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Print Date

12/4/2011 21:55
SnALL S
per DLGLN DLGLN of DLGLN SnALL S 0f SnALL S DLGLN of DLGLN SnALL S 0f SnALL S
0 to 10 22 2973 110 331 3 1363 39 337
11 to 20 13 2027 221 664 11 3438 133 1341
21 to 30 3 676 127 382 4 1230 92 796
31 to 40 3 676 180 341 2 623 76 637
41 to S0 4 341 188 363 3 938 136 1176
S1 to 60 3 403 139 478 3 938 173 1497
61 to 70 4 341 239 778 1 313 67 380
71 to 80 4 341 304 914 1 313 80 692
81 to 90 2 270 179 338 0 000 0 000
91 to 100 3 403 290 872 0 000 0 000
101 to 1S0 3 403 401 1203 1 313 102 882
1S1 to 200 1 133 164 493 0 000 0 000
201 to 2S0 2 270 467 1404 1 313 236 2042
2S1 to 300 1 133 278 836 0 000 0 000
1ota| 74 100 3327 100 32 100 11S6 100
hase 1 hase 2A
updaLed 10202010
0
3
10
13
20
23
0 Lo 10 11 Lo 2021 Lo 3031 Lo 4041 Lo 3031 Lo 6061 Lo 7071 Lo 8081 Lo 90 91 Lo
100
101 Lo
130
131 Lo
200
201 Lo
230
231 Lo
300
hase 1
DEP-GEN
SHALL [PS]/DEP-GEN
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
0 Lo 10 11 Lo 2021 Lo 3031 Lo 4041 Lo 3031 Lo 6061 Lo 7071 Lo 8081 Lo 90 91 Lo
100
101 Lo
130
131 Lo
200
201 Lo
230
231 L
300
hase 2A
DEP-GEN
SHALL [PS]/DEP-GEN
9f

Document TitIe
approx.#
of
SHALL
DEP 61.40.20.30-GEN (Welding of Pipelines & Related facilities(Amend/Suppl to
SO 13847:2000)) 5
DEP 31.29.02.30-GEN (Centifugal Pumps (Amend/Suppl to SO 13709:2003)) 7
DEP 32.01.23.17-GEN (Process Control Domain-Security Requirements for
Vendors) 7
DEP 31.29.40.34-GEN (Packaged Reciprocating Gas Compressors
(Amend/Suppl to SO 13631)) 10
DEP 31.29.60.32-GEN (Lubrication,Shaft Sealing & Control Oil Systems &
Auxiliaries (Amend/Suppl to AP 614)) 10
DEP 31.21.01.33-GEN (Prnted Circuit Heat Exchangers-Design & Fabrication) 11
DEP 31.38.01.10-GEN (Piping Classes-Basis of Design) 11
DEP 31.29.70.31-GEN (Combustion Gas Turbines (Amend/Suppl to AP 616)) 12
DEP 31.40.00.11-GEN (Pipeline ntegrity) 12
DEP 33.65.50.31-GEN (Static DC UPS Units) 12
DEP 33.65.50.32-GEN (Static AC UPS) 12
DEP 31.29.40.31-GEN (Reciprocating Compressors (Amend/Suppl to AP 618)) 14
DEP 31.21.01.34-GEN (Brazed Aluminum Plate-Fin Heat Exchangers-
Amend/Suppl to SO 15547-2) 15
DEP 33.80.00.30-GEN (Navigational Aids for Offshore Structures) 16
DEP 31.29.40.30-GEN (Axial,Centrifugal,& Expander Compressors
(Amend/Suppl to AP 617)) 20
DEP 31.29.60.31-GEN (Special Purpose Steam Turbines (Amend/Suppl to SO
10437)) 20
DEP 31.29.40.32-GEN (Rotary Type Positive Displacement Compressors
(Amend/Suppl to AP 619)) 21
DEP 37.00.10.11-GEN (Metocean Data Acquisition) 21
DEP 31.10.00.10-GEN (Material Traceability & Positive Material
dentification(PM)) 24
DEP 31.40.10.19-GEN (GPF Plastic Pipeline & Piping Systems)
DEP 31.21.70.31-GEN (Air Cooled Heat Exchangers(Amend/Suppl to SO
13706))
DEP 34.17.10.35-GEN (Siting of Occupied Portable Buildings)
DEP 30.10.02.15-GEN (Materials for Use in H2S Environments (Amend/Suppl to
SO 15156) 45
DEP 80.45.10.12-GEN (Emergency Depressuing & Sectionalizing) 45
DEP 34.51.01.31-GEN (Vertical Carbon Steel Storage Tanks-Selection&Design
based on EN 14015) 46
DEP 31.38.01.31-GEN (Shop & Field Fabrication of Piping) 55
DEP 39.01.10.12-GEN (Selection of Materials for Life Cycle Performance(EP)-
Upstream Equipment) 59
DEP 61.40.20.31-GEN (Field Welding of Duplex & Super DuplexStainless Steel
Pipelines(Amend/Suppl to AP 1104)) 59
DEP 34.11.00.12-GEN (Geotechnical & Foundation Engineering) 67
DEP 80.00.10.13-GEN (Area Classification & Electrical Equipment Spacing for
N.American Application)
DEP 32.29.20.10-GEN (PF for Rotating equipment-Replaces DEP 31.29.00.11-
GEN) 102
DEP 80.45.10.11-GEN (Overpressure & Underpressure-Prevention & Protection) 26
** noLe some Lables/flgures were edlLed from Lhelr orlglnal appearance ln order Lo dlsplay occurrences of S
1ota| 11S
9ase Summary of approx|mate number of Sn
|sted by # of Sn 9S occurrences
Document TitIe
approx.
# of
SHALL
DEP 30.10.02.15-GEN (Materials for Use in H2S Environments (Amend/Suppl to
SO 15156) 45
DEP 31.10.00.10-GEN (Material Traceability & Positive Material
dentification(PM)) 24
DEP 31.21.01.33-GEN (Printed Circuit Heat Exchangers-Design & Fabrication) 11
DEP 31.21.01.34-GEN (Brazed Aluminum Plate-Fin Heat
Exchangers9Amend/Suppl to SO 15547-2) 15
DEP 31.21.70.31-GEN (Air Cooled Heat Exchangers (Amend/Suppl to SO
13706))
DEP 31.29.02.30-GEN (Centifugal Pumps (Amend/Suppl to SO 13709:2003)) 7
DEP 31.29.40.30-GEN (Axial,Centrifugal,& Expander Compressors
(Amend/Suppl to AP 617)) 20
DEP 31.29.40.31-GEN (Reciprocating Compressors (Amend/Suppl to AP 618)) 14
DEP 31.29.40.32-GEN (Rotary Type Positive Displacement Compressors
(Amend/Suppl to AP 619)) 21
DEP 31.29.40.34-GEN (Packaged Reciprocating Gas Compressors
(Amend/Suppl to SO 13631)) 10
DEP 31.29.60.31-GEN (Special Purpose Steam Turbines (Amend/Suppl to SO
10437)) 20
DEP 31.29.60.32-GEN (Lubrication,Shaft Sealing & Control Oil Systems &
Auxiliaries (Amend/Suppl to AP 614)) 10
DEP 31.29.70.31-GEN (Combustion Gas Turbines (Amend/Suppl to AP 616)) 12
DEP 31.38.01.10-GEN (Piping Classes-Basis of Design) 11
DEP 31.38.01.31-GEN (Shop & Field Fabrication of Piping) 55
DEP 31.40.00.11-GEN (Pipeline ntegrity) 12
DEP 31.40.10.19-GEN (GPF Plastic Pipeline & Piping Systems) 26
DEP 32.01.23.17-GEN (Process Control Domain-Security Requirements for
Vendors) 7
DEP 32.29.20.10-GEN (PF for Rotating equipment-Replaces DEP 31.29.00.11-
GEN) 102
DEP 33.65.50.31-GEN (Static DC UPS Units) 12
DEP 33.65.50.32-GEN (Static AC UPS) 12
DEP 33.80.00.30-GEN (Navigational Aids for Offshore Structures) 16
DEP 34.11.00.12-GEN (Geotechnical & Foundation Engineering) 67
DEP 34.17.10.35-GEN (Siting of Occupied Portable Buildings)
DEP 34.51.01.31-GEN (Vertical Carbon Steel Storage Tanks-Selection&Design
based on EN 14015) 46
DEP 37.00.10.11-GEN (Metocean Data Acquisition) 21
DEP 39.01.10.12-GEN (Selection of Materials for Life Cycle Performance(EP)-
Upstream Equipment) 59
DEP 61.40.20.30-GEN (Welding of Pipelines & Related facilities(Amend/Suppl to
SO 13847:2000)) 5
DEP 61.40.20.31-GEN (Field Welding of Duplex & Super DuplexStainless Steel
Pipelines(Amend/Suppl to AP 1104)) 59
DEP 80.00.10.13-GEN (Area Classification & Electrical Equipment Spacing for
N.American Application)
DEP 80.45.10.11-GEN (Overpressure & Underpressure-Prevention & Protection) 26
DEP 80.45.10.12-GEN (Emergency Depressuing & Sectionalizing) 45
1ota|
|sted by t|t|e (|n numer|ca| order)
Print Date
12/4/2011 21:55
!
9f
DEP 30.10.02.15-GEN (Materials for Use in H2S Environments (Amend/Suppl to
SO 15156)
6.1
7
7.3.2
8
B.5
A2
DEM

@
f

@
f

DEP 31.10.00.10-GEN (Material Traceability & Positive Material dentification(PM)) 2


4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1

5.3
6.3
6.2
7
8.3
Notes
10
DEP 31.21.01.33-GEN (Prnted Circuit Heat Exchangers-Design & Fabrication)

DEP 31.21.01.34-GEN (Brazed Aluminum Plate-Fin Heat


Exchangers9Amend/Suppl to SO 15547-2)
arL ll 13
13
arL lll 1
1
1

1
13
18
19
31
3
1
DEP 31.21.70.31-GEN (Air Cooled Heat Exchangers(Amend/Suppl to SO 13706))
1
1
11
1

DEP 31.29.02.30-GEN (Centifugal Pumps (Amend/Suppl to SO 13709:2003))


DEP 31.29.40.30-GEN (Axial,Centrifugal,& Expander Compressors (Amend/Suppl


to AP 617))

DEP 31.29.40.31-GEN (Reciprocating Compressors (Amend/Suppl to AP 618))

DEP 31.29.40.32-GEN (Rotary Type Positive Displacement Compressors


(Amend/Suppl to AP 619))

DEP 31.29.40.34-GEN (Packaged Reciprocating Gas Compressors (Amend/Suppl


to SO 13631))

DEP 31.29.60.31-GEN (Special Purpose Steam Turbines (Amend/Suppl to SO


10437))

DEP 31.29.60.32-GEN (Lubrication,Shaft Sealing & Control Oil Systems &


Auxiliaries (Amend/Suppl to AP 614))

DEP 31.29.70.31-GEN (Combustion Gas Turbines (Amend/Suppl to AP 616))


DEP 31.36.00.30-GEN (Pipeline Transportation Systems-Pipeline Valves


(Amend/Suppl to SO 14313))
DEP 31.38.01.10-GEN (Piping Classes-Basis of Design)

DEP 31.38.01.31-GEN (Shop & Field Fabrication of Piping)


%%
DEP 31.40.00.11-GEN(Pipeline ntegrity)

DEP 31.40.10.19-GEN(GPF Plastic Pipeline & Piping Systems)

DEP 32.01.23.17-GEN (Process Control Domain-Security Requirements for


Vendors)

DEP 32.29.20.10-GEN (PF for Rotating equipment-Replaces DEP 31.29.00.11-GEN)

DEP 33.65.50.31-GEN (Static DC UPS Units)


DEP 33.65.50.32-GEN (Static AC UPS)


DEP 33.80.00.30-GEN (Navigational Aids for Offshore Structures)


DEP 34.11.00.12-GEN (Geotechnical & Foundation Engineering)


81
83
113
DEP 34.17.10.35-GEN (Siting of Occupied Portable Buildings)


%
a

r
d
L
w
a
s
%
e
d

lo
%
3

DEP 34.24.27.31-GEN (Reinforced Concrete Stacks)


DEP 34.51.01.31-GEN (Vertical Carbon Steel Storage Tanks-Selection&Design
based on EN 14015)

31
31
13

8
833
833
91
109
1011
1011
103
end 8
DEP 37.00.10.11-GEN (Metocean Data Acquisition)

DEP 39.01.10.12-GEN (Selection of Materials for Life Cycle Performance(EP)-


Upstream Equipment)

31
@ale 10 noLes
331
33
33
333

DEP 61.40.20.30-GEN (Welding of Pipelines & Related facilities(Amend/Suppl to


SO 13847:2000))

arL ll 3
81
DEP 61.40.20.31-GEN (Field Welding of Duplex & Super DuplexStainless Steel
Pipelines(Amend/Suppl to AP 1104))
11
1
1
1
1

31
31
31
33
33
3
3
313
31
31
319
31
31

DEP 80.00.10.13-GEN (Area Classification & Electrical Equipment Spacing for N.America

33
1
fo

s
n
3
n

n
3

Le
1

o
r
m
s

(u

m
s
n
8

n
f
n
9
a
e
3
33
DEP 80.45.10.11-GEN (Overpressure & Underpressure-Prevention & Protection)
1

s
-
h

le
w
n
n
a
s
d

fo
h
w
e
393
39
39
39
39
a
Lh

n
f
Lh
d

d

Lo
n


o
e
Le
m

n

r
r
Le
f
o

398
3101
3101
310
3103
3103
3103
310
310
3103
310
310

31
31
31
313
s
a
Le
m

-
a
(L

h
n
n
h

n
Lh
313
313

w
n
o

la

d
lf
l
333
33
33
33
3
3
3
38
1

DEP 80.45.10.12-GEN (Emergency Depressuing & Sectionalizing)


e
L
a

n
3
n
s
e
r
s
8
8
83
n
s

1
(

(
9
f
J
fr
a
d
n
lo
o
s

w
s
n
Lh

9 !,0
lor ease of reference Lhe clause numberlng of lSC 131361 has been used LhroughouL 6
(arL ll) Lhls uL Clauses of lSC 131361 noL menLloned ln Lhls uL SPALL S apply as
wrlLLen
1he MaLerlals and Corroslon Lnglneer SPALL S consulL wlLh Lhe Wells Lnglneer Lo 6
ensure LhaL all downhole caslng and Lublng maLerlals and accessorles are selecLed ln
compllance wlLh chapLer 11 of Shell's global Caslng 1ublng ueslgn Culde Clobal
SLandard for Carbon SLeel roducLlon Caslng and 1ublng P2S Servlce for All Crades 80 ksl
and Plgher"
1he equlpmenL user SPALL S glve conslderaLlon Lo speclflc LesLlng of maLerlals for 6
appllcaLlons where Lhey conslder Lhe probablllLy and poLenLlal consequences of fallure
make Lhls [usLlflable (see Clause 1 WA8nlnC)
Pardness measuremenLs on parenL meLals SPALL S lnclude LesLs made on a speclmen 7
cuL as a crosssecLlon Lhrough Lhe Lhlckness of Lhe LesL plece and prepared for
meLallographlc examlnaLlon vlckers hardness readlngs SPALL S be made uslng a 10 kg
load nlne readlngs SPALL S be Laken ln LoLal 3 each from Lhe mlddle of Lhe plaLe and 2
mm below each ouLer edge 1he dlsLance beLween each measuremenL SPALL S be
approxlmaLely 3 mm no hardness value should exceed 220 Pv 10 1he hlghesL value
measured SPALL S be reporLed on Lhe LesL cerLlflcaLe
1he evaluaLlon of Lhe rlsk assoclaLed wlLh PlC damage Lo maLerlals SPALL S be 7
documenLed
unless oLherwlse lndlcaLed LesL requlremenLs SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh nACL 8
1M0284 and wlLh Lhe amendmenLs Lo Lhls speclfled ln uL 30100216Cen
1able A2 10
1hese maLerlals SPALL S also
be ln Lhe soluLlonannealed and quenched or annealed and LhermallysLablllzed heaLLreaLmenL condlLlon
DEM 1 Phase 2A DEP-GENs
be free of cold work lnLended Lo enhance Lhelr mechanlcal properLles and
have a maxlmum hardness of 22 P8C
1able A13 11
WroughL or casL solldsoluLlon nlckelbased producLs made from alloys of Lypes 4a and 4b SPALL S be ln Lhe
soluLlonannealed
or annealed condlLlon
unS n04400 and unS n04403 SPALL S have a maxlmum hardness of 33 P8C
Wellhead and chrlsLmas Lree componenLs SPALL S also be ln accordance wlLh lSC 10423
1able A 19 12
lor Lhese appllcaLlons Lhese maLerlals SPALL S also comply wlLh Lhe followlng
a) unS S41426 Lubular componenLs SPALL S be quenched and Lempered Lo maxlmum 27 P8C and maxlmum
yleld sLrengLh 724 Mpa (103 ksl)
b) unS S42300 (13 Cr) Lublng and caslng ls accepLable as Crade 80 SM?S 336 Ma (80 ksl) only and SPALL S
be ln Lhe quenched and doubleLempered condlLlon wlLh a maxlmum hardness of 22 P8C 1he quench and
doubleLemper process SPALL S be as follows
1) ausLenlLlze aL mlnlmum 900 C (1632 l) Lhen alr or ollquench
2) Lemper aL mlnlmum 730 C (1346 l) Lhen cool Lo amblenL LemperaLure and
3) Lemper aL mlnlmum 620 C (1148 l) Lhen cool Lo amblenL LemperaLure
c) unS S41429 Lubular componenLs SPALL S be quenched and Lempered or normallsed and Lempered Lo a
maxlmum hardness of 27 P8C and a maxlmum yleld sLrengLh of 827 Ma (120 ksl)
1able A23 13
or Lhese applcaLons Lhese maLerals PALL also comply wLh Lhe follown
Lowcarbon marLensLc sLanless sLeels eLher casL !91340 (CA6nM) or wrohL 42400 or 41300 (6nM)
PALL hae 23 P8C mamm hardness and PALL be
1) asLenLed aL 1 010 C (1 830 ) mnmm Lhen ar or olqenched Lo ambenL LemperaLre
2) Lempered aL 648 C Lo 690 C (1 200 Lo 1 273 ) Lhen arcooled Lo ambenL LemperaLre and
3) Lempered aL 393 C Lo 620 C (1 100 Lo 1 130 ) Lhen arcooled Lo ambenL LemperaLre
1able A24 14
14
WrohL and casL dple sLanless sLeels PALL
be solLonannealed and lqdqenched
hae a ferrLe conLenL (olme fracLon) of beLween 33 and 63 and
noL hae nderone aen heaLLreaLmenLs
1able A23 13
or Lhese applcaLons Lhese maLerals PALL
be n Lhe solLonannealed lqdqenched and coldworked condLon
hae a ferrLe conLenL (olme fracLon) of beLween 33 and 63 and
hae a mamm hardness of 36 P8C
MarLensLc precpLaLon hardened maLerals PALL noL be sed for pressre conLann or
pressre conLrolln serce
1able A 31 16
1hese maLerals PALL also comply wLh Lhe follown
a) WrohL un n07031 PALL be n eLher of Lhe follown condLons
1) solLonannealed Lo a mamm hardness of 33 P8C
2) solLonannealed and aed aL 760 C Lo 871 C (1 400 Lo 1 600 ) for a mamm of 4 h Lo a mamm
hardness of 40 P8C
b) WrohL un n07048 wrohL un n07773 and wrohL un n09777 PALL hae a mamm hardness of
40 P8C and PALL be n Lhe solLonannealed and aed condLon
c) WrohL un n07924 PALL be n Lhe solLonannealed and aed condLon aL a mamm hardness of 33 P8C
d) CasL un n09923 PALL be n Lhe solLonannealed and aed condLon aL a mamm hardness of 33 P8C
e) CasL un n07718 PALL be n Lhe solLonannealed and aed condLon aL a mamm hardness of 40 P8C
f) or Alloy 718 a mamm of 02 proof sLress PALL be specfed ln Lhe fabrcaLon process Lhe annealn
operaLon s crLcal Lo ensre LhaL Lhe delLa phase s Laken back nLo solLon 1he deLals of Lhe heaL LreaLmenL shold
be
checked by company eperLs and Lhe heaL LreaLmenL process wLnessed Where Lhere s any dobL aboL Lhe heaL
LreaLmenL Lhe mcrosLrcLre shold be checked (replcaLon Lechnqes hae been sccessflly sed Lo qanLfy Lhe
amonLs of delLa phase) Where delLa phase s deLecLed eperL opnon shold be sohL on defnn accepLable
leels
or sor eposre aboe 1000 mbar pP2 laboraLory ealaLon of represenLaLe maLeral n feld specfc condLons
shold be carred oL Alloy 718 Lems PALL be n accordance wLh uL 39011032Cen
1able A 32 17
1hese maLerals PALL also comply wLh Lhe follown
a) WrohL un n07718 PALL be n any one of Lhe follown condLons
1) solLonannealed Lo a mamm hardness of 33 P8C
2) hoLworked Lo a mamm hardness of 33 P8C
3) hoLworked and aed Lo a mamm hardness of 33 P8C
4) solLonannealed and aed Lo a mamm hardness of 40 P8C
b) WrohL un n09923 PALL be n any one of Lhe follown condLons
1) coldworked Lo a mamm hardness of 33 P8C
2) solLonannealed Lo a mamm hardness of 33 P8C
3) solLonannealed and aed Lo a mamm hardness of 38 P8C
4) coldworked and aed Lo a mamm hardness of 40 P8C
3) hoLfnshed and aed Lo a mamm hardness of 40 P8C
c) WrohL un n09933 PALL be n Lhe solLon annealed and aed condLon Lo a mamm hardness of 34
P8C
d) WrohL un n09943 PALL be n Lhe solLon annealed and aed condLon Lo a mamm hardness of 42 P8C
e) or Alloy 718 a mamm of 02 proof sLress shold be specfed ln Lhe fabrcaLon process Lhe annealn
operaLon
s crLcal Lo ensre LhaL Lhe delLa phase s Laken back nLo solLon 1he deLals of Lhe heaL LreaLmenL shold be
checked by company eperLs and Lhe heaL LreaLmenL process wLnessed Where Lhere s any dobL aboL Lhe heaL
LreaLmenL Lhe mcrosLrcLre shold be checked (replcaLon Lechnqes hae been sccessflly sed Lo qanLfy Lhe
amonLs of delLa phase) Where delLa phase s deLecLed eperL opnon shold be sohL on defnn accepLable
leels or sor eposre aboe 1000 mbar pP2 laboraLory ealaLon of represenLaLe maLeral n feld specfc
condLons shold be carred oL Alloy 718 Lems PALL be n accordance wLh uL 39011032Cen
or any pro[ecL or planL modfcaLon LhaL ncldes Lhe se of alloy maLerals and specal 7
carbon sLeels (e low LemperaLre or sor serce rades) a maLerals CalLy Assrance
sysLem PALL be pL n place LhaL wll ard aansL roe maLerals LhaL can lead Lo
loss of conLanmenL of Lhe planL pressre enelope
All ppn blk maLerals PALL be delered wLh Lhe ornal ManfacLrer's markns 11
clearly readable 1he markns PALL comply wLh Lhe releanL maLeral specfcaLon
(e l A1M eLc) 1hey PALL nclde Lhe ManfacLrer's loo whch
PALL maLch Lhe loo shown on Lhe M18
When ppn maLerals are ordered n Lhe blasLed and prmed condLon (e sLrahL lenLh 11
ppes) Lhe ManfacLrer's markns PALL be presered
All meLallc ppn componenLs nLended for hh and medmrsk sysLems PALL 11
reman heaLLraceable LhrohoL Lhe pro[ecL
Low 1emperaLre carbon sLeel and sor serce carbon sLeel rades PALL be 11
LreaLed as hhrsk sysLems and reman flly heaL Lraceable snce Ml LesLn of Lhese
sysLems s noL feasble
Color codn of ppn blk maLerals PALL be appled on any [ob LhaL ncldes alloy 11
or specal carbon sLeel sysLems reardless of wheLher L s new consLrcLon roLne
manLenance or shLdown acLLes
anL PALL be ressLanL Lo salLwaLer aLmosphere and Lropcal clmaLe and shall be 11
drable lL PALL noL case corroson of Lhe maLeral Lo whch L s appled neLher
drn sLorae and consLrcLon nor drn operaLon of Lhe eqpmenL
anLs PALL noL conLan slphr lead nc or oLher meLals 12
anL PALL noL be appled n any crcmsLances Lo Lhe follown 14
- nsde srfaces of ppe flanes or fLLns
- Lhreads
- weld beels
- symbols or markns as Lhs wold oblLeraLe denLfcaLon
- askeL seaLn srfaces
d All sLandard casL 316 sLanless sLeel ales conLrol ales and machnery 13
componenLs
(CasL Lype 316 sLanless sLeel s Lhe normal Lype proded for 304 or 316 Lype serces and
has noL been fond Lo hae noncomplance sses when Lhey are prodced n blk
from a manfacLrer Poweer csLom casLns PALL reqre Ml LesLn)
1able 2 Alloy LlememLs 8eqred for Ml 16
16
* All 300seres sLanless sLeel welds PALL hae Lhe ferrLe conLrolled beLween 4 and 8 1he ferrLe LesLn
shall
LesLed aL Lhe same freqency as reqred for Ml
1 8e[ecLed maLerlal SPALL S be ldenLlfled by marklngs and segregaLed from 17
accepLable maLerlal
alnLs and markers SPALL S have a chemlcal composlLlon LhaL ls noL harmful Lo Lhe 18
alloy ln hoL servlce and does noL conLaln harmful meLals or meLal slaLs conLalnlng zlnc
alumlnlum lead or chlorldes sulphur or halogens MaLerlal safeLy daLa sheeL (MSuS)
documenLaLlon and palnL daLa sheeLs shall be avallable for revlew by Lhe deslgnaLed
lnspecLor
1 MaLerlal ldenLlflcaLlon codes shall be aL leasL 6 mm hlgh and SPALL S be applled by 18
means of a lowsLress sLeel sLamp
1 A slgned and daLed record documenLlng Lhe Ml examlnaLlon SPALL S be provlded 21
Lo Lhe owner/user
100 Ml SPALL S be performed on compleLed sysLems/equlpmenL le secLlon 82 22
elemenL e)
3 of splral wound gaskeLs SPALL S be LesLed when Lhe wlndlngs or lu rlng are hlgher alloy Lhan 304 23
8LSSu8L vLSSLL CCuL 7
rlnLed clrculL heaL exchangers SPALL S be consldered Lo be pressure vessels
WlLh regard Lo safeLy and rellablllLy unspeclfled buL selfevldenL condlLlons may occur 7
durlng sLarLup shuLdown power fallure or lnLerrupLlon of Lhe process flow 1hese
condlLlons wlll be reflecLed ln Lhe rlnclpal's prlnLed clrculL heaL exchanger daLa sheeLs and
SPALL S be Laken lnLo accounL by Lhe ConLracLor
1he ManufacLurer SPALL S lndlcaLe any sLarLup or shuLdown operaLlon llmlLaLlons ln Lhe 9
operaLlons manual
Powever lf lL ls economlc Lo malnLaln Lhe lnlLlal deslgn pressure on Lhe lowpressure slde 11
by lnsLalllng a rellef devlce Lhls may be consldered 1he slze of Lhe rellef devlce Lhen
SPALL S be deLermlned ln accordance wlLh uL 80431011Cen
1he rlnclpal SPALL S speclfy Lhe deslgn pressure 11
and LemperaLure for each sLream Lhrough Lhe heaL exchanger separaLely (refer Lo
uL 01000130Cen)
ln addlLlon Lo Lhe deslgn operaLlng condlLlon(s) Lhe rlnclpal SPALL S speclfy all 11
operaLlng condlLlons LhaL mlghL lmpose slgnlflcanL sLresses on Lhe prlnLed clrculL heaL
exchanger
ln Lhe absence of appllcable servlce experlence a faLlgue analysls 13
SPALL S be performed ln accordance wlLh Lhe provlslons of
ASML 8oller and ressure vessel Code ulv 2
- ara Au160 lor evaluaLlon of Lhe need for faLlgue analysls
- Appendlx 6 6170 lor Lhe procedure Lo be adopLed for measurlng Lhe faLlgue llfe of a
pressure vessel based on LesLs carrled ouL on a scale or full slze model of Lhe unlL
u 3300
- Appendlx C
- Lnqulry Case 79 lor guldance on Lhe need for faLlgue analysls and deLermlnaLlon of
faLlgue sLrengLh reducLlon facLors
Where proLecLlon of hoL ausLenlLlc sLalnless sLeel agalnsL Lhe exLernal sallferous 13
aLmosphere ls requlred Lhe exposed areas of ausLenlLlc sLeel SPALL S be sheaLhed wlLh
duplex sLalnless sLeel sheeL (unS S31803) of aL leasL 13 mm Lhlck or oLher maLerlal as
agreed wlLh Lhe rlnclpal
ln case a rellef devlce would be requlred Lhe rellef raLe SPALL S be based on Lhe 16
requlremenLs as speclfled ln uL 80431011Cen
laLefln heaL exchangers SPALL S be consldered Lo be pressure vessels 7
WlLh regard Lo safeLy and rellablllLy unspeclfled buL selfevldenL condlLlons may occur 7
durlng sLarLup shuLdown power fallure or lnLerrupLlon of Lhe process flow 1hese
condlLlons shall be reflecLed ln Lhe rlnclpal's plaLefln heaL exchanger daLa sheeLs and
SPALL S be Laken lnLo accounL by Lhe ConLracLor
1he ManufacLurer SPALL S lndlcaLe any sLarLup or shuLdown operaLlon llmlLaLlons ln Lhe
operaLlons manual
ln addlLlon Lo Lhe deslgn operaLlng condlLlon(s) Lhe rlnclpal SPALL S speclfy all 11
operaLlng condlLlons LhaL mlghL lmpose slgnlflcanL sLresses on Lhe plaLefln heaL exchanger
lf 3000serles alumlnlum alloys are used Lhe ManufacLurer 11
SPALL S lnclude a proven meLhod of heaL LreaLmenL Lo ellmlnaLe graln boundary
preclplLaLlon and prevenL senslLlzaLlon Lo mercury lnduced cracklng
1he mechanlcal deslgn of Lhe plaLefln heaL exchanger lf appllcable SPALL S Lake lnLo 12
accounL Lhe followlng loads acLlng lndlvldually or ln comblnaLlon
- ressure loads
- 8eacLlon forces aL nozzles and supporLs lncludlng sLarLup shuLdown and
emergency
- uepressurlslng condlLlons
- Loads due Lo selsmlc wlnd or oLher moLlon
- Snow lmpacL and blasL loads
- Loads assoclaLed wlLh lnsLallaLlon aL slLe
ManufacLurer supplled lnLerconnecLed plplng SPALL S be deslgned fabrlcaLed 13
lnspecLed and LesLed ln accordance wlLh ASML 8313 and shall be sLress analysed
1he cold box SPALL S be provlded wlLh roof venLs and safeLy rellef devlces 16
llre proLecLlon SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 80471030Cen and 17
uL 30460031Cen
lf a plaLefln heaL exchanger requlres a rellef devlce Lhe rellef raLe SPALL S be based 17
on Lhe requlremenLs speclfled ln uL 80431011Cen
laLefln heaL exchangers SPALL S be consldered Lo be pressure vessels 18
1he rlnclpal SPALL S speclfy Lhe deslgn pressure and LemperaLure for each sLream 19
Lhrough Lhe heaL exchanger separaLely (refer Lo uL 01000130Cen)
ln addlLlon Lo Lhe deslgn operaLlng condlLlon(s) Lhe urchaser SPALL S speclfy all 19
operaLlng condlLlons LhaL could lmpose slgnlflcanL sLresses on Lhe plaLefln heaL exchanger
WlLh regard Lo safeLy and rellablllLy unspeclfled buL selfevldenL condlLlons may occur 3
durlng sLarLup shuLdown power fallure or lnLerrupLlon of Lhe process flow 1hese
SPALL S be Laken lnLo accounL by Lhe ConLracLor and may requlre one or more of Lhe
followlng feaLures
auxlllary heaLlng colls comblned wlLh louvres ln order Lo keep hlgh pourpolnL flulds aL an
adequaLe LemperaLure level under noflow condlLlons
varlable speed fans (drlves)
manually or pneumaLlcally acLuaLed louvres for lmprovemenL of Lhe alrslde conLrol
range lf dlrecL alrslde conLrol durlng Lurndown or under wlnLer condlLlons eLc ls
oLherwlse made lmposslble by wlnd raln or free convecLlve alrflow effecLs
ducLlng and louvres for conLrolled alr reclrculaLlon Lo enable handllng of producLs whlch
would oLherwlse cause pourpolnL hydraLe formaLlon or freezlng problems
1ube bundles and auxlllary heaLlng colls SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe speclfled pressure 7
deslgn code unless oLherwlse speclfled by Lhe ConLracLor Lhe pressure deslgn code shall
be ASML vlll ulvlslon 1 and Lube bundles and auxlllary heaLlng colls shall comply wlLh
uL 31222031Cen
Slnglepass (nonA frame) alr cooled sLeam condensers SPALL nC1 S be used Lo 8
avold Lhe backflow of sLeam from Lhe ouLleL end of Lhe upper rows lnLo Lhe ouLleL end of Lhe
lower Lube rows
lf Lhe equlpmenL daLa sheeL speclfles one phase Lo be corroslve (eg alr cooled exchangers 8
wlLh conLlnuous waLer wash) Lhe deslgn of such equlpmenL and Lhe waLer dlsLrlbuLlon
sysLem SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo Lhe revlew and approval of Lhe rlnclpal
WlnLerlzaLlon requlremenLs SPALL S be deflned by Lhe ConLracLor and speclfled on Lhe 11
equlpmenL daLa sheeLs
lf corroslonreslsLanL llnlng or claddlng ls requlred lL SPALL S be applled Lo all exposed 11
(weLLed) surfaces lncludlng Lhe surface of Lhe parLlLlon plaLes and Lhe sldes and boLLoms of
gaskeL grooves buL excludlng Lubes
uraln holes SPALL S be provlded ln pass parLlLlon plaLes for very Loxlc servlces lor all 12
oLher servlces draln holes shall noL be provlded
lug headers SPALL S be used ln hydrogen and very Loxlc servlces 12
1ype 2 1hls ls Lhe same as 1ype 1 excepL LhaL Lhe calculaLed mlnlmum lnslde wall 19
LemperaLure ls less Lhan 10 C (18 l) above Lhe crlLlcal process LemperaLure under sLarLup
shuLdown or upseL process condlLlons aL Lhe wlnLer deslgn amblenL LemperaLure 1hls
alrslde deslgn SPALL S lnclude a supplemenLary heaLlng coll or oLher devlce locaLed
below each process bundle wlLh ad[usLable louvres above Lhe bundle Lo allow Lhe bundle Lo
be heaLed up wlLhouL fans ln operaLlon
1he alrslde deslgn SPALL 19
S have a full alr reclrculaLlon sysLem operaLed on plenum alr LemperaLure for each bay
1he deslgn SPALL S lnclude a supplemenLary heaLlng coll or oLher devlce locaLed below
each process bundle 8aslc arrangemenLs SPALL S lnclude Lop plenum mounLed
exhausL alr louvres fulllengLh slde mounLed reclrculaLlon alr louvres (alr over Lhe slde)
locaLed aL Lhe fan deck helghL and fresh alr lnleL louvres lor unlLs arranged ad[acenL Lo
oLher unlLs ln mulLlbank bays Lhe fresh alr louvres SPALL S be locaLed aL boLh ends of
each bay lor sLandalone unlLs Lhe fresh alr louvres may be locaLed around Lhe enLlre
perlphery of Lhe bay Alr exhausL and lnleL louvres SPALL S cover Lhe wldLh of Lhe
bundle wlLh a solld wall provlded for Lhe full helghL of Lhe reclrculaLlon alr plenum lncludlng
lower alr mlxlng plenum ueslgns SPALL S be forced drafL arrangemenL lenum
LemperaLure measuremenL SPALL S be provlded by means of a LemperaLure averaglng
81u locaLed above each fan wlLh Lhe lowesL measured value per bay belng used for
plenum alr LemperaLure conLrol AuLomaLlc conLrol louvres SPALL S be provlded for
exhausL alr reclrculaLlon alr and alr lnleLs each wlLh lLs own acLuaLor
lpe rack mounLed unlLs SPALL S be 19
provlded wlLh a checkerplaLe floor buL may requlre Lhe addlLlon of a supplemenLary
manually louvered alr lnleL secLlon bullL lnLo Lhe floor as necessary Lo comply wlLh maxlmum
alr approach veloclLy requlremenLs
1ype 3 alr slde deslgns SPALL S uLlllze 20
process conLrol Mode C only 8efer Lo Appendlx 2 for Lyplcal schemaLlcs of 1ype 3
WlnLerlzaLlon unlLs
nC1LS 1 1he process safeLy S requlremenLs of 1ype 2 and 1ype 3 alr slde deslgns are only appllcable
when applled for elLher freeze or hydraLe formaLlon proLecLlon lor oLher process crlLlcal
LemperaLure appllcaLlons Lhe SPALL S deslgnaLlons ln Lhese clauses shall noL be consldered
as process safeLy S requlremenLs
1he rlnclpal SPALL S conflrm Lhe accepLablllLy of Lhe alrslde deslgn and conLrol 20
arrangemenL
All acLuaLors and lnsLrumenLs SPALL S be sulLable for operaLlon aL Lhe mlnlmum amblenL 27
LemperaLure
AcLuaLors and poslLloners SPALL S be locaLed and shlelded Lo avold exposure Lo 27
LemperaLures above Lhe ManufacLurer's recommended llmlLs
unless oLherwlse speclfled by Lhe ConLracLor upon Lhe loss of moLlve alr supply or conLrol 27
slgnal Lhe exhausL louvre for 1ype 2 alrslde deslgns shall fall open and louvres for a 1ype
3 alrslde deslgn SPALL S fall Lo provlde full wlnLerlsaLlon le Lhe lnleL and exhausL
louvres SPALL S fall closed and Lhe bypass louvre SPALL S fall open
lor 1ype 3 alrslde (wlnLerlzed) deslgns plenum LemperaLure sensors SPALL S be 27
provlded
Lach bay SPALL S have one 81u for each fan plenum 27
Lach exhausL plenum SPALL S be LoLally lsolaLed from any nelghbourlng bay 28
lncludlng Lhose ln Lhe same servlce
1he requlred mlxed plenum LemperaLure SPALL S be aL 29
leasL 3 C (9 l) above Lhe crlLlcal process LemperaLure deflned on Lhe daLasheeL
buL shall noL exceed Lhe deflned deslgn amblenL alr LemperaLure
- lor vacuum sysLem condensers locaLed ln freezlng cllmaLes elLher reclrculaLlon 29
over boLh sldes or over Lhe ends of Lhe bays SPALL S be provlded
1he supplemenLal requlremenLs of Clause 12 SPALL S apply lf speclfled on Lhe 40
equlpmenL daLa sheeL or lf any of Lhe followlng condlLlons exlsL
- deslgn pressure ls 13790 ka (ga) 2000 pslg
- box header plaLe Lhlckness 30 mm (2 ln)
- carbon sLeel ln hlgh severlLy sulphlde sLress cracklng (SSC) servlce
- very Loxlc servlce
Welded LubeLoLubesheeL [olnLs SPALL S elLher be sLrengLh welded or sLrengLh welded 40
and expanded as speclfled by Lhe ConLracLor on Lhe equlpmenL daLa sheeL
All Lubes (seamless or welded) SPALL S be hydrosLaLlcally LesLed ln accordance wlLh 40
AS1M A 430 or oLher approprlaLe AS1M speclflcaLlon ln addlLlon Lo any nondesLrucLlve
elecLrlc LesLlng as requlred
ulLrasonlc examlnaLlon SPALL S be performed on all plaLes and forglngs welded Lo oLher 40
componenLs
ulLrasonlc examlnaLlon SPALL S be used lnsLead of radlographlc examlnaLlon for all 40
corner [olnL welds and nozzle aLLachmenL welds on Lhe header box
All parLs referred Lo ln Lhe deflnlLlon of pressure caslng (342) SPALL S have Lhe same 10
MAW
CasL lron SPALL S noL be used 10
All maLerlals for componenLs exposed Lo hydrogen sulphlde ln concenLraLlons exceedlng 13
100 mg/kg (100 ppm) or exceedlng Lhe llmlLs prescrlbed by lSC 13136 or nACL M80103
(as appllcable) SPALL S conform Lo Lhe reduced hardness requlremenLs of lSC 13136
or nACL M80103 (as appllcable) as well as Lhe requlremenLs of Appendlx 1
lf Lhe chlorlde concenLraLlon exceeds Lhls value Lhe plplng or Lublng maLerlal SPALL S 16
be upgraded Lo a maLerlal reslsLanL Lo chlorlde cracklng
All pump pressurecaslng componenLs SPALL S be LesLed Lo Lhe same pressure 20
Cas deLecLors SPALL S be lnsLalled ln Lhe nolse enclosure 13
All elecLrlcal componenLs and lnsLallaLlons SPALL S be sulLable for Lhe area 13
classlflcaLlon gas grouplng and LemperaLure classes speclfled by Lhe rlnclpal on Lhe
daLa/requlslLlon sheeLs
Any proposal Lo recover Lhe componenL oLher Lhan by Lhe orlglnal manufacLurlng meLhod 13
and Lhe proposed meLhod of repalr SPALL S be submlLLed Lo Lhe rlnclpal Lo obLaln Lhls
approval
lor compressors handllng gas conLalnlng hydrogen sulphlde even lf only ln Lrace quanLlLles 14
(down Lo 23 mL/m3) all componenLs lncludlng assoclaLed sysLems and anclllarles ln conLacL
wlLh Lhe gas as well as Lhe exLernal bolLlng on Lhe caslng and seal glands SPALL S
comply wlLh lSC 13136 or nACL M80103 as appllcable
lerrous maLerlals noL covered by lSC 13136 or nACL M80103 SPALL S have a
maxlmum hardness of 248 Pv10 (8ockwell C 22) Lhls hardness llmlLaLlon also applles Lo
Lhe heaLaffecLed zone of welds
lor welded componenLs wlLh a 16
maxlmum allowable LemperaLure above 200 C Lhe llmlLaLlons of lSC 13136 or
nACL M80103 as appllcable SPALL S apply
Leaks and defecLs ln pressureconLalnlng casLlngs SPALL S noL be repalred by 16
peenlng or burnlngln or by lmpregnaLlon wlLh plasLlcs or cemenL compounds
3 Weld repalrs SPALL S noL be performed on nodular casL lron (AS1M A 393) 16
4 8egardless of Lhe slze of Lhe weld repalr any caslng of C1/2Mo11/4Cr1/2Mo
Lhrough Lo 12 Cr alloy SPALL S be posL weld heaL LreaLed afLer repalr LlLher a local
WP1 or a compleLe caslng WP1 shall be performed
1 1he need for repalr by plugglng SPALL S be reporLed Lo Lhe rlnclpal before any 16
repalr ls carrled ouL
All welds ln Lhe caslng lncludlng Lhose ln plplng aLLached Lo Lhe caslng SPALL S be 16
examlned radlographlcally or ulLrasonlcally
19
no Lhreaded connecLlon SPALL S be applled for any caslng pressure connecLlon
Cpenlngs ln process gas conLalnlng caslngs LhaL are noL connecLed Lo plplng SPALL S 20
be provlded wlLh an approprlaLe gaskeL and a bllnd flange of Lhe same pressure raLlng as
Lhe correspondlng caslng connecLlon flange
lf rapld depressurlsaLlon ls speclfled Lhe ManufacLurer SPALL S conflrm LhaL Lhe shafL 23
seals and Lhe seallng sysLem are sulLable for Lhls and descrlbe Lhe relevanL deslgn feaLures
ln Lhe evenL of a LoLal seal fallure Lhe gas leakage raLe Lo Lhe flare and lnLo aLmosphere 26
SPALL S be llmlLed Lo a maxlmum posslble level whlch shall be lndlcaLed ln Lhe
vendor's proposal
1he venLlng llnes Lo flare and safe locaLlon SPALL S be adequaLely slzed Lo avold 26
overpressurlslng of Lhe seal/bearlng houslng ln case of a ma[or seal fallure
1he end covers of axlal compressor caslngs ln hydrocarbon servlce SPALL S be of a 41
slngle plece consLrucLlon wlLhouL a spllL llne
Speclal deslgn lndlvldual draln connecLlons Lo Lhe lnner caslng of a radlally spllL barrel 42
compressor may be Lhreaded lnLo Lhe lnner caslng ln order Lo faclllLaLe dlsassembly of Lhe
compressor 1he ouLer caslng connecLlons SPALL S be welded
All equlpmenL SPALL S be deslgned Lo run safely Lo Lhe rellef valve seLLlng lncludlng 8
accumulaLlon (see also 763)
1he compleLe compressor unlL SPALL S be able Lo wlLhsLand Lhe effecLs of a fully loaded 9
shuLdown of Lhe unlL agalnsL Lhe safeLy rellef valve seL pressure lncludlng accumulaLlon
Alr compressors and oxygen compressors SPALL S noL be (plsLon/packlng) lubrlcaLed 10
lor Lhese servlces verLlcal labyrlnLh plsLon deslgn compressors wlLh carbon graphlLe
packlng rlngs and bushlng are preferred
1he MAW SPALL S be aL leasL equal Lo Lhe speclfled rellef valve seLLlng plus allowed 11
over pressure
CaskeLs and gaskeL maLerlal SPALL S be flre safe 14
SupernuLs 13
SPALL S noL be used Lo aLLach Lhe plsLon Lo Lhe plsLon rod ln sour servlce (due Lo
hardness resLrlcLlons ln sour gas servlce)
b Lach cyllnder packlng case venL connecLlon (C) SPALL S be separaLely 19
connecLed Lo Lhe flare or Lhe header Lo Lhe flare dlsposal sysLem
Crey casL lron SPALL S noL be used for compressor cyllnders or any oLher pressure
conLalnlng componenLs
All lnsLrumenLed proLecLlve funcLlons SPALL S be sub[ecLed Lo ll classlflcaLlon ln 28
accordance wlLh uL 32801010Cen
A vlbraLlon proLecLlon sysLem SPALL S be supplled and shall be locaLed ln Lhe fleld 30
AcceleromeLer based vlbraLlon Lransducer compleLe wlLh LransmlLLers shall be provlded for
all appllcaLlons
1he vendor SPALL S perform Lhe acousLlcal model for each of Lhe followlng cases Lo 32
aLLenuaLe pulsaLlon levels ln Lhe plplng sysLem (1) Slngle operaLlon of maln compressor (2)
slngle operaLlon of Lhe spare compressor (3) arallel operaLlon of boLh machlnes durlng
change over
All repalr work and repalr meLhods employed SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo Lhe approval of Lhe 39
rlnclpal
All elecLrlcal componenLs and lnsLallaLlons SPALL S be sulLable for Lhe area 8
classlflcaLlon gas grouplng and LemperaLure classes speclfled by Lhe rlnclpal ln Lhe
daLa/requlslLlon sheeLs
11
lf selfacLlng gas seals are speclfled 1andem uCS wlLh lnLermedlaLe labyrlnLhs SPALL S
be used unless Lhe seallng pressure requlres a double uCS arrangemenL All oLher uCS
arrangemenLs requlre Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal 1he seal supporL sysLem SPALL S
be ln accordance wlLh uL 31296032Cen ChapLers 1 and 4
1he secondary uCS SPALL S be deslgned for Lhe maxlmum pressure LhaL may 12
occur under all foreseeable faulL condlLlons
As a mlnlmum Lhe secondary uCS and lLs houslng SPALL S have Lhe 12
same pressure raLlng as Lhe prlmary uCS
1he venLlng llnes Lo flare and safe locaLlon SPALL S be adequaLely slzed Lo avold 12
overpressurlslng of Lhe seal/bearlng houslng ln case of a ma[or seal fallure
1he ManufacLure SPALL S ensure LhaL dual gaskeLlng (eg Lwo 'C'rlngs) ls lnsLalled 12
under Lhe shafL sleeve
A double uCS arrangemenL operaLlng conLlnuously aL a pressure level above 12
12 bar (ga) SPALL S requlre Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal
ln Lhe case of a pressurlzed double seal conflguraLlon Lhe compressor SPALL S be 12
Lrlpped lmmedlaLely on pressure loss of Lhe seal gas supply beLween Lhe seals
lor compressors handllng gas conLalnlng hydrogen sulphlde lncludlng Lrace quanLlLles 18
(23 ml/m3 or more) all componenLs lncludlng assoclaLed sysLems and anclllarles ln conLacL
wlLh Lhe gas as well as Lhe exLernal bolLlng on Lhe caslng and seal glands SPALL S
comply wlLh lSC 13136 or nACL M80103 as appllcable
lerrous maLerlals noL covered by
Lhese sLandards SPALL S have a maxlmum hardness of 248 Pv10 1hls hardness
llmlLaLlon SPALL S also apply Lo Lhe heaL affecLed zone of welds SLeel plaLe maLerlals
SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe LhroughLhlckness Lenslle LesL of AS1M A 770 (S3) and SPALL
S have a mlnlmum reducLlon of area of 33
nC1LS 1 lSC 13136 SPALL S apply Lo oll and gas producLlon faclllLles and naLural gas sweeLenlng
planLs nACL M80173 ls equlvalenL Lo lSC 13136
2 nACL M80103 SPALL S apply Lo oLher appllcaLlons (eg oll reflnerles LnC planLs and
chemlcal planLs)
1he mlnlmum alarm and shuLdown requlremenLs as llsLed ln 1able 8 SPALL S be 22
consldered as lnlLlal mlnlmum requlremenLs
1he alr lnLake SPALL S noL be placed beneaLh 22
a roof of any bulldlng ln whlch flammable vapours may accumulaLe 1he alr lnLake SPALL
S noL be locaLed wlLhln 3 m (13 fL) of any process equlpmenL process plpe flanges or
open dralns
All elecLrlcal componenLs and lnsLallaLlons SPALL S be sulLable for Lhe area 9
classlflcaLlon gas grouplng and LemperaLure classes speclfled by Lhe rlnclpal ln Lhe
daLa/requlslLlon sheeLs
1he comblned rod loadlng SPALL S noL exceed 100 of Lhe ManufacLurer's maxlmum 12
allowable conLlnuous rod loadlng wlLh dlscharge pressure equal Lo seL polnL pressure of Lhe
dlscharge rellef valve (lncludlng Lhe requlred overpressure) and Lhe mlnlmum sucLlon
pressure correspondlng Lo each load sLep
1he gas loadlng on Lhe compressor sLaLlc frame componenLs (eg cyllnders heads 12
dlsLance pleces crosshead guldes crankcase and bolLlng) SPALL S noL exceed 100
lor all oLher servlces a doublecomparLmenL dlsLance plece deslgn (1ype 3) SPALL S 16
be furnlshed
Crey casL lron SPALL S noL be used for compressor cyllnders or any oLher pressure 20
componenLs nor for valve seaLs valve guards and packlng cases
WlLh Lhe barrlng devlce engaged lL SPALL S noL be posslble Lo sLarL Lhe compressor 23
A pulsaLlon sLudy of each compressor package SPALL S be performed 29
Any repalr work and lLs meLhod SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal 46
8oLors SPALL S be of lnLegrally forged consLrucLlon 12
rlor Lo manufacLurlng Lhe suppller SPALL S provlde Lhe followlng deslgn daLa for each 13
row of blades for Lhe rlnclpals revlew and accepLance
a) SLeam bendlng sLresses
b) Campbell darams
c) Coodman darams LoeLher wLh spporLn compLaLons shown LoLal operaLn
sLress (sLeady sLaLe pls cyclc) of all bladn for whch resonanL nLerference occrs
wLhn Lhe normal operaLn speed rane 1he vendor shall also lsL Lhe mamm
allowable blade sLresses
d) CalclaLon sLresses on Lhe closn block assembles
e) lnformaLon on blades and shrods n order Lo allow for an ndependenL adL of Lhe
blade sLresses
Crey casL ron PALL noL be sed for Lrbne casn 18
Approal by Lhe rncpal PALL be obLaned before any ma[or weld repar s carred 18
oL
ConLrols and nsLrmenLaLon PALL be desned and manfacLred for se n Lhe 19
area classfcaLon specfed by Lhe prchaser and shall comply wLh local relaLons
1he Lrbne endor s responsble for Lhe desn and manfacLrn of Lhe oerspeed Lrp 20
sysLem and PALL demonsLraLe Lhe safeLy and Lhe nLerLy of Lhe LoLal sysLem by
rodn sysLem calclaLons LhaL demonsLraLe Lhe oerspeed sysLem's speed of
response wll preenL Lhe roLor from eceedn 127 of Lhe raLed speed on an
nsLanLaneos compleLe loss of copled nerLa and load whle operaLn aL Lhe raLed
condLons
rodn references where Lhe proposed desn has been sed n Lhe pasL pls mean
Lme beLween falre daLa on each componenL wLhn Lhe Lrp sysLem 1he endor shall
prode calclaLed predcLed sysLem aalablLy and oerL falre freqency (Lolerance Lo
nsance Lrps) 1he sysLem desn shall hae a mnmm oerL falre freqency of 30
years lf Lhe endor's sLandard desn cannoL achee Lhs falL Lolerance leel an
alLernaLe desn shall be proposed Any alLernaLe desn shall be approed by Lhe
rncpal
uemonsLraLn Lhe sysLem desn meeLs Lhe reqred speed of response drn
mechancal LesLn of Lhe Lrbne
A Lrbne wLh an ehasL pressre less Lhan aLmospherc pressre PALL hae an 20
ehasL acm breaker acLaLed by Lhe shLdown sysLem drn oerspeed Lrp
1rp solenod ales PALL be deenered Lo shLdown and shall be nsLalled close 20
Lo Lhe Lrp ale(s) or Lrp and LhroLLle ale(s) and hae no oLher dece beLween Lhem and
Lhe Lrp ale(s) or Lrp and LhroLLle ale(s) ecepL LesL solaLon ales
unless oLherwse
specfed on Lhe daLa reqsLon sheeLs Lwo Lrp solenod ales operaLn n parallel
PALL be sppled 1esL solaLon ales shall be locked n Lhe open posLon for
normal operaLon
As specfed on Lhe daLasheeLs a separaLe ndependenL Lrp ale(s) or combned Lrp and 21
LhroLLle ale(s) PALL be proded
1he Lrbne endor PALL calclaLe Lhe response Lme for Lhe Lrp sysLem pon loss of 21
load wLh Lhe machne rnnn aL mamm conLnos operaLn speed and PALL
confrm LhaL Lhe sysLem wll respond fasL enoh Lo preenL Lhe roLor speed from eceedn
Ls desn capablLes
noLe or condensn Lrbnes Lhe prchaser PALL nclde ery hh condensaLe leel n Lhe 21
shLdown sysLem
1he Lrbne endor PALL adse Lhe prchaser of any alarms and/or shLdowns 21
consdered essenLal Lo safeard Lhe Lrbne
nuL of maLerals PALL be as follows 30
CrLcal secLons of each casLn PALL be flly radoraphed where sch secLons 30
cannoL be radoraphed and/or for wall Lhckness aboe 30 mm (20 n) u1 shall be sed
1he mechancal nLerLy of Lhe Lrbne roLor(s) PALL be LesLed aL 103 of Lhe 33
desn Lrp speed for 3 mn afLer operaLn for 13 mn aL Lrp speed
urn Lhe mechancal LesL Lhe endor PALL measre and confrm LhaL Lhe 33
oerspeed Lrp sysLem response Lme meeLs Lhe desn reqremenLs n 12311
eal ol sysLems PALL be desned so LhaL Lhe release of process as nLo 8
aLmosphere s posLely preenLed
All elecLrcal eqpmenL shall comply wLh Lhe releanL uLs sLaLed n Lhe order All 12
elecLrcal componenLs and nsLallaLons PALL be sLable for Lhe area classfcaLon
as ropn and LemperaLre class specfed on Lhe daLa/reqsLon sheeL
a) eparaLe lbeol and sealol sysLems PALL be sppled f Lhe eqpmenL 17
sered by Lhe sealol sysLem handles ases conLann hydroen slphde and/or
oLher corrose or haardos ases (as ndcaLed by Lhe rncpal on Lhe
daLa/reqsLon sheeL)
1he desn of seal ol sysLems PALL be sch LhaL pon seal ol spply falre any 19
nconLrolled release of process as from reference as lnes nLo Lhe aLmosphere (Lhroh
empLy seal ol lnes) s posLely preenLed
venLs PALL be proded Lo preenL oer pressrn of boLh lbeol and sealol 20
reserors n Lhe eenL of ross leakae of Lhe compressor seals
1he reseror enLs PALL be drecLed oLsde Lhe mmedaLe area of Lhe ol sysLems 20
and L shall be Lhe responsblLy of Lhe vendor wLh oerall responsblLy of Lhe ol sysLems
Lo se Lhe enLs and Lo prode Lhe flaned connecLons howeer Lhe enL lnes Lhemseles
and Lhe reqred oerpressre proLecLon deces shall be sppled by Lhe ConLracLor
noLes c d pLons 8 and C PALL be replaced by an LPP 32
Lrp of man compressor drer f a drecL conLacL Lype oerhead Lank
s sed
1he ManfacLrer PALL adse Lhe rchaser of any specal prosons LhaL are 36
reqred Lo manLan shafL seal and seal sysLem nLerLy n Lhe eenL of a falre n Lhe seal
as or bffer as spply sysLem
All elecLrcal componenLs and nsLallaLons PALL be sLable for Lhe area 7
classfcaLon and ropn specfed n Lhe reqsLon
1he as Lrbne casn PALL be desned Lo conLan faled blades dscs or 8
componenLs e[ecLed from a rpLred parL whch cold case haard Lo lfe or properLy
Cn gas Lurblnes for generaLor drlves roLors SPALL S be mechanlcally deslgned Lo 9
wlLhsLand safely and wlLhouL fallure Lhe LranslenL Lorque produced ln Lhe evenL of a
generaLor shorL clrculL
Maln load coupllngs SPALL S be slzed for maxlmum LranslenL load condlLlon and 13
maxlmum conLlnuous Lorque based on Lhe poLenLlal maxlmum power of Lhe gas Lurblne
plus lf appllcable Lhe maxlmum helper drlver power ouLpuL
1he conLrol and lnsLrumenLaLlon sysLem SPALL S proLecL personnel and planL agalnsL 17
ln[ury or loss under all condlLlons of operaLlon or malfuncLlon
uurlng Lhe sLarLup sequence Lhe conLrol sysLem SPALL S provlde for a purge perlod of 18
sufflclenL duraLlon for aL leasL flve compleLe changes of alr durlng Lhe sLarLup procedure Lo
purge Lhe alr fllLer Lhe gas Lurblne Lhe exhausL sysLem and any exhausL heaL recovery
equlpmenL prlor Lo admlLLlng fuel Lo Lhe combusLors and acLlvaLlng Lhe lgnlLers
Lmergency ShuLdown SPALL S be lnlLlaLed by any of Lhe slLuaLlons llsLed for LSu acLlon 18
ln Appendlx 1
1he speed of all gas Lurblne roLors SPALL S be measured and lndlcaLed on Lhe conLrol 20
panel SeparaLe speed plckups shall be used for overspeed Lrlp devlces (2 ouL of 3)
Local emergency shuLdown buLLons SPALL S be flLLed aL sLraLeglc locaLlons 1he 20
locaLlons are Lo be agreed wlLh Lhe rlnclpal Lo ensure conslsLency wlLh Lhe overall planL
phllosophy
1he vendor SPALL S provlde a flre deLecLlon and proLecLlon sysLem of a Lype approved 24
by Lhe rlnclpal
no lncldences of SPALL S
lplng classes SPALL S be applled ln accordance wlLh uL 31380111Cen 6
1o selecL a plplng class Lhe servlces and maLerlals selecLlon lndex" SPALL S be 7
consulLed Lo see wheLher Lhe lnLended servlce ls llsLed
1he composlLlon and properLles of Lhe medlum SPALL S be speclfled by Lhe process 8
deslgner
ln consulLaLlon wlLh Lhe process deslgner or process englneer Lhe maLerlals and corroslon 8
englneer SPALL S esLabllsh Lhe requlred maLerlals selecLlon based on Lhe process
requlremenLs such as medlum pressure LemperaLure flow and Lhe envlronmenL of Lhe
process faclllLy ueslgn llfe and cosL conslderaLlons shall also be Laken ln accounL
AfLer selecLlon of Lhe baslc maLerlal for Lhe speclfled servlce a sulLable plplng class SPALL 8
S be selecLed (26) for Lhe deslgn pressure and LemperaLure
uL 30100231Cen sLaLes LhaL for prevenLlon of brlLLle fracLure of nonlmpacL LesLed 10
carbon sLeel plplng plaLes flLLlngs forglngs and casLlngs Lhe lower deslgn LemperaLure
SPALL S noL be below 0 C for equlpmenL conLalnlng llquefled gas or compressed
flammable low molecular welghL gas
lmpacL LesLed sLeel SPALL S 10
be used for carbon sLeel plplng whlch conLalns llquefled gas for Lhe lower deslgn
LemperaLure of below 0 C
uL 01000130Cen speclfles crlLerla for Lhe classlflcaLlon of subsLances as very Loxlc 11
lor Lhe conLalnmenL of Lhese subsLances speclal plplng classes SPALL S be used as
lndlcaLed ln Lhe plplng class servlces and maLerlals selecLlon lndex
(uL 31380184Cen)
lf Lhe plpe conLalns a longlLudlnal weld Lhls weld SPALL S noL be locaLed aL Lhe boLLom 6
of Lhe plpe afLer lnsLallaLlon lL should be locaLed aL leasL 43 from Lhe boLLom of Lhe plpe
ln order Lo avold excesslve shrlnkage sLresses durlng weld solldlflcaLlon a gap SPALL S 6
be lefL beLween Lhe end of Lhe plpe and Lhe sLop of Lhe sockeLweldlng componenL ln
accordance wlLh ASML 81611
lf Lhe plpe conLalns a longlLudlnal weld Lhls weld should be locaLed ln Lhe neuLral zone of 7
Lhe bend lf Lhe plpe wlll be lnsLalled horlzonLally Lhe longlLudlnal weld SPALL S be
locaLed on Lhe Lop of Lhe plpe
lf one spool s benL n aros planes Lhe lonLdnal weld 7
PALL be 43 from Lhe Lop of Lhe ppe
1hree Lypes of bendn processes are denLfed 7
1 Cold bendn s defned as bendn aL a LemperaLre well below Lhe fnal heaL
LreaLmenL LemperaLre of boLh ferrLc and asLenLc maLerals Cold bendn PALL
noL be sed for ppn n sodm hydrode serce
PeaL LreaLmenL PALL be appled as specfed n AML 8313 and n (232) (233) 8
and (234) below
Weld repars of cracks n ppe bends PALL noL be permLLed 8
or C+1 maLerals a qench (ol waLer) from Lhe asLensn LemperaLre pls a Lemper 8
heaL LreaLmenL PALL be carred oL n accordance wLh Lhe ppe maLeral specfcaLon
or C+1 maLerals a qench (ol waLer) from Lhe asLensn LemperaLre pls a Lemper 8
heaL LreaLmenL PALL be carred oL n accordance wLh Lhe ppe maLeral
specfcaLon
AfLer cold bendn no addLonal heaL LreaLmenL s reqred f Lhe follown reqremenLs are 9
meL
hardness 248 Pv10
8m 13 un
where
8m s Lhe mean rads of Lhe bend and
un s Lhe nomnal dameLer of Lhe ppe
lf Lhese reqremenLs are noL meL Lhe follown addLonal heaL LreaLmenL PALL be
carred oL
A sLress relef LreaLmenL for normalsed and C+1 sLeels f L can be shown LhaL for smlar
maLeral no deLeroraLon of Lhe mechancal and physcal properLes has Laken place
f Lhs cannoL be shown Lhen an asLensn qench (ar) and Lemper LreaLmenL for boLh
normalsed and C+1 sLeels shall be carred oL 1he Lempern LemperaLre shall be
selecLed so LhaL Lhe specfed mechancal ales are meL
lf C+1 sLeels are sb[ecLed Lo hoL bendn aL a LemperaLre of 830 C Lo 900 C an ar 9
qench from asLensn LemperaLre and a Lempern LreaLmenL PALL be carred
oL
ln all cases Lhe specfed mechancal ales of Lhe ornal maLeral specfcaLon 9
PALL be meL
or noncorrose and eneral refnery serce no addLonal heaL LreaLmenL s reqred f 9
Lhe deformaLon s lmLed Lo less Lhan 20 for asLenLc sLanless sLeel or less Lhan 3 for
dple sLanless sLeel lf Lhe deformaLon eceeds Lhese ales a fnal heaLLreaLmenL
PALL be carred oL n accordance wLh Lhe ornal ppe maLeral specfcaLon
or all oLher serces solLon annealn followed by a rapd waLer qench PALL be 9
carred oL
or nonsLablsed asLenLc sLanless sLeel e rade 304 or rade 316 hoL bendn 9
PALL be carred oL n Lhe LemperaLre rane of 1030 C Lo 1100 C (solLon
annealn) followed by a rapd waLer qench
or dple sLanless sLeel hoL bendn PALL be carred oL n Lhe LemperaLre rane 9
of 1030 C Lo 1130 C (solLon annealn) followed by a rapd waLer qench
or Pl8 of asLenLc and dple sLanless sLeel Lhe compleLe ppe sb[ecLed Lo bendn 10
PALL be heaL LreaLed as specfed aboe for Lhe aros rades n order Lo aod Lhe
occrrence of sensLsed areas
ConLacL beLween sLanless sLeel parLs and nc or ncconLann parLs (e alansed 10
shackles clamps and rollers) PALL be preenLed n order Lo preenL possble lqd
meLal embrLLlemenL n Lhe eenL of a fre lf Lhere s any dobL Lhe sLanless sLeel
PALL be chemcally cleaned before any frLher work s carred oL
AfLer bendn Lhe benL Lems shall be sally nspecLed 1here PALL be no cracks or 10
lnear ndcaLons
ln addLon Lo Lhe weldn reqremenLs of AML 8313 Lhe follown shall apply 10
1he Cas 1nsLen Arc Weldn (C1AW) process PALL be employed for rooL
welds of all ppes and for welds of ppes branch fLLns and flanes n ses un 30 and
smaller
ln addLon Lo Lhe weldn reqremenLs of AML 8313 Lhe follown shall apply 10
or sLanless sLeel ppn wLhoL back weldn of Lhe nLernal sde Lhe rooL pass
PALL be carred oL by Lhe C1AW process wLh an nerL as pre whch shall be
manLaned nLl compleLon of Lhe second pass
1he qalLy of dple sLanless sLeel welds ery mch depends on heaLnpL conLrol 1he 10
follown PALL be adhered Lo so as Lo ensre LhaL Lhe dple welds meeL Lhe
nLended qalLy reqremenLs
1 All confraLons of weld eomeLry Lo be enconLered PALL hae a rocedre
CalLy 8ecord (C8) LesL performed ncldn flleL aLLachmenL and lonLdnal and
crcmferenLal welds
2 8ack weldn Lo repar any msmaLch (P/Low) s noL permLLed nless Lhe backweldn
procedre s coered by a qalfed C8
3 8epar weld procedres for half wall Lhckness and cap repars also reqre a C8
4 or Lhe qalfcaLon of flleL and aLLachmenL welds only meLallrcal and hardness
LesLn s reqred proded Lhey are welded wLh Lhe same consmables as qalfed n
a bLL weld C8
3 ll mechancal LesLs and meLallrcal LesLs shold be performed on half wall Lhckness
repar welds
6 Weld cap repars PALL be sb[ecL Lo Lhe same reqremenLs as for flleL welds
7 ALLachmenL welds n a braLn enronmenL PALL be desned as sweepoleLs
8 ln addLon Lo Lhe mechancal LesLs for C8 aldaLon meLallrcal LesLs also are
reqred on an nLermeLallc phase conL whereby more Lhan 3 nLermeLallc phase s
noL permLLed and Lhe C8 s re[ecLed
1 All confraLons of weld eomeLry Lo be enconLered PALL hae a rocedre 10
CalLy 8ecord (C8) LesL performed ncldn flleL aLLachmenL and lonLdnal and
crcmferenLal welds
6 Weld cap repars PALL be sb[ecL Lo Lhe same reqremenLs as for flleL welds 11
7 ALLachmenL welds n a braLn enronmenL PALL be desned as sweepoleLs 11
1he wall Lhckness afLer bendn PALL be aL leasL LhaL specfed by AML 8313 11
ncldn Lhe specfed corroson allowance
Wrnkln Lolerances PALL be as follows 11
all wae shapes PALL blend nLo Lhe ppe srface n a radal manner
Lhe mamm erLcal hehL of any wae measred from Lhe aerae hehL of Lwo
ad[onn cresLs Lo Lhe alley PALL noL eceed 3 of Lhe nomnal ppe se
Lhe mnmm raLo of Lhe dsLance beLween cresLs as compared Lo Lhe hehL
beLween cresLs and Lhe alley n beLween PALL be 12 Lo 1
Mnmm cerLfcaLon reqremenLs for maLerals and fnal prodcLs PALL be as 12
specfed n Lhe MLC byn descrpLons and specfcaLons
MaLeral cerLfcaLon color codn nLake nspecLon sLorae and maLeral handoL 14
PALL be sLrcLly conLrolled Lo eclde roe maLerals from eqpmenL and planL
lnspecLon of welds as a mnmm PALL be carred oL afLer fnal heaL LreaLmenL n 16
accordance wLh (Append 4)
1he meLhods Lo be employed for nspecLon Lhe accepLance 16
crLera for welds and Lhe proresse eamnaLon PALL all be n accordance wLh
AML 8313 or osLe MaLeral ldenLfcaLon (Ml) see (36)
nondesLrcLe eamnaLon procedres Lechnqes and defecL ealaLon PALL 16
conform Lo Lhe reqremenLs of Lhe applcable Code or AML 8313 as spplemenLed by
LhaL specfed n Append 4
8adoraphc accepLance crLera 17
PALL be n accordance wLh AML 8313 as follows
100 radoraphy shall be nLerpreLed Lo 100 radoraphy reqremenLs n
accordance wLh AML 8313 para 34432
10 radoraphy shall be nLerpreLed Lo random radoraphy reqremenLs n
accordance wLh AML 8313 para 34432
ulLrasonc eamnaLon may replace radoraphy n accordance wLh AML 8313 17
para 34141 lf lLrasonc eamnaLon s appled aLomaLed compLer enhanced daLa
acqsLon PALL be sed Lo obLan a permanenL record of Lhe fll weld Lo
demonsLraLe Lhe absence or noL of lnear Lype dsconLnLes wLh amplLdes eceedn
Lhe reference leel
Lach weldn procedre qalfcaLon shall nclde hardness LesLs (see 442) 18
Append 4 specfes Lhe percenLae of prodcLon welds Lo be hardness LesLed 1hose
welds PALL be hardness LesLed as follows
AL leasL one readn per weld PALL be Laken on ppn of se un 100 and
smaller
AL leasL Lwo readns per weld PALL be Laken on ppn of se un 130
Lhroh un 300
aL leasL one readn eery 400 mm of weld lenLh PALL be Laken on ppn
oer se un 300
1he hardness PALL noL eceed 248 Pv10 nless AML 8313 Lable 33111 18
specfes a lower hardness lmL 8rnell hardness lmLs n AML 8313 may be conerLed Lo
vckers hardness sn A1M L 140
Lanless sLeel weldmenLs PALL be pckled and passaLed n accordance wLh 19
uL 30106031Cen lf specfed by Lhe rncpal
Lach prodcLon bend PALL be sb[ecLed Lo Lhe follown nspecLon and LesLn afLer 23
bendn and heaL LreaLmenL
- umensonal checkn for oalLy anle eLc n accordance wLh AML 8169
- vsal nspecLon of Lhe eLernal srface ncldn beels and where possble Lhe
nLernal srface
- 1he srface of bends PALL be free of Lhe defecLs lsLed below
any crack or sspecLed crack
any lmLaLon lap or denL
any ecesse wrnkles as defned n (262)
or one bend of each prodcLon rn e bendn machne operaLn wLh same ppe se 23
wall Lhckness and maLeral and wLh all bendn parameLers wLhn specfed lmLs Lhe
follown LesLs shall be performed
- CompleLe oLsde and (where accessble) nsde maneLc parLcle eamnaLon Lo
A1M L 709 for carbon sLeel and low alloy sLeel 1here PALL be no lnear
ndcaLons 1he meLhod sed and Lhe reslLs shall be shown on Lhe maLeral
cerLfcaLe
- CompleLe oLsde and (where accessble) nsde lqd peneLranL srface eamnaLon
Lo A1M L 163 for sLanless sLeel bends 1here PALL be no lnear ndcaLons
loner Lhan 2 mm 1he meLhod sed and Lhe reslLs shall be shown on Lhe maLeral
cerLfcaLe
1he hardness ales PALL be as specfed n Lhs uL 1he reslLs shall be 23
shown on Lhe maLeral cerLfcaLe
1he weldn of sch ales PALL comply wLh all applcable code reqremenLs as 24
reards qalLy and sLrenLh howeer Lhe heaL npL shall noL be so ecesse as Lo
damae Lhe sofL seaLs and dsLorL Lhe bodes of Lhese ales
1he weldn process Lo be sed PALL be shelded meLal arc meLal nerL as or as 24
meLal arc (whch shold be Lhe lower heaL npL hh deposLon (dp Lransfer) processes)
Cas weldn shall noL be sed becase of Ls ecesse heaL npL
1he ppe PALL be correcLly locaLed and alned n Lhe ale sockeL wLh a clearance 24
of appromaLely 16 mm beLween Lhe end of Lhe ppe and Lhe boLLom of Lhe sockeL
nal correcLons by parLal cLLn or modfcaLon of weld [onLs 27
PALL be aoded
- AsseL Manaers PALL be able Lo demonsLraLe Lhe nLerLy sLaLs of each 8
and eery ppelne
8sk analyses PALL be relarly performed n a sysLemaLc manner sn key 9
ppelne nLerLy daLa
1he nLerLy sLaLs of each ppelne PALL be deLermned relarly and aL leasL 9
annally
8econsn LhaL L s noL possble Lo foresee and preenL or mLaLe eery possble rsk Lo a 9
ppelne plans PALL be deeloped for an effecLe emerency response n Lhe eenL
of ppelne loss of conLanmenL
A process for manan rsks Lo Lhe nLerLy of Lhe ppelnes PALL be esLablshed 12
and followed n order Lo
- eL Lhe nderlyn phlosophy on manLann Lhe nLerLy of each ppelne or
ppelne sysLem
- ldenLfy Lhe LhreaLs whch cold compromse Lhe nLerLy of Lhe ppelne sysLem
and deLermnn barrers Lo redce rsks
- Assessn Lhe conseqences of ppelne falre and denLfyn mLaLon
measres Lo redce Lhe effecLs
PLM PALL be appled Lo denLfy LhreaLs Lo ppelne nLerLy and barrers LhaL are 12
necessary Lo redce Lhe lkelhood of Lhs occrrn Lo an accepLable leel (ALA8)
1he nLerLy sLaLs of each ppelne PALL be deLermned relarly and aL leasL 14
annally 1he nLerLy sLaLs deLermnaLon PALL be carred oL on each ppelne n
accordance wLh Lhe follown process
1 ueLermne Lhe nLerLy sLaLs of each ppelne and raLe Lhe sLaLs sn a raLn
sysLem based on Lhe sLandardsed 'Lraffc lhL sysLem' descrbed n Append 1
1he parameLers and Lher assocaLed lmLs Lo be sed n Lhe raLn sysLem shall
nclde
(1) peraLn condLons n relaLon Lo Lhe operaLn enelope
(2) lanned Work lan acLLes noL acLally eecLed
(3) uamae defecLs or deradaLon mechansms
(4) LsLmaLed remann lfe n relaLon Lo Lhe reqred lfe
2 or Lhose lnes noL raLed as reen" a lsL of acLons shall be prepared Lo resLore
reen" nLerLy sLaLs nless spporLed by a deroaLon
3 When a seL of ppelnes s reewed a rankn of Lhe ppelnes shall be deLermned
based on Lhe nLerLy sLaLs and rsk leel assocaLed wLh each lne 1hs shall be
sed Lo prorLse Lhe necessary acLons/remedal acLons
Lach ppelne PALL be consdered eLher nddally or n local rops wLhn Lhe 13
hell company emerency response sysLem sch LhaL proson s made Lo effecLely deal
wLh Lhe shorLLerm conseqences of any ppelne falre
An oerall annal nLerLy reew PALL be performed for Lhe ppelne asseLs 17
1he maLeral selecLon process descrbed n Lhs docmenL PALL ensre LhaL Lhe 10
maLeral s compaLble wLh boLh nLernal condLons (serce flds) and eLernal condLons
(wheaLhern uv radaLon eLc) Lo whch L s eposed oer Lhe fll desn LemperaLre and
pressre rane so LhaL Lhe mechancal physcal and chemcal properLes of Lhe C8
saLsfy Lhe desn reqremenLs LhrohoL Lhe nLended lfeLme
1he oLsde dameLer and hole spacn of C8 flanes shall meeL Lhe reqremenLs of 14
AML 8163 and Lhe flanes PALL be flaL faced
Pand layp 13
or mamm mechancal
properLes and chemcal ressLance flanes PALL be posLcred
or opLmal mechancal properLes and chemcal ressLance flanes PALL be 13
posLcred
1o 13
preenL crackn n Lhe flane drn loadn e drn assembly Lhe neck area of Lhe
flane PALL be renforced wLh conLnos fbres e maL or woen rons
1o qalfy Lhe ManfacLrer PALL demonsLraLe by performn 1000h sral LesLs 18
LhaL Lhe componenLs Lo be sed for Lhe ppelne or ppn sysLem are fLforprpose e
capable of meeLn Lhe mnmm desn reqremenLs CalfcaLon LesLn PALL
also nclde Lhe Lype of repars recommended by Lhe ManfacLrer
All nddal componenLs fLLns eLc LhaL are Lo be sed for Lhe ppn 18
or ppelne sysLem PALL be qalfed
Chanes Lo a componenL as defned by 1able 3 PALL naldaLe Lhe componenL's 19
preos qalfcaLon and A1M u 1398 1000h LesLn as descrbed n (44) aboe shall
be performed
1ypcal 1 ales for dfferenL resn sysLems are 20
en n 1able 1 1he 1 PALL be aL leasL 30 C aboe Lhe desn LemperaLre of Lhe
ppelne or ppn sysLem
A 20
mnmm of 4 locaLons s reqred or an accepLable mcrosLrcLre Lhe follown
reqremenLs PALL be meL
- 1he oerall od conLenL shall be lower Lhan 3
- 1he local od conLenL near Lhe nLernal ppe wall shall be lower Lhan 3
- 1he mamm lenLh of od or od clsLer shall noL eceed 2 mm
Poweer 23
Lhe 1 of Lhe onon prodced componenLs PALL always be 30 C aboe Lhe
desn LemperaLre
1he desn LemperaLre of Lhe ppelne or ppn sysLem PALL be aL leasL 30 C 30
lower Lhan Lhe lass LransLon LemperaLre (1) of Lhe qalfed componenL
1he desner PALL ensre LhaL Lhe mamm sLresses wLhn any componenL of Lhe 30
ppn or ppelne sysLem are wLhn Lhe allowable desn enelope
1he elasLomer seal maLeral PALL be compaLble wLh Lhe serce flds Lo whch L s 39
eposed oer Lhe fll desn LemperaLre rane
or bred ppe sysLems where Lhe emsson of aromaLc hydrocarbons and/or Loc flds 41
(as defned n uL 01000130Cen) s a PL concern e pollLon of rond waLers
adhesebonded lamnaLed or screwed and led" [onLs PALL be sed
lnLerfaces wLh meLallc componenLs e ppn essels eqpmenL eLc shall be flaned 41
and flaLface flanes PALL be sed
lnsLrmenL connecLons PALL maLch Lhe pressre LemperaLre and chemcal 42
ressLance capablLes of Lhe man ppe sysLems
pen fre and/or sLeel weldn n Lhe cnLy of C8 PALL noL be permLLed wLhoL 43
proper proLecLon of Lhe C8 and approal from Lhe rncpal
Adhese bondn kLs PALL be nspecLed Lo ensre LhaL Lhe kLs conLan all 43
necessary maLerals are noL leakn or sbly damaed and LhaL aL leasL s monLhs
reman nLl Lhe epraLon of shelf lfe
upon compleLon of nsLallaLon all closed C8 ppn or ppelne sysLems PALL be 30
hydrosLaLcally pressre LesLed
LlecLrcally earLhed (ronded) C8 ppe sysLems PALL be perodcally checked Lo 32
ensre all earLhn leads are fncLonal and LhaL elecLrcal ressLance Lo earLh from any parL
of Lhe sysLem s noL reaLer Lhan 106 U
lf damae occrs or s reealed drn an nspecLon correcLe acLons PALL be 32
carred oL n accordance wLh l 1469242002 Anne A
1ens made drn operaLons PALL maLch Lhe pressre LemperaLre and 32
chemcal ressLance capablLes of Lhe man ppe
1he vendor shall spporL and prode secre connecLons Lo l (l) as follows 18
Lach l PALL be eqpped wLh a key swLch sed Lo dsable Lhe l confraLon
mode
1he vendor PALL docmenL LhaL a repLable Lhrd parLy (e 1uv Lda or 18
WrldLech) has cerLfed Lhe secrLy of all commncaLons beLween uC and l and all
oLher lconnecLons beLween L3 and L2
ConnecLon Lo Lhe l and safeLyrelaLed commncaLon beLween l componenLs (for lL 18
1 and aboe) PALL eLher be hardwred or a a neLwork locally separaLed from
oLher neLworks
1he l PALL noL hae a drecL LLherneL connecLon Lo L3 18
8emoLe access Lo Lhe l LW PALL noL be allowed 18
1he Lype of proLecLon Lo be appled depends larely on Lhe Lype of roLaLn eqpmenL 1he 6
man sLraLey for any machnery s Lo proLecL aansL operaLn Lhe eqpmenL oLsde Ls
nLerLy and performance desn enelope or seeral Lypes of eqpmenL Lhs proLecLon
s defned accordn Lo lnLernaLonal and Al sLandards parLclarly Al Ld 670 lLC
61308 and lLC 61311 Also a safeardn sysLem PALL be classfed accordn Lo
Ls afeLy lnLerLy Leel (lL) by means of an ndependenL l analyss as descrbed n
uL 32801010Cen
ln Lhe absence of l classfcaLon and/or 8CM analyss Lhe vendor's 6
nsLrmenLaLon manLenance and nspecLon/LesLn reqremenLs PALL be followed
1he decson Lo nsLall Lrp fncLons PALL be based on a lL AssessmenL and shall 7
comply wLh Lhs uL and Lake nLo consderaLon Lhe recommendaLons of Lhe rnal
LqpmenL ManfacLrer (LM)
ln some processes L s safer 7
Lo keep Lhe machne rnnn n order Lo carry oL an orderly process shLdown ln Lhose
cases Lhe shLdown sysLem PALL be seqenced Lo do so aLomaLcally so LhaL Lhe
process s reLrned Lo a safe sLaLon before Lhe machne s shL down
Machne Lrp fncLons shall noL hae Lme delays nless Lhe eqpmenL vendor can proe 7
LhaL any proposed Lrp delay wll noL adersely mpacL Lhe safeardn and relablLy of Lhe
eqpmenL ln all cases oerspeed Lrp fncLons aal posLon Lrp fncLons and manal
Lrp bLLons PALL hae no Lme delays n nsLrmenL sysLem desn
1hese Lrp 7
fncLons PALL be effecLed wLhoL delay Lo preenL snfcanL eqpmenL damae
and planL eposre All proposed Lme delays are sb[ecL Lo Lhe rncpal's approal
lf a Lme delay s fond Lo be necessary Lhe Lme delay pls Lhe 8
Lme Lo Lrp PALL noL eceed Lhe calclaLed rocess afeLy 1me
1hese Lme delays 8
PALL be reewed wLh and approed by Lhe rncpal
1he nsLrmenLaLon Lype 9
leel of redndancy and oLn loc selecLon PALL be based pon Lhe lL
accordn Lo process safeLy planL economcs and enronmenLal consderaLons as
deLermned drn Lhe l desn
10
11
42 AxlAL Anu CLn18luCAL CM8L8 Anu LxAnuL8 (Cn1lnuLu) 12
43 8LCl8CA1lnC CM8L8 13
J@J,9

19
ShuLdown seLLlngs SPALL S be esLabllshed Lo proLecL agalnsL ma[or equlpmenL fallures 21
LhaL could lead Lo a process safeLy and/or asseL lnLegrlLy lncldenL
Cnce Lhe shuLdown level 21
ls reached Lhe equlpmenL SPALL S shuL down auLomaLlcally
ShuLdown seLLlngs 21
SPALL S be selecLed Lo prevenL or mlnlmlze ma[or fallures lncludlng
- Loss of conLalnmenL ln Lhe machlne Lhrough Lhe seals or Lhe maln caslng / bearlng
houslngs
- Loss of conLalnmenL from vlbraLlon lnduced faLlgue fallure of aLLachmenLs Lo Lhe
machlne whlch generally occurs flrsL aL flanges or on smallbore plplng Lublng and
lnsLrumenLs
- Secondary damage Lo Lhe nearby faclllLles from falled machlne componenLs
- lallures LhaL wlll keep Lhe machlne down for exLended perlods eg Lhose enLalllng
damage Lo Lhe caslng or sLaLlonary componenLs 8earlng and roLor damage may
resulL when a shuLdown evenL occurs
- ln general all cenLrlfugal compressors should be proLecLed by hlgh radlal vlbraLlon 22
shuLdown funcLlons 1here may be speclflc process appllcaLlons lf shuLdown funcLlons
are noL oLherwlse provlded 1hose cases shall be documenLed durlng ll analysls
8adlal vlbraLlon shuLdown SPALL S always be provlded on cenLrlfugal
compressors lf one or more of Lhe followlng condlLlons apply lrrespecLlve of an ll
revlew
A compressor sucLlon pressure of more Lhan 200 bar
A compressor wlLh an average power denslLy of more Lhan 3 MW per
lmpeller
A remoLe noL normally manned nsLallaLon
an nsLallaLon where Lhe possblLes for operaLonal nLerenLon Lo assess
and acL on braLon alarms n a Lmely manner are mnmal or nonesLenL
Cas 1rbne dres may eperence hh braLon leels drn sLarLp urn Lhs 22
sLarLp perod L s lkely Lhe casn braLon wll eceed Lhe Lrp seLLns A 3 mlLpler
shall be appled Lo Lhe shLdown leel Lo aLomaLcally ncrease seL ponLs on Lhe as
Lrbne drn sLarLp f reqred nce Lhe Lrbne s flly p Lo speed Lhe mlLpler
PALL be deacLaLed
Compressor Lrans wLh hhspeed earboes dren by synchronos moLors may 23
eperence LransenL Lorsonal braLons drn sLarLp urn Lhs sLarLp perod L s
lkely Lhe pnon dsplacemenL braLon wll eceed Lhe Lrp seLLns A 3 mlLpler shold
be appled Lo Lhe shLdown leel Lo aLomaLcally ncrease seL ponLs on Lhe earbo drn
sLarLp nce Lhe compressor reaches operaLn speed Lhe mlLpler PALL be
deacLaLed
PoL as epanders are ofLen parL of a ower 8ecoery Compressor 1ran n an CCu and 23
as sch shall be sb[ecL Lo Lhe same reqremenLs as Lhe compressor and oLher drers n
Lhe Lran lf Lhey are n a separaLe power recoery confraLon Lhey shall also follow Lhe
same reqremenLs as seL for Lhe man compressor eqpmenL n Lhe planL ln boLh Lran
confraLons Lhe hoL as epander Lrbne PALL hae ndependenL oerspeed Lrp
proLecLon smlar Lo sLeam and as Lrbnes
vLal and essenLal cenLrfal machnes PALL hae aal posLon shLdown ln 23
eneral Lhree nonconLacLn probes shall be sed Lo measre roLor aal posLon
hLdown leels PALL be selecLed Lo preenL Lhe mosL seros falres ncldn 24
loss of conLanmenL roLor replacemenL or refrbshmenL and damae Lo Lhe casn or
sLaLonary componenLs
Lpanders as Lrbnes and sLeam Lrbne drers PALL be eqpped wLh an 23
oerspeed proLecLon sysLem LhaL s ndependenL of oLher conLrol sysLems
1he eqpmenL 23
LM PALL descrbe Lhe oerspeed desn crLera and proLecLon phlosophy
(ncldn LesL faclLes p Lo Lhe epander nleL ale and/or Lo Lhe fel as Lrp ale
and/or Lo Lhe man sLeam Lrp ale)
1he reqred sysLem speed of response PALL be deLermned 23
1he oerspeed sysLem PALL respond wLhn Lhese lmLs Lo preenL 23
damae Lo Lhe eqpmenL roLor and poLenLal loss of conLanmenL
A Lwo oL of Lhree (2oo3) 23
oLn loc PALL be appled on elecLronc oerspeed deLecLon sysLems nless
ndcaLed oLherwse by Lhe l and lL AssessmenL 1me delays are noL allowed on any
oerspeed Lrp proLecLon sysLems
ln accordance wLh uL 31296031Cen and uL 31297031Cen mlLple shafL 23
Lrbnes PALL hae nddal oerspeed proLecLon for each shafL
Cas and desel ennes PALL be eqpped wLh an oerspeed proLecLon sysLem LhaL 23
s ndependenL of oLher conLrol sysLems
1he eqpmenL LM PALL descrbe Lhe 23
oerspeed desn crLera and proLecLon phlosophy (ncldn LesL faclLes p Lo Lhe fel
as Lrp ale)
1he reqred sysLem speed of response PALL be deLermned 1he 23
oerspeed sysLem PALL respond wLhn Lhese lmLs Lo preenL damae Lo Lhe
eqpmenL
A Lwo oL of Lhree (2oo3) oLn loc PALL be appled on elecLronc 23
oerspeed deLecLon sysLems nless ndcaLed oLherwse by Lhe l and lL AssessmenL
When Lrbnes are sed Lo dre oLher roLaLn eqpmenL Lhe Lrbne Lrp sysLems are 23
crLcal Lo prode Lhe mechancal proLecLon of all Lhe eqpmenL n Lhe Lran as well as any
oLher process safeardn ls LhaL depend on Lrppn Lhe Lrbne 1herefore Lhe Lrbne
Lrp sysLem PALL meeL Lhe reqred lL of Lhe l wLh Lhe hhesL lL reqremenL
When a lL 3 performance s reqred a 2oo3 or 2oo4 v oLn sysLem Lwo sLop ales 23
and Lhe oernor speed conLrol ale may be reqred Lo achee Lhe reqred
performance A sLop ale can be eLher a 11v or a Lrp ale desned specfcally Lo sLop
Lhe sLeam flow nLo Lhe Lrbne lf Lhe lL AssessmenL deLermnes Lwo sLop ales are
reqred Lhey can eLher be nsLalled n seres wLh each oLher and oLed 1oo2 Lo Lrp or
nsLalled n parallel wLh each oLher wLh ncreased freqency of LesLn ln boLh sysLem
desns Lhe oernor ales PALL be desned Lo be forced closed on a Lrp snal
1he uC u nL PALL be desned Lo mnmse Lhe rsk of shorL crcLs and 8
PALL ensre personnel and operaLonal safeLy aL all Lmes
ln Lhe eenL of an nLerrpLon or depresson n Lhe AC mans olLae Lo Lhe 9
recLfer Lhe baLLery PALL spply Lhe load reqremenLs for noL less Lhan Lhe
aLonomy Lme as specfed on Lhe 8eqsLon whlsL manLann Lhe oLpL olLae wLhn
Lhe permssble lmLs (33)
v8LA baLLeres PALL be desned for operaLon n a nomnal ambenL LemperaLre of 9
20 C bL PALL be capable of operaLn for lmLed perods n Lhe LemperaLre rane
10 C Lo 30 C nless specfed oLherwse
nCd baLLeres PALL be desned for operaLon n a nomnal ambenL LemperaLre of 9
23 C bL PALL be capable of operaLn for lmLed perods n Lhe LemperaLre rane
3 C Lo 40 C nless oLherwse specfed
1he uC u nL PALL ncorporaLe all Lhe necessary eqpmenL Lo enable operaLon 20
proLecLon and conLrol of Lhe nL n accordance wLh Lhs specfcaLon and Lo safeard L
and Ls componenLs from Lhe conseqences of nLernal and eLernal shorL crcLs oer
olLaes and any man or conLrol crcL malfncLons howeer cased
AddLonally Lhese 20
ndcaLons PALL be aalable for remoLe snalln a Lhe seral nLerface specfed n
(37)
AC npL spply aalable
8ecLfer on (floaL chare operaLon)
8aLLery on hhraLe charn (noL applcable Lo v8LA baLLeres)
1he follown alarm and Lrp fncLons PALL be proded as a mnmm 21
1he u nL PALL comply wLh lLC 6014611 lLC 6204012 lLC 620402 8
lLC 620403 and Lhs uL
1he desn of Lhe u shall be sch as Lo mnmse Lhe rsk of shorL crcLs and 8
PALL ensre personnel and operaLonal safeLy aL all Lmes
All componenLs PALL be of a qalLy and relablLy LhaL saLsfy Lhe reqremenLs of a 9
secre ac sorce of power Lo Lal eqpmenL performn a conLrolln monLorn and
safeardn fncLon n conLnosly operaLn peLrochemcal process nLs prodcLon
faclLes and LlLy nsLallaLons
upon resLoraLon of Lhe ac mans olLae Lhe recLfer PALL spply Lhe power 9
reqremenLs of Lhe load a Lhe nerLer whle smlLaneosly recharn Lhe baLLery 1he
baLLery PALL be rechared aL sch a raLe as Lo resLore L Lo Lhe reqred capacLy
wLhn Lhe Lme specfed n (311)
1he manLenance bypass swLch PALL hae padlock faclLes Lo 9
preenL naderLenL closn e when manLenance s ben performed n Lhe u
comparLmenL
1he ManfacLrer PALL prode a sLable lockable fsed loadswLch (or fse + 12
swLch) mnaLre crcL breaker (MC8) or molded case crcL breaker (MCC8) Lo
faclLaLe onload solaLon of Lhe baLLery for baLLery manLenance prposes
1he baLLery olLae and capacLy PALL be sch as Lo flfl Lhe nerLer npL power 14
reqremenLs when Lhe nerLer s delern Ls raLed kvA oLpL aL 08 power facLor
lan for Lhe aLonomy Lme of Lhe u specfed on Lhe 8eqsLon
1he u PALL ncorporaLe all Lhe necessary eqpmenL Lo enable operaLon 23
proLecLon and conLrol of Lhe u n accordance wLh Lhs uL and Lo safeard Lhe nL
and Ls componenLs from Lhe conseqences of nLernal and eLernal shorL crcLs
oerolLaes and any man or conLrol crcL malfncLons howsoeer cased
AL leasL Lhe follown ndcaLons n Lhe form of LLu/LCus and/or measrn nsLrmenLs 23
shall be proded on Lhe fronL oLsde panel of Lhe nL Lo enable erfcaLon of Lhe
operaLonal sLaLs of Lhe u 1he ndcaLons shall be spermposed on a mmc daram
of Lhe u Lo denLfy Lhe releanL componenL or crcL AddLonally Lhese ndcaLons
PALL be aalable for remoLe snalln a Lhe seral nLerface specfed n (33)
ac npL spply aalable
AlLernaLe/bypass spply aalable
8ecLfer on
lnerLer on
Load on nerLer
Load on bypass
lnerLer/bypass synchronsed
8aLLery on hh raLe chare (f specfed)
1he naaLonal ads sysLem PALL be sLable for conLnos operaLon aL fll load 9
wLhn Lhe specfed serce condLons pecal reqremenLs shall be sLaLed n Lhe
reqsLon
1he naaLonal ads sysLem PALL be desned Lo mnmse any rsk of shorL crcLs 10
and Lo ensre personnel and operaLonal safeLy nder all condLons of operaLon nspecLon
and manLenance
ComponenLs PALL be capable of wLhsLandn Lhe Lhermal and dynamc sLresses 10
reslLn from nLernal and eLernal shorL crcLs and crcL swLchn operaLons eLc
uamae arsn from componenL falre shold be confned Lo Lhe componenL concerned
ComponenL maLerals PALL be nonflame propaaLn 10
LlecLrolyLes e for capacLors PALL be nonLoc and LoLally free from 10
polychlornaLed bphenyls (C8s)
1he eqpmenL and all Ls accessores PALL be sLable for Lhe area classfcaLon as 10
specfed n Lhe reqsLon
1he naaLonal ads sysLem for offshore nsLallaLons PALL comprse (n parL or LoLal 11
as defned n Lhe pro[ecL specfcaLon or reqsLon) Lhe follown
marLme adble/sal naaLonal ads
marLme radar beacon (8acon)
power spply nLs
1he naaLonal ads sysLem PALL comply wLh Lhe lALA 139 and CA437 for 11
helcopLer operaLons
lncandescenL lanLerns PALL hae lamp/flamenL redndancy 14
1he sond snal sysLem PALL always prode 360 coerae 14
n Lhe horonLal plane arond Lhe sLrcLre
1he performance of 17
Lhe naaLonal ads sysLem PALL noL be affecLed or n any way deraded by Lhe
se of porLable rado LransmLLers
1he Lochdown and lfLoff area lhLn sysLem for Lhe heldeck PALL comprse 23
permeLer lhLs
sLaLs (waeoff) lhLs
floodlhLs and llmnaLon of LareL crcle and P"
nLernally llmnaLed wnd sock
1he color of Lhe 23
heldeck permeLer lhLs PALL be reen as defned n lCA Anne 14 vol1
Append 1 pararaph 211(c) 1he erLcal beam spread characLersLcs PALL be
as defned n CA 437 ChapLer 4 Lable 1
new Lechnqes are consLanLly eoln When Lhese Lechnqes fall oLsde Lhe coerae 8
of Lhs uL Lher se PALL be Lhorohly reewed by Lhe rncpal and based on
Lhe recommendaLons of an eperenced eoLechncal enneer
1he rncpal or Lhe ConLracLor PALL defne Lhe basc reqremenLs for eoLechncal 8
and fondaLon enneern (e selecLed locaLon eomeLry of faclLy sLrcLre Lypes
loads pro[ecL Lmn economc consLranLs (e loss of reene de Lo delay)
enronmenLal consLranLs mnmm operaLn and sral condLons accepLable
eoLechncal desn concepLs mamm allowable LoLal and dfferenLal seLLlemenLs eLc)
1he rncpal Lhe ConLracLor or Lhe CeoLechncal ConLracLor PALL denLfy Lhe 9
compleLy of each eoLechncal desn LoeLher wLh Lhe rsks Lo lfe enronmenL
properLy loss of reene eLc
1he CeoLechncal ConLracLor PALL erfy LhaL for each eoLechncal desn 9
sLaLon no releanL lmL sLaLe s eceeded 1hs s dscssed frLher n (34)
1he rncpal PALL mplemenL any manLenance pracLce accordn Lo Lhe 9
reqremenLs en by Lhe eoLechncal desn reporL
All maLerals PALL be of approed Lypes conformn Lo Lhe releanL nLernaLonal and 9
naLonal sLandards
All maLerals PALL be accompaned by Lhe appropraLe LesLn calbraLon and 9
cerLfcaLon docmenLs
LrcLres classfed as medm or hh conseqence n 10
accordance wLh uL 34110001Cen shall be consdered as specal sLrcLres and
PALL be desned Lo meeL Lhe specfed performance reqremenLs wLh Lhe
addLonal reqremenLs of Lhs uL
ln order Lo esLablsh mnmm reqremenLs for Lhe eLenL and conLenL of eoLechncal 12
nesLaLons calclaLons and consLrcLon conLrol checks Lhe compleLy of each
eoLechncal desn PALL be denLfed LoeLher wLh Lhe assocaLed rsks Ln 19971
denLfes 3 eoLechncal caLeores
lnnoaLe desns LhaL reslL n sbsLanLal cosL or schedle 12
benefLs may also be consdered bL PALL be referred Lo Lhe rncpal based on Lhe
recommendaLons of an eperenced eoLechncal enneer for approal
All desn PALL be made wLh de allowance for safeLy consLrcLablLy cosLs 12
proramme relablLy rsks performance and pracLcalLy of Lhe sLrcLres n mnd
1he lmL sLaLe desn procedre PALL be nderLaken n Lwo sLaes 12
- seL p desn sLaLons
- show LhaL lmL sLaLes wll noL be eceeded n Lhe desn sLaLons
1he deLaled specfcaLon of desn sLaLons PALL nclde consderaLon of Lhe 13
follown as appropraLe
- eneral sLablLy of Lhe rond on whch Lhe sLrcLre s locaLed wLh respecL Lo oerall
sLablLy and rond moemenLs
- dsposLon and classfcaLon of Lhe aros ones of sol rock and elemenLs of
consLrcLon whch are noled n any calclaLon model
- Lhe enronmenL wLhn whch Lhe desn s seL
- acLons Lher combnaLons and load cases
- n Lhe case of sLrcLres resLn on or near rock Lhe effecL of dsconLnLes and dppn
beddn planes
- poLenLal for deLeroraLon of Lhe rond as a reslL of Lhe works
- Lolerance of Lhe sLrcLre and nLerconnecLn ppework Lo deformaLons
- effecL of Lhe proposed sLrcLre on esLn sLrcLres and serces
- behaor of rond and fondaLon nder earLhqake loadn
- manLenance phlosophy for Lhe sLrcLre
8oLh shorL Lerm and lon Lerm desn sLaLons PALL be consdered
A rond model PALL be deeloped by an eperenced enneern eolosL or 13
eoLechncal enneer n accordance wLh uL 34110010 whch descrbes Lhe
dsposLon and classfcaLon of Lhe aros ones of sol and rock and elemenLs of
consLrcLon 1hs shold be based on
- desk sLdy ncldn maps phoLos saLellLe maery dLal eleaLon models eLc
- walkoer srey
- reslLs of eophyscal sreys
- reslLs of rond nesLaLons and assocaLed laboraLory LesLn
AssessmenL of eohaards PALL be performed accordn Lo uL 34110010Cen
ncldn consderaLon of Lems n Lhe checklsL n Append 3 Crond as oLenLal
Paard"
LrcLres on or near rock 13
ConsderaLon PALL as appropraLe be en Lo
- rrelar rock srface Loporaphy
- dppn beddn planes
- nLerbedded hard and sofL sLraLa
- falLs [onLs and fssres
- possble nsLablLy of rock blocks
1he reqremenLs for sesmc desn en n Lhs uL PALL be followed nless L 14
has been deLermned n accordance wLh uL 34110001Cen ecLon 232 LhaL sesmc
loadn can be nelecLed
Where releanL laLeral loads (e from wnd waes sol Lhermal effecLs or sesmc 14
loadn) PALL be Laken nLo acconL n Lhe desn of fondaLons
Where releanL dynamc acLons on fondaLons (e from machnes or earLhqakes) 13
PALL be Laken nLo acconL for Lhe desn of Lhe fondaLons
ConsderaLon PALL be en Lo possble deLeroraLon of bearn capacLy and/or 13
sLffness nder cyclc and dynamc loadn
Abnormal acLons arsn from eplosons collsons eLc PALL be consdered as 13
oLlned n uL 34000130Cen
1he load combnaLons seL oL n uL 34000130Cen PALL be consdered 13
8eqremenLs for seLLlemenL crLera for Lhe desn of sLorae Lanks are deLaled n (43) and 13
uL 34310133Cen ConsderaLon PALL be en Lo Lhe nflence of consLrcLon
seqence and Lme dependency and wheLher LoLal posL consLrcLon or posL hookp
dsplacemenLs are crLcal
lmplemenLaLon of a new sLrcLre n Lhe cnLy of an esLn sLrcLre may hae aderse 13
effecLs on Lhe esLn sLrcLre and/or on Lhe new sLrcLre ln Lhe desn and drn
consLrcLon possble nLeracLons PALL be analysed
verfcaLon LhaL lmL sLaLes are noL eceeded PALL nole one or more of Lhe 16
follown approaches
- se of calclaLons
- adopLon of prescrpLe measres
- epermenLal models and load LesLs
- an obseraLonal meLhod
When Lhe reslLs of load LesLs or LesLs on lare or smallscale models are sed Lo [sLfy or 17
aldaLe a desn or n order Lo complmenL anoLher desn approach Lhe follown facLors
PALL be en consderaLon
- ufference n rond condLons beLween Lhe LesL locaLon and Lhe consLrcLon
locaLon
- 1me effecLs especally f Lhe LesL or model draLon s snfcanLly dfferenL Lo Lhe
draLon of loadn drn consLrcLon
- cale effecLs (especally for small models)
1he follown reqremenLs PALL be meL before consLrcLon commences 17
- AccepLable lmLs of behaor shall be esLablshed
- 1he rane of possble behaor shall be assessed and L shall be shown LhaL Lhere
s an accepLable probablLy LhaL Lhe acLal behaor wll be wLhn Lhe accepLable
lmLs
- A sysLem of monLorn shall be esLablshed LhaL prodes Lmely and accraLe daLa
Lo ensre LhaL performance s wLhn accepLable lmLs
- 1he response Lme of Lhe monLorn sysLem and Lhe speed wLh whch reslLs are
analysed shall be sffcenLly rapd Lo allow rapd eolLon of Lhe desn f
behaor deres from LhaL epecLed
- A plan of conLnency acLons shall be desed whch wll be adopLed f Lhe
monLorn reeals behaor oLsde of accepLable lmLs
1he eoLechncal desn reporL PALL demonsLraLe safe and effcenL desn As a 18
mnmm Lhs shall nclde Lhe follown Lems where releanL
1) a descrpLon of Lhe sLe and srrondns
2) a descrpLon of Lhe rond condLons based on Lhe rond nesLaLons and oLher
aalable sorces of nformaLon and wLh reference Lo Lhe rond nesLaLon
reporL
3) a descrpLon of Lhe proposed consLrcLon ncldn loads and lmL sLaLes (allowable
deflecLons) and assessed eoLechncal caLeory
4) Lhe codes and sLandards appled for Lhe eoLechncal desn
3) Lhe desn approach adopLed and correspondn facLors of safeLy wLh a [sLfcaLon of
Lhe ales sed
6) characLersLc ales of sol and rock properLes
7) fondaLon desn recommendaLons LoeLher wLh any rsks denLfed and [sLfcaLon
reardn Lher accepLablLy
8) Lhe eoLechncal desn calclaLon reslLs ncldn drawns
9) a lsLn of Lems Lo be reewed aL a laLer sLae (e by a specalsL conLracLor) Lhose
Lo be checked drn consLrcLon and Lhose reqrn manLenance or monLorn
10) Lhe sesmc haard assessmenL and desn crLera
An lnspecLon and 1esL lan PALL be deeloped n parallel wLh Lhe eoLechncal 19
desn
1he depLh of fondaLons PALL be selecLed Lo ensre 20
- An adeqaLe bearn sLraLm s reached
- ln Lhe case of clay sols peneLraLon wLh sLable precaLons below Lhe one where
shrnkae and swelln de Lo seasonal weaLher chanes Lrees shrbs and oLher
eeLaLon are lkely Lo case apprecable moemenL
- eneLraLon below any one wLh collapse poLenLal
- eneLraLon below Lhe one where frosL heae may occr
1he effecL of rondwaLer and chanes n rondwaLer leel on Lhe performance of 21
fondaLons PALL always be careflly consdered
Where Lhe Lank s nderlan by sofL compressble rond parLclar consderaLon PALL 21
be en Lo Lank ede sLablLy and Lhe Lank boLLom seLLlemenL profle CalclaLon
meLhods are en n Append 4
ufferenLal seLLlemenL beLween Lanks and ppe connecLons PALL also be 22
consdered
Analyses for sesmc loadn PALL consder a lower and pper bond rane of sol 22
properLes accordn Lo Lhe recommendaLons en n ACL 4
LrcLres PALL be classfed as hh medm or normal conseqence n 22
accordance wLh uL 34110001Cen 1hey PALL be desned sn one or Lwo
leels of earLhqake sn parLal facLors as defned n Lhe Append 4 Lo achee Lhe
appropraLe performance reqremenLs deLermned from ecLon 4 of LhaL uL LLher one
or Lwo performance crLera PALL be saLsfed for all sLrcLres
1he desner PALL ensre n Lhs case LhaL onon 23
serceablLy follown Lhe uL eenL and safe shLdown/lfe safeLy reqremenLs follown
Lhe AL eenL are noL compromsed
1he same meLhodoloy as sed n sLaLc desn for assessmenL of parLclar modes of 23
falre (lmL sLaLes) may be adopLed bL wLh addLonal psedosLaLc nerLal loads from Lhe
sLrcLre appled Lo Lhe fondaLon ln addLon redced rond ressLance de Lo sesmc
load PALL also be consdered boLh n Lerms of nerLa loadn and cyclc
deradaLon of sLrenLh and sLffness
Where ples are bearn n nLerbedded sLraLa where hard or dense layers oerle sofLer 26
sLraLa checks PALL be made LhaL 'pnchn' wll noL occr
1he desn of bored casL n sL ples PALL Lake nLo acconL Lhe meLhods of 26
consLrcLon and nspecLon LhaL wll be adopLed 1hs shall nclde consderaLon of
- 1he effecL of consLrcLon draLon and possble sofLenn on shafL frcLon
- 1he sLablLy of Lhe ple bore drn consLrcLon
- 1he possble effecL of drlln fld on shafL frcLon
- 1he Lechnqes Lo be sed for cleann Lhe ple base and feasblLy of erfyn base
cleanlness pror Lo concreLn
- 1he possblLy of remolded maLeral ben smeared on Lhe sdes of Lhe shafL
(parLclarly when drlln n hard clays or weak rocks n dry condLons)
1he lLmaLe ressLance and seLLlemenL characLersLcs of bored ples may be mproed by 26
shafL or base roLn 1hese Lechnqes reqre a hh leel of sperson and conLrol and
PALL Lherefore only be sed wLh Lhe approal of Lhe rncpal
or Lhe 27
lLmaLe lmL sLaLe falre of nddal ples and block falre of Lhe rop PALL be
consdered
ln addLon Lhe desn of Lhe ple cap PALL Lake nLo acconL Lhe possblLy of 27
nddal ples wLhn a rop formn hard or sofL areas de Lo aryn rond condLons
LalaLon of Lhe behaor of ple rops sb[ecL Lo laLeral loadn PALL consder 27
nLeracLon beLween ples CalclaLon meLhods are en n Append 3
or desn of pled fondaLons of cryoenc sLorae Lanks a sol sLrcLre nLeracLon 27
analyss PALL be carred oL
Analyses for sesmc loadn PALL consder a lower and pper bond rane of sol 27
properLes accordn Lo Lhe recommendaLons en n ACL4
Poweer when drn ples nLo dense slLy sols 27
neaLe pore pressres can be eneraLed leadn Lo an ncrease n ressLance drn
drn and a decrease n ressLance afLer Lhe end of drn known as 'relaaLon' 1hese
chanes n ressLance wLh Lme afLer drn PALL be Laken nLo acconL when
consdern Lhe reslLs of dynamc LesLs see (374)
1he draLon of loadn n a qas sLaLc LesL s seeral Lmes loner Lhan n a dynamc LesL 31
bL Lhe reslLs PALL be correcLed for dynamc effecLs
1he desn of ples for earLhqake loadn PALL nclde consderaLon of erLcal and 33
horonLal loads
lf lqefacLon occrs downdra forces (e neaLe skn frcLon) on Lhe sdes of ples 33
cased by seLLlemenL of Lhe oerlyn nonlqefed crsL (Lypcally rond aboe Lhe waLer
Lable bL may nclde oLher nonlqefable sLraLa) PALL be consdered n Lhe ple
desn le bckln wLhn lqefed ones PALL be checked
1he deLermnaLon of horonLal loadn s consderably more comple Lhan for sLaLc 33
loadn A combnaLon of boLh laLeral loadn from Lhe sLrcLre nLo Lhe ple head and
loads alon Lhe lenLh of Lhe ples de Lo sol dsplacemenL PALL be consdered
When desnn loadn plaLform and LresLle sLrcLres for moderaLe Lo lare sesmc 33
loads as a mnmm a spaceframe analyss PALL be carred oL LhaL Lakes nLo
acconL Lhe aryn sLffness of Lhe ples uesn of Lhe ples PALL acconL for
dsplacemenL demand and appropraLe dcLlLy
1he eoLechncal desn reporL PALL sLaLe how Lhe selecLon of Lhe Lype earLh 36
reLann sLrcLre Lo be adopLed n any parLclar sLaLon s based on1
- Lhe locaLon of Lhe wall Ls posLon relaLe Lo oLher sLrcLres and Lhe amonL of
space aalable ncldn Lhe necessLy or oLherwse Lo confne Lhe spporL sysLem
wLhn Lhe sLe bondares
- Lhe proposed hehL of Lhe wall and Lhe Loporaphy of Lhe rond boLh before and
afLer consLrcLon
- Lhe rond condLons
- Lhe rond waLer and Ldal condLons
- Lhe eLenL of rond moemenL accepLable drn consLrcLon and n serce and
Lhe effecL of moemenL of Lhe earLh reLann sLrcLre on esLn or spporLed
sLrcLres and serces
- eLernal le loadn
- Lhe aalablLy of maLerals
- reqred lfe and manLenance
- ConsLrcLon access
- LnronmenLal lmLaLons
- CosL
Where ecaaLons are reqred near Lo esLn faclLes Lhe rond moemenLs reslLn 37
from Lhe ecaaLon and Lher effecLs on ad[acenL sLrcLres PALL be ealaLed
1hese may nclde
- Crond moemenLs de Lo reLann wall nsLallaLon
- Crond moemenLs de Lo deflecLon of Lhe reLann wall as Lhe ecaaLon s
formed
- Crond moemenLs de Lo dewaLern (see ecLon 10)
- Crond moemenLs de Lo applcaLon of loads near walls
Walls PALL be checked aansL falre by sldn oerLrnn and bearn capacLy 38
falre n addLon Lo sLrcLral desn and lobal sLablLy checks
- 1he dranae sysLems PALL be capable of absorbn LransenL and permanenL 39
moemenLs wLhoL mparmenL
Walls PALL be desned and deLaled so LhaL nder Lhe AL conLrolled 39
dsplacemenL of Lhe wall wll occr Lhroh yeldn of Lhe anchor maLeral and sdden
falre wll be aoded
o 1he connecLon sLrenLhs beLween renforcemenL and Lhe facn PALL 39
be sch LhaL Lhe falre nder Lhe AL s always dcLle LhaL s by eLher pll
oL of Lhe renforcemenL Lhroh ranlar maLerals wLhoL loss of plloL
capacLy wLh dsplacemenL or by yeldn or deformaLon of Lhe renforcemenL
and noL by fallure of Lhe connecLlons
ueslgn acLlons Lo be consldered SPALL S lnclude 41
- LarLh pressures due Lo reLalned solls
- 1ldal range
- 1ldal lag
- CroundwaLer levels range (lncludlng posslble sLorm surges)
- Pydrodynamlc loadlng
- Wave loadlng
- Scour
- Cver dredglng
- 8erLhlng and moorlng loads
- lmposed loads from operaLlon of Lhe faclllLy (eg cranes conLalners eLc)
Walls and slopes SPALL S be checked agalnsL fallure by slldlng overLurnlng and 42
bearlng capaclLy fallure ln addlLlon Lo sLrucLural deslgn and global sLablllLy checks
lor deslgn agalnsL upllfL of an lmpermeable layer Lhe desLablllslng LoLal waLer pressure 31
SPALL S be less Lhan or equal Lo Lhe sLablllslng LoLal verLlcal sLress due Lo Lhe welghL of
soll above Lhe lnLerface
lollow Lhe slmple prescrlpLlve safeLy dlsLances glven ln Lhls uL Lo cover boLh Lhe 8
flre and exploslon scenarlos 1he dlsLances are relevanL Lo 'sLandard' onshore planL
rocesses and operaLlng condlLlons and are generally deslgned Lo be conservaLlve
and meeL Lhe rlsk crlLerlon Powever Lhls may noL be Lhe case for all slLuaLlons
especlally Lhose lnvolvlng novel deslgns or for slLes wlLh parLlcularly congesLed or
conflned areas and hlgh equlpmenL counLs lf Lhls laLLer slLuaLlon ls known/LhoughL
Lo be Lhe case Lhe 81 Lool or an equlvalenL rlsk assessmenL Lool SPALL S be
used
lor Lhe proper appllcaLlon of Lhls uL Lhe followlng SPALL S be ln place 8
- A Pazard and LffecLs 8eglsLer or a PSL 8lsk 8eglsLer SPALL S be compleLed
for Lhe slLe or ro[ecL and any addlLlonal relevanL hazard evenLs ldenLlfled LhaL are
noL lncluded ln Lhls uL SPALL S be consldered for Lhelr relevancy for Lhe
porLable bulldlng slLlng Lxamples may lnclude dusL exploslons rapld phase
LranslLlons condensed phase chemlcal exploslons and Loxlcs and aclds lf
uncerLaln seek experL advlce from Ma[or Pazards or rocess SafeLy 1echnlcal
AuLhorlLles
- Where Loxlc hazards are presenL on slLe and can lmpacL Lhe porLable bulldlng Lhe
followlng SPALL S be ln place
SufflclenL prlmary escape and evacuaLlon rouLes Lo a place of safeLy or
refuge or
1he deslgn of Lhe wlndows PvAC dampeners bulldlng peneLraLlons and
doors are such LhaL Lhey allow sufflclenL Lemporary musLer Llme for Lhe LoLal
number of people lnslde Lhe bulldlng for Lhe LoLal exposure Llme of Lhe
evenL or
1here are lnLernal proLecLed musLer areas wlLhln Lhe bulldlng
- Speclal conslderaLlon should be glven Lo poLenLlal Loxlc releases followlng on from
an exploslon (whlch may damage or lmpalr Lhe evacuaLlon rouLes Lhe porLable
bulldlng or Lhe refuge) Lo ensure LhaL Lhe rlsks are Lolerable and ALA8 1hls may
requlre relocaLlon of Lhe porLable bulldlng furLher away from Lhe Loxlc hazards
dependlng on Lhe slLe speclflc scenarlos as ldenLlfled ln Lhe slLe's Pazard and
LffecLs 8eglsLer or pro[ecL's PSL 8lsk 8eglsLer Such scenarlos can vary greaLly
wlLh respecL Lo lmpacL dlsLances dependlng on Lhe Loxlc process fluld composlLlon
and operaLlng condlLlons SpeclallsL experL advlce should be soughL lf such
scenarlos are relevanL because Lhey are beyond Lhe scope of Lhls uL
- lL ls normally assumed LhaL Lhere ls sufflclenL Llme Lo ralse Lhe alarm and effecL
escape Lo a place of safeLy for delayed evenLs eg 8LLvLs lf Lhls cannoL be
demonsLraLed or ls unknown for a slLe Lhen Lhe 8LLvL rlsk conLrlbuLlon
SPALL S be lncluded ln Lhe 'exploslon rlsk' assessmenL Lo deLermlne Lhe safe
locaLlon of porLable bulldlngs
- All flammables and flammable Loxlcs SPALL S be lncluded ln Lhe exploslon
assessmenL
- When applylng Lhls uL Lo exlsLlng slLes acLual planL hlsLory and LCC daLa
should be facLored lnLo Lhe declslon maklng so LhaL Lhe slLlng of porLable bulldlngs
can be made Lo avold any known areas of hlgh rlsk
- lf a porLable bulldlng lles wlLhln Zone 3 as deflned ln Appendlx 1 of
uL 61100811Cen Lhen lL SPALL S noL be occupled durlng Lhe perlod of
pneumaLlc LesLlng
orLable bulldlngs deflned as occupled" ln (132) SPALL S be slLed uslng Lhe 10
crlLerla speclfled ln (4) or (3)
SlLes LhaL have compleLed a laclllLy SlLlng SLudy uslng
Lhe 81 or an equlvalenL rlsk assessmenL uslng a model approved by Lhe rlnclpal
SPALL S use Lhe crlLerla ln (4) SlLes LhaL have noL compleLed a laclllLy SlLlng
SLudy uslng Lhe 81 or equlvalenL SPALL S use Lhe crlLerla ln (3)
1he slLlng of occupled porLable bulldlngs SPALL S be lncorporaLed lnLo Lhe 10
ManagemenL of Change (MCC) process used aL Lhe slLe 1he lmpacL of Lhe lnsLallaLlon
of new process faclllLles and changes ln Lhe operaLlng condlLlons of exlsLlng process
faclllLles on occupled porLable bulldlngs SPALL S be assessed as parL of Lhe MCC
rocess
8lasL 8eslsLanL Modules (88Ms) may be sLacked only Lwo 88Ms hlgh and lf sLacked 10
Lhe wldLh of Lhe sLacked 88Ms ln all dlrecLlons SPALL S be Lhe same as or greaLer
Lhan Lhe helghL of Lhe sLacked 88Ms When sLacked Lhe modules SPALL S bolLed
or secured LogeLher
rocess areas shuLdown for a Lurnaround SPALL S be consldered as 10
ln servlce" when slLlng an occupled porLable bulldlng excepL as furLher dlscussed ln
(6)
Cccupled porLable bulldlngs LhaL are Lemporarlly slLed LolleLs for Lurnarounds may be 11
slLed based on an esLlmaLed occupancy level by lndlvlduals raLher Lhan Lhe 'bulldlng
rlsk' deflned by 40 hours a week nomlnal occupancy (le for conservaLlve calculaLlons
assume an lndlvldual spends on average of 10 hours a week lnslde Lhe bulldlng)
1hese bulldlngs SPALL S be slLed where Lhe 81 or equlvalenL rlsk assessmenL
lndlcaLes Lhe Maxlmum lndlvldual 8lsk (Ml8) ls less Lhan 1x103/year and Lhe
dlsLances are meL ln (41c)
1he lnflaLable bulldlng 11
SPALL S be modelled ln Lhe 81 or equlvalenL Lool as a 810 cusLom bulldlng wlLh
speclflc lnpuL parameLers (dlfferenL Lhan Lhose for 88Ms) 1he lnflaLable bulldlng
SPALL S be slLed where Lhe 8ulldlng 8lsk ls less Lhan or equal Lo 1x103/year uslng
Lhe speclflc 810 rlsk conLour (green area ln 81 or furLher ouL)
orLable bulldlngs SPALL S noL be placed ln areas where hydrocarbon llquld pools 11
or hazardous llqulds can form around Lhem or reach Lhem (eg aL dralnage low polnLs
on Lhe slLe or wlLhln dlked or bunded areas deslgned for producL secondary
conLalnmenL)
A slLe LhaL has compleLed a laclllLy SlLlng SLudy uslng Lhe 81 or an equlvalenL rlsk 12
assessmenL Lool uslng a model approved by Lhe rlnclpal SPALL S use Lhe
followlng crlLerla Lo slLe porLable bulldlngs
a Cccupled porLable bulldlngs modelled as 81 bulldlngs SPALL S be slLed
where Lhe calculaLed 8ulldlng 8lsk ls less Lhan or equal Lo 1x103/year uslng Lhe
81 rlsk conLour (green area ln 81 or furLher ouL)
b Cccupled porLable bulldlngs LhaL are sLeel panelled shlpplng conLalners (such as 12
Sea 8ox conLalners or uelLa conLalners) shall be consldered a bulldlng
consLrucLlon of 82 ln Lhe 81 82 bulldlngs SPALL S be slLed where Lhe
calculaLed 8ulldlng 8lsk ls less Lhan or equal Lo 1x103/year uslng Lhe 82 rlsk
conLour (green area ln 81 or furLher ouL)
c ln addlLlon Lo meeLlng Lhe requlremenLs ln (41a) and (41b) for exploslon rlsks 12
Lhe followlng mlnlmum dlsLances SPALL S be malnLalned beLween Lhe
occupled porLable bulldlng and Lhe followlng flre hazards assoclaLed wlLh
hydrocarbon process operaLlons on Lhe slLe
A slLe LhaL has compleLed a laclllLy SlLlng SLudy uslng Lhe rocess 8lsk 1ool (81) or 13
equlvalenL rlsk assessmenL SPALL S use Lhe followlng crlLerla Lo slLe 8lasL
8eslsLanL Modules (88Ms) wlLh a blasL raLlng of 33 ka (8 psl)
a orLable bulldlngs LhaL are 88Ms wlLh a blasL raLlng of 33 ka (8 psl) shall be
consldered as a cusLom bulldlng consLrucLlon of 810 ln Lhe 81 or equlvalenL
rlsk assessmenL Lool lL may be slLed where Lhe 8ulldlng 8lsk ls less Lhan or equal
Lo 1x103/year uslng Lhe correspondlng 810 rlsk conLour (green area ln 81 or
furLher ouL) wlLh Lhe lnformaLlon lnpuLLed for a 88M wlLh a blasL raLlng of 33ka (8
psl) 1he 8ulldlng 8lsk cannoL be ad[usLed due Lo parLlal occupancy
b ln addlLlon Lo meeLlng Lhe requlremenLs ln (42a) for exploslon rlsk Lhe followlng
mlnlmum dlsLances SPALL S be malnLalned beLween Lhe occupled 88M and
Lhe followlng flre hazards assoclaLed wlLh hydrocarbon process operaLlons on Lhe
slLe 1he dlsLances glven below are Lhe mlnlmum allowed safeLy dlsLances unless
a deLalled rlsk based approach ls applled Lo lndlcaLe oLherwlse
l 100 m (330 fL) from above ground ressurlsed llammable SLorage and LC
Loadlng and unloadlng 8acks
ll 30 m (100 fL) from process equlpmenL ln lsolaLed areas (le noL parL of a
congesLed process area) LhaL presenL a slgnlflcanL rlsk such as pumps
pressure vessels rellef valves Lo aLmosphere flares process venLs and low
pressure sLorage (lncludlng Lhelr assoclaLed loadlng and unloadlng racks)
LhaL could durlng an operaLlonal upseL release flammable or Loxlc producLs
lll 30 m (100 fL) from aLmospherlc sLorage Lanks havlng a Lank sldewall greaLer
Lhan 3 m (13 fL) ln helghL and conLalnlng naphLha gasollne benzene meLhyl
eLhyl keLone M18L aceLone penLane LnC refrlgeraLed LC and naLural
gas llqulds (condensaLes) 13 m (30 fL) from aLmospherlc sLorage Lanks LhaL
conLaln oLher flammables
lv 13 m (30 fL) from furnaces bollers and loadlng and unloadlng faclllLles
assoclaLed wlLh flammable producLs
v 13 m (30 fL) from above ground plplng conLalnlng flammables or Loxlcs luel
gas llnes and uLlllLy servlce llnes rouLed Lo bulldlngs are excluded from Lhls
requlremenL
vl 100 m (330 fL) from slugcaLchers
vll 200 m (660 fL) from LnC offloadlng arms on [eLLles
vlll 300 m (990 fL) from refrlgeraLed LC offloadlng arms on [eLLles
A slLe LhaL has noL compleLed a laclllLy SlLlng SLudy uslng Lhe 81 or equlvalenL rlsk 14
assessmenL SPALL S use Lhe followlng crlLerla
a All porLable bulldlngs lncludlng wlLhouL llmlLaLlon sLandard consLrucLlon porLable
bulldlngs and porLable bulldlngs LhaL are sLeel panelled shlpplng conLalners (such
as Sea 8ox conLalners or uelLa conLalners) SPALL S be slLed aL leasL 130
m (300 fL) from Lhe boundary of a process area lor LnC Lralns Lhls dlsLance
SPALL S be aL leasL 200 m (660 fL)
b ln addlLlon Lo meeLlng Lhe requlremenLs ln (31a) Lhe dlsLances ln (41c)
SPALL S apply
c A slLe LhaL has noL compleLed a laclllLy SlLlng SLudy uslng Lhe 81 or equlvalenL
rlsk assessmenL SPALL S use Lhe followlng crlLerla Lo slLe 88Ms wlLh a blasL
raLlng of 33 ka (8 psl)
l 88Ms wlLh a blasL raLlng of 33 ka (8 psl) SPALL S be slLed 43 m (130 fL)
or more from a process area boundary
ll ln addlLlon Lo meeLlng Lhe requlremenLs ln (31a) Lhe dlsLances ln (42b)
SPALL S apply
3 1he slLlng crlLerla ln Lhe prevlous secLlons SPALL S sLlll be applled for acLlve 13
equlpmenL
4 AdmlnlsLraLlve conLrol(s) SPALL S be puL ln place for porLable bulldlngs LhaL lf 13
occupled when Lhe process area or equlpmenL ls operaLlonal would noL meeL Lhe slLlng
crlLerla ln Lhe prevlous secLlons
no lncldences of SPALL S
lor floaLlng roof Lanks 1he deslgn of floaLlng roofs ls noL covered by Lhls uL 6
slnce floaLlng roofs are generally ConLracLors sLandard deslgns Powever all
deslgn deLalls lncludlng requlred buoyancy and sLrengLh calculaLlons
SPALL S be submlLLed
CLn1C 1AnkS (8C1) 8
1hls Lype of Lank has no roof 1hey SPALL S noL be selecLed for Lhe sLorage of
peLroleum producLs buL may be used for flre waLer/coollng waLer
llxLu 8CCl 1AnkS (l81) 8
1hese Lanks SPALL S be checked ln
accordance wlLh Ln 140132004 Clause 12 and Annex C3 Lo deLermlne wheLher
anchorage ls requlred Lo prevenL upllfL and overLurnlng aL Lhe lower shell Lank boLLom
lor safeLy and envlronmenLal reasons lnLernal floaLlng covers SPALL S be of Lhe 9
fullconLacL Lype
uouble deck floaLlng roofs SPALL S be used for all new bulld LxLernal lloaLlng 8oof 9
1anks
1he geodeslc 9
dome roof SPALL S be deslgned wlLh an lnLegraLed Lenslon rlng Lo conLaln Lhe prlmary
horlzonLal force ln Lhls regard Lhe roof aLLachmenL polnLs shall be deslgned Lo assure Lhe
Lransfer of all roof loads Lo Lhe Lank shell keeplng local sLresses wlLhln allowable llmlLs and
SPALL S lncorporaLe sllde bearlng wlLh lowfrlcLlon bearlng pads Lo mlnlmlse Lhe
horlzonLal radlal forces from Lransfer lnLo Lhe Lank shell 1he deslgn crlLerla ln Al 630
Appendlx C SPALL S be applled Speclal aLLenLlon SPALL S be glven Lo cold or very
cold cllmaLes wlLh respecL Lo snow and lce load condlLlons
1he mlnlmum deslgn meLal LemperaLure SPALL S be Lhe mlnlmum LemperaLure of Lhe 12
conLenLs or Lhe LemperaLure glven ln Lhe Lable below based on Lhe LCuMA1 (LowesL Cne
uay Mean AmbenL 1emperaLre)
noLch dLlLy PALL be n accordance wLh Ln 140132004 Clase 6 1able 9 12
or Lhe sLrcLral fncLonalLy Lhe follown loads PALL be Laken nLo consderaLon 14
- lnLernal pressre drn operaLon or LesLn
- 1hermally ndced loads
ln eneral Lank boLLoms shall be desned n accordance wLh Ln 140132004 Clase 8 14
wLh Lhe ecepLon LhaL rrespecLe of Lank dameLer a rn of annlar plaLes PALL be
appled n all cases
1he mnmm Lhckness of annlar plaLes PALL be as specfed n Lable 3 14
Annlar plaLes PALL hae a mnmm wdLh of 600 mm aL any ponL measred from 14
Lhe nsde of Lhe shell
1he mnmm LhroaL Lhckness of each flleL weld of Lhe boLLomLoshell connecLon 13
PALL be eqal Lo 07 Lmes Lhe Lhckness of Lhe annlar plaLe (412)
1he mnmm Lhckness of pad plaLes PALL be eqal Lo Lhe 13
Lhckness of Lhe boLLom plaLes ecldn any corroson allowance
1he desn for Lhe Lank shell PALL be n accordance wLh Ln 140132004 Clase 9 16
Lo calclaLe Lhe mnmm Lhckness of shell plaLes bL Lhe dmensons specfed n 1able 4
shall preal where more sLrnenL
pecal aLLenLon shall be pad Lo Lhe calclaLon of Lhe mnmm Lhckness of shell plaLes 16
nder
1) 1he desn densLy of Lhe sLored prodcL and desn pressre
2) 1he desn densLy of Lhe LesL medm and Lhe LesL pressre
Whch eer s Lhe reaLesL PALL be Laken
pen Lop Lanks eLernal floaLn roof Lanks (L81) and coered floaLn roof Lanks (C81) 16
PALL each be proded wLh a prmary wnd rder wLh dmensons esLablshed n
accordance wLh Ln 140132004 Clases 9318 and 9321
1he reqremenL for secondary rns Lhe nmber reqred Lher mnmm dmensons and 16
Lher locaLon PALL be calclaLed n accordance wLh Ln 140132004 Clase 933
and Anne !
1anks PALL be desned for Lhe desn leel earLhqake as ndcaLed by naLonal 17
sLandards or by Lhe rncpal Ln 140132004 Anne C PALL apply
1he ppermosL shell corse of fed roof Lanks PALL be proded wLh a Lop crb 17
anle n accordance wLh Ln 140132004 Clase 103
ln Lhe sLaLon where Lhe roof Lo shell [onL s noL qalfed as franble emerency enLs n 18
lne wLh Lhe desn rles en n Lhe l 28300 PALL be nsLalled
ln addLon Lo Lhe reqremenLs n Lhe crrenL codes boLh cone and dome roof Lanks 18
PALL be desned Lo fal aL Lhe roof Lo shell connecLon when sb[ecL Lo an nLernal
eploson
1anks wLh a dameLer of 123 m or smaller PALL hae a seal flleL weld wLh a 18
mamm LroaL Lckness of 3mm aL Lhe roof Lo shell connecLon ln addLon Lhe mnmm
Lhckness of Lhe lowesL shell corse PALL be noL less Lhen 8 mm and Lhe mnmm
Lhckness of Lhe annlar plaLes PALL be 8 mm as well 1he annlar plaLes
PALL be bLL welded
1anks wLh a dameLer reaLer Lhen 123 m dameLer PALL hae a seal flleL weld wLh 18
a mamm LroaL Lckness of 3 mm aL Lhe roof Lo shell connecLon
8oof plaLes PALL noL be aLLached Lo Lhe roofspporLn sLrcLre 20
loaLn roofs PALL be desned n accordance wLh Ln 140132004 Anne u 20
uplfL s also cased by Lhe nLernal apor pressre acLn aansL Lhe ndersde of Lhe 23
roof n con[ncLon wLh wnd load A sLablLy calclaLon PALL be made Lo deLermne
Lhe nmber of anchor bolLs reqred
1he reqremenLs for Lhe sholder of Lhe Lank fondaLons are 23
Lo prode sffcenL laLeral spporL Lo Lhe Lank fondaLon nder all condLons Lhe
sholder PALL be capable of prodn sffcenL laLeral spporL drn
consLrcLon operaLon and manLenance acLLes
1he sholder wdLh PALL be selecLed so LhaL Lhe sLablLy of Lhe fondaLon sholder 27
and sbsol s ensred
1he follown lmLn ales for Lhe sholder wdLh and Lhckness PALL be adopLed 27
for Lanks of aros hehLs
1he enLn capacLy reqred PALL be deLermned n accordance wLh Lhe rles 33
specfed n Ln norm 14013 Anne L and l28300
unless oLherwse specfed on Lhe reqsLon leel ndcaLors or aLomaLc leel aes 38
PALL be sppled separaLely
1herefore all Lanks PALL be proded wLh aL leasL Lwo ndependenL leel alarm 38
sysLems as follows
Low Low/Low hh and hh/hh leel alarm sysLems wLh ndependenL LransmLLers
for Lhe Ph and Ph/Ph leels
or normal operaLon Lhe lqdleel ndcaLon sysLem wLh Ls own ndependenL
LransmLLer s Lo be sed
1he franblLy reqremenLs PALL be erfed n accordance wLh Ln 140132004 41
Anne k
Lmerency drans PALL noL be nsLalled n snle deck ponLoonLype roofs as Lhe 42
prodcL leel n Lhe Lank s always hher Lhan Lhe ran waLer leel aL Lhe cenLre deck of Lhe
roof
lf Lhe recorded C1 ales are below Lhe mnmm ales presenLed n 1ables A81 Lo A83 60
and n Lhe case of Lhe sbsLraLa are below Lhe assmed desn ales Lhe reason for Lhe
redced ales PALL be deLermned and proposals for correcLe acLon PALL
be sbmLLed Lo Lhe rncpal for approal
PealLh SafeLy SecurlLy and LnvlronmenL (PSSL) SPALL S be consldered aL each sLage 11
of Lhe meLocean daLa acqulslLlon process 8lsk managemenL ls cruclal so a reglsLer SPALL
S be complled ldenLlfylng Lhe key rlsks lnvolved aL each sLage ln Lhe daLa acqulslLlon
process An PSSL lan SPALL S be prepared Lo deLall Lhe procedures LhaL wlll be
followed Lo mlLlgaLe Lhe rlsks
As wlLh offshore surveys an PSSL lan SPALL S be drawn up 11
deLalllng Lhe procedures LhaL wlll be followed
lor meLocean daLa collecLlon sysLems mounLed on plaLforms ln planLs and ln reflnerles lL 11
may be necessary for some sensors Lo be locaLed ln hazardous areas ln Lhese slLuaLlons
sensors SPALL S be speclfled LhaL saLlsfy Lhe varlous PSSL requlremenLs and
sLandards 1hls ls dlscussed ln more deLall ln (3)
PSSL and rlsk conslderaLlons SPALL S also be Laken lnLo accounL when meLocean 11
advlce deslgn crlLerla and sLaLlsLlcs are provlded Lo pro[ecL cusLomers uue accounL SPALL
S be Laken of uncerLalnLles and poLenLlal lnaccuracles ln Lhe daLa obLalned and provlded
1he ManagemenL SysLem of Lhe rlnclpal SPALL S deflne Lhe overall processes LhaL 11
shall be followed for ensurlng quallLy of dellverables across Lhe pro[ecL
1he meLocean dellverables SPALL S be scheduled Lo maLch Lhe pro[ecL phases and 12
requlremenLs and classlfled as Lo Lhelr use and appllcablllLy by Lhe rlnclpals MeLocean
speclallsL 1he mosL accuraLe and compleLe seL of meLocean crlLerla and sLaLlsLlcs avallable
should be used for each of Lhe pro[ecL phase
Sl unlLs SPALL S be used for all meLocean daLa acqulslLlon campalgns and oLher 12
assoclaLed acLlvlLles ln accordance wlLh uL 00002010Cen
llnALlSlnC SCCL Cl ML1CCLAn uLLlvL8A8LLS 1C A 8C!LC1 13
ueLalls SPALL S be lncluded ln Lhe ro[ecL 8lsk 8eglsLer
1he M8u SPALL S also make recommendaLlons concernlng Lhe supporL needed 18
LhroughouL Lhe operaLlonal phase of Lhe pro[ecL Lo help ensure safe and economlc
operaLlons 1hls shall lnclude
- provlslon of regular weaLher wave and currenL forecasLs
- realLlme monlLorlng of meLocean condlLlons ln supporL of hellcopLer vessel and
crane llfL operaLlons 1hls ls parLlcularly relevanL where cerLaln meLocean condlLlons
(eg sLrong shelfedge currenLs low frequency waves) could have a slgnlflcanL
lmpacL on operaLlons drllllng lSC Lanker offloadlng eLc
- meeLlng naLlonal regulaLlons wlLh speclflc requlremenLs for realLlme monlLorlng and
Lransmlsslon of meLocean daLa 1hese shall be followed ln con[uncLlon wlLh Lhe
rlnclpals reglonalspeclflc speclflcaLlons for meLocean daLa acqulslLlon where
avallable
SLorm surges selches and Lsunamls are nonLldal varlablllLy ln waLer surface elevaLlon 21
1ogeLher wlLh Lhe Lldal range and wave helghL Lhese SPALL S be facLored lnLo Lhe
speclflcaLlon of deck elevaLlon and Lhe moorlng deslgn of offshore and nearshore
sLrucLures
LqulpmenL SPALL S be sulLable for Lhe hazardous area classlflcaLlon ln whlch lL ls used 28
see uL 33641010Cen and uL 32310032Cen
8ealLlme meLocean monlLorlng sLaLlons are ofLen deflned as a safeLy crlLlcal sysLem 1hls ls 28
Lhe case when Lhey are used Lo supporL safeLy crlLlcal operaLlons such as hellcopLer and
crew boaL operaLlons and heavy llfLlng and crane operaLlons ln Lhls case a rlsk
assessmenL SPALL S be done Lo deflne Lhe supporL model used for Lhese realLlme
meLocean monlLorlng sLaLlons
1he sysLem deslgn SPALL S be submlLLed for Lechnlcal revlew and 28
accepLance by Lhe asseL owner
SafeLy crlLlcal elemenLs SPALL S have an assoclaLed erformance 29
SLandard and Lhls ls llkely Lo be lncluded as parL of Lhe documenLed barrlers llsLed under
'roLecLlon SysLems'
MeLocean equlpmenL SPALL S be lnsLalled ln a manner LhaL complles wlLh naLlonal 29
regulaLory sLandards local hellcopLer company regulaLlons and where avallable Lhe
rlnclpals reglonal sLandards and procedures Lxamples of such regulaLlons and
procedures lnclude
r Shell AlrcrafL SLandards and Culdellnes for AlrcrafL CperaLlons
r CA 437 Cffshore PellcopLer Landlng Areas Culdance on SLandards
r AWWS Adverse WeaLher Worklng SLandard L14S101
lor remoLe deploymenLs lL ls necessary Lo use a vessel Lo deploy and recover Lhe 32
equlpmenL 1he selecLlon of a sulLable vessel for equlpmenL and recovery also has
lmporLanL PSSL lmpllcaLlons (23) As Lhls lnvolves cerLaln meLoceanspeclflc rlsks ln 2004
Lhe Cll and Cas roducers (CC) lssued CC 8eporL no 348 1hese PSSL guldellnes
SPALL Sl be adhered Lo
uue Lo sLalnless maLerlal's senslLlvlLy Lo chlorlde conLenL Lhe producLlon sLream phase 7
behavlour SPALL S be revlewed Lo ensure LhaL flashlng condlLlons whlch wlll
concenLraLe fluld sallnlLy and Lyplcally occur aL sysLem pressure drops are noL presenL ln
Lhe evenL such flashlng condlLlons are presenL a sallnlLy of 230 g/L SPALL S be
assumed when selecLlng Lhe sLalnless maLerlal
S13Cr Super 13Cr or Weldable MarLenslLlc SLalnless SLeel (lowcarbon weldable 7
grades ofLen wlLh added nl and Mo alloy conLenL) 1he use of weldlng for Lhese
maLerlals shall be revlewed and approved by Lhe rlnclpal Cnly hlgh grade S13Cr
shall be consldered for weldlng Laser welded plpe SPALL S noL be speclfled
use of ausLenlLlc sLalnless sLeels conLalnlng less chromlum nlckel and molybdenum Lhan 8
AlSl 316 such as AlSl 304 SPALL S noL be applled excepL ln cerLaln speclflc
envlronmenLs see Appendlces 2 and 3 and any such use shall be approved by Lhe
rlnclpal
1o ensure corroslon reslsLance of welds a nlckel alloy flller wlLh lncreased Mo such as alloy 8
623 SPALL S be used
1hls applles ln parLlcular Lo Lhe maLerlals unS S17400 (174P) and unS S13300 9
(133P) Lhe use of whlch SPALL S be resLrlcLed more sLrlngenLly Lhan speclfled ln lSC
13136 1he senslLlvlLy Lo SSC can ln prlnclple be conLrolled by means of a speclal double
heaL LreaLmenL as speclfled ln lSC 131363 buL experlence has shown LhaL lL ls very dlfflculL
Lo achleve proper heaL LreaLmenL conLrol 1herefore Lhe use of Lhese maLerlals SPALL S
noL be consldered for (poLenLlally) sour envlronmenLs and lf under caLhodlc proLecLlon and
SPALL S ln all cases be approved by Lhe rlnclpal
unS n07718 (Alloy 718) SPALL S be speclfled ln accordance wlLh Al 6A718 9
Powever for crlLlcal or hlghlyloaded componenLs eg hlghloadbearlng Lhreaded
connecLlons ln compleLlon sLrlngs ln P/P1 appllcaLlons Lhe requlremenLs of are
consldered lnsufflclenL ln such cases uL 39011032Cen SPALL S apply
C8 plpellnes and plplng SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 31401019Cen 9
1he same maLerlals are also used for subsea plplng on sleds and manlfolds ln Lhls conLexL 9
carbon sLeels are Lyplcally AS1M A 182 Crades l36 l60 and l63 whereas low alloy
sLeels are unS C41300 (AlSl 4130) unS C86300 (AlSl 8630) and AS1M A 182 Crade
l22 maLerlals AlSl 4130 and 8630 maLerlals SPALL S be purchased Lo AS1M A 812
A330 A694 or A707 dependlng on Lhe appllcaLlon
1here wlll be some 10
lron dlluLlon durlng Lhe weldlng process so Lhe clad layer wlll noL comply wlLh an unS
n06623 (Alloy 623) analysls afLer deposlLlon uL 30106018Cen SPALL S apply
1hls lncludes Lhe requlremenL Lo use a mlnlmum of Lwo layers Lo overlay 1he maxlmum
allowed lron conLenL due Lo dlluLlon of deposlLed Alloy 623 by Lhe underlylng carbon or low
alloy sLeel aL 1 mm or less from Lhe Alloy 623 surface ls 10 flller wlres SPALL S be
selecLed and quallLy conLrol carrled ouL Lo ensure LhaL Lhls ls achleved
ulrecL exposure of such hard zones Lo 10
sour condlLlons and caLhodlc proLecLlon SPALL S be avolded slmply fulfllllng lSC 13136
hardness requlremenLs such as 230 Pv 10 ls noL sufflclenL because Lhe brlLLle zone ls so
Lhln LhaL lL cannoL be deLecLed wlLh Lhe vlckers meLhod of hardness LesLlng
lf operaLlng LemperaLures change Lo 10
Lhe exLenL LhaL Lhe chlorlde sLress corroslon cracklng LemperaLure llmlL ls exceeded Lhe use
of coaLlng or alumlnlum foll may be consldered buL SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo proper
managemenL of change and approved by Lhe Lechnlcal auLhorlLy
MeLals ln sour servlces SPALL S conform Lo lSC 13136 and quallLy conLrol shall be 10
lmplemenLed Lo assure LhaL Lhese maLerlals conform Lo Lhe sLandard's maLerlal and
fabrlcaLlon requlremenLs When assesslng maLerlal sulLablllLy Lhe pP and P2S parLlal
pressure SPALL S represenL noL only normal llfe cycle exposures buL also exposures as
can reasonably be expecLed Lo occur durlng an upseL or flow condlLlon (eg normal packer
fluld pP versus condenslng waLer pP afLer a Lublng Lo annulus leak pP of flowllne fluld
versus condenslng waLer pP durlng sLraLlfled flow)
!olnLs and ends SPALL S be Laped wlLh selfadheslve alumlnum Lape 11
Where maLerals sLandards are noL specfed n Lhs uL or n Lhe applcable eqpmenL 12
uLs uL 30100211Cen PALL be sed Lo denLfy Lhe appropraLe maLerals
sLandard
13
Crade selecLon PALL be based on 13
Lhe carbon sLeel enLres of 1able 1 assmn shorLLerm eposre Lo prodced flds
ealn srfaces PALL be oerlad wLh Alloy 623 where Lhere s a poLenLal for 16
crece corroson see (222) nly qalfed spplers of All 410 PALL be
consdered weldn and selecLon of fLLns and flanes for All 410 reqres specal
aLLenLon
MaLerals for essels PALL be n accordance wLh 18
reqremenLs of eLher uL 31221032Cen uL31221132Cen or uL31222031
Cen dependn on wheLher Lhe essel s ben desned Lo u 3300 Ln 13443 or AML
vlll
1able 3 vessels and pn 19
(10% ny nLernally noaLed n PLL noL e feld welded lL has Lo e
re farnaLed and noaLed and nsLalled y reeln and flann
@ale lnsLrmenL @n MaLerals
@ale 8 Clynol uehydraLon ysLems 8
8olLs for use onshore or offshore or subsea SPALL S be selecLed from 1able 10 lurLher 29
guldance ls provlded ln LLMuA 194 LxLernal proLecLlon SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh
1able 11 1he maxlmum hardness of any of Lhe speclfled carbon sLeel and low alloy bolLs
and nuLs sub[ecLed Lo caLhodlc proLecLlon SPALL S be 33 P8C
(6) lf Lhe operaLlng meLal LemperaLure of Lhe bolLlng ls ln Lhe range 60 C Lo 100 C (or 30 C Lo 31
100 C ln offshore and coasLal areas) Lhe maLerlal ls suscepLlble Lo exLernal chlorlde SCC so an
alLernaLlve maLerlal SPALL S be selecLed
Carbon sLeel llneplpe SPALL S be purchased Lo 33
Areas above Lhe splash zone noL proLecLed wlLh polychloroprene 33
coaLlng or Monel claddlng SPALL S be coaLed wlLh a glass flake epoxy coaLlng sysLem
lor more lnformaLlon see uL 31403036Cen
ueaeraLlon of Lhe ln[ecLlon waLer Lo below 33
10 ppb SPALL S be Lhe deslgn and operaLlonal maxlmum C2 llmlL (measured
lmmedlaLely upsLream of Lhe rlser le downsLream of any poLenLlal polnLs of oxygen enLry)
umbllllcals 36
1able 13 umbllllcals
@ale 0 Ph LrenLh nomleLon annessores maLerals selenLon for waLer n[enLon and dsosal wells 3
uesn of 3
nhemnal n[enLon sysLems for new or refrshed eloraLon and rodnLon fanlLes
PLL e n annordanne wLh uL 31011010Cen
@ale MaLerals for handln nhLors and nhemnals
1able 23 MaLerals for mscellaneos LlLy sysLems 6
8ecase of Lhe meLhod of Lransfer of desel Lo offshore faclLes Lhere s a hh rsk of 47
conLamnaLon of desel wLh seawaLer MaLerals selecLon for desel PALL nclde
Lhs worsLcase corroson condLon
MaLeral compaLblLy of Lhe nonmeLallcs wLh sLeam and n[ecLed chemcals aL 47
eleaLed serce LemperaLres shold be eamned uL 70481130Cen PALL be
employed for coaLn applcaLon Append 3 of Lhs uL PALL be employed for
selecLon of elasLomer seals
1able 26 Ceneral MeLalc MaLerals 8ecommendaLon bsea LqpmenL Landard erce (conLned) 32
60
Append 3 Corroson Crackn henomena and Aodance
1he selecLon of maLerals for applcaLons whch mhL affecL Lhe operaLonal safeLy and 62
relablLy leel PALL be made from Lhe recommended maLerals menLoned n Lhs
uL
When selecLn a sLable maLeral for seal applcaLon Lhe follown mechancal properLes
PALL be specfed
- Lhe reqred hardness qoLed n shore A or l8Pu Lhe normal hardness for sealn
applcaLon les beLween 60 93 l8Pu (accordn Lo A1M u 2240 or l 48)
- compresson seL Lhs s Lhe ablLy of an elasLomer Lo recoer from a deformed sLaLe Lo
ornal dmensons a low compresson seL s sally preferred n seal applcaLons
LesLn accordn Lo A1M u 393 or l 813
- Lensle sLrenLh elonaLon and modls aL 100 elonaLon characLerses Lhe
maLeral sLrenLh and sLffness accordn Lo A1M u 412
1hs uL PALL be sed Lo specfy reqremenLs and e recommendaLons for Lhe 4
weldn of carbon sLeel ppelne sysLems and relaLed faclLes as desnaLed n uL
31400010Cen
All welds PALL be specfed by a W and qalfed by a WC n accordance wLh 7
Lhe reqremenLs of Lhs uL
All bLL welds PALL be sb[ecL Lo eLher 100 radoraphy or 100 22
mechansed/aLomaLc lLrasonc eamnaLon
A manal semaLomaLc or aLomaLc weldn Lechnqe or combnaLon of Lhese 9
Lechnqes may be sed ller meLal PALL be sed for all passes
1he ConLracLor PALL check Lhe denLLy of all maLerals aansL Lhe 10
ManfacLrer/pplers nspecLon docmenLs lLems wLhoL Lhe ManfacLrer/pplers
nspecLon docmenLs shall noL be sed nless Lhey are recerLfed
1he elecLrodes fller wres and wre/fl combnaLons PALL be classfed Lo a 10
naLonal sLandard and shold hae approal from a reconsed cerLfyn aLhorLy sch as
unv or Lloyds
Lach loL of fller maLerals PALL be LesLed for deposLed weld meLal chemcal 10
composLon and mechancal properLes yeld (proof) sLrenLh Lensle sLrenLh and
elonaLon
lf loL cerLfcaLes are noL aalable or Lhe cerLfcaLes are noL accepLable Lhe ConLracLor 11
PALL obLan replacemenL fller maLerals or LesL Lhe fller maLerals n accordance wLh
Lhs uL
LlecLrodes fller wres and fles PALL be sLored n a dry sLorae room n 11
accordance wLh Lhe ManfacLrers nsLrcLons
1he sheldn and back pre as shall be classfed n accordance wLh l 14173 rLy 11
and dew ponL shall be selecLed by Lhe conLracLor n order Lo achee Lhe reqremenLs n
Lhs uL Pydroen PALL noL be added
CalfcaLon of weldn procedres PALL nclde corroson LesLn as defned below 12
1esL weldn PALL be performed nder smlaLed sLe condLons sn ppe npples 12
wLh a lenLh of 300 mm or one u whcheer s Lhe reaLer
1he maLerals Lo whch Lhe procedre apples PALL be denLfed eparaLe 13
procedres PALL be qalfed for each specfcaLon and rade of ppe or fLLns Lo
be welded
ockeL welds PALL noL be permLLed for Lhe aLLachmenL of branch connecLons 13
Any chane n specfcaLon rade or meLhod of manfacLre (casLn forn eLc) of ppe 13
and fLLns PALL consLLLe a chane n essenLal arables
1he follown PALL be consdered as chanes n essenLal arables for any en 13
pass n Lhe qalfed W
- a chane n Lhe dameLer of elecLrode or fller wre
- a chane n fller meLal classfcaLon
- a chane of fller meLal Lrade name
Any decrease n Lhe preheaL LemperaLre or ncrease n Lhe nLerpass LemperaLre as 16
compared Lo LhaL recorded on Lhe WC8 PALL consLLLe a chane n essenLal
arable
1he nclson or omsson of WP1 or any chane n WP1 parameLers PALL 16
consLLLe a chane n essenLal arables
Any chane n Lhe seqence of deposLon PALL consLLLe a chane n essenLal 16
arable
arLal peneLraLon repars made closer Lo Lhe nsde srface compared Lo Lhe qalfcaLon 17
weldn PALL be consdered as a chane n essenLal arable
1he nu1 PALL conssL of Lhe follown 17
sal eamnaLon n accordance wLh Ln 970
lqd peneLranL LesLn
xray radoraphc LesLn and
lLrasonc LesLn
1he accepLance crLera shall be as sLaLed n (9) Any weld whch fals Lo meeL Lhe 17
accepLance crLera PALL noL be offered for desLrcLe LesLn
1he mamm nddal hardness ale PALL noL eceed Lhe follown 18
A||oy nardness
uple (22Cr) 334 Pv10
per uple (23Cr) 330 Pv10
1he ferrLe conLenL PALL be n Lhe rane 40 Lo 60 for Lhe parenL maLeral and 18
33 Lo 63 n Lhe weld/PAZ reons
Lach seL of Lhree specmens PALL meeL Lhe follown reqremenLs 19
lf Lhe reslLs of desLrcLe LesLn are nsaLsfacLory own Lo defecLe specmen 19
preparaLon or a localsed weld defecL Lhe ConLracLor PALL nform Lhe rncpal and
obLan areemenL Lo proceed wLh reLesLs
lf Lhe LesL [onL fals Lo meeL Lhe mnmm reqremenLs of Lhs uL a new pW 19
PALL be esLablshed and qalfcaLon weldn and LesLn shall be repeaLed
1he macrosecLons PALL be free from defecLs AccepLance crLera for hardness 20
LesLn shall be as sLaLed n (3663)
or bLL welds welders PALL be qalfed by sal eamnaLon radoraphc LesLn 21
and macroeamnaLon
or branch welds and flleL welds welders PALL be qalfed by sal eamnaLon 21
lqd peneLranL LesLn and macroeamnaLon
1he ConLracLor PALL assn each welder a nqe denLfcaLon nmber leLLer or 23
symbol Lo ensre LraceablLy Lo specfc welds
lf a welder ceases Lo work for Lhe ConLracLor Lhe nqe denLfcaLon PALL noL be 23
reassned Lo anoLher welder
Welds PALL be marked n a manner areed by Lhe rncpal Lo manLan LraceablLy 23
of welders Lo specfc welds or parLs of welds
1he parLally compleLed weld PALL be sally nspecLed pror Lo 23
resmpLon of weldn Lo check for cracks drL/conLamnaLon and corroson
Welds PALL be ealaLed on Lhe bass of Lhe reqremenLs of (9) 26
Weldn nspecLon personnel PALL hold a ald weldn nspecLon qalfcaLon and 26
cerLfcaLe from one or more of Lhe follown
- CWl
- 8CA
- AW
- Lher cerLfyn body areed by Lhe rncpal
Welds conLann defecLs as defned n Lhs uL PALL be recLfed n accordance 27
wLh (10)
All welds PALL be sally nspecLed and all cracks craLer cracks srface pores 27
spaLLer resdal sla or sLray arc sLrkes shall be consdered as defecLs
Any lack of peneLraLon PALL be consdered a defecL 27
Any lack of fson (reference 4013) PALL be consdered a defecL 27
Any ncompleLe [onL peneLraLon PALL be consdered a defecL 28
Lack of fson whch s open Lo Lhe srface PALL be consdered a defecL 28
1he weld meLal ncldn cap 28
PALL noL be Lhnner Lhan Lhe parenL maLeral Lhckness
Any amonL of brnLhroh PALL be consdered Lo be a defecL 28
Any amonL of brnLhroh PALL be consdered Lo be a defecL 28
Cracks of any Lype SPALL S be consldered Lo be defecLs 28
All llnear lndlcaLlons lnLerpreLed as cracks SPALL S be consldered as defecLs 29
All llnear lndlcaLlons (oLher Lhan cracks) lnLerpreLed Lo be open Lo Lhe surface SPALL S 29
be consldered as defecLs
lor cracks oLher Lhan craLer cracks Lhe compleLe weld and PAZ SPALL S be removed 29
1he cause of all cracks SPALL S be lnvesLlgaLed and reporLed Lo Lhe rlnclpal by Lhe
ConLracLor
Welds conLalnlng defecLs SPALL S be repalred only lf approved by Lhe rlnclpal A weld 29
wlLh defecLs should be repalred only once AfLer furLher nu1 lf Lhe repalr ls unaccepLable
Lhen Lhe compleLe weld and PAZ should be removed lull peneLraLlon repalrs SPALL S
noL be allowed
Slngle weld pass repalrs and rooLseallng weld passes SPALL S noL be performed
SMAW SPALL S noL be used for Lhe rooL pass ln a full peneLraLlon repalr
uefecLs necesslLaLlng repalr SPALL S be enLlrely removed Lo sound meLal 29
1he removal of weld meLal or porLlons of Lhe parenL maLerlal shall be by machlnlng or
grlndlng 1hermal gouglng meLhods SPALL S noL be used
1he LoLal repalr lengLh SPALL S noL exceed 40 of Lhe LoLal weld lengLh 1he maxlmum 30
lengLh of a slngle repalr porLlon SPALL S be 30 of Lhe LoLal weld lengLh
All repalrs whlch requlre excavaLlon and reweldlng SPALL S be reradlographed 30
Area classlflcaLlon SPALL S be underLaken only by a quallfled LlecLrlcal Lnglneer wlLh 7
sufflclenL background and experlence Lo ensure LhaL Lhe resulLlng area classlflcaLlon
accuraLely reflecLs Lhe observed or anLlclpaLed hazardous (classlfled) locaLlon
performance 1he area classlflcaLlon process SPALL S lnclude Lhe gaLherlng of lnpuL
from oLher groups and dlsclpllnes such as
- rocess englneerlng
- 8oLaLlng equlpmenL englneerlng
- PvAC englneerlng
- CperaLlons and malnLenance
- PSSL and Lechnlcal safeLy
Any modlflcaLlon Lo Lhe hazardous area classlflcaLlon or changes Lo process condlLlons or
process relaLed equlpmenL LhaL may lmpacL Lhe area classlflcaLlon of an exlsLlng lnsLallaLlon
SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo a formal change procedure and Lhe approprlaLe revlew
1he area classlflcaLlon boundarles SPALL S noL encroach lnLo nonShell properLles and 7
Lherefore SPALL S noL exLend beyond Shell properLy llmlLs fence llnes eLc
1he maxlmum LemperaLure or 1Code permlsslble SPALL S be ldenLlfled and based 8
on Lhe lowesL maLerlal auLolgnlLlon LemperaLure presenL ln Lhe area
Areas conLalnlng fuel gas faclllLles operaLlng aL or above 343 ka (30 psl) SPALL S be 8
classlfled
1able 1 lndlcaLes ressure Ad[usLmenL lacLors LhaL SPALL S be used Lo 8
deLermlne Lhe approprlaLe hazard radll shown based on equlpmenL operaLlng wlLhln Lhe
lndlcaLed pressure range
Area classlflcaLlon documenLaLlon SPALL S be 9
- kepL upLodaLe and
- avallable on slLe and as parL of Lhe locaLlon's permanenL documenLaLlon record
Area classlflcaLlon documenLaLlon SPALL S Lake lnLo accounL 9
- new or modlfled process equlpmenL or process relaLed faclllLles
- changes ln process condlLlons
- Lemporary equlpmenL lnsLalled for more Lhan 90 days (60 days for offshore
locaLlons) and
- experlence ln operaLlon of Lhe lnsLallaLlon
Area classlflcaLlon documenLaLlon for faclllLles SPALL S lnclude Lhe followlng 10
- drawlng(s) ouLllnlng Lhe area classlflcaLlon (Class Zones or ulvlslons) on a plan
vlew of Lhe faclllLy lncludlng elevaLlon vlews secLlons and deLalls as necessary
Lo properly show all aspecLs of Lhe area classlflcaLlon
- sLandards meLhods and assumpLlons used Lo classlfy
- any condlLlons requlred for Lhe classlflcaLlon (use of gas deLecLlon forced
venLllaLlon eLc)
- for bulldlngs and enclosed spaces any speclal requlremenLs for venLllaLlng
sysLems
- Lhe gas group and maxlmum accepLable surface operaLlng LemperaLure (or 1Code)
of equlpmenL for each faclllLy area unlL bulldlng eLc and
- any oLher lnformaLlon relaLlve Lo Lhe area classlflcaLlon LhaL ls requlred Lo safely
operaLe and malnLaln Lhe faclllLy
Area classlflcaLlon documenLaLlon SPALL S be updaLed whenever process and 10
equlpmenL modlflcaLlons LhaL effecL Lhe area classlflcaLlon are made Lo Lhe faclllLy
Area classlflcaLlon documenLaLlon SPALL S be updaLed as necessary Lo reflecL Lhe 10
currenL faclllLy arrangemenL
When uslng combusLlble gas deLecLlon Lo reduce Lhe classlflcaLlon from Zone 1 (ulvlslon 1) 11
Lo Zone 2 (ulvlslon 2) or from Zone 2 (ulvlslon 2) Lo unclasslfled combusLlble gas
deLecLors SPALL S meeL Lhe requlremenLs of Al 8 303/Al 8 300 Cpen paLh or
llne of slLe (LCS) Lype combusLlble gas deLecLors SPALL S noL be used for Lhls
appllcaLlon
lor unaLLended bulldlngs classlfled as Zone 2 (ulvlslon 2) based on adequaLe venLllaLlon 11
uslng fuglLlve emlsslons calculaLlons combusLlble gas deLecLlon (meeLlng Lhe requlremenLs
of Al 8 303/Al 8 300) SPALL S be used Lo verlfy releases are noL lefL undeLecLed
for long perlods of Llme and Lo verlfy operaLlon as a Zone 2 (ulvlslon 2) locaLlon
8ulldlngs LhaL use purglng and pressurlzaLlon Lo reduce Lhe lnLerlor area classlflcaLlon 11
SPALL S be deslgned and lnsLalled ln accordance wlLh nlA 496 plus Lhese addlLlonal
requlremenLs
1 1he source of alr for purged and pressurlzed enclosures SPALL S be from a
nonhazardous (unclasslfled) locaLlon
2 Alarms SPALL S be provlded aL a consLanLly monlLored locaLlon Lo lndlcaLe Lhe
loss of pressure for lndlvldual purged and pressurlzed bulldlngs and enclosures
1he use of dlalLype pressure lndlcaLors or roLomeLers alone wlLhouL an alarm ls
noL permlLLed
1he new requlremenLs ln Al 8 300 3rd edlLlon 11
SPALL S be followed for Zone appllcaLlons unLll Al 8 303 2nd edlLlon ls publlshed
llred equlpmenL heaLers bollers eLc operaLlng wlLh fuel pressures 343 ka (ga) 30 pslg 11
or greaLer SPALL S be classlfled
CombusLlon englnes operaLlng wlLh fuel gas pressures 343ka (30psl) or greaLer 11
SPALL S be classlfled
Area classlflcaLlon for ponds and dlLches LhaL may conLaln flammable flulds SPALL S be 11
ln accordance wlLh Al 8 303/Al 8 300 llgure 37 for open sumps
Areas conLalnlng combusLlble dusLs SPALL S be classlfled ln accordance wlLh nlA 13
499 and Lhe followlng
- eLroleum Coke Pandllng laclllLles
eLroleum coke handllng faclllLles should be classlfled as Class l and Class ll
lor faclllLles LhaL can demonsLraLe Lhrough laboraLory LesLlng LhaL Lhe conLenL of
enLralned volaLlles ls less Lhan 8 by volume for all feed sLocks a Class ll locaLlon ls
noL requlred
- Sulphur Pandllng laclllLles
CuLdoor locaLlons around sulphur faclllLles do noL normally requlre a hazardous
classlflcaLlon for dusL unless Lhere ls a poLenLlal for exploslve dusL concenLraLlons
(eg sulphur loadlng faclllLles)
ueslgn of sulphurhandllng faclllLles should avold Lhe use of enclosed areas Lo
mlnlmlze Class ll hazardous (classlfled) locaLlons
LlecLrlcal equlpmenL LhaL ls locaLed ln hazardous (classlfled) locaLlons SPALL S be 14
approved for Lhe locaLlon
lor offshore producLlon (L) lnsLallaLlons elecLrlcal equlpmenL sulLable for Zone 1/ulvlslon 1 14
locaLlons SPALL S be lnsLalled ln
- bulldlng lnLerlors LhaL house hydrocarbon gas compressors
- Lhe enclosed roof space of shelLers LhaL house hydrocarbon gas compressors
and
- areas wlLhln a 3 m (10 fL) radlus of
wellheads
masLer valves and
assoclaLed choke bodles locaLed on or ad[acenL Lo Lhe well
1he mlnlmum spaclng requlremenLs llsLed ln 1able 2 SPALL S be applled for permanenL 13
and Lemporary elecLrlcal equlpmenL locaLlon ln relaLlon Lo oLher process equlpmenL
8ulldlngs conLalnlng only elecLrlcal equlpmenL such as subsLaLlons and elecLrlcal 16
equlpmenL rooms SPALL S be locaLed ln unclasslfled areas and elevaLed aL leasL 06m
(2fL) above grade
8ulldlngs ad[acenL Lo hazardous (classlfled) locaLlons SPALL S be vapourLlghL as 16
requlred ln Al 8 303/Al 8 300 and have door and wlndow openlngs dlrecLed away
from process equlpmenL preferably on Lhe opposlLe slde of Lhe hazardous (classlfled)
area
Clearances from unlnsulaLed overhead power llnes Lo process and oLher equlpmenL 16
SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 1able 4 or local codes and regulaLlons whlchever ls
greaLer
Cverhead llnes (boLh lnsulaLed and unlnsulaLed) SPALL S be rouLed ouLslde of 17
deslgnaLed flre zones
Lumlnarles lnLended for porLable use SPALL S be approved as a compleLe assembly for 17
Zone 1 (ulvlslon 1) locaLlons
Lumlnarles used ln conflned spaces sub[ecL Lo exposure from flammable flulds SPALL S 17
be of a Lype and meeL Lhe requlremenLs llsLed ln 1able 3 below
LlecLrlcal equlpmenL such as plloL lgnlLlon panels SPALL S be locaLed a mlnlmum of 18
10 m (30 fL) from Lhe base of verLlcal flare sLacks Lo mlnlmlze Lhe damage assoclaLed wlLh
flare carryover
llare sLacks and flare plLs SPALL S noL be locaLed wlLhln 23 m (80 fL) of a hazardous 18
locaLlon measured from Lhe flare Llp or edge of Lhe flare plL Lo Lhe hazardous (classlfled)
locaLlon and 10 m (30 fL) horlzonLal dlsLance from Lhe base of Lhe flare sLack Lo Lhe
hazardous (classlfled) locaLlon
ConLlnuous lgnlLlon sources such as dlrecLflred heaLers (naLural or forceddrafL) 18
SPALL S noL be locaLed ln a hazardous (classlfled) area unless Lhey are sulLably
proLecLed for use ln Lhe hazardous (classlfled) area SulLably proLecLed Lyplcally lncludes all
of Lhe followlng
- llame arresLer on alr lnLake
- Spark arresLer on Lhe exhausL or exhausL rouLed ouLslde of Lhe hazardous
(classlfled) locaLlon
- luel gas shuLdowns upon loss of
flame
hlgh exhausL sLack LemperaLure and
loss of process flow pressure or level
- LlmlL exLernal hoL surfaces below Lhe lgnlLlon LemperaLure of Lhe maLerlal presenL
(eg lnsulaLlon on exLernal surfaces)
Lnclosed gas Lurblnes wlLh fuel sysLems operaLlng above343 ka (ga) 30 pslg 19
SPALL S be sulLable for Zone 2 (ulvlslon 2) locaLlons
LlecLrlcal equlpmenL assoclaLed wlLh enclosed gas Lurblnes wlLh fuel sysLems operaLlng 19
above 343 ka (ga) 30 pslg SPALL S be sulLable for Zone 2 (ulvlslon 2) areas
lf Lhe gas Lurblne enclosure ls noL provlded wlLh combusLlble gas deLecLlon elecLrlcal 19
equlpmenL LhaL ls energlzed before Lhe venLllaLlon ls esLabllshed wlLhln Lhe enclosure
SPALL S be sulLable Zone 1 (ulvlslon 1)
Casollneluelled englnes SPALL S noL be used ln any hazardous (classlfled) locaLlons 19
8eclprocaLlng englnes SPALL S noL be locaLed ln Zone 1 (ulvlslon 1) locaLlons for new 19
lnsLallaLlons
ulesel englnes SPALL S noL be lnsLalled ln Class l Zone 0 or Zone 1 (ulvlslon 1) 19
classlfled locaLlons
lor dlesel englnes lnsLalled and operaLlng ln Zone 2 (ulvlslon 2) hazardous (classlfled) 19
locaLlons all of Lhe followlng SPALL S apply
1 All elecLrlcal componenLs on Lhe skld SPALL S meeL Class l Zone 2 (ulvlslon 2)
requlremenLs (devlces swlLches wlrlng Lermlnal boxes eLc)
2 SulLable physlcal barrlers SPALL S be provlded on Lhe englne skld (lnsulaLlons
shlelds placemenL eLc) Lo prevenL poLenLlal leaks of flammable/combusLlble flulds from
conLacLlng Lhe exhausL sysLem (manlfold Lurbo muffler eLc)
3 1he englne sLarLer SPALL S be elLher sulLable for a Zone 2 (ulvlslon 2) area or nonelecLrlcal
4 1he alLernaLor SPALL S be sulLable for a Zone 2 (ulvlslon 2) area
3 All baLLerles locaLed on Lhe englne skld SPALL S be locaLed ln a baLLery enclosure
and SPALL S have no exposed Lermlnals or energlzed parLs
6 1he englne SPALL S be provlded wlLh an auLomaLlc shuLdown devlce LhaL
PALL aLomaLcally shL off Lhe ar nLake sysLem for Lhe enne when an oerspeed
condLon s deLecLed 1hs dece s desned Lo mnme Lhe possblLy of a
hydrocarbon (as) release reslLn n possble enne desLrcLon and sbseqenL
n[ry Lo personnel de Lo nconLrolled oerspeed condLons
7 1he desel enne PALL be eqpped wLh a spark arresLn Lype ehasL
slencer Lo mnme any lown embers or sparks from ben e[ecLed from Lhe enne
ehasL sysLem All ehasL ppn LhaL wll hae a hoL srface LemperaLre
PALL be flly nslaLed
8 1he desel enne PALL be eqpped wLh anL sLaLc belLs and nonsparkn fans
Lo mnme Lhe rsk of nLon from a sLaLc dschare or mechancal spark
or naLral as felled ennes nsLalled and operaLn n haardos (classfed) areas all 20
of Lhe follown PALL apply
1 All elecLrcal componenLs on Lhe skd PALL be sLable for Lhe area classfcaLon
for Lhe locaLon n whch L s nsLalled (deces swLches wrn Lermnal boes eLc)
2 Lable physcal barrers PALL be proded on Lhe enne skd (nslaLons
shelds placemenL eLc) Lo preenL poLenLal leaks of flammable/combsLble flds from
conLacLn Lhe ehasL sysLem (manfold Lrbo mffler eLc)
3 1he enne sLarLer PALL be eLher sLable for Lhe reqred area classfcaLon or
nonelecLrcal
4 1he alLernaLor PALL be sLable for Lhe reqred area classfcaLon of Lhe
nsLallaLon locaLon
3 All baLLeres locaLed on Lhe enne skd (for Zone 2 uson 2 locaLons only)
PALL be locaLed n a baLLery enclosre and PALL hae no eposed
Lermnals or enered parLs 8aLLeres PALL noL be nsLalled n Zone 1 (uson
1) locaLons
6 All enne nLon sysLems PALL be eqpped wLh a lowLenson nLon sysLem
of a low fre haard Lype and PALL be desned and manLaned Lo mnme Lhe
release of sffcenL elecLrcal enery Lo case nLon of an eLernal combsLble
mLre All hhLenson leads PALL be solaLed from any ronded meLallc
srface All enne nLon sysLems nsLalled n Zone 1 (uson 1) locaLons
PALL be sLable for se n LhaL locaLon lnLon sysLems locaLed n Zone 2
(uson 2) areas PALL meeL Lhe reqremenLs of lA 122001
7 1he enne PALL be eqpped wLh a spark arresLn Lype ehasL slencer Lo
mnme any lown embers or sparks from ben e[ecLed from Lhe enne ehasL
sysLem All ehasL ppn LhaL wll hae a hoL srface LemperaLre PALL be flly
nslaLed
8 1he enne PALL be proded wLh an aLomaLcally operaLed fal safe fel
block and bleed ale whch closes each Lme Lhe enne sLops 1hs ale shold be
nsLalled on Lhe ede of Lhe skd and shold block all fel as Lo Lhe skd and bleed all
fel as off of Lhe skd down sLream of Lhe ale pon shLdown acLaLon or loss of
conLrol power
9 All enLs from fel asoperaLed deces PALL be enLed Lo a safe locaLon
away from Lhe skd or enclosre and a mnmm of 3 m (13 fL) horonLally from enne
ehasL Lach enne drer PALL hae a separaLe enL sysLem
10 1he enne PALL be eqpped wLh anL sLaLc belLs and nonsparkn fans Lo
mnme Lhe rsk of nLon from a sLaLc dschare or mechancal spark
LcepL for loadn faclLes ralways PALL be locaLed oLsde of haardos 21
(classfed) locaLons
Lposed srface LemperaLres for nonelecLrcal eqpmenL PALL noL eceed 182 C 21
(360) aboe Lhe pblshed Al1 for ases LhaL may be released ecepL where proded
below where Lhe srface LemperaLre PALL noL eceed Lhe Al1 of Lhe as noled
- naLral as (meLhane) processes
noLe 8ecenL CAnML1 (Canadan Lploses 8esearch LaboraLory) LesL daLa n 2009 shows Lhe hoL
srface nLon LemperaLres of meLhane are eqalenL Lo Lhe aLonLon LemperaLre
- 1he presence of flammable or combsLble lqd dropleLs n a as (msL or spray)
may chane Lhe nLon behaor of Lhe as becase dropleLs can make ood
Lhermal conLacL wLh a hoL srface and wll nLe Lhe srrondn as
1 A sLrcLred eamnaLon of all poLenLal oerpressre and nderpressre scenaros 8
PALL be performed drn desn 1hs eamnaLon s called a ressre ysLem
afeLy Ldy () ManaemenL of Chane procedres PALL assre LhaL
process modfcaLons are assessed and Lhe pdaLed as reqred
2 1he PALL erfy LhaL all eqpmenL s adeqaLely proLecLed aansL
oerpressre and nderpressre
3 roLecLon aansL oerpressre/nderpressre PALL be mplemenLed by Lhe
se of any or all of Lhe follown
a elecLon of desn pressres and LemperaLres ee (22)
b ressre relef deces
c roLecLe nsLrmenLaLon ee (210) for resLrcLons
d uepressrn sysLems
e AdmnsLraLe conLrols see (213)
4 1he PALL reference Lhe desn premse 1hs premse PALL
nclde as a mnmm Lhe desn flow raLe sed for Lhe analyss and Lhe composLon
and LemperaLre of each feed sLream
3 uesn of Lhe relef sysLem PALL be based on a heaL and maLeral balance LhaL
reflecLs Lhe nLended rane of nL operaLon 1hs shall nclde nL sLarLp and shLdown
condLons snce Lhey can be more seere Lhan aL desn operaLn condLons
6 1he PALL ealaLe Lhe pressre drop Lhroh Lhe pressre sysLem and
Lhe nleL and oLleL hydralcs for Lhe relef deces ee uL 80431010Cen
7 A smmary of Lhe PALL be docmenLed n Lhe afeardn
Memorandm conformn Lo uL 01000212Cen
1 A sLrcLred meLhod for deLermnn Lhe pper and lower desn pressre of pressre 8
eqpmenL PALL be sed
When vendor 8
cres become aalable Lhey PALL be sed Lo deLermne Lhe pmps
mamm epecLed pressre
2 All head calclaLons PALL be based on Lhe epecLed process condLons 8
Where Lhere are Lwo lqd phases presenL (e ol/waLer) or f waLer washn s an
epecLed operaLn mode Lhen Lhe specfc raLy of Lhe heaer lqd shall be
nclded n Lhe ealaLon
2 lf pressre relef deces are seL p Lo proLecL a pressre sysLem Lhe sysLem desn 9
pressre PALL noL be hher Lhan Lhe pressre raLn of any sysLem componenL
1he effecLs of sLaLc head PALL be Laken nLo acconL
3 lf a sysLems approach s Laken Lhe hydralcs PALL be ealaLed Lo assre LhaL 9
no eqpmenL eceeds Ls desn pressre before a pressre relef dece acLaLes
and drn relen condLons no eqpmenL eceeds Ls Codeallowable
accmlaLon (213)
1 1he mpacL of psLream sysLems aL relen pressre on downsLream sysLems 9
PALL be consdered when ealaLn oerpressre scenaros
b) 1he nfaorable acLon of a conLrol ale PALL be Laken nLo acconL Lo 9
deLermne Lhe flow Lo Lhe downsLream common sysLem
c) Commonmode falre scenaros PALL be Laken nLo acconL Lo ealaLe Lher
mpacL on Lhe spply Lo Lhe downsLream common sysLem and Lher effecL on Lhe
consmers from Lhe sysLem n order Lo deLermne any reslLn oerpressre
condLon and pressre relef capacLy of Lhe common downsLream sysLem
d) 1he normal reacLon of Lhe consmer sde of Lhe downsLream sysLem conLrols
PALL be Laken nLo consderaLon
2 Commonmode relef scenaros PALL be consdered when Lhe flows nLo and oL 10
of Lhe downsLream sysLem are ealaLed
2 erpressre proLecLon PALL be proded for Lhe sLeady sLaLe mn of hoL 10
maLerals wLh olaLle maLerals (for any ald snle [eopardy scenaros)
n1L Leady sLaLe condLons mhL be Lhe flow of waLer nLo a hoL sre drm whle Lhe
drm s aL relen pressre
3 erpressre rsks assocaLed wLh LransenL aporaLon PALL be mLaLed by
one or more of Lhe follown
a ysLem desn (ncreased desn pressre)
b lnleL nole locaLons
c MnmaLon of pockeLs n hoL process ppn
d Low ponL drans Lo remoe all waLer pror Lo sLarLn p
e wn elbows doble block and blnd and oLher safeards for LlLy connecLons
f LqpmenL sLarLp and operaLn procedres
8rsLn dsk
Manan sorce pressres from Lhrd parLes PALL be coered by conLracLal 10
areemenLs lf Lhe leal responsblLy les wLh Lhe Lhrd parLy L PALL be erfed LhaL
mamm sorce pressres comply wLh Lhe conLracLal lmLs
lf Lhe rncpals faclLes prode Lhe sorce of pressre for Lhrd parLes Lhen 11
Lhe rncpal PALL Lake measres as descrbed n Lhs uL Lo preenL oerpressre
Lo Lhe Lhrd parLy
1he falre posLon of conLrol ales PALL allow Lhe sysLem Lo reach an nherenLly 11
safe condLon drn a LoLal nsLrmenL ar falre scenaro wLhoL eporLn Lhe problem
1 ressre relef de Lo nsLrmenLaLon malfncLon (eLher snle or commonmode) s a 11
coered n (33) and (36) When Lhese or any oLher relef scenaros are ealaLed Lhe
assumpLlons descrlbed below SPALL S be made as Lo how Lhe oLher lnsLrumenLaLlon
ln Lhe sysLem mlghL respond
2 When deLermlnlng rellef loads for a slngle pressure sysLem credlL SPALL S noL be 11
Laken for favorable lnsLrumenLaLlon response
Any lnsLrumenLaLlon LhaL could 11
provlde favorable response SPALL S be assumed Lo be frozen (or on manual
mode) Lxamples of favorable lnsLrumenLaLlon response LhaL SPALL S noL be used Lo
ellmlnaLe or reduce rellef loads lnclude
a ressure conLrol valve opens Lo relleve vessel pressure
b Level conLrol valve closes Lo prevenL vapour breakLhrough
c Plgh level Lrlp opens dump valve
3 lnsLrumenLaLlon response LhaL lncreases rellef loads wlLhln Lhe pressure sysLem under 11
sLudy SPALL S be assumed Lo funcLlon properly
ASML Code secLlon uC140 A provldes requlremenLs for Lhose sysLems where Lhe rellef 12
devlce ls ellmlnaLed by sysLem deslgn and lls Compllance documenLaLlon SPALL S
be aLLached Lo Lhe Safeguardlng Memorandum
1 lf a speclflc rellef scenarlo would resulL ln Lhe slzlng of a rellef devlce LhaL ls lmposslble 12
or lmpracLlcable Lhen approval of Lhe rlnclpal SPALL S be obLalned Lo speclfy
lnsLrumenLed safeguards Lo ellmlnaLe LhaL rellef scenarlo
2 lor ASML vlll appllcaLlons see uC140 8 for deLalls Where uC140 8 ls applled Lo
ellmlnaLe a rellef scenarlo Lhe allowable accumulaLlons scenarlos for whlch Lhe pressure
rellef devlce ls slzed SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh Lhls uL
A sLudy SPALL S be conducLed Lo deLermlne on how many wells 13
Lhe rellef valve slzlng ls Lo be based
4 lor Lhe purposes of overpressure deslgn due Lo backflow check valves regardless of 13
deslgn or class SPALL S noL be consldered LlghL shuLoff
a Class 1 check valves SPALL S be lncluded ln an lnspecLlon programme as 13
follows
1 Class 1 check valves should be sub[ecLed Lo lnLernal lnspecLlon Lo deLecL gross
deflclencles such as a sLuck flapper corroded seaLs damaged hlnge or galllng
nC1L lallure Lo close due Lo foullng mlghL noL be deLecLed
2 unless oLherwlse speclfled by appllcable regulaLlons Lhe lnspecLlon lnLervals
should be condlLlonbased 1hese should buL mlghL noL necessarlly correspond
Lo Lhe planned shuLdown (Lurnaround) lnLervals
3 Class 1 check valves should have a unlque number asslgned for Lracklng
purposes and each valve should be labelled or Lagged ln Lhe fleld wlLh Lhls
ldenLlfylng number
4 lnspecLlon records for each Class 1 check valve SPALL S be malnLalned
b Class 1 check valves SPALL S be shown ln Lhe LlS SlS Safeguardlng 14
Memorandum and Lhe slLes PSLMS documenLaLlon for crlLlcal barrlers/Lasks
1 1he sLeps below SPALL S be followed Lo provlde overpressure proLecLlon agalnsL 14
backflow
CLher rlsks caused by Lhe backflow (eg 14
envlronmenLal releases conLamlnaLlon eLc) SPALL S be consldered and evaluaLed
on a casebycase basls
8ackflow overpressure proLecLlon of low pressure and aLmospherlc sLorage Lanks 13
1 1he sLeps below SPALL S be followed Lo provlde overpressure proLecLlon agalnsL
backflow See llgure 1 for Lhe overall loglc
16
1 WlLh Lhe excepLlon of Lhe Lube rupLure scenarlo all scenarlos llsLed ln lSC 23231 as 18
causes of overpressure SPALL S be consldered a 8asls for ueslgn ln
8aslsforueslgn Scenarlos Lhe accumulaLlons allowed by Lhe vessel deslgn code
SPALL S noL be exceeded See (3) for 8aslsofueslgn scenarlos
3 8aslsforueslgn Scenarlos SPALL S be based on slngle [eopardy evenLs 18
1 CperaLor lnLervenLlon can be consldered lf all of Lhe followlng are saLlsfled 18
a An alarm can alerL Lhe operaLor 1he alarm SPALL S be lndependenL of Lhe
overpressure scenarlo le Lhe cause of Lhe overpressure SPALL S noL also
dlsable Lhe alarm lnsLrumenLaLlon
b 1here ls sufflclenL Llme for Lhe operaLor Lo sLop Lhe overpressure 1hls Llme lncludes 18
Lhe Llme Lo dlagnose Lhe alarm Lo Lake acLlon and for Lhe acLlon Lo Lake effecL 1here
SPALL S be clear unamblguous and effecLlve operaLor acLlons speclfled for
respondlng Lo Lhls alarm
c 1he consequences of lneffecLlve or no operaLor lnLervenLlon SPALL S be 19
assessed
d 1he allowable accumulaLlon for lneffecLlve or no operaLor lnLervenLlon ls Lhe same as 19
LhaL for a 8emoLe ConLlngency 1he accumulaLlon SPALL S be deLermlned by
calculaLlng Lhe pressure requlred Lo pass Lhls rellef load vla Lhe rellef area deflned by
Lhe governlng rellef scenarlo
2 lf Lhere ls noL sufflclenL Llme for operaLor lnLervenLlon Lhen Lhe scenarlo ls a 8asls for 19
ueslgn and Lhe overpressure SPALL S be mlLlgaLed by englneerlng conLrols such as
a pressure rellef devlce slzed for Lhe scenarlo or an lncrease ln deslgn pressure
Where applled admlnlsLraLlve conLrols SPALL S conslsL of 19
mechanlcal elemenLs (Locks lnLerlocks eLc) plus clear and effecLlve operaLlonal and
malnLenance procedures plus Lralnlng of relevanL personnel on Lhese procedures and
managemenL sysLems Lo assess overall effecLlveness
3 1he use of speclflc admlnlsLraLlve conLrols SPALL S be documenLed as parL of Lhe 19
slLes PSLMS and Lhe Safeguardlng Memorandum
2 ASML Code Appendlx M allows Lhe use of valve operaLlon conLrols Lo prevenL 19
overpressure ln upsLream equlpmenL lor new deslgns valve operaLlon conLrols
SPALL S noL be used Lo avold overpressure
4 All valves ln Lhe flow paLh of a rellef header (eg a flare header baLLery llmlL lsolaLlon 20
valve) SPALL S be key locked or carsealed open
1 1o ensure LhaL admlnlsLraLlve conLrols conslsLlng of procedures Lralnlng managemenL 20
sysLems and valve locks are effecLlve Lhe followlng admlnlsLraLlve conLrols SPALL S
be lmplemenLed
a 1he slgnlflcance of valve locks SPALL S be communlcaLed Lo personnel Lhrough 20
Lralnlng and procedures ln order Lo prevenL any slackenlng awareness of Lhe
lmporLance of valve locklng [udlclous use should be made of valve lock appllcaLlons
b Locked valves SPALL S be ldenLlfled on Lhe rocess Lnglneerlng llow Schemes 20
(LlS) and Lhe rocess Safeguardlng llow Schemes (SlSs) wlLh Lhe requlred
valve poslLlon speclfled as key lockedopen (LC) or carsealed open (CSC) eLc
c An upLodaLe llsL LhaL documenLs Lhe valve locaLlon lnLended valve poslLlon (open or 20
closed) and purpose (safeLy envlronmenLal or operablllLy eLc) of each locked valve
SPALL S be malnLalned
d lleld verlflcaLlon of locked safeLyrelaLed valves SPALL S be performed on a 20
regular basls
1 ressure rellef loads SPALL S be deLermlned ln accordance wlLh Lhe appllcable 21
secLlons of lSC 23231 and lSC 28300
2 8ellef loads SPALL S be based on Lhe feaLures of Lhe lnsLalled equlpmenL unless 21
oLherwlse speclfled by Lhe rlnclpal
3 8ellef loads SPALL S be based on Lhe physlcal properLles of Lhe process fluld aL 21
rellevlng condlLlons for each speclflc scenarlo
1he exLenL of a power fallure SPALL S be based on Lhe loss of any one componenL (eg 21
feeder bus clrculL or llne)
1 1he exLenL of LoLal power fallure SPALL S be derlved from Lhe englneerlng analysls 21
descrlbed ln (321)
2 1oLal slLewlde power fallure SPALL S be consldered as a 8asls for ueslgn
2 lor pumped sLreams provldlng heaL lnpuL Lo Lhe sysLem heaL lnpuL SPALL S be 21
assumed Lo conLlnue lf Lhese pumps have auLosLarL spares LhaL are sLeamdrlven or
elecLrlcallydrlven from a source noL affecLed by Lhe power fallure
3 lf a pump and lLs spare (eg reflux pumps) are elecLrlcally lndependenL (or one ls 21
Lurblne drlven) Lhe resulLlng flare/rellef load SPALL S be calculaLed assumlng Lhe
pump fallure LhaL causes Lhe largesL rellef
4 More Lhan one parLlal power fallure" scenarlo SPALL S be consldered for sysLems 21
LhaL have moLor drlvers (for pumps alr coolers furnace fans eLc) fed from dlfferenL
elecLrlcal buses
Loss of power Lo lndlvldual equlpmenL SPALL S be evaluaLed 21
As descrlbed ln lSC 23231 even lf elecLrlcally drlven equlpmenL has a sLandby wlLh 22
conLrols for auLomaLlc sLarLup and alLernaLlve drlve such as sLeam or dlesel no credlL
SPALL S be glven Lo Lhls sLandby equlpmenL for Lhe purposes of pressure rellef valve
slzlng as Lhe auLomaLlc sLarL ls noL consldered sufflclenLly rellable and may even be
unavallable due Lo malnLenance
1oLal parLlal and lndlvldual sLeam fallure SPALL S be evaluaLed where appllcable 22
1 1oLal parLlal and lndlvldual coollng waLer fallure SPALL S be evaluaLed where 22
appllcable
a lf mulLlple coollng waLer Lowers serve a process unlL and Lhe pumps and fans are 23
powered by separaLe elecLrlcal sysLems pressure rellef loads SPALL S be based
on Lhe loss of one coollng waLer Lower aL a Llme
c lf a coollng waLer Lower serves mulLlple process unlLs and Lhe coollng waLer pumps 23
and fans are powered by separaLe elecLrlcal sysLems Lhe more sLrlngenL of Lhe
followlng Lwo opLlons SPALL S be used
(l) 8ellef loads SPALL S be based on LoLal loss of coollng waLer unless
elecLrlcally drlven coollng waLer pumps LhaL remaln onllne have moLors slzed for
Lhe endofcurve condlLlons ln Lhe laLLer case rellef loads are based on Lhe nexL
opLlon
(ll) 8ellef loads SPALL S be based on an analysls of Lhe resulLlng coollng waLer
flows 1here ls no dlrecL correlaLlon beLween Lhe loss of coollng waLer and rellef
load slnce Lhe consequence for each lndlvldual coollng waLer heaL exchanger
SPALL S be evaluaLed (eg elevaLed overhead condensers could be wlLhouL
coollng waLer whlle rundown coolers aL ground level sLlll recelve adequaLe
coollng)
6 1he effecL of loss of coollng on auxlllarles of roLaLlng equlpmenL SPALL S also be 23
consldered
2 1he consequences of each conLrol valve golng Lo lLs open and closed poslLlon 23
lndependenLly of oLher valves SPALL S be evaluaLed
4 lf a conLroller fallure on a valve can cause more Lhan one valve Lo move Lhe worsL case 24
scenarlo of Lhe valve movemenLs SPALL S be consldered
3 SelfconLalned pressure regulaLors SPALL S be LreaLed Lhe same as oLher conLrol 24
valves
1he case of a slngle valve golng open SPALL S be consldered as a 8asls for ueslgn 24
c Slnce Lhe rellef devlce dlscharge SPALL S be free dralnlng Lhls opLlon normally 26
requlres elevaLlng Lhe conLrol valve above grade
1 1he flrsL rupLure dlsk (and lLs block valve) SPALL S be locaLed as close Lo Lhe 26
conLrol sLaLlon as posslble Lo mlnlmlze Lhe LranslenL pressure
2 1he safeLy rellef valve or Lhe second rupLure dlsk dlscharge SPALL S be 26
elevaLed so LhaL lL ls free dralnlng
1 1he case of loss of llquld feed Lo Lhe hlghpressure sysLem SPALL S be consldered 26
as a 8asls for ueslgn scenarlo
3 8ellef load SPALL S be calculaLed under Lhe followlng assumpLlons 27
a Plgh pressure sysLem aL normal operaLlng pressure
b Plgh pressure sysLem boLLoms conLrol valve and bypass ln Lhelr normal poslLlon
c Low pressure sysLem ls aL Lhe slngle [eopardy Codeallowable accumulaLlon
1 1he slLuaLlon ln whlch boLh conLrol valve and bypass are wlde open SPALL S be 27
consldered a 8emoLe ConLlngency
2 Case 3 SPALL S be evaluaLed wlLh Lhe same sLeps and assumpLlons as Case 1 wlLh
Lhe followlng dlfferences
a 8oLh Lhe conLrol valve and Lhe bypass valve SPALL S be assumed Lo be wlde
open
b Allowable accumulaLlon ls 30
2 Case 4 SPALL S be evaluaLed by Lhe approach speclfled for Case 1 wlLh Lhe 27
excepLlon LhaL abnormal llquld levels colncldenL wlLh Lhe sLarL of Lhe vapour
breakLhrough SPALL S be assessed
3 1hls case SPALL S be mlLlgaLed by one of Lhe followlng Lwo meLhods 27
a ressure rellef deslgn opLlons as ln Case 1 (see 3724) wlLh Lhe followlng
excepLlons
Allowable accumulaLlon SPALL S be maxlmum 30
lf rupLure dlsks are used excluslvely Lo mlLlgaLe Lhls case (le Lhere are oLher rellef
devlces seL aL Lhe deslgn pressure for oLher rellef conLlngencles) conslderaLlon
may be glven Lo speclfylng a bursL pressure hlgher Lhan LhaL speclfled by Lhe
Code Approval by Lhe rlnclpal ls requlred as well as explanaLory narraLlve on
Lhe LlS SlS and ln Lhe SSS
b 8lsk assessmenL Lo deLermlne whaL oLher hardware ls approprlaLe Lo conLrol Lhe rlsk
eg an ll 8lsk assessmenL shall examlne Lhe llkellhood and consequence of
devlaLlng from Lhe assumed condlLlon (eg exceedlng Lhe Lhreshold lnvenLory)
2 1he consequences of closlng normally open manual valves as well as openlng normally 28
closed manual valves SPALL S be evaluaLed
2 lf Lhe unlLs operaLlng pracLlce ls Lo rouLlnely use conLrol valve bypasses Lhe bypass 28
valves SPALL S be assumed Lo be wlde open when evaluaLlng oLher rellef scenarlos
on Lhe downsLream sysLem Pavlng Lhe conLrol valve bypass wlde open wlLh Lhe conLrol
valve wlde open SPALL S Lhen be evaluaLed as a 8asls for ueslgn scenarlo
1he flre scenarlo SPALL S lnvolve calculaLlng rellef loads caused by exLernal flre 28
exposure
2 lf a fall open conLrol valve separaLes Lwo sysLems and Lhe deslgn pressures dlffer by 29
more Lhan 30 Lhe lmpacL durlng Lhe flre scenarlo on Lhe sysLem wlLh Lhe lower deslgn
pressure SPALL S be evaluaLed
3 Cverpressure proLecLlon ls noL requlred for pressure vessels ln vapour servlce lf flre ls 29
Lhe only overpressure scenarlo Such vessels SPALL S be proLecLed by maklng Lhem
accesslble Lo flre flghLlng or by provldlng Lhem wlLh waLer deluge flre prooflng or a
vapour depressurlng sysLem
As descrlbed ln (2132) exchangers SPALL S be 29
prompLly dralned and depressured
a ShellandLube heaL exchangers LhaL are assumed Lo be self rellevlng durlng flre 30
exposure SPALL S have a means of accommodaLlng llquld Lhermal expanslon
durlng a flre ln whlch all of Lhe condlLlons below are effecLlve 1hls SPALL S be
evaluaLed for boLh Lhe shell slde and Lhe Lube slde
c 1he shell slde of a flxedLubesheeL exchanger SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe flre case 31
overpressure proLecLlon requlremenLs speclfled for pressure vessels
d Lxchangers wlLh speclal hlgh pressure closure deslgns on Lhe Lube slde and/or Lhe 31
shell slde SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe flre case overpressure proLecLlon
requlremenLs speclfled ln (39) 1hese are
(l) lor Lhe Lube slde 1LMA lronL Lnd SLaLlonary Pead 1ype u
(ll) lor Lhe shell slde 1LMA lronL Lnd SLaLlonary Pead 1ype n wlLh a 8ear Lnd
Pead 1ype of L M or n
e lf Lhe exchanger uses fused plaLes (le no gaskeLs beLween Lhe plaLes) lL 31
SPALL S be assumed LhaL lL does noL selfrelleve
f lf flre vapour rellef ls requlred Lhe vapour rellef paLh SPALL S be evaluaLed Lo 31
conflrm LhaL Lhe equlpmenL does noL exceed 21 accumulaLlon durlng flre exposure
Any conLrol valve wlLhln Lhe rellef paLh should be assumed Lo be ln Lhe closed
poslLlon
1 lf Lhere are adequaLe flre flghLlng efforLs and dralnage Lo avold accumulaLlon of 31
flammable llqulds underneaLh Lhe proLecLed equlpmenL rellef load for flre case
SPALL S be based on heaL lnpuL calculaLed ln accordance wlLh Lhe followlng
equaLlon
2 lf adequaLe dralnage and flre flghLlng capablllLles are noL avallable Lhe rellef load 31
SPALL S be based on Lhe heaL lnpuL calculaLed ln accordance wlLh Lhe followlng
equaLlon
lor lnLumescenL flrereslsLanL coaLlngs Lhe LnvlronmenLal lacLor SPALL S be 32
evaluaLed on a casebycase basls Laklng lnLo accounL LhaL Lhe lnLumescenL coaLlng
provldes proLecLlon only for a llmlLed Llme
1he posslblllLy of corroslon 32
under lnsulaLlon (Cul) SPALL S be consldered ln Lhe declslon Lo lnsLall flrereslsLanL
lnsulaLlon
6 1he LnvlronmenLal lacLor for mounded sLorage (excludlng Lhe parL exposed Lo flre) 32
SPALL S be 003
7 1he LnvlronmenLal lacLor for underground sLorage SPALL S be zero
1 1he lnLernal weLLed area SPALL S be calculaLed as follows 32
a lor calculaLlng weLLed area a flre helghL of 8 m (23 fL) as speclfled ln lSC 23231
SPALL S be used for process equlpmenL oLher Lhan spheres or spherolds and 91
m (30 fL) as speclfled ln lSC 28300 for sLorage Lanks lor Lhe weLLed area of
spheres and spherolds lSC 23231 requlres Lhe use of Lhe dlameLer or 8 m (23 fL)
whlchever ls greaLer 1he helghL SPALL S be measured from grade or from any
solld deck/floor LhaL could have a pool flre
nC1L 8 m has been used ln many slLes as equlvalenL Lo 23 fL SlLes may conLlnue Lo use whlchever
helghL Lhey have hlsLorlcally used
b lor process equlpmenL Lhe weLLed area SPALL S be based on Lhe normal llquld
level and noL on Lhe hlgh level alarm polnL lor verLlcal vessels supporLed on sklrLs
wlLh a maxlmum of one sklrL openlng Lhe area of Lhe boLLom head shall noL be
consldered as parL of Lhe weLLed area
c lor sLorage vessels/Lanks Lhe maxlmum operaLlng llquld level SPALL S be
assumed when calculaLlng Lhe weLLed area See lSC 23231 and lSC 28300 for
speclflc guldance on Lhe weLLed area of spheres
d lor columns Lhe weLLed area SPALL S be based on Lhe normal llquld level plus
73 mm per column Lray and plus 3 cm for each 24 cm of lnLernal packlng Lo accounL
for dralnage of llquld holdup lf an evaluaLlon of Lhe parLlcular column shows LhaL lL
has lower amounLs of llquld holdup Lhen values of less Lhan 73 mm may be used
wlLh approval by Lhe rlnclpal
e lor processes LhaL have reacLlve hazards Lhe rlnclpal SPALL S be consulLed
regardlng Lhe assumpLlons Lo be made abouL exchangers weLLed areas
f 1he weLLed area of plplng affecLed by Lhe flre case shall be lncluded ln Lhe LoLal
weLLed area of Lhe equlpmenL
2 lor new deslgn only Lhe weLLed areas wlLhln a 300 m2 (3200 fL2) ploL area SPALL S 33
be consldered when a sysLems rellef loads are calculaLed or Lhe flare loads for mulLlple
sysLems are evaluaLed unless physlcal barrlers (such as walls) are presenL Lhe flre
zone shape SPALL S be assumed Lo be clrcular
1 roperLles of Lhe vaporlzlng llquld SPALL S be based on Lhe rellevlng pressure and 33
LemperaLure and noL on Lhe normal operaLlng condlLlons
3 lf a vessel conLalns Lwo separaLe llquld phases all Lhe flre heaL lnpuL SPALL S be 33
applled Lo one phase and Lhen Lo Lhe oLher phase 1he case LhaL resulLs ln Lhe hlghesL
orlflce area SPALL S be used
4 lor slngle componenL flulds Lhe flre rellef loads SPALL S be calculaLed by dlvldlng
Lhe LoLal heaL lnpuL by Lhe laLenL heaL of vapourlzaLlon
3 lf a vessel conLalns a mlxLure of flulds Lhe rellevlng fluld properLles SPALL S be
calculaLed by assumlng LhaL 3 by welghL of Lhe orlglnal mlxLure has already flashed
6 lor a columns flre rellef Lhe 8v SPALL S be slzed assumlng Lwo composlLlons as 34
follows
a llrsL composlLlon based on Lhe Lray below Lhe Lop Lray
nC1L lor modelllng purposes Lhls ls Lhe Lhlrd LheoreLlcal sLage composlLlon or reflux composlLlon lf Lhe
Lhlrd LheoreLlcal sLage daLa ls noL readlly avallable
b Second composlLlon based on Lhe column boLLom
c 1he columns 8v SPALL S be slzed for boLh composlLlons and Lhe larger slze of
Lhe Lwo SPALL S be used uo noL apply Lhe 3 by welghL rule slnce Lhe removal
of llghL maLerlals ls already Laken lnLo accounL by uslng Lhe composlLlon ln Lhe Lray
below Lhe Lop Lray
2 1he lLeraLlve fluld expanslon Lechnlque SPALL S be as follows 34
a CalculaLe sysLem volume 1hls ls Lhe equlpmenL volume LhaL ls avallable Lo absorb
Lhe expanslon 1he sysLem volume lncludes everyLhlng wlLhln Lhe pressure sysLem
boundarles and noL [usL Lhe equlpmenL ln Lhe flre zone
b CalculaLe Lhe flre heaL lnpuL 8ecause Lhere ls no dlfference beLween llquld and
vapour above Lhe crlLlcal polnL use Lhe full vessel area as Lhe weLLed area lL ls
accepLable Lo lgnore Lhe weLLed area LhaL ls more Lhan 8 m (23 fL) above Lhe
grade/pool flre source
c 8un Lhe process slmulaLlon sLarLlng aL Lhe normal LemperaLure and pressure 1hen
flnd Lhe LemperaLure requlred for Lhe sysLem Lo reach rellevlng pressure ueLermlne
Lhe Llme requlred Lo reach Lhls polnL
d 8erun Lhe process slmulaLlon aL small lnLervals of lncreaslng LemperaLure
1he lncreased LemperaLure causes 1he denslLy of 1he supercrlLlcal fluld Lo
decrease (speclflc volume lncreases)
Slnce 1he sysLem volume ls flxed 1he change ln speclflc volume mulLlplled by 1he
LoLal volume ls Lhe amounL LhaL shall be removed over Lhe Llme lnLerval
correspondlng Lo Lhe lnpuLLed LemperaLure change
lor each slmulaLlon lnLerval capLure 1he physlcal properLles lor 1he purposes of
8v slzlng
uL all of Lhls lnformaLlon ln a spreadsheeL Lo ploL 1he mass flow raLe and requlred
orlflce area requlred as a funcLlon of Llme
e 8un Lhe slmulaLlon aL rellevlng pressure and rellevlng LemperaLure plus a
LemperaLure lncremenL CapLure Lhe average denslLy and heaL conLenL of Lhe
maLerlal and lLs compresslblllLy
Clven 1he change ln heaL conLenL from 1he prevlous slmulaLlon and 1he flre heaL
lnpuL calculaLe Lhe Llme correspondlng Lo Lhe LemperaLure lncremenL
Clven 1he change ln denslLy over Lhls Llme perlod calculaLe 1he mass LhaL SPALL be
removed from Lhe sysLem Clven Lhe physlcal properLles calculaLe Lhe rellef area
requlred (use Lhe Al vapour rellef slzlng equaLlon) uo Lhls agaln for anoLher
LemperaLure lncremenL
f When Lhe requlred orlflce area ls ploLLed agalnsL Llme Lhe orlflce area usually peaks
ouL use Lhe peak requlred area Smaller Llme lncremenLs may be necessary near Lhe
peak polnL lf lL does noL peak plck Lhe largesL area wlLhln a Lwo hour flre exposure
Llme
1 lnLernallylnsulaLed vessels exposed Lo an exLernal flre can fall due Lo vessel shell 33
overLemperaLure MlLlgaLlon measures Lo prevenL Lhls SPALL S be assessed on a
casebycase basls
lnLernal lnsulaLlon/llnlng on vessels mlghL noL be lndlcaLed on preexlsLlng LlSs buL
SPALL S be shown on any LlS and SlS creaLed or revlsed by Lhe pro[ecL
2 llre rellef loads for vessels LhaL are parLlally or LoLally lnLernally lnsulaLed SPALL S be
calculaLed lgnorlng any lnsulaLlon effecLs of Lhe lnLernal llnlng
LqulpmenL and plplng LhaL can be blocked ln and can be exposed Lo lncreased 33
LemperaLures SPALL S be proLecLed agalnsL overpressure
b lf Lhe heaL galn ls from Lhe process 1L8vs SPALL S be slzed uslng Lhe deslgn 36
duLy of Lhe equlpmenL or Lhe heaL galn from chemlcal reacLlons
vessels LhaL are llquld full SPALL S be evaluaLed for Lhermal expanslon/Lhermal rellef 36
1 lf lsolaLlon of Lhe cold slde of heaL exchangers ln llquld servlce wlLh conLlnued heaL lnpuL 36
from Lhe process or uLlllLy heaL medlum (hoL slde) resulLs ln a vapour pressure greaLer
Lhan deslgn Lhen overpressure proLecLlon SPALL S be provlded
2 PeaL exchangers SPALL S have a Lhermal rellef valve lf Lhe vapour pressure of Lhe 36
shell or Lube slde fluld aL amblenL LemperaLure exceeds Lhe respecLlve deslgn pressure
1he Lhermal rellef valve SPALL S be slzed for vapour rellef and locaLed aL Lhe hlgh
polnL ln Lhe sysLem
lf Lhere ls a conLrol valve or a manually operaLed valve 36
LhaL ls rouLlnely used Lo ad[usL flow on Lhe ouLleL of Lhe cold slde of Lhe exchanger Lhen
full closure of Lhls valve SPALL S also be consldered
1 lplng SPALL S have a Lhermal rellef valve lf Lhe vapour pressure of Lhe fluld aL 36
amblenL LemperaLure exceeds Lhe plplng deslgn pressure Wherever posslble Lhe
Lhermal rellef valve SPALL S be locaLed aL a hlgh polnL ln Lhe sysLem
3 CLher process llnes SPALL S have a means for Lhermal expanslon rellef lf all of Lhe 36
followlng condlLlons are meL
a Llne ls compleLely full of llquld (le more Lhan 93 full)
b lL ls probable LhaL Lhe llne wlll be blockedln aL boLh ends
2 lor canned LnC pumps Lhe pump SPALL S have a Lhermal rellef valve 1he Lhermal 37
rellef valve SPALL S be slzed for vapour rellef and locaLed aL Lhe hlgh polnL ln Lhe
sysLem
1hermal expanslon rellef SPALL S be 37
mlLlgaLed by one of Lhe followlng opLlons
a lnsLall a 1L8v
componenLs may be seL aL 120 of Lhe plplng sysLem deslgn pressure uependlng
on Lhe deslgn concepL of a pro[ecL (parLlcularly ln relaLlon Lo lLs requlred
expandablllLy operablllLy and malnLalnablllLy) Lhe rlnclpal may speclfy a lower
allowable seL polnL eg 110
b urlll a small hole ln Lhe check valve
c revenL full closure of Lhe conLrol valve by
(l) rovldlng a physlcal mlnlmum sLop
(ll) urllllng a hole ln Lhe valve
(lll) rovldlng a small bypass wlLh a resLrlcLlon orlflce
d use normallyopen check valve bypass (carseallng such valves open ls noL
requlred) 1hls opLlon should noL be applled ln LnC servlce
1hermal rellef SPALL S be mlLlgaLed by 37
one of Lhe followlng opLlons
a lnsLall a Lhermal rellef valve
ln accordance wlLh ASML 8313 Lhermal rellef valves LhaL proLecL only plplng and
plplng componenLs may be seL aL 120 of Lhe plplng sysLem deslgn pressure
uependlng on Lhe deslgn concepL of a pro[ecL (parLlcularly ln relaLlon Lo lLs requlred
expandablllLy operablllLy and malnLalnablllLy) Lhe rlnclpal may speclfy a lower
allowable seL polnL eg 110
b urlll a small hole ln Lhe check valve
c revenL full closure of Lhe conLrol valve by
(l) rovldlng a physlcal mlnlmum sLop
(ll) urllllng a hole ln Lhe valve
(lll) rovldlng a small bypass wlLh a resLrlcLlon orlflce
d use normallyopen check valve bypass (carseallng such valves open ls noL
requlred) 1hls opLlon ls noL recommended for LnC servlce
1he rlnclpal SPALL S be lnvolved ln elLher calculaLlng or revlewlng Lhlrd parLy 38
calculaLlons for reacLlve hazard rellef loads (runaway reacLlons)
Any vacuum caused by changes ln LemperaLure SPALL S be consldered 38
8emoLe 39
ConLlngencles (le Lhere are oLher rellef devlces seL aL Lhe deslgn pressure for oLher
rellef conLlngencles) may be hlgher Lhan Lhose speclfled by Lhe Code Lhls pracLlce
SPALL S noL be adopLed unless approved by Lhe rlnclpal ln whlch case lL
SPALL S be explalned ln Lhe narraLlve on Lhe LlS and SlS and ln Lhe SSS
2 1he poLenLlal accumulaLlon and consequences of 8emoLe ConLlngencles SPALL S 39
be evaluaLed and documenLed ln Lhe Safeguardlng Memorandum
1 ShellandLube heaL exchanger sysLem (exchanger and aLLached equlpmenL) 39
SPALL S have overpressure proLecLlon lf exchanger Lube rupLure ls consldered vlable
and Lhe hydraullc llmlLs of Lhe sysLems rellef paLh allow Lhe sysLem pressure Lo exceed
130 of Lhe deslgn pressure
2 1ube rupLure SPALL S be consldered a vlable overpressure scenarlo only lf Lhe
exchanger hlgh slde deslgn pressure ls greaLer Lhan 130 of Lhe deslgn pressure of Lhe
low slde sysLem 1he vlablllLy of a Lube rupLure SPALL S be consldered for
downsLream sysLems as well
3 lor new deslgns where Lhe low pressure slde of Lhe exchanger can be lsolaLed by block 39
valves Lhe low pressure slde deslgn pressure SPALL S be based on 2/3rds of Lhe
hlgh slde deslgn pressure lncludlng Lhe plplng and Lhe block valves lf Lhls ls cosLly Lhen
rellef devlces locaLed wlLhln Lhe block valves SPALL S be speclfled
3 1he lnLernal rupLure of double plpe exchangers SPALL S noL be consldered vlable 39
provlded Lhe double plpe exchangers are consLrucLed from plplng componenLs
nC1L Palrpln exchangers wlLh Lube bundles are noL consldered double plpe exchangers
6 lnLernal fallure of plaLe or prlnLed clrculL exchangers SPALL S be evaluaLed by
assumlng a 13 mm (1/16 ln) wlde crack along Lhe lengLh of Lhe hlgh pressure header or
Lhe low pressure header
7 lnLernal fallure of splral exchangers SPALL S be evaluaLed on a casebycase basls
8 lor wasLe heaL boller Lube rupLures ln a Sulphur 8ecovery unlL Lhe rlnclpal
SPALL S be consulLed for guldance
1 8ellef flows from a rupLured Lube SPALL S be calculaLed as follows 39
a CalculaLe rellef loads assumlng sLeady sLaLe condlLlons unless oLherwlse speclfled
b Assume Lhe upsLream pressure ls Lhe normal operaLlng pressure and Lhe
downsLream pressure ls aL 30 accumulaLlon
c SelecL Lhe approprlaLe flow assumpLlon
lf 1he hlghpressure slde fluld ls llquld calculaLe 1he flow lnLo 1he lowpressure
slde by assumlng LhaL Lhe flow ls Lhrough a square edge orlflce wlLh a dlameLer
equal Lo Lhe exchanger Lubes lnslde dlameLer based on speclfled average Lube
wall Lhlckness
lf 1he hlghpressure slde fluld ls gas or vapour and lf 1he pressure raLlo beLween
Lhe hlghpressure sldes normal operaLlng pressure and 30 accumulaLlon on Lhe
lowpressure slde ls less Lhan Lhe crlLlcal pressure raLlo for sonlc flow (le
subsonlc flow) calculaLe Lhe flow lnLo Lhe lowpressure slde by assumlng LhaL Lhe
flow ls Lhrough a square edge orlflce wlLh a dlameLer equal Lo Lhe exchanger
Lubes lnslde dlameLer based on Lhe speclfled average Lube wall Lhlckness
lf 1he hlghpressure slde fluld ls gas or vapour and 1he pressure raLlo beLween 1he
hlghpressure sldes normal operaLlng pressure and 30 accumulaLlon on Lhe
lowpressure slde ls greaLer Lhan Lhe crlLlcal pressure raLlo for sonlc flow (le
crlLlcal flow) calculaLe Lhe flow lnLo Lhe lowpressure slde by assumlng LhaL Lhe
flow ls Lhrough a nozzle wlLh a dlameLer equal Lo Lhe exchanger Lubes lnslde
dlameLer based on speclfled average Lube wall Lhlckness lor 8v slzlng use Lhe
equaLlon for vapour ln Al 8 320 arL l wlLh a Lyplcal dlscharge coefflclenL of
0973
lf Lhe shell and Lube heaL 40
exchanger ls ln Lhe reacLor Lraln of a hydrocracker unlL Lhen Lhe deslgn premlse
SPALL S be Lwo slmulLaneous fullbore rupLures so mulLlply Lhe flow by 40
ConsulL Lhe rlnclpals hydrocracklng speclallsL Lo deLermlne wheLher or noL Lhls
premlse SPALL S be applled Lo a speclflc heaL exchanger
3 lf all of Lhe followlng condlLlons exlsL LranslenL (pressure surge) rellef loads SPALL S 41
be evaluaLed
a Plghpressure slde ls on Lhe Lube slde
b Shell slde ls prlmarlly llquld phase
c 8aLlo beLween Lhe hlghpressure sldes operaLlng pressure and Lhe lowpressure slde
deslgn pressure ls greaLer Lhan 3 Lo 1
4 lf requlred LranslenL rellef loads SPALL S be mlLlgaLed by one of Lhe followlng Lwo 41
opLlons
a Assume Lhe rellef load ls Lhe flow of llquld aL Lhe Lube rupLures volumeLrlc flow raLe
and locaLe Lhe rellef devlce close Lo Lhe exchanger ouLleL Speclfy a rupLure dlsk
(lnsLead of a rellef valve) lf Lhe hlgh slde deslgn pressure ls greaLer Lhan
7000 ka (ga) 1000 pslg
nC1L eLrochemlcal planL experlence has shown LhaL a rellef valve slzed for Lhe sLeady sLaLe flows ls
sufflclenL Lo avold equlpmenL damage or loss of conLalnmenL ln Lhe evenL Lhere ls a Lube rupLure
1herefore rupLure dlsks are normally only consldered where pressure ls greaLer Lhan
7000 ka (ga) 1000 pslg
b erform a surge analysls
1 1he effecL of Lube rupLure on downsLream sysLems (le Lhrough a conLrol valve) 41
SPALL S be consldered
2 1he Lube rupLure flow Lo Lhe downsLream sysLems SPALL S be Lhe smallesL of Lhe
followlng
a llow and amounL of flash assumlng Lhe dlfferenLlal pressure across Lhe exchanger
LubesheeL ls based on 30 accumulaLlon ln Lhe downsLream sysLem
nC1L lor example lf Lhe hlghpressure slde of Lhe exchanger ls aL 2700 ka and Lhe lowpressure slde
of Lhe exchanger had a 30 accumulaLlon of 2000 ka and Lhe downsLream sysLem had a 30
accumulaLlon of 700 ka Lhen Lhe Lube rupLure flow raLe Lo Lhe downsLream sysLem could
conservaLlvely be based on Lhe dlfferenLlal beLween 2700 ka and 700 ka
b ConLrol valve capaclLy assumlng Lhe pressures upsLream and downsLream of Lhe
conLrol valve are boLh Lhe 8emoLe ConLlngency accumulaLlon pressures of 30
c llow and amounL of flash based on a rlgorous analysls of Lhe speclflc sysLem
3 1he lmpacL (noL [usL Lhe mass flow) of Lhe Lube rupLure flow lnLo Lhe downsLream sysLem
SPALL S be evaluaLed
1 lor Lhe Lube rupLure scenarlo Lhe pressure rellef devlces for ASML vlll equlpmenL 41
SPALL S be slzed assumlng a 30 accumulaLlon provlded LhaL no slngle lLem ln Lhe
sysLem exceeds 30 accumulaLlon
nC1L lSC 23231 sLaLes LhaL exchanger Lube rupLure ls a 8emoLe ConLlngency and lL allows Lhe user Lo
choose a pressure oLher Lhan Lhe correcLed hydroLesL pressure provlded LhaL a proper deLalled
mechanlcal analysls ls performed showlng LhaL a loss of conLalnmenL ls unllkely
2 ressure rellef devlces used Lo proLecL Lhe shell slde of an exchanger SPALL S be
placed downsLream of Lhe lnleL nozzle 1hls ls requlred lf Lhe exchanger conLalns one or
more lmplngemenL plaLes LhaL could blow off and block Lhe exchanger lnleL durlng a Lube
rupLure and Lhereby block Lhe rellevlng paLh
3 AlLhough a full bore Lube rupLure ls a remoLe buL posslble conLlngency Lube fallures of
smaller magnlLude are common ASML vlll requlres LhaL a rellef devlce reworded
open before Lhe llmlLlng MAW ls exceeded and speclflcally requlres Lhe fallure of a
heaL Lransfer surface Lo be evaluaLed 1he seL pressure of rellef devlces proLecLlng
ASML vlll heaL exchangers SPALL S be such LhaL aL leasL one devlce opens before
Lhe llmlLlng MAW ls exceeded
1 lf ln Lhe evaluaLlon of an overpressure scenarlo credlL for operaLor lnLervenLlon ls belng 42
consldered (see 214) Lhen Lhe consequences of lneffecLlve operaLor lnLervenLlon
SPALL S be assessed
2 All consequences assoclaLed wlLh lneffecLlve operaLor lnLervenLlon SPALL S be 42
evaluaLed noL [usL overpressure
1hls SPALL S be evaluaLed as a 8emoLe ConLlngency unless Lhls ls a 8asls for ueslgn 42
scenarlo ln accordance wlLh (382)
SlLes LhaL have esLabllshed PSL 42
ManagemenL SysLems whlch permlL Lhe use of admlnlsLraLlve conLrols Lo manage 8v
valve sequenclng may conLlnue Lo use Lhls approach for Lhose slLes Lhe poLenLlal
consequence of lmproper valve sequenclng on Lhe 8v block valves SPALL S be
descrlbed ln Lhe Safeguardlng Memorandum
lor new pumps Lhe pressure raLlng of Lhe sucLlon slde and dlscharge slde of Lhe pump 42
SPALL S be Lhe same
locaLed beLween Lhe lnleL block valve and Lhe compressor dlscharge could be 42
overpressured due Lo backflow (leakage) Lhrough Lhe compressor 1hls applles Lo all
sLages 1hls scenarlo SPALL S be mlLlgaLed by deslgnlng Lhe equlpmenL Lo llmlL Lhe
accumulaLlon Lo 30 or by provldlng a 8v on Lhe lowpressure slde
lf Lhe check valve ls ln Lhe flre rellef paLh for upsLream 42
vessels Lhe check valve SPALL S elLher be flre proof lnsulaLed or have a deslgn LhaL
ls noL suscepLlble Lo blndlng closed durlng flre exposure
2 A blocked ouLleL due Lo lnLernal fallure of oLher check valves SPALL S be consldered
a 8emoLe ConLlngency wlLh an allowable accumulaLlon of 30
1he procedure for sLeady sLaLe slmulaLlon of a fracLlonaLlng column for loss of overhead 43
coollng SPALL S be as follows
1 CallbraLe Lhe process model of Lhe column uslng normal operaLlng condlLlons
2 lf Lhe column has a feedboLLoms exchanger model lL by lnLerchanglng heaL beLween
Lhe Lwo sLreams uslng a speclfled Lransfer coefflclenL and exchanger area (le seL uA"
or u" and A" ln Lhe slmple exchanger model do noL seL C or one of Lhe ouLleL
LemperaLures)
3 LllmlnaLe deslgn speclflcaLlons and convergence conLrol from Lhe model as follows
a SeL all column heaL lnpuLs feed and producL flows aL Lhelr deslgn case values
b SeL Lhe reflux raLe or raLlo aL Lhe deslgn case value
c SeL Lhe reflux LemperaLure aL Lhe deslgn case value
d SeL Lhe slde draw flows (lf any) aL Lhe deslgn case value(s)
e lor parLlal condensers malnLaln consLanL accumulaLor venL raLe SeL Lhe venL raLe aL
Lhe deslgn case value
f uo noL speclfy or vary parameLers Lo obLaln any Lray LemperaLures flows or
composlLlons ln Lhe dlsLlllaLlon model 1hls means Lurnlng off all deslgn
speclflcaLlons exLernal/lnLernal conLrollers or oLher composlLlon consLralnLs around
Lhe column
g Allow condenser duLy and overhead producL raLe Lo vary durlng convergence
1here SPALL S noL be any rellef load reducLlon due Lo a favourable conLrol 43
lnsLrumenLaLlon response
1hls SPALL S 43
noL be assumed Lo happen
Conversely conLrol loops LhaL would lncrease rellef requlremenLs SPALL S be
assumed Lo be ln auLomaLlc"
1he manual heaL balance calculaLlon of a fracLlonaLlng column for loss of overhead coollng 47
SPALL S be as follows
1 CalculaLe Lhe reboller duLy under rellevlng condlLlons wlLh Lhe same procedure as ln
sLeady sLaLe slmulaLlon and Lhe followlng addlLlonal requlremenLs
a lf Lhe column ls on LemperaLure conLrol and Lhe column calculaLlons show a sharp
LemperaLure/composlLlon break near Lhe conLrol Lray polnL Lhen (1) assume
maxlmum posslble reboller heaL duLy ln Lhe analysls or (2) consulL Lhe rlnclpal for
guldance
nC1L 1he maxlmum posslble reboller duLy ls Lhe maxlmum duLy assumlng a clean bundle (clean u
acLual A) a wlde open reboller conLrol valve and Lhe acLual log mean LemperaLure dlfference
(LM1u) under rellevlng condlLlons
b lf Lhe normal boLLoms composlLlon under rellevlng condlLlons resulLs ln LemperaLures
hlgh enough Lo reduce reboller duLy Lo no less Lhan 30 of deslgn Lhen use Lhls
calculaLed reboller heaL duLy ln Lhe heaL balance calculaLlon
c lf Lhe normal boLLoms composlLlon under rellevlng condlLlons resulLs ln LemperaLures
hlgh enough Lo reduce reboller duLy Lo less Lhan 30 Lhen Lhe assumpLlon LhaL
boLLoms composlLlon remalns consLanL durlng rellef may noL be conservaLlve ln Lhls
case calculaLe Lhe reboller LM1u uslng Lhe bubble polnL LemperaLure of Lhe feed lf
Lhls approach resulLs ln a duLy of less Lhan 30 of deslgn Lhen calculaLe Lhe reboller
LM1u uslng Lhe bubble polnL LemperaLure of Lhe reflux
d Clven Lhe LM1u calculaLed above calculaLe Lhe reboller duLy and use Lhls value ln
Lhe heaL balance calculaLlon
1 1he followlng Lwo scenarlos for loss of feed Lo fracLlonaLlng columns SPALL S be 48
evaluaLed
a llrsL scenarlo Cnly Lhe feed Lo Lhe column ls losL and no oLher malfuncLlon affecLs
Lhe column
1hls flrsL scenarlo could be Lhe conLrolllng case (le may be hlgher Lhan loss of
overhead coollng) when Lhe feed sLream ls a source of column coollng (le lL ls a
subcooled llquld absorblng heaL and noL provldlng any vapourlzaLlon upon enLry lnLo
Lhe column)
lf Lhe feed sLream ls a source of heaL Lhen Lhls flrsL scenarlo wlll noL be Lhe
conLrolllng case for 8v slzlng Powever for flare sLudles and ln oLher cases LhaL are
focused on LoLal power fallure loads from a process unlL Lhls lower more reallsLlc
load should be used raLher Lhan Lhe larger load calculaLed from Lhe LoLal loss of
overhead coollng
b Second scenarlo leed Lo Lhe column ls losL whlle Lhe column ls upseL
1he second scenarlo can occur lf Lhe feed does noL have enough pressure Lo geL lnLo
Lhe column durlng rellevlng condlLlons or lf Lhe feed ls losL by Lhe same mechanlsm
LhaL caused Lhe column upseL (eg power fallure)
2 1he rellef load from loss of feed SPALL S be calculaLed by Lhe sLeady sLaLe or 48
manal heaL balance calclaLon as descrbed wLh Lhe follown addLonal reqremenLs
a or sLeady sLaLe smlaLon deLermne Lhe relef loads sn Lhe normal feed raLes as
specfed n 312 1hen redce colmn feed Lo 1 k/h or whaLeer mnmm flow Lhe
colmn smlaLor wll conere wLh 1hs may need Lo be done n small feed
redcLon sLeps Lo aod conerence problems
b or Lhe manal heaL balance smlaLon specfed n (313) se ero feed
1 When ealaLn a conLrol falre of Lhe spply ale for rebolers (e spply ale 48
oes wde open) Lhe clean dLy PALL be assmed for Lhe reboler
2 lf Lhs scenaro oerns (e L s worse Lhan Lhe loss of oerhead cooln) Lhe follown 48
facLors PALL be consdered
a AcLal dLy nder relen condLons (reboler LemperaLre pnch)
b 8oros heaL echaner modelln
or fred heaLers Lhe mamm amonL of dLy LhaL can be Lransferred Lo Lhe process when 49
Lhe fel as ales o wde open PALL be ealaLed on a casebycase bass
uynamc modelln PALL se only bsness approed process smlaLors 49
8vs locaLed on accmlaLors or downsLream of condensers mhL need Lo pass a 49
olmeLrc flow of lqd drn loss of refl 1hs cold affecL Lhe sn of Lhe 8v
and/or L cold creaLe a problem of lqd sls n Lhe flare laLeral ln addLon f sysLem
pressre relef s proded eclsely by relef ales locaLed on Lhe accmlaLor or
downsLream of Lhe condenser(s) and Lhere are eqpmenL block ales beLween Lhe
colmn and Lhe relef ales Lhen Lhere s Lhe possblLy of a blocked oerhead 1hs
PALL be assessed careflly een f Lhere are parallel cooln crcLs LocaLn Lhe
8v psLream of Lhe condenser can aod Lhs sse
2 lf a pressre relef ale s reqred L PALL be locaLed psLream of frnace Lrps 49
or flow measrn deces
4 or a fred heaLer Lbe rpLre process lnes on Lhe oLleL of frnaces LhaL operaLe aboe 49
3300 ka (a) 300 ps PALL conLan a snle Class 1 check ale
afeards Lo preenL psLream eqpmenL oerpressre and cenLrfal pmp reerse 30
oerspeed PALL be proded ee (210) for deLals
1 afeards Lo preenL psLream eqpmenL oerpressre and compressor reerse 30
oerspeed PALL be proded
2 afeards Lo proLecL cenLrfal and aal compressors aansL backflow are Lhe same 30
as for cenLrfal pmps wLh Lhe follown addLonal reqremenLs
b 1he sre conLrol flow paLh PALL be psLream of Lhe check ales
1 LLernal 8vs PALL be sed on posLe dsplacemenL pmps ecepL where 30
noLed below
2 or small addLe posLe dsplacemenL pmps (low rsk applcaLons) se of nLernal
8vs s accepLable n le of an eLernal 8v A sLraLey for LesLn Lhese deces and
manLann Lhem PALL be defned
3 afeards Lo preenL psLream eqpmenL oerpressre de Lo backflow Lhroh
posLe dsplacemenL pmps PALL be ealaLed on a casebycase bass
2 rocess condLons for Lhe blocked oLleL case PALL be sed 30
1 1he desn PALL assme a blocked oLleL of each sLae 1hs perLans Lo each 31
sLae of a recprocaLn compressor
2 8ecprocaLn compressors PALL be proLecLed from rod packn falres n Lhe 31
dsLance pece by an adeqaLely sed enL lne or pressre relef dece as follows
a ressre relef dece or enL lne PALL be sed sn one of Lhe follown 31
meLhods
MeLhod 1 Assme an annlar ap of 08 mm (1/32 n) beLween Lhe compressor
rod and Lhe packn land CalclaLe flow sn an eqalenL sqare
ede orfce area
MeLhod 2 rode a pressre relef dece wLh nleL se eqal Lo Lhe nomnal ppe
se of Lhe enL ppn 1haL s f Lhe enL ppn s un 40 (n 11/2)
se a pressre relef dece wLh a un 40 (n 11/2) nleL flane
pecfy 1he laresL orfce area aalable or 1he enL lne nomnal
ppe se
pecfy a rpLre dsk or a balanced 8v
no need Lo perform nleL or oLleL hydralcs nce sn s arbLrary
An alarm PALL be proded Lo ndcaLe Lo operaLons LhaL Lhere
s abnormally hh packn leakoff raLe (e a hh LemperaLre
alarm or a hlgh pressure alarm)
b 8egardless of whlch meLhod ls used Lhe venL or pressure rellef devlce SPALL S
be lnsLalled so LhaL Lhere ls no block valve downsLream LhaL lf accldenLally closed
would slmulLaneously block Lhe normal venL paLh and Lhe pressure rellef paLh
c ln boLh meLhods any valves ln Lhe rellef paLh SPALL S be locked or car sealed
open
An accepLable deslgn would be Lo have Lhe 8v plped around Lhe venL block valve
provlded LhaL Lhere ls nC1 anoLher block valve furLher downsLream ln Lhe flare
laLeral lf Lhere ls anoLher valve furLher downsLream ln Lhe laLeral Lhen closure of LhaL
valve could poLenLlally cause Lhe venL flow Lo be blocked and Lhe rellef valve
dlscharge Lo be blocked slmulLaneously whlch may resulL ln equlpmenL overpressure
lf Lhls ls Lhe case Lhe 8v dlscharge SPALL S be rouLed lndependenLly of Lhe venL
llne
3 Safeguards Lo prevenL upsLream equlpmenL overpressure due Lo backflow Lhrough 31
reclprocaLlng compressors SPALL S be evaluaLed on a casebycase basls
1 lor new Lurblnes Lhe rellef load Lhe seL pressure and Lhe allowable accumulaLlon 32
SPALL S be speclfled by Lhe Lurblne vendor
2 new condenslng and noncondenslng sLeam Lurblnes SPALL S have pressure rellef
devlces locaLed on Lhe low pressure Lurblne dlscharge slde
1 Cverpressure of equlpmenL upsLream of e[ecLors (eg sLeam e[ecLors or educLors used 32
Lo creaLe vacuum) SPALL S be evaluaLed for Lhe blocked ouLleL case
2 lf Lhe source of overpressure ls downsLream of Lhe educLor nozzle credlL can normally 32
be Laken for Lhe flow backwards Lhrough Lhe process lnleL llne 1he flow reslsLance of an
educLor flowlng backwards" SPALL S be assumed Lo be equlvalenL Lo Lhe reslsLance
of a plplng Lee branch connecLlon wlLh Lhe same slze as Lhe process lnleL llne
lf plpellne 32
overpressure proLecLlon ls provlded by serles pressure reduclng conLrol valves or
regulaLors Lhe poLenLlal overpressure of downsLream ASML 8313 plplng and ASML
equlpmenL SPALL S be evaluaLed as follows
a) 8lockedln condlLlon wlLh no conLrol valve respondlng (slze for normal flow)
b) Slngle conLrol valve/regulaLor drlven wlde open (Code allowable overpressure)
c) 8oLh conLrol valves/regulaLors drlven wlde open valves/regulaLors SPALL S be
slzed as a 8emoLe ConLlngency ln accordance wlLh (4) wlLh credlL Laken for normal
flowouL lf vlable
1 lf doubleseaLed valves are used Lhen overpressure proLecLlon of Lhe valve body 32
SPALL S be evaluaLed
uoubleseaLed valves LhaL are sub[ecLed Lo LemperaLure 33
changes and consequenL expanslon of Lhe llquld medlum SPALL S be speclfled wlLh
a valve deslgn LhaL prevenLs overpressure of Lhe body cavlLy see uL 31380111
Cen for deLalls lor doubleseaLed valves LhaL are provlded wlLh lnLernal body cavlLy
rellef Lo [usL one slde (eg a drllled hole) noLaLlons SPALL S be made on Lhe LlS
Lo ensure LhaL Lhe rellef paLh ls speclfled on Lhe proper slde of Lhe valve and LhaL Lhe
valve ls lnsLalled ln Lhe proper dlrecLlon
ressure rellef proLecLlon ls requlred on Lhe body of corlolls moLlon flow meLers lf Lhe 33
Lubeslde operaLlng pressure ls greaLer Lhan Lhe hydroLesL pressure of Lhe caslng lf Lhls ls
Lhe case a un 13 (nS Z) or un 20 (nS ) rupLure dlsk SPALL S be provlded on Lhe
purge connecLlon 1he lnsLrumenL daLa sheeL SPALL S adequaLely speclfy Lhe rupLure
dlsks so LhaL fuLure replacemenLs can be made Such rupLure dlsks SPALL S be slzed
on Lhe basls of a plnhole leak
ressure/vacuum rellef for sLorage Lanks SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh lSC 28300 34
Lmergency venLlng lncludlng Lhe flre case can be provlded by a franglble roof [olnL 34
a Al SLd 630 or uL 34310131Cen SPALL S be used Lo deLermlne roof
franglblllLy
nC1L 1anks wlLh a dlameLer less Lhan 13 m (30 fL) deslgned Lo earller Al SLd 630 edlLlons mlghL noL
meeL Lhe franglblllLy crlLerla speclfled ln Lhe currenL Al SLd 630
b 1anks LhaL do noL have a franglble roof SPALL S have emergency venLs or
emergency manway haLches provlded for Lhe flre case and any oLher emergency
venLlng scenarlos
1 SeL pressures and allowable accumulaLlon and underpressures for venLlng sLorage 33
Lanks under normal and emergency condlLlons (lncludlng flre case) SPALL S be as
follows
2 nce a wehLloaded pressre acm enL Lypcally reqres a pressre LhaL s 80 33
Lo 100 hher Lhan Lhe seL pressre Lo achee fll raLed capacLy Lhe seL ponLs of
sch deces PALL be lowered well below Lhe Lank desn pressre and acm
raLn n order Lo comply wLh Lhe allowable accmlaLon and nder pressres
1he enneern assmpLons and calclaLons for relef/flare loads PALL be 36
docmenLed and nclded wLh Lhe oLher calclaLons and docmenLaLon reqremenLs
specfed n uL 80431010Cen and uL 80360030Cen
a) rocess eqpmenL conLann aL leasL 4 m3 of olaLle hydrocarbon (lqd bLane or a 7
more olaLle lqd nder normal operaLn condLons) PALL be proded wLh
remoLely operaLed emerency depressrn ales 1hese sysLems PALL be
desned for hh raLe emerency depressrn n order Lo preenL a 8LLvL wLh Lhe
follown Lwo ecepLons
1 or LC blk sLorae depressrn faclLes are sally noL appled de Lo Lhe
ery lare depressrn loads LhaL wold reslL and becase lqd pool fres are
desned Lo be hhly nlkely (no flanes below Lhe lqd leel slopn floor eLc)
and LhaL 8LLvL s preenLed a fre proLecLon
2 1he nsLallaLon of depressrn ales and dsposal sysLems mhL n some cases
be mpracLcal or mpossble 1hs may be Lhe case for nsLance wLh naLral Cas
Lqd Lransfer lnes ln Lhs case precaLons shold be Laken Lo redce Lhe rsk of
leakae and fre by mnmn Lhe nmber of flanes
b) Ph pressre process nLs operaLn aboe 33 bar (a) 300 ps LhaL process ery 7
Loc and/or flammable lqds and ases PALL be proded wLh remoLely
operaLed hhraLe emerency depressrn ales
Mobl Lechnoloy process nLs lf Lhe combnaLon of olme and pressre [sLfes 7
emerency depressrn processes wLh C4 or heaer hydrocarbons PALL be
proded wLh remoLely operaLed hhraLe emerency depressrn ales
c) rocesses ln whlch an exoLhermlc reacLlon can lead Lo loss of prlmary conLalnmenL ln 7
a relaLlvely shorL Llmeframe (eg hydrocracklng process) SPALL S be provlded wlLh
remoLely operaLed hlghraLe emergency depressurlng valves
d) lor manned offshore faclllLles Lhe appllcaLlon and performance requlremenLs of 7
emergency depressurlng sysLems SPALL S be based on a deLalled analysls
(Lyplcally CuanLlLaLlve 8lsk AssessmenL)
h) rocess secLlons LhaL have Lhe poLenLlal for developlng a slgnlflcanL flammable or very 8
Loxlc cloud lf Lhere ls a leak or have Lhe poLenLlal Lo rupLure lf Lhere ls a flre where
emergency depressurlng would be a hlghly effecLlve measure Lo reduce Lhe rlsk
SPALL S be evaluaLed on a casebycase basls
l) uepressurlsaLlon of densephase carbon dloxlde sysLems (eg CC2 capLure or 8
ln[ecLlon pro[ecLs) lnLroduces speclflc hazards such as
'dry lce' solld formaLlon boLh upsLream and downsLream of Lhe depressurlng valve
flare snufflng
unusual dlsperslon behavlour
1he rlnclpal SPALL S be consulLed regardlng such sysLems
1he Llme requlred Lo ldenLlfy and effecLlvely mlLlgaLe Lhe evenL SPALL S be consldered 8
Where clear and rellable lndlcaLors of Lhe evenL are poor and Lhe Llme requlred Lo mlLlgaLe ls
shorL auLomaLlc depressurlng SPALL S be consldered
Manually acLlvaLed sysLems SPALL S be capable of belng acLuaLed by a fleld operaLor 9
from a remoLe locaLlon (lf Lhe fleld operaLor has radlo conLacL wlLh Lhe conLrol room) or from
Lhe conLrol room
1rlp bypasses SPALL S be provlded only for malnLenance purposes and 9
only lf keys Lo Lhose bypasses are conLrolled
performlng quanLlLaLlve analysls (as ofLen performed for offshore faclllLles) or 9
semlquanLlLaLlve LCA (as ofLen performed for reacLlve hazard assessmenLs) 1he
analysls SPALL S lnclude Lhe avallablllLy of Lhe sysLems LhaL wlll lsolaLe Lhe feed
supply
lf sequenced depressurlng ls adopLed Lhe sysLem deslgn SPALL S ensure LhaL 10
a) A sysLem fallure cannoL resulL ln an unconLrolled slmulLaneous depressurlsaLlon of Lhe
whole faclllLy
b) A sysLem fallure cannoL resulL ln a slLuaLlon where auLomaLlc depressurlsaLlon of Lhe
lnsLallaLlon ls prevenLed
1he rellablllLy of Lhe sysLem SPALL S lnclude analysls of Lhe upsLream equlpmenL durlng 10
and afLer emergency depressurlng
1he rellablllLy of Lhe sysLem SPALL S lnclude analysls of Lhe downsLream equlpmenL 11
durlng emergency depressurlng
1he equlpmenL maLerlals of consLrucLlon SPALL S be selecLed 11
accordlngly
1he speclfled lower deslgn LemperaLure for Lhe plplng and equlpmenL SPALL S Lake lnLo 11
accounL Lhe low LemperaLures whlch can be experlenced by equlpmenL and plplng boLh
upsLream and downsLream of a depressurlng devlce when depressurlng MaLerlal selecLlon
SPALL S comply wlLh uL 30100231Cen
MaLerlals SPALL S be selecLed Laklng lnLo accounL how Lhe sysLems are secLlonallzed 11
and depressured (see 28) 1he LemperaLure of process flulds should be calculaLed as a
funcLlon of pressure for each depressurlng appllcaLlon 1hese LemperaLures SPALL S be
compared Lo Lhe vessel and plplng Mlnlmum Safe CperaLlng 1emperaLure Lo deLermlne lf
any resLrlcLlons /llmlLaLlons on Lhe depressurlng are requlred or lf a dlfferenL maLerlal
selecLlon ls requlred
lor exlsLlng equlpmenL LhaL could become brlLLle oLher measures SPALL S be puL ln 11
place Lo assure LhaL Lhe equlpmenL and relaLed sysLems eg plplng lnsLrumenLs eLc are
noL exposed Lo process condlLlons LhaL can lead Lo loss of conLalnmenL lndependenL
lnsLrumenLed proLecLlve funcLlons (lls) and/or operaLlonal lnsLrucLlons/procedures/alarms
SPALL S be lmplemenLed
1he exLenL of secLlonallzlng SPALL S be esLabllshed as follows 12
a) 1he equlpmenL LhaL requlres depressurlng faclllLles SPALL S be ldenLlfled uslng Lhe
crlLerla ln (23)
b) 1he slze/volume of Lhe sysLem Lo be depressured SPALL S be deflned 1hls ls all of
Lhe equlpmenL LhaL ls normally llned up Lo Lhe vessel excludlng Lhose vessels/sysLems
whlch can be lsolaLed wlLh remoLe acLuaLed valves (eg fall close conLrol valves
emergency shuLdown valves or emergency lsolaLlon valves) or ln Lhe case of
backflow wlLh check valves 1hls lsolaLlon should sLop feed and heaL lnpuL from heaL
exchangers and/or flred heaLers
LxAMLLS 1 A dlsLlllaLlon column wlLh lLs relaLed reboller condenser accumulaLor and pump
arrangemenLs
2 A large pressure vessel ln a refrlgeraLlon loop LhaL lncludes Lhe open paLh wlLh Lhe
compressor and poLenLlally oLher equlpmenL
3 lmporL and exporL plpellnes
c) Where Lhe slze of Lhe sysLem and lLs ploL area ls large lL may make sense Lo
secLlonallze Lhls lnLo smaller sysLems Powever secLlonallzlng shall noL be done Lo Lhe
exLenL LhaL ln order Lo mlLlgaLe a poLenLlal emergency sequenced depressurlng ls
requlred due Lo flare sysLem capaclLy llmlLaLlons All secLlons LhaL could be affecLed
slmulLaneously by Lhe same emergency (eg flre) shall be capable of belng
depressurlsed slmulLaneously
a) All valves LhaL are parL of Lhe secLlonallzlng SPALL S be deslgned Lo operaLe from a 12
remoLe locaLlon normally Lhe conLrol room as local operaLlon under flre/emergency
condlLlons may noL be posslble
1haL ls Lhese are 13
lndependenL operaLor lnlLlaLed acLlvlLles 8oLh emergency depressurlng and
secLlonallzaLlon acLlons SPALL S be parL of operaLor Lralnlng
SecLlonallzaLlon valves SPALL S be deslgned as follows 13
a) SecLlonallzlng should use exlsLlng means of lsolaLlon where posslble
8emoLelyacLuaLed valves LhaL are ln Lhe deslgn for oLher purposes may also be used
for secLlonallzaLlon purposes
b) SecLlonallzlng valves may or may noL be classlfled as an ll (see 231) lf Lhey are
classlfled Lhen Lhe use of bypasses around Lhe secLlonallzlng valves SPALL S
comply wlLh Lhe esLabllshed SlL deslgn requlremenLs lor L appllcaLlons
secLlonallzlng valves SPALL S noL be provlded wlLh smallbore bypasses (eg for
pressure equallsaLlon) unless Lhe bypass also conLalns an auLomaLlc shuLdown valve
and crlLlcal valves (eg flnal rlser lsolaLlon valves beLween faclllLles and plpellnes)
SPALL S noL be provlded wlLh bypasses
c) SecLlonallzlng valves and Lhelr acLuaLors shall be deslgned Lo operaLe under Lhe
poLenLlal hazards LhaL Lhese have been speclfled Lo mlLlgaLe Where Lhese valves are
speclfled for flre escalaLlon purposes and Lhese are wlLhln Lhe poLenLlal flre prooflng
zone (as ldenLlfled ln uL 80471030Cen) Lhe valves SPALL S be flre safe
AddlLlonal deslgn requlremenLs for Lhese secLlonallzlng valves are
(l) lor moLor operaLed valves or valves LhaL fall ln Lhe lasL poslLlon Lhe acLuaLor
power/alr supply and conLrol leads SPALL S be flreproofed for aL leasL
13 mln of flre exposure
(ll) lor valves LhaL fall open Lhe acLuaLor alr supply and conLrol leads SPALL
S be flreproofed for 90 mln of flre exposure
(lll) lor valves LhaL fall close no speclal flre proLecLlon ls requlred for Lhe
acLuaLor or conLrol leads
1he hlghraLe Lmergency uepressurlng valve (Luv) SPALL S be slzed Lo meeL 13
depressurlng crlLerla selecLed ln (22) Luv slzlng SPALL S be based on Lhe followlng
a) Luvs SPALL S be slzed ln accordance wlLh lSC 23231 for condlLlons of flre
exposure denslLy change and llquld flash
b) 1he calculaLlon SPALL S Lake lnLo accounL Lhe followlng
1 vaporlsaLlon of Lhe llquld due Lo Lhe reducLlon ln pressure
2 Lhe change ln denslLy of Lhe vapour ln Lhe equlpmenL due Lo Lhe pressure
reducLlon and LemperaLure change
3 vaporlsaLlon due Lo heaL lnpuL from Lhe exLernal flre
c) Slzlng of hlgh raLe emergency depressurlng valves shall be based on Lhe assumpLlon
LhaL durlng a flre all lnpuL and ouLpuL sLreams Lo and from Lhe sysLem (see 294) are
sLopped and all lnLernal heaL sources wlLhln Lhe process have ceased lL SPALL S
also be assumed when calculaLlng Lhe vapour load generaLed LhaL flre ls ln progress
LhroughouL Lhe depressurlng perlod 1he moderaLlng effecL of flre reslsLanL lnsulaLlon or
flreprooflng may be Laken lnLo accounL (see uL 80431011Cen for requlremenLs)
Where reacLlons have Lhe poLenLlal Lo occur as a resulL of flre exposure heaL evolved
from Lhe reacLlons and gases generaLed by Lhe reacLlons shall also be Laken lnLo
accounL for such slLuaLlons Lhe rlnclpal SPALL S be consulLed
d) 1o deLermlne Lhe vapour depressurlng flow raLes lL ls necessary Lo esLabllsh a llquld
lnvenLory and Lhe vapour volume of Lhe sysLem 1hls shall lnclude all of Lhe equlpmenL
locaLed ln Lhe flre area (as deflned by uL 80431011Cen) and all equlpmenL
ouLslde Lhe flre area whlch wlll remaln open Lo Lhe equlpmenL ln Lhe flre area (see
secLlon 28 on Lhe use of secLlonallzlng valves) 1he vapour generaLlon due Lo llquld
vaporlzaLlon ln Lhe equlpmenL exposed Lo flre shall be based on Lhe vessel and plplng
weLLed areas as deflned ln uL 80431011Cen lor deLermlnlng Lhe volume of Lhe
sysLem assume normal llquld levels lor shell and Lube heaL exchangers Lhe shell
lnvenLory may be based on LwoLhlrds of Lhe LoLal shell volume (Lyplcally oneLhlrd of
Lhe shell volume ls occupled by Lhe Lube bundle)
e) 1he presence of acLe fre proLecLon sysLems (e dele waLer) Lo redce heaL npL
Lo eqpmenL from a fre s sLandard pracLce bL Lher operaLon cannoL be aranLeed
and hence Lhey PALL noL be credLed n depressrn calclaLons
f) or calclaLn Lhe reqred depressrn sysLem flow raLe Lhe nLal pressre n Lhe
eqpmenL nder consderaLon shall be Lhe relef ale seL pressre nless oLherwse
raLonaled Where hh raLe emerency depressrn s aLomaLed (e a fre/as
deLecLon) Lhen se of Lhe mamm normal operaLn pressre may be [sLfed
Where manal emerency depressrn s employed and Lhere s a sbsLanLal
dfference beLween Lhe mamm normal operaLn pressre and Lhe relef ale seL
pressre Lhe nLal pressre may be based on Lhe calclaLed pressre afLer 13 mn of
fre eposre
) unless oLherwse specfed Lhe effecL of lqd enLranmenL or carryoer on Lhe
depressrn raLe or depressrn Lme may be nored
h) 1he efforL reqred for Lhe depressrn analyss may be reaLly redced by Lhe se of
a sLable compLer proram (e unsm)
LML8CLnC? uL8Lu8lnC vALvL 1L1lnC 13
1esLn PALL be n accordance wLh uL 32431010Cen


Document TitIe
approx
# of
SHALL
DEP 31.29.00.11-GEN (Condition Monitoring & Safeguarding of Rotating
Equipment)
DEP 31.40.60.11-GEN (Pipeline Leak Detection)
DEP 37.19.10.30-GEN (Weldable Structural Steels for Fixed Offshore Structures)
DEP 37.00.10.10-GEN (Metocean Design & Operating Considerations)
DEP 31.29.00.33-GEN (Shaft Sealing Systems for Centrifugal & Rotary Pumps)
DEP 31.38.01.12-GEN-Piping Classes-Refining & Chemicals
DEP 31.38.01.15-GEN-Piping Classes-E&P
DEP 31.40.20.37-GEN (Linepipe for Critical Service)
DEP 34.51.11.30-GEN (Mounded Horizontal Cylindrical Vessels for Pressurized
Storage of LPG at Ambient Temperatures)
DEP 37.01.10.10-GEN (Offshore Production nstallations-Basic Surface Process
Safety Systems)
DEP 80.80.00.12-GEN (Offshore production installations-Requirements &
Guidelines for emergency response)
DEP 01.00.02.11-GEN-Prep of Process Flow and Process Engr Flow Schemes
DEP 31.40.10.14-GEN-Pipeline Overpressure Protection
DEP 37.19.60.10-GEN (Structural nspection of Offshore nstallations)
DEP 37.91.10.11-GEN (Mooring of Mobile Units)
DEP 80.80.00.11-GEN-Control & Mitigation of Fires & Explosions on Offshore
Production nstallations
DEP 20.05.60.10_GEN-Fuel Systems 8
DEP 31.24.00.30-GEN-Fired Heaters (ncl Waste Boilers) 8
DEP 32.24.20.33-GEN (Control System & nstrumented Protective Functions for
Fired Equipment-System for automatically started, gas fired, natural draught,
multi-burner furnace or boiler) 8
DEP 32.24.20.42-GEN (Control System & nstrumented Protective Functions for
Fired Equipment-Systems for co-fired gas turbine waste heat recovery units)) 8
DEP 32.24.20.30-GEN (Control System & nstrumented Protective Functions for
Fired Equipment-System for a Single Burner Furnace) 9
DEP 32.24.20.38-GEN (Control System & nstrumented Protective Functions for
Fired Equipment) 1
DEP 10.02.51.11-GEN (Steam njection Systems for Safeguarding Thermal
Cracking Units) 11
DEP 31.40.00.10-GEN-Pipeline Engineering 12
DEP 20.05.50.10-GEN-Heat Transfer Fluid Systems 1
DEP 31.38.60.10-GEN Hot Tapping Pipelines, Piping, & Equipment 1
DEP 31.40.40.38-GEN (Hydrostatic Pressure Testing of New Pipelines) 1
DEP 31.01.10.10-GEN-Chemical njection Facilities 1
DEP 31.40.10.12-GEN-Design of Multiple Pipe Slug Catchers 1
DEP 31.40.10.13-GEN-Design of Pipeline Pig Trap Systems 1
DEP 32.24.20.37-GEN (Control System & nstrumented Protective Functions for
Fired Equipment-System for a manually started, forced draught, multi-burner
furnace or boiler) 1
DEP 39.01.10.11-GEN-Materials for Lifecycle 1
DEP 80.46.30.11-GEN nterlocking Systems for Safety-Relief Valves 1
DEP 30.10.02.32-GEN (Materials & Fabrication Requirements for Cr-MoHeavy
Wall Pressure Vessels) 1
DEP 32.10.03.10-GEN-nstrument Symbols & D on Process Engineering Flow
Schemes 1
DEP 01.00.02.12-GEN-Prep. of Safeguarding Memoranda & Process
Safeguarding Flow Schemes 18
DEP 34.17.10.30-GEN Reinforced Control Buildings-Field Auxiliary Control
Rooms 19
hase 1 Summary of approx|mate number of SnALL
L|sted by # of SnALL S occurrences
DEP 01.00.01.30-GEN-Definition of Temperature, Pressure, & Toxicity Levels
DEP 31.40.10.10-GEN (Riser Design)
DEP 33.64.10.10-GEN (Electrical Engineering Design) 17
DEP 34.19.20.11-GEN-Fireproofing of Steel Structures 10
DEP_32.80.10.10
GEN_Classification_and_mplementation_of_nstrumented_Protective_Functions 7
DEP 80.00.10.10-GEN (Area Classification)
DEP 31.40.60.12-GEN (Pipeline Repairs)
DEP 37.29.01.10-GEN (Firewater Pumps for Offshore nstallations)
DEP 80.80.00.10-GEN (Offshore Facilities Lifesaving Appliance)
DEP_32.80.10.30-GEN_-_nstrumented_Protective_Systems
DEP 32 80 10 14-GEN Alarm Management
DEP 34.17.10.33-GEN-Portable Blast Resistant Modules 19
DEP 80.47.10.31-GEN-Active Fire Protection Systems & Equipment for Onshore
nstallations 10
DEP 32.45.10.10-GEN-nstrumentation of Depressuring Systems 2
DEP 31.40.00.19-GEN-Corrosion Mitigation Strategy for Wet Sour Gas Carbon
Steel Pipelines
DEP 80.47.10.12-GEN-Water Based Fire Protection Systems for Offshore
Facilities 10
DEP 31.22.11.32-GEN (Unfired Pressure Vessels)
DEP 31.22.10.32-GEN-Pressure Vessels
DEP 30.06.10.12-GEN-Pressurized Bulk Storage nstallations for LPG
DEP 37.17.10.11-GEN(Design of Offshore Temporary Refuges)
DEP 30.10.02.31-GEN-Metallic Materials-Brittle Fracture Prevention
DEP 31.22.20.31-GEN (Pressure Vessels)
DEP 80.36.00.30-GEN-Relief Valves-Selection/Sizing/Specification
DEP 34.14.20.31-GEN- Drainage & Primary Treatment Facilities 2
DEP 37.14.10.10-GEN (Drain Systems for Offshore nstallations)
DEP 80.45.10.10-GEN-Pressure Relief/Emergency Depressuring/Flare & Vent
Systems
DEP 30.06.10.20-GEN (ESD Systems for Loading & Discharging Refrigerated &
Pressurized LNG & LPG Carriers)
DEP 30.06.10.11-GEN-Equipment in LPG nstallations
DEP 37.19.00.30-GEN (Design of Steel Substructures for Fixed Offshore
Platforms)
DEP 30.10.60.30-GEN (Welding on Pressured Pipes)
DEP 31.06.11.11-GEN-Loading Facilities for Bulk Road Vehicles
DEP 31.10.11.31-GEN (Gaseous Oxygen Systems)
DEP 80.47.10.30-GEN-Assessment of the Fire Safety of Onshore nstallations 1
DEP 31.36.10.30_GEN Hydraulic Systems for Remote Operation of Shut Off
Valves
DEP 30.06.10.13 LPG BULK TRANSFER AND TRANSPORTATON
DEP 31.38.01.11-GEN-Piping-General Requirements
DEP 32.30.20.11-GEN-Fire, Gas, & Smoke Detection 11
** noLe some Lables/flgures were edlLed from Lhelr orlglnal appearance ln order Lo dlsplay occurrences of SP
@f

Document
approx
# of
SHALL
DEP 01.00.01.30-GEN-Definition of Temperature, Pressure, & Toxicity Levels 2
DEP 01.00.02.11-GEN-Prep of Process Flow and Process Engr Flow Schemes
DEP 01.00.02.12-GEN-Prep. of Safeguarding Memoranda & Process
Safeguarding Flow Schemes 18
DEP 10.02.51.11-GEN (Steam njection Systems for Safeguarding Thermal
Cracking Units) 11
DEP 20.05.50.10-GEN-Heat Transfer Fluid Systems 1
DEP 20.05.60.10_GEN-Fuel Systems 8
DEP 30.06.10.11-GEN-Equipment in LPG nstallations 9
DEP 30.06.10.12-GEN-Pressurized Bulk Storage nstallations for LPG
DEP 30.06.10.13 LPG BULK TRANSFER AND TRANSPORTATON 22
DEP 30.06.10.20-GEN (ESD Systems for Loading & Discharging Refrigerated &
Pressurized LNG & LPG Carriers) 9
DEP 30.10.02.31-GEN-Metallic Materials-Brittle Fracture Prevention
DEP 30.10.02.32-GEN (Materials & Fabrication Requirements for Cr-MoHeavy
Wall Pressure Vessels) 1
DEP 30.10.60.30-GEN (Welding on Pressured Pipes) 99
DEP 31.01.10.10-GEN-Chemical njection Facilities 1
DEP 31.06.11.11-GEN-Loading Facilities for Bulk Road Vehicles 11
DEP 31.10.11.31-GEN (Gaseous Oxygen Systems) 1
DEP 31.22.10.32-GEN-Pressure Vessels 1
DEP 31.22.11.32-GEN (Unfired Pressure Vessels)
DEP 31.22.20.31-GEN (Pressure Vessels) 1
DEP 31.24.00.30-GEN-Fired Heaters (ncl Waste Boilers) 8
DEP 31.29.00.11-GEN (Condition Monitoring & Safeguarding of Rotating
Equipment)
DEP 31.29.00.33-GEN (Shaft Sealing Systems for Centrifugal & Rotary Pumps)
DEP 31.36.10.30_GEN Hydraulic Systems for Remote Operation of Shut Off
Valves 1
DEP 31.38.01.11-GEN-Piping-General Requirements 2
DEP 31.38.01.12-GEN-Piping Classes-Refining & Chemicals
DEP 31.38.01.15-GEN-Piping Classes-E&P
DEP 31.38.60.10-GEN Hot Tapping Pipelines, Piping, & Equipment 1
DEP 31.40.00.10-GEN-Pipeline Engineering 12
DEP 31.40.00.19-GEN-Corrosion Mitigation Strategy for Wet Sour Gas Carbon
Steel Pipelines 2
DEP 31.40.10.10-GEN (Riser Design) 2
DEP 31.40.10.12-GEN-Design of Multiple Pipe Slug Catchers 1
DEP 31.40.10.13-GEN-Design of Pipeline Pig Trap Systems 1
DEP 31.40.10.14-GEN-Pipeline Overpressure Protection
DEP 31.40.20.37-GEN (Linepipe for Critical Service)
DEP 31.40.40.38-GEN (Hydrostatic Pressure Testing of New Pipelines) 1
DEP 31.40.60.11-GEN (Pipeline Leak Detection)
DEP 31.40.60.12-GEN(Pipeline Repairs)
L|sted by t|t|e (|n numer|ca| order)
DEP 32.10.03.10-GEN-nstrument Symbols & D on Process Engineering Flow
Schemes
DEP 32.24.20.30-GEN (Control System & nstrumented Protective Functions for
Fired Equipment-System for a Single Burner Furnace)
DEP 32.24.20.33-GEN (Control System & nstrumented Protective Functions for
Fired Equipment-System for automatically started, gas fired, natural draught,
multi-burner furnace or boiler)
DEP 32.24.20.37-GEN (Control System & nstrumented Protective Functions for
Fired Equipment-System for a manually started, forced draught, multi-burner
furnace or boiler)
DEP 32.24.20.38-GEN (Control System & nstrumented Protective Functions for
Fired Equipment)
DEP 32.24.20.42-GEN (Control System & nstrumented Protective Functions for
Fired Equipment-Systems for co-fired gas turbine waste heat recovery units))
DEP 32.30.20.11-GEN-Fire, Gas, & Smoke Detection
DEP 32.45.10.10-GEN-nstrumentation of Depressuring Systems
DEP_32.80.10.10
GEN_Classification_and_mplementation_of_nstrumented_Protective_Functions
DEP 32 80 10 14-GEN Alarm Management
DEP_32.80.10.30-GEN_-_nstrumented_Protective_Systems
DEP 33.64.10.10-GEN (Electrical Engineering Design)
DEP 34.14.20.31-GEN- Drainage & Primary Treatment Facilities
DEP 34.17.10.30-GEN Reinforced Control Buildings-Field Auxiliary Control
Rooms
DEP 34.17.10.33-GEN-Portable Blast Resistant Modules
DEP 34.19.20.11-GEN-Fireproofing of Steel Structures
DEP 34.51.11.30-GEN (Mounded Horizontal Cylindrical Vessels for Pressurized
Storage of LPG at Ambient Temperatures)
DEP 37.00.10.10-GEN (Metocean Design & Operating Considerations)
DEP 37.01.10.10-GEN (Offshore Production nstallations-Basic Surface Process
Safety Systems)
DEP 37.14.10.10-GEN (Drain Systems for Offshore nstallations)
DEP 37.17.10.11-GEN (Design of Offshore Temporary Refuges)
DEP 37.19.00.30-GEN (Design of Steel Substructures for Fixed Offshore
Platforms)
DEP 37.19.10.30-GEN (Weldable Structural Steels for Fixed Offshore Structures)
DEP 37.19.60.10-GEN (Structural nspection of Offshore nstallations)
DEP 37.29.01.10-GEN (Firewater Pumps for Offshore nstallations)
DEP 37.91.10.11-GEN (Mooring of Mobile Units)
DEP 39.01.10.11-GEN-Materials for Lifecycle
DEP 80.00.10.10-GEN (Area Classification)
DEP 80.36.00.30-GEN-Relief Valves-Selection/Sizing/Specification
DEP 80.45.10.10-GEN-Pressure Relief/Emergency Depressuring/Flare & Vent
Systems
DEP 80.46.30.11-GEN nterlocking Systems for Safety-Relief Valves
DEP 80.47.10.12-GEN-Water Based Fire Protection Systems for Offshore
Facilities
DEP 80.47.10.30-GEN-Assessment of the Fire Safety of Onshore nstallations
DEP 80.47.10.31-GEN-Active Fire Protection Systems & Equipment for Onshore
nstallations
DEP 80.80.00.10-GEN (Offshore Facilities Lifesaving Appliance)
DEP 80.80.00.11-GEN-Control & Mitigation of Fires & Explosions on Offshore
Production nstallations
DEP 80.80.00.12-GEN (Offshore production installations-Requirements &
Guidelines for emergency response)

@f
Print Date
#
DEP-GEN
Section Number
DEP 01.00.01.30-GEN-Definition of Temperature, Pressure,
& Toxicity Levels

DEM 1 P

DEP 01.00.02.11-GEN-Prep of Process Flow and Process


Engr Flow Schemes

DEP 01.00.02.12-GEN-Prep. of Safeguarding Memoranda &


Process Safeguarding Flow Schemes

DEP 10.02.51.11-GEN(Steam njection Systems for


Safeguarding Thermal Cracking Units)
223
Not found in uploaded files
32
32
41
41
42
DEP 37.00.10.10-GEN(Metocean Design & Operating
Considerations)
2
No Changes
DEP 80.00.10.10-GEN(Area Classification)
11
11
arL ll
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
arL lll
3431
23
42
424
434
3342
3342
7
82
821
821
823
824
8234
DEP 20.05.50.10-GEN-Heat Transfer Fluid Systems
21
checked
22
23
23
26
26
27
28
293
293
DEP 20.05.60.10_GEN-Fuel Systems
312

DEP 30.06.10.11-GEN-Equipment in LPG nstallations

could not find

73
73
74
76
771
772
781
782
81
83
83
83
83
861
862
87
91
92

DEP 30.06.10.12-GEN-Pressurized Bulk Storage


nstallations for LPG

could not find

342
343
343
346
348
348
348
348
332
31
3101
3102
3102
412
412
DEP 30.06.10.13-GEN-LPG Bulk Transfer & Transportation
13
cound noL flnd
21
23
24
231
231
232
232
233
234
26
26
26
27
28
29
321
323
324
323
326
331
333

331
61
62
62
63
641
642
642
642
643
631
632
66
DEP 30.06.10.20-GEN(ESD Systems for Loading &
Discharging Refrigerated & Pressurized LNG & LPG Carriers)
13
could noL flnd

312
321
322
6
6
6
7
7
7
DEP 31.01.10.10-GEN-Chemical njection Facilities
231
231
1able 1
1able 1
1able 1
1able 1
232
232
232
232
233
233
238
238
2310
29
342
232

DEP 31.06.11.11-GEN-Loading Facilities for Bulk Road


Vehicles

732
76
74
764
74
812
811
813
812
813
823
911
911
914
913
913
917
917
921
924
9210
93
941
942

DEP 31.10.11.31-GEN(Gaseous Oxygen Systems)

82
82
82
83
83
83
83
DEP 31.36.10.30_GEN Hydraulic Systems for Remote
Operation of Shut Off Valves
221
could noL flnd
221
221
223
24
24
23
23

DEP 80.36.00.30-GEN-Relief Valves-


Selection/Sizing/Specification

DEP 80.45.10.10-GEN-Pressure Relief/Emergency


Depressuring/Flare & Vent Systems

DEP 80.46.30.11-GEN nterlocking Systems for Safety-


Relief Valves

DEP 31.24.00.30-GEN-Fired Heaters(ncl Waste Boilers)


617
618
621
66
913
1227
14119
DEP 30.10.02.32-GEN(Materials & Fabrication
Requirements for Cr-MoHeavy Wall Pressure Vessels)
84
Could noL flnd
84
84
84
84
84
84
83
DEP 31.22.10.32-GEN-Pressure Vessels
2
Could noL flnd
31
31
31
31
33
34
33
361
362
37
38
38
38
38
39
39
312
2111
327
3341
3341
3343
412
4411
4431
34
34
364
36412
3643
3631
3631
38212
389
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
(S
L
L
21
23
233
Appendlx 1
Appendlx 1
Appendlx 1
Appendlx 1
Appendlx 1
Appendlx 3
1
Appendlx 3
22
Appendlx 3
23
41
Appendlx 6
2
Appendlx 6
2
Appendlx 6
4
DEP 31.22.11.32-GEN(Unfired Pressure Vessels)
2
Could noL flnd
2
31
31
31
31
33
34
33
361
362
38
38
38
38
38
38
39
312
42
423
423
434
333
374
9
9
9432
13
61
943
107
12
663
663
Appendlx 1
(A1)
A1
A1
A1
A1
A3
1
A3
22
A4
41
A 6
2
-
m
a
-
u
-
re
(1
1
l
e
a
M
e
-
b
A6
2
DEP 31.22.20.31-GEN(Pressure Vessels)
13
13
13
16
211
222

4123
4126
4128
41213
41214
41214
4133
4139
4161
4167
314
6313
6613
6912
6913
6921
L11
l32
l321
l431
l434
l4139
ll11
ll431
ll4126

lv33
lv4126
lv41210
v4341
vl4126
vl4133
vll4171
O
O
DEP 31.29.00.11-GEN(Condition Monitoring & Safeguarding
of Rotating Equipment)
DEP 31.29.00.33-GEN(Shaft Sealing Systems for
Centrifugal & Rotary Pumps)

DEP 31.38.01.11-GEN-Piping-General Requirements

314
313
313
316
316
317
318
319
320
323
41
421
421

-oLes
4
-oLes
3
1063
1063
1
1
1063
DEP 31.38.01.12-GEN-Piping Classes-Refining & Chemicals
6
DEP 31.38.01.15-GEN-Piping Classes-E&P
4
DEP 31.38.60.10-GEN Hot Tapping Pipelines, Piping, &
Equipment
23
a
u
e
2
A
o
C
A
1

e


le







L
s
2








31
32
32
s
8
o
p
S











332
333
333
3341
42
73
81
DEP 31.40.00.10-GEN-Pipeline Engineering
34
361
6211
6821
611
611
611
611
816
1042
DEP 31.40.00.19-GEN-Corrosion Mitigation Strategy for Wet
Sour Gas Carbon Steel Pipelines

DEP 31.40.10.10-GEN(Riser Design)

42
42
61
62
6212
6213
6241
6242
63
-
-
-
L
1
-
-
-
-
-
L
1
-
-
-
-
633
67
69
73
91
112
A 33
DEP 31.40.10.12-GEN-Design of Multiple Pipe Slug Catchers
32
32
333
3622
37
41
42
44

DEP 31.40.10.13-GEN-Design of Pipeline Pig Trap Systems

DEP 31.40.10.14-GEN-Pipeline Overpressure Protection


31
41
423
31
DEP 31.40.20.37-GEN(Linepipe for Critical Service)
12
23
983
10233
Annex 8
81
Annex L
L2
Annex L
L311
Appendlx
2
A21
DEP 31.40.40.38-GEN(Hydrostatic Pressure Testing of New
Pipelines)
21
22
23
22
31
31
31
31
31
61
74
103
DEP 31.40.60.11-GEN(Pipeline Leak Detection)
DEP 31.40.60.12-GEN(Pipeline Repairs)
32

DEP 30.10.02.31-GEN-Metallic Materials-Brittle Fracture


Prevention

DEP 39.01.10.11-GEN-Materials for Lifecycle

DEP 30.10.60.30-GEN(Welding on Pressured Pipes)

47
47
47
48
48
48
49
410
411
31
32
33
341
63
66
72
73
73
82444
83
DEP 37.11.00.30-GEN(Site Specific Assessment of Mobile
Offshore Jackup Units)
131
8 38
8 7361
8 8
8 8
DEP 37.14.10.10-GEN(Drain Systems for Offshore
nstallations)
21
21
221
231
222
223
223
226
227
229
229

DEP 37.17.10.11-GEN(Design of Offshore Temporary


Refuges)

732
7331
7331
7333
77
77
DEP 37.19.00.30-GEN(Design of Steel Substructures for
Fixed Offshore Platforms)
arL ll
611
6332
927
933
1022
103
1341
1341
1341
1341
1341
1342
1342
133
1642
161022
1734
1743
1743
1743
1744
1744
173
1792
1792
17103
17103
17131
17131
18
1972
1973
203
203
203
2238
22312
22312
226
226
226
262
262
263
264
264
263
266
A1341
Annex C
C3
C3
C6
C7
Annex u
u2
DEP 37.19.10.30-GEN(Weldable Structural Steels for Fixed
Offshore Structures)
DEP 37.19.60.10-GEN(Structural nspection of Offshore
nstallations)

DEP 37.29.01.10-GEN(Firewater Pumps for Offshore


nstallations)

DEP 37.91.10.11-GEN(Mooring of Mobile Units)

DEP 80.80.00.10-GEN(Offshore Facilities Lifesaving


Appliance)

DEP 32.10.03.10-GEN-nstrument Symbols & D on Process


Engineering Flow Schemes

361
361
362
363
4
4124
DEP 32.24.20.30-GEN(Control System & nstrumented
Protective Functions for Fired Equipment-System for a
Single Burner Furnace)
2
2
43
?
p
fl
1
Ly
ln
M
l
w

1
M
1
h
lL
1
lf
w
?
(s
?
(s
?
(s
-
re
?
C
?
C
ln
M
1
?
C
ln
h
?
C
A
1
1
w
C
-
C
-
l
44
43
DEP 32.24.20.33-GEN(Control System & nstrumented
Protective Functions for Fired Equipment-System for
automatically started, gas fired, natural draught, multi-burner
furnace or boiler)
11
11
13
2
2
41
43
DEP 32.24.20.37-GEN(Control System & nstrumented
Protective Functions for Fired Equipment-System for a
manually started, forced draught, multi-burner furnace or
boiler)
11
11
2
33
34
41
43
-
p
?
z
-
p
?
p
e
1
Ly
ln
lL
1
lf
a
l
h
?
(s
?
(s
?
(s
-
re
?
C
?
C
ln
M
1
?
C
ln
h
1
?
C
A
1
1
w
C

-
?
?
44
43
DEP 32.24.20.38-GEN(Control System & nstrumented
Protective Functions for Fired Equipment)
11
11
2
2
43
h
M
lL
1
lf
a
?
(s
?
(s
?
(s
-
re
?
C
?
C
ln
C
M
(o
1
?
C
ln
h
1
?
C
M
(o
A
1
1
w
C
-
l
?
?
l
?
?
W
k
?
?

DEP 32.24.20.42-GEN(Control System & nstrumented


Protective Functions for Fired Equipment-Systems for co-
fired gas turbine waste heat recovery units))

DEP 32.30.20.11-GEN-Fire, Gas, & Smoke Detection

113
1141
1141
1141
1141
1141
1141
1141
11411
1142
1142
1143
113
Appendlx A
Appendlx 8
Appendlx C
Appendlx C
DEP 32.45.10.10-GEN-nstrumentation of Depressuring
Systems
2
21
21
2
2
311
311
311
22
24
31

67
67
68
AL-ulx 3
DEP_32.80.10.10
GEN_Classification_and_mplementation_of_nstrumented_P
rotective_Functions
2
31
3.3.4
334
3371
3371
3371
3378
3379
33711
3310
412
41

67331
6763
78
81
914
92
92
921
921
921
923
923
1021
111
13
132
A12
A12
A13

DEP 32 80 10 14-GEN Alarm Management

DEP_32.80.10.30-GEN_-_nstrumented_Protective_Systems

DEP 37.01.10.10-GEN(Offshore Production nstallations-


Basic Surface Process Safety Systems)
21
21
21
21
arL ll
221
221
arL ll
222
223
DEP 33.64.10.10-GEN(Electrical Engineering Design)
211
231
231
231
A
fl

a
e
s
p

n
e
P
1
o
1

o

DEP 34.14.20.31-GEN- Drainage & Primary Treatment


Facilities

2444
332
2462
101
281
102
282
133
DEP 34.17.10.30-GEN Reinforced Control Buildings-Field
Auxiliary Control Rooms
22
31
31
31
321
321
323
326
33
re
2
c
d
331
631
64
66
DEP 34.17.10.33-GEN-Portable Blast Resistant Modules
21
24
24
23
23
272
273
273
31
33
34
33
373
374
44
44
43
46
61
73
74
76
A22
A23
A23
A328
A343
463
A36
48
A37
49
A61
*
C
s
c
e
C
s
Lh
w
b
C
s
Lh
w
b
C
2
Lo
p
p
fo
4
e
p
p
3
Lo
o
6
Lh
7
8
re
9
(m
fo
31
33
392
63
66
81
94
96
A63
A64
A662
DEP 34.19.20.11-GEN-Fireproofing of Steel Structures
11
11
22
24
31
11
31
31

DEP 34.51.11.30-GEN(Mounded Horizontal Cylindrical


Vessels for Pressurized Storage of LPG at Ambient
Temperatures)

DEP 80.47.10.12-GEN-Water Based Fire Protection


Systems for Offshore Facilities

721
721
731
731
821
821
841
921
92
921
921
92
1021
102
1031
1273
1273
DEP 80.47.10.30-GEN-Assessment of the Fire Safety of
Onshore nstallations
21
21
221
223
224

334
333
333
336
336
337
337
338
338
338
338
339
3310

DEP 80.47.10.31-GEN-Active Fire Protection Systems &


Equipment for Onshore nstallations

46
46
31
31
311
32
323
324
331
331
331
332
332
71
72
73
DEP 80.80.00.11-GEN-Control & Mitigation of Fires &
Explosions on Offshore Production nstallations
11
arL ll
102
112
122
DEP 80.80.00.12-GEN(Offshore production installations-
Requirements & Guidelines for emergency response)
11
arL lll
42
32
32
32
62
72
82
82
92
102
112
9
!,0
LqulpmenL and plplng sysLems SPALL S be deslgned so LhaL mechanlcal lnLegrlLy ls 6
malnLalned under all colncldenL process LemperaLure and pressure condlLlons Lo whlch
Lhese sysLems can be exposed
1he lnsLallaLlon SPALL S be able Lo wlLhsLand Lhe mosL unfavourable expecLed 6
LemperaLure and pressure comblnaLlons durlng sLarLup normal operaLlon and shuL down
1o accommodaLe such requlremenLs adequaLe pressure and LemperaLure marglns 6
SPALL S be speclfled beLween Lhe mosL sLrlngenL colncldenL operaLlng condlLlons and
Lhe mechanlcal deslgn levels
lf Lhe mechanlcal deslgn levels can be exceeded under such abnormal condlLlons 6
pressure rellef devlces SPALL S proLecL Lhe equlpmenL Cnly ln cases where Lhe
appllcaLlon of pressure rellef devlces ls elLher lmposslble or lmpracLlcal may lnsLrumenLed
proLecLlve funcLlons be consldered sub[ecL Lo Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal
lf pressure rellef devlces are seL up Lo proLecL a pressure sysLem Lhe sysLem deslgn 7
pressure SPALL S noL be hlgher Lhan Lhe pressure raLlng of any sysLem componenL 1he
effecLs of sLaLlc head SPALL S be Laken lnLo accounL
7
When a sysLems approach ls Laken Lhe hydraullcs SPALL S be evaluaLed Lo ensure LhaL 7
no equlpmenL exceeds lLs deslgn pressure before a pressure rellef devlce acLlvaLes and
durlng rellevlng condlLlons no equlpmenL exceeds lLs code allowable accumulaLlon
1he quesLlon wheLher such LemperaLures should be speclfled and Laken as Lhe operaLlng 8
LemperaLure Lhe maxlmum operaLlng LemperaLure (see 412) or Lhe emergency deslgn
LemperaLure (see 414) SPALL S be consldered lndlvldually and Lhe reason for Lhe
speclflcaLlon shall be sLaLed ln Lhe perLalnlng documenLs (see uL 01000212en for
preparaLlon of safeguardlng memoranda)
1he quesLlon wheLher such LemperaLures should be speclfled and Laken as Lhe operaLlng
LemperaLure Lhe maxlmum operaLlng LemperaLure (see 312) or Lhe emergency deslgn
LemperaLure (see 314) SPALL S be consldered lndlvldually and Lhe reason for Lhe
speclflcaLlon shall be sLaLed ln Lhe perLalnlng documenLs (see uL 01000212en for
preparaLlon of safeguardlng memoranda)
8
1he u1 ls Lyplcally 10 C above Lhe MC1 and SPALL S noL be lower Lhan Lhe C1 8
1he Mu1 ls Lyplcally 10 C above Lhe MC1 and SPALL S noL be lower Lhan Lhe C1 8
A separaLe seL of deslgn pressure and LemperaLure condlLlons SPALL S be speclfled Lo 8
caLer for sLeamlngouL operaLlons wlLh a u1 of aL leasL 130 C (whlch ls Lhe condenslng
LemperaLure of Lhe sLeamlngouL medlum)
Lmergency condlLlons should be assumed Lo prevall only for Lhe Llme requlred Lo correcL 9
Lhe slLuaLlon 1hese condlLlons SPALL S be Laken lnLo accounL boLh ln maLerlals
selecLlon (for corroslon and/or maLerlal degradaLlon) and mechanlcal deslgn recognlslng
LhaL Lhese condlLlons prevall for a llmlLed perlod of Llme and noL lndeflnlLely
1he MM1 ls Lhe lowesL LemperaLure LhaL equlpmenL may posslbly reach and lL SPALL S 9
be deflned for all plplng and equlpmenL
9
1he llmlLlng condlLlon for Lhe selecLlon of an Lu1 warmer Lhan 9
Lhe MM1 ls LhaL Lhe general membrane sLress for LemperaLures colder Lhan Lhe Lu1
SPALL S be less Lhan 30 -/mm2
9
Any posslblllLy of repressurlsaLlon or 10
pressurlsaLlon from connecLed sysLems whllsL Lhe equlpmenL ls colder Lhan Lhe Lu1
SPALL S be prevenLed
9
8epressurlsaLlon whllsL cold SPALL S noL be posslble lf Lhe LemperaLure ls below 10
Lhe Lu1
9
ConsLrucLlon maLerlals SPALL S be selecLed ln accordance wlLh uL 30100231en 10
Lo prevenL brlLLle fracLure under clrcumsLances such as sLarLlng up shuLLlng down
depressurlzaLlon or oLher operaLlons
LqulpmenL LhaL ls parL of a pressure sysLem proLecLed by a rellef valve dlscharglng lnLo a 11
flare sysLem or comblned venL sysLem SPALL S have a deslgn pressure of aL leasL 33
bar (ga)
LqulpmenL LhaL ls parL of a pressure sysLem proLecLed by a rellef valve dlscharglng lnLo a
flare sysLem or comblned venL sysLem SPALL S have a mlnlmum deslgn pressure of aL
leasL 33 bar (ga)
10
lor pumps and compressors Lhe sucLlon llnes from and lncludlng Lhe sucLlon valve 12
SPALL S have Lhe same deslgn pressure as on Lhe dlscharge slde excepL where no
sucLlon valve ls lnsLalled
lf a pressure sysLem conLalns one or more nonreLurn valves lL SPALL S be proLecLed 12
agalnsL excesslve pressure LhaL may be experlenced ln Lhe evenL LhaL Lhe nonreLurn valve
falls and Lhe sysLem ls sub[ecLed Lo Lhe pressure downsLream of Lhose valves
WlLh Lhe excepLlon of sLorage Lanks LhaL are proLecLed by pressurevacuum venLs process 13
vessels LhaL can be sub[ecLed Lo a vacuum SPALL S be raLed for LhaL vacuum vessels
LhaL are ln sLeam servlce should be deslgned for full vacuum aL 130 C
12
1he abovemenLloned backpressures (8 88 and S8) SPALL S noL exceed Lhe 13
llmlLs LhaL can affecL proper operaLlon of Lhe rellef devlce eg flow capaclLy and openlng
pressure
Added SPALL S requlremenL for LlS Lo accuraLely 12
lnclude all equlpmenL plplng and lnsLrumenLaLlon and be
malnLalned currenL wlLh Lhe fleld lnsLallaLlon
1herefore LlS
SPALL S lnclude all Lhe equlpmenL lncludlng lnsLalled spares and assoclaLed plplng
plplng componenLs lnsLrumenLaLlon heaL Lraclng and lnsulaLlon and shall ldenLlfy Lhe
englneerlng deLalls LhaL are requlred Lo deslgn consLrucL and operaLe Lhe faclllLy
12
LlS SPALL 9
S be malnLalned currenL updaLed wlLh any changes made Lo Lhe fleld lnsLallaLlon
LlS SPALL S be malnLalned Lo deplcL Lhe acLual lnsLallaLlon and updaLed wlLh any
changes made ln Lhe fleld
12
1he SM and SlS SPALL S be updaLed as an lnLegral parL of Lhe planL change 4
procedure
lor each unlL of a pro[ecL a sLandalone SM SPALL S be developed ln Lhe course of
Lhe deslgn and ulLlmaLely lncluded ln Lhe 1echnlcal PSL uellverables as deflned ln Lhe
ulsclpllne ConLrols and Assurance lramework (uCAl)
9
1hls ls a revlslon of Lhe uL of Lhe same number daLed CcLober 2001 1he only slgnlflcanL 6
changes have been Lo lndlcaLe process safeLy requlremenLs by Lhe use of Lhe caplLallsed
Lerm SPALL S
lor each unlL of a pro[ecL an SM SPALL S be developed ln Lhe course of Lhe deslgn and 7
ulLlmaLely lncluded ln Lhe ueslgn 8ook
lor each unlL of a pro[ecL a sLandalone SM SPALL S be developed ln Lhe course of
Lhe deslgn and ulLlmaLely lncluded ln Lhe 1echnlcal PSL uellverables as deflned ln Lhe
ulsclpllne ConLrols and Assurance lramework (uCAl)
9
1he deLalls of Lhe lnsLrumenLed proLecLlve funcLlons (lls) are Lyplcally descrlbed by Lhe
process conLrol englneer ln Lhe ConLrol and Safeguardlng -arraLlves documenL and Cause
and LffecL charLs and are noL requlred Lo be lncluded ln Lhe SM Powever lf Lhe slLe does
noL have an adequaLe conLrol and lnsLrumenLaLlon narraLlve and sysLem ln place Lhen Lhe
ConLrol and Safeguardlng -arraLlves SPALL S be lncluded ln Lhe SM
9
A SM SPALL S be developed and/or modlfled whenever deslgnlng or consLrucLlng new
asseLs process unlLs/areas (le process unlLs sLorage Lank farms uLlllLy sysLems) or
maklng permanenL modlflcaLlons Lo exlsLlng asseLs
10
lor each rellef devlce or seL of rellef devlces (whlch proLecL a pressure sysLem) all
overpressure scenarlos SPALL S be ldenLlfled speclflcally scenarlos under llsLed lLem 3
of Lhls secLlon
13
1he SM and SlS SPALL S be Lhe resulL of a Lhorough lnvesLlgaLlon of Lhe process 7
deslgn uurlng Lhls lnvesLlgaLlon all evenLs LhaL could resulL ln unconLrolled loss of
conLalnmenL SPALL S be ldenLlfled and adequaLe safeguardlng and proLecLlon measures
SPALL S be declded upon
SecLlons (3) and (4) of Lhls uL provlde Lhe guldellnes for whaL lnformaLlon should be 7
exLracLed from Lhe LlS 1he guldellnes SPALL S be followed unless Lhere are
overrldlng reasons for devlaLlng from Lhem
ln Lhe pro[ecL deflnlLlon and lmplemenLaLlon phases up Lo and lncludlng commlsslonlng of 7
Lhe process concerned Lhe ro[ecL Manager SPALL S be responslble for updaLlng Lhe
SMs and ensurlng LhaL lnLerfaclng SMs are also updaLed lf appllcable
lor each rellef devlce any assoclaLed capaclLy deLermlnlng componenLs SPALL S be 8
llsLed A clear descrlpLlon SPALL S be glven of whaL wlll happen LogeLher wlLh Lhe
resulLanL rellef flows ln Lhe followlng cases
1 LlecLrlcal power fallure
1a 1oLal power fallure
1b Slngle power fallure
1c arLlal power fallure (fallure of a slngle cable Lransformer or clrculL breaker)
2 1oLal coollng waLer fallure
3 1oLal lnsLrumenL alr fallure
4 lnadverLenL valve openlng
3 8locked ouLleL
6 CLher fallure
7 llre (*)
8 1hermal expanslon
(*) lf a flre lnsulaLlon (envlronmenLal) facLor as deflned ln uL 80431011en of less Lhan 10 ls 9
used Lhe reason(s) for dolng so SPALL S be sLaLed
A descrlpLlon SPALL S be glven of Lhe deslgn lnLenL and acLlon lncludlng any 9
resLrlcLlons LhaL may be presenL
MlLlgaLlng sysLems or elemenLs provlded for use ln emergency slLuaLlons such as a large 9
release of a flammable and/or Loxlc subsLance as a resulL of caLasLrophlc fallure of process
equlpmenL leadlng Lo an unconLrollable flre an exploslon or a release of a Loxlc cloud
SPALL S be descrlbed
lnLerfaces wlLh upsLream/downsLream unlLs uLlllLy sysLems and offploL sysLems 9
SPALL S be examlned ln deLall Lo assess whaL effecLs Lhe parLlcular unlL or sysLem may
have on any oLher unlL or sysLem and vlce versa
AdequaLe proLecLlon SPALL S be provlded agalnsL evenLs such as producL breakLhrough 9
from hlgh pressure Lo low pressure sysLems LemperaLure excurslons due Lo heaL exchange
fallure eLc
Mlscellaneous scenarlos and mlLlgaLlng sysLems LhaL have a dlrecL lmpacL on process 10
safeLy and have noL been ldenLlfled ln prevlous secLlons SPALL S follow Lhe guldance ln
Lhls secLlon
1he SlS Lherefore SPALL S show 11
(a) ulLlmaLe safeguards
- rellef valves
- rupLure dlsks
- Lhermal expanslon valves however Lhose for pumps and Lhose ln coollng waLer
servlce may be omlLLed
- lnsLrumenLed proLecLlve funcLlons agalnsL loss of conLalnmenL
-C1L lLems/provlslons LhaL are essenLlal Lo Lhe proper funcLlonlng of Lhe ulLlmaLe safeguards shall also be
shown Lxamples are sLeam Lraclng of rellef llnes or secured alr supplles
(b) CapaclLy deLermlnlng componenLs
- Lrlp valves conLrol and bypass valves and resLrlcLlng devlces whlch lf
lnadverLenLly opened can lead Lo rellef flows ln excess of 23 of Lhe deslgn
capaclLy of Lhe rellef devlce
lor each conLrol valve shown Lhe SlS shall lndlcaLe sprlng acLlon sLaypuL
devlce mlnlmum sLop eLc
(c) MlLlgaLlng sysLems
- emergency depressurlng or shuLdown valves sprlng acLlon shall be lndlcaLed
- remoLely operaLed valves (8Cvs) LhaL are lnsLalled speclflcally for handllng
emergency slLuaLlons
(d) 1he relevanL lnLerfaces wlLh oLher unlLs or sysLems lncludlng Lhe uLlllLles and Lhe flare
and rellef sysLems ln order Lo focus aLLenLlon on Lhe effecL one parLlcular unlL or
sysLem may have on anoLher unlL or sysLem ln Lhe evenL of equlpmenL fallure
process devlaLlons or operaLlonal errors
lf Lhe lnLerface wlLh anoLher unlL lncludes capaclLy deLermlnlng componenLs Lhese
componenLs shall also be shown lor an example see (Appendlx 28)
lL ls posslble Lo overrlde Lhe furnace feed lowlow flow slgnal Lo Lhe fuel shuLoff valves 8
uslng panelmounLed decoklng overrlde swlLch PS004 whlch ls parL of Lhe fuel conLrol
sysLem 1hls swlLch SPALL S be used only durlng nonsLandard operaLlng condlLlons
such as sLarLup and decoklng operaLlons
1he conLlnuous sLeam purge
flow SPALL S be such LhaL Lhe purge veloclLy ln Lhe ln[ecLlon polnL ls aL leasL 03 m/s 12
SLeam flow wlLh full openlng of Lhe conLrol valve SPALL S be approxlmaLely 120 L/day 12
8ellef valves SPALL S be fully rellable aL all Llmes 13
1o prevenL such coke bulldup a sLeam purge sysLem 13
SPALL S be lnsLalled on Lhese deadend connecLlons whlch SPALL S be ln
conLlnuous use
1he conLlnuous sLeam purge SPALL S be such LhaL Lhe purge veloclLy ln Lhe rellef valve 13
connecLlons ls aL leasL 03 m/s
1he deLermlnaLlon and use of meLeorologlcal and oceanographlc (meLocean) condlLlons for 6
Lhe deslgn consLrucLlon and operaLlon of offshore sLrucLures of all Lypes SPALL S be ln
accordance wlLh lSC 1990112003
1hls uL does noL cover lgnlLable dusL lor lgnlLable dusL an approprlaLe code 4
SPALL S be used (eg lLC 60079102)
1herefore separaLe dlsperslon
calculaLlons SPALL S be carrled ouL Lo deLermlne Lhe hazardous radll for such 4
refrlgeraLed cryogenlc llqulds (eg L- refrlgeraLed L eLc)
1he rlsk mlLlgaLlon for such large releases SPALL S be carrled ouL by proper layouL separaLlon 8
dlsLances faclllLy slLlngs and proper deslgn malnLenance and operaLlon of Lhe planL
1he rlsk for
such large releases should be analysed on lndlvldual basls and Lhe mlLlgaLlon SPALL S
be carrled ouL by proper layouL separaLlon dlsLances faclllLy slLlngs and proper deslgn
malnLenance and operaLlon of Lhe planL
6
All new faclllLles LhaL handle flammable flulds SPALL S be classlfled ln accordance wlLh 8
l 13 as amended and supplemenLed by secLlon (lll) of Lhls uL
6
ln areas where naLlonal codes are avallable or codes oLher Lhan l 13 are 8
commonly used (eg Al 8 300 Al 8 303 lLC 6007910) Lhe codes SPALL S be
revlewed and supplemenLed where necessary
ln areas where naLlonal codes are avallable or codes oLher Lhan l 13 are commonly used
(eg Al 8 300 Al 8 303 lLC 6007910) Lhe codes SPALL S be revlewed and
supplemenLed where l 13 ls more sLrlngenL
6
1hls uL SPALL S be applled Lo exlsLlng lnsLallaLlons lf Lhe currenL rlsk due Lo 8
hazardous area classlflcaLlon ls noL ALA8
6
Any modlflcaLlon Lo Lhe hazardous area classlflcaLlon of an exlsLlng lnsLallaLlon SPALL S 8
be sub[ecL Lo a formal change procedure whlch shall lnclude endorsemenL by Lhe
commlLLee Lhe ob[ecLlve ls Lo ensure a common lnLerpreLaLlon of Lhe hazardous area code
Any modlflcaLlon Lo Lhe hazardous area classlflcaLlon of an exlsLlng lnsLallaLlon SPALL S
be sub[ecL Lo a formal change procedure whlch shall lnclude endorsemenL by Lhe
commlLLee
6
Clauses of l 13 LhaL are noL amended by Lhls uL SPALL S remaln appllcable as 9
wrlLLen 7
A Zone 1 of 03 m radlus SPALL S be lmplemenLed around Lhe pump Around Lhe Zone
1 Lhere SPALL S be a Zone 2 exLendlng a furLher 13 meLers (2 meLer radlus from Lhe
pump)
7
Slnce Lhe verLlcal and horlzonLal exLenL of Lhe hazardous area SPALL S be Laken lnLo 9
accounL ln Lhe slzlng of Lhe flrewall lL may be slmpler Lo enclose Lhe poLenLlal sources of
release and lgnlLlon
ln populaLed areas Lhe hazardous area around a wellhead SPALL S be fully conLalned 9
wlLhln a securlLy fence exLendlng 30 m from Lhe wellhead Lo keep ouL posslble lgnlLlon
sources 1haL dlsLance may be sub[ecL Lo oLher conslderaLlons
8
1he depressurlslng venL of Lhe lubrlcaLor SPALL S be consldered as a source of prlmary 9
grade release
uepressurlslng venLs SPALL S be consldered as a source of prlmary grade release 8
1he area classlflcaLlon of a dlLch or Lrench handllng acLlve mud SPALL S be Lhe same as 9
Lhe area classlflcaLlon of Lhe mud Lank
8
1hese crlLerla SPALL S be consldered Lolerable and ALA8 for area classlflcaLlon 9
purposes unless Lhere are more sLrlngenL crlLerla lmposed by Lhe local auLhorlLy
Pole slze deLermlnaLlon SPALL S be based on Lhe lndlvldual 8lsk (l8) CrlLerla as
deflned ln l 13 1hese crlLerla are consldered Lolerable and ALA8 for area classlflcaLlon
purposes unless Lhere are more sLrlngenL crlLerla lmposed by Lhe local auLhorlLy
8
1hese crlLerla for rlsks Lo lndlvlduals SPALL S be used for deLermlnlng Lhe frequency of 10
release (LLvLL) only
8
1he selecLlon of elecLrlcal equlpmenL for use ln hazardous areas SPALL S be ln 10
accordance wlLh uL 33641010en ln case of confllcLlng requlremenLs beLween l 13
chapLer 7 and uL 33641010en Lhe laLLer SPALL S prevall
8
A Lyplcal dlsLance for a flxed lgnlLlon source SPALL S be a aL leasL 13 m away from 10
hydrocarbon emlsslon polnLs
llxed lgnlLlon sources SPALL S be a aL leasL 13 m away from hydrocarbon emlsslon
polnLs unless a polnL source or rlsk based approach lndlcaLes LhaL a lesser dlsLance ls
sufflclenL
8
llred heaLers SPALL S be locaLed ln nonhazardous areas aL leasL 13 m away from 10
hydrocarbon conLalnlng equlpmenL excepL for Lhe followlng
9
1he fuel gas kC drum for supply of fuel Lo flred heaLers and Lhe process and llquld 10
and/or gaseous fuel plplng golng Lo Lhe heaLers/furnaces may be locaLed wlLhln Lhe
13 m boundary ln Lhls case Lhe area classlflcaLlon SPALL S only conslder Lhe
posslblllLy of leaklng flanges around Lhe kC drum and hydrocarbonconLalnlng plplng
unresLrlcLed roads SPALL S be consldered flxed sources of lgnlLlon 1hey SPALL S 10
noL be locaLed ln hazardous areas and SPALL S be locaLed aL leasL 13 m from poLenLlal
hydrocarbonconLalnlng equlpmenLs
unresLrlcLed roads (onslLe and publlc) SPALL S be consldered flxed sources of lgnlLlon
see (82)
9
ulesel and gas englnes for use ln hazardous areas SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 11
uL 31298030en and uL 31299030en respecLlvely ln case of confllcLlng
requlremenLs Lhe uLs shall prevall
9
LlecLrlcal equlpmenL/lnsLrumenLaLlon sulLable for Zone 2 ls permlLLed ln gas Lurblne 11
enclosures provlded Lhe enclosure SPALL S be adequaLely venLllaLed (aL leasL 12
volume changes per hour) and Lhe followlng addlLlonal requlremenLs are meL
- 1here SPALL S be gas deLecLlon lnslde Lhe enclosure
- 1here SPALL S be LemperaLure deLecLlon lnslde Lhe enclosure
- 1here SPALL S be redundancy of venLllaLors (Lyplcally 2 x 100 ) and Lhelr power
SPALL S be supplled from dlfferenL subsLaLlons
- 1here SPALL S be an (emergency) block valve ln Lhe fuel gas llne locaLed ouLslde
Lhe enclosure and a venL Lo a safe locaLlon ouLslde Lhe enclosure
- 1rlp sysLems SPALL S be programmed for sufflclenL venLllaLlon and fuel gas
sysLem" purglng prlor Lo sLarL up and dlrecLly afLer shuLdown 1hls lncludes (buL ls noL
llmlLed Lo)
a valve LesL sequence SPALL S be performed before each sLarLup Lo ensure
valves are funcLlonlng and noL leaklng
Lhe enclosure and connecLed equlpmenL SPALL S be sufflclenLly venLllaLed (aL
leasL four alr changes) before fuel gas ls lnLroduced
- Any auLomaLlc valve ln Lhe fuel gas sysLem lnslde Lhe enclosure SPALL S have a
packlng leak off llne venLed Lo a safe locaLlon ouLslde Lhe enclosure
9
1he flash polnL and flre polnL for all P1ls fall below Lhe MA81 1he formaLlon of low bollers
durlng operaLlon wlll reduce Lhe flash and flre polnLs even furLher Pence Lhe area
classlflcaLlon and Lhe flre and exploslon sLraLegy SPALL S accounL for lowered flash
polnL due Lo degradaLlon
8
lor Lhe heaLlng coll ln a WP8u doubllng Lhe deslgn pressure SPALL S be consldered 7
so LhaL hlgher schedule Lubes (wall Lhlckness) are applled Lo avold a process shuLdown due
Lo leakage of Lhe P1l coll
ln sysLems wlLh heaL users operaLlng aL pressures above LhaL of Lhe P1l sysLem Lhe plplng 11
deslgn SPALL S Lake accounL of all hazards caused by a Lube rupLure lnslde Lhls
equlpmenL
1 1he P1l sysLem SPALL S be deslgned for Lhe hlgher pressure (LwoLhlrds 11
rule accordlng Lo uL 01000130en) or
2 Cverpressure proLecLlon devlces (safeLy rellef valves or rupLure dlsks) shall be
lnsLalled aL Lhe ouLleLs of Lhe affecLed heaL exchangers wlLh rellef Lo flare vla a
llquld separaLor
lor Lhe deslgn speclflcaLlon of P1l sysLems 11
a foullng reslsLance of 000017 m2/kW SPALL S be Laken
LffecLs of leakage of P1l lnLo Lhe process or vlceversa SPALL S be revlewed and 11
double welded LubeLoLube sheeL connecLlons SPALL S be speclfled as requlred
ump seals SPALL S be selecLed based on Lhe hazard classlflcaLlon ln 12
uL 31290033en uual seals SPALL S be applled ln hazardous servlce as deflned
ln uL 31290211en When dual seals are requlred Lhe seal barrler fluld on dual seals
SPALL S preferably be P1l Laken from Lhe sysLem unless Lhls ls unaccepLable for PSL
reasons
ump seals SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 31290033en
PeaLer flrlng SPALL S be Lrlpped lf Lhe P1l flow Lo Lhe heaLer falls below Lhe mlnlmum
allowed
12
lllLers shall allow Lhe lnsLallaLlon of 73 m Lo 100 m 14
elemenLs durlng commlsslonlng and lnlLlal operaLlon and subsequenLly Lhese SPALL S
be replaced wlLh 10 m Lo 20 m elemenLs unless Lhe P1l ManufacLurer of makes more
sLrlngenL recommendaLlons
1he purlfler SPALL S be deslgned Lo remove Lhe hlgh bolllng polnL componenLs from Lhe 14
P1l dependlng on Lhe quanLlLy of hlgh bolllng polnL componenLs predlcLed by Lhe P1l
ManufacLurer
All poLenLlal fuel gas producers SPALL S be examlned ln conslderaLlon of Lhelr effecL on fuel gas 11
sysLem rellablllLy pressure and calorlflc value of Lhe mlxed sLream wlLhln deflned safe
operaLlng llmlLs for Lhe assoclaLed combusLlon sysLems and sysLem mechanlcal lnLegrlLy
All poLenLlal fuel gas producers SPALL S be examlned for Lhelr effecL on fuel gas sysLem
from a safeLy and lnLegrlLy vlewpolnL for Lhe followlng aspecLs
- Plgh upsLream pressure coollng on pressure reducLlon and hydraLe formaLlon
- Calorlflc value denslLy and Wobbe lndex of Lhe mlxed sLream wlLhln deflned safe
operaLlng llmlLs for Lhe assoclaLed combusLlon sysLems and sysLem mechanlcal
lnLegrlLy
- WaLer conLenL
- 1emperaLure (eg low source LemperaLure)
10
f) vessel rellef valves SPALL S be slzed accordlng Lo uL 80360030en and
connecLed upsLream of demlsLer maLs lf applled
11
1he compressor SPALL S be under sucLlon pressure conLrol Lo malnLaln a poslLlve pressure ln Lhe 14
flare gas header and Lhus avold Lhe rlsk of alr lngress A low sucLlon pressure Lrlp of Lhe compressor
SPALL S be provlded as a furLher safeguard
1he sLorage Lank SPALL S noL be heaLed by reLurnlng hoL fuel from Lhe dlsLrlbuLlon loop Lo Lhe Lank 22
lf Lhls can resulL ln overheaLlng of Lhe conLenLs
16
h) 1he sLorage Lank heaLlng SPALL S malnLaln Lhe Lank conLenLs above a mlnlmum
LemperaLure of 110 C speclflcally Lo avold flucLuaLlon around Lhe bolllng polnL of waLer
for a shorLresldue burnlng sysLem ln whlch Lhe sLorage LemperaLure ls requlred Lo be
above 100 C
16
lor a shorLresldue burnlng sysLem ln whlch Lhe sLorage LemperaLure ls requlred Lo be above 100 C 22
Lhe sLorage Lank heaLlng SPALL S malnLaln Lhe Lank conLenLs above Lhe pour polnL buL aL a
mlnlmum LemperaLure of 110 C speclflcally Lo avold flucLuaLlon around Lhe bolllng polnL of waLer
8oLh of Lhe venL gas ouLleL conLrol valves SPALL S close ln response Lo a hlghhlgh llquld level ln 30
Lhe surge drum Lo prevenL Lhe posslblllLy of hoL asphalL overflow Lo Lhe furnace or aLmospherlc
release aL elevaLed level
umps SPALL S be selecLed ln accordance wlLh uL 31290211en 6
-SP marglns SPALL S meeL Lhe crlLerla of uL 31290211en and uL 31290230en 6
When calculaLlng Lhe dlfferenLlal head requlred Lhe followlng SPALL S be Laken lnLo 6
accounL
- ressure decrease ln Lhe supply vessel because of vaporlsaLlon of llquld Lo replace Lhe
producL removed
- ressure lncrease ln Lhe recelvlng vessel due Lo condensaLlon of vapour as Lhe llquld
level rlses
umps SPALL S be locaLed as close as pracLlcable Lo Lhe supply vessel whlle 6
complylng wlLh safeLy (refer Lo uL 30061012en) process operaLlng and malnLenance
requlremenLs umps SPALL S be locaLed so LhaL ln Lhe evenL of leakage from
mechanlcal seals connecLlons eLc poLenLlal flame lmplngemenL on vessels and plplng
SPALL S be prevenLed
umps SPALL S be locaLed as close as posslble Lo Lhe supply vessel Lo 6
a) Mlnlmlse frlcLlon ln Lhe pump sucLlon sysLem Lhereby havlng a poslLlve effecL on Lhe
-SPA
b) Mlnlmlse heaL Lransfer lnLo Lhe sucLlon plplng sysLem eg from solar heaL PeaL
Lransfer can be reduced by for example palnLlng Lhe plpes ln a llghL heaLreflecLlng
colour flLLlng sun shades or applylng lnsulaLlon lf sun shades are used Lhey should
noL obsLrucL flre flghLlng lnsulaLlon should also be effecLlve ln proLecLlng plplng agalnsL
flame lmplngemenL
lplng SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 31380111en SecLlon 42 7
SucLlon llnes SPALL S be provlded wlLh sucLlon sLralners (see SecLlon 4) Lo remove 7
exLraneous solld maLerlal 1hey SPALL S slope conLlnuously downward from vessel
ouLleL Lo pump lnleL and a sLralghL lengLh of plpe (as deflned by Lhe pump ManufacLurer)
SPALL S be flLLed lmmedlaLely upsLream of Lhe pump sucLlon flange
All pumps and sLralners SPALL S be provlded wlLh lsolaLlon valves Lo enable Lhem Lo be 7
Laken ouL of servlce for malnLenance
lor noncenLrlfugal pumps Lhe bypass llnes SPALL S be flLLed wlLh elLher a pressure 7
dlfferenLlal valve seL Lo llfL aL or [usL below Lhe pump's maxlmum worklng pressure or wlLh
a lowflow conLroller lor cenLrlfugal pumps Lhe bypass llne and valve SPALL S be slzed
for Lhe mlnlmum conLlnuous sLable Lhermal flow as speclfled by Lhe vendor
lor poslLlve dlsplacemenL pumps Lhe bypass sysLem SPALL S accommodaLe 100 of 7
Lhe pumps deslgn flow raLe
lor pumps wlLh dlrecL onllne sLarLlng overheaLlng of Lhe llquld SPALL S be avolded by 7
Lhe provlslon of a no flow swlLch ln Lhe dlscharge llne A sulLable Llme delay before Lhe
swlLch operaLes should be lncluded
CenLrlfugal pumps SPALL S be flLLed wlLh a nonreLurn valve close Lo Lhe dlscharge 7
flange Lo prevenL backflow and consequenL reverse roLaLlon
1o allow accumulaLed vapour Lo be venLed before sLarLlng pumps SPALL S have a venL 7
valve aL Lhe hlghesL polnL and should also have one aL Lhe seal chamber where appllcable
ln parLlcular for verLlcal pumps speclal venLlng arrangemenLs SPALL S be provlded Lo 7
allow for proper venLlng and prlmlng of Lhe pumps and mechanlcal seal chamber Lo make
sure LhaL Lhe pump ls llquld full prlor sLarLup
Compressors SPALL S be selecLed ln accordance wlLh uL 31294010en 8
vapours may cool and condense ln plplng and Lhe compressor lnsLallaLlon SPALL S be 8
deslgned so LhaL condensaLe dralns away from Lhe compressor
Compressors SPALL S be lnsLalled so as Lo comply wlLh Lhe requlremenLs of 8
uL 31290010en 1he selecLed compressor Lype SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe Lype
relaLed uL
CenLrlfugal compressors (essenLlally consLanL pressure varlable volume machlnes) 8
SPALL S be selecLed ln accordance wlLh uL 31294010en
lor L servlce oll conLamlnaLlon of Lhe gas SPALL S be avolded 1he gas sysLem 8
SPALL S be lsolaLed from Lhe lubrlcaLlon sysLem 8efer Lo uL 31294031en
AdequaLe venLllaLlon of Lhe locaLlon SPALL S be ensured ln L servlce 8
lplng SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 31380111en SecLlon 43 9
Compressor sucLlon llnes SPALL S be provlded wlLh sucLlon sLralners Lo remove solld 9
maLerlal (refer Lo (4))
8ypass llnes and valves SPALL S be slzed Lo Lake Lhe full deslgn flow raLe of Lhe 9
compressor unlLs belng bypassed
1o check compressor performance sulLable lnsLrumenLaLlon lndlcaLlng flow raLe 9
LemperaLure and pressure SPALL S be provlded
A nonreLurn valves SPALL S be flLLed as close as posslble Lo Lhe compressor Lo prevenL 9
backflow Lhrough Lhe compressor
1o prevenL condensed producL from reachlng Lhe compressor knockouL vessels are 9
requlred whlch SPALL S have doublevalve dralnlng/bleed sysLems Llnes Lo and from
Lhe knockouL vessel SPALL S be sloplng Lowards Lhls knockouL vessel A llquld hlgh
level emergency alarm wlLh Lrlp SPALL S be provlded on knockouL vessels
roper conslderaLlon SPALL S be pald Lowards Lhe appllcaLlon and selecLlon of demlsLer
devlces ln Lhe knockouL vessels (refer Lo uL 31220311en)
All compressors and Lhelr anclllarles (sLralners knockouL vessels eLc) SPALL S be 9
provlded wlLh lsolaLlon valves (preferably wlLh specLacle bllnds) Lo enable Lhe unlL Lo be
Laken ouL of servlce for malnLenance
1he upsLream equlpmenL of cenLrlfugal compressors deslgned for a llmlLed pressure rlse 9
beLween operaLlng polnL and surge polnL SPALL S be deslgned for Lhe maxlmum
pressure developed by Lhe compressor aL Lhls surge polnL ln case of a large pressure rlse
Lhere may be a slgnlflcanL economlc lmpacL on Lhe slzlng of Lhe upsLream equlpmenL a full
flow pressure rellef valve (8v) followed by a nonreLurn valve SPALL S Lhen be flLLed
lmmedlaLely downsLream Lhe compressor Lo prevenL backflow Lo mlnlmlse surge effecLs
8eclprocaLlng compressors SPALL S be provlded wlLh 8vs seL Lo proLecL Lhe sysLem 9
from pressures hlgher Lhan Lhe maxlmum worklng pressure
lsolaLlon and nonreLurn valves SPALL S be sulLable for operaLlon aL Lhe low
LemperaLures whlch can occur durlng venLlng or depressurlng
ln case coollng waLer ls requlred Lo cool Lhe compressor caslng le especlally for 9
reclprocaLlng compressors Lhe coollng waLer supply LemperaLure SPALL S aL leasL be 3
degrees Celclus above Lhe gas lnleL LemperaLure Lo prevenL condensaLlon
CenLrlfugal compressor sysLems SPALL S be provlded wlLh an anLlsurge conLrol and
lndependenL Lrlp sysLem Lo ensure LhaL Lhe compressor ls operaLed wlLh sufflclenL margln
away from Lhe surge reglon Auxlllary sysLems SPALL S be deslgned such LhaL adequaLe
lube and seal oll pressure ls malnLalned Lo obvlaLe Lhe need for sysLem depressurlsaLlon
and allow for safe rundown of Lhe compressor
SulLable purglng connecLlons on Lhe lnleL and dlscharge plplng SPALL S be provlded Lo 7
enable compressors Lo be safely commlssloned and malnLalned
uL 31380111en SPALL S apply lor Lhe uses of Lhe varlous Lypes of valves refer 11
also Lo uL 30061012en where valves are descrlbed ln relaLlon Lo Lhe sysLems ln
whlch Lhey perform Lhelr speclflc funcLlons
- draln valves
- venL valves
- pressure rellef valves
- emergency valves
- nonreLurn valves
- excess flow valves
- Lhermal expanslon rellef valves
lf Lhe flrsL valve ln Lhe boLLom llne of a vessel ls larger Lhan u- 130 lL SPALL S noL be a 11
gaLe valve (refer Lo uL 30061012en)
Careful conslderaLlon SPALL S be glven Lo Lhose parLs of L sysLems where 11
valves may be sub[ecLed Lo flre engulfmenL 1hls ls of parLlcular relevance for
emergency shuL down (LSu) valves (refer Lo uL 30061012en) Such valves
SPALL S be flresafe ln accordance wlLh 8S 6733 or Al Spec 6lA
SulLable measuremenL and conLrol equlpmenL SPALL S be lnsLalled ln L pressure 12
sLorage faclllLles Lo provlde
- operaLlonal measuremenL daLa and warnlng slgnals should undeslrable or unsafe
operaLlng condlLlons develop (Lhe same equlpmenL glvlng warnlng slgnals may
auLomaLlcally lnlLlaLe correcLlve acLlons)
- measuremenL daLa wlLh sufflclenL accuracy Lo ensure Lhe effecLlve operaLlon and
conLrol of sLocks and cusLody Lransfers
lnsLrumenLs for L pressure sLorage faclllLles SPALL S be selecLed and lnsLalled ln 12
accordance wlLh
- 1he safe operaLlon procedures of Lhe faclllLles (lncludlng presenLaLlon Lo Lhe operaLor
of measuremenL daLa and Lhe faclllLles allowlng malnLenance and callbraLlons Lo be
performed wlLhouL dlsLurblng normal operaLlons)
- 1he requlred meLhod of dlsplaylng operaLlonal and accounLlng measuremenL daLa eg
local readouL only or local readouL wlLh daLa dlsplay ln a cenLral operaLlons or
accounLlng cenLre
lnsLrumenLs SPALL S be LcompaLlble and sulLable for operaLlon aL Lhe deslgn 12
pressure of Lhe sLorage vessel and preferably aL lLs LesL pressure
WeLLed parLs of lnsLrumenLs SPALL S be sulLable for use wlLh L conLalnlng Lraces of 12
sulphur sodlum hydroxlde and oLher conLamlnanLs unless Lhe absence of Lhese can be
guaranLeed
lf Lhe presence of llquld L ln Lhe lnsLrumenL Lublng adversely affecLs lnsLrumenL 12
performance Lhen such Lublng SPALL S draln lnLo Lhe vessel llquld space
Conversely lnsLrumenL connecLlons made Lo Lhe llquld space SPALL S venL Lo Lhe
vapour space
LlecLrlcal and elecLronlc lnsLrumenLs SPALL S be sulLable for Lhe hazardous area class 12
ln whlch Lhey are locaLed (see 91)
lass gauges SPALL S noL be used
lf lnsLrumenLs are noL mounLed ln pockeLs whlch are an lnLegral parL of Lhe vessel (eg
Lhermowells) Lhen Lhey SPALL S be connecLed Lo Lhe vapour space or SPALL S be
provlded wlLh means (eg resLrlcLed orlflces or excess flow devlces) Lo mlnlmlse producL
loss ln Lhe evenL of fallure
Level gauglng ln L sLorage vessels SPALL S be posslble under all clrcumsLances 13
SLorage vessels SPALL S be equlpped wlLh one selfreveallng level gauge of Lhe servo
operaLed or radar Lype lor deLalls refer Lo uL 30061012en and uL 32310032
en
lor accounLlng purposes Lhe resoluLlon of Lhe level gauge SPALL S be approxlmaLely 2 mm 13
or equlvalenL
8eady verlflcaLlon of Lhe daLum seLLlng SPALL S be posslble for callbraLlon purposes 13
ressure measuremenLs ln Lhe vapour space of L sLorage vessels SPALL S be 13
posslble for Lhe followlng reasons
- as a check on producL quallLy as Lhe vapour pressure ls relaLed Lo LemperaLure and
producL characLerlsLlcs
- Lo enable Lhe calculaLlon of Lhe llquld equlvalenL of Lhe vapour phase
- as a safeLy check agalnsL overpressure
1he brldge should be proLecLed from excesslve wlnd forces and SPALL S 13
be properly venLllaLed and dralned
CMls SPALL S be selecLed ln accordance wlLh uL 32313010en 13
Plgh pressure sample conLalners or bombs SPALL S be used for Laklng samples 13
ln Lhe deslgn and operaLlon of meLerlng sysLems care SPALL S be Laken Lo ensure 13
LhaL backpressure on Lhe meLers ls kepL above Lhe producL vapour pressure
1o ensure Lhe absence
of small amounLs of gas vapour ellmlnaLors SPALL S be used unless Lhe sysLem
pressure ls sufflclenLly hlgh Lo exclude Lhe presence of gas
lor meLers deslgned for flow ln one dlrecLlon only a nonreLurn valve or Lhe llke 13
SPALL S be provlded Lo prevenL flow ln Lhe reverse dlrecLlon
1he odoranL used SPALL S be noncorroslve SPALL S have Lhe lowesL pracLlcable 16
sulphur conLenL and SPALL S have a bolllng polnL as close as posslble Lo LhaL of L
Lvery planL SPALL S have coples of Lhe ManufacLurers safeLy daLa sheeL of Lhe 16
odoranL(s) used readlly avallable aL all Llmes
Solld bleach (acLlve componenL 16
sodlum hypochlorlLe) SPALL S never be used as lL may produce a vlolenL reacLlon wlLh
Lhe odoranL
8ecause of Lhelr characLerlsLlcs (refer Lo (82)) odoranLs SPALL S be sLored ln sealed 17
conLalners ln a wellvenLllaLed area shelLered from raln and dlrecL sunllghL 1he elecLrlcal
area classlflcaLlon and flre proLecLlon provlslons of Lhe sLorage and handllng area
SPALL S conform Lo Lhe same codes as Lhose appllcable Lo L faclllLles ln general
(refer Lo uL 30061012en)
An lnerL gas eg nlLrogen SPALL S be used for Lhe Lransfer of Lhe odoranL 17
8ulk vessels for odoranLs SPALL S be fabrlcaLed ln accordance wlLh uL 31221032
en or uL 31222031en 1he deslgn pressure SPALL S Lake lnLo accounL any
pressure applled Lo Lhe vessel for operaLlonal reasons eg Lransfer of Lhe odoranL
venL llnes from Lanks/conLalners and rellef valve ouLleLs SPALL S be llned up Lo flare lf
Lhls ls lmposslble Lhe venLed fumes SPALL S be scrubbed Lhrough a bed of acLlvaLed
carbon ln order Lo absorb Lhe odoranL
All plplng and vessels SPALL S be Lhoroughly cleaned before puLLlng Lhem lnLo 18
odoranL servlce because of posslble damage Lo flne Lolerance meLerlng pumplng and
conLrol unlLs
1o prevenL Lhe blankeLlng gas from enLerlng Lhe L llne 18
Lhe odoranL valves SPALL S be closed lmmedlaLely afLer compleLlon of Lhe L loadlng
operaLlon
Copper and copper alloys SPALL S noL be used AL all 18
Llmes care SPALL S be Laken Lo avold any mlxlng of waLer wlLh odoranLs (eLhyl
mercapLan ln parLlcular) le Lhe sysLem SPALL S be Lhoroughly drled before Lhe
lnLroducLlon of odoranL ln vlew of corroslon problems
Area classlflcaLlon SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 80001010en 19
1he consLrucLlon and lnsLallaLlon of elecLrlcal equlpmenL ln hazardous areas SPALL S
comply wlLh uL 33641010en
LarLhlng and bondlng SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 33641010en 19
All equlpmenL used for handllng L oLher Lhan hoses or loadlng arms connecLlng shlp Lo
shore SPALL S be bonded and earLhed 8ondlng/earLhlng sLubs or connecLlons
SPALL S be provlded aL all loadlng and dlscharge polnLs
1esLs Lo ensure elecLrlcal conLlnulLy SPALL S be carrled ouL ln flanged connecLlons Lhe 19
connecLlng bolLs usually provlde Lhe necessary elecLrlcal conLlnulLy buL lf Lhls ls noL so
bondlng sLrlps SPALL S be flLLed 1he reslsLance Lo earLh SPALL S also be LesLed Lo
ensure lL ls ln accordance wlLh Lhe above requlremenLs
PorlzonLal vessels SPALL S be placed ln parallel and noL ln llne wlLh or aL rlghL angles 8
Lo one anoLher as Lhe posslblllLy exlsLs LhaL lf lnvolved ln a flre vessels may be propelled
along Lhelr longlLudlnal axls
PorlzonLal vessels SPALL S noL be dlrecLed Lowards nearby planLs or sLorage 8
When Lhe layouL of Lhe slLe ls selecLed and prepared Lhe followlng polnLs shall be 8
consldered ln a rlsk based assessmenL
1he maxlmum number of vessels ln any aboveground group shall be slx roups
SPALL S be separaLed by aL leasL 13 m lor Lhe deLermlnaLlon of safeLy dlsLances
refer Lo (312)
vessels SPALL S be locaLed and spaced so LhaL ln Lhe evenL of a flre as 9
descrlbed ln (312(b)) maxlmum allowable heaL radlaLlon flux levels wlll be ln
accordance wlLh 1able 1
llgure 2 shows Lhe safeLy dlsLances whlch may be used Lo make prellmlnary layouLs 9
for Lhe spaclng of equlpmenL 1he flnal spaclng SPALL S be based on
- a hazard analysls and
- an assessmenL of Lhe consequences of Lhe ldenLlfled hazard aL Lhe boundary
and aL crlLlcal areas ln Lhe planL
1he raLe of leakage and lLs duraLlon SPALL S be based on posslble leak sources ln 9
Lhe sysLem as ldenLlfled by Lhe flre safeLy assessmenL procedures
AcLlve and passlve flre proLecLlon for plplng SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 10
uL 80471030en
1here SPALL S be a poslLlve separaLlon/deflecLlon eg a wall of 06 m maxlmum helghL 10
beLween Lhe sLorage vessels and Lhe plpe manlfold/Lrack Lo prevenL Lhe flow of any leakage
from one Lo Lhe oLher
1he u SPALL S be Laken as equal Lo 110 of MC wlLh a mlnlmum of (MC+1) 11
bar (refer Lo uL 01000130en) Lo ensure full closure of Lhe pressure rellef valves
(8vs) when normal condlLlons have been resLored afLer an overpressure slLuaLlon
ln Lhese cases whlch normally only apply Lo buLane 12
sLorage vessels SPALL S be deslgned for full vacuum
llanges ln plplng under vessels SPALL S be avolded for safeLy reasons (flame 12
lmplngemenL ln Lhe evenL of flre)
1he connecLlng plpe SPALL S be welded and noL flanged Lo Lhls nozzle 12
1he plpe shall be regarded as parL of Lhe vessel All [olnLs ln Lhls boLLom plpe up Lo and
lncludlng Lhe flrsL valve (LSu valve) SPALL S be welded and fully radlographed
1hls LSu valve SPALL S be welded Lo Lhe producL llne and locaLed downsLream 12
of Lhe separaLlon/deflecLlon wall
8edundanL flre and gas deLecLors shall be lnsLalled ln Lhe dlrecL vlclnlLy of Lhe 12
LSu valve (refer Lo uL 80471030en) ln Lhls case (refer Lo llgure 3) Lhe producL
llne SPALL S be
- provlded wlLh a shuLoff valve dlrecLly downsLream of Lhe LSu valve 1hls shuLoff
valve may be flLLed wlLh an acLuaLor and be remoLely conLrolled buL should also be
capable of belng manually operaLed
- provlded wlLh a flanged Lee Lo accommodaLe an elbow beLween lL and a u- 30 valve
Lo provlde a bypass ln case of malfuncLlon of Lhe lnLernal LSu valve
- flrelnsulaLed aL all flanges lmmedlaLely beneaLh Lhe vessel lL ls however
recommended Lo lnsLall Lhe bypass permanenLly by uslng a welded connecLlon wlLh a
locked valve (Lo be approved by AuLhorlLles) see llgure 3
A draln connecLlon SPALL S be provlded for each sLorage vessel and shall conslsL of 13
a nozzle noL larger Lhan u- 30 (schedule 80) welded Lo Lhe boLLom llne (see llgures 4
and 3) Lo whlch a flresafe ball valve agaln noL larger Lhan u- 30 (upsLream draln
valve) SPALL S be connecLed
1he downsLream draln valve SPALL S be a u- 20 qulckacLlng sprlngloaded Lype 13
(sprlngLoclose) valve whlch wlll operaLe as a dead mans handle 1he dlscharge polnL
SPALL S be llned up Lo flare vla a local knockouL vessel 1he llne SPALL S be
proLecLed agalnsL mechanlcal damage 1he raLe of dralnlng and Lhe volume of Lhe plplng
conLenLs beLween Lhe boLLom of Lhe sLorage vessel and Lhe draln connecLlon SPALL
S deLermlne Lhe slze of Lhe knockouL vessel
1he equlpmenL SPALL S be slzed 13
ln accordance wlLh uL 80431010en and uL 31220311en
AL locaLlons where freezlng can occur Lhe draln valves separaLor/knockouL vessel and 13
llnes SPALL S be adequaLely lnsulaLed and heaL Lraced
1he nozzles of all Lop connecLlons SPALL S be above Lhe maxlmum llquld level 13
Llquld flll connecLlons SPALL S
be provlded wlLh a nonreLurn valve dlrecLly connecLed Lo Lhe vessel nozzle and a
close coupled flresafe shuLoff valve preferably of Lhe remoLely operaLed Lype lf
flow may be bldlrecLlonal Lhe vapour connecLlon SPALL S be flLLed wlLh a
remoLely operaLed flresafe shuLoff valve
A shuLoff valve SPALL S be lnsLalled for all lnsLrumenLs ln open 14
connecLlon wlLh Lhe vessel
SupporLs SPALL S be capable of carrylng Lhe vessel full of waLer 14
1he supporLs SPALL S lncllne Lhe vessel aL a mlnlmum slope of 03 for compleLe 13
dralnlng
All lnsLrumenL componenLs ln conLacL wlLh L (llquld or vapour) SPALL S be sulLable 13
for L servlce and for operaLlon over Lhe range of llqulds level and deslgn LemperaLures/
pressures of Lhe vessel and preferably also aL lLs LesL pressure
1hls lnsLrumenL SPALL S noL be used for safeguardlng funcLlons 13
All lnsLrumenLs shall be robusL lass level gauges SPALL S noL be used (8eference ls 13
made also Lo uL 32310032en)
ln order Lo proLecL agalnsL overfllllng due Lo producL recelpL and/or llquld expanslon all 13
L sLorage vessels SPALL S be equlpped wlLh a llquld level safeguardlng and
alarm sysLem whlch shall conslsL of elLher maxlmum llquld level gauges (mlnlmum
ullage gauges) hlgh level alarm hlghhlgh level (emergency) alarm or a comblnaLlon of
Lhese Level alarms shall have boLh vlsual and audlble ouLpuL lrom safeguardlng polnL
of vlew hlgh level and hlghhlgh level alarms SPALL S be lndependenL
1he maxlmum safe fllllng level (see llgure 8) SPALL S be seL so LhaL Lhe vessel wlll 16
never become more Lhan 93 llquld full when Lhe bulk mean LemperaLure of Lhe llquld
reaches Lhe maxlmum operaLlng LemperaLure (see (223(a))
vessels whlch are fllled aL conLlnuous buL relaLlvely low rundown raLes from process 16
unlLs and oLher vessels whlch are operaLed wlLh llLLle supervlslon SPALL S be
equlpped aL leasL wlLh a hlgh level lndlcaLor/alarm (LlA/P) and hlghhlgh level alarm
(LA/PP) (refer Lo -oLe 1 and llgure 10)
vessels whlch are fllled aL relaLlvely hlgh flow raLes eg from marlne Lankers or 16
crosscounLry plpellnes SPALL S be equlpped wlLh an LlA/P and a hlghhlgh
level emergency Lrlp (LZA/PP) (refer Lo -oLe 1 and llgure 11) 1he LZA/PP
SPALL S sLop Lhe fllllng operaLlon by closlng Lhe fllllng valve(s) and/or sLopplng
pumps/ compressors Measures SPALL S be Laken ln Lhe deslgn Lo proLecL
equlpmenL agalnsL Lhe effecLs of posslble pressure surges
ln order Lo ensure a safe operaLlng margln (10 mlnuLes mlnlmum Lo vessel overflll) 17
Lhe LZA/PP SPALL S be seL noL hlgher Lhan 93 of Lhe vessel volume
1he LlA/P SPALL Sbe seL aL a level Lo allow sufflclenL Llme (aL leasL 20 mlnuLes) 17
for acLlon Lo be Laken before Lhe llquld level reaches Lhe LZA/PP seLLlng (see
-oLe 2)
LA/P LA/PP and LZA/PP SPALL S be lndependenL measuremenLs 17
Plgh or low pressure (and posslbly vacuum) can develop when vessels wlLhouL spray fllllng 17
or vapour reLurn sysLems are lnvolved ln hlgh raLe Lransfer operaLlons ln Lhese cases
conslderaLlon SPALL S be glven Lo lnsLalllng a hlgh and low pressure alarm and a hlgh
and low pressure emergency alarm wlLh approprlaLe auLomaLlc Lrlp acLlons Lo sLop or
reduce producL flow
All LSu valves SPALL S have LlghL shuLoff characLerlsLlcs and be fallsafe and flresafe 18
Lo 8S 67332 Al 6lA or lSC 10497
uue Lo Lhelr 19
posslble unrellablllLy ln parLlcular lf lnadequaLely malnLalned and LesLed Lhese valves
SPALL S noL be relled upon for poslLlve shuLoff
AL low polnLs ln plpellnes and equlpmenL draln polnLs shall be flLLed wlLh a shuLoff valve 19
whlch SPALL S be bllnd flanged when noL ln use
venL valves SPALL S be bllnd flanged when noL ln use 19
SeparaLe 8vs SPALL S be 19
provlded for each duLy
- 8vs Lo cope wlLh abnormal operaLlng condlLlons SPALL S be llned up Lo flare or
Lo a safe locaLlon vla a venL sysLem
1he llne connecLlng a 8v Lo a flare/venL sysLem SPALL S be provlded wlLh a full bore 20
lsolaLlon valve locked open under normal operaLlon (downsLream Lhe 8v)
8vs for abnormal operaLlng condlLlons SPALL S have a seL pressure (S) 20
noL exceedlng Lhe deslgn pressure (u) of Lhe vessel
lor ASML vlll vessels (uL 31222031) Lhe seLLlngs SPALL S be ln 20
accordance wlLh uL 80360030 en (1able 6)
lor u 3300 vessels (uL 31221032en) 8vs lnLended Lo deal wlLh flre
exposure only SPALL S have an S noL exceedlng Lhe vessel u and Lhe
accumulaLlon SPALL S noL exceed 10 of Lhe u
1he sysLem SPALL S ensure LhaL lf more Lhan one connecLlon has Lo be swlLched 21
Lhey shall all be swlLched slmulLaneously eg by lnLerlocks
lor safeLy reasons alr SPALL S be removed ln order Lo reduce Lhe oxygen conLenL Lo a 22
level lnsufflclenL Lo supporL combusLlon
-lLrogen ls used Lo alrfree Lhe vessel Lhe nlLrogen SPALL S be removed by L vapour 23
before lnLroduclng llquld L Lo avold Lhe rlsk of brlLLle fracLure (refer 2102)
under Lhese 23
clrcumsLances Lhe rlsk of brlLLle fracLure (refer uL 30100231en) cannoL be excluded
and Lherefore Lhe lnLroducLlon of llquld L SPALL S noL be allowed (eg lf pure
propane ls loaded aL aLmospherlc condlLlons LemperaLures as low as 70 0C may be
expecLed)
1herefore Lo avold Lhe rlsk of brlLLle fracLure of Lhe vessel Lhe LemperaLure ln Lhe vessel 23
SPALL S noL fall below Lhe Lower ueslgn 1emperaLure (Lu1) of Lhe vessel
vessels SPALL S be locaLed and spaced so LhaL ln Lhe evenL of a flre (refer Lo 23
(312(b))) allowable heaL radlaLlon flux levels wlll be ln accordance wlLh 1able 1
1he flnal spaclng SPALL S be deLermlned 23
afLer a hazard analysls and based on an assessmenL of Lhe consequences of Lhe
ldenLlfled hazard aL Lhe boundary and aL crlLlcal areas ln Lhe planL (refer 412(a))
1he only nonedlLorlal changes made ln Lhls revlslon were Lo lndlcaLe process safeLy 3
requlremenLs by Lhe use of Lhe caplLallsed Lerm SPALL S
1he deslgn of Lhe Lransfer sysLem SPALL S Lake lnLo accounL Lhe maxlmum pressure 6
generaLed durlng Lhe Lransfer operaLlon
uL 30061011en SPALL S apply 7
uL 30061011en SPALL S apply 7
A producL sampllng sysLem for monlLorlng producL quallLy 8
SPALL S be provlded aL Lhese faclllLles
recauLlons SPALL S be Laken agalnsL Lhe hazards of sLaLlc elecLrlclLy see Shell SafeLy 8
CommlLLee publlcaLlon SLaLlc LlecLrlclLy 1echnlcal and SafeLy AspecLs"
1he layouL and deslgn of lnsLallaLlons SPALL S be based on a hazard analysls and on 8
an assessmenL of Lhe consequences of Lhe ldenLlfled hazard aL Lhe boundary and aL crlLlcal
areas ln Lhe planL
1he flnal spaclng SPALL S be based on 8
- a hazard analysls and
- an assessmenL of Lhe consequences of Lhe ldenLlfled hazard aL Lhe boundary and aL
crlLlcal areas ln Lhe planL
All hoses and hose assemblles used ln L servlce/operaLlons SPALL S be 8
manufacLured LesLed approved and malnLalned ln accordance wlLh L- 1762 and L-
All loadlng arms and loadlng arm assemblles used ln L servlce/operaLlons SPALL S 8
be approved manufacLured LesLed and malnLalned ln accordance wlLh C 0230303 whlch
glves addenda Lo Lhe CClMl deslgn and consLrucLlon speclflcaLlon for marlne loadlng arms
8oad conLalners operaLed 9
lnLernaLlonally ln and from Au8 slgnaLory counLrles SPALL S conform Lo Au8 8all
conLalners operaLed lnLernaLlonally SPALL S conform Lo 8lu speclflcaLlons ConLalners
used ln areas sub[ecL Lo uS CoasL uard regulaLlons SPALL S also conform Lo uo1
requlremenLs
lor L LransporLaLlon lMC/lSC conLalners SPALL S be used only lf more Lhan one 9
LransporL mode ls used
lSC conLalners SPALL S noL be used for provldlng flxed sLorage faclllLles as Lhey do noL 9
always fulfll requlremenLs wlLh respecL Lo plplng LSu and flre flghLlng provlslons (1hey are
normally used ln small slzes Lo provlde cusLomer sLorage)
uL 30061011en SPALL S apply 9
ln vlew of Lhe poLenLlal consequences of an L llquld/vapour splll sysLems for 9
safeguardlng Lhe lnLegrlLy of Lhe planL and equlpmenL SPALL S be lncorporaLed ln Lhe
deslgn Lo llmlL Lhe quanLlLy of released producL
uL 30061020en SPALL S apply
1he requlremenLs for flre proLecLlon faclllLles SPALL S be based on an assessmenL of 9
Lhe flre safeLy 8eporL C 9930011 uL 80471030en and uL 80471031en
SPALL S apply
lpellne englneerlng SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 31400010en and Lhe 10
uLs and oLher sLandards speclfled by Lhe rlnclpal
1he anclllary flLLlngs and equlpmenL of a mulLlproducL plpellne sysLem SPALL S be 10
sulLable for operaLlon aL Lhe maxlmum foreseen pressure ln Lhe sysLem
1he plpellne sysLem SPALL S be equlpped wlLh pressure conLrol valves Lo ensure
LhaL Lhe producL ls under sufflclenL pressure Lo prevenL L vaporlsaLlon ln Lhe
plpellne
lpellnes above ground SPALL S be palnLed ln accordance wlLh uL 30480031en 10
Lo prevenL corroslon 8urled and submerged plpellnes SPALL S be proLecLed by a
sulLable coaLlng and by caLhodlc proLecLlon olyeLhylene and polypropylene coaLlng
SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 31403031en and fuslonbonded epoxy
powder coaLlng SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 31403032en
CaLhodlc proLecLlon SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 30107331en for burled
plpellnes and uL 30107332en for offshore plpellnes
roLecLlon SPALL S be provlded 10
agalnsL posslble lmpacL/colllslon damage where vehlcle movemenLs may occur ln Lhe
vlclnlLy of Lhe plpellne 8urled plpellnes SPALL S be proLecLed agalnsL Lhe effecLs of
superlmposed loads
1he deslgn and englneerlng of Lhe overpressure proLecLlon sysLems SPALL S comply 11
wlLh uL 31401014en
lL also lncludes plpe supporLs 11
and lnsulaLlon uL 31380111en SPALL S apply
lplng sysLems SPALL S have sufflclenL flexlblllLy Lo allow for Lhermal expanslon and 11
conLracLlon lplng and plpe supporLs aL pumps compressors and oLher flxed equlpmenL
SPALL S be deslgned Lo ensure LhaL equlpmenL nozzles are noL sub[ecLed Lo sLress
whlch could adversely affecL Lhe performance of Lhe equlpmenL eg allgnmenL lnLernal
clearance of movlng componenLs eLc
llexlble connecLlons ln permanenL plplng SPALL S be avolded unless Lhelr use ls
consldered essenLlal for Lhe safe and Lroublefree operaLlon of equlpmenL
rovlslons SPALL S be made Lo prevenL excesslve pressure developlng ln secLlons of
plplng whlch are lsolaLed by valves or oLher equlpmenL uL 30061012en
SPALL S apply
lpellnes SPALL S be provlded wlLh a sulLable leak deLecLlon sysLem ln accordance wlLh 11
uL 31406011en
uL 31401013en SPALL S apply 12
ln Lhese cases Lhe plpellne SPALL S be deslgned and consLrucLed Lo lnclude plg/sphere 12
launchers/Lraps capable of boLh launchlng and recelvlng
L vehlcles SPALL S comply wlLh local deslgn and consLrucLlon regulaLlons for Lhe 13
LransporL of flammable gases lf local regulaLlons do noL exlsL or are noL sufflclenLly
comprehenslve Lhen a recognlsed sLandard SPALL S be followed eg Au8 uS
ueparLmenL of 1ransporL MC 331 LA (formerly Ll1A) Code -o 2 1he more
sLrlngenL requlremenLs of Lhe local regulaLlons (or Lhe selecLed code) and Lhls uL
SPALL S be applled
1he nomlnal clrculL volLage SPALL S noL exceed 24 volLs lnsulaLed 13
reLurn or robusL slngle pole wlrlng conformlng Lo Au8 Appendlx 82 SPALL S be
used
A baLLery masLer swlLch Lo enable lsolaLlon of all elecLrlcal clrculLs SPALL S be placed 14
as close as posslble Lo Lhe baLLery All wlrlng Laken from Lhe baLLery slde of Lhe masLer
swlLch SPALL S meeL Zone 1 requlremenLs of uL 33641010en
Clgar/clgareLLe llghLers and power offLake polnLs SPALL S noL be flLLed ln Lhe cab 14
8adlos Lelephones eLc SPALL S be permanenLly wlred lnLo a double pole clrculL
whlch can be lsolaLed vla Lhe masLer swlLch
Cab heaLers excepL Lhose whlch Lake heaL from Lhe vehlcles englne SPALL S noL
be lnsLalled
valves plplng and anclllary equlpmenL SPALL S be adequaLely proLecLed agalnsL 14
lmpacL damage from sldeon colllslons elLher by Lhelr locaLlon or by mechanlcal means
1he rear of Lhe vehlcle SPALL S have underrun proLecLlon and a rear bumper 14
(fender) deslgned Lo proLecL Lhe vessel and any rear mounLed anclllary equlpmenL ln Lhe
evenL of a rear end colllslon 1he bumper should be locaLed aL leasL 100 mm Lo Lhe rear
of any parL of Lhe vessel shell or flLLlng lL SPALL S be deslgned Lo LransmlL Lhe force
of a rear end colllslon ln a horlzonLal llne Lo Lhe chassls of Lhe vehlcle and Lo wlLhsLand
Lhe lmpacL of Lhe fully loaded vehlcle wlLh a deceleraLlon of Lwlce Lhe acceleraLlon due Lo
gravlLy (2 gn) uslng a safeLy facLor of 4 based on Lhe ulLlmaLe sLrengLh of Lhe bumper
maLerlal
Cabs SPALL S be provlded wlLh approved seaL belLs aL all seaL poslLlons 1he 14
anchorage of Lhe seaL belLs SPALL S be of a Lype approved and lnsLalled by Lhe
chassls ManufacLurer
1he shell of Lhe cab SPALL S be consLrucLed of flre reslsLanL maLerlals and
SPALL S reslsL collapse and flame peneLraLlon for aL leasL 13 mlnuLes when LesLed ln
accordance wlLh 8S 47620 and 8S 47622 (or equlvalenL sLandards) lf wlndows are
provlded aL Lhe rear of Lhe cab Lhey SPALL S be of Loughened or safeLy glass
(mlnlmum 6 mm Lhlck) and SPALL S noL be openable
1he maxlmum quanLlLy of L fllled lnLo a vessel used ln road LransporL operaLlons 13
SPALL S be such LhaL Lhe vessel wlll noL become more Lhan 97 llquld full (3
ullage) due Lo expanslon of Lhe producL aL Lhe hlghesL LemperaLure Lhe producL may
reach ln normal operaLlon 1hls LemperaLure ls called Lhe Assessed 1emperaLure for
Safe lllllng
1he assessed LemperaLures glven ln 1able 2 SPALL S be used unless local
regulaLlons dlcLaLe oLherwlse
8ulk vehlcles are loaded by measurlng elLher Lhe mass (welghbrldge or mass meLer) or 13
Lhe volume (volumeLrlc meLer or lnLernally mounLed ullage gauge) Whlchever meLhod ls
applled a welghbrldge SPALL S be used boLh before loadlng (Lo assess Lhe ullage
avallable ln Lhe vessel) and afLer loadlng (Lo ensure LhaL Lhe maxlmum vW ls noL
exceeded)
1o ensure LhaL Lhe vehlcle ls noL overfllled Lhe maxlmum permlLLed L load (W) when 13
fllllng by mass SPALL S noL exceed Lhe followlng
lf volume denslLy and LemperaLure cannoL be deLermlned aL Lhe loadlng faclllLy on a 13
rouLlne basls wlLh a hlgh degree of confldence vehlcles SPALL S be loaded Lo
Lhe flxed ullage gauge seL Lo allow for Lhe maxlmum posslble rlse ln producL
LemperaLure LhaL may occur ln normal operaLlons
1he maxlmum overall wldLh of any vessel and lLs servlce equlpmenL SPALL S noL 16
pro[ecL beyond Lhe overall wldLh of Lhe chassls/cab or Lhe lSC frame ln Lhe case of a
Lank conLalner
vessels SPALL S be deslgned fabrlcaLed and LesLed ln accordance wlLh a
recognlsed pressure vessel code accepLable Lo Lhe local llcenslng/lnspecLlng auLhorlLy
unless oLherwlse speclfled by local regulaLlons vessels SPALL S comply wlLh one of 17
Lhe followlng
- uL 31221032en
- uL 31222031en
- uL 31221132en
and SPALL S ln all cases lncorporaLe Lhe requlremenLs of Lhls uL
1he deslgn of Lhe baffle SPALL S ensure unresLrlcLed dralnage of llquld and Lhe 17
lnLerconnecLlon of vapour spaces and lnclude a manway noL less Lhan 410 mm x 360
mm 1he poslLlon of Lhe dralnage cuLouLs ln Lhe baffle SPALL S allow Lhe flow of
llquld and vapour across Lhe baffle when Lhe vehlcle ls on lLs slde or upslde down
8affle plaLe Lhlckness should be aL leasL 2 mm lf double plaLes or seallng rlngs are used
Lo supporL baffles Lhe enclosed spaces so formed SPALL S be provlded wlLh plugged
sockeLs for monlLorlng Lhe aLmosphere prlor Lo carrylng ouL hoL work
(d) vessel nozzles zles and manhole pads SPALL S be manufacLured from forged pads
wlLh sLuds for flanged flLLlngs or lnLernal Lhreads as approprlaLe
1hreaded connecLlons lf unavoldable SPALL S be kepL Lo a mlnlmum and should
noL be used on plplng greaLer Lhan 30 mm nomlnal dlameLer (refer Lo (422(n)) for slze
llmlLaLlons on Lhreaded connecLlons on proprleLary equlpmenL eg pumps meLers)
vessel nozzles zles and manhole pads SPALL S be manufacLured from forged pads 17
wlLh sLuds for flanged flLLlngs or lnLernal Lhreads as approprlaLe
1hreaded connecLlons lf unavoldable SPALL S be kepL Lo a mlnlmum and should
noL be used on plplng greaLer Lhan 30 mm nomlnal dlameLer
1he vessel deslgn pressure SPALL S be Lhe vapour pressure of L aL Lhe 17
Assessed 1emperaLure for ueveloped ressure plus Lhe effecLs of Lhe dynamlc loads
deflned hereunder
1he deslgn pressure of Lhe vessel and Lhe deslgn load on lLs mounLlngs SPALL S 17
lnclude an allowance for absorblng Lhe followlng dynamlc loads under full load
condlLlons
- ln Lhe dlrecLlon of Lravel 2 x mass of payload
- aL rlghL angles Lo Lhe dlrecLlon of Lravel 1 x mass of payload
- verLlcally downwards 2 x mass of payload
lf vessels may be sub[ecLed Lo a vacuum eg LransporL of buLane ln subzero
LemperaLures Lhen vessels SPALL S be deslgned Lo wlLhsLand full vacuum
condlLlons
1he upper deslgn LemperaLure SPALL S be noL less Lhan Lhe Assessed 1emperaLure
for ueveloped ressure
1he lower deslgn LemperaLure SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 30100231 17
en
MounLlngs 17
SPALL S be fabrlcaLed ln sLeel and deslgned as an lnLegral aLLachmenL Lo Lhe vessel
1he polnL of aLLachmenL SPALL S be conLlnuously welded wlLh local relnforcemenL as
necessary Lo reslsL hlgh sLress concenLraLlons aL Lhese polnLs durlng LranslL 1here
SPALL S be elecLrlcal conLlnulLy beLween vessel/flLLlngs and Lhe vehlcles chassls
1he number of vessel connecLlons parLlcularly Lhose lnLo Lhe llquld phase SPALL S 18
be mlnlmlsed
-ozzles above 3 mm dlameLer ln Lhe llquld phase and 8 mm dlameLer ln Lhe vapour 18
phase SPALL S be flLLed wlLh
elLher an lnLernally mounLed excess flow valve (Llv) or nonreLurn valve (-8v)
ln comblnaLlon wlLh a flresafe ball valve exLernally flLLed as close as posslble Lo
Lhe Llv/-8v
or an lnLernal safeLy valve (lSv) as descrlbed ln Lhe noLes Lo 1able 3
Smaller connecLlons SPALL S be flLLed wlLh flresafe ball valves as Lhe prlmary
shuLoff sysLem excepL LhaL equlpmenL aLLached Lo a vessel nozzle and
lncorporaLlng a conLrolllng orlflce noL exceedlng 14 mm dlameLer may rely upon Lhe
closlng devlce provlded eg Lhe bleed valve of a flxed llquld level gauge
llresafe ball valves SPALL S meeL 8S 6733 arL 2 Al 6lA or equlvalenL sLandard 18
lf Lhe emergency upllfL/draln ls connecLed lnLo Lhe pump bypass as shown ln llgure 3
Lhen a Lype 8 valve should be flLLed
1he closlng raLe of Llvs SPALL S noL be greaLer Lhan Lhe raLe of flow whlch would
resulL from fallure of Lhe plplng or hose lmmedlaLely downsLream of Lhe Llv or 130 of
Lhe nomlnal operaLlng flow raLe
1he lSv SPALL S be provlded wlLh aL leasL Lwo remoLe acLuaLlon polnLs one locaLed
aL Lhe fronL of Lhe vessel and Lhe oLher aL Lhe rear Cn long vehlcles conslderaLlon
SPALL S be glven Lo provldlng an addlLlonal acLuaLlon polnL aL Lhe fronL end of Lhe
vessel Lo enable closure of Lhe lSv from boLh Lhe offslde and nearslde 1he acLuaLor
sysLem SPALL S lnclude fuslble llnks seL Lo close Lhe lSv ln case of flre aL or
ad[acenL Lo Lhe vehlcle
A draln/emergency offLake connecLlon noL greaLer Lhan 30 mm dlameLer SPALL S 18
be flLLed lnLo Lhe boLLom of Lhe vessel or a sulLable llquld connecLlon eg pump bypass
(refer Lo llgure 3) ConnecLlons noL exceedlng 32 mm dlameLer may be flLLed wlLh an
lnLernally mounLed Llv and a flresafe ball valve Larger nozzles SPALL S be flLLed
wlLh an lSv capable of remoLe acLuaLlon 1he lSv SPALL S be elLher blank flanged or
plugged ln normal operaLlon ConslderaLlon SPALL S be glven Lo Lhe effecLlve use of
Lhls connecLlon parLlcularly lf rusL and oLher flnegralned deposlLs may bulld up ln Lhe
vessel and collecL ln Lhe ouLleL posslbly causlng malfuncLlon of Lhe valves
All plplng valves and vessel connecLlons SPALL S be proLecLed by Lhelr locaLlon 18
from posslble colllslon damage eg beLween Lhe wheels of Lhe runnlng gear of a semlLraller
ouLflL (where lL ls proLecLed by Lhe subframe) or alLernaLlvely by mechanlcal means
ln whlch case Lhe proLecLlon eg underrun bumper SPALL S have sufflclenL lmpacL
reslsLance Lo wlLhsLand Lyplcal colllslon forces (see (421(c)))
rlmary shuLoff sysLems SPALL S be proLecLed agalnsL colllslon and lmpacL damage 19
by Lhelr locaLlon and lf necessary by addlLlonal mechanlcal means
All valves and flLLlngs SPALL S be manufacLured Lo a recognlsed sLandard and 19
approved for handllng L over Lhe range of servlce pressures and LemperaLures
LqulpmenL SPALL S be lnsLalled ln accordance wlLh Lhe ManufacLurers lnsLrucLlons
!olnLlng maLerlals Lhread sealanLs and gaskeLs SPALL S be sulLable for use wlLh
L and malnLaln saLlsfacLory performance over Lhe range of servlce condlLlons
Manual shuLoff valves ln draln/emergency upllfL and 19
oLher connecLlons whlch are noL ln regular use SPALL S be plugged or blank
flanged
All shuLoff valves SPALL S provlde poslLlve closure and SPALL S be sulLable for 19
use ln L operaLlons over Lhe deslgn range of pressures and LemperaLures lf flresafe
ball valves are used Lhey SPALL S meeL 8S 6733 arL 2 Al 6lA or equlvalenL
vessel nozzles wlLh flLLlngs/equlpmenL whlch have conLrolllng orlflces noL exceedlng 14
mm dlameLer SPALL S be flLLed wlLh a sulLable poslLlve shuLoff devlce eg Lhe
proprleLary equlpmenL supplled wlLh roLogauges flxed ullage gauges eLc ls consldered
sulLable because of Lhe slze of Lhe conLrolllng orlflce
Coupllngs SPALL S be sLandardlsed LhroughouL Lhe dlsLrlbuLlon sysLem Lo ellmlnaLe 19
Lhe use of adapLers
lf screw coupllngs are used Lhey should have ACML Lhreads Lo ASML 813 Class 2 lf 19
selfseallng coupllngs are used Lhey SPALL S be compaLlble wlLh maLlng coupllngs
on flxed sLorage lnsLallaLlons ln order Lo preclude Lhe need for adapLers
Lach vessel SPALL S have a sulLable pressure gauge connecLed Lo Lhe vapour 19
space 1he orlflce slze aL Lhe connecLlon SPALL S noL exceed 14 mm oLherwlse an
Llv SPALL S be flLLed ln boLh cases a shuLoff valve SPALL S be flLLed
All bulk vehlcles SPALL S be flLLed wlLh a sulLable conLenLs gauge whlch may be of 19
Lhe floaL Lype or Lhe capaclLance Lype
Cne or more flxed maxlmum llquld level gauges SPALL S be flLLed and seL ln
accordance wlLh (422(b))
1hermomeLers SPALL S be locaLed so LhaL Lhey record Lhe llquld LemperaLure and 20
SPALL S be flLLed ln a sealed pockeL ln Lhe form of a bllnd Lube consLrucLed Lo Lhe
vessel deslgn code
unless prohlblLed by local leglslaLlon all vessels SPALL S be flLLed wlLh 8vs 20
vessels SPALL S be flLLed wlLh one or more 8vs connecLed dlrecLly Lo Lhe vapour
space 1he seL pressure SPALL S be noL greaLer Lhan Lhe deslgn pressure of Lhe
vessel 1he LoLal rellef capaclLy SPALL S be sufflclenL Lo proLecL Lhe vessel agalnsL
overpressure ln Lhe evenL of llquld fllllng and flre engulfmenL buL should noL be less Lhan
LhaL speclfled ln -lA 38 Appendlx L L22
valves SPALL S be of Lhe lnLernal sprlngloaded Lype le Lhe operaLlng mechanlsm
SPALL S be wlLhln Lhe vessel and speclflcally deslgned for LransporL vessels
vapour dlscharglng from Lhe 8v SPALL S noL lmplnge on Lhe vessel 20
1he deslgn of Lhe 8v connecLlons SPALL S ensure LhaL Lhe valve ls proLecLed ln Lhe
evenL of colllslon or rollover of Lhe vehlcle
MaLerlals used ln pump consLrucLlon SPALL S be sulLable for use wlLh L aL Lhe 20
servlce condlLlons requlred CasL lron SPALL S noL be used unless Lhe grade ls
known Lo have adequaLe ducLlllLy and reslsLance Lo brlLLle fracLure over Lhe full range of
LemperaLures and pressures llkely Lo be encounLered ln servlce
ln addlLlon Lo any lnLegral pump bypass Lhe plplng sysLem downsLream of Lhe pump 20
SPALL S lnclude a separaLe sulLably slzed bypass wlLh sprlng loaded dlfferenLlal
pressure valve Lo reLurn producL Lo Lhe vessel when Lhe dellvery valve ls closed
1he deslgn and maLerlals used ln Lhe consLrucLlon of meLers SPALL S be sulLable for 21
L servlce over Lhe range of LemperaLures and pressures llkely Lo be experlenced ln
normal operaLlons lf Lhere ls any chance of causLlc belng presenL ln Lhe producL Lhen
alumlnlum componenLs SPALL S noL be used
lplng SPALL S be deslgned and fabrlcaLed ln accordance wlLh Lhe sLandards 21
referred Lo ln (33)
1he number of [olnLs SPALL S be kepL Lo a mlnlmum !olnLs SPALL S be welded
or flanged excepL LhaL screwed [olnLs lf unavoldable may be used for connecLlons up Lo
u- 30 (or u- 80 for proprleLary equlpmenL such as meLers and pumps provlded LhaL
Lhreaded componenLs are facLory produced and cerLlfled by Lhe suppller Lo be wlLhln Lhe
sLandard manufacLurlng Lolerances)
lf flexlble
[olnLs or hoses are used for Lhls purpose Lhe equlpmenL SPALL M be manufacLured ln
accordance wlLh 8S 4089 or equlvalenL
SecLlons of plplng or hose ln whlch L may be Lrapped SPALL S have a Lhermal
expanslon rellef valve (1L8v) flLLed Lo prevenL excesslve pressures from developlng
LqulpmenL whlch lf damaged could glve rlse Lo a release of producL SPALL S be 21
proLecLed agalnsL colllslon lmpacL overLurn eLc elLher by lLs locaLlon or by mechanlcal
means
All hoses SPALL S be sulLable for propane servlce and should be consLrucLed Lo 8S 21
4089 or equlvalenL
Poses wound on reels SPALL S be a slngle conLlnuous lengLh of hose 21
All Lransfer hoses SPALL S have a manual shuLoff valve locaLed aL Lhe hose end 21
ConLlnulLy SPALL S exlsL beLween Lhe vessel and lLs flLLlngs/equlpmenL and Lhe 21
chassls vehlcles SPALL S be provlded wlLh a separaLe bondlng wlre Lo ensure
conLlnulLy beLween Lhe vehlcle and Lhe flxed lnsLallaLlon
1he sysLem selecLed for loadlng bulk L vehlcles SPALL S be fully lnLegraLed wlLh Lhe 21
hardware (pumps loadlng arms LSu and alarm sysLems lnsLrumenLaLlon measuremenL
daLa capLure and producL/securlLy conLrol sysLems eLc) and opLlmlsed ln accordance wlLh
Lhe rlnclpals chosen sofLware sysLems loss conLrol lnvolclng vehlcle rouLlng sLock
conLrol eLc
CusLody Lransfer lnLo bulk vehlcles SPALL S be made vla a welghbrldge or a meLer 22
(mass or volumeLrlc) 8oLary gauges SPALL S noL be used for LhaL purpose because of
Lhe dlfflculLles of accuraLely callbraLlng and readlng Lhe gauge
lf measuremenL of Lhe conslgned volume ls made by meLer and vapour reLurn sysLems are
used Lhen boLh Lhe llquld and reLurned vapour SPALL S be meLered ln order Lo calculaLe
Lhe neL quanLlLy of producL Lransferred
1hls SPALL S be achleved by flow meLerlng 22
and by uslng a welghbrldge aL Lhe loadlng polnL
ln manually operaLed loadlng ganLrles Lhe llquld conLenL SPALL S be monlLored carefully
uslng Lhe roLogauge or equlvalenL Lo verlfy LhaL Lhe maxlmum safe fllllng level (422(b)) ls
noL exceeded 1he vW afLer loadlng SPALL S be conflrmed as safe by uslng of a
welghbrldge locaLed elLher aL Lhe loadlng polnL or aL Lhe gaLe
ConslderaLlon SPALL S be glven Lo uslng boLh sysLems aL loadlng faclllLles 22
1he deslgn of Lhe sysLem SPALL S be such LhaL Lhe vehlcle ls lmmedlaLely
operaLlonal afLer Lhe hose has been sLowed and Lhe vehlcle cannoL be lnadverLenLly
lmmoblllsed whlle ln Lhe drlve mode
urlveaway prevenLlon sysLems SPALL S noL be capable of belng bypassed
8reakaway coupllngs used on loadlng arms SPALL S be of a Lype ln whlch Lhe 22
breakaway acLlon le Lhe separaLlon of Lhe Lwo halves of Lhe coupllng occurs [usL
before Lhe arm ls exLended Lo Lhe llmlL of lLs safe worklng envelope 1he force causlng
Lhe break SPALL S noL be applled dlrecLly vla Lhe plplng componenLs of Lhe arm buL
Lhrough a separaLe mechanlsm (eg by a cable whlch ls Lensloned by movemenL of Lhe
arm) applylng sufflclenL force Lo break Lhe coupllng before Lhe arm reaches Lhe llmlL of
lLs safe worklng envelope
1he locaLlon of a loadlng polnL SPALL S be deLermlned wlLh respecL Lo Lhe separaLlon 23
dlsLances Lo Lhe planL boundary and oLher parLs of Lhe planL and also wlLh regard Lo safe
Lrafflc movemenL lnLo and ouL of Lhe faclllLy
1he prlnclple of deLermlnlng adequaLe separaLlon dlsLances beLeen bulk loadlng polnLs 23
and sLorage ls speclfled ln uL 300612en 1he area SPALL S be freely venLllaLed
1he flnal spaclng SPALL S be deLermlned afLer an assessmenL of leakage 23
scenarlos and Lhelr consequences has been performed based on 8eporL C 9930011
and l8Lu or oLher equlvalenL and/or more sLrlngenL flre and safeLy assessmenL
procedures and/or models may (eg Lhe lnsLlLuLe of eLroleum Model Code of Safe
racLlce arL 9 Appendlces 1 2 3 and 4)
1he dralnage sysLem SPALL S 23
be deslgned so LhaL an L splll wlll be properly conLalned uL 34142031en
SPALL S apply
AdequaLe flre flghLlng faclllLles ln 23
Lhe form of monlLors and hose sLreams SPALL S be provlded ln Lhls area and
vehlcles SPALL S be parked ln such a way as Lo faclllLaLe access for flre flghLers and
Lhe movemenL of L vehlcles lf requlred
lor producL plplng componenLs (33) and uL 30061012en SPALL S apply 23
roducL plplng SPALL S be adequaLely supporLed and provlslons made Lo cope wlLh
expanslon conLracLlon and vlbraLlon 1he end of flxed plplng SPALL S be securely
anchored aL Lhe fllllng/dlscharglng polnL All plplng and assoclaLed equlpmenL
SPALL S be proLecLed by barrlers agalnsL posslble colllslon damage
8emoLely operaLed LSu valves SPALL S be fallsafe and flresafe and SPALL S
be lnsLalled close Lo Lhe loadlng polnL (Lyplcally 13 m) Lo llmlL splllage ln Lhe evenL of
equlpmenL fallure
Lxcess flow valves alone SPALL S noL be used for LSu duLles and SPALL S be 23
backed up by an LSu valve of Lhe Lype descrlbed above
A Lyplcal plplng sysLem layouL of a L bulk vehlcle fllllng lnsLallaLlon ls shown ln llgure
7 1he layouL lncludes a vapour reLurn sysLem ln loadlng faclllLles ln whlch vapour reLurn
sysLems are noL consldered feaslble or economlcally [usLlflable Lhe llquld Lransfer sysLem
SPALL S lnclude Lhe safeguardlng feaLures shown ln llgure 7
1he lnsLrumenLaLlon provlded aL loadlng polnLs SPALL S fully supporL Lhe operaLlng 23
procedures and conLrol sysLems 1he speclflcaLlon of Lhe measuremenL producL quallLy
producL securlLy and loss conLrol sysLems LogeLher wlLh Lhe lnsLrumenLaLlon for daLa
capLure and auLomaLlon (lf appllcable) should deLall Lhe Lype of equlpmenL and lLs
performance uL 32310032en SPALL S apply
Selfseallng breakaway coupllngs should be used aL all loadlng polnLs Coupllngs 24
SPALL S be flLLed ln accordance wlLh Lhe ManufacLurers lnsLrucLlons
lf posslble Lhe release shall be venLed Lo a flare/venL 24
sysLem Coupllngs on loadlng arms/hoses SPALL S be compaLlble wlLh Lhose on
vehlcles loadlng aL Lhe planL AdapLers SPALL S noL be used
1he eye wash unlLs SPALL S be connecLed Lo a waLer supply able Lo dellver a mlnlmum 24
waLer supply pressure as speclfled by Lhe ManufacLurer 1he cold feed Lo emergency
showers and eye wash unlLs SPALL S noL be sub[ecL Lo unaccepLable heaL galns ln
cold and moderaLe cllmaLes Lhe emergency showers and eye wash unlLs SPALL S be
connecLed Lo a warm waLer sysLem wlLh an auLomaLlc mlxlng valve Lo keep Lhe
LemperaLure accepLable or Lo a separaLe lukewarm waLer sysLem
1he requlremenLs of (434) SPALL S also apply Lo bulk vehlcle dlscharge polnLs aL 24
depoLs
1he requlremenLs of (434(a)) SPALL S also apply Lo consumer lnsLallaLlons 24
LSu swlLches SPALL S be provlded aL Lhe fllllng polnL aL oLher locaLlons ln Lhe vlclnlLy 24
whlch are safely accesslble ln an emergency and ln Lhe conLrol room or areas whlch
funcLlon as a conLrol cenLre 1hey SPALL S overrlde all oLher conLrols lmmedlaLely sLop
producL flow by sLopplng Lhe loadlng pumps closlng LSu valves and flow conLrol valves (lf
flLLed) and acLuaLe an alarm ln Lhe conLrol room/area
ConslderaLlon SPALL S be glven Lo Lhe local avallablllLy of sulLable means of safely 23
recoverlng overLurned bulk vehlcles lf recovery equlpmenL ls noL avallable conslderaLlon
SPALL S be glven Lo provldlng flLLlngs and equlpmenL ln Lhe vessel for Lransferrlng
producL ln Lhe evenL of a rollover
lnLerlocks SPALL S prevenL producL from flowlng unLll all Lhe varlous checks are 23
saLlsfled and Lhe conLrol sysLem lndlcaLes LhaL loadlng can safely commence Cnly Lhen
SPALL S Lhey allow Lhe producL conLrol valve Lo open and producL flow Lo sLarL ln Lhe
evenL of manual lnLervenLlon power fallure breakdown or deflned lrregularlLy Lhe
producL flow SPALL S be sLopped by auLomaLlcally closlng Lhe valve and
subsequenLly sLopplng Lhe relevanL pumps
ConLlnulLy beLween Lhe bondlng cable and Lhe vehlcle SPALL S be malnLalned 1he 23
producL flow conLrol valve (solenold Lype or elecLropneumaLlc) SPALL S be
lnLerlocked lnLo Lhe earLh clrculL and SPALL S only remaln ln a permlsslve flow
condlLlon whlle Lhls clrculL ls closed
8efore sLarLlng Lo load Lhe barrler arm SPALL S be lowered Lo prevenL Lhe vehlcle 23
from belng drlven off
ln planLs 23
where rellable LemperaLure and denslLy lnformaLlon ls avallable and ls rouLlnely
monlLored Lhe maxlmum safe fllllng quanLlLy SPALL S be based on Lhe vehlcles
vessel noL belng more Lhan 97 full when Lhe loaded producL ls aL Lhe Assessed
1emperaLure for Safe lllllng 1he quanLlLy ordered and Lhe maxlmum vW are also
consldered when calculaLlng Lhe load quanLlLy
AfLer compleLlon of loadlng lL SPALL S be checked LhaL Lhe vehlcle ls noL overfllled 26
(see 431))
CorrecL dlsengagemenL of all equlpmenL and proper placemenL of loadlng arms lnLo a 26
sLowed poslLlon SPALL S be compleLed before Lhe vehlcle can drlve away
81Ws SPALL S conform Lo Lhe regulaLlons 27
of counLrles ln whlch Lhey wlll operaLe wlLh respecL Lo deslgn loads gauge axle load and
any oLher requlremenLs lald down by Lhe rallway auLhorlLles concerned
unless oLherwlse speclfled by local regulaLlons vessels for L Lransfer by rall SPALL S 27
comply wlLh one of Lhe followlng
- uL 31221032en
- uL 31222031en
- uL 31221132en
and SPALL S ln all cases lncorporaLe Lhe requlremenLs of Lhls uL
uynamlc and shunLlng loads whlch may be as hlgh as seven Llmes Lhe acceleraLlon due Lo 27
gravlLy (7gn) ln Lhe dlrecLlon of Lravel SPALL S be Laken lnLo conslderaLlon
8vs SPALL S be used Lo proLecL L vessels 27
Local regulaLlons may requlre 81Ws wlLh cenLral couplers Lo be proLecLed Lo reduce Lhe rlsk 28
of vessels belng puncLured by Lhe coupllng of a collldlng 81W ln a derallmenL 1he rlnclpal
SPALL S be conLacLed for advlce on Lhe Lype of proLecLlon whlch should be provlded ln
such cases
llgure 11 shows a dlagrammaLlc layouL of lnLernal plpework for a Lyplcal 81W 1he 28
followlng commenLs refer Lo Lhls layouL
- Llquld and vapour llnes SPALL S be equlpped wlLh selfseallng coupllngs Lo
mlnlmlse Lhe release of L durlng connecLlon and dlsconnecLlon
- CpposlLe slde seLs of flLLlngs SPALL S be connecLed lnLernally llquldLollquld
vapourLovapour 8oLh lnLernal sysLems SPALL S be flLLed wlLh remoLely conLrolled
valves
roposals Lo use 81Ws wlLh sun shlelds SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo Lhe 28
approval of Lhe rlnclpal
SpeclflcaLlons for passlve flre proLecLlon sysLems 28
SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal
LSu valves SPALL S be lnsLalled aL Lhe 81W sldlng end of Lhe permanenL plplng Lo 28
conLaln splllage ln Lhe evenL of loadlng arm/hose fallures
1he followlng documenLs SPALL S apply 29
- Llquefled gas handllng prlnclples (on shlps and ln Lermlnals)" by Sl11C
- SafeLy gulde for Lermlnals handllng shlps carrylng llquefled gas ln bulk by CClMl
ressurlsed L loadlng faclllLles SPALL S be provlded wlLh vapour reLurn sysLems Lo 29
avold releaslng large quanLlLles of vapours Lo Lhe aLmosphere (see llgure 14)
lor requlremenLs and guldance Lhe followlng documenLs SPALL S apply 29
- Sl11C Llquefled gas handllng prlnclples (on shlps and ln Lermlnals)"
- CClMl SafeLy gulde for Lermlnals handllng shlps carrylng llquefled gas ln bulk
- lMC lMu code
L carrlers and Lermlnals SPALL S have 29
sLrlngenL loadlng and dlscharglng procedures ln place
lor requlremenLs and guldance Lhe followlng documenLs SPALL S apply
- Sl11C Llquefled gas handllng prlnclples (on shlps and ln Lermlnals)"
- CClMl SafeLy gulde for Lermlnals handllng shlps carrylng llquefled gas ln bulk
- lMC lMu code
1he deslgn of Lhe LSu sysLem and assoclaLed shlp/shore llnk SPALL S lnclude a 29
deLalled operaLlng procedure for use by shore personnel and SPALL S meeL Lhe
requlremenLs of CClMl Shlp/shore safeLy check llsL guldellnes"
1o avold damage Lo Lhe loadlng arms or Lo Lhe shlp (eg due Lo shlp drlfL under adverse 30
weaLher or currenL condlLlons) a rapld dlsconnecLlon of Lhe loadlng arms from Lhe shlp
(LSu2) SPALL S be lnsLalled as well
uL 30061020en SPALL S apply wlLh respecL Lo deslgn and lnsLallaLlon
requlremenLs of boLh LSu1 and LSu2 sysLems aL L exporL and lmporL Lermlnals
1ermlnals SPALL S be equlpped wlLh an LSu1 sysLem Lo sLop Lhe Lransfer operaLlon ln 30
a qulck safe and conLrolled manner 1hls sysLem SPALL S conslsLs of
(l) LSu valves
(ll) ush buLLons locaLed aL varlous sLraLeglc locaLlons on Lhe [eLLy and on Lhe shore
whlch are unllkely Lo be affecLed by an lncldenL aL Lhe berLh
(lll) A pendanL box placed on board Lhe shlp prlor Lo loadlng/dlscharglng for shlps whlch
are noL equlpped wlLh a compaLlble LSu sysLem
(lv) A shlp/shore llnk Lo convey Lhe shuLdown slgnal for shlps equlpped wlLh a compaLlble
LSu sysLem
(v) 1he LSu1 loglc conLrol sysLem
1ermlnals SPALL S be equlpped wlLh an LSu2 sysLem also called Lhe emergency 30
release sysLem (L8S) Lo uncouple Lhe loadlng arms qulckly wlLh mlnlmum splllage
1he LSu2 sysLem SPALL S conslsLs of
(l) 1he Lmergency 8elease Coupllng (L8C)
(ll) 1wo lsolaLlon valves (Lhe L8S valves) one upsLream and one downsLream of Lhe
L8C
(lll) 1he LSu2 loglc conLrol sysLem
uL 30061020en and Sl11C uldellnes for Lhe allevlaLlon of excesslve surge 30
pressures on emergency shuL down" SPALL S apply
SulLable submarlne hoses should be used aL convenLlonal buoy 30
moorlng (C8M) berLhs lloaLlng hoses SPALL S noL be used
uL 30061020en 31
whlch glves furLher deLalls SPALL S apply
Poses/loadlng arms SPALL S be flLLed wlLh lnsulaLlng flanges or [olnLs Lo ensure 31
elecLrlcal dlsconLlnulLy beLween shlp and shore All meLal on Lhe shore slde of Lhe lnsulaLlng
flange/[olnL SPALL S be elecLrlcally conLlnuous Lo Lhe [eLLy earLhlng sysLem and all meLal
on Lhe seaward slde SPALL S be elecLrlcally conLlnuous Lo Lhe shlp
uL 33641010en SPALL S apply
1he only nonedlLorlal 6
change has been Lo lndlcaLe process safeLy requlremenLs by Lhe use of Lhe caplLallsed Lerm
SPALL S
1he derlved SlLs ln Lhls uL LogeLher wlLh Lhe lnsLrumenLaLlon 7
lmplemenLaLlon descrlpLlon SPALL S be Lhe mlnlmum sLandard for Lhe descrlbed LSu
sysLems
1he Loadlng Arm 8Cvs 8
(l) SPALL S be remoLe operaLed flresafe LlghL shuLoff valves 1he valves may be
elLher pneumaLlcally or hydraullcally operaLed buL ln elLher case SPALL S be
fallsafe le close auLomaLlcally on loss of acLuaLlng power (8efer Lo 321 lf Lhe
8Cv does noL have LSu funcLlonallLy Lhen Lhls requlremenL ls noL mandaLory)
(ll) SPALL S be provlded wlLh a mechanlcally secured means of seLLlng or ad[usLlng
1oLal valve Closure 1lme (whlch ls Lhe Llme Laken for Lhe valve Lo Lravel from Lhe
fully open Lo Lhe fully closed poslLlon)
1he LA 8Cvs SPALL S noL close fasLer Lhan Lhe LSu1 valves ln Lhe loadlng llnes Lo 8
ensure LhaL Lhe plplng ls noL sub[ecLed Lo surge pressures hlgher Lhan deslgn
ln LhaL case Lhls llquld LA run SPALL S be spaded off from 8
Lhe manlfold Lhe vapour reLurn arm SPALL S be spaded aL base and a removable spool
plece (8S) SPALL S be flLLed Lo connecL Lhe llquld LA base Lo Lhe vapour reLurn run
(refer Lo flgures ln Appendlces 1 and 2) 1hls swlLch SPALL S noL be made Lhrough Lhe
use of addlLlonal 8Cvs
lurLhermore lf LAs have been manlfolded for mulLlple producL Lransfer Lhese arms 8
SPALL S each be provlded wlLh a LA 8Cv aL each manlfold connecLlon 1he loglc
sysLem SPALL S lnhlblL Lhe openlng of a second Loadlng 8Cv when anoLher ls ln Lhe
noL closed poslLlon
1he dedlcaLed LSu1 valve 9
SPALL S remaln ln Lhe common producL supply header
SPALL S close wlLhln 13 seconds (verlfled by surge pressure calculaLlons) 9
SPALL S be remoLe operaLed flresafe LlghL shuLoff valves 1he valves may be 9
elLher pneumaLlcally or hydraullcally operaLed buL ln elLher case SPALL S be fallsafe
le close auLomaLlcally on loss of acLuaLlng power
SPALL S be provlded wlLh a mechanlcally secured means of seLLlng or ad[usLlng
1oLal valve Closure 1lme (whlch ls Lhe Llme Laken for Lhe valve Lo Lravel from Lhe fully
open Lo Lhe fully closed poslLlon)
(f) SPALL S noL be provlded wlLh hand wheels or lever operaLors
(g) SPALL S be proLecLed from flre by flreproof lnsulaLlon of acLuaLor cabllng and
hydraullc llnes
All L and L- loadlng faclllLles SPALL S have L8S unlLs lnsLalled on all llquld loadlng 10
and vapour reLurn arms
1he L8C and boLh u8vs SPALL S be mechanlcally llnked Lo guaranLee LhaL Lhe u8vs
are closed before Lhe L8C ls released 1he L8S SPALL S be drlven by one one
sLroke" hydraullc cyllnder
1he closlng Llme of Lhe u8vs ln Lhe L8S SPALL S be seL Lo 3 seconds and Lhe L8C 10
SPALL S open wlLhln 2 seconds afLer closure of Lhe u8vs 1he deslgn of Lhe LA
(worklng envelope) SPALL S allow for Lhe anLlclpaLed shlp drlfL speed
Shlp moLlon calculaLlons SPALL S valldaLe overall deslgn 10
surge and sway values allowlng for Lyplcal operaLlonal Lolerances lncreased wlLh Lhe
maxlmum dlsplacemenL over Lhe normal closure Llme of Lhe u8vs and openlng Llme of
Lhe L8C)
lnsLallaLlon of Lhese sysLems may be consldered buL Lhe 10
hardwlred proxlmlLy swlLch sysLems seL as above SPALL S be reLalned
LAs SPALL S be counLer balanced ln such a way LhaL lmmedlaLely afLer an emergency 10
dlsconnecLlon Lhe upper L8S flange SPALL S rlse and move Lowards Lhe shore Cver
Lhe flrsL 3 meLres Lhe average speed SPALL S be more Lhan 013 m/s 1hls movemenL
shall conLlnue unLll full reLracLlon behlnd Lhe berLhlng llne ls compleLed AL Lhe end of Lhe
movemenL Lhe speed shall slow down Lo zero 1hereafLer Lhe poslLlon of Lhe LAs
SPALL S be hydraullcally blocked
ln Lhe evenL of a fuse/power fallure Lhe L8S wlll remaln ln a safe condlLlon buL manual 11
acLlvaLlon of Lhe L8S vla a push buLLon on one of Lhe solenolds SPALL S sLlll be
posslble
1he followlng lnLerlocks SPALL S be provlded for each LA 11
(a) a parklng/sLorm lock whlch ls mechanlcally llnked Lo a hydraullc swlLch LhaL lsolaLes
Lhe hydraullc power Lo Lhe L8S when Lhe parklng lock ls secured
(b) a proxlmlLy swlLch on Lhls parklng lock for addlLlonal proLecLlon vla Lhe safeguardlng
sysLem see (4)
(c) a key operaLed valve ln Lhe hydraullc supply llnes Lo Lhe L8S When Lhe hydraullc
supply Lo Lhe L8S ls lsolaLed Lhe L8S key SPALL S be Lrapped ln Lhe valve
AfLer connecLlon Lo Lhe shlp Lhe valve shall be opened allowlng Lhe key Lo be
removed
ulrecLly upon connecLlon of Lhe LA presenLaLlon flange Lo Lhe shlp manlfold Lhe LA
operaLor SPALL S swlLch over Lhe LA hydraullcs Lo Lhe freewheel mode
1he key SPALL S be Lrapped ln Lhe conLrol cablneL when ln Lhe Loadlng 12
poslLlon
rocedures SPALL S be ln place Lo ensure connecLlon armlng and lnserLlng Lhe 12
key lnLo Lhe panel ls compleLed ln a Llmely fashlon
1he L8S key swlLch ln Lhe conLrol unlL SPALL S be consldered as parL of Lhe 12
safeguardlng sysLem because lL ls connecLed Lo and conLrols safeguardlng
funcLlons
1he hydraullc energy released from Lhe accumulaLor sysLem SPALL S be sufflclenL Lo 12
allow Lhe followlng acLlons 3 hours afLer loss of LoLal power (AC and uC)
(l) full dlsconnecL of all L8Ss (elLher auLomaLlcally or by manual operaLlon)
(ll) full reLracLlon behlnd Lhe berLhlng llne of all LAs
A lowlow pressure Lrlp generaLlng an LSu1 SPALL S be lnsLalled ln Lhe hydraullc 12
accumulaLor
A low pressure LransmlLLer SPALL S be lnsLalled ln Lhe 12
dlscharge of Lhe hydraullc pumps Lo dlsable manoeuvrlng of Lhe LA lf Lhe pump ls noL
runnlng
A hand pump SPALL S be provlded and llned up Lo Lhe manoeuvrlng clrculL and Lhe 12
emergency release (L8S) clrculL
1he hydraullc power packs SPALL S each be furnlshed wlLh Lwo pumps (one operaLlonal 13
and one sLandby conflgured ln Lhe uCS loglc so LhaL Lhey wlll be used ln an alLernaLlng
mode whereby Lhe operaLlonal pump shall acqulre Lhe mosL runhours)
uurlng Lhelr deslgn Lhe producL Lransfer llnes SPALL S be checked for Lhe maxlmum 13
surge pressure resulLlng from any one or any comblnaLlon of Lhe valve closures and
Lransfer pump Lrlps Lo deLermlne wheLher or noL a surge pressure rellef sysLem ls requlred
1he scenarlos Lo be lnvesLlgaLed depend on Lhe proposed deslgn buL Lhey SPALL S
always lnclude Lhe enLlre loadlng sysLem and Lhe lsomeLrlc deLalls of Lhe plpe work lnvolved
1he rellef valve SPALL S be deslgned Lo avold Lhe generaLlon of secondary surge 13
pressures exceedlng Lhe deslgn pressure of Lhe plplng sysLems on closlng and should be
locaLed as close as posslble Lo Lhe LA L8S valves 1he slze and locaLlon of Lhe rellef and
dump valve SPALL S be deLermlned by surge pressure analysls
A hlgh llquld level sensor SPALL S lnlLlaLe an LSu1 acLlon wlLh Lhe Lrlp seLLlng 13
[usL above Lhe normal llquld level aL Lhe boLLom of Lhe drum Lo ensure LhaL Lhe drum has
adequaLe spare capaclLy for Lhe flow durlng LSu1 valve closure
An lnLerlock 14
sysLem SPALL S be provlded Lo ellmlnaLe Lhe rlsk of splll due Lo sysLem error and also
reduce Lhe rlsk of human error
1he lnLerlock sysLem SPALL S be deslgned Lo ensure LhaL Lhe CCuC can only be
opened when Lhe L8S key (331) ls lnserLed ln Lhe L8S unlL
Manual CCuCs LhaL cannoL be poslLlvely secured (eg Camlocks) SPALL S noL be 14
used 1ype approval SPALL S be obLalned from Lhe rlnclpal
A pendanL box SPALL S be provlded wlLh an LSu1 pushbuLLon on Lhe [eLLy lor 14
Lhose shlps noL equlpped wlLh a compaLlble LSu llnk sysLem a pendanL box (conLalnlng a
manual shuL down buLLon) SPALL S be puL aboard a shlp prlor Lo commencemenL of
Lransfer operaLlons
Where agreed by Lhe rlnclpal 14
a backup llnk need noL be provlded ln whlch case a conLlngency plan SPALL S be puL ln
place ln case Lhe shlpLoshore llnk becomes unavallable Such conLlngency plans
SPALL S be agreed wlLh Lhe shlp(s)
1he lnlLlaLlon of an LSu1 SPALL S 13
(l) close Lhe shore LSu1 valves and
(ll) close Lhe shlp's manlfold valves vla Lhe shlp/shore llnk and
(lll) sLop Lhe Lransfer pumps elLher lnsLanLaneously (preferred because of Lhe lower
surge pressure) or vla a Llme delay Lo ensure llne pack (someLlmes necessary ln
hllly Lerraln) and
(lv) open Lhe loadlng pump splllback valves lmmedlaLely Lo dlverL Lhe llquld back lnLo
Lhe Lank ln order Lo llmlL surge pressure effecLs aL Lhe loadlng pumps
LSu1 SPALL S be lnlLlaLed manually from Lhe shore by push buLLons (momenLary Lype) 13
flLLed under a red flapover cover 1he followlng push buLLons SPALL S be provlded
(l) one aL Lhe approach Lo Lhe [eLLy LresLle and
(ll) one ln Lhe [eLLy conLrol room/cublcle and/or Lhe [eLLy head and
(lll) one ln Lhe maln conLrol room
LSu1 SPALL S be lnlLlaLed auLomaLlcally ln case of 13
(l) lowlow pressure ln Lhe hydraullc accumulaLor or
(ll) fuse blown ln Lhe loglc sysLem for Lhe L8S solenolds (afLer 1 second delay) or
(lll) acLlvaLlon of LSu2 or
(lv) excess angle of LA le apex and/or slewlng angle or
(v) hlghhlgh llquld level alarm ln Lhe surge drum (where lnsLalled) or
(vl) flre alarm ln Lhe Lermlnal area (manual and auLomaLlc 2oo2) or
(vll) LSu1 slgnal from shlp vla Lhe shlp/shore llnk or
(vlll) loss of Lhe shlp/shore llnk
1he CCS SPALL S be lnLerlocked wlLh Lhe closed poslLlon slgnals from Lhe LA 8Cvs Lo 16
ensure LhaL Lhey are all closed before Lhe CCS can be acLlvaLed
1he CCS SPALL S be a LwoposlLlon swlLch wlLh a yellow backllghL whlch wlll llghL up 16
when Lhe swlLch ls ln Lhe overrlde poslLlon lL SPALL S be lnsLalled on Lhe panel ln Lhe
maln conLrol room
lf one of Lhe LSu1 acLuaLor funcLlons ls lncorporaLed vla Lhe LA 8Cvs Lhen Lhese valves 16
SPALL S sLay closed upon reseL and only open ln accordance wlLh (43)
1he lnlLlaLlon of an LSu2 SPALL S 16
(l) lnlLlaLe an LSu1 acLlon ln Lhe shore sysLem and also ln Lhe shlps sysLems lf a
shlp/shore llnk ls provlded Lo convey Lhe LSu1 shuLdown slgnal from Lhe shore Lo
Lhe shlps LSu sysLem and
(ll) close boLh lsolaLlng u8vs of Lhe L8S and
(lll) uncouple Lhe LA ln loadlng mode wlLh Lhe L8C afLer Lhe u8vs have been closed
(mechanlcal llnk) and
(lv) open Lhe dump valve (lf lnsLalled) Lo surge drum (lf lnsLalled)
1he LSu2 push buLLons SPALL S be of Lhe momenLary Lype flLLed under a red flapover 16
cover locaLed aL Lhe same poslLlons as Lhe LSu1 manual sLaLlons 1hey SPALL S be
clearly labelled Lo prevenL confuslon beLween Lhe LSu1 and LSu2 buLLons
Manual lnlLlaLlon SPALL S be lnhlblLed 16
(l) for each arm where Lhe parklng lock proxlmlLy swlLch lndlcaLes LhaL Lhe arm ls parked
1he 1CS SPALL S 17
(a) be a keylocked swlLch of whlch Lhe key can only be removed from or lnserLed lnLo
Lhe swlLch ln neuLral poslLlon 0 of Lhe swlLch
(b) be lnsLalled on Lhe panel ln Lhe [eLLy cublcle
(c) have yellow alLernaLely flashlng llghLs lf Lhe 1CS ls puL ln Lhe overrlde poslLlon
(d) be lndlcaLed aL Lhe maln conLrol room panel when acLlvaLed
1he malnLenance deparLmenL SPALL S requlre a permlL lssued by Lhe operaLlons 17
supervlsor before Lhe 1CS may be used
1he malnLenance deparLmenL SPALL S requlre a permlL lssued by Lhe operaLlons 17
supervlsor before Lhe 1esL SwlLch may be used
LSu funcLlons SPALL S noL be LesLed or overrldden for LesLlng whllsL a shlp ls belng
loaded 1hls means LhaL
(l) lL SPALL S noL be posslble Lo LesL Lhe LSu funcLlons of one producL whllsL anoLher
producL ls belng loaded aL a mulLlproducL [eLLy
(ll) lL SPALL S noL be posslble Lo LesL Lhe LSu funcLlons of a producL aL one [eLLy
whllsL a shlp ls loadlng Lhe same producL aL a second [eLLy
1he followlng lnlLlaLlng devlces SPALL S be LesLed 19
(a) ZA on lowlow pressure of hydraullc accumulaLor (nlLrogen accumulaLor precharge)
LesLed by openlng a nlLrogen venL Lo aLmosphere AfLer Lhe LesL Lhe precharge should
be reesLabllshed
(b) Lhe shlp/shore llnk Lhls shall be LesLed each Llme Lhe llnk ls connecLed and
dlsconnecLed (before and afLer each loadlng)
(c) ZA prealarms on slewlng and apex angles Lhese may be LesLed by manoeuvrlng
Lhe arm Lo lLs prealarm llmlLs
(d) LZA on hlgh llquld level ln Lhe surge drum LesLed by ralslng Lhe acLual level Lo lnlLlaLe
an LSu1 acLlon
(e) all flre alarms aL [eLLy (ZAs)
(f) PZ emergency push buLLons aL varlous locaLlons
(g) LZA on fuse fallure Lo L8S solenolds alLhough Lhe fuse ls fallsafe lL should be
LesLed by removlng lL Lo lnlLlaLe an LSu1 acLlon afLer 1 second delay
(h) Lhe push buLLon on Lhe pendanL box
1he emergency shuLdown (LSu1) valves (shore and shlp) SPALL S be LesLed aL Lhe 19
sLarL of each loadlng
1he followlng devlces whlch wlll lnlLlaLe or lnhlblL an LSu2 acLlon SPALL S be LesLed 19
(a) ZAs on overexLenslon of apex or slewlng angle Lhe proxlmlLy swlLches should be
LesLed by lnserLlng a meLal plaLe Lo slmulaLe an LSu2 lnlLlaLlon 1he L8S acLlon
should be overrldden by Lhe poslLlon of Lhe 1esL Cverrlde SwlLch (1CS)
(b) PZ push buLLons for manual lnlLlaLlon of LSu2 Lhese shall be LesLed by pushlng a
buLLon whllsL Lhe arms are arked and observlng Lhe lndlcaLor llghLs and alarms
(c) 8S proxlmlLy swlLches on Lhe LA 8Cvs Lhese shall be LesLed llve aL Lhe end of each
loadlng lf more Lhan one 8Cv ls lnvolved Lhe proxlmlLy swlLches may be LesLed by
means of a meLal plaLe
(d) PS Lwo poslLlon (manoeuvrlng/freewheellng) swlLch on Lhe LA Lhls shall be LesLed llve
durlng each loadlng
(e) 8S proxlmlLy swlLch on LA sLormlock Lhls shall be LesLed llve durlng each loadlng
(f) Common power fallure of Lhe L8S solenolds shall be LesLed by swlLchlng off Lhe
lndlvldual uC power supply -o L8S acLlon should occur
1he L8S hydraullc cyllnder SPALL S be sLroke LesLed once a monLh ln whlch Lhe u8vs 20
close buL wlLhouL acLual L8C decoupllng (mechanlcally secured)
Cne LSu1 valve SPALL S be lnsLalled ln Lhe shore unloadlng llne whlle Lhe Lank's lnleL 21
conLrol valves (PlC) SPALL S also close upon an LSu1
AlLhough Lhe shlps plplng sysLems are relaLlvely shorL Lhe deslgn SPALL S shall ensure 21
LhaL Lhe LA L8S valve closure Llme of 3 seconds wlll noL glve rlse Lo surge pressures
exceedlng Lhe deslgn pressure of Lhe shlpboard plplng sysLems
Powever each shlp calllng
aL a Lermlnal SPALL S be lnvesLlgaLed and approprlaLe acLlon Laken lf necessary lf Lhe
pressure raLlng of Lhe shlps plplng ls lower Lhan Lhe surge pressure creaLed by a 3second
L8S valve closure aL maxlmum dlscharge raLe Lhe dlscharge raLe SPALL S be reduced ln
order Lo lower Lhe surge pressure Lo a level conslsLenL wlLh Lhe pressure raLlng of Lhe shlps
plplng
1he unloadlng flow SPALL S be sLopped by 21
(l) closure of Lhe shlps manlfold valves wlLhln 30 seconds elLher from a shlpboard
slgnal or from Lhe shore vla a shlp/shore llnk or
(ll) sLopplng Lhe shlps dlscharge pumps or
(lll) closure of Lhe shore LSu1 valves 1hese valves should be slow closlng (beLween 30
and 60 seconds) ln order Lo mlnlmlse surge pressures ln Lhe LA and shlpboard
plplng
1he safeguardlng funcLlons (LSu1 22
LSu2) SPALL S be deslgned as fallsafe 1he safeguardlng sysLem SPALL S be
proLecLed by a keylock aL Lhe LC for Lhe memory Lo prevenL accldenLal access Access Lo
Lhe memory and/or loglc changes SPALL S be vla permlL procedures and noL durlng shlp
(un)loadlng
1he sensors SPALL S be 22
segregaLed over mulLlple cards Lo avold common mode fallures
8oLh Lhe LSu1 and LSu2 sysLem deslgns SPALL S be approved by Lhe rlnclpal 22
lor offshore sysLems a fallure assessmenL of Lhe compleLe sysLem boLh subsea and Lopslde aspecLs 10
SPALL S be underLaken Lo conflrm Lhe adequacy of Lhe deslgn
1he chemlcal ln[ecLlon sysLem SPALL S have appllcable ln[ecLlon qullls and nozzles as
requlred for servlce
7
Chemlcal SPALL S be demonsLraLed as
sulLable for Lhe appllcaLlon -oLe 1
8
Chemlcal performance SPALL S be
valldaLed on slLe for corroslon and scale
lnhlblLors or oLher appllcaLlons LhaL lmpacL
process safeLy and can be effecLlvely
assessed
8
llow raLe Lo lndlvldual ln[ecLlon polnLs
SPALL S be measured and recorded by
8
MonlLorlng sysLem response SPALL S be
lmplemenLed eg L8 corroslon probes
bandwldLh on dump valves poslLlon or
separaLor gas flow for foam deLecLlon 8SW
on sales oll ClW Cxygen analysers -oLe 3
9
d) maLerlal selecLlon SPALL S be compaLlble wlLh Lhe chemlcal(s) envlsaged and
also conslder connecLlons downsLream of Lhe ln[ecLlon module eg umblllcals
ln[ecLlon valves wellhead downhole ln[ecLlon caplllary eLc
10
f) Lhe PSL properLles of chemlcals SPALL S be provlded as a requlremenL for safeLy
ln deslgn 1he rlnclpal's chemlcals speclallsLs (roducLlon ChemlsL) shall selecL Lhe
chemlcals used 1hls selecLlon SPALL S glve due conslderaLlon Lo mlnlmlslng flre
hazard occupaLlonal hazards and hazards Lo Lhe envlronmenL
10
1he crlLlcallLy of Lhe chemlcal ln[ecLlon sysLem should reflecL Lhe crlLlcallLy of Lhe appllcaLlon
and Lhe deslgner SPALL S conslder lf Lhe ln[ecLlon scheme ls parL of safeLy crlLlcal
equlpmenL (eg pumps eLc)
10
Cnly chemlcals whlch have been assessed and
deemed Lo be sulLable ln relaLlon Lo Lechnlcal healLh safeLy envlronmenLal requlremenLs
and for whlch Lhere ls a MaLerlal SafeLy uaLa SheeL SPALL S be used see (247)
10
lf chemlcals do noL need Lo be
ln[ecLed lnLo a nonflowlng sysLem Lhe pump SPALL S be shuL down auLomaLlcally lf no
producLlon ls flowlng
11
ln[ecLlon pumps shall be speclfled ln accordance wlLh (33) Cne pump SPALL S noL
feed more Lhan one ln[ecLlon polnL unless l8Cus are used (236)
12
1he ln[ecLlon of more Lhan one chemlcal aL one polnL shall be avolded lf Lhls ls unavoldable
lL SPALL S be rlsk assessed flrsL and be covered by an operaLlng procedure
13
lf more Lhan one chemlcal ls Lo be ln[ecLed aL a slngle ln[ecLlon polnL Lhelr chemlcal
compaLlblllLy SPALL S be assessed
13
LongLerm sysLem cleanllness ln operaLlon SPALL S be
ensured by means of fllLers and sulLably selecLed Corroslon 8eslsLanL Alloys for sLorage
Lanks and small bore plplng
13
lnsLallaLlon and commlsslonlng SPALL S be consldered when deslgnlng a chemlcal
ln[ecLlon sysLem as parL of Lhe lLLu process and Lake accounL of Lhe followlng
- Subsea appllcaLlons Common dellvery fluld of waLer based eLhylene glycol
soluLlon shall be selecLed for each chemlcal ln[ecLlon fluld condulL (assoclaLed wlLh
Lrees manlfold umblllcal eLc) CondulLs shall be clearly ldenLlfled as Lo whlch wlll
be used aL sLarLup or aL a laLer Llme
- Lrroneous connecLlon of a conLrol fluld condulL Lo a chemlcal ln[ecLlon fluld condulL
should be prevenLed 1he use of dlfferenL flLLlng Lypes shall be consldered
- llow paLh shall be checked Lo ensure erroneous connecLlons are correcLed before
purglng wlLh servlce flulds
- CompeLency of personnel and level of supervlslon of personnel lnvolved ln
lnsLalllng and connecLlng Lopsldes equlpmenL shall be checked (pumps reservolr
Lanks fllLers lnLerconnecLlng plpework eLc)
- All consLrucLlon debrls (lncludlng weldlng consumables weld purge dams general
debrls) SPALL S be removed from Lhe chemlcal sysLem before Lhe lnLroducLlon
of servlce flulds
- A reglsLer of Lhe sLaLus of each core ln relaLlon Lo lLs currenL llquld conLenL shall be
malnLalned
1316
Should Lhe neaL ln[ecLed producL be modesLly corroslve Lo Lhe plpe (eg some scale and
corroslon lnhlblLors) Lhe ln[ecLlon polnL SPALL S be chosen so LhaL Lhe LreaLmenL
chemlcal ls approprlaLely dlluLed by Lhe producL sLream before conLacLlng plpe walls
21
1herefore for any glven chemlcal ln[ecLlon duLy 11
- Lhe pump slzlng and sLorage volume SPALL S be sulLable for each chemlcal whlch
durlng Lhe concepLual deslgn ls [udged llkely Lo be used ln LhaL duLy lf adequaLe
Lurnup/down by a slngle lnsLalled pump ls noL pracLlcal for Lhe full expecLed llfecycle Lhe
deslgner shall use lf posslble pumps LhaL may be reslzed by mlnor fleld modlflcaLlons
(eg change of plsLon slze change of Lransmlsslon box) Lo achleve a llfecycle deslgn
- Lhe requlred chemlcal avallablllLy SPALL S be adequaLely documenLed by conducLlng 11
a formal avallablllLy assessmenL 1hls SPALL S cover Lhe whole sysLem from Lanks Lo
chemlcal dellvery polnLs subsea
-ew chemlcals SPALL S only be 11
used afLer LesLlng and screenlng by Lhe relevanL deparLmenL of Lhe rlnclpal
Chemlcal sLorage capaclLy SPALL S ensure an adequaLe number of days of operaLlon Lo 12
safeguard agalnsL prolonged adverse weaLher condlLlons LhaL may prevenL furLher supplles
from belng dellvered (eg seas prevenLlng Lhe supply boaL from unloadlng) or known
challenges wlLh cusLoms clearances or Lhe posslblllLy of unrellable access
LffecLlve sLorage volumes SPALL S normally conslder (1) rouLlne dellvery 12
lnLervals plus conLlngency Llme for adverse condlLlons (2) l8C dellvery slze plus added
mlnlmum Lank runLlme volume (eg 23 ) (3) avallable deck/pan area for safe l8C
sLorage and (4) operaLor survelllance and work demands
lor --M faclllLles / saLelllLe plaLforms where Lhe chemlcals are supplled ln l8Cs Lhe 12
sLorage Lanks SPALL S be slzed Lo ensure avallablllLy ln Lhe evenL of adverse condlLlons
and opLlmlse Lhe frequency of manned refllllng operaLlons
lnhlblLors eg corroslon or scale lnhlblLors SPALL S be reporLed on Lhe basls of 14
avallablllLy noL Lank usage
SLorage volumes SPALL S be deLermlned ln accordance wlLh Lhe requlremenLs of 19
(234)
1he need Lo deLecL no flow or low flow Lo an lndlvldual ln[ecLlon polnL SPALL S be 27
consldered and dependlng on Lhe requlred avallablllLy of Lhe ln[ecLlon sysLem provlslon
SPALL S be made for manual supervlslon or ln hlgher avallablllLy sysLems an auLomaLlc
alarm as lndlcaLed ln 1able 1 ln (231)
Approved fall proLecLlons sysLems SPALL S 13
be lnsLalled and used as deslgned
1herefore lf a flammable aLmosphere may be presenL (eg when loadlng flammable 13
producLs and/or when swlLch loadlng ls applled) Lhe loadlng veloclLles SPALL S be
deLermlned uslng Lhe flowcharL ln (233)
11
lurLher lnformaLlon can be 16
found ln C0242373 lf a vehlcle/Lanker ls Lo be classed as sulLable for hlgh speed
loadlng Lhen all comparLmenLs on LhaL vehlcle SPALL S be hlgh speed loadlng
comparLmenLs
lf a vehlcle/Lanker ls Lo be classed as
sulLable for hlgh speed loadlng Lhen all comparLmenLs on LhaL vehlcle SPALL S be hlgh
speed loadlng comparLmenLs
11
loadlng speed SPALL S glve vd 023 m2/s (max 1200 L/mln wlLh sLandard 18
10 cm (4 ln) plpework)
12
loadlng speed SPALL S glve vd 033 m2/s (max 1630 L/mln wlLh sLandard 18
10 cm (4 ln) plpework)
12
loadlng speed SPALL S glve vd 038 m2/s (max 1800 L/mln wlLh sLandard 18
10 cm (4 ln) plpework)
13
loadlng speed SPALL S glve vd 03 m2/s (max 2400 L/mln wlLh sLandard 10 cm 18
(4 ln) plpework)
13
Approved fall proLecLlons sysLems SPALL S be lnsLalled and used as deslgned 8oLLom 23
loadlng should be employed for solvenLs and common whlLe oll producLs for Lhe followlng
reasons
a) SafeLy and envlronmenL
ground level operaLlon (sLaLlsLlcs show LhaL Lop loadlng ganLrles are Lhe source of
many accldenLs lnvolvlng personnel Lrlpplng and falllng from Lhe elevaLed worklng
plaLforms)
reduced exposure Lo hydrocarbons (eg benzene) due Lo vapour collecLlon
effecLlve vapour collecLlon posslble
reduced rlsk of flre/exploslon (comparLmenL sealed durlng loadlng)
b) Lfflclency
fasL vehlcle Lurnaround (mulLlcomparLmenL loadlngs)
cheaper ganLry deslgn posslble
no up/down and lefL/rlghL arm lnLerlocks necessary
clean operaLlon (drybreak coupllngs)
c) roducL CuallLy Assurance
dedlcaLed gradeselecLlve coupllngs avallable (eg for avlaLlon fuels)
crossover proLecLlon sysLem avallable (CCS) 1he purpose of Lhls sysLem ls Lo
secure LhaL Lhe correcL producL ls dellvered lnLo Lhe correcL Lank of Lhe cusLomer
1he meLhod ls by auLomaLlc recordlng of whlch producLs are loaded lnLo Lhe
comparLmenLs of Lhe Lank Lruck as well as by ldenLlflcaLlon of Lhe producL ln Lhe
cusLomer Lank whlle unloadlng
* -o rlsk of cross conLamlnaLlon
* -o producL losses
* -o expenslve cleanlng of forecourL
* uaLa capLurlng lncludlng realLlme clock
SelecLlve coupllngs 26
SPALL S noL only provlde selecLlvlLy beLween all avlaLlon grades buL also prevenL
connecLlon Lo nonselecLlve coupllngs aL Lhe loadlng faclllLles
Where Lhls ls noL posslble Lhe provlslons of Lhe Shell AvlaLlon CuallLy ConLrol Manual
SPALL S be rlgorously followed
16
8egardless of whlch Lype of loadlng arm ls used all arms/hoses eLc should be elecLrlcally 28
conducLlve wlLh a reslsLance less Lhan 10 U and SPALL S be LesLed regularly for Lhls ln
cases where separaLe bondlng/earLhlng connecLlons are noL flLLed beLween Lhe ganLry and
Lhe vehlcle as allowed by (94)
When boLLom loadlng vapours SPALL S be dlrecLed away from Lhe lmmedlaLe loadlng 28
area Lo ensure persons operaLlng/loadlng are noL exposed Lo vapours Lhough a slmple
vapour collecLlon and dlsperslon sysLem
17
When Lhe Lermlnal ls operaLlng aL peak LhroughpuL Lhe loadlng ganLry vapour collecLlon 28
sysLem lncludlng Lhe vapour recovery unlL SPALL S noL generaLe a counLer pressure aL
Lhe vehlcle slde of Lhe vapour collecLlon adapLer ln excess of 33 mbar
Lach comparLmenL SPALL S Lherefore be flLLed wlLh a llquld rellef sysLem capable of 28
handllng Lhe maxlmum loadlng flow raLe so LhaL Lhe comparLmenL cannoL be pressurlsed
beyond lLs normal worklng pressure
17
8eference SPALL S be made Lo Lhe ManufacLure's nameplaLe flLLed Lo Lhe 29
vehlcle for deLalls of Lhe flow llmlLs
rovlslons should be made Lo secure Lhe arms durlng loadlng When loadlng any volaLlle 29
producL Lhe operaLor SPALL S load from Lhe plaLform and noL whlle sLandlng on Lhe
Lruck Lop
1he use of loadlng arms aL boLh bays of a loadlng ganLry SPALL S be allowed for ln any 30
auLomaLlc lnLerlocklng earLhlng sysLems
18
1o prevenL evaporaLlon and Lhe generaLlon of sLaLlc elecLrlclLy due Lo splashlng durlng 30
loadlng of Class l and Class ll producLs Lhe loadlng arm or fllllng plpe SPALL S be long
enough Lo reach Lhe boLLom of Lhe Lank comparLmenL Lo be fllled
18
When swlLch loadlng ls requlred Lhe normal Class l/ll Lype load arm SPALL S 30
be used
18
Lach 31
comparLmenL SPALL S Lherefore be flLLed wlLh a llquld rellef sysLem capable of handllng
Lhe maxlmum loadlng flow raLe so LhaL Lhe comparLmenL cannoL be pressurlsed beyond lLs
normal worklng pressure
18
As all oLher
componenLs of Lhe llquld handellng sysLem Lhe flow conLrol sysLem SPALL S be
elecLrlcally connecLed Lo Lhe loadlng sysLem sLrucLure wlLh an elecLrlcal conLacL reslsLance
of less Lhan 10U
19
1he flow conLrol sysLem SPALL S be
capable of sLopplng Lhe flow ln an emergency wlLhln a mlnlmum of Llme conslderlng
allowed surge pressure calculaLlon for exslLlng plpellne (plpeclass)
19
1he flow 32
conLrol sysLem SPALL S be deslgned Lo comply wlLh Lhe lndlcaLlons lald ouL ln
C0242373 lurLher lnformaLlon can be found ln Al 8 2003 and -lA 30
1hls can be achleved as durlng sLarLup by a LwosLage 32
flow conLrol 1he flow conLrol sysLem SPALL S be capable of sLopplng Lhe flow ln
an emergency wlLhln a maxlmum of 3 s preferably around 3 s
AddlLlonally Lhe pump conLrol sysLem SPALL S be lnLerlocked wlLh Lhe LSu sysLem 33
whereby ganLry loadlng pumps wlll sLop when an emergency swlLch or a flre/gas alarm ls
acLlvaLed
1he pump conLrol sysLem SPALL S be lnLerlocked wlLh Lhe LSu sysLem whereby ganLry
loadlng pumps wlll sLop when an emergency swlLch or a flre/gas alarm ls acLlvaLed
19
e) 1he meLer prover SPALL S be bonded Lo Lhe Lruck and Lhe ganLry 34
f) All prover componenLs SPALL S be elecLrlcally connecLed wlLh a consLanL
reslsLance of less Lhan 10 U
20
1he meLer prover SPALL S noL lncorporaLe a flne fllLer ( 130m) Lo proLecL Lhe 33
reference meLer alLhough a coarse sLralner ( 130m) ls accepLable
20
ln LradlLlonal Lop loadlng a deadman conLrol ln Lhe form of a holdopen valve SPALL S 36
be provlded
1he valveoperaLlng
lever (or conLrol rod) SPALL S be locaLed so LhaL Lhe operaLor can see Lhe producL ln Lhe
comparLmenLs aL hlgh level whlle avoldlng Lhe vapour plume emlLLed from Lhe manhole
ln LradlLlonal Lop loadlng a deadman conLrol ln Lhe form of a holdopen valve SPALL S
be provlded
21
Where operaLors operaLe from Lhe loadlng plaLform raLher Lhan Lhe Lop of Lhe Lruck (eg as 36
a means of reduclng exposure Lo vapour emlsslons) alLernaLlve arrangemenLs feaLurlng
elecLronlc deadman sysLems for use ln Lop loadlng SPALL S be applled
21
ln Lhe deslgn of Lhe sysLem Lhe surge pressure due Lo rapld closure of Lhe conLrol valve 36
SPALL S be Laken ln accounL (see 443)
21
AL nonauLomaLed loadlng ganLrles flowllmlLlng valves SPALL S be flLLed on each of Lhe 36
loadlng arms because pump ouLpuL ls noL conLrolled Lo maLch producL demand
21
ln unmanned Lermlnals or oLher Lermlnals wlLh lncreased rlsks due Lo splllage (eg 37
Lermlnals ln bullLup resldenLlal areas or large Lermlnals) an addlLlonal LSu valve SPALL
S be lncluded
21
ln Lhe deslgn of Lhe sysLem Lhe surge pressure due Lo rapld closure of Lhe LSu valve 37
SPALL S be consldered (see 443)
21
lor all closed sysLems where lL ls noL posslble Lo monlLor vlsually Lhe llquld level (le for 38
boLLom loadlng and Lop loadlng wlLh vapour collecLlon) an overflll proLecLlon sysLem SPALL
S be lnsLalled
22
Mechanlcal fallure of movlng parLs or sLlcklng 40
can cause Lhese devlces Lo fall ln a condlLlon sLlll permlLLlng Lhe flow of Lhe producL (noL fallsafe)
1herefore Lhese devlces SPALL S noL be employed
lloaLers and dlsplacers SPALL S noL be employed for overflll proLecLlon 22
1he LoLal elapsed Llme beLween Lhe hlgh level slgnal lnlLlaLed by Lhe llquld level conLrol 40
sensor and Lhe flnal closure of Lhe valve SPALL S be such LhaL Lhere ls no posslblllLy of a
splll over from comparLmenLs
22
Pence Lhe quanLlLy of producL LhaL passes Lhrough Lhe valve durlng Lhe closure 40
perlod SPALL S be Laken lnLo accounL when seLLlng ullage ln vehlcle comparLmenLs
especlally ln Lhose wlLh small capaclLy
AL an assumed producL flow of 2300 L/mln (approxlmaLely 40 L/s) Lhls means LhaL wlLh
conLrol equlpmenL havlng an overall delay of 3 s before flnal closure aL leasL 120 L of ullage
SPALL S be provlded
Pence Lhe quanLlLy of producL LhaL passes Lhrough Lhe valve durlng Lhe closure
perlod SPALL S be Laken lnLo accounL when seLLlng ullage ln vehlcle comparLmenLs
especlally ln Lhose wlLh small capaclLy
22
Senslng probes SPALL S be sulLable for use ln peLroleum producLs and 41
elecLrlcal/elecLronlc probes SPALL S be cerLlfled safe for operaLlon ln Zone 0 when
connecLed Lo a cerLlfled conLroller
22
1he v8u sysLem SPALL S be provlded wlLh means Lo collecL and draln condensaLe from 41
low polnLs ln Lhe sysLem
1he sump SPALL S be equlpped wlLh a hlghlevel swlLch whlch acLlvaLes an alarm and 41
Lhe v8u LSu a means Lo LesL Lhe operaLlon of Lhe swlLch and a sulLable dralnage polnL
1o reduce
Lhe charge bulldup a bondlng cable SPALL S be connecLed Lo Lhe vehlcle before any 41
oLher operaLlons are carrled ouL (eg openlng manllds connecLlng hoses eLc) 1he bondlng
reslsLance beLween Lhe vehlcle and Lhe ganLry SPALL S be less Lhan 10 U and Lhls
bondlng SPALL S remaln ln poslLlon unLll all oLher loadlng operaLlons have been
compleLed
Loadlng SPALL S noL be permlLLed by Lhe flow conLrol sysLem/lnLerlock sysLem lf Lhe
vehlcle ls noL bonded effecLlvely
A bondlng cable SPALL S be connecLed Lo Lhe vehlcle before any oLher operaLlons are
carrled ouL (eg openlng manllds connecLlng hoses eLc) 1he bondlng reslsLance beLween
Lhe vehlcle and Lhe ganLry SPALL S be less Lhan 10 U and Lhls bondlng SPALL S
remaln ln poslLlon unLll all oLher loadlng operaLlons have been compleLed
Loadlng SPALL S noL be permlLLed by Lhe flow conLrol sysLem/lnLerlock sysLem lf Lhe
vehlcle ls noL bonded effecLlvely
23
lor nonauLomaLed loadlng ganLrles (eg Lop loadlng wlLh mechanlcal preseL) Lhe bondlng 42
cable beLween Lhe loadlng faclllLles and Lhe road car SPALL S be clearly vlslble and
equlpped wlLh a sLaLus warnlng llghL lndlcaLlng lLs connecLlon/nonconnecLlon Lo Lhe road
car
23
Cn Lhe vehlcle Lhe followlng lnLerlocks SPALL S be consldered 42
a) drlveaway lnLerlock eg a llfL bar normally covers all producL connecLlons when llfLed 43
Lhe brakes are applled
b) alr pressure lnLerlock a pressure swlLch conLacL SPALL S be connecLed Lo Lhe
overflll deLecLlon sysLem so LhaL a loss of vehlcle alr pressure wlll cause Lhe ganLry
loadlng valve Lo be closed
c) vapour venL lnLerlocks Lhe vapour venL valves whlch connecL each comparLmenL Lo
Lhe vapour collecLlon manlfold on Lhe vehlcle should be open before loadlng ls
permlLLed
d) verlflcaLlon of vapour collecLlon connecLlon a proxlmlLy swlLch conLacL SPALL S
be connecLed Lo Lhe overflll proLecLlon sysLem so LhaL loadlng ls only permlLLed lf Lhe
vapour collecLlon connecLlon ls made
1emperaLure alarms SPALL S Lhen be 47
provlded as well as eg waLerspray coollng for flre proLecLlon or Lhe use of underground
sLorage Lanks
23
1he vapour holdlng Lank SPALL S be proLecLed agalnsL overandunderpressure lf a 32
flexlble dlaphragm ls used ln Lhe holder Lhen lLs maLerlal SPALL S be compaLlble wlLh Lhe
composlLlon of Lhe vapours and lL SPALL S be deslgned Lo ellmlnaLe sLaLlc elecLrlclLy
hazards
1he vapour collecLlon sysLem SPALL S be adequaLe Lo caLer for Lhe hlghesL 33
loadlng raLe anLlclpaLed aL Lhe loadlng ganLry lncludlng dlsplacemenL from gasoll
comparLmenLs on mlxed loads ln mulLlproducL ganLrles
27
Area classlflcaLlon SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh larL 13 or alLernaLlve recognlsed 33
codes 1he elecLrlcal requlremenLs SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh (94)
28
1he vapour collecLlon sysLem SPALL S be proLecLed from flre and exploslon 1o llmlL Lhe 33
consequences of an lgnlLlon Lhe followlng Lechnlques or a comblnaLlon of Lhem can be
applled
28
llame arresLers SPALL S have been demonsLraLed Lo work under acLual condlLlons and 36
SPALL S have been LesLed Lo an approprlaLe sLandard eg 8S 7244 or L- 12874
28
lor Lhe deslgn layouL and selecLlon of equlpmenL and 38
sysLems for areas where flammable gas or vapour rlsks may arlse area classlflcaLlon
drawlngs SPALL S be prepared based on larL 13 or equlvalenL code
Area classlflcaLlon drawlngs SPALL S be prepared based on larL 13 or equlvalenL
code
29
1he mlnlmum safeLy dlsLances SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe l arL 2 or -lA 30 and local 38
regulaLlons
29
1he mlnlmum safeLy dlsLances should be observed buL SPALL S comply wlLh local 38
regulaLory requlremenLs where Lhey exlsL as Lhe absoluLe mlnlmum
ln Lhe evenL of a neaL or blended eLhanol splll Lhe ablllLy Lo reLaln Lhe flow on slLe ls 61
lmperaLlve lf Lank dralnage connecLlons exlsL Lhey SPALL S be bllnd flanged shuL
llre proLecLlon for ganLrles SPALL S comply wlLh local regulaLory requlremenLs ln Lhe 64
flrsL lnsLance
Where such sysLems are deemed Lo be requlred Lhey SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 64
uL 80471030en and uL 80471031en
1hese monlLors 64
SPALL S be locaLed aL leasL 20 m away from Lhe ganLrles on Lhe prevalllng upwlnd slde
ln order Lo faclllLaLe access ln Lhe evenL of obsLrucLlon by abandoned vehlcles
32
Such sysLems lf employed SPALL S comply wlLh -lA 16 or equlvalenL 64
1he sysLem SPALL S be deslgned Lo proLecL Lhe whole surface area of Lhe road Lanker 63
lncludlng Lhe drlver's cab englne underslde and an area of 2 m around Lhe Lanker
1he emergency swlLch SPALL S overrlde all oLher conLrols and lmmedlaLely cease all 63
producL flow by sLopplng Lhe loadlng pumps and closlng flow conLrol valves
lf Lhere ls any rlsk of producL gravlLaLlng Lo Lhe loadlng area afLer Lhe pumps have been
sLopped clearly lndlcaLed lsolaLlon valves SPALL S be flLLed aL a safe dlsLance from Lhe
loadlng ganLry
33
1he flre alarm slgnal SPALL S be dlrecLly relayed Lo Lhe local flre brlgade 66
1he flre alarm slgnal SPALL S be dlrecLly relayed Lo Lhe local flre brlgade ln case of
unmanned depoL operaLlons
33
1o prevenL sLaLlc elecLrlclLy hazards Lhe flow veloclLles ln dellvery plplng lncludlng loadlng 66
arms SPALL S be llmlLed as descrlbed ln (232)
Alumlnlum copper or plasLlc plpes SPALL S noL be used aL Lhe loadlng ganLry because 67
of Lhelr lower reslsLance Lo flre
34
venL polnLs of rellef valves and auLomaLlc venLs of plplng sysLems SPALL S noL 68
dlscharge dlrecLly lnLo aLmosphere
34
lf a 68
locaLlon ouLslde Lhe bund ls noL pracLlcal pumps may be elevaLed on pllnLhs Lo reduce
exposure ln Lhe evenL of a splll and SPALL S be poslLloned away from dralns
LlecLrlcal equlpmenL elecLrlcal power dlsLrlbuLlon sysLems and sysLems for proLecLlon 69
agalnsL llghLnlng or Lhe accumulaLlon of sLaLlc elecLrlclLy SPALL S comply wlLh
uL 33641010en or appllcable local sLaLuLory and lndusLry codes
34
Where elecLrlcal equlpmenL has Lo be lnsLalled ln hazardous areas equlpmenL wlLh a Lype 69
of proLecLlon sulLable for Lhe relevanL zones as classlfled ln (812) SPALL S be selecLed
speclfled and lnsLalled ln accordance wlLh recognlsed sLandards
34
LlecLrlcal cables assoclaLed wlLh loadlng arms (eg heaLlng cables for black olls cables Lo 69
llmlL swlLches cables Lo swlLches for elecLronlc earLhlng unlLs eLc) SPALL S be of a
sulLable Lype and should allow full movemenL of Lhe loadlng arm wlLhouL sLreLchlng Lhe
cable
lpe ends SPALL S be sealed Lo prevenL lngress of hydrocarbons or waLer All cable 69
plpes aL new faclllLles should be large enough Lo allow 30 spare capaclLy for fuLure
exLenslon of elecLrlcal sysLems
1he whole of Lhe loadlng bay canopy sLrucLure ganLry producL plplng and flLLlngs SPALL 69
S be elecLrlcally bonded and earLhed LlecLrlcal equlpmenL SPALL S be earLhed as
speclfled by uL 33641010en
Loadlng arms SPALL S be bonded Lo Lhe ganLry earLh and SPALL S be elecLrlcally
conLlnuous (reslsLance less Lhan 10 U) Where Lhls ls noL ensured Lhen bondlng sLraps
should be flLLed and/or conducLlve grease used on swlvels
33
1hey SPALL S noL be used for Lop 69
loadlng unless Lhe Lanker vehlcle ls flLLed wlLh flll Lubes reachlng Lhe base of Lhe
comparLmenL Lo avold splash loadlng
llexlble hoses used for loadlng SPALL S meeL Lhe requlred sLandards for fuel hoses
lncludlng elLher Lhe conducLlve or dlsslpaLlve reslsLance sLandards
ConducLlve hoses SPALL S have a reslsLance of less Lhan 10 U and dlsslpaLlve hoses
SPALL S have a reslsLance per unlL lengLh of less Lhan 1 MU/m
33
1he condlLlon of hoses SPALL S be checked vlsually every 3 monLhs and Lhe endLoend 69
(le coupllng Lo coupllng) reslsLance SPALL S be measured every 6 monLhs 8oLh Lhese
checks SPALL S also be done lf Lhe hose may have been damaged (eg lf lL has been
run over) ConducLlve hoses SPALL S be dlscarded lf Lhere ls a break or any obvlous
permanenL dlsLorLlon of Lhe exLernal hellx or lf Lhe endLoend reslsLance lncreases by more
Lhan 30 ulsslpaLlve hoses SPALL S be dlscarded lf Lhere ls obvlous damage or lf Lhe
reslsLance per unlL lengLh exceeds 1 MU/m
All plpes ln Lhe loadlng sysLem SPALL S be conducLlve
All componenLs of Lhe llquld handllng sysLem (plpework fllLers meLerlng or loadlng arm)
SPALL S be elecLrlcally connecLed Lo Lhe loadlng sysLem sLrucLure 1he elecLrlcal conLacL
reslsLance SPALL S be less Lhan 10 U for lLems LhaL are connecLed meLal Lo meLal
All parLs of Lhe bulk vehlcle should be bonded LogeLher (chassls Lank plplng dlp plpes
flLLlngs eLc) and SPALL S have a bondlng reslsLance of less Lhan 10 U
A bondlng cable SPALL S be connecLed Lo Lhe vehlcle before any oLher operaLlons are
carrled ouL (eg openlng manllds connecLlng hoses eLc) 1he bondlng reslsLance beLween
Lhe vehlcle and Lhe ganLry SPALL S be less Lhan 10 U and Lhls bond SPALL S
remaln ln poslLlon unLll all oLher loadlng operaLlons have been compleLed
All plpes ln Lhe loadlng sysLem SPALL S be conducLlve
All componenLs of Lhe llquld handllng sysLem (plpework fllLers meLerlng or loadlng arm)
SPALL S be elecLrlcally connecLed Lo Lhe loadlng sysLem sLrucLure 1he elecLrlcal conLacL
reslsLance SPALL S be less Lhan 10 U for lLems LhaL are connecLed meLal Lo meLal
All parLs of Lhe bulk vehlcle should be bonded LogeLher (chassls Lank plplng dlp plpes
flLLlngs eLc) and SPALL S have a bondlng reslsLance of less Lhan 10 U
A bondlng cable SPALL S be connecLed Lo Lhe vehlcle before any oLher operaLlons are
carrled ouL (eg openlng manllds connecLlng hoses eLc) 1he bondlng reslsLance beLween
Lhe vehlcle and Lhe ganLry SPALL S be less Lhan 10 U and Lhls bond SPALL S
remaln ln poslLlon unLll all oLher loadlng operaLlons have been compleLed
33
Where Lhere ls no conLlnuous meLalLomeLal conLacL (eg across greased swlvel [olnLs or 70
wlLh nonmeLalllc plpes) Lhe reslsLance SPALL S be less Lhan 1 MU
33
lor mosL Lopfllllng appllcaLlons (for excepLlons) Lhe dropLube SPALL S be meLal and 70
SPALL S be long enough Lo reach Lhe base of all comparLmenLs LhaL mlghL be loaded
33
lllLer socks (as someLlmes used for conducLlve solvenLs such as alcohols) SPALL S noL 70
be used on Lhe end of loadlng arms for hydrocarbon fuels lL ls parLlcularly lmporLanL LhaL
Lhe drop Lube meeLs Lhe general earLhlng or bondlng requlremenLs ouLllned above Where
drop Lubes are removable from Lhe loadlng arms eg wlLh camlock flLLlngs adequaLe
elecLrlcal conLacL across Lhe [olnL SPALL S be esLabllshed and checked each Llme Lhe
arm ls reconnecLed
36
Lhe maxlmum area of plasLlc SPALL S noL exceed Lhe values glven ln 71
Appendlx A
36
ln Lhls case Lhe 71
maxlmum area enclosed by any cell of Lhe mesh SPALL S be less Lhan four
Llmes Lhe llmlLs glven ln Appendlx A
36
enerally 71
ln Zone 1 and 2 hazardous areas fluorescenL lumlnarles wlLh Lype of proLecLlon Lx'e'
SPALL S be used ln Lhese areas hlgh pressure dlscharge lumlnarles are also
accepLable and SPALL S have Lype of proLecLlon Lx'd' Low pressure sodlum dlscharge
lamps SPALL S noL be used because of Lhe poLenLlal flre hazard ln Lhe evenL of
breakage
36
unless speclflcally deslgnaLed by daLe Lhe laLesL edlLlon of each publlcaLlon SPALL S be used 73
LogeLher wlLh any amendmenLs/supplemenLs/revlslons LhereLo
1o avold Lhls posslblllLy lL ls essenLlal LhaL wherever nonconducLlve 77
plasLlcs are used ln hazardous areas aL locaLlons where Lhey could be sub[ecL Lo
charglng mechanlsms (eg llquld flow or rubblng) Lhey SPALL S noL exceed cerLaln slze
llmlLs 1hese llmlLs SPALL S be adopLed unless lL can be shown LhaL hazardous
elecLrosLaLlc charges are noL Lo be expecLed and LhaL charglng mechanlsms wlll noL occur aL
any Llme
41
ln Lhls case Lhe maxlmum area of any 77
cell ln Lhe mesh SPALL S noL exceed 4 Llmes Lhe areas glven ln 1able A1
41
LxLernally proLecLlon ls requlred agalnsL plLLlng 8
corroslon and aL LemperaLures above 30 C agalnsL chlorlde sLress corroslon cracklng ln
parLlcular aL lnLerface plplng (eg purge sLeam and alr supporLlng sysLems) rlsk of chlorlde
sLress corroslon cracklng SPALL S be carefully assessed
Alumlnlum and lLs alloys SPALL S noL be used wlLhln Lhe scope of Lhls uL whlch 9
covers Lhe LemperaLure range from 20 C Lo +130 C
8
1he selecLlon of all nonmeLalllc componenLs SPALL S be based on proof of oxygen 9
compaLlblllLy ln Lhe requlred range of LemperaLure and pressure
8
Cxygen plplng sysLems SPALL S be deslgned so LhaL Lhe average veloclLy ln Lhe plpe or 10
componenL aL Lhe deslgn maxlmum flow of oxygen ls kepL as far as reasonably pracLlcable
ln Lhe carbon sLeel area on llgure 1
9
MaLerlals for sLralghL plplng and for bends wlLh a radlus larger Lhan 13u SPALL S be 10
selecLed ln accordance wlLh Lhe veloclLy llmlLs descrlbed ln (42) and llgure 1
9
Cxygen plplng sysLems SPALL S be kepL as slmple as posslble wlLh Lhe smallesL 10
posslble number of valves flLLlngs branches and nozzles
Cxygen plplng should be locaLed as far as posslble from oLher plplng lpes conLalnlng 10
flammable fluld or gas or sLeam SPALL S noL be lnsLalled wlLhln 1 m dlsLance of oxygen
plplng
9
1he free space may be uLlllsed for llnes carrylng waLer nlLrogen or oLher nonflammable 10
flulds aL amblenL LemperaLure AL polnLs where Lhe above requlremenLs cannoL
be fulfllled Lhe rlnclpal SPALL S be asked wheLher any addlLlonal prevenLlve or
correcLlve measures are requlred
lnsLallaLlon of oxygen plpellnes Lhrough Lunnels or (covered or uncovered) Lrenches should 11
be avolded lf unavoldable flanged connecLlons or valves SPALL S noL be used (excepL
for low polnL draln connecLlons) and Lhe Lunnel or Lrench shall noL conLaln llnes carrylng
flammable flulds or gases
Cxygen plplng SPALL S noL supporL oLher plpes 11
underground oxygen plplng should be lnsLalled ouLslde process and oLher hazardous areas 11
and SPALL S be clearly ldenLlfled above ground and kepL separaLe from elecLrlcal cables
and oLher plplng
Lxpanslon bellows SPALL S noL be used 11
Sllpon flanges lap flanges or Lhreaded connecLlons for valves and flLLlngs SPALL S noL 11
be used (excepLlon can be made for speclal small bore lnsLrumenLaLlon)
10
Changes ln dlameLer should be mlnlmlsed Where changes ln dlameLer are unavoldable 11
Lhey SPALL S be accompllshed ln sLeps of one nomlnal slze aL a Llme and Lhe dlsLance
beLween successlve dlameLer changes should be aL leasL 1000 mm see llgure 2
10
uead ends ln oxygen plplng SPALL S be avolded see llgure 3 11
10
1he oxygen flow ln plplng SPALL S be ln one dlrecLlon only lf flow ln Lwo dlrecLlons 11
cannoL be avolded Lhe rlnclpals agreemenL SPALL S be obLalned
10
uurlng Lhe deslgn phase efforLs SPALL S be made Lo prevenL Lhe need for low polnL 11
dralns as Lhese wlll collecL debrls over Llme 1o asslsL removal of Lhe degreaslng agenL afLer
cleanlng low polnLs ln equlpmenL and plplng may be requlred ln LhaL speclflc case draln
connecLlons SPALL S have no valve buL are closed by a bllnd flange uralns for
chemlcal cleanlng and drylng SPALL S noL be applled for Lhe followlng slLuaLlons
a) underground plplng
b) lf cleanllness and drylng can be assured wlLhouL chemlcal cleanlng meLhods and
dralnlng
Aboveground oxygen sysLems SPALL S be earLhed 11
10
-lLrogen sysLems used for auLomaLlc purglng SPALL S be equlpped wlLh a fllLer and Lwo 11
pressure lndlcaLors lf Lhe purge sysLem ls noL ln frequenL use lLs fllLer SPALL S be
lnspecLed on a regular prevenLaLlve basls 1hey SPALL S be deslgned Lo prevenL Lhe
posslblllLy of oxygen flowlng back lnLo Lhe nlLrogen sysLem
-lLrogen sysLems used for auLomaLlc purglng SPALL S be equlpped wlLh a fllLer and Lwo
pressure lndlcaLors 1hey SPALL S be deslgned Lo prevenL Lhe posslblllLy of oxygen
flowlng back lnLo Lhe nlLrogen sysLem
10
ConnecLlons for purglng and venLlng SPALL S be slLuaLed so LhaL purglng and venLlng of 11
Lhe sysLem can only be execuLed ln Lhe normal dlrecLlon of Lhe oxygen flow
All connecLlons Lo Lhe oxygen sysLem SPALL S meeL Lhe oxygen
clean" sLandard (no oll and grease eLc) SysLems SPALL S be deslgned Lo prevenL 11
oxygen flow back lnLo Lhe uLlllLy sysLem
10
All permanenLly lnsLalled uLlllLy connecLlons SPALL S be flLLed wlLh a doubleblock 11
andbleed valve a specLacle bllnd and a nonreLurn valve uurlng normal operaLlon
Lhe block valves SPALL S be closed Lhe bleed open and Lhe specLacle ln Lhe closed
poslLlon
11
Where an oxygen llne enLers Lhe ploL of a process unlL or a hazardous area a block valve 12
SPALL S be lnsLalled
11
Where oxygen plplng ls connecLed Lo oLher plplng or equlpmenL LhaL may conLaln flammable 12
fluld or gas (such as a reacLor) provlslons SPALL S be made for ensurlng separaLlon of
Lhe Lwo medla durlng shuLdown and sLarLup
11
lnsulaLlng flanges of caLhodlcally proLecLed llnes SPALL S only be flLLed ln a verLlcal llne 12
secLlon ln order Lo avold Lhe deposlLlon of parLlculaLe maLLer LhaL mlghL brldge Lhe lnsulaLlon
see llgure 4
lnsulaLlng flanges SPALL S be proLecLed agalnsL lnLernal sparklng caused by elevaLed 12
elecLrlcal poLenLlal dlfferences across Lhe lnsulaLlon and sLray currenLs lnducLlon or
oLherwlse
11
1he number of flanges oLher Lhan Lhose speclfled above SPALL S be mlnlmlsed (431) 12
and lf such flanges are unavoldable Lhey should be flLLed ln Lhe horlzonLal plane Lo prevenL
debrls (eg rusL/foullng from bolLs) from enLerlng Lhe plplng below Lhem durlng malnLenance
acLlvlLles
venL llnes SPALL S be made as mlnlmum of sLalnless sLeel 1hey SPALL S be slzed 12
for a maxlmum veloclLy of 30 m/s
11
1o prevenL 12
lngress of raln or oLher forelgn maLLer a consLrucLlon as shown ln llgure 3 or slmple curved
venL llnes SPALL S be applled 1he venL valve SPALL S be slzed so LhaL Lhe
maxlmum allowable veloclLy ln Lhe llne Lo be depressurlsed wlll noL be exceeded (42) ln
some cases a conLrol valve may be requlred venLlng SPALL S be done Lo a safe
ouLdoor locaLlon accordlng Lo deflnlLlon (sufflclenLly hlgh Lo prevenL exposure Lo personnel
and Lo allow dlsperslon)
1he venL valve SPALL S be slzed so LhaL Lhe maxlmum allowable veloclLy ln Lhe llne Lo
be depressurlsed wlll noL be exceeded (42) ln some cases a conLrol valve may be
requlred
askeLs SPALL S be carefully slzed Lo prevenL any proLruslon beyond Lhe free lnner 12
surface of Lhe plpe
Cxygen plplng SPALL S be clearly ldenLlfled by colour codlng
Cnly valves and lnsLrumenLs especlally made for oxygen servlce and LhaL have proved Lo 12 ok
be rellable ln oxygen servlce SPALL S be used
lf lubrlcaLlon ls requlred a fluorocarbon or any oLher lubrlcanL sulLable for oxygen servlce 12
SPALL S be used Lhe selecLlon of whlch ls sub[ecL Lo Lhe approval by Lhe rlnclpal
Cxygen sysLems SPALL S be provlded wlLh a hlgh level of safeguardlng elLher
mechanlcally and/or by lnsLrumenLed proLecLlve funcLlons
ln addlLlon Lhe lnLerfaces
wlLh oLher producL sLreams SPALL S be carefully assessed durlng a PAZC sLudy (ln
many cases doubleblockandbleed ls noL sufflclenL and can even be hazardous)
lf lubrlcaLlon ls requlred a fluorocarbon or any oLher lubrlcanL sulLable for oxygen servlce
SPALL S be used Lhe selecLlon of whlch ls sub[ecL Lo Lhe approval by Lhe rlnclpal
1he body and lnLernals SPALL S be consLrucLed of nlckelbased alloy 13
12
A plpe secLlon made of maLerlal sulLable for hlgh veloclLles (431) SPALL S be lnsLalled 13
downsLream of LhroLLllng valves
12
lor comblned conLrol and 1lghL ShuLCff (1SC) servlce a separaLe block valve SPALL S 13
be lnsLalled ln serles wlLh Lhe conLrol valve ln case comblned servlce ln a slngle valve ls
deemed lmposslble
lor comblned conLrol and 1lghL ShuLCff (Lo Class v or Class vl ln accordance wlLh lLC
603344) servlce a separaLe block valve SPALL S be lnsLalled ln serles wlLh Lhe conLrol
valve ln case comblned servlce ln a slngle valve ls deemed lmposslble
12
8lock valves SPALL S noL be used for regulaLlng flow 1hey SPALL S only be 13
operaLed ln Lhe fully open or fully closed poslLlon
8lock valves SPALL S be used ln Lhe fully open or fully closed poslLlon and noL for
regulaLlng flow
12
1he body
and lnLernals SPALL S be consLrucLed of nlckelbased alloy for Lhls speclflc Lype of 13
valve 12
8lock valves wlLh bodles of carbon sLeel SPALLS only be used up Lo 10 bar (ga) 13
8lock valves wlLh bodles of carbon sLeel
SPALL S only be used up Lo 10 bar (1000 ka) (ga)
12
8lock valves SPALL S be of flresafe deslgn and have 1lL seals and meLal or 1lL 13
seaLs
12
Any sealanL connecLlons SPALL S be lefL undrllled or be permanenLly plugged 13
Manual operaLed block valves SPALL S noL be operaLed lf a pressure dlfferenLlal 14
prevalls 1hey SPALL S only be opened lf Lhere are equal pressures on boLh sldes of Lhe
valve or be closed lf Lhere ls no oxygen flow
8lock valves larger Lhan u- 30 havlng a 14
pressure dlfferenLlal of 18 bar or more across Lhe valve ln Lhe closed poslLlon SPALL S
be lnsLalled wlLh an accompanylng bypass as shown ln llgure 6 Lo permlL pressure
equallsaLlon
8lock valves larger Lhan u- 30 havlng a pressure dlfferenLlal of 18 bar (1800 ka) or more
across Lhe valve ln Lhe closed poslLlon SPALL S be lnsLalled wlLh an accompanylng
bypass as shown ln llgure 6 Lo permlL pressure equallsaLlon
12
LxcepLlons Lo Lhe above lnclude nlLrogen purge valves whlch SPALL S be opened only 14
when Lhere ls a poslLlve nlLrogen pressure relaLlve Lo Lhe oxygen sysLem or where a block
valve ls Lo be operaLed (closed) ln Lhe case of exLreme emergency
1he block valve SPALL S ln elLher case be operable from 14
behlnd a flre shleld or remoLely from one or more sulLable locaLlons valves wlLh nonrlslng
sLem are preferred
13
8lock valves SPALL S have gearboxes lf operaLlng Lhem abrupLly (closlng ln quarLer 14
Lurn) can generaLe heaL ln whlch case Lhe gearboxes should be mounLed horlzonLally wlLh
Lhe sLem Lo avold leaklng of grease lnLo Lhe sLufflng box area
8ellef valves SPALL S be deslgned Lo ensure maxlmum leakLlghLness ln Lhe closed 14
poslLlon 1he lnLernal elemenLs SPALL S be made from approprlaLe sLalnless sLeel or
nlckelbased alloy 1he valve body SPALL S be made from nlckelbased alloy for sysLem
pressures exceedlng 10 bar (ga) and from sLalnless sLeel for lower pressures
1he lnLernal elemenLs SPALL S be made from approprlaLe sLalnless sLeel or nlckelbased
alloy 1he valve body SPALL S be made from nlckelbased alloy for sysLem
pressures exceedlng 10 bar (1000 ka) (ga) and from sLalnless sLeel for lower pressures
13
Check valves should be of Lhe plaLedlsc Lype (compressor valve Lype eg Poerblger) 14
wlLhouL hellcal sprlngs valve plaLes and sprlng plaLes SPALL S be of nlckel alloy
Check valves should be of Lhe plaLedlsc Lype (compressor valve Lype eg Poerblger)
wlLhouL hellcal sprlngs Lo meeL all above requlremenLs valve plaLes and sprlng plaLes
SPALL S be of nlckel alloy
13
All lnsLrumenL parLs ln conLacL wlLh oxygen (eg Lhermowells orlflce plaLes) SPALL S be 14
sLalnless sLeel or nlckelbased alloy and have smooLh surfaces
13
lllllng flulds for capsules and dlaphragm seals SPALL S be selecLed so LhaL Lhey wlll noL 14
presenL a hazard lf Lhe dlaphragm falls 1he llquld SPALL S be a fluorocarbon and Lhe
selecLed Lype SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo Lhe approval by Lhe rlnclpal 1he presence of Lhe
speclal llquld SPALL S be lndlcaLed eg by eLchlng on Lhe ouLslde of Lhe lLem
13
All valves and lnsLrumenLs SPALL S bear Lhe warnlng (mulLlple languages when 13
requlred)
CkGLN!LL9LLCMCINDGLL!
lllLers lnsLalled ln normal operaLlon SPALLS be equlpped wlLh 13
lnsLrumenLaLlon Lo conLlnuously monlLor LhedlfferenLlal pressure across Lhem
All Lhe fllLer elemenLs SPALL S be 13
removed afLer commlsslonlng 1he fllLer elemenLs SPALL S be cleaned or renewed prlor
Lo equlpmenL sLarL up lf fllLers are noL requlred afLer commlsslonlng Lhe fllLer elemenLs
SPALL S be removed permanenLly (unLll recommlsslonlng ls requlred)
lf fllLers are noL requlred afLer commlsslonlng Lhe fllLer elemenLs SPALL S be removed
permanenLly (unLll recommlsslonlng ls requlred)
14
1he fllLer elemenLs SPALL S be easlly removable for lnspecLlon and/or replacemenL 1he 13
fllLers SPALL S be deslgned so LhaL Lhe Lrapped parLlcles cannoL enLer Lhe downsLream
plplng when Lhe elemenLs are removed
An exLernal lndlcaLlon SPALL S be provlded Lo lndlcaLe Lhe dlrecLlon of flow Avold
exposlng fllLers or sLralners Lo bldlrecLlonal flow
1he fllLer elemenLs SPALL S be cleaned or renewed prlor Lo equlpmenL sLarL up 14
1o avold dead ends and Lhe posslble accumulaLlon of dusL or forelgn maLLer spare fllLers 13
SPALL S noL be lnsLalled
-lLrogen or oLher connecLlons Lo be used for purglng and pressurlslng secLlons of Lhe
oxygen sysLem locaLed downsLream of an oxygen fllLer SPALL S be equlpped wlLh fllLers
LhaL meeL Lhe pore slze requlremenLs of Lhe upsLream oxygen fllLer
1o avold dead ends and Lhe posslble accumulaLlon of dusL or forelgn maLLer spare fllLers
SPALL S noL be lnsLalled
14
1he maLerlal of Lhe plpe downsLream of a sllencer SPALL S be made of sLalnless sLeel or 13
oLher oxldlzlng reslsLanL maLerlal eg copper or nlckel alloy as requlred by llgure 1
14
Where oxygen has Lo be compressed Lhere are poLenLlal lgnlLlon hazards LhaL SPALL S 16
be recognlsed and conLrolled CperaLlng personnel SPALL S be safeguarded from ln[ury
and Lhe rlsk of compressor breakdown by flre or exploslon SPALL S be mlnlmlsed by
adherlng Lo correcL deslgn and operaLlng procedures
Carbon sLeel SPALL S 16
noL be used for Lhe parLs of Lhe measurlng sLaLlon from Lhe fllLer onwards
1he valves SPALL S only change poslLlon when a command 16
for change ls recelved 1he power medla for conLrol of Lhese Lwo valves SPALL S be
from an unlnLerrupLlble malnLalned supply
-ormal manual closlng of valve A (vla remoLe sLaLlon) SPALL S only be performed when 16
Lhe oxygen supply llne and measurlng sLaLlon have been Laken ouL of operaLlon
8ypass conLrol valve C SPALL S be slzed so LhaL when fully open under crlLlcal 17
dlfferenLlal pressure condlLlons Lhe acLual veloclLy wlll noL be hlgher Lhan maxlmum
allowable see llgure 1 ln Lhe maln llne(s) downsLream of valve 8
8lock valve u operaLed vla an exLended splndle from behlnd a flre shleld SPALL S noL 17
be closed unless Lhe oxygen flow ls zero
1he followlng mlnlmum dlsLances SPALL S be adhered Lo 17
- 23 m Lo publlc roads/rallways warehouses for flammable producLs publlc parklng
places vessels conLalnlng flammable producLs loadlng/ unloadlng sLaLlons oll caLchers
- 13 m Lo planL bulldlngs unresLrlcLed planL roads/rallways above ground plpellnes
conLalnlng lnflammable producLs
- 10 m Lo prlvaLe parklng places burled vessels and plplng conLalnlng flammable
producLs
13
lf Lhere ls concern and/or uncerLalnLy abouL Lhelr cleanllness Lhe maLerlals SPALL 18
S be lnspecLed and cleaned accordlng Lo speclfled procedures
1he ManufacLurer SPALL S clearly label all maLerlals and equlpmenL ln bold leLLerlng 18
(uslng mulLlple languages lf requlred)
SUI1A8LL ICk CkGLN SLkVICL
Careful aLLenLlon SPALL S Lherforre be pald Lo Lhe cleanllness of oxygen sysLems 19
1he cleanlng procedures and programme SPALL 19
S be esLabllshed early ln a pro[ecL Lo ensure LhaL Lhe meLhods and sequence proposed
are compaLlble wlLh Lhe planL deslgn and consLrucLlon programme Any cleanlng procedure
SPALL S be such LhaL Lhe flnal surface cleanllness prlor Lo sysLem commlsslonlng wlll
meeL Lhe lnspecLlon crlLerla glven ln (63)
Any cleanlng procedure SPALL S be such LhaL Lhe flnal surface
cleanllness prlor Lo sysLem commlsslonlng wlll meeL Lhe lnspecLlon crlLerla glven ln (64)
17
All maLerlals lncludlng vessels plpe(work) valves (lnsLrumenL) flLLlngs pumps 19
compressors fllLers eLc SPALL S be precleaned prlor Lo flnal assembly/slLe erecLlon
1ender documenLs SPALL S speclfy Lhe lnLernal surface cleanllness requlremenLs 19
glven ln (64) and requlre proposed cleanlng procedures Lo be lncluded ln
Lender submlsslons
lollowlng precleanlng Lhe lnLernal cleanllness of Lhe sysLem componenLs SPALL S be 19
preserved aL leasL unLll Lhey are lnsLalled ln Lhe planL onslLe by means of
1) hermeLlcally sealed wrapplng conLalnlng deslccanL bag for small lLems
2) flrmly secured endcaps plugs or gaskeLed blank flanges as approprlaLe Lo seal all
openlngs on nonhermeLlcally packaged lLems
3) deslccanL (bags) buL noL vapour phase lnhlblLors aLLached Lo Lhe lnslde of (Lemporary)
endcaps and blank flanges
4) phosphaLe converslon coaLlng for acld cleaned carbon sLeel lLems
All precleaned parLs or flnal assemblles SPALL S be labelled/marked ln accordance wlLh
Lhe requlremenLs of (3)
arLlcular care SPALL 20
S be Laken Lo ensure compleLe removal of any cleanlng flulds
17
A sysLem LhaL ls compleLe and has recelved flnal cleanlng buL ls noL Lo be puL lnLo 20
lmmedlaLe servlce SPALL S be preserved Lo reLaln lLs oxygencleanllness
Surfaces SPALL S be sub[ecLed Lo dlrecL vlsual lnspecLlon where posslble by boLh brlghL 21
whlLe llghL and ulLravloleL llghL meLhods as descrlbed ln AS1M 93 1he lnspecLed surface
SPALL S be dry and free from
cleanlng agenLs
adhered scale weld spaLLer loose parLlcles or flbres
organlc subsLances such as grease oll palnL sealanLs
1he lnspecLed surface SPALL S be dry and free from
- cleanlng agenLs
- adhered scale weld spaLLer loose parLlcles or flbres
- organlc subsLances such as grease oll palnL sealanLs
18
lf dlrecL lnspecLlon by ulLravloleL llghL ls noL posslble surfaces SPALL S be wlped wlLh a 21
clean whlLe llnLfree cloLh LhaL may be dlpped ln solvenL (LrlchloroeLhane or
dlchloromeLhane) (63) 1he cloLh SPALL S Lhen be lnspecLed Lo ensure Lhe absence of
any oll resldue dlscolouraLlon flbres eLc
Speclal care SPALL S be Laken Lo ensure LhaL cloLhes and shoes of personnel worklng 23
on Lhe oxygen sysLem bear no oll or grease and LhaL all Lools are compleLely free from oll
grease or oLher organlc maLLer Clean gloves SPALL S be used
All maLerlals and equlpmenL used for Lhe oxygen sysLem SPALL S be sLored and 23
labelled ln such a way LhaL Lhey are poslLlvely separaLed from oLher consLrucLlon maLerlals
and equlpmenL ls achleved Cleanlng packlng and [olnLlng maLerlals SPALL S be kepL ln
closed/sealed conLalners unLll Lhey are used
8efore lnsLallaLlon commences each parL SPALL S be carefully checked for cleanllness 23
and lf requlred be cleaned ln accordance wlLh (6)
Any olly maLLer LhaL has 23
conLamlnaLed Lhe plpe SPALL S be removed and Lhe cleanllness SPALL S be
checked (wlpe LesL) before each [olnL ls made
20
All weldlng SPALL S be performed by quallfled welders uslng quallfled weldlng 23
procedures CuallflcaLlon LesLs for welders and weldlng procedures SPALL S comply
wlLh ASML lx
ressureconLalnlng welds SPALL S be full peneLraLlon 1he rooL pass SPALL S be 23
made uslng Lhe as 1ungsLen Arc Weldlng (1AW) also known as Lhe 1l (1ungsLen
lnerL as) weldlng process SubsequenL weld passes may be made uslng elLher Lhe 1AW
or oLher quallfled weldlng processes All plpe weldlng SPALL S be performed ln
accordance wlLh weldlng procedures and by welders quallfled Lo Lhe plplng code
SelecLlon of weldlng consumables and appllcaLlon of weldlng procedures SPALL 23
S be ln accordance wlLh uL 30106018en
All buLL welds SPALL S be 100 radlographed lnLerpreLaLlon of radlographs SPALL 23
S be ln accordance wlLh u 3300 ASML vlll or ASML 8313
A speclflc procedure for oxygen servlces 23
coverlng Lhe CA/CC for fleld weldlng and malnLalnlng cleanllness SPALL S be
developed
1he weld proLruslon SPALL S be conLrolled ln such way LhaL Lhe followlng crlLerla are 23
meL
- lor slzes u- 100 Lhe proLruslon noL Lo exceed 1 mm
- lor larger slzes Lhe proLruslon noL Lo exceed 2 mm
21
ressure LesLlng SPALL S be performed ln accordance wlLh uL 31380131en 24
uslng oll free poLable waLer or boller feed waLer -o deLergenLs SPALL S be added
Speclal care SPALL S be Laken LhaL Lhe sysLem ls drled afLer LesLlng Lo prevenL
subsequenL rusLlng of carbon sLeel
CperaLlon and malnLenance personnel SPALL S be properly Lralned and lnsLrucLed 23
abouL Lhe rlsks caused by an excess or deflclency of oxygen
Smolng SPALL S be forbldden where Lhere ls any posslble rlsk of oxygen enrlchmenL 23
1he oxygen sysLem SPALL S be operaLed ln such a way LhaL Lhe deslgn and safeLy 23
conslderaLlons are obeyed lor carbon sLeel and sLalnless sLeel sysLems Lhe veloclLles
SPALL S remaln wlLhln Lhe llmlLs shown ln llgure 1
8lock valves LhaL are noL equlpped wlLh a pressureequallslng bypass SPALL S be ln 23
open poslLlon durlng pressurlslng and depressurlslng operaLlons
ressurlslng depressurlslng venLlng and purglng Lhe sysLem SPALL S be done only ln 23
Lhe normal dlrecLlon of flow 1hls also precludes back blowlng of lnsLalled fllLers lf purglng
ls performed Lhe operaLor SPALL S ensure LhaL Lhe nlLrogen ls free from conLamlnanLs
and LhaL Lhe nlLrogen pressure ls and wlll remaln hlgher Lhan Lhe oxygen pressure before
hooklng up Lhe nlLrogen sysLem
AfLer cleanlng fllLers SPALL S be pressurlsed preferably wlLh nlLrogen uslng Lhe 23
connecLlon aL Lhe lnleL
8efore any lnspecLlon malnLenance or repalr work on oxygen sysLems may commence all 23
oxygen SPALL S be removed by venLlng and subsequenL purglng wlLh ollfree nlLrogen
lf lnLernal lnspecLlon of equlpmenL or plplng parLs ls necessary Lhese SPALL S be
separaLed from Lhe oxygen sysLem by compleLe removal or by placlng clean spades (havlng
vlslble handles) aL all connecLlons
8epalr work SPALL S be carrled ouL ln accordance wlLh (4) and (6) wlLh parLlcular 23
reference Lo Lhe safeLy precauLlons menLloned ln (61) lL ls deslrable Lo have a clean
worklng area avallable
PoL Lapplng SPALL S noL be performed on oxygen sysLems 23
askeLs ln oxygen sysLems SPALL S noL be reused afLer malnLenance 23
1he rlnclpal SPALL S speclfy ln Lhe requlslLlon Lhe funcLlons requlremenLs and Lypes of 6
shuLoff valves Lo be lnsLalled as well as Lhe baslc requlremenLs for Lhe acLuaLor and
hydraullc sysLem packages
1he valve ManufacLurer shall be responslble for Lhe performance of Lhe valve and 7
assembly and SPALL S provlde daLa Lo Lhe hydraullc sysLem ManufacLurer Lo
sufflclenLly slze Lhe acLuaLor see (27)
1he hydraullc sysLem SPALL S be sulLable for ouLdoor operaLlon ln Lhe prevalllng local 7
envlronmenLal and weaLher condlLlons as lndlcaLed ln Lhe requlslLlon
Lach hydraullc sysLem SPALL S conslsL of Lhe followlng maln componenLs 8
- a power pack for Lhe supply of Lhe hydraullc pressure and flow raLe
- an accumulaLor backup sysLem Lo ensure full hydraullc pressure ln case of pump
fallure
- emergency shuLoff panel(s)
- local operaLlng panel(s) (opLlonal)
- a moblle hydraullc pump unlL (opLlonal)
- hydraullc acLuaLor(s) Lo operaLe Lhe 8Cv(s)
- lnLerconnecLlng plplng
- elecLrlc cables/wlrlng
- lnsLrumenLaLlon
- Lublng
- heaLlng (opLlonal)
- hydraullc fluld fllLer unlL
- sklds/racks
- weaLher/flre shleldlng (opLlonal)
1he power pack Lhe accumulaLor sysLem and Lhe emergency shuLoff panel SPALL S be 8
locaLed well away from Lhe relaLed 8Cvs 1he locaLlon SPALL S be freely accesslble
and unllkely Lo be affecLed by a flre and SPALL S allow a reasonable vlew of Lhe relaLed
equlpmenL area
1he hydraullc sysLem SPALL S be spllL lnLo mulLlple sysLems (as shown ln llgure 2) lf 8
- more Lhan 23 8Cvs have Lo be operaLed (dependlng on slze Lhls flgure may vary)
- Lhe dlsLance beLween groups of 8Cvs ls greaLer Lhan 30 m (on average flgure may
vary)
- 8Cvs are lnsLalled far aparL Lo achleve a safe locaLlon for Lhe emergency shuLoff
panel
1he acLuaLor and shuLoff valve SPALL S be bullL as a common unlL lnLegraLlon of Lhe 11
local operaLlng panel ls accepLable lf Lhe requlremenLs of (37) are meL
lf Lhe modules have Lo be flrereslsLanL whlch Lhe rlnclpal SPALL S lndlcaLe a flrereslsLanL 11
box or enclosure SPALL S form an lnLegraLed parL of Lhe module 1he
enclosure may cause lL Lo be classlfled as a hazardous area and Lhe hydraullc sysLem
SPALL S Lhen be deslgned accordlngly
1hls uL SPALL S llkewlse apply for SCus excepL LhaL 12
- a spare pump ls noL requlred
- unless flow ls requlred Lo allow heaL removal and prevenL exoLhermlc reacLlons geLLlng
ouL of conLrol Lhe pumps SPALL S have sufflclenL capaclLy Lo charge Lhe accumulaLor
from Lhe empLy condlLlon Lo Lhe full condlLlon wlLhln 13 mlnuLes
- Lhe usable volume of Lhe oll reservolr SPALL S be aL leasL 13 Llmes LhaL of Lhe
volume of Lhe conLenLs of Lhe enLlre hydraullc sysLem for each unlL
- reLurn fllLers are noL requlred
- an aeraLlon fllLer ls noL requlred
valves SPALL S be LesLed and cerLlfled by Lhe valve ManufacLurer lor Lhe compleLe 12
assembly LesL see (33)
1he valve ManufacLurer SPALL S deLermlne and noLlfy Lhe Suppller of Lhe hydraullc
equlpmenL of Lhe followlng daLa
- Lhe relevanL openlng and closlng forces
- Lhe Lorques requlred Lo properly operaLe Lhe valve lncludlng safeLy facLors see (383)
- Lhe Lravel lengLh of Lhe sLem (for rlslng sLem)
lor hydraullc sysLems servlng an LSu shuLoff valve Lhe valve acLuaLor and Lhe LhreaLened 12
secLlons of power llnes and conLrol sysLems SPALL S be deslgned and manufacLured so
LhaL each lndlvldual 8Cv SPALL S remaln operable for a perlod of aL leasL 13 mln when
engulfed ln a flre havlng a LemperaLure proflle as descrlbed ln uL 1709
1he hydraullc sysLem SPALL S be sulLable Lo slmulLaneously serve Lhe number of valve 13
acLuaLors speclfled ln Lhe requlslLlon
1he hydraullc sysLem SPALL S malnLaln full and conLlnuous sysLem pressure ln Lhe 13
supply llnes Lo Lhe 8Cvs
1he power source SPALL S have adequaLe backup feaLures Lo guaranLee Lhe 13
operablllLy of Lhe hydraullc sysLem under emergency condlLlons
1he hydraullc sysLem SPALL S be deslgned for Lhe hazardous area classlflcaLlon ln 13
whlch lL ls lnsLalled 1he rlnclpal SPALL S speclfy Lhe relevanL hazardous area
classlflcaLlon zone
1he closlng Llme for valves up Lo and lncludlng nomlnal slze u- 600 SPALL S be no 13
more Lhan one second per 23 mm of nomlnal dlameLer lor larger slzes Lhe maxlmum
closlng Llme SPALL S noL exceed 30 s unless oLherwlse speclfled by Lhe rlnclpal
-C1L LSu valves ln L/L- marlne loadlng arms SPALL S be able Lo close wlLhln 3 s see
uL 30061020en 1hls may be a reason Lo selecL a hydraullc sysLem lnsLead of a pneumaLlc or
elecLrlcal sysLem
1he flnal valve closlng Llmes SPALL S be deLermlned on Lhe basls of surge calculaLlons 13
and Lhe flow raLes may have Lo be reduced Lo avold excesslve surge pressures generaLed
by rapld valve closure
1he openlng of an LSu valve SPALL S only be posslble from Lhe local operaLlng panel 16
(37) or on Lhe acLuaLor lLself
1he arrangemenL of Lhe sysLem SPALL S be such LhaL accldenLal operaLlon of an 8Cv 16
LhaL causes Lhe valve Lo move from lLs safe poslLlon ls noL posslble
1he remoLe emergency operaLlon elLher from Lhe conLrol room or emergency shuLoff 16
panel SPALL S always overrule local operaLlon of Lhe 8Cv or LSu valve
1he operaLlon of an 8Cv by any hydraullc sysLem or power supply fallure SPALL S be 16
as follows
- ln case of hydraullc fallure Lhe valve wlll sLay ln lLs presenL poslLlon
- ln case of fallure of elecLrlc power Lo solenold valve (fall safe prlnclple) Lhe valve wlll 16
move Lo lLs safe poslLlon
1he arrangemenL of Lhe power supply sysLem SPALL S be such LhaL a fallure wlll noL 16
cause loss of source pressure for Lhe 8Cvs nor cause an 8Cv Lo move Lo a poslLlon
dlfferenL Lo LhaL speclfled by Lhe rlnclpal
1he power supply funcLlons serve Lo acLlvaLe power packs and solenold swlLches/valves 16
SPALL S be from a vlLal elecLrlcal or secured pneumaLlc source
Lach elecLrlc moLor SPALL S be lndependenLly connecLed wlLh an elecLrlc power cable 16
runnlng from Lhe rlnclpals MCC and shall be connecLed ln accordance wlLh SLandard
drawlngs S 67004 and S 67019 Cne of Lhe moLors SPALL S be fed from Lhe normal
supply and Lhe oLher one from Lhe malnLalned lnLerrupLlble supply (emergency
swlLchboard)
All cabllng excepL cabllng lnslde flreproof sklds panels and/or consLrucLlons SPALL S 16
be of Lhe flrereslsLanL Lype or of oLher flreproof consLrucLlon eg slgnal cable lnsLalled ln
flrereslsLanL sealed lnsLrumenL cable ducLlng
1he power pack SPALL S conslsL of Lhe followlng lLems assembled as a compleLe skldmounLed
unlL
1he hydraullc fluld reservolr SPALL S be of a welded carbon sLeel or ausLenlLlc sLalnless 16
sLeel consLrucLlon lf carbon sLeel lL SPALL S be provlded wlLh a corroslon proLecLlve
coaLlng lnslde and ouLslde ln accordance wlLh uL 30480031en
1he reservolr SPALL S have sufflclenL capaclLy for Lhe hydraullc sysLem 1he usable 16
volume le LhaL beLween maxlmum and mlnlmum level SPALL S be Lhe volume of Lhe
Lhe oll reservolr reserve capaclLy SPALL S be such LhaL aL maxlmum operaLlng llquld 17
level lL SPALL S have sufflclenL remalnlng capaclLy Lo draln Lhe enLlre hydraullc sysLem
lnLo lL (plplng and cyllnder volume) 1he reservolr SPALL S be equlpped wlLh Lwo pumps
(one sLandby) wlLh separaLe sucLlon and dlscharge fllLers one common reLurn fllLer wlLh
foullng lndlcaLlon one aeraLlon fllLer one fllllng fllLer a draln valve (lncludlng bllnd flanges)
lnsLrumenLaLlon and an lnspecLlon hole wlLh cover see llgure 38
lllllng of Lhe Lank SPALL S only be posslble Lhrough a fllLer havlng an absoluLe raLlng of 17
10 m flxed on Lhe Lank
1he aeraLlon fllLer lncludlng a waLer vapour block (P2C gaLe) SPALL S have a nomlnal 17
raLlng of 10 m and a maxlmum clean elemenL pressure drop across Lhe fllLer of 01 bar
1he reLurn fllLer SPALL S have a raLlng of 10 m A8S (10 100) 1he LoLal area of Lhe 17
perforaLlons SPALL S be aL leasL Lwlce Lhe cross secLlonal area of Lhe reLurn llne
1wo hydraullc fluld pumps SPALL S be lnsLalled (one sLandby) 17
8oLh pumps SPALL S have sufflclenL capaclLy Lo charge Lhe accumulaLor from Lhe empLy 17
condlLlon Lo Lhe full condlLlon wlLhln 30 mlnuLes When flow ls requlred Lo allow heaL removal
and prevenL exoLhermlc reacLlons geLLlng ouL of conLrol Lhe pumps SPALL S have
sufflclenL capaclLy Lo charge Lhe accumulaLor from Lhe empLy condlLlon Lo Lhe full condlLlon
wlLhln 120 s
-ormal operaLlng pressure of Lhe hydraullc sysLem shall range beLween 130 bar and 200 17
bar (ga) Alr moLors or elecLrlc moLors shall drlve pumps LlecLrlc moLors SPALL S
comply wlLh uL 33660331en
lf a pneumaLlc pump ls chosen for Lhls purpose and lnsLrumenL alr ls used Lo drlve Lhe 17
pump provlslons SPALL S be made Lo prevenL hydraullc fluld from enLerlng Lhe
lnsLrumenL alr supply plplng eg Lhe alr plsLon and hydraullc plsLon SPALL S be ln
separaLe cyllnder houslngs
Lach pump SPALL S be equlpped wlLh a sucLlon fllLer havlng a nomlnal raLlng of 130 17
m
Lach pump SPALL S be equlpped wlLh a dlscharge fllLer havlng an absoluLe raLlng of 10 17
m
1he accumulaLors and relaLed nlLrogen cyllnders SPALL S have sufflclenL capaclLy for 18
emergency operaLlon of all LSu valves whlch means Lhree full sLrokes le one closlng
sLroke one openlng sLroke and anoLher closlng sLroke 1he requlred capaclLy SPALL S
be deLermlned by Lhe change ln volume of fluld conLalned ln Lhe accumulaLor beLween Lhe
maln pump sLarL poslLlon (wlLh Lhe pump swlLched off) and Lhe mlnlmum sysLem pressure Lo
flnlsh Lhe lasL sLroke of all LSu valves properly
AccumulaLors SPALL S be provlded wlLh a pressure safeLy valve ln order Lo prevenL 18
nlLrogen overpressure lllLers ln Lhe nlLrogen supply llnes lf appllcable SPALL S have a
nomlnal raLlng of 10 m and a maxlmum pressure drop across Lhe fllLer of 01 bar
AccumulaLors SPALL S be mounLed ln a verLlcal poslLlon Lo prevenL posslble deposlLlon 18
of hard parLlcles on Lhe honed lnslde surface of Lhe cyllnder
1he accumulaLor racks shall be consLrucLed as a welded sLeel
1he maLerlal of Lhe accumulaLor assemblles SPALL S be sLeel 1he accumulaLor 18
SPALL S be of Lhe plsLon Lype 1le rods SPALL S noL be lnsLalled around Lhe cyllnder
1he plsLon seallng SPALL S be arranged so LhaL a slngle seal fallure can be LoleraLed
wlLhouL consequences for Lhe funcLlonallLy of Lhe compleLe hydraullc sysLem
1he deslgn of Lhe accumulaLor vessels SPALL S comply wlLh uL 31221032en 18
uL 31221132en or uL 31222031en 1he nlLrogen cyllnders SPALL S
comply wlLh local regulaLlons or ln Lhe absence of such regulaLlons L- 1964
8ouLlng SPALL S be such LhaL Lhe llnes are leasL llkely Lo be exposed Lo a flre eg 18
rouLed away from and noL above Lhe pumps
Where Lhls cannoL be avolded adequaLe shleldlng of Lhe plplng SPALL S be provlded
Llnes runnlng Lhrough Zone 1 areas SPALL S be lnsLalled ln enclosed ducLs made of 19
sLalnless sLeel sheeLlng
Llnes SPALL S be conLlnuously pressurlsed aL low (reLurn llne) pressure Lo prevenL alr 19
locks and Lo lndlcaLe posslble sysLem leakage
valves lnsLalled ln supply and reLurn llnes beLween power pack and shuLoff valves 19
acLuaLors SPALL S be locked open durlng operaLlon of Lhe hydraullc sysLem
lplng Lublng flLLlngs coupllngs and lsolaLlng valves SPALL S normally be consLrucLed 19
from sLalnless sLeel AlSl 316L preferably as speclfled ln Lhe requlslLlon lor more severe
condlLlons a corroslon englneer SPALL S selecL an approprlaLe maLerlal SelecLlon of
oLher maLerlals SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo approval by Lhe rlnclpal
1he maLerlal cerLlflcaLlon of all hydraullc sysLem componenLs SPALL S be ln accordance 19
wlLh lSC 10474 Lype 318 or L- 10204 Lype 31
lplng deslgn manufacLurlng and lnspecLlon SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh ASML 19
8313
1he emergency shuLoff panel SPALL S be equlpped wlLh dlrecLlonal valves LhaL allow 19
Lhe 8Cvs Lo be closed only
1he dlrecLlonal valves should be of Lhe shear seal Lype wlLh meLalLomeLal conLacL 19
beLween Lhe seallng elemenLs ln whlchever poslLlon Lhe dlrecLlonal valve ls swlLched
openlng of Lhe 8Cv SPALL S be posslble only vla Lhe local operaLlng panel
A slmpllfled process flow scheme of Lhe conLrolled valves SPALL S be aLLached Lo Lhe 19
panel 1he rlnclpal SPALL S provlde deLalls for Lhe flow scheme
1he maLerlals of Lhe plsLon rod assembly SPALL S be sLalnless sLeel AlSl 316 1le rods 20
SPALL S noL be lnsLalled exLernal Lo Lhe hydraullc cyllnder lf no addlLlonal flre proLecLlon
ls applled SelecLlon of Lhe oLher maLerlals SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo approval by Lhe
rlnclpal
8ead[usLmenL of Lhe valve sLem poslLlon 20
ln relaLlon Lo Lhe acLuaLor plsLon poslLlon SPALL S be posslble 1he deslgn SPALL S
also lnclude a mechanlcal poslLlon lndlcaLor proxlmlLy swlLches a sLaLlc load Lhermal rellef
valve and venL valves
1he plsLon and plsLon rod seallng SPALL S be arranged so LhaL a slngle seal fallure can
be LoleraLed wlLhouL affecLlng Lhe funcLlonallLy of Lhe compleLe hydraullc sysLem 1he plsLon
seal conflguraLlon SPALL S be of a flre safe deslgn such as
- a prlmary elasLomerlc seal and
- a secondary meLal seal Lo prevenL excesslve leakage across Lhe plsLon ln case Lhe
prlmary seal falls due Lo a flre
1he meLalllc seal conflguraLlon SPALL S be such LhaL Lhe cyllnder cannoL be damaged 20
1he valve ManufacLurer SPALL S speclfy Lhe Lorques requlred Lo operaLe Lhe valve 21
based on Lhe speclfled maxlmum process dlfferenLlal pressure across Lhe valve ln Lhe
closed poslLlon as speclfled ln Lhe requlslLlon
1he acLuaLor Lorque dellvered aL Lhe speclfled mlnlmum hydraullc sysLem pressure and aL 21
mlnlmum amblenL LemperaLure SPALL S be aL leasL Lhe requlred valve Lorque speclfled
by Lhe valve ManufacLurer
lf foullng ls expecLed (Lo be speclfled by Lhe rlnclpal) Lhe dellvered Lorque SPALL S be 21
ad[usLed
1he valve ManufacLurer SPALL S speclfy Lhe safeLy facLors for Lorque daLa 1he acLual 21
safeLy facLors ln relaLlon Lo Lhe mlnlmum safeLy facLor requlremenLs as speclfled ln uL
31407030en SPALL S be Laken lnLo accounL
1he hydraullc sysLem ManufacLurer SPALL S lnform Lhe valve ManufacLurer of Lhe 21
maxlmum Lorque load on Lhe valve sLem llnally Lhe Lorque LhaL Lhe acLuaLor dellvers aL
maxlmum sysLem pressure SPALL S be less Lhan Lhe maxlmum allowable sLem load as
speclfled by Lhe valve ManufacLurer
1he end coupllngs on Lhe 21
end of Lhe flexlble hoses SPALL S be proLecLed wlLh caps Lo prevenL dlrL or waLer from
enLerlng Lhe llnes 1he pump seL shall be mounLed ln a frame on wheels
1he sucLlon slde of Lhe pump SPALL S be provlded wlLh a fllLer havlng a nomlnal raLlng 21
of 130 m 1he dlscharge slde of Lhe pump SPALL S be provlded wlLh a fllLer havlng an
absoluLe raLlng of 10 m
SufflclenL hydraullc fluld for Lhe lnlLlal lnvenLory of Lhe hydraullc sysLem SPALL S be 21
supplled wlLh Lhe sysLem
ln order Lo delay agelng of hydraullc fluld Lhe followlng shall be consldered ln Lhe layouL of 21
Lhe hydraullc sysLem
- prevenL waLer enLerlng Lhe hydraullc clrculL (oll SPALL S be clear and brlghL waLer
conLenL 30 ppm)
- avold dead ends and closed loops allowlng proper flushlng of Lhe hydraullc sysLem 22
(71)
- lnsLall separaLe supply and reLurn llnes
A sample polnL ln accordance wlLh lSC 4021 SPALL S be provlded and Lhe hydraullc
fluld SPALL S be sampled for analysls aL Lhe lnLerval speclfled by Lhe hydraullc fluld
Suppller
1he ManufacLurer SPALL S submlL a
descrlpLlon of Lhe requlred conLrol and proLecLlon funcLlonallLy for Lhe purpose of sysLem 23
conflguraLlon
lor lnpuL and ouLpuL slgnals Lhe fallsafe prlnclple SPALL S be applled under normal 23
condlLlons conLacLs SPALL S be closed 1he solenold valve for remoLe acLuaLlon of Lhe
8Cvs SPALL S be normally energlsed
1he slgnal conLrol funcLlons shall acLlvaLe Lhe operaLlon of valves Lo a predeLermlned 23
poslLlon and SPALL S lndlcaLe Lhe open or closed poslLlon of Lhe 8Cvs on Lhe
emergency shuLoff panel
1he maln and sLandby pumps SPALL S be conLrolled auLomaLlcally A pump selecLlon 23
swlLch shall be provlded on Lhe power pack
- oslLlon 1 pump A runnlng and pump 8 sLandby
- oslLlon 2 pump 8 runnlng and pump A sLandby
1he sysLem SPALL S be conLrolled on Lhe basls of Lhe accumulaLor volume lf Lhe 23
accumulaLor volume drops below 93 Lhe selecLed maln pump SPALL S sLarL Lo reload
Lhe accumulaLor lf Lhe accumulaLor volume drops below 90 Lhe sLandby pump
SPALL S also sLarL 1he pump(s) SPALL S sLop when Lhe end poslLlon of Lhe
accumulaLor plsLon ls reached
1he sysLem SPALL S lnclude Lhe followlng alarms for remoLe lndlcaLlon ln Lhe conLrol 23
room
- common Lrouble alarm of Lhe hydraullc unlL lf Lhe sysLem ls sLlll able Lo perform lLs
emergency funcLlon see (42)
- common fallure alarm of Lhe hydraullc unlL lf Lhe sysLem ls no longer able Lo perform
lLs emergency funcLlon see (42)
1he prlmary power source SPALL S be conLrolled so LhaL Lhe requlred source for all 23
emergency acLlons ls dlrecLly avallable lndependenLly of Lhe 8Cv acLlons
1he accumulaLor SPALL S be provlded wlLh Lhree volume swlLches for moLor conLrol 23
1hese swlLches SPALL S be seL as follows
- 1he Lop swlLch ls seL aL Lhe plsLon poslLlon for fully charged accumulaLor 1hls swlLch
SPALL S sLop boLh moLors
- 1he second swlLch ls seL aL Lhe plsLon poslLlon for 3 volume loss 1hls swlLch
SPALL S sLarL moLor A
- 1he Lhlrd swlLch ls seL aL Lhe plsLon poslLlon for 10 volume loss 1hls swlLch
SPALL S sLarL moLor 8
1he swlLches SPALL S be of Lhe fallsafe" proxlmlLy Lype slLuaLed ln a manlfold on Lop of 24
Lhe accumulaLor See also (44)
1he ManufacLurer SPALL S lnform Lhe rlnclpal lf any addlLlonal feaLures Lo Lhose 24
menLloned above are consldered necessary
1he followlng conLrol and proLecLlon funcLlonallLy SPALL S be provlded for each 24
hydraullc sysLem
All Lhe funcLlonal requlremenLs speclfled ln (41) SPALL S also apply Lo selfconLalned 23
hydraullc unlLs 1he followlng conLrol descrlpLlon SPALL S Lhen apply Lo a slngle pump
slLuaLlon
lf an ll classlflcaLlon resulLs ln requlremenLs more sLrlngenL Lhen Lhe Lyplcal 23
lmplemenLaLlon of Lhls uL Lhen Lhe lnsLrumenLaLlon SPALL S be alLered accordlngly
based on Lhe classlflcaLlon resulLs See uL 32801010en
lor LesLlng an LSu valve and Lo deLecL Lhe poslLlon of Lhe valve a mlnlmum of 2 ad[usLable 23
proxlmlLy Lype llmlL swlLches SPALL S be lnsLalled on Lhe hydraullc acLuaLor
Cne lndlcaLlng Lhe poslLlon of Lhe acuLaLor when Lhe valve Lravelled over a dlsLance
of maxlmum 20 from lLs LoLal sLroke
Cne lndlcaLlng Lhe poslLlon of Lhe acuLaLor when Lhe valve has Lravelled over Lhe full
sLroke (100 closed or opened)
LlmlL swlLches SPALL S be of Lhe proxlmlLy Lype and SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 23
lLC 6094732 1he mounLlng lnsLrucLlons supplled by Lhe ManufacLurer of Lhe llmlL
swlLches SPALL S be followed by Lhe hydraullc sysLem ManufacLurer
roxlmlLy swlLches SPALL S be provlded wlLh a screened slgnal cable whlch 23
SPALL S LermlnaLe ln a [uncLlon box on Lhe supersLrucLure of Lhe 8Cv A flexlble condulL
beLween Lhe sensor and Lhe [uncLlon box SPALL S mechanlcally proLecL Lhe cable Cable
enLry SPALL S be lnLo Lhe boLLom of Lhe [uncLlon box
1he proxlmlLy swlLches sensors and Lhelr assoclaLed equlpmenL SPALL S be of flrereLardlng 23
consLrucLlon AlLernaLlvely Lhe llmlL swlLch assembly SPALL S be sulLably
proLecLed agalnsL flre ln a sealed flrereslsLanL box and/or enclosed by sLalnless sLeel
sheeLlng see also (28) and (382)
1he llmlL swlLches SPALL S be properly ad[usLed by Lhe hydraullc sysLem ManufacLurer 23
1he slgnal cable beLween Lhe acLuaLor llmlL swlLch and [uncLlon box ln Lhe emergency 26
shuLoff panel SPALL S be of Lhe flrereslsLanL Lype or of oLher flreproof consLrucLlon ln
accordance wlLh lLC 6033111 le lL SPALL S wlLhsLand LemperaLures of up Lo 730 C
for a perlod of 3 h
-C1L Mlneral lnsulaLed meLal covered cable Lypes SPALL S noL be used
Slgnal cable enLry connecLlons SPALL S be from Lhe boLLom of Lhe 8Cv conLrol box 26
roper ad[usLmenLs and seLLlngs 27
SPALL S be Lhe responslblllLy of Lhe hydraullc sysLem ManufacLurer
1he sysLem Suppller SPALL S submlL an CperaLlng and MalnLenance manual lncludlng 30
as a mlnlmum lnformaLlon regardlng
- normal and emergency operaLlon
- dally and perlodlc malnLenance
- hydraullc flow scheme as bullL
- daLa wlLh respecL Lo Lhe pressures (mlnlmum operaLlng maxlmum)
- reLurn llne pressure
- daLa wlLh respecL Lo Lhe maxlmum pressure drop across each fllLer
- LesL reporLs
- deLalled lnformaLlon/drawlngs of Lhe componenLs
- speclal Lools
- LroubleshooLlng schemes
- requlremenLs for Lhe malnLenance of hydraullc fluld cleanllness
- operaLlonal LesLlng procedure
8efore commlsslonlng Lhe lnLerconnecLlng plplng SPALL S be flushed 32
1he flushlng procedure shall address Lhe followlng requlremenLs 32
- Lhe lnLerconnecLlng plplng SPALL S be dlsconnecLed from Lhe modules Lo ensure
LhaL hydraullc componenLs are noL flushed
- flushlng SPALL S Lake place conLlnuously ln one dlrecLlon unLll Lhe hydraullc fluld
meeLs Lhe cleanllness requlremenLs of lSC 4406 code 13/12
- afLer flushlng Lhe hydraullc fluld SPALL S be sampled from Lhe end of Lhe flushlng
loop Lo check on cleanllness
- before Lhe modules are connecLed Lhe cleanllness of Lhe accumulaLors SPALL S be
checked
AfLer flushlng and pressure LesLlng Lhe funcLlonal LesLs SPALL S be carrled ouL by Lhe 32
ConLracLor and wlLnessed by Lhe rlnclpal
1esL 1 (333) SPALL S be performed 32
1esL 2 (334) SPALL S be performed
All 8Cvs connecLed Lo Lhe same power pack SPALL S be closed and opened whlle only 32
one hydraullc pump ls ln operaLlon 1he Llme requlred Lo regaln Lhe requlred worklng
pressure SPALL S be no more Lhan 73 s
8y closlng all Lhe 8Cvs from Lhe emergency shuLoff panel openlng Lhem from Lhe local 32
operaLlng panel and closlng Lhem agaln from Lhe emergency shuLoff panel lL SPALL S
be shown LhaL Lhe accumulaLor capaclLy aL Lhe pump 1 sLarL poslLlon ls sufflclenL for Lhe
operaLlon of all 8Cvs for Lhree sLrokes 1he pumps SPALL S be swlLched off durlng Lhls
LesL 1he closlng Llme of each acLuaLor/valve comblnaLlon shall be reglsLered for boLh Lhe
flrsL and second emergency closure AfLer Lhls LesL Lhe Llme ln whlch boLh pumps can
recharge Lhe accumulaLor Lo Lhe fully charged condlLlon shall be noLed and SPALL S be
less Lhan 60 s
8ellablllLy and proper operablllLy of Lhe valve sysLem SPALL S Lherefore be checked 33
be checked aL regular lnLervals 1he LesL requlremenLs and lnLervals SPALL S be
ln accordance wlLh uL 32801010en
ln addlLlon Lhe nlLrogen pressure SPALL S be checked and Lhe relaLed ll SPALL S
be LesLed once per year Lo ensure Lhe hydraullc pressure avallablllLy 1he LesL SPALL
S also lnclude Lhe parLlal sLroklng (80 open) of Lhe valves aL operaLlng condlLlons
6
1able 1 was removed
lor 8vs
LhaL relleve Lo a pressurlsed sysLem Lhe ouLleL flange SPALL S be selecLed accordlng Lo 6
Lhe maxlmum back pressure lL ls sub[ecLed Lo
lpe class and flange face flnlsh of Lhe rellef valve dlscharge SPALL S be ln accordance 6
wlLh Lhe llne speclflcaLlon of Lhe connecLed plplng
1 lor new lnsLallaLlons Lhe lnleL and ouLleL connecLlons SPALL S be conslsLenL wlLh Lhe 7
plpe speclflcaLlons for Lhe sysLems Lo whlch Lhey connecL 8vs wlLh Lhreaded lnleL
nozzles shall noL have Lhreaded lnleL bushlng connecLlons
lor new lnsLallaLlons Lhe lnleL and ouLleL connecLlons lncludlng flange face flnlsh SPALL
S be conslsLenL wlLh Lhe plpe speclflcaLlons for Lhe sysLems Lo whlch Lhey connecL 8vs
wlLh Lhreaded lnleL nozzles shall noL have Lhreaded lnleL bushlng connecLlons
6
2 Seal weldlng of Lhreaded connecLlons SPALL S noL be allowed 7
3 Sllpon flanges SPALL S noL be used 7
4 lf 8v fabrlcaLlon requlres weldlng Lhe weldlng procedures SPALL S be submlLLed for 7
approval prlor Lo sLarL of fabrlcaLlon
3 ressure rellef devlce deslgn LemperaLure 7
1he deslgn LemperaLure SPALL S be deLermlned by Lhe lnleL and ouLleL LemperaLures
LhaL resulL from exLreme operaLlng and rellevlng condlLlons 1he LemperaLure reducLlon
resulLlng from posslble valve leakage (eg flashlng of llquld) SPALL S be lncluded ln
Lhe deLermlnaLlon of Lhe deslgn LemperaLure
1he deslgn LemperaLure SPALL S be deLermlned by Lhe lnleL and ouLleL LemperaLures
LhaL resulL from exLreme operaLlng and rellevlng condlLlons
6
CapaclLles esLabllshed and guaranLeed by Lhe 8v ManufacLurer for Lhe appllcable servlce 7
condlLlons SPALL S be used for selecLlng Lhe 8vs
Sprlngloaded 8vs connecLed Lo a closed dlscharge sysLem SPALL S always have a 8
closed bonneL
1hls Lype of valve (or plloL operaLed valve) SPALL S be used when Lhe bullLup back 8
pressure plus Lhe varlable superlmposed back pressure ls hlgher Lhan LhaL allowed for a
nonbalanced valve -everLheless Lhe back pressure SPALL S noL exceed Lhe
maxlmum speclfled by Lhe vendor wlLh accounL belng Laken of Lhe flow capaclLy reducLlon
and Lhe bellows pressure raLlng 1he maxlmum back pressure provlded by Lhe
ManufacLurer for Lhe bellows SPALL S noL be exceeded
1hls Lype of valve (or plloL operaLed valve) SPALL S be used when Lhe bullLup back
pressure plus Lhe varlable superlmposed back pressure ls hlgher Lhan LhaL allowed for a
nonbalanced valve 1he back pressure SPALL S noL exceed Lhe maxlmum speclfled by
Lhe vendor wlLh accounL belng Laken of Lhe flow capaclLy reducLlon and Lhe bellows
pressure raLlng
8vs of Lhe balanced Lype SPALL S have a conLlnuously venLed bonneL
7
8vs of Lhe balanced Lype SPALL S have a conLlnuously venLed bonneL See 8
uL 80431010en regardlng Lhe need Lo rouLe Lo a safe area
PeaL Lraclng or purglng SPALL S be lnsLalled where coollng of 8
process flulds Lo LemperaLures as low as Lhe LowesL Cneuay Mean AmblenL
1emperaLure (LCuMA1) can cause plugglng ln Lhe plloL senslng llne plloLoperaLed
valve (Cv) lnleL or dome Where slngle Lraclng and/or purglng are lnsLalled alarms
SPALL S also be lnsLalled Lo alerL operaLors of any problem wlLh Lhese sysLems
7
1he plloL llne SPALL 9
S be lnsLalled wlLh no low polnLs ln Lhe senslng llne or lLs Lakeoff so LhaL
llquld/debrls cannoL collecL beLween Lhe plloL valve and Lhe maln 8v
- where seaL leakage may be a problem wlLh sprlng loaded rellef devlces slnce plloL
operaLed rellef devlces have superlor seallng quallLles
- where hlgh back pressures llmlL even Lhe appllcablllLy of balanced valves
- ln large capaclLy and hlgh seLpressure servlce due Lo Lhelr smaller slze and welghL
and where especlally for Lhe larger slzes a hlgher operaLlng pressure ls allowed
- lf Lhe margln beLween Lhe maxlmum operaLlng pressure (MC) of Lhe proLecLed
sysLem and Lhe 8v seL pressure ls less Lhan 10 of Lhe 8v seL pressure slnce
Lhe process pressure provldes a hlgher seaLlng force Lhan lf a sprlng were used
9
(noLe 1able 1 has been alLered SPALL sLaLemenL dld noL change) 8
c 1he sofL goods for maln valve and plloL SPALL S be compaLlble wlLh Lhe process 9
composlLlon LemperaLure (rellevlng and heaL Lraclng LemperaLures lf appllcable) and
pressure
4 8upLure dlsks SPALL S be slzed and speclfled ln accordance wlLh Lhe dlsk ManufacLurer's 11
recommendaLlons and Lhe relevanL deslgn code
9
3 CapaclLles Lo be used for selecLlng Lhe rupLure dlsks SPALL S be Lhose esLabllshed and 11
guaranLeed by Lhe dlsk ManufacLurer for Lhe appllcable servlce condlLlons
1 8upLure dlsks SPALL S be adequaLe for any consLanL or varlable vacuum and for Lhe 12
maxlmum back pressure condlLlons 1hls may requlre Lhe use of vacuum supporL
9
2 -onfragmenLlng rupLure dlsk deslgns SPALL S be used where fragmenLaLlon could affecL Lhe 12
proper operaLlon of equlpmenL downsLream of Lhe dlsk such as 8vs conLrol valves and
exchangers
1he speclfled bursL pressure SPALL S be deLermlned Laklng lnLo accounL Lhe operaLlng raLlo 12
Lhe manufacLurlng range and superlmposed back pressure
8everse buckllng rupLure dlsks may be used ln vapour rellef sysLems buL SPALL S noL be 12
used ln llquld full sysLems unless Lhe dlsk ls deslgned for such servlce
8everse buckllng rupLure dlsks LhaL use knlfe blades ln Lhe dlsk holder SPALL S noL be used 12
because blunL knlfe blades could prevenL Lhe 100 rupLure of Lhe dlsk
1he ManufacLurer's holder lnsLallaLlon lnsLrucLlons SPALL S be followed 12
10
When a rupLure dlsk ls lnsLalled upsLream of a 8v Lhe publlshed comblnaLlon capaclLy 12
facLor (deraLlng facLor) for Lhe speclflc rupLure dlsk/8v comblnaLlon ln accordance wlLh
ASML vlll ulvlslon 1 u127 and Al SLd 320 arL l SPALL S be used ln slzlng Lhe
8v lf a publlshed value for Lhe rupLure dlsk/8v comblnaLlon ls noL avallable a
comblnaLlon capaclLy facLor of 09 shall be used
10
1 CapaclLles esLabllshed and guaranLeed by Lhe pressure/vacuum venLs (vvs) ManufacLurer 13
SPALL S be used
Slnce a welghLloaded pressure vacuum venL requlres a pressure LhaL ls 80 Lo 100 hlgher
Lhan seL pressure Lo achleve full raLed capaclLy Lhe seL polnLs of such devlces SPALL S be
low enough LhaL Lhe Lank deslgn pressure and vacuum raLlng comply wlLh Lhe allowable
accumulaLlon and underpressures
3 ModeraLe pressure sLorage Lanks LhaL can have pressures exceedlng 18 ka (ga) 23 pslg and 13
all refrlgeraLed sLorage Lanks SPALL S have plpeaway vvs Lo llmlL Lhe Lhermal radlaLlon aL
Lhe Lank roof or oLher affecLed sLrucLure Lo 13 kW/m2 (4738 8Lu/hfL2) or less
lor each pressure rellef valve (8v) Lhe relevanL rellef condlLlons SPALL S be 14
esLabllshed ln accordance wlLh Lhe deslgn code 1he slze of Lhe 8v SPALL S be
deLermlned from Lhe largesL rellef area requlred for overpressure proLecLlon for all scenarlos
consldered
lor each rellef devlce Lhe slze SPALL S be deLermlned from Lhe largesL rellef area
requlred for overpressure proLecLlon for all scenarlos as esLabllshed ln accordance wlLh Lhe
deslgn code
12
lor calculaLlng Lhe 8v slze for slngle phase vapour or gas flow Lhe formulae ln Lhe 14
currenL Al SLd 320 arL l SPALL S be applled
12
lf a vapor Lrlm valve ls speclfled and Lhere ls a llquld rellef scenarlo Lhen Lhe noncerLlfled 14
valve equaLlon from Al SLd 320 arL l SPALL S be used Lo deLermlne Lhe requlred llquld
rellef capaclLy for Lhe llquld rellef scenarlo see also (322)
12
1o deLermlne Lhe requlred rellef area Lhe calculaLed area SPALL S be dlvlded by Lhe 13
appllcable correcLlon facLors and coefflclenLs (eg dlscharge coefflclenL kd)
lor flashlng and Lwophase flow Lhrough a 8v Lhe lnLegral equaLlon SPALL S be 13
evaluaLed
12
-C1L 1he sumofLheareas meLhod for Lwophase rellef slzlng LhaL appeared ln Al SLd 320 arL l Lhrough 13
Lhe 6Lh LdlLlon has been shown Lo be nonconservaLlve and SPALL S noL be used
8eacLlve hazards 1wophase rellef SPALL S be examlned 1he Shell reacLlve hazards 17
speclallsLs SPALL S be consulLed Lo deLermlne Lhe rellef slze whlch could lnclude a
dynamlc rellef evaluaLlon
13
1hls meLhod conslsLs of flndlng Lhe raLe of volumeLrlc expanslon aL Lhe allowable rellevlng 17
pressure 1he rellef devlce SPALL S be able Lo accommodaLe Lhe maxlmum volumeLrlc
expanslon raLe
1he rellef devlce SPALL S be able Lo
accommodaLe Lhe maxlmum volumeLrlc expanslon raLe as deLermlned uslng Lhe meLhod of
uL 80431011en
13
lor subcrlLlcal flow Lhe coefflclenL of 19
subcrlLlcal flow (l2) descrlbed ln Al 320 arL l or Lhe 8v ManufacLurer's curves
SPALL S be used
14
lor each rupLure dlsk Lhe relevanL rellef condlLlons SPALL S be esLabllshed ln 19
accordance wlLh Lhe deslgn code
Lvery one of Lhese condlLlons SPALL S be meL oLherwlse Lhe devlce SPALL S be 19
slzed accordlng Lo Lhe llow 8eslsLance Slzlng MeLhod
1he devlce SPALL S be slzed accordlng Lo Lhe llow 8eslsLance Slzlng MeLhod lf any of
Lhese condlLlons ls noL meL oLherwlse
13
A coefflclenL of dlscharge of 062 SPALL S be used wlLh Lhls meLhod 19
Slzlng by Lhe flow reslsLance meLhod requlres analyzlng Lhe LoLal sysLem reslsLance Lo flow 19
1hls analysls SPALL S Lake lnLo conslderaLlon Lhe flow reslsLance of Lhe rupLure dlsk
devlce plplng and oLher plplng componenLs enLrance and exlL losses and valves 1he
effecLs of choklng ln Lhe LoLal sysLem SPALL S be Laken lnLo accounL
llow reslsLance for rupLure dlsk devlces SPALL S be obLalned from 19
Lhe ManufacLurer
lor each buckllng pln 20
devlce Lhe relevanL rellef condlLlons SPALL S be esLabllshed ln accordance wlLh Lhe
deslgn code CapaclLles esLabllshed and guaranLeed by Lhe devlce ManufacLurer SPALL
S be used ln buckllng pln devlce selecLlon for Lhe appllcable rellef condlLlons
8uckllng pln devlces SPALL S be slzed and speclfled ln accordance wlLh Lhe devlce 20
ManufacLurer's recommendaLlons ASML vlll and ASML Code Case 20913 1he same
conslderaLlons SPALL S also apply Lo capaclLy reducLlon facLors for comblnaLlons of a
8v and a buckllng pln devlce
8uckllng pln devlces SPALL S be slzed and speclfled ln accordance wlLh Lhe devlce
ManufacLurer's recommendaLlons ASML SecLlon vlll ulvlslon 1 1he same conslderaLlons
SPALL S also apply Lo capaclLy reducLlon facLors for comblnaLlons of a 8v and a
buckllng pln devlce
13
Avallable capaclLles of 21
Lhe selecLed rellef devlces SPALL S be Lhose esLabllshed and guaranLeed by Lhe rellef
devlce ManufacLurer for Lhe appllcable servlce condlLlons 1hese SPALL S be greaLer
Lhan Lhe requlred capaclLles
Avallable capaclLles of
Lhe selecLed rellef devlces SPALL S be Lhose esLabllshed and guaranLeed by Lhe rellef
devlce ManufacLurer for Lhe appllcable servlce condlLlons and be greaLer Lhan Lhe requlred
capaclLles
16
unless oLherwlse speclfled Lhe ressure 8ellef uevlce maLerlal SPALL S conform Lo Lhe 22
pro[ecL maLerlal selecLlon reporL (lnsLrumenL maLerlals selecLlon Lable) lf no maLerlals
selecLlon reporL ls avallable a corroslon and maLerlals englneer SPALL S be consulLed
17
Any sofL goods SPALL S be compaLlble wlLh Lhe process aL normal operaLlng condlLlons 22
as well as durlng rellef evenLs and unlL upseLs
17
22
uL 31101131en SPALL S apply Lo 8vs ln oxygen servlce and 8vs ln alr 23
servlce above 3 Ma (ga) 723 pslg
18
8vs for oxygen servlce SPALL S be clearly marked and SPALL S be packed 23
separaLely from oLher 8vs
18
lSC 13136 or -ACL M80103 SPALL S apply 23
-C1LS 1 lSC 13136 SPALL S apply Lo oll and gas producLlon faclllLles and naLural gas sweeLenlng
planLs -ACL M80173 ls equlvalenL Lo lSC 13136
2 -ACL M80103 SPALL S apply Lo oLher appllcaLlons (eg oll reflnerles L- planLs and
chemlcal planLs)
-ACL M80173/lSC 131361 SPALL S apply Lo oll and gas producLlon faclllLles and
naLural gas sweeLenlng planLs
-ACL M80103 SPALL S apply Lo oLher appllcaLlons (eg oll reflnerles L- planLs and
chemlcal planLs)
18
Lach flanged pressure rellef valve (8v) SPALL S have a unlque Lag number (eg xxx 27
8v/Sv/8vxxxx as sLaLed ln Lhe requlslLlon)
Lach 27
valve wlLh a Lhreaded lnleL SPALL S have a unlque Lag number lL shall be sLamped
leglbly on Lhe valve body
8vs for oxygen servlce SPALL S be Lagged Sul1A8LL lC8 Cx?L- SL8vlCL 27
20
Lach rupLure dlsk SPALL S have Lhe Lag number (eg xxxSu/8uxxxx as sLaLed ln 27
Lhe requlslLlon) sLamped leglbly on Lhe ManufacLurer's dlsk Lag aLLached Lo Lhe downsLream
slde of Lhe dlsk by means of dle sLamps wlLh characLers aL leasL 3 mm hlgh
1he flow dlrecLlon SPALL S be clearly marked on Lhe dlsk holder 27
unless oLherwlse speclfled dlsk shlpplng covers SPALL S be aLLached Lo Lhe packaglng 28
lnsLead of Lo Lhe dlsk
1here SPALL S be an obvlous lndlcaLlon LhaL Lhe securlng 28
devlce ls lnsLalled and lL shall be removed before commlsslonlng of Lhe buckllng pln rellef
valve
lL SPALL S be esLabllshed LhaL 8
blockage cannoL occur due Lo valve closure freezlng solldlflcaLlon foullng subllmaLlon
damage of lnLernals eLc whlch could cause a secLlon of Lhe sysLem Lo become lsolaLed
wlLh no means of overpressure proLecLlon
A sllp bllnd SPALL S be able Lo be lnsLalled ln plplng downsLream of pressure rellef 9
devlces LhaL dlscharge lnLo a closed sysLem unless Lhe closed sysLem can be shuLdown or
has an lsolaLlon block valve wlLh an upsLream sllp bllnd ln Lhe downsLream plplng
1he meLhod for managlng Lhe valve poslLlons SPALL S be 10
conslsLenL wlLh Lhe slLes PSLMS
Lmergency depressurlng valves do noL provlde pressure 10
rellef buL slnce Lhey do play an lmporLanL role Lhe lsolaLlon valves for Lhese SPALL S be
LC or CSC
valve blockages could occur however due Lo small leaks across Lhe rellef valve seaL 1o 10
prevenL Lhls blockage heaL Lraclng/lnsulaLlon SPALL S be provlded around Lhe rellef
valves LhaL can be affecLed by hydraLes and freezlng
1hls could be by 11
condensaLlon or by llquld enLralnmenL durlng emergency rellef acLlon 1hls llquld could
solldlfy (eg hlgh pour polnL llquld) or form coke and affecL Lhe operaLlon of Lhe rellef valve
and downsLream plplng ln Lhls case elLher or boLh of Lhe followlng prevenLlve acLlons
SPALL S be carrled ouL
- provlslon of heaL Lraclng aL Lhe rellef valve and along lLs lnleL and ouLleL plplng
- purglng or flushlng of Lhe lnleL and ouLleL plplng wlLh a clean fluld LhaL can be
accommodaLed by Lhe recelvlng sysLem
lplng upsLream of a rellef devlce should be deslgned wlLh as few flow resLrlcLlons as 12
posslble and SPALL S noL be pockeLed
lf Lwo or more rellef valves (spares noL counLed) are flLLed on one connecLlon Lhe crosssecLlonal 12
area of Lhls connecLlon shall be aL leasL equal Lo Lhe comblned lnleL areas of Lhe
valves and Lhe pressure drop requlremenL ln (321) SPALL S apply for Lhe comblned
flow of Lhe valves
A rlsk assessmenL SPALL S be performed for any aLmospherlc rellef sLreams LhaL mlghL 14
lnclude Loxlc flammable or combusLlble llqulds Lo deLermlne Lhe approprlaLe safeguards Lo
prevenL release of Lhe llqulds Lo aLmosphere
13
lf Lhe dlscharge of Lhe hlgherpressure rellef valve ls handled by Lhe rellef valves of Lhe 13
lower pressure sysLem lL SPALL S be checked LhaL Lhese are adequaLe for Lhe
addlLlonal load
SLreams conLalnlng hlghly corroslve or very Loxlc vapours SPALL S be neuLrallsed 13
before belng dlscharged lnLo Lhe flare sysLem
SysLems conLalnlng very Loxlc flulds SPALL S never be dlscharged lnLo an open 16
dralnage sysLem
lf a hydrogen sulphlde flare rellef sysLem ls used Lhls SPALL S be heaLLraced up Lo 4 m 17
below Lhe Lop of Lhe sLack -o waLer seal vessel SPALL S be applled
1he knockouL drum for Lhe hydrogen sulphlde flare sysLem SPALL S conform Lo Lhe 17
requlremenLs of (41) Slnce no waLer seal vessel has Lo be lnsLalled Lhe deslgn pressure of
Lhe knockouL drum SPALL S be 7 bar (ga) 1o prevenL flashback and consequenLlal
deLonaLlon purge gas SPALL S be used ln addlLlon faclllLles for ln[ecLlon of asslsL gas
ln Lhe flare for adequaLe combusLlon and plume buoyancy SPALL S be provlded
1he knockouL drum for Lhe hydrogen sulphlde flare sysLem SPALL S conform Lo Lhe
requlremenLs of (41)
16
CuLleL llne pressure drop calculaLlons wlLh approprlaLe revlew and assurance SPALL S
be done for all rellef devlces wlLh ouLleL plplng wheLher Lo flare venL process or dlrecLly Lo
aLmosphere
17
SLreams LhaL conLaln oxygen (or alr) SPALL S noL be dlscharged lnLo a common flare or
venL sysLem on a conLlnuous basls unless Lhls sysLem ls free from P2S and no flammable
mlxLures are creaLed
llammable mlxLures wlLh gas and oxygen (alr) SPALL S noL be permlLLed ln a common 17
flare or venL sysLem due Lo Lhe rlsk of a deLonaLlon blasL wave lnslde Lhe header plplng
lf an oxygenconLalnlng sLream ls consldered for lnLermlLLenL rouLlng Lo Lhe flare sysLem 17
such as on Lrlp of a wasLe gas burner a sufflclenL flxed purge of fuel gas or nlLrogen
SPALL S be added and an oxygen analyzer/Lrlp shall be provlded 1he sLream
SPALL S noL be released auLomaLlcally Lo Lhe flare sysLem
8ellef devlces ln oxygen servlce SPALL S meeL Lhe requlremenLs of 17
uL 31101131en
ln order Lo slze Lhe maln headers Lhe maxlmum load LhaL can be expecLed aL any one Llme 17
SPALL S be ascerLalned
19
1he maln flare header SPALL S be slzed for boLh of Lhe followlng cases 18
- flare loads from each lndlvldual unlL
- slmulLaneous flare loads from mulLlple unlLs
19
1he sLandard deslgn basls for flare header hydraullcs for Lhe flre scenarlo SPALL S 19
assume LhaL all emergency depressurlng sysLems LhaL proLecL equlpmenL wlLhln a common
flre clrcle are acLlvaLed
20
CuLleL llne pressure drop calculaLlons SPALL S be done for all rellef devlces wlLh ouLleL 20
plplng wheLher Lo flare venL process or dlrecLly Lo aLmosphere
lor convenLlonal 8vs Lhe bullLup backpressure SPALL S noL exceed Lhe 8v's 21
allowable overpressure for scenarlos durlng whlch Lhe convenLlonal valve musL open
AL hlgher backpressures capaclLy 21
correcLlon facLors provlded by Lhe valve ManufacLurer SPALL S be applled Lo
accounL for posslble flow reducLlon 1he LoLal backpressure SPALL S noL exceed Lhe
mechanlcal llmlL of Lhe bellows 8vs and valve ouLleL raLlng
1he backpressures SPALL S noL reduce Lhe Cv capaclLy 21
below LhaL requlred for Lhe scenarlo
When a dlaphragm plloL operaLed valve ls used Lhe
backpressures SPALL S noL exceed Lhe mechanlcal llmlL of Lhe dlaphragm plloL 21
operaLed valve
Small branches and lnsLrumenL connecLlons SPALL S noL be provlded on flare rellef 21
sysLems wlLh an excepLlon for plloL remoLe senslng llnes because Lhey are vulnerable Lo
flow lnduced vlbraLlon
Where small quanLlLles of llqulds are expecLed a small draln poL or drlp leg may be 23
lnsLalled 1hese SPALL S be regularly lnspecLed Lo averL blockage of Lhe header
23
1he dlsposal plplng SPALL S be selfdralnlng Lowards Lhe knockouL drum
22
lf posslble connecLlng subheaders shall be connecLed aL Lhe Lop of Lhe header and Lhey 23
SPALL S draln lnLo Lhe headers
ConnecLlng subheaders shall be connecLed aL Lhe Lop of Lhe header and Lhey SPALL S
draln lnLo Lhe headers
22
lL shall be evaluaLed wheLher Lhermal expanslon loops are requlred ln Lhe rellef header lor 23
new deslgns expanslon bellows SPALL S noL be used
Where several unlLs are connecLed Lo one common dlsposal sysLem lsolaLlng block valves 23
may be provlded ln Lhe unlL subheaders lf permlLLed by local regulaLlons 1o ensure LhaL
Lhese valves are open durlng operaLlon Lhey SPALL S be locked open (LC) or car seal
open (CSC) 1here SPALL S be a provlslon for bllndlng off Lhe llne upsLream of Lhe block
valve Also a draln and venL wlLh a flange and a purge connecLlon SPALL S be provlded
Lo faclllLaLe dralnlng and venLlng of Lhe lsolaLed branch See Appendlx 6 whlch shows a
connecLlon of Lhe subheader lnLo Lhe maln header
22
lsolaLlon gaLe valves ln Lhe rellef sysLem SPALL S have Lhelr sLems ln Lhe horlzonLal 23
poslLlon
22
lor a common venL ouLleL Lhe dlameLer shall noL be smaller Lhan Lhe ouLleL of Lhe largesL 23
connecLed rellef valve and SPALL S saLlsfy Lhe backpressure conslderaLlons
23
unless venLs are deslgned Lo llmlL Lhe lnLernal pressure Lo 02 bar 23
(ga) 23 pslg or less Lhe ouLleL of venLs and dralns ln venL llnes SPALL S be arranged
Lo dlscharge so LhaL locallzed overheaLlng of any parL of Lhe Lank ls prevenLed lf vapours
from Lhe venLs are lgnlLed
1o prevenL hydraLe or lce formaLlon due Lo small leaks 23
across Lhe valve or low amblenL LemperaLures heaL Lraclng SPALL S be lnsLalled
All lnleL and ouLleL plplng Lo and from rellef valves SPALL S 26
be free dralnlng away from Lhe rellef valve
All lnleL and ouLleL plplng Lo and from rellef valves and depressurlng valves SPALL S
comply wlLh uL 31380111en
23
lnleL and ouLleL plplng for 8vs SPALL S noL have check valves slnce Lhelr fallure may 26
resulL ln a blocked rellef paLh
8ellef sysLem plplng SPALL S be deslgned Lo meeL Lhe requlremenLs of Lhe plplng class 26
LhaL has been speclfled
1he rellef sysLem plplng lnslde ploL SPALL S be submlLLed Lo hydrosLaLlc LesLlng 27
As a mlnlmum requlremenL Lhe header and supporL SPALL S be deslgned for Lhe 27
presence of llquld
1herefore Lhe sLandlng presence of llquld ln a flare rellef sysLem SPALL S 27
be prevenLed
1he rellef sLream dlsposal sysLem SPALL S have a knockouL vessel lf Lhere ls a 29
posslblllLy of llquld carryover or llquld enLralnmenL
28
lf a malnLenance dralns 31
sysLem ls lnLegraLed lnLo Lhe knockouL faclllLy Lhe knockouL vessel SPALL S be slzed for
Lhe volume expecLed from normal malnLenance acLlvlLles
30
1 Llquld space on Lop of LA (PP) llquld level 31
1hls space SPALL S be deslgned Lo conLaln Lhe maxlmum emergency llquld rellef
raLe from Lhe largesL slngle conLlngency lncludlng common mode conLlngencles for a
perlod of aL leasL 13 mln for Lhe unlL knockouL drum and aL leasL 20 mln for Lhe flare
knockouL drum wlLhouL Laklng credlL for pump ouL capaclLy
30
1he above has been wrlLLen for a reflnery based flare kC drum where lL may noL be 31
lmmedlaLely clear whlch unlL ls sendlng llquld Lo Lhe flare and where unlLs are equlpped
wlLh lndlvldual unlL kC drums lf Lhe kC drum ls llnked Lo a slngle planL or slngle unlL
correcLlve measures can be Laken by lnsLrumenL acLlon reacLlng on hlgh level Lrlp le
LZA (PP) 1hls lnsLrumenLaLlon SPALL S be sub[ecLed Lo an ll classlflcaLlon
SufflclenL hold up SPALL S be presenL Lo Lake lnLo accounL Lhe delay ln lnsLrumenL
response and Lo accommodaLe Lhe llquld flow Lhrough Lhe conLrol valve LhaL may be
shuL ln by Lhe lnsLrumenLaLlon Lo prevenL Lhe kC drum belng overfllled
1he knockouL drum SPALL S be equlpped wlLh elecLrlcally drlven pumps (one 31
operaLlng one spare)
PeaLlng coll / heaL Lraclng 32
lf Lhe llquld could solldlfy or freeze (le lf Lhe pour/freeze polnL ls above LCuMA1) Lhen
elecLrlcal or sLeam heaLlng SPALL S be provlded wlLh or wlLhouL LemperaLure
conLrol ln Lhls case exLernal heaL Lraclng SPALL S also be provlded Lo Lhe plplng
upsLream and downsLream of Lhe pumps
lf Lhe llquld could solldlfy or freeze (le lf Lhe pour/freeze polnL ls above LCuMA1)
Lhen elecLrlcal or sLeam heaLlng SPALL S be provlded on Lhe kC drum wlLh or
wlLhouL LemperaLure conLrol
31
knockouL vessel SPALL S have Lwo redundanL hlgh level alarms 33
AL faclllLles whlch are noL conLlnually manned Lhe hlghhlgh level SPALL S 33
resulL ln an auLomaLlc planL shuLdown
lor new deslgns a clrcular deflecLor plaLe aL leasL 3 mm Lhlck should be used 1he deflecLor 33
plaLe SPALL S noL be lnsLalled ln a flare kC drum wlLh Lwo lnleLs and one ouLleL (see
Appendlx 10 flgure 1)
lor new deslgns a clrcular deflecLor plaLe aL leasL 3 mm Lhlck should be used 1he deflecLor
plaLe SPALL S noL be lnsLalled ln a flare kC drum wlLh Lwo lnleLs and one ouLleL (see
Appendlx 8 flgure 1)
32
lf no seal vessel ls used Lhe deslgn pressure SPALL S 34
be aL leasL 7 bar (ga) 100 pslg
1he seal vessel SPALL S be deslgned as a pressure vessel wlLh a deslgn pressure of aL
leasL 7 bar (ga) 100 pslg Lo malnLaln conLalnmenL agalnsL an lnLernal deflagraLlon
33
WaLer seals SPALL S be proLecLed agalnsL freezlng by lnsLalllng an lnLernal coll (sLeam 34
heaLer) and/or elecLrlcal heaL Lraclng (LP1) and conLlnuous waLer makeup and purge
33
lor -L faclllLles and oLher cold gas rellef (oLher Lhan L-) waLer freezlng can occur so
glycol SPALL S be used lnsLead of waLer ln Lhe seal drum
33
lor L- -L and mosL gas planLs no waLer seal vessels SPALL S be used slnce ln 34
Lhe evenL of a cold release Lhls may form an obsLrucLlon ln Lhe flare rellef sysLem
Powever operaLlng procedures SPALL S prevenL flashback (eg hlgher 34
purge raLe) when Lhe operaLlonal flare ls swlLched Lo Lhe spare flare
1he same crlLerla (eg radlaLlon levels nolse levels) as ouLllned for flare sLacks and flare 33
Llps (see 3 and 6) SPALL S apply
AL Lhe boundary of Lhe sLerlle area Lhe heaL radlaLlon level aL maxlmum emergency 39
rellef raLe SPALL S be 63 kW/m2 (2000 8Lu/hfL2) maxlmum (excludlng Lhe effecL of
solar radlaLlon) Local requlremenLs shall also be checked
AL Lhe properLy llmlL Lhe heaL radlaLlon level aL maxlmum emergency rellef raLe 39
SPALL S be 313 kW/m2 (1000 8Lu/hfL2) maxlmum (excludlng Lhe effecL of solar
radlaLlon)
uurlng flarlng evenLs LhaL may occur durlng normal operaLlons (lncludlng sLarL up and 39
shuL down buL excludlng emergency and upseL evenLs) Lhe heaL radlaLlon (excludlng
Lhe effecL of solar radlaLlon) SPALL S noL exceed 13 kW/m2 (300 8Lu/hfL2) aL Lhe
boundary of Lhe sLerlle area
ConsequenLly a proper heaL 40
shleld aL Lhe flrsL plaLform and Lemporary shelLers aL grade SPALL S be provlded wlLhln
Lhe sLerlle area Lo proLecL personnel
1he same guldellnes as applled Lo flares SPALL S also be applled Lo (lgnlLed) venLs wlLh 40
Lhe excepLlon LhaL a sLerlle area ls noL requlred ShelLers SPALL S be provlded lf
personnel could be exposed Lo radlaLlon levels hlgher Lhan 63 kW/m2 (2000 8Lu/hfL2)
LqulpmenL lnsLalled ln Lhe vlclnlLy may be used Lo serve Lhls purpose
An (emergency) release SPALL S be aL a safe locaLlon 1hls means LhaL Lhe release 41
SPALL S be dlspersed ln such a way LhaL personnel presenL aL nearby work levels (eg
plaLforms Lank roofs eLc) or equlpmenL are noL exposed Lo a hazardous slLuaLlon
1he (emergency) release SPALL S be aL a locaLlon where dlsperslon ls shown Lo
approprlaLely reduce or ellmlnaLe exposure Lo personnel LhaL may be ln nearby work
areas(eg plaLforms Lank roofs eLc) and Lo conflrm equlpmenL lsnoL exposed Lo a
hazardous slLuaLlon
37
ulsperslon SPALL S be such LhaL wlLhln Lhe hazardous conLour (Lhe area wlLhln 41
whlch elLher an lgnlLlon source or personnel could be presenL)
a) Lhe concenLraLlon of flammable componenLs ls less Lhan 30 of Lhe lower
flammablllLy llmlL
A-u
b) Lhe resulLlng concenLraLlon of Loxlc and very Loxlc subsLances aL locaLlons where
people may be exposed ls less Lhan Lhe luLP value
37
lL ls lmporLanL Lo reduce Lhe amounL 43
of sLeam ln[ecLlon for smoke suppresslon once Lhe venL gas sLream ls reduced ln order Lo
prevenL overaeraLlon or sLeam capplng boLh of whlch can exLlngulsh Lhe maln flame A
means of maln flame monlLorlng from Lhe conLrol room such as by Lelevlslon camera
SPALL S be provlded
unless oLherwlse speclfled Lhe flare sLack SPALL S have a purge 43
1o secure Lhe purge gas supply Lhe purge gas source SPALL S be rellable and Lhe 46
purge SPALL S be carrled ouL Lhrough a locked open block valve
lf cold gas (eg ln -L planLs) can be relleved waLer freezlng can occur and glycol 46
SPALL S be used lnsLead of waLer ln Lhe seal drum
as seals of Lhe labyrlnLh Lype (eg molecular seal) SPALL S noL be used as Lhey are 47
easlly blocked and very heavlly and easlly damaged by shock loads such as Lhose
occurrlng aL Lhe sLarL of emergency depressurlng
42
8egular lnspecLlon SPALL S be carrled ouL on all lnsLalled flame/deLonaLlon arresLors 47
parLlcular aLLenLlon belng pald Lo arresLors whlch do noL have a consLanL venL sLream
Lhrough Lhem Lhose whlch are used on an lnbreaLhlng servlce and Lhose used on any
servlce where Lhe rlsk of blockage ls relaLlvely hlgh
-elLher flame arresLors nor screens SPALL S be lnsLalled on open venLs where Lhe 48
venLed maLerlal can polymerlze or condense and obsLrucL Lhe flow ouL of Lhe venL
43
All flare sysLems SPALL S be provlded wlLh conLlnuous plloL burners Lo lgnlLe Lhe flare 30
gas as lL leaves Lhe Llp 1he plloLs SPALL S each be provlded wlLh an lgnlLlon sysLem ln
case Lhey are exLlngulshed
1he plloLs provlded aL Lhe flare Llp SPALL S be capable of susLalnlng sLable combusLlon 30
under all flarlng and meLeorologlcal condlLlons
As a mlnlmum one k Lype Lhermocouple locaLed ln a Lhermowell ln Lhe plloL head 31
SPALL S be provlded for each plloL
lor Lhe safeLy of personnel and planL equlpmenL Lhe rellef capaclLy of process equlpmenL 6
SPALL S be malnLalned when Lhe planL ls ln operaLlon or on sLandby under pressure
Where block valves are requlred Lhelr use should be
mlnlmlsed eg by slLlng a slngle block valve on a comblned rellef header from a processlng 6
Lraln where malnLenance ls carrled ouL on a Lraln basls (Lhls block valve SPALL S be
locked open durlng operaLlon of Lhe Lraln)
Where block valves are flLLed upsLream and/or downsLream of 8vs a sysLem SPALL S 6 ok
be ln place Lo ensure LhaL Lhe requlred rellef capaclLy ls always avallable
Where an lnLerlocklng sysLem ls speclfled Lhe followlng provlslons SPALL S apply 6
- 1he block valve locklng devlces are of robusL consLrucLlon wlLh maLerlals whlch wlll
wlLhsLand corroslon from Lhe envlronmenL and are obLalned from suppllers approved
by Lhe rlnclpal
- 1he block valve locklng devlces are easy Lo operaLe afLer belng exposed Lo Lhe
elemenLs LhaL can be expecLed (raln lce sun sandsLorms eLc)
- 1he fully fabrlcaLed locks are secured Lo Lhe block valves wlLh a Lamperproof flxLure
and Lhe connecLlon Lo Lhe flxLure does noL requlre performlng any hoL work
- 1he keys flL only Lhe locks for whlch Lhey are deslgned MasLer keys whlch flL all
block valve locks on a slLe shall noL be avallable Lo operaLlonal sLaff
- 1he valve operaLlng mechanlsm allows operaLlon of Lhe block valve only when Lhe
proper key ls lnserLed ln Lhe lock ln order Lo ensure Lhe correcL execuLlon of Lhe
lnLerlocklng procedure
8LLACLML-1 Cl 8vs 7
A spare 8v SPALL S be puL ln operaLlon prlor Lo removal of a 8v and Lhe followlng
acLlons shall be Laken
a) 8v slzes 1u2 1L2 and 1Zl2 shall be replaced by spare rellef valves
b) CLher 8v slzes shall be replaced by spare 8vs excepL LhaL lf 8vs are noL
avallable a replacemenL spool plece (noL a bllnd flange) shall be lnsLalled ln lLs place
1he replacemenL spool plece shall remaln ln place unLll relnsLallaLlon of Lhe 8v lor
more lnformaLlon and deLalls of Lhe replacemenL spool plece see (34)
-C1L 1he reason for prohlblLlng Lhe use of a bllnd flange ls LhaL lf Lhe block valve upsLream of Lhe bllnd
flange were Lo be opened (whlch Lhe lnLerlocklng sysLem wlll allow Lo be done) Lhen Lhe block valve
upsLream of Lhe operaLlng 8v could leglLlmaLely be closed Lhereby ellmlnaLlng Lhe rellef
capaclLy (or ln Lhe case of mulLlple 8vs reduclng Lhe rellef capaclLy Lo below accepLable llmlLs)
lor a planL ln operaLlon or on sLandby under pressure a spare 8v SPALL S be puL ln
operaLlon prlor Lo removal of a 8v and Lhe followlng acLlons shall be Laken
Spared 8vs dlscharglng dlrecLly Lo aLmosphere (vla lndlvldual Lall plpes) requlre block 7
valves only ln Lhe lnleL plpes of Lhe 8vs
lor Lhese block valves Lhe followlng SPALL S apply
! Lach valve shall be provlded wlLh a slngle lock buL wlLh only one key ln LoLal
! uurlng operaLlon Lhe key shall be Lrapped ln Lhe lock of Lhe closed block valve of Lhe
lnsLalled spare 8v
! 1he key shall be reLracLable from Lhe lock only by locklng open Lhe block valve Pence
only one block valve can be ln Lhe closed poslLlon aL any Llme
lor Lhe block valve lnLerlocklng sysLem Lhe followlng SPALL S apply
r Lach valve ls provlded wlLh a slngle lock buL wlLh only one key ln LoLal and
r uurlng operaLlon Lhe key ls Lrapped ln Lhe lock of Lhe closed block valve of Lhe lnsLalled
spare 8v and
r 1he key ls reLracLable from Lhe lock only by locklng open Lhe block valve Pence only
one block valve can be ln Lhe closed poslLlon aL any Llme
lor Lhe block valve lnLerlocklng sysLem Lhe followlng SPALL S apply
r uurlng operaLlon only Lhe lnleL block valve of Lhe lnsLalled spare 8v ls ln Lhe locked
closed poslLlon All oLher block valves are locked open and
r Lach 8v ls provlded wlLh a unlque key whlch flLs Lock 1 of lLs lnleL block valve and Lhe
lock of lLs ouLleL block valve and
r 1he key of Lhe ouLleL block valve ls reLracLable only when Lhe ouLleL block valve ls locked
open and
r 1he key of Lock 1 of Lhe lnleL block valve ls reLracLable only when Lhe swlLch key ls
lnserLed ln Lock 2 of Lhe same lnleL block valve and
r Lach seL of 8vs ls provlded wlLh a slngle swlLch key whlch flLs Lock 2 of all lnleL block
valves 1he swlLch key ls reLracLable only when Lhe lnleL block valve ls locked open and
wlLh Lhe key of Lock 1 ls lnserLed ln Lhe lock
8
lf malnLenance durlng operaLlon ls requlred on 8v A Lhe followlng procedure SPALL S 8
apply
1 Cpen lnleL block valve of 8v 8
2 8emove swlLch key from lock 8
8oLh block valves are now ln Lhe locked open poslLlon
3 lnserL Lhe swlLch key ln lock A
4 Close Lhe lnleL block valve of 8v A
3 uslng Lhe venL valve depressurlse Lhe plpe spool beLween Lhe block valve and 8v
A
6 8emove 8v A for malnLenance
7 lnsLall anoLher 8v or lf one ls noL avallable an open spool plece (34) ln place of
8v A
uurlng operaLlon only Lhe lnleL block valve of Lhe lnsLalled spare 8v shall be ln Lhe locked 8
closed poslLlon All oLher block valves SPALL S be locked open
Lach 8v SPALL S be provlded wlLh a unlque key whlch flLs Lock 1 of lLs lnleL block 8
valve and Lhe lock of lLs ouLleL block valve
1he key of Lhe ouLleL block valve SPALL S be reLracLable only when Lhe ouLleL block 8
valve ls locked open
1he key of Lock 1 of Lhe lnleL block valve SPALL S be reLracLable only when Lhe swlLch 8
key ls lnserLed ln Lock 2 of Lhe same lnleL block valve
1he key of Lock 1 of Lhe lnleL block valve of Lhe spare 8v shall be sLored ln a cablneL ln 8
Lhe conLrol room whlch SPALL S only be accesslble Lo auLhorlzed personnel
1hls cablneL SPALL S clearly lndlcaLe Lhe place for sLorlng each lndlvldual lnLerlocklng key 9
Lhus provldlng a conLlnuous vlsual lndlcaLlon of all lnLerlocklng sysLems of Lhe planL
lf malnLenance durlng operaLlon ls requlred on 8v A Lhe followlng procedure SPALL S 9
apply
1 CollecL Lhe key for Lhe ouLleL block valve and Lock 18 of Lhe lnleL block valve of
8v 8
2 lnserL Lhe key ln Lock 18
3 Cpen Lhe lnleL block valve of 8v 8
4 8emove Lhe swlLch key from Lock 28
All block valves are now ln Lhe locked open poslLlon
3 lnserL Lhe swlLch key ln Lock 2A
6 Close Lhe lnleL block valve of 8v A
7 8emove Lhe key from Lock 1A
8 lnserL Lhls key ln Lhe lock of Lhe ouLleL block valve of 8v A
9 Close Lhe ouLleL block valve of 8v A
10 uslng Lhe venL valve depressurlse Lhe plpe spool beLween Lhe lnleL block valve and
Lhe 8v A
11 8emove 8v A for malnLenance
12 lnsLall anoLher 8v or lf one ls noL avallable an open spool plece (34) ln place of
8v A
13 Cpen Lhe ouLleL block valve of 8v A wlLh Lhe key whlch ls sLlll ln Lhe lock (Lhls ls also
Lhe key for Lock 1A)
14 8emove Lhls key
13 8eLurn Lhls key Lo Lhe conLrol room
8v 8 ls now ln operaLlon and 8v A has become Lhe lnsLalled spare
1 llow reglmes SPALL S assure fully llquldweLLed walls AccepLable reglmes are 9
bubble froLh plug slug and annular
2 verLlcal Lube heaLers SPALL S be deslgned Lo malnLaln sLable flow condlLlons over Lhe
compleLe range of predlcLed operaLlng flow raLes and heaL lnpuLs
Where vapour and llquld phases coexlsL ln Lhe heaLer coll Lhe followlng condlLlons
SPALL S (Subclauses a) Lo c) below) be meL
a) PeaL Lube colls shall be deslgned Lo malnLaln sLable flow condlLlons over Lhe compleLe
range of speclfled operaLlng flow raLes and heaL lnpuLs
b) llow reglmes shall assure fully llquldweLLed walls AccepLable Lwophase flow reglmes
for boLh horlzonLal and verLlcal colls are bubble froLh plug and annular SegregaLed
flow reglmes ln horlzonLal colls of sLraLlfled wave and wave/mlsL shall be avolded
unfavourable Lwophase flow reglmes can be prevenLed when Lhe superflclal llquld
veloclLy ls greaLer Lhan 1 m/s (33 fL/s) When Lhe superflclal llquld veloclLy of less Lhan
1 m/s (33 fL/s) ls unavoldable Lhe superflclal vapour veloclLy shall be greaLer Lhan 8 m/s
(262 fL/s) for verLlcal flow and 10 m/s (328fL/s) for horlzonLal flow
c) lor hydroprocesslng heaLers wlLh verLlcal Lubes Lhe mlnlmum superflclal vapour veloclLy
may be relaxed Lo 3 m/s (98 fL/s)
14
1he combusLlon sysLem (burners fans ducLs lnsLrumenLaLlon draughL sysLem) 9
SPALL S be slzed for a maxlmum heaL release of 110 of normal heaL release aL
deslgn condlLlons wlLh deslgn alr excess levels as deflned ln Clause 623 lurLher overslzlng
of burners shall be avolded
LlecLrlcal lnsLallaLlons SPALL S comply wlLh uL 33641010en and be sulLable for 13
use ln Lhe appllcable hazardous area classlflcaLlon
913 8eplace Lhls clause by 22
lplng SPALL S comply wlLh uL 31380111en and uL 31380112en
8eplace Lhls clause by 27
lf flreprooflng ls speclfled lL SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 34192011en
1he burner SPALL S malnLaln a sLable flame beLween Lhe maxlmum" and mlnlmum"
sLable heaL release raLes speclfled for Al 333 ln (1able 62) 8efer Lo (14126) for burner
performance LesL requlremenLs
47
All pressure reLalnlng buLL welds and vessel Lo supporL sklrL welds SPALL S be fully 8
examlned ln accordance wlLh clause 8413
lf 81 ls noL pracLlcal for nozzleLoshell welds u1 may be applled lnsLead of 81 ln whlch 8
case aL leasL one of Lhe u1 probes SPALL S lrradlaLe Lhe weld bevel perpendlcularly
(wlLhln 3)
-uL SPALLS be performed by ulLrasonlc examlnaLlon accordlng Lo ASML vlll ulvlslon 8
2 1he preferred ulLrasonlc Lechnlque ls Lhe 1lmeoflllghL ulffracLlon (1olu) meLhod ln
accordance wlLh CpLlon 1 or CpLlon 2 below
-C1L lor welds of an ausLenlLlc or semlausLenlLlc maLerlal Lhe appllcaLlon of 1olu mlghL noL be posslble
and alLernaLlve meLhods of u1 examlnaLlon SPALL S be applled (eg for welds ln 9 nlckel
ausLenlLlc sLalnless sLeel and duplex sLalnles sLeel) Such alLernaLlve procedures valldaLlons and
operaLor quallflcaLlons SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal
CpLlon 1 (ASML 8ased) 8
1he 1olu examlnaLlon SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh ASML vlll ulvlslon 2 and
(733) accepLance crlLerla SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 1able 78 Lhrough 710
CpLlon 2 (L- based) 8
1he 1olu meLhod SPALL S be applled ln accordance wlLh L- 3836 and
CL-/1S 14731
AccepLance crlLerla SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh L- 13617 AccepLance Level 1
1he 1olu operaLors performlng Lhe examlnaLlon daLa analysls lnLerpreLaLlon and
8equlremenLs appllcable Lo boLh CpLlon 1 and CpLlon 2 8
-uL SPALL S be performed aL leasL 24 h afLer Lhe welds have been lnLermedlaLe posL
weld heaL LreaLed and cooled down Lo amblenL LemperaLure
lor Lhe near ouLer surface of Lhe welds and PAZs Lhe followlng SPALL S apply 8
a) 1he ouLer surface of Lhe weld SPALL S be examlned uslng creepwave probes
LhaL have been callbraLed on a 30 mm dlameLer sldedrllled hole (SuP) locaLed aL
a depLh of 30 mm below Lhe ouLer surface 1he probeLoSuP dlsLance shall be
10 mm
b) AccepLance crlLerla SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh ASML vlll ulv 1 Appendlx 12
c) 1he creepwave procedure shall have Lhe approval of a u1 Level lll lndlvldual and
shall be sub[ecL Lo Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal
-uL SPALL S be performed aL leasL 24 h afLer Lhe welds have been posL weld heaL 9
LreaLed and cooled down Lo amblenL LemperaLure
ConsLrucLlon caLegory 1 SPALL S be selecLed lf one or more of Lhe followlng 6
condlLlons apply
- hydrogen servlce (arL l 132)
- very Loxlc subsLances (arL l 132)
- llquefled gas
- CrMo sLeels and oLher ferrlLlc alloy sLeels and carbon sLeels havlng a Lenslle sLrengLh
greaLer Lhan 483 -/mm2
- vessels operaLlng ln cycllc servlce
- vessels whlch operaLe ln Lhe creep range of Lhe maLerlals of consLrucLlon
ConsLrucLlon caLegory 3 SPALL S only be selecLed for
- uLlllLles (eg low pressure sLeam alr waLer lnerL gas)
ConsLrucLlon caLegory 2 SPALL S be selecLed for condlLlons noL covered by caLegory 1
or 3
MaLerlals SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 30100211en lncludlng Lhe 6
addlLlonal requlremenLs speclfled ln Lhe -oLes Lhereln 1he selecLed maLerlals sLandard
(and Lhe aforemenLloned -oLes) shall be lndlcaLed on Lhe daLa/requlslLlon sheeLs
lor low LemperaLure servlces uL 30100231en SPALL S apply Lo prevenL brlLLle 6
fracLure
MaLerlals selecLlon for hydrogen servlce (arL 1 132) SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 7
Al 8 941 1he maxlmum operaLlng condlLlons (LemperaLure and hydrogen parLlal
pressure) SPALL S be aL leasL 13 C and 13 bar below Lhe appllcable maLerlal llne of
Al 8 941 llgure 1 1hls requlremenL also applles Lo Lhe carbon and low alloy pressure
boundary maLerlal of vessels bullL wlLh a sLalnless sLeel corroslon reslsLanL claddlng or
overlay
8olLlng maLerlals SPALL S be selecLed from uL 30100211en or uL 30100231 7
en (as appllcable) oLherwlse Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal ls requlred
LqulpmenL havlng an overall helghL Lo dlameLer raLlo larger Lhan 10 may be prone Lo vorLex 7
sheddlng and Lhe followlng SPALL S be consldered
plplng and plaLforms shall be dlsLrlbuLed around Lhe clrcumference of Lhe equlpmenL
especlally wlLhln Lhe Lop Lhlrd parL of Lhe equlpmenL Lo prevenL vorLlces belng formed
lf Lhe above ls noL posslble (eg only one overhead llne and only resL plaLforms every 6
meLres) and lf Lhe eddy sheddlng frequency ls wlLhln 70 of Lhe naLural frequency of
Lhe equlpmenL Lhree wlnd deflecLors shall be lnsLalled wlLh a wldLh of 1/10 of Lhe
equlpmenL dlameLer evenly spaced ln clrcumference and havlng a plLch of 3 Llmes Lhe
dlameLer of Lhe equlpmenL wlLhln Lhe Lop Lhlrd parL of Lhe equlpmenL
1he rlnclpal SPALL S speclfy on Lhe daLa/requlslLlon sheeLs wheLher Lhe ManufacLurer 7
shall perform a deLalled faLlgue analysls
lf a vessel ls operaLlng above Lhe LemperaLures glven ln 1able 1 where Llme dependenL 8
properLles are a conslderaLlon a creep analysls SPALL S be performed ln accordance
wlLh Al 8 3791 / ASML llS1
1he corroslon allowance for vessels SPALL S be as follows unless oLherwlse speclfled 8
by Lhe rlnclpal
Loose llnlngs SPALL S noL be used 9
LxLernal nozzle loadlngs SPALL S be speclfled on Lhe daLa/requlslLlon sheeLs lf nozzle 9
loadlngs are noL known or sLaLed ln Lhe speclflcaLlon Lhe lnLerface loadlngs ln Appendlx 7
SPALL S be assumed
SupporLs SPALL S be deslgned so LhaL Lhe meLal LemperaLure of Lhe parL of Lhe supporL 9
resLlng on concreLe wlll noL exceed 100 C lor vessels wlLh operaLlng LemperaLures below
amblenL Lhls LemperaLure SPALL S be such LhaL no condensaLlon wlll occur under
normal operaLlng condlLlons
Cyllndrlcal verLlcal vessels shall be supporLed by a sklrL ln accordance wlLh SLandard 10
urawlng S 20001 and shall meeL Lhe followlng requlremenLs
a) 1he sklrL SPALL S be conLlnuously welded Lo Lhe shell of Lhe vessel ln
accordance wlLh elLher SLandard urawlng S 20001 or oLher approprlaLe deslgn
sub[ecL Lo Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal
b) lor vessels of sLalnless sLeel or hlgh alloy maLerlal and wlLh a deslgn LemperaLure
of 230 C (430 l) or more Lhe sklrL maLerlal aLLached Lo Lhe vessel SPALL S be
of Lhe same maLerlal group and slmllar coefflclenL of Lhermal expanslon 1hls
secLlon of Lhe sklrL shall be no less Lhan 2(8L)1/2 where 8 ls sklrL radlus and L ls sklrL
Lhlckness 1he remalnder of Lhe sklrL may be carbon sLeel
c) llanges SPALL S noL be lnsLalled lnslde sklrL areas
Spherlcal vessels SPALL S be supporLed by legs 10
PorlzonLal vessels SPALL S be supporLed by Lwo saddleLype supporLs unless analysls 10
lndlcaLes oLherwlse and ls approved by Lhe rlnclpal
LlfLlng lugs and Lrunnlons SPALL S be deslgned for a LoLal load of 13 Llmes Lhe llfLed 10
welghL of Lhe equlpmenL Lo allow for dynamlc effecLs eLc excepL llfLlng lugs and Lrunnlons
on vessels llable Lo be llfLed from an offshore barge eLc whlch SPALL S be deslgned
for a LoLal load of 3 Llmes Lhe llfLed welghL
1he sLrucLural shape of Lhe sLlffenlng rlngs SPALL S be of a Lype LhaL does noL hold 11
waLer or oLher llqulds
1he exLernal surface of pressure vessels SPALL S be prepared and palnLed ln 12
accordance wlLh uL 30480031en for onshore appllcaLlons or uL 70481130en
for offshore appllcaLlons
laLes for equlpmenL ln hydrogen servlce SPALL S be ulLrasonlcally examlned ln 13
accordance wlLh L- 10160 grade S2L2 lor clad maLerlals ln Lhls servlce see Appendlx 1
of Lhls uL
1ower deflecLlon aL Lhe Lop of Lhe equlpmenL SPALL S shall be no greaLer Lhan 16
a) P/300 for brlck llned equlpmenL
b) P/200 for all oLher equlpmenL
-ozzle Lypes SPALL S be as follows 17
-C1LS 1 lor seLon nozzles Lhe followlng condlLlons SPALL S apply Lo Lhe plaLe maLerlal of Lhe shell 17
1he plaLe maLerlal shall meeL AS1M A 770 S3 (wlLh a mlnlmum area reducLlon of 33) or L-
10164 (CuallLy Class Z33) and
100 ulLrasonlc examlnaLlon shall be performed on a 100 mm wlde band around Lhe nozzle
openlng before aLLachmenL of Lhe nozzle AccepLance crlLerla shall be L- 10160 grade S2L2
2 SeLon nozzles SPALL S noL be used ln hydrogen servlce above 230 C (arL l 132)
Powever Lhey may be used on Lhe header boxes of alrcooled heaL exchangers ln all servlces
8elnforclng pads SPALL S noL be used ln hydrogen servlce above 230 C (arL l 132) 17
or ln oLher servlces above 400 C
lor CrMo equlpmenL Lhe requlremenLs of Appendlx 6 of Lhls uL SPALL S apply 20
lf sLeels of grade M1 are used wlLh a speclfled mlnlmum Lenslle sLrengLh (8m) exceedlng 20
483 -/mm2 Lhe need Lo employ preheaL for all Lhlcknesses SPALL S be ascerLalned ln
vlew of Lhe requlred hardness of Lhe end producL
lor CrMo equlpmenL Lhe requlremenLs of Appendlx 6 of Lhls uL SPALL S apply 20
ln all oLher cases producLlon conLrol LesL plaLes SPALL S be provlded aL Lhe 21
raLe of Lwo LesL plaLes per 100 m of buLL weld or parL Lhereof (clrcumferenLlal plus
longlLudlnal) and shall represenL Lhe weldlng on Lhe vessel or on a group of slmllar vessels
made of Lhe same maLerlal ordered Lo Lhe same speclflcaLlon and wlLh Lhe same weldlng
procedure/welder/weldlng operaLor quallflcaLlon
lor CrMo equlpmenL Lhe requlremenLs of Appendlx 6 of Lhls uL SPALL S apply 21
lull peneLraLlon Lee and corner [olnLs (1ype 8 welds) SPALL S be nondesLrucLlvely 21
examlned by elLher radlography (preferred) or ulLrasonlcs Lo Lhe exLenL requlred by Lhe
consLrucLlon caLegory
lor consLrucLlon caLegory 1 vessels Lhe full lengLh of 1ype A welds SPALL S be 22
examlned for surface flaws
A mlnlmum amounL of 2 radlography SPALL S be applled 22
lor full peneLraLlon welds ln 1esLlng roup 1 wlLh a plaLe Lhlckness exceedlng 40 mm (or 22
20 mm lf Lhe doublewall Lechnlque would be requlred for radlographlc lnspecLlon)
ulLrasonlc examlnaLlon SPALL S be employed lnsLead of radlography
8equlremenLs appllcable for all examlnaLlons 24
unless sLaLed oLherwlse -uL SPALL S be performed aL leasL 24 h afLer Lhe welds have
been lnLermedlaLe posL weld heaL LreaLed and cooled down Lo amblenL LemperaLure
askeLs SPALL S noL be reused afLer breaklng Lhe [olnLs 24
1he followlng flgures of [olnL deLalls SPALL S noL be used for consLrucLlon caLegory 1 23
and 2 vessels (for general weldlng sLaLemenL refer Lo amendmenL 3101)
L1 d)
L2 e) g) h)
L4 b) d) e) (See -oLe 1)
L3 a) b) c)
L10 a) b)
L11 a) b)
L12 a) b)
L13 a) b)
L18
L19 a) b)
L20 a) b)
L28
L29 e) f) g)
L30 a) b)
L31 b)
L32 b) (See -oLe 2)
(See -oLe 2)
L37 a) b)
L38 a) b) c) d) f)
L42
L43 a)
Carbon sLeel and lowalloy sLeel bolLlng for alumlnlum vessels SPALL S be alumlnlzed or 26
Lhe bolLlng shall be made from sLalnless sLeel selecLed from uL 30100211en
1he alumlnlum grades Lo be used SPALL S be as lndlcaLed ln uL 30100211en for 26
Lhe appllcaLlon concerned
Alumlnlum grades havlng a magneslum conLenL of 3 or hlgher SPALL S noL be used 26
for deslgn LemperaLures above 63 C
ressure vessels or vessel parLs consLrucLed of base maLerlal wlLh corroslonreslsLanL 32
lnLegral or weldmeLal overlay claddlng and vessels and vessel parLs LhaL are fully or
parLlally llned lnslde or ouLslde wlLh corroslonreslsLanL plaLe sheeL or sLrlp LhaL ls aLLached
by weldlng elLher Lo Lhe base plaLe before or afLer formlng or Lo Lhe shell heads and oLher
parLs durlng or afLer assembly lnLo Lhe compleLed vessel SPALL S saLlsfy Lhe
requlremenLs of ASML vlll ulv 2 arL 6 SecLlon 63 excepL as modlfled ln Lhls Appendlx
1 Llnlngs oLher Lhan Lhose obLalned by uslng lnLegrally clad plaLe or overlay weld 32
deposlLs SPALL S noL be used wlLhouL Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal lor llnlngs ln
hydroprocesslng equlpmenL only weld overlay deposlLs shall be used Lhe use of
lnLegrally clad plaLe shall be sub[ecL Lo Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal
2 lnLegrally clad plaLe SPALL S be of Lhe homogeneously clad Lype as obLalned by roll 32
claddlng or exploslve claddlng 1he clad plaLes shall conform Lo AS1M A 263 A 264 or
A 263 as appllcable lrrespecLlve of Lhe deslgn calculaLlon meLhod used
4 Cnly overlaywelded mozzles or nozzles made of lnLefrallyclad plaLe SPALL S be used 32
9 Welds ln Lhe base maLerlals SPALL S be nondesLrucLlvely examlned ln accordance 33
wlLh Lhe consLrucLlon caLegory before any overlay weld ls deposlLed ulLrasonlc
examlnaLlon for flnal accepLance purposes shall be on flnlshed welds (lncludlng weld
overlay clad resLorlng and WP1)
WLLul- 8CCLuu8L CuALlllCA1lC- 37
ln addlLlon Lo Lhe sLandard mechanlcal LesLs each weldlng procedure quallflcaLlon LesL
(WC1) SPALL S lnclude a macro secLlon and hardness Lraverses ln accordance wlLh
L- 10431
-o parL of Lhe weld PAZ or base meLal SPALL S exceed 248 Pv 10 37
-o parL of Lhe weld PAZ or base meLal SPALL S exceed 248 Pv 10 37
All carbon sLeel pressure vessels operaLlng ln upsLream or downsLream appllcaLlons and 38
exposed Lo process sLreams where poLenLlal cracklng mechanlsms caused by weL P2S or
sour process envlronmenL SPALL S be deslgned and fabrlcaLed ln accordance wlLh Lhe
addlLlonal requlremenLs of Lhls Annex
lor 1Cr03Mo 123Cr03Mo 223Cr1Mo and 3Cr1Mo sLeels used ln equlpmenL wlLh a 31
maxlmum operaLlng LemperaLure above 330 C and wlLh a prlmary membrane deslgn sLress
greaLer Lhan 30 Ma Lhe followlng requlremenLs shall SPALL S ln addlLlon Lo Lhe oLher
requlremenLs of Lhls uL
- Lhe base maLerlal shall be vacuum degassed and alumlnlum kllled
- Lhe maLerlal shall be supplled ln Lhe quenched and Lempered condlLlon and Lhe base
maLerlal shall have a Charpy v noLch energy absorpLlon value of 33 [oules average
and 48 [oules mlnlmum aL mlnus 30 C
- Lhe chemlcal composlLlon of Lhe base maLerlal shall comply wlLh uL 30100211
en lncludlng Lhe resLrlcLlons glven ln Lhe -oLes Lhereln
- weldlng consumables shall produce deposlLed weld meLal wlLh Lhe followlng
resLrlcLlons on chemlcal composlLlon
ln whlch Lhe consLlLuenLs are
expressed ln mg/kg
and
Mn + Sl 110 ln whlch Lhe consLlLuenLs are
expressed ln wL
- formed heads shall be lnspecLed ln Lhe same way as Lhe base plaLe maLerlal and shall
be dellvered ln Lhe quenched and Lempered condlLlon
- ln Lhe quoLaLlon Lhe ManufacLurer shall provlde compleLe lnformaLlon on LemperaLures
and soaklng perlods for ausLenlLlzlng quenchlng and Lemperlng and for boLh
lnLermedlaLe and flnal heaL LreaLmenLs envlsaged and how he lnLends Lo guaranLee Lhe
asbullL properLles Laklng Lhese heaL LreaLmenLs lnLo accounL
- Lhe rlnclpal shall speclfy lf LesL blocks are requlred lf requlred Lwo of Lhe unLesLed
weldlng producLlon conLrol LesL plaLes shall be used Lo prepare four LesL blocks for
lnsLallaLlon ln Lhe equlpmenL lor Lhe deLalls of preparaLlon and lnsLallaLlon of LesL
blocks see Appendlx 3
vanadlum modlfled grades of 223Cr1Mo SPALL S only be used by manufacLurers LhaL 31
can demonsLraLe experlence ln weldlng and heaL LreaLlng Lhese maLerlals ln heavy wall
reacLors rocedures and pracLlces Lo deLecL and avold reheaL cracklng shall be submlLLed
before or durlng Lhe premanufacLurlng meeLlng
1he flnal posLweld heaL LreaLmenL LemperaLure SPALL S be aL leasL 20 C below 32
Lhe Lemperlng LemperaLure wlLh a mlnlmum holdlng Llme of 1 hour per 23 mm of
Lhlckness (wlLh a mlnlmum of 1 hour) Soaklng perlods shall be based on Lhe heavlesL
welded secLlon lncludlng Lhe LoLal Lhlckness of Lhe vessel wall
1esLlng group 1 SPALL S be selecLed lf one or more of Lhe followlng condlLlons apply 6
- hydrogen servlce
- very Loxlc subsLances
- llquefled gas
- CrMo sLeels and oLher ferrlLlc alloy sLeels and carbon sLeels havlng a Lenslle sLrengLh
greaLer Lhan 483 -/mm2
- vessels operaLlng ln cycllc servlce
- vessels whlch operaLe ln Lhe creep range of Lhe maLerlals of consLrucLlon
1esLlng group 4 SPALL S noL be applled unless permlLLed by Lhe rlnclpal 6
lor L appllcaLlons maLerlals selecLlon SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 7
uL 39011011en and uL 39011012en for all oLher appllcaLlons maLerlals
SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 30100211en lncludlng Lhe addlLlonal
requlremenLs speclfled ln Lhe -oLes Lhereln
lor low LemperaLure servlces uL 30100231en SPALL S apply 7
MaLerlals selecLlon for hydrogen servlce (arL 1 132) SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 7
Al 8 941 1he maxlmum operaLlng condlLlons (LemperaLure and hydrogen parLlal
pressure) SPALL S be aL leasL 13 C and 13 bar below Lhe appllcable maLerlal llne of
Al 8 941 llgure 1
8olLlng maLerlals SPALL S be selecLed from uL 30100211en 7
uL 30100231en or uL 39011011en and uL 39011012en (as
appllcable) unless oLherwlse approved by Lhe rlnclpal
LqulpmenL havlng an overall helghLLodlameLer raLlo larger Lhan 10 may be prone Lo vorLex 8
sheddlng and Lhe followlng SPALL S be consldered
plplng and plaLforms shall be dlsLrlbuLed around Lhe clrcumference of Lhe equlpmenL
especlally wlLhln Lhe Lop Lhlrd parL of Lhe equlpmenL Lo prevenL vorLlces belng formed
lf Lhe above ls noL posslble (eg only one overhead llne and only resL plaLforms every 6
meLres) and lf Lhe eddy sheddlng frequency ls wlLhln 70 of Lhe naLural frequency of
Lhe equlpmenL Lhree wlnd deflecLors shall be lnsLalled wlLh a wldLh of 1/10 of Lhe
equlpmenL dlameLer evenly spaced ln clrcumference and havlng a plLch of 3 Llmes Lhe
dlameLer of Lhe equlpmenL wlLhln Lhe Lop Lhlrd parL of Lhe equlpmenL
1he rlnclpal SPALL S speclfy Lhe requlred faLlgue servlce llfeLlme and all operaLlng daLa 8
necessary for Lhe ManufacLurer Lo perform Lhe analysls
lf a vessel ls operaLlng above 380 C for ferrlLlc sLeels and 300 C for ausLenlLlc 8
sLalnless sLeels (see 1843) a creep analysls SPALL S be performed
1he corroslon allowance for vessels SPALL S be as follows unless oLherwlse speclfled 8
by Lhe rlnclpal
(see charL)
Loose llnlngs SPALL S noL be used 9
LxLernal nozzle loadlngs SPALL S speclfled on Lhe daLa/requlslLlon sheeLs lf nozzle
loadlngs are noL known or sLaLed ln Lhe speclflcaLlon Lhe lnLerface loadlngs ln Appendlx 7
SPALL S be assumed
SupporLs SPALL S be deslgned so LhaL Lhe meLal LemperaLure of Lhe parL of Lhe supporL 9
resLlng on concreLe wlll noL exceed 100 C lor vessels wlLh operaLlng LemperaLures below
amblenL Lhls LemperaLure SPALL S be such LhaL no condensaLlon wlll occur under
normal operaLlng condlLlons 1he mechanlcal deslgn shall provlde for lnsulaLlon seallng
adequaLe surface proLecLlon and prevenLlon of condensaLe collecLlng areas
All vessels SPALL S be provlded wlLh aL leasL 2 earLhlng bosses ln accordance wlLh 9
SLandard urawlng S 68004 locaLed on dlagonal opposlLe sldes
Cyllndrlcal verLlcal vessels shall be supporLed by a sklrL ln accordance wlLh SLandard 10
urawlng S 20001 and shall meeL Lhe followlng requlremenLs
a) 1he sklrL SPALL S be conLlnuously welded Lo Lhe shell of Lhe vessel ln
accordance wlLh elLher SLandard urawlng S20001 or oLher approprlaLe deslgn
sub[ecL Lo Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal
b) lor vessels of sLalnless sLeel or hlgh alloy maLerlal and wlLh a deslgn LemperaLure
of 230 C (430 l) or more Lhe sklrL maLerlal aLLached Lo Lhe vessel SPALL S be
of Lhe same maLerlal
d) llanges SPALL S noL be lnsLalled lnslde sklrL areas
Spherlcal vessels SPALL S be supporLed by legs 10
PorlzonLal vessels SPALL S be supporLed by Lwo saddleLype supporLs unless analysls 10
lndlcaLes oLherwlse and ls approved by Lhe rlnclpal
LlfLlng lugs and Lrunnlons SPALL S be deslgned for a LoLal load of 13 Llmes Lhe llfLed 10
welghL of Lhe equlpmenL Lo allow for dynamlc effecLs eLc excepL llfLlng lugs and Lrunnlons
on vessels llable Lo be llfLed from an offshore barge eLc whlch SPALL S be deslgned
for a LoLal load of 3 Llmes Lhe llfLed welghL
1he exLernal surface of pressure vessels SPALL S be prepared and palnLed ln 11
accordance wlLh uL 30480031en for onshore appllcaLlons or uL 70481130en
for offshore appllcaLlons
lor equlpmenL bullL from 1Cr03Mo 123Cr03Mo 223Cr1Mo and 3Cr1Mo sLeels Lhe 13
requlremenLs of Appendlx 6 of Lhls uL SPALL S apply
laLes for equlpmenL ln hydrogen servlce SPALL S be ulLrasonlcally examlned ln 13
accordance wlLh L- 10160 grade S2L2 lor clad maLerlals ln Lhls servlce see Appendlx 1
of Lhls uL
lor L appllcaLlons bolLlng maLerlals SPALL S be selecLed ln accordance wlLh
uL 39011011en and uL 39011012en for all oLher appllcaLlons bolLs coaLed
wlLh zlnc or cadmlum shall noL be used -lckelzlnc alumlnlum coaLlngs or sulLable nonmeLalllc 13
coaLlngs are permlLLed
1he requlremenLs of uL 30100231en SPALL S apply 14
1ower deflecLlon aL Lhe Lop of Lhe equlpmenL SPALL S be no greaLer Lhan 14
a) P/300 for brlck llned equlpmenL
b) P/200 for all oLher equlpmenL
!oggle [olnLs SPALL S noL be used 13
-ozzle Lypes SPALL S be as follows 16
1 lor seLon nozzles Lhe followlng condlLlons shall apply Lo Lhe plaLe maLerlal of Lhe shell 16
1he plaLe maLerlal SPALL S meeL AS1M A 770 S3 (wlLh a mlnlmum area reducLlon of
33) or L- 10164 (CuallLy Class Z33) and
100 ulLrasonlc examlnaLlon shall be performed on a 100 mm wlde band around Lhe nozzle
openlng before aLLachmenL of Lhe nozzle AccepLance crlLerla shall be L- 10160 grade S2L2
2 SeLon nozzles SPALL S noL be used ln hydrogen servlce above 230 C (arL l 132)
Powever Lhey may be used on Lhe header boxes of alrcooled heaL exchangers ln all servlces
8elnforclng pads SPALL S noL be used ln hydrogen servlce above 230 C 16
1he alLernaLlve calculaLlon meLhod descrlbed ln Annex ! SPALL S noL be used for 17
deslgn of Lube sheeLs lf heaL exchangers are consldered ouLslde Lhe fleld of appllcaLlon of
Lhe classlcal meLhod a deslgn by analysls shall be applled lnsLead
lor hazard caLegorles ll lll and lv Lhe followlng weld deLalls SPALL S be adhered Lo 17
unless oLherwlse auLhorlzed by Lhe rlnclpal
- Cnly full peneLraLlon welds are allowed uouble slded welds wlLh crevlce ln beLween are
noL allowed ln Lhe prlmary pressure boundary or for nozzle aLLachmenLs Lo Lhe shell
- 8acklng sLrlps should normally noL be used lf used noneLheless all backlng sLrlps shall
be carefully removed
- uouble fllleL weld consLrucLlons are only permlLLed ln secondary pressure boundarles
(eg sllpon flanges) buL noL ln hydrogen sulphlde or hydrogen servlce
- SockeL welds are noL allowed
- ConLlnuous fllleL welds shall be used for all supporLs flLLlngs and lnLernal sLrucLures Lo be
welded Lo Lhe vessel shell
-ormallzlng of carbon sLeel componenLs and base maLerlals SPALL S be performed 17
separaLely and noL as parL of Lhe hoLformlng operaLlon unless Lhe flnlshlng hoLformlng
LemperaLure ls ln Lhe normallzlng LemperaLure range of 830 C Lo 960 C
lor CrMo equlpmenL Lhe requlremenLs of Appendlx 6 of Lhls uL SPALL S apply 18
1he exLernal surface of pressure vessels SPALL S be prepared and palnLed as speclfled 18
ln arL ll 312 of Lhls uL lnLernal surfaces shall noL be palnLed unless so speclfled by Lhe
rlnclpal ln whlch case a palnL sysLem selecLed from uL 30480031en shall be
lndlcaLed on Lhe daLa/requlslLlon sheeLs
lor full peneLraLlon welds ln 1esLlng roup 1 wlLh a plaLe Lhlckness exceedlng 40 mm (or 20
20 mm lf Lhe doublewall Lechnlque would be requlred for radlographlc lnspecLlon)
ulLrasonlc examlnaLlon SPALL S be employed lnsLead of radlography
unless sLaLed oLherwlse -uL SPALL S be performed aL leasL 24 h afLer Lhe welds have 22
been lnLermedlaLe posL weld heaL LreaLed and cooled down Lo amblenL LemperaLure
ressure vessels or vessel parLs consLrucLed of base maLerlal wlLh corroslonreslsLanL 28
lnLegral or weldmeLal overlay claddlng and vessels and vessel parLs LhaL are fully or
parLlally llned lnslde or ouLslde wlLh corroslonreslsLanL plaLe sheeL or sLrlp LhaL ls aLLached
by weldlng elLher Lo Lhe base plaLe before or afLer formlng or Lo Lhe shell heads and oLher
parLs durlng or afLer assembly lnLo Lhe compleLed vessel SPALL S saLlsfy Lhe
requlremenLs of ASML vlll ulv 2 ArLlcle l3 excepL as modlfled ln Lhls Appendlx
1 Llnlngs oLher Lhan Lhose obLalned by uslng lnLegrally clad plaLe or overlay weld 28
deposlLs SPALL S noL be used wlLhouL Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal lor llnlngs ln
hydroprocesslng equlpmenL only weld overlay deposlLs shall be used Lhe use of
lnLegrally clad plaLe shall be sub[ecL Lo Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal
2 lnLegrally clad plaLe SPALL S be of Lhe homogeneously clad Lype as obLalned by roll 28
claddlng or exploslve claddlng 1he clad plaLes shall conform Lo AS1M A 263 A 264 or
A 263 as appllcable lrrespecLlve of Lhe deslgn calculaLlon meLhod used
4 Cnly overlaywelded nozzles or nozzles made of lnLegrally clad plaLe SPALL S be 28
used
9 Welds ln Lhe base maLerlals SPALL S be nondesLrucLlvely examlned ln accordance 29
wlLh Lhe LesLlng group before any overlay weld ls deposlLed
ln addlLlon Lo Lhe sLandard mechanlcal LesLs each weldlng procedure quallflcaLlon LesL 33
(WC1) SPALL S lnclude a macro secLlon and hardness Lraverses ln accordance wlLh
L- 10431
-o parL of Lhe weld PAZ or base meLal SPALL S exceed 248 Pv 10 33
All carbon sLeel pressure vessels operaLlng ln upsLream or downsLream appllcaLlons and 34
exposed Lo process sLreams where poLenLlal cracklng mechanlsms caused by weL P2S or
sour process envlronmenL SPALL S be deslgned and fabrlcaLed ln accordance wlLh Lhe
addlLlonal requlremenLs of Lhls Annex
lor 1Cr03Mo 123Cr03Mo 223Cr1Mo and 3Cr1Mo sLeels used ln equlpmenL wlLh a 47
maxlmum operaLlng LemperaLure above 330 C and wlLh a prlmary membrane deslgn sLress
greaLer Lhan 30 Ma Lhe followlng requlremenLs SPALL S apply ln addlLlon Lo Lhe oLher
requlremenLs of Lhls uL
- Lhe base maLerlal shall be vacuum degassed and alumlnlum kllled
- Lhe maLerlal shall be supplled ln Lhe quenched and Lempered condlLlon and Lhe base
maLerlal shall have a Charpy v noLch energy absorpLlon value of 33 [oules average
and 48 [oules mlnlmum aL mlnus 30 C
- Lhe chemlcal composlLlon of Lhe base maLerlal shall comply wlLh
uL 30100211en lncludlng Lhe resLrlcLlons glven ln Lhe -oLes Lhereln
- weldlng consumables shall produce deposlLed weld meLal wlLh Lhe followlng
resLrlcLlons on chemlcal composlLlon
(10+ 3Sb + 4Sn + As) 13
100
ln whlch Lhe consLlLuenLs are
expressed ln mg/kg
and
Mn + Sl 110 ln whlch Lhe consLlLuenLs are
expressed ln mass percenL
- formed heads shall be lnspecLed ln Lhe same way as Lhe base plaLe maLerlal and shall
be dellvered ln Lhe quenched and Lempered condlLlon
- ln Lhe quoLaLlon Lhe ManufacLurer shall provlde compleLe lnformaLlon on LemperaLures
and soaklng perlods for ausLenlLlzlng quenchlng and Lemperlng and for boLh
lnLermedlaLe and flnal heaL LreaLmenLs envlsaged and how he lnLends Lo guaranLee Lhe
asbullL properLles Laklng Lhese heaL LreaLmenLs lnLo accounL
- Lhe rlnclpal shall speclfy lf LesL blocks are requlred lf requlred Lwo of Lhe unLesLed
weldlng producLlon conLrol LesL plaLes shall be used Lo prepare four LesL blocks for
lnsLallaLlon ln Lhe equlpmenL lor Lhe deLalls of preparaLlon and lnsLallaLlon of LesL
blocks see Appendlx 3
vanadlum modlfled grades of 223Cr1Mo SPALL S only be used by manufacLurers LhaL 47
can demonsLraLe experlence ln weldlng and heaL LreaLlng Lhese maLerlals ln heavy wall
reacLors
ressure vessels SPALL S be proLecLed from overpressure ln accordance wlLh 7
uL 80431011en
10
unless oLherwlse speclfled by Lhe rlnclpal plplng beLween Lhe
pressure rellef devlce and Lhe vessel connecLlon SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL
31380111en
10
Spherlcal pressure vessels SPALL S be consLrucLed ln accordance wlLh A81 ll of Lhls 7
uL and Annex vl
10
ressure vessels for use as unflred sLeam bollers SPALL S be consLrucLed ln 7
accordance wlLh arL ll of Lhls uL and Annex v
10
lf one or more of Lhe followlng condlLlons apply Lhe vessels SPALL S be consLrucLed ln 8
accordance wlLh ulvlslon 2 unless oLherwlse approved by Lhe rlnclpal
- ressure vessels wlLh a nomlnal wall Lhlckness greaLer Lhan 38 mm (1Z ln)
- ressure vessels wlLh a deslgn pressure of 10 Ma (1300 psl) or hlgher
- ressure vessels operaLlng ln cycllc servlce pressure or LemperaLurelnduced
- ressure vessels whlch operaLe ln Lhe creep range of Lhe maLerlals of consLrucLlon
ressure vessels ln Lhls caLegory SPALL S 8
- be fabrlcaLed from carbon sLeel 304/304L ausLenlLlc sLalnless sLeel or 316/316L
ausLenlLlc sLalnless sLeel
- have a deslgn LemperaLure noL exceedlng 260 C (300 l) for carbon sLeel
- have a deslgn LemperaLure noL exceedlng 400 C (730 l) for ausLenlLlc sLalnless
sLeel
- be selecLed only for noncorroslve servlces or a servlces for whlch Lhe corroslon
allowances shown ln 1able 2 are noL exceeded
- noL be selecLed for cycllc servlce (see 471)
ressure vessels ln Lhls caLegory SPALL S 9
- be fabrlcaLed from carbon sLeel or solld 300 serles ausLenlLlc sLalnless sLeel
- have a deslgn pressure noL exceedlng 33 Ma (300 psl)
- have a deslgn LemperaLure noL exceedlng 260 C (300 l) for carbon sLeel
- have a deslgn LemperaLure noL exceedlng 400 C (730 l) for ausLenlLlc sLalnless
sLeel
- have a Mlnlmum ueslgn MeLal 1emperaLure (MuM1) noL below 29 C (20 l) lf
made from nonlmpacLLesLed carbon sLeel
- noL be selecLed lf Lhey requlre WP1 for elLher code or process requlremenLs
ressure vessels ln Lhls caLegory 9
- SPALL S be fabrlcaLed from carbon sLeel low alloy maLerlal solld 300 serles
ausLenlLlc sLalnless sLeel or clad wlLh any maLerlal
ressure vessels ln Lhls caLegory
- SPALL S be fabrlcaLed from carbon sLeel low alloy maLerlal solld 300 serles
ausLenlLlc sLalnless sLeel or clad wlLh any maLerlal
12
ressure vessels ln Lhls caLegory meeL Lhe general characLerlsLlcs provlded ln (211) and 9
Lhe requlremenLs of Annex lv ulvlslon 2 SPALL S be Lhe flrsL cholce for code of
consLrucLlon ulvlslon 1 may be used lf
- 1he requlremenLs of (212) are meL and
- 1he use of ulvlslon 1 provldes a clear advanLage ln Lerms of cosL or schedule
CrMo maLerlals SPALL S also meeL Lhe requlremenLs of Annex x of Lhls uL 12
13
LlecLrlc 8eslsLance Welded (L8W) plpe or Lube SPALL S noL be used for pressure 12
reLalnlng parLs such as shells or nozzle necks
13
MaLerlal selecLlon for pressure vessels ln low LemperaLure appllcaLlons SPALL S be ln 12
accordance wlLh uL 30100231en
13
MaLerlal selecLlon for pressure vessels ln weL P2S servlce SPALL S be ln accordance 12
wlLh Annex lx
MaLerlal selecLlon for pressure vessels ln P2S conLalnlng envlronmenLs (sour servlce) ln
upsLream appllcaLlons SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 30100213en
MaLerlal selecLlon and fabrlcaLlon requlremenLs for pressure vessels ln weL P2S servlce ln
uownsLream appllcaLlons SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 30100217en
13
Carbon sLeel clad carbon sLeel and low alloy sLeels for use ln hydrogen servlce 12
SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh Al 8 941
13
1he base meLals of alloy clad or weld overlay pressure equlpmenL for hydrogen servlce 12
SPALL S also be selecLed ln accordance wlLh Lhe appllcable curve of Al 8 941
-onmeLalllc sheeL Lype gaskeLs SPALL S noL be permlLLed for body flanges on pressure 12
vessels LhaL are ln weL P2S servlce or servlces LhaL are consldered very Loxlc
-onmeLalllc sheeL Lype gaskeLs SPALL S noL be permlLLed for body flanges or manway
flanges on pressure vessels LhaL are ln weL P2S servlce or servlces LhaL are consldered
very Loxlc ln accordance wlLh uL 01000130en
13
1he ManufacLurer SPALL S perform Ml ln accordance wlLh uL 31100010en as 13
follows
a) Cn all alloy maLerlal upon recelpL aL Lhe fabrlcaLlon faclllLy vessel caLegory
requlremenLs are lndlcaLed ln Lhe appllcable Annexes
b) Cn vessels prlor Lo shlpmenL
c) Ml on weldlng consumables shall be performed ln accordance wlLh
uL 31100010en
16
1he mlnlmum corroslon allowance for pressureconLalnlng componenLs SPALL S be ln 14
accordance wlLh 1able 2
1able 2 Mlnlmum corroslon allowances
ComponenL and MaLerlal mm ln
Carbon SLeel and Low Alloy ressure vessel Shell/ Peads 13 1/16
Carbon SLeel and Low Alloy -ozzels 3 1/8
All oLher maLerlals all vessel componenLs 10 1/32
lor pressurlsed L sLorage faclllLles Lhe u1 SPALL S be equal Lo Lhe correspondlng 13
bolllng LemperaLure aL Lhe derlved deslgn pressure and Lhe assessed L composlLlon
1he mlnlmum deslgn meLal LemperaLure (MuM1) SPALL S be speclfled as follows 16
4271 ln accordance wlLh uL 30100231en
4272 1he lowesL of Lhe followlng values
a) 1he mlnlmum operaLlng LemperaLure mlnus 14 C (23 l)
b) 1he mlnlmum sLarLup LesL or upseL LemperaLure whlle aL normal operaLlng
pressure
c) 1he mlnlmum LemperaLure durlng depressurlzlng
-C1L 8epressurlzaLlon requlremenLs SPALL S be consldered when speclfylng Lhls LemperaLure as
MuM1 A LemperaLure warmer Lhan Lhe mlnlmum LemperaLure reached durlng depressurlzaLlon
may be speclfled lf approved by Lhe rlnclpal See Annex xll
d) Mlnlmum amblenL LemperaLure for Lhe locaLlon of lnsLallaLlon
1he mlnlmum deslgn meLal LemperaLure (MuM1) SPALL S be speclfled as Lhe mlnlmum
meLal LemperaLure (MM1) as deflned by uL 01000130en
-C1L 8epressurlzaLlon requlremenLs SPALL S be consldered when speclfylng Lhls LemperaLure as
MuM1 A LemperaLure warmer Lhan Lhe mlnlmum LemperaLure reached durlng depressurlzaLlon may
be speclfled lf approved by Lhe rlnclpal
ln addlLlon conslderaLlon for Lhe prevenLlon of brlLLle fracLure SPALL S be made ln
accordance wlLh Lhe requlremenL of uL 30100231en
19
1he deslgn pressure SPALL S be selecLed ln accordance wlLh uL 01000130en 16
19
1he pressure vessel SPALL S be deslgned for lull vacuum lf any of Lhe followlng 16
condlLlons apply
a) lf Lhe process ls such LhaL vacuum condlLlons can rouLlnely occur
b) lf Lhe vessel normally operaLes under vacuum vessels LhaL operaLe aL less Lhan
full vacuum le absoluLe pressure beLween 0 ka and 100 ka (0 psl and
147 psl) shall be evaluaLed for deslgn aL full vacuum
c) vessels ln sLeam or condensaLe sysLems LhaL are noL open Lo Lhe aLmosphere
19
Wlnd Load (L6) SPALL S be deLermlned ln accordance wlLh uL 17
34000130en AlLernaLlvely ASCL 7 MeLhod 2 or Lhe ASCL reporL Wlnd
Loads on eLrochemlcal laclllLles" may be used
Selsmlc Load (L7) SPALL S be deLermlned ln accordance wlLh uL 17
34000130en AlLernaLlvely ASCL 7 may be used unless oLherwlse speclfled
by Lhe [urlsdlcLlon havlng auLhorlLy
20
vessels and Lhelr supporLs SPALL S be deslgned Lo meeL Lhe mosL severe of Lhe load 18
comblnaLlons ln 1able 3
21
ln addlLlon Lo (431) horlzonLal vessels SPALL S also be evaluaLed for buckllng local 18
clrcumferenLlal bendlng and shear sLresses
21
-ozzle necks SPALL S be a mlnlmum Lhlckness of Schedule SLandard lpe plus 21
corroslon allowance wlLh Lhe followlng excepLlons
a) Carbon sLeel or low alloy nozzles u- 80 (3 ln) or less SPALL S be mlnlmum
schedule 160
b) AusLenlLlc sLalnless sLeel or oLher hlgh alloy nozzles u- 80 (3 ln) or less SPALL
S be mlnlmum schedule 80S
-ozzle necks SPALL S be a mlnlmum Lhlckness of Schedule SLandard lpe plus
corroslon allowance wlLh Lhe followlng excepLlons
a) Carbon sLeel or low alloy nozzles u- 80 (-S 3) or less SPALL S be mlnlmum
schedule 160 when Lhe operaLlng LemperaLure of Lhe vessel ls beLween 0 C (32 l)
and 173 C (330 l)
b) AusLenlLlc sLalnless sLeel or oLher hlgh alloy nozzles u- 80 (-S 3) or less shall be
mlnlmum schedule 80S
24
llange selecLlon SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh Annexes l ll lll or lv as appllcable 21
24
Cpenlngs ln vessels SPALL S be Lhe followlng mlnlmum dlsLances from any ma[or 21
sLrucLural dlsconLlnulLy where u ls Lhe Cu and Lmln ls Lhe mlnlmum requlred Lhlckness of
Lhe shell or head belng analyzed
a) 1he greaLer of 18(u*Lmln)03 or 30 mm (2 ln) for vessels ln elLher cycllc or creep
servlce
b) 1he lesser of 18(u*Lmln)03 or 30 mm (2 ln) for all oLher vessels
8elnforclng elemenLs SPALL S noL be used ln hydrogen servlce above 230 C 22
(430 l) or ln oLher servlces above 400 C (730 l)
d) 8elnforclng elemenLs SPALL S noL be used above 400 C (730 l) wlLh 1 3
4 or 3 maLerlals or above 480 C (900 l) wlLh 8 maLerlal
23
uralns and venLs should be lnsLalled on aLLached plplng sysLems raLher Lhan 23
dlrecLly Lo Lhe pressure vessel WheLher on plplng or dlrecLly on Lhe pressure
vessel Lhe mlnlmum slze of dralns and venLs used for shuLdown purposes and for
sLeamouL purposes SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 1able 3
lf enLry Lo Lhe vessel ls expecLed on a normal basls (eg lnLernal lnspecLlons eLc) 23
an exhausL nozzle SPALL S be added dlrecLly Lo Lhe vessel ln accordance wlLh
1able 3 1he exhausL nozzle SPALL S be locaLed so LhaL Lhere ls adequaLe
crossvenLllaLlon
LlfLlng lugs and Lrunnlons SPALL S be deslgned for a LoLal load of 13 Llmes Lhe llfLed 23
welghL of Lhe equlpmenL
LlfLlng lugs and Lrunnlons SPALL S be deslgned for a LoLal load as follows
41331 lor vessels 100 L (220300 lb) 13 Llmes Lhe llfLed welghL of Lhe equlpmenL
41332 lor vessels 100 L 133 Llmes Lhe llfLed welghL of Lhe equlpmenL
28
1he sLrucLural shape of Lhe sLlffenlng rlngs SPALL S be of a Lype LhaL does noL hold 23
waLer or oLher llqulds
28
WLLu !Cl-1 uLSl-
1ype 1 SPALL S be used for CaLegorles A and 8 and shall be consldered for 26
CaLegorles C and u 1he mlnlmum [olnL efflclency shall be 083
29
1ype 7 wlLh full peneLraLlon weld SPALL S be used for CaLegorles C and u arLlal 26
peneLraLlon and/or fllleL welds ln accordance wlLh ulvlslon 1 are noL permlLLed unless
approved by Lhe rlnclpal
29
All parLs whlch have been cold formed by more Lhan 3 SPALL S be sub[ecLed Lo an 27
approprlaLe normallzlng LreaLmenL and lf necessary a Lemperlng LreaLmenL
All parLs whlch have been cold formed wlLh an exLreme flber elongaLlon greaLer Lhan Lhe
followlng SPALL S be sub[ecLed Lo Lhe followlng heaL LreaLmenL
3141 Carbon and lowalloy sLeels 3 normallzlng and Lemperlng LreaLmenL
3142 AusLenlLlc sLalnless sLeel maLerlals exposed Lo hydrogen charglng processes 3 soluLlon
anneallng LreaLmenL
3143 All oLher maLerlals as permlLLed by Lhe appllcable Code of ConsLrucLlon
30
All cold formed heads consLrucLed from ausLenlLlc sLalnless sLeel or nonferrous maLerlal 31
SPALL S have Lhe lnslde and ouLslde surfaces of Lhe knuckle reglon examlned by 1
afLer formlng and any heaL LreaLmenL
34
All cold formed heads consLrucLed from ferromagneLlc maLerlal SPALL S have Lhe lnslde 31
and ouLslde surfaces of Lhe knuckle reglon examlned by 1 afLer formlng and any heaL
LreaLmenL
34
1he mlnlmum LemperaLure of Lhe fluld used for hydrosLaLlc LesL SPALL S be 17 C 32
(30 l) above Lhe MuM1 of Lhe vessel unless oLherwlse approved by Lhe rlnclpal 8efore
appllcaLlon of LesL pressure Lhe LesL fluld and vessel maLerlal shall be allowed Lo equallze Lo
approxlmaLely Lhe same LemperaLure
askeLs requlred for servlce SPALL S be used durlng hydrosLaLlc pressure LesL 32
askeLs used for hydrosLaLlc pressure LesL SPALL S be of Lhe same Lype as requlred for
servlce
33
neumaLlc pressure LesLlng SPALL S noL be performed unless approved by Lhe 32
rlnclpal SlLe approval ls requlred for fleldfabrlcaLed vessels
neumaLlc pressure LesLlng SPALL S noL be performed unless a fracLure conLrol plan
has been submlLLed and approved by Lhe rlnclpal
33
Scope
1hls annex provldes Lhe baslc requlremenLs LhaL are purchased accordlng Lo a 41
ManufacLurer's SLandard deslgn oLherwlse known as offLheshelf" pressure vessels 1hls
caLegory may lnclude fllLers separaLors alr recelvers and vessels lncluded wlLh packaged
equlpmenL ressure vessels ln servlces whlch are exploslve exLremely or hlghly
flammable flammable very Loxlc Loxlc or oxldlzlng SPALL S noL be lncluded ln Lhls
caLegory unless approved by Lhe rlnclpal
Cverpressure proLecLlon by sysLem deslgn SPALL S noL be applled for vessels
purchased ln accordance wlLh Lhls annex
ressure vessels ln servlces whlch are exploslve exLremely or hlghly
flammable flammable very Loxlc Loxlc or oxldlzlng SPALL S noL be lncluded ln Lhls
caLegory unless approved by Lhe rlnclpal
43
Cverpressure proLecLlon by sysLem deslgn SPALL S noL be applled for vessels
purchased ln accordance wlLh Lhls annex
43
1he followlng servlcespeclflc requlremenLs SPALL S apply 42
l321 Low LemperaLure appllcaLlons are noL permlLLed for ManufacLurer's SLandard ressure
vessels
l322 vessels ln weL P2S servlce are noL permlLLed for ManufacLurer's SLandard ressure
vessels
l323 use of ManufacLurer's SLandard ressure vessels ln hydrogen servlce ls sub[ecL Lo Lhe
llmlLaLlons llsLed ln secLlon 221
AppllcaLlons wlLh Lhe MuM1 colder Lhan 29C (20 l) for carbon sLeel and 48 C (33 l)
for ausLenlLlc sLalnless sLeels are noL permlLLed for ManufacLurer's SLandard ressure
vessels
l322 vessels ln weL P2S servlce are noL permlLLed for ManufacLurer's SLandard ressure
vessels
l323 use of ManufacLurer's SLandard ressure vessels ln hydrogen servlce ls sub[ecL Lo Lhe
llmlLaLlons llsLed ln secLlon 222
44
Maxlmum deslgn pressure SPALL S be 33 Ma (300 psl) unless oLherwlse speclfled by 42
Lhe rlnclpal
vacuum deslgn SPALL S noL be lncluded unless oLherwlse speclfled by Lhe rlnclpal 42
When sLlffenlng rlngs are lncluded ln Lhe ManufacLurer's SLandard deslgn deLalls Lhe 43
rlnclpal SPALL S ensure meLhods are lncorporaLed Lo prevenL reLenLlon of waLer or
oLher llqulds
43
Cverpressure proLecLlon by sysLem deslgn SPALL S noL be applled for Mlnlmum Servlce 43
ressure vessels
46
Maxlmum deslgn pressure SPALL S be 33 Ma (300 psl) unless oLherwlse speclfled by 46
Lhe rlnclpal
llange selecLlon SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 1able ll1 46
47
llange selecLlon SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 1able lll1 49
31
vessels ln hydrogen servlce above 230 C (443 l) or oLher servlces above 400 C 30
(730 l) SPALL S have lnLegrally relnforced nozzle connecLlons
31
All Lnglneered ressure vessels SPALL S recelve 100 Ml for Lhe maLerlals llsLed ln 33
uL 31100010en
34
llange selecLlon SPALL S be ln accorance wlLh 1able lv1 33
33
vessels ln hydrogen servlce above 230 C (443 l) or oLher servlces above 400 C 34
(730 l) SPALL S have lnLegrally relnforced nozzle connecLlons
33
unflred sLeam bollers SPALL S be deslgned for lull vacuum aL 130 C (300 l) 37
38
llange selecLlon SPALL S be ln accorance wlLh 1able vl1 39
60
8aln caps SPALL S be lnsLalled lf flreprooflng ls applled Lo supporL legs Also a 39
mlnlmum of 13 mm (1/16 ln) corroslon allowance SPALL S be applled for supporL legs
covered by flreprooflng
60
lor spheres requlrlng a boLLom manway a flreproof box SPALL S be lnsLalled ln 60
accordance wlLh llgure vl1
61
All carbon sLeel pressure vessels operaLlng ln upsLream or downsLream appllcaLlons and 70
exposed Lo process sLreams where poLenLlal cracklng mechanlsms caused by weL P2S or
sour process envlronmenL SPALL S be deslgned and fabrlcaLed ln accordance wlLh Lhe
addlLlonal requlremenLs of Lhls Annex
1hls Annex provldes addlLlonal requlremenLs for pressure vessels consLrucLed of all 84
grades of chromlummolybdenum (CrMo) sLeels 1hese requlremenLs SPALL S apply Lo
pressure vessels regardless of wheLher Lhey are ln hydrogen servlce
72
-o lncldences of SPALLS were found wlLhln Lhe documenL
Annex A1 as modlfled by Lhls uL SPALL S be applled Lo seallng sysLem selecLlon for 8
Lhe followlng
- SheeL 6a Pazardous Servlce declslon block
- SheeL 6b ln LoLal
- 1able A13
Annex A1 as modlfled by Lhls uL shall be applled Lo seallng sysLem selecLlon for Lhe
remalnder
9
lplng sysLems of boller proper plplng" as referenced ln ASML 8311 SecLlon 10011 3
SPALL S be deslgned fabrlcaLed erecLed lnspecLed and LesLed ln accordance wlLh
ASML SecLlon l and Lhls uL
lplng sysLems of boller exLernal plplng" (sLeam feed waLer and blow down plplng sysLems) 3
as referenced ln ASML 8311 SecLlon 10011 SPALL S be deslgned ln accordance wlLh
ASML 8311 and Lhls uL lplng covered under equlpmenL deslgn codes shall be excluded
from Lhe scope of Lhls uL
lplng sysLems excepL as menLloned above SPALL S be deslgned fabrlcaLed erecLed 3
lnspecLed and LesLed ln accordance wlLh ASML 8313 as supplemenLed by Lhls uL and
uL 31380131en
1he deslgner shall ensure LhaL Lhe occurrence of a pressure surge can be LoleraLed lf ln 14
doubL a surge calculaLlon SPALL S be carrled ouL as per 6Lh para of Lhls secLlon
AfLer a plplng sysLem has been checked for surge poLenLlal by a full surge analysls and 14
LranslenL analysls Lhe followlng SPALL S be reporLed Lo Lhe rlnclpal for approval
selecLlon of surge scenarlos and operaLlonal condlLlons
flnal surge pressure analysls
selecLlon of Lhe mosL severe surge
selecLlon of represenLaLlve plplng secLlon
flnal sLaLlc and dymanlc sLress analysls
16
Surge scenarlos SPALL S lnclude 14
rapld valve closure wlLh and wlLhouL pump Lrlpplng
pump Lrlpplng
pump sLarLup
pump Lrlp followed by resLarL
1he sLudy SPALL S cover maxlmum posslble flow raLes llows ln slngleplpe operaLlon of 13
mulLlple plpe sysLems SPALL S be assessed lf pump capaclLy exceeds Lhe normal plpe
capaclLy
16
Surge analysls SPALL S be performed for 13
L- loadlng and rundown plpes
L loadlng and rundown plpes
condensaLe loadlng plpes
coollng waLer sysLems
flre waLer sysLems
loadlng plpes ln general
1he sLudy SPALL S cover maxlmum posslble flow raLes llows ln slngleplpe operaLlon
of mulLlple plpe sysLems SPALL S be assessed lf pump capaclLy exceeds Lhe normal
plpe capaclLy
Surge analysls SPALL S be performed for
a) L- loadlng and rundown plpes
b) L loadlng and rundown plpes
c) condensaLe loadlng plpes
d) coollng waLer sysLems
e) flre waLer sysLems
16
1he rlnclpal SPALL S perform deslgn revlews ln sLages Lo verlfy Lhe proposed physlcal 16
or 3u CAu models Lo check LhaL Lhe arrangemenLs meeL Lhe rlnclpals requlremenLs 1hese
revlews shall be underLaken ln accordance Lo uL 30100311en roposed physlcal or
compuLer plplng 3u CAu models SPALL S be accepLed by Lhe rlnclpal before
proceedlng for consLrucLlon of plplng sysLems
1he selecLlon of plplng consLrucLlon maLerlals ls covered ln Lhe plplng classes whlch refer Lo 16
Lhe MLSC sysLem Lo speclfy Lhe plplng componenLs 1he followlng uLs and MLSCs
SPALL S apply
uL 31380110en uL 31380112en uL 31380113en and sLandard form
uL 31380184 servlces and maLerlals selecLlon lndex"
MLSC roup 74 (llne plpe) MLSC roup 76 (flLLlngs and flanges) MLSC roup 77 (valves)
MLSC roup 81 (bolLlng) and MLSC roup 83 (gaskeLs and packlng)
1he selecLlon of plplng consLrucLlon maLerlals ls covered ln Lhe plplng classes whlch refer
Lo Lhe MLSC sysLem Lo speclfy Lhe plplng componenLs 1he followlng uLs and MLSCs
SPALL S apply
a) uL 31380110en
b) uL 31380112en
c) uL 31380113en
d) SLandard form uL 31380184en servlces and maLerlals selecLlon lndex"
e) MLSC roup 74 (llne plpe)
f) MLSC roup 76 (flLLlngs and flanges)
g) MLSC roup 77 (valves)
h) MLSC roup 81 (bolLlng)
l) MLSC roup 83 (gaskeLs and packlng)
18
lplng sysLem deslgn developmenL for all plplng sysLems SPALL S be ln accordance Lo
Appendlx16 of Lhls uL
18
ro[ecL modlflcaLlons Lo plplng classes shall be kepL Lo a mlnlmum When modlflcaLlons are 16
requlred Lhe rlnclpal SPALL S approve
18
A plplng sysLem SPALL S be deslgned for Lhe mosL severe condlLlons Lo whlch lL may be 16
sub[ecLed 1he followlng may deLermlne Lhe deslgn condlLlons
- sLeamlngouL pressure and LemperaLure
- surge pressure (see 234)
- pump shuLoff pressure
- sLaLlc pressure
- pressure drop
- vacuum caused by coollng and posslble condenslng of Lrapped medlum
- sLeam/nlLrogen purge pressure
- 8eacLor regeneraLlon LemperaLure
- lurnace decoklng operaLlon LemperaLure
- seLLllng pressure of compressor
- emergency depressurlsaLlon
- kllllng condlLlon of a well
- osslblllLy of LemperaLure rlse due Lo sLagnancy
A plplng sysLem SPALL S be deslgned for Lhe mosL severe condlLlons Lo whlch lL may be
sub[ecLed 1he followlng may deLermlne Lhe deslgn condlLlons
a) sLeamlngouL pressure and LemperaLure
b) surge pressure (see 234)
c) pump shuLoff pressure
d) sLaLlc pressure
e) pressure drop
f) vacuum caused by coollng and posslble condenslng of Lrapped medlum
g) sLeam/nlLrogen purge pressure
h) 8eacLor regeneraLlon LemperaLure
l) lurnace decoklng operaLlon LemperaLure
[) seLLllng pressure of compressor
k) emergency depressurlsaLlon
l) kllllng condlLlon of a well
m) osslblllLy of LemperaLure rlse due Lo sLagnancy
18
ln slLuaLlons where dlfferenL deslgn condlLlons exlsL ln one plplng sysLem dlfferenL plplng 17
classes may be used 1hese spec breaks SPALL S be locaLed so LhaL Lhe more severe
deslgn condlLlon can never occur ln Lhe parL of Lhe sysLem wlLh Lhe lower plplng class Spec
breaks beLween plplng classes of dlfferenL maLerlals SPALL S be execuLed as flanged
connecLlons unless oLherwlse speclfled by Lhe rlnclpal
ln slLuaLlons where dlfferenL deslgn condlLlons exlsL ln one plplng sysLem dlfferenL plplng
classes may be used and shall be dlvlded by a spec break 1hese spec breaks
SPALL S be locaLed so LhaL Lhe more severe deslgn condlLlon can never occur ln Lhe
parL of Lhe sysLem wlLh Lhe lower plplng class Spec breaks beLween plplng classes of
dlfferenL maLerlals SPALL S be execuLed as flanged connecLlons unless oLherwlse
speclfled by Lhe rlnclpal
19
lf a sysLem operaLlng above 0 C (32 l) ls connecLed Lo a sysLem operaLlng aL 0 C (32 l) or 17
below Lhe flrsL 30 u (wlLh a maxlmum of 10 m (33 fL)) SPALL S be deslgned Lo Lhe
speclflcaLlons of Lhe lower LemperaLure sysLem
19
ASML 8313 provldes allowances for pressure and LemperaLure varlaLlons AllocaLlng a 17
deslgn pressure below Lhe maxlmum surge pressure accordlng Lo Lhese allowances
SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal and shall only be consldered lf ma[or
cosL reducLlons can be achleved
19
LqulpmenL whlch ls a poLenLlal source of flre SPALL S noL be locaLed under plpe racks 18
20
osslblllLy of conLamlnaLlng ausLenlLlc sLalnless sLeel duplex sLalnless sLeel nlckel alloy or 18
9 nlckel sLeel componenLs wlLh zlnc SPALL S avolded lf hoL work ls performed on
galvanlsed lLems slLuaLed ln Lhe vlclnlLy of Lhese componenLs Lhey SPALL S be shlelded
(eg wlLh flre blankeLs) Lo avold conLamlnaLlon
20
lplng connecLed Lo more Lhan one plece of equlpmenL (eg a pump and lLs spare) 18
SPALL S be deslgned and supporLed so LhaL no excesslve loads on equlpmenL may occur
when one branch of Lhe plpe ls dlsconnecLed (eg durlng malnLenance operaLlons)
SafeLy rellef valve dlscharge plplng SPALL S be deslgned Lo wlLhsLand Lhe dead loads and 18
Lhe blowoff loads 8lowoff deslgn loads SPALL S Lake lnLo accounL Lhe mosL severe
case such as posslble flashlng condlLlons and llquld enLralnmenL ln vapour flows
20
1here SPALL S be a mlnlmum horlzonLal clearance of 073 m (30 ln) for access ways and 18
walkways and 09 m (36 ln) for Lhoroughfares
20
1he load on plpes crosslng rallways and roads should be equallsed eg by means of plpe 19
sleeves or a culverL 1he plpes SPALL S be kepL cenLrally ln Lhe sleeves by dlsLance
pleces welded Lo Lhe plpe or flxed Lo Lhe sheeLlng lf Lhe plpe ls lnsulaLed for lowLemperaLure
servlce
lor burled plpes operaLlng aL a LemperaLure of 60 C (140 l) or below Lhere SPALL S be 19
a clear dlsLance of aL leasL 300 mm (12 ln) beLween Lhe plpe and any elecLrlcal or lnsLrumenL
cables
22
lor burled plpes operaLlng above 60 C (140 l) Lhe plpe shall be lnsulaLed Lo llmlL Lhe ouLer 19
surface (claddlng) LemperaLure Lo a maxlmum of 60 C (140 l) and Lhere SPALL S be a
clear dlsLance of aL leasL 600 mm (24 ln) beLween Lhe claddlng and any elecLrlcal or
lnsLrumenL cables
22
ueslgn of caLhodlc proLecLlon of burled plpes shall be ln accordance Lo uL 19
30107310en lor burled plpes whlch have lmpressed currenL caLhodlc proLecLlon Lhere
SPALL S be a clear dlsLance of aL leasL 1 m (40 ln) beLween Lhe plpe and any
parallelrunnlng cables Lo prevenL sLraycurrenL corroslon of Lhe sLeel wlre armourlng
of Lhose cables
23
lplng SPALL S be deslgned so LhaL Lhe compleLe sysLem can be flushed and cleaned 19
(eg "dead ends" should be avolded)
23
llanged connecLlons SPALL S noL be lnsLalled 20
ln enclosed Lrenches ln order Lo prevenL Lhe accumulaLlon of volaLlle flulds ln Lhe enclosed
Lrenches 23
ConcreLe Lrenches ln process unlLs SPALL S be adequaLely dralned lnLo a llquldsealed 20
dralnage sysLem and shall be covered wlLh graLlng
23
lplng sysLems SPALL S be rouLed supporLed anchored or gulded so LhaL Lhermal 20
expanslon/conLracLlon welghL effecLs lncludlng Lhe plpe conLenLs lnsulaLlon and any oLher
superlmposed loads pressure effecLs vlbraLlon or movemenLs due Lo earLhquakes and
sLorms wlll noL resulL ln sLresses ln Lhe plplng or loads on Lhe connecLed equlpmenL ln excess
of Lhose permlLLed by ASML 8313 and Lhe equlpmenL deslgn code ln order Lo prevenL
fallure of plplng componenLs due Lo oversLress
leakage aL [olnLs
excesslve loads and momenLs on connecLed equlpmenL anchor polnLs flanged
connecLlons eLc
23
lplng sysLems SPALL S be checked for sLresses caused by pressure welghL of plpe 20
equlpmenL vlbraLlon welghL effecLs of plplng componenLs and flulds exLernal loadlngs such
as wlnd loads selsmlc loads seLLlemenL frosL heave and Lhermal expanslon and conLracLlon
24
1he proposal Lo use expanslon [olnLs or swlvel [olnLs SPALL S be presenLed Lo Lhe 20
prlnclpal for revlew and approval prlor Lo deLalled deslgn developmenL
Lxpanslon [olnLs SPALL S noL be used ln very Loxlc servlces or ln 21
sysLems where Lhey would be sub[ecLed Lo Lorslonal loads
24
Swlvel [olnLs SPALL S noL be 21
used ln very Loxlc servlces or ln sysLems where Lhey would be sub[ecLed Lo bendlng loads
24
1he upper and lower deslgn LemperaLures (see uL 01000130en) and dlfferences ln 21
LemperaLure beLween plplng and equlpmenL SPALL S be Laken lnLo accounL for all deslgn
cases
24
Lxpanslon sLress range SPALL S be calculaLed uslng a dlfferenLlal LemperaLure of upper 21
and lower deslgn LemperaLure Lo make sure LhaL Lhls sLress range ls wlLhln Lhe Code
allowable
24
Coldsprlng SPALL S noL be used Lo reduce LhrusL and momenLs on flanged [olnLs or
equlpmenL nozzles (refer Lo para 31924 ln ASML 8313)
24
llare plplng sysLems SPALL S be deslgned ln accordance Lo 80431010en 21
23
lor plplng connecLed Lo roLaLlng equlpmenL plpe sLress analysls SPALL S be based on 21
Lhe followlng conslderaLlons
l) AcLual plplng forces and momenLs shall be quallfled wlLhouL Laklng Lhe advanLage of
frlcLlon facLor aL plpe supporLs
ll) SucLlon and dlscharge nozzle maLlng plpe flanges shall be deslgned Lo malnLaln Lhe
mlsallgnmenL wlLhln Lolerances as menLloned ln Appendlx12 32(g)
23
lplng sLress analysls SPALL S be carrled ouL for Lhe followlng LemperaLure condlLlons 21
upper ueslgn 1emperaLure
Lower ueslgn 1emperaLure
Maxlmum CperaLlng 1emperaLure
CperaLlng 1emperaLure
1ranslenL 1emperaLure condlLlons posslbly caused by amongsL oLhers Lhe followlng load
cases
a SLarLup and shuLdown
b SLeam cleanlng (SLeamouL) of llnes and/or equlpmenL
c roLecLlve sLeam heaLlng or elecLrlcal heaLlng lncludlng wlnLerlslng
d uecoklng
e 8egeneraLlon
f Compressor recycle
g 1emperaLure drop by pressure rellef or depressurlsaLlon effecL
h Solar radlaLlon
23
lplng sLress analysls SPALL S be carrled ouL for Lhe followlng pressure condlLlons 21
ueslgn ressure
Maxlmum CperaLlng
CperaLlng ressure
Cycllc ressure condlLlons
23
ln earLhquake prone zones earLhquake loads SPALL S be Laken lnLo accounL 21
26
LarLh quake loadlng SPALL S be analysed Lo ensure sLrucLural lnLegrlLy of plpe 21
supporL sLrucLures lor plplng deslgn wlLh selsmlc loads see 37 of Lhls uL
26
1he funcLlon of crlLlcal llne llsL ls Lo ldenLlfy Lhose plplng sysLems whlch requlre lnvesLlgaLlon 22
by a plpe sLress englneer 1he crlLlcal llne llsL/llnes Lo be compuLer analyzed SPALL S
lnclude Lhe followlng
- lor all plplng sysLems shown below
a lpe slze u- 100 Lo u- 330 (-S 4 Lo -S 14) wlLh operaLlng LemperaLures above
173 C (347 l)
b lpe slze u- 400 Lo u- 430 (-S 16 1o -S 18) wlLh operaLlng LemperaLures
above 120 C (248 l)
c lpe slze u- 300 (-S 20) and larger
26
8urled llnes operaLlng aL LemperaLures above 100 oC (212 l) SPALL S be checked for 24
upheaval buckllng ln accordance Lo uL 31401016en
27
Allowable loads and momenLs on equlpmenL nozzles SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh Lhe 24
relevanL uL and Lhelr assoclaLed sLandards (eg ASML Al lSC SLds eLc) for Lhe
equlpmenL
eneLraLlons Lhrough walls and floors SPALL S be sealed wlLh a hydrocarbonreslsLanL 26
flller afLer plplng lnsLallaLlon (eg a collar shall be flLLed around Lhe plpe) Lo avold chlmney
draughL ln Lhe case of flre
30
1o prevenL llquld drlpplng onLo a lower deck holes SPALL S be 26
provlded wlLh concreLe curbs casLln exLended plpes or oLher means
30
Where appllcable Lhe flre raLlng of Lhe wall or floor SPALL S be malnLalned 26
1he flre raLlng of
Lhe wall or floor SPALL S be malnLalned
30
A plplng sysLem ln an earLhquake reglon SPALL S have sufflclenL flexlblllLy Lo absorb large 26
movemenLs wlLhouL leadlng Lo excesslve sLraln or fallure
30
All small bore nozzle weldlng SPALL S be performed by as 1ungsLen Arc Weldlng 27
(1AW) ln Lhe prefabrlcaLlon yard or shop
31
8ranches SPALL S be avolded downsLream of hlgh capaclLy gas pressure reduclng 27
sysLems such as compressor recycle sysLems sLeam desuperheaLers hlghraLe
depressurlng valves and safeLy rellef valves lf Lhls ls noL posslble branches SPALL S
be locaLed well away from Lhese sources of vlbraLlon
32
lor plplng sysLems ln vlbraLlng servlce all branch connecLlons of slze u- 30 (-S
2) or smaller SPALLS be relnforced ln Lwo perpendlcular dlrecLlons (see
sLandard drawlngs S44030 31 32)
32
8ranches Lo run plpes SPALL S noL be smaller Lhan Lhe slzes as shown below 27
8un plpe slze branch slze
u- 2030 (-S 2) u- 20 (-S )
u- 80300 (-S 3 12) u- 23 (-S 1)
Larger Lhan u-300 (-S 12 above) u- 40 (-S 1 Z)
8ranches (lncludlng dlrecL mounLed lnsLrumenL connecLlons) Lo run plpes SPALL S noL
be smaller Lhan Lhe slzes as shown below
8un Slze 8ranch Slze
u- 20 Lhrough u- 30 (-S Lhrough -S 2) u- 20 (-S )
u- 80 Lhrough u- 300 (-S 3 Lhrough -S 12) u- 23 (-S 1)
reaLer Lhan u- 300 (reaLer Lhan -S 12) u- 40 (-S 1Z)
32
llanges SPALL S noL be locaLed above roads 28
33
All plpes enLerlng and leavlng Lhe process unlL SPALL S have a block valve and flanges 31
provlded Lo allow for spadlng (spades or specLacle bllnds) aL Lhe boundary of Lhe process unlL
(baLLery llmlL)
33
valves SPALL S noL be lnsLalled above roads 32
34
CavlLy pressure rellef provlslon SPALL S be provlded for Lhe followlng 33
a) lor double seaLed valves (le sofL seaLed floaLlng ball valves and meLal seaLed
wedge Lype gaLe valves and plug valves)
ln llquld servlce and flucLuaLlng LemperaLure (Lhermal cycllng) havlng a lower deslgn
LemperaLure below 30 C
30C (38 l) for class 130 slnce by deslgn Lhey are relaLlvely weak (oval
bonneL on gaLe valve)
30C (38 l) ln all oLher ASML pressure classes
b) lor L servlce wlLh a deslgn LemperaLure lower Lhan 0C (32 l)
c) CerLaln process appllcaLlons (eg Loxlc servlce (such as chlorlne and LC) and ln
sLeam and condensaLe sysLems
d) rocess block valves around pumps (durlng warmlngup prlor Lo operaLlon)
CavlLy pressure rellef provlslon SPALL S be provlded for Lhe followlng
a) lor double seaLed valves (le sofL seaLed floaLlng ball valves and meLal seaLed
wedge Lype gaLe valves and plug valves) ln llquld servlce and flucLuaLlng
LemperaLure (Lhermal cycllng)
a 30 C and 0 C degrees Celslus for class 130# L servlce slnce
by deslgn Lhey are relaLlvely weak (oval bonneL on gaLe valve)
b 30C (38 l) ln all oLher ASML pressure classes
b) CerLaln process appllcaLlons (eg Loxlc servlce (such as chlorlne and LC) and ln
sLeam and condensaLe sysLems
c) rocess block valves around pumps operaLlng
33
1esL draln and venL connecLlons shall be lnsLalled wlLhouL valves aL all low and hlgh polnLs ln 34
plplng 1he followlng mlnlmum branch plpe slzes SPALL S be used for LesL venL and draln
connecLlons
8un plpe slze venL/draln slze
u- 13 (-S Z) u- 13 (-S Z)
u- 2030 (-S 2) u- 20 (-S )
u- 80300 (-S 3 12) u- 23 (-S 1)
Larger Lhan u- 300 (-S 12 above) u- 40 (-S 1 Z)
1esL draln and venL arrangemenLs are speclfled ln Lhe plplng classes and are shown ln
uL 31380110en 1hese connecLlons shall noL be shown on Lhe LlS All draln and
venL polnLs SPALL S be closed wlLh a bllnd flange ln weL galvanlsed sysLems closlng
wlLh a cap ls allowed
36
All draln and venL polnLs SPALL S be closed wlLh a bllnd flange 34
valved venLs and dralns Lo aLmosphere SPALL S saLlsfy 33
Lhe double barrler concepL
37
Where process requlremenLs demand a qulck ouLleL Lo aLmosphere Lhe double 33
barrler SPALL S be obLalned by lnsLalllng Lwo valves ln serles lf Lhe effluenL wlll flash and
cause subzero LemperaLures Lhe dlsLance beLween Lhe Lwo valves shall be aL leasL 600 mm
(24 ln) and Lhe lasL valve SPALL S be of Lhe sprlng loaded selfcloslng Lype
37
lrom mechanlcal polnL of vlew Lhe followlng 33
mlnlmum branch plpe slzes SPALL S be used for process venL and draln connecLlons
8un plpe slze venL/draln slze
u- 13 (-S Z) u- 13 (-S Z)
u- 2030 (-S 2) u- 20 (-S )
u- 80300 (-S 3 12) u- 23 (-S 1)
Larger Lhan u- 300 (-S 12 above) u- 40 (-S 1 Z)
37
Sample ouLleLs for flulds above Lhelr auLolgnlLlon LemperaLure for L and for very Loxlc 36
producLs SPALL S have a selfcloslng downsLream valve lf Lhe effluenL could flash and
creaLe subzero LemperaLures Lhe dlsLance beLween Lhe Lwo valves SPALL S be aL leasL
600 mm (24 ln)
38
lrom mechanlcal polnL of vlew Lhe followlng mlnlmum branch plpe slzes SPALL S be used 36
for sample connecLlons
8un plpe slze venL/draln slze
u- 13 (-S Z) u- 13 (-S Z)
u- 2030 (-S 2) u- 20 (-S )
u- 80300 (-S 3 12) u- 23 (-S 1)
Larger Lhan u- 300 (-S 12 above) u- 40 (-S 1 Z)
38
1esL connecLlons SPALL S be closed wlLh a bllnd flange afLer compleLlon of Lhe LesL 36
38
All Lhese welds SPALL S be nondesLrucLlvely examlned Lo Lhe same 36
sLandards as Lhe oLher welds ln Lhe sysLem and shall be monlLored durlng lnlLlal operaLlon aL
operaLlng pressures
38
llanged Lhermowells are sulLable for run plpe u- 80 (-S 3) and larger and SPALL S be 37
selecLed as follows
39
vlbraLlons lnduced by a von karman vorLex may occur ln plpes wlLh hlgh fluld veloclLles 1hls 37
phenomenon ls dlfflculL Lo predlcL buL ln general speclal precauLlons SPALL S be Laken
for plpes handllng llqulds wlLh a veloclLy above 8 m/s (23 fL/s) and for plpes handllng gases
wlLh a veloclLy above 40 m/s (130 fL/s)
vlbraLlons lnduced by a von karman vorLex may occur ln plpes wlLh hlgh fluld veloclLles
1hermowells lnsLalled ln plpes wlLh llquld veloclLy greaLer Lhan 8 m/s (23 fL/s) and wlLh gas
veloclLy greaLer Lhan 40 m/s (130 fL/s) SPALL S lncorporaLe measures Lo prevenL faLlgue
fallure due Lo vorLex lnduced vlbraLlon
39
Crlflce flanges ralsed face wlLh flange Lapplngs SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 38
S 38130
Crlflce flanges ralsed face wlLh corner Lapplngs SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh
S 38131
Crlflce meLer run slzes u- 30 up Lo u- 600 (-S 2 Lo -S 24) SPALL S be ln accordance
wlLh uL 61381010en
Crlflce meLer run slzes u- 13 (-S Z) u- 20 (-S ) u- 23 (-S 1) and u- 40 (-S 1
Z) SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh S 38134
ulsplacer chambers for dlsplacer Lype level lnsLrumenLs SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 38
S 38036
40
ConnecLlons Lo plplng for pressure lnsLrumenLs SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh Lhe plplng 38
classes
40
1hermal expanslon rellef valves SPALL S be lnsLalled ln llquldfull equlpmenL or plplng 38
sysLems lf Lhe sysLem can be blocked ln and lL ls sub[ecL Lo heaL from Lhe aLmosphere or
process See uL 80431010en
40
lplng ln vlbraLlng servlce SPALL S be screened accordlng Lo Appendlx17 41
CperaLlonal dralns for equlpmenL and plplng conLalnlng llquefled peLroleum gases 40
SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 30061012en
44
ln order Lo prevenL Lransmlsslon of vlbraLlons Lo a compressor house compressor 40
plplng SPALL S noL be supporLed or oLherwlse connecLed Lo Lhe bulldlng sLrucLure
44
A sLudy SPALL S be carrled ouL accordlng Lo Al 618 Lo deLermlne Lhe opLlmum supporL 40
locaLlon 8esulLs of Lhe sLudy SPALL S be submlLLed Lo Lhe rlnclpal for approval
44
1he allowable loads and momenLs on equlpmenL nozzles SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 40
Lhe relevanL uL and Lhelr assoclaLed sLandards (eg Al) for Lhe equlpmenL
44
ln order Lo avold a flre hazard lubrlcaLlng oll conLrol oll and seal oll plpes SPALL S noL be 40
rouLed ln Lhe vlclnlLy of hoL process or hoL uLlllLy plpes
44
1he plplng componenLs 41
from Lhe block valve Lo Lhe sucLlon nozzle of Lhe pump SPALL S have Lhe same raLlng as
Lhe dlscharge plplng ln order Lo accommodaLe overpressure due Lo backflow from Lhe
dlscharge slde 1hls also applles Lo mulLlsLage pumps
43
1he dlscharge plpe shall also have a block valve A check valve SPALL S be lnsLalled 41
unless Lhere ls no posslblllLy of backflow or pressure surge under any condlLlons 1hls check
valve SPALL S be lnsLalled upsLream of Lhe block valve Lo enable malnLenance of Lhe
check valve wlLhouL dralnlng Lhe dlscharge plpe
43
A bypass SPALL S be lnsLalled ln Lhe followlng cases 41
lf dlscharge and sucLlon plpe operaLlng LemperaLures are above 130 C (302 l)
lf Lhe pumped fluld can solldlfy aL amblenL 1emperaLure eg waLer plpes ln freezlng
cllmaLes
lf dlscharge/sucLlon plpe operaLlng LemperaLure ls below -10 C (14 l)
lf dralnlng of Lhe space downsLream of Lhe check valve ls requlred
for pumps handllng hlghly volaLlle llqulds aL pumplng LemperaLures eg L servlce
43
1he bypass flow depends on Lhe vlscoslLy of Lhe fluld and Lhe pressure dlfference beLween 42
Lhe dlscharge and sucLlon of Lhe pump ln order Lo be able Lo llmlL Lhe bypass flow Lhe bypass
arrangemenL around Lhe check valve SPALL S be deslgned so LhaL a resLrlcLlon orlflce can
be lnsLalled when necessary
46
ump venL and draln nozzles shall be flLLed wlLh lsolaLlon valves when connecLed Lo a 43
common venL and draln sysLems and lf noL connecLed Lo a draln sysLem Lhe valves
SPALL S be flLLed wlLh bllnd flanges
47
umps handllng buLane or llghLer process flulds SPALL S have a venL plpe Lo Lhe flare 43
sysLem 1he venL plpe SPALL S have a specLacle or spade bllnd
umps handllng buLane or llghLer process flulds SPALL S have a venL plpe wlLh a
specLacle or spade bllnd Lo Lhe flare sysLem
47
umps handllng cryogenlc process flulds SPALL S have a venL plpe Lo Lhe sucLlon drum
1he venL plpe SPALL S have a spadlng polnL and shall follow Lhe shorLesL pracLlcal rouLe
Lo Lhe sucLlon drum
umps handllng cryogenlc process flulds SPALL S have a venL plpe wlLh a spadlng
polng Lo Lhe sucLlon drum
47
ln order Lo faclllLaLe safe prlmlng of pumps handllng hydrocarbons above Lhelr auLolgnlLlon 43
LemperaLure one of Lhe followlng plplng sysLems SPALL S be used
- 1he preferred meLhod ls Lo lnsLall (cold) flushlng oll supply and reLurn connecLlons and a
bypass around Lhe check valve 1hls ls only feaslble lf Lhe pumped producL ls compaLlble
wlLh Lhe flushlng oll lL may noL be a pracLlcal soluLlon lf no flushlng headers are avallable
ln Lhe vlclnlLy
- 1he lnsLallaLlon of venLlng/prlmlng plpes wlLh readlly accesslble valves from Lhe hlghesL
polnL ln Lhe pump arrangemenL le Lhe caslng venL and/or a hlgh polnL venL ln Lhe
sucLlon plpe back Lo Lhe sucLlon vessel above Lhe normal llquld level and a bypass
around Lhe non reLurn valve
47
oslLlve dlsplacemenL pumps SPALL S be safeguarded agalnsL a blocked ouLleL wlLh a 43
pressurerellef devlce 1hls SPALL S noL be an lnLegral parL of Lhe pump and shall be ln
accordance wlLh uL 31291230en 1he rellef valve SPALL S be lnsLalled ln a bypass
beLween Lhe dlscharge plpe upsLream of Lhe block valve and Lhe sucLlon vessel
48
1AW SPALL S be used for Lhe rooL pass of welds lf lL ls noL posslble Lo grlnd Lhe 44
rooL smooLh
48
8lock valves shall be lnsLalled ln Lhe sucLlon and dlscharge plpes excepL for aLmospherlc alr 44
compressors whlch SPALL S have block valves ln Lhe dlscharge plpes only 1he block
valve ln Lhe sucLlon plpe lf presenL and Lhe plplng Lo Lhe sucLlon nozzle SPALL S have Lhe
same raLlng as Lhe dlscharge plplng
8lock valves shall be lnsLalled ln Lhe sucLlon and dlscharge plpes excepL for aLmospherlc
alr compressors whlch shall have block valves ln Lhe dlscharge plpes only 1he block valve
ln Lhe sucLlon plpe lf presenL and Lhe plplng Lo Lhe sucLlon nozzle SPALL S have Lhe
same raLlng as Lhe dlscharge plplng
48
LxcepL for reclprocaLlng compressors compressor dlscharge plpes SPALL S have a 44
check valve beLween Lhe block valve and Lhe dlscharge nozzle as close as pracLlcal Lo Lhe
compressor dlscharge nozzle
48
1o proLecL agalnsL a blocked ouLleL reclprocaLlng compressors SPALL S have a 44
pressurerellevlng devlce lnsLalled ln a bypass beLween Lhe dlscharge plpe upsLream of Lhe
block valve and Lhe sucLlon vessel lnLersLage secLlons SPALL S also be proLecLed by
rellef valves see uL 31294031en
49
Compressors ln hydrocarbon or very Loxlc servlce SPALL S have purge faclllLles Spadlng 44
capablllLy SPALL S be provlded by specLacle bllnds removable spool pleces or elbows
Compressors ln hydrocarbon or very Loxlc servlce SPALL S have
a) urge faclllLles and
b) Spadlng capablllLy provlded by specLacle bllnds removable spool pleces or elbows
49
1he seL pressure of Lhe rellef valve ln Lhe Lurblne exhausL sysLem SPALL S noL exceed 43
elLher Lhe Lurblne deslgn pressure or Lhe pressure of Lhe exhausL plplng whlchever ls Lhe
lesser 1he rellef valve SPALL S be lnsLalled beLween Lhe Lurblne ouLleL and Lhe check
valve
49
1he calculaLlon for Lhe rellef valve orlflce SPALL S be based on Lhe Lurblne lnleL nozzle 43
49
Warmlngup faclllLles SPALL S be provlded for Lhe Lurblne lnleL plplng and Lhe Lurblne 43
49
SLeam venLs shall be rouLed Lo a safe locaLlon and SPALL S noL be comblned wlLh any 43
lubrlcaLlng oll seal oll or process venL
49
lf shellandLube exchangers can be blocked ln by valves causlng Lrapped llquld/vapour
aLLenLlon SPALL S be pald Lo
prevenLlng exposure of Lhe lowressure slde plplng Lo Lhe Maxlmum ressure of Lhe
hlghpressure slde regardless of wheLher caused by lnLernal fallure or oLherwlse
poLenLlal lncrease of ressure dlfference beLween Lhe hlgh and low ressure slde
31
PeaL exchangers SPALL S have a check valve ln Lhe sLeam lnleL lf Lhe normal sLeam 46
pressure ls less Lhan 110 of Lhe process rellef valve seL pressure or lf Lhere ls no rellef
valve 110 of Lhe process deslgn pressure 1he deslgn SPALL S Lake Lube bursL lnLo
accounL and SPALL S lnclude faclllLles Lo prevenL undeslrable effecLs eg backflow of
hydrocarbons lnLo sLeam sysLems hydrocarbon enLry lnLo condensaLe or waLer sysLems and
enLry of waLer lnLo hoL hydrocarbon sysLems
31
1o prevenL Lhe producL from 47
enLerlng Lhe sLeam plpe a check valve SPALL S be lnsLalled close Lo and upsLream of Lhe
regulaLlng valve wlLh a low polnL draln (wlLh valve) beLween Lhem A gaLe valve SPALL S
be lnsLalled upsLream of Lhe check valve Lo lsolaLe Lhe plpe from Lhe maln sLeam header
32
1he valve 47
bolLs and gaskeLs SPALL S saLlsfy Lhe requlremenLs of boLh Lhe uLlllLy and Lhe process
condlLlons
32
1he draln valve SPALL S be ouLslde Lhe sklrL 47
32
ressurerellef sysLems SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 80431010en 47
32
Where level gauges are essenLlal buL blowouL prevenLers are noL used on 47
lsolaLlon valves ln clean producL servlce or ln case Lhe producL ls of foullng servlce hlgh
lnLegrlLy level lndlcaLors of Lhe magneLlc Lype SPALL S be lnsLalled
32
1he followlng polnLs shall be Laken lnLo accounL lf magneLlc Lype level gauges are applled 48
- lf a sLalnless sLeel flange ls flLLed lnLo a carbon sLeel sysLem Lhe flange SPALL S have
a sulLable raLlng (Lhe mechanlcal sLrengLh of sLalnless sLeel ls lower)
laLeLype level gauges SPALL S be resLrlcLed Lo ASML raLlng classes 130 300 and 600 48
and Lhe deslgn LemperaLure SPALL S noL exceed 263 C (309 l)
33
1he span of a level gauge SPALL S cover Lhe requlred operaLlng range and Lhe enLlre 48
range of oLher level lnsLrumenLs see Appendlx 7
1he pressure and LemperaLure raLlng of Lhe level gauge SPALL S be same as Lhe 49
pressure and LemperaLure raLlng of Lhe vessel
34
Level gauges SPALL S be connecLed wlLh block valves beLween Lhem and Lhe equlpmenL 49
34
uouble block valves SPALL S be flLLed ln ASML raLlng classes 600 and above for 49
hydrogen servlces and ASML raLlng classes 900 and above for oLher servlces
34
lf Lhere are more Lhan Lwo palrs of level gauge connecLlons one or more sLand plpes shall be 49
used SLand plpes SPALL S saLlsfy Lhe speclflcaLlons of Lhe relevanL plplng class
34
1he deslgn and maLerlal selecLlon of lnllne lnsLrumenLs and conLrol valves SPALL S 49
saLlsfy Lhe pressure and LemperaLure raLlng of Lhe relevanL plplng class
34
1he plplng class for vessel Lrlm componenLs SPALL S be derlved from Lhe equlpmenL daLa 30
shown on Lhe LlS
33
llre waLer plplng sysLems SPALL S comply wlLh uL 80471031en 31
llre waLer plplng sysLems SPALL S comply wlLh uL 80471031en and
uL 80471012en
36
ulrecL connecLlons Lo Lhe poLable waLer sysLem SPALL S noL be made for purposes
whlch could polluLe Lhe poLable waLer sysLem due Lo backflow
37
oLable waLer connecLlons Lo process 31
equlpmenL and plplng SPALL S pass Lhrough a break Lank wlLh a slphon breaker
oLable waLer connecLlons
Lo process equlpmenL and plplng SPALL S pass Lhrough a open break Lank LhaL uses an
alr gap Lo prevenL backflow Lo Lhe poLable waLer sysLem
37
1he connecLlons Lo equlpmenL or plplng SPALL S have a check valve and a block valve 32
1he connecLlons Lo equlpmenL or plplng SPALL S have Lwo check valves and a block
valve
37
lf Lhe hose ls coupled Lo process equlpmenL or plplng a check valve SPALL S be lncluded 32
37
SLeam plpes SPALL S have a block valve aL Lhe boundary of Lhe process unlL llanges 32
shall be provlded aL Lhese locaLlons Lo allow for spadlng (spades or specLacle bllnds) Lo
lsolaLe Lhe sLeam sysLems durlng malnLenance of Lhe unlL lnsLrumenL connecLlons for flow
pressure and LemperaLure measuremenLs shall be lnsLalled downsLream of Lhe block valves
Lo Lhe planL or unlL
SLeam plpes connecLed Lo process plpes SPALL S be flLLed wlLh a block valve A check 32
valve SPALL S be lnsLalled upsLream of Lhe block valve wlLh a bleeder ln beLween Lhem
SLeam plpes connecLed Lo process plpes SPALL S be flLLed wlLh a block valve acheck
valve lnsLalled upsLream of Lhe block valve and a bleeder ln beLween Lhem
37
lnsLrumenL alr supply plplng SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 31370011en 1he 34
plplng maLerlals SPALL S be selecLed from Lhe appllcable plplng class
61
1he connecLlons Lo equlpmenL or plplng SPALL S be provlded wlLh Lwo check valves
upsLream of a block valve wlLh a venL (wlLh an orlflce slzed Lo 003 m/hr (30 lLrs/hr)) Lo
aLmosphere locaLed beLween Lhe block valve and check valves
61
1he plplng maLerlals SPALL S be selecLed from Lhe appllcable plplng class 34
1he connecLlons Lo equlpmenL or plplng SPALL S be provlded wlLh Lwo check valves
upsLream of a block valve wlLh a venL (wlLh an orlflce slzed Lo 003 m/hr (30 lLrs/hr)) Lo
aLmosphere locaLed beLween Lhe block valve and check valves
61
Lach Lype of uLlllLy medlum SPALL S be provlded wlLh a dedlcaLed Lype 34
of hose connecLlon Lo prevenL conLamlnaLlon and lnadverLenL connecLlon Lo Lhe wrong uLlllLy
medlum
61
uralns for cleanlng purposes only SPALL S be bllnded off 33
1he producL draln valve SPALL S be blanked off
uralns for cleanlng purposes only SPALL S be bllnded off 1he waLer draln shall
be connecLed vla a closed plplng sysLem Lo Lhe waLer LreaLlng faclllLles 1he producL draln
valve SPALL S be blanked off
62
lplng 33
connecLed Lo sLorage Lank nozzles SPALL S be provlded wlLh lsolaLlon valves
62
ConnecLlng plpes beLween Lhe loadlng arms and Lhe headers SPALL S slope down Lo Lhe 36
headers for dralnage
63
1he deaeraLor ouLleL SPALL S have a flame arresLer 36
63
ComponenLs SPALL S be selecLed from Lhe appllcable plplng classes 1he use of speclal 37
maLerlals and/or plplng componenLs noL lncluded ln Lhe plplng classes shall be mlnlmlzed Lhe
rlnclpal SPALL S approve Lhe use of any oLher componenLs or alLernaLlve maLerlals
64
lplng sysLems connecLed Lo oLher sysLems or equlpmenL wlLh a hlgher deslgn raLlng 37
SPALL S have Lhe hlgher raLlng for all componenLs up Lo and lncludlng Lhe flrsL block valve
ln Lhe sysLem of lower raLlng 64
lor 8 plplng sysLems uL 31401019en SPALL S apply
lor 8 plplng classes uL 31380112en SPALL S apply
64
Shop and fleld fabrlcaLlon of sLeel plplng SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 39
uL 31380131en
63
SockeLwelded consLrucLlon SPALL S noL be used ln Lhe followlng servlces 39
- servlces ln whlch crevlce corroslon can occur
- ASML raLlng class above 600
- lower deslgn LemperaLure below 0 C (32 l)
- plpes greaLer Lhan u- 40 (-S 1 Z)
- very Loxlc servlce
- hydrogen servlce
- hydrogen peroxlde
SockeLwelded consLrucLlon SPALL S noL be used ln Lhe followlng servlces
a) servlces ln whlch crevlce corroslon can occur
b) ASML raLlng class above 600
c) lor process servlces lower deslgn LemperaLure below 29 C (20 l)
d) lor uLlllLy servlces lower deslgn LemperaLure below 30 C (38 l)
e) plpes greaLer Lhan u- 40 (-S 1 Z)
f) very Loxlc servlce
g) hydrogen servlce
h) hydrogen peroxlde
63
MAW (gas meLal arc weldlng) and lCAW (flux cored arc weldlng) SPALL S noL be used 39
ln order Lo avold excesslve shrlnkage sLresses durlng weld solldlflcaLlon a gap SPALL S 39
be lefL beLween Lhe end of Lhe plpe and Lhe sLop of Lhe sockeLweldlng componenL ln
accordlng Lo ASML 81611 before weldlng
66
b) 1he gaskeL selecLlon SPALL S be based on plplng class requlremenLs 39
66
1lLbased maLerlals SPALL S noL be applled 66
above a conLlnuous maxlmum LemperaLure of 200 C (392 l)
66
Splral wound gaskeLs SPALL S never be reused slnce noL enough reslllence ls lefL ln 60
Lhe gaskeL maLerlal Lo glve a leakproof [olnL when compressed a second Llme
67
1he deslgn LemperaLures for Lhe llsLed bolLlng maLerlal comblnaLlons ln relaLlon Lo Lhe applled 61
plplng maLerlal SPALL S be as follows
68
1hreaded [olnLs SPALL S noL be used ln process plplng 61
1hreaded [olnLs SPALL S noL be used
a) ln process plplng
b) ln plplng ln severe cycllc servlce
69
Where avallable buLLweldlng Lee flLLlngs SPALL S be used ln severe cycllc servlce (as 63
deflned ln ASML 8313)
Where buLLweldlng Lee flLLlngs are avallable as a llsLed componenL ln Lhe ASML 8313
buLL weldlng Lee flLLlngs SPALL S be used ln severe cycllc servlce (as deflned ln ASML
8313)
70
8ranch connecLlons SPALL S noL be made on elbows or concenLrlc reducers 63
70
As a mlnlmum slngle block valve wlLh bleed arrangemenL SPALL S be used for Lhe 63
followlng
l) lplng sysLems (excepL Loxlc servlces) ln pressure servlce of A-Sl class 600 and
below
ll) lplng sysLems conLalnlng flashlng llqulds ln pressure servlce of A-Sl 300 and
below
Slngle valve lsolaLlon SPALL S be llmlLed Lo
a) llulds noL classed as veryLoxlc and flulds noL conLalnlng hydrogen and flulds LhaL
are nonflashlng ln pressure classes 600# and below
b) llashlng flulds (as deflned ln l 13) ln pressure classes 300# and below
Slngle valve lsolaLlon SPALL S be complemenLed wlLh bleed valve(s) for Lhe followlng
a) unless Lhe normal operaLlng LemperaLure ls amblenL a blanked bleed valve SPALL
S be provlded aL Lhe downsLream slde of lsolaLlon valve and spade/bllnd
b) A blanked bleed valve shall also be provlded beLween an lsolaLlon valve and
spade/bllnd for llne slzes u- 130 (-S 6) and above
71
As a mlnlmum double block valve wlLh bleed arrangemenL SPALL S be used for Lhe 63
followlng
l) lplng sysLems ln pressure servlce of A-Sl class 900 and above
uouble block valves wlLh bleed connecLlon see flgure 876
As a mlnlmum double valve lsolaLlon SPALL S be provlded for Lhe followlng
a) lplng sysLems conLalnlng veryLoxlc flulds ln all pressure classes
b) lplng sysLems conLalnlng flashlng flulds or flulds conLalnlng hydrogen ln pressure
classes 600# and above
c) All plplng sysLems ln pressure classes 900# and above
d) 8aLLery llmlL lsolaLlon beLween process planLs
e) ermanenL uLlllLy connecLlons Lo process sysLems
f) Where valves are Lhe sole lsolaLlon of equlpmenL Lo be opened
g) lrequenLly swlLched large valves ln foullng servlce
71
As a mlnlmum double block wlLh bleed Lo safe locaLlon SPALL S be used for Lhe followlng 66
plplng sysLems
l) lplng sysLems conLalnlng flashlng llqulds (L servlce) ln pressure servlce of A-Sl 600
and above
ll) lplng sysLems conLalnlng very Loxlc servlces (for deflnlLlon of very Loxlc servlces see
uL 01000130en) Lhe bleed may be llned up Lo safe locaLlon
1hls Lype of bleed faclllLy may also be necessary for large valves ln foullng servlce especlally
lf Lhe lsolaLlon frequency ls hlgh such as for plpe llne plg Lraps 1hls bleed SPALL S noL be
execuLed as a capped or blanked valve buL SPALL S conslsL of Lwo valves ln serles hard
plped Lo a safe locaLlon (normally a hlgh polnL venL or flare)
uouble bleed valves SPALL S provlded for flashlng flulds or very Loxlc flulds
1he downsLream slde of Lhe bleed valves SPALL S be
a connecLed Lo safe locaLlon
l for flulds classed as very Loxlc acuLe
ll for flashlng flulds
a (-C1L lf noL connecLed Lo flare buL llned up Lo aLmosphere ln L servlce Lhe mlnlmum
dlsLance beLween Lhe Lwo bleed valves shall noL be less Lhan 600 mm CperaLlon of L
bleed valves wlll lead Lo low LemperaLures due Lo Lhe expanslon of Lhe fluld Any free waLer
assoclaLed may lead Lo lce formaLlon LhaL prevenLs Lhe block from belng closed 600 mm has
been LesLed Lo glve sufflclenL dlsLance Lo sLlll close Lhe upsLream valve when waLer/lclng mlghL
have blocked Lhe downsLream draln valve)
b connecLed Lo a closed dlsposal/lnclneraLlon/flare sysLem for flulds classed as
very Loxlc carclnogenlc or very Loxlc muLagenlc
72
Slngle bleed valve SPALL S be provlded for all oLher fluld servlces wlLh bleed
valve blanked off ln Lhe followlng cases
a beLween an lsolaLlon valve and spade/bllnd for llne slzes u- 130 (-S 6) and
above
b aL conLrol valves wlLh a bypass
c where double block valves wlLh a bleed are used Lo safely Lurn a specLacle
bllnd or lnserL a spade whlle boLh process ends remaln under process
condlLlons
d where large valves ln foullng servlce are frequenLly swlLched
72
Where double valve lsolaLlon ls requlred lL SPALL S be applled Lo
a) pumps
b) Lhe upsLream slde of rellef valves requlrlng lsolaLlon valves
c) conLrol valves wlLh bypass seLs
d) level gauges
e) oLher onsLream equlpmenL lsolaLlon 73
lf noL connecLed Lo Lhe flare buL llned up Lo aLmosphere ln L servlce Lhe mlnlmum 66
dlsLance beLween Lhe Lwo bleed valves SPALL S noL be less Lhan 600 mm (24 ln)
oslLlve lsolaLlon SPALL S be provlded when 67
- hoL work ls Lo be done or
- equlpmenL ls Lo be hydrosLaLlcally LesLed or
- enLry by personnel ls requlred for lnspecLlon or malnLenance or
- equlpmenL ls Lo be opened or removed whllsL Lhe remalnder of Lhe unlL ls sLlll ln operaLlon
oslLlve lsolaLlon SPALL S be provlded when
a) hoL work ls Lo be done or
) equlpmenL ls Lo be pressure LesLed or
c) enLry by personnel ls requlred for lnspecLlon or malnLenance or
d) equlpmenL ls Lo be opened or removed whllsL Lhe remalnder of Lhe unlL ls sLlll ln
operaLlon
73
8olLs for spades and spacers wlLh Lhlcknesses greaLer Lhan 73 mm ln llquld hydrocarbon 67
flammable gas or very Loxlc servlce SPALL S be proLecLed agalnsL Lhe effecLs of flre by
one of Lhe followlng meLhods
a) 1he spade or spacer shall have holes drllled Lhrough lnsLead of Lhe sLandard
spade/spacer arrangemenL wlLh exposed bolLs or
b) flreproof lnsulaLlon or shleldlng shall be applled
76
Powever Lhese valves SPALL S noL be used as a means of
double lsolaLlon for malnLenance purposes as lL ls sLlll llkely LhaL a slngle fallure wlll affecL
boLh blocklng funcLlons
81
-onmeLalseaLed plug valves and nonlubrlcaLed plug valves wlLh nonmeLalllc sleeves
handllng flammable flulds SPALL S be provlded wlLh an anLlsLaLlc devlce whlch achleves
elecLrlcal conLlnulLy beLween Lhe plug sLem and Lhe valve body
81
8all valves are double seaLed valves whlch lncorporaLe a cavlLy beLween Lhe seaLs Lhe cavlLy 73
rellef requlremenLs speclfled ln clause 3126 SPALL S be applled
1he expandlng plug valve ls a speclal deslgn ln whlch Lhe plug ls made of mulLlple 74
componenLs Lhese allow lL Lo mechanlcally expand Lhrough a wedglng acLlon onLo Lhe
cyllndrlcal body 1hese valves alLhough expenslve glve a Lrue double block and bleed
funcLlon ln a slngle valve and are ldeal for prevenLlng producL conLamlnaLlon (eg ln oll
movemenL operaLlons) Powever Lhese valves SPALL S noL be used as a means of
double lsolaLlon for malnLenance purposes as lL ls sLlll llkely LhaL a slngle fallure wlll
affecL boLh blocklng funcLlons 1hese valves are Lorque seaLed
lug valves are double seaLed valves whlch lncorporaLe a cavlLy beLween Lhe seaLs or
above and below Lhe plug Lhe cavlLy rellef requlremenLs speclfled ln clause 3126
SPALL S be applled
aLe valves are double seaLed valves whlch lncorporaLe a cavlLy beLween Lhe seaLs Lhe 77
cavlLy rellef requlremenLs speclfled ln clause 3126 SPALL S be applled
1he overall requlremenL wlll be LhaL a valve wlLh packlng ls seen as one sysLem when belng 82
sub[ecLed Lo a 1A1 rerequlslLe ls LhaL graphlLe used ln packlngs SPALL S conform Lo
MLSC SL 83/203 or SL 83/204
aLe globe ball and buLLerfly valves whlch operaLe wlLh fluld LemperaLures below mlnus 83
30C (38 l) SPALL S have an exLended bonneL
92
Pydrogen ls an exLremely searchlng due Lo lLs small molecular slze lL ls also exLremely 86
flammable 1o reduce Lhe poLenLlal number of leak paLhs valves ln ASML class 600 and
above SPALL S have buLL weld ends wlLh Lhe excepLlon of check valves and lnsLrumenL
lsolaLlon valves
93
valves SPALL S also elLher be bellows sealed or have emlsslon class A(PS) 87
94
uue Lo Lhe combusLlble naLure of oxygen wlLh olls and greases valves wlLh buLL weld ends 88
SPALL S be supplled clean degreased and sealed ln a bag labelled Cx?L-
SL8vlCL"
93
aLe and globe valves u- 30 (-S 2) and larger SPALL S have exLended bonneLs for 88
servlce LemperaLures above 200C (392 l) Lo keep Lhe packlng LemperaLure lower Lhan
200C (392 l)
93
lL class for oxygen servlce SPALL S be 'A(PS)' Lo avold oxygen enrlchmenL around Lhe 88
unclean bonneL
93
ury chlorlne ls very Loxlc and lf mlxed wlLh waLer lL produces hlghly corroslve hydrochlorlc 89
acld 1herefore ball valves havlng a poslLlve cavlLy rellef feaLure (rellef hole) SPALL S be
selecLed for process purposes lor prlmary lsolaLlon where corroslon may occur globe
valves SPALL S be selecLed
96
valves for dry chlorlne servlce SPALL S be supplled dry and degreased slnce chlorlne 89
reacLs vlolenLly wlLh oll grease and forelgn maLerlals 1herefore valves SPALL S be
sealed ln a plasLlc bag labelled CPLC8l-L SL8vlCL"
96
8all valves SPALL S lncorporaLe a poslLlve cavlLy rellef feaLure 89
96
valves SPALL S be supplled deslgn dry and degreased have a consplcuous label sLaLlng 89
Lhe words L1P?LL-L CxluL SL8vlCL"
96
valves wlLh conLalnlng polymerlc or elasLomerlc maLerlals SPALL S be flre LesLed deslgn 90
and cerLlfled Lo lSC 10497/ Al 607 3rd and 3Lh ed 8S 67332 or Al 6lA
97
SLandards Al 607 Al 6lA 8S 67332 and lSC 10497 do noL address Lhe capablllLles of 90
Lhe valve end connecLlons Lnd connecLlons SPALL S be flre LesLed ln accordance wlLh
Al 6l8
ShopfabrlcaLed meLalllc plplng SPALL S be lnspecLed and LesLed ln accordance wlLh 92
ASML 8313 and uL 31380131en
99
lleldfabrlcaLed meLalllc plplng SPALL S be lnspecLed and LesLed ln accordance wlLh 92
ASML 8313 and uL 31380131en
99
ln Lhe followlng slLuaLlons flanges SPALL S noL be lnsulaLed 93
- flanges ln hydrogen servlce
- flanges ln sysLems conLalnlng hydrocarbons above Lhelr auLolgnlLlon LemperaLure
- lf Lhe 80 rule for bolLlng has been applled ln accordance wlLh ASML 8313
- llanges wlLh nonsour servlce bolLs ln sour servlce plplng sysLems Lo make sure LhaL
proper venLllaLlon ls provlded ln llne wlLh secLlon 8314 noLe4
101
1he followlng prevenLlve measures SPALL S be applled (see flgure 101) 127
133
as LungsLen arc weldlng (1AW) SPALL S be used for plplng u- 30 (-S 2 ln)and 127
smaller and for Lhe rooL pass of larger slze plplng
133
8equlred WP1 SPALL S be performed ln accordance wlLh ASML 8313 Coollng 127
SPALL S be conLrolled Lo a maxlmum raLe of 100C (212 l) per hour down Lo 330C
(662 l) 1he compleLe WP1 cycle shall be recorded
8equlred WP1 SPALL S be performed as follows
a) ln accordance wlLh ASML 8313
b) have coollng conLrolled Lo a maxlmum raLe of 100C (212 l) per hour down Lo 330C
(662 l)
c) WlLh Lhe compleLe WP1 cycle recorded
133
lplng SPALL S be slzed for a nomlnal veloclLy of 073 m/s (23 fL/s) ln sLralghL secLlons 128
and deslgned Lo avold sudden changes ln flow dlrecLlon Lurbulence and exLreme changes ln
veloclLy 1he use of plpe bends and elbows shall be resLrlcLed as far as posslble lpe bends
SPALL S have a radlus of aL leasL 3u (where u ls Lhe nomlnal plpe dlameLer)
136
PorlzonLal plpes SPALL S be selfdralnlng havlng a slope of aL leasL 1 cm/m 129
137
8educers should be avolded lf used reducers SPALL S be concenLrlc excepL ln a 129
horlzonLal plpe where a concenLrlc reducer could lnhlblL dralnage (le where Lhe reduced
dlameLer ls ln Lhe dlrecLlon of dralnage) ln whlch case an eccenLrlc reducer (boLLom flaL)
should be used 1he reduced bore SPALL S maLch Lhe connecLlng bore
137
ln carbon sLeel sysLems where Lurbulence or unaccepLably hlgh veloclLles cannoL be avolded 129
spool pleces of fully corroslonreslsLanL unllned maLerlal (approved by Lhe maLerlals englneer
of Lhe rlnclpal) or carbon sLeel llned wlLh fullyreslsLanL maLerlal (1lL ) SPALL S be
used (eg plplng class 18160) 1he lengLh of such spool pleces SPALL S be aL leasL 20 u
137
1AW SPALL S be used for plplng u- 30 (-S 2) and smaller and for Lhe rooL pass of 129
larger slze plplng
137
!uncLlons SPALL S be arranged wlLh Lhe branch seL lnLo Lhe run plpe AdequaLe weld 129
preparaLlon SPALL S be made Lo ensure full peneLraLlon of Lhe welds
137
Chlorlne SPALL S be LreaLed as a very Loxlc subsLance 129
lplng class 31271 SPALL S be selecLed for process plplng ln dry chlorlne servlce 129
lncludlng venL and rellef plpes
137
Cnly Schedule 80 seamless plpe of mlnlmum slze u- 20 (-S ln) SPALL S be used Lo 129
ensure rlgldlLy and for proLecLlon agalnsL mechanlcal damage resulLlng ln posslble leaks
137
PorlzonLal plpes SPALL S be selfdralnlng wlLh a slope of aL leasL 1 cm/m 129
137
1herefore Lhe plpe or plpe secLlon 129
SPALL S have an expanslon chamber and a pressure rellef valve or rupLure dlsc
dlscharglng Lo a recelver 1he expanslon chamber capaclLy SPALL S be aL leasL 20 of
Lhe secLlon volume and SPALL S be based on a LemperaLure rlse of 27C (806 l) above
Lhe amblenL LemperaLure
8equlred WP1 SPALL S be performed as follows
a) ln accordance wlLh ASML 8313
b) have coollng conLrolled Lo a maxlmum raLe of 100C (212 l) per hour down Lo 330C
(662 l)
c) WlLh Lhe compleLe WP1 cycle recorded
138
1AW SPALL S be used for plplng u- 30 (-S 2) and smaller and for Lhe rooL pass of 130
larger slze plplng
All welds SPALL S be lnspecLed ln accordance wlLh Lhe very Loxlc caLegory ln
uL 31380131en
138
All parLs of chlorlne plplng sysLems SPALL S be cleaned prlor Lo use slnce chlorlne can 130
reacL vlolenLly wlLh oll grease or oLher forelgn maLerlals
138
Llquld aqueous ammonla SPALL S noL be 130
allowed Lo come lnLo conLacL wlLh plplng componenLs
138
Pl SPALL S be LreaLed as a very Loxlc subsLance 130
lollowlng deflnlLlon SPALL S be used for maLerlal selecLlon 130
Maln acld servlce servlce where a bulk free acld phase wlLh Pl concenLraLlon greaLer Lhan
2 Pl concenLraLlon ls presenL wlLh or wlLhouL hydrocarbons presenL
1race acld servlce servlce where Lhe bulk phase ls hydrocarbon wlLh less Lhan 2 wL of Pl
acld presenL presenL elLher as free acld or dlssolved acld
139
llne graln carbon sLeel plplng (plplng class 31310) SPALL S be used for 130
- ury llquld and gaseous Pl aL LemperaLures up Lo 63 C (149 l)
- Maln acld servlce below 63 C (149 l)
- 1race acld servlce below 220 C (428 l)
Monel plplng (plplng class 36080) SPALL S be used for
- Maln acld servlce above 63 C (149 l) and below 149 C (300 l)
- Acld soluble oll wlLh Pl and waLer up Lo 149 C (300 l)
139
Lxpanslon bellows SPALL S noL be used All connecLlons shall be welded or flanged 131
however flanged connecLlons shall be reduced Lo Lhe leasL posslble number Lo avold
leakages
139
All flanges SPALL S be palnLed wlLh one coaL of PldeLecLlng palnL and SPALL S noL 131
be lnsulaLed
All flanges SPALL S meeL Lhe followlng
a) be palnLed wlLh one coaL of PldeLecLlng palnL
b) noL be lnsulaLed
139
1o prevenL posslble deposlLlon of lron fluorlde hamperlng Lhe operaLlon Lhe valve Lypes 131
SPALL S be selecLed as follows
- lug valves wlLh Monel plug and 1lL sleeve or lobe valves wlLh Monel Lrlm and sofL
seaLs (1lL) for valves whlch are normally ln Lhe closed poslLlon
- lug valves wlLh Monel plug and 1lL sleeve for valves whlch are normally ln Lhe open
poslLlon
139
All Pl servlce plplng SPALL S be lnsLalled above grade and SPALL S be selfdralnlng 131
(mlnlmum slope 1 cm/m) Lo equlpmenL or low polnL dralns
All Pl servlce plplng SPALL S meeL Lhe followlng
a) be lnsLalled above grade
b) be selfdralnlng (mlnlmum slope 1 cm/m) Lo equlpmenL or low polnL dralns
139
Level lndlcaLors SPALL S be of Lhe magneLlc Lype auge glasses SPALL S noL be 131
used
139
All welds SPALL S be WP1 (excludlng nonpressure aLLachmenL welds) Carbon sLeel 131
welds SPALL S be WP1 aL 633C +/ 13C (1173l +/ 27l) for one hour per lnch of
Lhlckness Monel welds SPALL S be WP1 aL a 610C +/ 10C (1130l +/ 20l) for one
hour per lnch of Lhlckness
All welds SPALL Sbe WP1 (excludlng nonpressure aLLachmenL welds)
a) AL 633C +/ 13C (1173l +/ 27l) for one hour per lnch of Lhlckness for carbon
sLeel welds
b) AL a 610C +/ 10C (1130l +/ 20l) for one hour per lnch of Lhlckness for Monel
welds
139
All welds SPALL S be lnspecLed ln accordance wlLh Lhe Pl servlce caLegory ln 131
uL 31380131en
139
8efore flanges or plplng ln Pl servlce are dlsconnecLed Lhey SPALL S be neuLrallzed for 131
example by means of ammonla or sodlum blcarbonaLe Lo prevenL Pl conLacL wlLh Lhe skln
140
1o avold Lravelllng of dusL and dlrL branch plpes SPALL S Lle ln aL Lhe Lop of an oxygen 131
header
140
A Sour plplng class SPALL S be selecLed Lo prevenL Lhe occurrence of SSC and PlC lf 132
- Sour condlLlons as deflned ln lSC 13136 prevall and
- ln gasconLalnlng sysLems Lhe parLlal pressure of P2S exceeds 00033 bar (abs) (003
psla)
or
- ln llquld conLalnlng sysLems Lhe concenLraLlon of P2S ls hlgher Lhan LhaL occurrlng ln a
llquld equlllbrlum wlLh a gas conLalnlng P2S aL a parLlal pressure of 00033 bar (abs) (003
psla)
and
Lhe LemperaLure has Lo be beLween 0C and 63C (32 l and 149 l) and
Lhe pP of Lhe llquld has Lo be lower Lhan 7 and
an elecLrolyLe (Lyplcally an aqueous phase) ls normally ln conLacL wlLh Lhe sLeel
141
lplng sysLems sub[ecLed Lo weL P2S servlce ln reflnery / gas planL appllcaLlons SPALL
S comply wlLh uL 30100217en
141
8ased on asslgnmenL of consLrucLlon classes as menLloned ln Lable 161 (lncludlng suscepLlblllLy and
consequence rlsk) deLalled plplng deslgn
requlremenLs for each consLrucLlon class SPALL S be followed as per Lhe followlng Lable (1able162)
172
lplng sysLem shall meeL all requlremenLs of SecLlon 3 4 34 8 and 9 of Lhls uL wlLhouL any
devlaLlon (Lhls lncludes all SPALL S shall and should sLaLemenLs)
173
lplng sysLem shall meeL all requlremenLs of SecLlon 3 4 34 8 and 9 of Lhls uL wlLhouL any
devlaLlon (Lhls lncludes all SPALL S" and oLher shall" requlremenLs are expecLed be
lmplemenLed unless documenLed evldence ls presenLed LhaL an alLernaLlve approach resulLs ln a
Lechnlcally superlor soluLlon and approved by rlnclpal
173
All carbon sLeel plplng ln reflnerles and gas planLs exposed Lo weL P2S process sLreams 132
plplng class SPALL S be deslgned Lo reslsL Lhe poLenLlal cracklng mechanlsms caused by
Lhe generaLlon of free hydrogen ln an aqueous corroslon reacLlon
1ables 1A 18 and 1C SPALL S be used Lo assess Lhe severlLy of Lhe process 133
envlronmenL as appllcable Lo Lhe Lype of damage mechanlsm belng consldered
1able 1A
1able 18
1able 1C
1able 2 133
2 lor ModeraLe Sour servlce Lhe plplng classes SPALL S saLlsfy Lhe followlng 133
seamless carbon sLeel plpe (AS1M A 106 grade 8 or AS1M A 333 grade 6)
seamless carbon sLeel flLLlngs (AS1M A 234W8 or AS1M A 420WL6)
lf welded carbon sLeel plpe and flLLlngs are used Lhey SPALL S be made from PlCLesLed
plaLe
valves complylng wlLh -ACL M80103
valves wlLh AlSl 316 + sLelllLe Lrlm
normal bolLlng (AS1M A 19387 and AS1M A 1942P) flanges SPALL S noL be lnsulaLed
3 lor Plgh Sour servlce Lhe plplng classes are ldenLlfled by Lhe word Sour ln Lhe LlLle box 1hese
plplng classes SPALL S saLlsfy Lhe followlng
seamless carbon sLeel plpe and flLLlngs wlLh low sulphur conLenL (0010 maxlmum)
lf welded carbon sLeel plpe and flLLlngs are used Lhey SPALL S be made from PlCLesLed
plaLe
valves complylng wlLh -ACL M80103
valves wlLh AlSl 316 + sLelllLe Lrlm
sour bolLlng (AS1M A 19387M and AS1M A 1942PM)
1he plplng classes for ASML class raLlngs 130 300 600 900 1300 and 2300 are 13
conLalned ln separaLe flles for each ASML class raLlng
1hese plplng classes SPALL S be used for servlces as speclfled ln Lhe Servlces and
MaLerlals SelecLlon lndex uL 31380184en (eg fluld servlce ASML pressure raLlng
LemperaLures slzes maLerlals valves eLc)
1he plplng classes for ASML class raLlngs 130 300 600 900 1300 and 2300 are conLalned 10
ok
ln separaLe flles for each ASML class raLlng
1hese plplng classes SPALL S be used for servlces covered ln Lhe Servlces and MaLerlals
SelecLlon lndex uL 31380184 en (eg fluld servlce ASML pressure raLlng
LemperaLures slzes maLerlals valves eLc)
1he supporLlng documenLaLlon for a hoLLap operaLlon SPALL S conslsL of Lhe followlng 9
231 ueslgn calculaLlons
ueslgn calculaLlons shall be based on Lhe requlremenLs of (4)
232 urawlngs and records
1he hoLLap deslgn package shall as a mlnlmum lnclude a crosssecLlonal general
arrangemenL Lo deflne Lhe hoLLap connecLlon
upon compleLlon of Lhe Lask all drawlngs and manuals shall be updaLed accordlng Lo Lhe
esLabllshed sLandards of Lhe rlnclpal
233 SafeLy plan
A safeLy plan shall be prepared for each hoLLapplng operaLlon by Lhe rlnclpals fleld
organlsaLlon and shall be agreed beforehand wlLh oLher relevanL deparLmenLs and Lhe
ConLracLor 1he safeLy plan should be brlef oLherwlse lL becomes selfdefeaLlng
Al 8 2201 provldes addlLlonal guldance on safe pracLlces for hoL Lapplng operaLlons
1oplcs Lo be addressed shall lnclude
access Lo and around Lhe hoLLap locaLlon for personnel and Lhe weldlng and hoLLapplng
equlpmenL lncludlng requlremenLs for scaffoldlng
roles of dedlcaLed personnel and Lhelr responslblllLles on slLe
monlLorlng of operaLlng condlLlons (flow raLe ressure weldlng LemperaLure) and gas
levels
foreseeable hazards and conLlngency acLlons
communlcaLlons on slLe
warnlng sysLem and emergency shuLdown
means of escape
flre flghLlng equlpmenL and personnel
safeLy equlpmenL and servlces
flrsLald faclllLles
Lmergency procedures shall also be speclflcally addressed elLher ln Lhe safeLy plan or ln a
separaLe documenL
234 Work procedures
rocedures shall be prepared for all aspecLs of Lhe physlcal work lncludlng lLems such as
slLe preparaLlon
plpe preparaLlon
weldlng
-u1
hydroLesLlng
drllllng/perforaLlon
relnsLaLemenL
233 PoLLap check llsL
1he hoLLap procedure shall be supporLed by a check llsL based on LhaL glven ln
(Appendlx 1) whlch shall be compleLed aL each sLep by Lhe relevanL acLlon parLy
lL SPALL S be ensured LhaL durlng Lhe weldlng operaLlon Lhe maLerlal ln Lhe reglon of Lhe 11
weld pool has sufflclenL sLrengLh Lo conLaln safely Lhe lnLernal pressure and avold a blowouL
PoL Lapplng SPALL S only be performed under Lhe followlng condlLlons 11
Lhe conLalned process flulds remaln sLable when sub[ecLed Lo Lhe hlgh meLal
LemperaLures (see 33) durlng weldlng
Lhe process flulds remaln sLable when ln conLacL wlLh alr durlng drllllng and perforaLlon
operaLlons
Lhere shall be no decomposlLlon or chemlcal reacLlon beLween componenLs of Lhe
conLalned fluld (exploslon lgnlLlon exoLhermlc reacLlon)
Lhere shall be no chemlcal reacLlon beLween Lhe fluld and Lhe hoL conLalnmenL wall
(burnlng (sLress) corroslon embrlLLlemenL)
1hese requlremenLs lead Lo a number of slLuaLlons ln whlch weldlng operaLlons are 12
prohlblLed on equlpmenL whlch conLalns
MlxLures of gases or vapours wlLhln Lhelr flammable range or whlch may become
flammable as a resulL of heaL lnpuL ln weldlng operaLlons
subsLances whlch may undergo reacLlon or decomposlLlon leadlng Lo a dangerous
lncrease ln pressure exploslon or aLLack on meLal ln Lhls conLexL aLLenLlon ls drawn Lo
Lhe posslblllLy LhaL under cerLaln comblnaLlons of concenLraLlon LemperaLure and
pressure aceLylene eLhylene and oLher unsaLuraLed hydrocarbons may decompose
exploslvely lnlLlaLed by a weldlng hoL spoL
Cxygenenrlched aLmospheres ln Lhe presence of hydrocarbons whlch may be presenL
elLher ln Lhe aLmosphere or deposlLed on Lhe lnslde surface of Lhe equlpmenL or plpe
Compressed alr ln Lhe presence of hydrocarbons whlch may be presenL elLher ln Lhe alr
or deposlLed on Lhe lnslde surfaces of Lhe equlpmenL or plpe
aseous mlxLures ln whlch Lhe parLlal pressure of hydrogen exceeds 700 ka (ga)
excepL where evldence from LesLs has demonsLraLed LhaL hoLLapplng can be done
safely
8ased on Lhe above weldlng on equlpmenL or plpe whlch conLalns hazardous subsLances
or condlLlons as llsLed below (even ln small quanLlLles) SPALL S noL be performed unless
poslLlve evldence has been obLalned LhaL weldlng/hoL Lapplng can be applled safely
SubsLances
AceLylene
AceLonlLrlle
8uLadlene
CausLlc soda*
Chlorlne
Compressed alr aL a pressure ln excess of 3 000 ka (ga)
LLhylene
LLhylene oxlde
laL/lean uLA/MLA
P sLeam (pressure ln excess of 3 000 ka (ga))
Pydrogen (parLlal pressure ln excess of 700 ka (ga))
Pydrogen sulphlde*
Pydrofluorlc acld
Cxygen
ropene
ropene oxlde
Sulphurlc acld
very Loxlc acuLe subsLances (as deflned ln uL 01000130en)*
-oLe 8egardless of Lhe above recommendaLlon Lhe slmulaLlon LesL SPALL S be performed for plpellnes 13
(see uL 30106030en)
lor general safeLy reasons aL any Llme durlng Lhe hoLLap operaLlon Lhe pressure of fluld 14
lnslde Lhe runplpe shall noL exceed 7 000 ka (ga) nor SPALL S lL exceed Lhe maxlmum
worklng pressure of Lhe hoLLap equlpmenL lf Lhls ls lower
PoLLapplng SPALL S noL be performed on equlpmenL aL subaLmospherlc pressures 14
ln cases where Lhls requlremenL cannoL be meL purglng SPALL S be used A mlnlmum 13
purge veloclLy of 04 m/s should be malnLalned
8ranch connecLlons SPALL S be deslgned ln accordance wlLh Lhe approprlaLe deslgn 17
sLandard le
1 onploL plplng ASML 8313
2 offploL plpellne lSC 13623 ASML 8314 (oll llnes) or
ASML 8318 (gas llnes)
AL leasL 1 m of llquld head SPALL S be malnLalned above Lhe hoL work area when 21
weldlng or hoLLapplng ls belng carrled ouL (le hoL work shall noL be carrled ouL on a Lank
roof or on Lhe cyllndrlcal wall above Lhe llquld level)
All hoLLap flLLlngs nozzles sleeves and spllL Lees SPALL S be pressureLesLed afLer 22
compleLlon of all weldlng before perforaLlon of Lhe runplpe
When exlsLlng plpellne sysLems are exLended eg by addlng a new branch llne Lhe whole 10
plpellne sysLem SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo a deslgn revlew Lo ensure LhaL overpressurlsaLlon
of Lhe sysLem from Lhe new branch llne ls noL posslble
1he facLors whlch are crlLlcal Lo publlc safeLy and Lhe proLecLlon of Lhe envlronmenL 11
SPALL S be analysed over Lhe enLlre llfe of Lhe plpellne lncludlng abandonmenL and
shall Lake lnLo accounL any change ln Lhe level of rlsk over Llme
lor plpellnes on land locaLlon classes SPALL S be ldenLlfled along Lhe plpellne rouLe for 11
plpellnes LransporLlng caLegory u and L flulds
Any nonburled plpellne secLlons shall be [usLlfled on an lndlvldual basls and SPALL S 17
be lnsLalled clear of Lhe ground Lo avold exLernal corroslon
lor offshore plpellnes an LSu valve SPALL S be locaLed aL Lhe Lop of each rlser 18
connecLed Lo a manned offshore plaLform
Also for plpellnes connecLed Lo a 18
manned offshore plaLform an addlLlonal subsea lsolaLlon valve (SSlv) locaLed on Lhe
seabed close Lo Lhe plaLform SPALL S be lnsLalled lf requlred by Lhe plaLform SafeLy
Case
lor offshore plpellnes connecLed Lo an unmanned 18
plaLform a rlser LSu and SSlv SPALL S be lnsLalled lf requlred by Lhe SafeLy Case
As a mlnlmum faclllLles for operaLlonal and emergency plpellne depressurlsaLlon 19
SPALL S be avallable aL one end of Lhe plpellne and for onshore plpellnes LransporLlng
caLegory C u or L flulds aL each secLlon lsolaLlon valve locaLlon
1he plpe body maLerlals for plpellnes carrylng caLegory C u or L flulds SPALL S be 23
capable of arresLlng runnlng ducLlle shear fallures
b) All welds SPALL S be examlned by radlography or ulLrasonlcs 30
1able 41 Corroslon MlLlgaLlon for -ew lpellne SLarLup 12
1able 42 Corroslon mlLlgaLlon for sLeadysLaLe producLlon 14
1able 43 Corroslon MlLlgaLlon for planned shuLlns 24 hours and 1 monLh 13
(1urnArounds)
Corroslon mechanlsms are slmllar Lo Lhose above AfLer a plpellne has been shuL ln for 16
more Lhan 6 monLhs even lf Lhe shuLln procedures have been followed Lhe sLarLup
procedures SPALL S be used when Lhe plpellne ls recommlssloned
1able 44 Corroslon mlLlgaLlon before planned shuLln (longer Lhan 1 monLh) 16
lf Lhe lnslde of Lhe llne ls exposed Lo Lhe aLmosphere precauLlons SPALL S be Laken Lo
mlnlmlze Lhe converslon of lron sulphlde scales Lo hydroxldes and sulphur due Lo exposure
Lo molsL alr
lf Lhe llne ls repalred lncludlng parLlal replacemenL an lnlLlal baLch appllcaLlon SPALL S 16
be performed Lo fllm Lhe new plpellne secLlons durlng sLarLup (wlLhln 24 h)
1he plpellne SPALL S be 17
baLched when llqulds are puL back lnLo plpellnes LxLra conLlnuous corroslon lnhlblLor
SPALL S be added ln accordance wlLh 1able 42 dependlng on flow reglme for up Lo 2
weeks Weekly samples of waLer SPALL S be Laken and analysed for chlorldes lnhlblLor
reslduals and pP 1he exLra mlLlgaLlon requlremenLs (glven ln 1able 41) SPALL S be
malnLalned unLll sLable well producLlon ls esLabllshed once Lhls ls conflrmed Lhe mlLlgaLlon
plan may reverL Lo a sLeady sLaLe producLlon mlLlgaLlon sLraLegy
1able 43 AddlLlonal mlLlgaLlon recommendaLlons for excesslve meLhanol ln[ecLlon 18
1he deslgn SPALL S lnclude a safeLy assessmenL whlch SPALL S quanLlfy Lhe effecL 9
of Lhe rlsers on plaLform safeLy and may lnclude Lhe use of rlsk analysls Lo deLermlne Lhe
need for addlLlonal proLecLlve measures
1he deslgn SPALL S lnclude a safeLy assessmenL whlch shall quanLlfy Lhe effecL of Lhe
rlsers on plaLform safeLy 1hls shall lnclude Lhe use of rlsk analysls Lo deLermlne Lhe need
for addlLlonal proLecLlve measures
10
Any rlsk analysls performed SPALL S Lake lnLo accounL analysls of Lhe rlsk from boLh 9
naLural and manmade hazards
10
1he requlremenL for and locaLlon of LSu and SSlv valves SPALL S be addressed as
parL of Lhe developmenL of Lhe plaLform speclflc safeLy case
10
SelecLlon of rlser rouLlng and locaLlon on a plaLform SPALL S noL be locaLed below Lhe 10
accommodaLlon or Lhe helldeck or close Lo escape rouLes from Lhe accommodaLlon or Lhe
Lemporary safe refuge
11
lf Lhe dlrecL approach of a plpellne Lo Lhe rlser base lnLersecLs a [ackup rlg approach 10
corrldor Lhe rouLlng analysls SPALL S assess Lhe rlsk of damage Lo Lhe plpellnes durlng
Lhe approach and poslLlonlng of Lhe [ackup
12
8ouLlng of expanslon spoolpleces and plpellnes from Lhe boLLom rlser clamp Lo Lhe seabed 11
SPALL S Lake lnLo accounL Lhe effecLs of rlser expanslon plaLform movemenL and scourlnduced
spans
12
1he rlser analysls SPALL S conslder mechanlcal fallure modes and deformaLlons as 13
descrlbed ln lSC 13623 as follows
- excesslve yleldlng
- buckllng
- faLlgue
- ovallLy
1he rlser analysls SPALL S conslder mechanlcal fallure modes and deformaLlons as
llsLed ln lSC 13623 6421
16
Loads whlch may cause or conLrlbuLe Lo fallure or loss of servlceablllLy of Lhe rlser sysLem 13
SPALL S be ldenLlfled and accounLed for ln Lhe deslgn as descrlbed ln lSC 13263 and
lnclude Lhe addlLlonal load cases as descrlbed below
Loads whlch may cause or conLrlbuLe Lo fallure or loss of servlceablllLy of Lhe rlser sysLem
SPALL S be ldenLlfled and accounLed for ln Lhe deslgn as per lSC 13263 paragraph
631 and shall lnclude Lhe load cases as descrlbed below
16
1he rlser analysls SPALL S lnclude dynamlc loads resulLlng from slugglng and plgglng 13
operaLlons
Shear forces axlal forces and bendlng momenLs wlll be lnLroduced lnLo Lhe plpellne sysLem 13
by supporLs whlch dlsplace or consLraln Lhe rlser and SPALL S be lncluded ln Lhe rlser
analysls
Loads assoclaLed wlLh Lhe posslblllLy of boaL lmpacL on Lhe rlser sysLem SPALL S be 17
sub[ecL of speclal conslderaLlon
Loads lnduced as a consequence of flshlng gear lnLeracLlons on Lhe rlser sysLem 17
SPALL S be assessed
1he rlser analysls SPALL S conslder aL leasL Lhree load cases as follows 17
Load case 1 lnsLallaLlon loads
1hls load case shall conslder Lhe enLlre lnsLallaLlon sequence namely
- onshore rlser handllng
- loadouL
- !Lube pull loads wlLh assoclaLed holdback Lenslon
- subsLrucLure upendlng sLalklngon or reLroflLLlng
Loads consldered shall be comblned as approprlaLe and lnclude
- welghL and buoyancy loads
- hydrodynamlc loads approprlaLe Lo Lhe phase of work
- dynamlc loads due Lo vessel moLlons and sLrucLure launchlng crlLerla
Load case 2 PydroLesL
1hls load case covers Lhe onshore and offshore hydroLesLs and lncludes loads due Lo
- welghL
- pressure
- Lhermal effecLs (lf any)
- resldual loads (lf any)
- supporL reacLlons and hydrodynamlc loads approprlaLe Lo Lhe perlod of Lhe LesL
Load case 3 CperaLlonal
1hls load case covers Lhe operaLlon of Lhe rlser and lncludes Lhe followlng Lypes of load
- welghL and buoyancy
- pressure
- Lhermal
- resldual
- dynamlc
- supporL reacLlon
- hydrodynamlc
- wlnd
- selsmlc
- lce
18
When Lhe amounL 19
of plpellne expanslon and Lhe correspondlng load on Lhe rlser exceeds Lhe allowable rlser
loadlng Lhen some form of plpellne expanslon conLrol SPALL SS be lncorporaLed ln
Lhe deslgn
When Lhe amounL
of plpellne expanslon posslble rlser expanslon and Lhe correspondlng load on Lhe rlser
exceed Lhe allowable rlser loadlng Lhen some form of plpellne expanslon conLrol
SPALL S be lncorporaLed ln Lhe deslgn
20
ueLalled sLrengLh analysls of rlsers SPALL S be carrled ouL uslng a valldaLed 20
flnlLeelemenL compuLer program
A rlser SPALL S be so deslgned LhaL lL remalns elasLlc under any comblnaLlon of 21
funcLlonal and envlronmenLal loads Allowable sLraln deslgn ls noL allowed for rlsers excepL
for allowable bendlng sLraln durlng Lhe lnsLallaLlon of a !Lube rlser ln whlch case an
Lnglneerlng CrlLlcallLy AssessmenL (LCA) SPALL S be performed Lo esLabllsh Lhe
approprlaLe weld defecL accepLance crlLerla
22
SupporLs SPALL S be deslgned Lo reslsL Lhe maxlmum loads from Lhe rlsers Lhe supporL 23
welghL and envlronmenLal loads on Lhe supporL
24
lf bendlng momenLs addlLlonal axlal forces or shear forces occur aL Lhe locaLlon of Lhe 30
flange connecLlon a behavlour (lncludlng Lhe gaskeL wlLh regard Lo leaklng) sLress and
bolLlng force analysls accordlng Lo ASML vlll SPALL S be carrled ouL Laklng lnLo
accounL all relevanL loadlng slLuaLlons for Lhe flanged connecLlon
lf bendlng momenLs addlLlonal axlal forces or shear forces occur aL Lhe locaLlon of Lhe
flange connecLlon sLress and bolLlng force analysls accordlng Lo ASML vlll ulvlslon 1
SPALL S be carrled ouL Laklng lnLo accounL all relevanL loadlng slLuaLlons for Lhe flanged
connecLlon
29
1he frequency of damage caused by dropped ob[ecLs SPALL S be assessed by means 33 ok
of speclflc drop zones and Lhe probablllLles of an ob[ecL belng dropped of Lhe ob[ecL hlLLlng
Lhe plpellne and of Lhe plpellne susLalnlng damage
1he lnLegrlLy of flanges 43
when sub[ecLed Lo hlgh bendlng loads SPALL S be conflrmed by analysls
33
1he slze of a slug caLcher (volsc) ls dlrecLly relaLed Lo Lhe maxlmum llquld volume lL has Lo 12
hold lL SPALL S be able Lo lnLercepL Lhe maxlmum posslble slug or surge (vollnL)
emerglng from Lhe mulLlphase plpellne aL any parL of lLs agreed operaLlng envelope
9
SLeady sLaLe and dynamlc 12
slmulaLlon Lools for mulLlphase flow ln plpellnes SPALL S be used for Lhls purpose
lurLher deLalls are glven ln S0931838 (or a more recenL updaLed verslon lf avallable)
1he deslgns of slug caLchers for waLerweL plpellne operaLlon are sLlll ln developmenL and 18
all deslgns SPALL S be approved by Lhe rlnclpal
ressure Lapplngs ln Lhe llquld ouLleL header SPALL S be poslLloned Lo avold Lhe effecL 19
of solld / sludge bulld up
Lven lf such ouLages cannoL readlly be 20
allgned wlLh Lhe ouLages of Lhe downsLream planL Lhen provlslon SPALL S sLlll be made
for lnLernal malnLenance by Lhe use of a spllLable slug caLcher or oLher equlvalenL means
Slug caLchers are an lnLegral parL of a plpellne sysLem and SPALL S be deslgned ln 23
accordance wlLh uL 31400010en whlch ls an amendmenL Lo lSC 13623
10
lf llne packlng ls requlred for Lhe operaLlon of Lhe plpellne sysLem Lhe MAC of Lhe slug 23
caLcher SPALL S noL be less Lhan Lhe MAC of Lhe feedlng plpellne sysLem
10
All appllcable loads SPALL S be consldered when deLermlnlng comblned sLresses 23
durlng pressure LesLlng and operaLlons 1hese loads wlll lnclude
- pressure
- Lhermal expanslon
- passage of slugs or surges
- foundaLlon and supporL reacLlon
- seLLlemenL
- envlronmenLal loads
11
1he lowesL LemperaLure occurrlng ln Lhe slug caLcher durlng depressurlsaLlon SPALL S 24
be deLermlned ln accordance wlLh uL 80431012en Lhe resulLlng low LemperaLure
SPALL S be used as Lhe slug caLcher low deslgn LemperaLure
11
lf Lhe MAC of Lhe slug caLcher ls less Lhan Lhe MAC of Lhe feedlng plpellne sysLem Lhen 24
lL SPALL S be safeguarded agalnsL overpressure accordance wlLh uL 31401014
en
11
lsolaLlon valves SPALL S Lherefore be 29
lnsLalled dlrecLly on Lhe slug caLcher nozzles for all connecLlng plpework
16
uraln polnLs SPALL S be provlded on boLh launchers and recelvers near Lhe end closure 10
and near Lhe plg Lrap valve Lo draln any llquld accumulaLed ln Lhe barrel
A venL llne SPALL S be provlded near Lhe end closure Lo venL/purge Lhe barrel and near 10
Lhe plg Lrap valve for horlzonLal Lraps Lo ensure depressurlsaLlon behlnd a plg ln case lL ls
sLuck ln Lhe mlnor barrel
A venL llne SPALL S be provlded near Lhe end closure Lo venL/purge Lhe barrel and near
Lhe plg Lrap valve for horlzonLal Lraps
A flanged purge connecLlon wlLh an lsolaLlon valve and check valve SPALL S be 13
provlded on sysLems conLalnlng very Loxlc subsLances and should be consldered for all
sysLems
12
lor very Loxlc servlce valves SPALL S be of Lhe weldend Lype 14
13
A Lhermal rellef valve SPALL S be lnsLalled where Lhe shuLln pressure of Lrapped fluld 16
could exceed Lhe deslgn pressure as a resulL of Lhermal expanslon of Lhe sLaLlc fluld
1he openlng 16
mechanlsm shall be fallsafe speclflcally Lhe fallure of any parL of Lhe openlng mechanlsm
SPALL S leave Lhe closure closed raLher Lhan open
1he qulck acLlng deslgn 16
should allow openlng and closlng by one man ln a perlod of approxlmaLely one mlnuLe
wlLhouL Lhe use of addlLlonal devlces unless oLherwlse agreed by Lhe rlnclpal Screwed or
LhreadedLype end closures SPALL S noL be used
1he end closure SPALL S have Lhe followlng safeLy devlces 17
- A safeLy locklng devlce Lo prevenL openlng of Lhe door when Lhe plg Lrap ls pressurlsed
- A pressure safeLy devlce LhaL when parLlally released wlll alerL Lhe operaLor Lo a
posslble hazard unless pressure ln Lhe plg Lrap ls relleved compleLely 8emoval of Lhe
safeLy locklng devlce shall noL be posslble unless Lhe pressure safeLy devlce ls fully
released Lngaglng Lhe pressure safeLy devlce shall only be posslble when Lhe end
closure ls fully closed and Lhe safeLy locklng devlce ls correcLly engaged 1he pressure
safeLy devlce shall be deslgned so LhaL Lhere ls no rlsk of blockage ln very Loxlc
servlce Lhe pressure safeLy devlce SPALL S be nonvenLlng
ressure lndlcaLors normally gauges should be permanenLly lnsLalled on boLh Lhe ma[or 19
and mlnor barrels lf noL permanenLly lnsLalled Lhey SPALL S be flLLed before any plgglng
operaLlons are commenced
lg Lraps SPALL S be locaLed so LhaL Lhey are orlenLaLed wlLh Lhelr end closures polnLlng 23
away from personnel areas and crlLlcal lLems of equlpmenL le Lhose conLalnlng
hydrocarbons and/or very Loxlc subsLances or ln safeLy servlce
21
All lLems SPALL S be deslgned and manufacLured Lo avold brlLLle fracLure aL posslble low 26
servlce LemperaLures (33)
24
lpellne enLry pressures shall be monlLored when overpressure proLecLlon ls provlded Lo 9
alarm Lhe operaLor for correcLlve acLlon when operaLlng pressures exceed Lhe predlcLed
range ressures ln excess of MAC SPALL S be recorded wlLh duraLlon and pressure
value
1he componenLs of a plpellne overpressure proLecLlon sysLem SPALL S be lnsLalled 11
beLween Lhe source and Lhe plpellne or lncluded ln Lhe source faclllLles
423 SeL pressure requlremenLs 11
Where exchange of a rellef valve ls posslble Lhe valve orlflce slze SPALL S also be 12
sLamped on Lhe Lag
8ecords SPALL S be kepL for each rellef valve showlng Lhe lnspecLlon daLes llfLlng
pressure as found defecLs remedlal acLlon Laken and locaLlon lnsLalled
Carbon SLeel Llne lpe SPALL S be ordered uslng Lhls uL for Lhe followlng
appllcaLlons
- all offshore plpellnes
- all plpellnes deslgned for sour servlce
- all plpellnes sub[ecL Lo hlgh sLraln (more Lhan 13) ln lnsLallaLlon or servlce
- all llne plpe ordered wlLh reslsLance Lo ducLlle fracLure propagaLlon
8
1he ManufacLurer/Suppller SPALL S malnLaln and operaLe a quallLy assurance sysLem ln 8
1he ManufacLurer/Suppller SPALL S malnLaln and operaLe a quallLy assurance
sysLem ln accordance wlLh lSC 9001 or an alLernaLlve sLandard approved by Lhe
rlnclpal
10
1he absorbed energy requlremenLs for weld and PAZ LesLs SPALL S be as sLaLed ln
1able 8
16
lor PlW plpe a meLallographlc examlnaLlon of Lhe weld seam SPALL S be carrled ouL
aL a magnlflcaLlon of aL leasL 200 Llmes
23
ManufacLurlng procedure quallflcaLlon SPALL S be requlred for all SL2 plpe unless
oLherwlse sLaLed by Lhe rlnclpal
28
LxcepL as speclflcally modlfled ln Lhls annex Lhe requlred nondesLrucLlve lnspecLlon oLher
Lhan for surface lnspecLlon (see 1027) and wallLhlckness verlflcaLlon SPALL S be
performed ln accordance wlLh one of Lhe followlng sLandards or an equlvalenL
a) elecLromagneLlc (flux leakage) lSC 9402 lSC 9398
b) elecLromagneLlc (eddycurrenL) lSC 9304
c) ulLrasonlc lSC 9303 lSC 9303 lSC 10124 lSC 11496
lSC12094 lSC 13663
d) ulLrasonlc (weld seam) lSC 9764 lSC 9763
e) magneLlc parLlcle lSC 13664 lSC 13663
f) radlographlc lSC 12096
g) llquld peneLranL lSC 12093
32
AuLomaLlc ulLrasonlc equlpmenL (Au1) SPALL S be used for weld seam and plpe body 33
lor all offshore plpellnes and for oLher plpellnes where speclfled ln Lhe purchase order
weldablllLy Lrlals SPALL S be carrled ouL
37
lnspecLlon for deLecLlon and slzlng of lndlcaLlons 7
1he hydrosLaLlc pressure LesLlng operaLlons SPALL S be carrled ouL by an experlenced 8
LesL englneer who shall have no oLher duLles durlng Lhe hydrosLaLlc LesLlng operaLlons
1he pressureLesLed LesL secLlons or 9
assemblles SPALL S be Lled ln by Llelns followlng LesLlng ln accordance wlLh
lSC 136232000 Clause 113 and sub[ecLed Lo boLh radlographlc and ulLrasonlc
examlnaLlon ln accordance wlLh uL 61402030en
8
lor Lhe perlod from Lhe sLarL of pressurlsaLlon unLll Lhe reducLlon ln 10
pressure aL Lhe end of Lhe LesL Lhe ConLracLor SPALL S ensure LhaL all access Lo or
work on or near a plpellne secLlon under LesL ls properly auLhorlsed Laklng lnLo accounL Lhe
hazards assoclaLed wlLh pressure LesLlng operaLlons
9
8efore any oLher work ls permlLLed on Lhe LesL secLlon under pressure or assoclaLed 10
connecLlons Lhe pressure SPALL S be reduced Lo a level noL greaLer Lhan sLaLlc head
plus 1 bar lL may be posslble Lo lsolaLe Lhe leaklng parL by use of a doubleblockandbleed
lnsLallaLlon
1esLlng SPALL S noL commence unLll 11
Lhe rlnclpal has recelved from Lhe
ConLracLor conflrmaLlon LhaL Lhe followlng
precauLlons have been Laken
a) LhaL noLlflcaLlon has been glven ln
wrlLlng Lo persons presenL ln Lhe
vlclnlLy of Lhe plpellne (eg farmers
oLher consLrucLlon conLracLors eLc)
LhaL LesLlng ls Lo be carrled ouL
b) LhaL Lhe local pollce and oLher
auLhorlLles LhaL may need Lo be
lnformed have been noLlfled ln wrlLlng
LhaL LesLlng ls Lo Lake place
Any LesL equlpmenL pressurlsed durlng Lhe LesL operaLlons SPALL S be deslgned for a 18
worklng pressure noL less Lhan Lhe LesL pressure
1he LesL
equlpmenL connecLed Lo Lhe LesL secLlon shall have hydrosLaLlc LesL cerLlflcaLes and 18
SPALL S have been LesLed Lo a pressure aL leasL 123 Llmes Lhe LesL pressure of Lhe LesL
secLlon 1he LesL equlpmenL shall be lnLernally clean and flL for purpose
1emporary plg launchers and recelvers shall be approved by Lhe rlnclpal prlor Lo use and 20
SPALL S be welded Lo Lhe LesL secLlon or flanged lf a permanenL flange ls avallable lf
compressed alr ls Lo be used as Lhe drlvlng medlum Lhe alr should be ollfree and Lhe lnleL
llne of Lhe drlvlng medlum should be flLLed wlLh a pressure rellef valve seL aL 7 bar (g)
lf Lhe alr conLenL exceeds 02 of Lhe llne volume LesLlng SPALL S be LermlnaLed and 26
Lhe cause lnvesLlgaLed
uamage and/or defecLs deLecLed durlng precleanlng fllllng gauglng and pressure LesLlng 32
operaLlons SPALL S be locaLed and repalred or replaced by Lhe ConLracLor ln
accordance wlLh Lhe plpellne consLrucLlon speclflcaLlon
27
-o lncldences of SPALL S
1he followlng documenLaLlon as appllcable SPALL S be compleLed for each plpe repalr 7
and reLalned for Lhe llfe of Lhe repalr
uescrlpLlon of Lhe Lype of repalr execuLed and procedure followed
MaLerlals used and approprlaLe maLerlal cerLlflcaLes
Weldlng procedure and welder quallflcaLlon daLa
-ondesLrucLlve LesLlng reporL
PydrosLaLlc/leak LesLlng reporL
lnLernal lnspecLlon reporL on removed plpe secLlon
CoaLlng relnsLaLemenL reporL
ueLalls of (fuLure) servlce lnspecLlon requlremenLs
lnspecLlon and repalr of plpellnes under pressure SPALL S be carrled ouL by skllled 8
personnel ln accordance wlLh approved procedures lnspecLlon and repalr work
SPALL S be supervlsed by personnel who are famlllar wlLh Lhe work Lo be performed
and Lhe assoclaLed hazards and who have been Lralned Lo deal wlLh emergencles
1he plpellne operaLlng pressure SPALL S be lowered Lo a pressure aL whlch Lhe defecL
can be shown by a flLnessforpurpose analysls Lo consLlLuLe no lmmedlaLe poLenLlal LhreaL
Lo Lhe plpellne lnLegrlLy
1he defecL lnformaLlon SPALL S be revlewed Lo esLabllsh wheLher Lhere are any 9
condlLlons LhaL requlre Lhe lnLernal pressure Lo be reduced furLher
8efore commencemenL of a repalr Lhe daLa obLalned from Lhe defecL lnspecLlons shall be 9
evaluaLed and Lhe safe pressure aL whlch Lhe plpellne may be repalred SPALL S be
conflrmed or ad[usLed
1he pressure ln Lhe plpellne durlng repalr SPALL S noL be hlgher Lhan 80 of Lhe 9
calculaLed mlnlmum pressure of fallure of Lhe plpellne
lnspecLlon of plpellne defecLs SPALL S be performed by experlenced personnel quallfled 10
ln accordance wlLh Lhe requlremenLs of a recognlsed Lralnlng and quallflcaLlon scheme for
Lhe lnspecLlon Lechnlque(s) Lo be applled
ersonnel proposed for plpellne repalr work SPALL S be approved by Lhe rlnclpal 10
ln[urlous defecLs SPALL S be correcLed by repalr unless lL can be demonsLraLed wlLh a 12
flLnessforpurpose assessmenL LhaL Lhe safe operaLlon of Lhe plpellne ls noL lmpalred and
Lherefore Lhe defecL can be consldered nonln[urlous
1he plpellne SPALL S be deraLed lf Lhe flLnessforpurpose analysls so lndlcaLes 12
1he replacemenL plpe secLlon SPALL S have a sLrengLh of aL leasL LhaL of Lhe plpe lL 14
replaces and comply wlLh Lhe orlglnal plpe speclflcaLlon or lf Lhls speclflcaLlon ls unknown
uL 31402037en
1he replacemenL plpe secLlon SPALL S be hydroLesLed before belng connecLed Lo Lhe 14
plpellne ln accordance wlLh uL 31404038en
1he replacemenL plpe secLlons should be welded Lo Lhe plpellne and lnspecLed ln 14
accordance wlLh uL 61402030en Where Lhe welds wlll noL be hydroLesLed before
recommlsslonlng of Lhe plpellne speclal aLLenLlon SPALL S be glven Lo selecLlon of Lhe
mosL approprlaLe meLhod of -uL (ulLrasonlcs and/or radlography)
8efore removlng maLerlal ln excess of Lhe crlLerla for ln[urlous gouges and grooves (61) a 14
flLnessforpurpose analysls SPALL S be performed Lo ldenLlfy Lhe maxlmum exLenL and
depLh of maLerlal LhaL may be removed and Lhe requlremenLs for Lemporary or permanenL
pressure reducLlons
Areas of grlndlng SPALL S always be verlfled for Lhe presence of cracks by Ml lf 14
presenL cracks SPALL S be removed and Lhe surface relnspecLed
1he meLallurglcal sLrucLure of Lhe plpe maLerlal aL gouges grooves and arc burns may have 14
changed resulLlng ln hard spoLs whlch SPALL S be removed compleLely 1he compleLe
removal SPALL S be verlfled by eLchlng wlLh a 10 ammonlum persulphaLe or 3 nlLal
soluLlon
llgure 1 shows a Lyplcal LlghLflL relnforclng sleeve 1hls Lype of sleeve conslsLs of Lwo 13
halves of a cyllnder of plpe or approprlaLely curved plaLe maLerlal made of weldable sLeel
placed around Lhe plpe aL Lhe defecLlve area and [olned afLer poslLlonlng by weldlng of Lhe
slde seams 8ecause of Lhe lack of pressure conLalnlng capablllLy Lhe LlghLflL sleeve ls noL
sulLable and SPALL S noL be used for repalr of leaks or lnLernal corroslon defecLs
Sleeves SPALL S be deslgned Lo prevenL bulglng or rupLure of Lhe plpellne aL Lhe 13
locaLlon of Lhe defecL
An epoxyfllled sleeve SPALL S noL be used Lo repalr a leaklng defecL or defecLs caused 16
by lnLernal corroslon
A composlLe repalr sleeve SPALL S noL be used Lo repalr a leaklng defecL or a 16
nonleaklng lnLernal corroslon defecL
Slnce Lhe fullenclrcllng pressureconLalnlng sleeve may conLaln pressure lL SPALL S be 16
deslgned fabrlcaLed and lnsLalled ln accordance wlLh Lhe same requlremenLs as speclfled
for Lhe plpellne A u1 check SPALL S be performed on a 100 mm wlde band cenLred on
Lhe clrcumferenLlal sleeve Lo Lhe plpe weld locaLlon Lo ensure LhaL Lhe mlnlmum wall
Lhlckness requlremenLs of uL 31386010en are complled wlLh
1he mlnlmum requlred nomlnal wall Lhlckness and sLeel grade of Lhe sleeve SPALL S be 16
based on Lhe wall Lhlckness deslgn facLor and equaLlon as requlred for Lhe plpellne 1he
requlremenLs for maLerlals weldlng and lnspecLlon speclfled ln uL 31386010en and
uL 30106030en SPALL S also be applled here
Where Lhe clamp has Lo provlde axlal consLralnL or relnforcemenL Lo Lhe plpellne ln addlLlon 17
Lo clrcumferenLlal relnforcemenL Lhe clamp SPALL S be furnlshed wlLh some form of
grlpplng devlce Lo Lransfer LhrusL loads Lhrough Lhe clamp body
All weldlng on Lo Lhe pressurlsed plpe SPALL S comply wlLh 17
uL 30106030en
All weldlng on Lo Lhe pressurlsed plpe SPALL S comply 17
wlLh uL 30106030en
1he requlremenLs for hoLLapplng are 18
Lhe enLlre defecL shall be removed
all requlremenLs of uL 31386010en and uL 30106030en SPALL S
apply ln addlLlon Lo Lhe requlremenLs of Lhls uL
8epalrs SPALL S noL be made by lnsLalllng paLches or deposlLlng weld meLal ln Lhe 18
dlrecLlon of Lhe longlLudlnal axls of Lhe plpe because of Lhe lncreased rlsk of rupLure of Lhe
plpe ln Lhe heaL affecLed zone
lor all repalr meLhods a rlsk assessmenL SPALL S be carrled ouL addresslng poLenLlal 19
fuLure damage or degradaLlon mechanlsms of Lhe plpellne and repalr componenLs and
deflnlng Lhe requlremenLs for fuLure lnspecLlon and LesLlng wlLh assoclaLed frequencles Lo
ensure conLlnulng flLnessforpurpose"
LowesL AmblenL 1emperaLure (LA1) ls Lhe lowesL one day mean amblenL LemperaLure on 3
Lhe basls of meLeorologlcal daLa of hourly measuremenLs over Lhe lasL 20 years or longer
1he LA1 SPALL S noL be warmer Lhan Lhe lowesL amblenL LemperaLure Lo be used for
deslgn under Lhe local regulaLlons
lor equlpmenL governed by sLandards and deslgn codes oLher Lhan Lhose deflned above 7
Lhe ConLracLor SPALL S develop supplemenLary speclflcaLlons Lo arrlve aL equlvalenL
prevenLlon of brlLLle fracLure
1he MM1 ls Lhe lowesL LemperaLure LhaL equlpmenL may posslbly reach and lL SPALL S 8
be deflned for every equlpmenL lLem
1he MM1 SPALL S Lake lnLo accounL Lhe
normal lowesL operaLlng LemperaLure Lhe lowesL LemperaLures durlng sLarLup or shuLdown
and excepLlonal cool down evenLs caused by hlgh raLe depressurlslng resulLlng ln !oule
1hompson coollng or coollng by evaporaLlon or bolllng of llquefled gas
9
1he poLenLlal for hlgh raLe depressurlsaLlon SPALL S be consldered ln deLermlnlng Lhe
MM1 for equlpmenL and plplng conLalnlng compressed low molecular welghL and flammable
hydrocarbon gases such as meLhane eLhane propane or eLhylene
9
1he MM1 SPALL S also Lake lnLo accounL Lhe coldesL amblenL LemperaLure of Lhe
cllmaLe aL Lhe planL locaLlon
9
Any posslblllLy for repressurlzaLlon or 8
pressurlsaLlon from connecLed sysLems whllsL Lhe equlpmenL ls colder Lhan Lhe Lu1
SPALL S be excluded
10
8epressurlsaLlon whllsL cold SPALL S be prevenLed lf Lhe LemperaLure ls below 9
Lhe Lu1
10
lor equlpmenL LhaL ls under lnerL 9
gas Lhe speclflc MM1 LhaL occurs durlng fllllng or sLarLup wlLh llqulfled gas whlch wlll
evaporaLe unLll Lhe equlllbrlum parLlal pressure ls reached SPALL S be Laken lnLo
accounL
1he rlsk of low LemperaLures downsLream of vaporlsers of llquefled gas due Lo malfuncLlon 9
SPALL S be consldered
1he Loughness requlremenLs of Lhe deslgn code Lo allow Lhe full deslgn pressure aL Lhe 10
lower deslgn LemperaLure SPALL S be meL
When lmpacL Loughness ls speclfled by Lhe deslgn code Lhe Loughness requlremenLs 10
SPALL S apply Lo Lhe sLandard sLeel speclflcaLlons A sLeel ls noL a low LemperaLure
sLeel by mere LesLlng of lLs lmpacL Loughness lL SPALL S have been produced Lo meeL
wlLh Lhe requlremenLs of a sLandard speclflcaLlon or wlLh a quallfled ManufacLurers
speclflcaLlon whlch speclfles a sLeel Loughness whlch saLlsfles Lhe Loughness requlred by
Lhe deslgn code
SLeels SPALL S be lmpacL LesLed aL Lhe lowesL LemperaLure for whlch Lhe sLandard 10
speclflcaLlon speclfles Lhe Loughness
Cuallfled weldlng procedure speclflcaLlons 10
SPALL S be avallable Lo prove LhaL Lhe lmpacL Loughness of Lhe weld and heaL affecLed
zone of Lhe nonsLandard sLeel meeL Lhe speclflc lmpacL Loughness requlremenL
1he hydrosLaLlc LesL pressure ln Lhese cases SPALL S be equal Lo Lhe 10
hydrosLaLlc LesL pressure requlred by Lhe code on Lhe basls of Lhe maxlmum allowable
deslgn sLress Such a hydroLesL wlll ensure proper resldual sLress equallsaLlon arLlcular
cases for roLaLlng equlpmenL and for flare llnes are dlscussed ln (63) and (66)
Where such a posLweld heaLLreaLmenL ls applled Lo enable Lhe 10
use of sLeels for lower LemperaLures Lhan allowed ln aswelded condlLlon Lhe LemperaLure
of Lhe posLweld heaLLreaLmenL SPALL S be hlgher Lhan 380 C 1hermomechanlcally
processed sLeels wlLh a lean chemlcal composlLlon may lose Lhelr sLrengLh aL a hlgh
posLweld heaLLreaLmenL LemperaLure and Lhe sLeelmaker may noL supporL heaL LreaLmenL
aL 380C
SLeels SPALL S be ordered from Lhe sLeelmaker wlLh an addlLlonal 11
speclflcaLlon by Lhe ConLracLor Lo ensure LhaL Lhe requlred lmpacL Loughness ls malnLalned
for Lhe full range of formlng and heaL LreaLmenL procedures durlng fabrlcaLlon excepL for
- sLeels wlLh a normallsed mlcrosLrucLure and a mlnlmum speclfled Lenslle sLrengLh below
300 -/mm2 or
- sLeels whlch are Lempered aL Lhe mlll aL a LemperaLure whlch ls 20 C or more above Lhe
maxlmum of Lhe range of heaLLreaLmenL needed durlng fabrlcaLlon
Weldlng procedures 11
SPALL S be quallfled accordlngly
1yplcal bolLlng maLerlals are llsLed ln uL 30100211en 8olLlng maLerlals oLher Lhan
Lhe ausLenlLlc sLalnless sLeel maLerlals ln (34) whlch are applled for equlpmenL wlLh a Lower
ueslgn 1emperaLure colder Lhan 30 C SPALL S have been manufacLured ln
accordance wlLh a speclflcaLlon whlch requlres lmpacL LesLlng aL a LemperaLure noL warmer
Lhan Lhe Lower ueslgn 1emperaLure
lmpacL LesLed sLeels SPALL S be used for all equlpmenL deslgned Lo conLaln llquefled
gas (L L-) or compressed low molecular welghL and flammable hydrocarbon gases
such as meLhane eLhane propane or eLhylene 1he sLeel Loughness SPALL S meeL Lhe
requlremenLs of Lhe deslgn code for Lhe glven Lower ueslgn 1emperaLure buL Lhe lmpacL
LesL LemperaLure of Lhe sLeel SPALL S noL be warmer Lhan 20 C
1he maxlmum wall Lhlckness SPALL S noL exceed 60 mm 11
1he posLweld heaL LreaLmenL of 33 -lsLeel SPALL S be execuLed ln a furnace and ln 11
accordance wlLh Lhe deslgn code buL Lhe heaL LreaLmenL SPALL S be quallfled as parL of
Lhe weldlng procedure quallflcaLlon 1he quallflcaLlon SPALL S represenL Lhe lowesL raLe
of coollng afLer Lhe heaL LreaLmenL and lL SPALL S prove LhaL Lhe posLweld heaL
LreaLmenL ls noL deLrlmenLal Lo Lhe lmpacL Loughness of Lhe sLeel and lLs welds
1he above llmlL on 12
phosphorus conLenL may be relaxed Lo 0010 w provlded LhaL Lhe lmpacL Loughness of
Lhe base maLerlal aL mlnus 196 C SPALL S be above 100 ! for longlLudlnal speclmens
9 -lsLeel SPALL S noL be used for Lhlcknesses above 30 mm aL Lhe poslLlons of Lhe
welds
SulLable hlghnlckel weld meLal of a Lype llsLed ln lSC 14172 lSC 18274 12
ASML ll CSlA 311 or ASML ll CSlA 314 SPALL S be used for welded [olnLs ln 9
-lsLeel 1he Lenslle sLrengLh of Lhe weld meLal ln a Lransverse Lenslle LesL SPALL S be
630 -/mm2 or more Lhe yleld sLrengLh ln an allweldmeLal LesL SPALL S be 360 -/mm2
or more 1he allowable deslgn sLress SPALL S be derlved from guaranLeed yleld and
ulLlmaLe sLrengLh values ln accordance wlLh Lhe rules of Lhe deslgn code buL Lhls deslgn
sLress SPALL S noL exceed 260 -/mm2
ood Learlng 12
reslsLance correlaLes wlLh a hlgh uppershelf absorbed energy ln an lmpacL LesL and Lhe
weldlng procedure quallflcaLlon SPALL S lnclude lmpacL LesLlng of Lhe cenLre of Lhe weld
meLal aL 196 C Lo prove LhaL Lhe absorbed energy ls greaLer Lhan 63 !
Also weldlng procedures SPALL S be 12
quallfled or requallfled wlLh lmpacL LesLlng lncluded when requlred by Lhe deslgn code for
Lhe glven Lower ueslgn 1emperaLure
Cold formed or cold spun sLalnless sLeel heads SPALL S be soluLlon annealed afLer 12
formlng or splnnlng
8olLlng maLerlals of ausLenlLlc sLalnless sLeel SPALL S be soluLlon annealed and 12
SPALL S be capable of meeLlng Lhe requlremenLs of AS1M A 262 racLlce L as
requlred ln uL 30100211en
ln all cases where Lhe Lower ueslgn 1emperaLure for duplex sLalnless sLeel ls below 12
20 C or an lmpacL Loughness ls speclfled by Lhe deslgn code for Lhe requlred Lower
ueslgn 1emperaLure Lhe mlnlmum average lmpacL Loughness SPALL S be 30 ! aL a
LemperaLure of 30 C wlLh a mlnlmum lndlvldual lmpacL energy of 40!
1he lmpacL 12
Loughness SPALL S be measured for Lhe base meLal ln Lhe Lransverse orlenLaLlon and
for weld quallflcaLlon aL Lhe poslLlons of Lhe weld cenLre llne Lhe fuslon llne and ln Lhe heaLaffecLed
zone aL 3 mm from Lhe fuslon llne
ln addlLlon Lo Lhe above requlremenLs Lhe mlnlmum lmpacL Loughness requlremenLs of Lhe 13
deslgn code SPALL S be saLlsfled
1he appllcaLlon of duplex sLalnless sLeels ls llmlLed Lo 30 C for Lhlcknesses up Lo 30 mm 13
and Lo 30 C for Lhlcknesses up Lo 30 mm buL SPALL S noL exceed Lhe llmlLs glven by
Lhe deslgn code
1he lmpacL Loughness requlremenLs ln ASML vlll for base maLerlals SPALL S be read 14
as requlremenLs for Lhe sLandard sLeel speclflcaLlon Lo be used CuallflcaLlon of sLeels
Lhrough lmpacL LesLlng as descrlbed ln SecLlons 31174 b) and u84(d)(2) by Lhe
fabrlcaLor of Lhe pressure equlpmenL or by parLles oLher Lhan Lhe sLeelmaker ls noL
allowed See (31)
L- 1344322002 Clause 416 sLaLes LhaL all sLeels SPALL S have a speclfled mlnlmum 14
lmpacL energy aL a LesL LemperaLure ln accordance wlLh Lhe requlremenLs for prevenLlon of
brlLLle fracLure ln Annex 8 of Lhls code
1he maLerlals selecLlon and Lhe mechanlcal deslgn SPALL S 13
be made Lo allow for all poLenLlal LemperaLure dlfferences durlng depressurlslng
use of 13
carbon sLeel Lubes ln comblnaLlon wlLh nlckelalloyed or sLalnless sLeel LubesheeLs or shells
SPALL S be approved by Lhe rlnclpal
1he Lower ueslgn 1emperaLure for roLaLlng equlpmenL SPALL S be deLermlned ln 13
accordance wlLh (4) buL Lhls LemperaLure SPALL S noL be warmer Lhan Lhe Mlnlmum
MeLal 1emperaLure
8oLaLlng equlpmenL ls deslgned ln accordance wlLh one of Lhe deslgn codes and Lhe 13
assoclaLed uLs llsLed ln (3) 1hese codes refer for Lhe deslgn of Lhe pressure conLalnmenL
or caslng Lo ASML vlll dlv 1 or L- 13443 and Lhe Loughness of Lhe sLeels aL Lhe Lower
ueslgn 1emperaLure SPALL S comply wlLh Lhese codes 1he rules for less sLrlngenL
Loughness requlremenLs for low sLress deslgns as ln ASML vlll uCS66 (l) or ln L-
1344322002 1able 8 21 may be used for caslngs for whlch sLlffness raLher Lhan sLress ls
Lhe maln deslgn basls buL Lhe whole of Lhe pressure conLalnmenL SPALL S be deslgned
wlLh Lhe same low deslgn sLress
under L- 13443 all sLeels for pressure conLalnmenL of roLaLlng equlpmenL SPALL S be 13
made Lo a sLandard speclflcaLlon whlch requlres lmpacL LesLlng ln accordance wlLh L-
1344322002 Clause 416
1he lmpacL LesL LemperaLure SPALL S be Lhe lowesL 13
LemperaLure for whlch Lhe sLandard speclflcaLlon speclfles Lhe requlred absorbed energy
1hls LesL LemperaLure SPALL S noL be warmer Lhan Lhe Lower ueslgn 1emperaLure
whlch may be modlfled by Lhe LemperaLure ad[usLmenL of L- 1344322002 1able 8 21 lf
Lhe whole of Lhe pressure conLalnmenL ls deslgned wlLh Lhe same low deslgn sLress
rocess plplng SPALL S comply wlLh ASML 8313 and uL 31380111en 1he 16
Lower ueslgn 1emperaLure SPALL S noL be warmer Lhan Lhe Mlnlmum MeLal
1emperaLure 1he Lower ueslgn 1emperaLure for plplng whlch conLalns llquefled gas
SPALL S be equal Lo or lower Lhan Lhe aLmospherlc bolllng polnL or Lhe adlabaLlc flash
LemperaLure of Lhe llqulfled gas
lplng of a glven plpe slze and 16
schedule and wlLh a Lower ueslgn 1emperaLure colder Lhan Lhe mlnlmum LemperaLure
wlLhouL lmpacL LesLlng by Curve 8 ln llg 32322A of ASML 8313 SPALL S be fully
made of sLeels whlch are covered by sLandard speclflcaLlons whlch speclfy lmpacL LesLlng
excepL for bolLlng
1he mlnlmum speclfled lmpacL Loughness SPALL S meeL Lhe lmpacL Loughness requlred 16
for Lhe Lower ueslgn 1emperaLure 1he weldlng procedures used for weldlng of lmpacL
LesLed carbon sLeel SPALL S have been quallfled by lmpacL LesLlng and Lhe lmpacL
Loughness of Lhe weld meLal and Lhe heaLaffecLed zone SPALL S meeL Lhe mlnlmum
speclfled lmpacL Loughness of Lhe sLeel
1he Lower ueslgn 1emperaLure for carbon sLeel plplng SPALL S noL be colder Lhan 16
30 C excepL for flare llnes as deLalled below lmpacL LesLed carbon sLeels ln accordance
wlLh AS1M speclflcaLlons generally have an lmpacL LesL LemperaLure of 43 C S
lmpacL LesLed sLeel SPALL S be used for carbon sLeel plplng whlch conLalns llquefled 16
gas (L L-) or compressed low molecular welghL and flammable hydrocarbon gases
such as meLhane eLhane propane or eLhylene 1he sLeel Loughness SPALL S meeL Lhe
requlremenLs of Lhe deslgn code for Lhe glven Lu1 buL Lhe lmpacL LesL LemperaLure of Lhe
sLeel SPALL S noL be warmer Lhan 20 C
AusLenlLlc sLalnless sLeel and duplex sLalnless sLeel plplng for Lower ueslgn 1emperaLures 16
colder Lhan 20 C SPALL S comply wlLh (34)
1he relevanL membrane sLress SPALL S lnclude 22
conLrlbuLlons from pressure and any oLher susLalned loads and longrange
sLresses due Lo Lhermal consLralnLs 1he need for repressurlsaLlon whllsL cold as
descrlbed ln (42) SPALL S be consldered ln deLermlnlng Lhe LemperaLure
colncldenL wlLh Lhe membrane sLress of 30 Ma
Powever before 22
applylng Lhe low sLress raLlo rules Lhe posslblllLy of addlLlonal sLresses due Lo
repressurlsaLlon whllsL cold or Lhrough connecLed sysLems SPALL S elLher be excluded
or expllclLly accounLed for ln Lhe assumed sLresses
AlLernaLlvely Lolerable defecL slzes for a speclfled 24
MA1 SPALL S be calculaLed and Lhen compared agalnsL defecLs deLecLed from an
lnspecLlon programme
MaLerlals selecLlon SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh Lhe PSL Pazards and LffecL 7
ManagemenL rocess (PLM) 1hls process ldenLlfles and assesses PSL hazards
lmplemenLs conLrol and recovery measures and malnLalns a documenLed demonsLraLlon
LhaL ma[or PSL rlsks have been reduced Lo a level LhaL ls As Low as 8easonably
racLlcable (ALA8) 1hls SPALL S be done for Lhe full llfecycle of asseLs and
operaLlons and uses Lhe sLandard 8lsk AssessmenL MaLrlx (8AM)
AgalnsL
each one of Lhese LhreaLs aL leasL one common barrler SPALL S be deflned
7
1he lMLA SPALL S be carrled ouL as an lnLegral parL of Lhe CMl (prellmlnary
lMLA produced as parL of Lhe prellmlnary CMl developmenL ln Lhe pro[ecL deflne phase
8
1he key corroslon LhreaLs and corroslon barrlers or mlLlgaLlon SPALL S be ldenLlfled for 10
each subsysLem so LhaL Lhelr effecLlveness or compllance sLaLus can be assessed durlng
Lhe operaLlonal phase
9
lor each faclllLy Lhe CMM and assoclaLed corroslon conLrol documenLs SPALL S deflne
Lhe key parameLers LhaL are requlred Lo be conLrolled Lo safeguard Lhe relevanL barrlers
9
lor boLh lnLernal and exLernal envlronmenLs welds and heaL affecLed zones are crlLlcal
areas ln Lerms of corroslon reslsLance and Lhe requlremenLs of Appendlx 8 SPALL S
apply
13
1he CMM should also ldenLlfy Lhe relevanL performance lndlcaLors and Lhe acLlons LhaL 10
SPALL S be Laken by Lhe rlnclpals operaLlons malnLenance lnspecLlon and maLerlals
and corroslon sLaff lf Lhe deflned condlLlons are noL malnLalned
lf carbon sLeel ls 22
selecLed as Lhe maLerlal of consLrucLlon Lhen lL shall be assumed LhaL corroslon wlll occur
and a corroslon managemenL sLraLegy SPALL S be puL ln place
1he
P?u8CCC8 model (Appendlx l) SPALL S be used for corroslon modelllng ln sysLems
conLalnlng CC2
20
LqulpmenL LhaL may cool down Lo LemperaLures below Lhls llmlL 23
SPALL S sLlll be deslgned for sour condlLlons
21
1he P?u8CCC8
model (Appendlx l) SPALL S be used for corroslon modelllng ln sysLems conLalnlng
P2S
21
ConLrol of Lhls form of
cracklng SPALL S be Lhrough selecLlon of maLerlals noL suscepLlble Lo cracklng under all
expecLed modes of operaLlon (lncludlng sLarL up and shuLdown)
21
1o enhance Lhe PlC reslsLance of dlfferenL producLs Lhe maLerlal requlremenLs llsLed ln
1able 4 SPALL S be lncluded
21
1o avold brlLLle fracLure LesL waLer and meLal LemperaLures SPALL S be elLher 17 C 32
above Lhe mlnlmum deslgn meLal LemperaLure (MuM1) or 20 C whlchever ls Lhe hlgher
lf shuLdown Lakes place qulckly Lhls wlll cause !oule/1hompson coollng whlch can resulL ln 33
LemperaLures lower Lhan amblenL Such equlpmenL SPALL S be deslgned ln accordance
wlLh (2334) and uL 30100231en Subsea equlpmenL SPALL S ln addlLlon Lo
Lhls be deslgned ln accordance wlLh Appendlx 3
As a resulL of Lhese uncerLalnLles Lhe eroslon Lolerance" of Lhe sysLem shall be deflned and
hardware requlred for adequaLe survelllance SPALL S be bullL lnLo Lhe sysLem and
survelllance performed so LhaL sollds are deLecLed before asseL lnLegrlLy ls compromlsed
44
1hls appendlx applles only Lo L producLlon sysLems lL shall be undersLood LhaL 49
- Lroslon models aL besL glve only an order of magnlLude lndlcaLlon of Lhe poLenLlal
eroslon raLe
- 1he acLual amounL and naLure of sollds produced by a well ls LranslenL and cannoL
be well deflned ln Lhe deslgn phase of a pro[ecL
As a resulL of Lhese uncerLalnLles Lhe eroslon Lolerance" of Lhe sysLem shall be deflned
and adequaLe survelllance SPALL S be performed so LhaL sollds are deLecLed before
asseL lnLegrlLy ls compromlsed
1able A31 Mlnlmum servlce LemperaLure of meLals 36
48
1he ConLracLor SPALL S conLrol weldlng equlpmenL ln 9
accordance wlLh lSC 38342 and SPALL S conLrol lnspecLlon and LesL equlpmenL ln
accordance wlLh lSC 100121
LlecLrodes SPALL S be of Lhe baslc coaLed lowhydrogen Lype class Lxx16 or Lxx18 9
of AWS A33 or an equlvalenL alLernaLlve class and speclflcaLlon lor sour servlce Lhe
elecLrodes SPALL S noL deposlL weld meLal conLalnlng more Lhan 10 wL nlckel (-l)
Lach elecLrode SPALL S have Lhe AWS or oLher approprlaLe classlflcaLlon marked on 9
Lhe flux near Lhe grlp end LlecLrodes whlch do noL have Lhls marklng SPALL S be
removed from Lhe [ob slLe Lo Lhe saLlsfacLlon of Lhe rlnclpal
LlecLrodes SPALL S be sLored ln accordance wlLh Lhe ManufacLurers lnsLrucLlons ln Lhelr 10
orlglnal conLalners whlch SPALL S be marked wlLh Lhe ManufacLurers name Lhe
consumable Lrade name and Lhe baLch number LlecLrodes ln conLalners whlch are noL
ldenLlflable and Lraceable SPALL S be removed from Lhe [ob slLe Lo Lhe saLlsfacLlon of Lhe
rlnclpal
LlecLrodes SPALL S be LreaLed and handled ln accordance wlLh Lhe ManufacLurer's 10
lnsLrucLlons Lo achleve Lhe lowesL pracLlcable dlffuslble hydrogen conLenL ln Lhe deposlLed
weld meLal
LlecLrodes SPALL S noL be baked more Lhan Lwlce 10
LlecLrodes LhaL show slgns of damage or deLerloraLlon eg cracked or flaked coaLlng rusLy
or dlrLy core wlre SPALL S be dlscarded Lo Lhe saLlsfacLlon of Lhe rlnclpal
1hlckness groups for plpes SPALL S be as follows 11
1 48 mm up Lo and lncludlng 123 mm
2 Cver 123 mm up Lo and lncludlng 23 mm
3 Cver 23 mm
1hlckness groups for flLLlngs SPALL S be as follows 11
1 up Lo and lncludlng 123 mm
2 Cver 123 mm up Lo and lncludlng 23 mm
3 Cver 23 mm
lpellne and plplng operaLlng llmlLs SPALL S be as deflned ln secLlons 333 and 11
334 of uL 31386010en
ulmenslonal Lolerances and Lhe pass sequence SPALL S be shown 12
n reheaL malnLenance and maxlmum lnLerpass LemperaLures shall be shown and SPALL 12
S be ln accordance wlLh (48)
o 1he number of welders shall be shown lor plpe of 3239 mm Cu and larger aL leasL 12
Lwo welders SPALL S be deployed for fllleL welds
r arLlal compleLlon of a [olnL SPALL S noL be allowed 12
1he SM?S of Lhe maLerlal used ln quallflcaLlon weldlng SPALL S seL Lhe upper llmlL of 12
Lhe sLrengLh grouplngs for lLems 1 and 2
1he LesL assembly shall be sub[ecLed Lo vlsual examlnaLlon durlng weldlng and SPALL S 13
be vlsually examlned and nondesLrucLlvely LesLed noL sooner Lhan 24 hours afLer
compleLlon of LesL weldlng vlsual examlnaLlon and -u1 SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh
(3) AccepLance crlLerla SPALL S be as sLaLed ln (6)
Macro speclmens SPALL S be separaLe from nlck break speclmens 1he macrosecLlon 13
SPALL S be Laken such LhaL each welders porLlon of Lhe weld ls examlned AL leasL one
macrosecLlon SPALL S be Laken aL Lhe lnLersecLlon of Lhe clrcumferenLlal fllleL weld and
Lhe longlLudlnal groove weld All macrosecLlons SPALL S be sub[ecLed Lo a hardness
survey wlLh rows of lndenLaLlons as shown ln (llgure A) and Lo depLh of weld peneLraLlon
measuremenLs Pardness lndenL spaclng and locaLlon ln Lhe PAZ SPALL S be ln
accordance wlLh L- 10431 roove welds SPALL S also have a mlnlmum of Lwo
macrohardness surveys
1hls secLlon SPALL S also be applled Lo groove welds 13
lor maLerlal deslgnaLed as sour ln accordance wlLh lSC 13136 or -ACL M80103 as 14
appllcable Lhe maxlmum hardness SPALL S be 248 Pv10 oLherwlse Lhe maxlmum
hardness SPALL S be 323 Pv10
-C1LS 1 lSC 13136 SPALL S apply Lo oll and gas producLlon faclllLles and naLural gas sweeLenlng
planLs -ACL M80173 ls equlvalenL Lo lSC 13136
2 -ACL M80103 SPALL S apply Lo oLher appllcaLlons (eg oll reflnerles L- planLs and
chemlcal planLs)
lf only one hardness resulL exceeds Lhe speclfled maxlmum Lhen Lhree furLher lndenLaLlons 14
SPALL S be made ln close proxlmlLy Lo Lhe one whlch falled so LhaL Lhey do noL muLually
lnLerfere
lor groove welds Lhe vlsual examlnaLlon of Lhe macrosecLlons SPALL S show no 14
lmperfecLlons whlch would render Lhe weld unaccepLable under Lhe requlremenLs of Lhls
uL
See also (21) lor quallfylng welders oLher Lhan Lhose who successfully weld a procedure 13
quallflcaLlon LesL assembly a welder quallflcaLlon LesL assembly SPALL S be welded
1esL weldlng SPALL (S) be monlLored by Lhe ConLracLor Lach welder shall be asslgned 13
an ldenLlfylng number leLLer or symbol by Lhe ConLracLor so LhaL each porLlon of Lhe LesL
assembly welds can be asslgned Lo a parLlcular welder
lor Lhe weldlng of relnforced seLon branches and preformed spllL Lees Lhe LesL assembly 13
SPALL S be LhaL shown ln llgure 11 of Al 8 1107 lor reduced branch flLLlngs a
compleLe flLLlng/plpe nlpple assembly SPALL S be welded wlLh Lhe groove ln Lhe PL043
poslLlon
Any change whlch necesslLaLes requallflcaLlon of Lhe weldlng procedure speclflcaLlon 13
SPALL S requlre requallflcaLlon of welders
Coollng of Lhe LesL assembly SPALL S occur naLurally for a mlnlmum perlod of 24 hours 13
1wo macrosecLlons SPALL S also be Laken from groove welds Lo quallfy Lhe weldlng 13
procedure and Lhe welders Where more Lhan Lwo welders are employed on groove welds
furLher macrosecLlons SPALL S be Laken Lo quallfy each addlLlonal welder (261)
lor reduced branch flLLlngs welders SPALL S be quallfled by accepLable macrosecLlon 13
only
reparaLlon SPALL S be as sLaLed ln 2661 of Al 8 1107 1he accepLance crlLerla 13
SPALL S be as sLaLed ln (2663)
A welders quallflcaLlon SPALL S explre when 16
Pe has noL welded wlLh Lhe lowhydrogen SMAW process for more Lhan Lhree monLhs
Pe has noL welded wlLh low hydrogen verLlcal down elecLrodes for more Lhan Lhree
monLhs (for clrcumferenLlal fllleL welders)
When Lhe rlnclpal has reason Lo doubL Lhe ablllLy of Lhe welder Lo make accepLable
welds as deflned ln Lhls uL
8equallflcaLlon SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh Lhls uL
a alnL coaLlng or wrapplng maLerlal shall be carefully removed from Lhe run plpe for a 17
lengLh exLendlng Lo 600 mm on elLher slde of Lhe proposed locaLlon of Lhe exLremlLles of
Lhe flLLlng Pammerlng chlselllng or grlndlng SPALL S noL be performed
b 1he secLlon of Lhe run plpe Lo whlch Lhe branch plpe or flLLlng ls Lo be aLLached SPALL
S be Lhoroughly cleaned wlLh a wlre brush for a dlsLance exLendlng Lo a mlnlmum of
130 mm elLher slde of Lhe branch or flLLlng AfLer cleanlng Lhe run plpe shall be vlsually
examlned for laps cracks plLLlng or oLher form of damage 1he flLLlng SPALL S be
locaLed so as Lo avold weldlng on mlnor flaws ln Lhe run plpe
d lor hoLLapplng operaLlons Lhe area of Lhe run plpe whlch wlll be cuL ouL and an
approprlaLe surroundlng area SPALL S be examlned ulLrasonlcally Lo ensure freedom
from lamlnaLlons and oLher dlsconLlnulLles whlch may lnLerfere wlLh such operaLlons
e 1he speclflc areas of Lhe run plpe where aLLachmenL welds are Lo be made SPALL S
be 100 ulLrasonlcally and magneLlc parLlcle lnspecLed over a band of 130 mm
mlnlmum wldLh cenLred over Lhe proposed weld locaLlons Lo ensure freedom from
deLrlmenLal dlsconLlnulLles
Llnear lndlcaLlons evaluaLed as cracks or lncompleLe
fuslon ln longlLudlnal weld seam areas SPALL SnoL be accepLable
f When fllleL welds can only be locaLed wlLhln
slx Llmes Lhe wall Lhlckness of Lhe Lhlcker maLerlal (usually Lhe Lee) from an exlsLlng glrLh
weld Lhe exlsLlng glrLh weld SPALL S be ulLrasonlcally and radlographlcally
examlned Lo ensure freedom from deLrlmenLal dlsconLlnulLles
g 1he posslblllLy of foullng or bulldup of deposlLs lncludlng pyrophorlc scale lnslde Lhe
plpe SPALL S be consldered from a revlew of plgglng daLa 8adlography may be
used Lo conflrm or deLecL such deposlLs rlor lnspecLlon reporLs SPALL S also be
evaluaLed ln order Lo assess Lhe soundness of Lhe hoL Lapplng area
h Where Lhe seam weld ln Lhe run plpe crosses Lhe fllleL weld zone Lhe relnforcemenL on
Lhe seam weld SPALL S be ground flush wlLh Lhe plpe surface over a lengLh
exLendlng 30 mm beyond each end of Lhe proposed flLLlng
8efore Lhe flLLlng ls flnally clamped LogeLher carbon sLeel backlng sLrlps SPALL S be 18
lnserLed lnLo Lhe machlned recesses aL Lhe rooLs of Lhe longlLudlnal welds 1he backlng sLrlp
maLerlal SPALL S remaln wlLhln Lhe essenLlal varlables of Lhe weldlng procedure
quallflcaLlon and shall be agreed by Lhe rlnclpal
1he backlng sLrlp exLenslon beyond Lhe edges of Lhe flLLlng SPALL S be a mlnlmum of
130 mm Lo allow aLLachmenL of sulLably slzed runon/runoff plaLes
8efore Lhe flLLlng ls clamped all vlslble surface grease ln and around Lhe recess of Lhe
branch flange SPALL S be removed by solvenL cleanlng
lmmedlaLely prlor Lo weldlng Lhe fuslon faces and Lhe ad[acenL maLerlal SPALL S be free 18
from planar defecLs Lears molsLure scale rusL palnL grease or oLher maLLer LhaL may be
deLrlmenLal Lo Lhe weld Cleanlng SPALL S exLend Lo a mlnlmum of 23 mm from Lhe
edge of Lhe fuslon faces on boLh Lhe lnLernal and exLernal surfaces of Lhe flLLlng
uefecLlve bevels SPALL S be repalred by grlndlng Where grlndlng ls lnapproprlaLe
weldlng and grlndlng may be employed Lo repalr Lhe bevel sub[ecL Lo agreemenL of Lhe
WS and C8 by Lhe rlnclpal
Where Lhe flLLlng Lhlckness ls greaLer Lhan Lwlce Lhe run plpe wall Lhlckness Lhe flLLlng
SPALL S be chamfered aL 43 Lo enable fllleL weld leg lengLhs of Lwo Llmes Lhe run plpe
wall Lhlckness see (llgure L(d))
Lach run of weld meLal shall be Lhoroughly cleaned wlLh hand or power Lools before a 18
furLher run ls applled vlslble flaws such as cracks cavlLles and oLher deposlLlon faulLs
SPALL S be removed before deposlLlon of furLher weld meLals
1he weldlng sequence for spllL Lees SPALL S be as shown ln llgure C 18
LonglLudlnal groove welds SPALL S be welded slmulLaneously and aL no Llme SPALL 19
S weldlng cause fuslon beLween Lhe flLLlng and Lhe run plpe
ClrcumferenLlal weldlng SPALL S only commence afLer compleLlon of Lhe longlLudlnal 19
welds
Weldlng SPALL S be performed uslng sLrlnger beads ln a Lemper bead Lechnlque 19
1he second clrcumferenLlal fllleL weld SPALL S only be sLarLed afLer compleLlon and
coollng of Lhe flrsL fllleL AL no Llme SPALL S boLh clrcumferenLlal fllleL welds be
aLLempLed slmulLaneously
Cxypropane rosebud Lorches shall be used for heaLlng Cxyfuel weldlng or cuLLlng Lorches 19
SPALL S noL be used
rlor Lo Lhe commencemenL of weldlng boLh seams SPALL Sbe heaLed slmulLaneously 19
Lo 230 C over a mlnlmum band wldLh of Lwlce Lhe Lhlckness of Lhe flLLlng elLher slde of Lhe
weld preparaLlon
WlLh Lhe flLLlng ln poslLlon on Lhe llve plpellne a mlnlmum lengLh of 300 mm of Lhe weld 19
zone SPALL S be preheaLed Lo 230 C
lor longlLudlnal groove welds where Lhe flLLlng ls 730 mm or more ln lengLh aL leasL Lwo 20
welders SPALL S work on each seam
lor clrcumferenLlal fllleL welds on plpe of 3239 mm Cu and hlgher Lwo welders
SPALL S be employed worklng on Lhe opposlLe sldes of Lhe plpe AL no Llme SPALL S
Lhe welders weld pools have less Lhan 30 mm separaLlon
uamage from sLray arcs SPALL S be repalred ln accordance wlLh a repalr procedure 20
approved by Lhe rlnclpal 8epalr by weldlng SPALL S only be performed on Lhe parenL
maLerlal of Lhe flLLlng 8epalr weldlng SPALL S noL be performed on Lhe run plpe
!olnLs SPALL S noL be lefL parLlally compleLed 20
All welds SPALL S be speclfled by a WS and SPALL S be quallfled by a WC8 ln
accordance wlLh Lhe requlremenLs of Lhls uL
10
All welds SPALL S be lnspecLed by vlsual lnspecLlon durlng and afLer weldlng ln 21
accordance wlLh L- 970 Lo ensure LhaL preheaL and lnLerpass LemperaLure requlremenLs
are meL LhaL slag ls removed beLween Lhe passes and LhaL an accepLable proflle ls
malnLalned osLweldlng vlsual lnspecLlon for accepLance/re[ecLlon SPALL S noL be
performed sooner Lhan 24 hours afLer compleLlon of Lhe [olnL
MagneLlc parLlcle lnspecLlon SPALL S be performed on Lhe compleLed buLLerlng layers 21
prlor Lo deposlLlon of furLher weld meLal 1he compleLed assembly welds SPALL (S) be
magneLlc parLlcle lnspecLed noL sooner Lhan 24 hours afLer compleLlon of Lhe [olnL All
magneLlc parLlcle lnspecLlon SPALL S be performed ln accordance wlLh AS1M L 1444
1he ConLracLor's nondesLrucLlve LesLlng personnel SPALL S be cerLlflcaLed ln 21
accordance wlLh lSC 9712 Lo -u1 Level 2 or hlgher
Cracks SPALL S noL be accepLable Welds or buLLerlng layers found Lo conLaln cracks 22
SPALL S resulL ln Lhe depressurlsaLlon of Lhe llne unLll such Llme as Lhe rlnclpal glves
furLher lnsLrucLlons
undercuL shall be LreaLed by grlndlng and blendlng provlded LhaL Lhe speclfled mlnlmum 22
wall Lhlcknesses for Lhe plpe and flLLlng are malnLalned ulsc grlnders SPALL S noL be
used on Lhe run plpe
uefecLs SPALL S be removed by grlndlng only 23
lnspecLlon requlremenLs SPALL S be as for Lhe orlglnal weldlng procedure speclflcaLlon 23
quallflcaLlon
1he accepLance crlLerla SPALL S be as sLaLed ln (arL ll 2) of Lhls uL 23
lor maLerlal deslgnaLed as sour ln accordance wlLh lSC 13136 or -ACL M80103 as
appllcable Lhe maxlmum hardness SPALL S be 230 and 248 Pv10 respecLlvely
oLherwlse Lhe maxlmum hardness shall be 323 Pv10
14
1esL weldlng SPALL (S) be monlLored by Lhe ConLracLor 14
ln Lhe flrsL senLence replace should by SPALL S 6
lor [ackups operaLlng ln very low LemperaLures lssues relaLed Lo sLeel ducLlllLy and 8
Charpy Loughness requlremenLs SPALL S be carefully verlfled
lor all assessmenLs where
dynamlcs have a conLrlbuLlon Lo Lhe overall response correspondlng wlLh a uAl 113 Lhe 11
meLhod ln SecLlon 8 7363 SPALL S be adopLed
1hls response based [olnL meLocean parameLers for 100year reLurn 12
perlod SPALL S be deLermlned followlng Lhe procedures developed by Lhe roup
Load facLors (L ) derlved for speclflc reglonal annexes SPALL 12
overrlde Lhe generlc envlronmenLal load facLors suggesLed ln L 973030
uraln sLreams SPALL S Lherefore be segregaLed lnLo speclflc sysLems each deslgned 6
for a parLlcular Lype of sLream wlLh no lnLerconnecLlon beLween Lhe dlfferenL sysLems
LxlsLlng draln sysLems should be modlfled Lo remove all lnLerconnecLlons Powever where
Lhls proves lmpracLlcal reducLlon Lo a slngle lnLerconnecLlon employlng a dlpplpe seal ln a
draln calsson may be consldered ln such cases Lhe dlpplpe SPALL S be corroslonreslsLanL
and Lhe calsson venL be large enough Lo prevenL Lhe llquld seal belng broken ln
Lhe evenL of gas blowby Lo Lhe draln from Lhe largesL connecLed pressurlsed source
lor Lhls reason draln sysLems SPALL S be segregaLed lnLo speclflc sysLems each
deslgned for a parLlcular Lype of sLream wlLh no lnLerconnecLlon beLween Lhe sysLems
7
Cpen nonhazardous 6
area dralns SPALL S be compleLely segregaLed from all oLher open or closed
draln sysLems Lo ellmlnaLe Lhe posslblllLy of hydrocarbon vapour Lransmlsslon Lhrough Lhe
dralns from oLher areas Lo Lhe nonhazardous area
Cpen nonhazardous draln
sysLems SPALL S be compleLely segregaLed from all oLher draln sysLems Lo ellmlnaLe
Lhe posslblllLy of flammable vapour Lransmlsslon Lhrough Lhe dralns from oLher areas Lo Lhe
nonhazardous area
8
Cpen draln sysLems SPALL S only be used for 7
dralnlng resldual hydrocarbon llqulds from vessels and equlpmenL when Lhose vessels or
equlpmenL have been sub[ecLed Lo a malnLenance preparaLlon procedure (see 341)
rocess vessels may conLaln hydrocarbon flulds whlch even afLer depressurlng Lo
aLmospherlc pressure would release slgnlflcanL volumes of hazardous vapour lf Lhey were
dlscharged vla an open draln sysLem ln Lhese cases a hardplped connecLlon Lo a
collecLlon header rouLed Lo a dedlcaLed dralns vessel SPALL S be provlded for Lhe safe
removal of generaLed vapour
Closed draln sysLems SPALL S only be used for dralnlng hydrocarbon llqulds from 7
process vessels when Lhe vessels have been depressurlsed Lo aLmospherlc pressure under
a malnLenance preparaLlon procedure (see 341)
uue aLLenLlon SPALL S be pald Lo Lhe posslble lnfluence LhaL an lnsLrumenL draln may 7
have on Lhe hazardous classlflcaLlon of an area lnsLrumenL dralns whlch by Lhelr naLure
locaLlon or frequency of use would affecL Lhe hazardous area classlflcaLlon should be
avolded lf posslble alLernaLlvely such llqulds can be hardplped Lo a closed draln sysLem
ueluge waLer wlLhln modules shall be collecLed ln open draln gullles and 7
dlscharged dlrecLly overboard vla downcomers whlch may serve several draln ouLleLs
Manlfoldlng of Lhe dralns SPALL S be such LhaL upsLream hazardous and nonhazardous
area segregaLlon ls malnLalned and Lhe draln dlscharge SPALL S be Lo a safe locaLlon
Seal legs wlll be requlred where Lhe deluge dralns orlglnaLe ln pressurlsed modules
Slnce Lhe laboraLory ls lLself 8
a nonhazardous area Lhe draln SPALL S noL be hardplped Lo Lhe CPu Lo avold Lhe
posslblllLy of backflow of flammable vapours
lf Lhe only 8
convenlenL draln ls an open nonhazardous draln Lhen all flulds lncludlng hydrocarbons
SPALL S be collecLed ln drums for offplaLform dlsposal
A mud dralnage sysLem ls provlded Lo collecL and handle drllllng mud/chemlcals splllage 8
from Lhe rlg floor and mud LreaLmenL areas 8ecause of Lhe posslblllLy of blockages Lhls
sysLem SPALL S be LoLally segregaLed from oLher faclllLy draln sysLems
Closed malnLenance draln sysLems SPALL S noL be lnsLalled ln new faclllLles or as a
modlflcaLlon Lo exlsLlng sysLems Where by vlrLue of fluld characLerlsLlcs (eg volaLlllLy
LoxlclLy lmpacL on waLer LreaLmenL sysLems LemperaLure value) lL ls deslred Lo fully
conLaln segregaLe or recover flulds Lhese sysLems SPALL S be deslgned as parL of Lhe
overall process sysLem as a process draln (234) wlLh sulLable englneered barrlers agalnsL
hazards
8
Pence Lhey SPALL S be deslgned as parL of Lhe overall process sysLem wlLh
englneered barrlers agalnsL hazards and approprlaLe sLandards for vessels Lanks plplng
and overpressure proLecLlon
8
Slnce Lhe laboraLory ls Lyplcally ln an enclosed area Lhe draln SPALL S noL be hardplped
Lo Lhe CPu Lo avold Lhe posslblllLy of backflow of flammable vapours
9
uralnage from nonhazardous areas SPALL S be compleLely segregaLed from any oLher 10
dralnage sysLem ln order Lo ellmlnaLe Lhe rlsk of hydrocarbon vapour Lransmlsslon Lo safe
areas
12
PoL llqulds LhaL would cause a LemperaLure hlgher Lhan 43 C ln Lhe draln sysLem 10
SPALL S be cooled flrsL or dlscharged lnLo a dedlcaLed coollng vessel before belng
lnLroduced lnLo Lhe dralns sysLem
ln order Lo prevenL posslble vapour communlcaLlon beLween areas Lhrough Lhe open dralns 11
sysLem all closed modules SPALL S have llquld seal Lraps ln Lhe draln connecLlons
ln order Lo prevenL posslble vapour communlcaLlon beLween areas Lhrough Lhe nonhazardous
open dralns sysLem all enclosed modules SPALL S have llquld seal Lraps ln
Lhe draln headers
12
ln Lhese cases a
malnLenance procedure SPALL S be developed Lo perlodlcally lnspecL and replenlsh Lhe
llquld seals
12
1he deslgn of Lhe dlsposal rouLe SPALL S ensure LhaL no backflow ls posslble (see also 47) 11
ln Lhese cases a
malnLenance procedure SPALL S be developed Lo perlodlcally lnspecL and replenlsh Lhe
llquld seals
12
As ln Lhe open nonhazardous 11
area draln sysLem llquld seal Lraps SPALL S be provlded ln Lhe open
hazardous draln sysLem Lo prevenL Lhe Lransmlsslon of hydrocarbon vapours beLween
modules/areas
ln Lhese cases a malnLenance procedure SPALL S be developed Lo perlodlcally lnspecL and replenlsh
Lhe llquld seals Llquld seal Lraps SPALL S be corroslon reslsLanL Lo avold loss of llquld seal due Lo
corroslon leaks
12
Cn faclllLles wlLh segregaLed hazardous areas Lhe open dralns from each area SPALL S
be rouLed Lo separaLe draln headers and segregaLed from each oLher by llquld seals
12
1hls SPALL S only be allowed when Lhe Lwo sysLems are separaLed by a llquld 11
seal of aL leasL 3 m and Lhe capaclLy of Lhe calsson/Lank venL has been demonsLraLed Lo be
capable of prevenLlng breakage of Lhe seal ln Lhe evenL of gas breakLhrough from Lhe
largesL slngle lLem connecLed Lo Lhe Closed uraln 1he dlpplpe SPALL S be made of
corroslon reslsLanL maLerlal (eg Monel) and SPALL S be lnspecLed regularly Lo conflrm
lLs lnLegrlLy
-C1L A Closed uralns drum SPALL S be lncluded upsLream of Lhe calsson or Lank Lo 11
ensure proper degasslng of dralned llqulds
ulscharge Lo Lhe closed dralns SPALL S be by hardplped connecLlons LhaL SPALL S 12
be poslLlvely lsolaLed from Lhe process durlng normal operaLlon
lnsLrumenL dralns SPALL S be accounLed for ln hazardous area classlflcaLlon 12
1he branch connecLlons from Lhe vessels Lo Lhe maln header or up Lo 13
Lhe flrsL plpe dlameLer lncrease SPALL S be raLed for Lhe same pressure as Lhe vessel
lLself 1hls ls because lL ls ln Lhe smaller branch plpes LhaL hydraLes are llkely Lo form
should Lhe vessel be lnadverLenLly dralned under pressure 8ranches SPALL S be
connecLed Lo Lhe Lop of Lhe maln header(s)
1he need for hydroLesLlng Lhe Cu 13
sysLem means LhaL a flange SPALL S be lnsLalled aL Lhe speclflcaLlon break ln Lhe plplng
so LhaL Lhe Lwo plpe classes can be lsolaLed from one anoLher
lL ls lnLended LhaL Lhe Cu sysLem SPALL S be used only Lo empLy resldual llqulds from
equlpmenL prlor Lo malnLenance -o process SPALL S be dralned vla Lhe Cu sysLem
unless LhaL process has been fully depressurlsed
1he closed dralns drum SPALL S be deslgned wlLh sufflclenL volume Lo recelve Lhe
dralned flulds and Lo permlL vapour dlsengagemenL (see 44) SafeLy marglns SPALL S
be applled Lo cover addlLlonal volumes whlch may be dralned and adequaLe vessel level
lnsLrumenLaLlon SPALL S be provlded lncludlng a hlgh level alarm Lo prevenL overfllllng
An overflow Lo Lhe CPu calsson shall be provlded 1he drum SPALL S have a mlnlmum
deslgn pressure of 330 ka Lhus ellmlnaLlng Lhe rlsk of rupLure ln Lhe evenL of a
deflagraLlon and should be freely connecLed Lo an aLmospherlc venL sysLem 1he venL
SPALL S be slzed Lo dlscharge Lhe greaLesL vapour flow LhaL could enLer Lhe drum lf Lhe
Cu sysLem ls operaLed (lmproperly) under pressure or ls lnadequaLely degassed
1he equlpmenL SPALL S flrsL be empLled as far as posslble Lhrough Lhe normal process 13
rouLe and Lhen depressurlsed Lo aLmospherlc pressure Lo ensure LhaL Lhere ls mlnlmum
resldual vapour presenL and LhaL any remalnlng hydrocarbon llqulds are fully degassed
Llquld levels ln Lhe equlpmenL Lo be malnLalned SPALL S be lowered Lo Lhe mlnlmum 13
pracLlcal level uslng Lhe normal process connecLlons and lL ls essenLlal LhaL Lhe equlpmenL
ls fully depressurlsed before dralnlng vla Lhe Cu sysLem uepressurlng may lead Lo coollng
of Lhe vessel conLenLs whlch should Lhen be allowed Lo regaln amblenL LemperaLure before
belng admlLLed Lo Lhe dralnage sysLem Cnly afLer Lhls procedure has been compleLed
SPALL S Lhe spades or specLacle bllnds be opened Lo allow Lhe resldual llqulds Lo pass
lnLo Lhe closed draln sysLem
Llqulds whose vapours are llghLer Lhan alr wlll Lyplcally dlsperse on open deck faclllLles
1hese llqulds may be dralned lnLo a Lundlsh or open draln provlded Lhe volume of flashlng
vapour wlll noL creaLe a flammable or exploslve mlxLure ln LhaL case Lhe lnsLrumenL
SPALL S be dralned lnLo a process or flare sysLem operaLlng aL lower pressure
12
ln closed modules Lhese servlces SPALL S be ldenLlfled on Lhe LlS and
Lhelr dralns hard plped lnLo a process or flare sysLem operaLlng aL lower pressure
13
1he dralnage sysLems descrlbed ln Lhls uL are provlded prlnclpally as a process 14
equlpmenL malnLenance faclllLy and are noL deslgned Lo dlspose of process flulds Lo
overcome operaLlonal dlfflculLles Cn Lhe oLher hand Lhe process dralns" (or operaLlonal
dlsposal) sysLem provldes for Lhe onsLream removal of flulds from process equlpmenL such
as Lhe fuel gas and compressor knockouL drums Pence lL should be consldered as parL of
Lhe normal process equlpmenL and lL ls noL parL of Lhe dralnage sysLems addressed ln Lhls
uL -o dlrecL connecLlon beLween Lhe Lwo SPALL S be made
Accordlngly Lhe draln sysLem plplng SPALL S be deslgned Lo a sufflclenL 14
pressure raLlng Lo wlLhsLand Lhe effecLs of posslble blockages ln Lhe sysLem and
conslderaLlon SPALL S be glven Lo poLenLlal backflow evenLs 8ecovered hydrocarbons
should be Lransferred back Lo Lhe process by means of a poslLlve dlsplacemenL pump
equlpped wlLh a nonreLurn valve 1he pressure raLlng of all plplng upsLream of Lhe
collecLlon vessel SPALL S be sufflclenL for Lhe hlghesL pressure connecLed Lo lL so LhaL lL
can wlLhsLand Lhe effecLs of blockages ln Lhe sysLem 1he deslgn pressure of Lhe collecLlon
vessel should be aL leasL 330 ka and Lhe venLlng capaclLy from Lhe vessel SPALL S be
sufflclenL Lo prevenL overpressurlsaLlon ln Lhe worsL foreseeable case of gas blowby from
connecLed upsLream equlpmenL
A helldeck SPALL S have lLs perlmeLer conLalned wlLhln a curb and ralnwaLer shall be 14
collecLed ln gullles and dralned overboard 1he helldeck dralns SPALL S be flLLed wlLh
flre Lraps so LhaL burnlng fuel cannoL pass dlrecLly overboard AlrcrafL fuel sLorage Lanks
SPALL S be surrounded by a bund Lo prevenL Lhe spread of any fuel splllage 1he bund
shall be dralned vla Lhe CPu
A helldeck SPALL S have lLs perlmeLer conLalned wlLhln a curb and ralnwaLer shall be
collecLed ln gullles and dralned overboard 1he helldeck dralns SPALL S be flLLed wlLh
flre Lraps so LhaL burnlng fuel cannoL pass dlrecLly overboard
13
Where deluge sysLems or flxed monlLors are lnsLalled for flre conLrol a dlrecL overflow lnLo 14
Lhe sea SPALL S be provlded ueluge waLer wlLhln any module SPALL S be collecLed
ln open draln gullles and dlscharged dlrecLly overboard vla downcomers whlch are slzed Lo
serve several draln ouLleLs Any manlfoldlng SPALL S malnLaln area segregaLlons and
dlscharges SPALL S be Lo a safe locaLlon ln pressurlsed areas seal legs wlll be
requlred
Where deluge sysLems and / or monlLors are lnsLalled for flre flghLlng a dlrecL overflow lnLo
Lhe sea SPALL S be provlded ueluge waLer wlLhln any enclosed module SPALL S be
collecLed ln open draln gullles and dlscharged dlrecLly overboard vla downcomers whlch are
slzed Lo serve several draln ouLleLs Any manlfoldlng SPALL S malnLaln area
segregaLlons and dlscharges SPALL S be Lo a safe locaLlon ln pressurlsed areas seal
legs SPALL S be requlred
13
1o prevenL excesslve backup of 13
waLer ln Lhe modules Lhe deluge draln llnes SPALL S be slzed for Lhe full deluge sysLem
dlscharge capaclLy ln each area plus an addlLlonal 30 Lo allow for exLra flreflghLlng
equlpmenL
13
1he draln sysLems on open deck faclllLles SPALL S be deslgned Lo prevenL Lhe spread of
flre vla Lhe draln sysLems and Lhe overload of sLrucLural members
14
lf Lwo pleces of equlpmenL on dlfferenL levels are belng dralned aL Lhe same Llme Lhrough an 16
open draln sysLem Lhere ls Lhe posslblllLy of fluld flowlng lnLo Lhe lower level vessel or
overflowlng from Lundlshes lnLo Lhe lower area lf a resLrlcLlon ls presenL upsLream of Lhe
recelvlng sysLem SeparaLe draln headers from each level Lo Lhe recelvlng sysLems
SPALL S be used Lo overcome Lhls poLenLlal problem
1he lnleL plplng from Lhe draln headers SPALL S enLer Lhe collecLlon vessels vla a llquld
seal Lo prevenL posslble backflow of vapour and Lo avold sLaLlc hazards 1he llquld seal can
be
- ln Lhe form of Lhe enLrance below Lhe mlnlmum waLer level or
- an exLernal plplng seal loop or
- a dlp plpe lnslde Lhe vessel
16
1he overall volume of each of 16
Lhe chosen collecLlon sysLems SPALL S be sufflclenL Lo conLaln
- Lhe largesL volume of olly waLer LhaL ls expecLed from Lhe dralnlng/malnLenance
operaLlons
- Lhe volume of hydrocarbons LhaL may resulL from a splll or equlpmenL fallure or
- Lhe largesL volume of waLer expecLed from Lhe open draln durlng heavy raln or use of a
deluge sysLem
1he ouLleL 17
from Lhe Lank Lo Lhe reLurn pump SPALL S be locaLed below Lhe pump's sLop/sLarL floaL
swlLch Lo prevenL sand bulldup lnLerferlng wlLh Lhe sLop/sLarL conLrol
When Lhe waLer from Lhe dralnage sysLem ls evenLually dlsposed of lnLo Lhe sea adequaLe
separaLlon from any seawaLer llfL faclllLles SPALL S be malnLalned Lo prevenL Lhe
posslblllLy of hydrocarbons belng llfLed wlLh Lhe seawaLer
1he deslgn pressure of collecLlon vessels SPALL S be 330 ka mlnlmum 17
-o block valves SPALL S be lncluded ln draln sysLem plplng excepL for lsolaLlon valves
(and spades/specLacle bllnds) aL vessel connecLlons lnLo a closed draln sysLem
1he plplng SPALL S be selfdralnlng wlLh horlzonLal secLlons sloped downwards Lowards
collecLlon vessels wlLh a slope of noL less Lhan 1 100
1he presence of sands/sollds may cause problems durlng dralnage operaLlons lf sollds are 18
expecLed plplng of 4 dlameLer or greaLer SPALL S be used
Sand/sollds may cause furLher problems lf a collecLlon Lank ls used lnsLead of a calsson 18
due Lo Lhe poLenLlal bulldup of maLerlal ln Lhe Lank and Lhe blockage of pump fllLers and
sucLlon llnes LnLry lnLo Lhe pump sucLlon llne SPALL S be above Lhe base of Lhe Lank Lo
allow for Lhe presence of some sollds ln Lhe collecLlon vessel
Pydrocarbon flulds separaLed ln calssons drums or Lanks wlll evenLually be pumped back 18
Lo a convenlenL polnL ln Lhe process for recovery A llnk ls Lherefore requlred beLween Lhe
llve process and Lhe dralns buL Lhls has Lhe drawback LhaL vapours can flow back from Lhe
process Lo Lhe dralns ln order Lo mlnlmlse Lhls posslblllLy Lhe pumps SPALL S dlscharge
Lo Lhe lowesL pracLlcal pressure level ln Lhe process Lhus reduclng Lhe backflow poLenLlal A
rellable nonreLurn sysLem SPALL S be employed whlch ln addlLlon Lo a nonreLurn
valve SPALL S conslsL of anoLher sysLem Lo poslLlvely prevenL backflow such as an
acLuaLed valve Lled lnLo Lhe pump sLarL/sLop loglc A poslLlvedlsplacemenL pump wlll also
help Lo prevenL backflow
uraln llnes from open dralns SPALL S enLer dralns collecLlon vessels vla a llquld seal 18
Lyplcally a ubend Lo prevenL posslble backflow of vapour
ulp plpes SPALL S be provlded lf a calsson ls used for Lhe Cu or CPu sysLems even 18
Lhough lL mlghL appear LhaL Lhey are noL sLrlcLly requlred where nonhazardous and
hazardous area dralnage sysLems lncludlng collecLlon calssons are LoLally segregaLed
from one anoLher
ulp plpes SPALL S be provlded lf a calsson ls used for Lhe CPu sysLems even Lhough lL
mlghL appear LhaL Lhey are noL sLrlcLly requlred where nonhazardous and hazardous area
dralnage sysLems lncludlng collecLlon calssons are LoLally segregaLed from one anoLher
16
ulp plpes SPALL S be provlded lf a calsson ls used for Lhe CPu sysLems even Lhough lL
mlghL appear LhaL Lhey are noL sLrlcLly requlred where nonhazardous and hazardous area
dralnage sysLems lncludlng collecLlon calssons are LoLally segregaLed from one anoLher
16
uralnage from an open nonhazardous draln sysLem SPALL S be dlscharged lnLo a
dedlcaLed nonhazardous calsson separaLe from Lhe one lnsLalled on Lhe CPu sysLem
16
When flbreglass plplng ls selecLed an elecLrlcally conducLlve verslon conformlng Lo lMC
8esoluLlon A733(18) SecLlon 223 elecLrlcal conducLlvlLy SPALL S be used ln
elecLrlcally classlfled hazardous areas
18
llulds classlfled as Loxlc SPALL S be ldenLlfled on Lhe LlS 1he deslgn of sysLems
handllng Loxlc flulds SPALL S prevenL Lhe conLacL of Lhose flulds wlLh personnel eg
dralns shall be hard plped lnLo a process sysLem operaLlng aL lower pressure
19
ln order Lo mlnlmlse Lhls
posslblllLy Lhe pumps SPALL S dlscharge Lo Lhe lowesL pracLlcal pressure level ln Lhe
process A rellable nonreLurn sysLem SPALL S be employed whlch ln addlLlon Lo a nonreLurn
valve SPALL S conslsL of anoLher sysLem Lo poslLlvely prevenL backflow such as
an acLuaLed valve Lled lnLo Lhe pump sLarL/sLop loglc A poslLlvedlsplacemenL pump wlll also
help Lo prevenL backflow
19
Pydrocarbon llqulds from C-Pu sysLems SPALL S normally be rouLed Lo CPu
hydrocarbon collecLlon sysLems or a dedlcaLed dlsposal rouLe noL connecLed Lo Lhe process
or flare sysLem as an addlLlonal segregaLlon barrler
19
Where hydrocarbons from an C-Pu 18
calsson are rouLed Lo an CPu calsson Lhe dlp plpe from Lhe C-Pu calsson SPALL S
exLend aL leasL one meLre furLher below sea level Lhan LhaL from Lhe CPu whlch lLself
SPALL S exLend 3 meLres below lowesL asLronomlcal Llde (LA1)
ln order Lo avold corroslon draln plplng wlLhln calssons SPALL S be made of Monel or 18
glassflbre relnforced plasLlc (8L/8)
Cn faclllLles wlLh segregaLed hazardous areas Lhe open dralns from each area SPALL S
be rouLed Lo separaLe draln headers segregaLed from each oLher by llquld seals
20
laLe decks and floors SPALL S be adequaLely sloped Lo promoLe flow Lo dralnage 19
sysLem gullles Lhus mlnlmlslng Lhe formaLlon of llquld pools and llmlLlng Lhe spread of spllls
Cn larger complexes wlLh segregaLed hazardous areas Lhe open dralns from each area
SPALL S be rouLed Lo separaLe draln headers segregaLed from each oLher by llquld
seals
All Lundlshes/funnels SPALL S be flLLed wlLh covers when noL ln use Lo prevenL debrls 19
enLerlng Lhe plpework whlch could lead Lo blockage or flow resLrlcLlon
1he end of a 19
draln llne SPALL S LermlnaLe lnslde a funnel noL above lL Lo avold splashlng and spread
of Lhe dralned fluld
1he aLmospherlc venLs assoclaLed wlLh Lhe dralnage sysLems eg from Lhe collecLlon 19
vessels or Lhe dralns calssons SPALL S noL be lnLerconnecLed wlLh each oLher and
should preferably be dedlcaLed venLs 1hey SPALL S be deslgned and poslLloned so LhaL
lgnlLlon by sLaLlc elecLrlclLy (or oLher lgnlLlon source) ls precluded 1he Lop of Lhe venL plpe
SPALL S be sharpedged Lo prevenL brush dlscharges
1he aLmospherlc venLs from Lhe collecLlon vessels and calssons SPALL S noL be
lnLerconnecLed wlLh venLs conLalnlng hydrocarbons 1he dlscharge plplng from Lhe venLs
SPALL S be deslgned and poslLloned so LhaL lgnlLlon by sLaLlc elecLrlclLy (or oLher lgnlLlon
source) ls precluded 1he Lop of Lhe venL plpe SPALL S be sharpedged Lo prevenL brush
dlscharges
20
When 19
slzlng Lhe venLs abnormal vapour flow raLes SPALL S be Laken lnLo accounL such as
Lhose resulLlng from an lncompleLely depressurlsed vessel
When slzlng Lhe venLs backpressure or parLlal vacuum ln Lhe worsL cases SPALL S noL
lnLerfere wlLh safeLy crlLlcal llquld seals requlred for segregaLlon or as vapour barrlers
20
1he venLs SPALL S be slLed away from PvAC lnleLs and shall noL be flLLed wlLh flame 19
arresLors
1he venLs SPALL S be slLed away from alr compressor and PvAC lnleLs 20
lf flame arresLors or deLonaLlon arresLors are flLLed Lhey
- SPALL S be consLrucLed of corroslon reslsLanL maLerlals
21
8egular lnspecLlon of Lhe arresLor SPALL S noL be relled upon
as Lhe sole safeguard
21
Powever Lhe
safeguards SPALL S ensure LhaL lnLegrlLy and operaLlon of safeLy crlLlcal llquld seals
requlred for segregaLlon remalns lnLacL
21
When waLer from Lhe dralnage sysLem ls evenLually dlsposed of lnLo Lhe sea adequaLe 20
separaLlon from Lhe seawaLer llfL faclllLles SPALL S be malnLalned Lo prevenL Lhe
posslblllLy of hydrocarbons belng llfLed wlLh Lhe seawaLer
DC I NLLD 1C LIS1 LACn SnALL IkCM ALNDIk 2 LIS1 CI CnANGLS? 1here are approx 11 of Lhem
Lvery offshore lnsLallaLlon SPALL S have aL leasL one place deslgnaLed as Lhe 18 1he 7
18 SPALL S have sufflclenL capaclLy Lo proLecL Lhe maxlmum persons on board Lhe
lnsLallaLlon
8
1he measures requlred Lo meeL Lhe ob[ecLlves and accepLance crlLerla are lnsLallaLlon 7
speclflc and SPALL S cover Lhe range of ma[or lncldenL scenarlos appllcable Lo Lhe
lnsLallaLlon
1he deslgn of Lhe 18 SPALL S be consldered ln relaLlon Lo Lhe overall deslgn of Lhe
lnsLallaLlon so as Lo achleve Lhe opLlmum deslgn ln parLlcular Lhe locaLlons of Lhe 18
escape and evacuaLlon rouLes embarkaLlon polnLs and oLher common faclllLles and uLlllLles
SPALL S be lnLegraLed lnLo Lhe overall lnsLallaLlon deslgn
As a resulL of PLM (61) analysls Lhe 18 may need Lo be dlsLrlbuLed across several 8
locaLlons Cne prlnclpal locaLlon ls Lhen Lhe prlmary 18 whlch SPALL S provlde all maln
command supporL funcLlons CLher locaLlons wlll form secondary 18s (32)
1he prlmary 18 SPALL S have capaclLy for Lhe maxlmum permlLLed C8 8
11
1he PLM Lools SPALL S be used Lo ldenLlfy Lhe ma[or lncldenLs by whlch Lhe maln 9
lnsLallaLlon conLrol polnL may be LhreaLened and for whlch reLreaL Lo Lhe 18 may be
necessary
1o ensure LhaL Lhe 18 dellvers lLs lnLended deslgn funcLlon a 10
LesL should be performed durlng commlsslonlng and regularly durlng operaLlons Lo measure
Lhe leak raLe lf Lhe LesLs show slgnlflcanL lncrease ln Lhe leakage raLe above Lhe deslgn
raLe Lhe leak paLhs SPALL S be lnvesLlgaLed ln order Lo ldenLlfy and flx Lhe source of
leakage
Where appllcable Lhe requlremenLs for bulkheads and decks SPALL S also apply Lo 10
doors wlndows peneLraLlons and connecLlons 12
Ad[acenL sLrucLures whlch could collapse onLo and slgnlflcanLly damage Lhe 18 or lLs 10
sysLems or could obsLrucL escape and evacuaLlon rouLes SPALL S also be evaluaLed
1hese may lnclude derrlcks cranes helldecks flares venLs masLs and smaller sLrucLures
such as walkways sLalrways and plaLforms
13
1he essenLlal command supporL funcLlons are Lhose whose loss or lmpalrmenL are deemed 11
Lo consLlLuLe dlrecL loss of lnLegrlLy of Lhe 18 escape rouLes evacuaLlon rouLes or polnLs of
embarkaLlon 1he essenLlal funcLlons are llsLed ln (3131) 1hey provlde communlcaLlons
and monlLorlng whlch SPALL S ensure LhaL
sufflclenL quallLy quanLlLy and range of lnformaLlon ls avallable Lo allow necessary
declslons Lo be Laken parLlcularly Lhose concernlng escape and evacuaLlon
an effecLlve lnsLallaLlon command sLrucLure (organlsaLlon) can be malnLalned and
ouLslde asslsLance can be requesLed and communlcaLed wlLh
13
1he secondary 18s essenLlal command supporL funcLlons SPALL S provlde 11
a means of communlcaLlon wlLh Lhe prlmary 18 for Lhe relaylng of lnformaLlon regardlng
Lhe whereabouLs and numbers of personnel unable Lo reach Lhe prlmary 18 and Lo
recelve lnformaLlon regardlng evacuaLlon 1hls ls lnLended Lo asslsL ln accounLlng for
personnel and
a means of monlLorlng condlLlons on Lhe deslgnaLed evacuaLlon rouLe whlch may be
done vlsually
13
Secondary means of evacuaLlon Lhls SPALL S allow a fully conLrolled evacuaLlon of 11
Lhe lnsLallaLlon lndependenLly of exLernal asslsLance and wlLhouL personnel dlrecLly
enLerlng Lhe sea
Survlval crafL SPALL S be dlsLrlbuLed so LhaL sufflclenL capaclLy for Lhe maxlmum 12
permlLLed C8 ls readlly and safely accesslble from Lhe 18 durlng any lncldenL
1yplcally 30 spare survlval crafL capaclLy should be provlded however Lhe requlred 12
spare capaclLy SPALL S be based on Lhe resulLs of Lhe LL8 analysls whlch as a
mlnlmum SPALL S conslder Lhe above lssues
ln selecLlng Lhe Lypes numbers and locaLlons of LerLlary meLhods Lhe llkely demands 12
derlved from lncldenL scenarlos and Lhe maxlmum personnel dlsLrlbuLlon should be
consldered Lnough dlverslLy and cholce SPALL S be avallable Lo enable personnel Lo
use Lhem ln a varleLy of slLuaLlons
WlLh normally unmanned lnsLallaLlons lL SPALL S be esLabllshed LhaL personnel who are 12
presenL from Llme Lo Llme on Lhe lnsLallaLlon can safely evacuaLe ln case of emergency
A mlnlmum of Lwo rouLes whlch are lndependenL Lo Lhe exLenL of belng unllkely Lo be 13
lmpalred by Lhe same lncldenL scenarlo SPALL S be provlded beLween each area of Lhe
lnsLallaLlon and Lhe 18
Where Lhe provlslon of Lwo alLernaLlve escape rouLes ls clearly lmpracLlcal (eg wlLhln Lhe 13
legs of concreLe plaLforms) an area may have a slngle exlL leadlng from lL ConslderaLlon
SPALL S be glven Lo Lhe provlslon of escape equlpmenL lncludlng resplraLory proLecLlve
equlpmenL ln Lhese areas Speclal access procedures should apply Lo such areas
1he accepLance crlLerla LhaL SPALL S be meL by each of Lhe four sysLems (see 4) durlng 14
Lhe endurance perlod are (See pages 1420)
1he accepLance crlLerla LhaL SPALL S be meL by each of Lhe four sysLems (see 4) durlng
Lhe endurance perlod are
16
Analysls of Lhe ma[or lncldenL scenarlos SPALL S deLermlne wheLher and aL whaL polnL 14
normal llfe supporL relaLed servlces (eg normal power PvAC eLc) wlll be lmpalred or losL
1hls SPALL S be Laken lnLo accounL when evaluaLlng llfe supporL endurance
Any such redeflnlLlon of accepLance crlLerla SPALL S be clearly subsLanLlaLed 14
Where an ad[acenL moblle unlL or floaLlng vessel provldes Lhe 18 for a flxed lnsLallaLlon Lhe 18
unlL or vessel SPALL S be able Lo remaln on sLaLlon and accesslble durlng Lhe
endurance perlod or for a sufflclenL Llme Lo enable all personnel Lo escape from Lhe flxed
lnsLallaLlon and musLer ln Lhe 18
19
Lmergency power and llghLlng and any faclllLy or sysLem whlch ls necessary Lo malnLaln 19
Lhe lnLegrlLy of Lhe secondary 18 Lo ensure llfe and sLrucLural supporL SPALL S be
provlded
1he condlLlons of lnLegrlLy for escape and evacuaLlon SPALL S be malnLalned for Lhelr 19
respecLlve endurance perlods
on aL leasL one escape rouLe Lo Lhe 18(s)
on aL leasL one evacuaLlon rouLe from Lhe 18(s) Lo Lhe polnL of embarkaLlon of Lhe
prlmary and as appllcable Lhe secondary means of evacuaLlon and
aL sufflclenL embarkaLlon areas provldlng accesslble survlval crafL (when provlded) wlLh
an aggregaLe capaclLy equal Lo or greaLer Lhan Lhe maxlmum permlLLed C8
llre 19
Lscape and evacuaLlon rouLes and polnLs of embarkaLlon SPALL S be arranged so LhaL
personnel wlll noL be dlrecLly affecLed by flame
21
1he ManagemenL ulde Lo 1hermal SLress lssued by Lhe Shell SafeLy and PealLh 20
CommlLLee (SPC) glves guldance for Lhe conLrol of exposure Lo Lhermal radlaLlon 1hls
SPALL S be used ln deLermlnlng wheLher escape and evacuaLlon rouLes and survlval
crafL embarkaLlon areas can be used lf exposed Lo Lhe predlcLed radlaLlon lnLenslLles
1he accepLance crlLerlon for human exposure Lo Lhermal 20
radlaLlon ls LhaL Lhe maxlmum Llme afLer whlch paln would be experlenced SPALL S noL
be exceeded for Lhe relevanL proLecLlon condlLlon and predlcLed radlaLlon lnLenslLy
1he evaluaLlon of Lhe 20
Lhermal radlaLlon level SPALL S Lake accounL of lnLervenlng sLrucLures bulkheads eLc
1he progresslve effecLs of flre shall also be Laken lnLo accounL when deLermlnlng llnes of
slghL
Lscape and evacuaLlon rouLes and survlval crafL embarkaLlon areas SPALL S be 20
consldered Lo be accepLable lf lL can be demonsLraLed LhaL Lhey remaln passable and free
of obsLrucLlve debrls when Lhe effecLs of poLenLlal exploslons are evaluaLed
Lscape and evacuaLlon rouLes and survlval crafL embarkaLlon areas SPALL S be
consldered Lo be accepLable lf lL can be demonsLraLed LhaL Lhey remaln passable and free
of obsLrucLlve debrls when Lhe effecLs of poLenLlal exploslons are evaluaLed
21
1he endurance perlod of Lhe 18 ls Lhe perlod durlng whlch Lhe relevanL condlLlons of 20
lnLegrlLy SPALL S be malnLalned
1he endurance perlod of Lhe 18 SPALL S be based on one of Lwo crlLerla whlchever ls
Lhe shorLer
maxlmum ma[or lncldenL duraLlon or
Llme requlred Lo compleLe evacuaLlon
22
1he endurance perlod SPALL S begln from Lhe Llme of call Lo musLer (allowlng for 20
delays ln calllng) 1he effecL on Lhe 18 of an lncldenL wlll noL necessarlly be presenL aL Lhe
beglnnlng of Lhe endurance perlod
under Lhls crlLerlon Lhe 18 SPALL S be deslgned Lo malnLaln lLs lnLegrlLy unLll Lhe 21
lmmedlaLe LhreaL has been relleved or has subslded
22
A poLenLlal LhreaL Lo Lhe 18 ls an lgnlLed hydrocarbon release under Lhls scenarlo 21
conslderaLlon SPALL S be glven Lo Lhe lnvenLory of hydrocarbons avallable Lo feed or
susLaln an evenL and Lo Lhe rellablllLy of shuLdown sysLems and emergency
depressurlsaLlon faclllLles
22
under Lhls crlLerlon Lhe 18 SPALL S be deslgned Lo malnLaln lLs lnLegrlLy for Lhe Llme 21
requlred Lo compleLe Lhe evacuaLlon process
1he Llme esLlmaLes SPALL S be developed ln consulLaLlon wlLh compeLenL CperaLlons 22
sLaff and Lake accounL of speclflc pracLlces and procedures
A conLlngency SPALL S be added Lo reflecL Lhe level of quallLaLlve assessmenL ln Lhe 22
above process
Lscape rouLes Lo Lhe 18 SPALL S be requlred Lo malnLaln Lhe condlLlons of lnLegrlLy 22
(31) only for Lhe Llme LhaL Lhey may be used
1he endurance perlod requlred for escape rouLes Lo Lhe 18 SPALL S be LhaL necessary 23
Lo compleLe a full musLer ln Lhe 18 from all lnsLallaLlon locaLlons
lor enclosed 18 sysLems where all or parL of Lhe llvlng quarLers ls 29
deslgnaLed as Lhe 18 general maLerlals and sysLems SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh
uL 37171010en
26
Slgns dlrecLlng personnel Lo Lhe 18 SPALL S be dlfferenL from Lhose leadlng from Lhe 30
18 Lo embarkaLlon areas 1he dlfferences SPALL S be readlly and lnsLanLly
dlsLlngulshable Slmllarly slgns LhaL dlrecL personnel ouL of Lhe 18 only ln Lhe evenL of a
flre or slmllar lncldenL wlLhln Lhe 18 SPALL S clearly lndlcaLe Lhls and be dlsLlngulshable
from all oLher escape slgns
1here SPALL S be a mlnlmum of Lwo enLrances and Lwo exlLs whlch are separaLe and 30
offer a dlsLlncL alLernaLlve Lo one anoLher
oslLlonlng of Lhe enLrances and exlLs ln locaLlons naLurally 31
proLecLed SPALL S provlde prlmary proLecLlon
1he analysls of smoke and gas lngress SPALL S Lake accounL of 31
loss of seallng performance due Lo wear of door seals
All 18 doors and doorframes SPALL S be capable of malnLalnlng Lhe flre and dynamlc 31
overpressure lnLegrlLy of Lhe bulkhead ln whlch Lhey are placed
18 doors whlch serve escape and evacuaLlon rouLes SPALL S be deslgned Lo be usable 31
for Lhe endurance perlod 1he deslgn SPALL S accounL for Lhe effecL of poLenLlal
exploslons and flre on Lhe operaLlon of Lhe door
1he duraLlon of emergency power shall be deLermlned ln each lnsLance 1he mlnlmum 32
duraLlon SPALL S be greaLer Lhan Lhe requlred 18 endurance
Lmergency llghLlng sysLems SPALL S be provlded ln Lhe followlng areas for Lhe 33
endurance perlod
aL Lhe 18
on escape rouLes Lo Lhe 18
on evacuaLlon rouLes from Lhe 18
aL survlval crafL embarkaLlon areas
aL personal descenL sysLems lf provlded
on Lhe helldeck lf appllcable and
aL boaL landlngs where used for evacuaLlon
Lmergency llghLlng provlded on all offshore lnsLallaLlons SPALL S be deslgned Lo 33
provlde an adequaLe level of llghLlng ln Lhe evenL of maln power fallure
Any manual llghL swlLches SPALL S be selflllumlnaLlng 34
1he PvAC sysLem SPALL S shuL down auLomaLlcally and Lhe 18 SPALL S be 34
lsolaLed ln Lhe evenL of smoke or gas deLecLlon aL Lhe alr lnleLs
venLllaLlon ducLs and peneLraLlons SPALL S noL compromlse Lhe flre and blasL raLlng of 34
Lhe bulkhead Lhrough whlch Lhey peneLraLe llre dampers SPALL S be of such a
sLandard LhaL Lhey malnLaln Lhe lnLegrlLy of deslgnaLed flreraLed barrlers when peneLraLed
by PvAC ducLs llre damper lnsLallaLlons SPALL S have a flre raLlng aL leasL equal Lo
LhaL of Lhe barrler Lhey peneLraLe
ln Lhls arL Lhe clause numberlng of lSC 199022007 ls used Clauses of lSC 199022007 6
LhaL are noL menLloned SPALL S remaln valld as wrlLLen
All calculaLlons dlmenslons and welghLs SPALL S be ln Sl unlLs (see 6
uL 00002010en)
1he durablllLy corroslon proLecLlon and faLlgue characLerlsLlcs of such equlpmenL and 6
supporL members SPALL S also recelve deLalled aLLenLlon ln deslgn
-ormal operaLlng acLlons SPALL S be Laken as 100 fluld conLenL for 9
all analyses
A mlnlmum lncrease of 7 on Lhe Cd SPALL S be applled Lo accounL for anodes unless 9
a lower number can be [usLlfled by calculaLlons
8lsers and conducLors SPALL S be poslLloned Lo mlnlmlse exposure Lo accldenLal 10 ok
damage SufflclenL clearance SPALL S be provlded ln Lhe lmpacL zone Lo allevlaLe
conLacL forces from deformlng sLrucLural elemenLs
A dropped ob[ecLs sLudy SPALL S be underLaken Lo evaluaLe Lhe lmpacL energy and 10 ok
poLenLlal damage caused by ob[ecLs dropped based on crane usage and ob[ecLs llfLed
durlng rlg workover and plaLform acLlvlLles
1he deslgn and analysls of marlne conducLors SPALL S be based on Lhe guldellnes 11
provlded ln Lhe uL supplemenL Lo A1341
lorced dlsplacemenLs and any consequenL acLlons on Lhe conducLor due Lo Lhe relaLlve 11
movemenL beLween Lhe sLrucLure and a drllllng [ackup where appllcable SPALL S be
consldered ln an ulLlmaLe LlmlL SLaLe (uLS) check
ueLerloraLlon of surface soll sLrengLh can resulL from conducLor/caslng cemenLlng 11
operaLlons Such effecLs SPALL S be consldered ln Lhe foundaLlon deslgn of conducLors
lL ls lmporLanL LhaL aL Lhe deslgn sLage all expecLed acLlons on Lhe conducLor are well 12
deflned ln all cases Lhe conducLor SPALL S be able Lo supporL lLs own welghL plus Lhe
welghL of any equlpmenL Lo be placed on Lop of lL and/or caslngs Lo be hung off lL A parLlal
acLlon facLor of 13 SPALL S be applled
1he axlal capaclLy of Lhe conducLor SPALL S be calculaLed uslng Lhe meLhods descrlbed 12
ln Clause 17 and a parLlal reslsLance facLor of 13 SPALL S be applled Lo Lhe
represenLaLlve value of Lhe axlal capaclLy of Lhe conducLor -o end bearlng on Lhe
conducLor SPALL S be allowed
1he conducLor gulde sLubs and sLub supporL members SPALL S be lncluded ln Lhe 12
respecLlve analysls models 1hey SPALL S be checked for boLh exLreme and abnormal
lnplace acLlons and for faLlgue repeLlLlve acLlons ln addlLlon Lo Lhls Lhe conducLor guldes
SPALL S be checked (manually) for Lhe hlghesL reacLlon from wave acLlons and for
faLlgue endurance
lorced dlsplacemenLs and any consequenL acLlons on Lhe conducLor guldes due Lo Lhe 12
relaLlve movemenL beLween Lhe sLrucLure and a drllllng [ackup where appllcable
SPALL S be consldered ln a uLS check
Causes of calsson fallure SPALL S be consldered ln Lhe deslgn of calssons Lo ensure 12
longLerm sLrucLural lnLegrlLy and robusLness
1he drag coefflclenL SPALL S be Laken as Cd063 for smooLh Lubulars and Cd080 for 13
rough Lubulars
1he faLlgue endurance for buLL welds wlLh and wlLhouL Lhlckness LranslLlons SPALL S be 13
assessed ln Lhe followlng way
lnLernally flush connecLlon SPALL S be assessed uslng Lhe S- curve u for
slngle and double slded shop welds
exLernally flush connecLlons SPALL S be assessed uslng Lhe S- curve u for
double slded shop welds and Lhe S- curve l2 for slngle slded shop welds
an SCl SPALL S be applled Lo Lhe nomlnal sLress uslng Lhe SCl formulaLlon
glven ln A1610226
1he plle sLrengLh SPALL S be verlfled uslng Lhe sLeel Lubular sLrengLh checklng 13
equaLlons glven ln 133 or 134 for condlLlons of comblned axlal and laLeral force and
bendlng
lor Lhe unlL shafL frlcLlon derlved by meLhods 14
- 1he equaLlons 1742 Lo 1744 are appllcable for flush Lubular plles lf an lnLernal
drlvlng shoe ls applled Lo reduce Lhe drlvlng reslsLance Lhe effecL of Lhe lnLernal drlvlng
shoe on Lhe ulLlmaLe lnLernal skln frlcLlon SPALL S be consldered
lor plles wlLh end bearlng ln coheslve solls Lhe unlL end bearlng q ln sLress unlLs 14
SPALL S be deLermlned conslsLenLly wlLh Lhe meLhod used Lo deLermlne Lhe skln frlcLlon
f 1he end bearlng q ln sLress unlLs SPALL S be compuLed for Lhe meLhod uslng
LquaLlon (1743)
1he shafL frlcLlon values f ln meLhods 13
SPALL S be as glven ln LquaLlons (1742) Lo (1744)
lor Lubular plles ln coheslonless solls Lhe unlL end bearlng q ln sLress unlLs SPALL S 13
be deLermlned conslsLenLly wlLh Lhe meLhod used Lo deLermlne Lhe skln frlcLlon f
lor layered solls advlce on Lhe developmenL of shafL frlcLlon and end bearlng for Lhe lC 13
meLhod ls glven ln A17423 Where no C1 daLa exlsLs skln frlcLlon values f ln Lhe
slllceous coheslonless layers SPALL S be as glven ln 1able 1741
1he ulLlmaLe plle pullouL capaclLy ls less Lhan or equal Lo buL SPALL S noL exceed Cf 16
Lhe LoLal skln frlcLlon reslsLance ln compuLlng Lhe Lenslle deslgn acLlon on Lhe plle Lhe
welghL of Lhe plle SPALL S be consldered Lhe welghL of Lhe soll plug SPALL S be
lgnored lor coheslve solls f SPALL S be Lhe same as sLaLed ln 1743 lor
coheslonless solls f SPALL S be compuLed accordlng Lo 1744 lor rock f
SPALL S be Lhe same as sLaLed ln 1743
unlL skln frlcLlon values f 16
SPALL S be calculaLed for Lhe sLress and frlcLlon condlLlons LhaL wlll exlsL on Lhe relevanL
fallure surfaces
ln esLlmaLlng Lhe end bearlng capaclLy of Lhe plle group Lhe 16
followlng SPALL S especlally be Laken lnLo accounL
- slze effecL of Lhe fooLlng
- allowable dlsplacemenL
- Lhe presence of weak layers wlLhln a dlsLance of 13 Lo 2 Llmes Lhe equlvalenL pler
dlameLer from Lhe Llp of Lhe foundaLlon
1he faLlgue damage durlng drlvlng SPALL S be assessed based on Lhe expecLed blow 17
counL SLress concenLraLlon facLors SPALL S be LreaLed ln a slmllar way as for buLL welds
ln sLrucLural members 1he faLlgue damage deslgn facLor (see 1622) SPALL S be
based on fallure crlLlcal componenLs and Lhe nonlnspecLable [olnL caLegory 1he faLlgue
analysls for Lhe plle buLL welds SPALL S be done ln accordance wlLh lSC clauses
161022 and A1610226
1he effecLs of weld beads on a grouLed sklrL plle SPALL S be assessed based on an 17
approprlaLe S- curve based on weld quallflcaLlon Lhe SCl SPALL S be Laken as 10 ln
comblnaLlon wlLh Lhe lSC L S- Curve
As a general rule a clearance of aL leasL one spudcan dlameLer should be malnLalned 18
beLween Lhe perlmeLer of Lhe embedded secLlon of Lhe spudcan and Lhe nearesL sLrucLure
foundaLlon plle Where Lhls cannoL be achleved Lhe effecL of Lhe spudcan acLlons on Lhe
sLrucLure's foundaLlon plle sLresses SPALL S be evaluaLed
!eLLlng beneaLh Lhe spudcans SPALL S noL be permlLLed wlLhln a dlsLance of 2 spudcan 18
dlameLers of Lhe plaLform plles durlng leg peneLraLlon
CaLhodlc proLecLlon deslgn SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 30107310en and 18
uL 37193030en
CoaLlng deslgn SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 70481130en
llbre relnforced composlLes may be consldered for calssons and oLher sLrucLural 19
appllcaLlons where a llfe cycle cosL beneflL and sLrucLural lnLegrlLy can be demonsLraLed
ueslgn crlLerla for 8 lLems SPALL S be agreed wlLh Lhe rlnclpal
Where a new maLerlal noL prevlously employed for a parLlcular funcLlon or appllcaLlon ls 20
consldered Lo be beneflclal lL SPALL S be carefully screened valldaLed and supporLed
by Lhe provlslon of maLerlal quallflcaLlon records cerLlflcaLlon and LesL daLa
1he followlng ls a llsL of lssues LhaL SPALL S be consldered
sLrengLh Loughness sLlffness faLlgue durablllLy and behavlour aL elevaLed
LemperaLures
reslsLance Lo chemlcal aLLack and corroslon
reslsLance Lo envlronmenLal exposure weaLherlng molsLure and ulLravloleL (uv)
elecLrochemlcal reacLlon wlLh oLher maLerlals lncludlng crevlce corroslon
malnLenance and lnspecLlon requlremenLs
welghL and llfe cycle cosLs
quallLy conLrol complylng wlLh recognlzed sLandards
uurlng flLup of slngleslded closure welds Lhe quallLy of Lhe weld preparaLlon SPALL S 20
be opLlmlzed by maklng approprlaLe use of plpe end rerolllng and LemplaLes
1he rooL flnlsh SPALL S be vlsually lnspecLed durlng weldlng by means of flbrescope or 20
boroscope Lechnlques and sulLable llghL sources Access SPALL S be vla Lhe remalnlng
Lemporary rooL gap and noL Lhrough wlndows purposely cuL ln Lhe Lube wall
lnLersLage lnspecLlon SPALL S only be carrled ouL where preheaL 20
LemperaLures can be malnLalned ulLrasonlc lnspecLlon of such slngleslded welds
SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh L- 1714 and lSC 3817 CuallLy Level 8
Conslderlng Lhe uncerLalnLles wlLh respecL Lo Lhe plle axlal capaclLy uncemenLed solls 23
below Lhe plle Llp SPALL S noL be removed by any means Lo reduce Lhe plle drlvlng
reslsLance
Lach sleeve Lo be grouLed SPALL S have prlmary and secondary grouL supplles Lach 23
supply llne SPALL S LermlnaLe aL a rlng manlfold offerlng aL leasL four enLry porLs lnLo Lhe
plle sleeve A LerLlary grouL supply Lo Lhe sleeve SPALL S be provlded for a dlver backup
sysLem 1he secondary and LerLlary grouL supplles may be used Lo compleLe grouLlng a
plle sleeve ln cases where Lhe prlmary supply llne has been used Lo seL a grouL plug A
grouL plug SPALL S be requlred Lo seal Lhe boLLom of Lhe sleeve lf Lhe lnflaLable packer
sysLem becomes damaged rouL monlLorlng equlpmenL elLher permanenL or Lemporary
(dlver or 8Cv manlpulaLed) SPALL S be provlded aL Lhe Lop of each sleeve
acker lnflaLlon llnes SPALL S also be provlded wlLh a back up lnleL Lo Lhe packer All 23
llnes for grouLlng packer lnflaLlon and monlLorlng SPALL S be clearly marked and
SPALL S LermlnaLe ln approprlaLe conLrol manlfolds/panels aL Lhe Lop braclng elevaLlon
of Lhe flxed sLrucLure or anoLher convenlenL and easlly accesslble locaLlon
1he procedures descrlbed ln A226 SPALL S be used as a gulde Lo deLermlne 24
conducLor seLLlng depLh wlLh respecL Lo hydraullc fracLure of Lhe soll and mlnlmum spaclng
beLween conducLors and foundaLlon plles
ln all cases a mlnlmum verLlcal separaLlon beLween conducLor seLLlng depLh and plle Llp of 24
3 m SPALL S be malnLalned
1he opLlon of drllllng an open hole and placlng Lhe conducLor lnslde lncreases Lhe posslblllLy 24
of washouL of Lhe soll and ls Lherefore noL recommended 1hls could lead Lo subsequenL
grouLlng problems and degradaLlon of Lhe soll bearlng sLrengLh around Lhe foundaLlon plles
1hls Lechnlque SPALL S noL be used where sand formaLlons have Lo be peneLraLed
Pandrall geomeLry and deslgn SPALL S as a mlnlmum comply wlLh lSC 141223 and Lhe 23
followlng amendmenLs
1he deslgn acLlon SPALL S be Laken as 073 k-/m for normal handralls and 13 k-/m 23
for handralls around musLer areas and laydown areas lf Lhe handralls around laydown
areas are used Lo sLop swlnglng loads Lhe deslgn SPALL S Lake Lhls lnLo accounL
Ladders SPALL S comply wlLh lSC 141221 and lSC 141224 SldesLep ladders are Lhe 23
preferred soluLlon
SLalrs SPALL S as a mlnlmum comply wlLh lSC 141221 and lSC 141223 and Lhe 23
followlng amendmenLs
1he sLalr angle should normally noL exceed 38 1he rlnclpals approval ls requlred for 23
sLalrs wlLh an angle beLween 38 and 43 1he sLalr angle SPALL S be Lhe same
LhroughouL a compleLe plaLform Access sLalrs Lo Lhe flxed sLrucLure may be slngle fllghL
sLalrs Maxlmum sLep slze SPALL S be 220 mm lnsLead of 230 mm 1he mlnlmum wldLh
of sLalrs SPALL S be 1000 mm excepL for sLalrs LhaL are parL of a maln escape rouLe
where Lhe wldLh SPALL S be 1200 mm mlnlmum
Worklng plaLforms and floorlng SPALL S comply wlLh lSC 141221 and lSC 141222 23
aLes SPALL S have aL leasL a handrall and a knee rall Lo Lhe relevanL requlremenLs of 23
lSC 141223 A gaLe SPALL S be selfcloslng lnward from a plaLform deck
1op hole consLrucLlon pracLlce SPALL S be as speclfled by Lhe rlnclpal 28
ln all oLher areas uL 37191030en SPALL S be used for maLerlal speclflcaLlon
maLerlal selecLlon SPALL S remaln ln accordance wlLh lSC 199022007 (MaLerlal
CaLegory MC1)
29
1able C3 CorrelaLlon of sLeel group and Loughness class for sLeel plaLes Lo 32
Luropean speclflcaLlons
1able C6 CorrelaLlon of sLeel group and Loughness class for sLeel secLlons Lo 33
Luropean speclflcaLlons
1able C7 CorrelaLlon of sLeel group and Loughness class for sLeel Lubulars Lo 34
Luropean speclflcaLlons
1ables u4 u3 and u6 may be used lf Lhe flrsL naLural perlod of Lhe sLrucLure ls below 23 33
seconds ln areas where
LAS1 ls above +10 C
ln all oLher areas uL 37191030en SPALL S be used for maLerlal speclflcaLlon
maLerlal selecLlon SPALL S remaln ln accordance wlLh lSC 199022007
33
-o SPALL S sLaLemenLs ln Lhls documenL
A record SPALL S be kepL of damage lncldenLs ln order Lo help focus fuLure lnspecLlon 11
efforLs (see 27)
SLrucLural 11
redundancy ls a maLLer for experL evaluaLlon and lnLerpreLaLlon and essenLlally enLalls Lhe
quesLlon of wheLher loads can be redlsLrlbuLed along one or more ad[acenL load paLhs
8edundancy SPALL S be quallLaLlvely and quanLlLaLlvely analysed by experlenced
sLrucLural englneers
AfLer lnlLlal polarlsaLlon has been demonsLraLed Lhe sLrucLure SPALL S be surveyed aL 13
lnLervals of noL more Lhan 3 years LhroughouL lLs deslgn llfe
lf an area ls repalred by weld relnsLaLemenL Lhe lnspecLlon lnLerval SPALL S noL be 20
lengLhened ln accordance wlLh (39)
1he Level ll general survey comprlses a general vlsual lnspecLlon Lo deLecL Lhe presence of 23
excesslve corroslon accldenLal overload scour debrls excesslve marlne growLh damage
Lo sLrucLural members eLc whlch SPALL S lnclude
(1) C readlngs and a vlsual esLlmaLe of Lhe depleLlon of anodes
(2) marlne growLh measuremenLs on selecLed members
(3) lMu of all prlmary sLrucLural members
All flre pump unlLs SPALL S be deslgned for unlnLerrupLed operaLlon aL deslgn condlLlons 8
for 10000 h (excepL for scheduled oll changes) or lnLermlLLenL duLy (1 h per week for 10
years) whlchever ls consldered more onerous 1he elecLrlc moLor drlver SPALL S be
sulLable for aL leasL 1000 sLarLsLops beLween overhauls
6
LlecLrlc submerslble pump unlLs SPALL S be deslgned for 33000 h conLlnuous 8
operaLlon wlLh 2000 sLopsLarLs beLween overhauls
6
(8) A coarse mesh sLralner SPALL S be locaLed around Lhe pump sucLlon bell as 9
deflned ln -lA 20
A coarse mesh sLralner SPALL S be locaLed around Lhe pump sucLlon bell as
deflned ln -lA 20 secLlon 7342
7
(2) 1he maxlmum dlscharge pressure SPALL S apply Lo all parLs of Lhe bowl assembly 10
and rlslng maln 8efer also Lo (33(2))
1he maxlmum dlscharge pressure SPALL S apply Lo all parLs of Lhe bowl assembly and
rlslng maln 8efer also Lo (23)
8
(3) Wearrlng maLerlal/hardness comblnaLlon SPALL S always be nongalllng" and 11
where posslble wearrlngs should be made of maLerlals wlLh known nongalllng"
quallLles eg -lreslsL casL lron
MaLerlals of sLeady bearlngs and/or lnLersLage bushlngs SPALL S be a nongalllng" 11
comblnaLlon
MaLerlals of sLeady bearlngs and/or lnLersLage bushlngs and wear rlngs SPALL S be a
nongalllng comblnaLlon
8
vlbraLlon llmlLs aL slLe SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh lSC 13709 12
9
b) MaLerlals casLlng facLors and Lhe quallLy of any weldlng SPALL S be equal Lo LhaL 13
requlred by ASML vlll ulv 1
10
c) Mlnor parLs noL ldenLlfled (nuLs gaskeLs washers keys and so forLh) SPALL S have 13
corroslon reslsLance equal Lo LhaL of speclfled parLs ln Lhe same envlronmenL
11
d) CasLlngs SPALL S be sound and free of shrlnk holes blow holes cracks scale 13
bllsLers and oLher slmllar ln[urlous defecLs
CasLlngs SPALL S be sound and free of lmperfecLlons wlLh accepLance crlLerla as
deflned wlLhln secLlon 8227 1able 13 MaLerlals lnspecLlon SLandards" of lSC 13709
11
SLufflng boxes SPALL S be of sLeel consLrucLlon wlLh a nongalllng" bushlng or 13
alLernaLlvely solld MonelLype maLerlal
ColncldenL hlgh level operaLlon of any Lwogas deLecLors SPALL S 13
auLomaLlcally lsolaLe all elecLrlcal equlpmenL LhaL ls noL sulLable for operaLlon ln a
hazardous aLmosphere
13
As Lhe pump may be requlred Lo run under poLenLlally hazardous condlLlons no 13
elecLrlcal generaLor SPALL S be provlded on Lhe dlesel englne
13
1he englne SPALL S lnclude an overspeed shuLdown devlce (alr lnLake shuLoff) and 13
a spark arresLor ln Lhe exhausL as speclfled ln uL 31298030en
(3) 1he sLarL sysLem SPALL S be by baLLerles (dual seLs) wlLh an addlLlonal hydraullc or
pneumaLlc backup sysLem
1he englne SPALL S lnclude an overspeed shuLdown devlce (alr lnLake shuLoff) and a
spark arresLor ln Lhe exhausL as speclfled ln uL 31298030en
13
lf lnsLalled ln a classlfled area no surface LemperaLure SPALL S be wlLhln 80 of Lhe
auLolgnlLlon LempeLaure of Lhe hydrocarbon
13
LxhausL plplng SPALL S be rouLed wlLh clearances of aL leasL 229 mm (9")
Lo combusLlble maLerlals as speclfled by -lA 20 secLlon 11326
13
1he englne SPALL S have Lwo lndependenL means for sLarLlng 14
Coupllngs SPALL S be deslgned Lo operaLe conLlnuously wlLh 123 of maxlmum 16
sLeady sLaLe or LranslenL axlal dlsplacemenL (whlchever ls Lhe larger) occurrlng
slmulLaneously wlLh 123 of maxlmum angular mlsallgnmenL and 123 of
maxlmum parallel offseL
14
lL SPALL S be posslble Lo run Lhe englne dlsconnecLed and an ldllng adapLer shall 16
be provlded for Lhls purpose lf requlred
Coupllng guards SPALL S be made of one of Lhe followlng sparkreslsLlng
maLerlals
- Copper or copper based alloys (eg brass bronze)
- 8
(6) 1he englne governor fuel conLrol sysLem and overspeed proLecLlon SPALL S be 16
deslgned so LhaL exLernal power sources are noL requlred for Lhelr operaLlon LhaL ls Lhe
englne SPALL S be capable of sLarLlng runnlng and sLopplng when all plaLform
power supplles have falled
13
overcurrenL proLecLlon of elecLrlc moLors LhaL are requlred Lo remaln operaLlonal ln Lhe 16
evenL of flre SPALL S be seL aL a mlnlmum of 300 of Lhe moLor full load currenL
CvercurrenL proLecLlon of elecLrlc moLors LhaL are requlred Lo remaln operaLlonal ln Lhe
evenL of flre SPALL S be seL aL a mlnlmum of 300 of Lhe moLor full load currenL or
Lo secLlon 693 of Lhe -LC as appllcable
13
(4) lf speclfled or deemed necessary by Lhe ManufacLurer/Suppller an elecLrlc 19
LhermosLaLlcally conLrolled heaLer SPALL S be locaLed ln Lhe expanslon Lank 1he
surface heaL flux SPALL S noL exceed 23 W/cm2
18
1he pump SPALL S be flLLed wlLh an anLlmarlne foullng sysLem capable of prevenLlng 19
mussel shellflsh and algae growLh on Lhe pump and lnLake meLalwork
18
Lhe foam pump dlscharge pressure SPALL S be aL leasL 2 bar hlgher Lhan Lhe flre 20
pump dlscharge pressure aL all polnLs on Lhe flrepump dlscharge curve
Lhe foam pump flow raLe SPALL S be adequaLely slzed Lo provlde a nomlnal 1
Aqueous lllm lormlng loams (Alll) concenLraLe by volume lnLo Lhe flrewaLer sLream
aL all polnLs on Lhe flre pump dlscharge curve
19
(1) ConLrollers shall be of an approved Lype 1hey SPALL S be enclosed ln a sLalnless 21
sLeel cablneL wlLh an lngress proLecLlon of aL leasL l 63 ln accordance wlLh lLC 60329
and shall be flLLed wlLh an anLlcondensaLlon heaLer
ConLrollers shall be of an approved Lype 1hey SPALL S be enclosed ln a sLalnless sLeel
cablneL wlLh an lngress proLecLlon of aL leasL l 63 ln accordance wlLh lLC 60329 or lf
speclfled raLed for Class 1 ulvlslon 2 per SecLlons 300 or 301 of Lhe -LC
20
All relays SPALL S be hermeLlcally sealed and be sulLable for 13 v (dc) Lo 40 v 21
(dc) nomlnal 24 v (dc) Lo ensure operaLlon ln Lhe evenL of volLage dlps durlng englne
cranklng
20
(3) 1he conLroller deslgn SPALL S be such LhaL when Lhe englne ls sLarLed manually 22
wlLh Lhe hydraullc sLarLer all englne monlLorlng channels funcLlon and Lhe overspeed
proLecLlon devlce ls operaLlve
1he conLroller deslgn SPALL S be such LhaL when Lhe englne ls sLarLed manually (LesL
mode) wlLh Lhe hydraullc sLarLer or equlvalenL all englne monlLorlng channels funcLlon and
Lhe overspeed proLecLlon devlce ls operaLlve
21
(1) unless oLherwlse speclfled Lhe ManufacLurer SPALL S operaLe Lhe pump ln Lhe 24
shop for a sufflclenL perlod Lo produce aL leasL flve polnLs of compleLe LesL daLa lncludlng
head capaclLy -SP and power
1he ManufacLurer SPALL S operaLe Lhe pump ln Lhe shop for a sufflclenL perlod Lo
produce aL leasL flve polnLs of compleLe LesL daLa lncludlng head capaclLy
23
ulesel englnes shall be LesLed ln accordance wlLh uL 31298030en erformance LesL
of Lhe sLarLer SPALL S lnclude slx sLarLs for each auLomaLlc and manual mode
24
erformance LesL of Lhe sLarLer SPALL S lnclude slx sLarLs for each auLomaLlc and 23
manual mode
Lach compleLe flre pump seL le flrewaLer pump prlme mover conLroller foam pump and 23
all anclllary lLems SPALL S be fully assembled wlLh all uLlllLles connecLed and glven a
fullload 8h performance LesL aL Lhe ManufacLurer's works
Lach compleLe flre pump seL le flrewaLer pump prlme mover conLroller foam pump and
all anclllary lLems SPALL S be fully assembled wlLh all uLlllLles connecLed and glven a
fullload 8h performance LesL aL Lhe ManufacLurer's works or on slLe
24
ln accordance wlLh Al 8 2Sk SecLlon 31121 moorlngs for moblle floaLlng unlLs 6
operaLlng away from oLher sLrucLures SPALL S use a survlval deslgn envlronmenL wlLh a
reLurn perlod of aL leasL flve years
ln accordance wlLh Al 8 2Sk SecLlon 31122 Lhe survlval deslgn envlronmenL for 6
moblle unlLs operaLlng ln Lhe vlclnlLy of oLher sLrucLures SPALL S have a reLurn perlod of
aL leasL Len years
1he followlng sLandard SPALL S apply sub[ecL Lo Lhe addlLlonal requlremenLs and 7
recommendaLlons provlded ln Lhe remalnder of Lhls SecLlon 3
L-uC8SLML-1 Cl Al 8 2l 8
1he followlng sLandard SPALL S apply as Lhe mlnlmum sLandard for a Shell moblle
moorlng lnspecLlon appllcaLlon unless more sLrlngenL lnspecLlon procedures and
accepLance crlLerla are speclfled by Lhe rlnclpal
Al 8 2l Lhlrd edlLlon Aprll 2008
Cffshore faclllLles SPALL S be deslgned Lo malnLaln Lhe safeLy of personnel when Lhey 6
move Lo anoLher locaLlon Lo avold a hazardous evenL Lo provlde Lemporary refuge for as
long as ls necessary and Lo faclllLaLe safe rescue
AbandonmenL MeaLhods 6
Secondary meLhod lor manned lnsLallaLlons a Secondary meLhod lor evacuaLlon
SPALL S be provlded
1erLlary meLhods a 1erLlary meLhod of escape eg llfe rafLs personal chuLes knoLLed 6
ropes eLc SPALL S be provlded Lo permlL dlrecL access Lo Lhe sea
eneral requlremenLs for llfesavlng appllances SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe requlremenLs 7
of 8egulaLlon lll/30 of SCLAS
eneral requlremenLs for llferafLs SPALL S comply wlLh 8egulaLlon lll/38 of SCLAS 7
lnflaLable llferafLs SPALL S comply wlLh 8egulaLlon lll/39 of SCLAS 7
8lgld llferafLs SPALL S comply wlLh 8egulaLlon lll/40 of SCLAS 7
eneral requlremenLs for llfeboaLs SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 8egulaLlon lll/41 of 7
SCLAS wlLh Lhe followlng amendmenLs
ln addlLlon Lo SCLAS Lhe sLrucLural sLrengLh of llfeboaLs SPALL S be assured by
lncludlng acLlve maLerlal quallLy conLrol all posslble loads (lncludlng dynamlc loads) and
demonsLraLed safe load Lransfer mechanlsms lf a dynamlc brake ls requlred lL SPALL S
be demonsLraLed by Lhe ConLracLor LhaL a uynamlc AmpllflcaLlon lacLor (uAl) equal Lo or
less Lhan 20 can be achleved
1he SCLAS lacLor of
SafeLy" (wlLh reference Lo Lhe deadload case) of 60 SPALL (S) apply Lo all elemenLs of
Lhe loadcarrylng sLrucLure (lncludlng LranslLlons from concenLraLed load polnLs eg
deploymenL llne anchors Lo Lhe splne of Lhe vessel) CrlLlcal concenLraLed load polnLs
(lncludlng Lhe deploymenL llne anchor locaLlons) SPALL (S) have a SCLASdeflned lacLor
of SafeLy of 120
eneral requlremenLs for llfeboaLs SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh SCLAS and LSA wlLh
Lhe followlng amendmenLs
ln addlLlon Lo SCLAS LSA Lhe sLrucLural sLrengLh of llfeboaLs SPALL S be assured by
- lncludlng acLlve maLerlal quallLy conLrol
- all posslble loads (lncludlng dynamlc and asymmeLrlc loads)
- demonsLraLe safe load Lransfer mechanlsms
lf a dynamlc brake ls requlred lL shall be demonsLraLed by Lhe ConLracLor LhaL a uynamlc
AmpllflcaLlon lacLor (uAl) equal Lo or less Lhan 20 can be achleved 1he ConLracLor shall
submlL deslgn calculaLlons and drawlngs Lo Lhe rlnclpal for approval prlor Lo sLarLlng
fabrlcaLlon
1hese hook deslgns SPALL S noL be used ln roup servlce 8
A Lop haLch SPALL S be provlded ln Lhe canopy Lo faclllLaLe rescue of personnel by
hellcopLer
11
A spark arresLer sllencer shall be provlded Any parL of Lhe exhausL sysLem wlLhln reach of 8
personnel shall be lnsulaLed for personnel proLecLlon 1he exhausL dlscharge locaLlon
SPALL S ensure LhaL reclrculaLlon ls noL posslble Lhereby avoldlng fumes ln Lhe survlval
crafL
MaLerlals of consLrucLlon for exhausL sysLem plplng and sllencer SPALL S be 8
able Lo wlLhsLand prolonged exposure ln a sallferous aLmosphere
WhllsL Lhe survlval crafL ls sLowed on Lhe lnsLallaLlon lL SPALL S be provlded wlLh only 8
one exLernal power supply vla a dedlcaLed sockeL for Lhe followlng purposes
Lo keep Lhe baLLerles ln Lhe survlval crafL permanenLly charged and ready for use (le Lhe
dc supply for englne sLarLlng (lf approprlaLe) and lnsLrumenLaLlon lnLerlor llghLlng sLrobe
llghL searchllghL and radlo equlpmenL)
Lo supply space heaLlng and sump heaLlng space heaLlng shall be provlded ln Lhe
survlval crafL Lo malnLaln Lhe lnLerlor LemperaLure above Lhe dew polnL
When Lhe survlval crafL ls sLowed lLs baLLerles SPALL S be permanenLly on charge so 9
LhaL Lhey are ln a permanenL sLaLe of readlness should Lhe survlval crafL need Lo be
launched
1he hooks shall be released from Lhe falls by means of an operaLlng lever whlch 9
SPALL S only be capable of belng operaLed when Lhe hydrosLaLlc lnLerlock ls off and a
safeLy pln has been removed
CperaLlon of Lhe lever SPALL S requlre Lwo separaLe acLlons eg (l) llfL lever (ll) pull 9
lever lL shall only be posslble Lo fully reseL Lhe operaLlng lever and relnserL Lhe safeLy pln
afLer Lhe hooks have been correcLly reseL
1he locaLlon of Lhe release and Lhe Lowlng polnL SPALL S be accesslble from wlLhln Lhe 10
survlval crafL le lL shall noL be necessary Lo go ouLslde Lhe survlval crafL onLo Lhe open
deck Lo underLake release or Lowlng acLlvlLles 1he release sysLem SPALL S be operable
from Lhe coxswalns poslLlon
LxLernal flLLlngs SPALL S be so deslgned LhaL Lhey mlnlmlse Lhe snagglng hazard Lo 11
hellcopLer wlnch llnes ln a rescue slLuaLlon
1he englne SPALL S enclosed and arranged such LhaL Lhe lngress of fumes lnLo Lhe 11
survlval crafL ls noL posslble
l) Alr supporL sysLem
1he alr supporL sysLem SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe requlremenLs of 8egulaLlon lll/43 of
SCLAS wlLh Lhe followlng addlLlons
ll) llre proLecLlon 12
Survlval crafL SPALL S be flLLed wlLh a plped waLer spray flre proLecLlon sysLem wlLh
nozzles dellverlng waLer on Lhe exLernal skln whlch shall comply wlLh Lhe requlremenLs of
8egulaLlon lll/46 of SCLAS wlLh Lhe followlng amendmenL
8eplace compleLe secLlon wlLh Lhe followlng
CperaLlon of Lhe waLer spray flre proLecLlon sysLem SPALL S proLecL Lhe occupanLs of 12
Lhe survlval crafL agalnsL excesslve lnLernal LemperaLure under exLernal flre exposure
condlLlons 1he survlval crafL when launched shall be capable of proLecLlng Lhe number of
persons lL ls permlLLed Lo accommodaLe for a perlod of noL less Lhan Len mlnuLes when
sub[ecLed Lo a conLlnuous oll flre LhaL envelops Lhe survlval crafL uurlng Lhls perlod Lhe alr
LemperaLure lnslde Lhe survlval crafL shall noL rlse by more Lhan 20 C
Add Lhe followlng secLlon
1he rouLlng of Lhe plplng for Lhe waLer spray sysLem SPALL S be such as Lo 12
mlnlmlze Lhe posslblllLy of obsLrucLlon and enLanglemenL of Lhe fall wlres and hellcopLer
wlnch
provlde Lhe maxlmum self lnherenL proLecLlon for Lhe plpe lLself (proLecLlon from
lmpacL/dropped ob[ecLs)
1he pump supplylng waLer shall be capable of meeLlng Lhe deflned waLer demands even lf
lLs supply of waLer ls lnLerrupLed for aL leasL flve mlnuLes
Launchlng and embarkaLlon appllances SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe requlremenLs of 12
8egulaLlon lll/48 of SCLAS wlLh Lhe followlng amendmenLs
Launchlng and embarkaLlon appllances SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe followlng
amendmenLs
- 1he davlL shall lncorporaLe a rlgld weaLherproof and shaLLerproof noLlce whlch shall
provlde conclse lnsLrucLlons for launchlng and reLrlevlng Lhe survlval crafL 1he
noLlce shall be securely flxed Lo Lhe davlL ln a promlnenL poslLlon
- 1he ManufacLurer/Suppller of Lhe appllance shall provlde a malnLenance schedule
- 1he davlL assembly supplled should be ln a one plece modular form requlrlng Lhe
mlnlmum of assembly/consLrucLlon offshore Access for malnLenance shall be
lnLegral wlLh Lhe davlL assembly
- Speclflc conslderaLlon shall be glven Lo Lhe lnLerface beLween Lhe supplled davlL
assembly and Lhe asbullL connecLlng sLrucLure/walkway onLo whlch Lhe davlL ls Lo be
lnsLalled
- 1he Suppller of Lhe davlL assembly shall ensure LhaL Lhe davlL fulflls Lhe
requlremenLs of Lhe speclflc plaLform lnsLallaLlon
1he davlL shall lncorporaLe a rlgld weaLherproof and shaLLerproof noLlce whlch SPALL S 12
provlde conclse lnsLrucLlons for launchlng and reLrlevlng Lhe survlval crafL 1he noLlce shall
be securely flxed Lo Lhe davlL ln a promlnenL poslLlon
Speclflc conslderaLlon SPALL S be glven Lo Lhe lnLerface beLween Lhe supplled davlL 12
assembly and Lhe asbullL connecLlng sLrucLure/walkway onLo whlch Lhe davlL ls Lo be
lnsLalled
1he Suppller of Lhe davlL assembly SPALL S ensure LhaL Lhe davlL fulflls Lhe 12
requlremenLs of Lhe speclflc plaLform lnsLallaLlon
1he suspenslon chalns and Lhe means of aLLachlng Lhem Lo Lhe davlL SPALL S be clearly 13
marked wlLh Lhelr SWL (Safe Worklng Load)
lalls SPALL S be capable of wlLhsLandlng Lhe loadlng lmposed by Lhe sLall Lorque of Lhe 13
wlnch moLor (ln Lhe evenL of llmlL swlLch fallure and overwlndlng of Lhe boaL lnLo Lhe davlL)
ln addlLlon Lo Lhe SCLAS requlremenLs menLloned ln (3) Lhe followlng SPALL S apply 14
(secLlons 41 42 43)
41 Su8vlvAL C8Al1
411 WaLerLlghLness 14
WlLh Lhe survlval crafL ln waLer all flLLlngs below Lhe waLerllne shall be vlsually lnspecLed for
leakages lncludlng
seacocks
dralnplugs
sLernLube gland (for lngress of excesslve waLer)
llfL shoes and
any oLher flLLlngs bolLed Lhrough Lhe hull
412 Lnglne lnsLallaLlon 14
1he englne lnsLallaLlon shall be Lhoroughly lnspecLed Lo ensure
no leakages from Lhe oll and waLer sysLems
englne drlp Lray ls free from oll waLer and any maLerlals whlch cause an obsLrucLlon or
flre hazard
exhausL sysLem waLer Lrap spark arresLer and lagglng are ln good order
correcL coolanL level ln fresh waLer coollng header Lank
correcL concenLraLlon of anLlfreeze ln coollng waLer (lf appllcable)
correcL sLarLlng handle ls on board
baLLerles are ln good order wlLh greased and LlghL Lermlnal connecLlons and properly
sLowed
vbelLs are correcLly Lensloned
wlLh Lhe LhroLLle/gear level ln neuLral ensure englne ls free Lo Lurn wlLhouL roLaLlng Lhe
propeller shafL Check by operaLlng Lhe decompresslon levels and hand crank and
fuel Lank ls full of fuel
413 Lnglne sLarL and runnlng (baslc LesL) 14
rlor Lo sLarLlng Lhe englne lL shall be checked LhaL
fuel Lank valves englne fuel llfL pump valves and keel cooler hull peneLraLlon valves are
all open
pump heaLer ls funcLlonlng correcLly and
LhroLLle/gear level ls ln neuLral poslLlon
1he englne shall be sLarLed uslng each sLarLlng meLhod avallable ln Lurn When Lhe englne
ls runnlng Lhe charge warnlng llghL should noL be glowlng
AfLer Lhe englne has reached lLs worklng LemperaLure all lndlcaLlng lnsLrumenLs shall be
checked for correcL operaLlon
1he englne shall be run for Lwo hours coverlng all represenLaLlve operaLlng speeds Cf
Lhese Lwo hours aL leasL one hour shall be spenL underway uurlng Lhe underway Lrlals Lhe
survlval crafL shall be run aL lLs maxlmum speed and englne rpm for a conLlnuous perlod
of noL less Lhan flfLeen mlnuLes uurlng Lhe underway Lrlals full lefL and rlghL sLeerage shall
be applled whllsL proceedlng boLh forward and asLern aL leasL Lhree Llmes for each sLeerage
poslLlon ln each dlrecLlon
uurlng and afLer Lhe Lwohour LesL Lhe followlng should be checked
oll waLer and exhausL sysLems for leakages
waLer LemperaLure oll pressure and charge lndlcaLors for correcL operaLlon
baLLery charglng sysLem
no fumes ln Lhe survlval crafL
414 Alr sysLem 13
1he alr sysLem shall be lnspecLed Lo ensure
correcL and approved equlpmenL has been flLLed
boLLle pressure reads 200 bar (ga) and
sysLem does noL leak Check valves and gauges by closlng Lhe ouLleL valve of Lhe
sysLem closlng Lhe lever valves on Lhe boLLles and operaLlng Lhe ball valves 1hls wlll
permlL Lhe volume of alr ln Lhe assembly Lo dlscharge Lhrough Lhe pressure conLroller
1he conLroller pressure gauge should read approxlmaLely 7 bar (ga) when dlscharglng
alr 1he maln pressure gauge should drop back Lo zero
A full alr sysLem dlscharge cycle LesL shall be carrled ouL durlng whlch Llme Lhe survlval
crafLs lnLernal pressure shall be monlLored and shall remaln poslLlve wlLh respecL Lo Lhe
amblenL alr pressure exLernal Lo Lhe survlval crafL for a perlod of noL less Lhan Len mlnuLes
413 Spray sysLem 13
1he spray sysLem shall be lnlLlally LesLed for leakages by flushlng Lhrough Lhe sysLem
WlLh Lhe spray sysLem Lurned on all flLLlngs above Lhe waLerllne shall be vlsually lnspecLed
for leakage lncludlng
haLches
doors
hook assemblles and
any oLher flLLlngs bolLed Lhrough Lhe canopy
1he operaLlng of Lhe sysLem shall Lhen be LesLed by
closlng all doors and haLches
brlnglng sea lnleL valve handle Lo Lhe CL- poslLlon
keeplng conLrol ln neuLral poslLlon
revvlngup englne Lo half LhroLLle
checklng saLlsfacLory waLer coverage of Lhe ouLslde surfaces above Lhe waLerllne of Lhe
survlval crafL
followlng LesL Lhe sysLem shall be flushed Lhrough wlLh poLable waLer
416 Pook release (C- LCAu 8elease) 13
l) PydrosLaLlc lnLerlock
1he survlval crafL shall be lowered and ralsed lnLo and ouL of Lhe waLer four Llmes Lo ensure
LhaL Lhe hydrosLaLlc lnLerlock funcLlons correcLly
when Lhe survlval crafL ls clear of Lhe waLer Lhe lnLerlock lever should be ln Lhe
LCCkLu poslLlon
afLer Lhe survlval crafL has been lowered lnLo Lhe waLer Lhe lnLerlock lever should
have moved Lo Lhe CL- poslLlon
ll) Pook release
1he hook release gear shall be LesLed wlLh Lhe survlval crafL ln Lhe waLer by
removlng Lhe safeLy pln from Lhe release gear slde plaLe
operaLlng Lhe release handle
checklng LhaL boLh hooks open slmulLaneously
reseLLlng Lhe hooks ln accordance wlLh Lhe release sysLem Suppllers procedure
replaclng Lhe safeLy pln
1he hook release gear shall be compleLe wlLh Lhe followlng lnsLrucLlon labels
boaL recovery
release handle
reseLLlng llfL hooks
lock pln removal (dlagrammaLlc)
overrlde procedure
lnLerlock CL-
lnLerlock LCCkLu
417 8adlo 16
When lnsLalled Lhe radlo shall be commlssloned by Lhe ManufacLurer/Suppller and wlll
Lherefore be sub[ecL Lo operaLlonal LesLs durlng Lhe commlsslonlng perlod
42 LAu-CPl- A-u LM8A8kA1lC- ALlA-CLS
421 uavlL works LesL
Lach end frame shall be sLaLlcally loaded aL no llsL or Lrlm Lo 22 x SWL Any deflecLlon shall
be recorded before durlng and afLer Lhe LesL
Lach block and means of aLLachlng lL Lo Lhe davlL head shall be sLaLlcally loaded Lo 23 x
SWL
1he SWL and S1L (SLaLlc 1esL Load) shall be sLamped on Lhe davlL LesL plaLe and endorsed
wlLh Lhe approvlng auLhorlLy Surveyors sLamp
1he approvlng auLhorlLy lnspecLor shall Lhen endorse Lhe davlL cerLlflcaLe
422 Wlnch works LesL 16
Wlnch works LesLs shall be ln accordance wlLh Survey of llfesavlng appllances
lnsLrucLlons for Lhe guldance of surveyors (uk) or slmllar local regulaLlons
Lach wlnch (flLLed wlLh lLs moLor) shall be sub[ecLed Lo Lhe followlng LesLs
sLaLlcally LesLed Lo 13 x SWL ln boLh lowerlng and holsLlng modes Lo prove Lhe holdlng
brake
Lhe holsL LesLed aL 110 worklng load
lowerlng LesL aL Lhe worklng load Lo prove Lhe cenLrlfugal brakes and Lo Check LhaL Lhe
speed complles wlLh legal or sLaLuLory requlremenLs 1he speed obLalned shall be
recorded
checked for falls payouL and pulloff aL less Lhan 73 kg on Lhe wlnch drums and
checked for nonroLaLlon of Lhe wlnch handle durlng boLh lowerlng and holsLlng
SWL and SW1 (Safe Wlnch 1esL) shall be sLamped on Lhe wlnch LesL plaLe and endorsed
wlLh Lhe approvlng auLhorlLy surveyors sLamp
1he approvlng auLhorlLy lnspecLor shall Lhen endorse Lhe wlnch cerLlflcaLe
423 8lgglng works LesL 16
All wlre ropes and flLLlngs shall be proofloaded Lo 23 x SWL 1hen Lhe approprlaLe
cerLlflcaLes as requlred by local regulaLlons shall be compleLed
1he lengLh of falls shall be checked agalnsL LhaL speclfled
43 1LS1l- Cl Su8vlvAL S?S1LM Al1L8 l-S1ALLA1lC- CllSPC8L 16
1he survlval crafL shall be lowerlngLesLed whllsL fully laden plus 10 overload WaLer bags
or slmllar welghLs shall be used Lo represenL persons durlng Lhe LesL and shall be evenly
dlsLrlbuLed wlLhln Lhe survlval crafL
1esLlng of Lhe sysLem offshore shall be ln accordance wlLh Survey of llfesavlng
appllances lnsLrucLlons for Lhe guldance of surveyors (uk) or slmllar local regulaLlons
1he varlous LesLs should achleve a cumulaLlve lowerlng dlsLance of aL leasL 100 m
S?M8CLS 6
1he lnsLrumenL symbols used on LlS SPALL S lndlcaLe Lhe funcLlonallLy of Lhe loop
1hey SPALL S lndlcaLe whlch process condlLlon or properLy ls belng measured and
conLrolled and whaL lnformaLlon ls dlsplayed
Where Lhls ls noL Lhe case (eg for fall open LhroLLllng conLrol valves) Lhe 6
slgnal SPALL S be reversed upon exlLlng Lhe uCS 1he reversal funcLlon ls only shown
on LlS lf essenLlal for loop funcLlonallLy
Where requlred Lo clarlfy funcLlonallLy Lhe lnformaLlon flow dlrecLlon SPALL S be shown 6
by arrows on slgnal llne symbols
lor safeLy funcLlons Lhe second leLLer ln Lhe funcLlon code SPALL S be Z 10
1hls code SPALL S lndlcaLe Lhe process condlLlon properLy measured or lnlLlaLlng 9
varlable ln accordance wlLh SLandard urawlng S 37000 1able 3 A modlfler may be
requlred Lo fully deflne Lhe measured varlable
1hls code SPALL S lndlcaLe Lhe loop funcLlon ln accordance wlLh SLandard urawlng 9
S 37000 1able 3
lor compuLlng funcLlons LhaL cannoL be manlpulaLed by Lhe operaLor Lhe leLLer '?' SPALL 9
S be used (eg l? ? L? u? x? u?) lor compuLlng funcLlons LhaL can be
manlpulaLed by Lhe operaLor Lhe leLLer comblnaLlon 'P?' SPALL S be used
Serlal numbers SPALL S be unlque ln each group of lnsLrumenLs havlng Lhe same 9
comblnaLlon of process unlL ldenLlflcaLlon ('a') and measured varlable code ('b') Serlal
numbers shall sLarL aL 001 and should be asslgned so LhaL pro[ecLed fuLure expanslons can
be accommodaLed
1ag number convenLlons 11
lor uCS Lnglneerlng 1ools and MMS Lhe loop based Lagglng sLrucLure on LlS ls noL
adequaLe and unlque numberlng aL componenL/funcLlon level SPALL S be applled
AL Lhe sLarL of each pro[ecL Lhe uCS Lag number convenLlon shall be agreed wlLh Lhe 11
rlnclpal based on PMl requlremenLs and Lhe uCS requlremenLs and llmlLaLlons Slmllarly
Lhe Lag number convenLlons for Lnglneerlng 1ools and MMS SPALL S be agreed wlLh
Lhe rlnclpal based on requlremenLs and llmlLaLlons of Lhe selecLed Lools and Lhe lnLended
funcLlonallLy of Lhese Lools durlng Lhe LC phase and durlng Lhe llfe cycle of Lhe planL
uCS Lag number reducLlon 11
- 8educLlon may be applled Lo Lhe funcLlon code 'c' Lhe dash () A(alarmlng) l(lndlcaLlng)
and 8(sLaLus dlsplay) characLers of Lhe Lag name can be omlLLed ln Lhls order 1he
C(conLrol) Z and S (swlLchlng) SPALL S noL be omlLLed
lf a slngle LlS 'balloon' has mulLlple lnpuLs or ouLpuLs ln Lhe uCS each lnpuL and ouLpuL 12
SPALL S have a unlque Lag name ln Lhe uCS
lf lL ls necessary Lo lndlcaLe process condlLlons aL whlch acLlon ls requlred such as 14
hlghhlgh hlgh low lowlow Lhe quallfylng leLLers PP P L LL SPALL S be shown (see
SLandard urawlng S 37000 Lable 2)
-C1L 1he process condlLlon aL whlch acLlon ls requlred SPALL S be sLaLed ln Lhe 'llsL of alarm and Lrlp
seLLlngs' lor Llmer seLLlngs a separaLe documenL shall be made called Lhe 'llsL of Llmer seLLlngs'
lor safeLy funcLlons Lhe second leLLer ln Lhe funcLlon code SPALL S be Z Where
Al814C ls mandaLory Lhe Lagglng convenLlon of Al814C shall be used and
second leLLer SPALL S be S"
14
1hls uL SPALL S be used as Lhe basls for Lhe conLrol sysLems lls narraLlves 7
funcLlonal loglc dlagrams and LlS for Lhe lnsLallaLlon for whlch lL has been speclfled by
Lhe rlnclpal
1he ConLracLor SPALL S prepare lnsLallaLlonspeclflc narraLlves based on Lhls uL and 7
shall add relevanL Lag numbers seL polnLs conLroller conflguraLlons eLc 1he
lnsLallaLlonspeclflc narraLlves shall noL conLaln general lnformaLlon whlch ls noL relevanL Lo
Lhe speclflc lnsLallaLlon
CALCuLA1lC- lC8MuLAS 12
1he followlng compuLlng formulae SPALL S be used
-C1L 1he numberlng of Lhe ?blocks corresponds Lo SLandard urawlngs S 24024 and S 24026
?1) lf Lhe fuel oll 1SCv ls closed Lhe oll flow slgnal Lo Lhe LoLal fuel flow summer ls
zero (?3 ?6)
-C1L 1he measured value ls sLlll fed Lo Lhe fuel oll l8C so LhaL Lhe operaLor ls lnformed abouL
posslble measuremenL offseLs prlor Lo lnLroduclng oll
?2) lf Lhe fuel gas 1SCv ls closed Lhe gas flow slgnal Lo Lhe LoLal fuel flow summer ls
zero (?4 ?6)
-C1L 1he measured value ls sLlll fed Lo Lhe fuel oll l8C so LhaL Lhe operaLor ls lnformed abouL
posslble measuremenL offseLs prlor Lo lnLroduclng gas
?3) CorrecLs fuel gas flow measuremenL for fuel gas denslLy and (opLlonally) for
pressure and LemperaLure aL Lhe LransmlLLer and converLs lL lnLo an equlvalenL
flow ln S8l
1he acLual formula Lo be used depends on Lhe Lype of flow meLer (vorLex orlflce
Lype) as well as Lhe Lype of denslLy meLer (llne denslLy or Molecular WelghL)
ln seLLlng up Lhe acLual formulae Lhe followlng equaLlons shall be used
Malr sLolchlomeLrlc 1477 (1+268/MW) * Mfuel gas L/d
luel as uenslLy 1203 (MW * / 1) kg/m3
where
ressure bar (abs)
1 1emperaLure k
Mfuel S8l Malr sLolchlomeLrlc / 1366 LS8l/d
1he above formula assumes Lyplcal reflnery fuel gases le mlxLures of parafflnlc
hydrocarbons and hydrogen (lnerLs less Lhan 2 ) and ls only valld for MW 3
lL furLher assumes Lhe sLolchlomeLrlc alr requlremenL of S8l Lo be consLanL aL
1366 kg alr/kg S8l
lf Lhe anLlclpaLed MW varlaLlons are less Lhan 20 of Lhe average molecular
welghL a flxed (average) value for MW may be used
?4) CuLpuL requlred (LoLal) fuel flow gas flow wasLe gas flow L/d S8l
(see -oLe 1)
?3) CuLpuL requlred (LoLal) fuel flow oll flow wasLe gas flow L/d S8l
(see -oLe 1)
?6) CuLpuL gas flow + oll flow + wasLe gas flow L/d S8l
(see -oLe 1)
-C1L 1 WasLe gas flow shall only be lncorporaLed ln calculaLlons lf Lhe heaL lnpuL by wasLe gas
represenLs more Lhan 13 of Lhe LoLal deslgn heaL lnpuL
?7) SeLs a mlnlmum llmlL for Lhe combusLlon alrflow
CuLpuL 09 * 1oLal fuel flow
?8) CalculaLes a maxlmum allowable fuel flow
CuLpuL Malr / ( 09 * 1366 * 08 + 08 * C8C)
ln whlch C8C CuLpuL of oxygen conLroller slgnal 01
Malr Measured alrflow L/d
1he formula llmlLs Lhe alr/fuel raLlo beLween 08 and 16 (Llmes 09)
?9) CalculaLes Lhe requlred alrflow
CuLpuL luel flow * 1366 * 08+08 * C8C
ln whlch Lhe fuel flow ls Lhe masLer slgnal or (09 * LoLal fuel flow) whlchever ls
hlgher 1he formula llmlLs Lhe alr/fuel raLlo beLween 08 and 16
?10) CalculaLes alr/fuel raLlo for low alarm and Lrlp
CuLpuL Malr / (1366 * 1oLal fuel flow)
Alarm shall be seL aL a raLlo of 10
1rlp Lo mlnlmum flrlng shall be seL aL 08
1he LoLal fuel flow shall be glven a mlnlmum value Lo avold dlvlslon by zero
whlch can glve spurlous alarms when Lhe furnace ls ouL of operaLlon
CalculaLlon blocks for (opLlonal) feedforward
-C1L AnLlreseL wlnd up of 18C ls always requlred
CalculaLlon blocks for (opLlonal) feedforward
-C1L AnLlreseL wlnd up of 18C ls always requlred
lor feedforward from process flow Lhrough furnace
?12) CuLpuL luel llow / rocess llow
?13) CuLpuL process flow * 18C ouLpuL
lor feedforward from process flow and furnace feed lnleL LemperaLure
?12) CuLpuL luel llow / rocess llow + k * 1ln
?13) CuLpuL process flow * 18C ouLpuL k * lnleL LemperaLure
Where
k Speclflc heaL process fluld / (fuel LPv * furnace efflclency)
?16) Low selecLor Lo seL a maxlmum Lo Lhe slgnal Lo Lhe fuel flow conLrollers
?17) Plgh selecLor Lo seL a mlnlmum Lo Lhe slgnal Lo Lhe alrflow conLroller
1he lnsLrumenLed proLecLlve funcLlons descrlbed by Lhe funcLlonal loglc dlagrams (Appendlx 14
1) and by Lhe ll narraLlve as glven below SPALL S be applled
1he funcLlonal loglc dlagrams are seL up ln a modular sLrucLure 1hls SecLlon follows Lhe
same sLrucLure Powever lL only descrlbes Lhe maln modules AsslsLlng modules such as
Lhe general Lrlps module are noL descrlbed separaLely 1helr funcLlonallLy ls descrlbed ln
Lhe modules where Lhey are relevanL
A full SlL classlflcaLlon exerclse SPALL S be carrled ouL on Lhe acLual flred heaLer deslgn 18
Lo conflrm LhaL Lhe requlred SlL classes of all Lhe safeguardlng loops are ln llne wlLh Lhe
heaLer conflguraLlon and Lake lnLo accounL slLe speclflcs (eg common fuel gas kC vessels
proxlmlLy Lo oLher planL speclal envlronmenLal requlremenLs)
1hls uL SPALL S noL 4
be used for any oLher equlpmenL or flrlng conflguraLlon
1hls uL SPALL S be used LogeLher wlLh SLandard urawlng S 24033 4
1hls uL ls a revlslon of Lhe uL of Lhe same number daLed uecember 1998 1he only 3
nonedlLorlal changes have been Lo lndlcaLe process safeLy requlremenLs by Lhe use of Lhe
caplLallsed Lerm SPALL S
1hls uL SPALL S be used as Lhe basls for Lhe conLrol sysLems lls narraLlves 6
funcLlonal loglcs dlagrams and LlS for Lhe lnsLallaLlon for whlch lL has been speclfled by
Lhe rlnclpal
1he ConLracLor SPALL S prepare lnsLallaLlonspeclflc narraLlves based on Lhls uL and 6
shall add relevanL Lag numbers seL polnLs conLroller conflguraLlons eLc
Changes Lo 8
crlLlcal fuel seL polnLs SPALL S be done Lhrough a ManagemenL Cf Change (MCC)
process
1he lls are descrlbed by Lhe funcLlonal loglc dlagrams (Appendlx 1) and by Lhe ll 8
narraLlve glven below SPALL S be applled
1he funcLlonal loglc dlagrams are seL up ln a modular sLrucLure 1hls secLlon follows Lhe
same sLrucLure buL only descrlbes Lhe maln modules AsslsLlng modules such as Lhe
general Lrlps module are noL descrlbed separaLely 1helr funcLlonallLy ls descrlbed ln Lhe
modules where Lhey are relevanL
1hls uL ls only lnLended for heaLers 4
LhaL have a relaLlvely low burner sLarL load ln relaLlon Lo Lhe flre box volume (Lhls
SPALL S be conflrmed by Lhe rlnclpal) 1hls uL SPALL S noL be used for sysLems
wlLh mulLlple small capaclLy low pressure drop burners 1hls uL SPALL S also noL be
used for slngle burner sysLems or naLural draughL furnaces
1hls uL SPALL S be used LogeLher wlLh SLandard urawlng S 24021 4
1hls uL SPALL S be used as Lhe basls for Lhe conLrol sysLems lls narraLlves 7
funcLlonal loglc dlagrams and LlS for Lhe lnsLallaLlon for whlch lL has been speclfled by
Lhe rlnclpal
1he ConLracLor SPALL S prepare lnsLallaLlonspeclflc narraLlves based on Lhls uL and
shall add relevanL Lag numbers seL polnLs conLroller conflguraLlons eLc
lf Lhe wasLe gas flow represenLs more Lhan 13 of Lhe deslgn heaL lnpuL of Lhe furnace lL 9
SPALL S be Laken lnLo accounL ln Lhe load and alr/fuel raLlo conLrol (le Lhe wasLe gas
flow shall be measured and subLracLed from Lhe LoLal fuel demand before lL ls fed Lo Lhe fuel
flow conLrollers)
1he rlnclpal SPALL S lndlcaLe 9
wheLher manual sLarL ls permlLLed on Lhe basls of 1rlal lor lgnlLlon 1lme calculaLlons and
oLher posslble rlsk facLors
1he lnLerfaclng beLween Lhe lnsLrumenLed proLecLlve sysLem and Lhe uCS SPALL S be 12
hardwlred for Lhose connecLlons whlch are ll Class ll swlLchlng funcLlons (no serlal llnk)
1he followlng compuLlng formulae SPALL S be used 13
?1) lf Lhe fuel oll 1SCv ls closed Lhe oll flow slgnal Lo Lhe LoLal fuel flow summer ls
zero (?3 ?6)
-C1L 1he measured value ls sLlll fed Lo Lhe fuel oll l8C so LhaL Lhe operaLor ls lnformed abouL
posslble measuremenL offseLs prlor Lo lnLroduclng oll
?2) lf Lhe fuel gas 1SCv ls closed Lhe gas flow slgnal Lo Lhe LoLal fuel flow summer ls
zero (?4 ?6)
-C1L 1he measured value ls sLlll fed Lo Lhe fuel oll l8C so LhaL Lhe operaLor ls lnformed abouL
posslble measuremenL offseLs prlor Lo lnLroduclng gas
?3) CorrecLs fuel gas flow measuremenL for fuel gas denslLy and (opLlonally) for
pressure and LemperaLure aL Lhe LransmlLLer and converLs LhaL slgnal lnLo an S8l
equlvalenL flow
1he acLual formula Lo be used depends on Lhe Lype of flow meLer (vorLex or orlflce
Lype) as well as Lhe Lype of denslLy meLer (llne denslLy or Molecular WelghL)
ln seLLlng up Lhe acLual formulae Lhe followlng equaLlons shall be used
lL furLher assumes Lhe sLolchlomeLrlc alr requlremenL of S8l Lo be consLanL aL
1366 kg alr/kg S8l
lf Lhe anLlclpaLed Molecular WelghL (MW) varlaLlons are less Lhan 20 of Lhe
average molecular welghL a flxed (average) value for MW may be used
luel oll flows normally do noL requlre compensaLlon and a flxed denslLy and
heaLlng value based on laboraLory analysls ls used
?4) CuLpuL requlred (LoLal) fuel flow gas flow wasLe gas flow L/d S8l
(see -oLe 1)
?3) CuLpuL requlred (LoLal) fuel flow oll flow wasLe gas flow L/d S8l
(see -oLe 1)
?6) CuLpuL gas flow + oll flow + wasLe gas flow L/d S8l
(see -oLe 1)
-C1L 1 WasLe gas flow shall only be lncorporaLed ln calculaLlons lf Lhe heaL lnpuL by wasLe gas
represenLs more Lhan 13 of Lhe LoLal deslgn heaL lnpuL
?7) SeLs a mlnlmum llmlL for Lhe combusLlon alr flow
CuLpuL 09 * 1oLal fuel flow
?8) CalculaLes a maxlmum allowable fuel flow
CuLpuL Malr / ( 09 * 1366 * 08 + 08 * C8C)
ln whlch C8C CuLpuL of oxygen conLroller slgnal 01
Malr Measured alr flow L/d
1he formula llmlLs Lhe alr/fuel raLlo beLween 08 and 16
?9) CalculaLes Lhe requlred alr flow
CuLpuL luel flow * 1366 * 08 + 08 * C8C
ln whlch Lhe fuel flow ls Lhe masLer slgnal or (09 * LoLal fuel flow) whlchever ls
hlgher
1he formula llmlLs Lhe alr/fuel raLlo beLween 08 and 16
?10) CalculaLes alr/fuel raLlo for low alarm and Lrlp
CuLpuL Malr / (1366 * 1oLal fuel flow)
Alarm shall be seL aL a raLlo of 10
1rlp Lo mlnlmum flrlng shall be seL aL 08
1he LoLal fuel flow shall be glven a mlnlmum value Lo avold dlvlslon by zero
whlch can glve spurlous alarms when Lhe furnace ls ouL of operaLlon
CalculaLlon blocks for (opLlonal) feedforward (see -oLe)
lor feedforward from process flow Lhrough furnace
-C1L AnLlreseL wlnd up of 18C ls always requlred
?16) Low selecLor Lo seL a maxlmum Lo Lhe slgnal Lo Lhe fuel flow conLrollers
?17) Plgh selecLor Lo seL a mlnlmum Lo Lhe slgnal Lo Lhe alr flow conLroller
1he lls descrlbed by Lhe funcLlonal loglc dlagrams (Appendlx 1) and by Lhe ll narraLlve 13
glven below SPALL S be applled
1he funcLlonal loglc dlagrams are seL up ln a modular sLrucLure 1hls secLlon follows Lhe
same sLrucLure buL only descrlbes Lhe maln modules Auxlllary modules such as Lhe
general Lrlps module are noL descrlbed separaLely 1helr funcLlonallLy ls descrlbed ln Lhe
modules where Lhey are relevanL
A full SlL classlflcaLlon exerclse SPALL S be carrled ouL on Lhe acLual flred heaLer deslgn 18
Lo conflrm LhaL Lhe requlred SlL of all Lhe safeguardlng loops are ln llne wlLh Lhe heaLer
conflguraLlon and Lake lnLo accounL slLe speclflcs (eg common fuel gas kC vessels
proxlmlLy Lo oLher planL speclal envlronmenLal requlremenLs)
1hls uL SPALL S noL be used for slngle burner sysLems or naLural draughL furnaces/bollers 4
1hls uL SPALL S be used LogeLher wlLh SLandard urawlng S 24030 (dual fuel) or 4
S 24034 (fuel gas)
1hls uL SPALL S be used as Lhe basls for Lhe conLrol sysLems lls narraLlves 7
funcLlonal loglc dlagrams and LlS for Lhe lnsLallaLlon for whlch lL has been speclfled by
Lhe rlnclpal
1he ConLracLor SPALL S prepare lnsLallaLlonspeclflc narraLlves based on Lhls uL and 7
shall add relevanL Lag numbers seL polnLs conLroller conflguraLlons eLc
1he followlng compuLlng formulae SPALL S be used 13
-C1L 1he numberlng of Lhe ?blocks corresponds Lo SLandard urawlngs S 24030 and S 24034
?1) lf Lhe fuel oll 1SCv ls closed Lhe oll flow slgnal Lo Lhe LoLal fuel flow summer ls
zero (?3 ?6)
-C1L 1he measured value ls sLlll fed Lo Lhe fuel oll l8C so LhaL Lhe operaLor ls lnformed abouL
posslble measuremenL offseLs prlor Lo lnLroduclng oll
?2) lf Lhe fuel gas 1SCv ls closed Lhe gas flow slgnal Lo Lhe LoLal fuel flow summer ls
zero (?4 ?6)
-C1L 1he measured value ls sLlll fed Lo Lhe fuel oll l8C so LhaL Lhe operaLor ls lnformed abouL
posslble measuremenL offseLs prlor Lo lnLroduclng gas
?3) CorrecLs fuel gas flow measuremenL for fuel gas denslLy and (opLlonally) for
pressure and LemperaLure aL Lhe LransmlLLer and converLs lL lnLo an equlvalenL
flow ln S8l
1he acLual formula Lo be used depends on Lhe Lype of flow meLer (vorLex or orlflce
Lype) as well as Lhe Lype of denslLy meLer (llne denslLy or Molecular WelghL)
ln seLLlng up Lhe acLual formulae Lhe followlng equaLlons shall be used
Malr sLolchlomeLrlc 1477 (1+268/MW) * Mfuel gas L/d
luel as uenslLy 1203 (MW * / 1) kg/m3
where
ressure bar (abs)
1 1emperaLure k
Mfuel S8l Malr sLolchlomeLrlc / 1366 LS8l/d
1he above formula assumes Lyplcal reflnery fuel gases le mlxLures of parafflnlc
hydrocarbons and hydrogen (wlLh lnerLs less Lhan 2 ) and ls only valld for
MW 3
lL furLher assumes Lhe sLolchlomeLrlc alr requlremenL of S8l Lo be consLanL aL
1366 kg alr/kg S8l
lf Lhe anLlclpaLed Molecular WelghL (MW) varlaLlons are less Lhan 20 of Lhe
average molecular welghL a flxed (average) value for MW may be used
?4) CuLpuL requlred (LoLal) fuel flow gas flow wasLe gas flow L/d S8l
(see -oLe 1)
?3) CuLpuL requlred (LoLal) fuel flow oll flow wasLe gas flow L/d S8l
(see -oLe 1)
?6) CuLpuL gas flow + oll flow + wasLe gas flow L/d S8l
(see -oLe 1)
-C1L 1 WasLe gas flow shall only be lncorporaLed ln calculaLlons lf Lhe heaL lnpuL by wasLe gas
represenLs more Lhan 13 of Lhe LoLal deslgn heaL lnpuL
?7) SeLs a mlnlmum llmlL for Lhe combusLlon alrflow
CuLpuL 09 * 1oLal fuel flow
?8) CalculaLes a maxlmum allowable fuel flow
CuLpuL Malr / ( 09 * 1366 * 08 + 08 * C8C)
ln whlch
C8C CuLpuL of oxygen conLroller slgnal 01
Malr LffecLlve Alrflow modlfled accordlng Lo number of burners ln operaLlon
(ouLpuL of ?19) L/d
1he formula llmlLs Lhe alr/fuel raLlo beLween 08 and 16 (Llmes 09)
?9) CalculaLes Lhe requlred alrflow
CuLpuL luel flow * 1366 * 08+08 * C8C
ln whlch Lhe fuel flow ls Lhe masLer slgnal or (09 * LoLal fuel flow) whlchever ls
hlgher
1he formula llmlLs Lhe alr/fuel raLlo beLween 08 and 16
?10) CalculaLes alr/fuel raLlo for low alarm and Lrlp
CuLpuL Malr / (1366 * 1oLal fuel flow)
Malr LffecLlve Alrflow modlfled accordlng Lo number of burners ln operaLlon
(ouLpuL of ?19) L/d
Alarm shall be seL aL a raLlo of 10
1rlp Lo mlnlmum flrlng shall be seL aL 08
1he LoLal fuel flow shall be glven a mlnlmum value Lo avold dlvlslon by zero
whlch can glve spurlous alarms when Lhe furnace ls ouL of operaLlon
CalculaLlon blocks for (opLlonal) feedforward
-C1L AnLlreseL wlnd up of 18C ls always requlred
lor feedforward from process flow Lhrough furnace
?12) CuLpuL luel llow / rocess llow
?13) CuLpuL process flow * 18C ouLpuL
lor feedforward from process flow and furnace feed lnleL LemperaLure
?12) CuLpuL luel llow / rocess llow + k * 1ln
?13) CuLpuL process flow * 18C ouLpuL k * lnleL LemperaLure
Where
k Speclflc heaL process fluld / (fuel LPv * furnace efflclency)
?16) Low selecLor Lo seL a maxlmum Lo Lhe slgnal Lo Lhe fuel flow conLrollers
?17) Plgh selecLor Lo seL a mlnlmum Lo Lhe slgnal Lo Lhe alrflow conLroller
CalculaLlon blocks for correcLlon of noLoperaLed burners
?18) CuLpuL 8equlred alrflow (-burners lnsLalled / -burners ln operaLlon)
8equlred alrflow equals ouLpuL ?9
-burners ln operaLlon 1
?19) CuLpuL 8equlred alrflow (-burners ln operaLlon / -burners lnsLalled)
-burners ln operaLlon 1
1he lls descrlbed by Lhe funcLlonal loglc dlagrams (Appendlx 1) and by Lhe ll narraLlve 13
glven below SPALL S be applled
1he flame deLecLors SPALL S noL be equlpped wlLh MalnLenance Cverrlde SwlLches 20
A full SlL classlflcaLlon exerclse SPALL S be carrled ouL on Lhe acLual flred heaLer deslgn 22
Lo conflrm LhaL Lhe requlred SlL classes of all Lhe safeguardlng loops are ln llne wlLh Lhe
heaLer conflguraLlon and Lake lnLo accounL slLe speclflcs (eg common fuel gas kC vessels
proxlmlLy Lo oLher planL speclal envlronmenLal requlremenLs)
1hree lnsLallaLlons are consldered ln Lhls uL 1he deslgn of Lhe conLrol sysLems 6
SPALL S be ln llne wlLh Lhe funcLlonal descrlpLlons as glven ln Lhe relevanL secLlons (3)
(4) and (3)
When Lhe 1 ls runnlng wlLh Lhe 1L rouLed Lhrough Lhe bypass sLack fuel gas 10
SPALL S be prevenLed from enLerlng Lhe WP8u
lallure acLlon of Lhe dampers SPALL S be as follows 13
uZ1 8ypass safeLy damper lall Lo open
uZ2 8ypass conLrol damper lall Lo open
uZ3 SeparaLlon damper lall Lo close
uZ4 lresh alr dlscharge damper lall Lo close uamper shall be double blade Lype wlLh
seal alr ln beLween (Lo prevenL hoL 1L leaklng vla
fan Lo aLmosphere)
uZ3 lresh alr lnleL gulde vanes lall Lo close wlLh lockup devlce
ln addlLlon smoLherlng sLeam connecLlons SPALL S be lnsLalled Lo enable evacuaLlon 13
of any hydrocarbons presenL
1he lls descrlbed by Lhe funcLlonal loglc dlagrams (Appendlx 1) and by Lhe ll narraLlve 16
glven below SPALL S be applled
1he ll narraLlve glven ln Lhls secLlon follows Lhe same modular sLrucLure as Lhe funcLlonal
loglc dlagrams Powever lL only descrlbes Lhe maln modules Modules LhaL perform
auxlllary funcLlons eg flame deLecLlon and fuel gas 1SC valve poslLlon are noL descrlbed
separaLely 1helr funcLlonallLy ls descrlbed ln Lhe modules where Lhey are relevanL
1he funcLlonal loglc dlagrams and ll narraLlve as glven ln Lhls uL refer ln general Lo
sysLems wlLhouL fresh alr backup lf a fresh alr backup sysLem ls lnsLalled addlLlonal
funcLlonal loglc ls requlred and Lhe ll narraLlve and funcLlonal safeguardlng loglc are
sub[ecL Lo Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal
llre and smoke deLecLlon sysLems for 3
normally occupled bulldlngs SPALL S be lnsLalled as per appllcable code" (see
deflnlLlon ln 131)
llre and gas deLecLlon sysLems SPALL S be lnsLalled where Lhere ls poLenLlal for flre or 9
loss of conLalnmenL (release and / or accumulaLlon) LhaL would pose a rlsk Lo employees
Lhe publlc Lhe envlronmenL or Lhe buslness
A well englneered llre as SysLem enables mlLlgaLlon of hazardous condlLlons such as 9
flre or loss of conLalnmenL by performlng Lhree baslc funcLlons
- ueLecL Lhe Pazard
- AlerL eople
- lnlLlaLe AcLlon
1hese are descrlbed ln more deLall ln Lhe secLlons below
ln addlLlon Lo Lhe Lhree baslc funcLlons furLher deslgn ob[ecLlves of Lhe deLecLlon sysLem
SPALL S lnclude
- SysLem robusLness Lo maxlmlse deLecLlon upLlme whlle reduclng rlsk from spurlous
evenLs
- A capablllLy for recordlng hlsLorlcal evenLs Lo enable lncldenL lnvesLlgaLlon
llxed flre gas and smoke deLecLlon equlpmenL SPALL S be selecLed Lo meeL Lhe 9
requlremenLs of Lhls uL and Lo provlde wlLhln pracLlcal llmlLs Lhe earllesL deLecLlon of
emerglng or slgnlflcanL hazards speclflcally
- 1he presence of a flre
- 1he presence of smoke from smoulderlng or lnclplenL flres
- 1he presence of a hazardous release or accumulaLlon of flammable gases due Lo loss
of conLalnmenL
- 1he presence of a hazardous release of a Loxlc or asphyxlaLlng gas (lncludlng Lhose
wlLh a narcoLlc effecL) due Lo loss of conLalnmenL
1he flre and gas sysLem SPALL S 9
- AlerL Lhe operaLor aL a conLlnuously manned conLrol cenLre Lo any deLecLed hazards
Lhelr approxlmaLe locaLlon and Lype of evenL
- AlerL personnel Lo deLecLed hazards so LhaL Lhey are able Lo Lake approprlaLe and Llmely
acLlon
- rovlde approprlaLe flre and gas daLa aL emergency conLrol polnLs Lo faclllLaLe
managemenL of an lncldenL
-C1L ln some clrcumsLances lL shall also send noLlflcaLlon of emergency slLuaLlons Lo local communlLy
servlces eg flre brlgades
12
1he flre and gas sysLem SPALL S be capable of provldlng Lhe lnformaLlon requlred Lo 9
enable sulLable acLlon Lo be Laken Lo address Lhe deLecLed hazard 1he lnlLlaLed acLlon
SPALL S be auLomaLlc excepL where human acLlon has been assessed for Lhe faclllLy
and hazard Lype and can be demonsLraLed as belng an effecLlve parL of Lhe mlLlgaLlon
process
1he followlng acLlons SPALL S be consldered for a flre and gas sysLem 9
- LvacuaLe personnel Lo a safe locaLlon
- 1o alerL or warn off approachlng LransporL (eg hellcopLers boaLs)
- lsolaLe and mlnlmlse Lhe lnvenLory of hazardous maLerlals (whlch may conLrlbuLe Lo
evenL escalaLlon) ln Lhe affecLed area
- Mlnlmlse poLenLlal lgnlLlon sources by elecLrlcal lsolaLlon of nonessenLlal equlpmenL
- lnlLlaLe acLlve flre proLecLlon sysLems where appllcable wlLhln Lhe response Llme
requlred
- Mlnlmlse lngress of smoke Lo bulldlngs or closed modules where smoke may lmpalr
escape refuge and evacuaLlon
- rovlde PvAC operaLlon LhaL ls requlred for Lhe deLecLed hazard where appllcable eg
malnLaln module alr flow when gas ls presenL ln Lhe module
luL-1ll? PAZA8uS 8LLA1Lu 1C ll8L AS A-u SMCkL LvL-1S 11
1he Shell PLM" Pazards LffecL ManagemenL rocess SPALL S be applled
1he resulLs of Lhe lS hazard analysls SPALL S form Lhe lS sysLem deslgn 11
ob[ecLlves comprlslng
- Zone deflnlLlons (ConLalnmenL llre Pazard Mapplng)
- ueLecLlon requlremenLs per zone
- lS hardware robusLness requlremenLs
- lS sysLem cause effecLs maLrlx
Zonlng declslons SPALL S be made by Lhe rlnclpal leaLures of Lhe geography of flrewalls 12
decks and module levels roadways and bulldlngs lndlvldual mechanlcal and PvAC lLems
flre proLecLlon sysLems and faclllLy exLremlLles wlll generally dlcLaLe segregaLlon
1hls uL shall be read ln con[uncLlon wlLh Lhe ll uLs and excepL as noLed ln Lhls uL 12
Lhe deslgn sensor selecLlon loglc solver horns/beacons lnsLallaLlon and malnLenance of
Lhe lS SPALL S be ln compllance wlLh Lhe requlremenLs of Lhe lnsLrumenL roLecLlve
luncLlon uLS wheLher or noL all aspecLs are addressed expllclLly ln Lhls uL
1he ll SlL assessmenL process SPALL S be carrled ouL for l proLecLlve funcLlons 12
(eg alr lnLakes Lo occupled bulldlngs" conLalnmenL zone" wlLhln a module) and for flre or
gas funcLlons whlch have hlgh evenL frequency or Lhe poLenLlal for faLallLles
Where a l deLecLlon funcLlon has noL been SlL assessed a lu beLLer Lhan 2 12
SPALL S be achleved for
- A slngle deLecLor up Lo and lncludlng Lhe deLecLlon lnpuL Lo Lhe loglc solver
- A slngle response acLlon from Lhe lS
1he llre and as ueslgn 8equlremenLs (and/or l hllosophy) documenL SPALL S 12
be wrlLLen and malnLalned
1he deslgn of Lhe flre and gas sysLem (lncludlng deLecLor Lype selecLlon voLlng sLraLegy 13
alarm Lrlp seLLlngs execuLlve acLlons selecLlon and conflguraLlon of loglc solver flnal
elemenLs (eg horns/beacons) humanmachlne lnLerface deslgn and layouL) SPALL S
be ln accordance wlLh Lhls uL Lhe slLe llre as phllosophy and Lhe deslgn
requlremenLs documenL
1he deLecLor layouL deslgn for accumulaLlon evenLs SPALL S use modelllng Lo assure 13
LhaL Lhe deLecLlon meeLs Lhe ldenLlfled deLecLlon performance crlLerla (eg flre slzes gas
cloud slzes) 1he same sLudy SPALL S assess Lhe placemenL of horns/beacons Lo verlfy
LhaL Lhe approprlaLe operaLor awareness ls achleved
lS sysLems SPALL S be bullL and lnsLalled Lo provlde a robusL and hlghly rellable 13
sysLem LhroughouL lLs operaLlng phase 1he accepLance shall be Lhrough robusL facLory and
slLe accepLance LesLs and slLe commlsslonlng processes LhaL wlll provlde assurance agalnsL
Lhe requlred deslgn performance of Lhe lS
1he commlsslonlng procedures SPALL S ensure LhaL devlces (eg deLecLors 14
horns/beacons eLc) have been lnsLalled ln Lhe correcL locaLlons and orlenLaLlons (wlLh clear
fleld of vlew of lnLended coverage area for opLlcal devlces) mounLs are robusL lnLerfaces
and alarms are funcLlonlng
CperaLlonal and malnLenance procedures SPALL S be ln place Lo provlde Lhe requlred 14
level of lnLegrlLy of Lhe lS performance LhroughouL lLs llfecycle
ueLecLors SPALL S be selecLed Lo deLecL Lhe approprlaLe hazards as Lhey occur on Lhe 13
faclllLy Laklng lnLo accounL
- Code and approvals requlremenLs
- ConLamlnanLs (eg dusL dlrL sand slllcones oll or sea waLer spray)
- oLenLlal lnLerferences (eg LMl / 8ll oLher gas consLlLuenLs for gas deLecLors
weldlng arcs for flre deLecLors sunshlne for opLlcal deLecLors)
- CuLpuL slgnal compaLlblllLy wlLh lnLerfaces
- SlLe lnsLalled vendor/model equlpmenL base (appllcable Lo 8rownfleld upgrades)
- 1echnology robusLness and proven rellablllLy
- Shell llsL of approved deLecLors (1AMA)
- Local envlronmenLal condlLlons durlng normal and emergency slLuaLlons (eg amblenL
LemperaLure vlbraLlon background nolse effecLs of raln snow fog and wlnd)
- MalnLenance hllosophy
- Manned / unmanned accesslblllLy occupancy eLc
- llre class as per Lable below
Where clarlLy ls requlred on deLecLor selecLlon Lhe ManufacLurer should be consulLed
ueLecLors selecLlon SPALL S Lake Lhe followlng aspecLs lnLo accounL Lo ensure deLecLlon
of Lhe hazards as Lhey occur
- ConLamlnanLs (eg dusL dlrL sand slllcones oll or sea waLer spray)
- oLenLlal lnLerferences (eg LMl / 8ll oLher gas consLlLuenLs for gas deLecLors
weldlng arcs for flre deLecLors sunshlne for opLlcal deLecLors)
- CuLpuL slgnal compaLlblllLy wlLh lnLerfaces
- Local envlronmenLal condlLlons durlng normal and emergency slLuaLlons (eg
amblenL LemperaLure vlbraLlon background nolse effecLs of raln snow fog and
wlnd)
- SlLe lnsLalled suppller/model equlpmenL base (appllcable Lo 8rownfleld upgrades)
- 1echnology robusLness and proven rellablllLy
- MalnLenance hllosophy
- Manned / unmanned accesslblllLy occupancy eLc
- llre class as per Lable below
16
1he locaLlon and elevaLlon of lS sensors/deLecLors shall be such LhaL 16
- MounLlng arrangemenLs should ensure correcL operaLlon and SPALL S be sufflclenLly
rlgld Lo ensure LhaL vlbraLlon does noL lmpacL on performance MounLlng should be on
sLrucLural sLeelwork where pracLlcable
1he
number Lype and locaLlon of deLecLors SPALL S be deLermlned by an assessmenL of
selecLlon crlLerla lncludlng
- 8egulaLory requlremenLs
- Pazardous area zonlng PLM C8A (CuanLlfled 8lsk AssessmenL) resulLs
- LlmlLs of equlpmenL congesLlon
- oLenLlal leak sources and areas where accumulaLlon of gas may be llkely or
parLlcularly hazardous
- 1ype of deLecLlon approach Lo be provlded perlmeLer area or equlpmenL speclflc
- ueLecLor voLlng loglc Lo be deployed
- roperLles of process flulds (composlLlon volaLlllLy phase LemperaLure pressure
LoxlclLy)
- CharacLerlsLlcs of poLenLlal releases ([eL or flashlng llquld plume buoyancy)
- lorced or naLural drafL venLllaLlon paLLerns wlnd speed and wlnd dlrecLlon
16
SelecLlon of equlpmenL for unclasslfled bulldlngs SPALL S follow 16
- Cffshore lnsLallaLlons SPALL S use equlpmenL elecLrlcally cerLlfled for use ln Zone 1
- Cnshore faclllLles for equlpmenL houses locaLed ln a process module Lhe flre and gas
deLecLlon equlpmenL for lnleLs lnslde houses and exLracLs SPALL S be elecLrlcally
cerLlfled for use ln Zone 1
- Cnshore faclllLles oLher noncerLlfled bulldlngs whlch could have hazard from gas
lngress SPALL S have flre and gas deLecLlon equlpmenL LhaL ls elecLrlcally cerLlfled
for use ln Zone 1
SelecLlon of cerLlfled elecLrlcal equlpmenL for llre and as sysLems SPALL S follow
- Zone1 (Class 1 ulv 1) for all fleld mounLed flammable gas and flre deLecLors
lrrespecLlve of Lhe acLual elecLrlcal hazardous area classlflcaLlon
- Zone1 (Class 1 ulv 1) for flammable gas Loxlc gas and/or smoke (lf any) deLecLors
aL Lhe lnleL of unclasslfled bulldlngs LhaL are Lo be proLecLed for gas/smoke lngress
- Smoke heaL emergency llghLlng A sysLems conLrol sysLems panels ln
unclasslfled bulldlng(s) LhaL bulldlngs are proLecLed by gas deLecLlon aL Lhe lnleLs
may remaln elecLrlcally energlzed lf Lhe equlpmenL ls cerLlfled for Zone 2 (Class 1
ulv 2 ) or greaLer
17
ll8L uL1LC1C8S 17
ueLecLlon equlpmenL SPALL S be sulLable for deLecLlng flres of Lhe fuelLypes LhaL can be
presenL ln Lhe coverage area
20
SPALL S be selecLed for deLecLlon of hydrocarbon gas and llquld flres hydrogen flres
and alcohol flres ln open planL areas
Slngle or dual wavelengLh l8 (lnfrared) deLecLors SPALL S noL be used 18
uv (ulLravloleL) deLecLors SPALL S noL be used ln open modules buL may be used ln 18
enclosed vendor packages wlLh Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal
1he heaL deLecLlon 19
sysLem SPALL S also be connecLed Lo Lhe lS and acLlvaLe any alarms and oLher
ldenLlfled acLlons upon lnlLlaLlon
neumaLlc Lube franglble (quarLzold) bulb and fuslble plug sysLems may be used when 20
dlrecL conLrol of flrewaLer deluge valves ls requlred 1hese sysLems SPALL S be
connecLed Lo Lhe lS and provlde alarm and oLher ldenLlfled acLlons when acLlvaLed
PeaL deLecLlon can be used wlLh opLlcal deLecLlon as second deLecLlon Lechnology When 20
used as a second deLecLlon Lhe heaL deLecLlon sysLems SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe
requlremenLs ln (423)
laclllLles SPALL S be provlded Lo allow collecLlve closure of all wells sub surface safeLy 20
valve (SSSv) auLomaLlcally upon conflrmed flre ln Lhe wellhead area as deLecLed by
pneumaLlc fuslble plugs or franglble bulbs 1hls flre deLecLlon SPALL S also lnlLlaLe a full
plaLform shuLdown
ln case of Well head areas faclllLles SPALL S be provlded Lo allow collecLlve closure of
all wells sub surface safeLy valve (SSSv) auLomaLlcally upon conflrmed flre ln Lhe wellhead
area as deLecLed by pneumaLlc fuslble plugs or franglble bulbs
22
PeaL and smoke sLraLlflcaLlon SPALL S be consldered when slLlng deLecLors LhaL are Lo 21
be used ln areas where Lhe flre has poLenLlally low heaL ouLpuL (eg elecLrlcal equlpmenL
rooms)
Smoke deLecLlon SPALL S be lnsLalled ln PvAC alr lnLakes Lo areas LhaL need Lo remaln 21
manned durlng an emergency
23
1hese sysLems SPALL S be deslgned Lo provlde sufflclenL deLecLlon wlLh and wlLhouL Lhe 22
PvAC sysLem runnlng
ueLecLlon equlpmenL SPALL S be sulLable for deLecLlng Lhe gases or vapours LhaL can be 23
presenL ln Lhe area covered by Lhe deLecLors
24
ueLecLlon SPALL S be provlded ln all areas where a hazardous accumulaLlon of gas 23
could occur (eg areas ln whlch Lhe local venLllaLlon raLe ls llkely Lo be slgnlflcanLly below
LhaL of Lhe general area)
erlmeLer deLecLlon may be used aL Lhe dlscreLlon of Lhe rlnclpal Where used Lhe 24
followlng SPALL S be consldered
- 1he dlsperslon Lakes place ln an area of no or low congesLlon
- AdequaLe accumulaLlon proLecLlon wlLhln Lhe zone area ls also lncluded or deemed Lo
be noL requlred
- 1he assessed hazard ls llmlLed Lo Lhe mlgraLlon of gas Lo / from oLher areas
- Where access and egress cannoL affecL Lhe deLecLlon capablllLy
1he composlLlon of Lhe process flulds SPALL S be consldered Lo deLermlne lf Lhe 24
hazardous release ls besL deLecLed uslng a flammable gas or Loxlc gas deLecLor
lnferred deLecLlon does noL provlde Lhe operaLor wlLh a concenLraLlon for Lhe lnferred gas 24
1he acLlon upon alarm operaLlng SPALL S be Lhe same for boLh Lhe deLecLed gas and
Lhe lnferred gas As such lnferred deLecLlon should noL be used as a subsLlLuLe for Loxlc gas
deLecLlon where dlfferenL acLlon ls requlred for deLecLlon of each specles
lnferred deLecLlon SPALL S only be used by agreemenL of Lhe rlnclpal
lf Lhese condlLlons cannoL be meL Lhen lnferred deLecLlon SPALL S noL be an accepLable 23
meLhod for flammable gas deLecLlon
CaLalyLlc bead gas deLecLors SPALL S noL be deployed for general use 23
lor nonhydrogen and volaLlle hydrocarbon appllcaLlons Lhe use of caLalyLlc gas deLecLors 26
requlres approval from Lhe rlnclpal Where caLalyLlc combusLlon Lype deLecLors are
selecLed Lhese SPALL S be polson reslsLanL
1hese devlces SPALL S noL be used for new reenfleld pro[ecLs or pro[ecLs LhaL wlll 26
upgrade Lhe llre as panel sysLems
AcousLlc deLecLors SPALL S noL be used for deLecLlon of llquld releases 26
Cll MlsL ueLecLlon SPALL S be consldered ln enclosed areas where aerosol mlsLs of 27
suspended dropleLs can be presenL
1he followlng SPALL S be consldered before Cll MlsL ueLecLors are lnsLalled 27
- Any prevalllng alr flows
- LnvlronmenLal condlLlons such as humldlLy (sLeam fog)
- ockeLs of hlgh smoke / oll concenLraLlon and
- CbsLacles Lo Lhe flow of Lhe parLlcles
CC1v AS uL1LC1lC- 27
1hese deLecLors
SPALL S only be lnsLalled followlng approval by Lhe rlnclpal
ueLecLlon equlpmenL SPALL S be sulLable for deLecLlng Lhe speclflc Loxlc gases or 27
vapours LhaL can be presenL ln Lhe area covered by Lhe deLecLors
1he meLhod for Loxlc gas deLecLlon SPALL S be elecLrochemlcal excepL where 27
- 1hls ls unsulLable (eg low humldlLy condlLlons where Lhe elecLrochemlcal cell may dry
ouL or presence of lnLerferences from oLher gases)
- Cr oLher meLhods provlde rapld deLecLlon (acousLlc) of release evenLs or
- CLher emerglng meLhods provlde deLecLlon eg opLlcal or
- CLher meLhods are requlred by regulaLlon
AcousLlc deLecLors SPALL S be consldered for deLecLlng loss of conLalnmenL of 28
pressurlsed Loxlc gas where Lhe release ls lnLo an open area and lncludlng elevaLed
equlpmenL and where rapld response Lo loss of conLalnmenL of pressurlsed gas ls requlred
1he requlremenLs of Lhe Shell roup PSSL ConLrol lramework SPALL S be 28
lmplemenLed unless local requlremenLs are more sLrlngenL
29
1he composlLlon of Lhe process fluld SPALL S be consldered LogeLher wlLh Lhe deLecLlon 29
Lechnology Lo deLermlne lf Loxlc release ls besL deLecLed uslng a flammable gas or Loxlc gas
deLecLor
1he acLlon upon alarm operaLlng SPALL S be Lhe same for boLh Lhe deLecLed gas and 29
Lhe lnferred gas
lnferred deLecLlon SPALL S only be used by agreemenL of Lhe rlnclpal 29
AcousLlc deLecLlon SPALL S be consldered for use where rapld response Lo hlgh 30
pressure Loxlc gas release ls a requlremenL
Where Lhere can be sour and sweeL servlce ln Lhe same area and acousLlc ls used as a 30
deLecLlon meLhod Lhen any release evenL SPALL S be LreaLed as flammable and Loxlc
CC deLecLors SPALL Sbe lnsLalled ln areas where lncompleLe combusLlon producLs may 30
be aL Loxlc levels eg from machlnery exhausL fumes or where CC can be presenL ln
slgnlflcanL concenLraLlon ln process sLreams and loss of conLalnmenL would cause a hazard
LlecLrochemlcal CC sensors SPALL S noL be used ln process areas where hydrogen ls 30
LreaLed manufacLured or LransporLed as an elecLrochemlcal CC sensor wlll respond and
alarm aL concenLraLlons of hydrogen well below 20 LlL (le false alarms wlll occur
lndlcaLlng hazardous concenLraLlons of CC aL concenLraLlons of hydrogen whlch are noL
hazardous from a flammablllLy polnL of vlew)
CC gas deLecLors SPALL S be lnsLalled ln PvAC sysLems where Lhere ls a rlsk of 31
lncompleLe combusLlon from fuelled englnes ln Lhe vlclnlLy eg offshore accommodaLlon
offlce blocks
CC2 deLecLors SPALL S be lnsLalled ln areas where CC2 could form a hazard eg CC2 31
ln[ecLlon enhanced oll recovery and CC2 sequesLraLlon
A comblnaLlon of deLecLlon Lechnologles SPALL S be used Lo conflrm deLecLlon 31
LLched glass deLecLors SPALL S noL be used for general deLecLlon of Pl vapour 31
releases and shall only be deployed followlng Lhe approval of Lhe rlnclpal
llammable gas deLecLlon SPALL S be lnsLalled aL Lhe forced venLllaLlon lnleLs 31
(combusLlon and enclosed chambers) and aL Lhe enclosure ouLleL ad[acenL Lo Lhe enclosed
chamber
When alr movemenL sLagnaLlon can occur ln Lhe enclosure Lhen gas deLecLlon SPALL S 31
be flLLed ln Lhe enclosure
venLllaLlon alr lnLake for normally occupled bulldlngs locaLed ln or ln close proxlmlLy Lo a 31
process area SPALL S have gas deLecLors (flammable and / or Loxlc) and smoke
deLecLors aL Lhe lnleL
venLllaLlon alr lnLake for areas LhaL have unproLecLed equlpmenL (noncerLlfled elecLrlcal 31
equlpmenL) SPALL S have flammable gas deLecLors aL Lhe lnleL
Where Lhe bulldlngs venLllaLlon ouLleL ls wlLhln a hazardous zone Lhere SPALL S also be 31
gas deLecLlon ln Lhe ouLleL venLllaLlon Lo deLecL gas ln Lhe evenL of venLllaLlon fallure
Manual alarm call polnLs SPALL S be locaLed aL enLrances and exlLs or on deslgnaLed 32
escape rouLes from planL process areas / bulldlngs where requlred by assessmenL
Where Lhere ls an assessed requlremenL Lo lnsLall manual alarm call polnLs ln process planL 32
areas Lhen Lhe maxlmum dlsLance Lo any alarm call polnL SPALL S noL exceed 30 m
and 20m for congesLed areas
Manual alarm call polnLs SPALL S be dlsLlncLly ldenLlfled labelled and 8Lu colour per 32
Lhe requlremenLs for uA-L8 slgns
Manual alarm call polnLs SPALL S be poslLloned so LhaL Lhey sLand ouL agalnsL Lhe 33
background le Lhey SPALL S be clearly recognlsable from a dlsLance
Manual alarm call polnLs SPALL S be operable by an operaLor whllsL wearlng L 33
approprlaLe Lo Lhe zone (lncludlng gloves face mask or hood eLc)
llre gas asplraLed smoke deLecLors open paLh smoke deLecLors and acousLlc leak 34
deLecLors SPALL S provlde a faulL slgnal as well as a measuremenL ouLpuL
Slmple smoke deLecLors (eg swlLched) SPALL S be capable of provldlng llne monlLorlng 34
for clrculL faulLs
CLher slmple devlces (eg swlLched) SPALL S be capable of provldlng llne monlLorlng 34
for clrculL faulLs
Analogue and addressable devlces SPALL S be capable of provldlng dlagnosLlc and 34
faulL slgnals and should be compaLlble wlLh Lhe lS or hand held lnLerrogaLor
SysLem componenL and communlcaLlons dlagnosLlcs SPALL S be provlded wherever 34
requlred Lo achleve or lmprove safeLy avallablllLy
llre and gas deLecLlon equlpmenL SPALL S comply wlLh local codes and sLandards wlLh 33
Lhe local auLhorlLy havlng [urlsdlcLlon
ueLecLors lnsLalled SPALL S be compllanL wlLh Shell roup llsL of Lechnlcally approved 33
equlpmenL (1AMA)
1he deLecLor SPALL S be elecLrlcally cerLlfled (eg A1Lx CSA uL -81L) approved 33
and labelled for use ln Lhe asslgned hazardous area and Lhe funcLlonal deslgn shall
recognlse LhaL Lhe deLecLor shall be conLlnually powered when Lhe hazard ls presenL (eg
gas cloud)
ueLecLors SPALL S have Lhe approprlaLe as rouplng cerLlflcaLlon le llA ropane ll8 33
LLhylene or llC Pydrogen envlronmenLs for Lhe area where Lhey are Lo be lnsLalled
ueLecLlon equlpmenL SPALL S be deslgned Lo ensure correcL operaLlon durlng vlbraLlon 33
up Lo acceleraLlons of 1 mm/s2 from 2 Pz Lo 60 Pz
ueLecLlon equlpmenL SPALL S have an lngress proLecLlon raLlng of aL leasL l63 (-LMA 33
4x)
ueLecLlon equlpmenL SPALL S be sulLable for Lhe envlronmenL ln whlch Lhey are 36
lnsLalled lncluslve of aLmospherlc chemlsLry local LemperaLure ranges and humldlLy
lor all opLlcal deLecLors lncludlng opLlcal flame deLecLor open paLh smoke deLecLor polnL 36
l8 gas deLecLor and open paLh l8 gas deLecLor
- Plgh levels of foullng SPALL S be communlcaLed as a dlagnosLlc faulL condlLlon
llre and as deLecLors SPALL S be reslsLanL Lo LMl/8ll lnLerference Speclflcally Lhe 36
devlces SPALL S be LMC compllanL and SPALL S noL respond Lo a 3 waLL walkleLalkle
aL dlsLances greaLer Lhan 03 m
Where requlred by envlronmenLal condlLlons opLlcs SPALL S have anLlcondensaLlon 36
heaLlng
All opLlcal flame deLecLors SPALL S have auLomaLlc opLlcal lnLegrlLy checklng 37
CpLlcal flame deLecLors SPALL S lock ln Lhe deslred poslLlon 37
Solar lnLerference (sunllghL) arLlflclal llghLlng or regularly modulaLed (vlbraLlng) black body 37
radlaLlon SPALL S noL cause false alarms
llre deLecLlon Lublng SPALL S be black (uv llghL reslsLanL) flre reLardlng polyeLhylene 37
Lublng (polyLube) and SPALL S be manufacLured from selfexLlngulshlng maLerlal
1he sysLem SPALL S conLaln dlagnosLlcs Lo deLecL changes ln alr flow a maxlmum of 38
10 from Lhe commlssloned value LhaL could arlse due Lo broken or blocked plpe work
llammable gas deLecLors should conLlnue Lo operaLe regardless of Lhe concenLraLlon of gas 38
LhaL ls presenL and belng deLecLed such LhaL when Lhe gas concenLraLlon has reduced Lhe
deLecLor SPALL S conLlnue Lo provlde lnformaLlon Lo Lhe flre and gas sysLem wlLhouL
havlng Lo be manually reseL
l8 deLecLors SPALL S be supplled wlLh facLory callbraLlon so LhaL lL wlll never 38
underesLlmaLe Lhe flammablllLy of any hazardous gas composlLlons LhaL lL may deLecL eg lf
Lhe crosssenslLlvlLy for any of Lhe gases LhaL can be presenL ls less Lhan 10 Lhen Lhe gas
wlLh lowesL crosssenslLlvlLy value should be Lhe facLorycallbraLed gas used hence
assurlng LhaL all gases do noL undermeasure
All open paLh gas deLecLors SPALL S have separaLe LransmlLLer and recelver unlLs 39
unless resLrlcLed by Lhe avallable Lechnology such as
- Laser based Lechnology uslng a reflecLor panel or
- PvAC ducL appllcaLlons
lor general area use Lhe deLecLor range SPALL S be 03 lower flammable llmlL meLre 39
(LlLm) lor PvAC appllcaLlons Lhe deLecLor senslLlvlLy range should be 0100 lower
flammable llmlL (LlL) wlLh Lhe deLecLor callbraLlon deLermlned by Lhe wldLh of Lhe ducL or
paLh lengLh
Cpen paLh devlces SPALL S have dlagnosLlcs LhaL lndlcaLe beam performance SysLem 39
should conLaln dlagnosLlcs for Lhe followlng condlLlons
- Low slgnal sLrengLh (eg excess paLh lengLh dlrL bulldup or mlnor mlsallgnmenL)
- SlgnlflcanL reducLlon or loss of slgnal for more Lhan 30 seconds SPALL S
auLomaLlcally lndlcaLe an opLlcal faulL (eg 8eam block faulL)
ueLecLor SPALL S noL produce a gas measuremenL slgnal lndlcaLlon greaLer Lhan 023 39
LlLm ln response Lo any comblnaLlon of obsLrucLlons vlbraLlon or exLernal sources of
lnfrared radlaLlon (lncludlng solar and hydrocarbon flare radlaLlon) ln Lhe beam
Solar lnLerference (sunllghL) SPALL S noL cause false alarms deLecLor faulLs or deLecLor 39
unavallablllLy
1he sLandard senslLlvlLy range of Lhe deLecLor SPALL S be 0100 LlL 40
SysLem SPALL S conLaln faulL dlagnosLlcs for opLlcal faulL condlLlon 40
1he sLandard senslLlvlLy range of Lhe deLecLor SPALL S be 0100 LlL 40
8equlremenLs for asplraLed sysLems SPALL S follow Lhe flammable gas deLecLlon 40
requlremenLs sLaLed above
AsplraLed gas deLecLlon sysLems SPALL S be capable of provldlng a low sample flow 40
alarm
Where reLroreflecLors are used Lhey SPALL S be lnsLalled such LhaL Lhey are 40
approprlaLe Lo Lhe slze and Lype of Cll MlsL ueLecLor An anLlcondensaLlon lnsulaLlng layer
SPALL S be provlded beLween Lhe reLroreflecLor and sLeel mounLlng plaLe
1he deLecLor and supporLlng elecLronlc equlpmenL SPALL S lnclude funcLlons Lo deLecL 40
and communlcaLe any condlLlon LhaL mlghL prevenL a response Lo oll mlsL ln Lhe opLlcal paLh
CllmlsL deLecLors LhaL can dlfferenLlaLe beLween an ollmlsL release and accldenLal beam 41
lnLerrupLlon SPALL S be lnsLalled
1o ensure a rellable leak deLecLlon sysLem only leak deLecLors wlLh lnLegraLed acousLlc selfLesL 41
funcLlon or faulLldenLlfylng dlagnosLlcs SPALL S be used Lo ensure operaLlon LhaL
wlll prevenL unrevealed fallures
Manual Alarm Call devlces SPALL S be capable of belng operaLed by slmple operaLlons 41
eg llfL flap and push buLLon or llfL flap and pull handle or break glass
1he ablllLy for Lhe lS Lo deLecL a hazardous scenarlos SPALL S be assessed ln an 43
audlLable manner
llre and gas deLecLor deploymenL SPALL S be opLlmlsed Lo meeL Lhe deLecLlon 43
performance requlremenLs (see SecLlon 3) wlLh an efflclenL and effecLlve deLecLor layouL
1o opLlmlse Lhe layouL each deLecLor shall be consldered lndlvldually and as parL of a group 43
of deLecLors ln each zone Lhe number and locaLlon of Lhe deLecLors SPALL S be seL
such LhaL Lhe comblned coverage of all Lhe deLecLors ln Lhe zone meeLs Lhe requlremenLs
for deLecLlng Lhe flre or gas hazardous evenLs LhaL have been consldered
1he raLlonale for deLecLor placemenL SPALL S be clearly documenLed 43
ueLecLlon performance requlremenLs for boLh flame and gas deLecLors SPALL S be seL 43
Lhrough conslderaLlon of deLecLlng a flre or hazardous release or accumulaLlon as early as
pracLlcable or before Lhey are large enough Lo cause an escalaLlng slLuaLlon or healLh
hazard lf noL mlLlgaLed
1he deLecLlon performance SPALL S be based on hazards from producLs LhaL are ln Lhe 43
area or demonsLrably able Lo mlgraLe lnLo Lhe area and Lhe area Lopography
1he deLecLlon performance requlremenLs SPALL S speclfy Lhe flre slze (ln radlaLed heaL 43
ouLpuL kW) and fuel Lype
1he deLecLlon performance requlremenLs SPALL S speclfy Lhe cloud slze and 44
gas/vapour
1he defaulL Loxlc cloud slze SPALL S be an 44
8m sphere for deLecLlon ln all area Lypes unless speclflc cloud slze ls deLermlned Laklng
lnLo accounL buL noL llmlLed Lo Lhe followlng
- lnsLallaLlon layouL
- eople access / access conLrol
- LocaLlon Loxlc lnvenLorles
- 1oxlc concenLraLlons wlLhln Lhe process sLreams
- 1lme Lo proLecL (eg Llme for operaLor Lo use SC8A (Self ConLalned 8reaLhlng
ApparaLus)
1he deLecLlon coverage requlremenLs for flre or gas evenLs ln each zone SPALL S be 44
Lhe proporLlon of modelled ldeallsed evenLs wlLhln a zone LhaL would be deLecLed
expressed as a percenLage
lor all areas where deLecLor mapplng ls applled Lhere SPALL S be a mlnlmum of 3 43
deLecLors
2u mapplng of deLecLor coverage SPALL S noL be used wlLhouL approval of Lhe 43
rlnclpal
1he parameLers used ln modelllng Lhe response of Lhe deLecLors SPALL S be allgned Lo 43
Lhe lnsLallaLlon's alarm seLLlngs and Lhe deLecLor performance parameLers
1here SPALL S noL be voLlng beLween dlfferenL deLecLlon devlces such as flre deLecLlon 46
devlces wlLh gas deLecLlon devlces wlLhouL approval of Lhe rlnclpal
voLed lnsLalled conflguraLlons SPALL S be deslgned Lo Lake lnLo accounL safe fallure 46
condlLlons and provlde a voLed slgnal when a deLecLor ls ln elLher faulL or lnhlblLed eg lf a
slngle deLecLor ls known Lo be ln faulL or lnhlblLed Lhe loglc for Lhe zone SPALL S see
Lhls as an alarm wlLh Lhe loglc defaulLlng Lo a 100- conflguraLlon eg for a 2oo- voLe Lhe
safe fallure would resulL ln Lhe loglc reverLlng Lo a (2 1) oo-
Manual lnlLlaLed alarms SPALL S be lndependenL of auLomaLlc deLecLed evenLs and Lhus 46
SPALL S noL be voLed wlLh oLher manual alarms flre or gas alarms
olnL heaL Lype devlces SPALL S noL be voLed 47
ueLecLors used Lo auLomaLlcally shuL down machlnery / planL equlpmenL and lnlLlaLe Lhe flre 47
proLecLlon sysLem SPALL S be voLed ln a 2oo- conflguraLlon
AcousLlc Leak ueLecLors SPALL S noL be voLed LogeLher An acousLlc deLecLor may be 47
voLed wlLh anoLher Lechnology (eg l8 gas deLecLor)
Alarm seLLlngs for deLecLors SPALL S be as shown ln 1able 71 unless local regulaLlons 48
speclfy oLherwlse
lor appllcaLlons where narcoLlc gas has been ldenLlfled as a hazard and Lhe flxed gas 48
deLecLlon ls belng used Lo alerL personnel Lhen Lhe flrsL alarm level SPALL S be capable
of alerLlng personnel of poLenLlal narcoLlc gas aL a seLLlng LhaL enables Lhe personnel Lo
Lake acLlon (Lyplcally 10 scale for polnL deLecLor)
1he alarm levels for acousLlc gas deLecLors SPALL S Lake lnLo accounL background 49
ulLrasonlc nolse and SPALL S be seL aL a mlnlmum of 6 d8 or nearesL seLLlng above Lhls
nolse
Where a delayed response ls golng Lo be used Lo mlnlmlse Lhe effecL of spurlous Lrlps from 49
known sources Lhls delay SPALL S be mlnlmlsed wlLh a maxlmum value of 30 seconds
llre or as or Manual deLecLlon SPALL S lnlLlaLe auLomaLlc vlsual and audlble alarms Lo 30
alerL personal Lo evacuaLe Lhe affecLed area and Lo alerL Lhe enLlre faclllLy of an evenL
46
1herefore Lhe level of auLomaLlc acLlon 30
SPALL S be deLermlned followlng Lhe process descrlbed ln (3) and as documenLed ln
Lhe faclllLy cause and effecL dlagram
ConslderaLlon SPALL S also be made of Lhe assoclaLed effecLs of execuLlve acLlons lor 30
example where flre or gas ls deLecLed ln Lhe llare / venL faclllLles (kC drums) areas Lhen
Lhe deLermlnlng of acLlon from Lhls evenL SPALL S Lake lnLo conslderaLlon Lhe effecLs of
lncreaslng Lhe producL lnvenLory aL Lhe flare area Lhrough process sLaLus change eg
venLlng or emergency depressurlsaLlon lsolaLlon or removal of sources of lgnlLlon SPALL
S noL be lmplemenLed ln a manner Lo creaLe addlLlonal hazards or unexpecLed
consequences
Cn a slngle deLecLor deLecLlng flre Lhe vlslble and audlble alarms SPALL S be lnlLlaLed 30
dlrecLly from Lhe lS for Lhe zone and area of deLecLlon
Cn a slngle deLecLor deLecLlng gas Lhe vlslble and audlble alarms SPALL S be lnlLlaLed 31
dlrecLly from Lhe lS for Lhe zone and area of deLecLlon
Conflrmed deLecLlon of gas could also lnlLlaLe acLlons as sLaLed ln (81) for Lhe zone and 31
area of deLecLlon
- Where forced venLllaLlon sysLems are provlded for dlsperslon of gas Lhe venLllaLlon
sysLems SPALL S be malnLalned ln operaLlon Lo dlsperse Lhe gas venLllaLlon sysLem
SPALL S have manual Lrlp faclllLy
-C1L 2 1he drlller SPALL S be provlded wlLh a secure mechanlsm (eg a slngle keyswlLch) Lo lnhlblL
auLomaLlc execuLlve acLlons from Lrlpplng lLems of equlpmenL whlch are crlLlcal Lo make a well
safe 1he lnhlblL mechanlsm SPALL S only be used durlng crlLlcal acLlvlLles and lLs sLaLus
SPALL S be dlsplayed aL Lhe drllllng panel Lhe LCC and Lhe emergency conLrol polnL 1he
lnhlblL mechanlsm SPALL S noL lnhlblL alarms or manual/auLomaLlc release of flre proLecLlon
sysLems
- lor offshore lnsLallaLlons lnhlblLlng Lhe sLarL of dlesel flre pumps or emergency 32
generaLors when gas ls deLecLed ln Lhe area LhaL Lhese are lnsLalled lf Lhese machlnes
are runnlng when gas ls deLecLed ln Lhe area Lhen Lhe equlpmenL SPALL S remaln
runnlng
- lor gas deLecLed ln a generaLor room SPALL S Lrlp all elecLrlcal equlpmenL and 32
generaLors housed wlLhln Lhe room
lor Conflrmed as ln a generaLor room all elecLrlcal equlpmenL and generaLors housed
wlLhln Lhe room SPALL S Lrlp
47
Conflrmed deLecLlon of gas ln a Lurblne hood or exLracL SPALL S Lrlp Lhe assoclaLed 32
machlne and fuel supplles
Conflrmed deLecLlon of gas aL Lhe Lurblne hood forced venLllaLlon lnleLs (combusLlon and 32
enclosure) SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh (8222)
A manual alarm call SPALL S provlde vlslble and audlble alarms dlrecLly from Lhe lS 32
for Lhe zone and area of deLecLlon
lor offshore lnsLallaLlons acLlvaLlon of a manual alarm call SPALL S provlde vlsual and 32
audlble alarms across Lhe whole lnsLallaLlon vla Lhe ubllc Address (A) ln addlLlon Lo Lhe
vlsual and audlble alarms acLlvaLed dlrecLly from Lhe lS for personnel musLerlng
1hese SPALL S also provlde alarms and execuLlve acLlon Lhrough Lhe flre and gas 32
sysLem as per conflrmed flre" (see 821)
Any change ln sLaLus SPALL S be accompanled by a ubllc Address (A) 32
announcemenL A announcemenLs Lo be dlsLlncLly heard (LhaL ls boLh audlble and
lnLelllglble) and alarm slgnals should have ouLpuL levels above Lhe nolse Lhresholds (see
976)
An auLomaLlc demuLe faclllLy SPALL S be provlded Lo sound Lhe alarm ln accommodaLlon 32
areas afLer 130 seconds lf Lhe condlLlon whlch caused Lhe alarm has noL been reseL wlLhln
Lhls perlod
Powever Lo ensure LhaL personnel are aware of Lhe sLaLus of Lhe 32
lnsLallaLlon a flashlng llghL SPALL S also be provlded aL every musLer sLaLlon and
Lmergency ConLrol olnL ln Lhe 1S8
1he lS Loglc Solver shall be a LS lf Lhe physlcal l/C 100 lf Lhe lS Loglc Solver ls a 33
LS lL SPALL S comply wlLh all requlremenLs of uL 32801030gen
1he lS and Lhe relaLed deLecLlon sysLems SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe requlremenLs of 33
lnsLrumenL proLecLlve funcLlons as speclfled by uL 32801030en
1he lS SPALL S be able Lo sLand alone and acL compleLely lndependenLly from Lhe 33
8CS wlLh Lhe 8CS where approprlaLe provldlng Lhe baslc PMl lnLerface
1he lS SPALL S be lndependenL of Lhe 8CS 1he 8CS may provlde Lhe PMl
lnLerface
49
1he lS SPALL S be deslgned and lmplemenLed Lo provlde a hlgh level of rellablllLy 33
and lnLegrlLy Lo mlnlmlse dangerous fallures or spurlous Lrlps LhaL cause unplanned acLlon
(eg downLlme)
1he lS SPALL S be deslgned such as Lo prevenL overload of Lhe sysLem when Lhere 33
ls an avalanche of alarms or evenLs
1he lS shall be deslgned such LhaL commlsslonlng and funcLlon LesLlng can be carrled 33
ouL wlLhouL dlsabllng Lhe sysLem
lor voLed appllcaLlons (2oo-) Lhe sysLem SPALL S be conflgured for poslLlve faulL 33
where a deLecLor ln faulL SPALL S counL as a one" ln Lhe voLlng counL
Plgh prlorlLy condlLlons LhaL affecL 33
Lhe sysLem operaLlon SPALL S be Lhrough alarm Lo Lhe operaLor whlle low prlorlLy
condlLlons should be recorded and rouLed Lo Lhe approprlaLe person (eg malnLalner)
l-uLL-uL-1 ll8L A-LLS 36
When used Lhe followlng shall apply
- 1he flre panel shall be capable of supporLlng serlal communlcaLlon Lo Lhe lS for Lhe
sLaLus on lndlvldual deLecLors for monlLorlng ln such appllcaLlons common alarm and
faulL slgnals SPALL S be provlded Lo Lhe lS
- llre panels SPALL S noL be used Lo collecL slgnals from manual alarm call polnLs
wlLhouL approval of Lhe rlnclpal or Lhese are requlred by local regulaLlons
- 1he flre panel deLecLlon sysLem SPALL S be a fully lnLegral parL of Lhe lS lL shall
be selfconLalned only Lo Lhe exLenL LhaL lL wlll monlLor and process all flre deLecLlon
lnpuLs perform loglc based on Lhese lnpuLs and dellver crlLlcal hard wlred ouLpuLs Lo Lhe
lS where requlred for faclllLles emergency responses
- 1he flre panel PMl(s) SPALL S provlde operaLors wlLh dlsplays and lnLeracLlve
funcLlons as requlred Lo manage any llre ueLecLlon SysLem showlng any devlces
lnlLlaLlng acLlon locaLlon deLecLed flre dlagnosLlc evenL 1he PMl SPALL S be
leglble and operable by operaLors wearlng normal L LhaL ls approprlaLe for Lhe area
and Lhe hazards
LlecLrlclLy supply for Lhe llre as and Audlble and vlsual sysLem SPALL S meeL Lhe 36
requlremenLs of uL 33641010en
1he sysLems SPALL S be supplled from an approprlaLe unlnLerrupLlble ower Supply 36
(uS) sysLem LhaL provldes conLlnuous sysLem operaLlon for a flxed perlod on Lhe loss of
Lhe AC supplles
uS SPALL S supply Lhe llre as and Audlble and vlsual sysLem for a mlnlmum 37
operaLlng perlods ln llne wlLh uL 33641010en ln Lhe evenL of loss of AC supplles (le
compleLe shuLdown of maln generaLlon emergency power) unless Lhe assessmenL of Lhe
Lmergency Scenarlos or local leglslaLlon ldenLlfles a dlfferenL Llme perlod
lS sysLems LhaL use floaLlng uC power sysLems (eg +/ 12 volLs) SPALL S have 37
earLh leakage deLecLlon and alarms aL Lhe MCC
1he lS PMl SPALL S be cognlLlvely compaLlble wlLh all oLher sysLems Lhe conLrol 37
room operaLor ls requlred Lo use
lS PMl where Lhere ls slgnlflcanL new deslgn lnvolved Lhe developer SPALL S comply 37
wlLh Lhe PMl developmenL process seL ouL ln uL 30006016L-
1he need Lo read LexL Lo be able Lo undersLand Lhe dlsplay SPALL S be mlnlmlzed 37
1he lS SPALL S be deslgned Lo provlde reflash of evenLs such LhaL addlLlonal or 38
repeaL evenLs or alarms relnlLlaLe audlble and vlsual lndlcaLlon for Lhe affecLed zone
When a sensor or sysLem goes lnLo alarm or ls lnhlblLed Lhe sLaLus lndlcaLlon aL Lhe dlsplay 38
area SPALL S sLarL flashlng and Lhe audlble alarm SPALL S sound
lL SPALL S noL be posslble Lo reseL unacknowledged alarms 38
1he PMl SPALL S be deslgned Lo mlnlmlse operaLor physlcal and cognlLlve efforL Lo 38
undersLand and manlpulaLe Lhe lnLerface
All lnformaLlon dlsplayed on Lhe lS PMl SPALL S be leglble and comprehenslble from 38
Lhe operaLor's normal seaLed poslLlon ln Lhe conLrol room 1he operaLor SPALL S noL be
requlred Lo leave hls normal operaLlng poslLlon ln order Lo deLecL or undersLand a lS
alarm
1he PMl aL Lhe LCC and Lhe emergency conLrol polnL SPALL S provlde and dlsplay as a 38
mlnlmum Lhe followlng Lo enable Lhe operaLor Lo acL / reacL Lo evenLs
- Changes Lo llre as sLaLus
- Slngle gas alarm
- Conflrmed gas alarm
- Slngle flre alarm
- Conflrmed flre alarm
- 1oxlc gas alarm
- Manually lnlLlaLed alarms
- Cccurrence of flre proLecLlon sysLem releases
- lndlvldual deLecLor faulLs
- lndlvldual lnhlblLs for each deLecLor
- urllllng shuLdown lnhlblL sLaLus (where appllcable)
- 1he zone locaLlon for Lhe deLecLed sLaLe
1he PMl SPALL S be deslgned ln such a way LhaL lL allows Lhe lnLended operaLor Lo
- 8apldly ldenLlfy and undersLand Lhe slLuaLlon
- ueLecL changes ln Lhe slLuaLlon
- 8e aware of poLenLlal escalaLlon lf Lhe slLuaLlon develops furLher
Where a vuu or vuus are used as PMl lnLerfaces for lS Lhey SPALL S be dedlcaLed 39
Lo Lhe lS and noL used for process conLrol
1he dedlcaLed vuu / vuus SPALL S have uS backup such LhaL on loss of elecLrlcal 39
supplles Lhey SPALL S be provlded wlLh supplles for Lhe Llme perlod as speclfled ln
secLlon 94
age hlerarchy SPALL S be arranged so LhaL any page can be dlsplayed ln no more 39
Lhan Lwo commands
An alarm or faulL condlLlon SPALL S be auLomaLlcally dlsplayed on Lhe correcL 60
subdlvlslon of Lhe area mlmlc ln alarm and slmulLaneously glve an audlble warnlng LhaL can
be sllenced by Lhe operaLor
Area graphlc / mlmlc dlsplays should show an overall vlew of Lhe slLe ploL plan and SPALL 60
S be dlvlded lnLo subsecLlons per flre zone
Lach subdlvlslon of Lhe area graphlc / mlmlc per flre zone SPALL S provlde sLaLus 60
lnformaLlon on alarms faulLs or lnhlblL/overrlde condlLlon lndlvldual deLecLors should noL be
shown on area mlmlcs
Lach lndlvldual deLecLor and Manual Alarm Call SPALL S be shown ln lLs approxlmaLe 60
locaLlon
Alarm condlLlon SPALL S auLomaLlcally dlsplay Lhe correcL area and deLecLor symbol for 61
Lhe area where Lhe alarm has occurred
AfLer any alarm condlLlon ls lnlLlaLed Lhe vuu SPALL S auLomaLlcally defaulL Lo Lhe area 61
where Lhe faulL or alarm has occurred
MalnLenance overrldes shall be provlded for enabllng LesLlng of Lhe lS lnpuL devlces 61
Where a group overrlde ls provlded a slngle reseL operaLlon SPALL S remove all
overrldes ln Lhe group
1here SPALL S be no overrldes or lnhlblLs on Lhe lS ouLpuL devlces / modules LhaL 61
dlrecLly lnLerface Lo an Lmergency shuLdown sysLem
ln Lhe evenL LhaL Lhe SlS does noL share a common SlL 3 communlcaLlon 62
sysLem wlLh Lhe lS hardwlred communlcaLlon for crlLlcal alarms and shuLdowns SPALL
S be used CommunlcaLlons should be resLrlcLed Lo essenLlal lnformaLlon LhaL ls requlred
by Lhe SlS
lf communlcaLlon Lo Lhe lnLerfaces ls noL vla SlL3 secure neLwork Lhen lnLerfaces SPALL 62
S be hardwlred dlscreLe clrculLs Lhrough volL free conLacLs or power drlven as below
lnLerfaces Lo neLworks SPALL S be cyber securlLy" compllanL (refer uL 32012010
en)
-C1L1here SPALL S be no lmpalrmenL Lo Lhe overall llre as lnLegrlLy from fallures
wlLhln any of Lhe lnLerfaclng sysLems
lor relay lnLerface normally open (shelf sLaLe) relay conLacLs SPALL S be used such 62
LhaL when relay ls energlzed a closed conLacL (healLhy sLaLe) ls glven Lo SlS and on loss of
power Lo Lhe ouLpuL relay an open conLacL (Lrlp sLaLe) ls glven Lo Lhe SlS
1hese ouLpuL clrculLs Lo Lhe fleld devlce SPALL S be monlLored for all faulL condlLlons 62
LhaL could prevenL Lhe solenold belng energlzed on demand (for example open clrculL or
shorL clrculL)
1he lnLerface SPALL S have Lhe faclllLles Lo manually lnlLlaLe Lhe flre proLecLlon sysLems 62
llre pump ouLpuL clrculLs SPALL S be provlded for manual and / or auLomaLlc sLarLlng of 62
Lhe flre pumps
Audlble and vlsual sysLems SPALL S be Lhe prlmary meLhod of alerLlng personnel Lo Lhe 63
presence of a hazardous evenL
Local audlble alarm and vlsual alarms SPALL S be provlded and Lhese SPALL S be 63
supplemenLed by hlgh vlslblllLy flashlng beacons / sLrobes ln hlgh nolse areas where Lhe
slgnal may noL be audlble
Audlble alarm sysLems SPALL S be faulL LoleranL le can wlLhsLand one slngle fallure 63
wlLhouL LoLal loss of Lhe alerLlng sysLems ln an area
Where a A sysLem ls lnsLalled Lhe background nolse should be Laken lnLo accounL 63
- A Message verbal message lnLenslLy for crlLlcal funcLlons SPALL S be aL leasL 20
d8(A) above amblenL nolse levels aL Lhe Lyplcal operaLlng poslLlons of Lhe lnLended
recelvers buL should noL exceed 90 d8(A)
- Alarm Slgnal A slgnalLonolse raLlo of aL leasL 20 d8(A) SPALL S be provlded ln aL
leasL one ocLave band beLween 300 and 3000 Pz preferred 200 and 3000 PerLz
allowed aL Lhe Lyplcal operaLlng poslLlons
Cffshore lnsLallaLlons SPALL S be provlded wlLh Abandon plaLform" alarms Lo sulL local 63
regulaLory auLhorlLles
1he beacons SPALL S be locaLed so LhaL Lhey wlll be vlslble ln Lhe area for whlch Lhey 64
are Lo provlde a warnlng and are accesslble for malnLenance
unless speclfled by local regulaLory requlremenLs Lhe loudspeaker annunclaLlon for 64
- 1oxlc gas SPALL S be by means of an lnLerrupLed Lone havlng a markspace raLlo
of 11 a cycle Llme of 2 s and a frequency of 1000 Pz 1he allclear slgnal shall be a
conLlnuous Lone of 1000 Pz
- llammable gas SPALL S employ Lwo dlfferenL frequencles havlng a markspace
raLlo of 11 a cycle Llme of 1 s and frequencles of 1000 Pz and 2000 Pz 1he allclear
slgnal shall be a conLlnuous Lone of 2000 Pz
llre as evenLs (alarms faulLs overrldes eLc) SPALL S be recorded ln a sequence of 64
evenLs daLa logglng faclllLy whlch may be same faclllLy used for Lhe shuLdown and process
conLrol sysLems
PlsLorlcal daLa SPALL S be archlved and sLored as per local requlremenLs by means of 64
Lhe sLandard faclllLles
1he daLa logglng faclllLy as a mlnlmum SPALL S log Lhe followlng evenLs LogeLher wlLh 64
Lhe Lag number descrlpLlon Lype of alarm and Lhe daLe and Llme of occurrence
- Changes Lo llre as sLaLus
- Slngle LL or PL deLecLlon per zone
- Conflrmed LL and PL per flre zone
- Slngle flre deLecLlon per zone
- Conflrmed flre per flre zone
- 1oxlc gas alarms per zone
- Any manual lnlLlaLlons per zone
- Cccurrence of flre proLecLlon sysLem releases
- lndlvldual deLecLor faulLs
- lndlvldual lnhlblLs for each deLecLor
- urllllng shuLdown lnhlblL sLaLus (where appllcable)
- lnpuL/Zone lnhlblLs
- MalnLenance Cverrlde SwlLch acLlvaLlon
1he llre as sLaLus lnformaLlon SPALL S be locally avallable aL Lhe lnsLallaLlon Lo 63
provlde for Lhose occaslons when lL ls manned or vlslLed
1he sLaLus of Lhe llre as sysLem SPALL S be capable of belng monlLored from a 63
remoLe locaLlon elLher Lhe conLrol room of a nearby plaLform or a nearby conLrol room of a
shore sLaLlon
1he deslgn of Lhe llre as SysLem SPALL S be such LhaL lL ls noL adversely affecLed 63
by elecLromagneLlc lnLerference as deflned ln lLC 60801
SPALL S ln general follow requlremenLs of lnsLrumenL roLecLlve SysLems uL 63
32801030en
uocumenLaLlon SPALL S ln general follow requlremenLs of lnsLrumenL roLecLlve 63
SysLems uL 32801030en
ersonnel who LesL and malnLaln Lhe lS SPALL S be compeLenL for Lhe acLlvlLles ln 66
general Lralnlng requlremenLs SPALL S follow requlremenLs of lnsLrumenL roLecLlve
SysLems uL 32801030en
SPALL S ln general follow requlremenLs of lnsLrumenL roLecLlve SysLems uL 66
32801030en
SlLe accepLance LesLs (SA1) SPALL S be performed Lo demonsLraLe LhaL Lhe lnsLalled 67
equlpmenL performs as speclfled lncludlng any slLespeclflc conflguraLlon
All loops SPALL S be funcLlon LesLed Lo demonsLraLe Lhelr ablllLy Lo funcLlon on demand 67
1hls covers demonsLraLlon of Lhe ablllLy Lo sense (gas / flre) Lhe ablllLy Lo alarm and Lhe
ablllLy Lo provlde lnLerfaces Lo oLher sysLems
All gas deLecLors SPALL S be verlfled as parL of Lhe SA1 Whlch wlll lnclude callbraLlon 67
as parL of Lhe verlflcaLlon process wlLh Lhe excepLlon of lnfrared gas deLecLors LhaL are
facLory callbraLed and shall be funcLlon LesLed wlLh a LesL gas
as deLecLlon sysLem SPALL Sbe commlssloned wlLh a LesL gas LhaL slmulaLes Lhe Lype 67
of gas(s) expecLed wlLh Lhe excepLlon of open paLh deLecLors whlch shall be commlssloned
uslng callbraLed opLlcal fllLers
CpLlcal flre deLecLlon sysLems SPALL S be commlssloned uslng an approprlaLe LesL 67
procedure / meLhod Lo ensure LhaL Lhe deLecLor's coneofvlslon as deLalled by englneerlng
deslgn ls correcL
Smoke deLecLlon sysLems SPALL S use smoke generaLors where pracLlcal Lo ensure 67
LhaL poslLlonlng of lnsLalled smoke deLecLors Lakes cognlsance of local alrflow reglmes
AcousLlc leak deLecLlon sysLem LesLs SPALL S be carrled ouL when Lhe planL ls ln normal 68
operaLlon Lo ensure LhaL Lhe background nolse level wlll noL lnfluence Lhe leak deLecLlon
performance
1he llre as sysLems SPALL S be malnLalned Lo ensure LhaL Lhey funcLlon as per 69
orlglnal deslgn LhroughouL Lhelr operaLlonal llfe
All loops SPALL S be funcLlon LesLed Lo demonsLraLe Lhelr ablllLy Lo funcLlon on demand 69
8egular funcLlon LesLlng SPALL S be carrled ouL 69
luncLlon LesLlng SPALL S be carrled ouL before equlpmenL malnLenance / overhaul eg 69
ad[usLmenL of gas cards cleanlng of componenLs or oLher lnLruslve lnLervenLlon ls noL
permlLLed unLll Lhe ablllLy Lo funcLlon on demand has been demonsLraLed and recorded
1he LesLs performed SPALL S have approved LesL meLhods / procedures and clear 69
accepLance crlLerla
1he frequency aL whlch llre and as funcLlons requlre funcLlon LesLlng and rouLlne 69
malnLenance SPALL S be seL by an approprlaLe meLhodology based on achlevlng a
lu beLLer Lhan 2 for a slngle deLecLor or a slngle flnal elemenL unless a speclflc lu
requlremenL has been ldenLlfled (refer SecLlon 3)
Smoke deLecLors SPALL S be LesLed uslng an approved LesL medlum 70
PeaL deLecLors SPALL S be LesLed uslng an approved LesL medlum 70
lranglble bulbs fuslble plugs pneumaLlc Lublng and flre wlres SPALL S be LesLed uslng 70
a meLhod LhaL slmulaLes deLecLor operaLlon
lnfrared gas deLecLors SPALL S be facLory callbraLed and should noL be recallbraLed ln 70
Lhe fleld
CerLlfled callbraLlon LesL gas or LesL fllLers SPALL S be used Lo funcLlon LesL Lhe deLecLlon 70
response aL a slngle polnL ln Lhe deLecLlon scale
1he callbraLlon seLLlng and LesL gas composlLlon SPALL S be deLermlned Laklng accounL 70
of Lhe deLecLor gas crosssenslLlvlLles and Lhe gases llkely Lo be deLecLed ln Lhe area ln
whlch Lhe sensor ls lnsLalled
1he LesL gas used for callbraLlon of polnL gas sensors SPALL S be beLween 43 and 70
33 of Lhe measurlng range wherever posslble and SPALL S noL be greaLer Lhan 60
of Lhe LlL of any of Lhe gases LhaL are llkely Lo be presenL
1he gas deLecLor SPALL S be sub[ecLed Lo a LesL gas mlxLure LhaL wlll drlve Lhe deLecLlon 70
sysLem Lhrough all alarm polnLs Lhus provldlng LesL of alarms
lor appllcaLlons where meLhane ls Lhe prlnclpal gas of lnLeresL l8 and caLalyLlc bead polnL 70
LlL deLecLors SPALL S be callbraLed uslng 30 meLhane LlL ln alr
CallbraLlon mlxLures conLalnlng eLhanol penLanes hexanes or hlgher molecular welghL 70
hydrocarbons (le llqulds) SPALL S noL be used
1he deLecLor shall be callbraLed such LhaL Lhe alarm seLLlngs SPALL S always be less 71
Lhan 60 of Lhe lower flammable llmlL of any poLenLlal gas / vapours LhaL can be presenL ln
Lhe deLecLlon zone
Where pracLlcal P2S deLecLors SPALL S be callbraLed wlLh approprlaLe P2S gas 71
concenLraLlon ln nlLrogen
P2S gas deLecLors can be callbraLed uslng elLher 71
- callbraLlon chambers and callbraLlon ampoules or
- a cyllnder wlLh P2SlnnlLrogen (preferred)
-C1L P2S sLored ln alr mlxLures are noL sLable and Lherefore SPALL S noL be used
AcousLlc deLecLors SPALL S be LesLed and callbraLed (lf necessary) by means of a 71
callbraLed sound source ln a conLrolled manner (a seL dlsLance from Lhe deLecLor) as per
manufacLurer's recommendaLlons
1esL and MalnLenance resulLs SPALL S be recorded ln Lhe corporaLe malnLenance 71
recordlng sysLem
llgure A1 1yplcal LlL relaLlonshlp versus measuremenL dlsplay 73
1he user of Lhls documenL SPALL S examlne Lhe
characLerlsLlcs of lndlvldual deLecLors durlng deslgn wlLh manufacLurers consulLed for Lhelr
producLs response Lo dlfferenL gases
AL-ulx 8 LxAMLL Cl l S?S1LM A8CPl1LC1u8L 76
-oLes
3 AcLlon Laken on second devlce C-L? lf second devlce ls -C1 acousLlc 78
(acousLlcs SPALL S noL be voLed LogeLher)
7 venLllaLlon fans ln process bulldlngs SPALL S be sLopped upon flre 78
deLecLlon ln Lhe evenL of slmulLaneous flre and gas deLecLlon alarms Lhe
flre alarm loglc SPALL S overrlde Lhe gas deLecLlon loglc
4 lf Lhe Lmergency uepressurlng valve (Luv) ls also auLomaLlcally lnlLlaLed Lhe SlL 7
assessmenL and deslgn SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 32801010en
1he mosL sLrlngenL requlremenLs of Lhls uL and of uL 32801010en (based on
Lhe SlL found) SPALL S be applled
lf Lhe
depressurlng valve ls also auLomaLlcally lnlLlaLed Lhen Lhe SlL assessmenL deslgn and ll
managemenL SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 32801010en 1he mosL sLrlngenL
requlremenLs of Lhls uL and of uL 32801010en (based on Lhe SlL found)
SPALL S be applled
6
SurvlvablllLy requlremenLs Lo wlLhsLand severe accldenL condlLlons SPALL S be deflned
and lmplemenLed for depressurlng sysLems
6
6 MalnLenance managemenL of change and oLher ll managemenL requlremenLs 7
SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 32801012en
Where slmulLaneous openlng of boLh valves would cause Lhe accepLable 7
blowdown raLe (Lyplcally llmlLed by raLeofdepressurlslng and by flare capaclLy) Lo be
exceeded Lhe lowraLe operaLlonal depressurlslng valve SPALL S be auLomaLlcally
closed upon openlng of Lhe hlghraLe emergency depressurlslng valve 1here
SPALL S be no slmllar funcLlon LhaL prevenLs Lhe hlghraLe emergency
depressurlslng valve openlng
1 An SlA (Secure lnsLrumenL Alr) buffer vessel SPALL S assure lnsLrumenL alr supply 8
Lo alr fall closed valves and shall assure lnsLrumenL alr supply Lo alr fall open
depressurlng valves
2 SLarLlng aL Lhe maxlmum upsLream process pressure and Lhe mlnlmum downsLream 8
process pressure and wlLh Lhe acLuaLor loaded aL Lhe upper deslgn pressure of Lhe SlA
sysLem Lhe depressurlslng valve SPALL S be fully open wlLhln 20 s from lnlLlaLlon
1he requlred sLroklng Llme SPALL S lnclude Lhe lnsLalled condlLlons such as Lhe
solenold valve Lublng eLc
3 lnlLlaLlon and reseL SPALL S be posslble from a safe locaLlon 8
6
upon lnlLlaLlng hlghraLe depressurlng Lhe lowraLe depressurlng sysLem SPALL S be
closed auLomaLlcally 1here SPALL S be no provlslons Lo prevenL Lhe hlghraLe valve
from openlng lf Lhe lowraLe operaLlonal valve does noL close
upon auLomaLlc lnlLlaLlon of Lhe lowraLe depressurlng sysLem (ln case Lhe low raLe
depressurlng valve ls also Lhe flnal elemenL of an ll) Lhe lowraLe depressurlng valve
SPALL S open fully unless lL ls lnhlblLed by hlghraLe depressurlng
6
1wo valves ln serles SPALL S noL be used 7
1he acLual valve capaclLy (Cv facLor) of
Lhe valve SPALL S noL be less Lhan Lhe calculaLed requlred value nor shall lL exceed Lhls
value by more Lhan 10
7
1he lower deslgn LemperaLure SPALL S be based on Lhe mlnlmum LemperaLure LhaL can
be achleved durlng depressurlng
7
1he mlnlmum hole and passage way slze ln lownolse Lrlms SPALL S be 6 mm (x lnch)
ln dlameLer Low nolse Lrlms fllLers resLrlcLlon plaLes or sllencers SPALL S noL be used lf
Lhere ls a poLenLlal of plugglng
7
A Secure lnsLrumenL Alr (SlA) buffer vessel SPALL S assure lnsLrumenL alr supply Lo
- AuLomaLlcally lnlLlaLed alr fall close valves
- Alr fall open valves lf Lhe flare sysLem cannoL handle Lhe full depressurlng raLe of all
depressurlng loads slmulLaneously
upon lnsLrumenL alr supply fallure Lhe Secure lnsLrumenL Alr (SlA) sysLem SPALL S
malnLaln sufflclenL pressure ln Lhe buffer vessel Lo allow for aL leasL Lhree valve sLrokes
based on an lnlLlal pressure ln Lhe SlA vessel equal Lo Lhe mlnlmum lnsLrumenL Alr Peader
pressure
7
-C1LS
6) -ormally deenerglsed solenold valves mean ln Lhls conLexL LhaL Lhe solenolds are deenerglsed 9
under normal operaLlng condlLlons When normally deenerglsed solenolds are used Lhe followlng
SPALL S be lncluded ln Lhe deslgn Lwo solenolds ln parallel (1oo2) flreprooflng of Lhe cable and
solenold where ln a flre zone llne monlLorlng and a vlLal power sysLem
uepressurlng sysLems are 10
1 SLarLlng aL Lhe maxlmum upsLream process pressure and Lhe mlnlmum downsLream
process pressure Lhe depressurlslng valve SPALL S sLroke from fully closed Lo
fully open and vlce versa wlLhln 30 s from lnlLlaLlon when operaLed from Lhe
manual sLaLlon and wlLhln 20 s from lnlLlaLlon when operaLed vla Lhe solenold valve
3 8emoLe acLuaLlon from a safe dlsLance SPALL S be posslble lor planLs wlLh a 10
conLrol room Lhe faclllLy shall be operaLed from Lhe console
1he mlnlmum sysLem requlremenLs for LowraLe Cuvs LhaL are lnlLlaLed auLomaLlcally are 10
1 An SlA buffer vessel SPALL S assure lnsLrumenL alr supply Lo alr fall closed valves
and shall assure lnsLrumenL alr Lo alr fall open depressurlng valves
-oLe A secured lnsLrumenL alr vessel ls used for mulLlple emergency depressurlng valves ln lleu of a SlA
vessel lndlvldual secured lnsLrumenL alr vessels may be used
2 SLarLlng aL Lhe maxlmum upsLream process pressure and Lhe mlnlmum downsLream
process pressure Lhe depressurlslng valve SPALL S sLroke from fully closed Lo fully
open and vlce versa wlLhln 30 s from lnlLlaLlon when operaLed from Lhe manual sLaLlon
3 SLarLlng aL Lhe maxlmum upsLream process pressure and mlnlmum downsLream
process pressure and wlLh Lhe acLuaLor fully unloaded (eg venLed) Lhe
depressurlslng valve SPALL S be fully open wlLhln 20 s from lnlLlaLlon vla any of Lhe
solenold valves
4 1he manual conLrol sLaLlon SPALL S be locaLed aL a safe locaLlon lor planLs wlLh a
conLrol room Lhe faclllLy shall be operaLed from Lhe console
8 LlecLrlcal power SPALL S be supplled from vlLal ower vlLal power SPALL S be 11
slzed for aL leasL 30 mln
uL8LSSu8lSl- vALvL CALCuLA1lC-S 12
2 8equlremenLs for deLermlnlng flow raLes and depressurlslng raLes for hlghraLe
emergency depressurlslng sysLems SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh
uL 80431012en
3 valve calculaLlons shall be ln accordance wlLh uL 32360117en 1he acLual 12
capaclLy (Cv facLor) of Lhe valve SPALL S noL be less Lhan Lhe calculaLed value nor
shall lL exceed Lhls value by more Lhan 10 1hls may resulL ln a nonsLandard Lrlm
slze or a speclal consLrucLlon
4 A calculaLlon SPALL S be made ln order Lo verlfy LhaL hlghraLe emergency 12
depressurlslng Lakes place wlLhln Lhe speclfled Llme 1hls calculaLlon SPALL S
lnclude Lhe aslnsLalled condlLlons such as Lhe acLual solenold valve Cv Lublng
slze/lengLh
3 All depressurlng valves ln Lhe flnal lnsLalled condlLlon SPALL S be LesLed ln order Lo 12
verlfy Lhe valve sLrokes ln Lhe requlred Llme
6 lor hlghraLe emergency depressurlslng valves Lhe flow raLe lnleL pressure 12
LemperaLure and molecular welghL SPALL S be ploLLed agalnsL Llme based on Lhe
acLual Cv of Lhe selecLed valve
SLClllC uLSl- 8LCul8LML-1S 13
8 oLenLlal for plugglng SPALL S be evaluaLed when selecLlng Lrlm
9 Lownolse Lrlm SPALL S only be used ln appllcaLlons where Lhere are no plugglng
concerns and only lf approved by Lhe rlnclpal ln such cases Lhe holes/passageways
SPALL S noL be less Lhan 7 mm (x lnch) ln dlameLer lf plugglng ls a concern low
nolse Lrlm SPALL S noL be used
8C1A8? A-u Ll-LA8 AC1uA1C8 8LCul8LML-1S 13
3 AcLuaLors SPALL S be pneumaLlc plsLonLype wlLh a sprlng sLrong enough Lo move
Lhe valve Lo Lhe fall poslLlon on loss of lnsLrumenL alr
11 1he valve acLuaLor SPALL S be slzed for Lravelllng from Lhe fully closed Lo Lhe fully
open poslLlon and vlce versa aL Lhe maxlmum upsLream process pressure Lhe
mlnlmum downsLream process pressure and Lhe mlnlmum SlA pressure
SCLL-Clu vALvL 8LCul8LML-1S 14
1 Solenold valves SPALL S be mounLed beLween Lhe poslLloner and Lhe acLuaLor
2 1he mlnlmum porL slze of Lhe solenold valve SPALL S be verlfled and Laken lnLo
accounL for all sLroklng Llme calculaLlons
Solenold valves SPALL S be mounLed ln Lhe alr llne beLween Lhe poslLloner and Lhe
acLuaLor
8
7 1he volLage drop across Lhe slgnal cable when Lhe solenolds are acLuaLed 14
SPALL S be calculaLed Lo ensure LhaL Lhe solenold wlll always have sufflclenL
volLage aL raLed currenL for proper and repeaLable operaLlon
1 -ormally deenerglsed (-uL) solenold valves for hlghraLe Luv/Cuvs SPALL S 13
have Lhe solenold and above ground slgnal cable and condulL LhaL ls locaLed ln a flre
zone flreproofed ln accordance wlLh lLC 6033121 le able Lo wlLhsLand
LemperaLures of aL leasL 730 C for a perlod of 90 mln
lf -ormally ueenerglsed solenold valves are used Lhen
1 1he solenold valve conflguraLlon SPALL S be 1oo2 le lf one solenold valve falls
Lo energlse or falls Lo open on energlsaLlon Lhe depressurlng valve sLlll opens
2 Llne monlLorlng of Lhe solenold valve slgnal llnes SPALL S be applled Lo alarm
llne dlsconLlnulLles shorL clrculLs and earLh faulLs Llne monlLorlng faulLs shall noL
resulL ln openlng of Lhe hlgh raLe emergency depressurlng valve
3 Slgnal llnes for Lhe solenold valves SPALL S be flreproofed ln process areas
8
Solenold valves SPALL S be conLrolled from Lhe lnsLrumenLed roLecLlve SysLem 8
lf -ormally ueenerglsed solenold valves are used Lhen Lhe
acLual volLage aL Lhe solenold valve ln energlsed condlLlon SPALL S be measured durlng
Lhe valldaLlon sLep ln Lhe commlsslonlng phase
8
llre prooflng SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh uL 80800011en secLlon 12 for
offshore lnsLallaLlons and uL 80471030en secLlon 334 338 and 339 for onshore
lnsLallaLlons
8
1he block valves SPALL S be locked open 9
1he followlng safeLy requlremenLs SPALL S be llsLed and Lransferred Lo Lhelr respecLlve
rlsk managemenL or englneerlng processes
- LlecLrlcal Lnglneerlng mlnlmum uS power back up Llme (343)
- rocess SafeLy Lnglneerlng valve capaclLy (Cv facLor) and characLerlsLlc (31)
- rocess Lnglneerlng and Mechanlcal Lnglneerlng ldenLlfler descrlpLlon and
Class 1 requlremenL of nonreLurn valves for SlA sysLems (322)
- Alarm ManagemenL ldenLlfler and descrlpLlon of solenold valve llne monlLorlng
alarm (342) and low pressure alarm of SlA sysLem (322)
9
8efore commlsslonlng lnLo servlce lL SPALL S be conflrmed Lhrough examlnaLlon and
LesLlng LhaL Lhe requlremenLs of Lhls uL are meL
9
3 lor all hlgh raLe Luvs LhaL are alr Lo fall closed Lhe valve acLuaLor and solenold 13
SPALL S be flreproofed Lo wlLhsLand 730 C for a perlod of 90 mlnuLes 1hls flre
reslsLance SPALL S be obLalned by flre reslsLanL parLs of Lhe valve and/or by
means of flre prooflng ln accordance wlLh lLC 6033121
lor normally deenerglsed hlghraLe emergency depressurlslng sysLems Lhe lnpuL clrculLs 16
from Lhe 'depressurlslng' lnlLlaLlng devlce (lf appllcable) and Lhe ouLpuL clrculLs Lo Lhe
solenold valves SPALL S be permanenLly monlLored for open clrculLs shorL clrculLs and
earLh faulLs 1hese faulLs SPALL S generaLe alarms buL shall noL resulL ln openlng of Lhe
hlghraLe emergency depressurlslng valve
lor -uL solenold valves 16
Lhe above ground wlrlng ln Lhe flre zone SPALL S be run vla separaLe rouLes
1 upon lnsLrumenL alr supply fallure Lhe SlA sysLem SPALL S malnLaln sufflclenL 16
pressure ln Lhe buffer vessel Lo allow for aL leasL Lhree valve sLrokes
2 1he alr charges requlred for Lhree valve sLrokes of a slngleacLlng emergency 16
depressurlslng valve SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh 1able 2
1 Luvs LhaL are acLlvaLed manually SPALL S be LesLed as follows 18
a 1oo1 and 2oo2 solenold conflguraLlons (reference Appendlx 1 3 4) SPALL S be
funcLlon LesLed aL leasL once every year As a mlnlmum Lhls LesL SPALL S lnclude
acLlvaLlng Lhe solenold(s) and verlfylng Lhe depressurlng valve sLrokes fully open
wlLhln Lhe prescrlbed Llme
b 1oo2 solenold conflguraLlons (8eference Appendlx 2) SPALL S be funcLlon LesLed
aL leasL once every 2 years As a mlnlmum Lhls LesL SPALL S lnclude acLlvaLlng
Lhe solenolds and verlfylng Lhe depressurlng valve sLrokes fully open wlLhln Lhe
prescrlbed Llme
-C1LS 23
3 upon lnlLlaLlon of Lhe hlghraLe emergency depressurlslng Lhe low raLe operaLlonal depressurlslng
valve
shall be closed 1hls conflguraLlon SPALL S only be used wlLh Lhe conflguraLlon ln Appendlx 1 uslng -L
solenolds
Surface SafeLy SysLems for all flxed offshore sLrucLures floaLlng producLlon sLorage and
offLake sysLems SPALL S also comply wlLh uL 37011010en SecLlon 2
Surface SafeLy SysLems for all flxed offshore sLrucLures floaLlng producLlon sLorage and
offLake sysLems SPALL S also comply wlLh uL 37011010en SecLlon 2
SlL 4 lls SPALL S be deslgned and lmplemenLed ln full compllance wlLh lLC 61308
SlL 4 deslgns are noL covered by Lhls uL
18
ll llfe cycle managemenL SPALL S comply wlLh requlremenLs of lLC 613111
SecLlon 62
19
As a mlnlmum Lhe Leam SPALL S conslsL of represenLaLlves from 13
- process Lechnology
- operaLlons
- compeLenL faclllLaLor
An experL ln Lhe use of Lhe classlflcaLlon meLhodology SPALL S be appolnLed as 13
faclllLaLor
All lls as deflned ln (333) SPALL S be SlL assessed ln accordance wlLh Lhls uL 18
excepL lls proLecLlng packaged unlLs or equlpmenL LhaL do noL pose slgnlflcanL rlsks or are
adequaLely proLecLed by Lhe sLandard deslgn of Lhe manufacLurer (llsLed ln Appendlx !)
As a mlnlmum all healLh and safeLy envlronmenLal consequences SPALL S be SlL 19
assessed and Lhe hlghesL SlL for personal safeLy and envlronmenLal consequences
SPALL S be selecLed for Lhe ll
lf Lhe classlflcaLlon meLhod lndlcaLes LhaL Lhe SlL ls x Lhe deslgn wlLhouL Lhe ll 19
SPALL S be made safer so LhaL Lhe ll ls elLher noL requlred or ls classlfled lower Lhan
x
uurlng Lhe classlflcaLlon Lhe process safeLy Llme for each funcLlon SPALL S be 29
deLermlned
uurlng Lhe classlflcaLlon Lhe ll relaLed LlghL shuL off (1SC) requlremenLs for flnal elemenLs 30
SPALL S be deLermlned
lls of SlL 4 SPALL S be deslgned and lmplemenLed ln full compllance wlLh lLC 61308 31
lor Lhe llfecycle managemenL of SlL 4 lls ln parLlcular see uL 32801012en
1he classlflcaLlon resulLs be formally documenLed and Lhe relevanL resulLs SPALL S be 37
lncorporaLed ln Lhe ll requlremenLs speclflcaLlon
A hazard and rlsk assessmenL SlL assessmenL SPALL S be carrled ouL on hazardous
processes and lLs assoclaLed equlpmenL
20
SlL 1 or hlgher SPALL S comply wlLh 39
- 1he requlremenLs for Lhe probablllLy of fallure on demand (lu ll ln
demand mode) or dangerous undeLecLed fallure raLe (du ll ln conLlnuous
mode) See (42)
- 1he requlremenLs for mlnlmum faulL Lolerance See (43)
- 1he followlng performance requlremenLs
l 1he ll shall have compleLed Lhe safeLy acLlon wlLhln Lhe process safeLy
Llme
ll 1he accuracy of Lhe sensor(s) shall be such LhaL Lhe ll acLlon ls lnlLlaLed
wlLhln Lhe accuracy llmlL assumed when esLabllshlng Lhe process safeLy Llme
(llgure 7)
lll lf Lhe ll flnal elemenL ls one or more valves lL or Lhey shall comply wlLh Lhe
1SC requlremenLs See furLher (3379)
1he probablllsLlc calculaLlons SPALL S Lake accounL of all fallures LhaL may occur durlng 40
Lhe Mlsslon 1lme of Lhe ll
SlL SPALL S be deLermlned by ploLLlng Lhe frequency (lnverse vlrLual uemand
8aLe) and consequence on 1ables 1 2 and 3 wlLh all Lhe allocaLed proLecLlon
layers ln place excepL for Lhe poLenLlal ll
22
ln oLher words Lhe success crlLerla LhaL form Lhe basls of Lhe lu/du calculaLlon 40
SPALL S reflecL Lhe ll archlLecLure
1he lu/du calculaLlons SPALL S Lake common causes lnLo accounL LhaL affecL faulL 43
LoleranL / redundanL archlLecLures
1he lu/du calculaLlons SPALL S Lake lnLo accounL Lhe followlng LesL relaLed daLa 43
-oLe AlLhough LesLlng does noL lmprove Lhe du of a devlce LesLlng does have an lmpacL on Lhe overall du of
dangerous faulL LoleranL archlLecLures
L du 1oo2 luA *du 8 + lu8 *duA whereby Lhe lus are lmproved by LesLlng
- 1esL lnLerval for Lhe sensor and lS lnpuL comblnaLlon and for Lhe lS
ouLpuL and flnal elemenL comblnaLlon 1hese Lwo LesL lnLervals are noL
necessarlly Lhe same
- 1esL Coverage facLors wlLh whlch Lhese LesLs are performed
- 1esL duraLlon 1he LesL duraLlon ls Lhe Llme durlng whlch Lhe sensor or Lhe
flnal elemenL as Lhe case may be ls noL avallable Lo carry ouL lLs normal
safeLy funcLlon because lL ls eg ln overrlde (sensors) or mechanlcally
prohlblLed from movlng fully or bypassed (flnal elemenL) durlng an onllne LesL
lf onllne LesLlng ls noL posslble (eg moLor Lrlp) Lhe LesL duraLlon should be
Lake as zero lf MvC ls used as auLomaLlc LesL Lhe LesL duraLlon should also
be Laken as zero slnce Lhe sensor ls noL puL ln overrlde
- 8epalr Llme 1hls ls Lhe average Llme LhaL Lhe sensor or flnal elemenL ls ln a
dangerous fallure condlLlon durlng repalr A sensor on malnLenance overrlde
or a flnal elemenL elLher mechanlcally prohlblLed from movlng fully or ls
bypassed would be consldered a dangerous fallure condlLlon Many valves
cannoL be repalred on llne so Lhelr average repalr Llme would be zero
1he lu (demand mode) or du (conLlnuous mode) calculaLlons SPALL S provlde Lhe 43
followlng ouLpuLs
Sensor and flnal elemenL subsysLems SPALL S be LoleranL for x (Lhe degree of faulL 44
Lolerance) number of dangerous fallures where x ls speclfled ln Lhe Lable below
1he degree of dangerous faulL Lolerance (ul1) SPALL S be esLabllshed as 44
ul1 base faulL Lolerance + rlor use modlfler + lall Safe modlfler
1he lmplemenLaLlon of SlL 4 funcLlons falls ouLslde Lhe scope of Lhls uL SlL 4 lls 46
SPALL S be deslgned ln full compllance wlLh lLC 61308
All SlL 1 2 and 3 lls SPALL S be 'full' and auLomaLlc le wlLh sensor loglc solver and 46
flnal elemenL
All componenLs used ln SlL 1 2 and 3 funcLlons SPALL S be lndependenL of 47
componenLs used for monlLorlng and conLrol funcLlons (uCS) excepL for Lhe cases llsLed
below
1ransmlLLers SPALL S be wrlLeproLecLed Lo prevenL lnadverLenL modlflcaLlons of 49
program parameLers from a remoLe locaLlon
8efore a MCS ls acLlvaLed all work and permlL procedures SPALL S be followed so LhaL 64
a record ls avallable lndlcaLlng Lhe name of Lhe person who swlLched on Lhe overrlde 1he
permlL procedure SPALL S lnclude a 'mlLlgaLlon procedure' Lo mlLlgaLe Lhe rlsks whlle Lhe
MCS ls acLlvaLed 1he 'mlLlgaLlon procedure shall lnclude
- a check LhaL Lhe conLrol or lndlcaLlng LransmlLLer measuremenL used as backup ls
fully funcLlonal
- frequenL monlLorlng by Lhe operaLor of Lhe relaLed conLrol or lndlcaLlng LransmlLLer
measuremenL frequenLly once Lhe prealarm ls on so LhaL manual acLlons (removal
of Lhe overrlde or manual LSu) can be Laken lf Lhe process moves Loo close Lo Lhe
Lrlp seL polnL
- Lhe polnL aL whlch Lhe process shall be Lrlpped manually
8efore a MCS ls acLlvaLed all work and permlL procedures SPALL S be followed so LhaL
a record ls avallable lndlcaLlng Lhe name of Lhe person who swlLched on Lhe overrlde 1he
permlL procedure SPALL S lnclude a 'mlLlgaLlon procedure' Lo mlLlgaLe Lhe rlsks whlle Lhe
MCS ls acLlvaLed
60
1he ll SlL assessmenL process SPALL S be carrled ouL for 67
- as/ Loxlc gas deLecLlon alr lnLakes Lo bulldlngs and enclosures LhaL shuLdown Lhe
alr lnLake of
o ConLrol rooms/ bulldlngs
o lA8/ local equlpmenL rooms
o Analyser houses
o LlecLrlcal SubsLaLlons
- as deLecLlon ln bulldlngs/ enclosures / shelLers LhaL shuLdown non LLx equlpmenL
ln
o Analyser houses
o lA8/ local equlpmenL rooms
ll requlremenL speclflcaLlon documenLs SPALL S be prepared LhaL saLlsfy
requlremenLs of lLC 613111 SecLlon 103
24
ueslgn and procuremenL SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh Lhe ll 8equlremenL
SpeclflcaLlon
23
Lach ll / SlL 1 SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe followlng 3 requlremenLs
1 SlL lu 8equlremenL ll saLlsfles mlnlmum requlremenLs for Lhe probablllLy of
fallure on demand (lu ll ln demand mode) or dangerous undeLecLed fallure
raLe (du ll ln conLlnuous mode) See (63)
2 laulL 1olerance 8equlremenL Pardware archlLecLure (sensors loglc solver and
flnal elemenLs) saLlsfles mlnlmum faulL Lolerance See (66) 1he relaLlonshlp
beLween Lhe SlL of Lhe ll Lhe requlred lu and Lhe requlred mlnlmum dangerous
faulL Lolerance ls glven ln 1able 4 8elaLlon beLween SlL requlred lu and base
faulL Lolerance
23
3 erformance 8equlremenLs
a) ll 8esponse 1lme rocess SafeLy 1lme
ll 8eponses 1lme
(Sensor 8esponse 1lme (lncludlng lllLers) + lS 8esponse 1lme (lnpuL Lo
ouLpuL) + rogrammed 1lme uelays + (llnal LlemenL 8esponse 1lme +
Margln))
lf flnal elemenL ls a valve should add a margln Lo requlred valve response
Llme 1030 because Lhe valve sLroke Llme can degrade over Llme
b) MomenL of acLlon When esLabllshlng when Lhe momenL Lhe acLlon shall be
lnlLlaLed Lhe process safeLy Llme and Lhe accuracy of Lhe sensor(s) shall be
Laken lnLo accounL
c) llnal elemenL leakage raLe requlremenL lf Lhe ll flnal elemenL ls one or more
valves each valve shall comply wlLh Lhe leakage raLe requlremenLs
1he probablllsLlc calculaLlons SPALL S Lake accounL of all fallures LhaL may occur durlng
Lhe Mlsslon 1lme of Lhe ll
28
Sensors SPALL S aL leasL be LesLed wlLh Lhe lnLerval and coverage facLor assumed ln 71
Lhe lu calculaLlons
llnal elemenLs SPALL S aL leasL be LesLed wlLh lnLerval and coverage assumed ln Lhe 71
lu calculaLlons
1he success crlLerla LhaL form Lhe basls of Lhe lu/du calculaLlon SPALL S reflecL Lhe
ll archlLecLure
28
1he lu/du calculaLlons SPALL S Lake common causes lnLo accounL LhaL affecL faulL
LoleranL / redundanL archlLecLures
30
1he lu/du calculaLlons SPALL S Lake lnLo accounL Lhe followlng LesL relaLed daLa
- 1esL lnLerval for Lhe sensor and lS lnpuL comblnaLlon and for Lhe lS ouLpuL and
flnal elemenL comblnaLlon 1hese Lwo LesL lnLervals are noL necessarlly Lhe same
- 1esL Coverage facLors wlLh whlch Lhese LesLs are performed
- 1esL duraLlon 1he LesL duraLlon ls Lhe Llme durlng whlch Lhe sensor or Lhe flnal
elemenL as Lhe case may be ls noL avallable Lo carry ouL lLs normal safeLy funcLlon
because lL ls eg ln overrlde (sensors) or mechanlcally prohlblLed from movlng fully
or bypassed (flnal elemenL) durlng an onllne LesL lf onllne LesLlng ls noL posslble
(eg moLor Lrlp) Lhe LesL duraLlon should be Laken as zero lf MvC ls used as
auLomaLlc LesL Lhe LesL duraLlon should also be Laken as zero slnce Lhe sensor ls
noL puL ln overrlde
- 8epalr Llme 1hls ls Lhe average Llme LhaL Lhe sensor or flnal elemenL ls ln a
dangerous fallure condlLlon durlng repalr
31
1he lu (demand mode) or du (conLlnuous mode) calculaLlons SPALL S provlde Lhe
followlng ouLpuLs
luSL resp
duSL of Lhe sensor and lS lnpuL comblnaLlon
luLS resp
duLS of Lhe loglc solver
lulL resp
dulL of Lhe lS ouLpuL and flnal elemenL comblnaLlon
lor demand mode lls Lhe achleved lull luSL + luLS + lulL shall be lower Lhan
70 of Lhe hlgher lu llmlL requlred for Lhe SlL of Lhe ll lf Lhls ls noL Lhe case LesL
lnLervals archlLecLure or funcLlon componenLs shall be changed so LhaL Lhe lu ls
sufflclenLly reduced
lor conLlnuous mode lls Lhe achleved dull duSL + duLS + dulL shall be lower
Lhan 70 of Lhe hlgher du llmlL requlred for Lhe SlL of Lhe ll lf Lhls ls noL Lhe case LesL
lnLervals archlLecLure or funcLlon componenLs shall be changed so LhaL Lhe du ls
sufflclenLly reduced
AddlLlonally Lhe calculaLlons should provlde safefallure raLe of Lhe Safefallure ClusLer
31
Sensor and flnal elemenL subsysLems SPALL S be LoleranL for x (Lhe degree of faulL
Lolerance) number of dangerous fallures where x ls speclfled ln 1able 3 uangerous laulL
1olerance Modlflers
31
1he degree of dangerous faulL Lolerance (ul1) SPALL S be esLabllshed as follows
ul1 8ase faulL Lolerance + rlor use modlfler + lall Safe modlfler
1he ul1 shall noL be negaLlve
32
1o Lake credlL for rlor use modlfler all of Lhe followlng SPALL S exlsL
- Lhe devlce saLlsfles deflnlLlon for prlor use" as descrlbed ln 678
- Lhe devlce allows ad[usLmenL of processrelaLed parameLers only for example
measurlng range upscale or downscale fallure dlrecLlon
- Lhe ad[usLmenL of processrelaLed parameLers of conflgurable fleld devlce ls wrlLe
proLecLed by [umpers (hard swlLch) or password conflgured ln Lhe devlce [umpers
are preferred lf passwords are used conLrol of passwords SPALL S be parL of
Lhe malnLenance managemenL sysLem and be audlLable Lo comply wlLh uACA
requlremenLs (67331) See (67331) for requlremenLs for ll fleld devlces
connecLed Lo Lhe Cu such as AMS
- Lhe funcLlon has a SlL requlremenL of less Lhan 4
32
All componenLs used ln SlL 1 2 and 3 funcLlons SPALL S be lndependenL of
componenLs used for monlLorlng and conLrol funcLlons (uCS) excepL for Lhe speclal cases
llsLed ln 6731 and 6732
34
1he ad[usLmenL Lo conflgurable LransmlLLer parameLers SPALL S be wrlLeproLecLed Lo
prevenL lnadverLenL modlflcaLlons of program parameLers (67331)
33
lf sharlng of PP and LL Lrlp (common sensors) and Lhe followlng 2 condlLlons exlsL Lhen
mlnlmum archlLecLure SPALL S be per Lables 11 12 and 13
38
2 Lnglneerlng changes Lo Lhe lS (lncludlng modlflcaLlons Lo Lhe loglc solver
programmlng) SPALL S be proLecLed by hardwlred keyswlLch physlcally
lnsLalled on Lhe lS or ln Lhe cablneL LhaL wlll dlsable Lhe lS conflguraLlon mode
41
lf an ll fleld devlce can be conflgured from Lhe Cu such as Lhrough Lhe use of
AMS (llgure 3 ll lnLerconnecLlons ll lnLerconnecLlons below) Lhen Lhe fleld
devlce SPALL S be equlpped wlLh wrlLe proLecL aL Lhe LransmlLLer preferably a
physlcal swlLch ([umper) lnsLalled on Lhe fleld devlce LhaL wlll dlsable Lhe devlce
conflguraLlon mode Lo prevenL conflguraLlon from Lhe Cu
41
1he ouLpuL clrculLs Lo -uL solenold valves SPALL S be permanenLly monlLored for open
clrculLs faulL shall generaLe alarms
31
lf manual operaLlonal overrldes are used deLalled sLepbysLep operaLlons
procedures SPALL S be provlded whlch speclflcally lndlcaLe when Lhe manual overrlde
can be used and when lL musL be removed
62
Alls PSSL CrlLlcal lnsLrumenLaLlon SPALL S be ldenLlfled 63
lf Lhe varlance from Lhe ll 8equlremenL SpeclflcaLlon lmpacLs
Lhe ablllLy of Lhe lS Lo saLlsfy Lhe deslgn lnLend and prevenL Lhe hazard Lhen lL SPALL S
be addressed and resoluLlon documenLed ln Lhe pro[ecL documenLaLlon
68
valldaLlon SPALL S assure lls are deslgned lnsLalled and meeL performance
requlremenLs ln Lhe ll requlremenL speclflcaLlon (3)
68
SpeclflcaLlon lmpacLs Lhe ablllLy of Lhe lS Lo saLlsfy Lhe deslgn lnLend and prevenL Lhe
hazard Lhen lL SPALL S be addressed and resoluLlon documenLed ln Lhe pro[ecL records
69
1he lA1 SPALL S LesL Lhe appllcaLlon sofLware agalnsL Lhe ll 8equlremenL
SpeclflcaLlon rlnclpal documenLs belng Lhe ll -arraLlve and CLM AddlLlonally Lhe lA1
presenLs an opporLunlLy Lo valldaLe deslgn lnLenL Lherefore operaLlons and LechnologlsL
shall parLlclpaLe ln some or all of Lhe lA1
69
Loglc performed ouLslde Lo Lhe maln lS such as 8enLley -evada voLlng loglc roLaLlng
equlpmenL safeguardlng LC or calculaLed values ln smarL fleld devlces SPALL S be
LesLed wlLh Lhe same Lhoroughness as Lhe maln lS
69
Any changes afLer lA1
SPALL S be valldaLed aL SA1
70
1 lS SA1 SPALL S be parL of Lhe overall quallLy plan per uL 62100811en
SecLlon 2
70
f CperaLlon of manual shuLdown swlLches SPALL S be checked 71
As parL of Lhe handover from Lhe ro[ecL organlzaLlon Lo Lhe 8un and MalnLaln organlzaLlon
Lhe followlng documenLs SPALL S be Lransferred
- ll 8equlremenL SpeclflcaLlon documenLaLlon as descrlbed ln (3)
- ll CperaLe and MalnLaln rocedures/uocumenLaLlon as descrlbed ln (631)
whlch lncludes
o ll ManagemenL rocedure
o ll MlLlgaLlon rocedures
o roof 1esL and lnspecLlon rocedures
73
1he ll ManagemenL rocedure (631) creaLed durlng deLall deslgn or Lhe overall change
procedure SPALL S lnclude all Lhe requlremenLs of lLC 613111 172
73
verlflcaLlon SPALL S ensure LhaL Lhe acLlvlLles for each safeLy llfecycle phase 77
An overall verlflcaLlon plan SPALL S be esLabllshed LhaL lncludes all acLlvlLles necessary
Lo verlfy LhaL each phase of Lhe deslgn lmplemenLaLlon and lnsLallaLlon complles wlLh whaL
was speclfled when enLerlng Lhe phase
77
ressure proLecLlon sysLems for ulLlmaLe roLecLlon SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe
requlremenLs of uL 80431011en paragraph 2103 and uL 31400010en
paragraph 34 1he pressure proLecLlon sysLem SPALL S be deslgned such LhaL Lhe
hlghesL accumulaLed pressure does noL exceed Lhe Maxlmum Allowable lncldenLal
ressure (MAl)
81
All PlS llnal LlemenL componenLs SPALL S be locaLed
upsLream of Lhe speclflcaLlon break PlS sensors shall be locaLed ln Lhe vlclnlLy of Lhe
speclflcaLlon break lf Lhe PlS ls reallsed by mulLlple (layered) ll Lo prevenL
overpressure Lhen lL SPALL S be analysed deslgned and managed as one funcLlon
81
When mulLlple sources of over pressurlng each have Lhelr own PlS Lo proLecL Lhe same
equlpmenL or plpellne Lhen Lhe LoLal sysLem of proLecLlon SPALL S meeL Lhe safeLy level
of a slngular sysLem
81
PlS SPALL S noL be lnsLalled ln plggable secLlons of plpellnes 81
SlL 4 PlS SPALL S be deslgned per lLC 61308 SlL 4 PlS shall use dlverse
equlpmenL wlLhln sensor and flnal elemenL subsysLems
81
8emoLe closure of Lhe PlS valves shall be posslble from Lhe Puman
Machlne lnLerface CperaLlonal Cverrlde SwlLches SPALL S noL be used
81
- AcLlons necessary Lo brlng Lhe process back Lo lLs normal sLaLe SPALL S be 13
predeflned for every llmlL and SPALL S be avallable Lo Lhe operaLor 1he
operaLor SPALL S be formally empowered Lo execuLe such acLlons
1hls uL does nelLher deal wlLh Lhe managerlal slde of Lhe dayLoday proacLlve monlLorlng 19
by operaLors nor wlLh lssues around operaLor empowermenL upkeep of operaLor
proflclency eLc Powever lL ls expecLed LhaL such culLure (ln parLlcular lL SPALL S noL be
allowed LhaL operaLors change alarm seLLlngs aL own lnsLlgaLlon) organlsaLlon and
supporLlng managemenL sysLems be ln place lncludlng a formal organlsaLlonal sLrucLure Lo
susLaln Lhem
-o oLher llmlLs shall be deflned and no oLher noLlflcaLlon prlorlLles Lhan Lhose deflned for 20
each llmlL shall exlsL A mulLldlsclpllnary Leam SPALL S seL Lhese llmlLs as explalned ln
subsequenL chapLers
lor exlsLlng 24
faclllLles all avallable englneerlng daLa ls Lo be examlned and posslbly revalldaLed and
updaLed 1hls process alLhough posslbly Llme consumlng SPALL S noL be omlLLed
- An elecLronlc daLabase Lhe socalled varlable Lable SPALL S be malnLalned for 24
all faclllLles as Lhe formal reposlLory of all faclllLy consLralnLs crlLlcal sLandard and
LargeL llmlLs alarms operaLor acLlons and furLher assoclaLed lnformaLlon Any daLa
SPALL S be enLered ln full SPALL S be based on compleLe and upLodaLe
documenLaLlon and SPALL S be fully audlLable See (3) for furLher deLalls on
Lhe varlable Lable
WlLhln a unlL all process varlables and operaLlng modes SPALL S be 23
addressed noL [usL a subseL
Powever ln Lhe case of unmanned or llmlLed manned asseLs an asseL speclflc phllosophy 26
SPALL S be wrlLLen LhaL addresses Lhe speclflc requlremenLs for alarmlng Lo sLaff ln/on
Lhe asseL (llke a plaLform) as well as Lhe expecLed response from sLaff
- Lxceedance of llmlLs
- ulagnosLlc alarms
- LSu alarms
- lS and evacuaLlon alarms
1he lnlLlal SeL up SPALL S be execuLed as follows 27
- CollecL lnformaLlon lnpuL Lo procedure"
1hls phase collecLs all lnformaLlon wlLh regards Lo all varlables and Lhelr
consLralnLs LhaL ls requlred Lo compleLe Lhe lnlLlal seLup efflclenLly
- lan for Lhe lnlLlal seLup
1hls lncludes Lhe seLLlng up of Lhe varlable Lable and lLs owner
- ldenLlfy and Lraln resources
laclllLaLor and Leam members shall be asslgned and made avallable
- LsLabllsh
o uesLlnaLlon(s) of noLlflcaLlons (local panels lf any remoLe and local conLrol
rooms eLc)
o uesLlnaLlon for malnLenance noLlflcaLlons
- repare varlable 1able and lnlLlal SeLup MaLerlals
1he varlable daLabase shall be seLup ln preparaLlon for Lhe nexL sLep
- llll ln Lhe varlable 1able
1he varlable Lable ls fllled durlng Leam sesslons LlmlLs and assoclaLed alarm and
alerL (and posslbly Lrlp) seLLlngs are deflned from Lhe consLralnLs and relaLed
lnformaLlon
Where Lhe consequence of exceedlng llmlLs are severe a SlL assessmenL as per
uL 32801010gen or a PLM analysls SPALL S be lnlLlaLed Lo verlfy Lhe
adequacy of Lhe rlsk reducLlon provlded by Lhe alarm
Where Lhe process safeLy Llme ls Loo shorL Lo allow for operaLor response Lhe
acLlon should be auLomaLed
lSu work usually generaLe acLlons LhaL need be asslgned and Lracked Lo
compleLlon
- ueflne -oLlflcaLlons and rlorlLles
lollowlng Appendlx l noLlflcaLlons and Lhelr prlorlLles are seL by Lhe Leam
- verlfy AdequaLe MonlLorlng capablllLles for varlables
lf a varlable wlLh a sLandard Lo crlLlcal llmlL has no permanenL measuremenL Lhe
adequacy of alLernaLlves are Lo be verlfled
- CusLomer AccepLance Check
1he operaLors are Lhe users of Lhe noLlflcaLlon sysLem CperaLlons personnel shall
be consulLed on Lhe compleLeness and usablllLy of Lhe lnformaLlon ln Lhe varlable
Lable
- lmplemenL -oLlflcaLlons
All noLlflcaLlons are lmplemenLed ln Lhe alarm sysLem (Lyplcally ln Lhe uCS) and Lhe
MoC process ls lnsLlgaLed
- MonlLor lollowup AcLlons
lollowlng Lhe lmplemenLaLlon any remalnlng acLlon lLems are Lracked and changes
may only be lmplemenLed under Lhe MoC sysLem
- lnlLlal SeL up records
8ecords lncludlng acLlon records shall be kepL for 2 years followlng compleLlon
lor new pro[ecL work Lhe consLralnLs and llmlLs SPALL S be developed durlng deLalled
englneerlng
19
lor locaLlons wlLh a compleLe and asbullL PAZC/PA/PLM rocess SafeLy work
process Lhe consLralnLs and llmlLs SPALL S be gaLhered from exlsLlng process safeLy
and equlpmenL daLabases
19
lor locaLlons wlLh an lncompleLe or non asbullL PAZC/PA/PLM daLabase Lhe masLer
alarm daLabase lnformaLlon SPALL S be be ldenLlfled and gaLhered by Lhe lSu Leam
1hls slLuaLlon ls represenLed by Lhe second box on flgure 2
19
1he lnlLlal seLup Leam SPALL S record Lhe hazards or LhreaLs LhaL requlre assessmenL
(as deflned ln Appendlx l sLep 1 and 2 or lf Lhe severlLy raLlng ls 8AM consequence severlLy
4 or 3 excludlng Lconomlc rlsks) by Lhe ll or Pazards and LffecLs ManagemenL rocess
and reporL Lhese hazards Lo Lhe slLe ll/ PLM rocess local olnL
- Lhe ldenLlfler and Lhe descrlpLlon of Lhe alarm layer
- conslderaLlon of condlLlons such as normal operaLlon sLarLup shuLdown
malnLenance process upseL emergency shuLdown
- Lhe descrlpLlon of Lhe rlsk scenarlo
- Lhe consequence descrlpLlon and severlLy raLlng
26
LA- lC8 l-l1lAL SL1u 28
1 A varlable Lable SPALL S be malnLalned for all faclllLles as Lhe offlclal reposlLory of
all faclllLy crlLlcal sLandard and LargeL llmlLs alarms and assoclaLed lnformaLlon
1 All llmlLs SPALL S be lncluded ln Lhe varlable Lable wlLh Lhe perLlnenL process safeLy 29
lnformaLlon Lhe reason why Lhe llmlL ls seL aL lLs value Lhe consequences of exceedlng
Lhe llmlL recommended operaLor acLlons Lhe process safeLy Llme and Lhe equlpmenL
consLralnLs assoclaLed wlLh Lhe llmlL
2 1he followlng classes of varlables SPALL S as a mlnlmum be lncluded ln Lhe scope 29
of Lhe lnlLlal seLup subprocess
a Mechanlcal lnLegrlLy varlables
b Corroslon relaLed varlables
c lnsLrumenL proLecLlve funcLlons seLLlngs (see uL 32801010en)
d ressure safeLy and rellef valve seLLlngs
e LnvlronmenLal and operaLlng permlL varlables
f 8lsk assessmenL varlables (PLM PA)
g 8ellablllLy CenLred MalnLenance varlables
h SLorage Lank varlables
l CuallLy varlables and
[ Any varlables wlLh exlsLlng conLrol sysLem or oLher noLlflcaLlons
3 All mandaLory varlable Lable flelds SPALL S be compleLed 29
a All consLralnLs for varlables conLalned ln Lhe varlable Lable SPALL S be enLered
b CrlLlcal or sLandard llmlLs are assoclaLed wlLh an Alarm
4 1he lnlLlal seLup core Leam SPALL S record any hazards or LhreaLs LhaL may need 30
assessmenL by Lhe ll or Pazards and LffecLs ManagemenL rocess and reporL Lhese
hazards Lo Lhe slLe ll/ PLM rocess local olnL
2 Lach llmlL ln Lhe operaLlng envelope SPALL S be deflned as elLher a 30
a CrlLlcal llmlL
b SLandard llmlL or
c 1argeL llmlL
4 SLandard llmlL values SPALL S be seL wlLhln Lhe crlLlcal llmlL values 30
3 1argeL llmlL values SPALL S be seL wlLhln Lhe crlLlcal and sLandard LlmlL values 30
a Where Lhe consequence of exceedlng llmlLs are severe a SlL assessmenL as per 30
uL 32801010gen or a PLM analysls SPALL S be lnlLlaLed Lo verlfy Lhe
adequacy of Lhe rlsk reducLlon provlded by Lhe alarm
8 Changes Lo crlLlcal or sLandard llmlLs SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo managemenL of 30
ManagemenL of Change
1 lf a nonconLrol sysLem varlable wlLh a crlLlcal or sLandard llmlL cannoL be monlLored 30
adequaLely Lo allow deLecLlon of an exceedance of Lhe llmlLs Lhe rlsk assoclaLed wlLh
Lhe lnablllLy Lo adequaLely monlLorlng Lhe varlable SPALL S be assessed and
verlfled Lo be ALA8
b lf Lhe capablllLy for monlLorlng Lhe varlable ls added as parL of reduclng Lhe rlsk Lo 31
ALA8 Lhls lnlLlal seLup subprocess SPALL S be reapplled Lo LhaL varlable
1 1he requlremenLs of slLe/pro[ecL ManagemenL of Change process SPALL S be meL 31
prlor Lo lmplemenLaLlon of Lhe crlLlcal and sLandard llmlL noLlflcaLlons
2 Cnce a conLrol sysLem alarm has been conflgured per Lhe varlable Lable any 31
subsequenL changes SPALL S be under ManagemenL of Change All changes Lo
Lhe varlable Lable for conLrol sysLem varlables shall be
a 8eLalned ln Lhe varlable Lable change log
b CommunlcaLed Lo all personnel affecLed by Lhe changes
2 Cnce Lhe conLrol sysLem ls updaLed followlng Lhe lnlLlal seLup Lhe varlable Lable owner 31
or hls/her Lemporary deslgnee SPALL S be Lhe only person(s) Lo make changes Lo
Lhe varlable Lable
3 Any subsequenL changes Lo Lhe varlable Lable SPALL S be under ManagemenL of 31
Change
1he varlable 1able SPALL S conslsL of an elecLronlc reposlLory LhaL ls Lhe masLer 32
reposlLory for Lhe faclllLles noLlflcaLlons relevanL daLa (le replaces Lhe LradlLlonal alarm
and Lrlp seLLlngs llsL)
1he varlable Lable SPALL S have as a mlnlmum Lhe flelds as llsLed ln Appendlx ll for 32
each varlable and llmlL (eg 131lCA012P)
1 ConsLralnL values ln numerlc formaL of and references Lo Lhe englneerlng consLralnLs
upon whlch Lhe llmlLs are based (eg deslgn LemperaLure rellef valve seLLlng) 1he
varlable Lable does -C1 hold Lhe masLer values for Lhe englneerlng consLralnLs (excepL
Lrlp seLLlngs see below) buL a copy under MoC conLrol
2 1he faclllLy masLer values for all lnsLrumenLed safeguardlng llmlLs (Lrlp seLLlngs)
3 1he faclllLy masLer values for all operaLlonal crlLlcal sLandard and LargeL llmlLs and Lhe
assoclaLed alarm and alerL seLLlngs and enable sLaLes
-C1L lLems 2 and 3 above represenL Lhe LradlLlonal alarm Lrlp seLLlng llsLs
4 1he faclllLy masLer values for any appllcable conLroller seL polnL llmlLs lf used seL polnL
llmlLs shall be wlLhln Lhe crlLlcal or sLandard llmlLs
3 1he faclllLy CperaLlonal responses Lo process exceedances (does noL replace
operaLlonal manuals)
6 An auLomaLlc sysLem should be ln place Lo ensure for each varlable a hlerarchlcal
conslsLency beLween polnLs 1 2 and 3 (lL musL eg noL be posslble Lo seL llmlLs ouLslde
of englneerlng consLralnLs or ln llloglcal order)
7 referably an auLomaLlc logglng of change hlsLory lncludlng Lhe userlus of any
personnel maklng changes
1he varlable Lable SPALL S also be lmplemenLed for noLlflcaLlon sysLems LhaL are noL 32
based on a uCS (llke on SCAuA sysLems or local equlpmenL panels)
1he varlable llsL ls noL necessarlly llmlLed Lo Lhose avallable ln Lhe conLrol and safeguardlng 32
sysLem Also varlables ln packaged unlLs and Lhose manually obLalned vla operaLor
survelllance SPALL S be lncluded
A full revlew of Lhe llmlLs and noLlflcaLlon seLLlngs ls a Llmeconsumlng exerclse Powever 32
recenL experlence has shown LhaL Loo ofLen noLlflcaLlon seLLlngs are seL lncorrecLly or even
beyond Lhe consLralnLs of Lhe process or equlpmenL Lhe alarm should proLecL Lach llmlL
and lLs raLlonale SPALL S Lherefore be (re)esLabllshed
1here SPALL S be no conflguraLlon capablllLy of Lrlp seLLlngs 36
1he slLe SPALL S audlL key parameLers of Lhe noLlflcaLlon sysLem LhaL are llsLed as 36
auLoaudlL"ln Appendlx ll agalnsL masLer noLlflcaLlon daLa ln Lhe varlable Lable
Pandllng process alarms (raLher Lhan dlagnosLlc alarms messages eLc) ls Lhe maln 46
purpose of alarm sysLems 1he process alarms SPALL S be deslgned as per Lhe daLa ln
Lhe varlable Lable as deflned followlng (4) and (3)
l alarms SPALL S have Lhe followlng prlorlLles 47
** 1hls charL was spllL beLween pages 47 and 48 ln orlglnal documenL lL was comblned for Lhls
spreadsheeL
l alarms SPALL S have Lhe prlorlLles as llsLed ln 1able 4 28
A common alarm SPALL S be provlded wlLh a faclllLy Lo ensure LhaL any second and 31
subsequenL alarms are also alarmed and acLloned
- Pardwlred alarms (llghL boxes) SPALL S noL be be suppressed 31
1he prlorlLy of each such alarm SPALL S be seL ln accordance wlLh (4) and (3) 32
lnsLrumenLs (LransmlLLers swlLches eLc) used as sensors ln Lhe alarm sysLem SPALL S 33
be malnLalned and LesLed as follows
- lf Lhe sensor ls also used ln a conLlnuous mode servlce such as for conLlnuous
conLrol purposes (eg conLrol LransmlLLers) Lhe lnsLrumenL shall be run Lo fallure
- lf Lhe sensor ls equlpped wlLh dlagnosLlcs wlLh a uCl 90 (such as
measuremenL valldaLlon and comparlson Lechnlques) so LhaL a dangerous faulL
would normally be lmmedlaLely apparenL Lhe lnsLrumenL shall be run Lo fallure
- lf Lhe sensor has domlnanL agerelaLed fallure modes prevenLlve malnLenance shall
be applled ln accordance wlLh an 8CM analysls
- lf Lhe sensor ls also used for SlL 1 and hlgher lls lL shall be LesLed ln accordance
wlLh Lhe ll deslgn work process
- lf none of Lhe above applles Lhe lnsLrumenL shall be LesLed up Lo and lncludlng Lhe
alarm processor lnpuL channel aL leasL every 4 years 1hls may or may noL be parL
of a scheduled malnLenance shuLdown
1he lS SPALL S be normally energlsed excepL for lamp ouLpuLs 10
lorclng SPALL S be seen as a conflguraLlon change and 10
SPALL S be accordlng Lo Lhe slLe change conLrol procedure 1hls forclng feaLure shall be
conLrolled by a conflgure enable swlLch and forclng SPALL S be lneffecLlve when Lhe
swlLch ls noL enabled
ln all cases wrlLeable parameLers SPALL S only be conflgurable from Lhe LWS and 10
SPALL S requlre a change of conflguraLlon mode Lo enable a change
Where repuLable cerLlfylng auLhorlLy ls speclfled ln Lhls uL Lhls SPALL S be ln 10
accordance wlLh lLC 61308
All condlLlons regardlng appllcaLlon of Lhe lS llsLed ln Lhe lLC 61308 SlL 3 cerLlflcaLlon 10
reporL and ln Lhe lS safeLy manual SPALL S be meL
lLC 61308 SlL 3 cerLlflcaLlon SPALL S lnclude aL leasL Lhe followlng 10
- 1he lS hardware lncludlng l/C cards manualswlLches llke conflguraLlon and force
enable swlLches
- All lnpuL and ouLpuL cards whlch SPALL S be fall safe excepL for Lhose ouLpuLs
drlvlng SlL 1 ouLpuLs (noL safeLy relaLed) unless speclfled by prlnclpal and Lhose
drlvlng hardwlred alarm lamps
- lSLolS communlcaLlon over Lhe SafeLy 8us
- AppllcaLlon sofLware
- lnLerface cards
Lnglneerlng changes Lo Lhe lS (lncludlng modlflcaLlons Lo Lhe loglc solver programmlng) 11
SPALL S be proLecLed by a hardwlred manualswlLch physlcally lnsLalled on or near Lo
Lhe lS LhaL wlll enable Lhe lS conflguraLlon mode
All changes Lo Lhe lS SPALL S be ln llne wlLh Lhe ManagemenL of Change process 11
All proposed sofLware modlflcaLlons SPALL S only be made from 11
Lhe MasLer backup Lo mlnlmlse Lhe probablllLy of unauLhorlsed changes on unconLrolled
sofLware coples
When normally unmanned Lhe faclllLy fences shall be locked all bulldlng doors shall be 11
locked and Lhe auxlllary room conLalnlng Lhe safeLy sysLems SPALL S be locked
- When Access ConLrol LlsLs are used Lo allow for permlsslons Lhese llsLs SPALL S 11
noL be shared ouLslde Lhe Cu and shall only be avallable on vendor's sysLems
ln case Lhe lS ls a LS and Lhe cycle Llme exceeds 300 ms Lhen lls response Llmes 12
shall be reassessed and SPALL S noL exceed Lhelr process safeLy Llme
upgrades Lo flx bugs LhaL [eopardlse safeLy or planL avallablllLy 12
or funcLlonallLy enhancemenLs SPALL S be lmplemenLed buL only afLer cerLlflcaLlon by a
repuLable cerLlfylng auLhorlLy as deflned ln 22
1he lS englneerlng worksLaLlon (LWS) shall noL be connecLed Lo Lhe C- and SPALL 14
S be conflgured so LhaL remoLe access Lo Lhe LWS ls denled (boLh from wlLhln Lhe Cu
and vla Lhe CAu) 1hls can be achleved by one of Lhe followlng Lwo ways
l ln a separaLe SafeLy 8us or connecLed dlrecLly Lo Lhe lS conLroller Lhls ls Lhe preferred
opLlon
ll ln a common neLwork where LWS ls connecLed Lo Lhe ConLrol 8us ln Lhls case a rlsk
assessmenL SPALL S be compleLed by Lhe CS (ConLrol SysLem Lnglneer) and
approved by Lhe 1M/ CuLM (1echnology Manager/ Cu Lnglneerlng Manager) Lo verlfy
Lhe SlL level ls malnLalned
- 1o prevenL accldenLal changes Lhe LWS SPALL S have a mechanlsm Lo conflrm 13
LhaL Lhe currenLly updaLed conflguraLlon flles maLch Lhe ones runnlng ln Lhe safeLy
sysLem
- Where an LWS provldes funcLlonallLy Lo force planL sLaLes for LesLlng purposes Lhese 13
SPALL S only be avallable Lo speclflc user accounLs for LhaL purpose A physlcal
locklng mechanlsm (key or swlLch) and speclal alarm SPALL S also be provlded
SafeLyrelaLed communlcaLlon (for SafeLy lnLegrlLy Level (SlL) 1 and above) beLween 16
lnsLrumenLed roLecLlve luncLlon (ll) componenLs SPALL S be vla a neLwork LhaL ls
elLher physlcally (eg hardwlred or a dedlcaLed llnk) or loglcally separaLed from Lhe C-
Where loglcal separaLlon ls used a rlsk assessmenL SPALL S be compleLed and
approved by Lhe asseL manager or equlvalenL poslLlon ln Lhe organlsaLlon Lo verlfy Lhe SlL
level ls malnLalned
lallures of communlcaLlon llnks wlLhln Lhe safeLy sysLems SPALL S brlng any safeLy 16
relaLed slgnals Lo a safe sLaLe 1hls fallure SPALL S consLlLuLe an lncldenL whlch needs
lnvesLlgaLlon
lmplemenLaLlon of faulL Lolerance for Lhe sensor or flnal elemenL and Lhe lS SPALL S be 18
lndependenL Lo mlnlmlse Lhe effecL of common mode fallures
A dlfferenL seL of dual lnpuL cards SPALL S be used for each sensor as shown ln llgure 2 18
uangerous and/or safe hardware faulL LoleranL lnlLlaLors (eg 2oo3 LransmlLLers) SPALL 19
S be wlred Lo separaLe hardware faulL LoleranL seLs of lnpuL cards
uangerous and/or safe hardware faulL LoleranL flnal elemenLs (eg 1oo2 valves) 19
SPALL S be wlred Lo separaLe hardware faulL LoleranL seLs of ouLpuL cards
1he sysLem and appllcaLlon sofLware where used ln LS Lype lSs shall comply wlLh Lhe 20
followlng requlremenLs
- Cnly sLandard conflguraLlon meLhod (eg lLu 8LL or SlC) SPALL S be used
-elLher mnemonlc nor hlgh level language Lype programmlng such as C ASCAL or
8ASlC SPALL S be used
- lf decomplle sofLware ls needed Lhen boLh Lhe operaLlng sysLem complle sofLware and 20
Lhe decomplle sofLware SPALL S be approved by 8epuLable CerLlfylng AuLhorlLy
lA1P PASL 1 28
- vlsual checks on workmanshlp and lnsulaLlon LesLs luncLlonal LesLs lncludlng full
slmulaLlon of all lnpuLs ouLpuLs and loglc SPALL S be performed lnpuLs and ouLpuLs
shall be slmulaLed from Lhe cablneL boards
- 1he lS and all lLs applled feaLures SPALL S be checked agalnsL Lhe repuLable 28
cerLlfylng auLhorlLy approval reporL and Lhe lS safeLy manual
uCCuML-1A1lC- 30
lS documenLaLlon SPALL S lnclude sLandard documenLaLlon pro[ecL speclflc
documenLaLlon manuals and suppllers daLa books
Suppllers daLa books SPALL S be supplled and SPALL S conLaln as a mlnlmum Lhe 31
followlng lnformaLlon
- 8epuLable cerLlfylng auLhorlLy approval documenLs
- 1esL reporLs slgned by all parLles lnvolved
- ulmenslonal drawlngs
- 8ecords of auLhorlsed devlaLlons
LxcepL where Al814C and Lhe uS code of leglslaLlon Cl8 230 SubparL P ls mandaLed
by law Lhe mlnlmum requlremenLs for Lhe deslgn analysls lnsLallaLlon and LesLlng for
surface safeLy sysLem for offshore faclllLles SPALL S be based on lSC 10418
7
lSC 10418 or Al814C deslgn requlremenLs SPALL S dlcLaLe Lhe mlnlmum lnlLlaLors
and flnal elemenLs
7
A Sll SPALL S be requlred lf Lhe summed conLrlbuLlons of all nonSll rlsk reducLlon
measures do noL meeL Lhe LolerablllLy crlLerla
7
1he safeLy lnLegrlLy level for each safeLy lnsLrumenLed funcLlon SPALL S be assessed ln
accordance wlLh uL 32801010en uLlllzlng rlsk assessmenL maLrlx and deslgned
accordlngly
7
1 Where lSC 104182003 refers Lo 'leak' deLecLlon low pressure deLecLlon SPALL S 6
noL be used as a means of 'leak' deLecLlon unless dynamlc modelllng demonsLraLes LhaL
leaks can be deLecLed uslng Lhls meLhod
7
AlLernaLlve meLhod(s) such as gas deLecLlon SPALL S be lnsLalled for deLecLlng leaks 7
2 Where lLC 61311 ls referred Lo Lhe approprlaLe lnsLrumenLed roLecLlve luncLlon 6
uLs SPALL S be applled Lhese are
- 32801010en ClasslflcaLlon and lmplemenLaLlon of lnsLrumenLed roLecLlve
luncLlons
- 32801012en ManagemenL of lnsLrumenLed roLecLlve luncLlons
- 32801030en lnsLrumenLed roLecLlve SysLems
Where lLC 61311 ls referred Lo ln lSC 10418 Lhe approprlaLe lnsLrumenLed roLecLlve
luncLlon uL SPALL S be applled
- 32801010en lnsLrumenLed roLecLlve luncLlon (ll)
7
Where lSC 10418 and Al814C refer Lo llred equlpmenL Lhe followlng uLs coverlng
ConLrol SysLem and lnsLrumenLed roLecLlve luncLlons for llred LqulpmenL SPALL S
also apply
uL 32242044 lnsLrumenLaLlon ConLrol roLecLlon lor llred LqulpmenL
7
1he deslgn and englneerlng of Lhe elecLrlcal lnsLallaLlon SPALL S saLlsfy all sLaLuLory 12
requlremenLs of Lhe naLlonal and/or local auLhorlLles of Lhe counLry ln whlch Lhe elecLrlcal
lnsLallaLlon wlll be locaLed
1o permlL Lhe proper selecLlon of elecLrlcal apparaLus for areas where flammable gas or 13 ok
vapour rlsks may arlse area classlflcaLlon drawlng(s) SPALL S be prepared based on
Lhe l Model Code of Safe racLlce arL 13 Area ClasslflcaLlon Code for eLroleum
lnsLallaLlons as amended/supplemenLed by uL 80001010en
lor Lhe lnsLallaLlon of 13
elecLrlcal equlpmenL ln hazardous areas lLC 6007914 SPALL S be complled wlLh
Where elecLrlcal equlpmenL has Lo be lnsLalled ln hazardous areas equlpmenL wlLh a Lype 13
of proLecLlon sulLable for Lhe relevanL zones SPALL S be selecLed and speclfled ln
accordance wlLh lLC 6007914
Where elecLrlcal equlpmenL has Lo be lnsLalled ln hazardous areas equlpmenL wlLh a Lype
of proLecLlon sulLable for Lhe relevanL zones SPALL S be selecLed speclfled and
lnsLalled ln accordance wlLh relevanL parLs of lLC 60079
AlLhough many Lypes of proLecLlon are avallable Lhe followlng SPALL S be used ln Lhe
flnal selecLlon
lor Zone 1 Lv moLors and all lnherenLly nonsparklng equlpmenL eg [uncLlon boxes
and lumlnalres shall have Lype of proLecLlon e Pv moLors and all lnherenLly sparklng
equlpmenL eg swlLchgear and conLrolgear shall have Lype of proLecLlon d Where
such Lype of proLecLlon ls noL avallable eg large hlgh speed Pv moLors Lype of
proLecLlon p shall be used Pv moLors wlLh Lype of proLecLlon e shall noL be used
lor Zone 2 moLors and lnherenLly nonsparklng equlpmenL shall have Lype of proLecLlon
n albelL equlpmenL approved for Zone 1 ls also accepLable lnherenLly sparklng
equlpmenL shall have Lype of proLecLlon d or p as sLaLed for Zone 1
Pv moLors wlLh Lype of proLecLlon n or e shall noL be lnsLalled ln Zone 2 areas where
1) Lhe moLor volLage exceeds 66 kv
or 2) Lhe moLor drlves a cenLrlfugal/screw hydrocarbon gas compressor
1hese moLors shall have Lype of proLecLlon d or p
lor Lhe purpose of commonallLy of spares and Lo caLer lor Lhe posslblllLy of reclasslflcaLlon
of areas conslderaLlon should be glven Lo lnsLalllng Zone 2 equlpmenL ln
ouLdoor nonhazardous areas wlLhln process lnsLallaLlons
-C1L 1hls applles speclflcally Lo moLors lumlnalres 8Cus and power and convenlence ouLleLs
LlecLrlcal equlpmenL lnsLalled ln lndoor nonhazardous areas wlLhln process areas shall
be of a sLandard lndusLrlal Lype as speclfled ln Lhe relevanL equlpmenL uLs Small
power and llghLlng equlpmenL ln such lndoor areas shall be elLher of Lhe lndusLrlal
weaLherproof Lype or of Lhe domesLlc Lype dependlng on Lhe funcLlon of Lhe area (61)
LqulpmenL lnsLalled ln nonhazardous areas ouLslde process lnsLallaLlons eg offlces
gaLehouses eLc shall be of a normal lndusLrlal/domesLlc Lype ln accordance wlLh
naLlonal sLandards of Lhe counLry of lnsLallaLlon
Pv moLors wlLh Lype of proLecLlon n or e SPALL S noL be lnsLalled ln Zone 2 areas
where
1) Lhe moLor volLage exceeds 66 kv
or 2) Lhe moLor drlves a cenLrlfugal/screw hydrocarbon gas compressor
1hese moLors SPALL S have Lype of proLecLlon d or p
Area classlflcaLlon and Lhe selecLlon of apparaLus for use ln areas where Lhere ls a 14
flammable dusL hazard SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh lLC 61241
Area classlflcaLlon and Lhe selecLlon of apparaLus for use ln areas where Lhere ls a
combusLlble dusL hazard SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh lLC 61241
13
1he lngress proLecLlon as deflned ln lLC 60329 SPALL S be 14
- for Zone 20 and 21 elecLrlcal equlpmenL shall have dusLLlghL enclosures le l 6x
- for Zone 22 elecLrlcal equlpmenL shall have dusLproLecLed enclosures le l 3x
mlnlmum
lurLher cerLlflcaLes or declaraLlons relaLlng Lo Lhe appllcaLlon of equlpmenL for use ln 13
hazardous areas may be requlred by local auLhorlLles accordlng Lo Lhe followlng rules
lor elecLrlcal apparaLus ln Zone 0 Zone 1 and Zone 2 areas a cerLlflcaLe of conformlLy
SPALL S be obLalned from Lhe ManufacLurer
LlecLrlcal loads SPALL S be classlfled as performlng a servlce whlch ls vlLal 17
essenLlal or nonessenLlal as deflned ln (132)
16
An elecLrlcal power sysLem havlng a degree of rellablllLy commensuraLe wlLh Lhe requlred 17
servlce SPALL S be provlded
An elecLrlcal power sysLem havlng a degree of rellablllLy commensuraLe wlLh vlLal servlce
SPALL S be provlded
16
1he elecLrlcal sysLem SPALL S be equlpped wlLh auLomaLlc proLecLlon whlch shall 23
provlde safeguards ln Lhe evenL of elecLrlcal equlpmenL fallures or sysLem maloperaLlon
26
LlecLrlclLy supplles of enhanced rellablllLy and havlng dupllcaLe energy sources SPALL S 36
be provlded Lo energlse loads formlng parL of vlLal servlces
27
1he baLLerles of uS unlLs SPALL S be raLed Lo energlse Lhe relevanL loads for noL less 37
Lhan
lor onshore lnsLallaLlons
30 mln for process planL shuLdown
1 h for uLlllLy planLs
1 h for emergency llghLlng
10 mln for nonprocess compuLer lnsLallaLlons
8 h for flreflghLlng and flre alarm sysLems
8 h for LelecommunlcaLlon and radlo sysLems
1he baLLerles of uS unlLs SPALL S be raLed Lo energlse Lhe relevanL loads for noL less
Lhan
lor onshore lnsLallaLlons
a) 30 mln for process planL shuLdown
b) 1 h for uLlllLy planLs
c) 1 h for emergency llghLlng (refer Lo 342)
d) 10 mln for nonprocess compuLer lnsLallaLlons
e) 8 h for flreflghLlng and flre alarm sysLems
f) 8 h for LelecommunlcaLlon and radlo sysLems
29
uS equlpmenL SPALL S be selecLed accordlng Lo Lhe preferred arrangemenLs for ac 42
and dc unlnLerrupLlble malnLalned elecLrlclLy supplles for process conLrol and
safeguardlng sysLems as shown ln SLandard urawlngs S 67006 S 67024 S 67023 and
S 67080
llxed emergency llghLlng SPALL S be lnsLalled aL sLraLeglc polnLs ln Lhe lnsLallaLlons 64
lncludlng conLrol rooms swlLchrooms flre sLaLlons flrsLald rooms waLchmens offlces Lhe
maln enLrances and all oLher bulldlngs and areas where requlred for safeLy reasons
1he meLalllc enclosures of elecLrlcal equlpmenL SPALL S be bonded Lo Lhe planL 67
earLh grld
60
LarLhlng and bondlng of [eLLles SPALL S be execuLed ln accordance wlLh lLC 6007914 80
and Lhe lnLernaLlonal SafeLy ulde for Cll 1ankers and 1ermlnals (lSC11)
72
lpe and/or hose connecLlons beLween Lhe shlp and Lhe [eLLy SPALL S be provlded wlLh 81
lnsulaLlng flanges or [olnLs whose mlnlmum lnsulaLlon reslsLance before lnsLallaLlon shall
be 10 kU measured wlLh an lnsulaLlon reslsLance LesLer aL a mlnlmum of 30 vdc
72
angways SPALL S be lnsulaLed from Lhe shlp by means of lnsulaLed rollers 81
73
Sllngs SPALL S be fabrlcaLed from nonconducLlve maLerlal such as nylon SLeel or 81
slmllar conducLlve maLerlals shall noL be used
73
LlecLrlcal equlpmenL on Lhe [eLLy SPALL S be bonded Lo Lhe shore earLhlng sysLem 81
regardless of wheLher or noL Lhe [eLLy ls caLhodlcally proLecLed
73
8reasLlng dolphlns fenders and Lhe [eLLy lLself lf meLalllc SPALL S be lnsulaLed from 81
Lhe shlps hull eg by wooden faclngs
73
LlecLrlcal apparaLus of Lhe dlfferenL Lypes of proLecLlon SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe 93
relevanL sLandards LabulaLed below
All deLalled elemenLs of Lhe dralnage neLworks SPALL S be ln accordance wlLh Lhe
followlng
7
8aslc prlnclples LhaL SPALL S be adopLed lnclude 9
- Mlnlmlze / opLlmlze amounL of effluenL Lo be senL for LreaLmenL by
o revenLlon aL source
o SegregaLlon aL source
lor new deslgns effluenLs SPALL S be classlfled as belonglng Lo one of Lhe followlng 11
caLegorles
a) LnLlrely clean raln waLer C8 prevlously called LCl LnLlrely Cll lree
1he C8 areas conslsL excluslvely of areas where surface ralnwaLer cannoL be
conLamlnaLed by hydrocarbons or chemlcals
b) AccldenLally ConLamlnaLed (AC) revlously called ACC AccldenLally Cll
ComnLamlnaLed
1he AC sysLem collecLs malnly surface waLer from all areas noL deslgnaLed as C8 as
well as oLher waLer sLreams whlch normally meeLs Lhe requlred waLer effluenL
speclflcaLlons buL could be on occaslon conLamlnaLed
c) ConLlnuously ConLamlnaLed (CC) wlLh hydrocarbon conLamlnaLlon revlously called
CCC ConLlnuously Cll ConLamlnaLed
1hls lnclude effluenL from conLlnuous sources LhaL conLaln slgnlflcanL percenLage of
hydrocarbons LhaL do noL meeLs Lhe requlred waLer effluenL speclflcaLlons
uL 34142031en
d) Coollng waLer reLurn and blowdown
e) uomesLlc sewage
f) Cpen oll drlp/draln
g) -onhazardous servlce (allow dlrecL conLacL wlLh aLmospherlc)
h) Closed oll drlp/draln (close pressurlzed sysLem parL of process noL covered under
Lhls uL)
l) Pazardous' servlce (closed sysLems) rocess waLer effluenLs
LffluenLs SPALL S be rouLed by means of dralnage neLworks or ln some lnsLances 11
permanenL hard plplng Lo selecLed LreaLmenL faclllLles and/or dlscharge polnLs
1he selecLlon of Lhe rouLlng for Lhe effluenLs SPALL S be deLermlned ln con[uncLlon wlLh 11
Lhe planL layouL requlremenLs and Lhe process and envlronmenLal speclallsLs responslble for
Lhe waLer/effluenL LreaLmenL processes
PSL conLalns an lmporLanL elemenL ln all aspecL of Lhe group acLlvlLles Lhese lnclude 12
deslgn and malnLenance of dralnage and prlmary LreaLmenL faclllLles 1hls means LhaL PSL
SPALL S noL be compromlsed ln any of Lhe deslgn and malnLenance acLlvlLles
All deLalled elemenLs of Lhe dralnage neLworks SPALL S Lherefore be consldered crlLlcal 12
wlLh regard Lo safeLy
AC and CC headers SPALL S be lald horlzonLal (wlLhouL slope) and SPALL S
be llquldfllled by a mlnlmum head of 30mm for dry areas (eg Mlddle LasL) Lhls
mlnlmum head SPALL S be lncreased Lo 100mm
llreLraps SPALL S be provlded Lo lsolaLe one planL area from anoLher and should
always be aL road crosslngs
LengLhs of open draln channels on planL process areas SPALL S be kepL Lo a
mlnlmum and deslgned as shallow as posslble before enLry lnLo Lhe underground
plplng neLwork vla sumps or manholes 1hese channels SPALL S aL all Llmes 'rundry'
afLer use
lor small plpe slzes (plpe slze less Lhan 130mm ln dlameLer) ln drlp draln sysLem
llquld seals SPALL S be provlded for conLlnuously conLamlnaLed gravlLy draln
sysLems by means of approprlaLe upLurned or down Lurned elbows
Sealed sumps or manholes SPALL S be venLed Lo a 'classlfled safe area' (see 434) 13
Pydrocarbon vapour bulldup shall be relleved Sealed sumps or manholes SPALL S be
venLed Lo a 'classlfled safe area' (2134)
7
When deflnlLlon of 'classlfled area' ls unclear Lhese sumps / manholes SPALL S be 13
venLed Lo locaLlon hlgher Lhan nearesL sLrucLures
7
lor a sealed sump wlLh more Lhan one comparLmenL venL plpe SPALL S noL caused any 13
dlrecL connecLlon beLween Lhe dlfferenL comparLmenLs
8
Area classlflcaLlon SPALL S be deLermlned ln con[uncLlon wlLh Lhe approprlaLe process 13
LechnologlsL and planL layouL speclallsL and shall comply wlLh uL 80001010en
rlmary waLer LreaLmenL faclllLles SPALL S be consldered as hydrocarbon conLalnlng
equlpmenL and Lhelr locaLlon SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo Lhe mlnlmum safeLy dlsLances
noLed as follows
- ulsLance Lo Lhe edge of publlc roads 30 m
- ulsLance Lo Lhe edge of maln roads 13 m
- ulsLance Lo a flxed source of lgnlLlon 13 m
revalllng wlnds and meLeorologlcal condlLlons SPALL S be Laken lnLo conslderaLlon
when chooslng Lhe locaLlon and orlenLaLlon of Lhe LreaLmenL faclllLy
Area classlflcaLlon drawlngs shall be consulLed rlmary waLer LreaLmenL faclllLles
SPALL S be consldered as hydrocarbon conLalnlng equlpmenL and Lhelr locaLlon
SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo Lhe mlnlmum safeLy dlsLances as per l13 (referenced ln
uL 80001010en)
8
lor sumps/manholes LhaL may conLaln flammable llquld or hydrocarbon mlnlmum safeLy 13
dlsLance SPALL S be 130 m away from any lgnlLlon source Lhls dlsLance may be
reduced for manhole wlLh LlghL seal cover buL hydrocarbon gases need Lo be venLed Lo a
safe area
Sumps and manholes LhaL may conLaln flammable llquld or hydrocarbon SPALL S
malnLaln mlnlmum safeLy dlsLance of 130 m from any lgnlLlon source
8
CperaLor and malnLenance sLaff SPALL S make sure LhaL all worklng 13
procedures SPALL S comply wlLh PSL regulaLlons regardlng work ln conflned space
Puman access lnLo underground dralnage componenLs SPALL S be consldered as Lhe 13
lasL opLlon Wherever posslble unmanned operaLlon eg by means of CC1v (Closed
ClrculL 1elevlslon) SPALL S be adopLed for lnspecLlons or faclllLles SPALL S be
deslgned Lo enable malnLenance acLlvlLles Lo be accesslble from above ground
LocaLlons LhaL are prone Lo leakage are [olnLs beLween Lwo plpes and [olnLs beLween plpes 14
and sumps Speclal aLLenLlon SPALL S be pald Lo Lhese areas durlng deslgn
consLrucLlon and malnLenance / lnspecLlon Lo ellmlnaLe unlnLended leakage
LocaLlons LhaL are prone Lo leakage such as [olnLs beLween Lwo plpes and [olnLs beLween
plpes and sumps Lhemselves SPALL S be pald speclal aLLenLlon durlng deslgn
(consLrucLlon and lnspecLlon) Lo ellmlnaLe leakage
8
lor new deslgns effluenLs SPALL S be classlfled as belonglng Lo one of Lhe followlng
caLegorles ln 1able 1
10
LffluenLs SPALL S be rouLed by means of dralnage neLworks or ln some lnsLances
permanenL hard plplng Lo selecLed LreaLmenL faclllLles and/or dlscharge polnLs
11
1he selecLlon of Lhe rouLlng for Lhe effluenLs SPALL S be deLermlned ln con[uncLlon wlLh
Lhe planL layouL requlremenLs and Lhe process and envlronmenLal speclallsLs responslble for
Lhe waLer/effluenL LreaLmenL processes
11
1he conLrol measures descrlbed below are order Lo mlLlgaLe calamlLles speclflc 14
requlremenLs for splll conLrol SPALL S be deLermlned ln con[uncLlon wlLh Lhe rlnclpal
lf covers are deemed necessary Lhey 14
SPALL S be properly venLllaLed or purged Lo ensure a safe operaLlng envlronmenL for
operaLors
All maLerlals for Lhe consLrucLlon of dralns SPALL S be reslsLanL agalnsL eroslon and 14
hydrocarbons
All surface waLer runoffs wlLhln a Lank compound (raln waLer flre flghLlng waLer used for 16
flre flghLlng and / or coollng) SPALL S be collecLed and dlscharged by means of surface
draln channels Lo an AC neLwork ouLslde Lhe Lank compound bunded area
1here SPALL S be no oLher escape mechanlsm for producL/ flre waLer / raln waLer eLc 16
oLher Lhan Lhe surface draln channel Lo an AC neLwork
1he dlscharge of Lhe effluenL wlLhln Lhe Lank compound SPALL S run vla a llquld fllled 16
underground valve conLrolled draln llne See llgure 3 for Lhe conflguraLlon
Lach compound or a remoLe conLalnmenL area such as an lmpoundlng basln SPALL S 16
have a dedlcaLed dlscharge llne whlch SPALL S be valve conLrolled
1he conLrol valves SPALL S be kepL 'normallyclosed' and SPALL S be locaLed 16
ouLslde Lhe bunded area and SPALL S have safe and easy accesslblllLy for operaLlon
purposes A Lank compound SPALL S noL be dralned vla an ad[acenL Lank compound
1he connecLlon of Lhe Lank boLLom draln Lo Lhe CC sysLem SPALL S be kepL flooded 17
1he lmpoundlng baslns SPALL S noL be used for any oLher funcLlon buL SPALL S 17
serve as secondary conLalnmenL for Lhe capaclLy resLrlcLed connecLed Lank compound(s)
llke a normal bunded area
1he deslgn for Lhe lnLerconnecLlng neLwork beLween Lhe upsLream Lank compound(s) and 18
Lhe recelvlng lmpoundlng basln SPALL S be a llquld fllled sysLem wlLh adequaLe capaclLy
Lo handle a ma[or producL splll or a flre flghLlng / flre coollng waLer flow wlLhln any of Lhe
upsLream compound(s) 1he maxlmum llquld level of Lhe flow over Lhe Lop of Lhe
lnLerconnecLlng sump wlLhln Lhe compound SPALL S remaln aL leasL 300 mm under Lhe
Lop of Lhe lowesL bundwall level 1he Lop level of Lhe lnLerconnecLed sump wlLhln Lhe
lmpoundlng basln SPALL S be deslgned such LhaL reverse flow lnLo Lhe upsLream
connecLed Lank compounds ls noL posslble
llre breakers SPALL S be lnsLalled wlLhln long plpeLrack secLlons llre Lraps SPALL S 18
be lnsLalled where draln chanels cross a flre breaker or aL plpe Lrack road crosslngs
-C1L LocaLlon of flre breakers SPALL S be deLermlned ln consulLaLlon wlLh planL layouL and
safeLy speclallsLs 1he need for and / or Lhe number of flre breakers wlLhln an
exlsLlng plpe Lrack faclllLy maybe deLermlned by uslng an 88l (rlsk based
lnspecLlon) approach for Lhe plpes and plpe connecLlons
1he deslgn rules for Lhe selecLlon of Lhe locaLlon and number of Lhese addlLlonal caLch 19
baslns are as follows
- ln planL areas wlLh llghL producL pumps (C4 servlce and llghLer) caLch baslns
SPALL S be provlded such LhaL accldenLal spllls wlll noL Lravel more Lhan 13 m over
Lhe surface of Lhe paved planL area (see area A llgure 6)
- 1he maxlmum subcaLchmenL area Lo be served by one caLch basln SPALL S noL
exceed 600 m2
- 1he deslgn capaclLy of Lhe caLch basln and underground plpe SPALL S be mlnlmum
230 m3/h
- 1oLal subcaLchmenL area served by one caLch basln for L- Lralns SPALL S
preferably be llmlLed Lo 1200 m2 (see area 8 llgure 6)
- SegregaLlon of paved caLchmenL areas can be achleved by opLlmum selecLlon of Lhe
hlgh polnLs ln Lhe pavlng consLrucLlon avlng slopes SPALL S wherever posslble be
dlrecLed away from equlpmenL Lo reduce Lhe rlsk of furLher splll conLamlnaLlon or
escalaLlon of flre
a) ln planL areas wlLh llghL producL pumps (C4 servlce and llghLer) caLch baslns
SPALL S be provlded such LhaL accldenLal spllls wlll noL Lravel more Lhan 13 m
over Lhe surface of Lhe paved planL area (refer Area A SLandard urawlng 14034)
b) 1he maxlmum subcaLchmenL area Lo be served by one caLch basln SPALL S
noL exceed 600 m2
c) 1he deslgn capaclLy of Lhe caLch basln and underground plpe SPALL S be
mlnlmum 230 m3/h
d) 1oLal subcaLchmenL area served by one caLch basln for L- Lralns SPALL S be
llmlLed Lo 1200 m2 (see area 8 SLandard urawlng 14034)
e) SegregaLlon of paved caLchmenL areas can be achleved by opLlmum selecLlon of
Lhe hlgh polnLs ln Lhe pavlng consLrucLlon avlng slopes SPALL S be dlrecLed
away from equlpmenL Lo reduce Lhe rlsk of furLher splll conLamlnaLlon or escalaLlon
of flre avlng slopes around caLch baslns servlng an area of 600 m2 shall be aL
leasL 1100 and for oLher areas Lhe slope should as well 1100
13
- All onploL and perlmeLer underground dralnage plplng SPALL S be llquld fllled 18
13
ShuLdown (flow dlverslon) sumps may be lnsLalled ln lsolaLed and bunded process areas 20
for Lhe collecLlon of conLamlnaLed effluenLs durlng malnLenance acLlvlLles 1he sumps
SPALL S be made of prefabrlcaLed polymer concreLe or 8L and SPALL S be
provlded wlLh manually operaLed gaLes or pensLock valves
ShuLdown (flow dlverslon) sumps may be lnsLalled ln lsolaLed and bunded process areas
for Lhe collecLlon of conLamlnaLed effluenLs durlng malnLenance acLlvlLles 1he sumps
SPALL S be made of prefabrlcaLed concreLe and SPALL S be provlded wlLh manually
operaLed gaLes or pensLock valves
14
All connecLlons ln a drlp/draln neLwork SPALL S be llquldsealed by means of Lurneddown 20
elbows CollecLlon sumps SPALL S be connecLed by means of llquldfllled
underground dralnplpes Lo a maln collecLlon sump or vessel locaLed aL or near Lhe
baLLery llmlL of Lhe ploL area
13
ln Lhe evenL LhaL Lhe onploL area classlflcaLlon requlremenLs speclfy gas sealed covers 21
on sumps or collecLlon sumps conslderaLlon SPALL S be glven Lo venLlng provlslon
Lhe sumps Lo Lhe approprlaLe classlfled safe area
ln Lhe evenL LhaL Lhe onploL area classlflcaLlon requlremenLs speclfy gas sealed
covers on sumps or collecLlon sumps sumps SPALL S be venLed Lo Lhe
approprlaLe classlfled safe area
13
All surface waLer runoffs wlLhln a Lank compound (raln waLer flre flghLlng waLer used for
flre flghLlng and / or coollng) SPALL S be collecLed and dlscharged by means of surface
draln channels Lo an AC neLwork ouLslde Lhe Lank compound bunded area
13
1he dlscharge of Lhe effluenL wlLhln Lhe Lank compound SPALL S run vla a llquld fllled
underground valve conLrolled draln llne
13
1he conLrol valves SPALL S
- be kepL normallyclosed
- be locaLed ouLslde Lhe bunded area and
- be locaLed Lo faclllLaLe safe accesslblllLy for operaLlon
A Lank compound SPALL S noL be dralned vla an ad[acenL Lank compound
13
1he connecLlon of Lhe Lank boLLom draln Lo Lhe CC sysLem SPALL S be kepL flooded 16
1he deslgn for Lhe lnLerconnecLlng neLwork beLween Lhe upsLream Lank compound(s) and
Lhe recelvlng lmpoundlng basln SPALL S be a llquld fllled sysLem wlLh adequaLe capaclLy
Lo handle a ma[or producL splll or a flre flghLlng / flre coollng waLer flow wlLhln any of Lhe
upsLream compound(s) 1he maxlmum llquld level of Lhe flow over Lhe Lop of Lhe
lnLerconnecLlng sump wlLhln Lhe compound SPALL S remaln aL leasL 300 mm under Lhe
Lop of Lhe lowesL bundwall level 1he Lop level of Lhe lnLerconnecLed sump wlLhln Lhe
lmpoundlng basln SPALL S be deslgned such LhaL reverse flow lnLo Lhe upsLream
connecLed Lank compounds ls noL posslble
17
llre breakers SPALL S be lnsLalled wlLhln long plpeLrack secLlons llre Lraps SPALL S
be lnsLalled where draln channels cross a flre breaker or aL plpe Lrack road crosslngs
17
llreLraps and sand Lraps SPALL S be lnsLalled aL road crosslngs and/or flre breakers 24
wlLhln plpeLracks
20
1he safeLy dlsLance beLween open sumps and Lhe burners ln furnace/ boller areas 22
SPALL S be aL leasL 73 m
1he safeLy dlsLance beLween open sumps and Lhe burners ln furnace/ boller areas
SPALL S be aL leasL 13m from an lgnlLlon source (see also 2134)
18
Where Lhe requlremenL for closed (sealed) sumps and/or manholes ls unavoldable a 22
venLllaLlon plpe (pressure rellef) SPALL S be provlded Lo avold pressure lncrease LhaL
could lnfluence Lhe hydraullc gradlenL or push off Lhe sealed and secured sump manhole
cover 1he venLllaLlon/pressure rellef SPALL S be provlded by means of a plpe of
mlnlmum dlameLer 30 mm rouLed Lo a safe area
Where Lhe requlremenL for closed (sealed) sumps and/or manholes ls unavoldable a
venLllaLlon plpe (mlnlmum 30mm dlameLer) Lo a safe area SPALL S be provlded Lo avold
pressure lncrease LhaL could lnfluence Lhe hydraullc gradlenL or push off Lhe sealed and
secured sump manhole cover
18
1o prevenL Lhe propagaLlon and accumulaLlon of hydrocarbon vapours and/or flre Lhrough 23
an underground dralnage neLwork underground plpes SPALL S be lald horlzonLally and
deslgned such LhaL Lhey are kepL flooded (llquldfllled) aL all Llmes A mlnlmum llquld head of
30 mm measured from Lhe lnslde Lop of Lhe upsLream end of Lhe plpe SPALL S be
malnLalned by means of welrs locaLed aL sulLable polnLs ln Lhe dralnage neLwork
Cpen draln channels deslgned for LransporLlng hydrocarbon conLamlnaLed effluenLs 24
SPALL S run dry afLer a raln or flre condlLlon
1he mlnlmum dlsLance beLween Lwo lnLerconnecLlng flreLrap sumps 24
SPALL S be 9 m and Lhe connecLlng underground plpe SPALL S always be llquldfllled
20
llreLrap deslgn SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe followlng addlLlonal requlremenLs wlLh respecL 23
Lo Lank compound dralnage neLworks
1he locaLlon of Lhe (ouLleL) valve sump SPALL S be such LhaL safe access Lo Lhe
compound draln valve ls posslble parLlcularly under flreflghLlng condlLlons
llreLrap deslgn SPALL S comply wlLh Lhe followlng addlLlonal requlremenLs wlLh respecL
Lo Lank compound dralnage neLworks
- 1he locaLlon of Lhe (ouLleL) valve sump shall be such LhaL safe access Lo Lhe
compound draln valve ls posslble parLlcularly under flreflghLlng condlLlons Where
a Lank compound dralnage valve dlscharges dlrecLly lnLo an open channel a splash
wall shall be provlded opposlLe Lhe valve dlscharge polnL
- 1he lowesL lnverL of Lhe open draln channel lnslde Lhe Lank compound aL Lhe sand
Lrap shall always be 30 mm hlgher Lhan
o 1he lnverL level of Lhe draln ouLslde Lhe Lank compound recelvlng Lhe Lank
compound dlscharge
o 1he sLaLlc waLer level of Lhe llquldfllled sysLem servlng also Lhe Lank
compound dralnage
20
uralnage neLworks SPALL S be deslgned for Lhe maxlmum flow resulLlng from Lhe 26
greaLer of Lhe followlng load comblnaLlons
8alnfall (Craln) + any oLher known conLrlbuLlng conLlnuous dry weaLher flow
llre waLer (Cflre) + any oLher known conLrlbuLlng conLlnuous dry weaLher flow
1yplcal ury WeaLher llows resulL from wash down blow down and oLher process acLlvlLles
21
Spllls SPALL S noL be allowed Lo enLer any closed 48
dralnage neLwork and Lo prevenL lngress of llquefled gas enLerlng Lhe underground flooded
dralnage neLwork gas seals SPALL S be consLrucLed aL Lhe connecLlon of gas Lraps Lo
Lhe underground dralnage sysLem
29
CondensaLe dralns SPALL S noL dlscharge lnLo open surface draln channels and 48
SPALL S be rouLed elLher for recovery or Lo a CC dralnage
CondensaLe dralns SPALL S
- noL dlscharge lnLo open surface draln channels and
- be rouLed elLher for recovery or Lo a CC dralnage
29
8LPA8lLl1A1lC- Cl LxlS1l- Ll-LS 34
Leaklng underground sysLems SPALL S be recLlfled Lo prevenL soll polluLlon
lor hlgh blasL loadlng (peak sldeon overpressure) 63 ka or for elevaLed bulldlngs (llke 9
for cerLaln chemlcal planLs eg polymerlsaLlon planLs where Lhe conLrol bulldlng has Lo be
locaLed on Lhe flrsL floor of Lhe planL sLrucLure for opLlmal supervlslon) Lhe rlnclpal SPALL
S be consulLed for addlLlonal deslgn guldellnes and requlremenLs
1he sLrucLure of Lhe bulldlng and all relaLed componenLs such as wlndows panes doors 16
eLc SPALL S wlLhsLand Lhe blasL loads and malnLaln Lhe funcLlon
ln all cases Lhe bulldlngs SPALL S noL collapse under Lhe deslgn blasL load 16
1he ConLracLor SPALLS use analysls meLhods approprlaLe for Lhe speclflc blasL deslgn 16
1he selecLed meLhods SPALL S adequaLely model Lhe dynamlc response of Lhe
sLrucLure Lo Lhe applled blasL loads and Lhe sLrucLural componenL lnLeracLlon
8rlLLle consLrucLlons such as unrelnforced concreLe presLressed concreLe unrelnforced 16
masonry (brlcks or blocks) and cemenL based corrugaLed panels SPALL SnoL be used
for load carrylng componenLs of blasL reslllenL or reslsLanL bulldlngs
8ulldlngs sub[ecL Lo very Loxlc gas clouds exposure SPALL S be deslgned and deLalled 17
Lo prevenL gas enLry under operaLlng condlLlons MaLerlal selecLlon and deslgn deLalls
SPALL S be based on Lhls requlremenL
lor blasL reslsLanL of bulldlngs covered by Lhls uL Lhe Low" response range SPALL S 19
be used
ueslgn of Lhe overall sLrucLural framlng sysLem SPALL S lnclude analysls of global 21
response lncludlng sldeways overLurnlng and slldlng Sldeways analysls SPALL S be
performed wlLh and wlLhouL leeward slde (rear wall) blasL loads
1 ln addlLlon Lo Lhe load comblnaLlons as prescrlbed ln uL 34170032en a blasL 21
reslsLanL sLrucLure SPALL S be deslgned for Lhe blasL load condlLlon as follows
2 1he blasL load comblnaLlon may conslder elLher Lhe dlrecL loads or Lhelr effecLs ln
comblnlng blasL load effecLs wlLh Lhose from sLaLlc dead and llve loads Lhe Llme
dependence of Lhe blasL loadlng SPALL S be Laken lnLo conslderaLlon
loundaLlon componenLs SPALLS be deslgned Lo reslsL Lhe peak reacLlons produced by 23
supporLed componenLs resulLlng from Lhe dead llve and blasL loads LreaLed elLher
sLaLlcally or dynamlcally as noLed below
lf (as dlrecLed by Lhe rlnclpal) Lhere ls a posslblllLy LhaL gas smoke flre heaL eLc can 29
enLer Lhe conLrol bulldlng Lhrough damaged wlndows afLer an exploslon no wlndows
SPALL S be provlded ln Lhe ouLer walls of rooms whlch are consldered as essenLlal for
conLrolllng Lhe operaLlon of Lhe planL -o wlndows shall be lnsLalled ln lA8s
lrames for exLernal wlndows shall be anchored as follows (llgure 1) 31
- 1he sLrengLh of exLernal wlndow SPALL S wlLhsLand Lhe blasL loads aL all Llmes
ueslgn loads on Lhe anchor bolLs shall be calculaLed Laklng Lhe provlded blasL loads
lnLo accounL
eneLraLlons ln meLal clad sLrucLures SPALL S be anchored wlLh subsLanLlal framlng 32
aLLached Lo sLrucLural sLeel members
1he locaLlon of porLable 88Ms SPALL S be assessed and approved uslng a rocess 7
ok
8lsk 1ool (81) or oLher meLhodology speclfled by Lhe rlnclpal and SPALL S be ln
accordance wlLh uL 34171033en
orLable 88Ms SPALL S noL be elevaLed or placed on plers exposlng Lhe boLLom of Lhe 7 ok
module Lo blasL pressures
1he floor elevaLlon of porLable 88Ms shall be aL leasL 130 mm above surroundlng grade Lo 7
avold floodlng and Lhey shall be placed on Lop of a concreLe foundaLlon slab and
SPALL S havesufflclenL anchorlng Lo avold overLurnlng and slgnlflcanL laLeral movemenL
ln Lhe evenL of a blasL load
SufflclenL anchorlng SPALL S be provlded Lo avold overLurnlng and slgnlflcanL laLeral
movemenL ln Lhe evenL of a blasL load
orLable 88Ms SPALL S have aL leasL Lwo enLrances/exlLs locaLed near opposlLe ends 7
All enLrance/exlL doors SPALL S open ouLwards 7 ok
Peavy exLerlor equlpmenL such as Lransformers alr condlLloners condensers or coollng 8
Lowers shall noL be mounLed on Lhe roof or wall lf Lhls cannoL be avolded such equlpmenL
SPALL S be securely anchored and Lhe supporLlng sLrucLural componenLs SPALL S
be speclflcally deslgned for acLual equlpmenL dynamlc loads when sub[ecLed Lo a blasL
ShocksenslLlve crlLlcal equlpmenL SPALL S noL be mounLed on Lhe lnslde 8
of exLerlor walls
Anchorage SPALL S be deslgned Lo reslsL Lhe 88M from laLeral movemenL and 8
overLurnlng caused by Lhe speclfled blasL load
orLable 88Ms SPALL S be deslgned for Lhe blasL loadlng as well as for all gravlLaLlonal 9
wlnd and oLher appllcable loadlng condlLlons as speclfled ln
uL 34000130e-
uL 34170032en
uL 34171030en
orLable 88Ms SPALL S be deslgned for a comblnaLlon of blasL loadlng wlLh all oLher
appllcable loadlng condlLlons gravlLaLlonal wlnd eLc
88Ms may be sLacked lf blasL load calculaLlons are made Lo verlfy Lhe sLacked deslgn lf 9
sLacked Lhe modules SPALL S be bolLed or secured LogeLher and Lhe amounL of bolLlng
and sLrucLural relnforcemenL shall be deLermlned by Lhe blasL load calculaLlons
lf sLacked Lhe modules SPALL S be bolLed or secured LogeLher and Lhe amounL of bolLlng
and sLrucLural relnforcemenL shall be deLermlned by Lhe blasL load calculaLlons
SLrucLural componenLs doors or appurLenance on an exLerlor surface of a 88M 9
SPALL S be deslgned for Lhe blasL load appllcable Lo LhaL surface
SlgnlflcanL laLeral anchorage movemenL durlng a blasL load SPALL S noL be allowed 9
All exLernal doors SPALL S be deslgned as caLegory ll blasL doors as speclfled ln 10
uL 34171030en (see Appendlx A)
1here SPALL S be no wlndows 10
CondulL and cable peneLraLlons ln exLerlor walls SPALL S be sealed for weaLher and 11
blasL proLecLlon and shall be ln accordance wlLh (A64) and uL 34171030en
SecLlons 364 and 3611
MulLlconducLor cable enLrles and condulLs SPALL S be deslgned and sealed ln 11
accordance wlLh uL 33641010en
A swlLch for manually and auLomaLlc shuLLlng down all elecLrlcal power supplles SPALL S 11
be lnsLalled Lo safeguard Lhe 88M ln Lhe evenL of evacuaLlon or gas deLecLlon
A Lrlp funcLlon SPALL S be lnsLalled ln Lhe evenL of gas deLecLlon Lo deenerglse all 11
nonZone2 classlfled equlpmenL (eg compuLers)
llammable or combusLlble llqulds or gases SPALL S noL be rouLed lnLo 88Ms 13
Where ducLs or plplng/cabllng pass Lhrough roofs walls or floors Lhe surroundlng gaps 14
SPALL S be closed alr and waLer LlghL by noncombusLlble maLerlals and consLrucLed ln
such a way as Lo allow essenLlal Lhermal movemenLs 1he surroundlng gaps SPALL S
also be proLecLed agalnsL exLernal exploslons
1he mlnlmum flre raLlng values of Lhe elemenLs of Lhe 88M shall be as follows 14
8oof and ouLslde walls (lncludlng doors) SPALL S have a smoke and flre reslsLance
perlod of mlnlmum one hour
lloors SPALL Shave a smoke and flre reslsLance perlod of mlnlmum one hour
-C1L All peneLraLlons boLh lnslde and ouLslde SPALL S be well sealed accordlng Lo Lhe requlred flre
reslsLance
1he roof of Lhe 88M SPALL S saLlsfy Lhe classlflcaLlon of 8S 4763 Class AA wlLhouL 14
developlng cracks or holes 1he 88M SPALL S be lnsulaLed Lo glve Lhe occupanLs
proLecLlon agalnsL a heaL radlaLlon of 3 kW/m2
1he roof shall be well lnsulaLed buL SPALL S noL be covered wlLh gravel or loose 19
concreLe Llles as Lhese wlll fly ln Lhe evenL of an exploslon
1he Lhlckness of Lhe walls SPALL S Lherefore be sufflclenL Lo 19
wlLhsLand Lhese fragmenL lmpacLs
1he selecLlon of consLrucLlon and maLerlals SPALL S be such LhaL Lhere are no gaps ln 20
Lhe evenL of an exploslon Lhe rubbers of Lhe doors SPALL S close any posslble gap
1he selecLlon of maLerlals and deLalls of consLrucLlon SPALL S be such LhaL Lhere are no
gaps (Lyplcally vla seal welds) ln Lhe exLerlor shell
Powever Lhe sLrucLural componenLs of 27
Lhe 88M SPALL S be adequaLely deslgned Lo perform saLlsfacLorlly for Lhe rebound effecLs
1he response range shall be PlP" Maxlmum response SPALL S noL exceed Lhe llmlLs 30
speclfled ln 1able 4
14
ueslgn of Lhe overall sLrucLural framlng sysLem SPALL S lnclude analysls of global 32
response lncludlng sldeways overLurnlng and slldlng Sldeways analysls SPALL S be
performed wlLh and wlLhouL leeward slde (rear wall) blasL loads
16
loundaLlon componenLs SPALL S be deslgned Lo reslsL Lhe peak reacLlons produced by 32
supporLed componenLs resulLlng from Lhe dead llve and blasL loads LreaLed elLher
sLaLlcally or dynamlcally as noLed below
16
8lasL reslllenL or reslsLanL doors SPALL S be provlded accordlng Lo Lhe followlng 33
requlremenLs
1 1he performance caLegory for Lhe blasL reslsLanL doors shall be caLegory ll 1he
response llmlLs and oLher requlremenLs shall be as glven ln 1able 3
*-C1L 1he followlng caLegorles shall be used Lo deLermlne Lhe requlremenLs for blasL reslsLanL or reslllenL doors
CaLegory l 1he door shall be operable afLer Lhe loadlng evenL and preesLabllshed deslgn crlLerla for
sLress deflecLlon and Lhe llmlLaLlon of permanenL deformaLlon shall noL be exceeded 1hls
caLegory shall be speclfled lf Lhe door should be requlred Lo wlLhsLand repeaLed blasLs or lf
enLrapmenL of personnel ls of concern and Lhe door ls a prlmary exlL Lo Lhe bulldlng
CaLegory ll -oncaLasLrophlc fallure ls permlLLed 1he door assembly remalns ln Lhe openlng -o ma[or
sLrucLural fallure occurs ln Lhe panel sLrucLure Lhe resLralnlng hardware sysLem Lhe frame or
Lhe frame anchorage LhaL would prevenL Lhe door assembly from provldlng a barrler Lo blasL
wave propagaLlon Powever Lhe door wlll be rendered lnoperable 1hls caLegory should only
be speclfled lf enLrapmenL of personnel ls noL a posslblllLy
CaLegory lll -oncaLasLrophlc fallure ls permlLLed 1he door assembly remalns ln Lhe openlng -o ma[or
sLrucLural fallure occurs ln Lhe panel sLrucLure Lhe resLralnlng hardware sysLem Lhe frame or
Lhe frame anchorage LhaL would prevenL Lhe door assembly from provldlng a barrler Lo blasL
wave propagaLlon Powever Lhe door wlll be rendered lnoperable 1hls caLegory should only
be speclfled lf enLrapmenL of personnel ls noL a posslblllLy
CaLegory lv CuLward rebound force and resulLlng hardware fallure ls accepLable
2 88Ms shall have aL leasL Lwo doors as exlL doors for Lhe purpose of llmlLlng Lhe damage
Lo Lhese doors when sub[ecLed Lo blasL loads and of whlch one ls for emergency
purposes 3 uoors doorframes and door hardware SPALL S be deslgned for Lhe
performance crlLerla and applled blasL loads speclfled ln Lhls speclflcaLlon (eg 33 ka
for a duraLlon of 100 ms)
4 CuLward openlng doors shall be provlded aL Lwo sldes of Lhe 88Ms of whlch one ls for
emergency purposes 1he doors and shall seaL agalnsL Lhe frame under Lhe poslLlve
phase blasL wave Cverpressure lnslde Lhe 88M ls noL requlred All ouLer doors shall be
provlded wlLh auLomaLlc door closers
3 -o wlndows shall be provlded ln Lhe ouLer doors only small peepholes may be provlded
Lo check ln Lhe evenL of flre LhaL Lhe area ouLslde Lhe door ls safe Lo permlL evacuaLlon
of Lhe 88M
6 1he ouLer and lnner doors shall have a good seal beLween door and frame Lo malnLaln
Lhe gas LlghLness
7 1here are no speclal requlremenLs for blasL reslsLanL or reslsLanL lnner doors
8 8lasL door ManufacLurers shall provlde calculaLlons or LesL daLa Lo verlfy adequaLe blasL
reslsLance and door performance for Lhe deslgn load condlLlons
9 Manually operaLed exlL doors shall noL exceed a maxlmum openlng force of 23 -
(measured aL Lhe door handle) or shall meeL Lhe requlremenLs of Lhe local bulldlng codes
for Lhe maxlmum openlng force oweroperaLed doors shall be used for exlL doors LhaL
exceed Lhe maxlmum openlng force
1he performance caLegory for Lhe blasL reslsLanL doors SPALL S be mlnlmum
caLegory ll 1he response llmlLs and oLher requlremenLs shall be as glven ln
1able 3
(charL was noL changed)
17
1here SPALL S be no wlndows 18
Wall Llles SPALL S noL be used 19
A swlLch for manually and auLomaLlc shuLLlng down all elecLrlcal power supplles SPALL S
be lnsLalled Lo safeguard Lhe 88M ln Lhe evenL of evacuaLlon or gas deLecLlon
20
A Lrlp funcLlon SPALL S be lnsLalled ln Lhe evenL of gas deLecLlon Lo deenerglse all
nonZone2 classlfled equlpmenL (eg compuLers)
20
llammable or combusLlble llqulds or gases SPALL S noL be rouLed lnLo 88Ms 22
8oof and ouLslde walls (lncludlng doors) and floors SPALL S have a smoke and
flre reslsLance perlod of mlnlmum one hour
23
1he 88M SPALL S be lnsulaLed Lo glve Lhe occupanLs
proLecLlon agalnsL a heaL radlaLlon of 3 kW/m2 for an hour
23
Large openlngs ln Lhe 88M envelope such as lnLake ducLs SPALL S be deslgned Lo 34
prevenL enLry of excesslve blasL pressures 1he followlng shall be Laken lnLo accounL
1 8lasL valves blasL aLLenuaLors or oLher devlces SPALL S be used Lo llmlL excesslve
blasL pressure enLry lnLo Lhe sLrucLure 1esL daLa and calculaLlon shall subsLanLlaLe
performance of Lhe blasL valve or aLLenuaLor
2 8lasL valves SPALL S be provlded for openlngs greaLer Lhan 01 m2 ln any surface ln
whlch Lhe peak applled pressure ls greaLer Lhan 007 Ma 8lasL dampers may be used
for Lhese openlngs lf Lhe peakapplled pressure ls greaLer Lhan 0033 Ma
eneLraLlons ln meLal clad sLrucLures SPALL S be anchored wlLh subsLanLlal framlng 34
aLLached Lo sLrucLural sLeel members
8oof and wall mounLed equlpmenL (eg PvAC equlpmenL) should be avolded lf approved 34
by rlnclpal such equlpmenL SPALL S be securely anchored and Lhe supporLlng
sLrucLural componenLs SPALL S be speclflcally deslgned for Lhe acLual equlpmenL
dynamlc loads when sub[ecLed Lo Lhe blasL
1he exLenL of 4
flreprooflng and l requlremenLs SPALL S be esLabllshed on Lhe basls of Lhe
requlremenLs of uL 80471030en and a flre safeLy assessmenL execuLed for Lhe
parLlcular planL or unlL
1he exLenL of l requlremenLs SPALL S be esLabllshed on Lhe basls of a flre safeLy
assessmenL execuLed for Lhe parLlcular planL or unlL as per uL 80471030en
secLlon 2
1he exLenL of 4
Lhe flreprooflng around equlpmenL and sLrucLures SPALL S be lndlcaLed on layouL and
consLrucLlon drawlngs
7
A mlnlmum
of 30 mlnuLes proLecLlon Llme SPALL S be provlded however longer proLecLlon Llmes
may be warranLed or requlred dependlng on Lhe equlpmenL funcLlon and avallable flre
flghLlng measures
7
1he exLenL of l around equlpmenL and sLrucLures SPALL S be lndlcaLed on layouL
and consLrucLlon drawlngs and shall be submlLLed Lo Lhe rlnclpal for revlew and commenLs
8
As Lhere ls a wlde varlaLlon ln Lhe 4
deslgn of sLrucLures Lhe lnLenL of Lhls uL SPALL S be consldered aL all Llmes when
prescrlblng Lhe flreprooflng of sLrucLures noL speclflcally menLloned ln (3)
1he rlnclpal SPALL S deLermlne whlch sLrucLural members wlLhln Lhe lZ are Lo be 10
flreproofed 1he exLenL of flreprooflng around equlpmenL and sLrucLures SPALL S be
lndlcaLed on layouL and consLrucLlon drawlngs
llreprooflng on pressure equlpmenL legs or lugs SPALL S noL conLacL pressure reLalnlng 10
parLs 1here shall be a 23 mm Lo 30 mm (1 ln Lo 2 ln) gap beLween Lhe flreprooflng and Lhe
pressure reLalnlng parL
SklrLs of columns and vessels SPALL S be flreproofed lf Lhey are locaLed wlLhln Lhe lZ 10
(as ldenLlfled ln uL 80471030en and Lhe flre safeLy assessmenL) llreprooflng
SPALL S be dlrecLly applled on sklrLs and vessel supporLs as lndlcaLed ln (Appendlx 6)
SklrLs of columns and vessels SPALL S be flreproofed lf Lhey are locaLed wlLhln Lhe lZ
(as ldenLlfled ln uL 80471030en secLlon 32 and Lhe flre safeLy assessmenL l
SPALL S be dlrecLly applled on sklrLs and vessel supporLs as lndlcaLed ln Appendlx L
8
1he unflreproofed porLlon of Lhe sklrL SPALL S be covered wlLh flrereslsLanL lnsulaLlon 10
8
1o avold cracklng of llghLwelghL concreLe and oLher proprleLary flreprooflng due Lo 10
operaLlng LemperaLures Lhe sklrL flreprooflng separaLlon dlsLance SPALL S calculaLed
PeaL Lransfer and Lhermal sLress calculaLlons SPALL S also deLermlne Lhe Lype and
amounL of relnforcemenL requlred
Where lndusLrlal sLrucLures conLalnlng process equlpmenLs are noL compleLely 11
covered ln Lhe local bulldlng code requlremenLs and local flre regulaLlons Lhls uL
SPALL S supplemenL Lhe local requlremenLs
- 1he capaclLy of Lhe sLrucLure Lo handle Lhe welghL of Lhe flreprooflng SPALL S be 12
assessed
Where proprleLary maLerlals are proposed ConLracLor SPALL S provlde Lhe rlnclpal wlLh 12
calculaLlons or oLher documenLaLlon demonsLraLlng LhaL Lhe deslgn wlll provlde Lhe speclfled
flre proLecLlon for approval
2 1op slde flreprooflng/sLeel [olnL on verLlcal galvanlzed sLeel columns and horlzonLal 12
galvanlzed sLeel beams exposed Lo Lhe weaLher SPALL S be proLecLed from
molsLure lngress
ConcreLe sLandards oLher Lhan Lhose llsLed below SPALL S be approved by Lhe 14
rlnclpal
1 ACl 318
2 ACl 2161/ 1MS0216
3 Al 2218
4 L- 2061
3 L- 1992
6 L- 1974
7 L- 1971
ConcreLe flreprooflng maLerlals/ meLhods oLher Lhan Lhose ln accordance wlLh Lhe 14
speclflcaLlons llsLed below SPALL S be approved by Lhe rlnclpal
1 CemenL AS1M C130 1ype l or per L- 1974
2 AggregaLe AS1M C33 wlLh a maxlmum slze of 10 mm (3/8 ln)
3 ShoLcreLe maLerlals proporLlonlng and appllcaLlon ACl 3062
4 ShoLcreLe nozzlemen ACl 3063
3 ShoLcreLe evaluaLlon ACl 3064
2 1he mlnlmum cover applled on any wlre mesh lnsLalled SPALL S be 23 mm
(1 ln)
3 ConcreLe SPALL S be proporLloned so LhaL lL develops a compresslve sLrengLh 13
of beLween 21 Ma (3000 psl) and 30 Ma ( 4300 psl) aL 28 days wlLh a
maxlmum aggregaLe slze of 10 mm (3/8 lnches)
4 ConcreLe mlx SPALL S lnclude an alrenLralnlng admlxLure lf concreLe ls 13
expecLed Lo be exposed Lo freezlng condlLlons
roprleLary flreprooflng sysLems may be recommended by Lhe ConLracLor lf Lhey meeL Lhe 16
followlng requlremenLs
1 1he proprleLary flreprooflng deslgn SPALL S be uL 1709 llsLed for sLrucLural
sLeel flreprooflng appllcaLlons or equlvalenL local code
3 lor equlpmenL / plpe flreprooflng Lhe proprleLary flreprooflng deslgn SPALL S 16
have flre LesL cerLlflcaLlon (eg Lloyds 8eglsLer -C8SCk eLc)
Where l ls belng used Lo proLecL Lhe plpe/vessel lLself (noL lLs supporL) from flre
exposure Lhe proprleLary flre proLecLlon deslgn SPALL S have flre LesL
cerLlflcaLlon (eg Lloyd's 8eglsLer -C8SCk eLc)
roprleLary flreprooflng sysLems are ofLen selecLed Lo reduce welghL (eg for prefabrlcaLed 17
equlpmenL assemblles or modular unlLs) or Lo reduce cosLs due Lo fasLer appllcaLlon
roprleLary sysLems SPALL S be sub[ecL Lo rlnclpal's approval
roprleLary flre proLecLlon sysLems SPALL S be submlLLed Lo Lhe rlnclpal for
approval
14
lor proprleLary sysLems Lhe followlng apply 18
1 llreprooflng maLerlal SPALL S be lnsLalled ln accordance wlLh Lhe
manufacLurers lnsLrucLlons/speclflcaLlons and Lhls uL
llre proLecLlon maLerlals SPALL S be applled ln accordance wlLh Lhe ManufacLurer's
lnsLrucLlons/speclflcaLlons and Lhls uL
13
1he followlng SPALL S be produced based on Lhe ro[ecL SpeclflcaLlon 21
- LxecuLlon 1echnlcal SpeclflcaLlon ueslgn
- LxecuLlon urawlngs (Approved for ConsLrucLlon)
- LxecuLlon 1echnlcal SpeclflcaLlon MaLerlals and Workmanshlp
- MeLhod SLaLemenL
- PSL 1S (1ask SLaLemenL) !SA (!ob SafeLy Analysls) and 8A (8lsk Analysls)
- LxecuLlon CuallLy lan
- LxecuLlon CuallLy ConLrol rocedure
- LxecuLlon lnspecLlon and 1esL lans
- LxecuLlon CuallLy ConLrol 8ecords
1he deslgn consLrucLlon and use of mounded horlzonLal cyllndrlcal sLeel vessels for 6
pressurlsed sLorage of L aL amblenL LemperaLures SPALL S comply wlLh LLMuA 190
(2000 plus erraLa 2003 and amendmenL 2004)
-o SPALL sLaLemenLs found
AppllcaLlon raLes of waLer and/or foam soluLlon SPALL S be sufflclenL Lo meeL Lhe 11
ok
funcLlonal erformance CrlLerla
1he flrewaLer sysLem SPALL S be such LhaL when more Lhan one elemenL of lL may be 11
requlred Lo operaLe slmulLaneously Lhe goals of each operaLlng elemenL SPALL S be
meL
1he goals of each operaLlng elemenL SPALL S be meL lncludlng when Lhere ls more
Lhan one elemenL of Lhe flrewaLer sysLem requlred Lo operaLe slmulLaneously
LqulpmenL speclflcaLlons lncludlng maLerlals of consLrucLlon SPALL S Lake lnLo accounL 11
Lhe operaLlng envlronmenL of Lhe flrewaLer sysLem and deslgn llfe
llrewaLer SPALL S noL be dlscharged lnLo areas conLalnlng slgnlflcanL quanLlLles of 11
waLerreacLlve maLerlals
All acLuaLlon devlces or equlpmenL requlrlng manual lnlLlaLlon or deploymenL SPALL S be 14
easlly accesslble and locaLed ouLslde or away from Lhe proLecLed area so LhaL an operaLor
can acLuaLe Lhe sysLems safely when requlred
13
lor manually lnlLlaLed dlscharge elemenLs Lhe Llme delay before Lhey are acLuaLed and 14
become operaLlonal SPALL S noL affecL Lhelr ablllLy Lo fulfll Lhelr lnLended funcLlons
lor auLomaLlcally lnlLlaLed dlscharge elemenLs a manual release sLaLlon whlch does noL 14
rely on Lhe lnLegrlLy of elecLrlcal or pneumaLlc slgnals SPALL S also be provlded
Any prlor acLlons requlred for sysLems Lo be effecLlve such as power or venLllaLlon shuLdown 14
SPALL S be lncorporaLed ln Lhe sysLem loglc cycle
1he sLaLus of all auLomaLlc flrewaLer sysLem elemenLs shall be lndlcaLed aL Lhe CenLral 13
ConLrol olnL AcLuaLlon of an alarm for one sysLem SPALL S noL prevenL oLher alarm
and annunclaLlon slgnals
AuLomaLlc shuLdown of a sysLem SPALL S noL be permlLLed unless lL can be shown LhaL 13
leavlng Lhe sysLem runnlng could glve rlse Lo a greaLer rlsk Lhan shuLLlng lL down
SysLem Cperable annunclaLlon SPALL S noL be posslble unless all componenLs are 16
reseL
All plpe work SPALL S be hydrosLaLlcally LesLed ln accordance wlLh Lhe pro[ecLs plplng 17
speclflcaLlon
lpe work SPALL S be flushed ouL wlLh clean waLer and shown Lo be clear of forelgn 17
maLLer prlor Lo commlsslonlng
Ad[usLmenLs SPALL S be made Lo ensure 17
LhaL Lhe elemenLs can cope wlLh expecLed surges (pump sLarLup Llme/closure of overboard
dump valve)
Pydraullc calculaLlons SPALL S be carrled ouL for all flrewaLer sysLem plpe work and 18
dlscharge sysLems uslng a valldaLed and recognlsed compuLer program
When a sysLem ls revlsed durlng Lhe course of a pro[ecL hydraullc calculaLlons SPALL S 18
be rerun and Lhe revlsed daLa shall be added Lo Lhe lnpuL daLa LogeLher wlLh an
explanaLory LexL
1he drlvers for flrewaLer pump unlLs SPALL S have adequaLe lnLegrlLy Lo allow Lhe 20
flrewaLer pump(s) Lo fulfll Lhe