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DWFS Tool

CANICE 2D/3D

1. Eulers equation of motion 2. Velocity potential 3. Stream function 4. Complex potential 5. Example of potential flow 6. Conformal mapping

Re: large diffusion of vorticity: small fluid can be treated as an ideal fluid Applicability of ideal flow is large Potential flow refers to an ideal fluid Stream function Velocity potential

Steady flow: Continuity equation + Eulers equation of motion -> u, v, p = f(t,x,y) (Difficult to obtain analytically except for a particular restricted case!)

HCMC University of Technology 22/09/200957:020 Fluid Mechanics

Velocity Potential

Definition

V = grad

Velocities u and v can be obtained by differentiating the velocity potential -> flow pattern is found

HCMC University of Technology 22/09/200957:020 Fluid Mechanics

Velocity Potential

Equipotential line: = const Direction of fluid velocity is at right angles to the potential line

V ds = 0

Stream function

Streamline for 2D flow:

Velocities u and v can be obtained by differentiating the stream function -> flow pattern is found

Stream function

Relationship between flow rate and stream function

Complex potential

Summary

Parallel flow Velocity Potential Stream Function

Source Discharge q per unit thickness: q = 2r vr = const

Free vortex Circulation:

y 3 4 2 1 3 2 O >0

1 x

Synthesizing of flows

By combining two 2D incompressible potential flows, another potential flow can be obtained

Synthesizing of flows

Flow around a cylinder = Parallel flow + Doublet

Streamlines

HCMC University of Technology 22/09/200957:020 Fluid Mechanics

Pressure Coefficient

Synthesizing of flows

Flow around a cylinder with circulation

=0

< 4Ruo

= 4Ruo

> 4Ruo

Synthesizing of flows

Flow around a cylinder with circulation

Kutta-Joukowsky Theorem

L = U 0

Streamlines

HCMC University of Technology 22/09/200957:020 Fluid Mechanics

Pressure Coefficient

Conformal Mapping

Conformal Mapping:

Equiangularly mapped

Similarity

Conformal Mapping

Joukowskis mapping function:

Conformal Mapping

Joukowskis mapping function:

Conformal Mapping

Mapping of flow around cylinder onto flow around wing

Kutta condition

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