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Types of Drumu:

1. Trugedy -- In generoI, frogedy invoIves fhe ruin of

fhe Ieoding chorocfers. To fhe 0reeks, if meonf
fhe desfrucfion of some nobIe person fhrough
fofe, To fhe EIi;obefhons, if meonf in fhe firsf
pIoce deofh ond in fhe second pIoce fhe
desfrucfion of some nobIe person fhrough o fIow in
his chorocfer. Todoy if moy nof invoIve deofh so
much os o dismoI Iife, Modern frogedy offen shows
fhe frogedy nof of fhe sfrong ond nobIe buf of fhe
weok ond meon,
2. omedy -- is Iighfer dromo in which fhe Ieoding
chorocfers overcome fhe difficuIfies which
fempororiIy besef fhem
3. !robIem !Iuy -- Dromo of socioI crificism discusses
socioI, economic, or poIificoI probIems by meons of
o pIoy.
4. urce -- When comedy invoIves ridicuIous or
hiIorious compIicofions wifhouf regord for humon
voIues, if becomes force.
5. omedy of Munners -- Comedy which wiffiIy
porfroys foshionobIe Iife.
6. untusy -- A pIoy somefimes, buf nof oIwoys, in
comic spirif in which fhe oufhor gives free reign fo
his fonfosy, oIIowing fhings fo hoppen wifhouf
regord fo reoIify.
7. MeIodrumu -- Like force, meIodromo poys oImosf
no offenfion fo humon voIues, buf ifs objecf is fo
give o fhriII insfeod of o Iough. Offen good
enferfoinmenf, never ony Iiferory voIue.

Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance.
The term comes from a Greek word
meaning "action" (Classical Greek: pd, drama, which is derived from "to do","to act" (Classical
Greek: po, dra. The enactment of drama in theatre, performed by actors on a stage before
an audience, presupposescollaborative modes of production and a collective form of reception.
The structure of dramatic texts, unlike other forms of literature, is directly influenced by this collaborative
production and collective reception.
The early modern tragedy Hamlet (1601 by Shakespeare and
the classical Athenian tragedy Oedipus the King (c. 429 BCE by Sophocles are among the masterpieces
of the art of drama.
A modern example is Long Day's Journey into Night by Eugene O'Neill (1956.

The two masks associated with drama represent the traditional generic division
between comedy and tragedy. They are symbols of the ancient Greek Muses, Thaliaand Melpomene.
Thalia was the Muse of comedy (the laughing face, while Melpomene was the Muse of tragedy (the
weeping face. Considered as a genre of poetryin general, the dramatic mode has been contrasted with
the epic and the lyrical modes ever since Aristotle's Poetics (c. 335 BCEthe earliest work of dramatic

The use of "drama" in the narrow sense to designate a specific type of play dates from the 19th century.
Drama in this sense refers to a play that is neither a comedy nor a tragedyfor example, Zola's Thrse
Raquin (1873 or Chekhov's Ivanov (1887. t is this narrow sense that the film and television industry
and film studies adopted to describe "drama" as a genre within their respective media.
"Radio drama"
has been used in both sensesoriginally transmitted in a live performance, it has also been used to
describe the more high-brow and serious end of the dramatic output of radio.

Drama is often combined with music and dance: the drama in opera is generally sung
throughout; musicals generally include both spoken dialogue and songs; and some forms of drama
have incidental music or musical accompaniment underscoring the dialogue (melodrama and
Japanese N, for example.
n certain periods of history (the ancient Roman and modern Romantic
some dramas have been written to be read rather than performed.
n improvisation, the drama does not
pre-exist the moment of performance; performers devise a dramatic script spontaneously before an

at is DRAMA?
Drama comes from Greek words meaning "to do" or "to act." A play is a story acted out. t shows people
going through some eventful period in their lives, seriously or humorously. The speech and action of a
play recreate the flow of human life. A play comes fully to life only on the stage. On the stage it combines
many arts those of the author, director, actor, designer, and others. Dramatic performance involves an
intricate process of rehearsal based upon imagery inherent in the dramatic text. A playwright first invents
a drama out of mental imagery. The dramatic text presents the drama as a range of verbal imagery. The
language of drama can range between great extremes: on the one hand, an intensely theatrical and
ritualistic manner; and on the other, an almost exact reproduction of real life. A dramatic monologue is a
type of lyrical poem or narrative piece that has a person speaking to a select listener and revealing his
character in a dramatic situation.