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Remote Sensing & GIS Semester-II

CRG-551 Digital Photogrammetry

Content: Primary data acquisition and sensors, and the perception of colour and depth, Linear algebra and the theory of observations, photogrammetric systems and scanners, Image processing platforms, Orientation of images, and digital image enhancement, Aero triangulation and the use of GPS for control point positioning and field completion, Extracting and producing topographic and thematic information from images.

CRG-552 Natural Resource mapping Remote Sensing Application in Agriculture and Soils Forestry Geosciences Geology and water resources Land use application Environmental analysis and managements Marine Science Human Settlement analysis

CRG-553 Advanced GIS


Geo-information system and analysis Raster data base design GIS Vector based data structure/design Data based creation for urban area analysis Urban information system for resources and integrated developing planning Urban modeling GIS application case studies Grid cell Data Processing Principle of grid cell date processing, Rasterizing point, line and polygons Selection of grid cell size and effect on data quality Raster versus Vector Advantages and disadvantages CRG-554 Digital Image Processing

Content :

Principal of Image Processing Basic consideration, Computation of Statistic from Remotely Sensed Data, Histogram and its significance, Digital data format, Image display- Image display sub-system FCC generation, Operational classification of DIP. Source of Image degradation, Image rectification and restoration, Geometric and Radiometric corrections. Registration and Dereferencing. Image enhancement Linear and Non-Linear enhancement technique, Image magnification. Density Slicing, Intensity Hue Saturation (IHS). Spatial filtering High and Low frequency Domain, Multi-Image manipulation, Band Rationing, Image Transformation Fourier Transformation Principal Component Analysis. Pattern Recognition: Concept Basic considerations Implementation of pattern Recognition, Spatial Pattern Recognition, Multi spectral Pattern Recognition, Image classification Supervised and Unsupervised classification. ELECTIVE-II CRG-561 Web Technology for GIS & Mapping Introduction This module focuses on the techniques needed to communicate data through the internet. Students will be introduced to general computer networking theories and internet concepts and they are offered an introduction to several tools, with which internet applications can be built. Throughout the course special attention will be given to the implementation of spatial data communication in GIS and mapping environments over the Internet, often referred to as Internet GIS and mapping applications. Contents Computer networks: Principles of computer networks, hardware/software, client/server computing. Internet concepts: Overview of Internet concepts & features: Internet protocol, Domain Name System, Internet services, WWW, Web servers, Web clients. Web application development: Web page design principles, HTML, XML, data formats, helper applications, Java, databases and the Web. Internet GIS: Application of Internet services to GIS, Internet GIS software, interoperability issues & OpenGIS. CRG-562 Geo Hazard Content: Floods, landslides, Volcanic eruptions and Other natural hazards has dramatically increased over the last decades. In addition, Soil erosion, Stalinization, Subsidence and other forms of land degradation Natural disaster preparedness, Hazard prevention

and mitigation. Urban Hazard and Risk management, Definitions; Types of hazards; Land use planning ; Risk assessment; Types of hazard mapping, RS&GIS application in Hazard mapping Micro-zonation CRG-563 Water Resource Management Introduction Advances in geo-information technology, has created very efficient possibility of collecting, and managing large amounts of data from earth resource processes in various form and scales. In many cases now the problem is not lack of data/information, but the selection and process of data to generate meaningful and timely information that can support better management of water resources. In this line, this module introduces the water resource planning and management process, the trend and the role if information technology, and contributes to development and operationalization of a framework for planning and decision-making to support better management of water resources. This is carried out to provide information for decision makers to make an effective and efficient choice so that the selected option is attainable (can be realized, and is practical), desirable (acceptable to all stakeholders), and fulfils the minimum requirements. Therefore, this module will address, decision making process, plan formulation process, modelling integrated water resource management, impact assessment and valuation of various management options, plans, scenarios, interventions through multiple criteria evaluation which leads to selection, recommendation of specific action, in the context of land and water resource management. Contents Introduction to decision making process. Introduction to decision and planning support systems. Modelling the demand and supply for water resource management. Development of integrated water resource management model. Scenario development and analysis. Introduction to multiple criteria evaluation techniques. Application of the above in case studies related to environmental and water resource management (participants can select the case according to their background and interests)

CRG-564 Urban Infrastructure Managements

Content :

Preparation of photomap for base mapping in Cadastral Mapping, Characteristics of base Maps; Scale of base maps; base maps for regional/district planning, preparation of photomap Orthophoto maps, Cadastral Mapping, Urban & Regional Mapping & planning using various Remote Sensing Date products, Various remote sensing products; Photographic & Non Photographic systems; Form of RS Product available, Application of various data products in urban and regional studies, Multi-date , Multi-stage, Multi resolution, Multi-sensor concept and application. Updating Monitoring using High

Resolution Date product, Aim of SFAP; Camera consideration; Flight planning; Thematic Cartography, Thematic date; thematic presentation; thematic mapping and cartography communication; CRG-565 Crop Yield Modeling

Agricultural system are overwhelmingly a complex process of air, water, soil, plants, animals, micro-organism and everything else in a bounded area that people have modified for the purposes of agricultural production. Some of the most important decision in agricultural production, such as what crops to grow and on how much land to allocate depends on the existing knowledge base of current and future physical conditions like soil and climate, yields and prices. Modeling of the various processes in the system helps us to understand its flow and intricacies. An important issue in agricultural environmental modeling is that all the basic units (water, soil and chemicals) have a spatial distribution, and since this distribution does affect the processes and dynamics of their interaction considerably, geographic information system (GIS) is emerging as an important tool in modeling.

Basic concepts of modeling, Types of Model, Factor controlling crop growth, Soil atmosphere, Crop geometry, Physiology of crop Season and variation, CERUS, ORYZA, CROPSYST Crop yield estimation: integrating RS, GIS and management factors Rainfall profiles to develop regression models, GIS-Based Regional Spatial Crop Yield Modeling Seasonal weather forecasts for crop yield modeling

CRG-566 Urban area Administration Introduction The module is designed to create awareness of urban planning, land administration and infrastructure management in the context of Local Government and Municipal Governance. Special attention is given to data and information for Municipal Urban management. The meaning of spatial data is explored. The module stresses the importance of modeling the phenomena of the real world into data and information, which can be handled by tools and techniques for spatial data handling. Contents:

Lectures and exercises to understand the concept of modeling space and urban environments. Lectures on aspects of governance, land administration, urban planning and urban infrastructure management. Reconnaissance of the urban environment of Enschede and field-data capture. Visits to sites and organizations that play a role in urban and municipal management. Information skills (searching and using libraries and www.