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BRUSHLESS DC AND SWITCHED RELUCTANCE MOTORS FOR FAULT TOLERANT ELECTRIC POWER STEERING SYSTEMS

Claudia Martis, Claudiu Oprea Technical University of Cluj-Napoca Department of Electrical Machines Daicoviciu, 15 Cluj-Napoca Romania E-mail: claudia.steluta.martis@mae.utcluj.ro

The automotive industry today is faced with ever-increasing electrical power demands that are stretching the capabilities of present on-board power supplies. The use of electrical and electronic features to enhance customer comfort, convenience and safety, such as electronic automatic climate control, entertainment systems, antilock brakes (ABS) and traction control (TC) systems, contribute to exponential growth in power demand and also to size and complexity of the wiring harnesses as well. Even if this will make a revolution in embedded electrical machines technology, new types of actuators will be introduced in the near future. In this way, all-electric new systems eliminate the traditional pumps, hoses, hydraulic fluid, drive belt and pulley on the engine to significantly improve fuel economy. An example of these new systems is the electric power steering (EPS). It is mechanically simpler than a hydraulic system, meaning that it should be more reliable. The proposed paper presents a comparative study of two specific adjustable speed drives based on brushless DC and switched reluctance motor technologies for EPS applications with the topologies presented in figure 1.

Figure 1 BLDC and SR approached topologies.

For any EPS system designer the most important consideration is safety. So, during vehicle operation, in the event of faults, is important to maintain the function of the device, even in a

degraded way, in order to authorize the vehicle driver to confront this situation. One solution of this problem could be the fault tolerant EPS systems. In order to perform a fault tolerant system, the analysis could be concentrated either on the power electronic converter, either on the electrical machine topology. This paper is focused on the development of fault tolerant BLDC and SR machines, oriented towards the stator windings and number of phases. Six- and three-phase BLDC/SR machines will be modeled and simulated, using JMag software, in order to obtain magnetic field density, electromagnetic torque and stator pole linkage flux. An estimation of the machines parameters will be done, in order to allow the simulation of the electric drive using Matlab-Simulink environment. The performances of the machines, in terms of currents, electromagnetic torque, torque ripple and fault tolerance will be analyzed. REFERENCES
Iles-Klumpner, D. : Automotive Permanent Brushless Actuation Technologies, PhD Thesis, Timisoara, Romania, 2005. Gasc, L. : Conception dun actionneur a aimants permanents a faible ondulations de couple pour assistance de direction automobile, PhD Thesis, Toulouse, France, 2004. Hanselman, D. C.: Brushless Permanent-Magnet Motor Design, Mc Graw Hill, 1994.