This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Explain the DPS with examples.
Tabulate and explain the numerical
methods.
Model the system using the cylindrical
coordinates.
Apply Finite Difference Method (FDM)
to Sound Wave in Gas.
DPS system Example
Elliptic and having spherical
symmetric.
•The potential of the velocity
field in a fluid .(point source)
•The electrostatic potential due
to given charge.
Parabolic and having
spherical symmetric.
•Thermal conductivity in the
body.
•Heat conduction in a rod.
Hyperbolic and having
cylindrical symmetric
•Sound wave in a gas.
•Vibrating beams with one or
both ends clamped.
•Transverse Vibration of a
stretched string.
Table of Distributed parameter system
Numerical Methods to solve the
above three type
DPS system Numerical method
Elliptic and having spherical
symmetric.
• Separation of variables.
• Finitedifference method.
Parabolic and having
spherical symmetric.
• Separation of variables.
• Finitedifference method.
Hyperbolic and having
cylindrical symmetric
• Finite difference Method.
• Finiteelement method.
Transverse Vibration of a stretched string
We can write the form of transverse vibration of stretched
string like this
2
2
2
2
2
x
u
c
t
u
∂
∂
=
∂
∂
By using cylindrical coordinate
z z
x
y
y x r
=
=
+ =
−
) ( tan
) (
1
2
1
2 2
φ
From figure
We can write the function like this
[ ] ) ( ), , ( ), , ( z z y x y x r u φ =
2
2
2
2 2
2
2 2
2
2
.
.
x x
u
x x
u
x
r
r
u
x
r
r
u
x r
u
x
r
r
u
x
r
∂
∂
∂
∂
+
∂
∂
(
¸
(
¸
∂
∂
∂
∂
+
∂
∂
∂ ∂
∂
+
∂
∂
∂
∂
+
(
¸
(
¸
∂
∂
∂ ∂
∂
+
∂
∂
∂
∂
∂
∂
=
φ φ φ
φ φ
φ
φ
1
From chain rule
x
u
x
r
r
u
x
u
∂
∂
∂
∂
+
∂
∂
∂
∂
=
∂
∂ φ
φ
. .
2
Let’s express in cylindrical coordinates
2
2
x
u
∂
∂
2
2
x
u
∂
∂
4
(
¸
(
¸
∂
∂
∂
∂
+
∂
∂
∂
∂
∂
∂
=

¹

\

∂
∂
∂
∂
x
u
x
r
r
u
x x
u
x
φ
φ
3
0
.
.
2
2
2
2
2 2
2
2 2
2
2
2
2
=
∂
∂
∂
∂

¹

\

∂
∂
∂
∂
+
∂
∂
∂
∂
∂ ∂
∂
+
∂
∂
∂
∂
+
∂
∂
∂
∂
∂ ∂
∂
+
∂
∂


¹

\

∂
∂
=
x
u
x
u
x x
r
r
u
x
r
r
u
x
r
x r
u
r
u
x
r
φ
φ
φ
φ
φ
φ
φ
φ
2
2
x
u
∂
∂
5
Now we can write
6
7
Like wish we can write
8
9
10
11
Like wish we can write
Thus in cylindrical coordinates the wave equation become;
12
12
2
2
2
2
2 2
2
2
2
2
1 1 1
z
u u
r r
u
r r
u
t
u
c ∂
∂
+
∂
∂
+
∂
∂
+
∂
∂
=


¹

\

∂
∂
φ
Solution to the system from Finite Difference Method
Let’s consider the five point scheme
Consider the governing equation for a sound wave
By substituting above results to the wave equation,
Let, h = 1 & k = 1
Let’s consider boundary conditions,
Sound wave propagate through a one end closed tube.
Mixed conditions are used. then,
So,
Using above result,
•Sound wave in a gas. . Hyperbolic and having cylindrical symmetric •Thermal conductivity in the body.(point source) Elliptic and having spherical •The electrostatic potential due symmetric. to given charge. •Heat conduction in a rod. Parabolic and having spherical symmetric.Table of Distributed parameter system DPS system Example •The potential of the velocity field in a fluid . •Transverse Vibration of a stretched string. •Vibrating beams with one or both ends clamped.
Finite difference Method. • Parabolic and having spherical symmetric. Finitedifference method. Finitedifference method.Numerical Methods to solve the above three type DPS system • Numerical method Separation of variables. Separation of variables. Finiteelement method. Elliptic and having spherical • symmetric. • • Hyperbolic and having cylindrical symmetric • .
Transverse Vibration of a stretched string We can write the form of transverse vibration of stretched string like this ∂ u 2 ∂ u =c 2 ∂t ∂x 2 2 2 By using cylindrical coordinate From figure r = (x + y ) 2 −1 y φ = tan ( x ) z=z 2 2 1 .
z(z)] From chain rule ∂u ∂u ∂r ∂u ∂φ = .We can write the function like this u = [r(x. y). + .φ(x.∂ φ ∂ x ∂ r ∂ x 2 ∂x ∂ 2 u ∂ r ∂ 2 u ∂ φ ∂ φ ∂ u ∂ 2φ + + + 2 ∂ r .∂ φ ∂ x ∂ φ ∂ x ∂ x ∂ x ∂ x 2 3 4 . y). ∂x ∂r ∂x ∂φ ∂x 1 2 ∂ 2u Let’s express in cylindrical coordinates 2 ∂x ∂ ∂u ∂ ∂u ∂r ∂u ∂φ = ∂r ∂x + ∂φ ∂x ∂x ∂x ∂x ∂r ∂ 2u ∂r ∂ 2u ∂φ ∂u ∂ 2 r ∂ 2u = + 2 + 2 ∂ x ∂ r ∂ x ∂ r .
∂ φ ∂ x ∂ x + ∂ r ∂ x 2 2 ∂ 2u ∂r ∂φ ∂ 2 u ∂ φ ∂ u ∂ 2φ + + =0 2 2 ∂ r .∂ 2u = ∂ 2 r 2 2 ∂x ∂x ∂ 2u ∂ 2u ∂φ ∂r ∂u ∂ 2 r ∂ r 2 + ∂ r .∂ φ ∂ x ∂ x ∂ φ ∂ x ∂ φ ∂ x Now we can write 5 6 7 .
Like wish we can write 8 9 10 11 .
Like wish we can write 12 12 Thus in cylindrical coordinates the wave equation become. 1 ∂ 2u c 2 ∂t 2 ∂ 2u 1 ∂u 1 ∂ 2u ∂ 2u = ∂r 2 + r ∂r + r 2 ∂φ 2 + ∂z 2 .
Solution to the system from Finite Difference Method Let’s consider the five point scheme Consider the governing equation for a sound wave .
By substituting above results to the wave equation. h = 1 & k = 1 . Let.
Using above result. Mixed conditions are used. Sound wave propagate through a one end closed tube. then. . So.Let’s consider boundary conditions.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.