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JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI PULAU PINANG
6 SOUND WAVES CONTENTS: 1. 3. 4.TOPIC: 1. 2. CHAPTER HIGHLIGHT (30 MINUTES) ACTIVITY (50 MINUTES) ASSESSMENT (40 MINUTES) MARKING SCHEME(ANSWER KEY) 2 .0 WAVES 1.
All sounds are produced by the vibrations of objects. 2.small amplitude Loud sound . Loudness is defined as sound energy per second incident on a unit area placed 2.big amplitude 3 . liquid or gas to propagate. such as vibrating string of a violin or tuning fork.CONTENT : SOUND WAVES CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS( 30 MINUTES) Production of sound Sound wave Longitudinal wave Require medium to propogate Mechanical wave 1. λ Travelling direction of sound λ M = compression R = rarefaction Loudness and Pitch 1. 3. Loudness depends on the amplitude of sound wave Soft sound . 4. The vibration of air molecules causes the layer of air to be push together creating a region of compression and then pull apart forming a region of rarefaction. Air molecules vibrate as sound waves move through the air. Sound waves need medium such as solid.
3.Method for locating objects by the reflection of sound waves is: d=vx d = distance v = velocity of sound t = time 1.shape and texture of an insects from the echoes that bounce back.The reflected sound waves will then be captured by a scanner to produce an image.Ultrasonic waves are used to locate the position of object by measuring the time the ultrasonic wave take to return to the source 2.Different body parts reflect sound waves differently. Echolocation is a method used by animal to navigate in the dark and find food. 4 .size. Application Of Reflection Of Sound Waves Bat Moth 1.3. Pitch depends on the frequency of sound waves. 2. For example bats emit sound waves through their mouse or nose to detect the location. 2.low frequency High pitch -high frequency Application of sound waves 1.Ultra sound scanning helps doctors to see our internal body structures. 1. Low pitch .
5 . What is the time taken for him to hear the echo sound. Solution: Time taken for sound to travel from ship to sea bed = Velocity = distance time taken Depth of sea.8 s after emission. The echoes are received 0. Calculate the depth of the sea at this point. d = velocity x time = 1200 x 0.2. t = v 1 x 0. (Take the velocity of sound in air to be 330 ms-1 ).where t is the time taken to hear the echo.4 = 480 m b) A man stands 660 m away from a cliff. Solution: 2s . t 2s Therefore. Example.8 s = 0. Given that the velocity of sound is 1200 ms-1 . a) Sonar waves are emitted from the bottom of a ship which is determining the depth of the sea.4 s 2 Using v = = 2 x 660 330 = 4 seconds. He gives a shout and hears his echo later.
12.0 cm D. 9. which is 500 m deep.A vibration with a frequency of 8 Hz produces a wave of wavelength 0. 6. The following figure shows the propagation of a longitudinal wave.0 ms-1 C. 10000 ms-1 4.4 ms-1 D. 5000 ms-1 D. sound waves cannot pass through a vacuum C.0 cm B.0 cm C.4 m.0 ms-1 2. 8. and the reflection of the sound can be heard after 10 s. 100 ms-1 B. the pitch of a sound wave is related to its frequency D. 3. sound travels faster through rocks than through air B.2 ms-1 B. 500 ms-1 C. A sound wave is sent into a pool.0 cm 3. 5. sound waves are transverse waves 6 . 3. 20. What is the wavelength of the wave? A. Which of the following statements about the sound is not true? A.ACTIVITIES (50 minutes) 1. What is the speed of this wave? A. The velocity of the sound wave in water is A.
Which graph represents the sound wave with the highest pitch? 6. Sound wave is caused by ____________________. The velocity of sound in air is 340 ms-1. 204 m 283 m 340 m 408 m 816 m 7. 7 . 8.5. D. B. What is the distance between Ahmad and the wall? A. He hears the echo of his voice 1. E. Ahmad shouts in front of a high wall.2 seconds later. C. Sound wave is a type of __________________ wave.
What is the value of D? A. The speed of the ultrasonic waves in water is 1500 ms-1. The speed sound of sound wave in water is ____________ than the speed sound in air.The echo of the waves is received 2. 10. Which of the following frequencies has the highest pitch? 400 Hz 150 Hz 500 Hz 200 Hz ________________________________________________________________ 15. Sound waves cannot travel through____________________. 14. 750 m C. of the sea.9. 11. The pitch of sound waves depends on the ____________ of the waves. The diagram shows an ultrasonic waves transmitted from a boat to the seabed to determine the depth .D . The loudness of sound waves depends on the ____________ of the waves. If the amplitude of a sound wave is increased. 13. 1500 m 8 .0 s after the transmission. The area of high pressure in a sound wave is where ________________ occurs and area of ___________ pressure is where ______________ occurs. 375 m B. 12. what difference would you noticed? ________________________________________________________________ ASSESMENT( 40 minutes) 1.
3000 m E. D. A normal person can hear sounds whose frequencies lie between A. 30 Hz and 30 kHz 5. C. Astronauts in space need to communicate with each other by radio links because A. 6000 m 2. 25 Hz and 25 kHz D. Sound waves are transverse waves whose movements are invisible to our eyes. C. Sound waves are transverse propagated by the vibrations of particles B. A compression in a sound wave refers to A. a region where the molecules move very close together B. On what do the pitch and the loudness of a sound wave depend? A. the wavefront which causes the air molecules to vibrate 4.D. a region where the wavefronts are crowded together C. Which of the following statements best describes how sound travels from one place to another? A. C. D. a group of molecules which vibrate to produce the sound D. 10 Hz and 10 kHz B. 20 Hz and 20 kHz C. Pitch amplitude frequency frequency speed loudness frequency amplitude speed amplitude 9 . B. Sound waves are longitudinal waves propagated by the vibrations of particles D. Sound waves are longitudinal waves which move outwards in circles of increasing radii 3. B. the sound waves become distorted in space some frequencies of sound are absorbed by their spacesuits sound waves travel very slowly in space sound waves cannot travel in space 6.
A sound wave from a violin has a larger amplitude than that from a flute. steel and water? A B C D Slowest Air Air Water Water steel water air steel fastest water steel steel air 9. The sound wave from the flute has a higher frequency than that from the violin. transverse 300 5000 D. Which set of information about sound waves is correct? Nature of wave speed of air /ms-1 speed in glass/ms-1 A.7. longitudinal 300 000 000 200 000 000 C. Assuming the controls of the oscilloscope remain the same for each sound. Which instrument produces the louder sound and which produces the sound of higher pitch? A B C D Louder sound Flute Flute Violin violin Higher pitch Flute Violin Flute Violin 10. longitudinal 300 5000 B. The diagrams represent sound waves displayed on an oscilloscope. which diagram represents the quietest sound with the highest frequency? 11. A tuning fork produces a sound of 256 Hz. transverse 300 000 000 200 000 000 8. What is the correct order for the speed of sound in air. What is its wavelength? (Take the speed of sound as 340 ms-1) 10 .
If the speed of sound in water is 1500 ms-1. (a) Sound is a longitudinal wave. Explain with the aid of a diagram. the frequency of the sound is constant (ii)The separate waveforms of two whistles of different frequencies are obtained on the oscilloscope screen at the same time. State how you can tell from the waveform that 1. Label the waveform that has the higher frequency. An ultrasound instrument used in industrial cleaning has a frequency of 50 kHz. what is meant by this statement.12. 13. (b) (i)Figure shows the waveform produced on an oscilloscope screen by a sound. the loudness of the sound is decreasing 2. what is the wavelength of the ultrasound? 11 . Draw the two waveforms you would expect to see.
(a) Explain how an echo is formed.Ultrasound and x-rays are both used to provide information about structures inside the human body. ________________________________________________________________ 12 . (i)What is the wavelength of this wave? (ii)What difference would be heard if the amplitude of the wave was increased? 15. Calculate the speed of sound of sound in air.14. X-rays are a region of the electromagnetic spectrum with the higher frequency that of visible light.A sound wave of frequency 220 Hz travels in air at a speed of 330 ms-1. 16. Ultrasound is sound having a frequency above the highest audible frequency that humans can hear.(a) State the approximate range of frequencies audible to humans Lower frequency ………Hz Upper frequency ………Hz (b) What property of a sound wave determines its pitch? (c) Describe how the air pressure at a particular point changes when a sound wave passes that point. He hears the echo after 0. (b) A boy standing 85 m from a tall building fires a starting pistol. 17.50 s. Increasing frequency Visible light x-rays (a)(i)Name three regions of the electromagnetic spectrum other than x-rays and visible light.
The figure below shows ultrasound being used to study an unborn baby. _______________________________________________________________ 18. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ (iv)State one property that all parts of the electromagnetic spectrum have in common. (iii)Write one or two sentences about each region of the spectrum that you have chosen. ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 13 . (i)Explain how the vibrations of the source produce waves of ultrasound and suggest how these waves are transmitted through the body tissue to the receiver.(ii)Copy the above figure and on it show the position of the three regions of the electromagnetic spectrum that you have chosen in (i). describing how the electromagnetic waves are used or how they affect people.
The speed of ultrasound in the human body is 1500 ms-1. Pitch of the sound will increase Answers of ASSESMENT 1. Compression. A 4. B 9. Answers of ACTIVITIES 1.amplitude 14. A 4. D 6.500 Hz 15. A 7. D 6. A 8. Estimate the frequency that might be used for ultrasound in medicine.vacuum 11. D 3. and calculate its wavelength in the human body. transverse 8. frequency 13. C 10.higher 12. rarefraction 10. B 14 . C 2. D 5. B 7. A 2. C 3. B 5.(ii) Ultrasound used in medicine has a frequency which is about 100 times higher than the maximum frequency that can be heard by humans. vibration 9. low.
32 m 12.(a)An echo is the sound heard after the reflection of sound from hard.(a)lower frequency: 20 Hz Upper frequency: 20 kHz (b)The frequency of a sound wave determines its pitch (c)The air pressure alternately increases and decreases when a sound wave passes that point 16. 0.λ = 340 256 =1. (i)v = fλ λ= 330 220 = 1.the period is constant (ii) Waveform with higher frequency 13. flat surfaces. (a) oscillation Direction of wave motion Medium particle For a longitudinal wave.5 m (ii)the sound would be louder 15. 15 . the oscillation of the medium particles are parallel to the direction of the wave motion. (b)(i) 1.03 m 14. the amplitude of the sound wave is decreasing 2.11.
0 x 10 6 Hz λ= f = v 1500 2 ×10 6 = 7. infrared.(b) v = 2d t 85 ( 2) = 0.causes fluorescence which is used to detect counterfeit notes. (i)As the source vibrates. causes skin burn and skin cancer (iv)They travel at the same speed 3. (ii)frequency of ultrasound. f = 100 x 20000 = 2.0 x 10 8 ms-1 18. ultraviolet (ii) Increasing frequency Radio waves infrared Visible light Ultra violet x-rays (iii) radio wave – used for transmission of radio and TV signals Infrared – used for transmission of heat energy and remote controls of electrical appliances ultraviolet.5 = 340 ms-1 17. The ultrasound waves are reflected by various tissues in the body and the reflected waves are picked up by the receiver. it produces waves of ultrasound which comprise alternate series of compressions and rarefactions traveling in a body.5 x 10 -4 Hz 16 . (a) (i) radio waves.
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