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VECTORS 1.

SPM 2003 P1 Q12

PAPER 1 2. SPM2003 P1Q13 p = 2a +3 b q=4ab r = ha + (h-k) b, where h and k are constants

Use the information given to find the values of h and k when r = 3p -2q [3marks]
Diagram shows two vectors, OP and QO . Express

uu ur

uu ur

x y uu ur (b) OQ in the form xi + yj % %


(a) OP in the form

uu ur

[2marks]

( , -8i+4j)

5 3

( h = 2 , k = 13) 4. SPM 2004 P1 Q17 Given that A(-2,6), B(4,2) and C(m,p), find the r u uvalue u rm and of p such that u uof u

3. SPM 2004 P1 Q16 Given that O(0,0) A(-3,4) and B(2,16), find in terms of unit vectors, i and j , (a) AB uu ur (b) the unit vector in the direction of AB [4marks]

uu ur

AB + 2BC= 10 12 j i % %

[4 marks]

(a)

5 1 5 (b) 13 12 12

m = 6 , p = 2 6. SPM 2005 P1 Q 16

5. SPM 2005 P1Q15 Vectors

Diagram shows vector OA drawn on a Cartesian plane.

uu ur

uu ur x (a) Express OA in the form y (b) Find the unit vector in the direction of uu ur [2marks] OA

Diagram shows a parallelogram, OPQR, drawn on a Cartesianu u plane. uu ur ur It is given that

OP = 6i + 4 j and PQ =4i+ 5 j % % % uu % ur Find PR [3marks]

(a)

12 1 12 (b) 13 5 5

7. SPM 2006 P1 Q 13

-10i+j 8. SPM 2006 P1 Q 14 The point P,Q, and R are u u collinear. It is given uu ur ur that PQ = 4a 2b and QR +3a (1 k )b , = % % % % where k is a constant. Find (a) the value of k , (b) the ration of PQ : QR . [4 marks]

Diagram shows two vectors, OA and AB . Express

uu ur

uu ur

x , y uu ur (b) AB in the form xi + yj . % %


(a) OA in the form

uu ur

[2marks]

(a) , (b) -4i-8j Vectors

4 3

(a)

5 2

(b) 4 : 3

9. SPM 2007 P1 Q16 The following information refers to the vectors a and b .

10. SPM 2007 P1 Q15

Find

2 1 a = ,b = 8 4
Diagram shows a rectangle OABC and the point D lies on the straight line OB. It is given that OD=3DB. uu ur Express OD , in terms of x and y . [3 marks]

(a) the vector 2a b , (b) the unit vector in the direction of 2a b


[4 marks]

(a)

5 1 5 (b) 13 12 12

27 x + 145 y 4
12. SPM 2008 P1 Q16 Diagram below shows a triangle PQR. Q 6b T

11. SPM 2008 P1 Q15 The vectors a and b are non-zero and nonparallel. It is given that (h + 3) a = (k 5) b , where h and k are constants. Find the value of (a) h , (b) k . [2 marks]

4a

The point T lies on QR such that QT : TR = 3 : 1. Express in terms of a and b , R (a) Q , (b) P . [4 T marks]

Vectors

(a) 3 (b) 5

(a) 4a 6b (b) 3a +

3 2

FURTHER PRACTICE WITH PAST YEAR SPM QUESTIONS PAPER 2

1. SPM 2003 P2 Q 6 u u 5 uu 2 ur u r uu k ur Given that AB = , Ob = and CD = , find 7 3 5 (a) the coordinate of A uu ur (b) the unit vector in the direction of OA uu ur uu ur (c) the value of k, if CD is parallel to AB (ans:( -3,-4), [2 marks] [2marks] [2marks] 1 3 25 ) , 5 4 7

2. SPM 2004 P2 Q 8 Diagram shows triangle OAB. The straight line AP intersects the straight line OQ at R. It is given that OP= uu ur uu ur 1 1 OB , AQ = AB ,OP = 6x and OA = 2 y % 3 4 % (a) Expressrin terms of x and y uu ur uu u (i) AP (ii ) OQ [4marks] uu ur uu ur uu ur (b) (i) Given that A R = h AP , state AR in terms of h, x and y % uu ur uu ur uu ur % (ii) Given that RQ = k OQ , state RQ in terms of k, x and y % uu ur uu ur % (c) Using AR and RQ from (b) , find the value of h and of k.

[2marks] [4marks]

(ans : -2y+6x, 3y/2 +9x/2, h(6x-2y), k(9x/2 +3y/2, k=1/3, h=1/2)

Vectors

SPM 2005 P2 Q 6

Diagram shows a quadrilateral ABCD. AED and EFC are straight lines. It is given that uu ur uu ur uu uu r 1 AB = 20x , AE = 8 y , DC = 25x 24 y , AE = AD and % % 4 % % 3 EF = EC 5 (a) Express in terms of x and y ) uu ur uu ur % (i) BD (ii ) EC [3marks] (b) Show that the points B,F and D are collinear [3marks] uu ur (C) if x = 2 and y = 3 , find BD [2 marks] % % (ans : -20x+32y, 25x, 104 )

Vectors

4.

SPM 2006 P2 Q 5 Diagram shows a trapezium ABCD. uu ur uu uu r uu 2 uu ur uu r It is given that AB = 2 y , AD = 6x , AE = AD and % 3 % uu 5 uu ur uu r BC = AD . 6 u ur uu (a) Express AC , in terms of x and y [2marks] % % uu ur uu ur (b) Point F lies inside the trapezium ABCD such that 2 EF = m AB , and m is a constant. uu ur (i) Express AF , in terms of m, x and y % % (ii) Hence, if the points A,F and C are collinear, find the value of m [5marks] (ans : 5x+2y, 4x+my, m=8/5]

Vectors

SPM 2007 P2Q8 Diagram shows triangle AOB. The point P lies on OA and the point Q lies on AB. The straight line BP intersects the straight line OQ at the point S. It is given that uu ur uu ur OA: OP = 4:1, AB : AQ = 2 : 1, OA = 8x , OB= 6 y % % x and y : (a) Express in terms of % uu ur % (i) BP uu ur (ii)OQ [3marks] uu ur uu ur uu ur uu ur (b) Using OS = hOQ and BS = k BP , where h and k are constants, find the value of h and of k. [5marks] uu ur (c ) Given that x = 2units , y =3 units and AOB =90 , find AB [2marks] % % [(a)(i)
B =2 x y P 6

(ii)

O Q =4 x + y 3

(b)

h = 2 ,k = 5

4 (c) 24.08 unit] 5

Vectors

6.

SPM 2008 P2Q6 In the diagram, ABCD is a quadrilateral. The diagonals BD and AC intersect at point R. Point P lies on AD. D C R A (b) B
C Given that D =k x y and AR = h AC , where h and k are constants, find the value of h and of k. [4 marks]

It is given that , , and . (a) Express in terms of and : (i) (ii) marks]

[3

[Answer : (a)(i)

D =x y B 3

(ii)

A R= 2 x + y 3

(b)

h= 1 ,k= 2

4 ] 3

Vectors