Cancer 13: One hand slightly flexed with a very prominent thumb

T h e w o r d o n e d e s c e n d s f r o m t h e In d o - E u r o p e a n ( IE ) r o ot o i - n o w h i c h m e a n s “ on e , u n i q u e . ” 1 D e r i v a t i ve s o f i t s “ b a s i c f o r m” i n c l u de o n c e , o n e , a l o n e , a n o n , a t o n e , l o n e , l o n e l y , n o n ce , n o n e , e l e ve n , e in k o r n , t u r n v e r e in , t he p re f i x u n i - , u n i o n , u n it e , u n it y , t r iu n e , u n a n i mo u s , u n i co r n , u n i v e r s e , a n d t h e i n d e f i n i t e a r t i c l e s a a n d a n D e r i v a t i ve s o f i t s “ s u f f i x e d f o r m ” i n cl u d e u n i q u e , in c h , o u n ce , u n c ia l , a n d qu i n cu n x . T h e w o r d s l i g h t l y i s t h e a d v e r b i a l f o rm o f t h e a dj e c t i v e s l i g h t . B o t h d e s c e n d f r o m t h e I E r o o t ( s ) l e i - w h i ch m e a n s “ s li m y . ” 2 O t h e r d e r i v a t i v e s o f t h i s r o o t i n c l u d e s l i p p e r y , sl i c k , l o a m ( a r i c h so i l c on s i s t i n g o f a m i x t u r e o f s a n d a n d c l a y a n d d e c a y i n g o r g a n i c m a t e r i a ls ) , s l ip , s c hl e p , o b l i v io n , o u bl i e t t e , l i n im e n t (a m e d i ci n a l l i q u i d t ha t i s r u b b e d i n t o t h e s k i n t o re l i e v e m u sc u l a r s t i f f n e s s a n d p a i n ) , l i t o t e s , a n d l e v i g a t e . T h e w o r d v e r y d e sc e n d s f r o m t h e I E ro o t w e r e - o w h i c h m e a n s “ t r u e , t r u s t w o r t h y . ” 3 O t h e r d e r i v a t i v e s i n c l ud e w a r l o c k , ve r a c i o u s , ve r it y , a ve r , v e r d i c t , v e r i f y , a n d v o i r d ir e . T h e w o r d p r o m i n e n t d e s c e n d s f r o m t h e L a t i n p r o m in e r e , t o j ut o u t , t h e b a s e o f w hi c h i s a d e r i v a t i v e o f t he I E r o o t m e n - 2, “ t o p r o j e c t . ” 4 D e r i v a t i ve s i n c l u d e m o u t h , me n t a l , me n a c e , a me n a b l e , e m i n e n t , i mm i n e n t , p r o m i n e n t , p r o mo n t o r y , mo u n t , mo u n t a i n , a n d a mo u n t . F i n a l l y , t he w o r d t h u m b d e s c e n d s f r om t h e I E r o ot t e u e - 2 , “ t o s w e l l. ” O t h e r d e r i v a t i v e s i n c l u d e t h i g h, t h o l e ( a w o o d e n p e g s e t i n p a i r s i n t he g u n w a l e s o f a b o a t t o s e r v e a s a n o a r lo c k ) , t yl o s i s (i n f l a m m a t i o n o f t h e

1 2 3 4

Watkins, Watkins, Watkins, Watkins,

c. c. c. c.

(2000), (2000), (2000), (2000),

The The The The

American American American American

Heritage Heritage Heritage Heritage

Dictionary Dictionary Dictionary Dictionary

of of of of

Indo -European Indo -European Indo -European Indo -European 1

Roots, Roots, Roots, Roots,

p. p. p. p.

59 80 100 54

Starling Hunter © 2011

e y e l i d s ) , t u me s c e n t , t u m i d , t u m o r , t r u ff l e , t u b e r , bu t t e r , t y r o s in e , o bt u r a t e ( t o c l o s e , ob s t r u c t ), q u a r k ( a s o f t c r e a m y a c i d - c u r e d c h e e s e o f c e n t r a l E u r o p e m a d e f r o m w h o l e m i l k ) , s o ma ( t h e b o d y o f a n i n d i v i d u a l a s o p p o se d t o t h e m i n d o r p s y c h e ) , a n d cr e o so t e . T H E M E S : T h e f i r st t h e m e c on c e r n s t he M IN D - B O D Y d i s t i n c t i on . Re c a l l t h a t t he w o r d s o ma , a p a r o n y m o f t h u m b , m e a n s “ t he b od y o f a n i n d i v i d u a l a s o p p os e d t o t he m i n d o r p s y c h e ” a n d “ t he p o r t i o n o f a n e r v e c e l l t h a t c o n t a i n s t h e n u c l e u s b u t d oe s n o t i n c o r p o r a t e t h e d e n d r i t e s o r a x o n . ” 5 F u r t h e r r e ca l l t h a t t h e w o r d me n t a l i s a p a r o n y m o f p r o m i n e n t . H o w e v e r , t h i s de f i n i t i o n o f t he w o r d r e f e r s t o i t s le s s e r k n o w n m e a n i n g — o f o r r e la t i n g t o t he c h i n . 6 T h e c h i n i s, o f c o u r se , p a r t o f t h e b o d y . T h e m o r e w e l l - k n o w n s e n se o f t h e w o r d m e a n s “ o f o r r e l a t i n g t o t h e m i n d . ” 7 O t h e r p a r o n y m s o f t h u mb r e l a t i n g t o t he b o dy i n c l u d e t o m b ( a p l a ce f o r t he b ur i a l o f a c o rp s e , i . e . a d e a d b o d y ) , t h i gh ( t h e up p e r l e g ) , a n d t u m o r ( a n a b n o r m a l g r o w t h o f t i s s ue r e s u l t i n g f r o m u n c o n t r o l l e d, p r o gr e s s i v e ce l l m u l t i p li c a t i o n ), t y l o si s ( i n f l a m m a t i on o f t h e e y e li d s ) , t u m i di t y ( s w e l li n g o f a n o r g a n o r p a rt o f t he b o d y ) . A n o t h e r p a r o n y m s p r o m i n en t p e r t a i n i n g t o t he b o d y i s m o u t h . A t h e m e c on c e r n s q u a n t i t i e s a n d M E A S U R E S . R e c a l l t ha t o n e o f t he p a r o n y m s o f on e i s o u n c e — t h e un i t o f w e i g h t a n d o f f l u i d s o r v o l u m e . A l s o t h e w o r d a mo u n t i s f o u n d a m on g t h e p a r o n y m s o f p r o m i n e n t .

5 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/soma 6 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/mental_2 7 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/mental Starling Hunter © 2011 2

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