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Experiment – Uniform Circular Motion

Submitted to: Dr. Ufuk YILDIRIM Res. Assistant Derya KALTAKÇI Res. Assistant Özlem OKTAY

Fatoş Durak PHED 1547116

Ümit Kay PHED 1547165

1

At the first step we examined the effect of mass which is subject to uniform circular motion on the period of the motion. To study this we fixed the length of the radius at 40 cm and kept mass which is constitutes the force responsible from circular motion at 230 g.25g.15g. 58. 30cm and 40 cm.15 g.Experiment – Uniform Circular Motion Name of the experiment: Uniform Circular Motion Purpose of the experiment: With this experiment we aim to design an experiment that enabled us to test the relation. We measured the period of the rotator according to different masses which are 20g. We measured length of the radius according to different masses which are 29. To study this we kept the mass which is constitutes the force responsible from circular motion at 230 g and mass which is subject to uniform circular motion at 40. 29. We measured the period of the rotator according to different masses which are 230g. We opted in to use a string with masses tied at each end. At final step we examined the effect of mass which is subject to uniform circular motion on the length of the radius. To study this we fixed the length of the radius at 30 cm and kept mass which is subject to uniform circular motion at 40. At the second step we examined the effect the length of the radius on the period of the motion. We did this procedure 5 times for each mass to get best results.75g. We did this procedure 5 times for each mass to get best results. One of the masses is the one to be subject to uniform circular motion while weigh of the other mass constitutes the force responsible from circular motion. We did this procedure 5 times for each mass to get best results. To study this we fixed period at 0.39s and kept mass which constitutes the force responsible from circular motion at 230 g.5g and 87.25g and 40g. . Procedure of the Experiment: We tried to use the simplest and most available equipments for carrying out this experiment. At the third step we examined the effect of mass which is constitutes the force responsible from circular motion on the period of the motion. Main purpose in doing so was to test centripetal force and the factors 2 . affecting it. 100g and 300g. We did this procedure 5 times for each mass to get best results. We measured the period of the rotator according to different the length of the radius which are 15cm.

Errors and Their Probable Sources: As can be seen on the table above we had some nice results with small error and some others with high error. this centripetal acceleration is of constant magnitude and directed at all times towards the axis of rotation. uniform circular motion describes the motion of a body traversing a circular path at constant speed. The direction of the force is toward the center of the circle in which the object is moving. if the path is not circular. its velocity is not constant. 3 . the equation becomes: (Uniform circular motion . the circle that best fits the local path of the object. Conclusions and Interpretations: Theoretically. or the osculating circle. 2010) This experiment helped us in better understanding the uniform circular motion in which we tried to test centripetal force and factors affecting it. error was an expected and inevitable component of this experiment since we thoroughly experienced the friction while rotating the mass tied at the end of the rope. T. Though the body's speed is constant. This acceleration is. in turn. produced by a centripetal force which is also constant in magnitude and directed towards the axis of rotation The magnitude of the centripetal force on an object of mass m moving at a speed v along a path with curvature is: where ac is the centripetal acceleration.Wikipedia. the free encyclopedia. For us. This force is also sometimes written in terms of the angular velocity ω of the object about the center of the circle: Expressed using the period for one revolution of the circle. “In physics. This changing velocity indicates the presence of acceleration.

M=230g.48 T= 0. However.25g and 40g respectively.37 Error (%) 7.41 T= 0.25 40 (R=40cm. we could not count the exact number of 9 periods because of the fast speed of the circular motion.40 T= 0. 0.37. the errors are small although these factors. 29. This is expected result.48 T= 0.4 0. we thoroughly experienced the friction while rotating the mass tied at the end of the rope. the results of experiment and calculated values are not exactly same.5 0.39 T= 0. And. if the mass increase. For example. so.At the first step we examined the effect of mass which is subject to uniform circular motion on the period of the motion.49 T= 0. These errors can be caused by several factors.4 T= 0.45 and 0. However. Also. To study this we fixed the length of the radius at 40 cm and kept mass which is constitutes the force responsible from circular motion at 230 g.57 T= 0. we could not fix the velocity for holding the paper clip in same position.54 T= 0. We measured the period of which are 0. Because. when we calculated the periods.49 0.40.57 T= 0. when we look at the theoratical knowlegde the relationship between mass and period is m α 4 .60 Calcuted T(s) 0.53.45 8 0.59 0. we used paper clip for being sure keeping the length of the radius.49 T= 0. M=230g) T(s) Average T (s) T= 0.53 7 As you see. 0. and 0. As you see. PART 1 Mass(g) 20 1stmeasurement 2nd measurement 3rd measurement 4th measurement 5th measurement 1stmeasurement 2nd measurement 3rd measurement 4th measurement 5th measurement 1stmeasurement 2nd measurement 3rd measurement 4th measurement 5th measurement 29. We did this procedure 5 times for each mass and we counted 9 periods to get best results.57 according to different masses which are 20g. the period also increase when we fixed the R=40cm.39 T= 0.57 T= 0.49. we found values of 0.50 T= 0.

M=230g. We did this procedure 5 times for each radius and we counted 9 periods to get best results.15g. we could not fix the velocity for holding the paper clip in same position.53.33 nd 2 measurement T= 0.48 rd 3 measurement T= 0. M=230g) T(s) Average T (s) st 1 measurement T= 0. 0. the period also increase when we fixed the m=40.33 th 5 measurement T= 0. if the radius increase.54 th 4 measurement T= 0.52 st 1 measurement T= 0.33.57 according to different radius which are 15cm.32 Error (%) 3 0.51 th 5 measurement T= 0.31 rd 3 measurement T= 0. These errors can be caused by several factors.32 0.57 th 5 measurement T= 0. so. And.49 0.15g. and 0. 0.57 rd 3 measurement T= 0.60 PART 2 Calcuted T(s) 0.50. we found values of 0.37 th 4 measurement T= 0. Also.32 st 1 measurement T= 0. However.50 nd 2 measurement T= 0. when we look at the theoratical knowlegde the relationship between radius and period is R α 5 . we could not count the exact number of 9 periods because of the fast speed of the circular motion. To study this we kept the mass which is constitutes the force responsible from circular motion at 230 g and mass which is subject to uniform circular motion at 40. This is expected result.53 7 As you see.59 0. the errors are small although these factors.At the second step we examined the effect the length of the radius on the period of the motion.32. when we calculated the periods.15g.46 8 0. we used paper clip for being sure keeping the length of the radius. we thoroughly experienced the friction while rotating the mass tied at the end of the rope. However. the results of experiment and calculated values are not exactly same. As you see.49 th 4 measurement T= 0. For example. Because.46 and 0. We measured the period of which are 0. Radius(cm) 15 30 40 (m=40.57 nd 2 measurement T= 0. 30cm and 40cm respectively.

15g. R=30cm) T(s) Average T (s) st 1 measurement T= 0. and 0. M(g) 100 230 300 (m=40. 0.66 th 5 measurement T= 0.48 rd 3 measurement T= 0. However.65. Because. Also.4.37 nd 2 measurement T= 0. As you see.52 st 1 measurement T= 0.50 nd 2 measurement T= 0.38 th 4 measurement T= 0. M=230g. we used paper clip for being sure keeping the length of the radius. 0.69 Error (%) 6 0. we found values of 0. when we calculated the periods. We measured the period of which are 0.15 g.38 th 5 measurement T= 0.At the third step we examined the effect of mass which is constitutes the force responsible from circular motion on the period of the motion. we could not fix the velocity for holding the paper clip in same position.50.65 0.37 0. the results of experiment and calculated values are not exactly same. we could not count the exact number of 9 periods because of the fast speed of the circular motion.49 th 4 measurement T= 0. We did this procedure 5 times for each mass and we counted 9 periods to get best results. For example.35 rd 3 measurement T= 0.69.37 according to different masses which are 100g.46 8 0. when we look at the theoratical knowlegde the relationship between M and period is M α 6 .49 0.15g.38 PART 3 Calcuted T(s) 0. so. However.51 th 5 measurement T= 0.65 st 1 measurement T= 0.5 As you see. we thoroughly experienced the friction while rotating the mass tied at the end of the rope.46 and 0. the period also increase when we fixed the m=40. To study this we fixed the length of the radius at 30 cm and kept mass which is subject to uniform circular motion at 40. 230g and 300g respectively.64 rd 3 measurement T= 0.4 7.65 nd 2 measurement T= 0. the errors are small although these factors. And. These errors can be caused by several factors.63 th 4 measurement T= 0. This is expected result. if the radius increase.

25 58. As you see. the period also increase when we fixed the m=40. However. we thoroughly experienced the friction while rotating the mass tied at the end of the rope. We measured the radius which is 33cm. 15cm and 10cm.15g. To study this we fixed period at 0.5 (T= 0. so. M=230g.39s .75 As you see. we could not fix the velocity for holding the paper clip in same position. And. when we calculated the radius.39s and kept mass which constitutes the force responsible from circular motion at 230 g. For example. the results of experiment and calculated values are not exactly same.5g and 87. Also.25g. we used paper clip for being sure keeping the length of the radius. However. 58. m(g) 29. Because.5 R= 8 15 PART 3 Calcuted R(cm) 30 15 Error (%) 9 0 8 10 25 87. we found values of 30cm. the errors are small although these factors.75g respectively. we could not count the exact number of 9 periods because of the fast speed of the circular motion. and 8cm according to different masses which are 29. These errors can be caused by several factors. We did this procedure 3 times for each mass and we counted 9 periods to get best results. 15cm. This is expected result. when we look at the theoratical knowlegde the relationship between mass and radius is m α 7 .At final step we examined the effect of mass which is subject to uniform circular motion on the length of the radius. if the radius increase. M=230g) R(cm) Average R (cm) st 1 measurement R= 33 33 1stmeasurement 2nd measurement 3rd measurement 1stmeasurement 2nd measurement 3rd measurement R= 14 R= 16 R= 16 R= 8 R= 7.

2010.org/wiki/Uniform_Circular_Motion 8 . it is hard to fix the period and velocity.org: http://en.Comments and Suggestions: As every experiment on the field of mechanics this experiment was nice to carry out. And. from wikipedia. References: Uniform circular motion .Wikipedia. The only disadvantage or limitation of this experiment was the friction between the rope and the tube it was rotating inside. there could be a machine for counting exact number of circle. It can be a system (machine) which rotates itself. Although this machine could not be available. April 10). the system can provide us to adjust the period and velocity.wikipedia. Retrieved June 10. the free encyclopedia. Also. (2010.

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