Integration of renewable energy into gas grids

In the recent past world has visited the development of gas supply grids. After an consequent increment in the consumption rate and due to other factors, there is a need to integrating them with renewable energy gasses. Major availability of renewable gasses is through biomass (can be produced either by anaerobic digestion to produce biogas or thermo-chemically, Inc. In Trend of Organization to give synthesis) or in the longer term, upgrading till 2009. RE-based hydrogen can be used for distribution at local levels. Biogas production is growing rapidly and even the list of companies getting upgraded for the same. Most of the biomethane currently produced around the world is already distributed in local gas pipeline systems primarily dedicated for heating purposes. Figure bellow shows the cost comparative analysis if distributed through different mediums. Gas utilization can be highly efficient when combusted for heat; used to generate electricity by fuelling gas engines, gas boilers or gas turbines; or used in vehicles either compressed or converted to a range of liquid fuels using various processes. Technical challenges relate to gas source, composition and quality. Only biogas and syngas of a specified quality can be injected into existing gas grids so clean-up is a critical step to remove water, CO2 and additional by-products. The upgrading Relative costs for distributing and dispensing biomethane ( compressed cost varies according to the scale of the or liquefied) at the medium scale by truck or pipeline in Europe facility and the process, which can consume around 3 to 6% of the energy content of the gas .Hydrogen gas can be produced from RE sources by several routes including biomass gasification, reformation of biomethane, or electrolysis of water. The potential RE resource base for hydrogen is therefore greater than for biogas or syngas. Future production of hydrogen from variable RE resources, such as wind or solar power by electrolysis, will depend significantly on the electricity systems and availability of surplus capacity

Integration of renewable energy into liquid fuels Most of the demand for liquid biofuels is due to existing transport system. The production. seasonality. are usually too low to justify the related investment costs and operational of pipeline. may require extra care. current volumes of ethanol produced in an agricultural region to meet local demand. storage. The current infrastructure already used for petroleum-based fuels including storage. However. . blending and distribution system for a range of liquid biofuels Even though cost of biofuel delivery is a small fraction of the overall cost. sharing petroleum-product infrastructure with ethanol or blends can lead to problems from water absorption and equipment corrosion. more rail cars or vessels. remote locations. distribution and dispensing. Further the decentralized production. safer and healthier liquid fuels such as RE-derived dimethyl ether (DME) or ethanol gels. usually used for food. away from existing refineries or distribution centers. the logistics and capital requirements for widespread integration and expansion could present major hurdles. Large amounts of solid biomass could be replaced by more convenient. will similarly be used for bio fuels in that case and would create a boom. We have already developed technology for producing bioethanol and biodiesel fuels from various crops. Typically. This tentatively would increases the fuel storage and delivery costs. Since ethanol has only around two-thirds the energy density (by volume) of gasoline. quality control. and larger capacity pipelines are needed to store and transport the same amount. blending. cost efficiency of biofuels. or for export. can impact the supply chain logistics. larger storage systems.

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