UNIT 1 How I shall spend my next holidays Picky Excessively meticulous; fussy.

To leap, leapt, leaped Saltar (large jump or sudden movement) To spear Arponear
To lounge about/around
to spend your time in a relaxed way, sitting or lying somewhere and doing very little

Big companies can afford to be picky about who they hire. The dog leapt over the gate into the field. They catch the fish by spearing them. We spent our days lounging around the pool. With the extra resources, the scheme now seems feasible. I have a craving for chocolate. Drought has stunted (the growth of) this year's cereal crop. We want to decide our own fate. a gifted psychic "Why do you think he offered to take all that work home?" "Ah, he's just sucking up to the boss."

Feasible Craving To stunt Stunted adolescents Fate Psychic To suck up to sb

Factible, realizable, viable Ansia, antojo (pregnant) Detener, atrofiar Destino Medium, psíquico Hacer la pelota

Around the world in 94 days Single-handed Sin la ayuda de nadie Agasajar To fête /feɪt/ Achiever Landlocked Unpromising Lifelong Runners-up Triunfador Sin salida al mar Poco prometedor De toda la vida A person who comes second in a race or competition

A single-handed voyage She was fêted by audiences both in her own country and abroad. Not enough attention is given to the low achievers in the class. A landlocked country It was a rather unpromising start to the holiday. She was a lifelong member of the Labour party.

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We were shouting for an encore. Tom was bursting to tell everyone the news.əd/ Composed To take sth in stride Poco fundado. aguantar Sin actividad Abrasador Paso Amoratado Repetición. The riot sparked off violence in the rest of the city a fibreglass hull/speedboat Students are required to undertake simple experiments. tranquilo Tomarse algo con calma We were only able to make a tenuous connection between the two robberies. proeza Vendaval Timón En cuanto a De capa caída To feel a strong emotion Llaga Soportar. Her career was in the doldrums during those years. When you become a politician. armada. bis Hecho polvo. A gale force nine Who was at the helm when the collision occurred? In terms of money. In the eight months leading up to the start of the race… He owns a fleet of taxis. you soon learn to take criticism in your stride. My feet were sore with all the walking. The political system established in 1400 endured until about 1650. We went out in the blistering heat She attributes her record-breaking speed to the length of her stride. endeble Provocar algo Fibra de vidrio emprender Decididir conseguir algo Precede Flota.Tenuous To spark off Fiberglass To undertake (too formal) To set your sights on sht/ on doing sth To lead up to sht Fleet Feat Gale Helm In terms of To be in the doldrums To burst /bɜːst/ Sore To endure /ɪnˈdjʊər / The doldrums Blistering Stride Black and blue Encore /ˈɒŋ. His arm was black and blue. Her career was in the doldrums during those years. I'm too knackered to go out this evening. The Eiffel Tower is a remarkable feat of engineering. exhaust Sereno. I was better off in my last job. 2 . parquet de coches… Hazaña. Jenny has set her sights on winning the competition.kɔːr / Knackered /ˈnæk. She looked remarkably composed throughout the funeral.

gusto With time on my hands. Nervous or worried Anxious. the eventual cost is likely to be 50% higher. apprehensive. Issue Cuestión. tnese. Deep down En el fondo Deep-down. 3 . Take the lead Tomar la delantera The candidate takes the lead in the pollsto Eventual Final. I made a thorough search for a guesthouse At the interview she outlined what I would be doing. weepy (llorón). thrilled (exciting). on edge Challenge words: riskiest. elated. Undertaking Job or activity The construction of the tunnel is a large and complex undertaking. I know you love me really. close to tears. miserable. issue The essence of Brithishness With time on my hands I didn’t have nothing to do To outline Describir. desalojar Sabor. último Although the original budget for the project was $1 billion. to evict Deshaucio After falling behind with his mortgage repayments he now faces evictionfrom his home. To go to great lengths Hacer lo posible Some people go to great lengths to make their homes attractive. traffic garden (policia ORA) Useful language Very happy Delighted. tema environmental/ethical/personal issues Justice has to take its course. Hotel guests are requested to vacate their rooms by noon. so he savoured every mouthful. undertaking. On edge Nervous and not relaxed Is something wrong? You seem a bit on edge this morning. asunto. overjoyed Sad or wanting to cry Tearful. Eviction. Threshold Umbral He stood on the threshold of Sheila’s bedroom To turn over a new leaf Pasar página Apparently he's turned over a new leaf and he's not smoking any more.Savour It was the first chocolate he'd tasted for over a year. resumir To vacate Dejar libre.

She stared dumbly into space. if you're so damned smart." "Fat chance (of that)!" Listillo Okay. you can tell everyone how it's done! 4 . He strode across/into/out of the room. cubrecama Without speaking Cansado Dar zancadas Tirón Tirar de algo con fuerza Examiner por encima a wretched childhood My wretched car's broken down again. Give the door a yank and it should open. espantoso Colcha. wise ass Buey Ave de corral Manguera berenjena Arenas movedizas Conejillo de indias Reparar algo Cosas. I've taken most of the big things to the new house. but there are a few odds and ends left to collect. Crazy English Ox. horrible. but they didn't ask me for any identification. hosepipe /həʊz/ Eggplant. wise guy. oxen Fowl Hose. aubergine Quicksand Guinea pig To make amends for sth Odds and ends Preacher /ˈpriː. I wanted to make amends for the worry I've caused you.tʃər/ Slim chance = fat chance Wise guy. Tom tugged at his mother's arm. "Perhaps they'll invite you. strode. I think he's a little weary after his long journey.Wretched A bedspread Dumbly Weary To stride. The security guards gave me the once-over. trastos Predicador As strong as an ox The severe drought has led to a hosepipe ban in eastern England. stridden Yank To tug To give sth/sb the once-over Desgraciado.

Please fill in the application form and send it back by November 2nd. The protest march went off peacefully. I still can’t get used sharing the same working space with the boss 5 . fill sht out To go off.  We could hear the piglets squealing as we entered the farmyard.To burn up. Collocations An overnight success A burning ambition Increase student motivation Met with complete failure Faces the formidable challenge of… Take up – rise to a challenge Fulfill – realize an ambition End in – result in failure Achieve – enjoy success Improve – lack of motivation Major – new – daunting (de enormes proporciones) challenge Huge – great – resounding (rotundo) success Secret – lifelong – main ambition Total – continued – dismal (pésimo) failure High – strong – poor motivation Strong – distinct – real possibility Outside – a slight – a remote chance Predictably (it goes at the beginning of the sentence and refers to the pass) Faint (remote) / a fair (quite sure) To get a kick out of doing sth To squeal To cost an arm and leg Vulgar / grotesque To get use + ing to enjoy doing something very much to make a long very high sound or cry Ser muy caro Grotesco  Anyone who gets a kick out of horror movies will love this show. burn down To fill in.  The brakes squealed as the van rounded the corner. These opera tickets cost us an arm and a leg! Gothic churches are full of devils and grotesque figures.  I get a real kick out of shopping for new shoes. to go on Be destroyed by fire Rellenar To happen in a particular way The spacecraft finally burned up in the atmosphere of Venus.

college Adjust to Life. your ways A building. to a religion Modify Shift Switch Transfer Transform Very Your behavior. lead to a. provocar He promise that he would bring about a chance To call for sht Pedir Members have called for his resignation. Verbs and nouns Adapt to Change. introduce a. your appearance A law. to a team or department (the appearance of character of) a person. money. the menu. call for a. your mind. a place. To lead to sht Llevar a. the subject. inducer Reducing speed limits should lead to fewer deaths on the roads. your routine. to a new currency. cope with. your language. a design The blame or responsibility for sht ono sb Sides. in price 6 . your tune. witness a Chance To bring about sth Ocasionar. welcome a. the height of… Plans. the volume. TV channels Money to another account.UNIT 2 Vocabulary: changes Change your doctor Change your mind Change your sides Change the subject Change your name Cambiar de opinión Cambio ideas políticas Cambiar de tema Change your mind Change your tune Change places Change gear Change a tyre Cambiar de opinión Cambiar de lugar Cambiar de marcha Verbs and nouns Bring about a. clothes. a thing Your diet. a new job Adjust Alter Amend Change Convert Clothing. resist. a document Places.

overnight. economic. a patient’s condition. the weather A change of Address. the law. scene Adjective and nouns A dramatic. effortlessly Alter Completely. a thriving economy A healthy diet can lessen the risk of heart disease. social. plan. radically Considerably. substantially. heart. luck. greatly. enfrentamiento juramento Hacer un juramento Estar bajo juramento Mocoso. someone’s fortune. a pleasant. pace. instantly. difamanción His business thrived in the years before the war. The child wrote her name in large shaky letters. a far-reaching. a sweeping. a sudden. mood. direction. Decrecer. subtly Completely. swear or take an oath To be on/on oath Brat Hurdle Shaky Libel /ˈlaɪ. 7 . a welcome Amish To thrive Thriving To lessen Warfare Oath To make. policy. an unexpected. significantly Modify Transform Vary Slightly. dramatically.Verbs and adverbsz Adapt Automatically Adjust Easily. She's behaving like a UK spoilt/US spoiled brat. She threatened to sue the magazine for libel. valla Tembloroso. exitoso. guerrilla/naval/nuclear/trench warfare Medieval knights took an oath of allegiance/loyalty to their lord. a significant. government. widely Prepositions and nouns A change in Attitude. mind. government. He fell at the last hurdle. The judge reminded the witness that she was under oath.bəl/ change Prosperar. crecer con fuerza Próspero. political. niño mimado Obstáculo. a refreshing. disminuir Guerra. slightly Change Drastically. poco firme Calumnia.

He's a writer. Despite harsh criticism. Don't come crying to me if it all goes wrong. Is he a mummy’s boy? she's got enough on her plate with her husband in prison Sadly. He has to ask his mother. their success was just a flash in the pan. Now the tables are turned and I am the one being made fun of.a real Renaissance man. 8 . He's still tied to her apron strings. politician.it seems to run in the family. tal hijo Un hombre de palabra Cuento de Viejas a man who does many different things very well Le viene de familia machote Still dependent on mom. she's sticking to her guns on this issue. needing your mom's help Nene de mamá Tener ya bastante Fiasco Se han cambiado las tornas. se dio la vuelta a la tortilla Se cosecha lo que se siembra Techo de cristal To be old fashioned Rollo de una noche Mantenerse en sus trece When different generations of a family behave in the same way or have the same talents of defects. musician and athlete . I don't expect you'd find him at the ballet too many nights a week. I used to make fun of people. Various reasons are given for the apparent glass ceiling women hit in many professions. Intelligence seems to run in that family. Terry's what you'd call a man's man. you have to lie in it Glass ceiling Behind the times One night stand To stick to your guns De tal padre.he's a man of his word. My uncle is a little behind the times I had a one night stand with this guy I picked up at the club. Old wives' tales are perhaps as old as language itself. like son Man of his word Old wives’ tale Renaissance man Run in the family Man’s man Tied to your mother’s apron strings Mummy’s boy To have a lot on your plate Flash in the pan Tables are turned You’ve made your bed. You can trust him . You've made your bed and you'll have to lie in it. We're all ambitious .Idioms Like father.

wallop style Estilo directo In tume with the audience En sintonía con la audiencia Duping the tabloids To despise Scant Despreciar profundamente escaso The two groups despise each other. The recent hike in train fares came as a shock to commuters. I hope I didn't appear offhand with her . broadsheet. The young men had nothing better to do than brawl in the streets. armar camorra Subida de algo Prices have been slashed by 50%! There was a pop (= surprise) quiz in history at school today. Red-top tabloids. The fall in demand caused share prices to plunge. Her bid for re-election was unsuccessful. Jim? Snappier language Lenguaje conciso Crisp sentences Frases claras A crash. yellow press. hortera. gutter press. glossy magazines Brash Descarado.it's just that I was in such a hurry. I've been dashing around all day. scant regard for the truthh 9 . a pivotal figure/role/idea Reducir dráticamente Interrogar Botín Caer (valor) Intento Move really quickly Pelearse. bang. desenmarañar Capital. page 3. Making a splash Quality press. tabloid press. You'd better mend that hole before the whole sweater starts to unravel.All things considered To fumble Offhandedly To unravel Pivotal Headlines To slash Quiz Haul To plunge Bid To dash To brawl To hike Buscar a tientas Bruscamente Desenredar. chillón a brash young banker / Sober sobrio Are you sober enough to drive. fundamental He fumbled in his pockets for some change.

It's a man-made lake. elaborado a room with an ornate ceiling and gold mirrors Some students are put off studying his work because of the ornate language of the poetry. If a horse breaks its leg. . merodear Witnesses reported gangs of marauding soldiers breaking into people's houses and setting fire to them.Shelf life Phone hacking To flick through Allegedly To put down Far-feched To singe Tiempo de caducidad Pinchazo telefónico Ojear Supuestamente Sacrificar Poco probable Chamuscar. 10 Tougher prison sentences may act/serve as (= be) a deterrent to other would-be offenders. a far-fetched idea/story My jumper started to singe when I leaned over a burning candle. quemar To have a short shelf life The latest news on the phone hacking scandal I flicked through the channels to see if there was anything worth watching. it usually has to be put down.ənt/ Elemento disuasorio To flee-fled-fled To prevail Stretch Man-made Outer space To crumble Marauding Ornate The building has fallen into disrepair over the years. trecho Artificial the part of space that is very far away from Earth Desmenuzarse She nervously crumbled the bread between her fingers. Ornamentado. A guide to great walls To fall into disrepair Deteriorarse Barbed wire Alambre de espino Ditch Cuneta. This particular stretch of coast is especially popular with walkers. acequía Deterrent /dɪˈter. I am sure that common sense will prevail in the end. Escape prevalecer Tramo. Saquear. She fled (from) the room in tears. That's where he allegedly killed his wife.

Paradise can land you in hell To spiral Dispararse los precios Expat Ex patriota Shallow Superficial (persona) Poco profundo (agua) To amble Deambular To wander Deambular.Feat Arguably boundary To man Alongside Guild Throughout /θruːˈaʊt/ Toll To dwindle To dismantle Vehement /ˈviː. Disminuir. reducirse The community has dwindled to a tenth of its former size in the last two years. He is arguably the world's best football player. podría decirse Frontera. an expatriate Scot The stream was quite shallow so we were able to walk across it. the Writers' Guild He yawned throughout the performance. proeza Posiblemente. Most of the staff refused to work alongside the new team. Ponerse a I've no idea how to set about changing a tyre on a car. límite Dotar de personal Al lado de Gremio All over The Eiffel Tower is a remarkable feat of engineering. 11 .mənt/ To set about sth Hazaña. Desmantelar Unions accuse the government of dismantling the National Health Service. The poor lived cheek by jowl in industrial mining towns in Victorian England. menguar. We spent the morning wandering around the old part of the city. he quit school and became an actor. He was ambling along the beach. peaje He's just got a job collecting tolls at the start of the motorway. The Ural mountains mark the boundary between Europe and Asia. apasionado Despite vehement opposition from his family. vagar Numbing Aburridísimo Ennui /ˌɒnˈwiː/ Hastío Cheek-by-jowl Very close together Spiralling costs have squeezed profits.ə. The phones are manned 24 hours a day. a mind-numbing task The whole country seems to be affected by the ennui of winter.

Only time will tell whether we made the right decision. Por ahora En el ultimo momento Aguardar el momento oportuno Frecuentemente when everything is going well El tiempo lo dira Anticuado Nada que hacer Ya es hora Vivir más de lo esperado Por los viejos tiempos Antes de que nacieras Adelantado a su tiempo For old time’s sake Before your time Ahead of your time Leave the ironing for the time being . Our car is slow even at the best of times. I don't remember The Beatles . tristeza un amigo con derecho a roce I've got to change jobs . Dysentery and malaria are rife in the refugee camps.just for old times' sake. My uncle is a little behind the times We've got some time to kill before our train arrives . She was biding her time until she could get her revenge. Galileo Galilei was ahead of his time 12 .after 15 years here I feel I'm (stuck) in a rut (=I'm bored). We should all meet up again . stags can be seen fighting for females. a family get-together We moored further up the river. We got there just in the nick of time. It is unlikely that serious decisions will be taken by a minority government living on borrowed time. Bergman's films are often full of gloom and despair. I've told you many a time not to ride your bike on the pavement. lustre Extendido (neg) Máquinas tragaperras Melancolía.shall we have a drink? It's about time (that) the school improved its meals service.I'll do it later. During the rut. The conditioner gives the hair a beautiful soft sheen.To be in a rut An animal is in rut get-together To moor Sheen Rife Slot machines Gloom A friend with benefits: Idioms with time For the time being In the nick of time To bide your time Many a time At the best of times Time will tell Behind the times Time to kill About time/high time To live on borrowed time Anquilosado Estar en celo Reunión informal Amarrar Brillo.they were before my time.

spindly legs I have a craving for chocolate. Bill's mockery of his dad's twitch was a bit cruel.Gathering information To warrant To devise To be tricked To dub To pop Exertion /ɪgˈzɜː. When you open the box. wept Moor /mʊər/ To peruse Contemptuous Spindly Craving Steep Haze Pisotear Imponente. These cay easily be tricked into recording steps through shaking. desdeñoso larguirucho a strong or uncontrollable want Empinado Neblina. Engineers are endeavouring to locate the source of the problem. deceive Apodar Move very quickly in a closed space Esfuerzo Burla. He's good at devising language games that you can play with students in class. The castle is set on a steep hill/hillside. 13 To endeavour /enˈdev. wept. formidable Abeto Llorar Llanura. whom he described as having no talent. procurar To trample Awesome Fir tree To weep. but it made us laugh. bruma . People in the street wept with joy when peace was announced. páramo Leer detenidamente Despectivo. She was dubbed by the newspapers 'The Angel of Death'. the Yorkshire moors He opened a newspaper and began to peruse the personal ads.ʃən/ Mockery Justificar Inventar. but I don't think it warranted quite such severe punishment. I saw her through a haze of cigarette smoke. mofa Obviously what she did was wrong.ər / Intentar. a clown pops out. I get out of breath with any kind of physical exertion. Somebody trampled all over my flowerbeds in the night! An awesome challenge/task lies ahead of them. crear Ser engañado. He was very contemptuous of 'popular' writers.

sɪv/ Angst To wring. wrung. minar Acumular. the caretaker began stacking(up) the chairs. I love shuffling through the fallen leaves. Criticism just undermines their confidence. During the siege people began hoarding food and supplies. apilar Pasar (time) to get rid of unwanted things or people from a group We could see the fin of a shark as it slowly circled our boat. Her job is to go round the big fashion shows sniffing out talent for a modelling agency. omnipresente Angustia Escurrir. Wring the chicken’s neck. acaparar Andar arrastrando los pies Labrarse. Once the last few people had left the hall. 14 . estrujar Retorcer el cuello Preocupado e infeliz Socavar. Car dealers are wringing their hands over low sales this summer. a fish's dorsal fin I'm absolutely snowed under with work at the moment. wrung To wring sth's neck To wring your hands Undermine To hoard /hɔːd/ To shuffle To carve sht out /kɑːv/ Become involved in something unpleasant Dominante. She wrung out the shirt and hung it out to dry. and after you’ve cooked it. She carved out a reputation for herself as an aggressive businesswoman. forjarse I really don't want any part in this whole argument. With the final seconds ticking away. Milan scored a goal. The influence of Freud is pervasive in her books.əˌ/ Fin To be snowed under To cull To sniff out To stack To tick away To weed out Cinta transportadora Aleta Tener demasiado ocupado To select to search for and discover something Amontonar. but I can feel myself being sucked into it. The first round of interviews only really serves to weed out the very weakest of applicants.Royal mail Conveyor /kənˈveɪ. All my children went through a period of late-adolescent angst. The virtual revolution To suck in/into Pervasive /pəˈveɪ.

It is hard for a sentient person to understand how any parents could treat their child so badly. envarnizar Desmaquillador. The varnish had been deliberately scratched. I love football but. stir in the salmon and season to taste (= so that it has the taste you like). aural teaching aids. alas. Petrol fumes always make me feel ill. Before apartheid ended. Quemador auditivo gotear a short period of illness or involvement in an activity Diligentemente La situación en general Medico especialista Seguir en la brecha Rememorar Deficiente Matiz Obstrucción Gases Barniz.ɪˈnɪs/ Challenged Nuance Blockage Fumes Varnish Remover To season Olfatear Que posee conciencia Empujar. The painter has managed to capture every nuance of the woman's expression. Do you have any nail-varnish remover? Drain the rice. I admired the way she soldiered on when her business ran into trouble. sacar To remember used to express sadness or feeling sorry about something ¡ay! He sniffed his socks to see if they needed washing. such as tapes Water was leaking from the pipe.ənt/. Their love affair began against a backdrop of war.Scents and sensivity To sniff Sentient /ˈsen. I have no talent as a player. She had a bout of flu over Christmas. / To thrust /θrʌst/ To recall /rɪˈkɔːl/ Alas Burner Aural /ˈɔː. 15 . quitamanchas Condimentar. She thrust the papers at me (= towards me). His death was caused by a blockage in one of his arteries. sazonar My grandfather used to reminisce about his years in the navy.tɪ.rəl/ To leak Bout /baʊt/ Assiduously Backdrop Consultant To soldier on To reminisce /ˌrem. The old man recalled the city as it had been before the war. I assiduously avoided buying South African products.

marchito) Stiffness > stiff Roughness > rough Firmness > firm Jagged /ˈdʒæg. bitter 16 . fragance. sour. silence. round. bultos) Firm gelationous Brittle (quebradizo) To soften To harden Silky Scratchy Gelatinous Raw Firmeness > firm roughness > rough The sense Touch Sight Smell Hearing taste Smoothness > smooth Softness > soft Cloth. mustio) Shrivelled (seco. whistle. rounded. bed Sandpaper (paper de vidre) Lumpy mattress Limp (mustio. rígido) To stiffen Itchy Jagged (dentado. flojo) Rigid Rididiy Stiff (duro. flat. pillow Floppy hat Lump (bulto. bell Loud. smooth. tough. uneven (torcido) Edge Circular.ɪd/ Noun Adjective Noun Adjective Noun Adjective Noun Adjective Noun Adjective Silk. pointed. ripple (onda). synthetic. delicate material A soft bed. sharp. grumos) Lumpy (lleno de grumos. stink (hedor. horn. velvet Soft. edge.Vocabulary to describe objects Material : natural. apestar) Sweet Bang (estrépito). con picos) Withered (marchito. artificial Strong. man-made. fabric (tela) Flexible plastic Soften the butter by warming it a little A firm cushion. Perfume. soft Salted. sweet. rough. long. juicy. flat. coarse (basto).

brewed (elaborado). sizzling (muy caliente).Smeell: adjective + noun collocations The stale smell of cigarette smoke and sweaty bodies The mouth-watering aroma of freshly brewed coffee an sizzling bacon The acrid odour of burning rubber and petrol fumes The rancid smell of sour milk and butter after the sell-by date The pungent aroma of herbs and spices and ripe tropical fruit Stale (rancio). ripe (maduro) 17 . acrid (sabor amargo). pungent (picante).

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