Sustainable Singapore Blueprint – putting to practice in urban water management

Jean Chia, Centre for Liveable Cities ADB Asian Urban Forum, 17 Nov 2011
Copyright © Centre for Liveable Cities. Information on this slide is confidential and strictly for the use of CLC. It should not be used or referred to by third parties without prior written consent from CLC.

Centre for Liveable Cities
• Established June 2008 by Singapore Ministry of National Development & Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources • Thought leadership & integrated urban knowledge development & sharing through Urban Systems Studies, cross-agency research, Leaders in Urban Governance Programme • Node of domestic and international exchanges in urban knowledge, solutions and innovations. • Advisory to complement Singapore agencies/companies



Public Housing


Economy & Sustainability


Urban Planning

Economy & Infrastructure

Airport/ Seaport


Arts & Culture Clean Environment

Place Making

Marina Bay/ S’pore River

Sustainable Built Environment

World Cities Summit 2012
Liveable and Sustainable Cities – Integrated Urban Solutions
1 – 4 July 2012, Marina Bay Sands Singapore
Organised by:

WCS Conference and Business Platforms: Meeting of Minds • Conference with High-level Plenaries & Expert Sessions • WCS Mayors Forum • Lee Kuan Yew World City Prize • Urban Project Showcase

WCS Expo: One-Stop Marketplace for Urban Solutions • Cities Pavilions • Singapore Pavilion • Integrated Urban Solution Pavilions

Addressing development challenges and constraints in Singapore Sustainable Singapore Blueprint

Singapore’s challenges & constraints
Population growth, ageing population & diverse needs Resource constraints and competing demands

Climate change risk

Addressing challenges – Sustainable Singapore Blueprint
Vision: A liveable and sustainable city-state, one that Singapore residents love and are proud to call home. Strategies:
Talent Attraction High Quality Living Environment (Clean, Green, Healthy) Dynamic Economy and Sustained Growth (Resource-Efficient) Urban Innovations

Selected Sustainability Goals by 2030
Reduce energy intensity by 35%

Reduce domestic water consumption to 140 litres per capita per day

Improve recycling rate to 70%

Cleaner, Green & Blue environment

Building capacity and expertise in sustainable cities

Sustainable Singapore Blueprint Urban water management in Singapore

From water crisis…
Famine (water shortages) or Feast (flooding) in 1960s and 1970s

… towards diversified, adequate and sustainable supply of water…

Four National Taps
Desalination: 10% of potable water needs

Local catchment: 2/3 of Singapore as water catchment by 2011

NEWater: From 15% of potable water today to 30% in 2011

… and building a liveable environment
• Launched in 2006 to transform functional waterways and bring people closer to water. • New community spaces created, offering host of recreational options • Master Plan drawn up with 100 locations to implement project till 2030


“… turn Singapore into a city of gardens and water”
Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, At ABC Waters Public Exhibition Opening (Feb 07)

Marina Barrage

Alexandra Canal

Kolam Ayer

Cost recovery and demand management
• Tariffs based on principle of cost recovery. • Commercial users do not subsidise domestic users. • Demand management through tiered pricing and WCT.
Water consumption Water tariff Water conservation tax Used water treatment Waterborne fee Sanitary appliance fee Partnering private sector
Tariff Category Domestic Non-Domestic Consumption Block (m3 per month) 0 to 40 Above 40 All units Waterborne fee (SGD/m3) 0.2803 0.5607 Tariff WCT (SGD/m3) (% of tariff) 1.1700 30 1.4000 45 1.1700 30

Tariff Category Domestic Non-Domestic

Sanitary appliance fee $2.8037 per chargeable fitting per month

• Fund raising in capital markets since 2005 for capital investments • Public-private partnerships for desalination and NEWater plants

Thank you
For more information on Centre for Liveable Cities, please visit

Copyright © Centre for Liveable Cities. Information on this slide is confidential and strictly for the use of CLC. It should not be used or referred to by third parties without prior written consent from CLC.

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