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SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS
LESSON 1 STRENGTH TERMINOLOGY
L.1 Normal stress and shear stress, or, tension, compression and shear
stresses.
L.2 The tension stress (ref. paragraph 1.1.1) is:
Fe = 9/8 # 186,000/(1.50 x 2.00) + 62,000 pst
1.3. The shear stress (same ref. as above) is:
fs = V/A = 132,000/(3.00) = 44,000 pst
1.4 The limit bearing stress (same ref, as above) is:
for 2 2 = 2000 80,000 psi
bry DE 7250x100
The ultimate factor is 1.5. (ref. paragraph 1.1)
fory = 165 x for, + 1.5 x 80,000 = 120,000 psi
1.6 From paragraph 1.3.1: E = f/e and & = 10.5 x 106 psi approximately.
Therefore:
e= F/E
e+ 38,000 00333 _in./in.
1.7. From paragraph 1.2.1, e = S/L. Therefore:
ste xl = 00333 x 84 * .28 fn,
Then the length with the load applied would be:
=lp- 6 = ah
28 = 83.72 in.
1.8 £ = 10.5 x 106 psi and u = 0.33. From paragraph 1.3.3:
E __, 10,500,000 . 3.95 x 105 _ pst
STU gee a0 eee ee
Al-11g
a)
b)
Referring to the defini tion:
typical stress-strain diagr:
above the proportional limi
same as the slope of a tang
the proportional limit where
E. Therefore
iS Of Et and Es in paragraph 1.3.4 and the
"am in paragraph 1.1.2 it can be seen that
t the slope of the curve (which is the
jent to the curve) is smaller than below
@ the slope 1s the modulus of elasticity,
Eg fs smaller than.
By drawing a line, imaginary or real, from the point on the curve to
the origin it can be seen that Es {s greater than £ and:
Es is greater than Ee.
Stress
1 F-.002 StrainSOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS
LESSON 2 REVIEW OF STATICS
2.1 Either reaction can be found by taking moments about the point of action
of the other.
iMg = 0 = 750 x 20.0 + (50 x 20,0) 20.0 + (250 x 10.0) 5.0 - 25.0 Ry
Ry = 19008
The other reaction can now be found either by taking moments about point A or
by summing vertical forces:
oMa = 0 = 750 x 5.0 + 50 x 20.0 x $.0 + 250 x 10.0 x 20.0 - 25.0 Rp
Rg = 23508 or:
Fy = 0 = 750 + 50 x 20.0 + 250 x 10.0 - 1900 - Rz
Ro = 23508
After finding Rg by one equation it can be checked by the other equation.
2.2 At joint A:
oy = 0 = Pag sin 45° + Pac sin 60° - 1000
-T0T Pag + .866 Pac = 1000
“Fy = 0 = Pag cos 45° - Pac cos 60°
107 Pag > «5 Pac = 0
Solving these two equations simultaneously:
-T0T Pag = «5 Pac
<5 Pac + .866 Pac = 1000
Pac = 1000 _ = 732¢
—~ US + 866)
.T07 Pag - «5 (732) = 0
Pag = S18#
Aa-1

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