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We do this experiment using distillation column provided.

To determine the pressure drop, we setup different power which is 500W, 750W, 1000W, 1250W and 1500W. From the data collected, we plot the graph of pressure drop versus boil-up rate. The graph shows that the pressure drop is directly proportional to the boil-up rate. During experiment progress we observe that there are three level of degree of forming which is gentle, flooding and forming. We collect the data of refractive index for each power increment and put it in the observation table. To determine the refractive index for unknown concentration, we mix the mixture of toluene and MCH in appropriate volume that we assume, and then we measure the refractive index using refractometer. From the data we plotted the graph of refractive index versus concentration of MCH. Distillation is based on the fact that the vapor of a boiling mixture will be richer in the components that have lower boiling points, therefore when this vapor is cooled and condensed, the condensate will contain more volatile components. At the same time, the original mixture will contain more of the less volatile material. After completing preparing and setup the equipment, we run the experiment. It can be divided into three sections. Distillation column, the refractive index and for the last one is distillation mixing of MCH and toluene. During the distillation, we set up the power and wait for 10 minutes. This is to ensure that the solution stable. After several time, we open the valve so that we can collect 90mL distillate and estimate the pressure as well. The distillate needed in order to measure its refractive index. MCH become the upper product as it is more volatile than the toluene. The boiling point is at 101 °C while toluene is 110.6 °C. To use refractometer, clean the lens of refractometer using distilled water and set the first value by pressing the ZERO setting key, then after placing the sample start key was pressed. The refractometer will indicate the refractive index for the sample automatically. We repeat the same step for 750 watt, 1000 watt, 1250 watt and 1500 watt of each power increment. In the distillation column, there are several observation made by us. The inside of the distillation column has different changes at different power. The observation made was steady or gentle at power 500W. the condition changes on top and the bottom part as it become vigorous as the time pass by due to increase in power given from 500w to 1500w