3G/UMTS Complete Mobile Originated Circuit Switched Call Setup

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3G/UMTS Complete Mobile Originated Circuit Switched Call Setup
Zahid Ghadialy

A Complete Mobile Originated Circuit Switched Call Setup is shown in the MSC below

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6/20/2011

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UL Scrambling code. Also the state indicator will be set to DCH for the voice (or CS) call. 10: NBAP: Radio Link Restore Indication Once the UE establishes Radio Link. 6. NBAP: Radio Link Setup Response Node B allocates the resources and starts PHY Reception. ALCAP: Establish CNF Establish confirm from ALCAP in Node B 7: DCH-FP: Downlink Synchronisation The Node B and SRNC establishes synchronisation for the Iub Data Transport bearer by means of exchange of the appropriate DCH Frame Protocol frames. The information is not read continuously. It is only read if the information changes 2. 4. Initial UE Identity and Establishment Cause 3. ALCAP: Establish REQ The AAL2 binding identity (Iub Data Transport Bearer Id) is passed to ALCAP protocol in Node B. It will pass the Cell Id. 11: RRC: RRC Connection Setup Complete (DCCH) RRC Connection Setup complete will be sent on DCCH. NBAP: Radio Link Setup Request The SRNC sends this message to Node B. The Iub Data Transport bearer is now bounf to DCH.3g4g. 9: RRC: RRC Connection Setup (CCCH) RRC Connection Setup message is sent on CCCH with the parameters required to establish DCH. While transmitting the response it includes the Transport layer addressing information that includes the Binding Identity of the AAL2 for Iub data transport bearer 5.co. RRC: RRC Connection Request (CCCH) The Mobile user decides to initiate a voice call. TFS. TFCS.3G/UMTS Complete Mobile Originated Circuit Switched Call Setup Page 3 of 8 1.html 6/20/2011 . Node B starts DL transmission. etc to Node B. The first message the UE will send on CCCH is RRC Connection Request. Node B will send RL Restore indication to the SRNC. Integrity and Ciphering related paarmeters and UE capability information will be sent back to SRNC http://www. This will contain among other things. System Information (BCCH) The UE reads the System Information that is broadcast on BCCH.uk/Tutorial/ZG/zg_mocs_setup. 8: DCH-FP: Uplink Synchronisation Once the UL synchronisation is acheived. frequency.

For this reason it will challenge the UE with a Authentication token and RAND (random number) 15: RRC: Downlink Direct Transfer [Authentication Request] SRNC transfers the NAS message to the UE 16: RRC: Uplink Direct Transfer [Authentication Response] UE computes the response (RES) and sends it back in the NAS message 17: RANAP: Direct Transfer [Authentication Response] SRNC relays the response to the MSC/VLR. Along with the CM service request. 19: RRC: Security Mode Command RRC Forwards the Security Mode command received from MSC/VLR to the UE. the Ciphering will be started in MAC. Since this is a Circuit switched call. it will also include LAI and SAI. Ciphering is started at Ciphering activation time. In case of AM and UM bearers it is started in RLC.co.uk/Tutorial/ZG/zg_mocs_setup.html 6/20/2011 . 18: RANAP: Security Mode Command MSC/VLR sends the Security Mode Command to start Ciphering and Integrity Protection.3g4g. Ciphering is optional while Integrity Protection is mandatory. 21: RANAP: Security Mode COmplete The network forwards the Security Mode Complete message to MSC/VLR. The Algorithms. The UE identity (TMSI) will also be passed in this message 13: RANAP: Initial UE Message [CM Service Request] The NAS message will be forwarded to appropriate CN Domain (CS Domain in this case). 14: RANAP: Direct Transfer [Authentication Request] MSC/VLR needs to perform authentication to make sure that the UE is genuine.3G/UMTS Complete Mobile Originated Circuit Switched Call Setup Page 4 of 8 12: RRC: Initial Direct Transfer [CM Service Request] First NAS message is now sent by the UE. If they are the same then the procedure will continue. The MSC/VLR will compare the response RES with the expected response XRES. 20: RRC: Security Mode Complete The UE configures the Ciphering and Integity Protection and responds back to the network. etc are known to the MSC/VLR and the UE and only the ones that are common between them are used. The response message is Integrity Protected for further safety. It indicates that a UE orginated Voice call is required. 22: RANAP: Direct Transfer [TMSI Reallocation Command] http://www.

29: RRC: DL Direct TRansfer [Call Proceeding] The network relays it to the UE. Iu Transport association. the Transport Address.3G/UMTS Complete Mobile Originated Circuit Switched Call Setup Page 5 of 8 The network may decide to re-allocate the TMSI to the UE.uk/Tutorial/ZG/zg_mocs_setup. 23: RRC: DL Direct Transfer [TMSI Reallocation Command] The RNC relays the DT message to the UE. 31: ALCAP: Establish REQ SRNC initiates the set-up of Iu Data Transport bearer using ALCAP protocol.3g4g. It passes the TFS.co. (Note that this is not done in case of PS RAB) 32: ALCAP: Establish CNF The CN responds with the ALCAP Establish CNF 33: NBAP: Radio Link Reconfiguration Prepare SRNC requests Node B to prepare establishment of DCH to carry the RAB.html 6/20/2011 . This message includes the QoS of the call being established. The request contains the AAL2 Binding Identity to Bind the Iu Data Transport Bearer to the RAB. This will include all the required parameters for setting up the voice call. It will include the number that UE wishes to be contacted and the bearer capability 27: RANAP: Direct TRansfer [Setup] The network relays the message to the MSC/VLR 28: RANAP: Direct TRansfer [Call Proceeding] The MSC/VLR sends Call Proceeding to the UE indicating that it is now starting with the RAB establishment procedure. etc. It sends a DT message which includes the NAS TMSI Reallocation Command. http://www. 24: RRC: UL Direct TRansfer [TMSI Reallocation Complete] The UE takes the new TMSI and responds with the Complete message 25: RANAP: Direct Transfer [TMSI Reallocation Complete] The RNC relays the message to the CN domain 26: RRC: UL Direct TRansfer [Setup] The UE now sends the 'Setup' message in UL Direct Transfer message. 30: RANAP: RAB Assignment Request The CN initiates establishment of the Radio Access Bearer using the RAB Assignment Request message. TFCS and Power Control Informnation in the message.

The message tells the PSTN to reserve an idle trunk circuit from originating switch to the destination switch. 44: ISUP: Address Complete Message The ACM message is sent to indicate that the remote end of the trunk circuit has been reserved. The message will be received using the old configuration. 37: DCH-FP: Downlink Synchronisation The Node B and SRNC establish synchronism for the Iub Data Transport Bearer by means of exchange of the appropriate DCH frame protocol frames. http://www. 40: RRC: Radio Bearer Setup SRNC sends the RB Setup message to add the new DCH's.co. 39: NBAP: Radio Link Reconfiguration Complete Finally the SRNC instructs the Node B of the CFN at which the new configuration will come into effect.uk/Tutorial/ZG/zg_mocs_setup. 42: RANAP: RAB Assignment Reponse The SRNC responds with the response to the MSC/VLR. The request contains the AAL2 Binding Identity to bind the Iub Data Transport Bearer to DCH.3g4g. 41: RRC: Radio Bearer Setup Reponse After the activation time the UE will respond with complete message using the new configuration. It sends back the AAL2 address and the AAL2 binding Id for the Iub data transport bearer. 36: ALCAP: Establish CNF The Node B responds with the Establish Confirm.html 6/20/2011 . 43: ISUP: Initial Address Message MSC/VLR sends the Initial Address Message to the PSTN.3G/UMTS Complete Mobile Originated Circuit Switched Call Setup Page 6 of 8 34: NBAP: Radio Link Reconfiguration Ready Node B allocates the resources and responds with the Ready message. 38: DCH-FP: Uplink Synchronisation The Node B responds with the UE Synchronisation frames. SRNC sends the DL Synchronisation frames. 35: ALCAP: Establish REQ SRNC initiates setup of Iub Data Transport Bearer using ALCAP protocol.

Stage 3 [5] ISUP (ISDN User Part) Tutorial: http://www. 49: RRC: DL Direct Transfer [Connect] The SRNC forwards the Connect message to the UE. The Alert message will inditiate the ringing tone on the handset. 46: RRC: Direct Transfer [Alert] The Alert message is forwarded to the UE.413: RANAP Protocol Specification [3] 3GPP TS 25. This message contains the ACM received from the PSTN.433: NBAP Protocol Specification [4] 3GPP TS 24. 48: RANAP: Direct Transfer [Connect] The MSC/VLR sends the Connect message to the SRNC via Direct Transfer message.html 6/20/2011 . The call has now been successfully established. The Connect message indictaes that the End User has answered the call. Core Network Protocols.html [6] ITU-T Recommendation Q.3g4g. http://www.com/tutorials/ss7/isup.3G/UMTS Complete Mobile Originated Circuit Switched Call Setup Page 7 of 8 45: RANAP: Direct Transfer [Alert] The Alert message is sent to the SRNC.pt. Further Reading: [1] 3GPP TS 25.1: "AAL2 Type 2 Signalling Protocol".uk/Tutorial/ZG/zg_mocs_setup. 50: RRC: UL Direct Transfer [Connect Acknowledge] The UE confirms the reception of the Connect message using the Connect Acknowledge and sending it via Direct Transfer 51: RANAP: Direct Transfer [Connect Acknowledge] The Network forwards the Connect Acknowledge to the MSC/VLR.331: RRC Protocol Specification [2] 3GPP TS 25.2630. 47: ISUP: Answer Message When the person that is being called picks up his phone.008: Mobile radio interface Layer 3 specifications.co. an Answer message is sent to the MSC/VLR.

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