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UNIVERSIDADESPBLICASDELACOMUNIDADDEMADRID PRUEBADEACCESOAESTUDIOSUNIVERSITARIOS (LOGSE) MODELO Curso20082009

MATERIA:INGLS
INSTRUCCIONESGENERALESYVALORACIN
1.Leatodoeltexto cuidadosamente. 2.Leaatentamente todaslaspr eguntas delaprueba. 3.Procedaaresponderen lenguainglesa alaspreguntasenelpapeldeexamen. TIEMPO: 1horay30minutos. CALIFICACIN:Lapuntuacinmximadelapruebaesde10puntos.

QUESTIONS
1. Ar ethefollowingstatementsTRUEorFALSE?Copytheevidencefr omthetext.No mar ksaregivenfor onlyTRUEorFALSE.

a. MostAmericansfinditeasytorestwellatnight. b.Researchersdidnotrequireanyhelpfromfamiliestocarryoutthestudyonthe effectsofsleepinchildren.


(Puntuacinmxima:2puntos)

Doyousleepenough? A good night's sleep is becoming ever more elusive for theaverage American andit'sa problemthat plagues usatallages, from infancytoadulthood.Now threenewarticlesinthejournalSleeptacklethequestionofsleeplessness:two studies illuminate the reasons why teens and adults don't sleep enough. With teens,amajorculpritiscellphoneusewithadults,it'swork.Meanwhile,athird studyof youngchildrenrevealsthatsleep deprivationinearlylife mayleadto futurebehavioralandcognitiveproblems. ThestudyinchildrenwasconductedattheSleepDisordersCenterinMontreal, where researchers analyzed the sleep patterns of 1,500 children aged 2.5 to 6 years. The youngsters mothers were asked to record the amount of time the children slept each night and fill out questionnaires about their child's hyperactivity,inattentionanddaytimesleepiness.Halfofthekidsslept10hours a night on average the recommended amount for preschoolaged children while 6% slumbered for less than 10 hours each night. Those shortsleeping children, says Dr. Montplaisir, performed poorly on tests of vocabulary and mental development tests at age 5, compared with the more rested group. Not surprisingly,theshortsleeperswerealsomorelikelytoscorehigherontestsof hyperactivityatagesix,whichshowstheimportanceofconsistentandsufficient sleepforconcentrationandattention. Thestudy,then,suggeststhatearlychildhoodbeforeabout3.5yearsofageis acriticalperiodduringwhichparentsshouldestablishpropersleepingpatterns, because lack of sleep during that stage can negatively affect behavior and developmentlaterinlife.

2. Inyour ownwor dsandbasedontheideasinthetext,answer thefollowingquestions. Donotcopyfr omthetext.

a. Whyisthejournal Sleep mentionedinthetext? b.Givetwodifferencesfoundinthestudybetween children whosleptenoughand thosewhodidnot.


(Puntuacinmxima:2puntos)

3. Findthewor dsinthetextthatmean:

a. dealwith(paragraph1) b.insomnia(paragraph1) c.quantity(paragraph2) d.crucial(paragraph3)


(Puntuacinmxima: 1punto)

4.Completethefollowingsentences.Usetheappr opriatefor mofthewor dinbr ackets whengiven.

a.Lastyear2,500childrenwereaskedhow_____theywerewokenup_____night byincomingtextmessagesontheirmobilephone. b.Adolescents_____getagoodnight'ssleepdobetterinschool_____thosewho don'tgetenough. c. It seems that children and teenagers underthe age of 18 are more vulnerable to radiation coming _____ mobile phones because _____ immune systems are not strong. d.LastmonthI_____(spend)toomuchtalkingonmymobilephone,butIusually spend____average of 20eachmonth.
(Puntuacinmxima:2puntos)

5. Write about100to150wor dsononeofthefollowingtopics.

a.Doentertainmentgadgets,suchasiPodsandgameconsolespreventyoungpeople fromgettingenoughsleep?Discuss. b.What things keepyouawakeandwhydotheyworryyou?


(Puntuacinmxima: 3puntos)

INGLS SOLUCIONES

SuggestedAnswer s:
Question1 1.a.False.Agoodnight'ssleepisbecomingevermoreelusivefortheaverageAmerican(and it'saproblemthatplaguesusatallages,frominfancytoadulthood.) 1.b. False. The youngsters mothers were asked to record the amount of time the children slept each night and fill out questionnaires about their child's hyperactivity, inattention and daytimesleepiness. Question2 Keyideas 2.a.Becauseithasrecentlypublishedthreestudiesdealingwithsleeplessnessamongpeople ofallages:adults,teenagersandchildren. 2.b.Childrenwhoslept less hadapoorervocabularyand less concentrationthanthosewho slept longer. They scored lower on tests of vocabulary and mental development, but they scoredhigherontestsofhyperactivity. Question3 3.a. tackle 3.b.sleeplessness 3.c.amount 3.d. critical Question4 4.a. often /manytimes .............at 4.b.who/that..............than 4.c.from..............their 4.d. on..............an

INGLS CRITERIOSESPECFICOSDECORRECCIN
TIEMPO:1horay30minutos La prueba consistir en el anlisis de un texto de un idioma extranjero (el ingls en este caso), del lenguaje comn, no especializado. A partir del texto propuesto, el estudiante realizar un comentario personal y responder a cuestiones relacionadas con el texto, que sernplanteadasyrespondidasporescritoenelmismoidioma,sinayudadediccionarionide ningnotromanualdidctico(BOEn257).Eltextocontendralrededorde250palabrasy sucomprensinnoexigirconocimientosespecializadosajenosalamateriadelaprueba.La dificultaddeltextoestarcontrolada,a findepermitiralalumnoquerealice la mismaenel tiempoprevisto.Lapuntuacintotaldelexamenserde10puntos.Alcomienzodelaprueba seincluirnunasinstruccionesgeneralesparalarealizacindelamismaenlenguacastellana. Elrestodelapruebaestartotalmenteredactadaeningls,yelalumnousarexclusivamente lalenguainglesaensusrespuestas. Valoracinobjetivosdecadaunadelaspreguntas: Pregunta 1: Hasta 2 puntos. Se trata de medir exclusivamente la comprensin lectora. El alumno deber decidir si dos frases que se le presentan son verdaderas o falsas, copiando a continuacinnicamenteelfragmentodeltextoquejustificasueleccin.Seotorgar1punto porcadaapartado.Secalificarcon0puntoslaopcinelegidaquenovayajustificada. Pregunta2:Hasta2puntos.Sepretendecomprobardosdestrezas:lacomprensinlectoray laexpresinescrita,mediantelaformulacindedospreguntasabiertasqueelalumnodeber contestar basndose en la informacin del texto, pero utilizando sus propias palabras en la respuesta.Cadaunadelaspreguntasvaldr1punto,asignndose0,5puntosalacomprensin delapreguntaydeltexto,y0,5alacorreccingramaticaldelarespuesta. Pregunta 3: Hasta 1 punto. Esta pregunta trata de medir el dominio del vocabulario en el aspectodelacomprensin.Elalumnodemostrarestacapacidad localizandoenelprrafo/s que se le indica un sinnimo adecuado al contexto, de cuatro palabras o definiciones. Se adjudicar0,25porcadaapartado. Pregunta 4: Hasta 2 puntos. Con esta pregunta se pretenden comprobar los conocimientos gramaticales del alumno, en sus aspectos morfolgicos y/o sintcticos. Se presentarn oraciones con huecos que el alumno deber completar/rellenar. Tambin podrn presentarse oraciones para ser transformadas, u otro tipo de item. Se adjudicar 0,25 a cada hueco en blanco, y en el caso de las transformaciones o items de otro tipo se conceder 0,5 con carcterunitario. Pregunta5:Hasta3puntos.Setratadeunacomposicinde100a150palabrasenlaqueel alumno podr demostrar su capacidad para expresarse libremente en lengua extranjera. Se propondrndosopcionesentrelasqueelalumnoelegirsolouna.Seotorgarn1,5puntospor el buen dominio de la lengua lxico, estructurasintctica, etc. y 1,5 por la madurez en la expresindelasideasorganizacin,coherenciaycreatividad.