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SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS LESSON 1 STRENGTH TERMINOLOGY L.1 Normal stress and shear stress, or, tension, compression and shear stresses. L.2 The tension stress (ref. paragraph 1.1.1) is: Fe = 9/8 # 186,000/(1.50 x 2.00) + 62,000 pst 1.3. The shear stress (same ref. as above) is: fs = V/A = 132,000/(3.00) = 44,000 pst 1.4 The limit bearing stress (same ref, as above) is: for 2 2 = 2000 80,000 psi bry DE 7250x100 The ultimate factor is 1.5. (ref. paragraph 1.1) fory = 165 x for, + 1.5 x 80,000 = 120,000 psi 1.6 From paragraph 1.3.1: E = f/e and & = 10.5 x 106 psi approximately. Therefore: e= F/E e+ 38,000 00333 _in./in. 1.7. From paragraph 1.2.1, e = S/L. Therefore: ste xl = 00333 x 84 * .28 fn, Then the length with the load applied would be: =lp- 6 = ah 28 = 83.72 in. 1.8 £ = 10.5 x 106 psi and u = 0.33. From paragraph 1.3.3: E __, 10,500,000 . 3.95 x 105 _ pst STU gee a0 eee ee Al-1 1g a) b) Referring to the defini tion: typical stress-strain diagr: above the proportional limi same as the slope of a tang the proportional limit where E. Therefore iS Of Et and Es in paragraph 1.3.4 and the "am in paragraph 1.1.2 it can be seen that t the slope of the curve (which is the jent to the curve) is smaller than below @ the slope 1s the modulus of elasticity, Eg fs smaller than. By drawing a line, imaginary or real, from the point on the curve to the origin it can be seen that Es {s greater than £ and: Es is greater than Ee. Stress 1 F-.002 Strain SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS LESSON 2 REVIEW OF STATICS 2.1 Either reaction can be found by taking moments about the point of action of the other. iMg = 0 = 750 x 20.0 + (50 x 20,0) 20.0 + (250 x 10.0) 5.0 - 25.0 Ry Ry = 19008 The other reaction can now be found either by taking moments about point A or by summing vertical forces: oMa = 0 = 750 x 5.0 + 50 x 20.0 x \$.0 + 250 x 10.0 x 20.0 - 25.0 Rp Rg = 23508 or: Fy = 0 = 750 + 50 x 20.0 + 250 x 10.0 - 1900 - Rz Ro = 23508 After finding Rg by one equation it can be checked by the other equation. 2.2 At joint A: oy = 0 = Pag sin 45° + Pac sin 60° - 1000 -T0T Pag + .866 Pac = 1000 “Fy = 0 = Pag cos 45° - Pac cos 60° 107 Pag > «5 Pac = 0 Solving these two equations simultaneously: -T0T Pag = «5 Pac <5 Pac + .866 Pac = 1000 Pac = 1000 _ = 732¢ —~ US + 866) .T07 Pag - «5 (732) = 0 Pag = S18# Aa-1