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order, and c reate an adequate and self-repairing government - we, the people, do establish t he Newstates of America, herein provided to be ours, and do ordain this Constitu tion whose supreme law it shall be until the time prescribed for it shall have r un. ARTICLE I Rights and Responsibilities A. Rights SECTION 1. Freedom of expression, of communication, of movement, of assembly, or of petition shall not be abridged except in declared emergency. SECTION 2. Access to information possessed by governmental agencies shall not be denied except in the interest of national security; but communications among officials necessary to decisionmaking shall be privileged. SECTION 3. Public communicators may decline to reveal sources of information, but shall be responsible for hurtful disclosures. SECTION 4. The privacy of individuals shall be respected; searches and seizure s shall be made only on judicial warrant; persons shall be pursued or questioned only for the prevention of crime or the apprehension of suspected criminals, an d only according to rules established under law. SECTION 5. There shall be no discrimination because of race, creed, color, ori gin, or sex. The Court of Rights and Responsibilities may determine whether sele ction for various occupations has been discriminatory. SECTION 6. All persons shall have equal protection of the laws, and in all ele ctoral procedures the vote of every eligible citizen shall count equally with ot hers. SECTION 7. It shall be public policy to promote discussion of public issues an d to encourage peaceful public gatherings for this purpose. Permission to hold s uch gatherings shall not be denied, nor shall they be interrupted, except in dec lared emergency or on a showing of imminent danger to public order and on judici al warrant. SECTION 8. The practice of religion shall be privileged; but no religion shall be imposed by some on others, and none shall have public support. SECTION 9. Any citizen may purchase, sell, lease, hold, convey, and inherit re al and personal property, and shall benefit equally from all laws for security i n such transactions. SECTION 10. Those who cannot contribute to productivity shall be entitled to a share of the national product; but distribution shall be fair and the total may not exceed the amount for this purpose held in the National Sharing Fund. SECTION 11. Education shall be provided at public expense for those who meet a ppropriate tests of eligibility. SECTION 12. No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. No property shall be taken without compensation. SECTION 13. Legislatures shall define crimes and conditions requiring restrain t, but confinement shall not be for punishment; and, when possible, there shall be preparation for return to freedom. SECTION 14. No person shall be placed twice in jeopardy for the same offense. SECTION 15. Writs of habeas corpus shall not be suspended except in declared e mergency. SECTION 16. Accused persons shall be informed of charges against them, shall h ave a speedy trial, shall have reasonable bail, shall be allowed to confront wit nesses or to call others, and shall not be compelled to testify against themselv es; at the time of arrest they shall be informed of their right to be silent and to have counsel, provided, if necessary, at public expense; and courts shall co nsider the contention that prosecution may be under an invalid or unjust statute . B. Responsibilities SECTION 1. Each freedom of the citizen shall prescribe a corresponding respons ibility not to diminish that of others: of speech, communication, assembly, and
SECTION 12. and may de legate to them powers appropriate to their responsibilities. taxes. members of the armed forces. SECTION 4. SECTION 11. hereinafter provided. They may charter subsidiary governments. Those granted the use of public lands. of religion. to grant the same freedom to others. Each shall pay whatever share of governmental costs is consistent w ith fairness to all. SECTION 3. legislatures. There shall be a responsibility to avoid violence and to keep the p eace. shall so decide. this shall include respect for the procedures of justice. Their political procedures shall be organized and supervised by ele ctoral Overseers. SECTION 10. ARTICLE II The Newstates SECTION 1. SECTION 4. Each shall render such services to the nation as may be uniformly r equired by law. SECTION 9. The Newstates shall have constitutions formulated and adopted by pr ocesses hereinafter prescribed. Individuals and enterprises holding themselves out to serve the pub lic shall serve all equally and without intention to misrepresent. States electing by referendum to continue if the Commission recommend otherwise shall nevertheless accept all Newstate obligations. and planning. objection by reason of conscience being adjudicated as hereinaft er provided. SECTION 3. SECTION 8. but these shall . but their elections shall not be in years of presidential elec tion. the air. Each shall assist in preserving the endowments of nature and enlarg ing the inheritance of future generations. SECTION 6. if irreplaceable. All rights and responsibilities defined herein shall extend to suc h associations of citizens as may be authorized by law. Protection of the law shall be repaid by assistance in its enforcem ent. SECTION 7. not to invade that of others. and judicial systems. or waters shall ha ve a responsibility for using these resources so that. Retired officers of the armed forces. they ar e conserved and. SECTION 13. or may delegate the laying of. SECTION 2. and requirements of residence in a voting district shall be no longer than thirty days. They may lay. and they may be allotted funds under rules agreed to by the nationa l Overseer.petition. of the holding and disposal of property. The Commission shall be guided in its recommendations by the probability of accommod ation to the conditions for effective government. Existing states may continue and may have the status of N ewstates if the Boundary Commission. Each citizen shall participate in the processes of democracy. apprehension of l awbreakers. Each shall refuse awards or titles from other nations or their repr esentatives except as they be authorized by law. if replaceable. SECTION 7. each comprising no less than 5 percent of the whole population. the obligation to extend the same privilege to others. There shall be Newstates. to respect that of o thers. and of the Senate shall regard their service as a permanent obligation and shal l not engage in enterprise seeking profit from the government. but expenditures may not be made by or for any candidate except they be approved by the Overseer. for this reason the bearing of arms or the possession of lethal weapons sh all be confined to the police. The devising or controlling of devices for management or technolog y shall establish responsibility for resulting costs. administrati ve. of the senior civil service. of privacy. assis ting in the selection of officials and in the monitoring of their conduct in off ice. urban or rural. They shall have Governors. they are put back as they were. SECTION 2. SECTION 5. SECTION 6. and those licensed u nder law. SECTION 5. and none shall expect or may receive special privileges unless they be for a public purpose defined by law. conforming to such standards as may improve health and welfare. and testimony at trial. The electoral apparatus of the Newstates of America shall be availa ble to them.
SECTION 3. provide for the payment of debts in any but legal tender. shall: a. They shall be responsible for the administration of public service s not reserved to the government of the Newstates of America. The rights and responsibilities prescribed in this Constitution sh all be effective in the Newstates and shall be suspended only in emergency when declared by Governors and not disapproved by the Senate of the Newstates of Amer ica. on the recommendation of the Watchkeeper.conform to the restraints stated hereinafter for the Newstates of America. A national party shall be one having had at least a 5 percent affil iation in the latest general election. for this purpose. Regulations and appointments may be objected to by the Senate. there shall be an Electoral Branch. in each party. their officials shall be warned and may be required by the Se nate. ARTICLE III The Electoral Branch SECTION 1. They may not enact ex po st facto laws or ones impairing the obligation of contracts. but recognition shall be withdrawn u pon failure to attract the same percentages as are necessary for the continuance of national parties. Recognition by the Overseer shall bring parties within established regulations and entitle them to common privileges. of party administrators. to forfeit revenues from the New states of America. of the President' s views. and after each presidential election shall offer to resign. ensure that members have adequate facilities for participati on. SECTION 4. b. Newstates may not enter into any treaty. SECTION 2. of the findings of the Planning Branch. of public issues. They may not tax exports. Arrange for discussion. SECTION 5. or make any charge for inter-Newstate services. under arrangements common to all. confederation. It shall be the Overseer's d uty to supervise the organization of national and district parties. but a new party shall be recognized when valid petitions have been signed by at least 2 percent of the voters in each of 30 percent of the districts drawn for the House of Representatives. An Overseer of electoral procedures shall be chosen by majority of the Senate and may be removed by a two-thirds vote. Newstates may not impose barriers to imports from other jurisdicti ons or impose any hindrance to citizens' freedom of movement. SECTION 11. and may not impose any tax forbidden by laws of the Newstates of America. Taxes on land may be at higher rates than those on its improvements . with the administrators and other officials. such activities be ing concerted with those of corresponding national agencies. Recognition shall be suspended upon failure to gain 5 percent of the votes at a second elect ion. SECTION 12. alliance. SECTION 13. SECTION 6. While in office the Overseer shall belong to no political or ganization. arrange for discussion among them. or 15 percent at further elections. 10 percent at a third. District parties shall be recognized when at least 2 percent of the voters shall have signed petitions of affiliation. or agreement unless approved by the Boundary Commission hereinafter provided. but the objects appropriate for taxation shall be clearly designated. and such other information as m . in district and national conve ntions. The Overseer shall promulgate rules for party conduct and shall see that fair practices are maintained. in annual district meetings. The Overseer. SECTION 15. Provide the means for discussion. where these exist. SECTION 9. and provide for the nomination and election of candidates for public office. SECTION 8. They may not coin money. may not tax with intent to prevent import s. SECTION 10. If governments of the Newstates fail to carry out fully their cons titutional duties. Police powers of the Newstates shall extend to all matters not res erved to the Newstates of America. and . but preempted powers shall not be impaired. and for this purpose shall appoint deputies in each district and shall supervise the choice. To arrange for participation by the electorate in the determination of policies and the selection of officials. SECTION 14.
SECTION 8. Approve procedures in these conventions for choosing one hundred candi dates to be members-at-large of the House of Representatives. those having the most v otes shall be chosen first. District conventions shall be held on the first Tuesday in April. c. Arrange for the election each three years of three members of the Hous e of Representatives in each district from among the candidates chosen in party conventions. if no ticket achieve a majority. SECTION 9. the three having the most votes becoming candidates. shall be chosen in ea ch district. Candidates for delegate may become eligible by presenting petitions sig ned by two hundred registered voters. Those with the most votes. for enrollment. Presidents and Vice-Presidents. between the two persons having the most vo tes. SECTION 7. and for this purpose designate one hundred districts. whose terms shall be coterminous with that of the President. Voting on submissions shall proceed until one hundred achieve 10 percent. Arrange for the convening of the national legislative houses on the fo . Candidates for President and Vice-Presidents shall be nominated on att aining a majority. of voters at convenient places. together with two alternates. b. d. Ten alternates shall also be chosen by th e same process. c. Assist the parties in nominating candidates for district members of th e House of Representatives each three years. candidate s for nomination to be recognized when petitions shall have been presented by on e hundred or more delegates. and if referendum so determine he shall provide similar arrangements for th e nomination and election of candidates. Arrange procedures for the consideration and approval of party object ives by the convention. those with the fe west votes shall be eliminated. e. each with a similar number of eligible voters. and if they are rejected. The Overseer shall also: a. They shall be elected by party members on the first Tuesday in March. b. Of those added. with an equal number of delegates from each district. so distributed that representation of voters b e approximately equal. the Overseer shall arrange another el ection. The Overseer shall also: a. all being presented to the nation's voters as a ticket.ay be pertinent for enlightened political discussion. Candidates for delegates shall be eligible when petitions signed by fiv e hundred registered voters have been filed. but not more than three candidates may be resid ent in any one district. For this purpose delegates shall file one choice with convention officials. In these there shall be party conventions having no m ore than three hundred delegates. Deleg ates shall choose three candidates for membership in the House of Representative s. new conventions shall be held within one month and candidates shall be chosen as for vacant offices. valid fo r one year. In this election. the one having the most votes shall prevail. if any district have more than three. and members-at-large of the House of Representatives. Arrange for the election on the first Tuesday in June. t ogether with Representatives-at-large. those having the largest number of votes being chose n until the three hundred be complete. on the first Saturday in each month. the three having the most votes to be elected. redrawing dist ricts after each election. others being added from the districts having les s than three. in appropriate years. Arrange for national conventions to meet nine years after previous pre sidential elections. pledged to continue support until candidates can no longer win or until they consent to withdraw. until equality be reached. the w hole number not to exceed one thousand. on the third Tuesday in June. Arrange. shall submit to referendum after serving for three years. of new candidates for President and Vice-Presidents. Formulate rules for the nomination in these conventions of candidates for President and Vice-Presidents when the offices are to fall vacant. being those next in number of votes. The Overseer shall also: a.
to the House of Representatives on September 1. Arrange for inauguration of the President and Vice-Presidents on the s econd Tuesday of August. There shall be a National Planning Board of fifteen members appoint ed by the President. For both plans an extension of one year into the future shall be ma de each year and the estimates for all other years shall be revised accordingly. and there shall be no private contributions to parties or candidates. ARTICLE IV The Planning Branch SECTION 1. The President shall transmit this prop osal. together with such deputies as may be agreed to by the Board. If there be objection by the President or the Senate to the six. P arty administrators shall make allocations to legislative candidates in amounts proportional to the party vote at the last election. a planning adminis trator. There shall be a Planning Branch to formulate and administer plans and to prepare budgets for the uses of expected income in pursuit of policies fo rmulated by the processes provided herein. the first members shall have terms designated by the Presid ent of one to fifteen years. both governm ental and private. Funds shall be distributed to parties in proportion to the respective numbe r of votes cast for the President and Governors at the last election. through every agency of government. no contri butions or expenditures for meetings. SECTION 3. a nd to moderate deleterious effects on the environment and on society. For nongovernmental activities the estimate of developments shall be calculated to indicate the need for enlargement or restriction. shall share in proportion to their number. They shall be revised each year afte r public hearings. It shall be the further purpose to anticipate innovat ions. The Chairman shall appoint. the six-year plan shall be more specific as to estimated inco me and expenditure and shall take account of necessary revisions. a nd no candidate for office may make any personal expenditures unless authorized by a uniform rule of the Overseer. the Pr esident shall appoint a Chairman who shall serve for fifteen years unless remove d by him. Expenditures shall be audited by the Watchkeeper.urth Tuesday of July.and twelve-year plans shall be disseminated for discussion and the opinions expressed shall be considered in the formulation of plans for each suc ceeding year with special attention to detail in proposing the budget. SECTION 10. If members of the Board fail to approve the budget proposals by the forward ing date. It shall be recognized that the six-and twelve-year development pla ns represent national intentions tempered by the appraisal of possibilities. the ex cellence of national life. on being recognized. SECTION 5. All costs of electoral procedures shall be paid from public funds. thereafter one shall be appointed each year. or campaigns shall be made. in support of prospective candidates shall report to the O verseer and shall conform to his regulations. di rectly or indirectly. The Chairman shall present to the Board six. with his comments. and shall supervise. except tha t new parties.and twelve-year develo pment plans prepared by the planning staff. SECTION 4. The purpose shall be to advance. It shall be a condition of every communications franchise that reasonable f acilities shall be available for allocations by the Overseer. b. conventions. to assimilate them into existing institutions. and sums not expended wit hin four years shall be returned to the Treasury. the Chairman shall nevertheless make submission to the President with notations of reservation by such members. and finally in the year before they are to take effect. The twelve-year plan shall be a general estimate of probable progress. SECTION 6. They shall be submitted to the President on the fourth Tuesday in July for transmissi on to the Senate on September 1 with his comments. to estimate their impact. The six.or . SECTION 2. SECTION 7. Expenses of the Electoral Branch shall be met by the addition of o ne percent to the net annual taxable income returns of taxpayers. SECTION 11. and persons or groups making expenditures. this sum to be held by the Chancellor of Financial Affairs for disposition by the Overseer.
SECTION 12. and one to be deputy for general affairs. expositor of its policies. but funds not e xpended within six years shall be available for other uses. The Newstates. probable uses of resources. estimates of production and demand . SECTION 13. SECTION 8. the Senate shall prevail and the plan shall be revi sed accordingly. SECTION 9. sha ll recommend such plans. but only the maps and plans of the national Board. Official maps shall also be maintained by the planning agencies of the News tates. the Senate shall elect successors from among its members to serve until the n ext general election. with the consent of the Senate. and other essenti al information. If they do not agree. on them the location of facilities. shall submit proposals for development to be considered for inclusion in those for the Newstates of America. numbers expected to be employed. the Vice-President for internal affairs shall be second in succession. to planning agencies of t he Newstates. shall have one term of nine years. The Planning Branch shall have available to it funds equal to onehalf of one percent of the approved national budget (not including debt services or payments from trust funds). The President of the Newstates of America shall be the head of gove rnment. and in matters not exclusively national the National Planning Board may r ely on these. There shall be two Vice-Presidents elected with the President. shaper of its commitments. They s hall report intentions to expand or contract. and action as may be necessary. the President. They shall be held by the Chancellor of Financia l Affairs and expended according to rules approved by the Board. as defined by the Board. shall take care that the nat ion's resources are estimated and are apportioned to its more exigent needs. There may also be cooperation with international agencies and such contributions to their work as are not disapproved by the President. SECTION 2. and shall address the legislators each year on the state of the nation. and the . and the intended use of all areas shall be marked out. Researches a nd administration shall be delegated. shal l appoint a successor. the National Regulatory Board. SECTION 11. and if the President and the Senate agree. SECTION 14. but losses from designations after acquisition shall be recoverable in actions before the Court of Claims. shall have status at law. and these shall be documents of reference for future developments both public an d private. ARTICLE V The Presidency SECTION 1. SECTION 10. and supreme comman der of its protective forces. There shall be submissions from private individuals or from organiz ed associations affected with a public interest. Allocations may be made for the planning agencies of the Newstates . In making plans. or those approved by them. and there shall be no recourse. when convenient.twelve-year plans. there shall be due regard to the interests of oth er nations and such cooperation with their intentions as may be approved by the Board. Undertakings in violation of official designation shall be at the risk of t he venturer. calling upon them to do their part for the general good. With the Vice-Presidents and other officials the President shall see to it that the laws are faithfully executed and shall pay attention to the findings an d recommendations of the Planning Board. If the presidency fall vacant through the disability of both Vice-President s. with extension indicated. Vice-Presidents shall serve during an extended term with such assignments as the President may make. they shall pr evail. The Planning Branch shall make and have custody of official maps. at t he time of taking office the President shall designate one Vice-President to sup ervise internal affairs. The deputy fo r general affairs shall succeed if the presidency be vacated. If ther e still be differences. If either Vice-President sh all die or be incapacitated. unless rejected by 60 percent of the electorate after three years. they shall be returned for restudy and resubmission. legislation. on June 1.
Similarly the other Vice-President shall succeed i f a predecessor die or be disabled. except in declared emergency. The Chancellor of Military Affairs shall act for the presidency in disposin g all armed forces except militia commanded by governors. shall be appointed a nd may be removed by the President. if the term shall have more than tw o years to run. SECTION 12. may constitute a cabinet or council. the President may resubmit a nd the Senate reconsider. on the fourth Tuesday in June. none shall be made in excess of a .Watchkeeper in formulating national policies. The Chancellor of Legal Affairs shall advise governmental agencies and repr esent them before the courts. The Vice-Presidents. SECTION 6. but. All officers. but this shall not include officials of other branches. Except in declared emergency. regulating its capital markets and credit-issuing institut ions as they may be established by law. by a similar vote. and their actions shall be taken as his deputy. The Vice-Presidents may be directed to perform such ministerial dut ies as the President may find convenient. Financial. in these contingencies. Responsible to the Vice-President for Internal Affairs there shall be chancellors of such departments as the President may find necessary for perfo rming the services of government and are not rejected by a two-thirds vote when the succeeding budget is considered. negotiated under the Pr esident's authority. SECTION 3. Responsible to the Vice-President for General Affairs there shall b e Chancellors of External. SECTION 5. A majority of the Senate may object to appoi ntments within sixty days. Treaties or agreements with other nations. except those of other branches. If they are objected to. unless the Senate object. shall be in effect unless objected to by a majority of the Senate within ninety days. If a majority still object. and this shall include lending instituti ons for operations in other nations or in cooperation with them. the Overseer shall arrange for a special election for President and Vice-President. Legal. except that tre aties may determine their purposes and standards. Special elections. but their instructions shall be of rec ord. to assume their duties until the next election. SECTION 8. and the Vice-President in charge of General Affairs shall act. Their suitability may be questioned by the Senate within te n days of their nomination. the deployment of forces in far waters or in other nations without their consent shall be notified in advance to a national s ecurity committee of the Senate hereinafter provided. m ay be required by the Senate. Candidates for the presidency and the vice-presidencies shall be na tural-born citizens. Incapacitation may be established without concurrence of the Presid ent by a three-quarters vote of the Senate. SECTION 10. The Pr esident may resign if the Senate agree. but these shall be ava ilable for national service at the President's convenience. the Senate shall prevail. what the maximum allowable expendit ures for the ensuing fiscal year shall be. to be ended or to have become permanent. Acting Presidents may appoint deputies. At the time of his n omination no candidate shall be a member of the Senate and none shall be on acti ve service in the armed forces or a senior civil servant. and if two-thirds of the whole agree. The Chancellor of External Affairs shall assist in conducting relations wit h other nations. The Chancellor of Financial Affairs shall supervise the nation's financial and monetary systems. The President may determine to make expenditures less than provided in appr opriations. together with such other officials as the Pres ident may designate from time to time. SECTION 7. The President shall notify the Planning Board and the House of Rep resentatives. they shall be ineligible and a nominating convention shall be reconvened. and alternative candidates shall be offered until it agrees. SECTION 4. whereupon a successor shall become A cting President until the disability be declared. SECTION 9. SECTION 11. and. The President may take leave because of illness or for an interval of relief. and Military Affairs.
SECTION 2. Also. approval by the House of Representatives shall be final. The Senate shall meet each year on the second Tuesday in July and s hall be in continuous session. except that absences not provid ed for by rule shall constitute retirement. t wo persons distinguished in public law and two former members of the High Courts or the Judicial Council. and for this purpose shall employ such assistance as may be found necess ary.ppropriations. who shall administer common public se rvices. and return within thirty days. all measu res approved by the House of Representatives (except the annual budget). two officials from the civil servic es. when his further service may be discontinued by a majority vo te. Governors having had more than seven year s' service. t hree members who have served six or more years. There shall be a Senate with membership as follows: If they so desi re. three persons who have been Chancellors. shall be appointed by the Convener unles s the Senate shall object. appointed by the President and removable by him. Offices for other purposes may be established and may be discontin ued by presidential order within the funds allocated in the procedures of approp riation. to be elected by the House of Representatives. SECTION 4. but none shall be a politica l or religious group. Chairmen of the Planning and Regulatory Boards. al so one person from a panel of three. SECTION 5. The Senate shall elect as presiding officer a Convener who shall se rve for two years. two senior military officers. . former Presidents. To be appointed by the Preside nt. shall have charge of building construction and rentals. no individual selected shall have been paid by any private interest to influence government. but not allocated to specific agencies. ARTICLE VI The Legislative Branch (The Senate and the House of Representatives) A. also an Office of Emergen cy Organization with the duty of providing plans and procedures for such conting encies as can be anticipated. Such corporations shall be exempt from taxation but shall conduct no profi tmaking enterprises. SECTION 3. if no return be made. including a Deputy. The Intendant shall also charter nonprofit corporations (or foundations). The Intendant shall also be a counselor for the coordination of sc ientific and cultural experiments. u nless the President shall object. Membership shall continue for life. Vice-Presidents. Other officers. The Senate shall consider. Principal Justices. Reduction shall be because of changes in requirements and shall n ot be such as to impair the integrity of budgetary procedures. The Senate SECTION 1. Similarly. There shall be a Public Custodian. elected in a process approved by the Overse er. and any association objected to by the Senate shall not be recognized. Approva l or disapproval shall be by a majority vote of those present. SECTION 14. two officials from the diplomatic services. There shall be an Intendant responsible to the President who shall supervise Offices for Intelligence and Investigation. A qu orum shall be more than three-fifths of the whole membership. and that Senators may retire volunta rily. Objection shall s tand unless the House of Representatives shall overcome it by a majority vote pl us one. and shall have s uch other duties as may be designated by the President or the designated Vice-Pr esidents. but may adjourn to the call of the Convener. SECTION 16. who shall have charge of properties belonging to the governmen t. by each of twelve such groups or associations as the President may recognize from time to time to be nationally representative. Vacancies shall be filled as they occur. SECTION 13. SECTION 15. determined by him to be for useful public purp oses. to be appointed by the Principal Justice. and unsuccessful candidates for the presidency and vice-presidency w ho have received at least 30 percent of the vote. and for studies within the government and els ewhere. Overseers.
elected by majority vote from among the Representatives-at-large. The Senate. On recommendation of the Watchkeeper the Senate may in itiate corrective measures to be voted on by the House of Representatives within thirty days. shall select three o f its members to constitute a National Security Committee to be consulted by the President in emergencies requiring the deployment of the armed forces abroad. the Senate may advise the President on matters of pub lic interest. If requested. SECTION 2. SECTION 11. the time for retu rn to the House of Representatives may extend to ninety days. or of local or regional disaster. may extend for a designated period a nd for a limited area before renewal. SECTION 6. and if these be neglecte d. I f the Committee dissent from the President's proposal. and the circumstances extreme. The Senate may also define and declare a limited emergency in time of prospective danger. by the House of Representatives with the concurrenc e of the President. be sent to the appropriate agency for its guidance and such action as may be needed. or. SECTION 7. unless disapproved. a National Watchkeeper. they shall be made public or. The Watchkeeper shall entertain petitions for the redress of grievances and shall advise the appropriate agencies if there be need for action. as well as their continued usefulness. it shall report to the Se nate. If the Senate be dispersed. investigations made. without regard to usual budget procedures. In time of present or prospective danger caused by cataclysm. If the President be not available. Extraordinary expenditures during emergency may be approved. There shall be a special duty to note expressions of concern during p arty conventions and commitments made during campaigns. and shall oversee. postaudits made. a nd shall also suggest the need for new or expanded services. The Senate may ask advice from the Principal Justice concerning the constitutionality of measures before it. SECTION 8. whose decision shall be final. by at tack. or may remove. and information required. they shall become law. by resolution approved by two-thirds of thos e present. the senior serving member of the presidential succes sion may act until a quorum assembles. to remind the President and the House of Representatives that these undertaki ngs are to be considered.For consideration of laws passed by the House of Representatives or for oth er purposes. through a standing committee. a Watchkeeping Service conducted a ccording to rules formulated for their approval. and if it be judged to be in the public interest. the President may proclaim the emergency. It shall be considered by the House of Representatives within three days and. and may termina te it unless the Senate shall have acted. or if an extraordinary advantage be anticipated. an d no quorum available. but amounts not expended in any fiscal year shall be available for general use. wi tnesses examined. if not requested. The House of Representatives SECTION 1. competence. It shall convene each year on the second Tuesday in July and shall remain in continuous session except that it may adjourn to the call of a Speaker . or by insurrection. and if this be done. making report conce rning any agency of the deleterious effect of its activities on citizens or on t he environment. The Convener shall present the Watchkeeper's findings to the Senate. at the beginning of each session. The Senate shall elect. With the assistance of an appropriate staff the Watchkeeper shall gather an d organize information concerning the adequacy. the Senate may declare a national emergency and may au thorize the President to take appropriate action. SECTION 10. personnel may be appointed. When approved by a majority and not vetoed by the President. SECTION 9. The House of Representatives shall be the original lawmaking body o f the Newstates of America. who shall be . For all these purposes. For the Watchkeeping Service one-quarter of one percent of individual net t axable incomes shall be held by the Chancellor of Financial Affairs. the Convener may appoint appropriate committees. withou t being made public. and integrity of gov ernmental agencies and their personnel. B.
The President may have thirty days to consider measures approved by the House unless they shall have been submitted twelve days previous to adjourn ment. None shall be levied for registering ownership or transfer of property . the total may not exceed the President's estimate of available funds. For such other purposes as the House may indicate and require the Plan ning Branch to include in revisions of the budget. . SECTION 8. taxes may be collected only from individuals and only fro m incomes. and. There shall be none on food. In all committee actions names of those voting for and against shall be rec orded. e. Chairmen shall be elected annually from amon g at-large members. Bills referred to committees shall be returned to the house with recommenda tions within sixty days unless extension be voted by the House. but. the House shall preva il. the Speaker or the minority leaders shall nominate others unti l a majority shall approve. Except such as may be authorized by law to be laid by Authorities. Party leaders and their deputies shall be chosen by caucus at the b eginning of each session. but there may be withholding from current incomes. all collections shall be made by a national revenue agency. to be guided by them. titles not objected to when voted on shall constitute appropriation. except in declared emerg ency. SECTION 6. SECTION 4. For expenditures from revenues: a. residential rentals. it shall be returned to the Ho use. The budget for the fiscal year shall be in effect on January 1. b. If nominations be not approved by a majori ty of the caucus. medicines. 1. h ereinafter authorized. d. SECTION 3. It shall be the duty of the House to make laws concerning taxes. or by the Newstates. shall be presented to the President for his approval or disapproval. Objection must be by whole title. with his comments. if there be ob jection. it shall become law. Members of other committees shall be chosen by party caucus in proportion t o the results of the last election. Membership shall correspond to the parti es' proportions at the last election. Titles not yet acted on shall be as in the former budget until action be completed. Approved legislation. g. For the purposes detailed in the annual budget unless objection be mad e by the procedure prescribed herein. For their laying and collection: a.its presiding officer. Th is shall include collections for trust funds hereinafter authorized. The names of those voting for and against shall be re corded. f. and three-quarters of the House membership still app rove. in legislating. SECTION 9. the Board shall then resubm it through the President. It shall be a duty to implement the provisions of this constitution and. SECTION 7. and shall not be retroactive. They shall be uniform. b. or commod ities or services designated by law as necessities. and there shall be no double taxation. it shall be notified to the Planning Board. To assist in the maintenance of economic stability. other members shall be nominated by minority leaders. SECTION 5. They shall be imposed on profitmaking enterprises owned or conducted b y religious establishments or other nonprofit organizations. the President may be authorized to alter rates by executive order. If there still be objection by a two-thirds majority. c. 2. I f the President disapprove. Standing and temporary committees shall be selected as follows: Committees dealing with the calendaring and management of bills shall have a majority of members nominated to party caucuses by the Speaker. Bills not returned within eleven days shall become law. The House shall consider promptly the annual budget. not objected to by the Senate within the allo ted time. No committee chairman may serve longer than six years. Except for corporate levies to be held in the National Sharing Fund.
to provide. and prairi es. archive s. if necessary. To acquire property and improvements for public use at costs to be fixe d. to research. facilities for recreation. for this purpose. adequate and equal facilities for education. or to assist in providing. as shall be mutually agreed. transportation. shall be regarded as affected with the public interest and sha ll be supervised by the Chancellor of Financial Affairs. or provide for the establishment of. and for this purpose to refrain from in terference with the processes of appointment or placement. and imports shall not be taxed except on recommendation of the President at rates whose allowable var iation shall have been fixed bylaw. o r to provide suitable agencies for the regulation of such as are not public. To conserve natural resources by purchase. To prevent the stoppage or hindrance of governmental procedures. 13. 20. by reason of disputes between employers and employees. to improve streams and other waters. 12. forests. 8. To establish or to assist institutions devoted to higher education. whenever possi ble. libraries. monuments. to delegate the administration of funds for assistance. and to reeducate or retrain those whose occupations may become obsolete. and to encou rage cultural activities. or to technical training. wilderness areas. 14. 17. and to provide for all else necessary for the p rotection and common use of the national heritage.3. and for stabilizing prices. institutuions for the safekeeping of savings. 4. by ownership or regulation. to control the erosion of soils. to international agencies. For fixing the percentage of net corporate taxable incomes to be paid in to a National Sharing Fund to be held in the custody of the Chancellor of Financ ial Affairs and made available for such welfare and environmental purposes as ar e authorized by law. when not publ ic or semipublic. To establish and maintain. To establish. From such finding there may be appeal to the Court of Arbitrati on Review. or b y regulation. 5. or for other reasons. unless by special acts requiring two-thirds majorities. and others commonly used and necessary for publi c convenience. To establish institutions for insurance against risks and liabilities. to vest jurisdiction in international legislativ e. and other places of historic interest. 19. or of other activities affected with a public interest as defined by law. or to assist in assuring. Possessions. 10. but exports shall not be taxed. To assure. To ensure the maintenance. 9. and for the benefit of all. or. To support an adequate civil service for the performance of such duties as may be designated by administrators. wetlands. the resources of space. for training in occupations citizens may be fitted to pursue. and. by withdrawal from use. with ot her organized governments. To assist in the maintenance of world order. To assist in the advancement of sciences and technologies. To provide for the regulation of commerce with other nations and among t he Newstates. 11. To assist other peoples who have not attained satisfactory levels of we ll-being. judicial. to ensure the purity of air and water. of facilities for communication. 16. for controlling them ed ia of exchange. or assist in maintaining. There shall be no quotas. 7. when the President shall recommend. Territories. To enact such measures as will assist families in making adjustment to . To develop with other peoples. To provide for the maintenance of armed forces. and no nations fav ored by special rates. for the gathering and distribution of capital. 15. to establish and maintain parks. and for this pu rpose to provide for conclusive arbitration if adquate provision for collective bargaining fail. for regulating the coinage of money. of other bodies in the universe. asking advice or test imony before committees only with the consent of appropriate superiors. but such proceedings may not stay the acceptance of findings. and of the seas beyond twelve miles from low-water shores unless treaties shall provide other limits. 18. by the Court of Claims. or administrative agencies. but such institutions. for the issuance of credit. and to invest in or contribute to the furthering of development in other parts of the world. 6.
allowable amounts of working capital. and there shall be a National R egulator chosen by majority vote of the Senate and remoable by a two-thirds vote of that body. eliminate waste. or controls of their prices. two being appo inted by the Regulator to represent the public. ARTICLE VII The Regulatory Branch SECTION 1. increase production. or those supervised by the Chancellor of Financial Affairs. The Regulatory Board shall consist of seventeen members recommended to the Senate by the Regulator. Unless rejected by majority vote they shall act with the Regulator as a lawmaking body for industry. SECTION 2. also if extern al costs are not assessed to their originators or if the ecological impacts of t heir operations are deleterious. SECTION 11. they shall serve as he may deter mine. if they restrict t he production of goods and services. and assist in standardization. with his Board. Designation of enterprises affected with a public interest. SECTION 7. and reserves. Co sting and all other practices affecting the public interest shall be monitored. The Regulator shall make rules for and shall supervise marketplace s for goods and services. and departure from these shall require amendment on penalty of revocation. and he shall preside over a Nation al Regulatory Board. SECTION 9. Member enterprises of an Authority shall be exempt from other regul ation. SECTION 3. expan d trade. with the concurrence of the Board. The pur pose shall be to encourage adaptation to change and to further approved intentio ns for the nation. The Board may approve or prescribe rules for the distribution of profits to stockholders. The Regulator. For this purpose there shall be inv estigation and enforcement services under the direction of the Regulator. and he shall restrict or control such activities as appear to injure the national interest. The Regulatory Branch shall have such agencies as the Board may find necess ary and are not disapproved by law.future conditions. they shall be compensated. Authorities shall have governing committees of five. SECTION 8. shall fix standards and procedures f or mergers of enterprises or the acquisition of some by others. They shall be compensated and shal l have no other occupation. meet external costs. Nonmembers shall be requ ired to maintain the same standards at those prescribed for members. and he shall take care that there be no conflic ts of interest. SECTION 4. or those whose activities are confined to one Newstate. bu t membership shall be open to all eligible enterprises. 21. His term shall be seven years. or by the Intendant. rules for conduct of enterprises and of their Authorities. These may formulate among themselves codes to ensure fai r competition. but this shall not include security exchanges regulate d by the Chancellor of Financial Affairs. Charters shall describe proposed activities. set standards for quality and service. Together they shall make and administer rules for the condu ct of all economic enterprises. Chartered enterprises in similar industries or occupations may orga nize joint Authorities. Operations extending abroad shall conform to policies notified to t he Regulator by the President. the Regulator shall charter all corporations or enterprises except those exempted because of sixe or other characteristics. one being replac ed each year and serving for seventeen years. SECTION 5. Under procedures approved by the board. and these shall be in effect unless rejected by the Court of Administrative Settlements. using estimates concerning population and resources made by t he Planning Board. SECTION 10. There shall be a Regulatory Branch. Au thorities may maintain for common use services for research and communcation. SECTION 6. and other actions of the Re . All codes shall be subject to review by the Regulator with his Board. The charters of enterprises may be revoked and Authorities may be d issolved by the Regulator. They shall initially have terms of one or seventeen years. To vote within ninety days on such measures as the President may design ate as urgent.
and a successor shall then be chosen. Responsible also to the Regulator. unless the Judicial Council obje ct. After six years the Assembly may pr ovide. The commission shall choose its chairman. From these nomine es the Senate shall choose the one having the most votes. The Principal Justice may suspend members of any court for incapaci ty or violation of rules. standards of service. and it shall also d raft revisions if they shall be required. unless the Senate object. shall appoi nt a Judicial Council of five members to serve during his incumbency. Further. a J udicial Council. supervise its operatio ns. It shall be the duty of the Council. SECTION 7. as hereinafter provided. It shall meet annually. to consider the state of the Judiciary and such other matters as may be laid before it. A presiding judge may decide. and the separation shall be final if a majority of the Council agree. unless the Senate object to any. and a Judicial Assembly. Other courts may be established by law on recommendation of the Principal Justic e with the Judicial Council. shall make its rules. through an Administrator. conduct investigations. and Appeals from Watchkeeper's Findings. also. SECTION 6. Administrat ive Review. chosen and removable by the Commissi on. Arbitration Settlements. SECTION 12. to prepare codes of ethics to be obser ved by members. He may require reports. The Judicial Assembly shall consist of Circuit Court Judges. under the direction of the Principal J ustice. The Principal Justice shall preside over the judicial system. and he shall be the executive head of a supervisory staff. ARTICLE VIII The Judicial Branch SECTION 1. SECTION 2. Rights and Duties. and to suggest changes in procedure. The Principal Justice shall have a term of eleven years. for discontinuance in office. It shall also be a duty of the Council. and rates or oprices charged for services or goods. and. and they shall hear appeals from courts of the Newstates. from time to time. There shall be a Principal Justice of the Newstates of America. It shall also meet at the call of the Convener to nominate three candidates for the Principal Justiceship whenever a vacancy shall occur. The Council may ask the adv ice of the Judicial Assembly. there shall be an Operations Co mmission appointed by the Regulator. by a two-thirds vote. it shall examine. whose judgments shall be informed by the intention to establish fairness to consumer and competitors and stability in economic affairs. shall a ppoint the members of all national courts. Each enterprise shall have a director. Tax Appeals. as may b e determined by the Senate. these. and make rules and recommendatio ns concerning surpluses or deficits. shall be in effect throughout the nation. replacement shall be by the senior member of the Jud icial Council until a new selection be made. with the concurrence of the senior ju dge. SECTION 4. civil and criminal codes. that criminal trials shall be condu . that there may be pretrial proceedings. He shall d esignate a senior member who shall preside in his absence. the absorption of external costs. togeth er with those of the High Courts of the Newstates of America and those of the hi ghest courts of the Newstates. appoint a me mber sho shall preside.gulator or of the Board may be appealed to the Court of Administrative Settlemen ts. but if at any time the incumbent resign to be disabled from continuing in office. for the supervisi on of enterprises owned in whole or in part by government. and from ti me to time cause to be revised. to study the courts in operation. SECTION 5. There shall be Circuit Courts to be of first resort in suits brought under national law. also Courts of Claims. or at the call of the Pri ncipal Justice. There shall also be a Supreme Court an d a High Court of Appeals. SECTION 3. and he shall conduct its affairs in accordance with standards fixed by the C ommission. For each court the Principal Justice shall. The Principal Justice. to suggest constitutional amendments when they appear to be necessary. when approved b y the Judicial Assembly.
b. and may also advise the President. three by the Speaker of the House. on matters he may refer for consultation. may grant pardons or repri eves. has been ignored or violated. if approved. and they may have other occupations. and finally. when requested. The ju stices on leave shall be subject to recall. Whether international law. SECTION 9. SECTION 12. t he Supreme Court shall return to the House of Representatives such as it cannot construe. They shall have a preferred place on the calendar and. For this purpose a permanent Citizenship and Qualifications Commission shal l be constituted. In deciding on the concordance of statutes with the Constitution. All shall be in continuous session except for recesses approved by the Prin cipal Justice. On the application of constitutional provisions to suits involving the Newstates. s hall constitute a court. in ord er to avoid confrontation. . The Supreme Court may decide: a. Other causes involving the interpretation of constitutional provisions . wh en requested. shall constitute a court. If the House fail to make return within ninety days the Court may inte rpret. in litigation coming to it on appeal. but seven. SECTION 15. Other courts shall have nine members. three by the Co nvener of the Senate. procedures for amendment of the Constitution are appr opriate. chosen by their seniors. SECTION 14. but any change in qualification or eligibility shall become effective only if not disapproved by the Congress. and whether there shall b e a jury and what the number of jurors shall be. decision shall await the outco me. including those of the Newstates. cho sen by their senior justices from time to time. The Courts of the Newstates shall have initial jurisdiction in cas es arising under their laws except those involving the Newstate itself or those reserved for national courts by a rule of the Principal Justice with the Judicia l Council. but nine members. may advise the Senate. constitutional provisio ns have been violated or standards have not been met. The High Court of Appeals may select applications for further cons ideration by the Supreme Court. they shall have suitable assistants and accommodations. Recommendations of the commission shall be presented to the President and shall be transmitted to the House of Representatives with comm ents. SECTION 13. except that in holding any branch to have exceeded its powers the decision sha ll be suspended until the Judicial Council shall have determined whether. with the Council. and eligibility for office. or arranagements with other nations. four members to be appointed by the President. United Nations a greements. of decisions reached by other courts. but investigatory proceedings s hall require a bench of three. Qualifications for participation in democratic procedures as a citi zen. shall be subject to repeated study and redefini tion. concerning the appropriateness of measures approved by the House o f Representatives. as recognized in treaties. by the Su preme Court. If amendatory proceedings are instituted. shall be in effect. d. Vacancies shall be filled as they occur. Whether. The Principal Justice. SECTION 8. SECTION 11. The members shall choose a chairman. SECTION 10. or the President. ARTICLE IX General Provisions SECTION 1. and three by the Princi pal Justice. If it agree that there be a constitutional issue it may make preliminary judgment to be reviewed without hearing. The Principal Justice. c. The High Courts shall have thirteen members. It shall be for other branches to accept and to enforce judicial d ecrees.cted by either investigatory or adversary proceedings.
and the Overseer shall have salaries fixed by law and continued for life. if the Senate approve. SECTION 5. for the national courts. providing its own discipl ines for their infraction. . including conflicts of interest. The President may negotiate for the acquisition of areas outside th e Newstates of America. including those of the legislative houses and others authorized by law to be appointed. They shall be represented in the House of Representatives b y members elected at large. Unless otherwise provided herein. shall be permanent members of the Judiciary and shall be available for assignment by the Principal Justice. they. No income from former employments or associations shall continue for their benefits. The President. b. each legislative house shall establish its requirements for membership and may make rules for th e conduct of members. Public funds shall be expended only as authorized in this Constitut ion. and members of the Judicial Cou ncil. appointed by the Principal Justice. Areas necessary for the uses of government may be acquired at its v aluation and may be maintained as the public interest may require. and none may have other paid occ upation unless they be excepted by law. ARTICLE X Governmental Arranagements SECTION 1. SECTION 2. They may receive assistance for their development or from the National Sharing Fund if they confo rm to its requirements. and their salaries shall be two-thirds that of the Principal Justice. There shall be administrators: a. b ut each shall have at least one. their number proportional to their constituencies. none shall occupy more than one position in government. felony. appointed by authority of the President. SECTION 3. Except as otherwise provided by this Constitution. the W atchkeeper. but only as volunteers. officials designated by the head of a branch as sharers in policymaking may be appointed by him with the Presiden t's concurrence and unless the Senate shall object. unless they shall have become Senators. Salaries for members of the Senate shall be the same as for Justices of the High Court of Appeals. the Chairman of the Planning Board. but the Judicial Council may make restraining rules. for executive offices and official households. and members of the legislative houses shall in all cases except treason. The President. Such areas sh all have self-government in matters of local concern.SECTION 2. the Vice-Presidents. and the Principal Justice shall have households appropriate to their duties. they shall have senatorial compe nsation and shall conform to senatorial requirements. but if they become members of the Senate. they shall be compensated. may provide for their organi zation as Possessions or Territories. the Regulator. the Vice-Presidents. and all shall give full faith and credit to the Acts of other Newstates and of the Newstates of America. and exceptions may be made with due regar d to the general intention. and breach of the peace by exe mpt from penalty for anything they may say while pursuing public duties. SECTION 4. SECTION 6. SECTION 8. No Newstate shall interfere with officials of the Newstates of Amer ica in the performance of their duties. SECTION 4. and no gift or favor shall be accepted if in any way related to official duty. and they may serve in civilian or military services. Officers of the Newstates of America shall be those named in this C onstitution. Hardships under this rule may be conside red by the Court of Rights and Duties. the Vice-President. Justices of the High Courts shall have no term. but their properties may be put in trust and managed without their int ervention during continuance in office. The President may make agreements with other organized peoples for a relation other than full membership in the Newstates of America. SECTION 3. The President. SECTION 7. and. the Principal Justice. They may beco me citizens and may participate in the selection of officials. and each shall in the same way choose one perma nent member of the Senate.
It shall be the purpose of the amending procedure to correct deficiencies i n the Constitution. but for trials it shall be enlarged to seventeen by Justices of the High Co urts appointed by the Principal Justice. it may be restudied and a new proposal submitted. but those for the Presidency shal l not be reduced during his term unless with his consent. SECTION 5. The Senate shall try officers of government other than legislators when such officers are impeached by a two-third vote of the House of Representat ives for conduct prejudicial to the public interest. Appropriations shall be made to them. If convicted. making use of advances in manager ial competence and establishing security and stability. shall conduct the trial. If disapproved it s hall be restudied and resubmitted. and other officials whose safet y may be at hazard. and there shall be a Protector appointed by and responsible to a standing committee of the Senate. ARTICLE XII Transition SECTION 1. selected by a committee of members from eac h house (chosen by the Convener and the Speaker). ARTICLE XI Amendment SECTION 1. unless with the consent of the Principal Justice. for the Legislative Branch. It being the special duty of the Judicial Council to formulate and suggest amendments to this Constitution. make propo sals. If a majority so decide. three from the House of Repres entatives and four from the Senate. and it shall be submi tted to the voters at the following election. the Senate. also to preclude changes in the Constitution resulting from interpretation. If disapproved it shall be redrafted and resubmitted with suc h changes as may be then appropriate to the circumstances. and use such funds as are necessary to make this Constitution effective as soon as possible after acceptance by a referendum he may initiate. The President is authorized to assume such powers. A suitable contingency fund shall be made available to the Presiden t for purposes defined by law. SECTION 7. and to make government responsible to needs of the people. There shall be an Officials' Protective Service to guard the Presid ent. members shall be expelled and be ineligible for future public office. If Presidents or Vice-Presi dents are to be tried. The Senate. but the convicted official shall be liable to further prosecu tion. When this Constitution shall have been in effect for twenty-five ye ars the Overseer shall ask. from time to time. as constituted. the Vice-Presidents. and they shall also be liable for t rial as citizens. it shall become part of this Constitution. whether a new Constitution shall be p repared. shall prepare a new draft for submission at the next election. SECTION 8. If not disapp roved by a majority. to the Senate. it shall. and consulting those who have made complaint. The service.c. Members of legislative houses may be impeached by the Judicial Coun cil. . shall instruct the Overseer to arrange at the next na tional election for submission of the amendment to the electorate. The fiscal year shall be the same as the calendar year. SECTION 9. may extend its prote ction to candidates for office. at the request of the Political Overseer. or to other officials. If not disapproved by a majority it shall be in effect. the Principal Justice. Judg ments shall not extend beyond removal from office and disqualification for holdi ng further office. if it approve. If not disapproved by a majority it s hall be in effect. the Council. with new ap propriations available at its beginning. by referendum. SECTION 6. if the committee so decid e. a nd if the President agree. If rejected. through the Principal Justice. make such appoin tments. Protected officials shall be guided by pr ocedures approved by the committee. making use of such advice as may be available. SECTION 2. and those for the Judi cial Branch shall not be reduced during five years succeeding their determinatio n. to extend it when new responsibilities require.
and they shall be voi d. shall have deducted fro m taxes collected by the Newstates of America for transmission to them a percent age equal to the loss in efficiency from failure to comply. For establishing Newstates boundaries a commission of thirteen. advised by the Jud icial Council. The first Judicial Assembly for selecting a register of candidates for the Principal Justiceship of the Newstates of America shall be called by th e incumbent Chief Justice immediately upon ratification. These procedures shall be as follows: Constitutions shall be drafted by the highest courts of the Newstates. but the President and Vice-Presi dents shall serve out their terms and then become members of the Senate. Estimates shall be made by the Chancellor of Financial Affairs and approved by the President. SECTION 6. If it again be rejected he shall promulgate another. and other arrangements shall be made with all deliberate speed. At that time the presidency shall be constituted as provided in this Constitution. if at least half.SECTION 2. The Commission shall continue while the Newstates make adjustments among th emselves and shall have jurisdiction in disputes arising among them. If it be rejected. if convenient. SECTION 8. and such other conditions as may be significant. . petitions f or revision. except that the President may appoint temporary Gov ernors to act as executives until suceeded by those regularly elected. SECTION 3. There shall then be a convention of one hundre d delegates chosen in special elections in a procedure approved by the Overseer. communication. SECTION 5. The President shall transmit the c ommission's report to the Senate. and it shall be in effect. their governments shall continue. shall make recommendations within one year. SECTION 10. and each Newstate shall possess harmonious regional c haracteristics. shall constitute sufficient membership while others are being added. SECTION 7. taking account of objections. Constitution of the Newstates shall be established as arranged by t he Judicial Council and the Principal Justice. A C onstitution. Until each indicated change in the government shall have been compl eted the provisions of the existing Constitution and the organs of government sh all be in effect. the Principal Justice. but the deduction shall not be less than 7 percent. or unless other compe lling circumstances exist. economic and social arranagements. The indicated appointments. app ointed by the President. transportation. the Senate shall report whether the recommendations are satisfactor y but the President shall decide whether they shall be accepted or shall be retu rned for revision. SECTIONN 9. These Gov ernors shall succeed to the executive functions of the states as they become one of the Newstates of America. as approved by the Senate. once in effect. shall be valid for twenty-five years as herein prov ided. Until Governors and legislatures of the Newstates are seated. For this pu rpose the members may take advice and commission studies concerning resources. Existing states shall not be divided unless metropolitan areas extending ov er more than one state are to be included in one Newstate. After entertaining. elections. The President shall determine when replacement is complete. Such members of the Senate as may be at once available shall conven e and. They shall appoint an Overseer to arrange for electoral organizati on and elections for the offices of government. Newstates electing by referendum not to comply with recommendation s of the Boundary Commission. shall promulgate a Constitution and initiate revisions to be subm itted for approval at a time he shall appoint. All operations of the national government shall cease as they are r eplaced by those authorized under this Constitution. p opulation. The President shall cause to be constituted an appropriate commission to de signate existing laws inconsistent with this Constitution. SECTION 4. If the Constitution be not rejected it shall be in effect and the government sh all be constituted. also the commission shall assist the President and the legislative houses in the formulating of such laws as may be consistent with the Constitution and nece ssary to its implementation.
SECTION 11. When this Constitution has been implemented the President may dele te by proclamation appropriate parts of this article. .
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