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Administration in Indian Villages Administration in Indian Villages has seen significant changes from ancient peri od to contemporary period.

The administration in Indian villages can trace its origin back to the ancient p eriod. The current administration structure in the Indian villages was built up by the Mauryan emperors several centuries ago. Since then, the administration in the Indian villages has undergone several significant changes. Different foreig n invaders changed the Indian village administration according to their own admi nistrative set-up from time to time. However, the basic administration structure of Indian villages was quite common in the ancient, medieval and modern period. The Mauryan emperors introduced the Gram Sabha system for the first time in Indi an villages. This system is considered the base of administration in Indian vill ages since then. The Gram Sabha in Mauryan period comprised a Headman and a few other members. The Sabha used to take decision about any issues related to the v illage and they enjoyed several powers. The decision of Gram Sabha was considere d Law and the villagers were bound to obey the Sabha`s instructions. However, though the Gram Sabha enjoyed supreme the Sabha had to take some other matters into cision. The religious customs and beliefs were he Gram Sabha could not take any decision that n. Apart from that, the Gram Sabha also had to power, the Headman and members of consideration while taking any de one of the foremost among them. T would violate the laws of religio take decisions considering the cu

However. After Independence. This adminis trative system continued to be in practice in the Indian villages till the end o f the Mughal period. During the medieval p eriod. The centuries old administration policy of Gram Sabha or local governance in India was demolished by the British rulers and they star ted to unite all the villages under one umbrella. the Brahmans used to enjoy most of the powers in Gram Sabha. The ancient concept of Gram Sabha is still in ex istence in the name of Panchayat in the Indian villages. The British rulers also tried to intr oduce local self-governments in the villages. with little occasional changes. the Gram Sabhas or Panchayats g radually started to lose their importance. However. The Chiefdoms comprised the Gram Sabhas of a few villages and they were under total control of the Kingdom. the administration in Indian villages saw the chiefdoms in existence. This committee was somewhat identical to the Gram Sabha. the administration in Indian villages partially went back to the administrative structure followed during the ancient period. The Government of India decided to implement the local self-government system in all the villa ges of India where the villages would be governed by a Panchayat Committee. the Gram Sabhas were started to be controlled by the Jamindars or Landlords. The Panchayat Committee looks after all kinds of issues relat ed to the village and also tries to establish law and order in the village. they are subject to contact the St ate Governments in certain issues and they actually work under the supervision o f the State Governments. In c ontemporary India. The administration in Indian villages witnessed the existence of the Gram Sabha for several centuries. Administration in Indian villages is considered one of the most scientifically s tructured administrative systems of all time. The Mughals ruled India for a major part of the medieva l period and hence. The administration was planned in such a way that people from all strata of the village society could participate in the decision making process. However. The difference is that the members in the Panchayat Committee are elected democratically through general el ections and the adult villagers cast their votes to put their favourite person i nto the Committee. The Headman of the Gram Sabha was a lso bound to report to the Jamindars in certain occasions. They implemented certain general l aws for all the local self-governments in the villages. There were no representatives from lower castes in the Sabha. the British rulers made some significant changes in the entire administ ration in Indian villages. as the common men elect the members of Gram Panchayat in modern India. As the caste system of Hinduism was strictly maintained during that period. (Last Updated on : 7/01/2010) Share this Article 0 0 0StumbleUpon0Digg0ShareThis1 More Articles in Indian Villages Occupation in Indian Villages Administration in Indian Villages History of Indian . With the course of time. They actually centralised the entire administrative system of India and hence.ltural aspects of the village life. these changes were mainly brought upon by them. the Panchayati Raj System is more democratic in nature compared to that of Gram Sabha system. the Panchayat Committees are constitutional bodies that enjoy autonomy in most of its activities.

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