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Science

Vocabulary
Aligned with the
VA SOLs
Investigation Spelling/Vocabulary
SOL 5.1

1. science
2. scientific
3. investigation
4. reason
5. logic
6. length
7. mass
8. classify
9. thermometer
10. balance
11. pattern
12. data
13. estimate
14. observe
15. conclude
16. predict
17. cause
18. effect
19. constant
20. experiment

BONUS:
1. inference
2. hypothesis
3. hypotheses
4. elapse
5. extrapolate
Sound & Light Spelling/Vocabulary
SOL 5.2, 5.3

1. sound
2. transmit
3. frequency
4. wave
5. wavelength
6. vibration
7. voice
8. sonar

9. light
10. spectrum
11. reflection
12. opaque
13. transparent
14. translucent
15. prism
16. mirror
17. lens

18. solid
19. liquid
20. gas

BONUS:
1. communication
2. Morse code
3. microscope
4. binocular
5. kaleidoscope
6. spectroscope
7. diffraction
8. refraction
9. resonance
10. decibel
11. whisper
Matter Spelling/Vocabulary
SOL 5.4

1. matter
2. mass
3. space
4. solid
5. liquid
6. gas
7. atom
8. molecule
9. element
10. compound
11. mixture
12. density
13. temperature
14. state
15. electron
16. proton
17. neutron
18. solution
19. oxygen
20. hydrogen

BONUS:
1. Periodic Table
2. volume
3. solute
4. solvent
Living Systems Spelling/Vocabulary
SOL 5.5

1. life
2. living
3. system
4. cell
5. animal
6. plant
7. vascular (plant)
8. nonvascular (plant)
9. nucleus
10. cell wall
11. vertebrates
12. invertebrates
13. kingdom
14. matter
15. adaptation
16. community
17. web
18. habitat
19. niche
20. cycle

BONUS:
1. environment
2. ecosystem
3. cytoplasm
4. membrane
5. extinction
Ocean Vocabulary
SOL 5.6

1. ocean
2. Atlantic (Ocean)
3. Pacific (Ocean)
4. (marine) food web
5. continental
6. (continental) shelf
7. (continental) slope
8. (continental) rise
9. (ocean) trenches
10. depth
11. wave
12. current
13. tide
14. marine
15. plankton
16. whale
17. sand
18. shell
19. sea
20. pollution

Bonus:
1. abyssal plain
2. temperature
3. salinity
4. Caribbean (Sea)
5. Mediterranean (Sea)
6. endangered
7. Indian (Ocean)
8. Arctic (Ocean)
Geology
SOL 5.7

1. geology
2. rock
3. earthquake
4. volcano
5. magma
6. lava
7. mantle
8. crust
9. fault
10. core
11. weathering
12. erosion
13. fossil
14. pressure
15. surface
16. layer
17. (rock) cycle
18. mineral
19. soil
20. interior

Bonus:
1. chemical (weathering)
2. physical (weathering)
3. seismograph
4. Richter scale
5. tsunami
6. continental drift
7. igneous (rock)
8. sedimentary (rock)
9. metamorphic (rock)
10. shield (volcano)
11. cinder (volcano)
12. composite (volcano)
13. Plate Tectonics
Review
Most Important 5th Grade Science Words

1. science
2. sound
3. wave
4. light
5. spectrum
6. mass
7. atom
8. element
9. cell
10. vascular
11. vertebrate
12. solid
13. liquid
14. gas
15. ocean
16. abyss
17. marine
18. rock
19. cycle
20. prism

Bonus
1. hypothesis
2. kaleidoscope
3. opaque
4. microscope
5. plate tectonics
6. nonvascular
7. invertebrate