University Of The Philippines COLLEGE OF LAW

Second Semester 2011- 20 12
Arno V. Sanidad

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

MANDATORY READINGS:

1. Jurisdiction
a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. Batas Pambansa Big. 129 (as amended); SC Administrative Circular No. 09-94; The 1991 Revised Rules on Summary Procedure; Republic Act No. 8493 (The Speedy Trial Act of 1988); SC Circular No. 38-98 (Implementing Rules to RA 8493); Pres. Dec. No. 1606, as amended (Sandiganbayan Law); RA 8249 (Amendments to Sandiganbayan Law); Rep. Act No. 6770 (Ombudsman Law); A.M. No. 09-6-8-SC, "The Rules of Procedure for Environmental Cases." S.c. Administrative Circular No. 51-96 [Superseding Administrative Order No. 173-94 dated 28 September 1994]Special Courts for Kidnapping, Robbery, Dangerous Drugs, Carnapping and Other Heinous Crimes under R. A. NO. 7659.

2. Substantive Rights
a. b. c. d. e. f. Const. (1987), art. III; Const. (1987), art. VIII, sec. 5(5); Rule 115, 2000 Rules on Criminal Procedure; Republic Act No. 7438; DOJ-NPS Manual, Part XI, sees, 1, 2; Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act, Secs. 60-61;

3. DOJ Inquest and Preliminary Investigation Procedure
a. DOJ Department Order No. 70 [2000 NPS Rule on Appeal]; b. DOJ Circular No. 61 (1993) [New Rules on Inquest];

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6770 (Ombudsman Law). S.c. 02-1-19-SC [Rule on Commitment of Children]. 4. b. Batas Pambansa Big. 09-6-8-SC. RA 8249 (Amendments to Sandiganbayan Law). Special Rules and Procedures SC AM No.c. No. Hierarchy of Courts: A. 169 SCRA 471 (1989) -2- . No. "The Rules of Procedure forEnvironmental Cases. a. 2008 Manual for Prosecutors (see Reserved Section). 02-1-18-SC [Rule on Juveniles in Conflict with the Law].M. SC AM No. d." a. SC AM No. e. 2007 g. b. 1606. 07-9-12-SC. 06-11-5-SC October 2. The Colonial Roots of Criminal Procedure Philippines. COURSEOUTLINE PART ONE INTRODUCTION I. Pres. No. c.Criminal Procedure (Rules B.. 11 Columbia Journal of Asian Law 175 in the II. Herrera. No. Act No. 09-94. Rule on the Writ of Amparo [A. SC Administrative Circular No. Rule on the Writ of Habeas Data [A. Rep. 25 September 2007] h. Law Vol. 5]. Rule On DNA Evidence A. 129 (as amended). Remedial 110-127). as amended (Sandiganbayan Law). c. No. 1-56. DOJ National Prosecution Service. f.M. SC AM No. 08-1-16-SC dated 22 January 2008] i. 02-2-07-SC [Amendments to Rule 110. A. pp. History &.M. SC AM No. sec. Polo. d. The 1991 Revised Rules on Summary Procedure. Criminallurisdiction 1. Dec. IV .M. 00-04-07-SC [Child Witness Rule]. e. Sources of Rules on Criminal Procedure Amy Rossabi. 03-1-09-SC [Rule on Guidelines to be Observed by Trial Judges and Clerks of Court in the Conduct of Pre-Trial and Use of Deposition-Discovery Measures] f. Criminallurisdiction &. Allegations of complaint as basis Buaya v. Oscar M.

Cebu Country Club. Jr.2. Tuliao.68 SCRA 14. 4131 3. Hierarchy of Courts and the Remedy of Appeal A. No. 2011 Change of venue: Art. No. G. 9.R.. 16 SCRA 871 (1966) Miranda v. 18. Generally Rule 122. No. et al. Sec. 10-1-06-RTC : January 12. VIII. 629 SCRA 423 (2010) III. 2010] Re: Petition for Change of Trial Venue of Crimina I Case No.R..M. Alonso. et AI. et aI. CA. 1975.Rules 123. vs.. April 20. 12. 5 (4). Honrales. Lagon.R. G. 129 Uy v. 188471.R. 2008 b) Jurisdiction and double jeopardy Heirs of Honrales v. 147406. G. -3- . People. vs.. Sa-198. People v. People. L-56158-64 March 17. B. November 6.P. Section 9. 65 SCRA 635 (1975) Mondiguing v. 124. Datuin. G. 185 SCRA442 (1990) b) Venue or Territory where committed. Pilotin. 125. Abaci. 536 SCRA 471(2007)] People v. G.R. People v. 486 SCRA 377 3. Inc.B) See: [A. 36 SCRA 172 (1970) People v. Sola. Purpose Sec. 6. !987 Constitution People v. Taroy. 2. 3. Appeal to the Regional Trial Courts. 276 SCRA 367 (1997) Campanano. 2010. Gutierrez. July 14. For Rebellion from the Regional Trial Court of Cotabato City to the Regional Trial Court of Quezon City. secs. Sept. Sr. 1981 (E. a) Jurisdiction not subject to waiver or agreement Figueroa v. No. Elements & Requisites of Criminal Jurisdiction a) Subject matter or offense Revised Penal Code as amended Special Penal Laws People v. 1. Data Andal Ampatuan. #192466. No. c) Person of the accused Valdepefias v.

and the Municipal Circuit Trial Courts) 1. Carnapping and Other Heinous Crimes under R. Dec. Regional Trial Court: 1. NO.P.A. 32. 1. 2. 3 & 4. R. and Decide Environmental Cases. the Municipal Trial Courts. No. 8369 ("Family Courts Act of 1997") b. 7659. B. 3 & 5 (a). Executive Secretary. Rule 122 3. the Municipal Trial Courts in Cities. Rule 122 C. 301 SCRA 298 (1999) Magno v.A. Rule 122 Sec. Robbery. 129 ( As amended by RA No. Dangerous Drugs. 647 SCRA362 (2011) 2. (1) & (2). Try. 3. 7975 and R. 39. SC Administrative Circular No. Offenses committed by public officials Sec. No. January 28. 173-94 dated 28 September 1994] Environmental Courts (AO No. How appeal taken Sec. A. People. MTC: (Metropolitan Trial Courts. 2 (a). as amended by R. 4(a) par. No. 129 Sec. (a). Original & Exclusive Criminal Jurisdiction: Sec. B. Special Courts Kidnapping.c. Appeal Sec. 1606. 23-2008.A. Appellate jurisdiction -4- . 8249 Lacson v. 51-96 [Superseding Administrative Order No. 09-94 2. Original & Exclusive Criminal Jurisdiction Sec. Pres. 7691) a.P. NO. 129 Sec.P. 20. Family Courts Sec. ADMINISTRATIVE CIRCULAR NO. S. B.B. Re: Designation of Special Courts to Hear. 2008) c.

2006 (3) Other cases Rule 122. 1. Sec. 13 (as amended by SCA. 3 (c) People v. PD 968 (as amended). Sec.9346 Rule 122.R. No. G. 31. Aug. 10 (as amended by SC A. (2) Penalty is reclusion perpetua or life imprisonment Rule 122. Rule 122 b.M. 00-5-03 [October 15. Salome. No. sec. 00-5-03 [October 15. 4. 2004]. Mateo. 2004]. 2 (b). secs. Amendments to the Revised Rules of Criminal Procedure to Govern Death Penalty Cases) Rule 125. d. In the exercise of its original jurisdiction (1) Death Penalty Cases R. Amendments to the Revised Rules of Criminal Procedure to Govern Death Penalty Cases). 2 (a). RA 9346.M. 433 SCRA 640 (2004) People v. 2 (c) To the Court of Appeals Rule 41.A. 169077. sec. sec.Sec. 11. 12. In the exercise of its appellate jurisdiction Sec. 3 Cd). Rule 122 3. 12. Rule 122 Sec. Appeals from RTC. 2 c) Appeal by any of several accused Rule 122. sec. No. how appeal taken a. e) Effects of death of accused pending appeal -5- . Rule 124. d) Withdrawal of appeal Rule 122. Sec.

. g) Appeal a Judgment of Acquittal: People v. Fung. NO. Sandiganbayan. a) Ombudsman: Uy v. 8249 Rodriguez v. Heirs of Margarita Ventura . 271 SCRA 148 (1997). as amended (Sandiganbayan Law). 6770 (Ombudsman Law).. Court of Appeals. (d). 504 SCRA321(2006) Perez VS. G. 429 SCRA 357(2004) Office of the Ombudsman VS. Ayochok. 1606.A. 4(a). 640 SCRA 544(2011) (ii) In criminal cases Golangco VS. 4(a). as amended by R. Sandiganbayan: Pres. (2). 424 SCRA 741(2004) Office of the Ombudsman VS. 2001 Appeals from the Ombudsman: (i) In administrative cases &. Sandiganbayan. (4) & (5) Pres. l(a). in relation to office" (i) "Grade 27 and above" Sec. No. (3). 629 SCRA 250 (2010) 4. 7975 and R. (e). Asis. Nos. as amended by R. 1998 Macalalag vs. Ombudsman &.". (1).. NO. People v. RA 8249 (Amendments to Sandiganbayan Law). Dec. 8249 (ii) Public officials irrespective of salary grade Sec. 424 SCRA 236 (2004) -6- .R. 605 SCRA 1(2009) b) Sandiganbayan . ©. 1606. Ombudsman. Act No. Barro Sr. Dec. NO. 105965-70. March 20. 295 SCRA470.A. 7975 and R.A. CA. (f) & (g)Pres. annulment of judgment Fabian vs. No. (b). 1606. No. 629 SCRA324 (2010) f) Effect of failure to appeal a patently wrong judgment People v. 338 SCRA312 (2000). September 16. Dec.Villegas v. Office of the Ombudsman. Desierto. NO. Rep.A.

Sandiganbayan. 629 SCRA 250 (2010) b) Improvident Plea. Ramirez vs. Executive Secretary.R. 141129-33. Sandiganbayan. Nos. sec. Sandiganbayan. 457 SCRA 301 (2005) Organo v. 434 SCRA 388 (2004) Lacson v. People. 2001. Ong vs. Genio. 23. Asis. 3. supra 5.Bariaga v. Dec. December 14. G. Court of Appeals. Remand & Re-arraignment When Proper: People v. Supreme Court: a) Generally Rule 65 People vs. supra (iii) Appeals from RTC Magno v. 2009 c) Even split or no majority in Supreme Court Rule 125. 320 SCRA 684 (1999) Inding v. Molina. 609 SCRA 188. Court of Appeals: a) Rule 41 Ordinary Appeal (Appeal By Writ of Error) b) Rule 42 Petition fo Review c) Rule 124 6. 71 SCRA 231(1976) -7- .

Private searches People v. Valdez. Constitutional and statutory boundaries. supra Burgos v. III. Secs. art..PART TWO RULE 126 .) (3) Motion to Quash Search Warrant (4) Motion to Suppress (5) Motion for Return of Property Seized I. Secs. (1987). 13. U. Diokno. supra 2.S. 389 U. Definition & Nature Const. Marti. supra -8- . 347 (1967). 1. Affldavlt/s of complainant or witnesses Others (Photographs. (2) Documents as basis for issuance: Request for Issuance. waiver of protected right Villanueva v. People v.SEARCH AND SEIZURE Pertinent Documents & Pleadings: (1) Search Warrant. sketches. U.S. Guanzon v. art. etc. 20 SCRA 383 (1967).S. 2. (1987). People v. III. De Villa. 3. Marti. Scope of protection Const. 193 SCRA 57 (1991). 341 SCRA 25 (2000) EB "People not places. Nature. 3(1). Valdez. People v. Katz v. Rule 126. scope and definition A. B. Querubin." Katz v. Nature of right protected.. 48 SCRA349 (1972). Chief of Staff. 181 SCRA 623 (1990). sec. limitations on State action 1. 133 SCRA800 (1984) EB. "Exclusionary Rule" Stonehill v.

227 (1986) .s. (1) Concept of probable cause in search warrants People v. 232 SCRA 249 (1994). S.Thermal imaging device California v. sec. 27 (2001) . Asuncion. 293 (1966) . (1987). United States.2d 1112 RA 4200 4200 (Anti-wire Tapping Law): Gaanan vs. No. 476 U. A3.S.. 1986 RA 9272 (Human Security Act of 2007): Sec. 115 Wn. People v. With A Search Warrant a. 207 (1986) . 280 SCRA400 (1997). 385 U. 7-16 Rule 126. 486 U. 533 U. 35 (1988). 2. Place. sec.S. 476 U. U. sec. 2. 800P.R. 696 (1983) .S. L-69809 October 16. Manalili v. Aruta. . Types 1. CA. PICOP v. CA.Aerial search using device United States v."Enhanced Senses" and "Reasonable expectation of privacy": Kyllo v. 288 SCRA 626 (1998). G.Sniff Dog Hoffa v. Estrada.S. Venue of application. 291 SCRA 400 (1998). 13.. 296 SCRA 383 (1998). art. sec. Greenwood.Aerial "naked eye" observation Dow Chemicals v. cf. 1. 462 U. 1983). Generally Rule 126. CA. jurisdiction of court Rule 126. Boland. Interim Rules (January 11. Ciraolo.Garbage search Washington vs. 307 SCRA 253 (1999). C.S. lAC. 21. par.2d 57 (1990). b. III. sec. United States. Malaloan v. BP 129 (as amended by RA 7691). sec. Const."Plant" California v. -9- . 1. Requisites for issuance Rule 126. People v. c.

(4) Description of place to be searched People v. 613 SCRA 98 (2010) ii) Procedure: How is it determined? Rule 126. G. Art. 571 SCRA 18 (2008) (3) Description of things to be seized Kho v. Makalintal. Bache vs. Estrada. supra People v. G. 2010 Kho vs. Chief of Staff. sec. 2010 Roan v. Gonzales. 176066. 145 SCRA 687 (1984). sec. 176066. 2. G. Gomez.S. No. Gates. Rule 126. August 11. supra. Personal examination by complainant &. 5. witnesses: searching questions of Bache v.A. People v. Tuan. 438 SCRA 224 (2004) People v. III. 120915 April 3. supra PICOP v. Maxicorp. Sy Tiong Gue. supra PICOP v. Asuncion.R. supra People vs. Coca-Cola v.R. Macalintal.R. 1998 Burgos v. Aruta. Ruiz. August 11.. Ruiz. supra Illinois v. supra (2) Determining probable cause: i) Person Authorized: Who determines? Const. sec. Inc. 4. Asuncion. 37 SCRA823 (1971) People vs.Microsoft Corporation v. Gonzales. (1987). 420 SCRA 662 (2004) Tan vs. supra. Mamaril. Diokno. Makalintal. 462 U. Tuan. C. 613 (1983) Stonehill v. No.. supra -10- . No. supra Kho vs. Ruiz. supra Roan vs. 306 SCRA 70 Bache vs.

10. People v. f. Chua Ho San. CA. supra Washington vs. Warrantless Search of computers & Cell Phones: Computers: U. 13. 265 SCRA 325 Malacat v. G. 297 SCRA 376 (1998). 308 SCRA432 (1999). Pano. supra 2. Cuizon. No. CA. Binad Chua. 136066-67.R. Nos. supra People v. 257 SCRA430 (1996). sec.. 2007 October 2. 147 SCRA509 (1987). 1998 People v.S. vs.S.3d 966 (2006) U.M. G. Ruiz. 395 U. CA. California. Chief of Staff.R. 474 F. Barron. 3. No. People v. supra People v. Ziegler. 752 (1969). Bache v. Form and content of warrant. 2007) -11- .S. Search incident to lawful arrest Rule 126. lifetime Rule 126. sec. 2003 Office of the Court Administrator v. sec. Umanito. Things that may be seized Rule 126. vs. 139 SCRA 152 (1985). 06-11-S-SC People v. Burgos VS. Greenwood. Validity of warrant People v. 1. #172607 Oct. Chimel v. G.d. supra Mustang Lumber v. Boland. Aruta. Nolasco v. 269 SCRA402 (1997).R. Hill. February 4. Warrantless Search & Seizure: a. 120915 April 3. 26. CA. 6. People v. 459 F. Pano. Posadas v. January 30.3d 1184 (9th Cir. 188 SCRA 288 (1990) People vs. supra California v. 283 SCRA 159 (1997) EB. Valdez. Nolasco v.2007 e. Padilla. supra Rules on DNA Evidence A. Estrada. Cf.

221 (1936).3d 163 (2009) Journal Articles: Adam M. Vol. Written consent: Roan v. 412 U. and Other Less Intrusive Searches "Stop and Frisk": -12- . Locsin. 106 SCRA325 (1981). 2009 Cell phones: U. Garland and Donald F. 26.M. 2008. 218 (1973) People vs. 64 Phil.S.S. Alvarez v. Malasigui. Finley. 689 (1938). 44. Bryan Andrew Stillwagon. Agbot. 48 (1937). CFI. Fourth Amendment and Computers. Smith. Cuizon. Bustamonte. "Stop and Frisk". Roadblocks & Checkpoints. b. October.Journal Articles: Edward T. 65 Phil. vs. Bringing an End to Warrantless Cell Phone Searches. 265 SCRA325 (1) Peaceful submission not consent to search Garcia v. UCLA Law Review. c. Summer 2008 Georgia Law Review. Feb. 63 Phil. Consented search People v. Gonzales. Schneckloth v. Georgia Bar Journal. 124 Ohio St. The IPhone Meets the Fourth Amendment. 477 F. (3) Effect of posting bail Rule 114.3d 250 State vs. Gershowitz. supra (2) Effect of voluntary surrender People v. Samuel. sec.

G. 234 (1966). 496 U. Caballes v. 132 (1925). New Hampshire. J. Escano. Dickerson. 237 SCRA424 (1994).S. Encinada. Minnesota v. People v. US. "Plain View" Doctrine: Harris v. 2002.S. 65 SCRA 336 (1975).S. of State Police v. G.S. Roldan v. 198 SCRA401(1991) People vs. 178 SCRA 211 (1989). Arca.R. e.S. 2002. US. Lo Ho Wing. 629 SCRA370 (2010) Roadblocks & Checkpoints: Delaware v. Malmstedt. CA. Ohio. Court of Appeals.L. 648 (1979). Moving vehicles/hot pursuit Caroll v. De Villa.R.S. CA. 444 Alabama v. supra Esquillo v. Vinecario. Sitz. 472 (1971). Lacerna. Solayao. 1 (1968). -13- .S. 325 Caballes v. No. 22 SCRA 857 (1968). 390 U. 1997 Checkpoints: Valmonte v. 496 U. 266 (2000) People v. Michigan Dept. Court of Appeals. 323 SCRA754 (2000) d. 241 SCRA 277 (1995).S. 392 U. 471 U.R. People. Aniag vs. People v. 116720. Asuncion v. CA. White. Balingan. 317 SCRA 594 (1999). Carney. No. 278 SCRA 561 (1997) People v.. 529 U. Mago. COMELEC. 267 U. 262 SCRA 255 (1996) People v.Terry v. 193 SCRA 122 (1990). Coolidge v.S. People vs. People vs. 420 SCRA 280 (2004). January 15. 386 (1985) Papa v. Obra v. 508 U. People v. G. October 2. 136292. 136292. Prouse. Binad Chua. 302 SCRA 490 (1999). supra Malacat v. 366 (1993) Florida v. January 15. California V. 403 U.S. 440 U. No.

R. 3..S. Marti. 321 SCRA459 (1999). People v. 2002 State v. 7. Bolasa. 356 SCRA 683 (2001) f. Service of warrant 1. Evaristo. "Attenuation". People vs. California. People v. Bringham City v. 9. 216 SCRA431 (1992). supra People v. People v. 371 U. U.Ct.S. 475 A. post-service procedure A.S. sec. 301 SCRA 668 (1999). People v. Huang Zhen Hua. Extraordinary circumstances: People v. 8. Valdez. Doria. 496 U. People v. 233 SCRA716 (1994). Hicks. Two-witness rule Rule 126. 431 II.. 128 (1990) People v. Salanguit. 439 SCRA 350 (2004) -14- . De Gracia. Musa.S. 338 Wong Sun v. sec. 219 SCRA 743 (1993). People v. Time of search Rule 126. Private Searches & "State Expansion of Private Search" People v. 1943 (2006) h. G. 321 (1987) Horton v. Stuart. 480 U.S. Bongcarawan. sec.S. 471 Nix vs. 341 SCRA 24 (2000). Concepts of : "Fruit of the Poisonous Tree".Arizona v. 143944.2d 995 g. Von Bulow. Gesmundo. 308 U. "Inevitable Discovery" Nardone v. Williams. 467 U. 126 S. Breaking of door or window to effect search Rule 126.S. 217 SCRA 597 (1993). 2. U. No. Procedure for service of warrant. July 11.

892 (1920). 2010 3.S. 42 Phil. CA. Esquillo vs. G. Remedies against unreasonable search and seizure 1.) Stonehill v. Diokno. "Exclusionary Rule": Motion to quash search warrant or suppress evidence: Art. Collector v. Gesmundo. Issuance of Receipt Rule 126. Delivery of property and inventory. sec. 128 SCRA 388 (1984). 129. supra 2. 2[d].B. Bayona. People v. sec. Rule 118. 71 SCRA 356 (1976). 236 SCRA 227 (1994). supra Bache v. supra Rakes v. return and proceedings on the return: Rule 126. Gesmundo. Lacbanes. People v. 128. No.R. 80 Phil. Code. Non Waiver of Admissibility: People vs. Asuncion. Pen. 12. 182010. PICOP v. supra 1. 4. Arts. August 25. sec. -15- . Sec. 270 SCRA 193 (1997). Post-service procedure People v. sec. 14. Villareal. Palacio. III. 439 U. 206. Magoncia v. 128 (1978). 130. Waiver of Jurisdiction &. supra III. Return of property illegally seized: Uy Kheytin v. 3 (2) Rule 126. MHP Garments v. 397 SCRA 674 (2003). Illinois. RA 8493. 2(d) (cf. Ruiz. Lapitaje. 11. Mata v. sec. Criminal liability and Civil Damages: Rev. Villaluz. 170 (1948). 2. People.

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