United States Patent
Wang et al.
Oct. 6, 1981
Doane, Swecker &
HYDROMETALLURGICAL PROCESS FOR RECOVERING PRECIOUS METALS FROM ANODE SLIME Inventors: Wei Ko Wang, Lung-Tan; Ying-Chu Hoh, Chia-An Village; Wen-Shou Chuang; T-Sine Shaw, both of Taipei, all of Taiwan Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Taiwan Mar. 20, 1980 Related U.S. Application Data
Primary Examiner-G. Ozaki Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Burns, Mathis
  
Appl. No.: 132,493 Filed:
  
Continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 46,685, Jun. 8, 1977, abandoned.
Int. Cl.3 U.S. Cl •...................................
C22B 11/04 75/99; 75/101 BE;
75/118 R; 75/118 P; 75/121; 423/24; 423/27; 423/510 Field of Search 75/99, 118 R, 118 P, 75/101 BE, 121; 423/24, 27, 510
References Cited U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
1,315,660 9/1919 2,076,738 4/1937 2,084,394 6/1937 3,127,244 3/1964 3,387,928 6/1968 3,414,380 12/1968 3,419,355 12/1968 3,658,510 4/1972 3,944,414 3/1976 3,996,046 12/1976 4,002,544 1/1977 4,076,605 2/1978 4,094,668 6/1978 4,163,046 7/1979 Ferguson Martin et al. Heberlein Elkin et al. Doumas Mod Van Stein Hoffmann et aI Yanagida et al. Hoffmann et al. Heimala et al. Bilson Yannopoulos et al. Subramanian et al 75/99 423/510 75/99 75/99 X 423/510 X 423/510 75/99 X 75/9-9 75/99 75/99 75/118 R X 75/99 X 75/99 75/99 X
A hydrometallurgical process for recovering precious metals, such as gold, silver, selenium, and tellurium etc. from anode slime has been developed and tested successfully. The process comprises three major unit operations: leaching, liquid-liquid extraction, and reduction. The decopperized anode slime is first leached with nitric acid at an elevated temperature to obtain a leach solution containing at least about 95% by weight of the silver content, 96% by weight of the selenium content and 76% by weight of the tellurium content of the decopperized anode slime. Silver in the nitric acid leach solution is recovered in the form of silver chloride. Subsequent to the recovery of silver chloride, the selenium, tellurium, copper and other impurities-containing solution is denitrated and chlorinated by a liquid-liquid extraction technique. This selenium, tellurium, copper and other impurities-containing chloride solution is treated to separate tellurium from selenium, copper and other impurities by a liquid-liquid extraction technique. Selenium and tellurium are then recovered individually by passing sulfur dioxide through the selenium-containing and tellurium-containing solutions. The nitric acid leach residue is treated with aqua regia to leach gold and other impurities at an elevated temperature for a period of about 1 to 4 hours. The gold-containing solution is sent to separate gold from other impurities by a liquid-liquid extraction technique. Gold with a purity of greater than 99.9% is recovered by introducing a reducing agent to the gold-loaded organic extractant at an elevated temperature for a period of about 2 to 4 hours. This newly developed process is pollution-free, energysaving, and economic to compare with conventional pyrometallurgical processes. 17 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures
DECOPPERIZED ANODE SLIME
S02 -------TO Cu
2 0 U ::J 0 W 0::
0 2 4 til W
0 2 I U I
U ::J 0 W 0::
W N 0:: W 0..332
W til 0
2 til 0 U::J~ 20 4W (9::JO: o::CW 04 til
W til 4
U 2 4 (9 0:: 0
::J 00 W ::J _J C0 4 til
U 44 ::Jw 4
r------. 0 U LlJ
0:: W U
W 0:: U 0
Oct. 0. 1981
Sheet 1 of 2
r+> : L...
I L. 4
Sheet 2 of 2
---AQUEOUS -------ORGANfC ---SOLID
I I Lit
FIG...=. 6. 2
I I I
I I I I
I I I I I
I I I
I I .
cipitated by passing sulphur dioxide gas through the HYDROMETALLURGICAL PROCESS FOR acidified leach solution. Copper present in the slimes occurs usually as metallic copper dislodged from the anodes. selenium. we nature of the particular anode slimes being treated dehave now designed a new process for these anode slimes termining the final procedure adopted. and then to recover the precious metals in the form of an alloy. settle as an anode sludge. Alternatively. antimony.e. is separated from the nitric acid leach residue and smelting the decopperized slimes with soda or nitre and is treated to recover the silver content in the form of dissolving the resulting water-soluble sodium selenite silver chloride by adding stoichiometric proporations of from the crushed slag. gold and copper are high at about 97 percent. to referred to as Dore metal. The above mentioned conventional pyrometallurgiincreasing attention has been paid to improving the cal process to recover the precious metals is getting recovery and quantity of by products. they may SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION contain up to 25 percent of the copper as water-soluble sulphates. for a period of at least 40 minutes to obtain a nitric acid leach solution containing phuric acid to decompose the selenides and the reaction at least about 95% by weight of the silver content. selenium and precious metals. are made up of Silver of "three nines" quality or better is recovered at those components of the anodes which are not soluble the cathodes. silver. The nitric acid leach solution. that provides a clean separation of the valuable constituIn general existing anode slimes treatment processes ents of the slimes without producing a large amount of have been designed to remove copper first. Depending precipitated from solutions. arsenic. The newly devolatilise at fairly low temperatures.~32
. when the selenides are conS verted to selenium dioxide which volatilises and is colREFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS lected in wet scrubbers and elecrostatic precipitators. hydro. where the precious metals are introduced over the entire process. while the gold and platinoids. The copper sulphate solutions obtained by these methods are usually contaminated with selenium 60 anode slimes and to obtain a nitric acid leach residue containing gold. containing the gold. a new hydrometallurgical ver. No.55 tween about 40· to 115· C. The selenium. it is evolved during veloped hydrometallurgical process consists of (1) all heat-treatment stages and its collection is thus spread leaching step. which are settled and accumulated at the bottom platinoids. 20 may be treated by boiling with sulphuric acid to disarsenic.S.lead platiand silver. selenium and tellurium content of decopperized anode the first stage in the slimes treatment process. numerous. silver. The soluble copper about 96% by weight of the selenium content and about sulphate is then separated from the calcine by leaching 75% by weight of tellurium content of the decopperized with water. briefly called anode 15 resulting Dore metal. arsenic. i. gold. the 30 for the treatment of copper refinery anode slimes. 35 off-gas as well as wasting a large amount of energy. because of the tendency for selenium to oxidise and 40 oped and tested successfully. of electrolytic copper refining cells. for 8 to 12 hours with concentrated sul. The sludge copper. to the aqueous environment. the slimes may be digested at about 260· C. energy-saving as wen as pollution-free. silver. filed June 8. which must be removed before the copperis noids and other impurities content of the decopperized finally recovered by electrowinning. (2) solvent extraction step.and pyrometalAfter an intensive investigation into the problems and lurgical operations. The object of solve the silver and high purity gold may then be recovtreating anode slimes has always been the recovery and ered from the residue by smelting and electrorefining. patent application Ser. purified by dissolution and re-precipiof U. tation and finally distilled to obtain a readily marketable 1977 and now abandoned. Selenium is precipitated from the scrubber solutions as This application is a continuation-in-part application described above. and often complex. tin. The Copper refinery anode slimes. Elemental selenium is then prehydrochloric acid. These result in the removal of the limitations of conventional pyrometallurgical process various constituents over a number of process steps. selenium. selenium and tellurium. etc. nickel. silica.685. With the passage of time. together in the electrolyte. silver. on how effectively the slimes have been washed after being removed from the electrolytic cell. selenides and tellurides. sulphur. copper being slagged off with silica.293. The usual practice is to remove the copper as 50 Our new process for the recovery of the gold. 10 product. the process to recover the precious metals has been develrecovery of selenium seldom exceeds 80 percent. together with 45 where the metals are separated and purified. tellurium. mainly selenium 25 harder and harder to operate due to the facts that enand tellurium. lead.. the This invention relates to a new process to recover the major impurities such as lead. ergy costs have soared. the crystallisation as copper sulphate. Whilst recoveries of sildepletion of high grade ore.) oxidizing roast followed by sulphuric acid tration of about 4 t09 M and at a temperature of beleaching. cementation or anode slimes. completed by roasting the mass. tellurium and copper-
4. the strict pollution laws have The conventional treatment of anode slimes entails been enacted and high grade ores have been depleted. tellurium and copper-containing soluSelenium occurs in the slimes both as metallic selenides and as the element. soda and nitre. 46. silver and slimes. antimony. They containing varying quantities of with some silver. iron. The process is economic. is then electrolytically refined in a Moebius. where the metallic ions are reduced and copper sulphides. separation of precious metals. Impurities such as selenium comply with strict pollution laws and to face up to the constitute useful by-products. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The decopperized anode slimes. In order to cope with the soaring energy costs. are smelted in a Dore furnace. RECOVERING PRECIOUS METALS FROM Other important methods include roasting with conANODE SLIME centrated sulphuric acid. It is generally recovered by 65 tion. and (3) reduction step. This is slimes comprises treating the slimes three times with accomplished by carrying out a low temperature (260· stoichiometric proporations of nitric acid at a concento 430· C. from copper refinery anode slimes. such as gold. etc. silica. containing varying amounts of selenium. Also.
and FIG. and at a free acid content from 3. between about 15° to nitrate to chloride form before the recovery of selenium and tellurium. 4 M) is used as the scrubbing agent. (3) The recovery rate of selenium for the inventive as kerosene (e. chloric acid solution. (I) The highest operating temperature in the inventellurium and copper-containing chloride solution is tive and pyrometallurgical processes are 80° C. platinoids and other impurities is temperature of between about 40° to 110° C. antimony. selenium. copper and 45 continuous operation. extraction step consists of two stages or more.containing solution is separated from silver chloride and i. The ratio of HCI to HN03 in aqua carried out. Denitration and chlorination of the sele20° C. tellurium-loaded organic extractant.0 M or higher. such as tri-n-butyl phosphate. 4 M or higher of hydrochloric acid (4) In the process of the invention. tellurium and copper-containing solution should be converted from antimony. for a period of at least 3 hours. tin. all of the organic and most of the other impurities remain in the aqueous phase. for a period of at least I hour. TelluThis technique is easy to operate and is also suitable for rium is extracted into the organic extractant. the stripping step consists of two stages or more. Tellu. sulfur dioxide at a temperature range from 35. platinoids and other impurities at a temperature of 30° C. Precipitating tellurium from the tellurium-conFIG. 5% to 100% by volume of the (2) The treatment of the wastes from the inventive neutral or basic organic solvent. such as tri-n-butyl process are much easier than from the pyrometallurgiphosphate. in chloride media. is carried out subsequent to the deniature range from 10° to 45° C.
4. In the aqua regia leaching step. The resulting selenium. After denitration and chlorination.g. The strip. arsenic. silica. gold. balanced with a step consists of one stage or more and the scrubbing step hydrocarbon diluent. is used as the is conducted in at least two stages. the energy consumption for the inventive process is much lower than for the after concentration is treated to separate tellurium from pyrometallurgical art. Therefore. 1 is shown system diagram of the back to the denitration and chlorination step. advantages over the pyrometallurgical art.. is used as the organic extractant and 2 M or higher of hydrochloric acid solucomplished by a liquid-liquid extraction technique. tin. i. tellurium and copper-containing solution 40° to 100° C. i.332
. the selenium.. reference is made to the following detailed of silver are leached to the aqua regia leach solution.e.10 as diethylene glycol dibutyl ether.e. The stripped organic extractant is FIG.g. tellurium and copper-containing solution 30 1300° C.25 present invention. balanced with a hydrocarbon diluent. antimony. The organic content of 2.293. FIG. etc. and concentrated from 2 to 4 M or higher. the acidity of the selenium. tin.4 M. Finally. the (5) The liquid-liquid extraction technique is suitable scrubbing step is conducted in two stages or more and for recovering metals from low content mother liquor. At oxalic acid at an elevated temperature of between about least six extraction stages are required to denitrate the selenium.9%.. A liquid-liquid extraction technique is used to separate gold from arsenic. lead. selenimineral acids are recycled and reused along with the um-containing solution. such as kerosene. silica. 2 is a system diagram indicating the present recycled back to the extraction step and the telluriumcontaining aqueous solution is treated to recover tellu. The nitrate ion-loaded orextractant is recycled back to the gold extraction step ganic extractant is stripped with water to recover nitric acid and the stripped organic extractant is recycled for reusing. 1 is a system diagram indicating treatment of tractant to the aqueous phase with I M or less of hydrodecopperized anode slime by the present invention.. The procedures outline above have the following ping step consists of at least six stages or more. making the process more recovered from the selenium-containing solution with economic and more attractive. description in conjunction with the drawings. is used as the metallurgical art. tellurium and copper-containing solution is ac.). and (6) In this invention. 75% by volume of tri-n-butyl phosprocess is greater than 94 percent whereas for the pyrophate and 25% by volume of kerosene). platinoids and a small amount ties thereof. Ether having a carbon content of 10to 12. Selenium is precipitated and low energy consumptions. copper and other impurities by a liquid-liquid extraction technique.such nium.50 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS rium is stripped from the tellurium-loaded organic exFIG.46% by weight of the gold content of the nitric acid leach residue. advantages and capabiliparts.1 ° to 45° C. and selenium. The 40 be recovered directly without going through a gold-silver alloy stage. from free acid content of 5 M or higher to 0.. 5% to 100% by volume of the neutral or basic organic tion is used as the scrubbing solution. and I M or less of hydrochloric acid is used as the stripping agent. it seldom exceeds 80 percent. or less (e.1 M of hydrochloric acid. such 35 cal art. and free acid content greater than 0. Since the separation of tellurium from selefrom the aqua regia leach residue and is treated to renium. The gold-containing solution is separated thereof. copper. The extraction solvent. copper and other impurities as well as the precipitation of selenium and tellurium by sulfur dioxide are all 5 cover the gold content thereof. gold and silver can (e. rium. hence. the gold-containing solution which contains at least is treated to recover the selenium and tellurium content 99. organic extractant. silica. together with other objectives. 4 is a system diagram indicating the present Leaching of the nitric acid leach residue with stoichiometric proportions of aqua regia at an elevated invention wherein the separation of gold from arsenic. 60 tration and chlorination step.g.1 M or less 20 the gold is separated from the solution and washed with and to chlorinate the denitrated solution to the free acid methanol and then with distilled water to recover the pure sponge gold with a purity of 99. respectively. 3 is a system diagram indicating the present taining aqueous solution is accomplished by passing invention wherein the separation of tellurium from selesulfur dioxide through the aqueous solution at a tempernium.55 invention wherein denitration and chlorination are carried out subsequent to the silver recovery step.e.5 to 5. regia solution is about from one to one to ten to one in 65 For better understanding of the present invention. Gold is extracted organic extractant and 8 M or higher of hydrochloric 15 into the organic extractant and this gold-loaded organic extractant is used to precipitate and recover the gold acid is introduced into an extraction stage prior to the content by introducting a stoichiometric proportions of stage in which the lead selenides are precipitated.
9 are placed in the said flask heated for 2 hours at a tempart per minute as the scrubbing agent and 0. 22. 1500 Grams (dry basis) of decop.0162% gold. This system is maintained at 80° C.92 parts per minute. consists of six stages. The pulp above. A liquid-liquid and 30 minutes in the rest of the operating period. Cu and impurities-containing solution to reduce ing rate for silver. rate of 12. is fed to extraction stage 46 at a rate of 10 at nitrate and chloride ion levels of 0.6 grams of together with the scrub solution exit from extraction selenium and 10.395 grams of gold together with extraction stage 20 at a rate of 4.1 Grams 99. The Se. 5 M hydrotogether with stoichiometric proportions of nitric acid chloric acid is fed to scrubbing stage 40 at a rate of 0. that the example is given by way of a chloride ion level of 4. It is to be under. washing ing solution.5 M exits from stripping stage 22 ters scrubbing stage 48 and finally exits from scrubbing
4. 69 Grams per ing step for recovering of gold. volume of kerosene is prepared and fed to extraction 222. as described platinoids and other impurities can be leached.7 M by vacuum evaporation and sent to the a rate of 0.4 percent recovery rate for selenium. Almost all of gold together with some This organic extractant is fed to extraction stage 10 at a 50 other impurities. 14. containing Te. Cu and impurities-containing solution at stood. lead. such as tin. or extraction step. Te. The Se.017 chloride ion level exit from the stripping stage 42. the scrubbing step includes two stages. Sulphur dioxide is then passed through the Se. After filtration. to FIG. the Ag. Sulpercent and 0. and 13. After denitration. Cu and impurities-coning step.15 parts by volume of'tri-n-butyl phosphate and 70 parts by perized anode slime containing 283.293.566 gil. The resulting pulp is filtered and the 20 chloric acid is fed to stripping stage 44 at a rate of 0. diethyltaining chloride solution is concentrated to the free acid 60 ene glycol dibutyl ether. Cu and other impurities-containing solution. 14. phur dioxide is passed through this Te-containing soluSubsequent to the recovery of silver chloride.1%. An organic extractant is prepared with one part of nitric acid and ten parts of prepared containing about 25 parts by volume of kerohydrochloric acid. Cu and impurities-containing carried out in a flask equipped with an agitator. 40 extraction stage 34 for reusing. is chloride solution with the free acid content of 4. 2. arsenic silica.001 percent respectively. The aqua regia solution is rate of 1.9 grams of high purity solution. Samples are collected for every 10 contains 0. 18 and 20. Cu and impuritiesimpurities. Pb. Te.9 nitric acid leach residue is sent to the aqua regia leachpart per minute as the stripping agent. 3. Te. i.3 grams of selenium.15 M respectively. selenium at a temperature of about 38° C. 28. Pb.7 parts per minute.0 parts per minute and 45 stoichiometric proportions of aqua regia are charged 8 Mhydrochloric acid is fed to extraction stage 16 at a into the leaching apparatus. a conchloride solution is fed to extraction stage 36 at a rate of denser.e.5 the Se. Te. 24.1 M and 2. the following example is presented. The gold-loaded orof 8. The stripped organic extractant is recycled to INVENTION extraction stage 10 for reusing.5 parts per minute. the Se. copper and other impurities many be effected without departure from the scope and by a liquid-liquid extraction technique. The filtrate. 34 10 and 36. 10. Aqua regia leaching is conducted in the same appara26. antimony.97%. Pb. Pb. ·30 and 32 is the nitric acid recovery step or tus as described in the decopperized anode slime leachstripping step. sene and 75 parts by volume of trion-butyl phosphate. With reference spirit of the appended claims. the extraction step consists of two stages. for four hours. 3 M of hydrochloric acid selenium and tellurium separation step. The 55 extraction technique is used to separate gold from other aqueous raffinate. selenium. 210 grams of gray dark selenium with puric acid are added and the resulting precipitated silver 30 rity greater than 99. is sent to the denitration and chlorination step gray dark tellurium are obtained. The stripped organic ticular reference to FIG.4 grams of silver. Water is used as the 65 containing 2 ppm of gold exit from extraction stage 46 stripping agent and is fed to stripping stage 32 at a rate at a rate of 3.51 % of silver and 26% oflead minutes in the first hour.67 M in lead and tellurium in silver chloride areless than 0. This Se.5 parts per minute.89 parts per minute. the ftltrated solucontaining chloride solution. With reference to FIG.97 part per minute. other impurities equaling 96. exit from extraction stage tion with gold concentration of 6. This is equal chloride is filtered. Cu etc.7 M is treated to separate telluillustration and not limitation and that many changes rium from selenium. Pb. The nitrate ion solution is used as the scrubbing agent and is fed to scrubbing stage 50 at a rate of 0. however. The other impurities such as per liter of tellurium-containing solution with 1.7 M is fed to residue containing 37. Pb.7 parts per minute is fed to stripping extraction raffinate together with the scrubbing solution stage 22 for recovering nitric acid. 42 Decopperized anode slime leaching experiment is and 44. Red brick In the Ag. 20 minutes in the second hour is recycled back to the copper smelter. Te.67 parts per minute.2% of silver chloride. the denitration and chlorinaextractant exit from stripping stage 44 and is recycled to tion step. Cu and impurities-con2. and tellurium respectively. heating apparatus and a set of temperature indi3 parts per minute. The recovered nitric acid with ganic extractant exits from extraction stage 46 and ena nitrate ion level of 2. the 35 tion to reduce tellurium at a temperature of 30° C. To more fully illustrate the process of the invention. 16. 9.. The system. 12. is operated for about 16 hours at the aforemenis then filtered and the aqua regia leach residue which tioned flow rates.6 grams of tellurium together with 25 stage 34.and is recycled to the decopperized anode slime leachDETAILED DESCRIPTIONS OF THE ing step. Pb. washing and drying. the Se. 4. stoichiometric proportions of hydrochloand drying. 1500 Grams (dry basis) of the nitric acid leach taining solution with nitrate ion level of 5. The organic extractant. With parcent recovery rate for tellurium. and 76% leachPb. 38 and EXAMPLE 40 and the stripping step is conducted in two stages. 215. Cu and other impurities-containselenium is precipitated out. washed and dried to give a purity of to 94. This indicates 71 perby using a liquid-liquid extraction technique. chlorination. is fed to extraction stage 46 at content of 4.5 percent are obtained.332
.38 grams of silver. Cu and impurities-containing filtration. and concentration. Pb. gold-containing solution. The loaded organic extractant exiting from extraction stage 20 at a rate of 12.5 M found to contain 272. Te. Se. 1.5 M hydroperature of 80° C. Also conducted in six stages.97 part per minute. Se. After filtrate. Te.95 grams of tellurium stage 34 at a rate of 4. liter of Se and impurities such as Pb. An organic extractant containing 30 cator and controller.
tween about tOO to 45° C. A process for the recovery of gold. A process according to claim 1 wherein said orleast about 95% by weight of the silver content. copper. to 110° C. tin. tellurium. lead. copper and other impurities is 3. for four hours with acid leaching temperature is 80° C.stage 50 at a rate of 0. 99. ant. about 115° C. A process according to claim 1 wherein said nitric tion and is kept at 70° C.1 M and to chloritherein without departing from the scope of the invennate the denitrated solution to increase the free acid tion as defined by the appended claims.97 part per minute. A process according to claim 1 wherein said aqua ganic solvent balanced with a hydrocarbon diluent regia comprises nitric acid and hydrochloric acid in a as the organic extractant. silica. lead. taining stoichiometric proportions of oxalic acid solu2. 55 scrubbing solution together with the extraction raffinate in the gold extraction step exit from the extraction stage treating the nitric acid leach residue with stoichiowhere the organic extractant is introduced. A process according to claim 1 wherein said temseparating gold from arsenic. A process according to claim 1 wherein said deniWhile there has been shown and described what are 10 tration and chlorination is carried out in at least six at present considered the preferred embodiments of the extraction stages and six stripping stages in order to invention.. Finally ignite the gold to constant to an extraction stage prior to the stage in which the weight. and a free acid content in 14. lead. We claim: 5. tractant with stoichiometric proportions of oxalic *****
4. antimony. lead. and other impurities comprises about 75% by weight of the tellurium content of from 5% to 100% by volume of tri-n-butyl phosphate the decopperized anode slime and to also obtain a balanced with kerosene. tin. antisilica. silica.30 bing solution for the separation of tellurium from sele.46% by weight of the gold content of the nitric acid leach residue. platinoids and other impurities by liquid-liqmony. 16. it will be obvious to those skilled in the art denitrate the nitric acid leach solution from a free acid that various changes and modifications may be made content in excess of 5 M to less than 0. metric proportions of aqua regia at an elevated 15. 25 ganic extractant for the separation of tellurium from about 96% by weight of the selenium content and selenium. 45 ric acid to one part of nitric acid and ten parts of hydrochloric acid. and at a free acid connoids and other impurities occurs in at least one extractent in the selenium-containing solution between tion stage and two scrubbing stages. precipitating tellurium from the tellurium-containing 50 13. higher of the hydrochloric acid solution is introduced water and methanol. copper and other impurities-containing solution exit separating tellurium from selenium. precipitating selenium from the selenium-containing 12.46 Percent primary recovery rate can be precipitation occurs. for a period of at least 3 hours. 60 diethylene glycol dibutyl ether. lead. to 80° C. ent in the decopperized anode slime. Filter off the 3. 4 M or higher hydrochloratio of one part of nitric acid to one part of hydrochloric acid as the scrubbing solution and 1 M or less hydrochloric acid as the stripping solution. tion. platinoids and other impurities is leach residue containing at least 99.1 ° to 45° C. obtained by using this process. lead. A process according to claim 1 wherein said ortemperature of between about 40° C. copper and other acid and at a temperature between about 40° to impurities is carried out in at least two extraction stages. 8. and about 7 to 8 M occasional stirring to ensure complete reduction of gold 5 nitric acid is employed. lead. copgreater hydrochloric acid.5 M or and chlorinating the selenium. for a period of at least 40 minutes to two scrubbing stages and two stripping stages. and recovering gold from the gold-loaded organic exis carried out between about 70° to 80° C. with ether having a carbon content of 10 to 12 as 17. arsenic. A process according to claim 1 wherein said sepastoichiometric proportions of about 4 to 9 M nitric ration of tellurium from selenium. silica. tin. denitrating nium.1 M of the hydrochloric acid. 8 M or higher hydrochloric acid as the acidity 10. platinoids and other impurities is beuid extraction at a temperature lower than 30° C.65 covery of gold from the gold-loaded organic extractant chloric acid as the scrubbing solution. A process according to claim 1 wherein said scrubbing solution for the gold extraction is 3 M hydrosolution with sulfur dioxide at a temperature bechloric acid. treating a decopperized anode slime three times with 20 6. This goldacid at an elevated temperature of between 40° to loaded organic extractant is charged into a flask con100° C. a period of at least 1 hour to obtain an aqua regia antimony. A process according to claim 1 wherein said scrubantimony. copper and other impurities by liquid-liquid extraction using 40 from the extraction stage where the organic extractant is introduced. A process according to claim 2 wherein said 8 M or metal and wash it successfully with hydrochloric acid. for ganic extractant for the separation of gold from arsenic. tin and other impurities pres.35 nium. per and other impurities-containing solution by 9. perature for the separation of gold from arsenic. selenium ganic extractant used in such denitration and chlorinaand tellurium from a copper refinery anode slime contion comprises from 5% to 100% by volume of tri-ntaining these metals which comprises: butyl phosphate balanced with kerosene. about 3. platitween about 35.5 to 5. from the gold-loaded organic extractant. tween about 15° to 20° C. 5% to 100% by volume of a neutral or basic or11.4 M of the hydrochloric acid. silver.A process according to claim 1 wherein said sepasolution with sulfur dioxide at a temperature beration of gold from arsenic.293. A process according to claim 1 wherein said rethe organic extractant and 2 M or higher hydro. lead. A process according to claim 1 wherein said stripliquid-liquid extraction with 5% to 100% by volping solution for the separation of tellurium from seleume of neutral or basic organic solvent balanced with a hydrocarbon diluent as the organic extract. copper and other impurities is 1 M or less hydrochloric acid. nitric acid leach residue containing gold. tin. A process according to claim 1 wherein said or1. A process according to claim 1 wherein said adjustment solution and water as the stripping soluscrubbing solution together with the selenium. 4.332
. 15 content to 2 M or higher. silica. obtain a nitric acid leach solution containing at 7. antimony. A process according to claim 1 wherein said the tellurium-containing solution greater than 0.