Obesity a Major Cause of Early Death in Women: Study
HealthDay – 4 hrs ago

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity is a major risk factor for death among obese women who don't smoke, particularly low-income women, a new study finds. It included more than 3,600 women aged 45 to 64 in Scotland who never smoked and were followed for 28 years. During that time, half the women died, including 916 (51 percent) from cardiovascular disease and 487 (27 percent) from cancer. Researchers found that low-income women were more likely to be severely obese than women who were better off financially. The study also found that those who were severely obese had the highest death rates, while non-smoking women who were not obese have relatively low death rates regardless of their socioeconomic status, according to the study, published June 28 online in the British Medical Journal. Though women with low-income jobs were more likely than those with higher paying jobs to die of cardiovascular disease, the same didn't hold true for cancer. Researchers also found that women who never smoked were much more likely to be overweight or obese than those who smoked. This suggests that high smoking rates a few decades ago may have obscured the extent of obesity in non-smoking women, and that recent declines in smoking rates may have contributed to the increase in overweight and obesity, the researchers said in a journal news release. Despite the risks posed by obesity, "it is important not to forget that smoking is a much stronger risk factor for (death) than most other risk factors, including obesity," Professor Johan Mackenbach, of Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam in the Netherlands, wrote in an accompanying editorial. More information The U.S. National Women's Health Information Center has more about overweight and obesity.

Copyright © 2011 HealthDay. All rights reserved. The information contained above is intended for general reference purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice or a medical exam. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health professional before starting any new treatment. Medical information changes rapidly and while Y ahoo and its content providers make efforts to update the content on the site, some information may be out of date. No health information on Y ahoo, including information about herbal therapies and other dietary supplements, is regulated or evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and therefore the information should not be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease without the supervision of a medical doctor. Copyright © 2011 Y ahoo! Inc. All rights reserved. | Y ahoo! News Network | /

. such as lower blood pressure. By the same token. they found women who stuck with the program lost 43 pounds. but short-lived By Eric Schultz | Reuters – 16 hrs ago NEW YORK (Reuters Health) . Stephan Bischoff of the University of Hohenheim in Stuttgart and colleagues used a number of lifestyle changes. all of whom work for OPTIFAST centers. who runs the Center for Weight and Eating Disorders at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia and was not involved in the new work.YAHOO! NEWS Surgery-free weight loss striking.the researchers note. as opposed to just being part of a scientific study. "Weight regain remains the Achilles' heel of all weight loss therapies. Bischoff said. Those who stuck it out.S.A one-year weight loss program based on lifestyle changes can help obese people shed almost as many pounds as surgery. That's close to the weight loss achieved by surgery -. .a weight loss program franchised by Nestle as OPTIFAST52. While weight loss surgery effectively helps people slim down. women weighed about 247 pounds on average and men weighed 301 pounds.about 60 percent -. Completers also saw a number of other positive effects. According to loss and constipation -. while men trimmed their weight by 57 pounds. that's less likely to happen after surgery. it turned out they had regained most of their original poundage. Potential side effects from the program were rare. But more than 40 percent quit before the year was up. extra health care spending and early death." said Thomas Wadden. with men shedding about 10 pounds more. At the start of the program. tied to a host of chronic diseases. In the U. nutritional counseling and exercise -. it's hard to be sure exactly what benefits came from the program itself. a fifth of the participants were able to keep their new weight without further help. lower cholesterol and blood sugar levels and better quality of life. including a low-calorie diet. But when the researchers tracked a sample of 300 people three years after they'd completed the program. Whether those problems are a real consequence of the Nestle program is still uncertain. signed up more than 8. In a study published in the International Journal of Obesity. but it is only half as long as the German program. There is also an OPTIFAST program in the US. about a third of adults are obese.reported by less than one percent of the participants. three-quarters of the weight they'd lost had crept back after three years. German researchers say. group meetings. because the study didn't include a control group. In the new study. Excess weight is one of the world's greatest health problems. And even among completers. complications and cost make the procedure less than ideal.000 obese participants at dozens of centers across the country. with the most common ones -. behavioral therapy. Combining all participants regardless of whether or not they finished the program. women lost an average of 33 pounds. lost 53 percent of their excess weight. The researchers. about six out of every ten participants. Still.

reuters. you should spend another month learning how to keep the weight off. it is not a practical solution to America's obesity problem." he said. but said they need to do a better job of helping participants keep the pounds off. June 14. 2011. Obese Americans tend to be poor.asp Copyright © 2011 Y ahoo! Inc. Check for restrictions at: International Journal of Obesity. | Y ahoo! News Network | / .com/fulllegal. a nutrition researcher at Columbia University in New York.And there are other problems with the program. Although OPTIFAST52 appears to work in the short term. SOURCE: http://bit. (c) Copyright T homson Reuters 2011. All rights reserved. said Stanley Heshka." University of Pennsylvania's Wadden does see promise in weight loss programs. while intensive programs like Nestle's tend to be "very costly. "For every month that you spend losing weight. he told Reuters Health by email.

the remission rate for type 2 diabetes in obese patients with a BMI of 35 or more was about 75 percent. sleep apnea. joint disease and/or metabolic syndrome) and who have not been able to lose weight through less invasive methods. an obesity-related disease is not necessary to qualify for weight-loss surgery. "These are people with real." Morton and his colleagues are slated to present their findings Thursday at the American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery annual meeting. "After all. before their weight goes too high and the surgery comes less effective.Obese patients whose body-mass index (BMI) falls below the minimum level recommended for weight-loss surgery may have better outcomes than those who are more obese. we're not talking about people who are just pleasantly plump. For someone with a BMI of 40 or more. A woman of the same height who weighs 200 pounds would actually fall just short of the BMI threshold of 35. "This finding suggests that perhaps we should be getting patients to surgery sooner than later. Out of the 980 obese patients who had met the NIH criteria when they were initially slated for surgery between 2004 and 2010. For a woman with a height of 5-foot-4. Fla. The result: a year following surgery. Morton noted that ideally one's BMI should clock in under 25. "There was a clear trend that as your weight was lower when having gastric bypass surgery." noted study co-author Dr.YAHOO! NEWS Weight-Loss Surgery Helps Less Obese Patients: Study By By Alan Mozes HealthDay Reporter | HealthDay – Thu. while at 300 pounds the same woman would have a BMI of nearly 52. according to NIH guidelines. substantial risks associated with excess weight. its findings should be viewed as preliminary. those patients with a BMI under 35 not only experienced better outcomes in terms of . 2011 THURSDAY. June 16 (HealthDay News) -. 12 patients actually showed up for the procedure at BMI levels below the recommended cut-off point for surgery. Morton explained that the current study came about almost accidentally. particularly with respect to diabetes. your outcomes were actually better. new research suggests. as a result of a Stanford pre-surgical program designed to educate prospective patients about the surgery and to encourage them to adopt better nutritional habits before the operation. he said." Morton added. Guidelines from the National Institutes of Health recommend gastric bypass only for patients whose BMI is 35 or more and who have an obesity-related condition (such as high blood pressure. in Orlando.000 patients revealed that those patients whose pre-surgery BMIs were below the federal guideline threshold of 35-plus experienced a 100 percent remission from type 2 diabetes in the year following surgery. which has a lot of negative consequences. John Morton. In contrast. when we talk about patients below a BMI of 35. director of bariatric surgery at Stanford Hospital & Clinics at Stanford University in Palo Alto. An analysis of data from nearly 1. this would roughly equate to weighing about 140 pounds. Jun 16." Morton said. Because the study has not been published in a peer-reviewed journal.

according to the American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery. but lost more weight than those who met the recommended BMI threshold for weight-loss surgery. All rights reserved. Copyright © 2011 Y ahoo! Inc.000 or more. Like all operations. Complications include serious infections. costing about $20. No health information on Y ahoo.000 to $25. in contrast to those with a BMI of 35 to 40 (112 percent). people need to be reminded that even modest weight loss and improved glucose control in the absence of surgery can help immensely in terms of diabetes control" and prevention. the patients who weighed less than that recommended for gastric bypass had also lost more weight than those with the higher BMIs. they had lost 167 percent of their excess weight. Medical information changes rapidly and while Y ahoo and its content providers make efforts to update the content on the site." he said. depending on the procedure. | Y ahoo! News Network | / . the other thing I would add is that while bariatric surgery has on several occasions shown impressive results across various bands of weight. Weight-loss surgeries are also expensive. approached the findings with some caution. it is really the first set of evidence that looks at this specifically. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health professional before starting any new treatment. cure or prevent any disease without the supervision of a medical doctor.diabetes." said Morton.3 percent). "What we found amounts to what I think is a big lesson: we ought to intervene with these patients earlier than previously thought. treat. Copyright © 2011 HealthDay. and the risk of dying is one in 1. Kendall said. chief scientific and medical officer of the American Diabetes Association." "More generally. At check-ins from three-months to a year after surgery.000. "While these are exciting and interesting findings. Dr. including information about herbal therapies and other dietary supplements. More information For more on bariatric surgery. David M. some information may be out of date. weight-loss surgery is not without risk. They also showed more improvement in obesity-related conditions in addition to diabetes. The information contained above is intended for general reference purposes only. At the 12-month mark. Kendall. "We need more research with larger groups and for longer periods of follow-up before we can really start ringing the bell. internal bleeding and blood clots. 40 to 45 (85. is regulated or evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and therefore the information should not be used to diagnose. and 50 (67 percent). The authors also noted that the time it took to perform the gastric bypass procedure itself was also shorter for those with lower BMIs. visit the National Institutes of Health. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice or a medical exam. All rights reserved.