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Introduction: According to the Second Law of Thermodynamics. thermal expansion valve which is also known as throttle valve and evaporator. A part of the cold refrigerant mixture . Results of this experiment will be compared with the value of the actual experiment. This will caused the temperature of the liquid to reduce as well. it stated that it is impossible to transfer the heat from a low temperature region to a high temperature region unless external work is applied. it will be flowing through an expansion valve where it will undergoes sudden reduction in pressure. a refrigerator laboratory unit had been used. evaporator and condenser need to be recorded in a table. Superheated vapor routed through a condenser where it will be cooled and condensed into liquid by flowing through a tube. it is also in high temperature. It is called auto-refrigeration effect. The experiment is then repeated by using different value of power and the readings will be recorded and tabulated in the table. Next. Thus. This experiment shows how the refrigerantis used to cooling the refrigerator and how the heat can be transferred from low temperature region to high temperature region. In the the compressor.Abstract. The purpose of conducting this experiment is to compare the Pressure-Enthalpy Diagram from the actual value and the experimental value. Total of 6 temperature readings. In this experiment. the device that had been used is Refrigerator Laboratory Unit (serial No: R713/23524). a fan circulates warm air in the enclosed space across the tubes carrying cold refrigerant liquid vapor mixture. The hot and compressed vapor is also known as superheated vapor. condenser. The vapor then is then compressed to high pressure . the circulating refrigerant enter compressor in the state of saturated vapor. This device is divided to few parts which are compresser. The cold mixture flowed through the tubes in evaporator. Cool water must be flowing across the tubes and the refrigerant reject the heat from the system and rejected heat will be carried away. In this experiment.

Lastly in the evaporator. refrigeration laboratory unit was used. The unit started and allowed to stabilize with a refrigeration load of 260W. refrigerant vapor from the evaporator is now again a saturated vapor and it flows back into compressor. . Materials: 1. Procedure: 1. 4. the voltmeter and ammeter were set to desired readings. Start the stop watch for 5 minutes to let the device settle down. evaporator.evaporated by the warm air. 3. condenser and expansion valve were recorded. Readings of the compressor. Start the stop watch for 5 minutes and readings were taken after 5 minutes. First. 5. At the same time. circulating air is cooled down to desired temperature. After setting the voltmeter and ammeter readings. 2. All the readings were tabulated in a table for further discussion. the circulating refrigerant absorbs and removes heat which is later rejected in the condenser and transferred by air that used in condenser. In the complete cycle. Lastly. Refrigeration Laboratory Unit (Serial No: R713/23524) 2. Stop watch Methods: For this experiment. dynamometer has to be fixed at balance position. stop the stop watch after 5 minutes and all the readings of temperature have to be recorded and tabulated in a table for further discussion. Experiment was repeated by setting 600W of refrigeration load.

6 864 28.6 260 240 3. it is at higher temperature at outlet since refrigerant transferred heat to the water in the condenser. line that joining T1 and T2 in experiment no.Results and Discussions: VE (V) A E (I) PE (W) Vm (V) A m (I) Pm (W) t1 t2 t3 (C) (C) (C) t4 t5 (C) (C) t6 (C) Evapor ator Pressur e (kN/m) Condens er Pressure (kN/m) Cooling Water Flow Control (g/s) Refrigerant Flow Control (g/s) 100 2. 1 29 32. Temperature of superheated vapor in .7 28. For the Pressure-enthalpy diagram.2. This is because that T5 is measured temperature of the water from water inlet whereas T6 is measured temperature for the temperature of the water at the outlet.9 31. Thus. liquid will be compressed to high pressure liquid which will caused it become a high temperature liquid as well.2 is longer than line joining T1 and T2 in experiment no. It shows that there is higher difference between T1 and T2 in experiment no.3 59. temperature of T6 is always higher than temperature of t6 as well. This is because the water from inlet absorbed heat from refrigerant in the system. temperature of T2 is always higher than temperature of T1. Besides this. 7 30 775 30 2 150 4 600 240 3. In the compressor.1. 8 65. This is because T1 is the temperature that before entering the compressor and T2 is the temperature that after entering compressor. 5 21.3 120 925 30 4 From result above.6 4. 3 34. This happened in when refrigerant was cooled down in condenser.6 864 6. 7 7.

repeating the experiment for at least 2 times also can minimise the error of these experiments. To avoid heat loss happen. The error is heat loss during the experiment. References: na. Thus. It is because there are some heat loss in the experiments. In this stage. The reason of this happen is because the condensation of the vapor happened even before the superheated vapor enter the condenser. both experimental diagrams are different with the actual line of joining T1 and T2. this experiment is not ideal and the experimental pressure-enthalpy diagrams are different with the actual diagram. work will be applied to condense superheated vapor to saturated liquid. It happens in both experiment and that is the reason why the line of intersection of Pc and T3 of both experiments are fall outside of the curve. Thus. These show that the vapor in the device cooled down even before it enters the condenser. There is a similarity of this two experiments which is value of T2 both experiments are outside of the curve.2 is also higher than the first experiment. When both diagrams compare with the actual pressure-enthalpy diagram. But the line of intersection of the experimental diagram are not fall on the line of the curve because it condense back to compressed liquid after undergoes condensation. Chapter 11: Refrigeration Cycles. Besides that. line of intersection of Pc and T3 of both experiments are fall at outside of the curve as well. Conclusion: In the conclusion. superheated liquid will transfer the heat to the cooling water in the condenser. Scribd. It caused the refrigerant back to compressed liquid because it losses excess heat to the cooling water. the line of intersection should be fall on line of the curve.experiment no. That is impossible to have a zero heat loss in the experiments and it can only be reduced by improving the methods of conducting the experiments. When it reaches the condenser. Besides that. viewed 10th September 2011 <http://www. There is a major error in these experiments. cooling water has to be set at higher temperature to prevent it absorbed excessive heat from the refrigerant. repeating the experiments are one of the way to minimise the error of the experiment. Some heat are loss in these experiments.scribd. Heat loss are happened during the condensation process that happens in the> . it caused the temperature of the cooling water in outlet is higher than temperature of cooling water in inlet. Compare to the actual diagram. The actual diagram has the line joining T1 and T2 inside the curve whereas both of the experimental line of joining T1 and T2 are outside of the curve.

Scribd. Engineering Thermodynamics: Lab> Paknedhad. viewed 11th September 2011 <http://www. viewed 11th September 2011 <> .scribd. Description of The Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Maria.