TCN707 Style Sheet | Adverb | Adjective

Paul Hillier October 18, 2011 TCN707 Editing and Style

Abbreviations and Symbols
- To improve clarity, avoid using abbreviations wherever possible. - Give the full name on first reference and then the abbreviation in parenthesis. Use the abbreviation thereafter. - Well-known abbreviations (e.g., CBC) do not need to be spelled out on first use. - Omit periods and spaces in all capital abbreviations, unless it refers to a person or place. - If possible, use a general term instead of repeating the abbreviation frequently. (e.g., RCMP can be substitute for “the federal police”). - Omit periods from currency abbreviations. - Most lower case and mixed case abbreviations take periods (e.g., B.Sc.). - Mixed case abbreviations that start and end with a capital letter do not take periods (e.g., PhD). - Metric symbols are not abbreviations, so do not take periods (e.g., cm, m, ml). - Abbreviations formed from the first letter of each word are all capitals. - Abbreviations formed from initial and other letters are in initial capital and lower case. - Abbreviations that have become common words are lower case. - Avoid repeating words that are part of the abbreviation (e.g., VIN number). - Use brackets in pairs to indicate editorial or explanatory comments. - Use brackets with sic to indicate a printed error in a quotation. - Don’t use quotation marks to enclose a word that is being used humorously or ironically. - Always place periods and commas inside quotation marks. Always place colons or semicolons outside quotation marks. - Don’t use an apostrophe with possessive personal pronouns, to form the possessive of inanimate objects, or to form the plural of proper nouns.

TCN707 Style Sheet Numbers and Measurement Style and Punctuation
- Spell out whole numbers below 10 and use figures for 10 and above. - Use arabic numerals in addresses, times, dates, years, decimals, decisions, scores, votes, odds, measurements, currency, sequences, latitude and longitude. - Only use roman numerals (e.g., x, ix, v) to indicate sequences of animals or people. - Spell out numbers at the start of a sentence, except when starting with a year. - Spell out common fractions below one (e.g., one-half). - Spell out numbers in millions or greater. - Spell numbers in casual use (e.g., thousands). - Spell extremely large numbers in millions or billions. - Watch for differences in numbering (e.g., in Britain 1,000,000,000,000 is a billion). - Use the metric system for measurement. Where imperial is standard, write it and the metric equivalent in parentheses. - Round equivalent measurements, unless accuracy is required. - Metric symbols do not take periods or “s” for plurals. - A litre (L) is the accepted name for a cubic decimetre (dm3). A millilitre (mL) is the same as a cubic centimetre (cm3). - Use square metres or square kilometres instead of hectares. - Add one space after a period, not two. - Don’t indent or double space text. - Use a period after a number or letter a formal outline or a numbered list. - Use ellipsis marks to indicate an omission or words in a quote, or a break in thought. - Don’t use a period in the title of a work of art. - Use a question mark after a direct -question, or when a sentence is half statement and half question. - Don’t use a question mark after an indirect question. - Don’t use a question mark within parentheses to express humour or irony. - Don’t use more than one exclamation mark at a time, or with other stop marks. - Use the colon to introduce a list after a complete sentence, incomplete sentence, or subheading with no introductory words. - A colon may also introduce a direct quotation that is more than three lines long. - Use a semicolon between independent clauses in a compound sentence. - Use a semicolon to separate items in a list when there are commas in some list items. - Use an em dash, rather than two hyphens. - Use an en dash, rather than a hyphen. - An em dash can be used to set off parenthetical information. - Use an em dash before an author’s name after a direct quotation. - Use an en-dash for periods of time where you might otherwise use the conjunction to or from. - Don’t use a comma to separate the subject and verb of the sentence. - Don’t use a comma to join independent clauses without a coordinating conjunction. - Don’t use parentheses to indicate deletion or enclose comments.

Style and Punctuation (cont.) ABC
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Abridgement Acknowledgement Aging Airplane Anemia Anesthesia Analyze Appall Appendices Arbour Ardour Armour Artifact Axe 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. Balk Behaviour Breathalyzer Bureaus Candour Catalogue Catalyze Centre Châteaux Cheque Clamour Colour Combatting Cozy

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Defence Demeanour Dialyze Diarrhea Distill Draft Dryly Endeavour Enrol Enrolment 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Equalled Estrogen Etiology Favour Fervour Fibre Flavour Forestalment Fulfill Fulfillment

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Gravelled Grey Harbour Hemorrhage Honour Humour Imperilled Indices Instalment Inquire Instill

Paul Hillier October 18. 2011 TCN707 Editing and Style .

labour.. . . . lower case where a reasonable option exists. 7. 2. larger type size. . . Capitalize all proper names. or it. Sentences . tumour. .Subjects and verbs should agree in person and in number. lower case them when standing alone. Statistics . 8. 4. 12. that. keep the subject and predicate together. 4. . . . 5. When a pronoun has no identifiable antecedent. .g. businesses. 6.g. Paralyze Parlour Pedalled Peddlar Pediatric Plow Practice (n.Do not end a sentence with a preposition. religions. Judgment Labour Libellous Licence (n. phrases. 5.Because there is no non-gendered thirdperson pronoun. 3. 6.Do not substitute reflexive pronouns for personal pronouns (e.Do not add a subordinate conjunction to a sentence and leave it punctuated as a sentence. .For emphasis.Lower case occupational titles and job descriptions.g. paralyze. regardless of the intervening words. 8. vapour).Do not write excessively in the passive voice. 4. focus on common problem areas. Use italics. . 7. . 2. . 4. avoid the use of all capitals. kneeled or knelt). . 2. or a text box. 2011 TCN707 Editing and Style JKL 1. 19. extra white space.Be careful of singular nouns in plural form. 2..Clearly identify the study area. this. Manoeuvre Marshalled Marvellous Metre Mitre Mould Moustache Neighbour Ochre Odour Oenology Offence Orthopedic TCN707 Style Sheet PQR STUVWXYZ 1. 11. trade names.) Likeable Livable Lustre MNO 1. 14.Whenever possible.Always use –our endings instead of the American –or (e. use either without preference (e. races. 5.g..g. Prepositions. 11. . the titles of books.) Practise (v.Ensure the source is identified as preliminary or of a subsequent release.Where a verb has two past-tense forms..g. supply one.Capitalize common nouns and formal titles when preceding or a part of a formal name.. 6. 8. 12. 8. 13.Ensure subject-verb agreement in person or number.Use an adverb to modify a verb. clubs.Apply Canadian spelling to government departments and agencies. 18. 12. . Conjunctions. 10.. She and I. and the schwa sound. colour. 13. 7.Do not mistake possessive personal pronouns for contractions (e. or clauses between them. Miscellaneous Capitalization .. except combatting. . boldface. 3. we). 16.When checking spelling.Watch for estimates.g. . addresses. alalyze.Do not make vague references to clauses using which. 10. government departments and agencies.The use of silent –l or –ll follows American or British standards. Saleable Saltpetre Saviour Savour Sceptre Signaller Sizable Skepticism Smoulder Sombre Splendour Storey 13.Always use –re endings instead of the American –er (e. Breathalyzer). .Use preferred spelling in the case of place names. 9.Diphthongs use American spelling in most cases. .Make sure to use compound pronouns rather than two pronouns (e. centre. otherwise. such as prefixes and suffixes. places. 5. 16.) Pretense Program Pyjamas Racquet Rancour Referendums Rigour Rumour 1.Where the Canadian Oxford Dictionary lists two possible spellings. . and Interjections . Pronouns . 15. . that was a very fast car). metre).Use an adjective as a subjective complement (e. doubled consonants. 15. 17. 11.Paul Hillier October 18. Succour Sulphur Theatre Traveller Tumour Valour Vapour Vigour Woollen Spelling . 6. movies. use the first spelling. 10.Always use double consonants. names of associations. 9.Ensure the antecedent and pronoun agree in number. 7.Ensure the date of the data is clearly indicated. use they instead of he or she.g. 20. .Always use –yze endings instead of the British –yse (e. nations.. 9.Use lower case letters whenever possible. or adverb (e. Verbs . companies.Be careful to not split the infinitive by inserting an adverb between the particle to and the verb. 21.) License (v. . . and other works. (exception: “oe” diphthongs such as manoeuvre). 3.The use of silent e+ suffix follows American or British standards. 14. . . 3. its/it’s).Be careful with comparisons of data in other places and time periods. languages. Adverbs and Adjectives . following the British model. Jack and myself went to the store). . . adjective.g. the car goes fast).

..Paul Hillier October 18. 2011 TCN707 Editing and Style personal pronouns for contractions (e.g. its/it’s).

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