Reog is a traditional Indonesian dance form.

There are many types of Reogs in Indonesia, but the most notable ones are Reog Ponorogo (East Java) and Reog Sunda (West Java). Although both share a similar name, there is no connection nor similar theme among these traditions. Reog Ponorogo seems to be the kind of dance that demonstrate physical strength and extravagant lion-peafowl mask and costumes, while Reog Sunda is a lot more like a traditional musical comedy and dance.


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1 Reog Ponorogo o 1.1 Dance performance o 1.2 Culture and traditions of Reog Ponorogo 2 Reog Sunda 3 Controversy 4 See also 5 Notes

[edit] Reog Ponorogo
Reog is a traditional dance that become the main identity for Ponorogo Regency. Reog National Festival is held every years along the anniversary of Ponorogo regency and Grebeg Suro celebration. Reog dance is also staged full moon nightly in paseban, Ponorogo town square. Reog told about the struggle for a prince who will propose to a beautiful princess.[1] Reog Ponorogo tells the story of a mythical battle between the King of Ponorogo and the magical lion-like creature called Singa Barong. Singa Barong is a large mask usually made of tiger's or leopard's head skin, upon the mask attached a large fan adorned with peafowl feathers. The Singa Barong mask was notoriously heavy, the dancer of Singo Barong bear the mask about 30 – 40 kg weight and supported by the strength of their teeth.

[edit] Dance performance
The leading figures in Reog Ponorogo performance includes: 1. Klono Sewandono, A men in regal attire wearing mask in proud and pompous dance, play the role as the King of Ponorogo 2. Bujang Anom, rough youthful men wearing red mask, they performed acrobatic dances and sometimes also involved trance. 3. Jatil, the youthful handsome horsemen riding horses made of weaved bamboo, similar to Kuda Lumping dance. Today Jatil usually performed by female dancers. 4. Warok, played as Singa Barong, the mythical creature. The one that allowed to performed this mask dance is called warok. A warok is the hororary title of local hero or strongman of the village that possessed both exceptional spiritual and phyisical strength. The dance itself is demonstration of phyisical strength of the dancers.

Today this Warok-Gemblakan practice is discouraged by local religious authorities and being shunned through public moral opposition. [edit] Culture and traditions of Reog Ponorogo Reog dancers in Ponorogo. warok is prohibited to indulged and involved in sexual relationship with women. youthful and almost effeminate horsemen describe the Majapahit cavalry that have lost their manliness. The dance describe Klono Sewandono the king of Ponorogo on his journey to Kediri to seek the hands of Princess Songgo Langit. yet they never identify themself as homosexuals. The lion represent the king of Majapahit while the peafowl represent the queen. ca. a handsome and youthful teenage boy wearing colourful costumes. On his journey he was attacked by a vicious monster called Singa Barong. The beautiful. The warok as the main male dancer. This led to Warok-Gemblakan relationship that similar to pederastic tradition of ancient Greece. Next to physical requirement. To demonstrate the warok's extraordinary strength Jatil or female dancers riding on top of lion mask and being carried around. As the result today Reog Ponorogo performance rarely features Gemblak boys to performed as Jatil horsemen. The costume describe rough men with intimidating moustache and other masculinity symbols. The boy lover is called Gemblak and usually kept by Warok in their household under the agreement and compensation to the boy's family. Warok can be married with a woman as their wive. The third dance is the main attraction of the show.Reog Ponorogo usually consists of three sets of dances. wearing a large and heavy lion mask. 2. 1920. One of the requirement is abstinence. Today the female dancers were usually played this role. performed by Bujang Anom. 3. instead of having sex with their wives. knows that there are these older men called warok who.[2] Reog Ponorogo dancers traditionally performed in a trance state. it was suggested that the king was incompetent and always being controlled by his queen. Reog Ponorogo displays the traditional Kejawen Javanese spiritual teaching. rituals and exercises. it is originally performed by a gemblak. dances in the centre of the stage while the other dancers dance around him. Historians trace the origin of Reog Ponorogo as the satire on the incompetence of Majapahit rulers during the end of the empire. The first dance is the opening dance. The second dance is the Jaran Kepang dance performed by Jatil. It describe the innate Ponorogo liberty and its opposition on centralist Majapahit rule. but they may kept a gemblak too. have sex with younger boys. each dance is performed by several dancers: 1. their position were replaced by girls.[3] What Warok and Gemblak did is homosexual act. male dancers wearing black costumes. yet having sex with boy age eight to fifteen is allowed. it is performed by all the Reog dancers. the dancers— especially the Warok—required to follow strict rules. both physical and spiritual. [edit] Reog Sunda . a mythical lion with peacock on its head. Although today this practice might probably still survived and done in discreet manner. Anybody who is in touch with the traditional way of life in Ponorogo.

and funny comical movements and dances of the performers. similar to dalang in wayang performance. music. and they brought many Javanese-origin artforms such as Wayang. dance and jokes. one called dalang directing the shows. reog Sunda did not incorporate a large lion mask adorned with peafowl feathers like Reog Ponorogo. and did not incorporate trance state. joke.[4] The performers usually consist of four personnel. one called wakil or vice-dalang.Reog Sunda is very different than Ponorogo one. The Reog Sunda performance combines comedy. especially in Johor state. Mostly because there is numerous descendants of Javanese immigrants in Malaysia. The performance usually took one hour to one and half hour of music. gong. kacapi might also used. [edit] Controversy The origins and cultural ownership of the Reog Ponorogo dance have been the subject of a dispute between the neighboring countries of Indonesia and Malaysia. filled with social messages or religious wisdom. and kecrek (similar to maraca) or tambourine. Reog and Kuda Lumping. other instruments such as kendang. cultural and religious histories overlap and share many similarities. the other two were the performers that interact and do the order of the dalang. gudubrag (types of traditional drums). Each performers carying and using musical instruments such as dogdog. beungbreung. whose ethnic. .

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