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Lab 7: Genetics Multiple Choice Questions

1. A represents the dominant allele and a represents the recessive allele of a pair. If, in 1,000 offspring, 500 are aa and 500 are of some other genotype, which of the following are probably the genotypes of the two parents? (A) Aa and Aa (B) Aa and aa (C) AA and Aa (D) AA and aa (E) aa and aa (1990 #5) 2. The primary value of a species type of back cross known as a test cross is to (A) determine whether a trait is really hereditary (B) permit detection of recessive genes (C) reveal cases of blending inheritance (D) reveal remote ancestors (E) reveal sex-linked inheritance (1990 #15) 3. In corn, the trait for tall plants (T) is dominant to the trait for dwarf plants (t) and the trait for colored kernels (C) is dominant to the trait for white kernels (c). In a particular cross of corn plants, the probability of an offspring being tall is 1/2 and the probability of a kernel being colored is 3/4. Which of the following most probably represents the parental genotypes? (F) TtCc x ttCc (G) TtCc x TtCc (H) TtCc x ttcc (I) TTCc x ttCc (J) TTCc x TtCC (1990 #36) 4. 13. A form of vitamin D-resistant rickets, known as hypophosphatemia, is inherited as an X-linked dominate trait. If a male with hypophosphatemia marries a normal female, which of the following predictions concerning their potential progeny would be true? (A) All of their sons would inherit the disease. (B) All of their daughters would inherit the disease. (C) About 50% of their sons would inherit the disease. (D) About 50% of their daughters would inherit the disease. (E) None of their daughters would inherit the disease. (1990 #44)

Copyright 1970 to 2005 by College Entrance Examination Board, Princeton, NJ. All rights reserved. For face-to-face teaching purposes, classroom teachers are permitted to reproduce the questions. Web or Mass distribution prohibited.

5. In fruit flies, vermilion eyes are a sex-linked recessive characteristic. If a vermilion-eyed female is crossed with a wild-typed male, what proportion of the male offspring should have vermilion eyes? (A) 0% (B) 25% (C) 50% (D) 75% (E) 100% (1990 #72) 6. In garden peas, a single gene controls stem length. The recessive allele (t) produces short stems when homozygous. The dominant allele (T) produces long stems. A short stemmed plant is crossed with a heterozygous long stemmed plant. Which of the following represents the expected phenotypes of the offspring and the ratio in which they will occur? (A) 3 long stemmed plants: 1 short stemmed plant (B) 1 long stemmed plant: 1 short stemmed plant (C) 1 long stemmed plant: 3 short stemmed plants (D) long stemmed plants only (E) short stemmed plants only (1994.#27)

Questions 29-31 refer to the following information Achondroplastic dwarfism is a dominant genetic trait that causes severe malformation of the skeleton. Homozygotes for this condition are spontaneously aborted (hence, the homozygous condition is lethal) but heterozygotes will develop to be dwarfed. Matthew has a family history of the condition, although he does not express the trait. Jane is an achondroplastic dwarf. Matthew and Jane are planning a family of several children and want to know the chances of producing a child with achondroplastic dwarfism. 7. The genotypes of Matthew and Jane are best represented as Matthew (A) AA (B) Aa (C) aa (D) aa (E) Aa (1994.#99) Jane Aa aa aa Aa Aa

Copyright 1970 to 2005 by College Entrance Examination Board, Princeton, NJ. All rights reserved. For face-to-face teaching purposes, classroom teachers are permitted to reproduce the questions. Web or Mass distribution prohibited.

8. The probability that Matthew and Janes first child will be an achondroplastic dwarf is (A) 0% (B) 25% (C) 50% (D) 75% (E) 100% (1994.#100) 9. If three children are born to Matthew and Jane, what are the chances that the first two children will not express the trait but that the third child will be an achondroplastic dwarf? (F) 5/8 (G) 4/8 (H) 3/8 (I) 1/8 (J) 1/16 (1994.#101)

Questions 32-34 A male fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) with red eyes and long wings was mated with a female with purple eyes and vestigial wings. All of the offspring in the F1 generation had red eyes and long wings. These F1 flies were test crossed with purple - eyed, vestigial - winged flies. Their offspring, the F2 generation, appeared as indicated below. F2 Generation 125 red eyes, long wings 124 purple eyes, vestige wings 18 purple eyes, long wings 16 red eyes, vestigial wings __________________________ 283 Total

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10. If in the F1 and F2 generations the same characteristics appeared in both males and females, it would be safe to assume that these traits for eye color and wing length (K) are sex-linked (L) vary in dominance according to sex (M) are sex-influenced characteristics (N) are autosomal characteristics (O) follow the Mendelian rule of independent assortment (1994.#106) 11. In the F2 generation, the results are best explained by the fact that (P) the test cross with the F1 flies resulted in sterile offspring (Q) these genes for eye color and wing shape do not pass through the F1 generation (R) these genes for eye color and wing shape are found on the same chromosome (S) crossing - over decreases variability (T) the genes are sex-linked (1994.#107) 12. If a single locus controls wing shape, then the alleles for this gene act as (U) dominant-recessive alleles (V) incomplete-dominance (W) codominant alleles (X) multiple alleles (Y) variable alleles (1994.#108) 13. Assume that genes A and B are not linked. If the probability of allele A in a gamete is 1/2 and the probability of allele B in a gamete is 1/2, then the probability that both A and B are in the same gamete is (A.) (B.) (C.) (D.) (E.) 1/2 x 1/2 1/2 + 1/2 1/2 1/2 (D.) 1/ 2 (E.) 1/ 2 1/ 2

(1999 #2)

Copyright 1970 to 2005 by College Entrance Examination Board, Princeton, NJ. All rights reserved. For face-to-face teaching purposes, classroom teachers are permitted to reproduce the questions. Web or Mass distribution prohibited.

14. A couple has 5 children, all sons. If the woman gives birth to a sixth child, what is the probability that the sixth child will be a son? (A.) 5/6 (B.) 1/2 (C.) 1/5 (D.) 1/6 (E.) 1/64 (1999 #3) 15. Which of the following best describes the parents in a test cross? (A.) One individual has the dominant phenotype (B.) Both individuals are heterozygous. (C.) Both individuals have the dominant phenotype. (D.) Both individuals have the recessive phenotype. (E.) Both individuals have an unknown phenotype. (1999 #9) 16. In sheep, eye color is controlled by a single gene with two alleles. When a homozygous brown-eyed sheep is crossed with a homozygous green-eyed sheep, blue-eyed offspring are produced. If the blue-eyed sheep are mated with each other, what percent of their offspring will most likely have brown eyes? (99) (A.) 0% (B.) 25% (C.) 50% (D.) 75% (E.) 100% (1999 #11) 17. In peas the trait for tall plants is dominant (T) and the trait for short plants is recessive (t). The trait for yellow seed color is dominant (Y) and the trait for green seed color is recessive (y). A cross between two plants results in 296 tall yellow plants and 104 tall green plants. Which of the following are most likely to be the genotypes of the parents? (A.) TTYY x TTYY (B.) TTyy x TTYy (C.) TtYy x TtYy (D.) TtYy x TTYy (E.) TtYY x Ttyy (1999 # 28)

Copyright 1970 to 2005 by College Entrance Examination Board, Princeton, NJ. All rights reserved. For face-to-face teaching purposes, classroom teachers are permitted to reproduce the questions. Web or Mass distribution prohibited.

18. In humans, red-green color blindness is a sex-linked recessive trait. If a man and a woman produce a color-blind son, which of the following must be true? (A.) The father is color-blind. (B.) Both parents carry the allele for color blindness. (C.) Neither parent carries the allele for color blindness. (D.) The father carries the allele for color blindness. (E.) The mother carries the allele for color blindness. (1999 # 43)

Copyright 1970 to 2005 by College Entrance Examination Board, Princeton, NJ. All rights reserved. For face-to-face teaching purposes, classroom teachers are permitted to reproduce the questions. Web or Mass distribution prohibited.