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Fluids review Sheet

• 1. Calculate the pressure created by ocean water (density = 1025 kg/m 3 ), at a depth of 11.0 km.

The pressure in a tightly closed building is the same as outside, 100 kPa. The windows in this

• 2. building are 1.2 m by 2.15 m. If a 23 m/s gust suddenly blows across the face of this building. What pressure difference across these windows does the wind create? What force acts on each window? Air density is 1.3 kg/m 3 .

A 10 cm radius water main connects a hilltop reservoir, found 20.0 m above ground level, to

• 3 houses in a valley. The supply line, at ground level, to each house is 1 cm radius. If only one house has water running, the ﬂow is 0.25 L/s. What is the ratio between the velocity of the water in the main and in the supply pipe and what are their velocities? Where is the pressure highest and what is the relative pressure?

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• 4. What lift does Bernoulli's principle predict for a wing of area 78 m 2 if the air passes over the top surface at 260 m/s and the bottom surface at 150 m/s?

• 5. A cylindrical slab of ice (density 900kg/m 3 ) of circular cross section (radius R=2.0m) and height H=20cm floats in sea water (density 1030kg/m 3 ). (a) A group of N=50 penguins (mass m=5.0kg each) decides this is a good place to rest and they hop onto the slab. Determine the height h by which the ice slab protrudes above water (i) without the penguins; (ii) after the penguins have hopped on. (b) The ice slab drifts southward into warmer water. If the ice melts at a rate of 500cm 3 per hour, how long does it take until the slab cannot support all of the penguins any more?

1.

1.1 x 10 8 Pa

• 2. about 330 Pa less outside

• 3. V s /V m =100:1; V s =080 m/s

V m =0.008 m/s

Pressure highest at bottom of hill; P=195.68 Kpa

• 4. 2.29 x 10 6 N

5

3
3
3
! 500 cm
" !
1m
"
0.59 m
3
0.59 m =
(t hours) ==> t =
=
1180 hours
#
3
hour
\$ # %
&
100 cm
\$ &
m
%
.0005
hour

.

3
3
3
! 500 cm
" !
1m
"
0.59 m
3
0.59 m =
(t hours) ==> t =
=
1180 hours
#
3
hour
\$ # %
100 cm
\$ &
m
%
&
.0005
hour