# Note that all table values were calculated using the distribution facilities in STATISTICA BASIC, and they

were verified against other published tables.
Standard Normal (Z) Table

The Standard Normal distribution is used in various hypothesis tests including tests on single means, the difference between two means, and tests on
proportions. The Standard Normal distribution has a mean of 0 and a standard deviation of 1. The animation above shows various (left) tail areas for this
As shown in the illustration below, the values inside the given table represent the areas under the standard normal curve for values between 0 and the relative
z-score. For example, to determine the area under the curve between 0 and 2.36, look in the intersecting cell for the row labeled 2.30 and the column labeled
0.06. The area under the curve is .4909. To determine the area between 0 and a negative value, look in the intersecting cell of the row and column which sums
to the absolute value of the number in question. For example, the area under the curve between -1.3 and 0 is equal to the area under the curve between 1.3
and 0, so look at the cell on the 1.3 row and the 0.00 column (the area is 0.4032).
Area between 0 and z

0.00

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.08

0.09

0.0

0.0000 0.0040 0.0080 0.0120 0.0160 0.0199 0.0239 0.0279 0.0319 0.0359

0.1

0.0398 0.0438 0.0478 0.0517 0.0557 0.0596 0.0636 0.0675 0.0714 0.0753

0.2

0.0793 0.0832 0.0871 0.0910 0.0948 0.0987 0.1026 0.1064 0.1103 0.1141

0.3

0.1179 0.1217 0.1255 0.1293 0.1331 0.1368 0.1406 0.1443 0.1480 0.1517

0.4

0.1554 0.1591 0.1628 0.1664 0.1700 0.1736 0.1772 0.1808 0.1844 0.1879

0.5

0.1915 0.1950 0.1985 0.2019 0.2054 0.2088 0.2123 0.2157 0.2190 0.2224

0.6

0.2257 0.2291 0.2324 0.2357 0.2389 0.2422 0.2454 0.2486 0.2517 0.2549

0.7

0.2580 0.2611 0.2642 0.2673 0.2704 0.2734 0.2764 0.2794 0.2823 0.2852

0.8

0.2881 0.2910 0.2939 0.2967 0.2995 0.3023 0.3051 0.3078 0.3106 0.3133

0.9

0.3159 0.3186 0.3212 0.3238 0.3264 0.3289 0.3315 0.3340 0.3365 0.3389

1.0

0.3413 0.3438 0.3461 0.3485 0.3508 0.3531 0.3554 0.3577 0.3599 0.3621

1.1

0.3643 0.3665 0.3686 0.3708 0.3729 0.3749 0.3770 0.3790 0.3810 0.3830

1.2

0.3849 0.3869 0.3888 0.3907 0.3925 0.3944 0.3962 0.3980 0.3997 0.4015

1.3

0.4032 0.4049 0.4066 0.4082 0.4099 0.4115 0.4131 0.4147 0.4162 0.4177

1.4

0.4192 0.4207 0.4222 0.4236 0.4251 0.4265 0.4279 0.4292 0.4306 0.4319

1.5

0.4332 0.4345 0.4357 0.4370 0.4382 0.4394 0.4406 0.4418 0.4429 0.4441

1.6

0.4452 0.4463 0.4474 0.4484 0.4495 0.4505 0.4515 0.4525 0.4535 0.4545

1.7

0.4554 0.4564 0.4573 0.4582 0.4591 0.4599 0.4608 0.4616 0.4625 0.4633

1.8

0.4641 0.4649 0.4656 0.4664 0.4671 0.4678 0.4686 0.4693 0.4699 0.4706

1.9

0.4713 0.4719 0.4726 0.4732 0.4738 0.4744 0.4750 0.4756 0.4761 0.4767

2.0

0.4772 0.4778 0.4783 0.4788 0.4793 0.4798 0.4803 0.4808 0.4812 0.4817

2.1

0.4821 0.4826 0.4830 0.4834 0.4838 0.4842 0.4846 0.4850 0.4854 0.4857

2.2

0.4861 0.4864 0.4868 0.4871 0.4875 0.4878 0.4881 0.4884 0.4887 0.4890

2.3

0.4893 0.4896 0.4898 0.4901 0.4904 0.4906 0.4909 0.4911 0.4913 0.4916

2.4

0.4918 0.4920 0.4922 0.4925 0.4927 0.4929 0.4931 0.4932 0.4934 0.4936

2.5

0.4938 0.4940 0.4941 0.4943 0.4945 0.4946 0.4948 0.4949 0.4951 0.4952

2.6

0.4953 0.4955 0.4956 0.4957 0.4959 0.4960 0.4961 0.4962 0.4963 0.4964

2.7

0.4965 0.4966 0.4967 0.4968 0.4969 0.4970 0.4971 0.4972 0.4973 0.4974

2.8

0.4974 0.4975 0.4976 0.4977 0.4977 0.4978 0.4979 0.4979 0.4980 0.4981

2.9

0.4981 0.4982 0.4982 0.4983 0.4984 0.4984 0.4985 0.4985 0.4986 0.4986

3.0

0.4987 0.4987 0.4987 0.4988 0.4988 0.4989 0.4989 0.4989 0.4990 0.4990

To index
Student's t Table

The Shape of the Student's t distribution is determined by the degrees of freedom. As shown in the animation above, its shape changes as the degrees of
freedom increases. For more information on how this distribution is used in hypothesis testing, see t-test for independent samples and t-test for
dependent samples in Basic Statistics and Tables. See also, Student's t Distribution. As indicated by the chart below, the areas given at the top of this
table are the right tail areas for the t-value inside the table. To determine the 0.05 critical value from the t-distribution with 6 degrees of freedom, look in the
0.05 column at the 6 row: t(.05,6) = 1.943180.
t table with right tail probabilities

df\p

0.40

0.25

0.10

0.05

0.025

0.01

0.005

0.0005

1

0.324920

1.000000

3.077684

6.313752

12.70620

31.82052

63.65674

636.6192

2

0.288675

0.816497

1.885618

2.919986

4.30265

6.96456

9.92484

31.5991

3

0.276671

0.764892

1.637744

2.353363

3.18245

4.54070

5.84091

12.9240

4

0.270722

0.740697

1.533206

2.131847

2.77645

3.74695

4.60409

8.6103

5

0.267181

0.726687

1.475884

2.015048

2.57058

3.36493

4.03214

6.8688

6

0.264835

0.717558

1.439756

1.943180

2.44691

3.14267

3.70743

5.9588

7

0.263167

0.711142

1.414924

1.894579

2.36462

2.99795

3.49948

5.4079

8

0.261921

0.706387

1.396815

1.859548

2.30600

2.89646

3.35539

5.0413

9

0.260955

0.702722

1.383029

1.833113

2.26216

2.82144

3.24984

4.7809

10

0.260185

0.699812

1.372184

1.812461

2.22814

2.76377

3.16927

4.5869

11

0.259556

0.697445

1.363430

1.795885

2.20099

2.71808

3.10581

4.4370

12

0.259033

0.695483

1.356217

1.782288

2.17881

2.68100

3.05454

4.3178

13

0.258591

0.693829

1.350171

1.770933

2.16037

2.65031

3.01228

4.2208

14

0.258213

0.692417

1.345030

1.761310

2.14479

2.62449

2.97684

4.1405

15

0.257885

0.691197

1.340606

1.753050

2.13145

2.60248

2.94671

4.0728

16

0.257599

0.690132

1.336757

1.745884

2.11991

2.58349

2.92078

4.0150

17

0.257347

0.689195

1.333379

1.739607

2.10982

2.56693

2.89823

3.9651

18

0.257123

0.688364

1.330391

1.734064

2.10092

2.55238

2.87844

3.9216

19

0.256923

0.687621

1.327728

1.729133

2.09302

2.53948

2.86093

3.8834

20

0.256743

0.686954

1.325341

1.724718

2.08596

2.52798

2.84534

3.8495

21

0.256580

0.686352

1.323188

1.720743

2.07961

2.51765

2.83136

3.8193

22

0.256432

0.685805

1.321237

1.717144

2.07387

2.50832

2.81876

3.7921

23

0.256297

0.685306

1.319460

1.713872

2.06866

2.49987

2.80734

3.7676

24

0.256173

0.684850

1.317836

1.710882

2.06390

2.49216

2.79694

3.7454

25

0.256060

0.684430

1.316345

1.708141

2.05954

2.48511

2.78744

3.7251

26

0.255955

0.684043

1.314972

1.705618

2.05553

2.47863

2.77871

3.7066

27

0.255858

0.683685

1.313703

1.703288

2.05183

2.47266

2.77068

3.6896

28

0.255768

0.683353

1.312527

1.701131

2.04841

2.46714

2.76326

3.6739

29

0.255684

0.683044

1.311434

1.699127

2.04523

2.46202

2.75639

3.6594

30

0.255605

0.682756

1.310415

1.697261

2.04227

2.45726

2.75000

3.6460

inf

0.253347

0.674490

1.281552

1.644854

1.95996

2.32635

2.57583

3.2905
To index

Chi-Square Table

Like the Student's t-Distribution, the Chi-square distribution's shape is determined by its degrees of freedom. The animation above shows the shape of the Chisquare distribution as the degrees of freedom increase (1, 2, 5, 10, 25 and 50). For examples of tests of hypothesis that use the Chi-square distribution,
see Statistics in crosstabulation tables in Basic Statistics and Tables as well as Nonlinear Estimation . See also,Chi-square Distribution. As shown in
the illustration below, the values inside this table are critical values of the Chi-square distribution with the corresponding degrees of freedom. To determine the
value from a Chi-square distribution (with a specific degree of freedom) which has a given area above it, go to the given area column and the desired degree of
freedom row. For example, the .25 critical value for a Chi-square with 4 degrees of freedom is 5.38527. This means that the area to the right of 5.38527 in a
Chi-square distribution with 4 degrees of freedom is .25.
Right tail areas for the Chi-square Distribution

df\ar
ea
.995
1

.990

.975

.950

.900

.750

.500

.250

.100

.050

.025

.010

.005

0.0000 0.0001 0.0009 0.0039 0.0157 0.1015 0.4549 1.3233 2.7055 3.8414 5.0238 6.6349 7.87944

4

6

8

3

9

3

4

0

4

6

9

0

2

0.0100 0.0201 0.0506 0.1025 0.2107 0.5753 1.3862 2.7725 4.6051 5.9914 7.3777 9.2103 10.5966
3
0
4
9
2
6
9
9
7
6
6
4
3

3

0.0717 0.1148 0.2158 0.3518 0.5843 1.2125 2.3659 4.1083 6.2513 7.8147 9.3484 11.344 12.8381
2
3
0
5
7
3
7
4
9
3
0
87
6

4

0.2069 0.2971 0.4844 0.7107 1.0636 1.9225 3.3566 5.3852 7.7794 9.4877 11.143 13.276 14.8602
9
1
2
2
2
6
9
7
4
3
29
70
6

5

0.4117 0.5543 0.8312 1.1454 1.6103 2.6746 4.3514 6.6256 9.2363 11.070 12.832 15.086 16.7496
4
0
1
8
1
0
6
8
6
50
50
27
0

6

0.6757 0.8720 1.2373 1.6353 2.2041 3.4546 5.3481 7.8408 10.644 12.591 14.449 16.811 18.5475
3
9
4
8
3
0
2
0
64
59
38
89
8

7

0.9892 1.2390 1.6898 2.1673 2.8331 4.2548 6.3458 9.0371 12.017 14.067 16.012 18.475 20.2777
6
4
7
5
1
5
1
5
04
14
76
31
4

8

1.3444 1.6465 2.1797 2.7326 3.4895 5.0706 7.3441 10.218 13.361 15.507 17.534 20.090 21.9549
1
0
3
4
4
4
2
85
57
31
55
24
5

9

1.7349 2.0879 2.7003 3.3251 4.1681 5.8988 8.3428 11.388 14.683 16.918 19.022 21.665 23.5893
3
0
9
1
6
3
3
75
66
98
77
99
5

10

2.1558 2.5582 3.2469 3.9403 4.8651 6.7372 9.3418 12.548 15.987 18.307 20.483 23.209 25.1881
6
1
7
0
8
0
2
86
18
04
18
25
8

11

2.6032 3.0534 3.8157 4.5748 5.5777 7.5841 10.341 13.700 17.275 19.675 21.920 24.724 26.7568
2
8
5
1
8
4
00
69
01
14
05
97
5

12

3.0738 3.5705 4.4037 5.2260 6.3038 8.4384 11.340 14.845 18.549 21.026 23.336 26.216 28.2995
2
7
9
3
0
2
32
40
35
07
66
97
2

13

3.5650 4.1069 5.0087 5.8918 7.0415 9.2990 12.339 15.983 19.811 22.362 24.735 27.688 29.8194
3
2
5
6
0
7
76
91
93
03
60
25
7

14

4.0746 4.6604 5.6287 6.5706 7.7895 10.165 13.339 17.116 21.064 23.684 26.118 29.141 31.3193
7
3
3
3
3
31
27
93
14
79
95
24
5

15

4.6009 5.2293 6.2621 7.2609 8.5467 11.036 14.338 18.245 22.307 24.995 27.488 30.577 32.8013
2
5
4
4
6
54
86
09
13
79
39
91
2

16

5.1422 5.8122 6.9076 7.9616 9.3122 11.912 15.338 19.368 23.541 26.296 28.845 31.999 34.2671
1
1
6
5
4
22
50
86
83
23
35
93
9

17

5.6972 6.4077 7.5641 8.6717 10.085 12.791 16.338 20.488 24.769 27.587 30.191 33.408 35.7184

2

6

9

6

19

93

18

68

04

11

01

66

7

18

6.2648 7.0149 8.2307 9.3904 10.864 13.675 17.337 21.604 25.989 28.869 31.526 34.805 37.1564
0
1
5
6
94
29
90
89
42
30
38
31
5

19

6.8439 7.6327 8.9065 10.117 11.650 14.562 18.337 22.717 27.203 30.143 32.852 36.190 38.5822
7
3
2
01
91
00
65
81
57
53
33
87
6

20

7.4338 8.2604 9.5907 10.850 12.442 15.451 19.337 23.827 28.411 31.410 34.169 37.566 39.9968
4
0
8
81
61
77
43
69
98
43
61
23
5

21

8.0336 8.8972 10.282 11.591 13.239 16.344 20.337 24.934 29.615 32.670 35.478 38.932 41.4010
5
0
90
31
60
38
23
78
09
57
88
17
6

22

8.6427 9.5424 10.982 12.338 14.041 17.239 21.337 26.039 30.813 33.924 36.780 40.289 42.7956
2
9
32
01
49
62
04
27
28
44
71
36
5

23

9.2604 10.195 11.688 13.090 14.847 18.137 22.336 27.141 32.006 35.172 38.075 41.638 44.1812
2
72
55
51
96
30
88
34
90
46
63
40
8

24

9.8862 10.856 12.401 13.848 15.658 19.037 23.336 28.241 33.196 36.415 39.364 42.979 45.5585
3
36
15
43
68
25
73
15
24
03
08
82
1

25

10.519 11.523 13.119 14.611 16.473 19.939 24.336 29.338 34.381 37.652 40.646 44.314 46.9278
65
98
72
41
41
34
59
85
59
48
47
10
9

26

11.160 12.198 13.843 15.379 17.291 20.843 25.336 30.434 35.563 38.885 41.923 45.641 48.2898
24
15
90
16
88
43
46
57
17
14
17
68
8

27

11.807 12.878 14.573 16.151 18.113 21.749 26.336 31.528 36.741 40.113 43.194 46.962 49.6449
59
50
38
40
90
40
34
41
22
27
51
94
2

28

12.461 13.564 15.307 16.927 18.939 22.657 27.336 32.620 37.915 41.337 44.460 48.278 50.9933
34
71
86
88
24
16
23
49
92
14
79
24
8

29

13.121 14.256 16.047 17.708 19.767 23.566 28.336 33.710 39.087 42.556 45.722 49.587 52.3356
15
45
07
37
74
59
13
91
47
97
29
88
2

30

13.786 14.953 16.790 18.492 20.599 24.477 29.336 34.799 40.256 43.772 46.979 50.892 53.6719
72
46
77
66
23
61
03
74
02
97
24
18
6

F Distribution Tables

To index

The F distribution is a right-skewed distribution used most commonly in Analysis of Variance (see ANOVA/MANOVA). The F distribution is a ratio of two Chisquare distributions, and a specific F distribution is denoted by the degrees of freedom for the numerator Chi-square and the degrees of freedom for the
denominator Chi-square. An example of the F(10,10) distribution is shown in the animation above. When referencing the F distribution, the numerator degrees of
freedom are always given first, as switching the order of degrees of freedom changes the distribution (e.g., F(10,12) does not equal F(12,10)). For the four F tables
below, the rows represent denominator degrees of freedom and the columns represent numerator degrees of freedom. The right tail area is given in the name
of the table. For example, to determine the .05 critical value for an F distribution with 10 and 12 degrees of freedom, look in the 10 column (numerator) and 12
row (denominator) of the F Table for alpha=.05. F(.05, 10, 12) = 2.7534.
F Table for alpha=.10

df2
/df
1
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

12

15

20

24

30

40

60

120 INF

1

39.8 49.5 53.5 55.8 57.2 58.2 58.9 59.4 59.8 60.1 60.7 61.2 61.7 62.0 62.2 62.5 62.7 63.0 63.32
6346 0000 9324 3296 4008 0442 0595 3898 5759 9498 0521 2034 4029 0205 6497 2905 9428 6064 812

2

8.52 9.00 9.16 9.24 9.29 9.32 9.34 9.36 9.38 9.39 9.40 9.42 9.44 9.44 9.45 9.46 9.47 9.48 9.491
632 000 179 342 263 553 908 677 054 157 813 471 131 962 793 624 456 289 22

3

5.53 5.46 5.39 5.34 5.30 5.28 5.26 5.25 5.24 5.23 5.21 5.20 5.18 5.17 5.16 5.15 5.15 5.14 5.133
832 238 077 264 916 473 619 167 000 041 562 031 448 636 811 972 119 251 70

4

4.54 4.32 4.19 4.10 4.05 4.00 3.97 3.95 3.93 3.91 3.89 3.87 3.84 3.83 3.81 3.80 3.78 3.77 3.760
477 456 086 725 058 975 897 494 567 988 553 036 434 099 742 361 957 527 73

5

4.06 3.77 3.61 3.52 3.45 3.40 3.36 3.33 3.31 3.29 3.26 3.23 3.20 3.19 3.17 3.15 3.14 3.12 3.105
042 972 948 020 298 451 790 928 628 740 824 801 665 052 408 732 023 279 00

6

3.77 3.46 3.28 3.18 3.10 3.05 3.01 2.98 2.95 2.93 2.90 2.87 2.83 2.81 2.79 2.78 2.76 2.74 2.722

595 330 876 076 751 455 446 304 774 693 472 122 634 834 996 117 195 229 16
7

3.58 3.25 3.07 2.96 2.88 2.82 2.78 2.75 2.72 2.70 2.66 2.63 2.59 2.57 2.55 2.53 2.51 2.49 2.470
943 744 407 053 334 739 493 158 468 251 811 223 473 533 546 510 422 279 79

8

3.45 3.11 2.92 2.80 2.72 2.66 2.62 2.58 2.56 2.53 2.50 2.46 2.42 2.40 2.38 2.36 2.33 2.31 2.292
792 312 380 643 645 833 413 935 124 804 196 422 464 410 302 136 910 618 57

9

3.36 3.00 2.81 2.69 2.61 2.55 2.50 2.46 2.44 2.41 2.37 2.33 2.29 2.27 2.25 2.23 2.20 2.18 2.159
030 645 286 268 061 086 531 941 034 632 888 962 832 683 472 196 849 427 23

10

3.28 2.92 2.72 2.60 2.52 2.46 2.41 2.37 2.34 2.32 2.28 2.24 2.20 2.17 2.15 2.13 2.10 2.08 2.055
502 447 767 534 164 058 397 715 731 260 405 351 074 843 543 169 716 176 42

11

3.22 2.85 2.66 2.53 2.45 2.38 2.34 2.30 2.27 2.24 2.20 2.16 2.12 2.10 2.07 2.05 2.02 1.99 1.972
520 951 023 619 118 907 157 400 350 823 873 709 305 001 621 161 612 965 11

12

3.17 2.80 2.60 2.48 2.39 2.33 2.28 2.24 2.21 2.18 2.14 2.10 2.05 2.03 2.01 1.98 1.95 1.93 1.903
655 680 552 010 402 102 278 457 352 776 744 485 968 599 149 610 973 228 61

13

3.13 2.76 2.56 2.43 2.34 2.28 2.23 2.19 2.16 2.13 2.09 2.05 2.00 1.98 1.95 1.93 1.90 1.87 1.846
621 317 027 371 672 298 410 535 382 763 659 316 698 272 757 147 429 591 20

14

3.10 2.72 2.52 2.39 2.30 2.24 2.19 2.15 2.12 2.09 2.05 2.00 1.96 1.93 1.91 1.88 1.85 1.82 1.797
221 647 222 469 694 256 313 390 195 540 371 953 245 766 193 516 723 800 28

15

3.07 2.69 2.48 2.36 2.27 2.20 2.15 2.11 2.08 2.05 2.01 1.97 1.92 1.89 1.87 1.84 1.81 1.78 1.755
319 517 979 143 302 808 818 853 621 932 707 222 431 904 277 539 676 672 05

16

3.04 2.66 2.46 2.33 2.24 2.17 2.12 2.08 2.05 2.02 1.98 1.93 1.89 1.86 1.83 1.81 1.78 1.75 1.718
811 817 181 274 376 833 800 798 533 815 539 992 127 556 879 084 156 075 17

17

3.02 2.64 2.43 2.30 2.21 2.15 2.10 2.06 2.02 2.00 1.95 1.91 1.86 1.83 1.80 1.78 1.75 1.71 1.685
623 464 743 775 825 239 169 134 839 094 772 169 236 624 901 053 063 909 64

18

3.00 2.62 2.41 2.28 2.19 2.12 2.07 2.03 2.00 1.97 1.93 1.88 1.83 1.81 1.78 1.75 1.72 1.69 1.656
698 395 601 577 583 958 854 789 467 698 334 681 685 035 269 371 322 099 71

19

2.98 2.60 2.39 2.26 2.17 2.10 2.05 2.01 1.98 1.95 1.91 1.86 1.81 1.78 1.75 1.72 1.69 1.66 1.630
990 561 702 630 596 936 802 710 364 573 170 471 416 731 924 979 876 587 77

20

2.97 2.58 2.38 2.24 2.15 2.09 2.03 1.99 1.96 1.93 1.89 1.84 1.79 1.76 1.73 1.70 1.67 1.64 1.607
465 925 009 893 823 132 970 853 485 674 236 494 384 667 822 833 678 326 38

21

2.96 2.57 2.36 2.23 2.14 2.07 2.02 1.98 1.94 1.91 1.87 1.82 1.77 1.74 1.71 1.68 1.65 1.62 1.586
096 457 489 334 231 512 325 186 797 967 497 715 555 807 927 896 691 278 15

22

2.94 2.56 2.35 2.21 2.12 2.06 2.00 1.96 1.93 1.90 1.85 1.81 1.75 1.73 1.70 1.67 1.63 1.60 1.566

858 131 117 927 794 050 840 680 273 425 925 106 899 122 208 138 885 415 78
23

2.93 2.54 2.33 2.20 2.11 2.04 1.99 1.95 1.91 1.89 1.84 1.79 1.74 1.71 1.68 1.65 1.62 1.58 1.549
736 929 873 651 491 723 492 312 888 025 497 643 392 588 643 535 237 711 03

24

2.92 2.53 2.32 2.19 2.10 2.03 1.98 1.94 1.90 1.87 1.83 1.78 1.73 1.70 1.67 1.64 1.60 1.57 1.532
712 833 739 488 303 513 263 066 625 748 194 308 015 185 210 067 726 146 70

25

2.91 2.52 2.31 2.18 2.09 2.02 1.97 1.92 1.89 1.86 1.82 1.77 1.71 1.68 1.65 1.62 1.59 1.55 1.517
774 831 702 424 216 406 138 925 469 578 000 083 752 898 895 718 335 703 60

26

2.90 2.51 2.30 2.17 2.08 2.01 1.96 1.91 1.88 1.85 1.80 1.75 1.70 1.67 1.64 1.61 1.58 1.54 1.503
913 910 749 447 218 389 104 876 407 503 902 957 589 712 682 472 050 368 60

27

2.90 2.51 2.29 2.16 2.07 2.00 1.95 1.90 1.87 1.84 1.79 1.74 1.69 1.66 1.63 1.60 1.56 1.53 1.490
119 061 871 546 298 452 151 909 427 511 889 917 514 616 560 320 859 129 57

28

2.89 2.50 2.29 2.15 2.06 1.99 1.94 1.90 1.86 1.83 1.78 1.73 1.68 1.65 1.62 1.59 1.55 1.51 1.478
385 276 060 714 447 585 270 014 520 593 951 954 519 600 519 250 753 976 41

29

2.88 2.49 2.28 2.14 2.05 1.98 1.93 1.89 1.85 1.82 1.78 1.73 1.67 1.64 1.61 1.58 1.54 1.50 1.467
703 548 307 941 658 781 452 184 679 741 081 060 593 655 551 253 721 899 04

30

2.88 2.48 2.27 2.14 2.04 1.98 1.92 1.88 1.84 1.81 1.77 1.72 1.66 1.63 1.60 1.57 1.53 1.49 1.456
069 872 607 223 925 033 692 412 896 949 270 227 731 774 648 323 757 891 36

40

2.83 2.44 2.22 2.09 1.99 1.92 1.87 1.82 1.79 1.76 1.71 1.66 1.60 1.57 1.54 1.50 1.46 1.42 1.376
535 037 609 095 682 688 252 886 290 269 456 241 515 411 108 562 716 476 91

60

2.79 2.39 2.17 2.04 1.94 1.87 1.81 1.77 1.73 1.70 1.65 1.60 1.54 1.51 1.47 1.43 1.39 1.34 1.291
107 325 741 099 571 472 939 483 802 701 743 337 349 072 554 734 520 757 46

2.74 2.34 2.12 1.99 1.89 1.82 1.76 1.72 1.68 1.65 1.60 1.54 1.48 1.44 1.40 1.36 1.32 1.26 1.192
120 781 734 999 230 587 381 748 196 425 238 120 500 207 723 938 760 034 457 56
inf

2.70 2.30 2.08 1.94 1.84 1.77 1.71 1.67 1.63 1.59 1.54 1.48 1.42 1.38 1.34 1.29 1.23 1.16 1.000
554 259 380 486 727 411 672 020 152 872 578 714 060 318 187 513 995 860 00

F Table for alpha=.05

df2 1

2

3

4

To index

5

6

7

8

9

10

12

15

20

24

30

40

60

120 INF

/df
1
1

161. 199. 215. 224. 230. 233. 236. 238. 240. 241. 243. 245. 248. 249. 250. 251. 252. 253. 254.3
4476 5000 7073 5832 1619 9860 7684 8827 5433 8817 9060 9499 0131 0518 0951 1432 1957 2529 144

2

18.5 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.2 19.3 19.3 19.3 19.3 19.3 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.49
128 000 643 468 964 295 532 710 848 959 125 291 458 541 624 707 791 874 57

3

10.1 9.55 9.27 9.11 9.01 8.94 8.88 8.84 8.81 8.78 8.74 8.70 8.66 8.63 8.61 8.59 8.57 8.54 8.526
280 21 66 72 35 06 67 52 23 55 46 29 02 85 66 44 20 94 4

4

7.70 6.94 6.59 6.38 6.25 6.16 6.09 6.04 5.99 5.96 5.91 5.85 5.80 5.77 5.74 5.71 5.68 5.65 5.628
86 43 14 82 61 31 42 10 88 44 17 78 25 44 59 70 77 81 1

5

6.60 5.78 5.40 5.19 5.05 4.95 4.87 4.81 4.77 4.73 4.67 4.61 4.55 4.52 4.49 4.46 4.43 4.39 4.365
79 61 95 22 03 03 59 83 25 51 77 88 81 72 57 38 14 85 0

6

5.98 5.14 4.75 4.53 4.38 4.28 4.20 4.14 4.09 4.06 3.99 3.93 3.87 3.84 3.80 3.77 3.73 3.70 3.668
74 33 71 37 74 39 67 68 90 00 99 81 42 15 82 43 98 47 9

7

5.59 4.73 4.34 4.12 3.97 3.86 3.78 3.72 3.67 3.63 3.57 3.51 3.44 3.41 3.37 3.34 3.30 3.26 3.229
14 74 68 03 15 60 70 57 67 65 47 07 45 05 58 04 43 74 8

8

5.31 4.45 4.06 3.83 3.68 3.58 3.50 3.43 3.38 3.34 3.28 3.21 3.15 3.11 3.07 3.04 3.00 2.96 2.927
77 90 62 79 75 06 05 81 81 72 39 84 03 52 94 28 53 69 6

9

5.11 4.25 3.86 3.63 3.48 3.37 3.29 3.22 3.17 3.13 3.07 3.00 2.93 2.90 2.86 2.82 2.78 2.74 2.706
74 65 25 31 17 38 27 96 89 73 29 61 65 05 37 59 72 75 7

10

4.96 4.10 3.70 3.47 3.32 3.21 3.13 3.07 3.02 2.97 2.91 2.84 2.77 2.73 2.69 2.66 2.62 2.58 2.537
46 28 83 80 58 72 55 17 04 82 30 50 40 72 96 09 11 01 9

11

4.84 3.98 3.58 3.35 3.20 3.09 3.01 2.94 2.89 2.85 2.78 2.71 2.64 2.60 2.57 2.53 2.49 2.44 2.404
43 23 74 67 39 46 23 80 62 36 76 86 64 90 05 09 01 80 5

12

4.74 3.88 3.49 3.25 3.10 2.99 2.91 2.84 2.79 2.75 2.68 2.61 2.54 2.50 2.46 2.42 2.38 2.34 2.296
72 53 03 92 59 61 34 86 64 34 66 69 36 55 63 59 42 10 2

13

4.66 3.80 3.41 3.17 3.02 2.91 2.83 2.76 2.71 2.67 2.60 2.53 2.45 2.42 2.38 2.33 2.29 2.25 2.206
72 56 05 91 54 53 21 69 44 10 37 31 89 02 03 92 66 24 4

14

4.60 3.73 3.34 3.11 2.95 2.84 2.76 2.69 2.64 2.60 2.53 2.46 2.38 2.34 2.30 2.26 2.22 2.17 2.130
01 89 39 22 82 77 42 87 58 22 42 30 79 87 82 64 29 78 7

15

4.54 3.68 3.28 3.05 2.90 2.79 2.70 2.64 2.58 2.54 2.47 2.40 2.32 2.28 2.24 2.20 2.16 2.11 2.065
31 23 74 56 13 05 66 08 76 37 53 34 75 78 68 43 01 41 8

16

4.49 3.63 3.23 3.00 2.85 2.74 2.65 2.59 2.53 2.49 2.42 2.35 2.27 2.23 2.19 2.15 2.10 2.05 2.009
40 37 89 69 24 13 72 11 77 35 47 22 56 54 38 07 58 89 6

17

4.45 3.59 3.19 2.96 2.81 2.69 2.61 2.54 2.49 2.44 2.38 2.30 2.23 2.18 2.14 2.10 2.05 2.01 1.960
13 15 68 47 00 87 43 80 43 99 07 77 04 98 77 40 84 07 4

18

4.41 3.55 3.15 2.92 2.77 2.66 2.57 2.51 2.45 2.41 2.34 2.26 2.19 2.14 2.10 2.06 2.01 1.96 1.916
39 46 99 77 29 13 67 02 63 17 21 86 06 97 71 29 66 81 8

19

4.38 3.52 3.12 2.89 2.74 2.62 2.54 2.47 2.42 2.37 2.30 2.23 2.15 2.11 2.07 2.02 1.97 1.93 1.878
07 19 74 51 01 83 35 68 27 79 80 41 55 41 12 64 95 02 0

20

4.35 3.49 3.09 2.86 2.71 2.59 2.51 2.44 2.39 2.34 2.27 2.20 2.12 2.08 2.03 1.99 1.94 1.89 1.843
12 28 84 61 09 90 40 71 28 79 76 33 42 25 91 38 64 63 2

21

4.32 3.46 3.07 2.84 2.68 2.57 2.48 2.42 2.36 2.32 2.25 2.17 2.09 2.05 2.01 1.96 1.91 1.86 1.811
48 68 25 01 48 27 76 05 60 10 04 57 60 40 02 45 65 57 7

22

4.30 3.44 3.04 2.81 2.66 2.54 2.46 2.39 2.34 2.29 2.22 2.15 2.07 2.02 1.98 1.93 1.88 1.83 1.783
09 34 91 67 13 91 38 65 19 67 58 08 07 83 42 80 94 80 1

23

4.27 3.42 3.02 2.79 2.64 2.52 2.44 2.37 2.32 2.27 2.20 2.12 2.04 2.00 1.96 1.91 1.86 1.81 1.757
93 21 80 55 00 77 22 48 01 47 36 82 76 50 05 39 48 28 0

24

4.25 3.40 3.00 2.77 2.62 2.50 2.42 2.35 2.30 2.25 2.18 2.10 2.02 1.98 1.93 1.89 1.84 1.78 1.733
97 28 88 63 07 82 26 51 02 47 34 77 67 38 90 20 24 96 0

25

4.24 3.38 2.99 2.75 2.60 2.49 2.40 2.33 2.28 2.23 2.16 2.08 2.00 1.96 1.91 1.87 1.82 1.76 1.711
17 52 12 87 30 04 47 71 21 65 49 89 75 43 92 18 17 84 0

26

4.22 3.36 2.97 2.74 2.58 2.47 2.38 2.32 2.26 2.21 2.14 2.07 1.98 1.94 1.90 1.85 1.80 1.74 1.690
52 90 52 26 68 41 83 05 55 97 79 16 98 64 10 33 27 88 6

27

4.21 3.35 2.96 2.72 2.57 2.45 2.37 2.30 2.25 2.20 2.13 2.05 1.97 1.92 1.88 1.83 1.78 1.73 1.671
00 41 04 78 19 91 32 53 01 43 23 58 36 99 42 61 51 06 7

28

4.19 3.34 2.94 2.71 2.55 2.44 2.35 2.29 2.23 2.19 2.11 2.04 1.95 1.91 1.86 1.82 1.76 1.71 1.654
60 04 67 41 81 53 93 13 60 00 79 11 86 47 87 03 89 38 1

29

4.18 3.32 2.93 2.70 2.54 2.43 2.34 2.27 2.22 2.17 2.10 2.02 1.94 1.90 1.85 1.80 1.75 1.69 1.637
30 77 40 14 54 24 63 83 29 68 45 75 46 05 43 55 37 81 6

30

4.17 3.31 2.92 2.68 2.53 2.42 2.33 2.26 2.21 2.16 2.09 2.01 1.93 1.88 1.84 1.79 1.73 1.68 1.622
09 58 23 96 36 05 43 62 07 46 21 48 17 74 09 18 96 35 3

40

4.08 3.23 2.83 2.60 2.44 2.33 2.24 2.18 2.12 2.07 2.00 1.92 1.83 1.79 1.74 1.69 1.63 1.57 1.508
47 17 87 60 95 59 90 02 40 72 35 45 89 29 44 28 73 66 9

60

4.00 3.15 2.75 2.52 2.36 2.25 2.16 2.09 2.04 1.99 1.91 1.83 1.74 1.70 1.64 1.59 1.53 1.46 1.389
12 04 81 52 83 41 65 70 01 26 74 64 80 01 91 43 43 73 3

3.92 3.07 2.68 2.44 2.28 2.17 2.08 2.01 1.95 1.91 1.83 1.75 1.65 1.60 1.55 1.49 1.42 1.35 1.253
120 01 18 02 72 99 50 68 64 88 05 37 05 87 84 43 52 90 19 9
inf

3.84 2.99 2.60 2.37 2.21 2.09 2.00 1.93 1.87 1.83 1.75 1.66 1.57 1.51 1.45 1.39 1.31 1.22 1.000
15 57 49 19 41 86 96 84 99 07 22 64 05 73 91 40 80 14 0

F Table for alpha=.025

df2
/df
1
1

2

3

4

To index

5

6

7

8

9

10

12

15

20

24

30

40

60

120 INF

1

647. 799. 864. 899. 921. 937. 948. 956. 963. 968. 976. 984. 993. 997. 1001 1005 1009 1014 1018.
7890 5000 1630 5833 8479 1111 2169 6562 2846 6274 7079 8668 1028 2492 .414 .598 .800 .020 258

2

38.5 39.0 39.1 39.2 39.2 39.3 39.3 39.3 39.3 39.3 39.4 39.4 39.4 39.4 39.4 39.4 39.4 39.4 39.49
063 000 655 484 982 315 552 730 869 980 146 313 479 562 65 73 81 90 8

3

17.4 16.0 15.4 15.1 14.8 14.7 14.6 14.5 14.4 14.4 14.3 14.2 14.1 14.1 14.0 14.0 13.9 13.9 13.90
434 441 392 010 848 347 244 399 731 189 366 527 674 241 81 37 92 47 2

4

12.2 10.6 9.97 9.60 9.36 9.19 9.07 8.97 8.90 8.84 8.75 8.65 8.55 8.51 8.46 8.41 8.36 8.30
8.257
179 491 92 45 45 73 41 96 47 39 12 65 99 09 1
1
0
9

5

10.0 8.43 7.76 7.38 7.14 6.97 6.85 6.75 6.68 6.61 6.52 6.42 6.32 6.27 6.22 6.17 6.12 6.06
6.015
070 36 36 79 64 77 31 72 11 92 45 77 86 80 7
5
3
9

6

8.81 7.25 6.59 6.22 5.98 5.81 5.69 5.59 5.52 5.46 5.36 5.26 5.16 5.11 5.06 5.01 4.95 4.90
4.849
31 99 88 72 76 98 55 96 34 13 62 87 84 72 5
2
9
4

7

8.07 6.54 5.88 5.52 5.28 5.11 4.99 4.89 4.82 4.76 4.66 4.56 4.46 4.41 4.36 4.30 4.25 4.19
4.142
27 15 98 26 52 86 49 93 32 11 58 78 67 50 2
9
4
9

8

7.57 6.05 5.41 5.05 4.81 4.65 4.52 4.43 4.35 4.29 4.19 4.10 3.99 3.94 3.89 3.84 3.78 3.72
3.670
09 95 60 26 73 17 86 33 72 51 97 12 95 72 4
0
4
8

9

7.20 5.71 5.07 4.71 4.48 4.31 4.19 4.10 4.02 3.96 3.86 3.76 3.66 3.61 3.56 3.50 3.44 3.39
3.333
93 47 81 81 44 97 70 20 60 39 82 94 69 42 0
5
9
2

10

6.93 5.45 4.82 4.46 4.23 4.07 3.94 3.85 3.77 3.71 3.62 3.52 3.41 3.36 3.31 3.25 3.19 3.14 3.080

67

64

56

83

61

21

98

49

90

68

09

17

85

54

1

5

8

0

11

6.72 5.25 4.63 4.27 4.04 3.88 3.75 3.66 3.58 3.52 3.42 3.32 3.22 3.17 3.11 3.06 3.00 2.94
2.883
41 59 00 51 40 07 86 38 79 57 96 99 61 25 8
1
4
4

12

6.55 5.09 4.47 4.12 3.89 3.72 3.60 3.51 3.43 3.37 3.27 3.17 3.07 3.01 2.96 2.90 2.84 2.78
2.725
38 59 42 12 11 83 65 18 58 36 73 72 28 87 3
6
8
7

13

6.41 4.96 4.34 3.99 3.76 3.60 3.48 3.38 3.31 3.24 3.15 3.05 2.94 2.89 2.83 2.78 2.72 2.65
2.595
43 53 72 59 67 43 27 80 20 97 32 27 77 32 7
0
0
9

14

6.29 4.85 4.24 3.89 3.66 3.50 3.37 3.28 3.20 3.14 3.05 2.94 2.84 2.78 2.73 2.67 2.61 2.55
2.487
79 67 17 19 34 14 99 53 93 69 02 93 37 88 2
4
4
2

15

6.19 4.76 4.15 3.80 3.57 3.41 3.29 3.19 3.12 3.06 2.96 2.86 2.75 2.70 2.64 2.58 2.52 2.46
2.395
95 50 28 43 64 47 34 87 27 02 33 21 59 06 4
5
4
1

16

6.11 4.68 4.07 3.72 3.50 3.34 3.21 3.12 3.04 2.98 2.88 2.78 2.68 2.62 2.56 2.50 2.44 2.38
2.316
51 67 68 94 21 06 94 48 88 62 90 75 08 52 8
9
7
3

17

6.04 4.61 4.01 3.66 3.43 3.27 3.15 3.06 2.98 2.92 2.82 2.72 2.61 2.55 2.50 2.44 2.38 2.31
2.247
20 89 12 48 79 67 56 10 49 22 49 30 58 98 2
2
0
5

18

5.97 4.55 3.95 3.60 3.38 3.22 3.09 3.00 2.92 2.86 2.76 2.66 2.55 2.50 2.44 2.38 2.32 2.25
2.187
81 97 39 83 20 09 99 53 91 64 89 67 90 27 5
4
1
6

19

5.92 4.50 3.90 3.55 3.33 3.17 3.05 2.95 2.88 2.81 2.71 2.61 2.50 2.45 2.39 2.33 2.27 2.20
2.133
16 75 34 87 27 18 09 63 01 72 96 71 89 23 4
3
0
3

20

5.87 4.46 3.85 3.51 3.28 3.12 3.00 2.91 2.83 2.77 2.67 2.57 2.46 2.40 2.34 2.28 2.22 2.15
2.085
15 13 87 47 91 83 74 28 65 37 58 31 45 76 9
7
3
6

21

5.82 4.41 3.81 3.47 3.25 3.08 2.96 2.87 2.79 2.73 2.63 2.53 2.42 2.36 2.30 2.24 2.18 2.11
2.042
66 99 88 54 01 95 86 40 77 48 68 38 47 75 8
6
2
4

22

5.78 4.38 3.78 3.44 3.21 3.05 2.93 2.83 2.76 2.69 2.60 2.49 2.38 2.33 2.27 2.21 2.14 2.07
2.003
63 28 29 01 51 46 38 92 28 98 17 84 90 15 2
0
5
6

23

5.74 4.34 3.75 3.40 3.18 3.02 2.90 2.80 2.73 2.66 2.56 2.46 2.35 2.29 2.23 2.17 2.11 2.04
1.968
98 92 05 83 35 32 23 77 13 82 99 65 67 89 9
6
1
1

24

5.71 4.31 3.72 3.37 3.15 2.99 2.87 2.77 2.70 2.63 2.54 2.43 2.32 2.26 2.20 2.14 2.08 2.01
1.935
66 87 11 94 48 46 38 91 27 96 11 74 73 93 9
6
0
0

25

5.68 4.29 3.69 3.35 3.12 2.96 2.84 2.75 2.67 2.61 2.51 2.41 2.30 2.24 2.18 2.11 2.05 1.98
1.906
64 09 43 30 87 85 78 31 66 35 49 10 05 22 2
8
2
1

26

5.65 4.26 3.66 3.32 3.10 2.94 2.82 2.72 2.65 2.58 2.49 2.38 2.27 2.21 2.15 2.09 2.02 1.95
1.878
86 55 97 89 48 47 40 93 28 96 08 67 59 74 7
3
6
4

27

5.63 4.24 3.64 3.30 3.08 2.92 2.80 2.70 2.63 2.56 2.46 2.36 2.25 2.19 2.13 2.06 2.00 1.93
1.853
31 21 72 67 28 28 21 74 09 76 88 44 33 46 3
9
2
0

28

5.60 4.22 3.62 3.28 3.06 2.90 2.78 2.68 2.61 2.54 2.44 2.34 2.23 2.17 2.11 2.04 1.98 1.90
1.829
96 05 64 63 26 27 20 72 06 73 84 38 24 35 2
8
0
7

29

5.58 4.20 3.60 3.26 3.04 2.88 2.76 2.66 2.59 2.52 2.42 2.32 2.21 2.15 2.09 2.02 1.95 1.88
1.807
78 06 72 74 38 40 33 86 19 86 95 48 31 40 2
8
9
6

30

5.56 4.18 3.58 3.24 3.02 2.86 2.74 2.65 2.57 2.51 2.41 2.30 2.19 2.13 2.07 2.00 1.94 1.86
1.787
75 21 94 99 65 67 60 13 46 12 20 72 52 59 4
9
0
6

40

5.42 4.05 3.46 3.12 2.90 2.74 2.62 2.52 2.45 2.38 2.28 2.18 2.06 2.00 1.94 1.87 1.80 1.72
1.637
39 10 33 61 37 44 38 89 19 82 82 19 77 69 3
5
3
4

60

5.28 3.92 3.34 3.00 2.78 2.62 2.50 2.41 2.33 2.27 2.16 2.06 1.94 1.88 1.81 1.74 1.66 1.58
1.482
56 53 25 77 63 74 68 17 44 02 92 13 45 17 5
4
7
1

5.15 3.80 3.22 2.89 2.67 2.51 2.39 2.29 2.22 2.15 2.05 1.94 1.82 1.75 1.69 1.61 1.53 1.43
1.310
120 23 46 69 43 40 54 48 94 17 70 48 50 49 97 0
4
0
3
inf

5.02 3.68 3.11 2.78 2.56 2.40 2.28 2.19 2.11 2.04 1.94 1.83 1.70 1.64 1.56 1.48 1.38 1.26
1.000
39 89 61 58 65 82 75 18 36 83 47 26 85 02 6
4
8
8

F Table for alpha=.01

df2
/df
1
1

2

3

4

To index

5

6

7

8

9

10

12

15

20

24

30

40

60

120 INF

1

4052 4999 5403 5624 5763 5858 5928 5981 6022 6055 6106 6157 6208 6234 6260 6286 6313 6339 6365.
.181 .500 .352 .583 .650 .986 .356 .070 .473 .847 .321 .285 .730 .631 .649 .782 .030 .391 864

2

98.5 99.0 99.1 99.2 99.2 99.3 99.3 99.3 99.3 99.3 99.4 99.4 99.4 99.4 99.4 99.4 99.4 99.4 99.49
03 00 66 49 99 33 56 74 88 99 16 33 49 58 66 74 82 91 9

3

34.1 30.8 29.4 28.7 28.2 27.9 27.6 27.4 27.3 27.2 27.0 26.8 26.6 26.5 26.5 26.4 26.3 26.2 26.12
16 17 57 10 37 11 72 89 45 29 52 72 90 98 05 11 16 21 5

4

21.1 18.0 16.6 15.9 15.5 15.2 14.9 14.7 14.6 14.5 14.3 14.1 14.0 13.9 13.8 13.7 13.6 13.5 13.46

98

00

94

77

22

07

76

99

59

46

74

98

20

29

38

45

52

58

3

5

16.2 13.2 12.0 11.3 10.9 10.6 10.4 10.2 10.1 10.0 9.88 9.72 9.55 9.46 9.37 9.29 9.20 9.11
9.020
58 74 60 92 67 72 56 89 58 51 8
2
3
6
9
1
2
2

6

13.7 10.9 9.78 9.14 8.74 8.46 8.26 8.10 7.97 7.87 7.71 7.55 7.39 7.31 7.22 7.14 7.05 6.96
6.880
45 25 0
8
6
6
0
2
6
4
8
9
6
3
9
3
7
9

7

12.2 9.54 8.45 7.84 7.46 7.19 6.99 6.84 6.71 6.62 6.46 6.31 6.15 6.07 5.99 5.90 5.82 5.73
5.650
46 7
1
7
0
1
3
0
9
0
9
4
5
4
2
8
4
7

8

11.2 8.64 7.59 7.00 6.63 6.37 6.17 6.02 5.91 5.81 5.66 5.51 5.35 5.27 5.19 5.11 5.03 4.94
4.859
59 9
1
6
2
1
8
9
1
4
7
5
9
9
8
6
2
6

9

10.5 8.02 6.99 6.42 6.05 5.80 5.61 5.46 5.35 5.25 5.11 4.96 4.80 4.72 4.64 4.56 4.48 4.39
4.311
61 2
2
2
7
2
3
7
1
7
1
2
8
9
9
7
3
8

10

10.0 7.55 6.55 5.99 5.63 5.38 5.20 5.05 4.94 4.84 4.70 4.55 4.40 4.32 4.24 4.16 4.08 3.99
3.909
44 9
2
4
6
6
0
7
2
9
6
8
5
7
7
5
2
6

11

9.64 7.20 6.21 5.66 5.31 5.06 4.88 4.74 4.63 4.53 4.39 4.25 4.09 4.02 3.94 3.86 3.77 3.69
3.602
6
6
7
8
6
9
6
4
2
9
7
1
9
1
1
0
6
0

12

9.33 6.92 5.95 5.41 5.06 4.82 4.64 4.49 4.38 4.29 4.15 4.01 3.85 3.78 3.70 3.61 3.53 3.44
3.361
0
7
3
2
4
1
0
9
8
6
5
0
8
0
1
9
5
9

13

9.07 6.70 5.73 5.20 4.86 4.62 4.44 4.30 4.19 4.10 3.96 3.81 3.66 3.58 3.50 3.42 3.34 3.25
3.165
4
1
9
5
2
0
1
2
1
0
0
5
5
7
7
5
1
5

14

8.86 6.51 5.56 5.03 4.69 4.45 4.27 4.14 4.03 3.93 3.80 3.65 3.50 3.42 3.34 3.26 3.18 3.09
3.004
2
5
4
5
5
6
8
0
0
9
0
6
5
7
8
6
1
4

15

8.68 6.35 5.41 4.89 4.55 4.31 4.14 4.00 3.89 3.80 3.66 3.52 3.37 3.29 3.21 3.13 3.04 2.95
2.868
3
9
7
3
6
8
2
4
5
5
6
2
2
4
4
2
7
9

16

8.53 6.22 5.29 4.77 4.43 4.20 4.02 3.89 3.78 3.69 3.55 3.40 3.25 3.18 3.10 3.01 2.93 2.84
2.753
1
6
2
3
7
2
6
0
0
1
3
9
9
1
1
8
3
5

17

8.40 6.11 5.18 4.66 4.33 4.10 3.92 3.79 3.68 3.59 3.45 3.31 3.16 3.08 3.00 2.92 2.83 2.74
2.653
0
2
5
9
6
2
7
1
2
3
5
2
2
4
3
0
5
6

18

8.28 6.01 5.09 4.57 4.24 4.01 3.84 3.70 3.59 3.50 3.37 3.22 3.07 2.99 2.91 2.83 2.74 2.66
2.566
5
3
2
9
8
5
1
5
7
8
1
7
7
9
9
5
9
0

19

8.18 5.92 5.01 4.50 4.17 3.93 3.76 3.63 3.52 3.43 3.29 3.15 3.00 2.92 2.84 2.76 2.67 2.58
2.489
5
6
0
0
1
9
5
1
3
4
7
3
3
5
4
1
4
4

20

8.09 5.84 4.93 4.43 4.10 3.87 3.69 3.56 3.45 3.36 3.23 3.08 2.93 2.85 2.77 2.69 2.60 2.51 2.421

6

9

8

1

3

1

9

4

7

8

1

8

8

9

8

5

8

7

21

8.01 5.78 4.87 4.36 4.04 3.81 3.64 3.50 3.39 3.31 3.17 3.03 2.88 2.80 2.72 2.63 2.54 2.45
2.360
7
0
4
9
2
2
0
6
8
0
3
0
0
1
0
6
8
7

22

7.94 5.71 4.81 4.31 3.98 3.75 3.58 3.45 3.34 3.25 3.12 2.97 2.82 2.74 2.66 2.58 2.49 2.40
2.305
5
9
7
3
8
8
7
3
6
8
1
8
7
9
7
3
5
3

23

7.88 5.66 4.76 4.26 3.93 3.71 3.53 3.40 3.29 3.21 3.07 2.93 2.78 2.70 2.62 2.53 2.44 2.35
2.256
1
4
5
4
9
0
9
6
9
1
4
1
1
2
0
5
7
4

24

7.82 5.61 4.71 4.21 3.89 3.66 3.49 3.36 3.25 3.16 3.03 2.88 2.73 2.65 2.57 2.49 2.40 2.31
2.211
3
4
8
8
5
7
6
3
6
8
2
9
8
9
7
2
3
0

25

7.77 5.56 4.67 4.17 3.85 3.62 3.45 3.32 3.21 3.12 2.99 2.85 2.69 2.62 2.53 2.45 2.36 2.27
2.169
0
8
5
7
5
7
7
4
7
9
3
0
9
0
8
3
4
0

26

7.72 5.52 4.63 4.14 3.81 3.59 3.42 3.28 3.18 3.09 2.95 2.81 2.66 2.58 2.50 2.41 2.32 2.23
2.131
1
6
7
0
8
1
1
8
2
4
8
5
4
5
3
7
7
3

27

7.67 5.48 4.60 4.10 3.78 3.55 3.38 3.25 3.14 3.06 2.92 2.78 2.63 2.55 2.47 2.38 2.29 2.19
2.097
7
8
1
6
5
8
8
6
9
2
6
3
2
2
0
4
4
8

28

7.63 5.45 4.56 4.07 3.75 3.52 3.35 3.22 3.12 3.03 2.89 2.75 2.60 2.52 2.44 2.35 2.26 2.16
2.064
6
3
8
4
4
8
8
6
0
2
6
3
2
2
0
4
3
7

29

7.59 5.42 4.53 4.04 3.72 3.49 3.33 3.19 3.09 3.00 2.86 2.72 2.57 2.49 2.41 2.32 2.23 2.13
2.034
8
0
8
5
5
9
0
8
2
5
8
6
4
5
2
5
4
8

30

7.56 5.39 4.51 4.01 3.69 3.47 3.30 3.17 3.06 2.97 2.84 2.70 2.54 2.46 2.38 2.29 2.20 2.11
2.006
2
0
0
8
9
3
4
3
7
9
3
0
9
9
6
9
8
1

40

7.31 5.17 4.31 3.82 3.51 3.29 3.12 2.99 2.88 2.80 2.66 2.52 2.36 2.28 2.20 2.11 2.01 1.91
1.805
4
9
3
8
4
1
4
3
8
1
5
2
9
8
3
4
9
7

60

7.07 4.97 4.12 3.64 3.33 3.11 2.95 2.82 2.71 2.63 2.49 2.35 2.19 2.11 2.02 1.93 1.83 1.72
1.601
7
7
6
9
9
9
3
3
8
2
6
2
8
5
8
6
6
6

6.85 4.78 3.94 3.48 3.17 2.95 2.79 2.66 2.55 2.47 2.33 2.19 2.03 1.95 1.86 1.76 1.65 1.53
1.381
120 1
7
9
0
4
6
2
3
9
2
6
2
5
0
0
3
6
3
inf

6.63 4.60 3.78 3.31 3.01 2.80 2.63 2.51 2.40 2.32 2.18 2.03 1.87 1.79 1.69 1.59 1.47 1.32
1.000
5
5
2
9
7
2
9
1
7
1
5
9
8
1
6
2
3
5