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Centre
No.

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Paper Reference (complete below)

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No.

1 H

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Paper Reference(s)

5018H/1H

5038H/1H

Edexcel GCSE

Additional Science (5018H)


Chemistry (5038H)
C2 Topics 5 to 8

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Higher Tier

Thursday 5 June 2008 Morning


Time: 30 minutes

Materials required for examination


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Nil

4
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Instructions to Candidates
In the boxes above, write your centre number, candidate number, your surname, initial(s) and
signature, and complete the paper reference.
Check that you have the correct question paper.
Answer ALL the questions. Write your answers in the spaces provided in this question paper.
Do not use pencil. Use blue or black ink.
Show all stages in any calculations and state the units. Calculators may be used.
Include diagrams in your answers where these are helpful.

Information for Candidates


The marks for individual questions and the parts of questions are shown in round brackets: e.g. (2).
There are 5 questions in this question paper. The total mark for this paper is 30.
There are 12 pages in this question paper. Any blank pages are indicated.

Advice to Candidates
You are reminded of the importance of clear English and careful presentation in your answers.

Total
This publication may be reproduced only in accordance with
Edexcel Limited copyright policy.
2008 Edexcel Limited.
Printers Log. No.

N33021A
W850/R1536/57570 6/5/4/28,000

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*N33021A0112*

*N33021A0212*
59
Co

59
Ni

63.5
Cu

65
Zn

39

139
La*

57

[227]
Ac*

strontium

38

137
Ba

barium

56

[226]
Ra

radium

88

133
Cs

caesium

55

[223]
Fr

francium

87

105

104
106

seaborgium

[266]
Sg

[262]
Db
dubnium

74

tungsten

107

bohrium

[264]
Bh

75

rhenium

186
Re

43

184
W

technetium

42

[98]
Tc

molybdenum

73

tantalum

181
Ta

41

niobium

rutherfordium

[261]
Rf

72

hafnium

178
Hf

40

zirconium

96
Mo

108

hassium

[277]
Hs

76

osmium

190
Os

44

ruthenium

101
Ru

26

109

meitnerium

[268]
Mt

77

iridium

192
Ir

45

rhodium

103
Rh

27

110

darmstadtium

[271]
Ds

78

platinum

195
Pt

46

palladium

106
Pd

28

111

roentgenium

[272]
Rg

79

gold

197
Au

47

silver

108
Ag

29

81

thallium

204
Tl

49

indium

115
In

31

gallium

82

lead

207
Pb

50

tin

119
Sn

32

germanium

83

bismuth

209
Bi

51

antimony

122
Sb

33

arsenic

75
As

15

phosphorus

31
P

nitrogen

14
N

84

polonium

[209]
Po

52

tellurium

128
Te

34

selenium

79
Se

16

sulfur

32
S

oxygen

16
O

85

astatine

[210]
At

53

iodine

127
I

35

bromine

80
Br

17

chlorine

35.5
Cl

fluorine

19
F

86

radon

[222]
Rn

54

xenon

131
Xe

36

krypton

84
Kr

18

argon

40
Ar

10

neon

20
Ne

Elements with atomic numbers 112-116 have been reported but not fully
authenticated

80

mercury

201
Hg

48

cadmium

112
Cd

30

73
Ge

14

silicon

28
Si

27
Al
aluminium

carbon

12
C

The relative atomic masses of copper and chlorine have not been rounded to the nearest whole number.

* The lanthanoids (atomic numbers 58-71) and the actinoids (atomic numbers 90-103) have been omitted.

89

actinium

lanthanum

yttrium

93
Nb

25

zinc

37

91
Zr

24

chromium

copper

rubidium

89
Y

23

vanadium

nickel

88
Sr

22

titanium

52
Cr
cobalt

85
Rb

21

51
V
iron

20

19

48
Ti
manganese

calcium

potassium

scandium

70
Ga

40
Ca

39
K

56
Fe

12

11
55
Mn

magnesium

sodium

45
Sc

13

24
Mg

23
Na

atomic (proton) number

boron

name

beryllium

11
B

lithium

relative atomic mass


atomic symbol

Key

helium

hydrogen

5
4
He

1
H

9
Be

7
Li

The Periodic Table of the Elements

BLANK PAGE

*N33021A0312*

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blank

1.

The structures of four compounds A, B, C and D are shown.


(a) Fill in the names of compounds A, B and C.

...............................

...............................

H
H

C
C

H
H

H
H

...............................

ethanol

(2)
(b) Some hydrocarbons are alkanes and some are alkenes.
(i) What is a hydrocarbon?
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(ii) Which of the compounds A, B, C and D are hydrocarbons?
................................................................................................................................
(1)

*N33021A0412*

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(c) When each of the compounds A, B, C and D is shaken with bromine water, only one
gives the colour change orange to colourless.
Which compound gives this colour change?
Explain why.
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
(2)
(d) Decane, C10H22, can be cracked.
One molecule of decane forms one molecule of ethene and one other molecule of
another substance.
Complete the equation for this reaction.
C10H22 ........................................ +

........................................
(2)

Q1

(Total 8 marks)

*N33021A0512*

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2.

Sodium reacts with chlorine to form the ionic compound sodium chloride.
(a) An atom of sodium has an atomic number of 11 and a mass number of 23.
Complete the table to show the numbers of particles in this atom.
particle

number of particles

electrons
neutrons
protons
(2)
(b) An atom of sodium and an atom of chlorine are shown in the diagram.

Na

Cl

Describe the movement of electron(s) that occurs when a sodium atom reacts with a
chlorine atom to form sodium and chloride ions.
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
(2)

*N33021A0612*

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(c) Sodium chloride has a high melting point.


Explain why.
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(d) Sodium chloride conducts electricity when it is molten.
Explain why.
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)

Q2

(Total 6 marks)

*N33021A0712*

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3.

In the 1970s the Sanko Company produced a type of drug called a statin. The statin
was produced in a fermentation reaction. The drug was designed to lower the level of
cholesterol in the blood. This reduces the risk of heart attacks.
(a) Why are drugs tested before they are given to humans?
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(b) A Scandinavian study on a statin looked at the effect of taking the statin on the
number of heart attacks in a given time. The study produced the following results.
number of people

number of people
suffering a heart attack

taking statin

2221

194

not taking statin

2223

333

What do the results show?


.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(c) Another drug, aspirin (C9H8O4), can be made in the reaction below. The relative
formula mass of each substance is shown beneath its formula.

relative formula masses

C7H6O3 + C4H6O3 C9H8O4 + C2H4O2


138
102
180
60

Use the equation


atom economy =

mass of useful product


100%
total mass of products

to calculate the atom economy for the production of aspirin.


.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
atom economy = .....................%
(1)
(Total 3 marks)
8

*N33021A0812*

Q3

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*N33021A0912*

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4.

Dominic heated iron wool (fine iron wire) and plunged it into a gas jar of chlorine.

(a) The iron glowed brightly when it was plunged into the chlorine.
What does this show about the reaction between the iron and chlorine?
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(b) Write the balanced equation for this reaction, which produces iron(III) chloride,
FeCl3.
.......................................................................................................................................
(2)
(c) Chlorine reacts with iron faster than bromine does.
Bromine reacts with iron faster than iodine does.
Use the electronic configurations of chlorine and bromine to explain why the halogens
become less reactive as the atomic number increases.
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
(2)

10

*N33021A01012*

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blank

(d) Dominic used iron wool in his experiment. When he repeated it with a lump of iron
of the same mass, the reaction was much slower.
Explain, in terms of particles, why iron wool reacted faster than the lump of iron.
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
(2)

Q4

(Total 7 marks)

*N33021A01112*

11

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5.

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blank

Ethene reacts with steam at 300 C and 65 atm to form ethanol.


C2H4(g) + H2O(g) U C2H5OH(g)
The forward reaction is exothermic.
(a) How would the yield of ethanol at equilibrium change if the temperature was
increased?
Explain your answer.
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
(2)
(b) A higher pressure would increase the yield of ethanol at equilibrium.
Suggest why a higher pressure is not used.
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(c) In terms of the bonds broken and formed during the reaction, explain why the forward
reaction is exothermic.
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
(3)
(Total 6 marks)
TOTAL FOR PAPER: 30 MARKS
END

12

*N33021A01212*

Q5