You are on page 1of 3

Federal Rules, Statutes, Constitution

Rule 4 - Summons............................................................................................................13
(l) requesting a waiver - duty to avoid unnecessary expenses of serving a
summons.
Rule 8 - Pleading..............................................................................................................30
1. Short and plain statement- grounds for jurisdiction
2. Short and plain statement- entitled to relief (what is the cause of action)
3. Demand for relief sought
Rule 11 - ... Sanctions......................................................................................................34
Rule 12 - Defenses & Objections--Motions--Waiving Defenses--Pretrial Hearing..37
(a) TIME
(1)to serve a responsive pleading: 21 days unless timely waived then 60 days (90
if outside U.S.).
(4) after a motion, 14 days from court's ruling
(b) How to present Defenses: must be asserted in the responsive pleading if one is
required. BUT a party may assert the following defenses by motion:
(1) lack of subject-matter jurisdiction (court will dismiss the case at any time if it
is determined court does not have subject matter jurisdiction). motions for
lack of subject matter jurisdiction generally take one of two forms: (1) a facial
attack on the sufficiency of the complaint's allegations as to subject matter
jurisdiction, or (2) a challenge to the actual facts upon which subject matter
jurisdiction is based. A court reviewing a facial challenge must accept the
plaintiff's factual allegations regarding jurisdiction as true. In contrast, a court
reviewing a factual attack may not presume that the plaintiff's allegations are
true. Rather, a court has wide discretion to allow affidavits, other documents,
and a limited evidentiary hearing to resolve disputed jurisdictional facts under
Rule 12(b)(1)
(2) lack of personal jurisdiction
(3) improper venue
(4) insufficient process
(5) Insufficient service of process
(6) failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted
(7) failure to join a party under Rule 19
(c) Motion for judgment on the pleadings - after pleadings, soon enough not to delay
trial.
(h) Waiving and preserving certain defenses
(1) Party waives any defense in 12(b)(2)-(5) by:
failing to make it by motion or include it in a responsive pleading or in an
amendment allowed by 15(a)(1)
Rule 14 - 3rd party...........................................................................................................42
Rule 15 - Amended and Supplemental Pleadings............................................................44
(a) before a trial
(1) (A) 21 days after serving it

U.S. Constitution
Article III - JUDICAL POWER
..........................................................................................................................................
288
Section 2 - Judicial Power extends to all cases in law and equity arising under the
constitution, Laws of U.S., Treaties.
Amendment XIV
..........................................................................................................................................
294
U.S.C. Title 28 - Judiciary & Judicial Procedure
..........................................................................................................................................
301
1331 Federal Question
..........................................................................................................................................
345
1332 Diversity Jurisdiction
..........................................................................................................................................
345
1334 Bankruptcy
..........................................................................................................................................
350
1367 Supplemental Jurisdiction
..........................................................................................................................................
357
depends on three variables: 1. The basis of original jurisdiction. 2. or seeking
supplemental jurisdiction. 3. Rule authorizing joinder of party or claim over which
supplemental jurisdiction is sought.
(a) If jurisdiction based on 1331 (federal question)
(b) If jurisdiction based on 1332 (diversity)
(c) Doctrine of discretion (may decline to exercise Supp. Jurisd.)
1391 Venue
..........................................................................................................................................
359
(a) if Jurisdiction based on 1332
(b) if jurisdiction based on 1331
1404 Change of Venue
..........................................................................................................................................
362
1441 Actions Removable Generally (always StateFederal never other direction)
..........................................................................................................................................
365

1446 Procedure for Removal


..........................................................................................................................................
368
1447 Procedure after Removal Generally
..........................................................................................................................................
369
(c) if at ANY time before final judgment it appears that the district court lacks subject
matter jurisdiction, the case shall be remanded.
(e) If after removal, P seeks to join additional D whose joinder would destroy subject
matter jurisdiction, the court may deny joinder or permit and remand to State
court.