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STUDENT’S NAME: RAFAŁ KUSY THE DATE: 09.11.

2011

THE TITLE OF AN EXPERIMENT: DIBENZOYL [VI.A.1]
1. THE PURPOSE OF AN EXPERIMENT
This experiment was aimed at a synthesis of dibenzoyl through oxidation of benzoin.

2. USED REAGENTS
• • • Benzoin (2-hydroxy-1,2-di(phenyl)ethanone) Ethanol (for crystallization) Nitric acid

3. USED LABORATORY APPLIANCES
• • • • • • • • • • • • Air condenser Beakers Büchner funnel Capillaries Funnel Heating mantle Melting point meter Round bottomed flask Stirring rod Suction flask Tubes Water pump

3. CHEMICAL EQUATION

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The mixture was poured into a beaker filled with 100 cm3 of cool water and was being stirred until the obtained oil solidified. Flask with its content was heated on water bath under air condenser until the traces of educed nitric oxides disappear. the lone pair of oxygen atom which comes from water attacks hydrogen atom. Crude dibenzoyl was thoroughly rinsed with water and crystallized from ethanol. It results it decomposition of ester and production of dibenzoyl. lemon-coloured compound were filtrated using Büchner funnel and dried. = 94. Finally. MECHANISM OF THE REACTION First step of reaction is production of nitric acid ester. = 94 °C − 96 °C 2 .7 °C Standard melting point of dibenzoyl: Mpstand . the obtained substance was weighted and its melting point was checked. SUMMARY OF THE PROCEDURE • • • • • 5 g of benzoin and 25 cm3 of concentrated nitric acid were put into 100 cm3 roundbottomed flask under the fume hood. The gained. Subsequently.4. 6. 5. COMPARISON OF MELTING POINTS Measured melting point of obtained compound: Mpobt .

when a flask’s content was poured into cool water no crystal appeared. = 3. Probably.95 g 8. 3 . The loses of compound were related with crystallization process because the product’s particles. the received sample of benzoin was contaminated or decayed. Moreover. g C14 H10O2 C14 H10O2 mtheo.84 g The yield of reaction: y= mobt . This report concerns a second approach to this experiment.76 g ⋅ 100% = ⋅ 100% = 0. but only amorphous. 3.95 g C14 H10O2 Quantity of obtained compound: mobt . oil-like substance. were unable to be taken. CONCLUSION The synthesised product had lemon-colour which is in accordance with the colour of an actual dibenzoyl. The checked melting point of obtained compound is within a scope of benzil melting point.24 g 5.24 g C14 H12O2 − mtheo. which remained in a flask and a funnel. 4. THE YIELD OF REACTION Theoretical amount of dibenzoyl that should have been obtained: 212. Those features clearly indicate that received product was rather pure. The yield of reaction is satisfactory. = 4.76% mtheo.7. Those phenomena might have indicated that the reaction did not take place. During previous process of benzoin oxidation only traces of nitric oxides were educed.0 g C14 H12O2 − 210.