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Opportunities in Carbon Capture & Storage. Pre-Combustion & Carbon Capture: A Key Technology Solution for a
Opportunities in Carbon Capture & Storage.
Pre-Combustion & Carbon Capture:
A Key Technology Solution for a Low Carbon Economy.
NAMTEC Conference - Harrogate UK
Terry Raddings
May 25th 2010
Copyright Copyright 2009 2009 General General Electric Electric Company. Company. All All Rights Rights Reserved. Reserved. This This material material may may not not be be copied copied or or distributed distributed in in whole whole or or in in part, part, without without
1 / AEIC2004.ppt
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Financial Crisis – Global European Trends … •Retirement of aging infrastructure 60% of hard coal plants
Financial Crisis – Global
European Trends …
•Retirement of aging infrastructure
60% of hard coal plants >25 yr old
40% of thermal & nuclear >25 yr old
Not helpful but doesn’t mean
We should drop the ball !!
• Energy security a growing concern
Reserve margins declining
Coal & Nuclear renaissance
•Renewables transforming European power systems
•CO2 expected to be significant driver – Cluster Approach
• Smart Metering/Grids could drive consumer behaviour
Copyright Copyright 2009 2009 General General Electric Electric Company. Company. All All Rights Rights Reserved. Reserved. This This material material may may not not be be copied copied or or distributed distributed in in whole whole or or in in part, part, without without
2 / AEIC2004.ppt
prior prior written written permission permission of of the the copyright copyright owner. owner.

Diverse Portfolio - But Not Just About Electricity !

Fuels

Diverse Portfolio - But Not Just About Electricity ! Fuels Conversion Gas Gas Oil Oil Coal

Conversion

Diverse Portfolio - But Not Just About Electricity ! Fuels Conversion Gas Gas Oil Oil Coal
Gas Gas Oil Oil Coal Coal Nuclear Nuclear Geothermal Geothermal Biomass Biomass Hydro Hydro Wind Wind
Gas
Gas
Oil
Oil
Coal
Coal
Nuclear
Nuclear
Geothermal
Geothermal
Biomass
Biomass
Hydro
Hydro
Wind
Wind
Solar
Solar

Efficiency

Reliability

Emissions

Flexibility

Efficiency Reliability Emissions Flexibility
Efficiency Reliability Emissions Flexibility
Efficiency Reliability Emissions Flexibility
Diverse Portfolio - But Not Just About Electricity ! Fuels Conversion Gas Gas Oil Oil Coal
Delivery Affordable, secure, reliable flexible & environmentally responsible energy – with multiple revenue streams
Delivery
Affordable, secure,
reliable
flexible &
environmentally
responsible
energy – with
multiple
revenue streams
Flexible, Affordable, Reliable & Environmentally Responsible
Flexible, Affordable, Reliable & Environmentally Responsible

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

3 / AEIC2004.ppt
3 / AEIC2004.ppt

Mod Wobbe Index@70F

Mod Wobbe Index@70F

Increasing Demand for Fuel Gas Flexibility

110 110 C5H12 C5H12 100 100 C4H10 C4H10 90 90 LNG Field (High C 2 )
110
110
C5H12
C5H12
100
100
C4H10
C4H10
90
90
LNG Field
(High C 2 )
C3H8
C3H8
80
80
C2H6
C2H6
70
70
NG/LNG Wide
60
60
Wobbe
CH4
CH4
H2
H2
50
50
NG
NG
Refinery
LNG Field
Offgas
High H2
(High Inert)
40
40
30
30
O2 Blown Syngas
20
20
CO
CO
Air Blown Syngas
10
10
BFG/COG
Source: GE internal data
0
0
0
0
5
5
10
10
15
15
20
20
25
25
30
30
35
35
40
40
45
45
50
50
55
55

Fuel Lower Heating Value, BTU/lb/1000

Fuel Lower Heating Value, BTU/lb/1000

Source: GE

Segment conditions

• Fuels of opportunity

• Emission requirements

• Climate change awareness

GE response

• Utilize 50+ years of experience in

non-traditional fuels

• Extending low emissions

technology

• Investing in technology for fuel

flexibility

4 / AEIC2004.ppt
4 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Coal power gen landscape – 2007-2016 East Europe & FSU West Europe China North America 25
Coal power gen landscape – 2007-2016
East Europe & FSU
West Europe
China
North America
25
RO Asia
29
India
30
Middle East
Total Capacity
& Africa
77
Additions (GW)
472
10 Year Ave Annual
17
IGCC Drivers
94
Cap Adds (GW)
• High/volatile natural gas prices – uncertainty of supply (LNG)
China
47
RO Asia
8
• Energy security/independence with large coal reserves
N. America
2
• Stringent environmental regulations: NOx, SO2, PM10, Hg , water
India
9
consumption …
West EU
3
MEA
2
• Monetized value of emissions
East EU
3
• Potential of a carbon constrained world
Ltn America
0.9
744 Total
5 / AEIC2004.ppt
5 / AEIC2004.ppt

Sources: DOE-EIA,GEE PGV Forecast 11apr2006

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

IGCC possibilities – Bridging The Gap !

Combine Lignite with

petcoke or hardcoal

Reduce Industry

dependency from Nat

Gas

Create integrated

Refinery solutions

  • - Hydrogen

  • - Fischer Tropsch Liquids

- Methanol - Carbon Monoxide - Higher Alcohols CO2 Capture Combined Cycle Power Block – 209FB
-
Methanol
-
Carbon Monoxide
-
Higher Alcohols
CO2 Capture
Combined Cycle Power
Block – 209FB
Oxygen
Syngas
Gasifier
Mercury & Sulfur
Removal
 

Sulfur

Removal

Marketable

Byproducts

Sulfur

Build Nat Gas fired Combined Cycle as – ‘IGCC ready’

6 / AEIC2004.ppt
6 / AEIC2004.ppt

Slag

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Gasification Solutions – Multiple Revenue Streams • Petroleum Coke • Asphalt • Heavy Oil • Vacuum
Gasification Solutions – Multiple Revenue Streams
• Petroleum Coke
• Asphalt
• Heavy Oil
• Vacuum Residue
•Others
Substitute
Natural Gas
SNG
Copyright 2008 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle

CO2

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CO 2 Syngas Clean- up Cleaned Fuel Gasification Syngas Cooling Coal Sulfur
Syngas Clean- up
Syngas
Clean-
up

Cleaned Fuel

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CO 2 Syngas Clean- up Cleaned Fuel Gasification Syngas Cooling Coal Sulfur

Gasification

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CO 2 Syngas Clean- up Cleaned Fuel Gasification Syngas Cooling Coal Sulfur
Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CO 2 Syngas Clean- up Cleaned Fuel Gasification Syngas Cooling Coal Sulfur
Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CO 2 Syngas Clean- up Cleaned Fuel Gasification Syngas Cooling Coal Sulfur

Syngas

Cooling

Coal

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CO 2 Syngas Clean- up Cleaned Fuel Gasification Syngas Cooling Coal Sulfur

Sulfur

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CO 2 Syngas Clean- up Cleaned Fuel Gasification Syngas Cooling Coal Sulfur

Hg

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CO 2 Syngas Clean- up Cleaned Fuel Gasification Syngas Cooling Coal Sulfur
Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CO 2 Syngas Clean- up Cleaned Fuel Gasification Syngas Cooling Coal Sulfur

Slag

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CO 2 Syngas Clean- up Cleaned Fuel Gasification Syngas Cooling Coal Sulfur

O2

  • Heat

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CO 2 Syngas Clean- up Cleaned Fuel Gasification Syngas Cooling Coal Sulfur
Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CO 2 Syngas Clean- up Cleaned Fuel Gasification Syngas Cooling Coal Sulfur
Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CO 2 Syngas Clean- up Cleaned Fuel Gasification Syngas Cooling Coal Sulfur

Air

Separation

System

Combined Cycle System

Combined Cycle System

Air

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CO 2 Syngas Clean- up Cleaned Fuel Gasification Syngas Cooling Coal Sulfur

Air/N2

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CO 2 Syngas Clean- up Cleaned Fuel Gasification Syngas Cooling Coal Sulfur

Electricity

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CO 2 Syngas Clean- up Cleaned Fuel Gasification Syngas Cooling Coal Sulfur

Five Basic Process Steps – all commercial proven

8 / AEIC2004.ppt
8 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

GE’s Gasifier Configurations

Quench

Gasifier Quench Chamber
Gasifier
Quench
Chamber
9 / AEIC2004.ppt
9 / AEIC2004.ppt

Hot syngas immediately quenched by direct water contact Syngas is warm and saturated with water… ideal for sour CO shift 12 to 86 barg commercial application Lower capital cost than RSC Shorter construction cycles than RSC Proven gasifier sizes up to nominal 900ft 3 Typical applications:

chemicals, hydrogen, refinery polygen

RSC

Gasifier Quench Radiant cooler for heat recovery Chamber
Gasifier
Quench
Radiant cooler
for heat recovery
Chamber

Images not to scale

Hot syngas first cooled by radiant cooling before quenching Generates high pressure steam to ~135 barg Gasifier pressures to ~45barg Better efficiency than Quench Construction cycle more complex than Quench Proven up to nominal 1800ft 3 Typical applications: power generation, refinery polygen

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

7F & 9F Syngas turbine

• Performance:

– Simple cycle: 7F - *232MWe, 9F – *310MWe – 207F Syngas: *680MW – 209F Syngas: *920MW • Key features:

– Air extraction available to support to process island and plant operations – Ability to operate on syngas as a high H2 fuel – Combustion system with extensive field validation – Increased mass flow for higher output – Proven syngas hot gas path materials – Natural gas and co-fire operation available

* Variable depending on project specifics

7F & 9F Syngas turbine • Performance: – Simple cycle: 7F - *232MWe, 9F – *310MWe
7F & 9F Syngas turbine • Performance: – Simple cycle: 7F - *232MWe, 9F – *310MWe

Launch units shipping in 2010

10 / AEIC2004.ppt
10 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Nat Gas Fired CCGT in 1 st Phase but key components IGCC Ready

HRSG – Built for process integration Generators - Built for IGCC duty Steam turbine – Built for IGCC operating envelope

9F Syngas Features 9FA+e HGP Enhanced Increased = Main Difference Combustion System: Area S1N Proven IGCC
9F Syngas Features
9FA+e HGP
Enhanced Increased
= Main Difference
Combustion System:
Area S1N
Proven IGCC MNQC
Mark VIe
Control
System
Axial
Cold End
Exhaust
Drive
FA Compressor Blading with
FA+e Aero
FA Compressor & Turbine

Leveraging >1000 “F Class” Gas Turbine Fleet >32M Fired Hours Experience 197 x 9FA Units in Service >8M hours

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

11 / AEIC2004.ppt
11 / AEIC2004.ppt

GE Syngas Experience by Application

       

Power

     
Power
 

Type

COD

MW

Block

Application

Integration

Gasifier

Fuel

Fuel
 

Coal IGCC Experience

           
Coal IGCC Experience
 

IGCC

1984

 
  • 120 Power

107E

 

Steam

GE

Coal

Coal
 
 

IGCC

1996

 
  • 350 Cogen

209E

 

Steam

ZVU

Coal

Coal
 
 

IGCC

1996

70

6B

Cogen/ MeOH

Steam

GSP

Coal

Coal
 
 

IGCC

1996

 

107FA

  • 250 Power

 

Steam

E-Gas

Pet Coke

Pet Coke
 
 

IGCC

1996

 

107FA

  • 250 Power

 

Steam/N2

GE

Coal-Pet Coke

Coal-Pet Coke
 
 

Refinery IGCC Experience

           
Refinery IGCC Experience
 

Refinery

1996

40

6B

Cogen

Steam/Air/N2

GE

Pet Coke

Pet Coke
 
 

Refinery

1997

 
  • 120 206B

Cogen/H2

Steam

Shell/Lurgi

Oil

Oil
 
 

Refinery

2000

 

3x109E

  • 550 Cogen

 

Steam

GE

Visbreaker Tar

Visbreaker Tar
 
 

Refinery

2000

 
  • 180 Cogen

2-6FA

 

Steam/N2

GE

Pet Coke

Pet Coke
 
 

Refinery

2000

 
  • 173 Cogen

2-6FA

 

None

GE

Oil

Oil
 
 

Refinery

2009

 
  • 160 Cogen

2-7EA

 

Steam

Shell

Asphaltene

Asphaltene
 
 

Refinery

2009

 
  • 253 Cogen

2-9E

 

N2

Shell

Oil

Oil
 
 

Steel Experience

           
Steel Experience
 

Steel

1996

 

3x109E

  • 520 Cogen

 

None

Steel Mill

BFG/COG/LDG

BFG/COG/LDG
 
 

Steel

2001

 
  • 180 Cogen

1x109E

 

None

Steel Mill

BFG/COG/LDG

BFG/COG/LDG
 
 

Steel

2003

50

106B

Cogen

None

Steel Mill

BFG/COG

BFG/COG
 
 

Steel

2008

 

9x106B

  • 450 Power

 

None

Steel Mill

BFG/COG

BFG/COG
 
Steel 2008 174 Cogen 1x109E None Steel Mill COREX

Steel

Steel

2008

2008
Steel 2008 174 Cogen 1x109E None Steel Mill COREX
  • 174 Cogen

1x109E

174 Cogen 1x109E
Steel 2008 174 Cogen 1x109E None Steel Mill COREX

None

None

Steel Mill

Steel Mill

COREX

COREX
 
12 / AEIC2004.ppt
12 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

GE High Hydrogen Experience

Project / Site

 

GT Model

No. Units

Fuel Gas

Features

 

Antwerpen,

Belguim

MS6000B

1

RFG

78%

H2

Puertollano,

Spain

MS6000B

2

RFG

Up

to

60%

H2

La Coruna,

Spain

MS6000B

1

RFG

Up

to

52%

H2

Rotterdam,

NL

MS6000B

1

RFG

59%

H2

 

Schwarze

Pumpe,

GE

MS6000B

1

IGCC

62%

H2

Milazzo,

ITA

MS5001P

1

RFG

30%

to

50%

H2

Ref.,

India

MS5001P

1

RFG

50%

H2

Paulsboro,

US

MS5001P

2

RFG

20%

to

60%

H2

NUP

MS3002J

1

TG

~60%

H2

Donges,

France

GE10

1

RFG

76%

H2

 
 

Jordon

PGT10

1

RFG

82%

H2

Refinery,

MS9001E
MS9001E
MS6001B
MS6001B

Project / Site

GT Model

No. Units

Fuel Gas

Features

 

Georgia Gulf, US

MS7001EA

3

Blend

Methane+50% H2

Vresova, CZ

MS9001E

2

IGCC

46.8% H2

 

Fawley, UK

MS9001E

1

RFG

~50% H2

 

Geismer, US

MS6001B

1

PG

Up

to

80%

H2

Refinery, US

MS6001B

1

RFG

12%

to

50%

H2

Petro Chem., Korea

MS6001B

1

PG

up

to

95%

H2

Refinery, Inter.

MS5001P

1

RFG

60% H2, propane

Reutgerswerke, GER

MS3002J

1

PG

60% H2

 

Tenerife, Spain

MS6001B

1

RFG

~70% H2

 

Cartagena, Spain

MS6000B

1

RFG

66% H2

 

San Roque, Spain

MS6000B

2

RFG

70% H2

 

IGCC=Syngas Gas; RFG=Refinery Gas; PG=Process Gas; TG=Tail gas

 
13 / AEIC2004.ppt
13 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

F-Class Hydrogen Experience

PSI Tampa Exxon Valaro Wabash Polk Singapore Delaware
PSI
Tampa
Exxon
Valaro
Wabash
Polk
Singapore
Delaware

Turbine

 

7FA

7FA

2x6FA

2x6FA

H 2

(% vol)

24.8

37.2

44.5

32.0

CO

39.5

46.6

35.4

49.5

CH 4

1.5

0.1

0.5

0.1

CO 2

9.3

13.3

17.9

15.8

N 2 +Ar

2.3

2.5

1.4

2.2

H 2 O

22.7

0.3

0.1

0.4

LHV

BTU/ft

3

209

253

241

248

kJ/m 3

8,224

9,962

9,477

9,768

T fuel F/C

 

570/ 300

700/ 371

350/ 177

570/ 299

H 2 /CO Ratio

0.63

0.80

1.26

0.65

Diluent

 

Steam

N 2

Steam

H 2 O/ N 2

Equiv BTU/ft 3

150

118

116

150

kJ/m 3

5,910

4,649

4,600

5,910

14 / AEIC2004.ppt
14 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Carbon footprints of fossil power

Existing coal U.S. average New coal IGCC or PC IGCC with CCS CC% GTSC (FA)

GTCC (FA)

33%η 45%η 40%η 90% 65% 50% Coal Natural gas Thermal efficiency indicated (xx%)
33%η
45%η
40%η
90%
65%
50%
Coal
Natural gas
Thermal efficiency
indicated (xx%)

CC = Carbon Capture %

0

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

CO 2 Emission rate (lbs/MW-hr)

0

250

500

750

1000

CO 2 Emission rate (kg/MW-hr)

References: DOE NETL; EIA; IEA and GE Internal Data

15 / AEIC2004.ppt
15 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

BTU/scf of Fuel

BTU/scf of Fuel

Hydrogen Fuel Experience

800 800 Process Process 700 700 Gases Gases 600 600 500 500 IGCC IGCC 400 400
800
800
Process
Process
700
700
Gases
Gases
600
600
500
500
IGCC
IGCC
400
400
Gases
Gases
300
300
200
200
MNQC H 2
MNQC H
100
100
2
Testing
Testing
0
0
0
0
10
10
20
20
30
30
40
40
50
50
60
60
70
70
80
80
90
90
100
100

Percent Hydrogen

Percent Hydrogen

BTU/scf of Fuel BTU/scf of Fuel Hydrogen Fuel Experience 800 800 Process Process 700 700 Gases
BTU/scf of Fuel BTU/scf of Fuel Hydrogen Fuel Experience 800 800 Process Process 700 700 Gases

Diffusion-flame MNQC Modeling

Reference: GE Internal data

16 / AEIC2004.ppt
16 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Full Scale Syngas Combustor

Air

MNQC Syngas Combustor

Extraction N2/Steam Fuel Nozzle Syngas Air from Compressor Natural Gas/ Syngas To Turbine Liner Nozzles Flow
Extraction
N2/Steam
Fuel
Nozzle
Syngas
Air from
Compressor
Natural Gas/
Syngas
To Turbine
Liner
Nozzles
Flow
Transition
Sleeve
Piece
Full Scale Syngas Combustor Air MNQC Syngas Combustor Extraction N2/Steam Fuel Nozzle Syngas Air from Compressor
Diluent SG NG
Diluent
SG
NG

Detailed CFD Models of IGCC MNQC Nozzle

Full Scale Syngas Combustor Air MNQC Syngas Combustor Extraction N2/Steam Fuel Nozzle Syngas Air from Compressor
Full Scale Syngas Combustor Air MNQC Syngas Combustor Extraction N2/Steam Fuel Nozzle Syngas Air from Compressor
17 / AEIC2004.ppt
17 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Simplified Extended

Simplified

Extended Turndown

Turndown System

System

100% NG Allowed % Load 100 Mix Permitted (Allowable Splits) 40 Shaded: Mix Not Permitted 0
100% NG Allowed
% Load
100
Mix Permitted
(Allowable Splits)
40
Shaded: Mix
Not Permitted
0
10
40
60
70
100
100
90
60
40
30
0
25
25
25
100% Syngas Allowed

% Split

% Natural Gas

% Syngas

NOx (ppmbv)

Indicative only

Indicative

only

18 / AEIC2004.ppt
18 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Combustion development

Development Lab Testing Greenville, SC

• Full pressure, temperature, and

flow

• Fuel blending capability for H2,

N2, CO, CO2, CH4, and H2O

• Identical combustor hardware to

engine

• Dynamics, emissions, ignition,

full and part load

characterization

• Full combustor characterization

prior to field start-up

MNQC Syngas Combustor Development

Combustion development Development Lab Testing Greenville, SC • Full pressure, temperature, and flow • Fuel blending
MNQC Syngas Test Stand
MNQC Syngas Test Stand
19 / AEIC2004.ppt
19 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

MNQC H 2 combustion testing

1000.0 1000.0 Equivalent Heating Value = Heating Value of Equivalent Heating Value = Heating Value of
1000.0
1000.0
Equivalent Heating Value = Heating Value of
Equivalent Heating Value = Heating Value of
Mixture of Syngas and Injected Steam
Mixture of Syngas and Injected Steam
Video capture of flame
structure - 85-90% H 2
100.0
100.0
10.0
10.0
1.0
1.0
100
100
150
150
200
200
250
250
300
300
LHVeq, Btu/SCF*
LHVeq, Btu/SCF*
LHV, kJ/m 3*
LHV, kJ/m
50
50 - 95% H 2 By Volume, Bal. N 2 , N
- 95% H
By Volume, Bal. N
, N
+
+ H
H
2 0
0
2
2
2
2
2
NOx @15% O 2 ppmvd
NOx @15% O 2 ppmvd
20 / AEIC2004.ppt
20 / AEIC2004.ppt

Reference: GE Internal data

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

H2- Syngas MNQC Emissions Mapping

H2- Syngas MNQC Emissions Mapping 21 / AEIC2004.ppt Reference: GE Internal data Copyright 2009 General Electric
21 / AEIC2004.ppt
21 / AEIC2004.ppt

Reference: GE Internal data

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Fuel Characteristics

Fuel

Characteristics

   

Combustion

Products

     

Typical Fuel Properties Mass

 

LHV

LHV

Density

Ratio

H 2 O

 

Fuel

 

Btu/lb

Btu/scf

lb/scf

N 2 /Fuel

%

Vol

 

100%

H 2

[1]

51,495

273.5

0.0053

---

16.94

50%

H 2 /50%

 

N 2

3,457

137.0

0.0396

13.90

12.30

Typical

IGCC Syngas

 

4,671

249.3

0.0534

--

--

Syngas Post-Dilution

 

1,776

114.6

0.0645

1.63

6.01

(N 2

to 15ppm

NOx)

 

NG DLN

 

20,500

900.0

0.0472

--

8.30

[1] Hypothetical

only

--

would

not

be

fired

at 100%

H 2

22 / AEIC2004.ppt
22 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Maintaining

Maintaining GTGT Output

Output onon Syngas

Syngas Fuels

Fuels

Un-shifted Syngas

Air - 6% Syngas Diluent SG Exhaust 12% 20% 126% Air - 100% Gen SG Gas
Air -
6%
Syngas
Diluent
SG Exhaust
12%
20%
126%
Air - 100%
Gen
SG
Gas Turbine

Hi H2-Low C Shifted Syngas

Air - 0% Hydrogen Diluent SG Exhaust 2% 22% 124% Air - 100% Gen H2 Gas
Air -
0%
Hydrogen
Diluent
SG Exhaust
2%
22%
124%
Air - 100%
Gen
H2
Gas Turbine

Gas Turbine Output vs. Ambient Temperature

Gas Turbine Output vs. Ambient Temperature

Syngas + Diluent Syngas + Diluent 7FA 7FA - Natural Gas - Natural Gas 7FB Torque
Syngas + Diluent
Syngas + Diluent
7FA
7FA
- Natural Gas
- Natural Gas
7FB Torque Limit
7FB Torque Limit
7FA Torque Limit
7FA Torque Limit
Additional IGCC Output
Additional IGCC Output
0
0
20
20
40
40
60
60
80
80
100
100
Output
Output
Ambient Temp. (Deg. F) Ambient Temp. (Deg. F) -20 -20 -10 -10 0 0 10 10
Ambient Temp. (Deg. F)
Ambient Temp. (Deg. F)
-20
-20
-10
-10
0
0
10
10
20
20
30
30
40
40

Ambient Temp. (Deg. C)

Ambient Temp. (Deg. C)

23 / AEIC2004.ppt
23 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

IGCC & CCS combustion landscape

Approach

Capability

Objective

Today IGCC with Cleaner Carbon capture energy • High-H 2 GT fleet • Successful operation •
Today
IGCC
with
Cleaner
Carbon
capture
energy
• High-H 2 GT fleet
• Successful
operation
• Diffusion flame
• Diluent for NOx
from
Future
coal
Advanced
Separation
& Gasification
Technology
• Advanced pre-mix
combustion
• ITM Membranes -
O 2 , CO 2 , H 2
• DOE program

GE PG7321FB-H2

IGCC & CCS combustion landscape Approach Capability Objective Today IGCC with Cleaner Carbon capture energy •
IGCC & CCS combustion landscape Approach Capability Objective Today IGCC with Cleaner Carbon capture energy •

Pre-mix combustion

IGCC & CCS combustion landscape Approach Capability Objective Today IGCC with Cleaner Carbon capture energy •
24 / AEIC2004.ppt
24 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Global research footprint

4 global research centers

Global research footprint 4 global research centers Niskayuna, New York Shanghai, China Munich, Germany Bangalore, India

Niskayuna, New York

Global research footprint 4 global research centers Niskayuna, New York Shanghai, China Munich, Germany Bangalore, India

Shanghai, China

Global research footprint 4 global research centers Niskayuna, New York Shanghai, China Munich, Germany Bangalore, India

Munich, Germany

Global research footprint 4 global research centers Niskayuna, New York Shanghai, China Munich, Germany Bangalore, India

Bangalore, India

Highlights • 2,600 research employees (nearly 1,000 PhDs) • 27,000 GE technologists worldwide • $5.7B technology
Highlights
• 2,600 research employees
(nearly 1,000 PhDs)
• 27,000 GE technologists
worldwide
• $5.7B technology spend
• 1,400+ patents issued
in 2006
Global research driving advanced power generation solutions
Global research driving advanced power generation solutions
25 / AEIC2004.ppt
25 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

GE and Schlumberger

• May 28: alliance agreement announced

• To accelerate the use of “cleaner coal” technology

• GE: Experience in IGCC, carbon capture

• Schlumberger:

Geologic storage expertise

and capabilities for site selection,

characterization & qualification

• Technical & commercial certainty for moving forward with coal-based power generation

GE and Schlumberger • May 28: alliance agreement announced • To accelerate the use of “cleaner
26 / AEIC2004.ppt
26 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

GE Energy’s Technology Enablers

Redefining our Energy Portfolio around Cleaner Energy Solutions.

Next Gen Emerging Commercial
Next Gen
Emerging
Commercial
“Cleaner”
“Cleaner”

Reduced Fossil Emissions

Efficient CCGT

Gas Reciprocating Engines

Environmental Services

Efficient Steam Turbine

IGCC – on it’s own CO2 Capture – on it’s own

 

Integrated solutions for Clean Coal

Technology ( IGCC) +CCS+EOR

 
 
 

Integration – Cleaner with Greener

 
 
 
 
“Greener”
“Greener”
Zero Emissions + Renewables Nuclear Large Hydro On/Offshore Wind Small Hydro / Refurbishment Biomass Geothermal
Zero Emissions
+
Renewables
Nuclear
Large Hydro
On/Offshore Wind
Small Hydro /
Refurbishment
Biomass
Geothermal
 

Larger Offshore Wind

Greener Buildings

Photovoltaics

Energy Culture

Hydro Standard Plant

 

Waste Gasification

Next Gen Reactor

Fuel Cells

Nuclear waste

Hydrogen

Energy Storage

Biofuels

Grid Integration & Mini-Grids

Ocean Energy

GE Energy’s Technology Enablers Redefining our Energy Portfolio around Cleaner Energy Solutions. Next Gen Emerging Commercial
GE Energy’s Technology Enablers Redefining our Energy Portfolio around Cleaner Energy Solutions. Next Gen Emerging Commercial
27 / AEIC2004.ppt
27 / AEIC2004.ppt

Copyright 2009 General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be copied or distributed in whole or in part, without

prior written permission of the copyright owner.

Summary • Shifting Generation Mix & Fuel Landscape • Gas Turbines and IGCC enablement • Bridge
Summary
• Shifting Generation Mix & Fuel Landscape
• Gas Turbines and IGCC enablement
• Bridge the gap – IGCC Ready
• H2 and Syngas Experience
• Polygeneration
• Carbon Capture Capability
• Ongoing R&D - DOE H 2 Turbine Program etc…
• Future of IGCC and CCS capabilities
• Team up – Infrastructure- Cluster Approach
Copyright Copyright 2009 2009 General General Electric Electric Company. Company. All All Rights Rights Reserved. Reserved. This This material material may may not not be be copied copied or or distributed distributed in in whole whole or or in in part, part, without without
28 / AEIC2004.ppt
prior prior written written permission permission of of the the copyright copyright owner. owner.