter,
facilitator, caretaker and developer of the site and its activities on behalf of the
Malaysian Government. Ìt was opened to the public from 2001 until 2002 but have to
be closed on 2003 until 2004 due to cost problem to manage the place. The
Malaysian Government finally bought the wetland and managed by Jabatan
Perhilitan.
Within its perimeters, it will offer visitors the rare chance to view more than 130 bird
species it currently houses, not to mention the 30 mammal species, 220 terrestrial
and aquatic plants and about 40 species of fishes. The wetland has 14 lakes. One of
the highlights of the wetland is a lotus-covered lake; boasting pristine waters which
will be home to fishes like the climbing peroh, haruan, tilapia, snake heads and cat
fish.
Among the birds one can expect to see are purple swamp hens, purple herons and
harriers (a type of eagle). Ìn addition, the sanctuary will also showcase foreign
animals such as crocodiles and hippopotamuses from Botswana. The two pairs of
hippos were a gift from the Government of Botswana and are part of a wildlife
introduction plan aimed at rejuvenating the site through the introduction of new
species of flora and fauna.
The Paya Wetland is divided into three zones which are:-
a) Recreational zone ÷ as family park for activities such as cycling, canoeing and
BBQ
b) Education zone
c) Conservation and Research zone
From our observation on the site (lake at Educational zone), it is identified that the
site are:-
entic
akes
Man-made Iake (Based on origin of Iake cIassification)
Man-made akes Created by Mining activities


A lentic water body is a standing water body with its water contained within a basin
that is completely surrounded by land and not flowing in a fixed upstream-
downstream direction. While a lake as a standing water body having an area of 40
hectares (99 acres) or more (Charles Elton, March 1900-May 1991) and fully
surrounded by land and completely isolated from the sea. Man-made lakes are lakes
that built by human beings for a variety of economic purposes. Ìn this case, this lake
is from a disused mining pool as a result of tin mining activities which then develop
from research and recreational purpose.

Table 1: Reading taken from lake at Paya Ìndah Wetland

Distant from
Iand (m)
Water Current
(mph)
Water Depth
(m)
pH
Temperature
(ºC)
20 - - - -
40 30.5 2.45 5.84 29.5
60 10.0 4.13 5.23 29.2
80 35.0 7.61 5.80 29.2
100 34.0 7.90 5.52 27.5


A lake may not have the same depth in all its parts. A lake normally has different
depth at its different parts. According to Table 1, as the distant far from the land, the
depth of the lake is increasing. The pH and temperature of the lake at different
distant is slightly the same. The temperature was measured by using pH meter and
we can only measure at the surface of the lake due to the short cable of the pH
meter. Ìn our opinion, as the depth increase, the temperature decreases because
sunlight cannot penetrate and limited at certain level. The sun warms the surface
water, but the bottom of the lake remains cold. We are not able to finish the study
due to the unsuitable weather condition.


References
A. Satar, M. K. (2011). AKU 3102 Limnology (Power Point slides)
http://www.lakeaccess.org/russ/temperature.htm


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