Second Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement (Sector) Project (UGIIP-II

Presented by

Md. Shafiqual Islam Akand Project Director Second Urban Governance & Infrastructure Improvement Sector Project (UGIIP-II)

ADB Regional Seminar: Gender, Urban Development, and Water Supply and Sanitation 14-16 November 2011, Vientiane

Local Government Engineering Department Bangladesh
The views expressed in this paper are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. The countries listed in this paper do not imply any view on ADB's part as to sovereignty or independent status or necessarily conform to ADB's terminology.

Project Background
 38 million people live in urban areas i.e. 27% of national population  Urban population growth rate is 2.5 percent (i.e. 1.5% higher than national growth rate)

 Lack of urban services, poor governance and weak citizen participation are among key urban issues
 UGIPP II follows lessons learned from a series of urban projects supported by ADB

 Policy shift: from only infrastructure to also ‘capacity building’ of local government institutions
 Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement Project (UGIIPI) from 2003 to 2010, (30 municipalities)

 Second Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement (Sector) Project (UGIIP-II), 35 municipalities (duration 2009-2014)

Project Background
 Expected Outcome:  Expanded access to and usage of urban infrastructure and services, and improvement in urban governance  Project Objectives:  Enhance capacity of Pourashavas (municipalities) to implement, operate, manage and maintain basic urban services  Improve urban governance  Increase accountability of Pourashavas to their citizens  Provide improved physical infrastructure and services

Project at a Glance
Component A: Urban Infrastructure & Service Delivery
Urban Transport Solid Waste Mgt. Urban Drainage Water Supply & Sanitation Municipal Facilities

Component B: Governance Improvement & Capacity Development (UGIAP)  Citizen awareness and participation  Women’s participation  Integration of urban poor  Urban planning  Financial accountability and sustainability  Administrative transparency Output Pourashava

Component C: Project Management & Implementation Supports  Establish PMO at LGED office

Basic Services for Urban Poor

 Establish PIU at Pourashava level  Capacity Building Training  Support Extra Manpower  Allocation of Resources

Project Approaches
 Conduct mass awareness and participation campaign on different issues  Formation of Town Level Coordination Committee (TLCC) headed by Mayor  Formation of Ward Level Coordination Committee (WLCC) headed by Ward councilor  Formation of Gender Committee (GC) headed by Female Ward Councilors (FWC)  Preparation of Pourashava wise Gender Action Plan (GAP), and  Preparation of Pourashava Development Plan (PDP) including Poverty Reduction Action Plan (PRAP)

Project Approaches
 Formation of Slum Improvement Committee (SIC) for integration of urban poor led by Male/Female ward councilor & headed by the Community people  Formation of Community Based Organization (CBO) outside the slum areas led by Male/Female ward councilor & headed by the Community people  Enhance Financial Accountability and Sustainability through resource mobilization  Ensure Administrative Transparency  Priority selection & planning of community infrastructure and investment program by CBOs, WLCCs and TLCC  Allocation of investment fund for municipalities based on UGIAP performance  Performance monitoring and evaluation of activities with gender based indicators  Benefit and impact monitoring

Main Features of the GAP
 Governance Improvement & Capacity Building
 Enhancing Women in Decision Making:  Formation of Gender Committee headed by Female Ward Councilors  Formation of Municipal standing committees with 40% women participation  Formation of Primary Group by only women & from women focused Slum Improvement Committee  Formation of TLCC (34% women), WLCC (41% women) and CBO (33% women)

Main Features of the GAP
 Urban Infrastructure & Civil Construction  Women in Planning & Infrastructure:

 All infrastructure will be built addressing women needs  Separate restrooms, toilets, & ticket counters in bus terminal  Separate shop allotments and toilets in markets & women’s corners in open market area  Public/community toilet & tubewell will be located addressing need of women stakeholders  Involvement of women stakeholders in Maintenance activities

Main Features of the GAP
 Urban Infrastructure & Civil Construction  Women in Planning & Infrastructure:

 Ensure at lest 20% women labour in construction
 Ensure equal wage for equal labour for men & women  Provide personal & occupational safety to women labour  Ensure separate toilet & drinking water for women labour  Engage women labour in constructing toilet & platform of tubewell

Main Features of the GAP
 Urban Service Delivery  Women in Service Delivery:

 Fulfill women quota in employing Municipal staff.
 Ensure women friendly work environment.  Involve women in planning, implementation of basic services for urban poor under UGIAP such as: health, digester management, tax, solid waste management, etc.  Consider women’s needs and participation in urban service delivery mechanisms.

 Conduct awareness raising programs to target women and promote women’s participation as agents and managers.

Main Features of the GAP
 Project Management & Implementation Support  Women in Project Management
 Recruitment of women as staff of PMO and Pourashava
 Develop training manuals, modules and materials incorporating GAD perspective

 Design and deliver gender sensitization program
 Develop guideline to implement GAP, PRAP and UGIAP

 Ensure appropriate office space for female staff at all levels with relevant facilities
 Formation of Pourashava Gender Committee led by one of the FWC

DMF Gender Targets and Results to Date
Performance Target Project specific Indicators Results

TLCCs & WLCCs established TLCCs & WLCCs 35 TLCC established with adequate established with adequate with 591 (34%) representation of women in representation of women women member and all target PS by June2010 369 WLCCs established including 1524 (41%) women member GAP including identified GAP, including Done and budget, prepared and implementation budget on going implanted in all target PS by identified, prepared and June 2012 implanted Gender Committee Gender Committee 35 GCs established established by June 2010 established headed by Female Ward Councilors with 125 women members

Challenges Encountered
 Budget allocation from yearly revenue budget of Municipalities  Difficulties in fund release from approved budget for GAP implementation  Lack of motivation of Municipalities in GAP implementation  Lack of motivation of councilors for regular affective monthly meeting  Difficulties of local people in understanding the Project GAP  Difficulties in creating scope for women members to raise opinions in TLCC

 Difficulties in preparation of proper quarterly qualitative report on GAP
 Filling out monitoring format properly

Achievements to Date
 Huge women participation in Pourashava Development Plan (PDP) formation process in Focused Group Discussion (FGD), Ward visioning & Pouravissioning.  Formation of CBO (7,000 women members out of 21,000) & TLCC (591 women member out of 1,750) with 1/3 & WLCC with 41% (1,524 women out of 3,690) women participation. Formation of GC (35) headed by Female Ward Councilor (FWC) & all FWCs as members.  Preparation of GAP (35) & included in PDP  Formation of Municipal standing committees with 40% women as member  Sitting arrangement, toilet and drinking water facilities for Female Ward Councilor & female staff of Municipality are ensured  1,205 monthly meeting of GC held & minutes prepared  2,026 Courtyard meeting held  369 Ward based rallies organized

Achievements to Date (cont.)
 42 Municipality based rallies observed  1,010 Primary Groups have been formed with only poor women in slum  159 Slum Improvement Committees have been formed including 2/3 women members & chaired by a woman  Orientation conducted for 35 project Municipal bodies on GAP at Municipal level  Organized daylong training/workshop for member secretary of GC 3 times and a 2-day workshop (by ADB) at HQ level

 Provided 5 days ToT for member secretary GC at regional level
 Organized daylong training/workshop for Facilitator (CM) & Regional Coordinator (CM) 3 times & a 2-day workshop (by ADB) at HQ level  Daylong Orientation/Training workshop provided for GC chairperson at HQ level & regional level  Organized training/workshop for the whole Gender Committee at regional level  Budget has been allocated from PS revenue budget for GAP implementation (at least 2%-3%)

Achievements to Date (cont.)
 GAP is being implemented in all Municipalities  Monitoring format on GAP implementation has been prepared in a participatory method (opinion from member secretary GC, Facilitator (CM) & RC (CM) with the help of ADB Besides these all the Municipalities are practicing the following:  Provide time for women members to express opinions in TLCC meeting  Ensure at least 20% women labour in construction  Eliminate wage discrimination between women and men’s labour  Ensure personal and occupational safety  Ensure separate toilet & drinking water for women labour

 Include gender related clause in bid document
 Provide orientation to contractors regarding gender issues

Innovative Activities
Several GCs of Project Municipalities have been taken additional initiatives in GAP implementation such as:  Adult literacy school operation  School for street children  Preventing child marriage  Helping oppressed women  Identifying separate toilet for women in Rail station & bus terminal  Separate sitting arrangement for women in parks  Arrangement of female patrol police in bus stations.

Lessons Learned
1. More specific detailed conditions and performance criteria regarding GAP implementation is essential. 2. Intensive orientation/training should be provided to the Municipalities. 3. Strong monitoring format and timely reporting from field is required. 4. Participatory approach can ensure need-based infrastructure for women. 5. Legal framework from government can ensure adequate participation in various decision-making committees. 6. Regular motivational and training activities can help resolve social barriers to women’s participation and involvement in project activities.

Thank you

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