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Ilpes
EreHCKa

AHTHaTa BdKaH,QHH oraaaxxe

MaKeAOHHll.

OT BCI1QKO ce Bb3XHJn;aBaXMe.

9

aaxxe

ce KaTO CTonaHH,

3aB'hPHaJ\H ce no AOMoBeTe CM OT BK'hIll,H 11 B CTOnaHCKaTa He yceraxxa KaK

asraaaae.

HHe 6JlXMe 'I8.Aa nO'lTM BCll"'1KH aa 6eAHH pOAl'lTeAa noxarexe

All, aa KOHTO Tpfl6Barne MHHaBaT MecelV'! rOAMHd 6eme

AeHHOCT, 3aXAaCH8TH no BCM'IKlI Te311 nenre,
Ii rOAHHH, AOKaTo Aoi1Ae

1944 rOA. Ta3H

M p8.AOCTHa H

rperasae,

P<lAOCTHa 3aTOBa, 3apeny6AHKa.

IlI,OTO aa JKHBOT ce nORBl1 MaxeAoHcKa MaKeAoHHfI BCH'lKO TpaHHH 11 noexaxe CH. n'hTH aa

Tpersrsaa,
OT

3aIll,OTO HOBlf KOMIIaKTHH 'IOBernKH MaCH 6JIxa nporoaeaa l'KMBOT, rOAHHaTa nacpeura Aa fa

Hep<lAOCTH11R 6e>KaHCKH KOHTO nOMI1Tawe C'h6HTHH OCTaBJIT KOI1:TO e HMeA B C'h3HaHe-

1944 AOHAe KaTO yparaa,

Taxaaa rparasna

cAeAH B HCTOPHJIT8 aa

eARR HapoA,

aemacrnero aemare

npe>Kl:lBee. TOBa ce

aanesaraa

HMeTO Ha HapoAd M ce IIO~1HH C aexoae. OIlHTHOCT B >KHBOTa. )KaAKO e, xoraro B Te3>'! TPYAJ>H rOAMml rp03HH nente. Onm!HeHll

3a Hac KaTO MAaAe>KM aenrera 3aCTaHaT 6paT cpemy

MO>Ke 6H He 6JlXa C'hBCeM SiCHH nopaax

6paT M T'hpCl'1T ]\t'hCT eAHH 01' APyr. Ho Hlie 6JlXMe B T03H CBJlT, H ReBOARO CTaSaXl'1e CBHAeTeAll na AJOAe, BK}'CMAH OT Ch8.AOCTTa ua CBflTO, aemo HOBO, aa MlIC'bA

BAaCT, KOHTO Aoi1Ae S IH~eTO aa aemo KoeTO >K<lAysaT sosemrre. 11 6Aaropa3)'MHeTO CTopeHH lIAH CTpaCT 3a HaA,MOIll,He H8A TOAXOBa MHoro B Ta3H

B

TaKHBa MOMeHTH rpeasare

6HBaT npMT'hUeHH

OT eAHa JKllBOTHHCKa KOHTO ca aarpynaaa na B3a.HMHO

APyrllil.

)Ka;>KAaTa aa OTM'hllleHHe 3a

HeCTopeHH

rpexoaa,

MaxeAOHCKa TpareAHR

113Tpe6AeHHe, 1(OeTO e fl'l6eAHo HH OTCha5Ba, rrpaaa ha>KAaHO OT 'I)"KAa

aa aapOAa H se KaY3aTa, It:bM HCTOpIfSi. TOBa

KOl1TOce CTpe~1I1"'1,TOBa e >KaAKOTOB aaniara

HH 6e3CHJlBH Aa UOCTHrHe~1 C 061l1H na ATMHa, CoqlMJl Ii .EM"HfrhAKa aa pasncpa" 3ap<lAH

YClIhlIR 3aBeTHaTa ~eA. 3a C'h>KaA€HHe BCH'lKO TOBa e nOAKnponaraaae rp<lA. MaxeAOHHSI e 6l1Aa BHHarli

.'

10

HeMHOTO

recrpaocxo

pa3110AOJKeHMe. HelIlaTa

Ee3CI1AHH

CMe

Ad

npOMeHHM XOAa na HCTOpmlTd. KdKBHTO ca. fiOAHTWleCKHTe MHOro He Hll

HI nplteJl'ldMe

TaKMBd,

6 OpH'lKaHH5I , KOHTO ce

Pd3BHBaxd, 6eille

Hac aa ~

3dHHMdBdXd.

B

Bdlllero

Cb3HdBHe

Aer:EaAO HMeTO MdKeAOHll.ll H

H HeHHdTd CbA6a. i1Ha'le peBOAlO~HOHep nOAytldBa

He MO,lKe YAdPH H E"hhl'dPH5I

Ad

6bA.e. MaKeAOHCKlllIT

OTA5IBO H OTA.IICHO.

B

rrpOA"hJ\)!\.eHHe Hd

100

rOA.

H.IIMd 51CHa Bdll;HOHdAHd nOiUITMKd., 3d Aa II OTCT05lBd. pecpAeKTHpd nary6Ho sspxy

A

TOBa

HdllleTO HCTOpM"l(eCKOpa3BHTM€ H 6op6H 01e 6lliUI BMHarH

C"hA6a.3a BCH'lKH reXH11 KorepHHHH

HHe MdKeAOH~HTe H3KYllHTeAHH JKepTBH. HapoAa B TpHTe A.llAa Ha pesnom.ceae nOA)"ldBdAH H OT AHu;eMepHdTa

Texaae

e Cl>A6aTa na

Mal"ceAOHHll. YAapH CMe EBPOlld 3dPBAH HeHHHTe

erOHCTH"l(HH nnrepeca

aa EaAKdHHTe.

Ho

KaKEO Ad ce npasa. OT XHllJ,HH 3BepOBe,

KdTO ryK CMe pOAeHH II CMe 06rpBAeHH KOHTO nporarar K"hpBdBH AaTIM KbM HdC. MHHd H

Ilpa
pdBHHll;H BceKH,

HanpeJKeHHe B

1945 roA. Toreseunnrre ynCHCTeMa THXHaTa 6HXd HeA03peAH. 6HBdIlIe rOAHIlIEl! nOiUITHKa,

OHd311 TOTdAHTapHd OAo6pHBaIlIe KaKBH 6" ra

KOHTO He

06HBJl.BaH aa npar. MAdA~JKH? CMlfCM"hT apacrysas npeCTO.llXMe AeMH.II cryA,' eAHO 0 APyro MO)Ke Hd C

apsroae

6.11XMe HHe, HaIlIH.llT caMO

1B -

nxaureure

MAeaAH3"hM?

HamH.II HaIlIHH

JKHBOT 6!lwe APyrdP

MaKe,ll,OHlfJl.

DJlX
roca

TOAOP

ATaHaCOB

COAdKOB.

ABe AeHOROllJ,HH B 06rn;HH apecr. 6llX~le npes npHHYAeHH Aa

nOPdAH

npHUICKaMe ce 3aTOIIiUIM.

TeAaTa 3a

HOrn;HTe, sa Ad He MO)KaxMe

KaKEO

65lXMe apecryaaaa, an,

Ad pa3GepeM.

OCBo6oAHXa
nO'ITH AeTcKH

HO rOAllMOTO oropxeaae TOBa HH KaMlBame

OCTaHd B namare MOJKe 6H aa

Ayrn·H.

HerrpeABHAl1MlfTe

CTPdAdHH.II, KOHTO HH osaxsexe

II 6"l=1Aew:e.

11

Hacr-sna

1946

rOAHHd.

MaxeAoHcKdTd

perryfiaaxa
HHe,

B'hB 3a-

<DeAepaTHBHa peny6AHKa eAHO C Ta3H xacr Me, 'Ie Aep~HH, OT nanms

!OrocMBIHI aapoz,

yspenaanre.

ce paaaexxe. aa €Alfa

fOPAH 65iX-

~'bllleCTBYBa H ce pa3BHBd MO>Ke 5H no n'hTH na e,A.Ho B paMKHr€ 6dAKaHCKa ¢'eaa K05iTO ce rosopeme eAHa paaaonpaaae HCrOpH'IeCKO TOJ\.KOBdMHoro. Ta3H HAe.!! HH eAHHHJJ;aaa T03H CMB.!!HCKH rOAHHaT6 aamoro

IlliAOCTHO 05eAHH€HH€

ce BHJKAalIle npH~1aMAHBa. CM5iTaxMe, 'Ie H RHe, MaKeAoHD;Hre, w:e fuAeM C'hJ03 Aa

aa

6paTCTBO H pa35HpaTehCTBO. C 3Ha'leHlle, Hac MHoro Ha HaceheHMero

1946 meme
rrpeacroeme HHMa

5'bAe

npe6poHsaHe no - rOMMO caxoonpenexaur CM€ ce

H onpeAeA.I!He

Ha eTHH'IeCKdra

My npHHaAAe.lKHOcr. niaerae

Toaa
or

HH 6KTHBH3Hpa.

TOBa, Aa HMaw

B'h3MO.lKHOCr Aa ce BHHarH HMdMe

KaTO TaK'bS, KaK'hnTO ce 'lyscTBam. KaTO MaKeAoHIlH, HMaxM,€ npeABHA B AOMa sa HO IlI.1iXM€ Aa

'1ysCTBdhH

B'h3MOJKHOCITa H Aa ce AeKAapHpa~le KOHHa CJ.lAa.

KaTO TaKHBa C'hC 3anp€ACTOHIl\OTO Ba>KHO non ARreAoB ce

Karo 15

C'b5MTHe, eAHa C'b6paKMe 0)(0,\0 BHM.

aexep

I'eoprn non

'10BeKa, aa Aa 06MHCAHM KaKBO Aa npa+

Ilpacscraexa: Feopraes

Tecpm

MaaHon

ARreAOB,

Feopra

I1KOHOMOB, KOCTdAl1H Myra¢qHeB, CaHA'bp H

I'eopra

CHPMHH, AAeK-

KOHKOB, TH~1HJO AMMHTPOB 3anpeB, 05M€HHXM€ He MueHHH no

/»1aa

MHT'hP KHpHMOB, MAB.!! f'hPKOB, MapHH HHKOH APyrH. Hac rrpseposaaae,

ARreAOB BapMen, KOM e aa € Be'lHa.

npeACT05III.\OTO !JAdCT. C'h3Maua

HH mnepecyBa.J..lle C uex,

BCH'iKH peJKHMJI ca Bpe1>1eHHH, a MaxeAOHHH AdAOXMe opreanaanaa xopere samsoaexacro npetiposaeae KeAOH~H, TOBa ce npose)KAaw€ '1pe3 arHTaIlH.II,

Aa C'h6YAHM y

Cal'IOCb3HaHHe H Te Aa ce naurar no

AHHM!!Ta

TIapTHHTa B TIHpHHcKa

MUKeAOHH5i. HMa.J..ll€ xopa,

saceraara

12

OT

KeAOHl\H. aentare.

Ileprnsra, Ho AKa

KOllTO He JKeAaeXa Aa CEl onpenexsrr HaCHJl.He He aKO 11 H.IIKOll ce Aa oxaaaaine. ncxar Ad HI1KOH

KaTO 101aHe 6ewe TaKa

penpecnpax,

npeACTaB.IIT

H.IIKOH Ka3Ba, 'Ie e ll101awe ~o

OI1A

MaArpeTllpaH,

TO TOBa e CMe 3e1015I,

A'b)ll.a, HaCHAHe

zpyre

Al1H1I5I H CMHCbA. HHe

101aKeAOHl\H H HHlL\O APyrO. 'KJfBee101H me YMpe101xaro 'lynCTBO

POAeHH CMe aa ~jaKeAoHcKa 101aKeAoH~H. POAoAlO6HeTo xapa Aa ce

e TaKona

Y

sosexe,

K09TO ro

ropsee. TOBa 6ewe
CHAll Aa one+ AOC-

CMHC'hA'bT Ha HanlHll

JKHBOT, TOBa Hll AaBawe
Ii

Aee101no 101patIliHTe xarepa HMe JKHBeeXMe, C'b3AanaXMe nOPBAH nOAHTH'leCKH na

3aTBopM A'hArM rOA1HIH. C rose CB101eHCTBa H nOKoJlBHHll,

Toi1<m Ad na3.11THMBToMaKBAOHI111, C'h06paJKeHHll He OAO6pflBawe, octnH.(MaA1laTa AHHH.II HMC He JKeAaeX101e KbM IOroc-

Fleprnnre

aenovaaure OT HapoAa

Aa ce rrp0101eH5IB nOCOK<1,KOSITO noAa 6bAe Aa npHC'beAHH CIIi!

rOA.II101aTasacr nHpMHCKa AaBHH. aa

MaKeAOHHll

B

TOBa HHe BI1JKAaxMe IHIKaK.Ba onaCHOCT sa KaY35Ta 3anOqHaxMe

MaK€AOHH5I. xa

pearapaxe
'le C

OTKPMTO, )Kenoece ce MAdA,eJKKM TaHHH

AaeXM€ Aa AdAeM H5IKaK'bB ornop TaHOBKa nccrarne. C'b6paHH.lI, m-npoce. peIUeHH€TO C u:eA AaDaHe eHTycMa3'bM aa

aa Ta3M H€npaDHAHa
IH1WlHi

MMcAex101e,

Bbnpoea

MOJKe

ABCHO Aa taKa

3anO'lHaXMe

KOHCYATaIJ,HH. OpraHH3I1paX101e OTTIOP HB Ta3H nOAl1THKa. H3BbH rpana ce KpaH

CTErHa AO rrspaare A03e. Esx101e aa, AP·

c6HpKa TanIR,

Kyreaoro

Aasap

Cnac

nMC01) , TOAOP COAaKOB H C'bCTO.ll B
nMCOI.l, 1'1 ecrtrocrre Aasap TOTMH,

Bropa,

no - capzoane

cpeme J\.eBKos,

"Aaxcro", Araaac
<popMaTa Ha'laAO

Ha KOSITO npacscnaxe Cnae

NiCKOD, aa

Acsa
-

MapHH

EapaAeB,

A»MMT'bP

KHPHMOB, Y1AHH IbPKOB 6op6aTa ee pennr

H aa. TaM 06MHcAHXMe npocaerna

RaKEa Ad 6'bAe

HAH D'bOp'hJKeHa.

Karo
IIa

B rH101Ha3HllTa Aa 3anotJlleM

H3AaBaHeTO

13

CTeHlIeCTHHK HdMepHX npOHBH

"MaKeAOHCKa

MHC'J:,A" H "MAHH:AeHCKH AHCT". A:3

XYAO;)KHHK B AJiI.jeTO aa W.eplO Mai1cTopcTBO aa MaKeAOHHH H CTeHBeCTHHK'bT 6erne AapeB na usxara HAp.

Illepes (Teroro).
6ewe a rpaaoaere

Tou -

BneqaTMlBaxu.

Keprara
C 'IepBeHH MapHH

B xepuo, A'fX'bT

TO'lHIJ;H. CTaTHHTe ce CDHCBdXa OT MBaH xamara l1,eA He3aBHCUMa

Ilapecxoa,

Bspaaes, I'eoprn
OT crpaae

H C1>A1>p;)KdHHeTO MaKeAOHHlI.

BHxa B DOCOKd na MHTepec1>T

yqeHHl1,HTe nOHBHXd

OT rMMHa31H1Ta Bewe Aa CTdBdMe ace B IIOA3a aa HMe He CH TOBa ce ce rsacose

/IIlHOrO rOA.SiM. C Td3H CM AeuHocT no AP1.3KH H no - aKTHBHH. no - CMeAH AelfcTBHH, AdBaxMe A1>A;)Keme na HAeaAH31.M. aaurara

3aITO'lHdXMe

RaTO B'bOp1>;)KeHa 50p5a. HeonHTHOCT. Pa3)'M1.T 5e

CMeTRa se pHCKa ae TaKaBa OTKpHTa 6op6a. CMHTaXMe,

3aJ.leCTeH OT

qe TPH6Bd Ad H3D1>AHHJ.1CSOH AbAT, Ta 'Ie He CM.e II1>pBHTe, HM A1.PTaxa ce cjlaHaTH31.M

aKO me Aa HlI ROCTaa H ;)KHBOTa. 3HaeXMe, HHMa Aa 61>Ae.M H nOCAeAH.H. HaUlHHT ;)Keme BHHdrH peNlXa cpaacrnara IIOAToTOBKa MaTepMaAFla MHOI'05pOHHM KAaCOBe Aa na S 60tiHa Hll HeAerdAHHTe aa 6op6a. 'I aCT. 3a cpeXUH

roTOSHOCT sa caxoxcepraa. C1>6paHMSl, aa peureno aa apexe Berne

KOHTO 06MHcNlXMe M Ha6aBHHe Aa or ropaare npes 6op6a. aa

Aa 3aITOQHeM cepacaaa YCIIHXMe npOBeAeM

Bep6ynaHe

HOBM '!AeHOBe

KpaTKO

C MaWH

C'bMMIlIAeHHQH KOHTO 6l'1xa
If

fHMHa3HHTa. B a Ta3H I'eopra XaMM

Xope,
onacne 651xa

MHHaAH

MaKeAOHCKHTe MAClAe)l(KH KP1>IKOUH, ce oraonexa ysacrser ITocBeTeHH A.HreAoB nIfCOB, naCKOB, l1AM$) TOBa AeAO CAeAHllTe

c rOTOBHOCT

HeIIpeAcKa3yeMa APyrapH: CIIac

Areaac
KP1>CT€B 3anpeB, !OCMH

NlCKOS, PacjlaeA

COTHPOB AyxnMOB,

Aces BaCHAeB AeBKOB, Aa3ap Bepyx,
I'eopraea f'bPKOB, KORKOB,

Bxaroes
MBaHoB

TOTMH, TOMa nOD AHreAoB,

THMHIO

A,HMIfTPOB

Ali.eKcaHA'bp

feopm

Illepes

KOCTClAMM EiOIKKOB Kapeaaea,

14

MeX1'>feAOBKaHTapAJKlfeB, Cnac IilaA.eB, MapHH ABreAoB Bap1IAeB, J1.I\HHTOAOpoB AOMy:lOB, AI06eH COTHPOB Tara+ AOHOB, ABreA Kaparaaes 11 AP. C HSIKOHAPyrapH cpeIIJ,HTe 6SIxa nOllT" BceKHAHeBHH. Paaroaopiere ce B'hpTixa ace OKOAO rrpeACTOHIIJ,aTa a~HH.

Ilossaxa

ce

H

n'hpBlne

0P'bJKHH.

Tp116BaWeAa ra npH6epeM M C'hXPaHMMne nOAXOAlul.\O M.SlCTO, sa Aa r'M B3eMeM B nocAeAHMH MOMeRT. EAHa xacr or OP'bJKHeTO6eme npeaeceao 060pCKH TOp. EAHH AeH 6flX OTI1W1:oJ\ Kpa:ll: rypCKIl51 K'hWAaK B MeCTHOCTTa "Kepanare", TaM cAyqaMBo 3a6eASI3ax 01' CAaMeHllll H Sl rOAHOCTTa M. nOKpHB Aa ce nOKa3Ba L\eB 01' rrynrsa, A3 naex nyurxera 3aHeCOX BK'bIIJ,M,3a Aa 51 nOtlMCrH 11 npoaeps or Cnac nl1COB B KOAa, narosapeaa C

TOBa aanpeaxxxe C KOCTaAMHKepe30B. npOMHxMe 51 Ao6pe H cAeA TOBa OTHAoxMe B TeXHHH 311MHHK.3apeAllxNe H c nar= POH, rrOCTaBHXMeeNiD Ae6ei\o A'bPBO H ce I1pH:QeAHXMe.Pe3YI\.Tara npeL\eHHXMe KaTO xaoro Ao6'bp. nYWKaTa 6ewe <ppeHCKa, HO noexame rp'bL\KH narpoua. ,Apyra rryurxa HH npeAAO)!{M THMHIO 3anpeB. T'bM KaTO nYWKaTa 6eme A'hAI'a, a Tp1l6Bawe Aa ce npeaece rrpea rpaaa, nOMOAHXMe Aaaap TOTl-m, nOHeJKe e BHCOR'H nOA lIIHHeAa e HaM- ilOAXOMIlI\O. Taxa H nenpaaaxsre. EA,Ha Betlep Aasap COllie ABaMd, eAl1HHHT ornpez, a APyrH5IT OT3dA aa oxpaae, AOHecoxa nynrsara. 3a Aa ce npeaece AO H36paHOTO MliCTO 3a CKpHBaA.HIIJ,e 3B'bH H rpaaa, uenpasax CAe.AHOTO. Ilocpez, 61IA AeH HaTOBapH:XMarepero orxapex C eAHH CHon CAaMa, CAO}KHXnynrxara D cpenara uarapa H 1I H na rrpeAHa3Ha'leaOTO M.liCTO. DCBea 0p'h)KHe, HHe MaTepHaAH: AHTepaTypa,

CKAdA"paXMe HAPyrH

xpaaa, nO'!TH BCWiKO 611Xf.1e npHrOTBllAH 11O'laKBaXMe ypeqeHH>!AeH aa H3AH3aHe. Ho paecrare ce OTAO)KHaa CAeA€AHa

15

ceAMH~a. flop3AH

TOBa

CTaHa no

npeMOJKeHHe He paaepax. ceAl"m~a

ae Araaac

MCKOS.

KaKBH npwnmH, Ta311 rperxsae
B

Ilpea
nOCBeIUaBa )KepeB.

eaMOBOAllO J.1AHSI OMY30B A rrpeAdTeA rp. 1945 rOA. H Bep6yBaH

HalllaTa

paeore

6"bAeIUHSI

C"bIIJ,HSlT 6HA apeC7yBaH

npea

I'eopra aa

arexr
l\eAHH

aa

AC

(A'hpJKdBHa
HH My

CHrYPHOCT) -

HeoIIl1THocTTa 'Ie CMe B

n03BOAH Aa ce BKAlO'IH

I'oue AeA'IeB. 11 aanosaae C

nxaa aa aamero MeponpHHTHe. HHKOH He AonYCKame, xaneue na T03H rrpeAaTeA, AHPHJKHpaH OT AC B AHl\eTO aa KOCTdAHH KexaHOB (BaKOTO). I'eoprx )KepeB 3anoxae Ad AOHdCH HJlKaKSH nHCTOAeTH 6e3 naTpOHH, AaBaHl:' My
OT MHAHQHHTa. BCH'lKO 6eme A'hP)IGIMH. flpeAaTeAHT KaTO H3B'hplllH nOAAOCTTd. B P030BO CHHHHe, oSlxMe HeyB noaesero cAyqaH CAeA Hacpoxaxxe nOCAeAHO C'h6paHlle ae 20 anpxe, S AOMa ne Testa Ilacxoa. Bente TOl'fHHa HeAeM, HMeH AeH aa AOMalnlHa. TaM AOI1Ae II npezerexar I'eoprx ce oTKpHBa CTOSIHOB )KepeB. AeH, B 20 OT YTO'lHllXMe llYHKT AeH>l Ha H3AH3aHeTO C"blLllllI -

naca. Ctiopea
Ho H3npaTeH

TYPCKl1l1T xamxax, ua 2 KM

rpaae.

KaKBO ce CAyqH? K'hM

19

[1. AOHAe MHTpeTo

BOAeHH'Iapl'l,

OT MHAliJn:HoHepa

ARreA

Kapereaea
H

, aa
He

sa

Ad Ali KaJKe, 'Ie B nOAHIJ;HHTa I1Ma pa3ABHIKBaHe Aa

H TO e B'hB

Bp'h3Ka C HalUaTa aKQHSI. HHe BeAHara ce aKTll.BH3HpaXMe

aanoxaex
3RaeXNe

npenparnax

xopara

K"bM COOPHHH IIYHKT. H 'Ie

OT xoro

CMe rrpeAdAeHH

MHAHU;Hl'ITa e 6AOflMCOB, CAeA rosa ol'lxa CAaB'IO M3as TOH

RHpaAa BCH'lKO. HaH - aanpea 6ara)Ka M npeA AOMa ae Crrac

3aMHHa Cnae

TOMa Flacxos H PdAKO EBpeH'IeTo. KapaMrpHAOB )IGIB.IIBaille TPOI1Hax
Ii eAHR

A3 ce B"bpHaX Ad ca B3eMa

Me apecryaaxe.

MHAMQliJOHep. TOM Me XBaHa H HaCO'lH

I111CTOAeTa Cpel.l.lY MeH. E.!IX MHoro Hl'IRaKBO C xpex, aa Hanpe.lKeHl1e. Aa nposeps

cnoxoas.
Ka.KTO

a areHT'hT ca

CTO.!lX,

6AHTeAHOC"I"Ta My.

16

BeAHara

0UPS! IIllCToAeTa 5row

B croxaxa nondAHaAH

MM. CAeA MaJlXO Me 3aAa npexaaar 1I1HAHr(mrra. PdAKO H B xanaaa na

BeAoxa B ysacrssa,

APyrMTe,

KOJITO 611xa ycnellH ITHcoB, TOMa ITacKoB, B1>Pxy TSlX. ysacr-sx.

npes

6AOKaAaTd,

TaM 5lfAH HaB1>p3aBH Cnac C"b6apMH AOBeAoxa

AP.
rH

rH Hd 3eMSlTa M CMaAH B MHAH~HOHepCKHll

Cyrpaara

3aA"bplKaHH nO"!TM BCWJKH OT rpyrrare, iGfAI.!lI N3. APyrHTe MOJITa KHAH$I. 6e AOKapaH KOCTaAMH B T03M MOMeHT BOHHHK. TaM ranra. 3anO'llIa
TO

Ilpes Meae

Ta3H HOIl1 6Jlxa Me nOCTaBHxa B

KMAHH Cb1110 GJlxa Harr"bAHeHM C xopa.

Ao
no

Kepeaaas.
aa

C"bIl-W$l.T 6eme Ta A0tiAe c !\eA

pa3c"b6AeKllH,

CAeACTBHeTO. AaBaHe Ollie

rrOKa3aHHH,

H3JlCHliBaHe aa nOAP06HOCTMTe no opraaaaapaaero KOHcnHpar(HH. B HaqaAHMJl nepMOA KHPlIA HMKOAOB. TOll nOJIBH npoxypop-sr ce

aa lI,HAaTa 3arr03HaA CbC

Ha CAeACTBHeTO ce Aa He ce npaxara 6AaroAapeHHe

CAY"IaJI Ii HapeAJiA aa KP"bBOAOKa "SaKOTO" aa Hero OJlXMe cnaceaa AapHH, 3a:W;oTO apecr-sr 6eme

B"bpxy Hac HHKaKBO HaCM/l.He. VI AeiicTBHTeAHO, 611xa AOBOAHM CaAMCTHTe OT MlIAHn;rulTd, CH e speer, 6eme MaATp9TMpaH no - B'h3paCTeH HCHO, 'Ie CaMO !OCliH. il

OT BC$l.KaKBH HHKBH3H!\HH.

OT

TOBa He

HO HHe CMe 5Aarosraoro ynopar H KaTO

HO 6011T He ce Bp"bll.Ia. 3a Hac CTaHa

HSiKOH My 6ewe

H36HA 3'h6me.

CMe rrpeAaAeHM

BCH"IKO e AOHeceHo. H Bem:ecTBeHH MaTepMaAHa CAeA no

Texa

'Ie

HSiMawe nOA3a OT ynOPCTBO. HMawe TeACTBa. Ha cAeABallIHJl Aa BJeMeM Op'h.lKHeTo CKPH:BaAHID,eTo.
Ii

AOKaJa'IaCT OT

AeH cAeA apecrysaaero APyraTa

~le aasexoxa

Taxa

MJ.:IHaBaxa'AHMTe eAJ.:IHcAeA APyr. Hac, KOHTO 6JlXMe yeAMHeHH B 06111H5I apscr. HaNlraAH

20

-AHeBHO HH Ha

pa3CAeABaHe aparera xaro -

KHAHHTe,

HJBeAOXd H orxapaxa capAe!I.H,

KaTO no

C€ noxesax

KaKBO Aa BlfAJl.

3eM,SJTa, HapeA€HJ.:I

EMilH AO AP)'T'. He ce B1>JA'hP)l(ax Ii HM xaaax

17

"EpaBO 68, KOMHTlIl BM8CTO B EaAKaHa, MapI:IHHa." 11

TYK

LUe he.lKMM KaTO ce OKOAO Aa He ce

ea aaex
6ewe

MHCTOTOcn AO

rax,

C'h6paxMe

25

'<OBeKa. BCM'<KH AeJKaXMe

ae

eAHaTa

crpane, sa

fMAaMe. rp'h6,

Iloaera

HAl1 HaJ0!BO I1AH HaA.SJCHO. flOH.IIKOra MHAHl(HoHepa, KOHTO HM OXpaH.IIBame.

aa

no

KOMaHAa

na

CheACTBHeTO npo.A'hAJKI1 30 .AHM. CAeA KaTO npHKAIOTJ:H, 8AHa Be'lep HM HaTOBapl1Xa

aa

KaMMOHa -

Te3H, KOHTO 6.IIXMe
B

onpeaexeaa
rp. Hespoxon,
Ay:BpeMeEHo AParOB'<eB H
liM

Aa 6'hA8M C'hAeHlI (12 '10BeKa) M 11M orxapaxa

TaM HM HaCTaHHxa B OTAeMla KlIAH.Il'. EHXMe

1130AHpaHH OT OCTaHaAHTe o6HTaTeAH

aa sarsopa.
-

Me.lK-

nocraaaxa

rrpx

Hac ABaMa rrOACAeACTBeHH no AheKCaHA'hp

CTonaHCKa AHHH.II. Te 6ewe

6.11xa OT C. Ea'leBO

sa

MMAli ll;HllTa , BHeTO 6elll8 TaBA.IIBaxM8 MaKeAOHH.II.
B

I'leuro. Mxuasaxe aa xopa aa BAaCTTa 1I 3ilAaqaTa Ell n oacxyrua ar. CAeA npeJKHBeHHH KOWMap B B aarsopa II O'lYSCTBaXMe 06A8K'1eHHe. CAeACTnpHKI\lO\lHhO l~}IHKOll He HI1 3aKa'l.arn8. ITpeAclIHTepec

aa

OCTaHaAHTe 3aTBopH1ID;1I, 3aLUoTo
B mrpMHCKH.II ~A

6.1l:XMe or ITbpB1I.Il' MaKeAOHCKM npouec

aa

Hanrere
MeJKAY

KOHCUHpalll1.11 AilA8 KYPa.lK 11 Ha H.Il:KOHOT Komo T.IIX 6.11xa Araaac
H ~moro

HHe 6.11Xl'ole OCA8ABaHH OT rpynH, n

APYrii 11 nonaaaaxe

aaraopa.

,6,JKaM6a30B, HBaH C o6cTa -

XYKAeB, 6paTH

Cnexasaa

APym.
npHBHK:BaMe CIUI H eA,H006pa3ee.

flOCTeneHHO

3anO'l.HaXMe

Aa

noaxera

B 3aTllopa.

:>K11110T'hT HH 6eme

QqaKBaxMe

OOBHHHTeAHI1TeaXTOBe, aa Aa 6'hAeM CDAeHH. npH KMPI1A HI1KOhOB. TOll rheAawe aamcro 6RXMe Bee MAaAH H qe M EerOBOTO sepyro Hac,

Hac qeCTO MABarne npOKypop'hT C rOAeMH CHMnaTHH sa

npen'hAHeHH e HA.eaAH3·hM.Pa36HpaxMe, 6erne MaKeAOHHfI. TeMaTHKa. Ofietuaaanre

AOHaCfIllJe HH AHTepaTYPa e MaKeAOHCKa RH, 'Ie llW MHHeM e heKH npHC1>AH H

KaTO 6'hAeM OCBooOAeHH, LU.ellM H3AeHCTBa eAHa OOHKOhKali3

18

Peny5AHKa

MaKeAOHIUl., sa Aa Ao5lieM ce rOTBeXMe sa

no - npaBlL\HJ.f ae Aa

BIle-

'1aTAeHHJl sa JKl1BOTaTaM. B 38TBopa TeSH, KOHTO He ce 5JIKMe AHnJl.OMllpaJIH, xa. lI3nHT, 3aB'bpWllM cpeAHOTO CM cepeaoaaaae, HO BnOCAeACTBHe He HH AonycHaCTeHM ce '10BeRa SiBJIB8T np06J1.eMH, H nOCTeneHHO ro

Texa

se

MeJRAY qeTHp:rlTe

KOHTO 3adHraJKl1paT

MHCAHTe na

OTK'bCBaT OT B'bHWHHH CBliT. MAi!AocTTa

e TaKaBa CHAd, KOSTO

Te xapa Aa nOHaCHlII BCli'IKO XAdAHOKP'bBHO, 6e3 C'LTpeceHH51. ITo n;eAH AlIH ce 3dHHMaBax C '1eTeHe na XHHrH, B'bpXY KOHTO KOMeHTHpaxMe. Hi!A3HpdTeAHTe KHAHHTe. Qpe3

Hrpasxae

wax,

nsexsse.

AeKAaMHpaxMe.

6Jlxa MHoro Ao6pH, rsx ce CB'bp3BaxMe

C H3K1\lO'IeHHe Hd Bopac Aa HH 3aKA.JO'lBdT B C B'LHlUHHJl CBRT.

BOH'IeB. TIPOCTO tiM 6eme

pasnopeaeao

/vI-

pexropsr

aa 3aTBOpa 5elUe CJl.aB'JO Tynapoa.

BeAH'LJK BAH30X Eeme 3MMa, -

B npepexaaae Ta3H nocr-smca npocryaax AHllIeHHJl 'IOBeK. II,5llI JKHBOT.

C eARH MHJI.I1I1,HOaep,KOHTO Me AOKAdABa sa H 6.llX HaKa3aH C TpH AeHa epecr. 'lOBeK e 5e3 npasa, peBMaTH3'LM B KOAeHaTa, CTIOMeH aa DOHaCH BClf'IKO

ce H nOll)"IHX

Koraro

H 06HAH. CJ\.dBtIO

Tynapoa

5eme B Ha 2

npOCT H rxynas aarsopa, aarosa rOA.

OJlXMe npeCTOJlAH

AOCTa Mecen;H nocAyqaH

T'LpCeXMe HeInO, KoeTO Aa HH ycnoxoa,

aarycr 1947

Oprsaxanpexxe
AeHcKoTo COXMe nporpaxa C'blIl,dTd rOAHHd aKTOBe. sexa I'sopra

ararxs

rOAHlliHHHaTa

OT l1AHH-

B'bCTaHlJe. ITpeA OCTilHaJlHTe 3aTBOpHHl4'W M3Hec neCHM Ii AeKAdMdII,HH. ITpe3 1'1. OKTOMBPH IlOAy<IHXMe A'bAfOOtJaKBdHH'te 06BHHMTeAHH aa

B

CBOHTe 05BHHeHH5l

rrpoxypop'sr

acxanre

4

'-10-

AOJKHBOTHH npHc'bAH. AYKJ.fMOB, Cnac

OTHaC5Ime ce sa

Arenac

/VIcl<OB,
«

ITHCOB H Aces

AeBKoB. -

TOBa paar

peBOJKl1 HdWMTe pOAJilTeAH, HO HHe He ce ynAaWHXl\Ie. AaJKe H CM'bpTTa 6Jl.XMe rOTOBH Aa nocpeniaere HaAl1 e 3a MaKe-

19

AOH1HI. Ta Ha I'one MMa M JKepTBM. AMOTO

H XHAHAI1Te 60PLlM C'hUJ;O HM ce e )KHB€eAO, UJ;e

HO Te ysrpaxa sa H€.II, 38 POAMHaTa. AORaTo I1Ma nenpasaa, EM 6eme

HaCpO'leHO sa M. OKTOMBPH 1947 rOA. sa npOTM'laHeTO aa npoueca. KaKBO

BCM1.JKH 6.11XMe 3arpHJKeHH

YTOlJHSlBaxMe KOM KaKBO Aa KalKe, KaKBO Aa

orpenex,

Aa 6'hAe A'bpJKaHMeTO HM npez, C'hAa H np. HHKaKBO XAeHqeHe np€A C"bAa. He HCKaXM€ Aa T'bPCHM MMAOCT OT Te3M, KOHTO HH C'hAexa. TOBa ro C'IHTaXMe aa H€AOCTOHHO , AaJKe aa npeAaTeACTBO. He nporrycnaxxs AeAHaTa HM A}'Ma. AYX'bT 'I}'BCTBaXM€ CM? HIfKOH TpbrHaA 30B€me. AOHAe AeHSlT, xoraro I1BTepecH. .UJ;HxMe Aa 6'bAeM 113npaBeHM npee, a 3aUJ;I1TaBallJe qpKAH C'bA, KOHTO He CAYJKeJIIe Ba"CBoH napos, EAHa CyrPHH HM noaxepexe, BI1HOBHH. Aa yrO'lHHM HM 6eme KaKEa Aa 61>Ae nee+ l>1Horo BMCOK. He no ce

11

KaKBa BMHa e Aa o6M'1am pOAHHaTa KOHTO CI1

He MOJKe Aa Te OTKAOHH OT m-rs,

Aa ce JKepTBarn aa HeH. A MaKeAoHMjJ: K'bM TOBa HH

12 MaKeAOHCKH OpAH,
H sxo ce HaAO:lfm, ESlXMe KaTO HaCTp'hXHaAI1

aa Aa HM C'bAHT, M TO aa KaKBo. EAHHcTBeHaTa HH BHHa 6ellIe, lJe Hue 6,HXMe rOTOBI1 Aa AHTH€M B oop6aTa, Aa 1l0AO)lG!~1 KOCTHTe ca npez, oxrape 3ao6HKoAeHH rxyrmme npes OT opaa B'bAL\I1, HaCTbpseHH MIIAH~110Hepl1, Ha MaKeAoHHH.

aa Kp'bB. nOBeAoxa

HM nenra

:t:(€HT'bpa Ha rpasa

AO CbAe6HaTa 3aAa. CTpoeHH

Hne

S'bpB.HXMe C C

BHCOKO BAl1rHanl B q€THPH peAMnM. xapeca enxamsr

rAaB}! JiI C neceu.

6S1XMeno TpHMa

Xopara

ce T'hAll.HXa li HH OKypaJKaBaxa 'ra AeAOTO 6eme

yCMHBKM 11nOABHKBaHHH: " fope sa 6'bAtapCKMTe MeKepeTa, 6srXd, 'Ie CHrYPHM

rAaBI1Te!" TOBa H3rAe;KAa He OTAoJKeHO. e¢eKT Aa

H5IMa Aa nOCTHrHaT JKeAaHHli

OCTaHaAdTa MABAe>K. AeAOTO 6el1Je HaCpO'leHO OT1947 rOA. T03M U'bT 6.!IXMe HaTOBapeHH

HOSO sa .14 HoeMBpH

20

aa 3aTBOpeH KaMMOR H HH rMMBaCnl'leCKHlI nper-snxaa AlO6oDlrTHH oxpaaanexa no eAMB. CMOB oOCaAeHo C YlmcjJopMeHa C nepon MHoro rpd)I(AaHH A'bp)I(aHHeTO

orxapaxa

He B C'bAeORdTa

saxa,

aB

aa

rHMHa3HlITa.

Y'IHAMllIeTO

oeme oeme OT BsnCMe eAHH He ce

M ~HBHlIRa M yqeHHIJ,H HM 6ewe

MHAHnM.II. CMOH'bT OT rMHHa3H.IITa.

H HdnJM O.hH3KM. Y AH~aTd 3APaBo. 3anOt!HdXa

I"bM)I(erue

Ad Hli Pd30HTBdT B npepexanxe npaaorare

AOCTOHHO. HHKOll

npaanasanre
Ae6Hll1'e

sa

BHHOBeH. BAH3axMe

C'bC C'bHa aemero

3dCeAaTeAH,

KdTO AOKa3BaXMe

AeAO. Pa311HTHTe aa nOAC'bAHMHTe npOA'lJUKHXd TSiXHOTO npMKAlO'IBdHe BCH'lKH 3aAaBdrne cBHAeTeJUI B'bnpOCll, re

3 AeHd. CAeA
CBHAeTeAHTe. C'bAHSITa 111>1 K'bM Hac
If

aanosaa
BHHarH

6.IIXa 0POKYPOPCKH. aa Aa He Hll xoraro Pa¢aeA 'Ie TOll e

pasnar-sr aa Koraro
nOrAe)I(AdXd nerno npez,

CTeCHHTeAHO OTrOBap.IIXd, CHARO Bne'laTAeHHe AeTeA 3aCTaHa eBpeiPIeTo

06HAS!T. Hai1:C'bAa KdTO CBH6apyx (P3AKO). K'bAe e TP'bfHdII 3d.11BH: "npeAH

nanpasa,

Koraro
(a Hero BCH'lKO

C'bAHlI1'a My xaaa, ro 3MOBHxa

Xanx espean H

H3B'bH rpClAa) TOi1: ropao

as

C'bM MaKeAOHel.\. B ce6e

B

MaKeAOHH.H C'bM pOAeH H aa He51

II.Ie ce 60p.ll." AHCTH.

CM EHe ro n03ApaBHXMe e 6YKeT

sa

Td3M

asroae

CMeAOCT FI OTKpOBeHOCT. MaKeAOHFlH

OT Hd~OHa;lIOIBOT H ae

Bcexa

HMa MHCTO B oop6aTd pOAMHd. BceKM C KaKBOTO

aa cnpaBeAJ\HB sa

CBOSI CB060AHd 3eMSI, Aa

e AA'b)KeH, KaTO C118 ae Ta311 MO)l(e AO T'bpiKeCTBOTO HoeMBpH oraonieaae "MHAOCT

IIOMorHe

aanrare xayaa,
AeAOTO rOAHHa. Ha nOCAeAHd rrpHC'bAHTe. AFl3aHe or npoA'bAJKH Td3F1 AaTa AyMa, aa BClf'lKll Aa

5

AHH

18

csinara
Hlf K'bM 01'

rrpoaaaecoxa 3aJ1BHM 6e3

npHC'bAHTe. nanrero KOAe6aHl1e:

A8.Aoxa

3aSlBlfXMe

aac He HCKaMe H KliMa Ad OO)KaABaMe rrpHC'bAMTe,

CAeA H3-

seraopa

me npOA'bIUKllM

Aa ce 60PHM 33 cBo60AaTa

21

Ha MaKeAOHHSI!" TOBa He 6.11xa caMO CHAHll A)'Mll, KOHTO no - K'bCHO 1l0TB'bPAHXM e APyrap" AarepH rpbMHa
H

a A)'Mll, MOllTe no

C AeAa.

EAHlI

or

3a6HTHaxa 3aTBOp",

na aanaz,
nax
lID

a ApyrM

OTHOBO nonaAHaxa

MaKeAOHCKHTe pa60Tlf.

CaAOH'bT npeA

01'

peBOAJOQlfOHHHTe neCHH, KOMTO JamIXMe.
C HapOA CaAOH 11 CbCTaBa

npenbAlleH

aa

CbAa HJn.SlXMe ABe CMeAa, MaKeAoHCKlI

neCHH: "MaKeAOHHH HH 30Be" HapOAe" . AaA°xa KaMHOHeTKaTa CpOK'hT MCKOBB,
HU B JaTBopa.

H "Sop6a

KpaTKO CBl1J'KA8HeC pOAHTeAHTe 11 DaK C paJAH'·leH. Ha. nOB€lJeTO OT

na

npHCbAHTe 6ewe BacI1A€B AeBKoB,

Hac, KaTO HenbAHOAeTHH, C HJKAlOq€HMe

na: Araxac
MexMeAoB

ARreAOB KaHHa6S1xa

Aces

fOCHH

TapA/KH€B, AHreA KaKTO CAeAsa:

Kaparaaes

H Cnac

lllaAeB,

HM 6ewe

MaAeHa DO eAHa TpeTa

qaCT 01'

npHC'hA.aTa. OC'hAeml rOA.

Araaac AHreAOB MCKOBD -10

Feoprn

COTHPOB A.yKJtr.WB -

6

rOAHHI~ H

8 xecena

Aceu BacHAeB Aesxoa

-

3 rOA. 2 rOA., 2 M. H 20 ARH 2 1'0.0,., 2M. H 20AHH 2 rOA., 2 M. 11 20 ASH

Cnac Kp'hCTeB nHCOD Aasap EAaroeB TOTliH MapHH Aarexos

Bapezen -

Feopra

non ARreAOB -

2

rOA., -

AAeKCaHA'I:>pKOHROS -

2 rOA.,

2 M. H20 2 M. H 20
-

AHH ASH

THMHJO A,l-iMHTPOB 3anpeB AHreA Keperaaes

2 rOA·, 2 M. 1I 20 ,AHH

fOCHH MexMeAOB KaHTapi\lKHeB

2 roz,

1 rOA. H 6 M.
OT 7 M. He HM 6ell1e 3a"leTeH, '!a aa pa3MHC'I:>A 11 nCHXHlJeCKa HaKa3aHH.9:Ta,HaAO)KeHH HM 01'

Cnac Illaxes - 6 M.
npeABapHTeAliH.II.T apecr npHC'hAHTe C TOBa HH ce yroAeMSlaaxa.

B sersopa

AOMAe BpeMe

nOAfO'!OBKa, sa Aa H3Tbpnl1M

22

6'l.JU'apCKOTO npesocsaae.

)KHBOT'bT aanoxna Aa npo'raxa

nex

MOHOTOHHO MeJKAY'1eTHpHTe crpaaa.

B SeBpOKOnCKHlI 3dTBOP

npecrosxxe eAHa rOAHHa H nrecr Meceqa. Tosa npoA'bJ\J!UI AO 2 as ryer , 1948 rOA. Ta3H caerneaa aa Hac, MaKeAOH1\HTe,AaTa
e AeH aa pa3MHC'bA H npeKAOHeHHe npez, rrasrerra HHe nax pemaxxe Aa npaaaynaxe
If

caMO-

>KepTBaTaaa RhHHA€H1\H. ITo CAyqaH Ta3H HCTOpM"IeCKaAaTa C'bC C'bOTseTHd nporpaxa. MaXeAOHH.ll CM

B 1948 rOA )JOElI APyr BSlT'bPB OTHOlIIeHMSITana }QrOCAaBHJ1
C'bC COQHaAHCTWiIeCKH.ll Mrep. OCTaBalIIe C'bC csmare 3a Hac o6a'l€ np06AeMH. OTKAOH€HHe OT H36paHHJ1 np>KeCTDO C nec-

II'bT He MOJKelIIe Aa HMa. HHe sanosnaxxe

HH. 3aTBOp'bT 3af'bpMJ1 OT rxaca ae HCTHHaTa, }fa KO.llTO ce 5l1XMe 06p€KAH. ITocAeABaxa AeKAaMaI{HH see B T03n AYX,

Kero 'lyxa
npeaynpeasr

TOBa, HdA3HpaTeAllT€ BeAHara H3TH'laXa Aa HH Aa crrpex np>KeCTBOTO. Ho HHe npOA'hlIJKaH aero nporomrxxe.

saxne. AOHAe fAaBHHlIT H8A3HpaTeA, HO ane He orcr-snaxsre. AoiiAe AHpeKTOp'l.T -

Karo BHAlIXa, 'Ie
Hac,

ca 6e3CHAHH Aa ce HaAO>KaT,AHpeKTOp'bT DOBHKa B'bOp'b>KeHa MHAll1\Hll, KO.llTOHaX'bATa C HaCOqeHH aBTOMaTl1 cpelIlY YCII.llXa Aa HH HaTHKaT B xapuepa. TaM 6l1XMe Ha6A'bCKaHI1 eARH AO APyr. ITpOA'bA>KH;XMe AeKAar.laI{HH, KOHTO H3D'bAc mlBawe MapHH Bap8AeB, a ocraaexare rreexxe THXO, se Aa 5'bAe H3II'bAHeHHeTO no - ecpeKTHo. B xapnepa npecrosxxe ABe AeHOHOlIlHJl. MAdAOCTTa e HenOOeAHMa. 3a Po.AHHaTa .BCH'lKO! C'bA6aTa aa p06ae >KeCTOKa. CAYWaAH OllXMe sa >KeCTOKOCTlITe f'bP1\Hjl H C'bp6HH, KOHTOca rrpaxerexa, a H B B E'bAl'apHlI HMaxMe HeIl\aCTHeTO Aa H3ITHTa!l1eB'l.PXy HaIIIHH fp'b6. Ta3H aama nocr-srrxa IIPHHYAH BAaCTHH1\HTe Aa ce aa oT'bpSaT OT Hac, HO no TaK'l.B HatlI!IH, tie Aa ce ssnoaaa

23

A'bIll'O, IlIe HII 3anO'IHa sa

DOMWrr HaWHTe AeI\a H BH~H. aa MlfH, HH

VI TaKa TpareAHJITa
paao IIpH30pH no CaMO ABaMa. C'b6epeM 6ara.JKa,

4. 8. 1948 fOA. Cyrpanra
611xMe npHHYAeHH p'h~eTe OT3t\A BaRbAe.

10-15 Haaspaexa

Aa ca

C B'hJKeTa ABaMa 3anO'IHa

HaxB'hpAHXa paxa. HeceM M3IIHTaHMe.

HH B eAHH Kal\1HOH KaTO JKHBOTHH H HH IIOAKae{l,HO rOMMO sa Hac
Ii Aa ro

HUKOR He snaeure

Bsxree

{l,h'bJKHM Aa ro

nocpemaex

noKOllTO

C AOCTOHHCTBO, KaKTO nOBeAllBawe npee, HOJKa H eBaHreAHeTO. HH orxapaxa ce xaasame xpaxe're, lOCHH {l,eHll II rp.

KAeTBaTa,

AdAoXMe B aeraopa OT HeBpOKon crarnaxsre MemeHHe, creaa. KoeTO

Paaxor.

OTTaM C BAaKa AerHem, orcpemaare B HeBH 'Ie He Hli He

AO TlAOBAHB. Hacrarraxa

HH B e{l,Ho THeHO ]]0-

"erenao". a rH BAHfam

Karo
no

MOJKem Aa orrsaem

TyK

611XMe caxo aarncp: TIpe3

9 '10BeKa, a OCTaHaAHTe KaHTapAJKHeB, GeIIle AHreA TOAKOBa ropen;o,

poxoncxas craranre aa

Kaparaaea

Cnac Lllaxes.
CMeH}! aa Aa

B"b3{l,YX Ii ce 3t\AymaBaXMe, 6eme TaM

Haaaraure

ce no ~aJI. AeH OXAaJKft,aMe noexxe noDOA C

pa31>1aXBaMe c eAHO IldATO rOMMO. aeropa.

H Aa

B'b3Ayxa . .I13TomeHMeTO BAaKa

OT lliOBAMB HliKOH aeme, 3aTSOp. TaM Ha

Crape
MEoro

MHAHD;H.IlTa ce

craece HM xaaa

'I 0 Benllm.

Pa.3pell1HXa 'Ie

HH Ad CM Kj'llHM

or KOaTO

ocraaaxxe cexper, aaropa

AOBOAHH. EA,HH MHAHI\HOHep B IlAeBeHcKHH OPHXOBu~a. 3aTBOp. He Eli s OT A'hpBeHH~H.

3aMHHaBaMe He MHrHdXMe B n~eBeHCKHH KaTO

en

Crapa
AeH TaK'hB H H Hac.

OTHAOXMe B

I'oprra

npeuouryaaxxe. CAeAsamHll B aersopa,

IJ,HAd aout 611XMe Be'le OCTaHaXNe crpanrea aanosaexe

Karo

BAll30XMe

srpenteaa. CTpOHxa

61'1XMe BllJKAaAH e{l,Ha peaaua 3aXaHHTeAHO

aarsop.

Ha ABopa rAaBH.

Ul.aTeAHa npoaepxa aa aaruopa

na 6ara.JKa.

Ofiacxnpaxa

Oxpaaara
BeAoxa

ncsxanrexa

no-

HH aarope

no .lKeAe3HHTe CT'hA611, KOHTO aoaexa

K'hM

24

CTpdllIHl1T€ eAliH

KHllHH

aa

Y€AJiHeHlie.

Hacraaaxa

HM eAHH

no

B OTAeAHH KliAHH,

6e3 BCHKaKBH KOHTaKTH. 065ICHeHHe MaCH'l.Ka, MaA"bK H or CfiHl.OTO

OT HHKOH sa HHIn;O.

B KliAH5ITa HMallie AerAO C JKehe3HH Aa~mpHHH,
CTOA H eTaJKepKa HaBHCOKO, re He6e. npeJ Ha sparara aa

creaara,

Flposoperrsr
npes 6or,

6ellIe

Hero HMame

ce BHJKAallie llII1HOHKa, Kpail.

CaMO xacr

KOHTO Aa HM HaGHH"m MaMKa, H.!IMa 6erne caMO B C T5I HM

AJOAaBaT. TOBa e nOhO:lKeHHeTO. MHAOCT. AaAe'l OT POA€H

Hsxe

MdKeAoHH5I TP5I6BdllIe JaTOBa 5llxa Aa

cspnare
soaenre,

HM M AaAM In;:5IXMe Ad .!I BMAJiM, He JHaeXMe. T5I HM xaxame OT cexorare. H SHe HaAH e

liJA1:.PJKHM no - crpanrao

I1eHaTa aa BCH'lKM HeCrOAJi Ii llHrueHHll. HdKaJaHHe rapCKHr€ rp5l6Ba Hsxaxxe aapsxae. 6ellIe

Haxa

C1:.3AaAM 5DAH Kp"bCTa

A)KeAaTH T03M P€JKHM. H.!IMa KHHrM, HJl~1a BeCTHMlIH.

C1:.ID;UHCKH etA.

Texen a

MaKeAoHcKdTa

rOMOTa

Aa ro nouecex. Aa ce HH)KdT B T5!rOCTHO eAHoo6pa3He. He pasro+ CheA TIo C liH eAHH DO eAHH AO TOaAeTHaTa. 6€llIe no npea M03aiilKa. nvrexa B"bJMOJKHOCT Ad ce BHJKAdMe. C naxoro J..13Be*Aaxa asxame

A,HHTe aanosaaxa

H3BeCTHO spexe xaoro I.:lllA AeH raMe. 6ellIe

H)"KAa H Aa XOAHM, 3arn;OTO xpaaara nanpea H HaJetA eAHa

OCK"bAHd. TIOA"bT aa KliAHHTe MeTpa. He HH noaaoxaaaxa

KP"bCTOCBalli

A1:.A:lKHHd rpH xpaaao

AeH5I Aa All-

Ilposepaaexe
nanspsa

HH nOCTOHHHO OT llIDHOHKara. HAM 3p"bHIIa cpacYA. XAll6

Xpanare

Hen"bAHOu;eHHd. EAso xepnaxe HeAO$1)i(AaHe Hll H3Torn;asame

'1op6a. 11 H5IKOAKO no 250 r. TOBa CTHrHa ce npes, florheAa MHoro.

nepxenrte

XpOHH'leCKO

AOTaM, 'Ie xoraro ~1H npHT"bMBJJBallie cnoxasx MH sasaeme:

C€A5! H HCKdM Aa ce aanpaas,

M netAax, AOKdTO MM paJMHHe. OTHOCHO xpaaera

Bnaara ca
M 6arn;a

KdK BK"bID;H KdnpH3HH'leX "3aru;OTo

He CM BHA5!h rAetA, Aa TH npHT"bMH.lIBa

25

npez, TaTKO.

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11
Aa

ere

TOBa

MM ce

CJ\.yq11.

Ilpaa
CH

e

5MA

M05IT

DpeM HllKaKbB KlWiH.

HH 38

yeAHHllT, KOHT8KTH

orne

Ha

Allopa

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no

H8'1HB

C T03M,

KORTO TM e coceA

Heruo K8TO Mop30Ba a36yxa. TOBa 3dnO'lHaxMe Aa ro npuaarexe, HO 6bp30 HH OTKpI1Xa, nOHeJKe KaTO qyxHeIll no CTeHaTa, ce q)'Ba OT paacrosaae, He HM 6eIlle paspeureao Ad DOJl.yqaBaMe 11 Aa DMllleN IlHCMa. B D'hAHa H30Aa.IJ;l1Jl[ B"bnpeKH
qe nOAyqaBaxMe nOCTaBHXMe DO

250

r Hd AeH, eTd)KepKaTa KoM

aa KdNlBaHe 11

XJI.ll6a na Aa

nHJI.

aa

xapaxrepa Ha6A1OAaBeqepTa.

AeH ro

saxxe
TaKoB

5e3 5eme

nocernex

Hero.

J1AlJXMe 'laK

JKHllOThT HM MeCeI:jH BapeA. pOAHTeAH He anaexa K'hAe ce HdMMpaMe. 3dIlHTBdAH CMe HHKOH Hd

Heurara
He 5ewe aaraopa lIHHH'IHO

m1
CMBtIO MM

05J'lCHHA.

Koraro

AMpeKTopd

Tynapoa KoAe orroaepaa: "K'hAeTO
TpeTI1J'l Mecell CMdTpaKaAeB.

H3npaTeHI1,

TOM HaM-

3aCAy>KaBdT, MaJiKa KaTO

TaM rM U3nCOI'opao

parnxxe''.
AHHTa

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MOllTa TbM

OTHWAa rrpa or

MHX8HA ro

U TOM e

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lI01>WAHAd Aa KdJKe K'hAe CMe , aa Ad AOMA8T Ad HM TOM Ka3M, HHK'hAe 'Ie CMe s IIAeBeHCKHSl oTKbAe 3aTBOp, aaae, HO H

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eAMH AeH HM OTBap9.T KHAHl-ITe H eAJ:Hi CheA B crasre aa cBM)KAdHe.

HM 3aBe)KAaT

Karo

OTHAOXMe TaM AeBeT

KaKED Aa

BHAHM.

Ha

orcpeutaara norJl.eA

CTeHa 3aCTaHdAH B HdC, KaTO 'Ie

pa3lIAdKdHM

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He MordT

Ad []03Bd9.T pO)KAeRHHTe toae, AeTO BH)l(Aaxa.

CM 'ldAa.

Te npOCTO 6S1xa OHeMeAH OT aa OTmeAHI1I(M or

BJJXMe 3dlIpMAlNdAH

fJl.aA M aaroineaae. OIlHTBaXMe aamero DHCOB. Aa rH

Hue csmo ce
OrypdJKHM, DocJl.eAeH ce HO AoiiAe

BfAe)KAaxMe BHA'LT aa HM

B nIX 11 ce 5erue npOTI:lB

JKeAaH11e. TOH

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Cnec

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26

H3fOHH,

KaTO ro

AHiliH

OT CBHJKAaHe C KAeTaTa CH MaHRa,

KaKBa JKeCTOKOCT! KaKBO 6e3'10Be'lHei T03H }"!Cac. Tal'! '10BeR e HH~O. 'IecKHI Chell. Ta3H rporarexae no nOAy<lHXMe xpaas RHAH}!Te, a HaIIIHTe AaAll m;e onexeex, CH, Te ca noexa nHpHH u "J"eJKKll npanra npoxeaa, OT HefOBlITe

Caxo KOHTO e MHHaA

npea G'hArapCKHTe 3aTBopH no TOBa spexe, MO>Ke Aa nO'lYCTBa YHHJKeH AYXOBRO H CPH3HC M.HAHTe EH pOAHTeAH, Hac HH B"hpHaxa no pa3llAaKdHH C MllC"hATa na fOPAH.!! cpema

TpH KHAOrpaMa,

MaHKH ocraaaxa

AaAJi me ce B"hpHeM 3APaBH no AOMOBeTe oGpaTRo, aa Aa 3aHeCaT n03ApaBH 3aTBOp}!. 'laA,a, OKOBaHH aa T.RXHOTOPOAoA1OBue, C CAeA TpHTe Mecen;a K"bM Hac ce ITO MaHKH, pe)KHM"bT

no 6"bArapcKHTe

CBHJKAdHeTO C aamare 3anO'lHaxa no xapero.

Aa HH H3Be)KAaT no ABH:>Kex.."fe ce

15 MHE. na pa3B KP"hf eABB

XOAKa B ABopa peaara croenre

eABR, Ha pa3CT051HHe 5 - 6 MeTpa, H8A3HpaTeA Ha6A1OAaBaxa namero 6"hAe npez, Il"hPBOTO HH TOIlAHHa. IIOBeAeHH€, aa

sa Aa He en rOBopHM. norAeA"bT HH TpliBBame HIlMa HHKOH Aa APyrapH

TIo
Aa ce

C nOMO~HHn;H,

KOHTO 30pKO 3a6paBli CA"hH'IeBa KOlITO MapHH

ceGe CM, B 3eM5lTa. Haxora
H3BeJKAaHe pa3XOAKa. aa Aa ,11,0 Kp"hCTa, xero Aaaap

C"h6.11J1KOXafOAH 611xa no - n"bAlHl, liM aacema axanre

IlOqYSCTBaT

KaKBH rexa

ce noxaaaxa,

ocoosao

Ha TeslI,

Toran,

Crrac Ilncos,

Bapaaen, Bsxa TOAKOBa M3M"hpillaBeAH,
nOAyJK1IBM ceHKM ce BAaqeXMe no

"Ie KO)l(aTa na TeAdTa KOCTH. KaTO HH CaMO B oxare

KaTO 3aBeCM, 3aA, KOHTO npoaapaxa xapero.

HllKaK"bB 6A51C"bK,KOHTO aapaaaaeure CHAll MOJKB 611 '1epIleXMe

JKaJK,ll,asa JKHBOT. H y6eJK-

Teaa

OT TB"bPAaTd sape

AeEHe B npaaorera CA}'JKHM, T03H ollie MHora

aa HAeHTe, Ha KOHTO ce 611.XMe06peKAH Aa peJKHM npoA"hIUKH HMe E"hp3aruKH, CH, Be,II,H"bJKce pasXOlK,ll,axMe M DO

M1:.'lFlTeAeH H HeqOBeWKH

MeceQH. CnoMHflM

Kotprero

(noMoJ..QHHK- Hd,II,3HpaTeA

27

KpllMMHaAeH CHfYPHO

THn)

M3BHKa: "BrurreB, 6eme

fAeAai1

npez,

cetiecnl"

aa BCHliKH

rOAl{Ma H3HeHaAa

CIIOMeHaTOTO

HMe. 3Ha"l:H uamasr OTAeAeHi'le. no }"ll1T€M

)"I1·ITeA e C'b~O TyK, B HaKa3aTeAHOTO

T03H HatIl:IH H HHe IlpeAM3BI1KBaxMe HaA3M-

paT€AHTe Aa C1l0MeHaBdT HaIllHT€ JIMeHa. BHTe }"l€HHUH ca T)'K. no - K'bCHO ce

Texa

nOMOfHaXMe na lie H HeroB o6ll1HR

(KOl1TO HH CBaAH 3HaM€TO) Aa paseepe,

C'b6paxMe

pe>KHM B aaraopa. EAHd CyrPHH K'bN

xpas

aa IUeCTlliI M€Ce~ np€A sparera H Me sanare: "A06p€ "Heme Aa C'bM, HSlMa

ce H3np€tIH AHpeKTOp'hT Ha aarnopa KdJK€rn, Aa ce onxanenr?". cAeA AP),!a C€ orsepsxa Ba)"lHX

A3 orroaopax: BCJ1'.IKHKHMlll,

OT KaKBO Aa C€ OTIAalw". TIoBeqe B'bnpOCl:! HHMaIU€. tJYB €. Flocxe am XA€H'IeA sa aa OT ApyrapMTe m.npoca Harne

Taxa

€ABa

1'10 paaroaop

He ce

CH, 'I.e OTrOBOpHT€ na HHKoi1 He B6eCMAO. ro

3dAdA€HHTe OT AHpeKTopa

6HM1 csnnrre, AbplKdHl1e

MHAOCT. TOBa

Br-t€CTO Ad npOMeHH peIKHMa', sarnoro

HdKa3dHHeTO HH e 6HAO

6

lI'leC€:n;a,TOH HM ro YA'bAlKdBd aa Ollie

3

xecena.

Hanrero

A'hplKdHH€ TO nOApa3HHAo M CMeTHaA, tIe CMe HelIOnpdBH.MH. Ha A€B€TM5I M€C€U 651xMe oTBeAeHl1 B o6~I:I np-scaaxa cellae. no Pd3AMtJHH CTaM. T)'K De'le M5IHaTa OT yeAIiH€HH€ OpH€HTHpaxMe KHAMH, KaTO 1m 6em€ APyrO. fIpo-

K'b~1 06111 peIKHM C"lIHTaXMe se cnace 6'hP30 B 06CTdHOBKdTa, 3d~OTO 3aA 06dAHXMe I1.HrneM no ce aa eAHO

T'bp6a CH HMdXM€ no ABe M nOBe'l€ rOAI1HH 3aTBOp. Y.oBeK'hT e TaKOBa C1>meCTBO,KoeTO ce npacnocoeasa, pOAHTeAHTe CM. Paapemaasure J(OAeT c xpana. 06l:QHT€ HH ce Aa

I1.Ii.Cl\lOHa TpM Mece:n;d H Aa nOAyqaBaMe no Tpl1 KHAOrpaMd TOBa HH 1l0AKpeOH, ra ce CbB3€XMe nOC1'eK.HAHIi 6Hxa npeHaC€A€HM. BceKH AeH ce neHHO <pH3HtJecKH. np€MepBaXa no 30 - 40 CM sa Al{faHe H TO BMHdrH nacrpeaa.

28

Axo

ncxani

Aa ce o61,pHew

H Aa

xeraem aa

APyraTa

crpaaa,

TpH6Ba U"bPBO Aa ce H3XAY3Heur IrnAMH 5erne

HeAOAy. CpeAaTa

B 06nvne

pesaopoaae

no B1:.3paCT H y6eJKAeHI1H. npeAcOrn,e B Ha'laAOTO K'hM Hac, HO HHe He

roeure
eARo

liH On03HaBaHe HeraTHBHO Aa

eAM" C APyr.
HH

npoxasa

npeAy6eJKAeHlle 06H.;lKAaT,

MaKeAoHUHTe.

M"b.JKHM,

Iloaaoxasexa en ccoeeao

ocrasaxxe
ce Aa CMeTKa

no aau;HOHaAHHR B1:.UpOC. CTpeMJIXMe B OTROWeHH5ITa CH, HO BCs:JKa rOAHHa
B llfu'feT

61:.AeM KopeKTHH MaKeAoHcKHlI

naxora sa npaaexxe
3afHHaAMTe MCKOB

aa

napoj,
CKPOMHO
B HaI.\M-

Kero

3dA"bJI)KeHHe

B1:.3IIOMeHaHHe

aa 2 asrycr

aa

OHfuUlOOCB06oAMTeAHHTe

6op6H.

Araaac

xaasanre no
3aTBOp-

Ap.1a nocpeniame
HilKO>!

H ce

nosepnaexxe
lIAeHHa

C DO eABa AHMOHdAa. KaK ce

TOBa He 3HaR, 3aD..\OTO MeJKAY ApyrHTe Bp"b3Ka.

HI1I.\):I Al!llCBarue 3a

Bsxa xopa

C pa3AM'IHH

y6e>KAeHHSi H HHTepeCH.

aame oropveaae MeMAY 3aTBopHHIU·lTe HMaWe MHoro KOHTO 6lITa CAYJKHAH B MaKeAOHH.lt no spexe H1I oxynauasre npes 1941 - 1944 rOA. C TliX BAH3aXMe B OCTP" cnopose. Orspantanaxxe ce OT ~eAaTa HM. 4ecTo 6HBaxMe
nOAMuaH. 06HJKAaHH H nC)'BaHH AyqaBaxMe B 3aCAYJKaBarue

aa MaHKa MaKeA.oHcKa.
60AKa,

Or TOBa noHe

rOAllMa AymeBHa

aamoro

Ta3H M"b'lemru,a

npanorara
ITo -

rasa o6HAa. ua aaunrre
HH

TOBa ollie

nosese liM y6e)KAaBarne
pa3AM'IMH A3 B 9THHH

HAeH. MMaXMe aa

qeCKOTO CaMaC"b3HaHHe.
nCHO

aacraanxa

paeora.

Araaac

MCKOB, Aa

rroaesce

6lITMe

c no - rOAeMH npHC1:.AM, nccrsnaxxe OCTaHaAMTe 3aHiUlT. 61Ixa H3npaTeHH 3aaHrallUlpaHH, OT aarsope.

B A'hpBOAeAcKaTa

pa60THARHI\d.

oBAdASiBaT KOlilHH'IapCKID1 liM

Taxa

BpeMeTO HM MHHaBarue AeKH npHC'bAM,

no - AeKO. Ha Te3M. KOHTO 51Ixa C noH H3Al130Xa

AoFiAe BpeM9TO

29

OCTClliaXMe paeora

HHe

C ATaHaC KapKaAdHOB 06Il\yaaxMe npecroaxxe

MCKOS.

BceKH

AeH

XOAeXMe ae npn Hac

11 6'hP30

oSACIA5IXMe 3aHMlTa. or C.

Do - nCHO Bente

AOHAe H I'aoprn 3aTBOp nax APyrap. APyrH

Temeac, B

OC'bAeH ae saraopa 3aTBop,

8

rOA. H

no MaKeAOHCKHTe pa60TH. Hero MdKeAoHH.II,

6YAeH H 'IeCTeH uMawe

C

nOCTOl1HHO.

OT DHpHHcKa

HO C Tl1X HHMaxMe KOHTaKTH. 6SlXMe B MeJKAY KaKBO ce C'bC HaI.\HOHaAHCTH. TexHHe JKHBeeXMe

KOAKOTO BpeMe HenpeCTaHHH Hac. B aaurare 3dAP}')KH0 K'bM B'bl.\osAPyr, KOHTO

B nAeBeHCKHl1

cnopoae

C 6'bArapCKHTe

HHTe nOCThDlCH aaxonasexa

see no - fOA.IIMa nponacr H.!lMame. Bne'laTAeHMe. Ha'l8AHHK.

n03HI.\I151 KOAe5aHHe

H TOsa HM npaaeme pa60THAHHf\aTa Cbll.\HHCKH AKo rnrre

Haxame

Aa AeAHM. MaKeAOHlI5I Beme BeAHaIa

e eAfja sa BCH'lKH pOAeRH B nes. HMame

Keaaaure
ca

CdAMCT B

OTHOmeHH5ITd

3aTBOpHHUHTe. r-spceme

BHAH, 'Ie H)iKOH ce sacxee aa KaKBO rOBopRT. i1.Mame npez, C aarnopnamrre
Ii MHoro

HAlf fOBOPH C

B'bB BCJIKa nocr'snxa AOHOCHHI.\H, 6133 P'bKOBOACTBOTO na

nOBoA aa HaKa3aHlIe. KJ\eBeTSIXa

pa60THA1HluaTa. Aa paseepa €lARa 'leTBbpT B

Taxa
cyx

aa 611X HaKa3aH

15

AeHa xapuep, nax

aa KaKBO TO'lHO. PeJiGl:~~'bT na sapnepe

BKJ\lO'lSaWe OTHAOX B BpeMeTO, B

XA.116 aa AeH. CAeA xapuepa
05CTaHOBKa AO

A'bpBOAeACKaTa pa60THAHHu;a. TaKas a TJIfOCTHa MliHasarue AOKaTO AOHAe AeHJIT, B KOHTO TpJI6Barue IlAeBeHCKllJI nOHeJKe nO'lT'M tuscr re xaxa 3aTBOp npeCTOSIX He HH npxaaexe Aa 61:.Aa oCBo60AeH. apecr,

9 AeKeMBpH

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H3ThpO;:rx

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rOAHlHI 3aTBOp. B OHe3H Mpa'lHH OT 3aTBopa

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TI-lK)'1laxa TaKa arenr,

Te OCS060JKAaBdT, a aa nopraxa

aa Aa Te H311paT)iT OTHOBO B xarep. no - TelKKH.

A TaM

YCAOBHSITa aa JKllBOT ca 0Il\e

OCBo6oJKAdBaHeTO

30

MH na AOMa.

9 AeKeMBpM
l'iO)l(e

He 6erne Aa ce

rapasnas, OIlHJIJe

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me

ce

.B'bpHa y B"M.Hyaa aa OT H.lIKOH rrsr,

EABa lUI 'IOBeK, xorsro cB06oAa. aanrera Ho Aa Me noryna rpyna CAeAJIamaTa

KaKBO 'l)'BCTBO

npexpasa

npara

aa aaraopa,

sa Aa H3Ae3e

AOKaTO ce B'hpHa B saraopa

y

AOMa, IJOCTOHHHO osaxsex

no paNOTO H Aa MH IlOKa)J(e 06paTHH.II OCTaHa caxo

Araaac

MCKOB.

Ha

1953 rOAMEa K'hM Mecen; asrycr

M3Ae3Ha H TOll. B CeBepHa Ha'lHH oall KOCH. Aa ce TOH My AO-

T'hH KaTO HerORHTe pOAHTeAH OHxa H3ceAeHH

B1oA.fapHH, He My 6erne paspenreuo o6fINI oerne B aaraopa,

Aa ce B"lopHe B POAHOTO CH

C€AO. CAeA KaTO CM AOllAOX BK"loIlJ,H, as npcHx sa Aa C'bOOJIUl, 'Ie C"loMCH HaHBHOCTTa na €AHB rpynos OHBJIJ napTH3aHHH H pefiorare R51KOAKOpeAa C aeacxpeuo BOAeR OT Rero

orrosopaax

Y -

AOMa. 113noA3Bax

11 MEoro

CAOBOOXOTAHB. nHCax H T. H.

c"loA"lop)l(aHHe, 'Ie C"LM MHoro B aaraopa

Karo

nOAY"'HA B pa6oa se

ImCMOTO, TOll nO'lHaA Aa ro 'IeTe THAHHqaTa. C ~fOeTO H306peTeHHe KaKTo AeKeMBpH nocpemna xasax, npacraraax 6Jlx OC80ooAeH

aa 38TBOpHHL\HTe L\eJl.Ta 6erne aa BK'hIllH.

nOCTHra8Ta.

9 AeKeMBpH,
ManKa

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MH Me

aa cT'bA6HTe C npOC1>.I\.3eHl-lOT paAOCT 0'111. Bsxa Me

3apOORIUI KaTO AeTe. JKHB M 3ApaB. aerpaaa. 3a

Bpsmex

ce CAeA 6 r0Al-HIH: MH TOBa 6erne

npoxeaen,

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pOAHTeAHTe HeIllO

MHoro.

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rOIlJiMO Hanpe)J(€HHe.

Al1e

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Aa O'bAaT H3c€AeHH.

BCH'1KO Tona re nOH€CAH CTOH'IeCKH, C"hC CKpHTa oxpaaa T€3H, KOllTO HCKax8 Aa MHHaT aa aama cnaCIUeAH. )KHBOT'bT MHcrO OT Morrre MH nOTetJ€ M'btJHTeAHO H CKY'lRO. Hsnanre APyrapH. EARH 6.IIXd 3a6erHaAH

Ha sanez,

31

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H aaraopa,

B aTMOC¢epaTa Ha

cello ce QYSCBawe Hal1peJK€HHe. BOAerue ce 60p6a sa one ~ MlBaHe. BlfAllXMe ce caMO C Aaaap TOTllH. CAeA H5IKOAKO Mece~a Me B3exa TpYAOBaK,ra If TaM oxoxo ABe rOMHH. Taxa 'Ie ne 28 rOAHHH CIi! 6J'1x HaH~ cerae BK"bIl.\H. Cera D"bK ce J'lBHXaApyrH TPYAHOCTIi - 60p6a 3a XNI6. K"bAeTOIi Aa DOHCKax paeore, orxeaaaxa MH. Haxapax BHHarH sa ]]0 H5IKOAKO Mece~a H TO 'lepHa paeore. no - A06pe sepaa pa60Ta, BMeCTO sepaa C'bB€CT. Koraro "I0BeK H.IIl>lalIl:I'lHa HKOaOMIi!Ka,TOR e 3aDHCHM.C'hA6aTa My e B psnere aa aesacra xopa, xosrro ce ornrraar Aa ro H3HYABaT H Aa ro )'HHJKaT. CAa60XapaKTepHHTe xopa 61·maxa npHHyJKAaBaHH Aa rrpesynsr, xapexrepa peoore a APYTHTe xarpyaaxa na nonxocra. H ra xaxexa, CH. CaMO KOHTOce crpaxysa H cpaaysa

no-

ce

BceKH cnopez, OT qepHa

e cnccooes

Aa

6"bAern 3Apaa H Aa pa-

60THllJ CPH3H'l scxa pafiora e rOMlMo YAOBOACTBHe. YAOBOACTBHe e A?- TBOPlillJ HeIlJ;Oaa (e6e CH H aa 061I1eCTBOTO. EAHH AeH 3aeAHo C MOIi npnsrex CTO.llH MOCKOB aa+ paMJlXMe paaamrre H 6'h'lBapCKH HHCTpYMeHTH H OTHAOXMe Aa n.pCHM paeore B POAOIHlT€.TaM ce opranrraapeme nyxn sa MaMiHI:l H n6H. T'hH KaTO HHMaXMe xaaprnpa, H3BeCTHO BpeMe ce 3apHBaxMe B ceHOTO aa ropcxoro CTOllaHCTBO K"bM C. CaTOB'la. KOOnepall;l-I.HT€nxsniaxa Ao6pe, ra noaexe OT 15 J"OAHHI:l OAex Aa pa60TJ'I KaTO 6'hlJBap. OKOIlO 9 rOAHHH paX 60Tex no CKAilAOBeTeae ACO - rp. Fone Aell'leB. Ilpea 1974 rOA,HBa nocr-snax KaTO AOMal<HHI('hM PafloHHaTa rroTpe6HTeAHa KOOIlepa~)1H, OTK'hAeTOce neacaoanpex. AoKYMeHTlITe, c KOHTOce neacaonapex, C"bA"bpiKaxa 30 06pa3~H N 31, 01' 'lHHTO 6poM ce C'bAHHa KOAKOBpanl C"bMXAOJIaA.

Koraro ce B'hPHax OT aaraopa, ce OJKeHHX. /KeHa MH
6ellle yqHTeAKa. Ao6HxMe CM ABe A'hlIlepH. BK'bIUH BCH'lKO

32

nporaueure

HOpMaAHO. TpYAHOCTHTe 6HXa npeOAOMlBaHl-l C

06~H YCHAHH.Maaaxa AocTa rOAnHH OT aaraopa. A,pympJilTe, KonTO 6Hxa OTJillIIAll nOBTopHO no AarepH H 3dTBOPH,ce 6Hxa Betle 3a,B'bpHaAH.:>KHBOT'bTOTHOBOHH c'b6pa, pa36Mpa ce C Te3Ji1, OHTO6l1Xa OCTaHaAHTYK, B rpaaa, cera C HOBOHMe K I'oue AeAtleB. 3anotmaxMe xozexxe nax Aa ce cperuaxe. KOAeKTHBHo no HMeHHH AHn, HO Beqe ceMeHHo. lJ,eATa HH 6ellle

C'bCC'hBCeN HeBJilHHHnpossa Aa ce nOM'bp>Ka AYX'bT MeJKAY xopara. Ha Te3H c6npKM BMeCTOCAOBOce neexa caao MaKeAOHcKH necaa, B noaexero cAY"IaH C peBOJUOlI,HOHHa re e no - rOMMa
r-

MaTHKa. CHAaTa aa MaKeAoHcKaTa necaa

or

XB'bpAeHa 60M6a. DeCHHTe 6mca TOMOSa CHAHll no AYX H C'bA'hp>KaHHe,se TOBa He ce xapeca na ynpeaxaaanrare. Te CAeAHxaBCHKOaaine ABH>KeHneH cpamn B rpaaa H OKOAHHTe csxa. A,pa3Heme rH TOBa, 1Je ce C'b6npaxMe. MaKeAOHcKaTd nscea ce 6elie HdAO>KHAaAO rexasa cranea, 'Ie ce neeuie aGcOJUOTHO HaBCllK'bAe. J!iMallie CHAM, KOHTO ce APa3Hexa 0'1' BCH\lKOTOBa. TIpeADpne ce crpamae nOBceMeCTHa aKIJ;HJlaa 3a6paHa ae Te3H onacaa sa 6'hA.raplll,HHaTa necna. KOHcjH'ICKyBaxa ce IIA01.JH.Ilpaaaxaaxa ce xopa B MHAHll,HHTaC lIeA cnaenraaae. BCH"IKO TOBa A,aA,eHHKaK'bB pe3YATaT. HaPOA'bT 6ewe H3>KHBJIAxnoro aetna H ce nxanreme. Te3H MepKH o'r crpaaa aa BAaCTHTe He Hlf crpacxaxa, 3allloTo 6JlX1<le BHAeAH xaoro no - AOlllH neura. 3a Hac 6elie H)'l'KHO noxe sa no - CMeAa H pe3YATaTHa H3JlBa. B MeH H Ha,WHJl06lli npaarex KPYM TOH'IeB 0'1'c. Mocosonne ce 3apoAH HAeHTa 3a oprasaaapese aa eKcKYP3HH B Ilnpana. Ha611paxMe xopa o'r aanrare cpeAH. TOBa ce CAY"IHnpes 1970 rOAHHa. OSiXMeOKOAO35 qOsexa B MeCTHOCTTa KpHBa pexa, OTHAOXMe cyrpaara 11Be"lepTa ce B'bpHaxMe Tlpexapaxxe CH MHoro secexo. J!i3ne-

33

KOXMe ABe

osue. Hanpaanxxe
B Hero H as.

06~a

rpaneaa.

Ha CAeABa~aTa I1HUlIlfaTlf.BHHllT TOTUH, Cnac opraaaanpanre nposna rOAllMa HlOX, xopa, Ha

rOAMEa C'hJAaAOXMe no - Ao6pa KOMBTeT ce paaurapx. TIMCOB, KPYM xopara aKTUBHOCT. TOH'IeB OT c. MocoMH~e

opranasanas. BAlfJaxa: KpYM TOR'IeB

Aasep

H OT c. AeA'leBo. .umrne c6HpKa

Toil

Bcensxo

6ewe

rrpeAaH aa AeAoTo M 6erne rOTOB aa oprexaaaropcxa rOAllM 6pofl

BCllKaKBa CaMO:lKepTBa. vl.J06w.o 3aTOBa H AOBe)!(Adrne rrpa scsxa BceKH or OpraHIIJaIJ.HOHHHll

KOMHTeT 6llxa aa HO~YBKaTa Ha xopara, A3,

nOCTaBeHII 3aAa'l}!. B XOTeAa, 3a11.(OTO TIHCOB MMallle AYKHMOB, Te3H OT rp. T'bll: KaTO paeoreme Cnac

Aaaap Toran
TOH paeoreuie 3aAa'la R'bM cHa6AHx AeAQeB. peJYATaT

ce rpHJ:KeWe

K'bM TOBa npeznpaarae. npesoae sa Hiie BCWlKH npeanpaarxe.

Aa noacarypn rpaacnoprno xpaaare 3aAa'lH, na A06pa

I'eopru
H xopa

npHC'bCTBa~H. MHoro AliIlCBarne H necnn.

OCBeR

KORKpe1HH

opremeaapaxree
aaxepa He

Fone
B B

Arauac
OROAO

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roraax. H3BeAeM

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xoaexe.

MOJReXMe Aa

Flapnne
nporpaxa K9AOHHl'I. AaRHe.

150

C'bOTBeTHa

C'bC cxoao,

CTHXOTBopeHHll

BCH'IKO 6erne

opraaaaapaao BceKH

H HaCO'leHO B eAHa ll;eA ce oraoaaxa 0614l1ll B Te3H 'IaCOBe H3:lKliBHBarne HAeH.

B HMeTO Ha MaRe14aTa nOCBoeMY, -

Xopara

C rOTOBROCT II c rOAl'lMO :lKe-

HO ce qYBCTBawe BeIDe sapeaa

CTpeMC)!( K'hM eAHa 3aBeTHa qeA

Aa C1:>XpaHHM nannrre c xopa

C'b60Ta, xorero

ce H3HeCOXl'Je C KaMHOHH, HaTOsacr.

H Ma1'epHaAHa sopare aa

Bexepra

HaIIMl:lXMe HHe,

orKOHTO

HbOBe. C BeCeAHe 11 3dKallKH nocpemaexxe opraaaaapexxe rrpHIIOBAHrHaTO

na noaaaere, I1dCT'bIIBa1l.(Hll cpema,

a ApyrH AeH. 6HXMe

a XOTeAa, B ocoeeao xy6aBa

1'a3H APyrapcKa nacrpoeaae.

Cyrpmrra

npoaayna

HapOAHa MY3I1Kd, H3II'bAH.HBaHa OT C'hCTaBa, K011:TO6eme C Hac.

34

BceKH ce ABH)KeIll€ 06l!Aa ce f10PAJiUlAOB. xaaaaare, HH3HpaMe npes AHKTaTa aa HH'IeCKa cpenta 6e306HAlIa. HaCT'bIIn noxsna 6bAeM csapa. HR, qe MAlIara neaara, aa BlIx.Me

no nccraaeaare OT SaKyIIHAH

3aAa'UI.

r10AfOTOBKaTa 6aA:

sa

opreaasapa aapssa

MafiCTOp - rorsexa

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Hl'IKOJIKO DBLle. TOH nOCTaBM aa 06SiA HH Aa opra-

MeCOTO H C rOMIMO MailcTopCBO

lJOAHece BKYCHO RAeHe. TOAKOBa

Paasaxxe ce, tIe MO)KaDre xaoro xopa B OBeSH crpanran
scsxa nposaa TOBa Geme BpeMeTO H

spexeaa,

KORTO ce HaKa3BdIlle

na OTKAOHeHHe OT na OHa3H THpa-

Ilaprnsra,
60MHl'I

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sa

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eAHa

cpez, 60pOBa YH3BHMH.

OT XOTeAd, C LleA Aa He oGrua Tpane3a He npecraseme OT Cxonas.

Xopara

B'bB <popMa aa npasO'bI"'bAHHK. OKOAO Hac Kpaft

Aa
A3

C Hac 3aeARo ce BeceAellle

H npzponera.

OCBeAoMHxa

XOTeAa HMa rocrn H

OTHAOX Aa rH nOKaHH. Bsxa MaHKa C ABe AbruepH. IlOKaHaTa
rl'!

Te

C YAOBoAcTBHe npasxa aa Tli.IllHHa H BHHMaHHe.

HaCTaHHXMe

aa TpaH pa-

CAeA Ta3H nOArOTOBKa Tp'bOaTa npoaaysa Ha Tbp)KeCTBOTo

C"hC CHfHaA

npHCbCTBa 6ewe

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Feoprn

AHM"tleB. As ro nOMOAHX OnpeAeAeH saurare M nponanece

TOU Aa BAUTHe casso Ba3APaBHlIa,

a sa cxoso BAHrHa

APyr. Taxa
Thp)I(eCTBeHO Hau xparxa

H CTaBa. AHM'IeB AyMH'fe:

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rOAMHa 6.!!xMe

35 sosexa.

Cera CMe 150, a AorOAHHa Aau 60)l(e HMe. Cnac CheA GeIlle nHCOB rosopa xaaaxa xa aa

Aa G"hAeM TpJ.:! MHAHOHd." sp'sx HOIKOT, cpema. EAJ{OTO CAeA

CAOBa, HO C BCBa lIeA M nOAHTM'leCKO 3Ha'leC'h6HTMSITa na C -

3am.OTO Ta3H HCTOpHqeCKa AaTa C"hBIIdAawe CAOBOTO ce

uaurare
"30B".

HBKOAKO CTllXOTBOpeH1HI. a ApyrOTO

"Enoneara

HO)KOT",

35

OCP!HV1aAl-ldTa'laCT I'eopru oouio xopa, TeqeWe pMNlWe

ce npacr-srtn CheA

RbM oonAd,

BCJ1l.J1Gl CTaHaXa O 6an ce ce aanosaa

MHOro AOBOAHI1 OT BKYCHOTO HAeHe, KOeTO 6e npHrOTBM fIOPAJKHAOB, secexae. nsxa ce neycernc, KaTO ce aaxpemcore 6Rxa ce Heyr.lOpMMM. npH6paXMe MY311KaHTHTe neCHM, npaaexa

Hrpaxa

ce CHMMKM H TaKa BpeMeTO AOBOAHI1 11 OKc Aa crapnre no60pHI1~I1,

Ilpanesep
oc06eHO

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HM rrpe)KI1B.IIHOTO npsa -re B TOBa Mpa'lHO npoana

Te3M ABa AHH". 3a)KHBHXMe H HeBHHHa, KaKTO npea <popMa apexe,

MI1C"h.llTa, <Ie CMe HdMepMAI1, nOKa:lKeM,

MaKap

BeKOBeTe, OT B

TaKa H AHec, M<lK8AOHCIOH!T AYX e .lKHB. Ta3H nama eAHO Cepl103HO AeNleB. ura, saxe !IC ocruua H83a6cMI3alla Ha AC

axacrra. rp.Foue
He3drro<t-

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B HaH - HaI1BHH"Te np05lBJiI 'fe BJiI;>KAdxa crpaunra
1.\eATa ocwe 113BJilKal'l '10BeK 0'1'

3a

Bxaroenrpez,

Aa lUI npl1BHKBaT MHTepeCYBdxa

no j_ aKTI1BHI1T€ 110 OraHJ13HpaHeTO aa ce KaK e C""b3A8AeHd caxare TOAKOBa xopa KaTO 6Hxa OpraHI1D Flxpana. Hae ce 9A,Ha ApyrapcKa TOAKona HaI-lBHJiI. Maca, Ii

fl3,i\eTd.

3a1.\l1.11,KdK ca OnJ-ITDaX~j8 Aa cpeuia Xopara, cepxcsuo,
If

H3B03eHI1

npeACTdlJH1>-1 CAY'laH

J111J1~O noaeue. K0111"O ca netuo HI aapaxa orracnc

Ho 1'e

He
!l

npI1C'bCTBaAIi aa

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HaWl1Te npcsna CTPl1KTlIJ-l npx IIJlKOAKO AeHa. no - rOAe~'lH noxae AaBaxa xonrpec

Aa MJilCAlIT, 'l€ ryK ce BbPUHI aenio A'bp*aBaTd. ne cxysaa. 3aTOBa TOBa 6Hxa rrpOA'bA)KH

pa3CAeAsdHeTO Te311 HalUH

npOHBI1 ~10*(lXa

Aa HH AonecaT

HenpH5lTlIOCTJ1, ce

HO H31'Ae;>KAa BAdCTTa HHMawe aa CTaHMOTO caxo B Flapaaa. €AHa. T'bB

OT Cb3AaBaHeTO aa 1>1dKeAOHCKHnpoueca.

AbArO BpeMe
11 i,H,

roacpeuie

ce P83AJi1l.JHI1T"bAKOBaHHH,

Hapavaxe

ro MaKeAOHCKH

Ho

3d HaC HCTJilHdTd 6eme

36

KaTO rOAKHHTe, MEoro KOHTaK'ryBaMe ApyrapcKa CA}'JKeIlle TOBa HH CMllTaxMe, MaKeAOHHH,

npexepaaa

no

6bAJ'apCKHTe

3aTBopH Me'iTH,

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cpema xapame 'Ie

HH YAOBAeTBopfiBawe H3TO'lHHK He Aa BHytllHM Aa MHCAHM, 'Ie

AOHSlKbAe. )KHBeeM aa

TOBa HM aenpaaao. aa TH

KaTO HeH3'1eprraeM CMe ycneAH asmoro

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¢!OpMlf.

'Ie 6op6aTa

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CAeA Hac HAllaT APyrJ1, MOJKe 6H Ha KoeTO e HaUJl".

no - AOCT0l1HM, KOHTO I1Ie rrOHecaT 3HaMeTo, IIHcaHO CbC 311.aTHI1 O)'KBI1: C!l.eA Ta3H 6ypl! CHB H eAHo06pa3eH, '1eCKaTa cneaa AbpJKaBa, paaoaparsxcrao POAMHa. /:¥:lec, 01' aamera HaMepHN cTpeMHM. TOBa xe 6HAe! Tosa e aKTYMHO. xoraro HMa MaKeAoHcKa MaxeAOHHS!.

"He3CUJucUMa MaxegoR.
aa ceMeiicTBO, np06AeM pe1IIeRHe. Axo

JKHllOTbT HH 3anO<IJ!a Aa npcraxe c rpWKH sa pa60Ta, OCTaHa xa

nex sa

o D;e/lJlBdHe. A ~mKeAoHcKHHT 11'1aKa csoero

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HMa MaKeAOHcKa aa

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B Tpll'Te AHAa Ha namare peny6AHKa

B eAHa xacr 3BeHO aa !lie ce KOiiTO

3eM$I., 1'$1. me CA}'JKH KaTO 06eAHHHTeAHO

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H

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MRCTO B HOBHR eBporreiicKH

37

ITo y6eJi<geHue 61>gu KQX'hBmO
lW 110

lllew,

ce mu MOAU, }luxora Hegeil 3u6puSR,
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'le

MUKegoHuR cu mu!

38

MaKegoHUfi

HU

soae

Ap'1>H'leme, npCIHrlL, suil 3Aoseu.t0 no MaKegoHcKama 3eMR, om .HeKOSe OKOBwm,

am sexose B'bB HeR CA'1>H~eHe orps:
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3a poga ocmaseR

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e B'1>BMpaKa
U

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39

nOBHK

K'bM MAKEAOHQl1TE

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40

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42

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