This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Shocking tales of life in the slums
t is 6 a.m. in one of the well-off residential areas in Nairobi and a business man is getting ready for a day at his business premises in town. As he rushes to the bathroom he switches the on the electric water heater since it is unthinkable to shower with cold water at this time of the day as his maid prepares breakfast for him and his family. After breakfast he drops his children at school and drives off to town hoping that the traffic would not be as bad as yesterdays and that business would be good. At the same time on the other side of the town, precisely at Kisumu Ndogo in the expansive Kibera slums, Evelyn Atieno hurriedly prepares her children for school before trekking to her stall situated just 2 meters from railway line at Gatwekwera where she sells shoes and also doubles up as a tailor. At this close range one wonders what would happen in case a train derails but the mother of two children aged 4 and 9
though admitting that she fears this eventuality she has been such as tuberculosis, aids or cholera, one dies from electrocuforced to contend with this as there is nothing else she can do. tion, fire, mud slides or for the case of Kibera, train derailment. “I still have to make a living and since I have not encounIn September Kenya woke up to very horrific news about a tered any problems so far in the last 3 years I have fire in Sinai slums caused by a leaking been selling shoes from this point, I have no option petroleum pipeline that in the middle of but to come here on a daily basis and try to make Day to day, chil- the slums claiming 177 lives and leaving that extra shilling.” several hundreds homeless in what many “Furthermore a lot of people pass here on a have claimed to be the worst fire disaster in daily basis as they go to work or come home in the dren are electrocutpost independence Kenya. evening so this is a good strategic point” she adds. ed while playing by According to John Kiarie, a social workThis is the Nairobi we do not like to see or talk underground wires, er at Shining hope for communities who about. But it is there, right in our backyards, whether we like it or not. For people living in slums, or but here we live one was part of the staff of SHOFCO and the students of the Kibera school for girls who "urban villages", as we like to call them, daily life is like being on death row or committing a slow day at a time.” visited the victims at the Tom Mboya social form of suicide. Here, one is exposed to hundreds hall where they were seeking refuge and gave them some of hazards daily. If one does not die from preventable diseases CONTINUED ON PAGE 2
DANGEROUSLY CLOSE: A train engine speeds past shoes on display as the traders in the background seem unmoved as they sell sardines (omena) at Gatekwera in Kibera. On the right are staff from Shining hope for communities unloading donations they had brought for the Sinai fire accident victims at the Tom Mboya hall with the help of red cross personnel.
Ignorance of the law denying children some of their rights
Do you know as a parent you could be denying your child some rights even without knowing? It is now emerging that a lot of parents could be breaking the law in the course of upbringing their children either intentionally or due to ignorance. According to recent reports in the media a 12 year old boy who had been secluded and confined in a room for 2 weeks was rescued by the police in Meru County after a tip off from members of the public and in the previous week 2 parents were arraigned in court for refusing to vaccinate their child amidst reports that 4 children in Machakos county had died from measles as their parents had refused to vaccinate them as „their culture restricted them from doing so.‟ These were some of the issues that were discussed in a recent workshop held at the shining hope for communities‟ community center to sensitize Kibera residents on Children rights. The event organized in conjunction with the Children‟s legal action network (CLAN) was attended by several residents most of whom were women. Though most of the participants were aware of some of the children rights enshrined in the constitution and the children's act, they seemed unaware of some of the rights which when denied to a child are punishable in a court of law. For instance a simple case of not getting a birth certificate for your child constitutes to denying your child his right of citizenship and it can get you a jail sentence of not more than five years. Neglect and denying your child parental care whether you have a source of income or not is also a criminal offence under the new constitution. This seemed to amuse most of the female participants who constituted a huge percentage of attendants and had them chatting amongst themselves for some time. The participants were also given a chance to air their issues CONTINUED ON PAGE 3
Just register for 8 packages at a combined cost of only 800 ksh At SHOFCO CYBER, Gatwekwera (0725269069) and turn to this
ISSUE 4: PAGE 2
Shocking tales of life in the slums
FROM PAGE 1
Kibera is known for many things; Poor sanitation, human suffering, poverty, crime, violence just to name a few. Something unique about its people though, is the extremes to which they can go in order to make ends meet. Sometimes these extremes put their lives on the line but to them it is because there are simply no options. This month we bring to you stories told by the people themselves and why they are willing to put their lives on the line. We also feature one success story from the slum about a school that has risen from humble beginnings to great success. Vincent Achuka
This edition’s Team
John Kiarie, Kizito Nadebu, Fred Wanjala, Jessica Steinke, Tessa Dibble, Anne Olwande, Benard Maticha, Susan Awino, Sylvia Nekesa
donations on behalf of the organization and the Kibera residents, majority of the victims were remorseful of the incident but a few were not as siphoning of petrol from the pipeline „is a normal affair to them‟ and whatever happened was an accident. Infact some of the male victims claimed that it was their wives were pressuring them to take part in the siphoning so as not to miss the rare opportunity of making some money for household expenses just before the disaster struck. This fire disaster temporarily brought to the attention of the country the life of slum dwellers in the country that have to face death every minute. A month on, the dust seems to have settled leaving them on their own once again as it has always been. Back in Kibera, Millicent Achieng, a vegetable vendor at the Kichinjio area one of the areas
where the railway crosses has witnessed two railway accidents in the recent times including one as recent as last month just after the Sinai incident when a train‟s engine caught fire right in front of her stall but she has no intention of moving her stall from its present spot- a dangerous hardly 2 meters from the railway. Although no causalities were reported, the last accident in which a train derailed scores of people were hurt and some lost their lives including a friend to one of her sons as she tells us. Just as most of the people we talked to her story is the same; she simply does not have any option but to run her business from that area despite 2 previous eviction attempts carried out by the government. “I have been selling cowpeas (kunde) from this spot for 20 years and the proceeds have enabled me to educate all my children including
two who have since been employed in Dubai so the fear of a train accident cannot scare me. You simply do not plan for accidents” She further claims that on two occasions some people have approached her to pay them 500 shillings in order to petition RVR to move the railway line but nothing has happened so far. At spot check in Kibera also reveals the extent of illegal electricity connections that are like a normal thing here. Copper wires- some uncoated connecting the residents to a cheap yet very dangerous source of electricity are easily noticeable crisscrossing on rooftops, paths and some even across the streets revealing the extent to which the residents can go in order to access basic social services which are beyond reach to most of them. Worse still, some electric poles can be seen protruding right from inside some houses through rusty rooftops. Though it is yet to happen, an electric fire could be really disastrous as
FUN TIME: Students from the Kibera school for girls enjoying themselves during break time. Behind them is a wall with handprints of each girl at the school. The school is the first and only exclusively free school in the slum. Apart from free tuition, the girls are also provided with daily nourishment, uniforms and school supplies
houses are interconnected to each other as if waiting for disaster to happen and there is a shortage of access roads to allow for help to reach affected areas. The tales about the rate of electrocutions from short circuits or overloading is equally heart wrenching A resident who did not want to be identified told us that an electrocution case is not news here as everyone knows that danger looms and anything can happen, but they live on luck. “Day to day, children are electrocuted while playing by underground wires, but here we live one day at a time.” What is more disheartening is the fact that as we were preparing this story, a deafening noise was heard nearby followed by a blackout only to learn that a middle aged man had been electrocuted and rushed to the Johanna Justin Jinich clinic with severe burns for first aid before being rushed to the Kenyatta National hospital. Just like other informal settlements, basic infrastructure in Kibera is conspicuously absent. For instance the lack of clean tap water together with the lack of toilets mean that in the case of a cholera outbreak, the number of causalities can only be imagined in a country where disaster preparedness is an utter embarrassment. Two questions arise here. Are Kibera residents wrong in trying to better their lives while endangering themselves? Where would the buck stop next time another disaster strikes?
The management and staff of Shining hope for communities and the students at the Kibera school for girls would like to congratulate the students who have sat for KCPE and KCSE exams this year for conquering this important milestone in their lives. We recognize that education is a key for a great future and wish them all the best in their endeavors.
Thoughts about my first Visit to Kibera
Tessa Dibble-Boston Massachusetts, U.S.A.
My name is Tessa Dibble; I am a 15 year old high school student from Boston Massachusetts in the U.S.A. Recently, I was lucky enough to visit the Kibera School for girls and Shining Hope for Communities with my father. To me this was a good opportunity to visit prior friends Kennedy Odede and Jessica Posner and also to make new friends apart from witnessing firsthand the challenges and opportunities a place like Kibera has to offer. As I stepped out of the car at Olympic primary school, my eyes crawled over the new things I was experiencing. Most People seemed to be rushing out of the slum to the city of Nairobi for work and others to search for jobs. This huge number of hard working people heading out of Kibera so early in the morning as we were heading in was very inspiring. Some were dressed in nice suits while others had worn out clothing. Just a few meters past the school we came to a railway line and as I crossed over it as I entered into the slum itself, described to me as one of the largest slums in the world I felt as if leaving one part of Nairobi and entering another. From this unofficial border, the landscape suddenly changed. The roads became narrower, dirtier and muddier. Sights of children running around the little space they had to play hit me. Every child had a smile for us, a handshake, “how are you?”, and an occasional call of a “mzungu”. The sights, sounds and smells of Kibera became stronger and I saw several muddy streets with rows of shops owned by the locals that were already open. Most of these shops sold homemade food, meat, fish, electronics and music. Occasionally, I could see some open air hair salons in some corners. As the locals know it, Kibera is home to over one million people nearly 60% of Nairobi‟s population although it only occupies 6% of the land. To be in Africa‟s second largest slum was like nothing I had ever seen before. The area is very densely populated and I couldn‟t help but imagine how life is difficult for most of these people. People walk side by side with trash as if it does not exist. Here basic social services are largely missing but people still manage every day despite all the challenges and manage to do wonderful things with and for their families in the tight spaces that Kibera has to offer. We continued to walk through the slum until I saw a sign directing all to Shining Hope for Communities and The Kibera School for Girls. The sign was blue but the school itself had a pink wall with handprints of all the girls that attend the school with their names under it. I was so impressed with girls‟ intellect and confidence. These beautiful girls with their shining personalities clearly have a great future. Equally impressive were the women who were making the bracelets for sale (Infact I am wearing one as I write). Their hard work was obvious, I could notice they had learned a lot business skills. The women we met seemed so committed to raising the children of Kibera, their own and all of the children of the community Despite the negative stories about slums, every moment of our time in Kibera we felt safe, we felt welcome, we never felt like strangers. All of the children in the streets who reached out to us at every turn put a constant smile on our faces. We were never more welcome than at a parents meeting at the Kibera School for Girls where the parents sang and danced to invite us to be part of their community. It was an honor to be part of the Kibera community and I cannot wait to come back.
Johanna Justin Jinich Clinic
Since last year we have given women and children in Kibera more good news than anyone else. This is because at JJJ they are not just our patients, We focus all our attention to them. That is why most of our services to them are free. Trust our experience
Out patient services Now at only 150 sh
If you have been in Kibera or you have any thoughts about it, its people or you have you have something you want to tell the world, do it through this column by writing to us on firstname.lastname@example.org.
ISSUE 4: PAGE 3
Ignorance of the law denying children some of their rights
FROM PAGE 1 Concerning children rights apart from participating in a competition to know how much they knew about these rights. Another issue that raised debate was whether beating up your child as a form of correction amounts to child abuse as in Kenya most people believe in sparing the child spoils the child. One female particular participant in objection of the idea was nearly in tears as she narrated how her nephew was being subjected with daily inhuman beatings by her in laws but his behavior never changed until he was taken up for counseling. He is now a student at The university of Nairobi „s Kabete campus. The community programs manager at Shining hope for communitiesBernard Maticha, while contributing to one of the discussions held that day informed the participants on the process of child development that parents must adhere to always. “A child develops in 4 ways; physically, intellectually, spiritually and socially. Denying your child any of these is like denying him some aspects of his life” “Infact a child who is denied some of these rights or abused during childhood is likely to become a child abuser as an adult” However it is quite sad that for children raised in slums the difficulties of life have ensured that most of the children do not get some of these rights. For instance most of the children lack basic needs, health care and education and while little is being done some of the children have also been forced into child labor, early marriages and child prostitution in order to survive and most of them are exposed to sex from a young age as one participant said during the workshop. “Although exposing your child to pornographic content amounts to sexual abuse. Let us be realistic, in Kibera people live in small rooms of about 6 by 6 feet together with their children, so you can imagine” Impressively, in Kibera most parents take their children regularly for immunization since it is offered for free in many health centers. However according to Addah Alati, a nurse at the Johanna Justin Jinich clinic in the slum, some of the parents skip taking their children for regular weight measurement and observations opting to adhere only to immunization dates. “This is a very dangerous trend as sometimes we notice cases of abnormal weight growth which could be an indicator of other underlying serious health problems when it is too late. Furthermore regular observation of a child‟s physical features is necessary especially for boys.” She alludes this problem to lack of information, though she says that some of the parents are aware but take things for granted. It now seems a lot of awareness campaigns have to be carried out to fully eradicate the problem.
Our journey to success– St. Aloysius High school
The story of Kibera has been told countless times throughout the whole world, but that story is about poverty, crime, violence, human suffering and about girls as young as 15 trading their bodies for food. However in the midst of all these, some very inspiring stories emerge. Stories of hope. One is the story of St. Aloysius Gonzaga high school that started in the slums, offering free education for orphans but it has grown over the years to what it is today offering not only free but quality education to hundreds of needy students. From a rented structure in the slum the school has outgrown itself and recently moved to magnificent premises in Langata. Kibera mirror visited the school with a view to finding out from the principal Beatrice Wairimu on their road to success. (KM) When did the school start? (BW) This is the 7th year How did it start? The idea was conceived by a member of the Christian life community when he looked at the children of Kibera and how most of them suffered, especially if they are orphaned. So he sold the idea to other members and they started sponsoring some of them by paying fees for them in the schools they were. Afterwards they felt that the schools that they were going to were not offering quality education so they decided to bring them together. We started on a rented building but with time the numbers kept on increasing, so we looked for some space in Kianda in Kibera and built some structure. Then we felt that having the school in Kibera was not conducive for learning, we looked for donor funds to purchase a plot for another school. The construction of the premises we are in now in Langata started in 2008. We moved in here in May last year. Can you remember the number of students you started with? 20 in form 1, 20 in form 2. Right now we have 280 students from form 1 to form 4. How do you select them? We receive so many applications from students who want free education, so when the KCPE results are released, we invite applicants, but we have conditions. You must have scored above 300 marks for boys and 280 for girls. This is because we only need 70 students and we receive around 350 applicants. We also ask them to tell us why they should be admitted. Then we shortlist and call them for interviews and ask them to come with death certificates for those who are orphans. The interview includes a written exam Do you also receive applications from Langata or other areas? Yes we do, but Langata is a middle class estate, but as long as you are needy and bright then you will be shortlisted. What if someone wants to pay? It is not enough; here we provide everything for free. They only buy uniform. We understand these students come from the slum where there are a lot of social problems that might affect performance. Do you follow up? Infact we have a social department that does that, but even before they join as I told you, we evaluate them so we know what kind of problems each student might be facing. So it is not just a question of coming here, but we try to keep abreast with their lives. We have also noticed that your school is one of the few success stories that we have from Kibera. (looking surprised) Is it? Yes, any secrets? No, It is the grace of God and also the good work of father Terry Charlton, the school chaplain. He has worked tirelessly looking for donor funds. One would have never thought that St Aloysius will be where it is today. It used to be a dream, Infact most of us are still in that dream. Our students used to ask when we started construction of this new school whether we would move them here or we have some other students somewhere who will occupy it. There are those who did not believe when one day we told them, “pack your things we are moving to a new school” Any support from the government? Not yet, we are now trying to look for local donors. By the way we have noticed that your top student last year had a B+ (smiling) Yes, not one but three And do you follow up these students after school? One unique thing about our school is that we have the school program and then we have the graduate program. Here, educational assistance does not end with KCSE exams. After exams every student in our school goes for a compulsory 6 month period of community service where we attach them to places like orphanages, homes for disabled people, churches and other organizations that serve the community where they work for 4 days a week. During this period the exams are released. Those who qualify to join public universities, we sponsor them and those who do not we take them to tertiary institutions. What of the parents, are they cooperative? Most of them are, but there are those who are least interested in issues to do with education. We notice your office is full of trophies….. It means we are doing well in cocurricular. We have been taking items for nationals and winning. Especially in music. Personally ,what motivates you? I am a mother, when I stay with my children I feel so much attached to them and I feel there is so much I have to do for them and that makes me transfer the same to my students. Most of them do not know what it is to have both parents, so as a teacher I feel there is a gap I have to fill for these children who are very needy. Every day I feel there is someone calling me to fill the gap, so I don‟t come here because I am paid but because I feel these students are not just students like in any other school who only need an education but also someone to bring them up. RISK To laugh is to risk appearing a fool To weep is to risk appearing sentimental To reach out to another is to risk involvement To expose your feelings is to risk exposing your true self To place your ideas and dreams before a crowd is to risk their loss. To love is to risk not being loved in return To live is to risk dying To hope is to risk despair To try is to risk failure But risks must be taken because the greatest hazard in life is to risk nothing. A person who risks nothing, does nothing and has nothing is nothing He may avoid suffering and sorrow but simply cannot learn, feel, change, grow, love or live Chained by his attitude he is a slave who has forfeited his freedom. Only a person who risks is free. SYLVIA NEKESA
A view of one of the tuition blocks at St. Aloysius Gonzaga high school’s new premises in Langata. The school that started on a rented building moved to its present location from Kibera in May last year
DID YOU KNOW? When asked what would bring happiness to their lives, teenagers from around the world listed the following values (from most to least important) Love, successful careers, fulfilling family lives, freedom, money, helping others, having children, religion, power, good looks and fame?
1. Lack of seats could not deter these young spectators from enjoying the game during the Amani Kibera tournament, they brought an old tyre. 2. It was inspiring to see these two women as part of the community that turned out to ferry sand to the construction site of the new KSG building as there is no road network for vehicles to pass. 3. Stock controller Antony Otieno busy at work.
ISSUE 4: PAGE 4
Tangu jadi yako nasi, na hayatupi nafasi, Ni kweli yametuasi,tena kapita kiasi, Uchungu mwingi twahisi,yana moyo shinda fisi, Kutumaliza na sisi,yasimwache na kasisi. Kipindupindu kaanza,na huzuni katujaza, Katuacha tukiwaza,ni ipi dawa yapoza, Hata walipoziuza,si waja walipuuza, Jamani twajiumiza,jaribu kuyafukuza. Malale nayo yakaja,Tetewanga ukitaja, Tapata wapi faraja,kutuvukisha daraja, Na wakati bado waja,kuaanza kutoa hoja, Mola wetu katutaja,maradhi yenye vioja. Siyo kwamba twalaumu,lakini tunafahamu, Yana nyingi ile hamu,kutumaliza kaumu, Nyingi yatunyonya damu,tadhani ndiyo karamu, Jamani wanadamu,saidia wataalamu. Ukimwi ni wa kuzini,kosefu kinga mwilini, Kaletwa nacho kiini,chatoka uhawayani, Kuzini nao manyani,kweli hino haki gani, Yataka mkalimani,tutoke humu gizani. Juzi pakaja Ebola,nayo watu kawamala, Kawafunga waja jela,mauti yawangojela, Wengi walifanya hila,lakini katoka bila, Na hata wale mafala,pia ikawatawala. Tamati ndiyo kikomo,beti nane zilizomo, Magonjwa ndiyo kipimo,chetu sisi mbilikimo, Tufunge yetu midomo, silete kingi kisomo, Silete mingi midomo, ni hiki ndicho kikomo. Shairi limetungwa na Bi Anne Olwande.
New symbol of peace for slum residents
By KIZITO NADEBU For a person viewing the slum from the railway line at Mashimoni, one particular rooftop stands out from the rusty rows of iron sheets adjoined together creating some form of a pattern. This particular blue and maroon rooftop houses the Amani Kibera resource center and inside you are likely to meet Ben Ooko trying to coordinate operations. Ben is the co- founder of the organization that started as a result of the tensions heightened before the hotly contested presidential elections of 2007. Amani is a Kiswahili word for peace and according to the soft spoken Ooko who is only in his early thirties, during the launching of the PNU manifesto they noticed that one particular parliamentary aspirant was making remarks meant to incite the residents of Kibera against each other. This created a need to preach peace among the people. Since Kibera is a multi-ethnic slum, a group of 25 organizations came together and organized a very successful peace week in which they organized peace concerts and educated the residents and the youths in particular on the essence of maintaining peace during the general elections which were due in the month of December and also to unite Kibera residents against violence based on tribalism. They also lobbied 23 politicians who were running for various seats and 10,000 residents to sign charters and pledge that they will advocate for peace throughout their campaigns till the election date. That is how Amani Kibera was conceived. “What led to the violence after the disputed presidential elections is illiteracy because why would you want to fight your neighbor instead of living together in harmony? Why?” For this reason they have strived to lower the high illiteracy levels in the slum by starting the Amani Kibera community library that concentrates on stocking school books based on the Kenyan syllabus although they also have general study books. The library funded by the Slovak embassy also stock books donated
Members of The Amani Kibera community organization pose with the banner for this year’s Peace soccer tournament whose theme was ‘ukabila ni ujinga’. At the extreme right is celebrity Hip hop artist Zakah of Ukoo Fulani Mau mau who graced the event.
by various individuals in a system where people can donate books that they do not use anymore especially school textbooks so that the slum children can use them after they have been refurbished. This year their library won the „Community Library of the year Awards‟ organized by the Maktaba awards. Apart from education, the organization has also embraced sports as a way of uniting the community by organizing the annual Amani Kibera peace soccer tournament that has been held annually since 2008. The tournament is free for teams wishing to participate and they are equipped with balls, uniforms and training equipment. The tournament targets both boys and girls aged between 10 and 19. Apart from soccer, the tournaments also give a chance for various artists to expose their talents through singing, acting and acrobats. The theme for these year‟s tournament was „Ukabila ni ujinga‟ (tribalism is stupidity) was organized in conjunction with other organizations like Project amani, JPYC, Tadeci network, Dandora arts centre, Bila ukabila initiative and shining hope for communities. In preparation for the tournaments the coaches are trained on coaching skills, value based sports training where sports is associated with life skills programs and team building through partnerships with organizations within and outside Kibera. They also organize week long soccer camps in various parts of the country. Here youth from different ethnicities and teams are trained by different coaches on issues such as drug abuse, team building and HIV AIDS awareness and they serve as peace ambassadors wherever they go. “Our long term vision is to turn the Amani Kibera Resource Centre into symbol of unity within Kibera.” Other programs that they have put in place during their 4 years of existence include the Uwezo girls program which is a women empowerment program meant to empower teenage mothers and girls who drop out of school to gain financial stability through making bead work and discussing the issues affecting them on daily basis. They have also managed to pay fees for a girl who had dropped out of school for lack of fees. In 201o the organization was recognized as the best community organization based on their initiative of embracing peace during the Building Bridges Awards organized by Media Focus on Africa and Butterfly Works. However it has not been a walk in the park for the organization as on top of the problems associated with getting funds from donors and general logistics, there is a general lack of expertise in the personnel available for hire in their programs and training them is quite costly. Besides the slum too crowded thus getting the space for expansion of their library and starting new projects is a problem. This though seems not to have set back the organization in its quest to become a symbol of unity for Kibera and they are Infact planning to build a new resource center using stones collected by the slum residents as a reminder of the violence witnessed in 2007.
A dedication to all mothers
By FRED WANJALA Dear Mother, daddy doesn‟t even care when I cry, he doesn‟t even look at me when I smile and laugh, he just looks away and becomes so angry. What if both of you had the opportunity to give birth? Do you think daddy would have a better chance of being a good parent than you? Daddy comes home late, sometimes drunk and vomits everywhere adding more chores to you. Even on Sunday morning he doesn‟t have the time to go to church but sleeps till noon. In the morning, he doesn‟t have anything to say and just leaves for work. Is work more important than just knowing how your family coped with the cold weather during the night. They say like father like son so mummy do you think I will be like daddy to my wife and children if God grants me one. The two of you seem to be very different and I don‟t know who to learn from. I pose for a minute and ask myself why should I follow my dad‟s character when all he does are just negative things. I really feel sorry for you mummy. If only you knew how much it hurts me to see you go through all this. Truly mummy you deserve the best, to carry a baby for nine months is not a joke. Mummy who can stop you if it‟s not God only? You are so powerful that you still feed your family regardless of what you go through. You‟ve got mighty love that keeps me moving on every time I stop at a point. You mean the whole world to me. It has never been hard to me to believe that you care for me. I am also thankful that you were capable of handling my stubbornness during my early years of life. Mummy, I sometimes tend to wonder how you managed to do all this at once. Your tender touch mummy means the whole world to me . Your love is like food to my soul you know. Everything that I am I owe it to you and above all this I promise that I will never ever let anyone hurt you in anyway. Thank you These young acrobats from Carolina for Kibera were a major attraction at the peace soccer tournament with their skills. Some people even came spectate through the fence mummy.
Kibera mirror is published and distributed for free by Shining hope for communities as part of its programs aimed at empowering the youth through developing their media skills and also to bring attention to the issues affecting the residents of Kibera. Write to us on E-mail:email@example.com, Facebook page: www.facebook.com/kiberamirror for news updates, photos and videos .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.