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- № 16 (544) - APRIL 2011
HOLIDAYS AND CELEBRATIONS
WEIRD TRADITIONS AND CELEBRATIONS ................................................. 2 STRANGE EASTER TRADITIONS .................................................................. 3 WEDDING CEREMONIES AROUND THE WORLD ........................................ 5 GATHERINGS AND CELEBRATIONS .......................................................... 10 TASK 1 ................................................................................................... 16 TASK 2 ................................................................................................... 17 VOCABULARY QUIZ: HOLIDAYS ......................................................... 18 EARTH DAY SONGS ..................................................................................... 26 WORLD HOLIDAY CALENDAR ..................................................................... 32
WEIRD TRADITIONS AND CELEBRATIONS If we look at traditions from the culture and history in the Western world or examine any other culture across the globe, we will notice that there are a number of weird traditions that seem extremely bizarre to us in the current century. And while they may seem weird to many of us (human sacrifice, dueling during the 15th - 20th centuries, foot binding in China during the 10 th-the early 20th century, neck rings worn by women in a few African and Asian cultures), they are perfectly acceptable in their cultures being a part of some kind of ritual. CHEESE ROLLING The Cooper's Hill Cheese-Rolling is an annual event held at Cooper's Hill near Gloucester, England. People from all over the world take part in this event though it is traditionally by and for the people who live in Brockworth, the local village. The event takes its name from the hill where everything happens. Once a year, young men and women hurl themselves down a hill so steep that it is impossible to remain standing, in pursuit of a seven or eight pound wheel of locally made Double Gloucester cheese. MONKEY BUFFET FESTIVAL The Monkey Buffet Festival is held annually in Thailand. Every year, about 2,000 monkeys are invited to eat fruits and vegetables during an annual feast held in honour of gods. The festival provides food and drinks to the local monkey population, thanking them for drawing tourists to the town. LA TOMATINA La Tomatina is a festival that is celebrated in the Valencian town of Bunol, in which participants throw tomatoes at each other making this chaotic event the world's biggest tomato fight and the brightest Spain's summer festival calendar with thousands of people coming to this little Valencian town. The origins of La Tomatina aren't clear. THE BURNING OF THE CLOCKS After the Winter Solstice — the longest night of the year — the days begin to get longer at last. Brighton celebrates the lengthening days with its own local Northern fire festival — The Burning of the Clocks. The event includes a themed parade with as many as 1,000 participants, followed by the burning of paper and willow lanterns on the beach and a fireworks parade. WEARING POLKA DOTS Imagine streets full of people wearing polka dots and dining tables full of round shaped food and fruits on one single day of the year. This all actually happens in the Philippines on New Year's Eve every year. Filipinos believe that this will bring them prosperity by associating the round dots with coins and wealth.
BURNING PORTRAITS It isn't pleasant to see someone's picture burning, but in Ecuador that's a real fiesta. The locals gather together with pictures that represent something from the last year and burn it. That's the way they rid of the past. On New Year's Eve the night in Ecuador is enlightened by all these fires throughout the country. CAMEL WRESTLING A kinder, gentler version of bullfighting? Perhaps. In Turkey, camel wrestling is a popular event where spectators watch in fascination as two specially bred male camels wrestle each other. Serious injuries are rare, but spectators should be ready for being sprayed by the milky saliva of the camels. MASAI SPITTING The Masai tribe, located in Kenya and Tanzania, greet each other by spitting. When greeting elders, a tribesman must spit in his hand before offering a handshake showing respect. The men spit on newborns, telling them that they are bad. It is believed that if a baby is praised, it will be cursed with a bad life. WIFE CARRYING CONTEST When it is a Columbus Day weekend in Finland, it means that it's time to hoist your wife on your back and start running like nobody's business. Wife carrying is a contest that started out in Finland; some say, as a joke. However, there are historical records showing that this game was practised every year since at least the 1800's. Theoretically it's celebrating a famous kidnapping of women by Viking men who then married them. Nowadays the contest is taken very seriously with several styles of carrying your wife approved and official judges preparing the course track. Even more impressing games are popular in several countries, including the U.S. where they take place every year in Maine and the prize is the woman's weight in beer.
STRANGE EASTER TRADITIONS AN EASTER TREE This tradition was started by a single family more than forty years ago. The Kraft family from Saalfeld, Germany started placing plastic eggs in a tree outside their house in 1965. The tradition has grown over the years from only a handful of plastic eggs to beautifully painted egg shells. The family even has an official site eierbaumsaalfeld.de . While it looks odd, the tradition is enjoyed by the whole town and if we have a Christmas tree, why not have an Easter tree?
custom has it that his moustache will turn grey and the dough will fail. KEEP AWAY FROM HELPING If the man of the house in Poland takes part in preparing the traditional Easter bread. шмагати — лоза — образа — сумчаста тварина . crops and vegetation. but over in Australia they prefer to use their native marsupial. This is because Easter usually falls very close to the Swedish tradition of Walpurgis Night which is on April 30th.500 eggs are used to cook up a giant omelette on the streets of Haux in France. you could see a little girl trick or treating on Easter. гонитва — бенкет — сонцестояння — узор «у горошок» 4 saliva tribe spit hoist spank whip willow insult marsupial — слина — плем'я — плювати — піднімати — шльопати — батіг. Hungary and Slovakia. Since this falls close to Easter. This is due to the fact that the rabbit has destroyed their land. beautiful and happy during the upcoming year. On the Thursday before Walpurgis little girls dress up as witches and paint their faces. The idea behind the tradition is that anyone hit with the whip will be healthy.000 people and is prepared in the main square in time for lunch. after which they go from house to house collecting candies. The meal must feed up to 1. in many parts of Sweden girls go trick or treat during Easter. where there is a tradition of spanking or whipping women on Easter Monday. in fact pomlázka means "make young". While this may sound strange.SPANKING WOMEN Surely the strangest Easter custom takes places in the Czech Republic. It doesn't sound too fun for the women! TRICK OR TREATING When most people think of little kids dressed as witches they immediately think of Halloween. and people light bonfires to keep Judas away. Males throw water at females and spank them with handmade whips — a pomlázka — made of willow and decorated with ribbons at the end. However in Sweden. compiled by Anna LIASHEVSKA GLOSSARY: weird bizarre bind hurl pursuit feast solstice polka dot — дивний — чудний — перев'язувати — кидатися. мчати — переслідування. Walpurgis Night in Sweden is celebrated by lighting bonfires in attempts to scare evil spirits and witches. the Bilby. No wonder they don't like the bunny! From the Internet resources. THE BILBY The Easter bunny is the most popular symbol of Easter thanks to the Americans. it's not an insult. A GIANT OMELETTE More than 4. So the lucky man of the house is kept away from helping.
5 . They are very unusual and tell us more about the Indian culture. and the reception. from 100 to 10 thousand. They have preand post-wedding rites. fall in love and come to the decision that they are ready to build a family. especially for girls. A new family starts with marriage. Four main Indian wedding traditions are: . Kyiv Every country has its own wedding traditions. wedding ceremonies share rituals that are influenced by families and cultures. Kashmiri wedding. The groom's father holds a coconut over the bride and the groom's heads and circles it around them three times at the end of the wedding. Tamil Wedding. there are many things that are common at an Indian wedding. make plans. The venue of the main wedding ceremony is always the bride's home. a teacher of English INDIAN WEDDING TRADITIONS Vladyslav TATARIN. and the time comes when they start thinking about their future.Bengali wedding. the groom's gaye holud.WEDDING CEREMONIES AROUND THE WORLD Children grow so fast. . . After the marriage ceremony the guests are served with wonderful dinner. the wedding ceremony. There are usually a lot of people at these weddings. And a wedding is a special occasion for every couple. Natalia Vovchenko. Every girl desires the best wedding ceremony and she considers every single detail of her big day in order to remember the event as long as possible. but sometimes people don't know the bride before the wedding. Indian wedding traditions are very elaborate and include various rituals and customs. They vary from culture to culture. Then a special wedding gift is given to the bride. The first event in a wedding is an informal one: the groom presents the bride with a ring marking the "engagement" which is gaining popularity. a traditional singing group is invited to the wedding. a necklace signifying her married status. An Indian wedding is a fusion of different rituals and endless enjoyment. Find out about various wedding traditions around the world and consolidate the knowledge with the help of after-reading tasks. Commonly. The most notable element of Indian weddings is that each state of the country follows its own wedding traditions. Bengali weddings are traditionally in four parts: the bride's gaye holud (yellowing the body). . Bengali wedding. school # 159. Tamil weddings perform extravagant rituals. This whole process includes a long list of events and is more of a festival.Kashmiri wedding. In spite of this. Bachkot.Maharashtrian wedding. choose a career.Tamil wedding. These often take place on separate days. The wedding ceremony is accompanied by music and dance. They dream about it.
it is customary for the Italian couple getting married to walk to the wedding chapel together. Maharashtrian marriage is perhaps the simplest in the whole country. they gently roll babies on the bed to insure fertility. In some regions. The Maharashtrian marriage procedure starts with finding a suitable counterpart. The actual wedding ceremony (sposalizio) is officiated by a priest or civil authority. the bed is "made" with hand-knit linen and then adorned with Koufetta — almond candies. After this. After the horoscopes match. and the dancing and feasting that follow may continue well into the weak hours of the morning.Maharashtrian wedding. the mahurut for the wedding is taken out. If she picks up a broom. and marriage is also avoided in the months of May and August. Kyiv There are a bunch of different wedding traditions all over the world. of course. the bride and the groom must cut a log in half before they reach the wedding site. Each country has its special wedding traditions. rose petals and. During this ceremony. This demonstrates their partnership in love and marriage. Sunday marriages are believed to be the luckiest. This is followed by the preparations for the marriage. Old church tradition warns against marrying during Lent and Advent. I would like to tell you about wedding traditions in Greece. I was really interested to get to know its wedding traditions. GREEK WEDDINGS Olga BABAK. Dishes are smashed on the floor for good luck and money is thrown at the musicians. The townsfolk place obstacles in the bride's path to see how she will react to domestic situations. she will be a good mother. the bride wears a veil to hide her face from jealous spirits. school # 159. The traditional Greek wedding reception is usually a huge party and can last through the night. In many Greek villages. money from friends and family for good luck. WEDDING TRADITIONS OF ITALY Masha MAMONOVA. with the wedding rituals being performed along side. A lengthy celebration begins with a mass in the morning. Here is Italian folklore: to ward off evil spirits. she will keep a clean house. Unlike other weddings. In Veneto. for example. It is considered bad luck for the bride to wear any gold on the day she is married until wedding rings are exchanged. 6 . the groom in Italy might carry a piece of iron in his pocket. Tradition in Greece is to have your bed made before you actually sleep with your new spouse. Kyiv There are plenty of customs and superstitions about weddings. If they put a child in her way and she stops to help him. Tying a ribbon in front of the wedding chapel to symbolise the bond between the couple getting married is another popular wedding custom in Italy. As Italy is one of the most beautiful and interesting countries. most of the rituals are preformed early in the morning. using a double handled saw. the horoscope of the boy and the girl are matched by the prophets. tearing the veil is considered good luck. school # 159.
guests are offered bombonieres. Certainly. The families and guests also drink sake to symbolise the bonding of the couple as well as of the two families. visibly declaring her maiden status to the gods. WEDDINGS IN JAPAN Olga SHALYGA.in festive envelopes either before or after the wedding ceremony. While the bride and the groom exchange their wedding vows.On the day of the Greek wedding ceremony. The purpose of this is to keep one from dying before the other. Due to better climate. the groom asks the bride's father for his daughter's hand in marriage. Sometimes instead of sugar. The bridal couple in Japan takes nine sips of sake. another hallmark of modern weddings is the wild and deafening loud concerto of automobile horns before and after a wedding ceremony. For the wedding reception the bride changes into a red kimono and again later into a western-style gown. they carry a branch of ivy which symbolises endless love for your partner. skits and karaoke during the reception. The tradition says that whoever's cup is set on the table last will be the first to die. wedding anniversaries are thought to be lucky. so it is common to see dozens of newlywed couples for their honeymoon on the same day. which the bride wears as a veil to hide her "horns of jealousy" from the groom's mother who will now become the head of the family. each taking a sip at the same moment. These delightful gifts of sugar-coated almonds are wrapped in net. by the way. Japanese wedding ceremonies were performed in Shinto Shrines (Синтоїстські храми). many Japanese brides prefer spring and autumn wedding dates. She wears a white kimono and an elaborate headpiece covered with many ornaments to invite good luck to the happy couple. 7 . becoming husband and wife after the first sip. The groom's best man then accompanies the couple to the church to be married. The fathers of the groom and of the bride then introduce their respective family members. after the wedding ceremony. A white hood is attached to the kimono. These crowns are linked with a silk ribbon. Greek brides often put a lump of sugar in their glove for a "sweet" marriage. They will set across the table from each other looking directly into the eyes of the other. Central to the traditional Japanese marriage ceremony is the ritual of drinking nine cups of sake. The bride is painted in white colour from head to toe. being very careful to set the cup down on the table at the same exact moment. their families face each other.money . He places gold crowns made of orange blossoms on the heads of the bride and the groom. Japanese grooms wear black kimonos to the wedding ceremony. after which newlyweds are considered united. Kyiv Historically. Nowadays. And. For the rest of their wedding day the newlyweds are honoured as king and queen. Guests are expected to offer the couple goshugi . first on the engagement day and second on the wedding day. The wedding party and invited guests are engaged in games. school # 159. Wedding rings are blessed twice.
Cutting a log in half demonstrates the couple's …………… in love and marriage. Then a special wedding gift is given to the bride. there are many things that ………. a) the flower b) an animal c) a child 4. 5. The actual ………… ceremony (sposalizio) is officiated by a priest or civil authority. by music and dance... Indian wedding traditions are very elaborate and include various ……… 2. are common at an Indian wedding. in her way and she stops to help him. An Indian wedding is a fusion of …………. a) Sunday b) Friday c) Wednesday 2. more about the Indian culture. The townsfolk place ……………. In spite of this. The wedding ceremony is accompanied ………… 6. the bride's home. a) friendship b) partnership c) situation 5. If they put ……………….TASKS 1. her married status. she will be a good mother. e) …………. rituals and customs.. . Choose the best answer to complete the sentences. 1. Wedding traditions and customs in India are very unusual and they tell us ……. 3. d) …………. a) leaves b) obstacles c) stones 3. f) ………….……………… marriages are believed to be the luckiest. a necklace signifying ……… 7. Match the beginnings of the sentences with their endings. a) Veneto b) Prague c) Vienna 2. …….. in the bride's path to see how she will react to domestic situations. a) celebration b) church c) wedding 6. It is customary for the Italian couple getting married to walk to the wedding chapel together in …………….. 8 . 4. a) …………. 1. 8. There are 2 extra sentences you don't need. The venue of the main wedding ceremony is always ………. b) ………….. c) …………. This whole process includes a long list of events and is ……….
. a) books b) money c) postcards d) letters 10. The new bride changes into a ………………. 1. Brides and grooms become husbands and wives after the …………… sip. The crowns are linked with a hand-knit ribbon. guests are offered bombonieres. a) spring and summer b) autumn and winter c) spring and autumn d) autumn and summer 4. Agree or disagree with the following statements. The purpose of putting cups on the table at the same time is to keep the other from … . a) flower b)tape c)bow d)hood 3.. sake c) 3. 1. . A white ………………. tea d) 7. Complete the sentences. .3. vodka b) 9.. a) rings b) necklaces c) vows d) kisses 5. The bride and the groom exchange their wedding ……………. Japanese wedding ceremonies were performed in ……………. There is a tradition in Greece to have your linen made before you actually sleep on it with your husband. . 2.. sips of ……………. Guests give ………………. Japanese grooms wear ………………. 6. Nowadays. a) green b) blue c) red d) violet 9.. The groom's best man accompanies the couple to the church to be married. to the newlyweds. a) 5. In many Greek villages people gently roll babies on the bed to insure health. kimono. a) dying b) running away c) falling d) jumping 8. is attached to the kimono. The traditional Greek wedding reception can last through the night. 4. 5. a) red b) dark blue c) black d) yellow 4. after the wedding ceremony. SELF CHECK 9 3. a) cafes b) shrines c) churches d) restaurants 2.. a) fifth b) ninth c) third d) first 7. brandy 6. Wedding ritual drinking includes …………. kimonos to the ceremony. Historically.. Japanese brides prefer ………………… for the wedding dates..
— бажання. festival — фестиваль. barbecue/cookout/picnic — пікнік. — свічка. fancy dress party — костюмована вечірка. fête /feit/ — святкування. thank-you note guests — гості. invitation invitation card — листівка-запрошення. event feast — свято. reception — прийом (банкет) із приводу весілля. treat bonfire — багаття. costume greeting card — вітальна листівка. anniversary party — вечірка з приводу річниці. — запрошення. parade — парад. paper plate — одноразова тарілка. CELEBRATION NOUNS Celebration — святкування. confetti balloon — повітряна кулька. ornament birthday cake — торт до дня народження. — частування. goodie bag — святковий кульок. wedding — весілля. — костюм. commemoration party — вечір пам'яті. graduation — випуск (закінчення вищого навчального закладу). wingding — галаслива гулянка. christening — хрестини. birthday party — вечірка з приводу дня народження. baby shower — вечірка для майбутньої мами. — конфетті. going-away party — прощальна вечірка. piñata — піната (прикраса-сюрприз із пап'є-маше). на яку кожен приносить із собою якусь страву. carnival — карнавал. jubilee — ювілей. — феєрверк. — прикраса. candle party hat — капелюх для вечірки. occasion — визначна подія. бенкет. 10 — подія. . welcome party — вечірка «Ласкаво просимо!» buffet — фуршет. — лист подяки.day — іменини. funeral / burial ceremony — похорон. family get-together — зустріч усієї сім'ї. fête . fireworks display cracker — хлопавка. wish sparkler — бенгальський вогонь. potluck dinner — зустріч.GATHERINGS AND CELEBRATIONS GATHERINGS Anniversary — річниця.
2) ribbon — стрічка. It is common to open the gifts during the party. and only women attended. Some hosts arrange baby-themed activities. such as games to taste baby foods or to guess the baby's birth date or gender. give — давати. The baby shower is typically arranged and held by a close friend rather than a member of the family. on behalf . because it is thought to be rude for families to beg for gifts on behalf of their members. a baby shower is a way to celebrate the soon or recent birth of a child by presenting gifts to the parents at a party. 3) bow — бант. and toys. hold a reception — проводити прийом. gender .господар.package — пакунок. CULTURE CORNER In some countries.стать. throw a going-away party — влаштувати прощальну вечірку. зустріч.підгузок. invite — запрошувати. Typical gifts related to babies include diapers. 1) wrapping paper — пакувальний папір.від імені. entertain — розважатися. gift/present — подарунок. Diaper . The term "shower" is often meant that the expectant mother is "showered" with gifts. baby bottles. The original reason was for women to share wisdom and lessons on the art of becoming a mother. CELEBRATION VERBS attend a party — відвідувати вечірку. eternal — вічний 11 . eternal love. banner — прикрашати прапорцями. host . postpone a dance — відкласти танці. cancel a get-together — відмінити вечірку. baby showers were given only for the family's first child. дарувати. receive/get — отримувати. clothes. WEDDING CULTURE CORNER Egyptians believed that the 'Vein of love" ran from the ring finger to the heart and having the ring placed there meant everlasting. Vein — вена. celebrate — святкувати. Traditionally.
head piece — головний убір (прикраси). wedding bells — весільні дзвони. rehearsal dinner — репетиція вечері. lace — мереживо. flower girl — дівчинка. wedding vows — подружні обітниці.WEDDING WORDS Proposal — освідчення. marriage licence — свідоцтво про шлюб. молода. Registry Office — РАГС. bride — наречена. WEDDING CLOTHES Wedding dress — весільна сукня. maid of honour — свідок (зі сторони нареченої). bridesmaids — подружки нареченої. ribbon — стрічка. to be proclaimed "man and wife" — оголошувати чоловіком і дружиною. honeymoon — медовий місяць. veil — фата. objections to the marriage (someone can speak or forever hold their peace) — заперечення щодо шлюбу. tuxedo — смокінг. bridal registry — реєстрація шлюбу. train — шлейф. newlywed/newly wedded/just married — молодята. fiancée — наречена. reception — бенкет. вікарій. жених. matching dresses — сукні подружок. pop the question — освідчуватися. bouquet — букет. breaks off the engagement — розірвати заручини. speech — промова. French cuff — французький манжет. engaged — заручений. walk the bride down the aisle — вести наречену до вівтаря. fiancé — наречений. 12 . draw up a guest list — складати список гостей. tie/bow tie — краватка. plastron — манишка. go down on one knee — ставати на коліно. дружби. groom — наречений. wedding list — весільний список. краватка-метелик. reception venue — місце бенкету. groomsmen — бояри. priest/vicar — священик. best man — свідок (зі сторони нареченого). engagement ring — обручка. procession — процесія. pre-wedding nerves — передвесільні клопоти. яка кидає квіти перед нареченою.
3) plate — пластинка. or is unable to fulfill some of the responsibilities or through some misunderstanding behaves wrongly. I will be affectionate and treat my wife like a friend. I will bring home all my income to my wife. I will explain them to her lovingly. 5) icing/frosting — глазур. I will not find fault or criticise my wife before others. 4) pole/column — колонка. We will sort out our differences and mistakes in privacy by ourselves. 7) marzipan — марципан. I will always follow a compromising policy. — незаконний. — ввічливий. недозволений. I will always make an effort to ensure her comfort and happiness. 2) tier — ярус. — розібратися. nor have an illicit relationship. I shall plan things in consultation with her. — відмовляти (у чомусь). — здійснюватися. I will always have faith in my wife. — згода. If there are any. Intent illicit affectionate incur consent sort out courteous unwell withdraw — намір. I will look after her just as I look after myself. Accepting her as in-charge of my home. WEDDING CAKE 1) Wedding cake tier stand — ярусна підставка для весільного торта. I will have a courteous and tolerant attitude towards my wife. дозвіл. If my wife is unwell.CULTURE CORNER VOWS BY THE HUSBAND (INDIA) I will consider my wife to be THE BETTER half. I will support her in overcoming them. I will not withdraw support or refuse to fulfill my responsibilities towards her. 13 . 6) fondant — помадка. I will never express dissatisfaction about any shortcomings in my wife. I will never look at another woman with wrong intent. The household expenses will be incurred with her consent. — ніжний. люблячий. — нездоровий.
engagement — заручини. fancy somebody — подобатися. go out with someone — піти кудись із кимось. DATING NOUNS Blind date — побачення всліпу. entrap someone — заманити когось. suitor — шанувальник. kiss — цілувати. get married — одружитися. relationship — стосунки. to fall head over heels for someone — шалено/палко закохатися в когось. propose to someone — освідчуватися. get engaged — заручитися. cherish — пестити. go Dutch — кожен платить сам за себе. дівчина. go on a date — ходити на побачення. незаміжня. seduce — спокушати. flirtation — флірт. engaged — заручений. my love / sweetheart / dear / honey — любий. stand someone up — не з'явитися на побачення. заміжня. love at first sight — кохання з першого погляду. hug — обіймати. have things in common — мати багато спільного. turn someone down — відмовити комусь. be madly/passionately in love with — бути шалено закоханим у когось. have a crush on somebody — палко захопитися кимось. adore — обожнювати. break up/split-up — розрив стосунків. married divorced — розлучений. get divorced — розлучитися. jealousy — ревнощі.DATING VERBS ask someone out — запросити когось пообідати. affair / love affair — роман. cuddle — міцні обійми. . be in love with — кохати. gallantry — галантність. — овдовілий. have an affair with somebody — мати роман із кимось. fall in love with/fall for somebody — закохуватися. go steady — мати тривалі стосунки. зваблювати. flirt with somebody — фліртувати з кимось. ADJECTIVES Single/unmarried — неодружений. widowed 14 — одружений. meet people online — зустрічатися онлайн. be crazy / wild / mad about — шаленіти від кохання до когось. boyfriend / girlfriend — хлопець. break up with — порвати з кимось. be the apple of someone's eye — найдорожча людина tie the knot/take the plunge — зробити рішучий крок. залицяння. can't do without someone — неможливо існувати без когось.
фіалки 15 .WEDDING ANNIVERSARIES 5th 10th 15th 20th 25th 30th 40th 50th 60th Wooden Tin Crystal China Silver Pearl Ruby Golden Diamond — дерев'яне (весілля) — олов'яне — кришталеве — порцелянове — срібне — перлинове — рубінове — золоте — діамантове WEDDING ANNIVERSARY FLOWER GIFTS YEAR FLOWER 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14lh 15th 20th 25th 28th 30sh 40th 50th Carnation Lily of the valley Sunflower Hydrangea Daisy Calla Freesia Lilac Bird of paradise Daffodil Tulip Peony Chrysanthemum Dahlia Rose Aster Iris Orchid Lily Gladiolus Yellow roses. violets — гвоздика — конвалія — соняшник — гортензія — маргаритка — кала — фрезія — бузок — райська пташка — нарцис — тюльпан — півонія — хризантема — жоржина —троянда — айстра — ірис — орхідея — лілія — гладіолус — жовті троянди.
reception. bridesmaids. best man. the promises that the bride and the groom make to each other during the ceremony. veil. the place for the party that takes place after the wedding ceremony. reception hall. a female friend or relative who acts as a witness at the wedding. wedding vows. a boy at the wedding that holds the wedding rings. a male friend or relative who acts as a witness at the wedding. newly wedded. bride. a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) 1) m) n) a man just married or about to be married. maid of honour. wedding cake. a rich iced cake served at a wedding reception. SELF CHECK 16 . the party after the wedding ceremony. a woman and a man just married. We know lots of stuff about them. female friends or relatives who help the bride at the wedding. But is our knowledge of holidays the same with holiday vocabulary? Try to pass the following tests to find that out. groom. groomsmen. large and very light piece of fabric. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) wedding. ring bearer.People have always loved and adored holidays and festivals. TASK 1 Match the following words with their explanations. a woman just married or about to be married. male friends or relatives who help the groom on the wedding day. a marriage ceremony usually with its accompanying festivities.
TASK 2 Complete the sentences below with the best answer. at someone's house in some parts of the United States. a) parade b) reception c) going-away party 5. a) have things in common b) go Dutch c) stand each other up 4. It looks like we're going to have to …………….. Karl and his girlfriend finally ……………… after going steady for eight months. a) postpone b) hold c) throw 6. My parents are really compatible with each other because they ……………. Tim. 1. . a) potluck dinner b) feast c) dance SELF CHECK 17 . The wedding is next month. We're going to throw a …………………… for my brother because he is going overseas for a year to study. a) breaks up with b) has a crash on c) goes steady with 3. they see eye-to-eye on most things. When you have a ……………. but I don't think the feelings are mutual.. the cookout until next week because of the weather.. you should bring a dish to share with the rest of the people.. and thus. a) got engaged b) got married c) got divorced 2. Cindy really …………….
the "fool". to say "April Fool!" a) supposed b) supported 3. a) prank b) plank 7. the tradition is to get people wet by …………… water on them.. considered b) customary.. a) jokes b) funny 2. A ……………………. A ………………. consigned 10. person is one who believes things very easily.VOCABULARY QUIZ: HOLIDAYS APRIL FOOLS' DAY 1. April Fools' Day is not really a holiday . on people. this is the day when you try to make your friends believe something that isn't true . In Poland. The origins of the day are …………. a) embarrassing b) embarrass 6.. a) saga b) hoax 9. . In several English-speaking countries. is an attempt to trick an audience (or person) into believing that something false is real.. you. Australia and New Zealand. . a) unclear b) uncleaned 4. I can't believe you ………………. position. April Fools' ………………. says that you have to play a joke before noon (12:00 pm). a) tradition. A "practical joke" is a playful trick that usually puts the receiver in an ………….and if they believe it you're ………. April Fools' Day is celebrated in many countries around the world. for it! = I can't believe you believed it! a) felt b) fell 8. a) sellable b) gullible SELF CHECK 18 . Another word for "practical joke" is ……………. In English-speaking countries.. yourself.it's more of a day to play ……. including the UK. a) pouring b) poring 5.. If you play a joke after 12:00 pm. are ………. for example.
Patrick's Day.. holiday of the Irish people. Patrick's Day is the …………. Saint Patrick's Day was celebrated only as a religious holiday up …………………. celebrated in many other English-speaking countries. a) Drinking b) Taking 7.... when it became a public holiday. Patrick's Day (mainly because it is a symbol of Ireland) is the "shamrock" — a three-leaf clover. Many cities around the world have St. it is ………………… for non-Irish people to think of themselves as "Irish for a day" on St. …………………. the river is actually ………………. Historically. and Dublin. or punched in the arm. great 2. It is an official holiday in the Republic of Ireland. Patrick's Day parties ………… around everything green and/or Irish. symbol of St. about 100 years ago. a) corner b) centre 3. Part of the tradition is that one has to wear at least one green item of …. . a) by b) until 9. lots of alcohol has. PATRICK'S DAY 1. a) customary b) custom SELF CHECK 19 . . in many places. and is …………. become synonymous with St. In parts of the world.. In fact. You don't have to be Irish to celebrate this holiday. One very …………………. The biggest ones are in New York. In Chicago. This day is all about having fun. children who do not wear anything green are either pinched. a) dyed b)died 8..ST. a) reconnaissance b) recognisable 6. Patrick's Day ……………. green every year for St. It celebrates Saint Patrick — one of the patron saints of Ireland.. St. a) marching b) parades 4. a) clothing b) cloth 5. widely b) nation. Patrick's Day. Many St. Savannah (Georgia). a) national. Patrick's Day.……….
Easter and all of its related holidays (Good Friday.. etc. a) mass b) sermon 7. and other decorated items. . On Easter Sunday. A very popular symbol of Easter is the Easter …………………. he's the one who "hides" and delivers the eggs. — traditionally. Most people no longer ……………. a) efficient b) official 3. sectional 2. secular b) resurrection. Easter has a lot of ……………. Many families place coloured eggs. many people …………………... absolve b) fasting. In England. which means their date changes from year to year. a)exchange b) change 10. One of the main Easter traditions is ……………….) are known as ………………… feasts/holidays. a) movers b) moveable 4. Lent.EASTER 1. a) feasting. observe SELF CHECK 20 . Lent is a period of …………… — when one is not allowed to eat certain foods — which starts 40 days before Easter.. These days. eggs — which involves painting them in a variety of colours. These are given to children when they wake up on Easter Sunday. a) decorating b) dressing 5. a) look b) hunt 6. traditions as well. Good Friday commemorates the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. a) basket b) bowl 9. a) Bunny b) Hare 8. — the colored eggs are hidden by the parents. on Easter Sunday. a) revival. Lent. which is why many nonChristians also celebrate it. many people participate in a traditional Easter egg …………. chocolate eggs instead of real ones. It is an …………… or "public" holiday in some parts of the English-speaking world. and the children have to look for them.. Many Christians (even the ones who don't normally go to church) attend …………. in an Easter……….. Easter is a Christian religious holiday that commemorates the crucifixion and ……………… of Jesus Christ.
success b) efforts. The holiday exists thanks to the ………… of Anna Jarvis. a) bouquet b) collection 3. a gift. and this version of the holiday later spread to other countries. a) masculine b) muscular 9. of Mother's Day (1922). state SELF CHECK 21 . These days fathers usually receive typically ………………. Sadly. a) motherhood b) moms 2. status b) recently. a woman named Sonora Dodd promoted the idea of a national holiday to honour fathers. in North America this holiday is not as popular as Mother's Day or Father's Day. According to a recent survey. senses b) out. a) limited.MOTHER'S DAY/FATHER'S DAY/NATIONAL GRANDPARENTS' DAY 1. which only obtained official ………… in the United States in 1978. mothers receive a ………………… of flowers. gifts such as electronics and tools. Traditionally on this day. that honours mothers and ………………. Mother's Day is the most popular day to dine …………. Father's Day is a ……………… recent holiday — in the United States it was only officially recognised in 1972. on and became an official holiday. a) action. She was ………… .. a) outside. as well as greeting cards. seems 4. went 8. caught b) limiting. or a combination of these things. but eventually it …………. a) recent. celebrated in many countries around the world. An even more ………… holiday is "National Grandparents Day". a greeting card. and in Canada in 1995. Mother's Day is a holiday. . Taking one's mother out to a restaurant ……… to be a very popular present. an American woman who campaigned to create a special holiday for mothers. in a restaurant. successful 5. in the United States. a) creativity b) creation 7... Dodd's idea had ……………. Soon after the …………………. success at the time. a) relatively b) relative 6.
Many flags around the United States fly half-staff. The day was created to honour ………………… Union (Northern) soldiers. This holiday was ……………….. in the American Civil War. many see it as a day of fun and ……………. fallen b) Civic. a) origins b) seeds SELF CHECK 22 .MEMORIAL DAY 1. a) before b) formerly 8. on this day. the United Kingdom. a) live b) living 10. a) servicemen b) service 3. . due to its …………………. The day is about remembering U. Social gatherings such as …………. retribution 6. November 11 is called "Veterans' Day" — a day which honours all veterans ………………. is not observed anywhere outside the United States. known as "Decoration Day".S. relaxation b) pickets. Memorial day is an American holiday that is ………… on the last Monday of May.… or barbecues are a popular way to spend Memorial Day. a) Civil. a) seen b) observed 2. which means halfway down the flagpole. and Canada. War. or half-………………. a) unofficial b) unwarranted 7. Memorial Day is considered by many as the ……………… start of Summer. fell 4. a) picnics.. a) mast b) mask 9. In many other parts of the world. . including Australia. Memorial Day. this holiday is known as "Remembrance Day". soldiers who have died in military …………… to their country. The origins of the holiday stem back to the American …………………. and dead. In the United States. Many people still follow the tradition of visiting cemeteries and ………. a) memos b) memorials 5.. Despite the solemn nature of the holiday. and is held on November 11.
In some parts of the English-speaking world. which are large controlled outdoor fires. Another popular tradition involves ……………………….. usually by going to parties. people usually place a candle in the middle to make the "face" ……… . a) out b) up 4. This pumpkin face with a candle inside is called a "jack-o-lantern". the children are supposed to say "Trick or treat!". After a pumpkin is ………… . which means they want candy :) a) sound b) ring 5. pagan 2.. prehistoric b) celebrated. ghosts. Halloween is ……………… on the last day of October. a) decorate b) renovate SELF CHECK 23 . Halloween is not only for children. in scary or funny costumes go around the neighbourhood asking for candy. a pumpkin (cutting out what's inside and making a face out of it). a) costumes b) outfits . Another popular tradition is called "trick-or-treating". a) carving b) craving 7. ……………. goblins. back yards. and windows with all kinds of "scary" images like witches. celebrate this holiday as well. Many people ……………… their front yards. people light ………. Many ……………….. and when someone answers the door. Children come to someone's house.HALLOWEEN 1. glow 8. . This is when children who are dressed ……………. One of the main Halloween traditions involves wearing ………………. a) adults b) elders 6. a) feasted. Many of its current traditions actually stem from ……………… times. 3. shine b) carved. a) bonfires b) campfires 9. a) craved. the doorbell (or knock). etc.. .
a) stuffing b) stuff 10. harvest 9. In English "to say ………………… " means to say a few words of thanks — usually before eating a meal. . harbour b) survive. Another popular Thanksgiving food is ……………. and many other types of "autumn" food. a) cake b) pie 7. The name comes from the fact that a Thanksgiving turkey is "stuffed" with this while it is cooking.. Thanksgiving is an important public holiday in the Unites States and in Canada. a) part b) slice SELF CHECK 24 . A ………………… Thanksgiving dinner has turkey (usually whole). Many communities have annual food drives (= a period of time over which they collect food donations) in order to feed the ……………. in the new country. set apart a day to celebrate immediately after their first ……………. of Thanksgiving celebrations in the United States. it's important to remember what you have to be …………… for. a) surpass. a) thanked b) thankful 3. cranberry sauce. a) Turkey b) Cranberry 4. a) tradition b) traditional 6. yams.. a) thank-you b) thanks 2. The most famous Thanksgiving dessert is pumpkin ………… .THANKSGIVING 1. a) needy b) needed 5. taught by a local American Indian tribe to ………………. . a) grace b) graces 8. The history of American Thanksgiving goes back to 1621 when the Pilgrims. (Watching) American football is often a major …………………. The holiday is nicknamed "…………………… Day" because this is the food that people associate most with Thanksgiving. — often to God — for the things that one has. on this day. On this day. It is considered a day to give ………….
3-b. 5-b. KEYS TO THE TESTS: Task 1: 1-f. 9-d. 4-T. 8-b. 8-c. 1-а. 10-c. 2-d. 7-b. 5-а. 4-b. 5-F. 6-а. 6-d.KEY (TASKS): 1. 8-b. 3-a. 5-g. 7-b.learnenglishfeelgood. 7-а. 6-а. 2-F. 6-а. 3-b. 2-b. 5-а. 2-а. 9-а. 7-b. 9-а. 3-b. April Fools' Day: 1-а. 5-а. 8-а. 4-а. 3-a. 2-b. 4-b. 6-b. 13-c. 3-c. 1-T. 6-а. 8-b. 3-b. Patrick's Day: 1-а. 6-b. 2-а. From the Internet resources. 6-і. St. 10-b. 4-1. 2-а. 9-а. 5-а. 9-а Thanksgiving: 1-b. 9-а. 10-a. 3-c. 14-j. 2. 6-b. 4. 3-a. 9-b. 4-а. 8-а. 2-h. 8-а. 4-а. 7-а. 6-а. 10-k. 5-а. 12-e. 2-b. 5-c. 2-b. 10-a. 9-b. 4-b. http://www. 5-b. 7-а. 5-b. 6-T. 7-а. 10-b. 8-а. 1-b. 4-а. 3-d. 1-c. 3-a. 4-а. 3-a. 2-b. 11-n. Easter: 1-b. 4-c. 6-а. Task 2: 1-а. 7-b. 6-а. 3. Memorial Day: 1-b. 2-b. Halloween: 1-b. 5-b. 4-c. 4-b. 5-f. 7-c. 3-F. 7-а. 8-m. 9-а. Mother's Day/Father's Day/National Grandparents' Day: 1-а.com compiled by Anna LIASHEVSKA 25 .
Every day. and Earth Day. Every day. Refrain: Let's make every day an Earth Day Let's keep the skies blue. Refrain: It's just one small world That we must depend on. an Earth Day For the plants and creatures in this world with me. 26 . Let's keep the waters clean. an Earth Day For our friends and families and the animals too. Let's keep the skies blue. One small world that we can save together. Everyday. Will you answer the call? II Let's make every day an Earth Day.EARTH DAY SONGS EVERY DAY AN EARTH DAY By Ron Brown I Let's make every day an Earth Day. One small world for all.
Many forests. Many blessings do they bring. Just one world — live upon it with care. I There are many mountains. Many rivers that sing. But please remember this one thing: Refrain: II There are many turtles. Many faces. Many lions. Try to cherish it.ONE WORLD By Lucas Miller Refrain: There's just one world. We've got to share it. Many eagles on the wing. Your world will be kind to you — that much is true. But please remember this one thing: Refrain: III There are many people. There's just one world. Many fishes. Many voices. This world will take care of you. Refrain: 27 . too. All of them together they sing: Refrain: IV If you will walk here with care and respect And your share of kindness. Many valleys.
you see. and it's changin' my life permanently. And I don't need nobody cuttin' and burnin' my trees! Refrain: III I am an eagle on the horizon. you and me. And I don't need nobody dumpin' garbage on me! Refrain: Save our world. and the trees. Someone's been dumpin' garbage and sewage in my sea. and I need no pollution in the air that I breathe! Refrain: 28 . And I fly just as far as I can see! But my sky is mil of smog. everybody. The sky. II I am a monkey in the rainforest. you see. Someone's been cuttin' and burnin' my trees. you see. with the fishes in the sea.. I swim and I eat. My home and my food are in the trees.. Save and don't be sorry. Save our world. And I liked my forest just fine. And I liked my ocean just fine. And it's changing my life permanently! And I liked my sky just fine. And it's changin' my life permanently. and the acid rains on me.SAVE (OUR WORLD) By Colleen & Uncle Squaty I I am a whale in the ocean. and the water. Save the world for our children.
For me and you. Linford It's your world and my world too. We'll put our litter in the can And lend our world a helping hand. and other things. It's your world and my world too. When we take care of our own space Our world will be a safer place. Here's what we'll do. We may be small but we can know Just where our litter ought to go. There are things that we can do To help our world be safe and clean From litter. — twice 29 . trash. These are things that we can do. Won't you help too? It's your world and my world too. That's what we'll do — Recycling is nothing new And we can learn to do it too.KEEP YOUR WORLD CLEAN By Marilyn M. When we are careful not to waste Our world will be a cleaner place.
Makes sulphuric acid... Limestone or calcium buffers will do.. The sour is the acid rain. The sweet is alkali. Day after day... steel producing factory. But when acid rain falls day after day On the lakes and the rivers And the soil and the clay There're changes in the water and the forest. rain. Combines with the water vapour again. Sulphuric acid. nuclear plant emissions. Coal fired. compiled by Anna LIASHEVSKA 30 .SWEET AND SOUR RAIN By Chris Rowlings Refrain: Sweet and sour rain Falling from the sky. rain Refrain: Sometimes the soil is like the sweet rain Neutralizing the sour again And helps prevent the damage to the forest… Sometimes the lakes have sweet water too. The sulfur combines with the oxygen. Nickel smelting. They help to neutralize the acid rain. acid rain. year after year The lakes become acid And the fish disappear And we wonder how we got this acid rain. From the Internet resources. Coming from your car and truck emissions. Everything burning fossil fuel Emits hot sulfur as a rule.. rain. rain. Coming up the smokestack from your factory.
— буфер cherish dump sewage permanently — постійно. sour alkali clay smokestack emission fossil fuel emit vapour neutralize limestone buffer 31 . — димова труба. — викопне паливо. — випускати. — луг. — вапняк. — випаровування.GLOSSARY: — пестити. — стічні води. — нейтралізувати. — викид. — кислий. — глина. — скидати.
WORLD HOLIDAY CALENDAR JANUARY 01 Global Family Day 04 World Braille Day 08 World Literary Day 11 International Thank-You Day 30 World Leprosy Day FEBRUARY 12 Darwin Day 21 International Mother Language Day 22 World Thinking Day MARCH 01 International Day of the Seal 08 International Women's Day 14 World Book Day 20 World Frog Day 21 World Down Syndrome Day 22 World Day for Water 23 World Meteorological Day 29 Earth Hour (8 pm local time) APRIL 02 International Children's Book Day 07 World Health Day 12 Yuri's Night 13 International Special Librarian's Day 21 International Creativity and Innovation Day 22 Earth Day 23 World Copyright Day 25 World Penguin Day MAY 03 World Press Freedom Day 05 International Midwives Day 08 World Red Cross Day 10 World Lupus Day 12 International Nurses Day 13 IEEE Global Engineering Day 15 International Day of Families 18 International Museum Day 21 World Day for Cultural Diversity 32 .
22 International Day for Biological Diversity 23 World Turtle Day 24 World Schizophrenia Day 25 Towel Day 31 World No-Tobacco Day JUNE 08 World Ocean Day 14 World Blood Donor Day 16 International Day of the African Child 17 World Day to Combat Desertification & Drought 20 World Refugee Day 26 International Day against Drug Abuse & Trafficking JULY 11 World Population Day 16 World Snake Day AUGUST 08 Universal & International Infinity Day 09 International Day of the World's Indigenous People 10 International Biodiesel Day 12 International Youth Day 13 International Lefthanders Day 14 World Lizard Day 23 International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade & its Abolition SEPTEMBER 08 International Literacy Day 13 International Chocolate Day 15 Software Freedom Day 16 International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer 19 Talk Like a Pirate Day 21 World Gratitude Day 22 World Car-Free Day 29 Inventors Day OCTOBER 01 International Music Day 02 World Farm Animals Day 03 World Temperance Day 04 World Animal Day 05 World Teacher's Day 33 .
— письменність. — біопальне. — вдячність. — бідність. — тюлень. — зловживання. — ліквідація PDF REMAKE . — корінний (народ). — туберкульоз шкіри. — різномаїття. — торгівля. — проказа. — скасування.10 World Mental Health Day 16 World Food Day 17 International Day for the Eradication of Poverty 24 United Nations Day 29 International Internet Day NOVEMBER 08 World Town Planning Day 16 International Day for Tolerance 21 World Television Day 25 International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women 30 International Computer Security Day DECEMBER 01 World AIDS Day 02 International Day for the Abolition of Slavery 05 International Volunteers Day 07 International Civil Aviation Day 10 Human Rights Day From the Internet resources. compiled by Anna LIASHEVSKA GLOSSARY Braille leprosy seal midwives lupus diversity drought refugee abuse trafficking indigenous biodiesel abolition literacy preservation gratitude temperance eradication poverty elimination — шрифт Брайля (для сліпих). — посуха. — тверезість. — біженець.2011 34 lanagreg . грамотність. — викорінювання. — збереження. — акушерки.
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