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By: Kashif Farhat (4226)

July 31, 2011

Review on: Does Marriage Really Make Men More Productive? Numerous studies have been carried out in the past to explore if married men are more productive at workplace. A hypothesis(Becker 1981, 1985; Kenny 1983; Greenhalgh 1980) indicates that marriage makes men more productive while another study(Hill 1979; Bartlett and Callahan 1984) sees the employer favoritism as the main factor behind it. Another study(Becker 1981; Nakosteen and Zimmer 1987; Keeley 1977) referred to the personal attributes of married men which are valued in labor markets. The current study conducted by Sanders Korenman and David Neumark further refines hypothesis and sources of marriage pay premiums for white males.Longitudinal data was used to determine how wages changed as the marital status of men changed over the years. Cross-sectional data allowed to examine the wages difference among homogeneous set of occupations within a firm. The studies presented five sets of new evidence on the male marital pay premium. 1. There are clear evidences of the premium paid to men are larger and persist even after the inclusion of human capital controls such as actual job experience. 2. The studies unveiled further evidences of wage growth is faster for married men than nevermarried men. It was also learned that the growth in the remuneration and productivity changed according to the number of years men remained married. 3. It was also learned that difference in wages between married and never-married remain significant. Change in marital status accounts for slight decline in the wages but remains noticeable compare to men with single status. 4. Another critical finding of the studies suggests that high paid married workers hold relatively higher positions in a company compare to single men. This allows married men to earn more compare to men with never-married, divorced and separated status. The studies finds no evidence of married men being offered higher wages compare to single men at the same level(managers vs managers). 5. The last interesting discovery of the studies refers to the evidence, married men secure higher ratings and appraisals from supervisors than their counterparts. Higher ratings add to the chances of promotions married men get compare to unmarried men at work. This ultimately helps them enter high paying job grades. The study not only confirms the previous claims of married men being more productive thus drawing greater wages, also throws its weight behind other hypothesis. Particularly, selection of men for marriage on the basis of wages, possibility of wage growth and other characteristics which may enhance wage in future. Obvious grounds exist to support the past hypothesis, marriage makes a man productive. However, it begs further studies to discover mechanisms between productivity and marriage.