1891 RERUM NOVARUM Pope Leo XIII Historical Background (1771 – 1891) 1. Great Revolutions a.

American Revolution of 1775 b. French Revolution of 1879 c. Industrial Revolution I: i. Machines ii. Factory system iii. Farm mechanization 2. Growth of Democracy 3. Chartist Movement, 1848-1881 4. Communist Manifesto, 1848 5. British control of India 6. La Liga Filipina: Philippine Nationalism Context: • Destitution of the masses and wealth of the few • Exploitation of workers • Failure of public authority to protect the poor • Decline of public morality Content: A. Focus • Help the poor • Promote the worker's welfare by defining the roles of:  The Church  The State  Private Property  Workers and Employers B. Teachings: 1. The poor must be cared for and workers' welfare and rights be promoted: a. Right to work and just wages b. Right to private property and association 2. Role of public authority and Law: a. Defend the rights of families and workers b. Intervene when harm is done to individuals and the common good c. Support the common good 3. Role of the Church a. Speak on matters affecting faith and morality b. Reconcile and unite classes c. Educate people to act justly 4. Private property must serve the common good

For Private Use Only Social Teachings of the Church (SCL. 3) UST – IR Prepared by: Dennis Ian B. Sy

Focus • Renewal of the Social order • Upliftment of the condition of the workers and the poor • Relationship between laborer and employer • Capitalism and Socialism B. Rise of totalitarian states 5. 3) UST – IR Prepared by: Dennis Ian B. Workers' right to: a. The 1929 Great Depression 6. Finance capitalism c. Teachings: 1. WWII and the Russian Revolution 4. Sy . Social reconstruction needs a return to Christian spirit and Gospel Principles 5.1931 QUADRAGESIMO ANNO Pope Pius XI Historical Background (1891-1931) 1. Living wage to support family 2. Principle of subsidiarity 3. Promote harmony between classes b. Roxas Mission in the USA Context: 1931 • Workers condition improved in the West but deteriorated in the rest of the world • Abuses of capitalism and socialism Content: A. Nationalism and Imperialism 2. State duties to: a. Intervene in labor-management dispute 4. Charity and Justice: bases of social order For Private Use Only Social Teachings of the Church (SCL. Science in industry b. Industrial bourgeois and proletariat 3. Second Industrial Revolution a. Just wages b.

RP Carlos Garcia Context: 1961 • Severe imbalance between depressed agricultural sector and industry • Between rich and poor nations Content: A. Rise of Hitler in Japan 2. 1946-1961. ColdWar a. Focus • Agriculture • Developing countries • Catholic social teachings • Social Function of property • Just remuneration of work B. Sy . Korean War b. Rise of Industrialized countries and poor non-industrialized nations 5.1961 MATER ET MAGISTRA Pope John XIII Historical Background (1931-1961) 1. Teachings: 1. Church calls for services for rural areas and orderly economic development 2. 1939-1945. Citizens of less developed areas are chiefly responsible for their development 4. Atomic Bomb b. Role of the Catholic Teaching Today For Private Use Only Social Teachings of the Church (SCL. 3) UST – IR Prepared by: Dennis Ian B. Vietnam 4. Rural workers are the principal agents for their improvement 3. Need to establish effective program of emergency assistance 5. UN 3. Industrial countries should respect the culture of developing countries: aid without intention to dominate 6. WorldWar II a. 1919-1931.

SEA. National struggles for independence b. Korean War b. Cold War 4. Sy . Teachings: 1. RP Macapagal Context: 1963 • • • • • • Danger of nuclear war Arms race Government's inadequacy to promote the common good Exploitation of small countries by big countries Berlin Wall Cuban Missile Crisis Content: A. Vietnam War c. True peace is possible only when true relationships on all levels are:  Founded on TRUTH and according to JUSTICE  Vivified and integrated by CHARITY  Practiced in FREEDOM 2. New power relationships a. WARS a. Every human being in a person with intelligence and freedom who has  Universal  Inviolable  Inalienable rights and obligations 3. Decline of Europe and emergence of Latin America. Promotion of the Common Good is the chief concern of civil authority 4. Focus • Rights and duties of individuals  Individuals  Public authorities  National government  The world community for the attainment of peace B. Arab-Israel 3. 3) UST – IR Prepared by: Dennis Ian B. Relationships between states must be based on  TRUTH  JUSTICE  SOLIDARITY  LIBERTY For Private Use Only Social Teachings of the Church (SCL. India and Africa 2.1963 PACEM EN TERRIS Pope John XXIII Historical Background (1961-1963) 1.

To be present in the world 3. and hopes of the people today are the concerns of the people of God 2. Hunger.5. poverty and illiteracy for majority of the world's population 2. Threat of nuclear war 4. Political and Cultural life For Private Use Only Social Teachings of the Church (SCL. Issues  Population explosion  Urbanization  Ecological Crises  Youth Revolt  Last year of Macapagal Context: 1965 • Technological changes have caused social changes from individuals to nations • Conflicting forces:  Wealth and poverty  Freedom and psychological slavery Content: A. The concerns. Description of human dignity in the functions of Economic. 3) UST – IR Prepared by: Dennis Ian B. Individual states cannot seek their own interest and develop in isolation 1965 GAUDIUM ET SPES Bishops of the World Historical Background (1961-1965) 1. The Church's task is: a. To scrutinize signs of the times and interpret them in the light of the Gospel b. To enhance human dignity and the common good c. Sy . joys. Teachings: 1. Focus • Human Dignity • The Common Good • Families • People's Right to Culture • Justice and Development • Economic and Political Life • Peace B. Black revolt in US 6. Vast economic inequalities 3. Interdependence among people 5.

political. Growth of executive despotism 3. • Development is the new name for peace.1967 POPULORUM PROGRESSIO Pope Paul VI Historical Background (1964-1967) 1. integral and transcendent • Development: the new name for peace • Need for planning and aid. 3) UST – IR Prepared by: Dennis Ian B. People have a right and duty to develop themselves in a. Sy . ASEAN 6. prayer and contemplation 2. For Private Use Only Social Teachings of the Church (SCL. • Peace is built daily in pursuit of God's order. Focus • CHRISTIAN vision of development: Total. The spiritual dimension orienting their lives to God c. friendship. Third World UNDERDEVELOPMENT and the development decades 2. socio-cultural level b. Teachings: 1. equity in trade relations B. Embracing higher values of love. Task of development is urgent but cautions against use of violence • Peace is not the mere absence of war. Cultural revolution in China 1966 4. Youth Revolt Worlwide 5. The economic. Complete humanism and service to humanity are aims of development 3. Philippines: Marcos 1st term Context: 1967 • Free trade rule • Pernicious economic ideas  Profit chief incentive for Economic Development  Competition supreme law  Private ownership of production Content: A.

each local church has the responsibility to discern and act 2. culture. For Private Use Only Social Teachings of the Church (SCL. "The Lord is working with us. Focus • Liberalism and Marxism • Need for  Equality and participation  Christian discernment on contemporary situation and political option. Sy .1971 OCTOGESIMA ADVENIENS Pope Paul VI Historical Background (1967-1971) 1968 • Assassination of Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy • Women’s LIB Movement 1969 • • • • • Landing on the moon Flagrant inequalities in economy. Solidarity and Freedom: Framework of genuine development." 4. 3) UST – IR Prepared by: Dennis Ian B. when appropriate B. Given the wide diversity of situations in the world. Christians need • To reflect the changing situation of the world • To carefully discern the options • To apply Gospel principles on them • To show preferential respect for the poor • To recognize that liberation requires change • Attitudes (personal conversion) • Structures (involvement in social transformation) 3. and politics. Teachings: 1. and development of nations Unfairness in distribution and exchange of goods Increase consumption needs ideologies ambiguities Context: 1971 • Urbanization and loneliness • New poor • Ambivalence of media Content: A.

Education to justice b. Sy . Action on behalf of Justice and social transformation are essential elements in r>e preaching of the good news 2. Denounce instances of injustices 4. Philippines i. Central Luzon floods ii. Role of hierarchical of Church is not to offer concrete solutions to specific problems but promote human dignity and right through a. 1972: Martial Law Context: 1971 • Oppression of the Third World • Forces for achieving human dignity and force of division are strong Content: A. Witness to life simplicity For Private Use Only Social Teachings of the Church (SCL. 3) UST – IR Prepared by: Dennis Ian B. Teachings: 1. power. and decision-making in the hands of the few 3. Increasing number of marginalized people a. Focus • JUSTICE for all. liberation of all humanity: an essential expression of Christian love • Justice and love • Church witness to justice through  Simplicity of lifestyle  Education to justice  International action B. Wasteful consumption by the rich 4. Proclaim justices on all levels b. Love begins with justice but justice reaches fullness in LOVE 3. Wealth. Injustices are building a network of domination 2.JUSTICE IN THE WORLD Synod of Bishops Historical Background (1967-1971) 1. Student activism: First Quarter Storm iii. The Gospel gives the Church the right to a.

3) UST – IR Prepared by: Dennis Ian B. Sy . Evangelization has a personal and social dimension a. Focus • Evangelization  Involves an explicit message (content) adapted to different situations (context)  Aims to bring the Good News to all strata of society. thought and way of life For Private Use Only Social Teachings of the Church (SCL. The salvation Jesus proclaim is a liberation form all forms of oppression especially from the evil one and the joy of knowing God and being known by Him 3.1975 EVANGELII NUNTIANDI Pope Paul VI Historical Background (1971-1975) • Growth of Secularism  A consumer society  Pursuit of pleasure as supreme value  Desire for power and domination  Discrimination of every kind • Disunity among proclaimers of the word • One sided proclamation of the Gospel • Disregard for the power of the Holy Spirit • Philippines: Martial Law Context: 1975 • Third World People vs. development and liberation b. Evangelization is a religious as well as a temporal task which must explicitly proclaim Jesus 2. God loves the world and through Jesus b. transforming it from within  Preaches • God LOVES the world through JESUS. Primary message of evangelization a. Involving human rights. values. Affecting human judgment. Salvation is available to all c. poverty. famine • Economic and cultural neo-colonialism • Injustice in international relations and trade Content: A. Teachings: 1. peace. justice. SALVATION is available to ALL  Includes a personal and social dimension (personal and structural conversion) B. interests.

People achieve dominion over the earth and fulfillment as human beings b. 3) UST – IR Prepared by: Dennis Ian B. Property a. Iran-Iraq War Context: 1981 • Growth of multi-national corporations • Inadequate protection of agricultural workers • People treated as instruments • Automation • Growing claim for people's participation • Liberal capitalism and Marxist collectivism's rivalry • 1981. family life is sustained and the common good increased 2. Right to Migration a. 1981 LABOREM EXCERCENS Pope John Paul II Historical Background (1975-1981) 1. Human beings are the proper subject of work.c. Labor and capital a. Transforming humanity from within and making it new d. Nature of work a. American Hostages in Iran 3. Property acquired through work to serve labor c. Requiring personal conversion expressed in changing structures 4. Salvation is available to ALL. Fall of the Shah of Iran 2. 90th Anniversary of Rerum Novarum • RP revival of labor unions inspire of repression Content: A. Focus • Dignity of work • Capitalism and socialism • Property • Spirituality of work B. God loves the World through Jesus. Priority of labor over capital b. Right to private property is subordinated to the right of common use b. Primacy of people over things 3. People have the right to leave trer own native countries in search of better For Private Use Only Social Teachings of the Church (SCL. Teachings: 1. Sy . Church favors joint ownership of the means of production 4. Through work.

Philippines • EDSA People Power Revolution  Overthrow of the Marcos dictatorship  Beginning of the restoration of democracy (1986) Context: 1988 • 20th Anniversary of Development of Peoples • Increasing poverty of the multitude • Persistent and widening gap between the developed NORTH and the developing SOUTH • Cultural inequalities • Underdevelopment process due to East-West conflict • RP EDSA People Power Victory and restoration of democratic processes Content: A. Spirituality of work a. Jesus was a man of work c. Focus • Underdevelopment • Authentic development • Solidarity • Moral and spiritual aspects of development B. unemployment session affecting millions in developing and developed countries • National security vs. Characteristics: For Private Use Only Social Teachings of the Church (SCL. gives dignity and participation in Gods activity b. Orientation and measure is man's interior dimension: bodily and spiritual composition. 3) UST – IR Prepared by: Dennis Ian B. people's participation. Work imitates God's activity. Sy . Needed for people to fulfill their total vocation 1988 SOLICITUDO REI SOCIALIS Pope John Paul II Historical Background (1981-1988) • East-West tensions USSR-US • North-South gap Rich-Poor • Debt. Possibility based on God's decision to make man/woman a sharer of Christ's risen glory c. Necessary for the earthly progress and development of the Kingdom iii. Work is i. made to the image and likeness of God b.condition 5. Teachings: 1. A sharing in the cross and resurrection ii. True development: a.

Spirit of initiative on the part of developing nations f. Solidarity iv.change the spiritual attitudes 4. The need for collaboration 5. Sy . 3) UST – IR Prepared by: Dennis Ian B. Affirmation of a. Needed for CONVERSION . Reforms on international economic system e. Systematic campaign against birth • Roots of Todays Evils: Personal Sin and Structure of Sin For Private Use Only Social Teachings of the Church (SCL. Respect for human dignity and people's right to development iii. ideology. Financial and social mechanism which favor the interest of people manipulating them b. Love and preference for the poor c. Denunciation of a. Root of today's evils: Personal Sin and Structure of Sin . class and technology 3. Liberal capitalism's and Marxist collectivism failure to promote true and integral development of individuals and people c. Social doctrine of the Church b. Inclusive collaboration of all ii. Respect for the cosmos 2.idolatry of money.i. Acts of terrorism d. Solidarity d.

" (GS#53) B. ECONOMIC • Not Capitalism or Socialist system but a society of For Private Use Only Social Teachings of the Church (SCL. Teachings: 1.1991 CENTESSIMUS ANNUS Pope John Paul II Historical Background • Fall of Communist Empire • Last decade of 20th century Context: 1991 • Fall of Russian Empire and decline of Communism  Market economy and marginalization of majority  Socialist State Capitalism  Profit and foreign debts  Threats to advance economies • Consumerism • Alienation • Destruction of ecology and human environment • Manipulation of mass communication Content: A. Sy . 3) UST – IR Prepared by: Dennis Ian B. Focus • Rerum Novarum • 1989 significance of the fall of Communist Empire • Private property and universal destination of material good • Business economy and state capitalism • State and Culture • Man the way "The world culture means all those things which people use to improve and develop their many qualities of body and soul.

3) UST – IR Prepared by: Dennis Ian B. Sy . POLITICAL • An authentic democracy which  Is ruled by LAW based on the correct concept of the human person  Provide citizens with • Structures of participation • Shared responsibility through education in the true ideals and the subjectivity of society  Recognize fundamental rights 3. creativity and knowledge of the world of people • Displays capacity for self-control. Freework  Enterprise  Participation where market is appropriately controlled by the forces of society and the state so to guarantee the the basic NEEDS of whole SOCIETY are satisfied 2." For Private Use Only Social Teachings of the Church (SCL. CULTURE • Where  MAN remains above all a being who • Seeks the TRUTH • Strives to LIVE the truth • Deepens his/her understanding of it through DIALOGUE between the old and the young  The PERSON • Exercise intelligence. Enterprise and Participation. personal sacrifice and readiness to promote the common good "Not Capitalism or Socialist system but a society of Freework.

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