PLANS AND ESTIMATES 2012

MORRIS COUNTY MOSQUITO EXTERMINATION COMMISSION

P.O. Box 405 Morris Plains, NJ 07950 (973) 285-6450

October 18, 2011

TO: Dr. Robert Goodman, Director New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station New Brunswick, New Jersey Dear Dr. Goodman: The Morris County Mosquito Extermination Commission herewith submits Plans and Estimates for 2012 in accordance with the provisions of the law. Please note that the Commission will continue surveillance efforts in response to the presence of West Nile virus. This disease, which first appeared in 1999, has spread throughout most of the United States. The Plans and Estimates, as submitted, form the basis of a balanced program involving approved methods and procedures to protect the citizens of Morris County from mosquitoes. Respectfully submitted,

MORRIS COUNTY MOSQUITO EXTERMINATION COMMISSION

By: ___________________________ Henry F. Sawoski President

Attest:_____________________________ Kristian J. McMorand Secretary

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Item Prologue Commission Facilities Administration Surveillance Source Reduction Chemical Control Biological Control Public Education Budget Organizational Chart Aedes vexans map Spreadsheet Pie Chart

Page Number 1 2 2-3 3 4-5 5-6 6 7 7 Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix

MORRIS COUNTY MOSQUITO EXTERMINATION COMMISSION PLANS & ESTIMATES for 2012 PROLOGUE

In compliance with the public laws relating to the appropriation of funds for the operation of the Morris County Mosquito Extermination Commission, the year 2012 financial requirements are submitted herewith, together with a statement of plan, methods and explanation. The Commission will pursue a program in 2012 designed to afford the majority of the residents of Morris County a reasonable level of mosquito control and protection from mosquito-borne diseases, consistent with location and prevailing conditions, by utilizing environmentally sound techniques. Through the cooperation of the Board of Chosen Freeholders, adequate plant, vehicular and mechanized equipment and specialized tools are available to operate the program. The methods to be employed are those developed and approved by the New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, Rutgers, The State University, and found to be effective in Morris County. Morris County is 481 square miles in size, the fourth largest county in New Jersey. The population stands at over 493,000 in 39 municipalities, up over 5% in the last 6 years. The majority of people reside in the eastern portion of Morris County, roughly 35 miles west of New York City. Median family income was over $108,000.00 by 2007, and real estate figures from 2009 show the average house price was almost $450,000.00. Many Fortune 500 companies are headquartered or have offices within the County. The residents are generally well educated (44% college graduates) and have a decidedly low threshold for mosquito annoyance. The most severe mosquito potential in Morris County is the production of tremendous numbers of Aedes vexans and Aedes trivittatus in approximately 20,000 acres of flood plain areas adjacent to the Passaic River during periods of above normal rainfall. These low-lying areas, which are located along the Passaic River Valley in Morris and adjacent counties, have been estimated to have a breeding potential of two million female Aedes vexans and Aedes trivittatus per acre. Over 280,000 residents of Morris County live within the migration range of this species, representing nearly 70% of the total population for the County. However, the human population in adjacent counties within this flight range would bring the total number of inhabitants that live in the affected area to well over one million people. The accompanying map depicts the general area described above. In addition to Aedes vexans produced in the above area, 2 additional species, Aedes sticticus and Aedes cinereus, are found in the wooded flood plains of the Passaic, Pompton and Rockaway Rivers. These mosquitoes do not fly as far as Aedes vexans, but are very abundant and aggressive in the communities of Chatham Borough, Denville, East Hanover, portions of Hanover, Lincoln Park, Long Hill, Montville, eastern Parsippany-Troy Hills, Pequannock and much of Rockaway. As development has spread into these wooded areas, problems caused by Aedes sticticus and Aedes cinereus have increased. Numerous low lying, wet areas dot the remainder of Morris County, yielding both permanent water and flood water mosquitoes in close proximity to residents. West Nile virus (WNV) remains a factor in the NY-NJ metropolitan region, although the activity level has been lower in the state over the past 3 years. As crows become less suitable as early indicators, the burden of future surveillance falls more to mosquito control personnel to determine the risk through the discovery of infected adult mosquitoes.

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COMMISSION FACILITIES

The Commission maintains the main office, field inspection facilities, a small laboratory, repair garage and equipment and insecticide storage areas on County property located on Highview Avenue in Hanover Township. Commission equipment stands at 53 items, including 16 pickup trucks, 1 passenger car, 4 dump or stake body trucks, 2 bulldozers, 2 excavators, 8 all terrain vehicles (one of them amphibious), several trailers and 13 ULV sprayers. Four are electric and another 7 are smaller, ATV mounted sprayers. ADMINISTRATION There are 7 members of the Mosquito Commission, all of whom are appointed to 3 year terms by the Board of Chosen Freeholders. Meetings are held monthly, with the Superintendent acting as Secretary. The Commission provides advice and financial oversight for the organization. Members of the Mosquito Commission as of the date of this report are as follows: Henry F. Sawoski ----------- President Kevin Breen ----------------- Vice- President Edmund Milewski ----------- Treasurer Garry Annibal --------------- Assistant Treasurer Gene Feyl -------------------- Freeholder-Commissioner Irena Bairova --------------- Commissioner Vacant ----------------------- Commissioner The Commission currently has 20 permanent employees. Please see the organizational chart for the Commission hierarchy. The Commission will be directed by a Superintendent holding a Masters degree in Administrative Science with 15 years experience in mosquito control. In field operations, the inspection/spraying program will be under the direction of a Chief inspector who has over 30 years in mosquito control work. The water management program will be managed by a Wetlands Specialist and General Supervisor with a combined 30 plus years of service in mosquito control. In addition, permits for water management projects will continue to be obtained by the Wetlands Specialist. Surveillance duties will be carried out by the Senior Biologist and Chief Inspector, who have both been certified by the State Agricultural Experiment Station in Mosquito Identification and Habitat Recognition. Four employees hold Commercial Driver’s Licenses, and 14 are Certified Pesticide Applicators (Category 8B, Mosquito Control). In addition, 4 other employees received Pesticide Operator licenses to assist when mosquito populations are severe. With the departure of one staff Biologist in 2011, the Commission would like to hire a new Biologist along with a new laborer for the water management department. It is the goal of the Commission to promote the Senior Biologist to the Assistant Superintendents position in a year or two. We will recruit for 1-2 seasonal employees. All employees who are Pesticide Applicators are required to attend the New Jersey Mosquito Control Association annual recertification training in order to obtain enough credits to keep their license current. Video tapes have been acquired to provide consistent training for both seasonal and full time Inspectors. Educational materials stating the Commission operating philosophy, methods of control and types of products used have been bundled into a packet for the Inspectors to distribute to residents. The Superintendent has created training materials for employees to become certified applicators and to receive training credits afterwards. The courses were approved by the NJDEP. The Senior Biologists will again prepare additional, comprehensive training segments for our staff.

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The Superintendent, Biologists, Wetlands Specialist, and General Supervisor attend the New Jersey annual meeting. On occasion, other meetings are also attended. A subscription to the Journals of the American Mosquito Control Association is maintained. Commissioners are members of the NJ Mosquito Control Association and attend that yearly meeting. In addition, the Commission President is a member of the American and Northeast Associations. Keeping up with the latest technical, legal and administrative techniques available is of great value to the Commission. A variety of professional services are used by the Commission each year: Legal services are provided by the County Counsel, which results in substantial savings over the past practice of retaining outside legal advice. An audit will be performed, as in the past, by a firm with experience in reviewing the practices of governmental agencies. Helicopter services will again be provided under the State Airspray Program. A savings of at least $50,000.00-70,000 will be realized by this cooperative effort with the State Mosquito Commission. Aerial larviciding provides mosquito control over the widest geographical area and allows the Commission to get into otherwise inaccessible locations. SURVEILLANCE Precipitation plays the greatest role in determining the level of mosquito populations, and is monitored closely by rain gauges at the Commission office in Hanover Township and at the Madison-Chatham sewage treatment plant in the eastern part of the County. Daily maximum-minimum temperatures will again be monitored at the Commission office. The County is divided into 16 inspection districts, within which all known larval habitats are plotted on maps developed over the past 79 years. These maps will be updated during the winter, with any new sites noted for the records. The need for extensive street maps with a variety of information may be required for wide spread adult mosquito control spraying, if that becomes necessary. These maps can be provided by the County Planning Department, and plans for this service will be set up prior to the next “active” mosquito season. Data on larval surveillance will be recorded, summarized and presented in the Annual Report of the Commission. Commission staff will conduct inspections primarily on foot, but will also employ 8 all terrain vehicles (one amphibious) for this purpose. Areas of high larval production will be checked during the “off” season to obtain better information on the sites. Locations where water management will result in long term reduction of larval mosquitoes will be noted and turned over to the Commission’s Water Management General Supervisor. Budget permitting, a new all terrain vehicle will be purchased in 2011 to replace an older machine. Adult mosquito populations will be monitored with 22 New Jersey type light traps, operated from June through the first week of October. These provide objective, consistent data comparing mosquito levels from site to site and year to year. Because some important species are not well sampled by these traps, landing rates and, occasionally, dry ice baited portable ABC and CDC traps will be used to measure mosquito numbers. Adult mosquitoes will be identified and recorded for review, helping to determine where the problem areas are. Graphical representations of the important nuisance species will again be shown in the Annual Report. West Nile virus surveillance will include intense larval surveys, monitoring for Culex populations with gravid traps in many locations, and sampling with dry ice baited traps in the same areas. Mosquitoes will be submitted to the State Health Department for virus testing.

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Service Requests (“complaints”) about adult mosquitoes form another surveillance component of the program. These data are tracked with a map in which “hot spots” are located. Files of all calls are maintained by municipality. Service calls are often not objective, so Inspectors will follow up to investigate and determine the nuisance levels in the area. Callers are notified regarding the results of the inspection, except during extreme mosquito outbreaks, when more than 2,000 calls are received in a 2-3 week period. The Commission web page is proving to be an extremely useful source of information for the public and has reduced calls dramatically in the past 5 years. The Commission will again receive data from the New Jersey Vector Surveillance Program and the New Jersey State Mosquito Surveillance Program, both operated by the Agricultural Experiment Station, and from the State Office of Mosquito Control Coordination. In addition, information is available from the NJ State Health Department. The advent of computer based communications has also helped in communicating developing issues in a rapid manner. SOURCE REDUCTION Water management has been a major portion of the Morris County Mosquito Extermination’s program since the early 1930s. The network of ditches installed and maintained over the past 68 years is effective when the rivers return to their channels reasonably soon after flooding occurs. The value of this system has become clearer over the past 23 years, as many adjacent counties ceased water management efforts due to budget constraints and have had to larvicide large areas while Morris County needed only limited treatment. This portion of the program will again be carried out by 1 consolidated crew. They will be responsible for brush cutting and removing small obstructions from over 400 miles of drainage ditches. Historically the Commission performed tree removal from the major river systems as part of its De-Snagging program. Due to limited staff and budgetary constraints this is not possible. In 2010 a tree removal policy was set in place by the Board of Commissioners. Trees that have fallen into the rivers from County property will be removed and assistance will be offered to municipalities for trees that have fallen from municipal property. The Wetlands Specialist and General Supervisor will direct the activities of both of these programs, and will also obtain DEP permits, property owner’s permission for access to job sites, and coordination with municipalities on joint water management efforts, in which a local governmental agency obtains a DEP permit and the Mosquito Commission does the work. With the departure of our Entomologist, we hired a new employee, who has a B.S. degree in Natural Resource Management, to perform the permitting process. In 2012 we will plan to continue using the State Mosquito Commissions Marsh Master to control the vegetation at the Morristown Airport meadow. In addition we would like to continue to work with municipalities in rehabilitating storm water basins that have deteriorated and have become mosquito producers. As has been the practice for some time, the Mosquito Commission will continue to be notified by DEP regarding applications for wetland and stream encroachment permits, enabling us to review them to determine the potential impact on mosquito populations. A few minor changes before a project is carried out can often avoid serious mosquito problems later. A more active role in overseeing the construction and maintenance of the basins, started in 2002, will continue in 2012. Local municipalities will be contacted requesting them to implement ordinances similar to those in Hanover Township, which requires all such work to be signed off by the Mosquito Commission. Special attention will be given to the placement of infiltration, bio-retention and constructed storm water wetland basins, which are designed to filter water, thereby reducing non-point source runoff into natural waterways. These basins, however, are almost always mosquito producers, and we will need to work with environmental officials on compromise structures that satisfy the need to reduce contamination of aquatic systems without creating major mosquito problems in residential areas.

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CHEMICAL CONTROL The Commission will use and apply products that are registered with the EPA, DEP and are recommended by the New Jersey State Agricultural Experiment Station, Rutgers University. They will be applied only after thorough surveillance to determine the need for using them, and at the lowest rates that are effective. Whenever possible, the products of lowest toxicity will be chosen if they are appropriate and will provide economical control of the mosquito populations. Control of larval mosquitoes will be conducted by the 8 Inspectors and the Biologist in conjunction with ongoing surveillance in the 16 Commission districts. One Inspector slot will be filled by the Biologist position when necessary. Materials will be applied from the ground by horn seeders (granular Bti, such as Vectobac CG), hand (methoprene pellets and briquets) or pressurized hand cans (liquid Bti, such as Vectobac 12AS and light mineral oils, such as Golden Bear 1111). The increased use of Altosid will require a greater larvicide budget because of the expense of this material. Altosid pellets and briquets are necessary, however, to gain long term control of house mosquitoes, the primary vector of WNV. Also, some larval applications using electric sprayers mounted on the all terrain vehicles will be done (Vectobac 12AS, Golden Bear 1111). Aerial applications will be made with Vectobac CG (or equivalent). As in the past, thorough records of the amount and locations where these products are applied will be maintained. The total amounts used will be shown in the Annual Report. Adulticiding, as always, will be done on a limited basis, being the last resort of the program. During large scale mosquito outbreaks, or times of increased disease threat, entire municipalities may be treated with ground ultra low volume (ULV) equipment. Ground ULV of large areas will be carried out from sunset to a few hours after sunset. Numerous studies have indicated that this time is most conducive for controlling adult mosquitoes with ULV equipment while avoiding non-target insects. Limited spraying for localized mosquito populations many be done in the early morning, weather permitting. The Commission has 4 large gasoline powered ULV sprayers (2 London Fog and 2 Grizzly) that will be used for applying 96.5% malathion concentrate at ½ oz. per acre (3 oz. per minute) and/or resmethrin (Scourge 4% + 12% piperynol butoxide) at ¾ - 1 oz. per acre (4.5-6.0 oz. per minute). Four electric sprayers (Beecomist) will be employed to apply resmethrin. The latter machines are silent and Scourge is odorless, reducing objections by the public to this type of operation. Scourge is substantially more expensive than malathion, requiring an increase of our insecticide budget. We will make continued use of the 3.5 hp ULV units on the off road “quads”, controlling mosquitoes in wooded areas before they enter residential sections of communities. A 5.5 hp unit was added in 2007, 2008 and 2009. We find the increase in horsepower allows the engine not to work quite as hard increasing the machines longevity. In 2010 we added a medium powered truck mounted gas sprayer (Wolverine) to bolster our ability to respond to mosquito and viral issues that may arise. Aerial spraying for adult mosquitoes has not been done in 17 years in Morris County. If needed, the open areas near the Passaic River basin may be sprayed with 96.5% malathion at 3 ounces per acre by the State Airspray Program. As in ground larviciding applications, record keeping is done for each adulticide operation. Information includes location, time, equipment, pesticide (including formulation and EPA number), surveillance data and applicator. In addition, sites that are investigated but NOT sprayed will be recorded, helping us demonstrate our restraint in the use of adulticide products. The Commission uses very small amounts of products to control adult mosquitoes, generally in the 35-200 gallons per YEAR range for all of the County of Morris. Most of this material is a dilute, 4% solution of resmethrin, which is applied at a higher rate than the organophosphate Malathion. Recurrent training of Inspection staff, especially in the areas of surveillance and material recording/reporting, are routinely done in house, due to the programs developed by the Biologist(s), with assistance from the Superintendent.

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All permanent Inspection personnel are certified pesticide applicators, as noted earlier. Several of the water management staff are also certified, and all will attend the annual pesticide applicator training session. The Superintendent trained additional water management staff become Pesticide Operators, and they can be used bolster our control abilities without hiring additional employees. Once again, up to 6 members of this Commission will attend at least the NJMCA meeting. Equipment calibration is done monthly. All ULV equipment is calibrated for flow rate, and droplets will be measured by either waving Teflon coated slides to collect, then measure, the droplet size for compliance with the label specifications or measured using a hot wire system that the Commission purchased in 2008. The machines, using Scourge, produce a number of low density, small droplets that are not well sampled by the slide wave method. The Commission will continue to receive a list of registered bee keepers from DEP. These individuals will be notified 24 hours before any ULV operations take place within 3 miles of their hives. The Commission will also oversee ULV operations conducted by local municipalities. Should extensive ULV efforts be required, more effective notice to the general public may be necessary.

BIOLOGICAL CONTROL Biological control is primarily limited to the use of the mosquito fish, Gambusia affinis. DEP guidelines will be used for stocking certain areas with these fish, keeping in mind that they are a non-native species, limiting their placement to restricted areas where they will not escape to surrounding waters. The Biologist has worked with NJDEP to identify additional fish stocking sites and has also started field trials of native fish now available for mosquito control. This work will be continued during 2012.

PUBLIC EDUCATION Well trained Inspectors form the front line of our public interaction and education. They again will be provided with specialized literature developed to stimulate the cooperation of property owners in the cause of mosquito control. Brochures in English and Spanish will again be distributed in 2012. Participation at the County 4H Fair, Morristown on the Green festival, Earth Day, and National Night Out will again take place in addition to a few new venues such as Canal Day in Wharton and the Dover Green festival. . The Mosquito Commission web site, first developed in 2000, remains an effective way to let the public know what we are doing. Numerous press releases will make use of mass media for educational purposes. A concerted effort will continue to improve public cooperation in reducing mosquito production around the home. The West Nile task force will assist in developing strategies to elicit citizen cooperation in this important area. An increase of presentations at local schools by the Biologist(s) and Wetland Specialist is planned for 2012.

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BUDGET

The budget submitted to the Freeholders is shown in the spread sheet at the end of this report, and a pie chart indicating the allocation of financial resources is also provided. Note that the vast majority of expenditures will be in the area of personnel, which is not surprising given the need for a large labor force to conduct mosquito control and water management services in a densely populated suburban county. With careful scrutiny, the operating budget for 2012 shows a modest .06% increase from 2011. The following breakdown of the payroll portion of budget is as follows: PAYROLL BUDGET Administration Shop, Garage, Buildings Inspection & Spraying Seasonal Extra Time Water Management Total Payroll Budget $175,000.00 100,000.00 550,000.00 10,000.00 90,000.00 325,000.00 $1, 250,000.00

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Mosquito Commission Appointed by Morris County Board of Freeholders

Kristian J. McMorland Superintendent

Jeffrey Donnelly Chief Inspector

William Karlak General Supervisor

Lucille Dwyer Admin. Clerk

Mark Vlazny Biologist

Kenneth Armstrong Pr. Storekeeper

Teresa Duckworth Wetlands Specialist

Roger Armstrong Asst. Chief Inspector R. Foster Sr. Inspector M. Henderson Inspector R. Dumas Inspector W. Jones Eq. Operator W. Mott Laborer J. Chuplis Laborer

Sean Del Bene Asst. Supervisor Jason Vivian Asst. Supervisor E. Wollary Laborer C. Moore Laborer Vacant

E. Hakucsa Sr. Acct. Clerk/Typing Vacant

Vacant

J. Zegers Sr. Mechanic

Vacant

2012 MORRIS COUNTY MOSQUITO COMMISSION PROPOSED BUDGET ACCOUNTS APPROPRIATION 2011 1,250,000.00 2,500.00 4,000.00 5,500.00 400.00 2,750.00 7,500.00 12,000.00 4,000.00 500.00 85,000.00 10,000.00 EXPENDITURES 2011* 698,378.43 1,194.63 1,428.92 5,400.00 100.00 1,663.48 3,791.10 7,735.48 859.80 400.00 57,044.49 4,390.42 PROPOSED 2012 1,250,000.00 2,500.00 4,000.00 7,500.00 400.00 2,750.00 7,500.00 12,000.00 4,000.00 500.00 85,000.00 10,000.00

PAYROLL-ALL ADMINISTRATION Administrative Account Commissioner's Expenses Financial Audit Petty Cash Legal Education & P/R INSPECTION Expenses Surveillance Maps & Surveys SPRAYING Insecticides Air Spray Equipment/New Equipment/Maint. WATER MANAGEMENT Equipment Equipment/Maint. OFFICE Supplies Equipment AUTOMOTIVE Maint. & Operation Equipment INSURANCE BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS UTILITIES BENEFITS Retirement Health Benefits Social Security State Unemployment Ins. TOTAL Regular Account Funds Used TOTAL

9,500.00 12,500.00 12,500.00 12,500.00 35,000.00 20,000.00 60,000.00 12,500.00 40,000.00 163,000.00 550,000.00 100,000.00 4,000.00

1,637.85 11,280.68 5,611.89 6,207.85 21,043.07 19,644.00 59,433.00 7,847.66 17739.46 137,455.48 300,766.47 52,182.88 1,010.30 1,424,247.34

9,500.00 12,500.00 12,500.00 12,500.00 35,000.00 20,000.00 60,000.00 12,500.00 40,000.00 163,000.00 550,000.00 100,000.00 4,000.00

2,415,650.00
515,650.00

2,417,650.00
479,650.00

1,900,000.00

1,938,000.00

*Expenditures through August 15, 2011 NOTE: Proposed budget shows a .06% increase from FY 2011. Payroll also covers time for 4 employees to provide snow plowing services in the winter. Use of State Airspray Program saves $35-70,000 per year

2012 Mosquito Commission Budget

Insurance 2% Salaries and Benefits 85% Operational 13%

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