Cycle of season

Though divided into different climatic zones, India seems to be unified by primarily four seasons- Winter, Summer, Advancing Monsoon and Retreating Monsoon. Winter: December to February is the wintertime in almost all of India. At this time of the year, days are cold with average temperature of 10-150C, but it can drop down to below 00C in some higher ranges of northern India. Normally winters are dry in northern India. In Southern part, the temperature difference is not so marked due to moderating effect of Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea.

Summer: March, April, May and June are the summer months in India. It is a time period when rays of the sun fall vertically on Indian subcontinent. The average temperature is around 32 c but in western region the maximum temperature can be far above the average. Hot wind, known, as 'Loo' is the marked feature of summers in north India.

Advancing Monsoon: It is the time period when India gets major part of its share of rain. Months of June, July, August and September form the core of Advancing Monsoon in almost all parts of country. The monsoon approaches with moisture laden winds, this sudden approach is marked with violent thunderstorms and lightening, known as 'break' of the monsoon.

Methane etc. when monsoon after drenching all of India. which also receive rain from Western Disturbance. This has lead to climatic disasters such as Drought. begins to retreat. the monsoon is completely gone from major part of India. The unchecked cutting down of trees indirectly leads to landslide and drought. Carbon monoxide. It results in large-scale loss of life and property. In recent times. this cycle of season has been disturbed due to uncontrolled industrialization and other developmental activities resulting in drastic changes in climate. With the month of September. which leads to Global Warming. This rising ocean level may submerge many of today's existing islands and coastal cities. The phenomenon of Global Warming is mainly the result of air pollution. which in turn will lead to increased ocean level. It may lead to very serious climatic changes. Annual Floods have become part of life in many regions of India. The increase in average temperature of earth is will result in melting down of the polar ice and glaciers. These gases produce 'Green House' effect. rainfall began to decrease and as we approach November. . except for Tamil Nadu and some other southern states. Sulphur dioxide.Retreating Monsoon: This season starts. Landslides Floods and Global Warming. The polluting industries and vehicles running endlessly on the roads emit hazardous gases such as Carbon dioxide.

glaciers are melting. such effects are projected to impact millions of lives. The first among the countries to be affected by severe climate change is Bangladesh. and was brought on by Elevated Ocean temperatures tied to global warming. displacing thousands of people. Ecological disasters. more floods and droughts occur. access to drinking water. Indian authorities may adjust their “development-versusclimate protection” view.Global Warming Impacts Nevertheless. and mangrove forests are disappearing at an alarming rate. increased cyclonic activity. threatening the volumetric flow rate of many of the most important rivers of India and South Asia. and changes in ambient temperature and precipitation patterns. yet they produce approximately 25 percent of the pollution that causes global warming. As a result of ongoing climate change. disturbance of morphologic processes and a higher intensity of flooding and other such disasters. are also projected to become increasingly common. Bangladesh only contributes 0. and the changes in precipitation and cross boundary river flows are already beginning to cause drainage congestion. the United States makes up about 5 percent of the world's population. Several effects of global warming. Temperature rises on the Tibetan Plateau. Ongoing sea level rises have submerged several low-lying islands in the Sundarbans. have affected or are projected to affect India. biodiversity. including steady sea level rise. agricultural production. the climate of India has become increasingly volatile over the past several decades. Its sea level. Recent international reports on climate change. There is a reduction in fresh water availability. Public health. Some impacts of global warming have already become visible in India. In contrast. Increased landslides and flooding are projected to have an impact upon states such as Assam. .1% of the world’s emissions yet it has 2. presented grim environmental and economic scenarios for India if climate change continues unabated. In India. Monsoon rains have become less predictable.4% of the world’s population. temperature and evaporation are increasing. such as a 1998 coral bleaching event that killed off more than 70% of corals in the reef ecosystems off Lakshadweep and the Andamans. The effects of global warming on the Indian subcontinent vary from the submergence of lowlying islands and coastal lands to the melting of glaciers in the Indian Himalayas. such as the 2007 UN climate change report. and even national security will be affected. this trend is expected to continue. which are causing Himalayan glaciers to retreat.

Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere (see above) act like a mirror and reflect back to the Earth a part of the heat radiation. the more heat energy is being reflected back to the Earth. which would otherwise be lost to space. The largest contributing source of greenhouse gas is the burning of fossil fuels leading to the emission of carbon dioxide. kerosene. the major cause of global warming is the emission of green house gases like carbon dioxide.) has been increased dramatically over the past 50 years. petrol. As said. see graph below. The emission of carbon dioxide into the environment mainly from burning of fossil fuels (oil. Greenhouse gases are those gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect . The higher the concentration of green house gases like carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. methane and ozone.Causes of global warming Almost 100% of the observed temperature increase over the last 50 years has been due to the increase in the atmosphere of greenhouse gas concentrations like water vapour. These power plants emit large amounts of carbon dioxide produced from burning of fossil fuels for the . methane. The major source of carbon dioxide is the power plants. etc. gas. Cause for global warming: Carbon dioxide emissions in million tons per year over the last 200 years. nitrous oxide etc into the atmosphere. carbon dioxide (CO2).

When fields are flooded. This is true for most of the developed countries. the use of fertilizers in agriculture and the burning of organic matter. releasing methane to the atmosphere. bovine flatulence. cars with catalytic converters. both commercial and residential represent a larger source of global warming pollution than cars and trucks. Methane is obtained from resources such as rice paddies. bacteria in bogs and fossil fuel manufacture. Buildings. Another cause of global warming is deforestation that is caused by cutting and burning of forests for the purpose of residence and industrialization. Methane is more than 20 times as effectual as CO2 at entrapping heat in the atmosphere. anaerobic situation build up and the organic matter in the soil decays. The main sources of nitrous oxide include nylon and nitric acid production. Building of these structures require a lot of fuel to be burnt which emits a large amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. . About twenty percent of carbon dioxide emitted in the atmosphere comes from burning of gasoline in the engines of the vehicles.purpose of electricity generation.

5. 8. Choose energy-efficient appliances when it's time to buy new ones. 12. Use a low-flow showerhead. and if available.Prevention for Global Warming Global warming refers to the Earth’s air and oceans gradually heating up to a point that disrupts balance. Consider investing in a hybrid or electric vehicle to help prevent against further global warming. because they still take up energy. Buy recycled paper products and recycle as much of your waste as possible. 1. 3. Cut down on your garbage—buy fewer packaged materials to prevent further global warming. Bring your own reusable canvas grocery bags when grocery shopping. but it really isn’t. Clean or replace your filters monthly. Take bikes. Decrease your air travel. which will lessen the hot water used but not drop your water pressure in the shower. 7. Insulate your water heater. 2. 6. Unplug electronics when they are not in use. turn items off when they’re not being used. 11. Wash clothes in cold water and line-dry whenever possible. The goal is to emit less carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Drive less. 13. and don’t forget to repair or replace worn caulking or weather-stripping. 14. At the very least. It sounds like a problem too massive for any one individual to take on. Replace all the lightbulbs in and around your home with energy-efficient fluorescents that use fewer watts for the same amount of light. 4. Combining any few of these suggestions can make more of a dramatic effect than most people understand. 9. walk or carpool whenever possible. Run the dishwasher and clothes washer only when you have a full load. . use the energy-saving setting. a problem that is continually getting worse. 10. Insulate your home better.

16. Have an energy audit done on your home so you can find the trouble areas and fix them. 19. 18. Use nontoxic cleaning products. 17. A farmer’s market is an excellent place to visit. and check tire pressure often to save gas. Eat less meat and more organic foods in your diet to do your part in preventing global warming. 20. Fresh takes less energy to produce. Keep your car tuned up.15. Shop locally for food. Plant a tree. And choose fresh food over frozen foods. .

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