# Grade 10 Xmas Semester Exam – Physics

You will be given an exam with all the questions coming from previous iGCSE exam papers. It will last 1 hour and be done during the same session as your Chemistry paper. For those of you who need a GPA they will be combined to make a semester exam GPA which will form 20% of your Semester grade. The exam will be approximately split into 2 sections and is on everything that you have covered this year. 1. 50% Multiple Choice 2. 50% Extended answer questions

P9 - EM Spectrum
1. Order of waves in the EM Spectrum - Which part has the highest wavelength / frequency 2. Uses of EM Waves - Radio & TV, Satellite TV and Mobile phones, Remote controls, Intruder alarms, medicine and airport security 3. Safety understanding for X-rays 4. What speed do they all travel at? 300,000,000m/s (in a vacuum) 5. Know that velocity of a wave = frequency x wavelength

P10 - Sound
6. Vibrations make sounds 7. Longitudinal waves are compressions and rarefactions 8. Human hearing range 9. Sound waves need a ‘medium’, don’t travel in empty space 10. Sound waves travel faster in Solids than liquids and WHY? Also sound in gases is slow travelling. Why? 11. Understand how to measure the speed of sound 12. Describe an experiment to measure the speed of sound 13. Loudness is related to Amplitude, pitch to frequency 14. Know what echos are

P12 - Electricity
15. Interpret diagrams of static charge 16. Know that ‘like charges repel’ and ‘unlike charges attract’ 17. State that an electric field is where charges experience a force 18. Describe how to avoid sparks /lightning damage / explosions in operating theatres. 19. Describe the difference between Electrical Conductors and Insulators 20. Understand Current, Potential Difference and Resistance, describe patterns like ‘More Potential difference pushes more current around the circuit’ 21. Know the Units of I, V, R 22. Know that charge is measured in Coulombs (C) and that current is the flow of charge/second (I=C/s) and that it can be written as I=Q/t 23. Know that Volts are the Energy per coulomb of charge (V=J/C) and that it can be written V=E/Q 24. Understand that ‘Conventional Current’ flows the opposite way to electrons 25. Know Ohms law, the graphs for fixed temperature resistors, diodes, lightbulbs 26. Understand how length and diameter of wires affects Resistance (longer = more R, thinner = more R) 27. Know the equation for Power (P=IV) and that Energy = IVt (E=Pt) 28. Recognise dangerous wiring in pictures, know that damp is not good for electricity 29. Know that wires get hot if they carry current for a long time and understand why. 30. Be able to choose a fuse for a circuit and know what one does and where to put it. 31. Understand Circuit Breakers P13 - Electric Circuits 32. Know the symbols for batteries, cells, switches, resistors, variable resistors, lamps, ammeters, voltmeters and fuses 33. Understand the workings of bells and relays 34. Know the rules about current in a circuit 35. Understand how Voltage changes around a circuit 36. Calculate combinations of series and PARALLEL resistors. 37. Know that the total resistance for parallel resistors is ALWAYS less than either of the two resistors 38. Know that connecting lamps in parallel has clear advantages 39. Understand the use of thermistors and the symbol 40. Understand the use of LDRs and the symbol 41. Explain places that LDRs and thermistors are used.

42. Describe how a relay works and what they are used for.

Equations

You also need to know the equation for speed to be able to calculate the speed of a wave from the distance it travels in a given time.