Chlorine Contact Time / Virus & Giardia Log Removal Credit Calculations

The EPA Guidance Manual on the Surface water Treatment Rule and Disinfection Profiling can be downloaded at the following websites http://www.epa.gov/safewater/mdbp/lt1eswtr.html http://www.epa.gov/ogwdw000/mdbp/pdf/profile/lt1profiling. pdf The sample excel sheet for calculating log removal credits can be downloaded from the following site http://www.epa.gov/safewater/mdbp/lt1/xls/profile_benchma rk_calculator_short.xls 1

State (CDPH) Regulations on Surface Water Treatment
The California Surface water Treatment Rule can be found in CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS. TITLE 22. SOCIAL SECURITY DIVISION 4. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH CHAPTER 17. SURFACE WATER TREATMENT
§ 64652. Treatment Requirements and Compliance Options. (a) Each supplier using an approved surface water shall provide multibarrier treatment that meets the requirements of this chapter and reliably ensures at least: (1) A total of 99.9 percent reduction of Giardia lambliacysts through filtration and disinfection; and (2) A total of 99.99 percent reduction or viruses through filtration and disinfection.
2

1

5) • Contact time Volume (Contact/Storage/Pressure tank volume and volume of pipe until the first user) 3 Calculate CT (Concentration contact Time) Total Detention Time (TDT) = Lowest Operating Volume / Peak Flow Lowest operating volume should be taken during peak hour demand. Contact Time = TDT X Baffling Factor Baffling Factor can found from the following table 4 2 .Data Required • Disinfection Segments • Type of Disinfection (Free Chlorine.5-8. Ozone etc) • Peak Flow Rate (gpm) • Residual Disinfectant Concentration (mg/L) • Temperature (Celsius) • pH (Surface water ranges from 6.

6 3 . that the water is in contact with the disinfectant. measured in minutes.5 Calculate CTcalc CTcalc (minutes-mg/L) = C x T C = Residual disinfectant concentration measured during peak hourly flow in mg/L. T = Contact Time.

1-log reduction = 90% 2-log reduction = 99% 3-log reduction = 99.9% 4-log reduction = 99. 7 8 4 .99% Surface water treatment requires a 3-log removal for Giardia and 4-log removal for viruses.Log Reduction Log reduction relates to the percentage of microorganisms physically removed or inactivated by a given process.

3-log CTreq for GIARDIA 9 4-log CTreq for Viruses 10 5 .

Inactivation Ratio Inactivation Ratio = CTcalc / CTreq Actual Log Inactivation of Giardia = 3 x (CTcalc / CTreq) Actual Log Inactivation of Viruses = 4 x (CTcalc / CTreq) 11 Questions and comments 12 6 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful