1. BEGINNER 1.

1 Grip

Shakehand Shallow Grip Front Back

As you can see from the photographs, the index finger is extended along the bottom of the racket, with the thumb being relaxed on the blade, rather than the rubber. The bottom three fingers are used to grip the handle. Advantages The advantages of this grip is that it will give you extra power and allow easy adjustment of the racket angle due to the looseness of the grip, and the ability to use the wrist more. This increases the amount of power and spin that can be given to the ball, and also helps it to be effective against short balls that would bounce twice on the table. It is also easy to perform all forehand and backhand strokes with this grip, making it well suited to players who wish to attack from both sides of their body. Disadvantages A disadvantage of this grip is that any player using this grip has what is often called a 'crossover point', or an 'area of indecision', where the ball cannot easily be struck with either the forehand or backhand side, and a decision to use one or the other stroke must be made. What Type of Player Uses This Grip? This grip tends to be used by topspin style players, as well as drive style players. If the index finger is not placed on the blade, but instead allowed to curl around the handle with the remaining three fingers, it is called a hammer grip. This grip is not recommended due to its poor racket control.

Shakehand Deep Grip Front Back

this grip is similar to the shakehand shallow grip, but the hand is placed further up the handle towards the head of the racket. The index finger is extended along the bottom of the racket, with the thumb now being relaxed on the rubber. The bottom three fingers are used to grip the handle. Advantages The advantages of the deep grip is that it prevents the racket from moving in the hand as much, and removes some of the wrist flexibility. This can be useful for strokes requiring precise control and less power. It is also easy to perform most forehand and backhand strokes with this grip, making it well suited to players who wish to defend from both sides of their body. Disadvantages A disadvantage of this grip is that any player using this grip has what is often called a 'crossover point', or an 'area of indecision', where the ball cannot easily be struck with either the forehand or backhand side, and a decision to use one or the other stroke must be made. It can also be difficult to attack balls over the table, due to the lack of wrist movement. What Type of Player Uses This Grip? This grip tends to be used by backspin style players, since the defensive strokes used by these players require precise racket control but do not need as much power from the wrist. Defensive players are also less likely to need to attack balls from over the table, so the lesser wrist flexibility is not so important.

What Type of Player Uses This Grip? This grip tends to be used by players who prefer to stay close to the table and push or block with the backhand. two or three of the remaining fingers touching the blade. since the same side is always used to play all strokes. although the overall grip is still considered the traditional Chinese Penhold. Disadvantages It is not easy to perform a consistent backhand topspin with this grip. The photographs show one way that the thumb and forefinger can be held. and two versions of the way the three remaining fingers may be held. Advantages This grip allows the wrist to move quite freely. which requires fast footwork and a lot of stamina. There have been less than a handful of world class defenders that used this grip.Traditional Chinese Penhold Grip Front Back 1 Back 2 As the name implies. Minor variations include:      holding the thumb near-parallel with the blade while curving the index finger. . from the middle of the blade. while the other three fingers curl around the back of the racket. varying gaps between the thumb and index finger. Another advantage is that the player does not have a crossover point where he must decide which side of the bat to use. and attack with the forehand. most attackers who use this grip cover most of the table with their forehand. varying the position of the remaining fingers on the back of the blade. which will give good forehand strokes and all types of serves. all the way to placing them along the base of the blade. The thumb and index finger hold on to the racket handle. due to the lack of reach on the backhand side. having one. The amount of reach on the backhand side is also less than that of the shakehand grip. There are often many minor differences in the way players place their fingers for this grip. Because of this. It also allows the player to block and push easily on the backhand side. having the index finger overlapping the thumb slightly. since the player is required to bend his arm quite unnaturally. either with drives or topspin loops. this grip is similar to holding a pen for writing.

. but the fingers on the back of the bat are extended straight out rather than curled. with the main difference between the position of the fourth and fifth fingers. although several professional players have mastered this stroke. Players who use this grip tend to play a little further back from the table than users of the traditional Chinese penhold grip. In one variation they are kept close together with the third finger. and this grip is also good for forehand strokes. They rely on their speedy footwork to allow them to hit their powerful forehand as often as possible. and vice versa. and when serving. this grip is favored by those players who prefer to attack with the forehand. which will allow good spin to be generated from the forehand side. and in the other variation they are spread out on the back of the blade. using fast topspin loops with their forehand and blocks or fishes with the backhand. The wrist can move quite freely in the direction of the left edge of the blade to the right. This makes adjusting the angle of the bat more difficult on the backhand side. A search through the ranks of top players over the last 30 years would struggle to find a single defender that used this grip. This grip also has a restricted reach on the backhand side. The two most common variations are shown in the photographs. Disadvantages The movement of the blade from the handle to the top of the bat is somewhat restricted by the extended fingers. making it necessary for players to cover more of the table with their forehand side. What Type of Player Uses This Grip? Similarly to the traditional Chinese Grip. Advantages The extending of the fingers on the back of the racket adds to the power that can be generated from the forehand side.Japanese / Korean Penhold Grip Front Back 1 Back 2 This grip is similar to the traditional Chinese penhold grip. requiring fast footwork and good stamina. It is also difficult to hit a consistent backhand topspin with this grip.

in that the player will have a crossover point. the back of the penhold bat is used to hit the backhand. and adjust the bat accordingly. it remains to be seen whether its use for other styles will become popular. the problem that occurs is that the player must decide quickly which type of stroke to use. due to the natural movement of the arm and racket. As a relatively new grip. and hitting down the line from the backhand side is more difficult than hitting crosscourt. and use the backhand to produce a topspin ball which has a significant amount of left to right sidespin (for a right hander). It is also very good at attacking short balls on the backhand due to flexible wrist movement. Typically the fingers are held in a similar fashion to the traditional Chinese penhold grip. It is most common to put inverted rubber on the backhand. Some players will use a mixture of the rpb grip and the Chinese penhold block and push on the backhand side to give more variation.Reverse Penhold Backhand (RPB) Grip In the reverse penhold backhand grip. it suffers from the same problems as the shakehand grip. where the ball cannot be easily struck with the forehand or backhand side. Advantages: On the forehand side. Another limitation of the rpb grip is that it is actually quite difficult to produce a topspin ball from the backhand side that does not have sidespin. What Type of Player Uses this Grip?: This grip is currently being used by attacking style players who prefer to play with heavy topspin on both sides. and a decision to use one or the other stroke must be made. . the use of the rpb grip removes the normal weakness of the Chinese penhold grip since it is able to produce a heavy topspin ball with good power and a wide reach. or an 'area of indecision'. If the rpb grip is mixed with the Chinese penhold push and block strokes. this grip is similar to the traditional Chinese penhold grip. On the backhand side. Disadvantages: If the rpb grip is used exclusively from the backhand side.

some . Basic Ready Position Try to position yourself so that you are always just slightly to the left of the middle of all possible angles your opponent can hit. The feet should never cross. Having the right foot further back will not affect your backhand much. Forehand Push Stroke that is low with backspin and would bounce twice on the receiver side with the second bounce close the baseline. Place your feet also facing the ball. and your feet should be as far apart as you can comfortably put them . Practice drill that cover footwork such as Falkenberg drill. This stroke is almost identical to flinging a frisbie. To inhibit opponent from attacking Footwork Sideway movement over a small area close to the table is achieved by sidestepping. If you have your feet too square you will not be able to hit with full power. running footwork should not be used close to the table. otherwise the ability to move quickly will be lost. It should be fluid from start to finish. is used when it is necessary to cover a lot of ground. Get on the balls of your feet . To avoid completely out of position. Your shoulders should be facing square to where the ball is coming from. and then move your right foot about six inches to a foot further back than the left foot. Running footwork. Make sure your knees are bent. while your backhand is hit in front of your body.Forehand Drive Attacking stroke with topspin.not your toes and not your heels. This is known as stepping footwork. Keep your feet light . and because your forehand is hit on the right hand side of your body. To inhibit opponent from attacking Backhand Push Stroke that is low with backspin and would bounce twice on the receiver side with the second bounce close the baseline. Too much on your toes and you'll tend to overbalance forwards. since there is not much weight transfer on the backhand stroke. and you should have a slight crouch and a little amount of forward lean. most effective when place deep and angled with speed. You stand a little to the left of the middle of all angles because you can reach further to the right (on your forehand) than on your backhand. and too much on your heels and you'll tend to lean backwards too much. most effective when place deep and angled with speed Backhand Drive Attacking stroke with topspin.about one and a half times your shoulder width is a good rule of thumb. assuming you are a right hander. and you will have your basic ready position. The right foot is placed further back to allow you to transfer your body weight slightly backwards and forwards when hitting your forehand.

Don't worry too much about which foot should move first. combinations of these basic methods can be used. using a shuffle step. and then move a half step backwards. When you are moving sideways and forwards or backwards. Both feet should move the same distance. The left foot will hit the ground first. Most players serve from close to the endline. and then you will hit the ball.this helps keep your center of gravity low. A shuffle step to the right is done by moving the left foot towards the right (not towards the right foot. For the times when you want to move forwards or backwards only. your left foot should still finish six inches to a foot in front of the right. or use crossover footwork. it will happen naturally. For balls that are table height or lower. the right foot should be moved diagonally backwards and to the left. Finish with one foot forward to allow you to push yourself back in the other direction after playing your stroke. For moving large distances forward or backward. make sure that you don't end up too close to the table. the ball is hit. Rallying Footwork From the basic ready position. and then the left foot is moved the same way just before the right foot touches the ground. For balls that are too far to reach with one shuffle step. normal running footwork can be used to get in position. you can use two or more shuffle steps. Keep your crouching position as much as you can while playing . bend your knees more to get down to the ball. Whichever direction you move. whether it is six inches or a foot and a half. Serve and Serve Return Footwork When you are serving. and backwards a little. while bending from the waist changes the way you have to swing.players like to bounce from one foot to another. Using your knees allows you to hit the ball using your normal technique. and others like to jump on both feet at once. . Reverse the process to move to the left. and not get caught by deep returns. Once both feet have settled. to move a small distance to the left. you will be able to cover 80-90% of the court simply by taking a simple shuffle step to the left or right. and then the right foot. Standing up straight will raise your center of gravity. you could move the right foot backwards and to the left. use a simple shuffle forwards or backwards. rather than bending from the waist. and then the left foot moved the same way. which is further back). For example. and will help you move around the court more smoothly. to give them room to swing properly. Try not to hit the ball while you are still moving. keeping your feet in the same relative position. moving your right foot to the right as well. lock your knees and impair your ability to balance and move quickly. To move further. when compared to your shoulders. since it is harder to hit a stable stroke. A crossover step to the right is performed by moving your left foot to the right past your right foot (crossing in front of the right foot). crossing behind the left foot. and then moving the right foot the same distance to the right just before the left foot touches the ground. and just before touching the ground. since your body is now leaning over.

Conclusion Resist the temptation to do things your way. Another technique used by the professionals for returning short balls to the backhand is to shuffle forward with both feet. efficient and consistent. move in to this position. When returning short serves. Start off on the right foot(!) and you'll always be able to put your best foot forward. you can simply keep moving forward to reach the ball. stand a little further back than you normally like to play. while keeping the shoulders facing the direction the ball is coming from. If the ball is going to be long. Your left foot will naturally be in front of the right foot when you use this technique.When you are returning serve.footwork should be simple. . If the serve is going to be short. Against very deep serves (or if you have come in a little too far) step back with the right foot for serves on the forehand side (or shuffle both feet back if you have time). step in with the left foot for balls on your backhand side. or else you will regret it later when you have to correct your bad habits. Learn from the example of better players . and with your right foot for serves on your forehand side. and shuffle both feet backwards for deep balls on backhand side. and as the server serves. you can stay at this distance and hit the ball.

6.Law 2.Law 2.6.1 The Ball Toss .2 .Serve Start of the Service .

6.3 .Law 2.Hitting the Ball Over the Net .

Serving in Doubles .3 .Law 2.6.

Law 2.Ball Location During Service .6.4 .

there is a lot of effort going into them.Law 2. or even to intimidate your opponents with your huge arsenal of variations! Although the serve of many top players may seem to like a simple and effortless motion. You should put a lot of energy into most serves if you want them to be effective and . but it does not show since they have become so efficient at it and disguise it so well.Hiding the Ball .5 On serves you have complete control over all of these factors:     type of spin amount of spin speed of the ball placement of the ball to any location on the table You must use this control to your advantage! Use it to either win points outright.6. to setup a third ball attack.

and serve this in a range of locations.and with your free hand. position yourself at the side of the table. but into a fake motion to make it appear like you're putting a lot of speed or spin into the ball..as if you were going to play a backhand push . sometimes into heavy spin. but if you contact the side of the ball. you'll get a lot of speed. hold the ball between your thumb and first finger at a height of around 30cm (12 inches) directly above the racket. Sometimes this energy will go into speed. how do you make sure it does not bounce off the end of the table? Well the key is for short serves to put this energy into spin instead. . Hold the racket at an open angle . On your backhand side.. and sometimes it does not go into the ball at all. 2. but the energy should almost always be there! So if you're putting so much energy into the ball. For example for a fast swinging pendulum serve. and you have a wide variety of serves with variations in spin. The basic table tennis serving technique If you're a beginner. all from a single swing with only subtle visible changes. halfway between the net and your end of the table.win you points. you can make the ball bounce very short and slow. You can do this by hitting varying the spot where you contact the ball. if you hit the back of the ball. but with a huge amounts of spin. speed and location. but to focus on variation and disguising the type of serves that you're playing. 1. try the following exercises to help you master the basic table tennis serving technique . The key point in practicing these serves is NOT to get as much spin as possible (although this can already win you many cheap point in lower grades). Try it and you'll see what I mean! Mix this up with contact points a little more towards the top or bottom of the ball.

so it can be an effective serve to use. 1. You should use as short a stroke as possible and keep your body movement to a minimum. 2. 5. The ball must first bounce on your side of the table and then go over the net and bounce on your opponent’s side of the table. Stand close to. Advanced serve So if you really want to improve your game you'll need a variety of advanced services so that you can vary the spin. You must ensure that the ball bounces on your side of the table and then goes over the net and bounces at least twice on your opponent's side of the table. Repeat this several times until you're consistently successful. Without moving your racket. . and repeat the exercise.so that it imparts maximum backspin onto the ball. so that it rises at least 16cm (6 inches) after leaving your hand. Allow the ball to drop and then. disguise and direction of the ball. the use of the wrist is of paramount importance. speed. nearer to your end of the table. with a forward action. you'll need to play a forward stroke action with your racket to give the ball enough momentum to get over the net. and facing.3. Once you've mastered this technique standing close to the net. Short backspin serve The short backspin serve makes it difficult for your opponent to play an attacking stroke. 4. Throw the ball upwards. gradually move further away from the net. 3. As you move further away from the net. as near vertically as possible. 4. drop the ball onto it so that the ball is projected towards your opponent's side of the table. hit the ball with your racket striking the ball on the descent with a fast wrist action and brushing underneath the ball . For advanced service technique. Keep your arm relaxed and your wrist loose. the table and take a low stance.

This advanced table tennis serve can easily be practiced alone .e.This advanced table tennis serve would normally be used to limit your opponent's chances of attacking the ball. Stand close to. 1. Keep your arm relaxed and your wrist loose. Try to strike the ball on the bottom/back part with a fast wrist action to impart maximum backspin and ensure that the ball bounces on your side of the table close to the net as shown in the above diagram. Backhand sidespin serve The short backhand sidespin service limits your opponent's options on which shots to play. . and facing. It also increases the chances of you getting a return that is long enough to attack. so it increases the chances of a weak return. the table and take a low stance.Use multi-ball practice (i. have several balls).

3.2. Strike the ball with a fast wrist action on the back/middle part of the ball so that it imparts maximum sidespin onto the ball. so that it rises at least 16cm (6 inches) after leaving your hand. Use as short a stroke as possible and keep your body movement to a minimum. with a sideways and slightly forward action. hit the ball with your racket. as near vertically as possible. . Throw the ball upwards. Allow the ball to drop and then.

2. so that it rises at least 60cm (24 inches) after leaving your hand. You must ensure that your free arm and your body do not disguise the point of contact of the ball on the racket. Throw the ball upwards. .The high toss service is one of the best table tennis techniques you can master and is favoured by many of the top players because the speed of the ball falling onto the racket helps you to impart extra spin and speed onto the ball. as near vertically as possible. Stand close to the table in your backhand corner. Forehand high toss serve from the backhand court 1. Keep your arm relaxed and your wrist loose.

so it's one of the best table tennis techniques to master. Allow the ball to drop and then strike the ball using a fast. . i. Use your follow-through action to disguise the type of spin you've imparted onto the ball by moving the racket in a different direction to the direction used when you struck the ball.and when you want to attack the return. Use different stroke actions to produce variations in spin. 4. Your racket should strike the ball when it is about 15cm (6 inches) above the surface of the table. This advanced table tennis serve would normally be used to stop the receiver from attacking .3. the same height as the net. 5. Use as short a stroke as possible and keep your body movement to a minimum. loose wrist action so that you impart maximum spin onto the ball.e.

and keep your opponent guessing as to what type of service he'll receive. The ball should make contact with the table within the first third on your side. 3. together with either topspin or backspin . . Generally you should try to keep the service short over the net to limit your opponent's chances of attacking the ball. A long fast service may be produced using a slightly closed bat angle. A short. A particularly effective short service is one in which the second bounce on your opponent's side (if the ball is not played) makes contact with the table at or very near the end of the table. 1. you can create many different subtle variations of spin. By imparting sidespin on the ball. but you should also vary the length. relatively slow service may be produced using an open bat angle. you can also encourage your opponent to return the ball to a specific area . speed and direction of your service in order to unsettle your opponent. You can apply sidespin. 2.With this type of service. The ball should make contact with the table around two thirds of the way down your half.which increases your chances of attacking the ball.

so it can be an effective stroke to play. you should take up the ready position (as shown in this picture).Serve Return In preparing to return the service. rather than passive. Stand very close to. 1. . The crossover point is the area in which the player has no obvious choice of forehand or backhand. You should ensure that the ball bounces at least twice on your opponent's side of the table. so you should try to make sure that your shot is also played short over the net and to a wide angle. using a very short stroke. Advanced service return Once you've mastered the basic push and drive strokes to return service. hit the ball before it reaches the top of the bounce. 3. and facing. you should move on to mastering a variety of positive. return the ball using one of the four basic table tennis strokes:   Forehand or backhand push (from a short service) Forehand or backhand drive (from a long service) As receiver. returns. Your free arm should point towards the ball to assist with your balance. depending upon the depth of your opponents service. For a right handed player. The three which are favoured by most leading players to return a short service are: 1. Keep your arm relaxed and your wrist loose. you should try to vary the direction of the return by making good use of the available angles and lines of play. Short Push The short push return makes it difficult for your opponent to play an attacking stroke. the crossover point is roughly in line with the right hip. If you're still a beginner you should. The purpose of this stroke is to stop your opponent from playing an attacking stroke. To force a weak return from your opponent. the table and take a low stance. 2. play your shots to their crossover point. Lean over the table and.

Forehand Flick Whilst the push shot uses an open racket. using a loose wrist action. the crossover point is roughly in line with the right hip) or play it wide.2. For a right handed player. 3. The technique used is the same but you hit over the back or top of ball. the forehand flick uses a closed racket. Fast Attacking Push Use the same technique as the short push (above). . Aim your shot into the crossover point (the crossover point is the area in which the player has no obvious choice of forehand or backhand. but use a fast wrist action to push the ball deep and fast.

Depending on whether your racket moves to the right or to the left. Let's have a look at each of these table tennis techniques in turn . the ball is struck with either topspin or backspin . so if you're intending to play at an advanced level..Spin . 1..the hidden side of table tennis Spin plays an important role in the sport of table tennis. Sidespin Sidespin is produced by brushing the ball in a sideways motion. Generally. you'll need to master this vital skill. Backspin Backspin is produced by starting your stroke above and/or behind the ball and brushing the ball in a downward and forward motion. Topspin Topspin is produced by starting your stroke below and/or behind the ball and brushing the ball in an upward and forward motion.although sidespin may also be added. you'll impart different sidespin. 2. Viewed from above 3. .

Spin effect When you impart topspin onto the ball. going to the right . it has a higher trajectory and 'kicks' off the table surface in an upwards direction... it has a much lower trajectory which causes it to stay low as it bounces off the table surface. When you impart sidespin onto the ball...as shown here going to the left . Viewed from above Viewed from above . When you impart backspin onto the ball. the ball will bounce off your opponent's racket in the same direction that your racket was travelling when you hit the ball .

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