·

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AAF MANUAL 200-1

30 JANUARY 1945

HEADQUARTERS, ARMY AIR FORCES
WASHINGTON, D.C.

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AAF MANUAL 200-1

Foreword

FOREWORD
This Manual contains harmonization data supplemental to that issued in technical
orders and consolidated simplified aircraft ballistic data extracted from aircraft
firing tables. The harmonization patterns were compiled at the proving ground
command to facilitate the conduct of service tests on aircraft weapons. The
ballistic data was supplied by the Chief of Ordnance, Ballistics Branch. These types
of data are combined in a single publication for general use by Army Air Forces
officers. Further work by the Proving Ground Command and other field installations will be disseminated in revisions to this Manual. The patterns for harmonization contained herein are indorsed by Army Air Forces but may be amended by
each individual station in accordance with local conditions to obtain effective
fire power.

THE OTTERBEIN PRFSS
MARCH ,

19~5

DAYTON, OHIO
S,()OO

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i

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AAF MANUAL 200-1

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section A .. .... .. ......... . . . .. .. . .. ..... Harmonization Notes
Section B .... . ..... . ... .... .. . . . .. .. .... Boresighting Procedure
Section C .... . . . .. . . . . . . . Sample of Harmonization Computations
Section D .. .. .. . .. . ... .. ... .... . . Present Range Ballistic Tables
Section E .. . . . ..... . ............... Future Range Ballistic Tables
Section F . . .... . . . ... ........ . ..... . .. Plotted Trajectdry Curves
Section G .. ..... . ........... . .............. Miscellaneous Data
Section H . . ..... . ...... . .. : .. . .... Fighter Harmonization Charts
Section

11

J. . . .......... . ..... . Miscellaneous Harmonization Charts

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AAF MANUAL 200-1

INTRODUCTION
1. The maximum range for harmonization used in this
Manual is 2000 feet. Although the effective range for
actual firing is 1200 feet maximum, a harmonization
I

based on 1200 feet would result 1fi the same bullet patterns as for 2000-foot harmonization, and the latter has
the added advantage of the aircraft being harmonized
for the extra 800 feet should the tactical requirements
necessitate firing at the longer range.

2. The phase "angle of attack" (ap) referred to herein
is defined as that angle between the fuselage leveling
[ugs and the flight path of the aircraft. The data on
angle of attack used were derived from the following
sources, from which the lift coefficient curves were
computed and the angle of .attack figures worked out
for the various weights, speeds, and "g's" required.
a. Wright Field.

b. Technical Orders.
c. Manufacturer's Data.

3. The boresight targets shown are for 1000 inches and
for 500 feet. If the demand for targets at longer ranges
presents itself, these additional targets will be furhished at a later date.

~. All ballistic data were ob~ained from Ballistic Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Aberdeen, \Md., and any que,;tions or discrepancies concerning these data should be referred to that source.

~. The ballistic characteristics of caliber 0.50 M2 and
A.P.I. IM8 ammunition are essentially the same, and
even though the harmonization charts are computed
for M2, the A.P.I. M8 can be used. However, new data
will be supplied based on A.P.I. M8 at a later date.

6. Section C is included primarily as a technical expla~ation of the method used in computing the harmonization charts, and is not intended to be used in the field
unless a specific duty of harmonization is made.

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Introduction

Section A
Pa ragraphs 1-7

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AAF MANUAL 200-1

SECTION A
HARMONIZATION NOTES
1. INTRODUCTION.
a. The following study shows the method used to

arrive at a practical arrangement of fixed guns on
fighter aircraft. The data _and results obtained are
derived from various sources including Technical Orders, test reports, ballistics from Aberdeen, flight missions, discussions with gunnery officers, and the experience of combat pilots.
2. TYPES OF HARMONIZATION.
a. It is found that the type known as "Point Har-

monization" does not make the most efficient use of
the available fire power. In its place, it is recommended
that "Pattern Harmonization" be used; that is, that the
fixed guns be boresighted so that their trajectories produce a desirable pattern as near uniform as possible in
shape and projectile density over the entire range of
fire. A range of 2000 feet is considered maximum for
harmonization.
b. This harmonization is such that the sight line is
always approximately in the center of the projectile
pattern throughout the 2000-foot range, when flying at
the Basic Harmonization. Consequently the pilot is relieved of any mental calculation of range versus projectile drop.
c. The necessity for computing the proper "lead" is
not eliminated by this harmonization. The subject of
lead is well covered by other sources and, therefore,
will not be considered here.
3. BALLISTIC DATA.
a. Ballistic data are procured from Aberdeen Prov-

ing Ground, but interpolation is necessary in some cases
to obtain the necessary ballistic curves for specific altitudes or airspeeds not covered by Aberdeen. This interpolation can readily be computed to an accuracy
-sufficient for all practical purposes and will serve as
a mathematical basis for figuring harmonization.
b. In the use of published ballistic data, a complete
understanding of phraseology is required. The data
under the phrases "Present Range" or "Air to Ground"
should be used for forward firing fixed guns, and can
be interpolated from data under "Future Range" or
"Air to Air."
4. ANGLE OF ATTACK.*
a. The angle of attack of the fighter aircraft for all

speeds, loading conditions, and "g's" should be found
as accurately as possible. The angle of attack is the
angle between the fuselage leveling lugs and the flight
path. The harmonization data in this Manual is based
on the best available data on angle of attack.
"For harmonization purposes.

2

b. Since the guns on the fighter aircraft are fixed in
relation to the fuselage leveling lugs, the angle of attack
therefore governs the angle the guns make with the
flight path. This angle in turn determines the "Effective Bore" and is, therefore, a critical factor in figuring
the harmonization of the sight line and the projectile
patterns.
5. EFFECTIVE BORE.

a. When a fixed gun is so set as to make an angle
with the flight path, the projectile has two forces acting
upon it. One is the muzzle velocity, or the force with
which the powder explosion sends the projectile from
the muzzle, and the otherI force is the forward velocity
of the firing aircraft. Th!,!se two forces resolve into one
which is the resultant, and is known as the "Effective
Bore." In order to harmonize correctly, this effective
bore must be computed. This action holds true in both
vertical and plan harmonization.
6. PROJECTILE DROP.

I

a. When harmonization is figured, the projectile
drop due to gravity to be used is based on the desired
speed and altitude for this harmonization. Then, if the
aircraft fires at some other speed or altitude, there is
naturally a difference in projectile drop between that
used for the harmonization and that at the other speed
or altitude. But this difference is of a negligible quantity, the magnitude of tHe error in caliber 0.50 A.P. M2
being 1;2 mil at lOOO-foot range.

b. When the firing ait craft is in a dive and the wing
tips are parallel to the earth, the drop of the projectile
measured at right angles Ito the extended bore is approximately equal to the drop in level flight multiplied by
the cosine of the angle of dive. This change is of such
small magnitude up to '30-degree dive that it may be
disregarded.

c. No matter what the attitude of the firing aircraft,
the projectile drop is in la vertical plane perpendicular
to the earth, measured from 'the extended effective bore.
d. Projectile drop itse~f is not affected by the aircraft
pulling "g's." But any action of the aircraft that
changes its angle of attack, that is, changes in indicated
air speed or number of "g's," affects the angle between
the gun bore and flight path and brings into play the
"Effective Bore" action previously discussed, and this
indirectly causes the trajectory shift in relation to the
sight line.
7. BASIC HARMONIZAiI'ION.

a. Basic harmoniz~tion is figured for altitude, air
speed, aircraft weight, and number of "g's" which con-

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AAF MANUAL 200-1

stitute the average condition at which combat firing
will probably occur. In basic harmonization it is of
vital importance to obtain as great an angle of visibility as possible over the nose of the aircraft. To accomplish this, the sight line has to be raised to its maximum, limited only by the amount that the guns can be
elevated. The guns are elevated to their maximum and
the sight is set so as to harmonize with the effective
trajectory curve. This method will give the sight its
greatest angle over the nose of the aircraft. From this
basic harmonization, the mil angle of trajectory shift,
shown as "fL" in the ·harmonization charts, and which
is due to flying under any ottier condition that causes
a change in angle of attack, can be computed.

Sections A-B

8. GENERAL.
a. It is recommended that for most cases the included
harmonization charts be used, unless specific tactical
requirements necessitate a deviation. All possible care
should be taken to align the guns as accurately as possible to the boresight targets, and all mounts, etc.,
checked so as to eliminate any error due to movement
of guns.
h. Even though the aircraft is harmonized perfectly,
there is no substitute for accuracy in shooting and
estimating lead. Pattern boresighting will be a great
help in deflection shooting and firing at longer ranges,
and yet will be just as satisfactory for the close-range
shots.

SECTION B
A BORESIGHTING PROCEDURE FOR FIXED GUNS
IN FIGHTER AIRCRAFT
(A) BY USE O,F THE
1000-INCH BORESIGHT TARGET

1. Select a level strip of grourld and place a boresight
target 1000 inches (83 feet, 4 ihches) from the approximate mean of the gun trunnion bolts of the aircraft.
2. Level the aircraft on both axes and fix firmly by the
means of weights, jacks, etc. (rJevel fuselage by placing
level on fuselage leveling lugs.)
3. . Draw a vertical line on the target, in line with the
center' line of the aircraft, by attaching plumb bobs to
the aircraft centers and sightirlg along the plumb bob
cords. On aircrafts with nose wheels, allowances must
be made for the plumb bobs not being on the center
line of the aircraft.
4. Place a sight line level indicator on gun-sight glass
reflector and, without turning Io n reticle light, project
a level point from sight to target. Draw a horizontal
line on WOO-inch target through this point and through
the vertical line as found in step 3. This intersection
will be a point from sight parallel to fuselage leveling
lugs.
,
5. With the point found in step 4 already located on
boresight board as a starting P9int, mark off to proper
dimensions the points where the fixed sight line and

guns are to be aimed, copying data from included harmonization diagram, or from data figured by a responsible officer.
6. With sight line level indicator removed from gun
sight, next turn on reticle light and adjust sight so that
reticle pip points to mark on boresight target for sight
pip. The gun sight will now be aligned in azimuth and
zenith for the basic harmonization.
7. With boresight tool, align the guns to point at their
respective targets.
(B) BY THE USE OF THE
SOO-FOOT BORESIGHT AND FIRE-IN TARGET

8. In using the 500-foot target the same procedure as
outlined in steps 1 through. 7 is to be followed, with
the exception that the target is to be 500 feet from the
aircraft.
9. Fire a burst of 10 rounds. The center of impact of
these hits should fall on the predicted center of impact
previously marked on the target, thus giving the correct boresighting.1f these points do not coincide, adjust
the guns until such is accomplished.
10. Either the WOO-inch boresight target or the 500foot boresight and fire-in target may be used, but the
500-foot target method is found to be more accurate.

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3

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AAF MANUAL 200-1

Section C
Paragraphs 1-3

SECTION C
HARMONIZATION
The Following Is an Example of the Computations and Method Used in
Harmonizing a P-51 D Airplane
1. DATA NEEDED.
a. Basic harmonization condition, or the average
that the aircraft will fly during combat:
Calibrated indicated air speed = 300 miles per hour.
True air speed = ±373 miles per hour.
Altitude = 15000 feet.
Level flight, or 1 "g."
Average combat weight = 9500 pounds.
Angle of attack = ap = +13 mils.
b. Location of the guns: side and plan dimensions in
reference to the optical sight and the aircraft center
line.
c. Maximum angle the guns will elevate in respect
to the fuselage leveling lugs. (From the Technical Orders = 10+ mils.)
d. Find angle of attack of aircraft in reference to the
fuselage leveling lugs for all speeds in which the aircraft might fire in level flight, 1 to 4 "g's," and in 30degree dive or climb, 1 to 4 "g's."
e. Find the trajectory curve for the projectile to be
used for the speed and altitude of the basic harmonization. The data can be interpolated from Aberdeen Proving Ground publications.
f. Formulae Used:

E = Vi (age)
Vm

E = Vi (agf)
E . - ViI (agil)
-

ViI

+ Vm

agil = aPI - ap

When:

/J.

of attack or the mil angle between the fuselage
leveling lugs and the flight path, condition in question.
= Mil angle between the fixed sight line and the projectile pattern or a cti>rrected sight line, condition in
question.

2. PLOTTING TRAJECTORIES.
a. SKETCH "A."-Draw trajectory curve from data
found in "l.e." (Scale recommended: horizontal, 1 inch
= 100 feet; vertical, 1 inch = 20 feet.) Locate the sight
in relation to the guns. Draw in separate sight line
for each gun, harmonizing each around the projectile
path as desired.
b. SKETCH "B." -Redraw "A" so that each of the
three sight lines fall in one line and by measuring the
drop from each sight lir;'-e layout the trajectory curve
of all guns. At a convenient range, 1000 feet, measure
the distance the projectile is above or below the sight
line for each gun. This distance, known as "A," will be
used later. The completed drawing will be the side pattern of the projectiles while flying at the basic harmonization.
c. SKETCH "C."-Draw a plan of the projectile
paths. Make each intersect the projected center line of
the aircraft at the range desired.
d. By plotting from the sketches Band C a projectile
pattern can be drawn for any range up to 2000 feet.
Changes will undoubtedly have to be made in the gun
arrangement in order to achieve the desired patterns.
3. BASIC HARMONliATION-TO SIGHT LINE-SIDE.
a. Find the mil angle of the effective bore line in
relation to the fixed sight line for each gun, in side
view.

Vi+Vm
I

ap,= Angle

+ agi

p.=EI-E

Effective bore line

E = Mil angle

between the effective bore line and the fixed
bore line, under the basic condition.
= Mil angle between the effective bore line and the fixed
bore line, condition in question.
Vj = True air speed of firing aircraft in feet per second,
basic condition.
Vj, = True air speed of firing aircraft in feet per second,
condition in question.
Vm = Muzzle velocity of projectile in feet per second.
age = Mil angle between the flight path and the effective bore
line, basic condition.
agj = Mil angle between the flight path and the fixed bore
line, basic condition.
agf, = Mil angle between the flight path and the fixed bore
line, condition in question.
ap = Angle of attack or the mil angle between the fuselage
leveling lugs and the flight path, basic condition.

-Fixedl

E,

4

B

Sight

sight line

A

c. D

Gun'1

_

A
B

1000
"

t

1000'=12000"·

= Distance in inches between projectile and
= Projectile drop in inches at 1000 feet.

sight line.

C = Vertical distance in inches, at aircraft, between sight and
gun trunnion.

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Section C

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AAF MANUAL 200-1

2. Plotting Trajectories:

Sight

Bore line
Trajectory:/'
Cal 0.50 APM 2
TAS =373 mph
Alt 15000 ft

No.2 guns
No.1 guns
No. 3 guns

SKETCH "A"
1000'
Range in feet

2000 '

Fixed sight line
No.3 guns

Sight

No.1 guns
No.2 guns

Gun,

SKETCH "8"

Parallel

Center line of
aircratt

Sight

No.1 gun
No.2 gun
No.3 gun

No.1 gun
No.2 gun
No.3 gun

11997/1
13189/1
14400/1 = 1200 '

SKETCH "C"
1000'
Range. in feet

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2000'

5

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AAF MANUAL 200-1

Section C
Paragraphs 3-4

For N o.1 gun:

C.

Find location of fixed sight line:

D = C + B +(A ) : C = 44.7"; B = 20.0";
A = - 3"; D = 44.7 + 20.0 +( -3) = 61.7"
Then by similar triangles:
61.7

x

1000(12) = 1000; x =

51
.

'1

Line parallel ta
·fuselage leveling \ugs

ml S
~- .._

(This is the mil angle the effective bore line of No. 1
gun should point above the fixed sight line to properly
harmonize.)

Fixed sight line

Effective bare line,

For No.2 gun:

Line parallel 10 fuselage leveling lugs

C = 44.0"; B = 20.0";
D = 44.0 + 20.0 +
50.0
x
1000(12) = 1000; X =

A = - 14";
(-14) = 50.0"
42 '1
. ml S

ocge = 18.3 1
G~~~~~~~~~~------~F~lig~h~lp~a~lh~
OC p.= 13,0

For No.3 gun:

C = 43.5"; B = 20.0"; A = +12.0" ;
D = 43.5 + 20.0 + (+12.0) = 75.5"
75.5
x
63 '1
1000(12) = 1000; x = . ml s

Therefore:
Fixed sight line is 12.0 mils above the flight pathbasic harmonization.
Fixed sight line is 1.0 mil below the fuselage leveling lugs.

Therefore:
No.1 gun's effective bore line is up 5.1 mils from the
fixed sight line.
No.2 gun's effective bore line is up 4.2 mils from the
fixed sight line.
No.3 gun's effective bore line is up 6.3 mils from the
fixed sight line.
4. BASIC HARMONIZATION-TO FLIGHT PATH-SIDE.
a. From3.a' J it can be seen that the No. 3 gun
elevates the most. According to Technical Orders, the
guns elevate 10+ mils, but for safety use 9 mils. Elevate
No. 3 gun 9.0 mils in relation to the fuselage leveling
lugs.
b. Find the effective bore line for No.3 gun:

d. Find the fixed bore line in relation to the flight
pMh:
.
No, 1 gun:

= 17.1 mils
= 547.~~~~17.1) = 3.5 mils

age = 12.0 + 5.1

E= VfVc;:e)

agf = 17.1 + 3.5 = 20.6 mils

No.2 gun:

+ 4.2 = 16.2 mils
- 33 '1
E-- 547.067(16.2)
2700 ,
- . ml S

age

= 12.0

agf = 16.2 + 3.3 = 19.5 mils

No.3 gun:
age = 12.0 + 6.3 = 18.3 mils

- 37 '1
E-- 547.067(18.3)
2700
- . ml S

Fixed bore line, No. 3 gun

Parallel to

\
Sight

effective
bore line

~------:7L...\c:-::::''''':::''--:::::?'"""''=---~

No.1 gun:
Fixed' bore line above the flight path = 21.6 mils

Flight pair

No.2 gun:
Fixed bore line above the flight path = 19. ~ mils

Gun

-'

Flight path

Vf(agj)
E= Vf
+ Vm
age
6

=

gun)
- 3.7

= 22.0

547.067(22.0) -37 '1 (N 3
547.067 + 2700 - . ml S o.

=

18.3 mils (No.3 gun)

agf = 18.3 + 3.7 . 22.0 mils
e. Find average fixed bore:

No.3 gun:
Fixed bore line above the flight path = 22.0 mils
3)62.1 mils
20.7 mils=
agf (average) = average fixed bore line above the
flight path-basic harmonization.

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AAF MANUAL 200-1

5. TRAJECTORY SHIFT.
a. Find jJ., or the mil angle the projectile pattern
moves from the fixed sight line while flying at other
than basic conditions:
lAS = 250 mph; T AS = 250 mph; Altitude = 0';
"lg"; aPl = 30 mils.

agfl

= apl

-

ap + agf

37.7 mils

= 30.0

- 13.0 + 20.7 -

Section C
Paragraphs 5-6

No.3 guns:

1~~0 = 500~12);

x = 54.0"; 43.5 - 54.0
1000-inch target.

- 10.5" -

=

c. Horizontal Dimensions-WOO-inch Target.
From 2.c, can be found the points where the effective bore line, in plan, crosses the center line of the
aircraft.

- VIl (agf) _ 366.67 (37.7) - 45 '1
El-Vfl+Vm
-366.67 + 2700- . mlS
- Vf(agf) - 547.067(20.7) - 35 '1
E - Vf+Vm - 547.067 +2700 - . mlS
p.
p.

(AverageE)
= El -E
= 4.5 - 3.5

Effective bore line

Sight

=

+ 1.0 mils

Continue the same method for

"jJ."

for all conditions.

6 . FIGURING THE BORESIGHT TARGETS:
a. Vertical Dimension-WOO-inch Target:
From 4.e. can be found the mil angle the fixed bore
line makes with the flight path. From this subtract the
mil angle of attack for the basic harmonization. The
answer will be the mil angle between the fixed bore line
and the fuselage leveling lugs.

Therefore:
No.1 guns: 20.6 - 13.0 = 7.6 mils
No.2 guns: 19.5 - 13.0 = 6.5 mils
No.3 guns: 22.0 - 13.0 = 9.0 mils
No.1 guns: 44.7 - 7.6 = 37.1" (Vertical distance, at
WOO-inch target, from a point from the sight parallel
to the fuselage leveling lugs, to the extended bore.)
No.2 guns: 44.0 - 6.5 = ' 37.5" (Vertical distance, at
WOO-inch target, from a point from the sight parallel
to the fuselage leveling lugs, to the extended bore.)
No.3 guns: 43.5 - 9.0 = 34.5" (Vertical distance, at
WOO-inch target, from a point from the sight parallel
to the fuselage leveling lugs, to the extended bore.)
b. Vertical Dimension-500-foot Target:

Gun*,

1

1000 " ..
Range

No~ 1 guns:

By similar triangles:

x

1000

=

79.1
11997; x

= age
= 547.067(6.6) = 1.3 mils

E=

=

6.6 mils

Vf(age)
Vm
2700
agf = 6.6 + 1.3 = 7.9 mils
79.1 - 7.9 = 71.2" (Horizontal distanc.e, at WOO-inch
target, from center line of aircraft to extended bore.)
No.2 guns:

x
1000

87.1

= 13189;

x

=

6.6 mils

By similar triangles:

067 (6.6)
E= 547,.2700

No.1 guns:

agf = 6.6 + 1.3 = 7.9 mils

7.6

X

1000 = 500(12); x =

87.1 - 7.9 = 79.2" - 1000-inch target

456
.

44.7 - 45.6 = -0.9" (Vertical distance, at 500-foot
target, from a point from the sight parallel to the
fuselage leveling lugs, to the extended bore.)

No.3 guns:
x

x = 39.0; 44.0 - 39.0
+ 5.0" - 1000-inch target.

=

95.1

x

= 6.6 mils

E = 547.067(6.6)
2700

=.13 ml'1 s
= 7.9 mils

1000

No.l guns:

1~~0 = 600~12);

=.1 3 ml'1 s

= 14400;

agf = 6.6 + 1.3
95.1 - 7.9 = 87.2" - 1000-inch target

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7

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AAF MANUAL 200-1

Section C
Paragraph 6

No. 1 guns:

d. Horizontal Harmonization- SOO-foot Target:

By similar triangles:
7.9_
x
.

_ 474"
1000 -500 (12)' x .
79.1 - 47.4 = +31.7"

Effective bore line
Sight

----------::7"'''''---it---

."",-r
G

Center line

of
mils ·

500 '

aircraft

(Horizontal distance, at 500-foot target, from center of
aircraft to the extended bore.)
No.2 guns:

7.9
x
474"
1000 = 500(12); x = .
87.1 -47.4 = 39.7" = 500-foot target
No.3 guns:

7.9

x

1000 = 500(12); x =
95.1 - 47.4 = 47.7"

8

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474"
.
= 500-foot target

Section 0

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AAF MANUAL 200-1

SECTION D
PRESENT RANGE BALLISTIC TABLES

0.-50 CALIBER
A.P. M2 PROJ ECTI LE

PRESENT RANGE

M.V.=2,700 ft/sec

FORWARD FIRE

TOP LINE: VERTICAL DEFLECTION IN INCHES
BOTTOM LINE: TIME OF FLIGHT IN SECONDS

Altitude True Cal. Ind.
in
Air
Air
Feet Speed Speed

AUTHORITY:
Aberdeen Data FT. 50-AC-M-l; and
1st I nd. to letter from Ord. Dept.
Eglin Field, Fla. 15 April, 1944 to
Chief of Ord. Washington, D.C.

RANGE I N FEET
200

400

600

800

1000

1200

1400

1600

1800

2000

(1)
.08

5
.16

(11)
.24

19
.32

(30)
.40

43
.49

(60)
.58

80
.67

(104)

132
.87

4
.15
3
.13
3
.13

(9)
.22
(7)
.20
(7)
.19

16
.30
13
.27
12
.25

(26)
.38
(21)
.34
(19)
.32

. 38
.46
31
.41
28
.39

(53)
.54
(43)
.49
(39)
.46

70
.63
58
.57
51
.53

(90)
(76)
.66
(66)
.61

114
.81
96
.74
83
.69

.06
(1)
.06

4
.15
3
.13
3
.13

(9)
.22
(7)
.20
(7)
.19

16
.30
l3
.27
12
.25

(25)
.37
(21)
.34
(19) •
.32

37
.45
31
.41
28
.39

(51)
.53
(43)
.48
(38)
.45

67
.61
57
.56
50
.52

(86)
.70
(73)
.64
(64)
.59

108
.78
91
.71
80
.67

(1)
.07
(1)
.06
(1)
.06

4
.14
3
.l3
3
.13

(9)
.22
(7)
.20
(7)
.19

16
.29
l3
.27
12
.25

(25)
.37
(21)
.34
(19)
.31

36
.44
31
.41
27
.38

(49)
.52
(42)
.48
(37)
.44

65
60
56
.55
48
.51

(83)
.68

104
.76
89
.70

(1)
.07
(1)
.06
(1)
.06

4
.14
3
.13
3
.12

(9)
.21
(7)
.20
(7)
.19

15
.28
13
.26
12
.25

(24)
.36
(21)
.33
(18)
.31

35
.43
30
.40
26
.37

(48)
.51
(41)
.47
(36)
.43

63
.58 .
54
.54
47
.50

(80)
.66
(69)
.61
(60)
.56

99
.73
86
.68
74
.63

(1)

4
.14
3
.13
3
.11

(9)
.21
(7)
.19
(6)
.17

15
.28
l3
.26
11
.23

(23)
.35
(20)
.32
(17)
.29

34
.42
29
.39
25
.36

(47)
.50
(40)
.46
(34)
.42

61
.57
52
.52
45
.48

(77)

95
.71
82
.66
71
.61

0

0

0

0

150

150

0

300

300

0

450

450

(1)
.07
(1)
.06
(1)
.06

7000

150

l35

(1)
_.07

7000

300

271

7000

450

409

15000

150

119

15000

300

240

15000

450

364

30000

150

92

30000

300

187

30000

450

284

50000

150

58

50000

300

119

50000

450

183

(1)

.07
(1)
.06
(1)
.06

Figures in parentheses are from graphic tabulations

.77

.72

(71)

.62
(62)
.58

.64
(66)
.59
(57)
.55

77
.65

0.50 CALI BER

APPLIED BALLISTIC AND DESIGN SECTION, PROOF DIVISION, A.A.F.P.G.C., EGLIN FIELD, FLA. DWG. No. B-T44 DATE: 6-10-44
RESTRICTED

9

-

CIt
CD
n

CALIBER 0.50

o

"PRESENT RANGE" or Range is the distance from a stationary point (the muzzle of the gun at
time of fire) to the projectile at every instant.
AZIMUTH=O Mils
ZENITH=1,600 Mils
Guns mounted in aircraft in horizontal flight.

A. P. M2
M. V.=2,700 ft per sec

TOP LINE: VERTICAL DEFLECTION IN INCHES
Air
Density

True
Air
Speed

1.0

0

1.0

150

1.0

300 .

1.0

450

0.8

150

-I

0.8

300

n
-I

0.8

450

0.6

150

0.6

300

0.6

450

0.4

150

0.4

300

0.4

450

0.2

150

0.2

300

0.2

450

;:Ia

m

CIt

;:Ia

m

o

~

200
1
0.07
1
0.07
1
0.06
1
0.06
1
0.07
1
0.07
1
0.06
1
0.07
1
0.07
1
0.06
1
0.07
1
0.07
1
0.06
1
0.07
1
0.07
1
0.06

Leller 00 063.2/3105. lst Ind., Incl l'

400
4
0.15
4
0.13
4
0.13
3
0.13
4
0.14
4
0.13
3
0.12
4
0.14
4
0.13
3
0.12
4
0.14
4.
0.13
3
0.12
4
0.14
4
0.13
3
0.12

600
10
0.23
9
0.22
8
0.20
7
0.19
9
0.21
8
0.20
7
0.18
9
0.21
8
0.20
7
0.18
8
0.21
8
0.20
7
0.18
8
0.21
8
0.20
8
0.18

800
18
0.31
16
0.29
14
0.27
12
0.26
16
0.28
14
0.27
12
0.24
16
0.28
14
0.27
12
0.24
15
0.28
14
0.27
12
0.24
15
0.28
14
0.26
13
0.24

1000
29
0.40
25
0.37
22
0.34
19
0.32
25
0.36
21
0.34
19
0.31
24
0.35
22
0.33
19
0.31
23
0.35
21
0.33
19
0.31
24
0.35
22
0.33
19
0.30

1200
43
0.49
37
0.45
32
0.42
28
0.39
36
0.44
31
0.41
27
0.38
35
0.43
31
0.40
27
0.38
34
0.42
30
0.40
27
0.37 .
34
0.42
31
0.39
27
0.36


:::I

o

BOTTOM LINE: TIME OF FLIGHT IN SECONDS

RANGE IN FEET
1400
1600
60
80
0.67
0.58
51
69
0.53
0.62
45
60
0.50
0.58
52
39
0.53
0.46
50
66
0.52
0.60
57
43
0.48
0.56
37
50
0.52
0.45
48
64
0.51
0.59
42
56
0.54
0.47
37
49
0.45
0.51
62
47
0.57
0.49
41
54
0.47
0.54
36
47
0.43
0.50
61
47
0.56
0.49
42
55
0.46
0.52
48
37
0.49
0.42

1800
104
0.77
89
0.71
77
0.66
67
0.61
85
0.69
74
0.64
64
0.60
82
0.67
71

0.62
62
0.58
79
0.65
69
0.61
60
0.56
78
0.63
69
0.59
61
0.55

2000
132
0.87
112
0.80
97
0.74
84
0.69
107
0.78
93
0.72
80
0.68
102
0.75
89
0.70
77
0.65
98
0.73
86
0.68
75
0.63
96
0.70
85
0.66
75
0.61

2200
164
0.98
139
0.90
119
0.83
104
0.77
132
0.87
114
0.81
99
0.75
125
0.84
109
0.77
95
0.72
119
0.80
105
0.76
91
0.70
116
0.78
102
0.72
90
0.68

2400
200
1.09
169
1.00
145
0.92
127
0.86
160
0.96
138
0.89
120
0.83
151
0.92
131
0.85
114
0.79
143
0.88
126
0.82
109
0.77
138
0.85
121
0.79
107
0.74

2600
241
1.20
203
1.10
174
1.01
152
0.95
191
1.05
165
0.97
143
0.91
180
1.01
156
0.93
135
0.86
169
0.96
149
0.90
129
0.84
162
0.93
142
0.86
125
0.80

2800
287
1.32
242
1.21
207
1.11
180
1.04
226
1.15
194
1.06
169
0.99
211
1.09
182
1.01
159
0.94
198
1.04
173
0.97
150
0.92
189
1.00
166
0.93
145
1.87

3000 I
339 I
1.44
285
1.32
244
1.21
212
1.13
264
1.25
227
1.15
198
1.07
246
1.18
212
1.10
185
1.02
230
1.13
200
1.05
174
0.97
217
1.08
191
1.00
166
0.93

Ballistic Research laboratory, Ab erdeen Proving Ground, Md., December 1 944

~
~

""

;:Ia

3: m
~~
Z1:!!

Cn
~-I
r-m
to.)

o
o

I

o

CALIBER 0.50

"PRESENT RANGE" or Range is the distance from a stationary point (the muzzle of the gun at
time of fire) to the projectile at every instant.
AZIMUTH=O Mils
ZENITH=1,600 Mils
Guns mounted in aircraft in horizontal flight.

API M8
M. V. =2,870 ft per sec

TOP LINE: VERTICAL DEFLECTION IN INCHES
Air
Density

True
Air
Speed

1.0

0

1.0

150

1.0

300

1.0

450

0.8

150

'"-t2!!

0.8

300

-t

0.8

'"
m

n

m
C

_

~50

0.6

150

0.6

300

0.6

450

0.4

150

0.4

300

0.4

450

0.2

150

0.2

300

0.2

450

200
1
0.07
1
0.07
1
0.06
1
0.06
1
0.07
1
0.06
1
0.06
1
0.07
1
0.06
1
0.05
1
0.07
1
0.06
1
0.06
1
0.07
1
0.06
1.
0.06

letter 00 063 .2/ 3105, 1st Ind., Incl 2

400
4
0.14
4
0.13
3
0.12
3
0.12
4
0.13
3
0.13
3
0.12
4
0.13
3
0.13
3
0.11
. 4
0.13
3
0.12
3
0.11
3
0.13
3
0.12
3
0.11

600
9
0.22
8
0.20
7
0.19
6
0.18
8
0.20
6
0.19
6
0.18
8
0.20
6
0.19
6
0.17
8
0.20
'6
0.18
6
0.17
7
0.20
6
0.18
6
0.17

800
17
0.30
14
0.27
12
0.26
11
0.24
14
0.21
12
0.26
10
0.24
14
0.27
11
0.25
11
0.23
14
0.27
11
0.24
10
0.23
13
0.27
11
0.24
10 ,
0.23

1000
26
0.38
22
0.35
19
0.33
17
0.30
22
0.35
19
0.32
16
0.30
21
0.34
18
0.32
17
0.29
22
0.33
18
. 0.31
16
0.29
21
0.33
18
0.31
16
0.29

1200
39
0.46
33
0.43
28
0.40
25
0.37
32
0.42
28
0.39
24
0.36
31
0.41
27
0.38
24
0.36
31.
0.40
27
0.38
23
0.35
30
0.40
26
0.37
23
0.35

BOTTOM LINE: TIME OF FLIGHT IN SECONDS

RANGE IN FEET
1400
1600
1800
54
72
93
0.55
0.64
0.73
62
46
80
0.51
0.59
0.67
39
53
69
0.47
0.55
0.63
35
46
60
0.44
0.51
0.58
44
59
76
0.49
0.57
0.65
39
51
66
0.46
0.54
0.61
34
45
58
0.43
0.50
0.57
43
57
73
0.48
0.56
0.63
38
50
64
0.45
0.52
0.59
33
44
56
0.42
0.49
0.55
42
56
71
0.47
0.54
0.62
37
48
61
0.51
0.44
0.57
32
42
54
0.41
0.48
0.54
41
54
68
0.47
0.53
0.60
36
46
59
0.50
0.56
0.43
31
41
52
0.41
0.46
0.52

2000
118
0.83
101
0.76
87
0.71
76
0.66
96
0.73
83
0.68
73
0.64
92
0.71
80
0.66
70
0.62
88
0.69
76
0.64
67
0.60
84
0.67
73
0.62
64
0.58

2200
146
0.93
125
0.85
108
0.79
94
0.74
119
0.82
102
0.76
89
0.71
113
0.79
98
0.74
86
0.69
108
0.77
93
0.71
82
0.67
102
0.74
89
0.69
78
0.64

2400
179
1.03
153
0.95
131
0.88
114
0.82
144
0.91
124
0.84
108
0.78
136
0.87
118
0.81
103
0.76
129
0.84
112
0.78
98
0.73
122
0.81
106
0.75
93
0.70

2600
216
1.14
184
1.05
158
0.97
137
0.90
172
1.00
148
0.92
129
0.86
162
0.95
140
0.89
122
0.83
153
0.92
132
0.85
116
0.80
144
0.88
125
0.82
110
0.76

2800
257
1.25
219
1.15
188
1.06
163
0.99
203
1.09
175
1.01
153
0.94
190
1.03
165
0.96
144
0.90
179
0.99
155
0.92
136
0.86
167
0.95
146
0.88
127
0.83

3000
304
1.37
258
1.25
221
1.16
192
1.08
238
1.19
205
1.10
179
1.02
221
1.12
192
1.04
167
0.97
207
1.07
179
0.99
157
0.93
193
1.02
168
0.95
147
0.89

'Ballistic Research l a bora tory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, M d., December 1944

l>
l>
"II

~~

l>'"
z;;

c-

l>!:l

r-m
to.)C

o

o
I

'"....
C1)

n

:I

C

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1

Section D

20 MM
AIRCRAFT GUN Ml & M2
H.E.I. Mk. I
PROJECTILE
M.V. =2,700 ftj sec
Altitude True Cal. Ind.
Air
in
Air
Feet Speed Speed
0

0

0

0

150

150

0

300

300

0

450

450

7000

150

135

7000

300

271

7000

450

409

15000

150

119

15000

300

240

15000

450

364

30000

150

92

30000

300

187

30000

450

284

50000

150

58

50000

300

119

50000

450

183

PRESENT RANGE

FORWARD FIRE

TOP LINE: VERTICAL DEFLECTION IN INCHES
BOTTOM LINE: TIME OF FLIGHT IN SECONDS

AUTHORITY: ABERDEEN
PROVING GROUND
10 AUGUST 1944
FT. 20 AC-B-3
EGLIN FIELD

RANGE IN FEET
400
5
.16

800
20
.33

1200
48
.52

1600
92
.73

2000
156
.96

2400
245
1.23

2800
364
1.52

3200
521
1.85

3600
724
2.21

4000
980
2.60

4
.14
4
.13
3
.12

17
.30
15
.28
13
.26

41
.48
35
.44
31
.41

78
.67
67
.62
58
.57

132
.88
112
.82
97
.76

206
1.12
175
1.04
151
.96

305
1.39
259
1.28
223
1.18

436
1.70
370
1.56
317
1.44

607
2.03
513
1.86
439
1.72

824
2.39
698
2.20
597
2.04

4
.14
4
.13
3
.12

17
.30
14
.27
12
.26

39
.46
34
.43
29
.40

73
.64
63
.59
55
.55

121
.84
104
.77
90
.72

185
1.05
158
.97
137
.90

268
1.28
229
1.18
198
1.09

375
1.54
319 .
1.41
275
1.31

510
1.82
432
1.67
372
1.54

677
2.12
574
1.95
492
1.80

4
.14
3
.13
3
.12

16
.29
14
.27
12
.25

37
.45
32
.42
28
.39

69
.62
60
.57
52
.53

113
.80
97
.74
84
.69

170
.99
145
.91
126
.85

242
1.19
207
1.10
179
1.02

331
1.41
283
1.30
245
1.21

440
1.65
376
1.52
325
1.41

573
1.90
488
1.75
421
1.62

4
.14
3
.13
31
.12

15
.28
13
.26
12
.25

35
.43
31
.40
27
.38

64
.59
56
.55
48
.51

103
.75
89
.70
77
.65

152
.92
131
.85
114
.79

213
1.09
183
1.01
159
.94

286
1.27
246
1.18
214
1.10

372
1.46
319
1.35
277
1.26

472
1.66
405
1.53
352
1.43

4
.14
3
.13
3
.12

. 15
.28
13
.26
11
.24

34
.42
29
.39
26
.37

61
.57
53
.53
46
.49

97
.72
84
.67
73
.62

141
.87
122
.81
106
.76

195
1.03
168
.95
146
.89

258
1.18
222
1.10
194
1.03

331
1.35
285
1.25
248
1.16

414
1.51
357
1.40
311
1.31

APPLIED BALLISTICS AND DESIGN SECTION, PROOF DIVISION
A.A.F.P.G.C., EGLIN FIELD, FLA. DWG. #B-T44 DATE : 10-16-44

12

RESTRICTED

"PRESENT RANGE" or Range is the distance from a stationary point (the muzzle of the gun at
time of fire) to the projectile at every instant.
20 MM T23
M. V. =2,750 ft per sec

AZIMUTH =0 Mils
ZEN ITH =1,600 Mils
Guns mounted in aircraft in horizontal flight.
TOP LINE : VERTICAL DEFLECTION IN INCHES

Air
Density

:II:!

m

!:
:II:!

n
-t
m

True
Air
Speed

1.0

0

1.0

150

1.0

300

1.0

450

0.8

150

0.8

300

0.8

450

C

...

W

0.6

150

0.6

300

0.6

450

0.4

150

0,4

300

0.4

450

0.2

150

0.2

300

0.2

450

200
1
0.07
1
0.07
1
0.07
1
0.06
1
0.07
1
0.07
1
0.06
1
0.07
1
0.06
1
0.06
1
0.07
1
0.06
1
0.06
1
0.07
1
0.06
1

-- Jl.Q§

f ile 00 0 63.2/ 31 05, lst Ind.,lnci 4

400 600 800
4
10
18
0.15 0.23 0.31
3
15
8
0.14 0.21 0.29
7
3
13
0.13 0.20 0.27
3
6
11
0.12 0.18 0.25
3
8
15
0.14 0.21 0.28
3
7
12
0.13 0.20 0.27
2
6
11
0.12 0.18 0.24
3
8
15
0.14 0.21 0.28
3
7
13
0.12 0.19 0.26
3
11
6
0.12 0.18 0.24
4
14
8
0.14 0.21 0.28
3
7
13
0.13 0.19 0.26
3
6
11
0.12 0.18 0.24
4
8
14
0.13 0.20 0.27
3
7
12
0.13 0.19 0.25
3
6
11
0.12 0.18 0.24

1000 1200
29
43
0.40 0.49
24
36
0.37 0.45
21
31
0.34 0.42
18
27
0.32 0.39
25
37
0.36 0.44
20
29
0.34 0.41
18
27
0.31 0.38
23
34
0.35 0.43
20
29
0.33 0.40
17
25
0.30 0.37
23
33
0.35 0.42
20
29
0.32 0.39
17
25
0.31 0.37
22
32
0.34 0.41
19
28
0.32 0.38
24
17
0.30 0.36

1400
60
0.58
50
0.54
43
0.50
37
0.46
51
0.52
41
0.48
37
0.45
47
0.51
40
0.47
35
0.44
46
0.50
40
0.46
34
0.43
44
0.48/
38
0.45
33
0.42

BOTTOM LINE: TIME OF FLIGHT IN SECONDS

RANGE IN FEET
1600 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600
81
105 133 166 204 247
0.68 0.78 . 0.89 1.QO 1.11 1.23
68
88
112 139 l7l 207
0.63 0.72 0.82 0.92 1.02 1.13
58 . 76
96
120 147 178
0.58 0.66 0.75 0.84 0.94 1.04
50
82
65
103 126 153
0.53 0.61 0.69 0.77 0.87 0.96
67
108 133 162 194
86
0.60 0.69 0.78 0.87 0.97 1.07
55
72
91
113 137 165
0.56 0.64 0.72 0.81 0.89 0.98
49
79
63
98
119 143
0.52 0.59 0.67 0.75 0.83 0.91
63
81
101 124 150 179
0.59 0.67 0.75 0.83 0.92 1.01
53
68
86
107 130 155
0.55 0.62 0.70 0.77 0.85 0.93
47
61
75
92
112 134
0.51 0.58 0.65 0.72 0.79 0.86
61
78
97
118 142 168
0.57 0.65 0.73 0.80 0.88 0.96
53
67
83
102 122 144
0.53 0.60 0.67 0.75 0.82 0.89
46
72
87
58
104 124
0.50 0.56 0.63 0.69 0.76 0.83
58
74
92
111
133 157
0.56 0.63 0.70 0.77 0.84 0.91
79
96
50
64
115 136
0.51 0.58 0.65 0.71 0.78 0.85
44
70
85
101
56
119
0.48 0.54 0.60 0.67 0.73 0.79

2800
296
1.35
249
1.23
212
1.14
183
1.05
230
1.17
196
1.07
169
0.99
211
1.10
182
1.01
158
0.94
197
1.04
169
0.97
145
0.90
183
0.99
158
0.92
138
0.86

3000 3200
351 413
1.48 1.62
295 346
1.35 1.47
251 294
1.25 1.36
216 252
1.15 1.25
270 315
1.27 1.38
230 267
1.17 1.27
198 230
1.08 1.17
246 285
1.19 1.28
212 245
1.10 1.19
184 212
1.02 1.10
228 262
1.12 1.20
196 225
1.04 1.12
169 195
0.97 1.04
211
241
1.06 1.14
182 208
0.99 1.06
159 182
0.92 0.99

3400 3600
482 560
1.76 1.91
404 468
1.60 1.74
343 397
1.48 1.60
293 338
1.36 1.47
364 418
1.49 1.60
308 353
1.37 1.48
265 304
1.26 1.36
328 374
1.38 1.48
320
281
1.28 1.37
243 277
1.19 1.27
299 339
1.29 1.38
257 291
1.20 1.28
222 252
1.12 1.19
274 309
1.21 1.29
236 266
1.13 1.20
206 232
1.05 J.12

3800 4000
646 743
2.07 2.23
540 619
1.88 2.03
457 523
1.73 1.86
389 445
1.59 1.71
477 ' 541
1.72 1.85
403 458
1.59 1.70
347 393
1.46 1.56
424 478
1.58 1.69
362 408
1.46 1.56
314 354
1.35 1.44
382 427
1.47 1.56
327 366
1.36 1.44
284 317
1.27 1.34
346 385
1.37 1.44
298 332
1.27 1.34
260 289
1.19 1.25
--

4200
850
2.40
706
2.19 '
597
2.00
507
1.84
612
1.98
518
1.81
444
1.67
536
1.80
457
1.66
396
1.53
476
1.65
408
1.52
353
1.42
427
1.52
368
1.41
320
1.32

Ballistic Research labo ratory, Aberd ee n Proving Ground, Md., Decem ber 1944

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C

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1

Section D

37 MM
AIRCRAFT GUN M4
H.E. SHELL M54
FUZE M56
M.V. =2,000 ft/ sec

PRESENT RANGE

FORWARD FIRE

TOP LINE : VERTICAL DEFLECTION IN INCHES
BOTTOM LINE: TIME OF FLIGHT IN SECONDS

Altitude True Cal.lnd.
in
Air
Air
Feet Speed Speed
0

0

0

0

150

150

0

300

300

0

450

450

7000

150

135

7000

300

271

7000

450

409

15000

150

119

15000

300

240

15000

450

364

30000

150

92

30000

300

187

30000

450

284

50000

150

58

50000

300

119

50000

450

183

AUTHORITY : ABERDEEN
PROVING GROUND
10 AUGUST 1944
FT. 37 AC-AO-l
EGLIN FIELD

RANGE IN FEET
600

1200

1800

2400

3000

3600

4200

4800

5400

6000

19
.31

79
.65

188
1.02

354
1.12

590
1.87

910
2.35

1330
2.88

1868
3.46

2539
4.06

3356
4.69

15
.28
13
.26
11
.23

64
.59
52
.53
44
.49

151
.92
124
.83
104
.76

285
1.28
234
1.15
195
1.05

473
1.67
387
1.50
322
1.37

727
2.10
593
1.89
492
1.72

1059
2.57
861
2.31
713
2.09

1486
3.09
1205
2.77
994
2.50

2085
3.64
1638
3.27
1348
2.96

2693
4.24
2179
3.82
1780
3.45

15
.28
12
.25
10
.23

62
.58
51
.52
43
.48

146
.89
120
.81
100
.74

271
1.23
223
1.11
186
1.02

444
1.59
364
1.44
304
1.32

671
1.98
549
1.79
458
1.63

961
2.40
785
2.16
653
1.97

1324
2.85
1079
2.56
895
2.33

1772
3.34
1440
3.00
1192
2.72

2318
3.86
1879
3.46
1552
3.14

15
.28
12
.25
10
.23

61
.57
50
.51
42
.47

141
.87
116
.79
98
.73

259
1.20
214
1.08
179
.99

420
1.53
345
1.39
289
1.27

627
1.89
515
1.71
430
1.56

886
2.27
726
2.04
606
1.87

1202
2.66
984
2.40
820
2.19

1584
3.09
1294
2.78
1077
2.53

2038
3.53
1662
3.18
1380
2.89

14
.28
12
.25
10
.23

59
.56
49
.51
41
.46

135
.85
112
.77
94
.71

246
1.15
203
1.04
170
.96

392
1.46
323
1.32
271
1.21

576
1.78
475
. 1.61
398
1.48

802
2.11
660
1.91
552
1.75

1071
2.45
881
2.22
736
2.03

1386
2.80
1139
2.53
952
2.32

1751
3.17
1438
2.86
1200
2.61

14
.27
12
.25
10
.23

58
.55
48
.50
40
.46

131
.83
108
.75
91
.69

236
1.12
195
1.01
164
.93

372
1.41
308
1.28
258
1.17

542
1.71
447
1.54
376
1.42

746
2.00
615
1.81
517
1.67

985
2.31
813
2.09
682
1.92

1261
2.62
1040
2.37
872
2.17

1574
2.93
' 1298
2.66
1088
2.44

I

I

APPLIED BALLISTICS AND DESIGN SECTION, PROOF DIVISION,
A.A.F.P.G.C., EGLIN FIELD, FLA. DWG. No. B-T44 DATE: 10-11-44

14

RESTRICTED

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1

Section D

37 MM
GUN M9
H.E. SHELL M54
FUZE M56
M.V. =2,550 ftjsec

PRESENT RANGE

FORWARD FIRE

TOP LINE: VERTICAL DEFLECTION IN INCHES
BOTTOM LINE: TIME OF FLIGHT IN SECONDS

Altitude True Cal.lnd.
in
Air
Air
Feet Speed Speed
0

0

0

0

150

150

0

300

300

0

450

450

7000

150

135

7000

300

271

7000

450

409

AUTHORITY: ABERDEEN
PROVING GROUND
10 AUGUST 1944
FT. 37 AC -BF-l
EGLIN FIELD

RANGE IN FEET
600

1200

1800

2400

3000

3600

4200

4800

5400

6000

12
.24

48
.51

114
.19

213
1.10

353
1.43

539
1.80

782
2.20

1092
2.63

1484
3.11

1972
3.63

10
.22
8
.21
7
.19

40
.47
35
.43
30
.40

96
.73
82
.67
71 .62

179
1.01
153
.93
132
.86

296
1.31
252
1.21
218
1.12

451
1.64
384
1.51
331
1.40

653
2.00
554
1.84
477
1.70

909
2.39
770
2.20
661
2.03

1231
2.82
1039
2.58
890
2.38

1631
3.30
l373
3.01
1173
2.77

10
.22
8
.21
7
.19

40
.46
34
.43
29
.40

92
.71
79
.66
69
.61

171
.98
146
.90
127
.84

279
1.26
238
1.16
206
1.08

420
1.56
358
1.44
309
1.34

599
1.88
510
1.73
440
1.61

821
2.23
697
2.05
600
1.90

1091
2.60
926
2.38
796
2.21

1419
2.99
1201
2.75
1031
2.54

,

15000

150

119

15000

300

240

15000

450

364

30000

150

92

30000

300

187

30000

450

284

50000

150

58

50000

300

119

50000

450

183

10
.22
8
.21
7
.19

39
.45
33
.42
29
.39

90
.70
77
.64
67
.60

165
.95
141
.88
122
;82

266
1.22
227
1.12
196
1.04

395
1.49
338
1.38
292
1.28

556
1.79
475
1.65
410
1.53

753
2.10
642
1.93
554
1.79

987
2.42
841
2.23
725
2.06

1265
2.76
1076
2.54
927
2.35

9
.22
8
.21
7
.19

38
.45
32
.42
28
.38

86
.68
74
.63
64
.58

157
.92
134
.85
116
.79

249
1.16
214
1.08
185
1.00

366
1.42
314
1.31
272
1.22

508
1.68
435
1.55
377
1.44

677
1.94
580
1.80
502
1.67

875
2.22
748
2.05
647
1.91

1103
2.50
943
2.32
815
2.15

9
.22
8
.20
7
.19

37
.44
32
.41
28
.38

84
.66
72
.62
62
.58

151
.89
129
.83
112
.77

238
1.12
204
1.04
177
.96

346
1.36
297
1.26
257
1.17

476
1.60
408
1.48
354
1.38

628
1.84
538
1.71
466
1.59

803
2.09
688
1.93
596
1.80

1002
2.33
858
2.16
744
2.01

APPLIED BALLISTICS AND DESIGN SECTION, PROOF DIVISION,
A.A.F.P.G.C., EGLIN FIELD, FLA. DWG. No. B-T44 DATE: 10-11-44

RESTRICTED

15

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1

Section D

75 MM

GUN M4

PRESENT RANGE

~HELL

M48
M.V.=1,950 ftjsec

Altitude

Indicated
Air
Speed

3000'

200

3000'

225

3000'

250

3000'

275

3000'

300

Altitude

Indicated
Air
Speed

3000'

200

3000'

225

3000'

250

3000'

275

3000'

300

Altitude

Indicated
Air
Speed

3000'

200

3000'

225

3000'

250

3000'

275

3000'

300

DATA FIGURED AND
INTERPOLATED FROM
ABERDEEN DATA

FORWARD FIRE

TOP LINE: VERTICAL DEFLECTION IN FEET
BOTTOM LINE: TIME OF FLIGHT IN SECONDS

FT. 75 AC-AR-l

RANGE IN FEET
500

1000

1500

0.9
0.24
0.8
0.23
0.7
0.22
0.6
0.21
0.5
0.20

3.0
0.47
2.9
0.46
2.8
0.45
2.7
0.44
2.5
0.43

7.5
0.70
7.2
0.69
6.8
0.68
6.5
0.66
6.2
0.65

I

2000

2500

3000

3500

14.2
0.96
14.2
0.93
13.2
0.91
12.6
0.88
11.6
0.86

22.4
1.20
21.3
1.18
20.5
1.15
19.6
1.13
18.1
1.10

31.8
1.44
30.1
1.41
28.6
1.38
27.0
1.35
25.4
1.32

42.9
1.70
40.9
1.66
38.9
1.62
36.7
1.59
34.8
1.56

4000
56.8
1.97
54.3
1.92
52.3
1.87
49.8
1.83
47.5
1.79

4500
82.9
2.19
80.3
2.l5
67.8
2.12
65.5
2.08
63.5
2.04

5000
91.4
2.45
88.3
2.41
85.0
2.37
83.0
2.33
80.8
2.29

8500
288.5
4.46
278.6
4.38
269.0
4.30
261.3
4.23
252.0
4.16

9000
326.6
4.77
315.5
4.68
305.2
4.60
295.5
4.52
286.7
4.45

9500
368.6
5.08
357.0
4.99
346.8
4.90
314.1
4.82
326.2
4.74

10000
414.5
5.42
401.3
5.32
390.2
5.22
378.1
5.13
365.5
5.04

14500
999.1
8.67
963.3
8.51
933.8
8.35
905.1
8.20
877.8
7.05

15000

RANGE IN FEET (Con't.)
5500
112.4
2.73
108.5
2.69
104.7
2.64
102.1
2.60
99.0
2.56

6000
134.9
3.00
l30.4
2.95
126.3
2.90
122.l
2.85
118.3
2.80

6500
160.2
3.28
155.5
3.22
150.7
3.16
145.4
3.l1
140.2
3.06

7000
188.2
3.56
182.0
3.50
176.1
3.44
170.3
3.38
165.0
3.33

7500
218.5
3.85
211.1
3.78
204.4
3.72
197.1
3.66
191.0
3.62

8000
252.2
4.14
243.4
4.07
233.5
4.00
227.0
3.93
220.5
3.87

RANGE IN FEET (Con't.)
10500

11000

11500

12000

12500

l3000

13500

14000

464.0
5.74
448.5
5.63
435.0
5.53
422.0
5.43
410.0
5.34

518.l
6.09
500.0
5.97
486.0
5.85
472.2
5.75
458.4
5.65

573.1
6.43
554.2
6.3.1
539.3
6.l9
524.l
6.08
511.3
5.97

629.4
6.77
610.7
6.65
594.0
6.53
578.8
6.41
564.2
6.30

692.2
7.15
673.0
7.01
653.7
6.87
637.5
6.75
622.5
6.63

761.6
7.53
738.8
7.38
lI8.1
7.23
699.5
7.10
681.0
6.97

836.9
7.88
808.6
7.73
784.8
7.59 .
762.6
7.45
741.8
7.31

916.6
8.28
883.l
8.12
856.6
7.96
832.0
7.72
808.1
7.68

APPLIED BALLISTIC AND DESIGN SECTION, PROOF DIVISION,
A.A.F.P.G.C., EGLIN FIELD, FLORIDA. DATE: 8-8-44

16

RESTRICTED

1083.
9.07
1046.
8.90
1011.
8.74
979.4
8.58
949.8
8.42

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1

Section D

75 MM

GUN M5A1
SHELL M48
P. D. FUZE M57
M. V.=l,950 ft/ sec

FROM DATA
ON WHICH
FT. 75-AC-AW-1
ARE BASED.

DENSITY 1.0 FORWARD FIRE
PRESENT HORIZONTAL RANGE
TOP LINE: VERTICAL DEFLECTION IN FEET
BOTTOM LINE: TIME OF FLIGHT IN SECONDS

True
Air
Speed
250
350

True
Air
Speed
250
350

True
Air
Speed
250
350

HORIZONTAL RANGE IN YARDS
200
1.2
0.26
0.9
0.25

400
4.5
0.53
3.9
0.50

600
10.2
0.81
9.0
0.76

800
18.6
1.09
16.5
1.03

1000
29.4
1.38
26.1
1.30

1200
43.2
1.68
38.1
1.58

1400
60.0
1.99
52.8
1.87

1600
79.8
2.31
70.5
2.16

1800
102.9
2.63
90.9
2.47

2000
129.3
2.96
114.3
2.78

3600
495.6
6.02
435.3
5.63

3800
564.6
6.45
495.6
6.03

4000
639.9
6.90
564.3
. 6.45

HORIZONTAL RANGE IN YARDS
2200
159.9
3.31
141.0
3.10

2400
194.1
3.66
171.0
3.43

2600
232.2
4.03
204.6
3.77

2800
275.1
4.40
242.1
4.12

I

3000
322.5
4.79
283.8
4.48

3200
374.7
5.18
329.7
{85

3400
432.3
5.59
380.1
5.24

HORIZONTAL RANGE IN YARDS
4200
721.8 ·
7.36
632.7
6.88

4400
810.6
7.83
710.4
7.32

4600
907.2
8.32
794.4
7.78

4800
1011.3
8.83
885.6
8.25

5000
1124.1
9.35
984.0
8.73

Letter 00 063.2/ 3105, 1st Ind.,
Incl 3

Ballistic Research Laboratory
Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.
December 1944

RESTRICTED

17

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200·1

Section E

SECTION E
FUTURE RANGE BALLISTICS TABLES

75 MM

GUN M4

FUTURE RANGE

SHELL M48
M.V. =1,950 ftjsec

Altitude

Indicated
Air
Speed

3000'

150

3000'

250

3000'

350

15000'

150

15000

250

15000'

350

27000'

150

27000'

200

27000'

250

39000'

150

39000'

200

39000'

250

;

DATA FIGURED AND"

FORWARD FIRE

TOP LINE: VERTICAL DEFLECTION IN INCHES
BOTTOM LINE: TIME OF FLIGHT IN SECONDS

INTERPOLATED FROM
ABERDEEN.
DATA FT; 75 AC-AR-l

RANGE IN FEET
1200

2400

3600

4800

6000

7200

8400

9600

10800

12000

70.7
0.63
70.7
0.63
70.7
0.64

311
1.30
311
1.31
311
1.32

763
2.01
763
2.03
763
2.05

1356
2.76
1413
2.80
1469
2.84

2262
3.56
2333
3.62
2404
3.69

3392
4.41
3562
4.51
3731
4.62

4851
5.33
5049
5.48
5346
5.65

6667
6.31
7119
6.53
7571
6.79

8820
7.37
9576
7.68
10332
8.07

11562
8.51
12690
8.96
14241
9.52

70.7
0.63
70.7
0.63
70.7
0.63

311
1.28
311
1.28
311
1.29

721
1.96
721
1.97
721
1.99

1300
2.66
1356
2.68
1356
2.72

2121
3.39
2121
3.44
2192
3.49

3138
4.15
3222
4.22
3307
4.30

4356
4.95
4554
5.05
4752
5.16

5876
5.78
6102
5.92
6441
6.08

7686
6.65
8064
6.84
8636
7.06

8970
7.57
10434
7.81
11139
8.11

70.7
0.62
70.7
0.62
70.7
0.63

311
1.26
311
1.26
311
1.27

678
1.92
721
1.92
721
1.93

1243
2.59
1243
2.60
1300
2.62

1980
3.29
2050
3.30
2050
3.30

2968
4.00
2968
4.02
3053
4.05

4059
4.72
4158
4.76
4252
4.80

5424
5.47
5537
5.52
5650
·5.58

6930
6.25
7056
6.31
7308
6.38

8883
7.04
9024
7.12
9306
7.21

70.7
0.62
70.7
0.62
70.7
0.62

311
1.25
311
1.25
311
1.26

678
1.90
678
1.90
678
1.91

1243
2.55
1243
2.56
1243
2.57

1980
3.22
1980
3.23
1980
3.25

2883
3.90
2883
3.92
2883
3.94

3960
4.59
3960
4.62
4059
4.65

5198
5.29
5198
5.33
5311
5.37

6552
6.01
6678
6.06
6804
6.11

8319
6.74
8460
6.88
8601
6.86

APPLIED BALLISTIC AND DESIGN SECTION, PROOF DIVISION,
A.A.F.P.G.C., EGLIN FIELD, FLA. DWG. NO. B-T44 DATE: 8-11-44

18

RESTRICTED

Section F

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1

SECTION F
PLOTTED TRAJECTORY CURVES

RAN G E
0

0

300

600

IN

FEET
1200

900

1500

-=

..

12

1800 2000
~'- f--0
.. '- r12

2-4

\
36

~

-48


()

60

8-4
96

ALTITUDE - 50000'

2-4

...:z:

36

U

-48

.~~~- 60

:!r....

~

I"

.~ )'~~ ..

72

72

~.r .

Z

-Z

8-4

96
' 108

108

120

en

IL

0

'"Q

~-120

RANGE IN FEET

All.

T.A.S.

Feet

M.P.H. 200

0
0
0
0
7000
7000
7000
15000
15000
15000
30000
30000
30000
50000
50000
50000

0
ISO
300
4SO
ISO
300
4SO
ISO
300
4SO
ISO
300
4SO
ISO
300
4SO

600
.24
.22
.20
.19
.22
.20
.19
.22
.20
.19
.21
.20
.19
,21
.19
.17

400
.16
.15
.13
.13
.15
.13
.13
.14
.13
.13

.08
.07
.06
.06
.07
.06
.06
.07
.06

.Il!>

.U

.07
.06
.06
.07
.06
,06

.13
.12
.14
.13
,11

HXXl 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000

800
.32
.30
.27
.25
.30
.27
.25
.29
.27
.25
.28
.26
.25
.28
.26
.23

.40
.38
.34
.32
.37
.34
.32
.37
.34
.31
.36
.33
.31
,35
.32
.29

.49
.58
.54
.46
.41
.49
.39
.46
.53
.45
.41 . .48
.45
.39
.44
.52
.41
.48
.44
.38
.43
.51
.40
.47
.37
.43
.42
.SO
.46
.39
.36
.42

.S7

.68
.62
.58
.66
.61

.87
.81
.74
.69
.78
.71
.67
.76
.70
.65
.73
.1i8

.56

.63

,64
.59
.55

.71
.66
.61

.77
.72
.66
.61
.70
.64

.63
.57
.53
.61

.56
.52

.59

.60
.55
.51
.58
.54
.SO
.57
.52
.48

TIME OF FLIGHT IN SECONDS
RAN G E
0

'

300

...no

IN
,,00

FEET
1200

1800 2000
0
12

12
2-4

2-4
36

36

-48

~

Z

'''.r

~-

96
108

120

RA N G E
00

300

600

IN

1200

IL

96

0

108

'"Q

12
2.

24

f-~ .

~s.

60

-f -

f_. r-

84

ALTITUDE-O-

96

ALTITUDE - 30000'

48

-

0

108

'"Q

'"

120f--1-'I -

Derived from Aberdeen Data Ft. 50-AC-M-l;
and 1st. Ind. to LeHer from Ord. Dept .. Elgin
Field, Fla. 1 5 April 1944 to Chief of Ord.
Washington, D. C.'

IN

600

900

60

Z

IL

0

'"

108 Q
120

FEET
1200

1500

1800 2000
0
IJ)

24

2-4
36

36
-~()

48
6

60

-Z
ALTITUDE -7000'


'.~

84
IL

96

108

120

CAL I B E R 0.50
T RAJ E CTORY C U R V E S
PRESENT RAN G E
FORWARD FIR E
APPliED BAlliSTICS AND DESIGN SECTION

PROOF DIVISION, "'."',f.P.G.C., ElGIN FiElD, Fl<\.

48

():ft . . ..

72

84

120

Z

u

-48

12

DATA AFFECTING CURVES
AP M2 Ammunition
Muzzle Veloclty-2700 Ft./sec.
Azlmuth=O Mils
Zenlth=1600 Mils

108

Z

108

~

300

:z:

36

36

96

12

w

96

.'"

I" '~

96

en

2-4

...en:z:

'-S:;:f..s: 72
I:t.r.- 84

8-4

0

II
() :1{1I>' 'I" I -

.~~ .~-

:!r....

120

U

"... 1( .~::f.;S 72
~1<'1'
~.,'
~,
..r

72

()

120

12

-48~ ~-

;II

60

1800 2000
0

36

:-!!..

-48

72

84

1800 2000
0

~ '

RAN G E
1500

1500

36

FEET

900

FEET
1200

2-4

72

.~ ;:f.~

84

900

12

Z

60

600

12

u

~~- t=f=
.11> • )' •

72

...:z:

en

-

7~

60

300

00

48

~.t()

ALTITUDE -15000'

IN

RAN GE
1500

~~ 60

"d}

.'"

(,.-

72

~ 84
96

w

:z:

U

-Z
Z

Q.

0

'"

108 Q
120

MisCELLANlOU5 DATA
Weight of Gun & Feed ...... ... . ... 61.4 Lb.
Weight of Fixed Round ..... . ... . .• 2571 Lb.
Weight of Prolectlle ......•... . . ..• 101 5 Lb.
Weight of 100 Rounds- Linked .. . . 30.25 Lb.
Rate of Flre-Rounds/Mln.-syn.=650-Free=
750-850
Approx. Velocity at 1800 Ft •. , . . 1915' Isec.
Striking Energy at 1800 Ft.-syn.=61500Free=80861 Ft./Lbs./sec./Gun (Ap"rox)

DAT E,8·8·,404.

RESTRICTED

19

RESTRICTED

Section F

AAF MANUAL 200-1

F (;

IN

RAN G E
o
600
oI I I
11 11 I1
6 1I I I I I

1800

1200

f;T

2400

3000

T=~:::::"'T-=:-r-;:o=-1
T.A,S'I-:-:::o-=-..-:-:::;:;:-r-:-=-TRA""N""G£,,
' Ir.N.,;,F;:EEr.

Alt.

3600 4000

Feet

6

12LL~~++++~~~H-~~~~~++++~~H-~12~UJ

7000
7000
7000
15000
15000
15000
30000
30000
30000
50000
50000
50000

LL

18

Z

ALTITUDE - 50000'

M.P.H. 400
o .16
150
.14
300
.13
450
.12
150
.14
300
.13
450
.12
150
.14
300
.13
450
.12
150
.14
300
.13
450
.12
150
.14
300
.13
450
.12

~oo

.33
.30
.28
.26
.30
.27
.26
.29
.27
.25
.28
.26
.25
.28
.26
.24

1200
.52
.48
.44
.41
.46
.43
.40
.45
.42
.39
.43
.40
.38
.42
.39
.37

1600
.73
.67
.62
.57
.64
.59
.55
.62
.57
.53
.59
.5,5
.51
.57
.53
.49

2000
.96
.88
.82
.76
.84
.77
.72
.80
.74
.69
.75
.70
.65
.72
.67
.62

2400 2800
\.23 \.52
1.12 1.39
\.04 \.28
.96 1.18
\.05 1.28
.97 1.18
.90 \.09
.99 1.19
.91 1.10
.85 1.02
.92 1.09
.85 1.01
.79
.94
.87 1.03
.81 .95
.76
.89

3200
\.85
1.70
\.56
\,44
\.54
\,41
\.31
\,4.1
1.30
1.21
1.27
1.18
1.10
1.18
1.10
1.03

3600
2.21
2.03
\.86
1.72
1.82
\.67
\.54
\.65
\.52
1.41
1.46
\.35
1.26
1.35
1.25
1.16

4000
2.60
2.39
2.20
2.04
2.12
\.95
\.80
\.90
1.75
1.62
1.66
\.53
1.43
1.51
1.40
1.31

TIME OF FLIGHT IN .SECONDS

ALTITUDE-15OOO'
50

50

RAN G E

o

o

600

1200

FEE T

IN
1800

2400

3600

o
o

4000

o

10

10

20

20
30

IN

RANGE
3000

600

1200

1800

FEE T
2400

3000

3600

o

10

10
20

>-

20 >UJ
UJ

UJ
UJ

30

30

LL

40 Z

40

30

40 50

50

O

ALTITUDE-O-

""

60

ALTITUDE - 7000'

60 Cl
70

70

H.E.I. Mk. I Prolectlle.
Muzzle Veloclty-27oo Ft./sec.
Azlmuth=O Mils.
Zenlth=16oo Mils.
Authority: Aberdeen Proving Ground.
10 August 1944, Ft. 20 AC-8-3 Elgin Field.

"-

0

""

60 Cl

60
70

DATA AFFECTING CURVES
Gun MI. 8:M2.

LL

Z

40

50 c-

50

70

MISCELLANEOUS DATA

20 MM
TRAJECTORY
PRESENT

CURVE~

RANGE

FORWARD

FIRE

"",,.UED BALLISTICS ...NO DESIGN SECTION
PROOf OfVlsrON:"'A.A.f.P.G.C._UGIN fiElD, FLA.

DATE: 28.5f"'., 19.44

20

4000

RESTRICTED

Weight of Gun & Feed ... ... . •• ••. .. 132 Lb.
M2 Gun)
)
( W/AN MI Feed
Weight of Fixed Round .•.••• . ..••••• 57 Lb.
Weight of Prolectlle •.•••• ••. .••. • ... 29 Lb.
Rate of Flre-Rounds/Mln •.•....• • • 600-700.
Approx. Velocity at 1800
Ft.... .. ...... . .......... 1625-17oo'/sec.
Striking Energy at 1800 Ft. (Approx~)138,217 Ft./Lb./sec./Gun.

RESTRICTED

Section F

AAF MANUAL 200-1
All.
Feet
0
0

600

1200

FEET

IN

RAN G E

2400

1800

3000

5400

4200 4800

3600

25

25

50

. . . ,.
~

.,._

75

Z
75-

,-

~

.-'\: ,. "1,f -"

100

ALTITUDE - 50000'

125

~

...w

"'so
o

50

0
0
0
0
7000
7000
7000
15000
15000
15000
30000
30000
30000
.50000
50000
50000

6000

CL
1000

:-t,f

""a

I

,125

15CI.-.150

' RAN'GE I N FEET

T.A.S.
M.P.H. 600

0
150
300
450
150
300
450
150
300
450
150
300
450
150
300
450

.31
.28
.26
.23
.28
.25
.23
.28
.25
.23
.28
.25
.23
.27
.25
.23

1200 1800 2400
.65 1.02 1.42
.59
.92 1.28
.53
.83 J.\15
.49
.76 1.05 .
.58
.89 1.23
.52
.81 1.1 1
.48
.74 1.02
.57
.87 1.20
.51
.79 1.08
.47
.73 .99
.56
.85 1.15
.51
.77 1.04
.46
.71
.96
.55
.83 1.12
.50
.75 1.01
.46
.69
.93

3000
1.87
1.67
1.50
1.37
1.59
1.44
1.32
1.53
1.39
1.27
1.46
1.32
1.21
1.41
1.28
1.17

.4200
2.88
2.57
2.31
2.09
2.40
2.16
1.97
2.27
2.04
1.87
2.11
1.91
1.75
2.00
1.81
1.67

3600
2.35
2.10
1.89
1.72
1.98
1.79
1.63
1.89
1.71
1.56
1.78
1.61
1.48
1.71
1.54
1.42

4800 5400 6000
3.46 4.06 4.69
3.09 3.64 4.24
2.77 3.27 3.82
2.bo 2.96 3.45
2.85 3.34 3.86
2.56 3.00 3,46
2.33 2.72 3.14
2.66 3.09 3.53
2.40 2.78 3.18
2.19 2.53 2.89.
2.80 3.17
2.4~
2.22 2.53 2.86
2.03 2.32 2.61
2.31 2.62 2.93
2.09 2.37 2.66
1.92 2.17 2.44

TIME ·OF FLIGHT IN SECONDS
RA NG E
{)O

600

1200

IN

1800 2400

3000

FEET

~A

3600 4200

4800

5400

0

6000

25

25

600

1200

IN

N G E
1800

2400

3000

FEET
3600

00 ~...

:t, .-'\: - f--- 75

~o$";;;...

A"":-?+ ~..,~~~,. ' . f .~

100

~

f--F"\.1'.
125

ALTITUDE -15000'

...

l-

"'so

~~

50

100

IN

RA N GE
600

1200

1800

2400

3000

....

""a

125

ALTITUDE - 30000'

~ IS0

150

4800

5400

20
40

60

60

600

0
0

0

40

1200

1800

IN
2400

3000

3600

II
-'0

Q

===' ~

120 -

'1
' - 100
/0-

~-? '1'~ '1'",-=
~-~ '-r ' <:l

140

.... _

~..,.
....,

~.<!'

.<!'

160

6000
20

40

40

~-~
.+ . . -

60

-' °o~..o
80

...

60
I-

~....~,.""'(U'- 80 :::

.~ 1'.f~.........- 100

100

1'",

...
Z

120

140

140

140CL

CL

0

0

a""

160

160 ""

180

180

a

ALTITUDE -7000'

180
20

5400

120

ALTITUDE-O-

DATA AFFECTING CURVES
Aircraft Gun M 4
H. E. Shell M54, Fuse M56
Muzzle Veloclty-2DOD Ft/Sec.
Azlmuth=O Mils.
Zenlth=1600 Mils.
Authority. Aberdeen Proving Ground
10 August 1944, Ft 37 AC-AO-l, Elgin Field.

4800

120 Z

160

180

4200

20

80 w
w

100

I

FEET

I-

80

""a

150

I---

6000

20

0

175'--- 175

RAN G E
4200

z
CL

125

FEET
3600

...

100

100

17sL- 175

0

w

5~ w

~..o '-'\:,. ',f~ 75
'-'\:,. :-f,,f ~
'1'.f-'~

75

z
125 0

150

6000

25

I-

75

5400

25

SO w
w

50

4800

4200

200

200

37 MM - M4
TRAJ E C TO RY C U RVES
PRESENT

RA N G E

FORWARD

FIR E

APPLIED BAlliSTICS AND DESIGN SECTION
PROOf DIVISION, A."".F.P.G.C., ELGIN FIELD, FLA.

200

MISCELLANEOUS DATA
Weight of Gun & Feed . ... .. .... .. . 248 Lb.
Weight of Fixed Round ....... . ..... 1.93 Lb.
Weight of Prolectlle .. . ............. 1.34 Lb.
Rate of Fire-Rounds/Min •.... . .... . 150
Approx. Velocity at 1800 Ft •. . . . 1 564' / Sec •
Striking Energy at 1800 Ft. (Appro x.)
127,242 Ft./Lbs./Sec./Gun

DATE,9-29·4"

RESTRICTED

21

,•

I

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200·1

Section F

RAN G E
0

0
10

600

FEET

IN

1200 1800 2400

3000

3600

4200

4800

~
~~

r-.;::

25

...... :---.,

......

:---.,

-.... -....
""
-....

40

~<~
~,,; ~'-~

..y ~s 55 "-

<+.

AL TIlUDE - 50000'

~

40

~/"'0

55

Feet
0
0
0
0
7000
7000
7000
15000
15000
15000
30000
30000
30000
50000
50000
50000

~.,.

0
. /' ·s
"" ~s . 70
0
:.-

70

'"

I,

85

85

RANG[ IN mT

T.A.s.

All.

5400 600('
0
10 Iw
w
u..
2.5

M.P.H. 600

0
150
300
450
150
300
450
150
300
450
150
300
450
150
300
450

.24
.22
.21
.19
.22
.21
.19
.22
.21
.19
.22
.21
.19
.22
.20
. .19

1200
.51
.47
.43
.40
.46
.43
.40
.45
.42
.39
.45
.42
.38
.44
.41
.38

1800 2400
.79 1.10
.73 1.01
r .67.93
.62
.86
.71
.98
.66
.90
.61
.84
.70
.95
.64
.88
.60
.82
.92
.68
.63
.85
.58
.79
.66
.89
.62
.83
.77
.58

3000 3600 4200 4800
1.43 1.80 2.20 2.63
1.31 1.64 2.00
._- 2.39
1.21 1.51 1.84 2:~~
1.12 1.40 1.70 2.03
1.26 1.56 ,1.88 1---2.23
1.16 1.44 1.73 2.05
1.08 1.34 1.61 1.90
1.22 1.49 1.79 '2.10
1.12 1.38 1.65 1.93
1.04 1.28 1.53 1.79
1.16 1.42 1.68 1.94
1.08 1.31 1.55 1.80
1.00 1.22 1.44 1.67
1.12 1.36 1.60 1.84
1.04 1.26 1.48 1.71
.96 1.17 1.38 1.59

5400
· 3.11
2.82
2.58
2.38
2.60
2.38
2.21
2.42
2.23
2.06
2.22
2.05
1.91
2.09
1.93
1.80

6000
3.63
3.30
3.01
2.77
2.99
2.75
2.54
2.76
2.54
2.35
2.50
2.32
2.15
2.33
2.16
2.01

TIME OF FLIGHT IN SECONDS
RAN G E
0

600

1200

1800

IN
2400

3000

3600

4800

4200

5400

0
~

15

6000
0

0

15

15

"'-....;r--:::
:--...

0

::----

"

'''-

45

'.
"00

o .,?+ .
'~~
.+
,-

60

1''--

~'" . . ·~s-

4200 4800

3000 · 3600

2400

. '" ~.s

"\:~<I' . ...-

90

15

.......

"r---..
r---..

mr

~;;-f~~

45

/J:00

z

~'?~

60

'60 -

105

RAN G E
600

1200

O'

15

1800

3000

3600

-

60

"-

0
75 '"
0
90

AL TITUDE - 30000'

105

IN

RANGE
4200

4800

5400

6000
0

0

0

1200

600

1800

2400

105

FEET

3000

3600

~

15

-....;:;

15

-....

"'" :--..:

4200

4800

5400

6000
0

,

15

.......

.

"

"

I-

,1"-

45

"-

60

~

CO

75

~ ~~-?-i:'- =

'1\ Q<::' :-Y...., .1'. ~~'b .1- ~ .<1'-

90

--

/'

.." .oJ'.

30

I"

"'60

45 ~
w
u..
0 :ft .,o~-~ 60

'il

"

/

Z
75 -

.~ ~

'..0

"0 .-i:' .~.s::;;
,•...0 '"fU'

'"

75

.1'

.~

.<1'

0

'"

105

105 0

AL TlTUDE - 7000

120

120

75

~

.

.",

90

90 "-

\
120

"

45

45 w
w
u..
60

.<f'_..--

105

""
"'-

30

30

"- 1"-

ALTITUDE-Q-

. r-

45 Z

120

-....;~t--

30

I'\:~<f

90

~

......

.""(S"

"-

'"

FEET

IN
2400

75

0

105
120

0

I'

-i:' I' ·""(s~

75 "-

I-

w
w
30 u..

-....-....

30

90 0

AL TIlUDE -15000'

6000
0

~

~

75

5400

",...

I'-.

30 w
w
u..
45

:ft- f---I--

1800

"""

I-

30

1200

600

FEET

IN

RAN G E

FEET

90 "-

0
105~
120

\
135

DATA AFFECTING CURVES
Gun M9; HE Shell M.54
Muzzle Veloclty-2550 Ft. / Sec.
Azlmuth=O Mils.
Zenlth=1600 Mils.
Authority: Aberdeen Proving Ground
10 August 1944, Ft. 37 AC-AO-l, Elgin Field.

135

135

MM M9
TRAJ E CTO RY C U RVES
37

P R·E 5 E NT

RANGE

FORWARD

FIR E

APPUED BAlliSTICS AND DESIGN SECTION

,.OOF OtVISlON. A.A..F.P.C .C., ELGIN FiElD, flA .
DATE, 10. 10.""

22

RESTRICTED

135

MISCELLANEOUS DATA
Weight of Gun & Feed .. . . . ......... 398 Lb.
Weigh. of Fixed Round .... .... .. . . . 2.6 Lb.
Weight of Prolectlle ....... . . . . .. . .. 1.34 Lb.
Weight of 100 Rounds-Linked ...... 288 Lb.
Rote of Fire-Rounds/ Min •..... . ..... 140.
Approx. Velocity at 1800 Ft•. . .1065 ' /Sec.
Striking Energy at 1800 Ft. (Approx.)199,968 Ft./ Lbs./Sec./Gun.

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1

Section F

RAN

...

333
1000

10

o;-=

Iii
II.

:;;; 2
......
>lrl

50

-...

13 33
4000

1667
5000

2000
6000

2333
7000

100

E

3000
9 0 00

3333
10000

3667
1 1000

4000
12000

4333
13000

4667
14000

,

5 000 YARDS
150 00 FEET
0'

l-- LI NE OF BORE

""""

~

~

50'

~
~

..

~

I I.

G

2667
8000
\

"""""

!:!z

1000
3000

I"""': t,.-.

-z
<-

o

667
2000

II

,

150 '

100 '

1 50 '

r--r--r--' (

'" ,r--

~r--r--'

200 '

200 '

"
I\W
l'"

250'

250'

, ,\'

,v

TRAJ ECTORY DATA

...
III

,1\'

300'

300 '

III

350'

Z

400'

0

,,\'

FORWARD FIRE "PRESENT RANGE"

~

\\'

75 MM

350'

MT FUSE M 43 A3
SHELL M4 8
MUZZLE VELOCITY 19 5 0 FEET/SECO N D
ALTITUDE= 3 0 00 FEET

GUN M4

AZIM UT H=O M ILS

Z

\ ' \\'

400'

['\'
\ '

,

ZEN ITH= 16 0 0 M ILS
450 '

DA TA FIGURED AN D INTERPOLATED
FRO M ABERDEEN DATA FT 7 5 AC-A R- 1

...

' \' \\ '

450 '

"
, \'

f-

50 0 '

APPL lED BALLISTICS AN D DESIGN SECTION
PRO OF 0 IVISIO N, A.A, F,P,G,C" ELGIN FIELD, FLA,
DATE, 8 - 8 -44

U
III

f--

II.

5 00 '

...

o
550'

550'

-

<
Ra nge in Feet 500
Ra nge in Yards 166.7
AI!. Cal. lAS

1000
333.3

1500
500

2000
666.7

2500
833.3

3000
1000

0,24
0,23
0,22
0,21
0,20

0.47
0.46
0.45
0.44
0.43

0.70
0,69
0,68
0,66
0,65

0,96
0,93
0.91
0,88
0,86

1.20
1.18
1.1 5
1.13
1.10

1.44
1.41
1.38
1.35
1.32

7000
6000 6500
Range in Feet 5500
Range in Yards 1833.3 I 2000 I 2166.7 2333.3
AI!. Cal. lAS

7500
2500

200
f-225
'-'I-~-+
a
250
g 1--""
27""5-+
1---=-+
300
(Y>

2.73
200
2,69
,..:
225
'-'I-~-+
a
250
2.64
g 1-""
27""5 -+
1--.=-+ 2.60
2,56
300
(Y>

3.00
2,95
2,90
2.85
2,80

3.28
3.22
3.16
3,11
3.06

3.56
3.50
3.44
3.38
3.33

3.85
3.78
3.72
3,66
3.62

(Y>

6,09
5,97
5,85
5.75
5,65

6.43
6.31
6.19
6,08
5,97

6,77
6.65
6,53
6.41
6.30

7.15
7,01
6,87
6.75
6,63

1.70
1.66
1.62
1.59
1.56

8000 8500
2666.7 2833.3
4.14
4,07
4.00
3,93
3.87

Ra nge in Feet 10500 11000 11500 12000 12500 13000
Range in Yards 3500 3666.7 3833.3 4000 4166.7 4333.3
AI!. Cal. lAS

5.74
200
,..:
225
5.63
'-'1--=-+
a
250
5.53
g 1- =27=5-+ 5.43
I- =-+5,34
300

3500 4000
1166.7 1333.3

7,53
7.38
7,23
7.10
6,97

4.46
4.38
4,30
4,23
4.16

1.97
1.92
1.87
1.83
1.79
9000
3000
4.77
4,68
4.60
4,52
4.45

4500
1500

5000
1666.7

2.19
2.1 5
2.12
2,08
2,04

2.45
2.41
2.37
2.33
2,29

8,28
8.12
7,96
7,72
7,68

5,08
4,99
4.90
4,82
4.74

8,67
8,51
8.35
8,20
7.05

TIM E OF FLI GHT IN SECONDS
RESTRICTED

600'

L/

650 '

-,

Iv
r\X

CA L lAS, 600 '
300 M, P,H..
. / /275 M,P,H,
7"
250 M,P,H,
/
225 M,P,H,
./ / 200 M, P.H. 650 '

...
0.=
III

>

IU

700 '

700'

750 '

750 '

9500 10000
3166.7 3333.3
5.42
5.32
5,22
5.13
5,04

13500 14000 14500 15000
4500 4666.7 4833,3 5000
7,88
7.73
7,59
7.45
7.31

U

,\ '

9.07
8.90
8.74
8.58
8.42

800 '

8 00 '

\
850 '

\

8 50 '

900 '

9 00 '

950'

~

1000 '

-

r---'

;:

50 '

000'

23

RESTRICTED

Section G

AAF MANUAL 200-1

SECTION G
MISCELLANEOUS DATA
500

I

.

450

f-

0.:
~

400

0

w
w
Q..

ALTITUDE
II

II

"
"

II
II

0
300
5000700n.

350

0
&&0

~~ 0

en

1-~

~~~
~ §>
0,.i

4:

300

~

~

~ ~~ 00
~ 1-0
~

0

w

00

I-

4:


~

u

0

Z

250

0
w
I-

4:
~

CIl

200

-'

4:

U

150

APPIU1X" I\.r
100
150

200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600
T RUE
A I R S PEE D -

AI R

SPEED

650 700 750
M. P. H.

CURVES

CALIBRATED INDICATED - VS - TRUE
24

RESTRICTED.

RESTRICTED

Section G

AAF MANUAL 200-1

CONVERSION CHART
Mils to Inches

MIL USED IS "MILIRADIAN"
There are 6283.1854 mils in 360 degrees.
One Mil = 0.057296 Degrees

One Degree = 17.45329 Mils

One Mil = 3.43775 Minutes

One Minute = 0.290888 Mils

One Mil = 206.26477 Seconds

One Second

= 0.004848 Mils

MIL ANGLE IN INCHES AT RANGE GIVEN
RANGE IN FEET

Mil

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

200
2.4
4.8
7.2
9.6
12.0
14.4
16.8
19.2
21.6
24.0

100
1.2
2.4
3.6
4.8
6.0
7.2
8.4
9.6
10.8
12.0

300
3.6
7.2
10.8
14.4
18.0
21.6
25.2
28.8
32.4
36.0

400
4.8
9.6
14.4
19.2
24.0
28.8
33.6
38.4
43.2
48.0

500
6.0
12.0
18.0
24.0
30.0
36.0
42.0
48.0
54.0
60.0

600
7.2
14.4
21.6
28.8
36.0
43.2
50.4
57.6
64.8
72.0

700
8.4
16.8
25.2
33.6
42.0
50.4
58.8
67.2
75.6
84.0

800
9.6
19.2
28.8
38.4
48.0
57.6
67.2
76.8
86.4
96.0

900
10.8
21.6
32.4
43.2
54.0
64.8
75.6
86.4
97.2
108

1000
12.0
24.0
36.0
48.0
60.0
72.0
84.0
96.0
108
120

CONVERSION CHART
Mils to Inches

MIL USED IS "ARTILLERY" MIL
There are 6400 mils in 360 degrees.
One Mil = 0.05625 Degrees

One Degree = 17.7778 Mils

One Mil = 3.375 Minutes

One Minute = 0.29629 Mils

One Mil = 202.50 Seconds

One Second

= 0.00494 Mils

MIL ANGLE IN INCHES AT RANGE GIVEN
RANGE I N FEET

Mil

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

10

100
1.2
2.4
3.5
4.7
5.9
7.1
8.3
9.4
10.6
11.8

200
2.4
4.7
7.1
9.4
11.8
14.1
16.5
18.8
21.2
23.6

300
3.5
7.1
10.6
14.1
17.7
21.2
24.7
28.3
31.8
35.3

400
4.7
9.4
14.1
18.8
23.6
28.3
33.0
37.7
42.4
47.1

500
5.9
11.8
17.7
23.6
29.5
35.3
41.3
47.1
53.0
58.9

600
7.1
14.1
21.2
28.3
35.3
42.4
49.5
56.5
63.6
70.7

RESTRICTED

700
8.3
16.5
24.7
33.0
41.2
49.5
57.7
65.9
74.2
82.5

800
9.4
18.8
28.2
37.7
47.1
56.6
66.0
75.4
84.8
94.2

900
10.6
21.2
31.8
42.4
53.0
63.6
74.2
84.8
95.4
106

1000
11.8
23.6
35.3
47.1
58.9
70.7
82.5
94.2
106
118
25

RESTRICTED
AAF MAN UAL 200-1

Section G

MILS

o

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10.186
10

0.573

0.5

0.5

0.4

0.4

Miliradians

Artillery Mils

en

en

w
w

'"~w

w
w

0.3

0.3

Cl

Cl

0.2

0.2

0.1

0.1

2

3

4

5
MILS

6

7

8

9

10
10.186

0

CONVERSION CHART
Mill RADIANS-ARTILLERY MilS-DEGREES
APPLIED BALLISTICS AND DESIGN SECTION
PROOF DIVISION, A.A.F.P.G.C. EGLIN FIELD, FLA.
DATE, 27 NOV. 1944

THIS CHART IS APPLICABLE IN MULTIPLES OF TEN.

26

'"w
~

RESTRICTED

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1
Find

Trigonometric Formulae

~
Chord

~
<)

'"
C,)
rn

a

0

.c

A

~

Given
Sides bc
Secant A
Cot A, Sin A

'"I'::i

Sin A, Tan A

'00
0

C,)

Cot A, Cosec A

~
I'::i

...,0
c;S

'"

'"0

U3

v (Cosec A)2-1

gj A Angles B-G
]>B Angles A-G
< G Anll"les A-B

Given

Formula

BG

180 - (B+G)

A

Cos A

abc

Sin A

acG

Sin A

abB

a Sin B
-b-

abG

Tan A

acB

B

AG

SinB

abA

CosB

abc

'"

U3

Side a, Sin A
Side b, Cos A
Sides b V~rsed
c Sm A
Sides a C~>vers
c Sm A

Chord Side b Sin A

2 b Sin AI2
c- a
c
1 Sin A

Cover Sides c, a
Sin A
Sin A

Sin +
Csc +

~
b

_B_ _ _ _ _ _ _ ~
e

Find

Given

Tan B

be A

SinB

beG

Formula
b Sin A
G-(b Cos A)
b SinG
-G-

Given
Sides bc
Side c Sin A
Side b Tan A

Find

b
b

II
III
b Tan +
Cot +

<:l

'"

'"0

U3

Sides b c
Cos A
~

...,

Cosec A, Tan A

I'::i

c;S

Tan A, Sin A

<)

'"

[/l

Cosec A, Cot A

V=Vo+at
S = Vot + Y2at 2
V2= Vo2+2as
S=(Vo+V)t

V = Velocity
Vo = Initial Vel.
S=Distance
a=32.2
t=Time
1.466 X MPH = Ft/sec.

clb
1
Cos A
Cosec A - Tan A
Tan A
Sin A
Cosec A
Cot A
(Tan A)2+1

v

Tan A
Sides ab
Cotan A
Sec A, Sin A

...,~
I'::i

'"I'::i

Sin A, Cos A

E-<

Sec A Cosec A

bD

alb
l/Cot A
Sec AX Sin A
Sin A
Cos A
Sec A
Cosec A
(Sec A)Ll

c;S

v

Secant A
Sides ac
Cosec A
~

Tan A, Cos A

'"
~

Tan A, Sec A
Cos A, Cot A

All +
I
IV
Cos +
Sec +

Find

Given

TanG

bcA

Sin G

bcB

TanG
Cos G
c
G
c
Area

s-a+
b+c

alc
1
Cosec A
Tan A X Cos A
Tan A
Sec A
Cos A
Cot A
(Cos A)2

vI

Cosine A

Formula
a Sin B
aAB
Sin A
G Sin B
cBG
Sin G
2+a2V
c
acB
(2ac Cos B)

Miscellaneous

c Sin A
b Tan A
b
Cot A
c
Cosec A

Side c, Cosec A

Given

9/5 G +32 = fahrenheit (f)
(f - 32) x5/9 = Centigrade (G)
1° = 17.78 mils
Deflection of 1° at 100' = 1.75'
E arth Curvature
t 'm ml'1es )2
Refraction & = . 574 X (D'IS.

Formula

V c2-b 2

Side b, Cot A

GSin A
caG
b
a
a Sin B
SinG
G-(a-Cos B)
b Sin A
a
AB
1800 -(A+B)
baB
G
1800 - (A+G)
SiilB
GSinA
2 2b Sin A
- -- -a
bcA V b +C
a
(2bc Cos A) SinG acA
a
_ _ ___ Cosine of Bearing X Distance=Latitude
c2+a2 b2
Sine of Bearing X Distance = Departure
2ac
Acceleration

2

Side a, Tan A

c

0

a Sin c
b-a-Cos G
b2+c2-a2
2bc
a Sin c
--G-

Tan A

'"

'"0

ab
2
G-B
G- A
A+B

Area Sides a, b

Sides c, a
Side c, Cos A
Side a, Cot A

Sides a, b
Side b, Sec A
Side a, Cosec A

Cosec A

Cos A, Sin A

Sec A, Tan A

Side c, Sec A

Cosec A, Sec A

Cosec A, Cos A

D

Find

.0

bla
1
Tan A
Cosec A X Cos A
Cos A
Sin A
Cosec A
Sec A

Tan A

Sec A Cot A

Versed Sides b, c
Sin A
Cosine A

v1-(Sin A)2

Sin A
Sides a, b

1
Sin A
Sec A X Cot A
Sec A
Tan A
Cotan A
Cos A
V (Cot A)2+1
c- b
c
1 Cos A
V c2-a2
G-Cos A
a Cot A
a
Tan A
c
Sec A
va2+b2
b-Sec A
a - Cosec A
a
Sin A
b
Cos A
c-b
vers A
c-a
Covers A

Sin A

Cotan A

Formula
blc
I/Sec A
Cot AXSin A
Sin A
Tan A
Cot - A
Cosec-A

Find

ci a

Cot A, Cos A

b

Find

Formula

Given

Sides a - c

Section G

Formula
GSinA
b-(G-Cos A)
GSin B
- b-

GSinB
a-(G-Cos B)
a2+b 2 G2
abc
2 ab
a Sin G
aAG
. Sin A
2 2
abc va +b (2ab Cos C)
b Sin G
bBG
Sin B
a-b Sin G
abG

acB

2

abc

V s(s-a)(s - b)
(s-c)

2

Weights

1 gal gasoline
1 gal water (fresh)
1 qt oil
1 gal Eth. glycol

61b
8.31b
1.871b
9.341b

Temp. Decrease w/alt. = - 1° for each rise of 330' in altitude.

RESTRICTED

27

Section G

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1
o

1

---- '1* . . . - ~

B

3

4

cl ~
rt -~ --t...

E~

C

5

\t--"

/

.~'

/

~~~

~';I><
'" B

~

~A

I
I

o 100
e-t

0

/

i

\ . ,_J:! A

.-- I

.,"

~:

A \

",ON~

. PATH OF i'ROJECTILES

\

\

\~D

D~I

I
W'E

E~

:..,,:t:A-8-C-D-E-Fr

200 300 400 500

P"""""I

FLIGHT PATH OF

FEE T

n~-.-.-1

1'" .
~:,:f;i
TARGET --../ ;7
,-

FtF

I
I

PROJECTILE PATTERN
FOR CONDITION "C"

FIGHTER

0

5

10

P"""""I

MILS

P LA N

100 M.P.H. RETICLE

D

C

MOVING IN
WIT H FIGHTER
TARGET POSITION AT
TIME OF FIRE FOR
CONDITION "C"

.0

-

SPA C E
AIRCRAFT

100 200 300 .00 500

l"""""I

P"""""I

FE E'T'

B

-

+I A-8-C-D-E-F
-I-

E

AS SEEN BY FIGHTER PI LOT

~C

cti

-1/
F

AND SIGHT LINE

"1

_.J

PIP PER

I

B~/!~/

,i

CONDITION "C" \

FIXED It:l SPACE

I~

LI-~
I
"w'

_ '--

F F l O'

P LA N

1.

1

TARGET POSITION WHEN
PROJECTILES REACH
TARGET FOR

3

2

!j"B",

'-'

7 SECONDS

6

kTARG~T PATH T.A.;.-2 5 1 MPH

' r"
' "'" ,
F

''''I/;~".
"1 '7' ~/;. ~~

PATH OF PROJEC I

ANO "GN' UN.

2

~

A

15 20

P-51 COWLING

ALTITUDE = 15,000 FEET
a
A
B
C
D

E
F
I
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

c

h
Sec.

i
Mils

Fighter
lAS
TAS

Target
lAS
TAS

k
"g"

j
Feet

b
Deg.

Deg.

d
Feet

e
Feet

f
Feet

g
Feet

60
50
40
30
20
10
30
20
10
0
30
20
10
0
45
30
20
10
0
45
30
20
10
0
60
45
30
15
0
60
45
30
15
0

54.00
44.90
35.80
26.80
17.80
8.85
24.66
16.75
8.25
0
26.60
17.70
8.83
0
37.77
24.87
15.50
8.28
0
40.20
26.56
17.63
8.82
0
50.85
37.62
24.80
12.31
0
53.85
40.00
26.53
13.17
0

1642
1298
1053
834
635
421
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
600
900
900
900
900
900
900
900
900
900
900
1200
1200
1200
1200
1200
1200
1200
1200
1200
1200

1758
1409
1148
. 925
710
475
719
721
726
729
670
675
678
680
1039
1070
1068
1090
1096
986
1007
1016
1019
1022
1340
1390
! 1431
' 1457
1466
, 1287
i 1320
1345
1363
1366

215
172
139
III
84
55
125
128
129
129
79
80
80
80
187
193
195
196
196
119
121
122
123
123
246
252
260
265
266
157
161
164
166
166

373
200
251
3227
319 .583 116.9 300
-,200
255 .466
93.0 300
373
251 2969
207 -:-378 1-77"T f---300 --373 - 200 2 51 - t914
60.1 300
373
200
251 3047
165 .302
125 .228
40.4 300
373
200
251 3455
20.2 300
373
200
251 4579
82 .150
125 .229
87.2 300
373
300
373 1724
- 3-60- - 37361.5- 300
128 .233
~~05_
..:.
~
~
30.7 300 - 373 - 300- 373 5024
129 .235
129 1361--0 - 300 - 373 - 300 - 3 fT '-0'118 l1S f---S9 .O- 300- - 373 200 - '251 --222f
119 .217- -40F '100- ' Tn ' --too- 2 51 3296
119 .218 -~y ~OO::.:. -373- '200
251 6545
300 - T73- ., 200
251
0
119 .218 ~
0
- 373
300
187 .341 li7T
373 1696
891 ~OO ---m- 300
373 2546
193 .352
58.1 300
373
300
373 4059
195 .357
31.2 300
373
300
373 5958
196 .358
0
300
373 3 00
373
0
196 .359
177
.323
85.3 300
373
200
251
2272
200
180 .329
60.5 300
373
251 3343
200
182 .332
41.3 300
373
251 4997
182 .333
21.2 300
373
200
251
9888
200
183 .334
0
300
373
251
0
246 .449 159.4 300
300
373
373 1728
252 .461 129.3 :loa
373
300
373 2278
260 .475
91.0 300
373
300
373 3417
300
265 .484
47.1 300 . 373
373 6835
300
266 .486
0
300
373
373
0
200
233 .425 104.6 300
373
251
2371
200
239 .436
86.1 300
373
251 3047
244 .446
61.2 300
373
200
251 4469
146 .450
31.5 300
373
200
251 8853
247 .451
0
300
373
200
251
0

'ioo

:

THIS CHART IS APPLICABLE IN A HORIZONTAL PLANE ONLY

RESTRICTED

m
Mils

n
Deg.

70.85 13.8
9.71
72.28 15.5 10.56
72.60 15.8 10.76
71.85 14.9 10.29
69.61 12.6
9.07
8.5
6.85
63.77
7948 302 18.17
74.92 f-19-:-2 IBT
nO 61.62 7.4 6.21
- 1--- ~O- - 0- - 0-4.30- 76.55- 22:3 14.10
9.51
2.99 70.47 13.4
- 4]9.
5.0
1.74 54.87
0
0
0
I
5.57 79.67 30.8 18.48
3.78 74.68 18.7 12.31
2.50 66.40 10.2
7.72
( 11
1.58 57.33
4.0
I
0
0
0
4.21 76.27 21.6 13.79
9.34
2.95 70.22 13.1
7.5
6.27
2.11 61.73
1.00
1.37 43.78
2.5
0
I
0
0
5.47 79.47 30.1 18.14
4.20 75.97 21.6 13.73
2.90 69.82 12.7
9.17
4.6
4.59
1.69 53.67
1
0
0
0
4.05 75.68 20.6 13.22
3.21 71.85 15.0 10.29
8.8
7.01
2.31 64.32
3.54
1.45 46.38
3.0
0
1
0
0
3.05
3.29
3.35
3.21
2.87
2.26
548
' 385-

P U R 5 U I T C U RV E 5
28

I

Deg.

b

= Condition.
= Angle in degrees the Target is off

c

= Angle in degrees the Aim Point is

d

= Feet distance between Target and

e

= Feet distance between Aim Point

f

= Feet distance Target travels be-

a

from the Fighter.

off from Fighter at time of fire.
Fighter at time of fire .

and Fighter at time of fire.

tween time of fire and time when
projectile hits Target.

g

= Feet distance Fighter travels between time of fire and time when
projectile hits Target.

h "" Projectile time of Hight in Seconds.

= Mils lead required .
= Radius of Pursuit Curve in feet.
k = Resultant or "Seat of Pants" g.
I = An~e in degrees-between the
i

j

Fig ter's wingtips and horizontal.

m

= Mil angle the projectile Patterns

~

= See Page 5A, Section H, "Miscel-

shifts.

laneous Data on Aircraft HarInonization and Ballistics," COffipiled by Applied Ballistics and
Design Section.

n

= Rate of turn expressed in degrees
per Second. Divide by three to
get "needle width."

APPLIED BALLISTICS AND DESIGN SECTION
PROOF DIVISION, A.A.F.P.G.C., EGLIN FielD, FLA.
DATE 11-24-44

Section G

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1

• I

9" =

6

5

4

3

2

7 1

RESULTANT ACCELERATION
7

~
/-------

6

80°. 30'

/-----

/L-/ _ _ _ _ _ _

5

/---- - - - - - -

/ - - - - - -----

4

/'L- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

/---. ---

Z

i=

«
0:::
w

W

,

3

---- - - ---

-

/

/

....J

II

r--- - - -- - - -

~---

U
U

«
«
Cl
«
0:::

---

/ - - - - - - - - - - - -----

0

....J

-- --.-

/
/
/

,

2

«

/

,/
/
/

/
/
/
/
I
I

1

o
THIS CHART APPLIES TO ACTION IN A HORIZONTAL PLANE ONLY.

APPROXIMATE
. APPLIED BALLISTICS AND DESIGN SECTION
PROOF DIY., A.A.J.P.G.c. EGLIN FIELD, FlA.
DATE: 17 NOY '44

RESTRICTED

29

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1

Section G

FORMULAE FOR eOMPUTINC THE FORe~S ON AN AIReRA~T
WHEN IN A PURSUIT CURVE IN HORIZONTAL FLIGHT
_ (Yf) (Yt) (sin ¢).
_
A (32.2)(R) ' A -

~.

_

Vf 2

~g -1, A - (32.2)(r)

(3) (A)
(1845.02) (A)
A
A = (Yf)(Wn)(.001626); Wn = (Yf)(.001626); W = (Yf)(.001626) =
(Vf )
~7=1
. W _ (3) (~~) _ (1845.02) ( ~Y2=I)
(Yf)(.001626),
- (Yf)(.001626) (Vf )

W n -

~Y2=I

A

A = (.000795) (W) (Vfm ); W = (.000795) (Vfm ) = (.000795) (Vfm ) =

Wn

= (3)(W);

W

W
=-3

_ . fI2+j.
_ / ( (Vf)2
g - ~
+1, g (32.2)(r)

_
(Yf)2
r - (32.2)(~g2
_

Tangent

{3 -

.

_

1)' r -

)2 +1

(y/)2
(32.2)(A)

(y/)2

(32.2) (r)

THESE FORMULAE ARE APPLICABLE FOR
FLIGHT IN A HORIZONTAL PLANE ONLY

(1257.9)( ~~)
Vfm

WHEN
A =Radial acceleration
g =Resultant acceleration
R =Range in feet at time of fire, from fighter to
aim point
r =Radius in feet of pursuit curve at time of fire
Vf =Fighter T AS in feet per second
Vfm=Fighter TAS in miles per hour
V t =Target T AS in feet per second
W =Degrees turn in one second
Wn =One needle width=3° per second
{3

APP. Ballistics & Design Sect.
Proof Div. A.A.F.P.G.C.
Eglin Field, Fla.

¢

=Angle in degrees, between the fighter's wing
tips and horizontal
=Angle in degrees, fighter to aim point to
target

t = (time) (speed)

Lead or aim point.
Target path

Target

~_ _

Fighter at instant in question
for computing "g's," {3, etc

r

~
30

PLAN

RESTRICTED

Section H

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1

SECTION H
FIGHTER HARMONIZATION CHARTS
J--

o*- ,Sight li ne
t:!._ _ _. . .

SIDE VIEW OF
TRAJECTORIES

All guns

Outer limits of 4-mil dispersion
cone of all guns
I
I

RANGE IN FEET

o

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

1600

400

2000

1800

PLAN VIEW OF
TRAJEGORIES

DISPERSION
PATTERNS
Based on 4-mil
dispersion cone

o

At

At

At

At

800

1000

At

1200

1500

It

It

2000

It

It

It

I

I

I

I

:.

SIGHT PIP

CAMERA
OR CENTER OF
PICTURE FRAME

NOTE

I

°It
5

0

0

'~F

Dotted ci rcl es are
bullet patterns of
IOOO-1t range when
fi ring is done at
various Ugs" shown
Gun location at Aircraft
Vert· Horizt
.50 cal L&R upr guns 21.94" 4.63"
.50 cal L&R Iwr guns 26.44 9.!4

1000 -IN_ BORESIGHT TARGET

I

8J[

+*
en

L upper
l [ower

Q9

I
:

~
...:.

R upper

I 0

cal"a

O.

42.16

O.

+
o

.•--r-1r-t-.,-

._

~

.5/8"'4.5/ 8.1

Ma rk where sight pip is aimed for harmonization with bullet patterns
(sight setting for harmonization).
Mark where bore is aimed fo r 1000·in. and SOD-ft. targets.

o

Mark for center of impact of 10 rounds at SOO-ft. ta rget

e

M~~iSw;~~~ ~:~:~:nit~ :~~~~n~e~k~~~h~a~~~[~r~~~:~e~. to
TRAJECTORY DATA
Forwa rd Fire

-

Gun:

20mm Cal .50

~~;'~:I~fU:'~: fuse Tm~ A~io~

.

Authority: Abe rdeen dala FT. ?O ACI-I ; fT. 50 AC-M· l ; and 1st md. to
lellerfrom Ord. Dept. Eglin Field, Fla.,
Apri/IS, 1944, to Chief 01 Ordnance,
Washington, D.C.

Flight Angle: LEVEL FLIGHT
All.
0'

7000'

Cal
lAS
250
300
350
400
'450
200
250
300
350
400
100
250

15000'

30000'

350
400
150
200
150
300
350

Mil Angle "p."

±

TAS
250
300
350
400
450
221
276
331
386
440
251
313
73
434
493
242
320
398
471
543

l "g"
+1.7
-0.2
- 1.5
-2.8
- 3.9
+4.8
+2.0
-0.1
- 1.5
-2.9
+5.5
2.3
0
- 1.6
-3.1
+13.0
+7.0
+3. 1
+0.2
-1.6

2"g"
+8.3
+5.1
+2.8
+1.0
- 0.6
+14.1
+9.1
+5.7
+3.2
+ 1.1
+15.8
+1 0.3
+6.4
+ 3.6
+1.4

-

+19.7
+12.9
+8.0
+4.5

sight lin e.

Applied Ballistics & Design Sec., Proof Div., A.A.F.P.G.C., Egli n Field, Fla. Date : 8·8·44.

.

.

500 - FT. FIRE -IN AND BORESIGHT TARGET

Mark where line from sight is parallel to fuselage leveling lugs.

Q9

Illower ::

i,. II~+f
,_I 1-'
.

28.95

Camera

*Fromsight tFrom plane center line.

----1

C of aircraft

20mm cannon

Targets shown are for harmonization
under the following condit·ions (basic
harmonization) :
Cal lAS: 300 mph
Alt: 15,000 it
TAS: ±373 mph Wt: 14,700±250 Ib
Angle of attack(ap) :4 mils nose down
Level flight: (1 "g")

3 "g"
+ 15.0
+10.6
+7.3
+4 .9
+2.7
+23.3

4 "g"
+21.6
+15.9
+ 11.5
+8. 6

+16A
+5A

+23.6
+ 17.4
+ 11.5
+9.4

+ 26.1
+18.5
+1 3.0
+ 8.9
+6.0

+26.5
+19.4
+13.9
+IOA

+ 11.6
+ 8.0

-

+32 .5
+22.8
+ 15.9
+10.9

-; §~_.

+32.6
+13.8
+16.8

Flight Angle: LEVEL FLI GHT
Ca l
"p IWt. ~14700 Lbs.)
lAS l"g" 2 "g" 3 "g" 4 "g"
150 +111 200 +44 +130 +216
250 +13 +68 +124 +179
300
4
+34 +73 +111
350 -13 +14 +42 +68
400 -20 +1
+23 + 44
450 -25 -8
+9
+26

BASIC HARMONIZATION
300 mph Cal lAS
'FSL

-<0::=-,--+14 m~ FP
4 mils

~~L~~fxh~l:i~ht line

Fuselage

level lugs

At J07 mph,CallM,FSlisparaliel toFP

Fli ght Angle: 300 DIVE OR CLIMB
"p IWt.~14700 Lb,.)
1 "g" 2 "g" 3 "g" 4 "g"
+90 +223 +32 +107 +1 81
+57 +108 +155
+7
9
+24 +57 +90
- 18 +7
+31 +55
-14 - 5
+14 +32
-27 -13 +2
+ 17

Ca l
lAS
150
100
250
300
350
400
450

a.p=MiI angle between the tuselage leveling lugs and the Bight path. This
data is derived from the best available angle of attack charts, but is not
guaranteed. The boresight targets and ~ angles are based on this angle
of the attack chart.
p=MiI angle between the sight line and the projectiles at any range out to
2000 feet. When the mil angle is minus the projectiles are above the sight
linc; when plus they nrc below. This mil nngle acts along the vertical axis
of the sight. The mil angle ~ is only applicable when the aircraft is
harmonized as shown in the above borcsight and fire-in targets.

Harmonization Chart:

P-38J Airplane

RESTRICTED

Flight Angle: 300 DIVE OR CLIMB
Alt.

7000'

15000'

30000'

Cal
lAS
250
300
350
400
450
200
250
300
350
400
200
250
300
350
400
150
200
250
300
350

Mil Angle

±

TAS
250
300
350
400
450
122
276
331
386
440
151
333
373
434
493
242
320
398
471
543

1 "g"
+1.0
-0.9
-2.3
-3.5
-4.3
+3.5
+ 1.2
-0.9
-2.4
- 3.7
+4.0
+ 1.5
- 0.8
-2.5
-3.9
+10.6
+ 5.2
+2.0
-0.8
-2.8

2 "g"
+7.0
+3.7
+1.7
- 0.1
-1.6
+11.6
+7.7
+4.2
+2.0
0
+ 13.0
+ 8.7
+4.7
+ 2.3
+0.1
+26.0
+16 .3
+10.9
+5.9
+2.9

"j.J."

3 "g"
+13.1
+8.4
+5.5
+3.3
+2.0
+19.5
+14.4
+9.2
+6.1
+3.6
+21.9
+16.1
+10.3
+6.8
+4.1

4 "g"
+18.7
+13.0
+9.4
+6 .5
+ 4.3
+10.5
+ 14.2
+10.3
+7.1

-

+23.0
+15.8
+11.4
+7.9

-

-27.3
+20. 0
+11.7

+ 28.3

+8A

+13.8

+19A

31

RESTRICTED

Section H

AAF MANUAL 200- 1

& l wing guns
& R syn guns

SIDE VIEW OF
TRAJECTORIES
Outer limits of 4-mil dispersion

RANGE IN FEET

cone C!f all guns
1400

1000

1600

1800
win g gun

PLAN VIEW OF
TRAJECTORIES
wing gun

(O(E~~r) :,5

"" '.{,.I'-

Based on 4- mil
dispersion cone

~

5 : 5 , :5 ; 5 , :5 : , 5
5 :1
5 .
: 0
S 10: .

:

::~:~;jt~~~f~I5

DISPERSION
PATTERNS

"5

"5

(;)

AI

At

AI

AI

At

At

600

800

1000

1200

1500

2000

it

ft

ft

ft

ft

~:~\-,:\..... "60~(2
\

I

ri;;;(-'fr,) '\ ,\.
/-~ ~:.')-:. \

NOTE
Dotted circles are /'
bullet patterns of
IOOO·1t range when
firing is done at
various "gs" shown

\

} -"\\
\.

~( 2

.

" 0")

37mm - 7.0

.

o t7'
'..

01 "

>

."

5 :.:

5

'-

,

10

10

,u(3 "g") Co l. .50-1 1. "

~13 ". "1

\

37mm- 14.3'

\\ ~"/
i-_____ ~(4 "0") Col .50-16.7 '
~

,u(4 " g "} 37mm-21.S '

Gun l oca tio n at Aircra ft
Vert· Horizt
l &R wing guns 50.705" 117.939"
l &R syn guns
12.906
7.215
Ca nnon
24.781
o.
Camera
50.5
67.8
*Fromsrght. tF rom plane center line.

I

0- · - ·~

~

I

~

I ~- - .. ~
I

I ~-I--- -

105"

18)
l wing

I
:

105"
67.3 / 4" !

I

:

C o fairc ro ft

~

18)

o
e

~~

~ ~

7'f /B"I7-l~B"

!

+
o

+;;;- - -- - ~

! c on:o n

Mil Angle

~_.

Cal. 0.50
3"g" 4 "g"
+8.3 + 14.5 +20.8
+5 .0 + 10.2 + 15.4
+2.7 + 7.0 +11 .3
+ 0. 8 +4 .4 + 7.8
-0.9 +2.5 +5.6
+ 13.8 +22.7
+9.0 +15.8 +22.7
+ 5.5 + 11.1 + 16.7
+ 2.9 +7.6 + 12.2
+0.9 +4.7 +8.4
+ 13.9
+1 5.4 + 25.3 +10.0 +17.6 + 25.3
+6.0 + 12.2 + 18.5
+3.2 + 8.3 +13.5
+29.8
+ 18.9 + 31.2
+ 12.2 +21.4 +30.9
+ 7.2 +14.8 + 22.3
+ 3. 7 +9.9 + 16.0

~

~
32

250
300
350
400
450
200
250

250
300
350
400
450
222
276

350
400
150
200
250
300
350
150
200
250
300
350

386 1.6
440 -3.2
189 +10.2
251 +5.5
313 + 2.3
373 -0.1
434 - 1.8
242 + 12.7
320 + 6.8
398 + 2.8
471 -0.1
543 - 2.2

+ 1.9
0
- 1.5
-2.9
-4.0
+5.0
2.t

-

Mil
1 "g"
+ 2.5
0
- 1.8
- 3.6
-5.0
+6.4
+2.7
0
-2.0
-3.9
+ 13.3
+7.1
+ 3.0
0
- 2.2
+ 16.4
+8.7
+ 3.6
0
-2.6

to sight line.
Design Sec., Proal Oiv., A.A.f.P.G.C., Eglin Field, Fla. Date: 8·8· 44.

Gun :
37mm M4 Cal .50
Am: HE M54, luse M56 APM·2
MUl vel, It/ sec:
2000
2700
Authority: Aberdeen data FT. 37 AC·
AO·I : FT. 50 AC-M·l; and 1st indo to
leller fromOrd. Depl. Eglin Field, Fla.,
April IS, 1944, to Chief of Ordnance,
Washington, D.C.

_
--Came ro

~

MT~iSwpho~~~ ~:~:~:n~~ ~~~~~n~;~ffh;a~~~rtf:aa~~I.
&

Flight Angle : LEVEL FLIGHT
Angle
2 "g"
+ 10.7
+6.5
+3.5
+1.1
-1.0
+17.9
+11. 6
+7.0
+3.7
+ 1.2
+31.2
+19.9
+12.9
+7.7
+4.1
+38.6
+24.3
+1 5.6
+ 9.2
+ 4.8

"I''' 37 MM
3 " g" 4 "g"
+ 18. +27 .0
+13. 2 +19 .8
+9.0 + 14. 5
+5.7 + 10.0
+3.2 +7.2
+29.5 +20.4 +29.3
+ 14.3 +2 1.5
+9.7 + 15.7
+6.1 + 10.7

-

+32.8
+ 22.6 + 32.5
+ 15.7 + 23.6
+ 10.6 +17. 1

-

+40. 1 + 27.3 + 39.3
+ 18.7 +28.2
+1 2.5 +20.2

Cal
lAS
150
200
250
300
350
400
450

u pI Wt. ~ 750 0 Lbs . )

1 "g" 2 " g" 3 "g"
+ 97 +244
+34 +116 + 199
+57 +109
+4
12 + 24 + 61
+ 32
+21 + 5
-28 - 7
+1 3
32 -16 + 1

4" g"

+ 162
+98
+ 59
+32
+ 17

BASIC HARMONIZATION
300 mph Cal lAS

~.

I

Connon I

l . yn

l wing

~~

R

7F
I

40·1/2"

1,

fS l : fixed sight line

tFuselage
level lugs
At 276 mph, CallAS, FSl is paraUelto FP

P-39Q Airplane

RESTRI CTED

j

:

~

1J
/

~...:

~ ~~~

in .

;

~
~ "'

~

40· 1/2"

67·3/4"

~T---~--~t

fP : fli~htPath ~ fiiii':t

Flight Angle: 30" DIVE OR ClIMB
u p I WI.~7 500 Lbs.)
1 "g" 2"g" 3"g" 4"g"
+ 78 +205
+ 23 +94 +1 65 +237
- 3
+ 43 +89 + 134
-17 +15 +46 +77
-26 - 2
+21 +44
- 31 - 13 + 5
+ 23
- 35 -21 -6
+8

"r: t

B•

+---_.

mIls FSl

Cal
lAS
150
200
250
300
350
400
450

~=---------

~ t-~~· ~'"O~ · ~

~ FP

.2 trlils·s .:2

ap=Mil angle between the fuselage leveling lugs and the fl ight path. T his
data is derived from the best available angle of attack charts. but is not
guaranteed. The boresight targets and J.I. angles are based on this angle
of the attack chart.
,t.I =Mil angle between the sight li ne and the projectiles at any range out to
2000 fect. When the mil angle is minus the projectiles are above the sight
line; when plus they are below. This mil angle acts along the vertical axis
of the sight.. The mil angle ,t.I is on ly applicable when the aircraft is
harmonized as shown in the above boresight and fi re-in targets.

Harmonization Chart:

500 -FT. FIRE -IN AND BORESIGHT TARGET

Le\'el flight: (l " g")

Mar k for cente r of impact of 10 round s at SOO·ft target.

TRAJECTORY DATA
Forw ard Fire

R wing

Taq{ets shown are for harmonization
under the follow ing conditions (basic
harmonization):
Cal lAS ; 300 mph
Alt: 7,000 it
T A8: ±331 mph Wt: 7,500±200 Ib
Angleof aUack (ap) : 12mi lsnoscdown

Ma rk where line from si ght is para ll el 10 fus elage levelin g lugs.
Mark whe re si ght pip is aim ed for harmon ization with bullet patterns
(sight settin g for ha rmonization).
Ma rk where bo re is aimed for lOOO·in . and SOO-fl. targets.

Applied Ballistics

:t

Flight An gle: LEVEL FLI GHT
Cal ±

;;: lAS TAS 1 "g" 2" g"

10

10

D EGRE E 0 1 : "

1000 - IN. BORESIGHT TARGET

l syn

It

, (Two " 9" )

"0 "1
. Co l .50-5.5'

(,;:;:('{~

~

"5ffimHl~~~~mmHl

5

SIGHT PIP

CAMERA
OR CENTER OF
. PICTURE FRAM E

'"

"5

.. -',,<"-'l

C of aircraft

--1

in
~

e-~
Comero

Flight Angle : 30° DIVE OR CLI MB
--' Cal ±
;;:
lAS TAS
250 250
300 300
'" 350 350
400 400
450 450
200 200
276
g
331
R 350 386
400 440
150 189
251
313
~ 300 373
350 434
150 242
'" 200 320
8 250 398
g 300 471
350 543

~~

§ l~~

Mil Angle " ~ " Ca l. 0.50
1 "g" 2 "g" 3 "g" 4 "g"
+ 1.1 + 6. 6 + 12.1 +17.5
- 0.7 + 3.8 +8 .1 + 12.5
-2.3 + 1.6 + 5.2 +8.9
-3.5 +0.2 +3. 0 +6.2
- 4.6 - 1.9 + 1.1 +3. 8
+ 3.8 +11.4 +1 9.1 +26 .8
+1.2 + 7.2 +1 3.2 +1 9.0
-0.8 + 4.1 +8.7 + 13.5
-2.5 + 1.7 + 5.7 + 9.6
- 3.8 - 0.3 +3.2 + 6.7
+ 8.4 + 20.3
+4.2 + 12.7 +2 1.3 +29.9
+ 1.3 + 8.0 + 14.7 + 21.2
- 0.9 +4 .5 + 9.7 + 14.9
-2.8 +1.8 +6.2 +10.6
+10.5 + 25.2
+5.2 + 15.7 +26.2 +36.9
+1. 5 +9.7 + 17.9. + 25.9
- 1.1 +5.4 +11.7 + 18.0
-3.3 +2. 1 + 7.4 +12 .6

Mil
I "g"
+ 1.4
- 0.9
-2.9
- 4.3
-5.7
+4 .9
+ 1.5
- 1.0
-3. 1
- 4.6
+ 11.0
+ 5.4
+1.7
- 1.1

-3.4
+13. 6
+6.6
+2.0
- 1.3
-4.0

An gle " 1-''' 37 MM
2 "g" 3"g" 4 "g"
+8.5 + 15. 6 +22.6
+ 4.9 +1 0. 5 + 16.0
+2.0 +6.7 +11.4
- 0.2 + 3.9 +7.9
-2.2 .+ 1.7 +5.0
+14 .8 +24.8 +34.9
+ 9.3 + 17.0 +24.6
+ 5.3 +1 1.3 +17.4
+2.2 + 7.3 +12.4
-0.2 +4 .1 +8.5
+26.4
+ 16.5 + 27.5 +38.7
+10.3 +18.9 + 27.3
+5.8 + 12.5 +19.1
+ 2.4 +8.0 + 13.5
+32.7
+20. 1 + 33.6 +47.3
+1 2.4 +22.8 +33.0
+6.9 + 14.9 +22.8
+ 2.8 + 9.4 + 15.9

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1

Section H

1111111111[glllllli
o
'

SIDE VIEW OF
TRAJECTORIES

Outer limits of 4-mil dispersion
cone of all guns
I
I
1600
1\00

RANGE IN FEET

a

I
400

200

600

800

,,~

1200

1000

\,000

10

10

~

0

~

5

R I gu n

gun
5;::- RR 32 gun

5

PLAN VIEW OF
TRAJECTORIES

L & R I guns
l&R
l & R3guns
2 gu ns

~

0_
5-

-...

10

10

Sight line
l3 gu n
L 2 gun
llgun

DISPERSION
PATTERNS
Based on 4-mil

dispersion cone

o

AI

AI

AI

AI

AI

800

1000

1200

1500

2000

SIGHT PIP

II

It

II

II

It

I

I

I

I

CAMERA
OR CENTER OF
PICTURE FRAME

°l~
: ~ :IiS
':~
.. .
..

5 : '."

NOTE

.'

10

Dotted ci rcles are
bullet patte rns of
IOOO-t! range when
firing is done at
various "gs" shown

Cal 0.50

l&R No.1 guns
l&R NO.2 guns
l&R No.3 guns
Camera

I

+7'- '
~L

Vert·

45.43"
44.39
43.39
35.0

Horizt

69.68"
77.18
85. 16
40.0

Q9

cOlo,mol11

o

e

• . •

.

Cal lAS: 250 mph
Alt: 7,000 ft
TAS: ±276 mph IVt: 8,500±200 Ib
Angle of att-ack (ap) : 15 mils nose up

*fromsighl. tfromplanecenterline.

+o

5 .',

Targets sl:rowo are for harmonization
under the following conditions (basic
harmonization):

Gun location at Aircraft

1000 -IN. BORESIGHT TARGET

011

10

10

~

5

~
5'u;i' .
0 1 151 0

+
cOlo;moll~

Level flight: (1 "gH)

Mark where lin e from sight is parallel to fuselage leveling lugs.
Mark where sight pip is aimed for harmonization with bullet patterns
(sight setti ng for harmonization ).
Mark where bore is aimed for 1000-in. and 500·f1. targets.
Mark for center of impact of 10 rounds at SOO· ft. target.

MT~it:oi~; ~:~:~:nit~ ~~~~~n're~k~~fh~a~~[~r:~~:~~. to sight line.

TRAJECTORY DATA

g

Cal .50
APM-2
2700

Authority: Aberdeen data FT.
50 AC -M I; and lstind. to letter
from Ord. Dept., Egtin Field,
Fla., Apri l IS, 194 4. to Chief 01
Ordnall(;e, Washington, O. C.

Fl ight Angle: LEVEL FLIGHT
All.
0'

7000'

15000'

30000'

Mil Angle"J!"

±

TAS
200
250
300
350
400
222
276
331
386
440
189
251
333
373
434
242
320
398
471
543

I "g"
+ 2.6
-0.1
-2.0
-3.6
-5.0
3.0
0
-2.1
-3.8
-5.3
+8.1
+ 3.4
+0.1
- 2.2
4.1

+10.4
+4.4
+0.4
- 3.5
-4.7

2 "g"
+10.5
+6.1
+3.0
+0.4
- 1.4
+ 11.7
+6.8
+3 .4
+0.5
- 1.4
+22.1
+13.1
+7.7
+ 3.9
+0.7
+27.8
+16.4
+10. 5
+4.9
+ 1.0

3 "g"
+18.5
+12.4
+ 8.1
+ 4.4
+2.2
+20.4
+13.6
+8.9
+4.9
+ 2.4

+20.4
+14.4
+ 9.2
+6.1

+22.9
+15.2
+9.9
+5 .4

+22.8
+ 16.0
+10.2

-

+28.4
+ 18.9
+12.2
+6.7

4 "g"

-

+ 18.6
+1 3.1
+8.4
+5.6

-

+28.1
+ 19.5
+12.4

~
I

1I

i ~'g
~.
I9

~;l~l;rx~ls.~i~ht line ~ I Fustlage
------'l4 mil s...--. eve ugs
..<:J!, 5 mil s -- y--- fSl

--::"J. mil .l\--' FP

34·3/8" :

41 .3/4"
49·3 /4"
Camera . -. _ _ •

40"

At 253 mp h, Cal lAS FSl is paraJlelto FP

flight Angle: lEVEL FLIGHT
a p (WI. -8500 Lbs.1
Cal
lAS 1 "gH 2 HgH 3 "gH 4 "gH
150 +105 +255
200 +44 + 125 + 206 250 +1 5 +67 +119 + 171
300
0 +36 +72 +108
350 -9
+16 +41 +66
400 -15 +5 , +25 + 44

fli ght Angle: 30° DIV E OR CLIMB
Cal
a p (WI.-85OO lbs.)
lAS 1 "gH 2 "gH 3 HgH 4 "gH
150 +89 +21 6 200 + 32 +102 +172 +241
250 +9
+54 +99 +144
300 -5
+2 6 +56 + 86
350 - 13 + 8
+29 + 50
400
19
3
+ 14 + 31

a.p=Mil angle between the fuselage leveling lugs and the flight path. This
data is derived from the best a"aiiable angle of attack charw, but is not
guaranteed. The boresight targew and J1. angles are based on this angle
of the attack chart.
J1.=Mil angle between the sight line and the projectiles at any range out to
2000 feet . When the mil angle is min us the projectiles are above the sight
line; when plus they are below. This mil angle acts along the vertical axis
of the sight. The mil angle p. is only applicable when the aircraft is
har~onized as shown in the above boresight and fire- in targets.

Harmonization Chart:

P-40 Airplane

RESTRICTED

~

l3

BASIC HARMONIZATION
250 mph Col lAS

Forward Fire
Gun:
Ammu nition :
Muz vel , ft/sec:

'.

500 -FT. FIRE -IN AND BORESIGHT TARGET

Appiied Ballistics & Design Sec., Proof Diy., A.A.F.P.G.C., Eglin Field, Fla. Date : 8·8·44.

Cal
lAS
200
250
300
350
400
20
250
300
.350
400
150
200
250
300
350
150
200
250
300
350

I"

.> ;;~:

10

fli ght Angle: 30° DIVE OR CLIMB
Alt.

0'

7000'

15000'

30000'

Cal
lAS
200
250
300
350
400
200
250
300
350
400
150
200
250
300
350
150
200
250
300
350

Mil Angle " J1."

±

TAS
200
250
300
350
400
222
276
331
386
440
189
251
313
373
434
242
320
398
471
543

1 "g"
+1.4
-0.8
-2.7
- 4.2
5.7
+1.7
-0.8
-2.9
-4.5
6.1
+6.6
+ 2.0
-0.7
-3.1
-4.9
+8.5
+2.7
-0.7
-3.5
-5.6

2 "g"
+8.3
+ 4.6
+1.6
-0.9
+2.8
+9.2
+5.1
+1.9
-0.9
-3.0
+1 8.4
+10.4
+5.8
+2.2
-0.8
+23.3
+1 3.0
+ 7.3
+2 .8
-0.8

3 "g"
+1 5.1
+10.0
+5.8
+2.5
+0.2
+1 6.7
+11.0
+6.4
+ 2.8
+0. 3

-

+1 8.8
+12.3
+7.2
+3.2

-

+23.4
+15.3
+ 8.9
+4.0

4 "g"
+21.9
+15.4
+10.0
+\.8
+3.2
+ 24.2
+16.8
+11.0
+6.4
+3.6

-

+27.1
+18.9
+12.3
+7.2

-

+33.6
+23.3
+1 5.1
+8.7

33

RESTRICTED

Section H

AAF MANUAL 200-1
5 L &R3guns
R t B. ~ gU lls
L & R 2 guns

..,.. 1l &

sight line

~

SIDE VIEW OF
TRAJECTORIES

5

200

0

cone of all guns

~ 5

-

z

PLAN VIEW OF
TRAJECTORIES

~O

-

'"

R 2 gun
R 3 gun
R 4 gun

-

-

- - ~.

-

«

In 5

15
0/ R 1 gu n

- -

>-

2000

\

15
10

1800

1600

1400

1200

1000

800

600

400

10

r- Outer limits of 4-mil dispersion

10
RANGE IN FEET

0- Sight line

-

L 4 gun

5_ L3 gun
10

L 2 gun
L 1 gun

15

15

:,:,:,:.

DISPERSION
PATIERNS
Based on 4-mil
dispersion cone

o
SIGHT PIP

M

M

M

1000

1200

1500

it

ft

ft

ft

I

CAMERA

;0 ,5.• ~

OR CENTER OF
PICTURE FR AME

At

At

800

I

10

11

I

o

10

It,

2000

I

10

15

0

I

o

10

5 ........••..•. .
:::.;.

10

1000 - IN. BORESIGHT TARGET

*1'1~" _. ~".....,--,.
I,V
8 -::': L
C of Otrcraft

~

.'.

Gun Locot ion ot Ai rcraft
Cal 0.50
Vert· Horizt
L&R No. I guns 47.344" 107.875'
L&R No.2 guns 46.969 113.844
L&R NO.3 guns 46.594 119.813
L&R NO.4 guns 46.219 125.78"
Camera
45.750 47.813

10

Targets shown are for harmonizat.ion
untler the rollo\\'in~ conditions (basic
harmonization) :

Cal US: 300 mph

®

o

500 -FT. FIRE -IN AND BORESIGHT TARGET

Angle of att.ack (ap): 11 mil:; nO:5e up
Level flight: (1 "g")

"'Fromsiglit. t From plane center line.

+
o

:\It: 15,000 ft

TAS: ±373 mph Wt: 14,OOl.l±250 Ib

Mark where line from sight is parallel 10 fuselage leveling lugs.
Ma rk where sight pip is aimed for harmonization with bullet patterns
(sight setting for harmonization).
Mark where bore is aimed for IOOO-in. and 500·ft. targets.
Mark for center of impact of 10 rounds at 500-ft target.

e

MT~iSwpho~~~ ~:~:!:nit~ :~~~~n~~~ffh~a~;'~r::~aa~~I. to

sight line.

Applied Ballistics & Design Sec., Proof Div., A.A.F.P.G.C., Eglin Field, Fla. Date: 8-8-44.

BASIC HARMONIZATION
300 mph Cal IA~

TRAJECTORY DATA
Forward Fire
Gun:
Ammunition
Muz vel, It/ sec:

Ca l .SO
APM·2
2700

FP: FliJht path
Fuseiage
FSl' Fixed sight line ...-----.- level lugs

~7. 6_m.l'st!'-...

Authority: Aberdeen data FT.
SOAC-M·l;and lstind. to letter
from Ord. Dept., Eglin Field,
Fla., April IS, 1944, to Chief of
Ordnance, Washington, D.C.

Cal
Alt.

0'

7000'

15000'

30000'

34

Flight Angle: LEVEL FLIGHT
Mil Angle "1-'''
±

lAS

TAS

250
300
350
400
450
200
250
300
350
400
200
250
00
350
400
150
200
250
300
350

250
300
350
400
450
222
276
331
386
440
251
313
373
434
493
242
320
398
471

543

1 "g"
+2. 1
- 0.3
-2.2
-3.8
-5.0
+6.1
+2.5
-0.2
-2.2
-4.0
+7.1
3.0
2.2
- 4.2
+16.9
+9.1
+4.0
+0.4
- 2.3

2 "g"
+10.7
+6.8
+3.8
+0.8
-0.7
+ 18. 1
+11.9
+7.5
-4.2
+1.1
+20.4
+13.4
+8.4
+4.8
+1.3

-

+25.6
+ 16.8
+10.6
+6.1

3 "g"
+19.2
+13.7
+9.5
+6.2
+3.7

+21.1
+15.1
+10.5
+6.8

-

+23.7
+ 16.9
+11.7
+7.7

-

+ 29.5
+20.8
+ 14.3

4 "g"
+27.8
+20.7
+15.4
+11.2
+8.0

-

+30.5
+22.7
+16.7
+ 12.2

-

+34.2
+25.3
+18.8
+13.6

-

+42.3
+31.0
+22.8

...,..c::ll

rnil~

·3.4

~~~l

C of ain::raft

Flight Angle: LEVEL FLI GHT

Flight Angle. 300 DIVE OR CLI MB

a p IWt._14000 l b'.1
Cal
lAS 1 "g" 2 "g" 3 "g" 4 "g"

ap IWt.~ 1 4000 Lb,.)
Cal
lAS 1 "g" 2 "g" 3 "g" 4 "g"

150
200
250
300
350
400
450

150
200
250
30v
350
400
450

+161
+ 74
+33
+11
2
- 11
-16

+185
+1 05
+61
+35
+15
+6

+176
+lll
+71
+45
+28

--1
Camera

AI 31D mph, CallAS, FSl is paratlel lo FP

+248
+161
+108
+ 73
+50

+131
+ 59
+23
+5
-7
- 14
-19

+ 155
+86
+48
+25
+10
0

+251
+1 48
+92
+56
+34
+1 9

+207
+134
+89
+59
+38

ap=MiI angle between the fuselage leveling lugs and the fl ight path. This
data is derived from the best available angle of attack charts, but is not
guaranteed. The boresight targets and Jl- angles are based on this angle
of the attack chart.
I-'=Mil angle betw~n the sight line and the projectiles at any range out to
2000 feet.. When the mil angle is minus the projectiles are above the sight
line; when plus they are below. This mil angle acts along the vertical axis
of the sight. The mil angle I-' .;s only applicable when the aircraft is
harmonized as shown in the above boresight and fire-in targets.

Harmonization Chart

P-47 Airplane

RESTRICTED

Flight Angle : 30 0 DIVE OR CLIMB
Alt.

0'

7000'

15000'

30000'

Cal
lAS

±
TAS

250
300
350
400
450
200
250
300
350
400
200
250
300
350
400
150
200
250
300
350

250
300
3,0
400
450
222
276
331
386
440
251
313
373
434
493
242
320
398
471
543

1 "g"
+0.9
-1.1
- 3.0
- 4.3
-5.6
+4.5
+1.2
-1.1
- 3.0
- 4.5
+5.3
+1.5
- 1.0
- 3.2
- 4.8
+13.4
+6.9
+2.3
+0.8
-3.4

Mil Angle"JL"
2 "g"
3 "g"
+8.5
+15.9
+4.9
+11.1
+2.2
+7.3
- 0.1
+4.2
+1.8
+1.9
+14.9
+25.2
+17.5
+9.4
+5.5
+12.2
+2.5
+8.0
+0.1
+4.7
+16.8
+28.3
+10.7
+ 19.7
+6.3
+ 13.7
+2.9
+9.0
+0.3
+6.3
+21.1
+13.5
+7.9
+3.8

+ 35.3
+24.5
+16.9
+11.1

4 "g"
+22.9
+ 16.9
+ 12.4
+8.7
+5.6

-

+25.2
+18.6
+13.6
+9.5
+28.3
+20.7
+15.1
+10.6

-

+35.0
+25.5
+18.4

Section H

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1

.~~ ~ -:,Elif!!!~II~!llilllf!li~i!~~II!lllllllfo-~

SIDE VIEW OF
TRAJECTORIES

~_._;

limits
RANGE IN FEET
1000
1

All guns
Sight line

10

cone of all guns
1600
1800
15

PLAN VIEW OF
TRAJEaORIES

PLAN

VIEW OF TRAJECTORIES

15

-=-~f1i.Ir-~.: EV=-E_~"?"(:_~p- ~ "g-,-, ) :,:
~; :,:~: ,: ,:1:BIfHj:l3mB

DISPERSION
PATTERNS

:::::::-;.
..

tt\'-.: ~~
~)

Based on 4-mil

::t--

dispersion cone

~O)~

I '

o

i.:!.N

SIGHT PIP

\

(())-_.

"-

At

At

AI

At

AI

At

At

600

800

900

1000

1200

1500

2000

7,;: : ~; =~>i~T~-~-G-'~~~:II.:*;.t.J.:II~melfft
....\~v

Dotted Circles are
/'{.J')
bullet patterns of
lOOO-ft range when '\:'.:)
firing IS done at
\
various "gs" shown
\.

q '-"\

,b q

10

.

",.~"

~\

,.

io

' ..

10

tt'°1r--]~&... .
1 _1 / 2 "

LrC of aircraft
1::

L&R No. 1 guns
L&R No. 2 guns
L&R No.3 guns
L&R NO.4 guns
Camera

1,1'®I'
Ii'

I
I

02

03

*Fromsight.

~~~~"~

o::t LO o:t

u

:

~

(T')

~~

;;;

®w!-:~
:c.:h--LL--_

1 ;t),"!
,I, l"' 1,!97.7/8" ~7/~"
i I
4

·
I

'

All.
0'

7000'

15000'

30000'

350
400
150
200
250
300
350

TAS
250
300
350
400
450
222
276
331
386
440
251
313
373
434
493
242
320
398
471
543

1 "g"
+2.1
-0.3
-2.2
-4.0
-4.9
+6.l
+2.4
-0.2
-2.2
- 4.0
+7.0
2.9
2.2
-4.0
+16.8
+9.1
+4.0
+0.4
.-2.2

o

3 "g"
+19.2
+13.7
+9.5
+6.2
+3.7

4 "g"
+27.8
+20.7
+15.4
+11.2
+8.0

+ 21.1
+15.l
+10.5
+6.9

+30.5
+22.7
+16.9
+12.3

+23.7
+1 6.9
+11.7
+ 7.7-

+34.2
+25.3
+18.8
+13.6

2 "s"
+10.7
+6.7
+3.8
+0.9
-0.6
+18.0
+11.8
+7.4
+4.2
+1.1
+20.3
+13.4
+ 8.4
+4 .9
+1.4
+25.5
+16.8
+10.6
+6.2

+29.5
+20.8
+14.4

-

-

+42.3
+31.0
+22.8

900 - FT. FIRE -IN AND BORESIGHT TARGET

T :\S: ±3i3 mph Wt: 14,OOO±250 Ib

I

Angle of attack (ap) : II mils nose up
Level flight: ( 1 -'g")

--f-+-"t"~1-1 ~2"

~

i

Sore of

I

~

.?~~~~n®

1.0

Mark for center of impact of 10 rounds at 900-ft. target.

Mark where camera is aimed making camera paraliel to sight line.

TRAJECTORY DATA

Forward FireCal .50
APM-2

2700

Center of

e of

ap=Mil angle between the fuselage leveling lugs and tbe Bigbt patb. This
data is derived from the best avai lable angle of attack charts, but is not
guaranteed. The boresight targets and I-' angles are based on tbis angle
of tbe attack chart.
I-'=Mil angle between the sight line and the projectiles at any range out to
2000 feet. When the mil angle is minus the projectiles are above the sight
line; when plus they are below. This mil angle acts along the vertical axis
of the sight. The mil angle I-' is only applicable when the aircraft is

harmonized as shown in the above boresight and fire-in targeU!.

Harmonization Chart:

P-47 Airplane

RESTRICTED

N

00

'
l

~

Camera·

==::"'__-.

aircraft _ .L._ _

...

At 318 mph, Cal lAS, FSl is parallel 10 FP

Flighl Angle: 30" DIVE OR CLIMB
Cal
ap IWt.~14000 Lbs.1
lAS I "g" 2 "g" 3 "g" 4 "g"
150 +131
200 +59 +155 +251 250 +23 +86 +148 +207
300 +5
+48 +92 +134
7
+25 +56 +89
350
400
14 +10 +34 +59
450
19
0
+19 +38

~

imp-Cl~m.;_1/2"

of Clilgun$

Fuselage
level lugs
5.7 0'l.:1
FSl
___ 1 mils 5.3I1}U¥ FP
.

5

Flighl Angle: LEVEL FLIGHT
ap IWI._14000 Lbs.1
Cal
lAS l"g" 2"g" 3 "g" 4"g"
150 +161
200 +74 +185
250 +33 +105 +176 +248
300 +11 +61 +lll +161
350 -2
+35 +71 +108
440 -11 +15 +45 +73
16
450
+6
+28 +50

N

I

BASIC HARMONIZATION
300 mph Col lAS
FP : Flialll pa.lh .
FSl : F:xed slght llOe

~

I

This point represents the center of the picture frame.

Applied Ballistics & Design Sec., Ploof Div., A.A.F.P.G.C., Eglin Field, Fla. Date: 8-8-44.

Au thority: Aberdei!n data FT.
SOAC-M-l;and ISlind . lol~tler
from Ord. Dept., Eltin FIeld,
Fla., April 15, 1944 to Chief 01
Ordnance, Wash ington, D.C.

j'

Mil Angle "JJ."

±

®

107.875"
113.844
119.813
12;.78
47.813

Targets shown are for harmonization
under the fo llowing conditions (basic
harmonization) :
Cal lAS: 300 mph
Alt: 15,000 ft

Mark where line from sight is parallel to fuselage leveling lugs.
Mark where sight pip is aimed for harmonization with bullet patterns
(sight setting for harmonization).
Mark where bore is aimed for lOOO·in. and 900·ft. targets.

Muz vel, ft/ sec:

Flighl Angle: LEVEL FLIGHT
Cal
lAS
250
300
350
400
450
200
250
300
350
400
200
250

+
o

47.344"
46.969
46.594
46.219
45.750

tF rom planecenler line.

Gun:
Ammunition:

"

103·1 / 4" 103·1 /4"
108·3/4" . 108-3/4"
114·1 / 8 "
114·1 /8"

l0illlll.l~

15
20

I

l3

· ·"·-";1.:,;:
'~,,'?J

" •.\
~'-"~,:>

1000 -IN. BORESIGHT TARGET

®

.". ,. ... '
15

Gun Location at Aircraft
Cal 0.50
Vert* Horizt

u

I

., '

\.

-l

47-3/4"

Flighl Angle: 30" DIVE OR CLIMB
All.
0'

7000'

15000'

30000'

Ca l
lAS
250
300
350
400
450
200
250
300
350
400
200
250
300
350
400
150
200
150
300
350

Mil Angle "p."

±

lAS
250
300
350
400
450
222
276
331
386
440
251
313
373
434
493
242
320
398
471
543

1 "g"
+0.9
- 1.2
-3.0
-4.3
-5.5
+4.5
+1.1
-1.1
-3.0
-4.5
+5.2
+1.5
-1.0
-3.l
-4.7
+13.3
+6.9
+1.3
-0.8
-3.4

2 "g"
+8.4
+4.9
+2.2
0
-1.8
+14.8
+9.3
+5.5
+2.5
-O.l
+16.7
+10.6
+6.3
+3.0
+0.3

+21.1
+13.5
+8.0
+3.9

3 "g"
+15.8
+11.0
+7.3
+4.2
+1.9
+25.l
+17.4
+12.2
+8.l
+4.8
+28.2
+19.7
+13.7
+9.1
+5.4

-

+35.3
+24.5
+16.9
+11.2

4 "g"
+22.9
+16.9
+17.4
+8.7
+5.7
+25.l
+18.6
+13.6
+ 9.6

-

+28.2
+20.7
+15.2
+10.7

-

+35.0
+25.5
+ 18.5

35

RESTRICTED

Section H

AAF MANUAL 200-1

~i'=i51!1I!!!!!!!I!I!I!lII!!lIl!liil!!!llifliillii!iiilil!li!!I!!lIi!!II!I!!!lIiIll:'
,

: -0

l&R 2 guns
.-Sight line

II!--~ 5

s l &R lguns

LL.

,

SIDE VIEW OF
TRAJECTORIES

0

~
.

.

.

.

~uter limits of 4-mil dispersion

RANGE IN FEET

a

,
a

PLAN VIEW OF
TRAJECTORIES

200

800

600

400

1000

I

1200

cone of all guns

1400

I

I

1600

1800

2000

I\~

====~ 5'

i m o_ _

II
"

R 2 Gun
;!--- Illgun
~~

~- O

==~150
:

,

5

10

L2 gun
II gun

___--:'~LE~: . ,": ' :, :',':' :"
.± :, : .

DISPERSION
PATTERNS

'~#r~-~ ~~~N

.. "<;..;

·Z=~\

Based on 4-mil
dispersion cone

''¥/--'

o

At

A'

A,

At

At

At

600

800

1000

1200

1500

2000

II

II

II

II

II

.. ~,

:~~ ~:- . -- .

SIGHT PIP

'r
c~ I . ~~~E~:~E

CAMERA
OR CENTER OF
PICTURE FRAME

IA,f!;j1

NOTE

\'~"~

r

:1

I

I

0.' 011
5

0

5

,

:;;.

5 . ";'"

0

.

5

0;;.:

Dotted circles are
./I:~: \
~~'
bullet patterns of'/
\
.
.,.'\
IOOO·ft range when
.
P,'J.~'
firing is done at
\
" •.\
various I<gs" shown
.
y-'Vo \~~

~~~~t:h~hf~i~:\~~gf~:~:rt%~~i(~~~i~

Gun location at Aircra ft

1000 -IN. BORESIGHT TARGET

Cal 0.50

harmonization) :

Horizt

Vert·

L&R No. I guns 40.238' BO.50B'
L&R No. 2 guns 40.1 24 87.998
Gun Camera
*fromsig hl.

+o
18)

o

e

48.543

Cal lAS; 300 mph
Al t: 15,000 ft
TAS: ±373 mph Wt: 9,500±200 Ib
Angle of attack (ap) : 12 mils nose up
Level fli ght: (1 "g")

35.953

t Fromplanecenter line.

Ma rk where line from sight is parallel to fuselage leveling lugs.
Mark where sight pip is aimed for harmonization with bullet patterns
(sight setting for harmonization).
Mark where bore is airneJ for 1000·in. and 50Q·ft. targets.
Mark for center of impact of 10 rounds at 500·ft target.

M~~iSwpho~~~ ~:~;!~n~; ~~~~~n~~~r~h~a;c~~ar:i::~:I. to

sight line.

Applied Ballistics & Design Sec., Proof Div., A.A.F. P.G.C., Eglin Field, Fla, Dale: 8·8·44.

Cal.SO
APM·2
2700

Autho rity : Abe rdeen dala FT.
~a AC·M·l : and Islind. lo letter
from Ord. Dept., Eglin Field,
Fla., Apri l 15, 1944,10 Chief of
Ordnance, Washington, D.C.

Flight Angle: LEVEL FLI GHT
All.

7000'

Cal
lAS
250
300
350
400
450
200
250
300
350
400
200
250

15000'

30000'

36

350
400
150
200
250
300
350

Mil Angle "M"

±

TAS
250
300
350
400
450
222
276
331
3B6
440
251
313
37
434
493
242
320
39B
471
543

1 "g"
+ 0.8
- 0.6
- 1.6
-2.6
- 3.3
+3.5
+1.2
-0.4
-1.5
-2.5
+ 4.3
1.8
-1. 2
- 2.4
+11.2
+6.2
+3.0
+O.B
-0.7

2 "g"
+7.0
+4.4
+2.5
+ 1.1
-0.2
+12.1
+B.O
+5.1
+3.0
+1.5
+ 13.9
+9.4
+6. 1
+3.7
+2.0
+27.9
+ IB.O
+12.3
+B.I
+5.2

3"g"
+ 13. 1
+9.4
+6.7
+4.7
+3.2
+20.7
+14.6
+10.6
+7.6
+5.4
+23.5
+16.8
+12.1
+8.7
+6.2

+24 .2
+I B.2
+13.B
+ 10.5

+29.9
+21.4
+15.5
+11.1

+30.4
+22.8
+17.3

4 "g"
+19.2
+14.5
+1 1.0
+ 8.2
+6.1
+21.3
+16.1
+12.2
+9.2

-

Flight Angle: LEVEL FLIGHT
ap IWt. _9500 Lbs.)
Cal
lAS I "g" 1 "g" 3 "g" 4 "g"
150 + 119 +261
200 +57 +137 +21 7
250 +28 +80 +131 +182
300 + 12 +48 +B4 +120
350 +3
+29 +55 +82
400 -4
+17 +37 +57
450 -8
+8
+25 +40

r-

FP : FIi,hlpa.lh.
FSL: FIXed .slghl line

RESTRICTED

I

36'

31·78'
39.3/8"

'

~

Ii;

Camera

AI3S0 mph, Call AS, FSlis paraUello FP

Airplanes

31 ·7/8'
39·3 8"

.-.-t---.---

mil~~Fuselage
~~~V;I IUgS

Harmonization Chart: P-S1B &(

R2

+.::L- -I-

I .

1.5

ap=MiI angle between the fuselage leveling lugs and the fli ght path. This
data is derived from the ~st available angle of attack chart.s. but is not
guaranteed. The boresight targets and f.L angles arc based on this angle
or the attack chart.
f.L=1'Ii1 angle between the sight line and t he projectiles at any range out to
2000 feet. When the mil angle is minus the projectiles are above the sight
line; when plus they are below. This mil angle acts along the vcrt·ical axis
of the sight. The mil angle f.L is on ly applicable when the aircraft is
harmonized as shown in the above borcsight and fire-in targets.

C of aircraft

~! ~9 4~i '~" l!s ~

.- ~FSl

Flight Angle: 30° DIVE OR CLI MB
ap IWt._9500 Lbs.1
Cal
lAS I "g" 2"g" 3 "g" 4 "g"
150 +100 +224 200 +46 +115 +185 +254
250 +21 +66 +111 +155
300 +7
+38 +69 +100
350
I
+22 +45 + 68
400 -6
+11 +29 +46
450 -10 +4
+ IB +32

I

L2

BASIC HARMONIZATION
300 mph Cal lAS

TRAJECTORY DATA
Forward Fire
Gun:
Ammunition;
Muz vel, ft/ sec:

SOO-FT, FIRE-IN AND BORESIGHT TARGET

Flight Angle: 3D" DIVE OR CLIMB
All.

7000'

15000'

30000'

Cal
lAS
250
300
350
400
450
200
150
300
350
400
200
250
300
350
400
150
200
250
300
350

Mil An le"IJ."

±

TAS
250
300
350
400
450
222
276
331
386
440
251
313
373
434
493
242
320
398
471
543

1 "g"
0
-1.3
-2.3
- 3.0
-3.8
+2.3
+0.3
-1.1
-2.2
-3.0
+ 3.0
+0.8
-0.9
-2.0
-2.8
+9.0
+4.6
+1.8
-0.2
- 1.6

2 "g"
+5.3
+3.0
+ 1.4
0
-1. 0
+9.7
+6.2
+3.6
+1.8
+0.3
+ 11.3
+7.3
+4.4
+2.4
+0.7
+23.4
+ 14.8
+9.8
+6.1
+3.6

3 "g"
+10.7
+7.3
+5.1
+3.3
+I.B
+17.2
+12.0
+8.3
+5.8
+3.8
+19.7
+ 13.3
+9.6
+6.8
+4.5

4 "g"
+16.0
+11.7
+8.7
+6.3
+4.5
+14.7
+ 17.8
+13.0
+9.B
+ 7.1
+27 .9
+20.2
+14.8
+ 11.2
+8. 1

+15.2
+17.8
+ 12.4
+8.8

+35.4
+25.6
+18.7
+14.1

Section H

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1

~~Ii. ._

112

_

~

=---

SIDE VIEW OF
TRAJECTORIES

& R 3 guns

& R 1 guns
L & R 1 guns

limits of 4-mil d ispersion
cone of all guns

I

I

1600

1800

~: : : ~if:l: l i il! l!lIlIlIlilil il!j!lIlIli!"i'!l IlIil I!lI I IiI! lI !lI !lI! I!;}!I: gun

2 gun
3 gun

PLAN VIEW OF
TRAJECTORIES

lin.

gun

2 gun

Ll gun

iEL~~~. '):'

DISPERSION
PATTERNS
Based on 4- miJ

~)

dispersion cone

:f;tI~~'ot

~

o
SIGHT PIP

~

CAM ERA
O R CENTER OF
PICTURE FR AME

!5.-'~~

,r-~~
.-\,_ _ _ _4-

1..... 60DEGREE
.iII1J~- (Two "g " )

.

\

..r~~111~~'\
_/. ~ ..~

r.J~'

/~,/~-}

NOTE
Dotted ci rcles are ./
bullet pattern s of
IOOO·ft range when
firi ng is done at
various "gs" shown

.' .. \

P

. '~\'\

0'

7000'

15000'

30000'

ori
s~

5BJj

.•.•. :

5 .:. , "" ,:'
': ~~:: :. :~..

*Fromsight.

j

C of c lrcro ft

-

N""-

N

q- -

-

'" ~;:: ~

I.

Rl

'"

M~

®
®-iR2,..+.
®
®,
I I I +. + I
I.~·
.
! 25· 1/ 2"
I1

71 ·1 / 4" 71 · 1/ 4"
.
79· 1/ 4"
79·1/4"
87· 1/ 4"
87· 1/ 4"

TAS
150
300
350
400
450
111
176
331
386
440
151
313
373
434
493
242

310
398
471
543

1 "g"

+LO

-0.6
- 1.9
-3.1
- 3.9
+4.1
+1.5
- 0.3
-1.8
- 3. 1
+ 5.0
1.0
0
1.6
-3. 1
+1 3.0
+ 7.0
+ 3.3
+0.8
-1.3

l"g"
+8.1
+5.0
+1.9
+1.1
.. 0.4
+ 14.0
+9.1
+ 5.8
+ 3.4
+1.5
+16.1
+ 10.6
+6.8
+4. 1
+1.0
+ 31.8
+20.6
+ 13.1
+8.9
+5.6

®

o
e

t Fromplanecenterline.

500 - FT. FIRE -IN AND BORESIGHT TARGET

~

Mark where sight pip is aimed for harmonization with bullet patterns
(sight settin g for harmonization) .
Mark where bore is aimed for 1000·in. and SOO·It. targets.
Mark lor center 01 impact 01 10 rounds at

soo·ft.

ta rget.

M¥~iSwpho~~~ ~:~:~!nit~ ~~~~~n~~k~~~h~a~~;~rg~~:~~.to

TRAJECTORY DATA
Forwa rd Fire

I

Cal .SO
APM-2
2700

Authorit~ : Aberdeen data FT.
SO AC· M· I ; and Ist ind . to/e tter
from Ord. De pt., Eglin Field,
Fla., Ap ril IS, 1944, 10 ehie! of
Ordnance, Was hi ngton, D.C,

3 "g"
+15. 0
+ 10.8
+7.5
+5. 1
+ 3.1
+13.8
+ 16.7
+11.0
+ 8.5
+ 5.8
+ 17.0
+ 19.0
+1 3.7
+9.5
+ 6.6

4 "g"
+11.1
+ 16.4
+ 11.3
+9.1
+6.7

+ 17.6
+ 10.4
+ 15.4
+11. 5

+34.1
+ 24.1
+17.3
+12.2

+34.5
+15.4
+19.0

+14A

+ 18.1
+1 3.7
+10.1

-

I

c af a""a lt

~

Mark where line from sight is parall el to fuselage leveling lugs.

Gun :
Ammunition :
M Ul vel, ft/sec:

Mil An gle "IJ."

±

+
o

('III l AS: 30n mph
..\ It: 15,000 ft
T AS: ±3i3 mph \\"t: !I/>£)I1±2UO Ib
An~11' (If atta('k (ap) : 13 mils noS(' up
Levl'l fli~ht: (l "j!")

sight line.

()

BASIC HARMONIZATION
300 mph Cal lAS
FP : FtiJ ht pat h
FSl : FixedsighlUne

1 mi l

_

Fuselage

1I

RI

()-

I, ,~L2 ~
+~r~0 .~R2n
1
0 <:)

Applied Ball istics & Design Sec., PrOOf Diy., A.A.F.P.G.C., Egli n field . Fla. Da te: 8·8·44.

1

Cam ..a

Targ:l'ts shnwn arl' for harmon ization
undt'r thl' fllll o\\"i n ~ I'ond itions (basic
harmonizat ion) :

G un l o cat io n ot Aircraft
Cal 0.50
Vert· Horizt
l &R No. I guns 44.731" 79. 123"
L&R No. 1 guns 44.002 87.091
L&R NO.3 guns 43.493 95.076
Camera
50, 140 25.561

Flight Angle: LEVEL FliGHi
All.

I

1

o~

,

U

11

Ca l
lAS
150
300
350
400
450
100
150
300
350
400
100
150
300
350
400
150
100
250
300
350

ft

.:
~o ·

~

.

At

2000

It

~\i'

·~

II

At

1500

It

10

.,.I.,.~.- .

.

At

1200

It

,

<:J-'~

I.

At

1000

It

~, ..:

/\~'
••'y- j
\

1

l2

At

800

It

5:
0.
5

1000 -IN. BORESIGHT TARGET

®

At

600

\

j

:, '"

<Xl

I

I

131 .3 / 4 " 313/4" !

<Xl

I

~

:g

! 39·3 / 4" [ 39-3 / 4"
47·3 / 4 '

~

47-3/ 4',

_
- ~vel l u gs
13 m il s 12 m ils FSl

FP
At 355 mph, Cal lAS, FSl is parallel 10 fP

Flight Angle: LEVE L FLIGH T
Cal
ap IWI.~9500 Lbs.1
lAS 1 "g" 2 "g" 3 "g" 4 "g"
150 +1J4 +296
200 +63 + 155 +246 150 +30 +89 + 147 +206
300 +13 +53 + 94 + 134
350 +1
+32 +61 +91
400
6 +18 +40 +63
450
10 +8
+ 26 +44

Flight Angle: 300 DIVE OR CLIMB
Cal
ap l Wl. ~9500 L bs.l
lAS I "g" 2 "g" 3 "g" 4 "g"
150 + 111 +2 52 200 + 51 + 130 +210 +288
150 +23 +73 +124 +115
300 +7
+41 +77 +113
350
2 +24 +50 +76
400
9 +12 +31 + 51
450
13 +3
+ 19 +34

ap=1'1i1 angle be~wee n t;he fu selage level ing lugs and t.he flight; pat.h. This
data is derived from t.he best; available angle of a t;tack charts, but; is not;
guaranteed . The boresight target.s and p. angles arc based on this angle
of t.he at;tack chart;,
p. = 1·fil angle bet;ween the sight; line and t;he projectiles at; any range out; t.o
2000 feet. When t·he mil angle is minus t.he projectiles are above the sight
line ; when plus t;hey arc below. This mil anJ:!:le acl;s al o n~ t;he vert;ical axis
or the sight. The mil angle p. is only a.pplicable when the aircraft; is
harmonized as shown in the above borosight and fire-in targets,

Harmonization Chart:

P-SlD Airplane

RESTRICTED

Flight Angle: 30" DIVE OR CLIMB
All.
0'

7000'

15000'

30000'

Ca l
lAS
150
300
350
400
450
200
250
300
350
400
200
150
300
350
400
150
200
250
300
350

Mil Angle "p."

±

TAS
150
300
350
400
450
122
276
331
386
440
251
313
373
434
493
242
320
398
471
543

I "g"
+0.2
- 1.4
-2.5
- 3.7
-4.9
+2.8
+0.5
-1.1
-2.5
-3.7
+ 3.6
+ 1.0
-1.0
-2.4
-3.7
+ 10.4
+5.2
+2.0
- 0.4
-2.1

2 "g"
+ 6.2
+ 3.5
+ 1.6
+0.2
- 1.3
+ 11.4
+ 7.1
+4.1
+2.0
+0.4
+ 13.1
+8.3
+4.9
+2.6
+0.7
+26.7
+ 16.9
+10.9
+6.7
+ 3.8

3 "g"
+ 11.3
+8.4
+5.8
+3.5
+1.8
+10.0
+13.7
+9.5
+6.6
+4.0
+22.9
+ 15.7
+10.8
+ 7.6
+4.7

4"g"
+ 18.4
+ 13.5
+9.9
+ 7.0
+ 4.7
+28.4
+ 20.4
+ 14.9
+ 11.1
+7.9
+32.0
+ 23.1
+ 16.9
+12.5
+9.0

+18.8
+20.0
+ 13.8
+9.7

+ 39.1
+29.0
+21.1
+ 15.6

37

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1

Section J

SI(TION J
MISCELLANEOUS HARMONIZAIION CHARIS
SIGHT PARALLEL TO THRUST LINE (AIRPLANE & SIGHT LINE LEVel).
SIGHT DEPRESSED (NOSE UP
ANGLE OF ATTACK) SO AS
TO PARAllEL FLIGHT PATH.

"X"=INCHES=MIL ANGLE OF
ATIACK (NOSE UP).

NOTES

1-

.

N=:-

"<-<

1000
1500

~

~

M
-~

YDS.

ci

N~~

YDS.

0

®

N

...;

YDS.

3000

M

.

~

:;

YDS.

2. CAL. 0.50 AND 75 MM TRAJECTORIES
ARE HARMONIZED TO BE SIMILAR UP TO 1500
YARDS.

+

CAl. 0.50

'N

."

+

1. CAL. 0.50 HARMONIZED TO MAXIMUM
RANGE OF 1500 YARDS; 75 MM TO 6000
YARDS.

3500 _

YDS.

-0

3. WHEN FIRING 75 MM AT RANGES 6000- .
1500 YARDS USE SIGHT SETIINGS SHOWN.

+
~

+

+

4. WHEN FIRING 75 MM AND/OR CAL. 0.50
AT RANGES 1500-750 YARDS, USE SIGHT
SETIING SHOWN.

12.9"
19.0"

ci

a,
0:

'N

'"

'"

C OF AIRCRAFT
4000

YDS.

+

6. HARMONIZATION CORRE€TED FOR RESULTANT BORE ACTION.

0:
-0

4500

YDS.

5000

YDS.

+,

5. WHEN FIRING 75 MM AND/OR CAL.
0.50 AT RANGES 750-0 YARDS, USE 750
YARD SIGHT SETIING.

14.5"

7. PRESENT RANGE DATA USED.

SIGHT PIP SETTING

-I

8. 75 MM; GUN M-4; M-48 H.E. PROJECTILE; M.V. = 1950 /SEC.
9. CAL. 0.50; A.P. M-2; M.V. =2700'/SEC.

GUN LOCATION AT AIRCRAFT
5500 _

600<2_

YDS.

YDS.

+

Vert. from
Sight

+

Horiz . from
Plane

75mm

31.19"

17.5"

Cal. 0 .50
Upper

27.19"

19.0"

Cal. 0.50
Lower

31.2"

12.88"

1000 INCH BORESIGHT TARGET FOR A-26B AIRPLANE
I.A.S.=250 M.P.H. AlTITUDE=O TO 3000 FT .
ARMAMENT: 1-75 MM & 2-CAL. 0.50 GUNS

38

RESTRICTED

Section J

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1

SIGHT PARALLEL TO THRUST LINE (AIRPLANE & SIGHT LINE LEVEL).
SIGHT DEPRESSED (NOSE
UP ANGLE OF ATTACK) SO
AS TO PARALLEL FLIGHT
PATH.

,
~

"X"=INCHES=MIL ANGLE OF ATTACK
(NOSE UP).

~1

_

750 ~YDS:.:...---+-_--1
1000 +YDS.

YDS.

+

~

YDS.

+

2500

YDS.

+

M

"

~.00

NOTES
1. 37 MM HARMONIZED TO MAXIMUM
RANGE OF 2500 YARDS. 75 MM TO 6000
YARDS.

~

'in

2. THE 75 MM & 37 MM TRAJECTORIES
ARE HARMONIZED TO BE SIMILAR UP TO 2500
YARDS.

0

'"
'b

,
-.i
M

~

"'"

75 MM

37 MM
YDS.

3000

~

~

0

II")

3500

_

YDS.

'Co

14.25"

+

0:
N II")

17.5"

14.5"

0:

-0

4000

_

YDS.

+

I

'DS" r
-I

.F

5000

YDS.

4. WHEN FIRING 75 MM AND/OR 37 MM
AT RANGES 2500-750 YARDS USE SIGHT
SETTINGS SHOWN.
5. WHEN FIRING 75 MM AND/OR 37 MM
AT RANGES 750-0 YARDS USE 750 YARD
SIGHT SETTING.

IC,YRCRAFT

4500

3. WHEN FIRING 75 MM FOR RANGE 6000
TO 2500 YARDS, USE SIGHT SETTINGS
SHOWN.

SIGHT PIP SETTINGS

I
I

6. HARMONIZATION CORRECTED FOR RESULTANT BORE ACTION.
7. PRESENT RANGE DATA USED.
8. 75 MM GUN M 4; M 48 H.E. PROJECTILE; M.V. = 1950' /SEC.
9. 37 MM GUN M 9-SHELL M 56 FUSE M 54;
M.V. = 2550' /SEC.

5500

6000

YDS.

YDS.

+

GUN LOCATION AT AIRCRAFT
Vert. from
Sight

+

Horiz. from
Plane C

75 mm

31.19"

17.5"

37 mm

32.7"

14.25"

1000 INCH BORESIGHT TARGET FOR A-26B AIRPLANE
I.A.S.=250 M.P.H. ALTITUDE=O TO 3000 FT.
ARMAMENT: 1-75 MM AND 1-37 MM

RESTRICTED

39

Section J

RESTRICTED
AAF MANUAL 200-1

SIGHT DEPRESSED
(NOSE UP ANGLE
OF ATTACK) SO
AS TO PARAllEL
FLIGHT PATH.

,

~

"",SIGHT PARALLEL THRUST LINE (AIRPLANE AND SIGHT LINE LEVEL).

"0-,-

i
l
>
I

750_~S. +
l - - -~ -to

1000
YDS.
...:
_--,-15~00 _ ~S. ~

~

"X"=INCHES=MIL ANGLE OF ATTACK
(NOSE UP)

r

+

_---=.20.:...:;00 ~S.

1. CAL. 0.50 HARMONIZED TO MAXIMUM
RANGE OF 1500 YARDS. 37 MM TO 2500 YARDS.

SIGHT PIP SETTING
;

14.5"

I

NOTES

I
1

2. CAL. 0.50 AND 37 MM TRAJECTORIES ARE
HARMONIZED TO BE SIMILAR UP TO 1500 YARDS.
CAL. 0.50

+

_---2::.::5:.;::00 ~S.

3. WHEN FIRING 37 MM FOR RANGES 25001500 YARDS, USE SIGHT SETTINGS SHOWN.
4. WHEN FIRING 37 MM AND/OR CAL. 0.50
AT RANGES 1500 TO 7 50 YARDS USE SIGHT
SETTINGS SHOWN.

~3~
I

5. WHEN FIRING 37 MM AND/OR CAL. 0.50
AT RANGES 750-0 YARDS USE 750 YARD SIGHT
SETTINGS.

I
I

8.3"

I 14.25"

6. HARMONIZATION CORRECTED FOR RESULTANT BORE ACTION.

1 140 "

~

20.0"

7. PRESENT RANGE DATA USED.

26.3"

8. 37 MM; GUN M-9; SHELL M-56; FUSE M-54;
M.V. = 2550' /SEC.
9. CAL. 0.50; A.P.M.-2; M.V. = 2700' /SEC.
C OF AIRCRAFT.

GUN LOCATION AT AIRCRAFT
Vert . from
Sight

I

I

Horiz. from
Plane C

37 mm

32.7"

14.25"

Cal. 0.50
Upper

27.19"

26.25".
14.0"

Cal. 0.50
Lower

31.2"

20.0"
8.25"

I

1000 INCH BORESIGHT TARGET FOR A-26B AIRPLANE
I.A.S.=250 M.P.H. AlTITUDE=O TO 3000 FT.
ARMAMENT: 1-37 MM & 4-CAL. 0.50 GUNS

40

RESTRICTED

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