# Math Vocabulary

Aligned with the VA SOLs

Place Value Vocabulary SOL 5.1 1. number 2. place value 3. digit 4. compare 5. whole (number) 6. (number) line 7. ones 8. tens 9. hundreds 10. thousands 11. millions 12. billions 13. decimal 14. percent 15. tenths 16. hundredths 17. thousandths 18. penny 19. dime 20. dollar Bonus 1. zero 2. trillions 3. fraction 4. googol 5. point 6. ten-thousandths 7. standard form 8. expanded form 9. written form

Fraction Vocabulary SOL 5.2 & 5.7 1. fraction 2. part 3. lowest terms 4. numerator 5. denominator 6. multiple 7. factor 8. half 9. fourth 10. eighth 11. quarter 12. percent 13. number 14. whole (number) 15. mixed (number) 16. improper (fraction) 17. equivalent (fraction) 18. simplify 19. common (denominators) 20. like (denominators) BONUS 1. LCM 2. GCF 3. ratio 4. reduce 5. simplest form 6. unlike denominators

Multiplication & Patterns Vocabulary SOL 5.3; 5.4 & 5.20 1. multiplication 2. addition 3. operation 4. number 5. estimate 6. product 7. sum 8. factor 9. pattern 10. sequence 11. numerical (pattern) 12. geometric (pattern) 13. infinite 14. multiple 15. equal 16. greater than 17. less than 18. prime (number) 19. even 20. odd BONUS 1. calculator 2. lowest common multiple 3. greatest common factor 4. cube number 5. Fibonacci’s (pattern) 6. triangle (pattern) 7. numeral 8. squared 9. round

Division & Graphing Vocabulary SOL 5.3 & 5.5; 5.6 & 5.18 1. division 2. subtraction 3. operation 4. quotient 5. difference 6. remainder 7. estimate 8. graph 9. chart 10. bar (graph) 11. line (graph) 12. circle (graph) 13. pictograph 14. stem and leaf plot 15. title 16. axis 17. ordered pair 18. horizontal 19. vertical 20. scale Bonus 1. coordinate plane 2. data analysis 3. quadrant 4. diagonal 5. dividend 6. divisor 7. trend

Geometry Vocabulary SOL 5.8 & 5.10 & 5.15 * BONUS 1. Geometry 8. symmetry * congruent 9. similar * plane 10. point 11. segment 12. ray 13. intersect 14. parallel * perpendicular 15. vertical 16. horizontal 17. 18. 19. 20. quadrilateral parallelogram rectangle square * rhombus * trapezoid * kite * triangle * area * perimeter

2. line

3. polygon 4. two dimensional 5. shape 6. length 7. width

Moving shapes: slide = translation flip = reflection turn = rotation

Geometry Vocabulary SOL 5.8; 5.9; 5.10 & 5.13; 5.14 * BONUS 1. Geometry 5. symmetry * congruent 6. similar 7. degree 8. ray 9. endpoint 10. acute (angle) 11. obtuse (angle) 12. right (angle) 13. vertex * vertices 14. scalene (triangle) 15. isosceles (triangle) 16. equilateral (triangle) * right (triangle) 17. diameter 18. radius 19. chord 20. circumference * center point

2. angle * protractor

3. triangle

4. circle * compass

Geometry Vocabulary SOL 5.16 * BONUS 1. Geometry * symmetry * congruent 8. similar 9. cube 10. cylinder 11. sphere 12. cone 13. pyramid 14. prism 15. base 16. face 17. rectangular (prism) 18. circular (base) 19. square (base) 20. triangular (base)

2. three dimensional 3. shape 4. 5. 6. 7. length width height volume

Measurement Vocabulary SOL 5.11
* BONUS

measure... 1. unit

US Customary * convert

Metric... prefixes * mili* centi* kilo-

2. length 3. width 4. depth 5. area 6. perimeter 7. weight * mass

11. inch 12. foot 13. yard 14. mile

* meter

15. ounce 16. pound * ton 17. 18. 19. 20. cup pint quart gallon

* gram

8. volume 9. capacity 10. height

* liter

Measurement Vocabulary SOL 5.11; 5.12
* BONUS

measure... 1. unit 2. time 3. elapsed 4. rate

US Customary metric... 7. convert 8. second 9. minute 10. hour 11. day 12. week 13. month 14. year 15. decade 16. century 17. noon 18. midnight * Eastern Standard Time

5. temperature 19. Fahrenheit 20. Celsius 6. degree * centigrade

Probability & Statistics Vocabulary SOL 5.17; 5.18; 5.19 1. probability 2. statistics 3. data 4. event 5. possibility 6. outcome 7. certain 8. likely 9. impossible 10. predict 11. tally 12. tree (diagram) 13. average 14. mean 15. median 16. mode 17. range 18. sum 19. divide 20. quotient Bonus 1. chance 2. unlikely 3. Venn (diagram) 4. sample space 5. likelihood 6. possibilities 7. minimum 8. maximum 9. analyze

Algebra Vocabulary SOL 5.21; 5.22 1. Algebra 2. variable 3. unknown 4. equal 5. balance 6. word problem 7. difference 8. sum 9. product 10. quotient 11. expression 12. symbol 13. equation 14. sentence 15. open (sentence) 16. box 17. letter 18. operation 19. mathematics 20. mathematical (expression) Bonus 1. formula 2. pawn 3. x

Review Most Important 5th Grade Math Words 1. sum 2. difference 3. product 4. quotient 5. pattern 6. average 7. factor 8. multiple 9. angle 10. digit 11. tenths 12. estimate 13. equal 14. variable 15. convert 16. number 17. mean 18. perimeter 19. numerator 20. denominator Bonus 1. metric 2. Fibonacci 3. circumference 4. probability