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AOE 3014 Quiz 1 Simpson

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You are on page 1of 13

(B)How does the temperature of the lowest part of the earths atmosphere vary with height?

(C) What are the SI units for the viscosity, ?

2. (a) Write down the differential equation for how the pressure gradient is a static fluid varies with the

body force that is acting on the fluid.

(b) For a Cartesian co-ordinate system, what is the pressure gradient in terms of

6p

6x

,

6p

6

, and

6p

6z

.

(c) As derived in class, for a CONSTANT TEMPERATURE ideal gas, what is the equation for how the

pressure varies with height? Name/label each quantity in this equation.

3. Given the velocity field in rectangular or Cartesian(x, y, z) co-ordinates.

I = (S +9x

2

+y

2

t)

+ (8xz

2

+ 2t)

]

+yz

2

k

(a) Is this flow steady or unsteady?

(b) Is this flow incompressible or compressible? In other word does it satisfy the incompressible

continuity equation?

4. Velocity profiles are measured at the downstream end (surface 2) of a rectangular wind tunnel test

section (control volume), as shown in the figure below. Note that surfaces 3 and 4 are SOLID

impermeable surfaces. If the flow is incompressible, two-dimensional, and steady, what is the uniform

velocity at the upstream wind tunnel inlet (surface 1)?

(a) Write down a verbal statement of the principle that you are using.

(b) Write and equation that expresses this principle

(c) Apply this equation to this problem

(d) Present the final answer.

Quiz 1A from quizs

Sunday, September 05, 2010

12:42 AM

Quiz 1 Page 1

Quiz 1 Page 2

Quiz 1 Page 3

1. How is the dynamic viscosity related to the shearing stress in a fluid? What is the kinematic

viscosity? What are the SI units for each quanity?

2. (a) Write down the differential equation for how the pressure gradient in a static fluid varies

with the body force that is acting on the fluid.

(b) For a Cartesian co-ordinate system, what is the pressure gradient in term of

6p

6x

,

6p

6

, and

6p

6z

.

(c) A container of water is in a vehicle that is accelerating in the x-direction at o

x

, so that the body force

direction acting on the water is o

x

g

k

. What is the pressure in the water as a function of x and

z?

3. Given the velocity field in rectangular or Cartesian (x, y ,z) co-ordinates:

F = (8 + Sx

2

+ 4y

2

t)| + (xy

2

+1ut)j + (z

2

+yt)k

(a) Is this flow steady or unsteady?

(b) Is this flow incompressible or compressible? In other words, does it satisfy the

incompressible continuity equation?

4. Velocity profiles are measured at the downstream end (surface 2) of a rectangular flow channel

(control volume), as shown in the figure below. Note that surfaces 3 and 4 are SOLID

impermeable surfaces. If the flow is incompressible, two-dimensional, and steady, what is the

uniform velocity at the upstream wind tunnel inlet (surface 1)?

1.(a) How does the speed of sound of an ideal gas depend on temperature?

(b) How is the dynamic viscosity related to the shearing stress in a fluid? What are the SI units for each

quantity?

2.(a) Write down the differential equation for how the pressure gradient in a static fluid varies with the

body force that is acting on the fluid.

(b) For a Cartesian co-ordinate system, what is the pressure gradient in terms of

6p

6x

,

6p

6

, and

6p

6z

.

(c) A container of water is in a vehicle that is accelerating in the x-direction at o

x

, so the body for

direction acting on the water is o

x

g

k

. What is the pressure in the water as a function of x and

z?

3. Given the velocity field in rectangular or Cartesian (x, y, z) co-ordinates:

F = (8 +Sx

2

+4y

2

t)| +(xz

2

+1ut)j + z

2

k

(a) Is this flow steady or unsteady?

(b) Is this flow incompressible or compressible? In other words, does it satisfy the incompressible

continuity equation?

4. Velocity profiles are measured at the downstream end (surface 2) of a rectangular wind tunnel test

section (control volume), as shown in the figure below. Note that surfaces 3 and 4 are SOLID

impermeable surfaces. If the flow is incompressible, two-dimensional and steady, what is the uniform

velocity at the upstream wind tunnel inlet (surface 1)?

(a) Write down a verbal statement of the principle that you are using?

(b) Write an equation that expresses this principle.

(c) Apply this equation to this problem.

(d) Present the final answer.

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