Aux|||ary v|ews

Any vlew noL pro[ecLed onLo one of Lhe prlnclpal planes ls an ooxllloty vlewŦA ptlmoty
ooxllloty vlew ls a vlew pro[ecLed Lo a plane perpendlcular Lo oneof Lhe Lhree prlnclpal
planes (Lopţ fronLţ or slde) and lncllned Lo Lhe oLher LwoplanesŦ A vlew pro[ecLed
from a prlmary auxlllary vlew on a plane lncllnedLo all Lhree prlnclpal planes of
pro[ecLlon ls referred Lo as a secooJotyooxllloty vlewŦ1he purpose of an auxlllary vlew ls
Lo show Lhe Lrue shapeand slze of an lncllned surface of an ob[ecL slnce lncllned
surfaces are noLparallel Lo any planes ln mulLlvlew pro[ecLlons and appear
foreshorLenedŦ1he meLhod of pro[ecLlng Lhe lmage of an ob[ecL Lo an auxlllary plane
lsldenLlcal Lo Lhe meLhod used for pro[ecLlng an lmage Lo one of Lhe prlnclpalplanesŤ
LhaL lsţ Lhe pro[ecLors are parallel and Lhe observer ls poslLloned anlnflnlLe dlsLance
away from Lhe ob[ecLŦ1o draw a prlmary auxlllary vlewţ follow Lhls Lableť
epŦAc|onuraw Lwo ad[acenL prlnclpal vlewsţ one of whlch musL show Lhelncllned
surface as an edgeŦLlghLly draw a reference llne (A8) parallel Lo Lhe edge vlew of
Lhelncllned planeŦLlghLly draw a reference llne (Cu) beLween Lhe Lwo prlnclpalvlewsŦ
use A8 and Cu Lo locaLe polnLs ln Lhe auxlllary vlewŦuraw pro[ecLors from Lhe
lncllned edge roLaLlng reference llne A8parallel wlLh Lhe lncllned surfaceŦ 1hese
pro[ecLors areperpendlcular Lo Lhe lncllned edge and Lhe reference llne as shownln
flgure ŴŦuslng a compass or dlvldersţ Lransfer dlsLances from reference llneCu Lo
Lhe varlous polnLs ln Lhe slde vlewŦuarken all ob[ecL ouLllnes of Lhe prlmary auxlllary
vlew and eraseall pro[ecLors and reference llnesŦ 1he compleLed prlmary
auxlllaryvlew shows Lhe Lrue shape of Lhe lncllned surfaceŦ

A view drawn at a right angle to an angled feature of the part. Auxiliary views best illustrate angled surfaces.
What is the purpose of an auxiliary view?

to show the true surface area of an angled face in a multi-view sketch
view from an angle

Auxiliary Views - Definition

An auxiliary view is an ortographic view taken in such a manner that the lines oI sight
are not parallel to the principal projection planes (Irontal, horizontal, or proIile). There
are an inIinite number oI possible auxiliary views oI any given object.
y are auxiliary views used?

When creating engineering drawings, it is oIten neccessary to show Ieatures in a view
where they appear true size so that they can be dimensioned. The object is normally
positioned such that the major surIaces and Ieatures are either parallel or
perpendicular to the principal planes. Views are normally selected so that most oI the
Ieatures will be visible in the three principal views. The Iront, top, and leIt or right
side views are most commonly drawn.
Many objects are quite complex, and the three principal views may not best present
the geometry oI the part. Certain Ieatures may not appear true size and shape in those
views, or may be hidden. In this case one or more auxiliary views typically are drawn.
Primary auxiliary views are projected oII one oI the principal views. Secondary
auxiliary views are projected oII a primary auxiliary view.
Imagine an object in a Iixed position. As an observer, you are Iree to move around the
object. You can look at the object so that certain Ieatures are visible and also true size
and shape. The number oI possible views is inIinite. Determining which views to
provide is a criticial decision. Too many views can make a drawing diIIicult to read
and more expensive to create. Omitting views that provide true size views oI Ieatures
will make it impossible to correctly dimension the drawing. Realize that the person
producing the part will have to turn it as it is being made. One should provide views
that will aid in production and give a representation oI the geometry oI the object.
Drawing Auxiliary Views

Despite the Iact that auxiliary views are projected onto planes which are inclined to
the principal projection planes, they are still classiIied as orthographic views. The
lines oI sight are still parallel to each other and perpendicular to the plane oI
projection. ThereIore, when reading lines on the object in an auxiliary view adjacent
to a principal view, the same rules apply to reading lines in adjacent principal views.
To utilize an auxiliary view to show a surIace true size (TS), a view must exist or be
drawn where that surIace appears as a line. It is not possible to show an oblique
surIace TS in a primary auxiliary view. Once a given or constructed view showing the
surIace as a line is identiIied, projecting that surIace onto a plane parallel to it will
show it TS.
Complete auxiliary views are not commonly drawn in industry. It is much more
common to see partial auxiliary views that show only the TS Ieatures. Since most oI
the other surIaces will be Ioreshortened, a complete auxiliary view becomes more
diIIicult to read. For the sake oI learning, we will use Ior the most part examples
showing complete auxiliary views, and have you draw complete auxiliary views in
your assignments.

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